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Full text of "Vi︠e︡stnik Evropy, Volume 67"

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6 ' BWTEEWh SBPOIIH. 

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— flfiA Eopb, A&B Bon! Ona Tanafl cjiaBEas, RpoTsaa, — npo- 
roBopMa MaTymBa, noAOjBHraa cynpyry ^amvy naio... — Herpyma^ 
tfepH HamKy; Óy^en Te6'6 Oh ap^hbio-to boshtbca: ne najieHLBÍff... 
IIpaBO, 9T0 o^eHB xopomo... npH ea cbpotctbí... 

— Epn CHpoTCTBÍ... A TH AjTMaeioB — Majo CHpon-TO... Bi npH- 
ropmHH oiesu co^apaioTB? He BcaBoň-io vbf,h... A yat^E 9to HKen- 
HO BjiaxuBa n^expoTH cboh abejte. 

npoHSQDiA naysfty bo Bpeica Roropoň cjoimajiocB loshiOj jsjslkt^ 
HJieHH (JjiaroxaTHoft censH orsycusajiH caxapi, xy^na: na ropa^ift 
^sJt H SBy^HO H CMa^HO npHXJieÓHBajiH nsi cbohtb 6jiK)Ae^eBi. 

— Oho, nojosHiTB,— HaqajTBOiMTB OTeií-B Apcesífl: — oh^ fiBurs 
BaeeApajBHHfi npoioiepefi e ^ejovbKh 6jiH3Kiň si> npeocBfln^eHHOiiy. 
Jífi, Bifj> iia^o JH HTÓ... Ehji^b, aa cnjiui'B^ H TenepB ysi Apyrofi npH- 
6jib3hjcji... ch CBOHMH poACTBeHHHBaMH. 9x0 pasi. A noTOMi: Basoft 
TaiTB HH saeeApaiBHuň, a HtiHB^e ys'B aro h BJiaAiiKairB ne BejuiTi^, 
^To6hL THWb... M^CTo CAaBaxB. A BjaAHBa/ no CBoefi hhjocth, Bce 
aro otíomeji-B, tojibko hto6u CHpory npEspiiB. Majo loro — cnpoTy: 
p^Vh CB-paoy otfiaTOA^TeiBCTBOBajrB. Jífiffcy^o ea ohtb, vbgbj nepe- 
BOAfl^ B^B ApyFoe) HpeBoexoAHŠfimee cejio, a eS na ero hícto 
opÍHCffflBaopB cotfjiaroBOJajTB. Borx bšab BaBi! H Tony, a ApyroMj 
xopomo. A noAH-^sa y Apyroro apxiepea!.. Ectb laBÍe, hto a tipan 
pOAfiofl He noAXOABT... A Ham^B botb CHHCxoAnrB... flfiŘ Bofb exy, 
&paMM. MHorcmHJiocTHBrB e n^oApi. 

CaoBa HacTyiiHj[0 Moname, h CHOBa paBAaiHCB npHBycuBaHBa 
ir itpflxJiedtiBafiBfl h npE^MOKEBanBii. 

^- Hy, Basi se xeDsepB ohh? Koro? — naiaia icaTymBa, yxE- 
paa Cd Jtda mm. 

*^ To*xo BOTB 08H xenepB ((esnoBoarca načten sroro, otbí- 
THJTB ÓaxioniBa. — JI^flAfl-TO coBcIiťB HO 8Haei!B, ByAa H vÁKb otfpa- 

XHXLCa. npOCHJl BCe MOHA BCXyHHXBCfl KB 8T0, — yÉH&AHxejBHiflffle 
UpOCHM. BS HaiMfi OBpeOXHOCTH, rOBOpiXl, ŠeHHXOBl COBCilťB 

^xo-xo ne BHAaxB; a noAajBme ByAa^ roBOparB, ne SHaio... a^ b 
HeBorAa, roBopnxB. IIpHxoMi se, roBopnrB^ h ho jiobeo caMOMy 
jrt8ti^.o& HeB^CToS vh oeHHxaiTB; Ba6y^ fobopetb, HOBŽcty nysEO 
6tíiio Hafiffl, ~ AP7i*oe jíibjío: xorAa 6u, roBopHxi, cmíjo lEoixajrB, 
xoxB no Bcefi enapxíH. S.^ roBopoPB, Borxa eBaxaica, TaB'B yisAOBak 

nflXB CB CBOHMl OXI^OMl OŮhÍXMÍ>^ — ' BCO BUÓlipaJB, rOBOpEXl, a 

>ryt%) rúBopBn, nejBda arasB... Tasí botb oetb Mens h npocHJib: 
nosajiyficxa, roBopaxi. y BacB, roBopnxi, xam Bajserai, ecxB no 
coc^AcxBy... Haiii ysi, roBopHxi, ne ao cxyAonxa, a xa^B — hxo6hi 



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(Sun M&io-xaiBCSH... IIocBOpie, roBopHTB, xo^erca pasBasaiB pyRA^ 
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fl roBopx), nóeiapaHKSB. fl^ h HejsLSfl ho nocrapaT&cfl: ^eiovbs^ 
zoponúfi, en^e ch ceuraapiH SBaROMu; npHTOiTB se, mu, mosho 
aasaiB, oxo^useHii hm%. Bšxb o^^-w kl eairb piÁso, a hh-to 
KB Heny... TH caiia snaeiiiB. . ^ffimh vh ropox^, kb jsomj na nepe- 
nyTBH? 6ce kb Heny. KasxHfl pasi h noBot h npiiBirB xocro- 
xaixHHt. HaxQ) Haxo uicB-HitfyAB nociapancji... ycrpoHTB ary 
cmrBH). Ha CBaxi><^ ys^^ BOHe^HO, mh nepBHe rocni. 

— TaKB*TO laiTb, — npoMOJDiua MaiyjiiBa: — toxbbo BavB me aro 
iB Q^^neniL-TO? 

TO-TO BOTB... B»RB 6u WO... fl BCe JÍJUBSO... 

SorO BŮMÍTESh-TOj eUSfi HeHBB^HO. y BpHJfiBCSarO CBfl- 

B^BHiiifia CHKB en^e y^mcfl. V xBflna TaMommiro Óornnot 6sui 
Manď, ^TTB JH oe HCSJuc^eHi ys^B: Bce hto-to njioxo o neifB ro- 

BOpSIH. 

— líCKXBmewhj — BeraBHJi Herpyina. 

— Hy, BOTb, fl TaKL H fjusMí. G^HOBOcoBCsaro nona cimi 
no rpasxaHCBOĚ cjyaatíi nomen... Botb pasBŠ vh JlanreBCROMy. 
oony o6paTBTBCfl? Ero ÁH^pefi-ro en^e vh nponudicb roxy Bce mš- 
cra HCB&rB. HamexB je, wbrh xEj -^ ne SHaH). 

— H^TBy — CHOBa BoraBHii Ilerpylna^ naispiiBniH naniKy h 
CHiBHO noraraBaacB. — Owb BeoHOK) Óujfl y naeL na BBapTHpi h fo- 
wpEJFh, mo HEBasB, roBopETB, HO jí,o6hv>cb iricra,— Bce OTBasaBaiarB: 
TO BaxaHTHHrB wkrby a to no-AOcroftHÍ(Ě jodxh HaxoAflTCfly — no 
qiaiHeft MŽpiy TÁKh roBopHJra eify vh bohcbctopíh. 

Hy, BOTb H OTJIH^HO, — nOAXBaTHJTB 0X61^ ApceHÍfi, BtIXOAfl 

iTb-sa CTOja H oc^Hflfl ce6fl BpeciHHirB BHanemeirB: — Bon ony h 
npexxosBTB 6ii, H nocBopi^ 6u bio saKB-HH^yxB. 

Ohb rpoMBO BitCMOíHULECfl H Mona npomeicfl no BonnaTi. 
MarymKa ciaia ytkpaTB lamm. 

— BoTB^rro, MaTB, BOCBjmcHyxB, HaBonei^, tfaiDrnsa,— ociano- 
BflBmHCB uocpeKU BOMHaTu^ — CaMOKy yuA ixaiB kb JlanroBO ne 
npnxoxHTCfl, no niEOTopmťB pesonaicB. Ob qh^oitb An^peeirB s 
no^TH HesnaBOirB, ffi> h neBorxa nwb Tyxa ixaiB; a mh bto Kbio 
npenopy^HicB botb Ilerpymi. Sasrpa npasAHHRB, X^aiB eny ne- 
věro, BOTB owh H czoxHirB. SI iiot^y B^B sayrpeni, á ofb no-na- 
jrauey vh JlanreBO. nerpyma, czo^nniB? 

— ^ savB asearo, TjrrenBxa? Biffb xueso nimK0icB-T0,-^16 
BepcTB! EciH 6ii na jomaffi... 

— 3, mrB na jouiimh!*. JIom^xB, nosajiytt, ente canoiiy ubí 
]K)Haxo(kiTCji saBTpa. lero ctóstb Te&b xofitsaxB? A^o iiojioxoe... 



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8 BftOTHKrb BBFOmL 

CO cKOTHHofi xoicoft npHAemb, a nosajiyS en^e h cnrEHy He npa- 
rorais, a ys'B tu ffiun, 6jfjdmb. IIpaBO, cxoxH-sa: xo6poe fíbm 
c^bineinh. Eu^e h6H8b§ctho, htó Óyxen: Moserb 6ath Bct 8th 
jiK>xH H naiTL npHroxflTCfl. Jífl, h renepb Bce-iara ^ecTB reúi Ójffirh 
ne xaias; csasyrB: bopb!.. A^poirB, ?to MOioxofi ^ejiOBiirL... Ei TOK7 
se H fl6jioiBa Tairs notniB RciaTH: y hhtb cax^ Bejrasoiiinnift. 
H HaiTB (TB MaTepBK) npHHecemB xecaio^Ri. 

— TMtejio jra cxoxHTB? O toitb TOJUROBaiB-TO?— BcraBua Ma- 
xyímca, BHXHpaa BeroniKOtt craRasB. Oxoxhtb xft k tojibbo. S. (ta 
xase fl cana, x& tojibko... Eto htb TairB snaerB... ^ocaxHO, hto a 
CB nonaxBcfi-TO HesHasoMa. SeaK) toibso, hto CHXopoBHa, a BHxaTL 
HH pasy He npHnuocB. 

— SI nosajiyfi nofixy^ — corjacHJicfl Ilerpyma; toibro ¥ró se a 
6yxy TaiTB fjbjí^Th? ító fobopetb? 

— Bora-at-^npoTflHyxB (SanomKa:— MaieHBsift ^ro je th? Bíxb 
TH cjuimajTB cefi^acB pasroBopi? HpHcnocotfnrejBHO kb drouj h 
6yxeniB fobopetb. ď 6uj nosajiyfi, hecbico HairacajrB, . x^t vb ^euY 
BHCBMOy Borxa TH HxemB? Th symae Bcnaro nHCBMa. Ilpaico npH- 
mejthj noBHxajiCfl, TavB e Tan, moj['b... TflTeHBBa, MOjrB, BipHO 
ysHajTB, — CTopoHoB, MOJTB,— ^TOiAcroo^amaeTca, h npocHJTB nepe- 
xaTB saiTB... He yroxno jih BOcnoiBsoBaTBCfl osasiefi... A npexion 
Teti'6 caMHň npfliioĚ: senerB TeÓi snaROirB h na sBapiHpt y 
Te6fl tiiiBaii; ero h cnpocH npesxe Bcero, sass npHxeoiB vl Hxmft 
XOiTB. Ohh h Bci*TO, Kaseicfl, HH^ero... xo6pHe Ban 6yxro. 



n. 

IlflTB ^acoFB yrpa. C!aiHi](e ne cnima BaÓHpaercx Ha BHCory 
HetfocuoHa h npoHHSHBaerB cbohmh jtyvaira 8ac^HJaH)^^fl ero toh- 
bíh oójiau. Gm6uř npoxjiaxHHfi BfriepoBi dersa n^nisi&tesi sa 
BepxymBH xepesi h cojOMeraiui spinnH m6^. Sbohhtb B'ByTpeHH. 

H SBOH-B CMHpflnmifi 

Bcíhb Bi Ajniy npocHTCJi, 
OspecTB c3iiBaH)miS 
Bb noiflrB pasHOCHTCfl. 

Orei^ Apcenifi, coBcbwh yse coÓpaBmificfl fb i^epsoBB, paa- 
^yXHJTB Ilerpymy, cnaBmaro na c^HOBaji, h BspaTi^ hobtopetb 
eify BqepamHÍH coo6paseHÍfl h HacraBieniji. Ti se nacraBJíeHÍH 
npHHLiocB BHCjqoHaTB neTpymš h orB naiepn, Boropai, CB^rE 
Toro, noooB^TOBajia eiiy na xopory Hax^TB napycHHHHl nHxxairB, a 



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BUraO nPIHOfiSBATB. 9 

aoprjKh saBflsaTB vb njaTOR^B h necTH noA% MiimBoL Ban&Bnni 

XlA SpySBH XOIOAHOĚ BOXH H BOOpySBBmHCB CJBOBaTOfi najiROfi, 

Heipyma, vh BanecTBi cbete, jso6pej!b vh JlanreBO. 3a GeaoMrE 
egy to-h-;^4jio Bcrp^qaiHCB rpynna npHXOJtani, H^ymiixi* h iíy- 
ipxs KS yipeHH. Bcib ohh hhsbo BJiaHUHCb eiiy ■ axpecoBajra 

€My HpHB^TCTBÚI. 

SAOpOBO, IlěTpa! — npOHSHOCElH OWUÍ. 

— SxpaBCTByft, ApceHHTB! JI,aieqa-u EOflHaicá?— npoHSHOCHjni 

xpyríe. — A tto se Bory iiojiiiTBCfl? He xorivt, biaho? A? Xa-xa-xa... 

BoTh npomen^ Ilerpynia ^exbUBWb h EeooB'B», h nepeA^ BMWh 
9k 6epe8BaiiB 6aii»mofi Aopora oÓpHCOBaiacB SBapiapa cranoBoro 
HpKTasa. nopoBHaBinHC^ cb HeK>, Ilerpyma óhutb yxiBjeni ee- 
osaxaHHOK) Bcrpbqeia. Epynnufi moioaoě ^ojobíbI) cb seno- 
spmot rojiOBOfl, n BffBepomeHHUMH BOJOcaiíH, 6ucrpo cocboihjtb 
CB «enfflOBOBCBaro» BpsuiBi^a h niHpoBHXHy npoBopHiiHH maram 
BpvtiiiHSHJiCii vh Derpynii. 

3io 6wth mieapB cranoBoro, TOBapHiii'B Hamero CBara^ rox^ 

TOMy HasaXB flCBJK)WHHIlfi HBl cenHEapÍH. 

Bexy a b-b kotomeí BHHSKy: 
TaKB yHHTBCfl TH H;íemB? 

— BHnajnixB owb, jkhwíbíui ea yseiOKB nerpynu. 

— BoBce He yniiBca, — oroBBajiai nerpyma, oSciaBOBHBinMB h 

noxiBafl HexaBHeMy Boueri pysy. 

— A By^a a&e th, aHrejTB MOfi, crpeMHmBCfl? 

— íyTB He SeHHTBCfl. 

— Hy, noíHo! JíjBk vb^h th eii^.*. H4tb, BnpaBjíy? 
ne!q>yina, ocroposHO yifOJi^aBi o nQxpo6HOCiflX'B, kb ypisan- 

Bom w^ HaiosuTB i^B cBoero nyremecTBifl. 

— Bon HTo! AxB, wprB no6epH, bí^ bto i MeHii Bacaercit— 

BOCBiiimHyjrB HHcapB, chjbho epoma ce6'6 bojiocu. Bíxb x n Ah- 
j^eem-To AHxpeeBB^eirB bm^gtí sBapiEpoBarB h MHoroe Ha ra- 
mpi y Hero nepeHBJTB. GjiaBHiifi Maiult, Becemanl CBasH eny, 
^lo ecu A&io nQĚAen na jba^, — a. ero HenpeiitHHHlt ma^pB. 
Ujcth H Jiomaxett ne npHcuiaerB, — npEJieny caMoeroBrejiBHOy a 
10 HJbnxoirB HpiBajio, tojibko 6u HaB&pHoe BnaiB, Borxa CBax^fŠ^-* 
9io, ÓfKeviib Til HOfi, Afo^numnoH miyiBa... ^a ^o hh dfjbcb 

Ha XOpOr£-TO CTOHMl? dtíkffiWb BO UfA. 

— He nory... neBorxa..- enšmy. 

— JSfi Hy, safixeiTB, xotb na UHnynyl Bi» y nacB HHBoro 

■fen, H OKĚWb xodafierayB). 

— RiTbj HH sa 9T0... ^0 CBExanii. 



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10 WhCTEÍWh BBPOUH. 

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— He Kypro. 

— 9, ropoxoBHfi!.. Hy, a xotl npoBoay teúsí MajeflBRO. 

GXbjLBň MHJOCTB. 

IlHcapB o^xBSíníjcb Ilerpymy sa xajiiro h o6a upúrrejiH XBHHy- 
jmch no nujBHofi ^opor^. 

— Hy, EaKB TH nosHBaeniL? — cnpocBXB Herpyma. 

— BooÓn^e sxópoBO. ^hshb npHBonHas, ne to ^to b'b ceiCB- 
Hapin. IlHiny no-iiajeHBRy, iosiy ch cranoBuiřB na ipofisi npo- 
H3B0AHTB A^a. 9x%f ecjra 6u tu zbbjíi,^ mi6 aro sa napeHB Hain'B 

ciaHOBofi!.. npaiecTB! Aioóomá! Co mhoS Bce paBHO Ras^E ch 6pa- 
ToiTB. HeAaBHO BOTB RaKofi 6uji% cjyiafi... IIoflMajH MeHfl vyxxsa 
Ho^sro B^L OBHHŠ... Hy> laiťB... SI... BooÓn^e qenyxa... Geft^aei 
iceHfl, pa6a Boaúa, nox^ pysH. Ko^HajiH rBajin: *Kh craHOBOny 
ero, rs cranoBOMy!* BojLOByn. £L npHMOJiirB h ho conpoTHBJuirocB, 
paxi, HTO ne ÓBroPB no RpaŠneft M^pi... A mofjik, xone^rao, h hs- 
tfoTB: B^AB x^Jio (bijio fb noTBMazi, H OHH HO 8&aH>nb, Rorp noft- 
iiajra... Jla^HO. Bjiomejhícb, HaBOH^^, ri čTaHOBOMy vh cšhh, opyn: 
«HHRQ;iafi HHROJiaH^xý Hero;][HHRa r'b xeói npÉBejn; xopomeHBRo 
ero!» CraHOBOfi BumexB vh cíhe co cb^toS, tjaa^, a oto a! ^oprs 
BflaerB hto! GRaHAaji, ÓpmeiJ,^ th Mofi! TyrB icysHRH BiinycrBjni 
icena h8'b pyRi e CHorparB aa neHE. Ky^a s xpatfpocTB exi a^- 
BaiacB: npEMOJncjE s auiyTCfl r'b ct^HŠ. Tojd&ro onswh cirijBqaBs 
HamejLCfl: ht6 se oto laRoe, fobopetb, Bame tf jaropo^ie? Bša& 
aiaRi-TO, roBopETi, Bce*TaRE nejiBBE... OraHOBofl cnpamBBaerB: 
HTÓ xaRoe? MysERE pascRasaJE, b'b qeiTB ;(%jio. — J[a;(&o,. roBopEn 
cranoBoS: nonura bohi^ h cb HEifB pacnpaBJírocB. MysEBE ymjiE, 
a OH^B BaBejTB MeHE vh RatfEBerB e ^yiB ne jonHyjii co ciiixy. 

nOXOXOTaJE MH CB HEITB, T^lfB X&IO S BOHVEJIOCB. JI|yiIia-^eiO-^ 

BÍRi,-^oxHO cJiOBo!.. A caiTB-TO iBaRÍfl miyRE BufíkiuBSLCTbl JKesa 
y Bero TOxOTonnaa, sjaa, Bawíjia eny crpacTBÍ Pasi obpb e ro- 
BopEFB: T£i 6s roBopETB, xymeHBRa, noíxaxa ri rHrb (dxo BepcnB 
sa 50); reúi npcoaTETBCJi nojesno; xamb, fobopetb, norocraniB ce&bj 
a He xoHemB — sasrpa se npi^xemB. Ta coCpajiacB, no'6xara. 
T02BRO9 RaREME^To cyAB6aME, ero OesE^Ba e BOSBpaTEÓB hotoo. 
BxoAETi FB cnaiBHTO) a Tam... FocnoxE, ^ró 17TB 61110, ^rb toibro 
6uMll S. jífixie co ABopa ctíibxAn. Boo6n^e o^esB jiroÓoiiHTHO... 
Heshb, ÓparB, ctojbro npoAcmBJíaerB... 

Bx 8T0 Bpena opaiopx saRypEiTB nanspocRy e — saiSujrB ao- 
CRasaTB, HTÓ EH^mo npexciaBJíaeTB se8Hb. 

— A Cl MySBRaME OHI HECTO HO BOeHBOMy,— CHOBa Ha^ajTB 

HEcapB, nycTEFB TOBRyro crpyro ffiuí^. — O npomjioft nacxi npEnuH 



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BUMO HPIVGSlBiTB. 1 1 

VySBSH nOXpHCTOCOBaTBCJÍ CB HHITB. HftpO^ BCe TOHOBHUft, COJIHA- 

voě: crapocŤH n MexajiflifH, xecsTCRÍe... CraHOBoft bhxoxhtb kl 
HUTL. — «XpHCTOCB BOCKpece/ Bame Ójaropowe!* A ohx — (Jan;^ no 
pHjy o^iHoro! tfaiTB flpyroro! ^íai^B TpérBaro! ^yen hm, ^a npe- 
roBapBBaerB: «BO-HCTHHy BocEpecel BO-HCXHHy BOčEpece!» A y o^- 

HOFO CrapOCTH BOTB OraSOfi BJ0K'B HBI ÓOpOAU BHpBaJI'B... MymHBH 

roBopan: «3a w5 se bu HacB, Bame 6iaropoAÍe, pa^B TaRHX^s 
Xiiel?>... — A BB, roBopBTB, noíHHHJiE xopory nes^ lUymyeBBOfi 
I ApaTOBKoS? £c;iH, roBOpiirs, bh y MeHfl ne nowHirre ee saBTpa 
se, BCŠx'E BacB, 6e8;^^bbHBsoBi, bi rpasB BTonnyl.. Uoiilih bohiU 
TI dokjiohhjihcb, xa h nomjiH... TaiPL-ro, ÓpaTei^ th Mofi!.. 0;^- 
HSBO xoBOJiBHo; CTynaft TenepB oahhi. Jífi cBE^aHÍfi. RjaHaiai 
AHxpeH) ABjíipeeBmy. IIIa^epB, moji, yse eccB,— TaK'B h cKasH. 
nycn» tojibbo nocBopifi soHipi ci ROHitaMH cboxeitb. 

Obojo xiribna^i^aTH ^acoBx, cojHi](e chjilho npHseBaetB. Bos- 
XyxB ne sojraxnercfl. neipyma, CMO^eHHiilt nóroifs h noBptiTiitt 
imjbv>j TflseJio A^ma, npňSáHsaicfl bi JlanreBy. ydBmHCB nox^ 
nietHem, oh*b chu'b cboě mAsavB, XOcrajrB mj> ysejnca ciopTyB^s, 
HaxftjTB ero h Tn^aTenno oiepniH c& jni^a HocoBmrB njiaTRoirB 
non, pasÓETHiTB maroMi XBneyjicfl orncsHBaTB SEJHo^e seHExa. 
Ha saBajeHst offEol specTBAHCsofi Ea^yniBE Erik^sojiBBO pedarE- 
mesib CBieflBajifl bmM. 

— T^b TyrE xoifB CBfln^sHERa?— oÓpaTEJica Herpyina k'b pe* 

tiETHmKaiťB. 

— IIonoBřB-Tp? — nepecnpocEJio híoojibbo petfflTEineirB wh o^ees 
nuocB. 

A BOH'B BpafflHÍft-TO,— W4 ^eiOBÍKX-TO CEflETB Ha BpUJBI^Š. 

9io caiTB nonx... 

depeši nicBOJiBBO MEHyrB Ilerpyma xo^pajca, saBOHei^^B, xo 
sona. UoiTB cbx^jtb Ha jaBBŠ vb oxnoft pyóaxi, 6e8i» manBE, e, 
CBJíoHHBib rojOBy na 6ob'b, ne to coHjiHBOy He to saxyícTOBO vm" 
ffbjFh KB HpocrpaHCTBo. Ero rojiiift, HeyBJíiosiff čepeni, BopoTBÍft 
lynoft HOCB, BaBaa-TO BOjfflECTaa He^ecanafl Óojpoxa HanoirHEJiH 
Uerpyjsrb ÚwcTh CoBpata, BExaHHlifi eitb vh SBaprEpi y^Erejfl 
nexarorHBE. Bakb tfyxFO jri^DEren yKp9LJi% bb Jlanr^l arorB npaBO- 
uaBHHft THiTB ffiSi EBBnecBaro ^Ewco^. B% oxHOĚ pysi CoBparB 
xepsaxB ÓepecTOByK) Ta6aBepBy; na BOJi£HfiX'B y Hero jiesaai bo- 
ps M í e Bgfl luaTOKB, Ha nraepxHocni Boroparo MieraME npprjflXH- 
Mti'B ero nepBotfHTHHft sejieHiifl^ffB. 

— 3xpaBCTByfite, (SaTH)mBa!— neoiribo nporoBopEJirB IleTpyma, 
BBQft^ Ha nepByio crynesBBy BucoBaro Bpiinqa, h chejpb ^ypasKy. 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC • 



12 BWnurb XBFCHIH. 

— Hto Te(54? — cnpocHOT OTe^•B ÁEfpeŘ^ BCBBsyn nepone 
nasa na rocra, h 8aMopraii'B lasi, xaiPB tfyxro kto saiiaxE^ja 
fla Hero najuu)fi. 

— ÁHApeft AHApen^x ^ona? 

— H'brb) HÍTy. 

— Faí se OHI? 

— ynieji'B vb ry6epfiiK>. TairB eiiy ecTs x^jo... oaho... Bas* 
Hoe... Hiiy, HŠiy ÁHApea ÁHApenw, n^Tyl— cRoporoBOpsofi npo- 
roBopHJix oreir^ AHApeS, yse ne rJSAfl na npumeiibi^a h saxiiHa 
crapaicB nocRopie oxAlJiaTbcx otb nero. 

6% 8X0 BpeMfl HdiB-sa yrjia bucbo^hm orpoMHas nepsas co- 
iSasa H (SpocHJiacB na Ilerpymy. Ilerpyma npeacajica Kh boiohkí 
spiuBi^a H H86paji'B CBOH ycrajiufl hoch cpexcrBom s^b otfopoHi, 
Otoi^^ ÁHApefi, ci Ta6aBepB0tt b% OABOft pysi h cb njaisoirb b^ 
;(pyrofi, bcko^íui'^ ci jiaBBH, h, HeacroBO xono^a noraiiH w pas- 
jcaxHBaH pyBaMH) BaspAHai^b: 

— ^HX^iBsa, nu^hl npo^B nonua! Bon & tbÓa, aHaeeicy! 
$gxensa, eepxBTO puUj nooiyniHO lapsey^a noKb spiiAi^o. 

Oaho mfh OBOH'B Bi aomí oTBopHJOCBi H H81 Horo BuruiHyjia jseH* 
<^Bafl rojOBa. nerpyma yxBaTHiC2-<$iuo sa ^ypassy, ^o6u pac- 
uaHaTBCfly HO rojiOBa Torqaci cspiuacBy h osho BaxioHÁyjocB. 

— ^a... yraejii, yraej-B nanii AsApefi AHXpei^iy ymen, — 
nporoBopiui GosparB, yc^BSECB na CBoe hšcio h HcnyciHBi rjy- 

<$OKÍfl, HpOTflSHUĚ B8A0X'B. 

— A csopo OHÍ BOSBp^TBTcaP-^DOJix^HiiTcrBOBajrB nerpyma, 
Bdofixfl na BTOpyio crynenB BpiiJBi^a. 

— HeH8BÍcTH0,— 0TBŠTHJL'B CoKparB, MaAJOHEO pacspuBas m- 
<$afiepBy. 

M02BerB tflITBi OHB If^CTO HOHieJťB HCSaiB? XOHilTHBaiCa 

rocTB. 

— MoserB tfiiiB, h icicro... neoxoTHO nporoBqpHA 6aTK>niBa9 
flOAHOCfl n^noTB laÓaKy b% ho(^. 

— TaBTB fl BorB Toae nacierB MŠcra npHmeii... Hapouro j^ř 
moro... 

npH aTHXi ciOBaxi Ilerpymi oiei^i Anxp^, HeHnoBŽpHO CMJOp* 

H^HBHUICB, HaWHBBaXB yS6 XPy^yD HOBAPK) H HOIOliy He MOrB HI* 

"lero cusaTB CB-pasy^ a tojbso Hcsoca BsruHyjrB Ha Ilerpymy opi- 
n^ypeHHHMH rjiaaaMH. 

— KaiBoro jur6cra?— cnpocHn ovb, HaBonei^, spssHyKB h oipiz- 
HyBí ch najiBi^eBi latfanHyK) hiub. Mopo^HEHi oÓpasoBaBmiflca na 
^ro ^íohomíh bo spěna iipoqecGa HioxaHBfl) (kicrpo ichobjie h 
iipHii^ypeHHue raasa paespiuHCB bo bck) rnipsEy. 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



BNftlO HPIffCftffBATB. 1$ 

— lAicro JÍM AHjípea AH;q)eH^a, — eoachhjb Herpyraa:— b^ 

opon C6J% OTSpKJOCB, H 0pÍHCRHBaiOrB TOn^B SeHHXa, — AOÓaBHJIl^ 

on. 

— ^a TH KTO? — p^niHJCfl HasoHei^'B enpocHTB orei^ ÁH^peft. 

— TopniKOBCKaro on^a ApceHÚ chh^, BOcmiTaqHVBi ceiiHHapiH, 
vh 6orocj[OB(saro uacca, — OTpanopTOsajrB Ilerpyma. 

— A - a, BOTL ^TO - o! — nporanyM orei^B An^ípefi: — ssaio, 
BHOH) OTi](a Apceeifl. ^a qio se eu croHTe? nosajiytre cioxa, no* 
sa^yftie! — topo&jhbo nporoBopHjťs oh%, nonueiiHBafl no mbk^ 
nniposoH) jaAOHLH). 

Ilerpyma, HaBOHez^i, Boseecai na Bucory CBfln^eHHaro BpniBi^a. 

— Hy, s^q^BCTByĚie!— npoHBHecB (SanoniKa, nporaniBafl rocno 
pyiy. RaKB sací?., ito— ApcenOTi, bto a Bnaia, — a BaBi Bame 

HMa-TO? 

— Ilerpí^, — OTBiTHJit rocTB, craBa najxy vh yrai%. 

— Herpí ApceHBHTO... xoporao! IIpeKpacHol ÍIojuuyĚTe-Ba, 
msaiyĚre! — noBTOpejn 0TeA'& AHxpefi, cffOBa nomjieiniBái no jaBB^ 
jajlOHBH).— Taa^BaBoese btq m4cto? A?— cnpocHJTB orei^B Anxpefl^ 
noBHCBBs rojiocB na nocjtixnnrL cjEOBarB. Ilpn droirE vh ero rojoci^ 
$H8Í0H0MÍH, secTax'B BHpaBHJiocB HŠROTopoe Herepn^HÍe h ^asnie 
yxaiiHoS soMfinnaitiii. 

Ilerpyma oÓcroaTeiBHO pascBasajii o irtcrensi, BnpoieirB, — ne 
npeBBmaa cBoero nocjianBHveacaro nojHOMO^ia, h hb na ioTy ne 
Hapymaa poABTejBCBHXi HHCTpym^fi. 

Bo Bpem pascBasa 0Tei^'B An^pett yiasaiejiBnEiiťB naiBi^eni^ 
npaBoĚ pysH nosepiHBaj^ cboh) laÓaRepBy Mes^Qr tfojBíBmniťB h ysasa^ 
TejBHHiTB naiBi^anH jiisoft, n, nspiMÚ BHBas roaoBofi, npoHs- 
hochjtb: «rM! ni! rH!» 

— Hy, a ffOM^B y HHX^B xopom'B? — cnpocHJTB orei^^ An^peS^ 
XOSAftBmncB Boni^a pascRasa. — Bu Měna ESBEHExe: B^ABnysnose 
Bce 9T0 snaTB... a^a b^phocth. 

— JI,a, xoifB tfojBmofi, yxoÓHBi. 

— Rpoma TecoBaa? 

— Wkrhy cojoMennafl, tojbko dnaere... Bran... c^^jiano nox'B^ 
měny. Hmero cetfi, oienB BpacBBO. 

— rul... Hy, H neBŠcra saKB cjAjgen!í.. Bh Henu HSBHHirře, 
npaBO... Eone^HO, Bame x^jio en^e... Ho mh*6, Baai OTKy, Bce* 
TaiH... na bchboB cjiyiafi... 

— XBaATTB.*. roBoparB, — CJiaBnaa TaBan. 

— J[a-a,— nporanyM orenfB AnApeft, h sa^yMajica... AnApromn-TO 
Bon vňsTb] Brasafl nesaxaia, npaBO...— nporoBOpHJiiosBnocjii nt* 
BOiopofi naysH* TaBB bii i^OBop^re^ nocnimHTB naxo! 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



14 BtOTHRTb IBFOIIH. 

— \Ha, TaieHLEE roBOpnra, oMSOpie... 

— Ci:63AHirBy ce^xhbtb; tojbbo botb Am^ioniy x<»A&TBefl. 
B'B cŽHflx^ xjonHyjia ABepB, sacRpHnšjiH maisifl aocre nojia, 

H Ha BpsiAirl noflBHjaes BiicoKafl, crpoflHafl, cujtam seHa^nna, 
jiirb 45, (^ npoAOiroBaxoK^/BupasHTeJiBHon ýtidioHOM ieK), x^i ^^(HH- 
HUMi HocoifB H 6ojihmviME i^HUMH FJiadaMH. FoiOBa H men ea, 
necMorpfl sa crpaniHyK) sapy, nosputH 6íijih ^Ji»inoio c^poio 
majíbH). 

Ilerpyina, AoraA&BmECb, ^to aro MaTymsa, Bcran n moito no- 

KJOHHJCH. 

— 9to bopb cuffB ropmsoBCEaro oma Apeenifl, Óorocxosi, — 
XOjfOSHXB 0T6i^'B ÁHApeS, ysasaBi Ha Ileipymy ratfajKepROfl: — oxjo- 
naniBaerb ifikre^xo HameMy ÁHApiomi. jOJ^a... Mti ysi lyrs nepe- 

rOBOpHJIH. 

— FM-rM,..— npOHOTecaa iiaTyniBa, BsrjanyĎi na rocra TBep- 

fflWbj IIHTJIHBUlťB B&VAnOWb... flfl, HO 26 BTO Til, HOHIb, rOCTfl-TO 

^(epacHniB na BpiiJiBi^š? Tutfu bi ropHHiQr ero hpochjtb... Ax% tu 

X08fl«H'B, XOSHHHb!... 

MaTymsa ci ynpeBoicB B8r4XHyjia na cynpyra h nou^ajia ro- 

JlOBpfi. 

— ^a! qro ae bto mh bx caMoiTB ííjí?— cnoxBaraiCH (JaTrom- 
Ka. — nosajyĚTe*BaB% ropHHiQr, noftajiyfire, nosajiyltTe!— sacyerHaca 
OH^B, Ton^acB na pahoitb h£ctš h nepeBJíaAHBafl Ta^asepsy es 
njiaTB0M^H3% OAHOfipyBH Bi Apyryio.— A mei, SHaere, drasi... no- 

O&bKBLiMy SL H tX)BOpK): HOfiTH, MOJIly HOCEX^TB Ha RpnABEC^... Ilo- 

ataiyfiie!.- 

Xo3fl6Ba nomjiH Bnepex^B, foctb Homeicfl sa hhmh. 



IIL 

BofiAs Bi nepe^HiOK), MaiyniKa npHrjiacHTejBHO yBasaia rocTio 
pyBoft FB sajiy h, oierBa AepEjwh «nona» sa pyKaRB, OTsaHnyjiacB 
CB HHiTB vb ;(BepB HanpaBo. XoaaeBa xobojibho Xpiro ne noBasii- 
BajiHCB. Hsi-sa nepe6opBH ao cjiyxa HerpymH ^OHOCEjea Heat^iitt 
roBopB: tfarianiBa cb MaTymsofi to Bnoirojoca, to ch^bhaicx, 
niHnflntHMi monoioMi o ieM'B-T0 Óec^AOBazii. 

IIoBa xosfleBa mymyRaiHCB h bobejscb sa n6pe6opsofi, neipyma 
saHfljicfl paBCMaTpHBaHBeiTB hx% sajn (rocisHOfl Tom). Db nepex- 
HeiTB «cBflTOHx» yrjy nOM^maiocB hícroibbo hbohi tfoiBniHrB h 
iiajieHBBHxi, B% BÍOTaxi H 668^ OHHrB. (Mhu tffUH npocTHa, tfpe- 
BeHqaTHfl, cb BHCŠBinHMH no Micrauib tfjiOBaMH nasíH. Bi oxHom 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



BBiraO KPUOREBATL. 15 

mh npocTŠBBOffB sajni Bmcim nacH, ch orpoMHuirb I^l4^p6JlaTOll^B 
H CB ^yryHHHMH rHpflMH Ha BepeBOHBax^B. Ha nepetfopK^, or;^^ 
joaomA sajiy ar& nepexnefi, noM^iqajiacB rarapa ch BErrepiHMi 
iBUtnaMH rpH4K)irB h cb nopBaHHofi BBHHTOň. Hsx-Ba icaieHBsarO) 
€h pacspameHHHMH paBcsaiiH, sepiajia Biirjfi^Baiirb Bpafi «PyBO- 
BOxciBa Aifl cejiBCBHxi nacr£ipefi». Iloffb Bepnaioicb becíjix nopr- 
pen AjieBcaHApa I-ro; sa hhshk>k) nacTB paMRE ororo nopr- 
pera saiEHyro 61120 hícbojibko nosédiT6BinHX'B 4>OTorpa$HHecRHi'B 
sapio^esi, HsófipasaBiiiEx^ nessB^CTHUxi nerpymi xHHHOCi^fi. 
Ho caMoe rjiaBHóe yspamenie saju cocraBjfljiH xsa EeÓOňbmvivb 
noprpexa, iiHcaHHiixi MacjflHUHH RpacsaMH h noM^n^eHHux^ HaA'B 

HHSeHBKOH) ABepBK), Be^Q^n^OK) H31 SaJtl B'B — A0JI2SH0 ÓUTB B% cnajB- 

HK). Oahh^ Hsi 9Tnx'B nopTpoTOFB usoÓpasajTb xodflHHa «cpe;^ 
cAMiixi lOHHxx jÁTb^i BnpoHOiTB yso odie^HHaro bí pjicy. Hso- 
Ópaasas cíh) nepcony, xyAOSHHB^s, Baseicfly npBAeps&BaJCfl bh- 
saHiíicBOĚ Manepii HROHonBcamfl, norony hto ores^i^ AHjqpefi hbo- 
Ópamewb cyxootaBuirB, cb ocTpuHH, cypoBEíMs p^epiaHiflifH j^hbío- 
fimdH H cb dbpoBaiTuwb i^b^tomi^ bojiocb. (Bo Bpeiu óho ^epeii% 
ero, cyAfl no nopipery, Óujtl horpeitb npiuiHiaoK) pacxHrejiBHOCTiH)). 
Maiynnsy CiiAopoBHy nsorpa^, HanpoTHBx, Hsoópasnjii h, la Py- 
6eaGh: nie^H mnposiHy upynuBj n^exs nojHUfl, pyHflHUfl, Bupa^ 
jseme raasi BiisuBaioii^ee h bm-j^ctš Mamin^ee. HacsojiBso 9th nop- 

TpeiU COOTBÍTCTBOBaJin A$ficrBHTeAB!HOCni, 8T0r0 HO 8Haj[H HH HX!B 

XBBHe opBrBH&iu, HH My^puS Hsorpa^; vbjkSkirb npo to ojijsffh 
FocncAB BorB. 

HaKOHei^B HOCJi%AOBajrB TopsecTBeniEtifi beixpji;:b xoaflesi. Bne* 
pexH merB Óanomsa, ycn^Brnifi yjie oÓJianHiBca fb nanBOBut, 
<$e» noABJía^H, noxpflCflHBTB. Ho, Bose Mofi, KasB cmatb Óujn 
8TOTB nOApflCHHsi! MosHO 6ujio no^ynaTB, hto ahoS hatb ero se* 
BaiH sopoBH) H HOTOiffB, OTHflTufi y HEX^B H BucymeHHuft Ha no^H, 
owh nonajTB na n^ie^n iepea. Bcji^xcTBie CBoefl ciutocth, orb Óujuh 
nss BopoTOKBy ^To o^Ba cnycBaicá HEane bojí^h'b orafiL ÁHApefl, 
H oÓHapysHBajrB ^paHHI^I roJieHHn^eft cb coc^xneH) TeppHiopieH). 
3a ontOMi. ÁHApeen ABHraiacB iiaTyniBa; npHapHBaBmafl ea ro- 
jOBy majiB 6um cnyniteHa yse na njeu, npHieirB ^epncfa ryc- 
íma SOCH efl, siíieK) CBepHyxiifl na MaKymR^, 0jiecr6j3H, Eas'B bo- 

pOflOBO-BptUO. 

: — Hy BOTB, a h tobó... oÓpásHJiCfl neiiHOSBO, — nporoBopHji^ 
ínen'h ÁHxpefiy ocxáHOBacB cpexH sajiii h in^eTHo crapaacB sacrer- 
HyTB noxpacHHK'B. Otb npeAHOjaraeííHxi hm^ ujTOBEJs;h ocrajica 
exBa aaidhmifi cjiijirB. VÓifjíBmiiicb wb btoitb, oxei^ ÁHApefi na- 
BOHei^B njnoHýJTB. « 



Digitized by ^^OOQiQ 



16 ffftCTIIKE BBPOKB. 

— Ysi 9TH mh4 ii7roBiii9i! Xote ho npHnnroftB: to ■ x^JO 
psyrcfl. 

— Ovh HeaBsypaTHOCTH, — noflCHHia Maiymsa, padcrasj^u <iok- 
ÓepHiitt CTon. 

— Orb TBoeS, — OTOBBaicfl tfanonnut, Bce eate npoxouua ctoetk 
noq)exH saiH h noxBamBaTB ce(Sfl sa 6oprB noxps^rariuu— ^yraa 
6b[ Mysa*TO BcnecsE... a ona... tobď... 

— IIojHo Te<$i xBajiBTBCfl HepsmecTBom-TD, — o^tBaia HEiym- 
Ba:— saftiiH rocra-ro. 

BaTfoniBa hícbo^bbo pasi KamiflHyjTB) noHioxan lat^ai^ h no- 
M^cruca Ha cryjit jsoji^xb focta. 

— TaKi-To, ÓaTfoniKa! — na^ajii owí: — jArh Cvnih Bací? 

— Uetpb ApceHBHHi. 

— JU, Tasi-TO tfaTromsa, IlerpB Apcem^i... 
FoCTb He sHaji^B, hto oTB^qaTB. 

Orei^B ÁHxpefi HarHjrjicfl, cjosejii pysi uexif:y isojAwb xnpo- 
;(OJsajrB: 

— ďbHSHB npOSHTB — He HO^e nepeflTH. ^HBHB... 9-8... ďbflBHB 

8T0, s Baifb cBasy, ne to, vio... 

nerpyma BcnycTEjrB TJij6omA mfpTh h MOina nOBepnyics na 
cryjrb. Mesxy t^Mi ÓairoinKa ^HJioco^^CTBOBajii: 

-^ Oahhi SHBeTB TáffB (npH OTOHi Gosparb sHa^nrejiBHO khb- 
HyjťB rojOBOH)), ^ípyroft— HHaTO (CospaTB sHBHyjx eníe SHa^H- 
xaiBHie). Koify b&itb... Bcakb CBoe... h bcxkb no-CBceiiy. TaBi^- 
TO, tfaTioniBa... Ilerpí ApceHBH^rb... 

Uerpyma, pacRpacn^Binilcfl otb ycHJÍfl CBaeaTB mto-wiúyf^ 
noxxoAfln^ee, tocejtobo boahítb riasaMH no crinairB. HasoHei^, na- 
M ero ocraHOBHJiHCB na Top^an^eirB nsi-sa sepicajia «PyiB0B0xcrB% 
Xjifl cejiBCBHXi nacTupefi». 

— Bh noJiyTOere ;QrxoBfiiie sypnam? — cnpocHJTB Ileipynia, 

V£06U TOJIBXO paCÍBASaTB flSHBB. 

— 9tO «PyKOBOACTBO-T0?»— CnpOCHJB Vb CBOK) O^OpOAB 6Sr 

ŤianiBa, — BBManyBB na sepsajo. IIojiywK), — nporoBopHi% ohb ch 
HexoBOJBCTBOM^ H CA&fajTB npeHe6pesHTenHnň secTB. — Bei^HO*.. 
HH^ero ne cxi^aemB. ^eHBrH TpaTATor, a Borxa HairB ^irraTB? To — 
t6, to— ípyroe, to — TperBe. ?t6 noBasH^, h toto ho ycntomB 
CA'&jiaTB« BoTB BamoA^o — HHoe. Seatt cetii sHHry h Óonme ra- 
^ero. ^a h 6airB-T0 nysHO codiDxaTB... BaB'B 6u csasaTB... pas- 
6op^HBocTB. Bíab mosho Ha^HTaTBCfl tfóBHaTB ^OFO. ^HTaeniB, xy- 
MaemB— xopomo, aTaMirjiflXBniB— sjíoBpexHOCTB, nary6a. HesHaio^ 
BaB'B BH... a xpyríe ceMEHapncni cb HexoponiHHi xy^iROirB. Si 
Bon BHaio xB7X'B-Tpex'B AHxpK)inHH£ix'B TOBapHii^eft. 9t6 se bk 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



BUraO nPIHGSHBÁTB. 17 

jiyiiaeTe? E cb hhmh 6es^ BosMyn^emfl roBopaTs ne mopb. CoBciifB 
8a6iiAn CBoe sBasie. H ocBopoMHTBCfl, no-BXHeiiy, ne rp'bx'L, h 
iríbcHH nto* noA'^ opaBAHHBi ae rptx'B, h seeHTBca 6e8i> 6jaro^ 
cjOBealfl poAHTejett ne rp6x'B. %ó sa ABKOBsea lasafl? KaBi Óy^ro 
BOBce OTBaHHyjHCB OTB MaiepE CBoefl, cBflTofi i^epBBB! EuTb ne 
iioseTB, qTo6ii hx'b y^HjH BxoMy HacraBHHBfl; bio Henpeifi^HBO otb 
B^TpeHouxx BHflrs. E EWb Bcer^a roBopajHi h Aase BaM'B botb 
Teoepb CKa»y,— XOTB bh, Moaert Óhtb r ne tobó... a Bce-iaKH 
exaaKy: — sa BraBÚi paacysAeHÍfl, xa sa diasoe HxeHÍe ne tojbbo 
Bacb, xyxoBHuxi, a Boro xaieniB npoÓepyrB, BaB^ ysHaiorB. He 
noMHH), OTB Boro-TO fl CJiumaji^ o^ey Hcropiio, HaaHAaiejiBHyio hcto- 
piiD. AaBHo ys'B BTO 6uJio. OxHa BHAOBna... ne to rpa(|>flHfl... kblxb 
6apoHecca, BaaBerca... 

— Eoiraft xaicB eme nycraBH-To! — BcmBEJia MaiyniBa, yase 
CB^a 8a cTOJiOH^B nepej^ caMOBapoM^ h pascraBjflji naoiBH. 

— 9ero óojiTafl! Cbobmh ymaMH cjuimajTB. H qió lyrB My^- 
pesaro? HiinepaTopB nerpi-BejABÍfi, roBoparB, caiťB naiBofi Tasoro- 

TO XyP&Ka OTBOJlOTBJrB, ^(apOMl, HTO TOTB tfUJTB BejIBHOSa. RbB^ 

xe BHanero? %ó bto sa Hapoji;:B, BOToputt Bo^BHO^yMcrsyerB! ^a 
ůyxb fl TeoepB na^aucTBO, x& fl <$k bc^x^b TaBHX'B BHjaBH naBos- 
HHMH saaopojii! 

Oreuih AHApeS xjoimyjrB pyBOtt o laÓaBepsy b BCBoqBjrB co 
ciyaa. 

— BojBHOffyMeiíB HH Bory, HHJiojwiirB, — npoAOji»ajrB (Janoin- 
sa, xoAfl no saji'6; — a bojihtu hb Bory, HHJiiOAflirB, sy^a aie th 
roABmBCfl? Ha <it6 tu mhí nyseHi? 

IIpE DOCJr&AHHX'B cjiosaxi xo3flBH% pasB^TB pyBanB fl ocrano- 
BBJícfl nepexi* rocieirB. neipyma BCTajB, b, sajosBB^ pyBH sa 
cnBBy, BucrpoBJícfl nepe^^ CospaTom, oÓpaTBBmHMCfl vb JífiuocoeHB,. 

— TaBi-TO neTp'B ApcoHBHTO, — saBjfoqfljii ÓaTfomsa: — bto 
yjTB B^pflo, 6yji(B tojbbo fl BaiajiBCTBO... 

— By^erB lefit, — npepBajia MaiymBa, — noBa enie Be Ba^au- 
CTBO* EÍAHTe-Ba naft bbtb. 

— 9aft-T0 íaí... no2Bajyfli*e> Ilerpí ApceflBBi'B... A no-MoeMy — 
HMeHBO iaBi>! KaBi se Bea^e-ro? 

yckiBCB. MaTymBa noAOABBByjia Ilerpymt craBasib b seinyio 
caxapBBiQr, B3o6pasaH>n^K> bsi ceófl- yrBy, — a ÓaTioniBa bsiiJIcbajíi: 

— Botb Afl^pefl Mott... Oh^b Bcero Bioro Hya;cB. tlpas^a, ob'b 

XOTB ÓOlTJIBBli, BO tfOJITBeTB BiyTBB pBAB, ^TTOÓU BOBeCeJIBTB ^6* 

joBi^sa. A ^to6h orsuBaTBCfl o ^eirB-BB0yAB — BBBorAa... BHBorAa! 
BoB^BJí BypcB ÓjaroQOJiyqflo, bhbto ero bo sanapajrB. ymuTejewb 
9jí!ka 6iiun> — obatb 6en BcsBaro nflXBa; bcš bmi xoboabbei, Bcb 

To» T.— Cbbtjupb, 1877. 2 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



18 whmBSSi% mfousL 

ero jao6sTh. Bon, Bon xacrB^ yxocTOHTca tfiaroxaTH CBjnqeECVBa 
H— H sasHBerB cedt npEirbeaDíH. ^afi Bóra taRse h BairB, j^ 
H BCJiBOiíy A&l Bon... A sax^B cam Boroirs ÓiarocioseHi rek 
CBoet SHSHHy Tarb sejiaio h BCflROMy, oco6eHHO cbobitb... Bh bo- 
fflmíE BuitymaeTe?'^Bjipyn iipe;(jo2KHjrB ÓanomKa IleTpynii. 

— H4tb, ji ne mi). 

— A BBHI^a? 

— n BHHa HO nBH). 

— Bon níwhl 3to noxBajiBHO. Tojbbo sairB se 9to? ?iir& 
ate BacTB en^ yrocTHXBnTO... no;^iíaeinB) csojbeo nepeiribni npoHCxo- 
AHn ch reqeHieifi BpeiieHH, — HaiajťB caoBa ÓaTioimea.— B'b Hame 
Bpeiffl, fl noMHH), MeHBme Ósjio B08xe|NftaHÍi y ceHHHapHcroBi: HHoe, 
6iiBajo, Tasí HaByraTCfl, hto h nojiHi^ífl hh no qem; noJtHitÍK) ne 
pasi paaÓEBajiH. Efi*(5ory. A ^to6h bto cobcAitb HK^ero ne nsjrB, 
TaRHXi, saserci, cobc^itb ho 6ujo. 

— Hy BOTB, 6aTK)niEa,— a bh ae rsajmre HiraimBnncB ceMH- 
HapHCTOFB.., — cspoMHO Bospasui IleTpynia. 

— 3a 8T0-T0 a XBaiio, a Bon tojibko 6oflBOCTB Vbum% mhí 
HO BpaBHTCfl. JI,a H TÓ csaBaTB: iibtb ne&, tojibbo jsíbso pasyifM. 
EnBajo H mAii, a cBoe tbophjb: yqiuHCB, BOBnraiH RypcrB, nojiy^ 
HhJOL irkra, x& en^e BaRHMH jio^bme-to ;^ajHCB!.. A aro a rási 
Bootfiqe CRasajrB, ^o bo Bcem saifiTHa HUHB?e nepeif^Ha npoxBB^ 
npesHflro, ho to ^rro RacaxejiBHo ceMBHapBcroRB oahbxi. TenepB 

^ITÓ HH BOdBMHie, BCe HO TO, HTO Kb HamO Bpeiífl. ]ífi.., Hy BOTB... 

ht6 6u 8X0 xaBoe bsbtb?.. Bon xotb ROHsepn ^Jtí nncBua. BíiBaiO) 
ero BOSHHi^aMn BEipi^saemB bs^b TOJKnofl tiyMarn, sa^aciyH) h hbt- 
xaicB BaniHBaemB hbcbmo-^o, a xenepB ysi roroBue nomjiH Bes^i^, 

He Ha OXHOtt TOJBBO nOlTi. nOCJIK)HBJ1b— B FOTOBO. EoHeHHOt He 

Bce HOBoe xopomo h HOBce crapoe njoxo^-^Bon ^t6 HysnoBsuttB 

BO BEHMaflie. 

HanBBmncB ^aio, nerpyma notiiaroxapBjn sa yron^eHíe h Ha- 
qaxB npoH^iTBCdi. 

— Hy, Aaft Bon qacB, — TopsecTBeHHO npioroBopHJB oreii^B 
AH^^tt, ÓjiarocjOBiiui Eerpymy ÓOJBrnBin Rpecrom. — CnacB60| 
"iTO nosajOBajB cb Ao6pott BŠcroqBOtt. H AH;(pH)mBa 6yAen o^eflB 
<(j[aroxapeHi. Xopomo, ecJH 6u FocnoxB ycTpoBjx ero no Bameny 
yxasafliK)... A Bain ](fi& Bon boh^totb xypcB bi ]s,o6powh sxo- 
poBBi. nona^erca xopomaa HeB^cra, xo^rom co^em orpesoMen- 

XOBaXB BaiťB. 

— B% cjiyqaš, ecjiB x^xo coftxercfl, mbjioctb npocBirB na 
cfiaxBtfy, — nporoBopBJía MaTynoa, npoBoaaH rocta ct KpHXBiía... — 
Hon^ npoBoxH on coÓaicH... TasB h nanamš cb Haifamefi nepe* 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



BMIHO nPIIOKKBÁTB. 19 

xallre, ym(Sřh HenpeirlatEO hosuobubí. TaM^b htó tfyxen— ne tfy- 
xerB G% HestoBHOtt cropoHn, a míi noicopHŠSiite npociiťB. KoaevBO, 
9T0 en^ Be csopo, a Bce-rara... IIpon^aSTe. 

Baxo jMe reiitto, BOrxa nerpyma, ycrajíHl h rojoxmBitt, e^na 
fiepeXBHrafl Hora, Kxojífijs% na poxHoe lepHJiBiitO' 



IV. 

Bi xomí AflAH npoŤoiepettcRoft Aotepn CROpo ysnajiH o pe- 
zyxyrtim^ ^peSBttqaflHaro nyiemecŤĎÚi IlerpyinE wh JEanreBO. 
Orei^ ÁpceHift nps nepBoB se oftasÍE otfasaTe^ibHO coo6íniiíjn> o6% 

8T0M% XAHBBllTB 06CT0fll!e;ibHilirB nBCBMOlfB. H8BÍCTÍe. (H$% OTSpEI- 

tíh aieHBxa noA^flcTBOBajo Ba Beetcry coBcbwb BBaqe, h^itb Ba 
€fl onesyHOffB. ^íaí eg, bucoríS, me^iBCTHfi, pfl(5ofl ((jiOflAna^, 
KarB-TO BpociHJTB H oibha'b: ofli» saHton) cra^TB jacBOeie r^b seBib, 
qan^e u npoAOJiSHTejiBBie ((edbAoeajrB cb Heio Ba-eiBirl; ^aiRe 
SBBseBífl H secTii ero CA^jiaaflCB Óucrple h ptnifltejBB-be. Ha 
^BskrnoMÍH BBicoBOf , nóxsapoS, cyryjosaToft cyopypB ero saerpa^a 
He5uBajiafl yjEiCsa, h xosaftcTBeBBafl x^flTejíBHOCTb ea npnB^jia oř- 
newTORB cyer^HfiocTH. 9it) se sacaeroi JlěByoiRH (RaRfB sBaJi^ 
miBbery soaottflttfi oienrB ea), to ona, nojiy^HBi ESBibcrie o npí- 
HCsaHÍE ett ateBMa, crajia ocoÓeHHO saxyif^Esa b MOJ^aiEBa. Eio 
OBjax&TB tfesorqeTBEifi crpax^, RaR'£ 6yxT0 osa mxaia &kjíM na 
CBOK) rojiOBy. Efl oTBomemfl r% xflA'ift h tStrš Bsanre^BHO fl8M'&- 
hejecb: OBa xase craaa BSÓi^aiB c% heme BCTpb?E e paeroBOpa, 
oco6eHHO nocjA oxBoft jiaROHEiecRoft óe&bjsjn cb Heio xflXH' Pasi nafixn 
ee oxHy aa rphjbi^í, xflAfl noxť&i^ si BeS e cb cepBOdHiiiťB bbaoitb, 
eKoporoBopRofl, nporoBopsjTB: — «BorB, Toro e tmah — aeHEXi opi- 
iffiTb] ne ocpavE ceÓE, crapatcs bcatocre noHpaBEtBGfl eny. ^e* 
aoB^KB xopomift, CBan^etíBEROBrB cttBV, He 6yxB pasSop^Esa, EEa- 

TO sebe RáRl XOTCBIB E TA* XOHeiEB*. jJSBymRy TOHBO qtO^HB<$yAB 

Wb cepAi^e KOJBfiyjio; OBa npouo^qajia e ebbojibbo oraepByjacB otb 
X^XH. GaoBa ero noKasaáECB efi nofexy-TO crpamBuiiE... Ho ss^ 
&brHSí ceaucczj JlSsyniRa btb to se Bpeiia ^yBCTBOBaxa vb ceOi^Be^ 
otipeoxoJEMyio noTpe6BOCTB ci» iťbMi-jnitfo no($ec'6xoBarrB no Aynr6. 
HoApyTB y Hea B^ ceji* ne 6hjio. Ob MaaAraeio cecTpoio o BejiE- 
soiTB Bonpocb SE8BE FOBopETB ott RasajiocB fleyxo^HtíMi. Bi co- 
ctoflHÍfl MyqEiejiBBaro saTaeBHaro TOMieaki oaa ptaiEaaeB Bucsa^ 
saTBCfl nepexB.OAflott xo6pofl crapyniRot, npoCBEpHeS e coc^xKoft, 
Abhoid HBanoBBOS). OAHaatx^) nacoM wh mecTB yrpa^ JleByniRa yMii- 
BajacB y cetín vb Kyxat, o^Moraai BORpypB loev noaoTOEi^e, na 

2* 



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20 Bwrm^b KBPom. 

noAo6ie map^. Bjiecxan^e BamTaHasiie bmocki ea Óesnopflxo^iHHMs^ 
DpajuiME pascunajiHCB no nie^aMi. Jl(flu efl b% bto BpeMfl oiy- 
sujLi no ROMi-TO saynoBOfiHyK) o6tAHio. Tfirsa emfi cnajia. 

— ÍTÓ, MaTyinsa acraja? — copocHAi BApyrk sHaBOMufi ro- 
jiod seBnpHU, npocysyBmeft rojoBy BicjerRa OTBopeneyio Asep^ 

— HtTB eme,— OTBiiBJía JléeyaiBa, n^ecKaa xo^OAHyio, ruio- 
leByK) BOAy Ha cbob sacnasBue. r^asa. — BoSab, Anaa HeaBOBHa, 
BOfiABy — nporoBopHjia A^Bymsa, npoAOJsaa yMBieaibCA. — Obb re- 
nepb CRopo BcraBerB. 

Bonija npocBBpofl, noMOJiBjacB Bory b jiacBOBO opoBSBecjia: 
r- SApaBCTByflTe, MB^aa! ?tó 9to bu cb ebpuMi mhjiom^ yMU- 
Baerecb-To? Bbmi ^^h Bás^ Teaepb Bysso xojiBTbCfl-To! RynBTb 6u 
MbiJbi^a-TO jiyiDEcTaro, Aa pasi 6u oo dbtb bi jiesB yBtuBaibca! 

— Hy, ei^e TaMii ^tó! — OTB'jkTBJia JlěayinBa, noBepTUBaflCb^ 
jBaoMii Kb rocTbii B pasnaTUBafl cb mea nojioieBiite. — My.ioii'b- 
B^Ab HBqero Vh CBoeuj jbi^t se npBÓaBHinby Aa b se 3aH'bM'b. 

— H, ^TÓ BU 9T0, MOfl HBJíafl! — Cb BŠBOTOpUMl yABB^ieBÍeiii^ 

nporoBopBia Anaa UBaBOBsa, meposo pacBpuBi> rjasa. — Bu t6* 
nepb CToáre aa lasoĚ jibhíb... 6eanpeii'&BB0 aojurbbi aafijiiOAaTb 
BOKpyrb ce6fl ^Bcrory b tfjaropoictTBO. Oao xoTb npaaAa, ^to c^a- 
CTbe cqacTbeMi b*b-b...; a b dTBui mbofo fiepyrb b 6jiaronojy«iifl 
AOCTBraKXTb. Haaji Aa«e b BoBce bb lyAa, bb cioAa, a MUjbi^eMi Aa 
AymKaMB TaB<B ce64 noAopaBbrb, <ito— bohi Basie mojloaiMii A'ba- 

dlBH)TC)l!.. 

— S, laBi AyMaio, hto ccjb saxo^en FocnoAfc ycipoBib, TaR^t 
ycrpoBTb, a se saxonerb — aa^ero ne CA^aemb. 

Dpa BTOMii JI&flymKa, auiepoia iiocii'&AHÍfl najiei^, deeprB^ecBH 
nepeBBByjia nojOTeBae nepesi ujieno. 

— Teoepb-To y»i, nojioaaMi, ycrpoBrb,— • cb ysipeHAOCTiio 
saiitTBjía Aasa HBaaoBaa.— A%j(»-to ysi* wh bhaíixi. 

— Kto ero saaerb, ace Moaterb Óutb, — BaAyiiqBBO nporoBO- 
pBja fleatcra, caAflCb aa jaaRy. 

— A BU (luy Mfljaa, noraAajB A^a caoKoficTBÍB^ — nocOBiroBajia 
npocBBpafl. — Orb Bóra Biorb raAaTejb bjb B'krb, Bon ero sea- 
erb, — TojbRO BtAb Baai bboS pasB atpao poBopMTb: — RaRB o6pť 
serbl Ha iioefl poAaa'& 6bijio y caHn^eaBURa ABt Aonepa b laRiii 
o6t AypBUiil OAaa ROBonaiaB, a y Apyrofi bh^bíib ry6a botb 
araRi oTTOnupujacb, rjasa b CJiesaTca, b raoBTCn, apHiOMi se 
eiae a ryBAOcas. Ho OH'b mhoB raBa ae 6pe8ra;iB, xotb a 6ujia 
fl Abfl^ROBa AOHb: 6biBajio a bo Mat npoAyrb, a ueas rb ce6t no- 
BOByrb, oco6jbbo BorAa otab AOMa B-brb. Borb pasi o&b Pojrac- 
ciBt ytoajfl HaaiB oxi^i bi npBX0Ai>) mu h coópajtacb y hbx^ 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



BEiraO nPIHGBKBÁTB.. 21 

FB ropHHit^. HasynHJE 8to 00*6 noACOjiHyxoB^... ^aBaS, roBOpan, 
AHiora, o seBHxaxi ra^aTb. Jl^ocrajH raj^aTejib. RoHonaraa h sa- 
ra^al: «ROMy a HpaBjifoci>?» H buoijio no ra^aTejio: ^cjitmiiii*. 
Hy, Bi^cTHMoe a%.io, noAHfiJiH cmíx^l. Qotomi sara^ajia ryHAocaa: 
«BaRofl y MeHfl Oy^erB acesHxi?* Bumjio: «ph6i, saic^ ByRymsa, 
HO Ao6p%». OnflTB cii'6x'B. Uosh ROHei^^ mbí^ 8ara;^H Hacqerb 
jseHHxa. O60 MBt npsMo csaaaHo: «CBAfl jyHoie bi A%BRax'B». 
£8*6ory, Taa^ b CRasaBo: «CBAtf ;iyme vb jr6BRax'B». H qTÓ se 
Bu jtyMaeie? Bbe Rasi ecTb buoijio npaBxa. KoBonaiafl Buoijia sa 
noicjinoBararo npBRasBaro, ryBAocaa sa pafioro, a s... vbctBuoe 
jcft.io, Jiymne 6u coBc'bM'B se BuxoABTb, T6in» vh ly-si nopy obao- 
B^TB... BoTB B Bil, MaryniRa, RHHyjB 6ei cefit sa npo0y Ba 
ra^aTejB: vró Btiflierb? Mošen, oai b noRaserb BairB qT0-BB6yAB 
BOAxoAflB^ee Kb Bamefi SBasB. SI caMa BairB, noauuyš, sara^aio. 

— O, Bose coxpasB, bb sa ito! — sbbo nporoBOpBja Jlě- 
HymRa, orpBi^aTejBBO Raqaa rojioBOfi. — BufixerB ^o*HB6yAB oycroe, 
a m Bce Čy^eniB Ay^aTB. H'lrB, b'&ti>! 

JlesyniRa BsxoxByaa b, flaR.ioBBB^ rojiosy, fb sajQrMqBBOCTB 
Baqajia soMBaTB b^ pyaarB ROBei^^ nojioieBi^a. 

— FocnoAB, eciB 6u sbbi Óujtl nanama! — cb nyBCTBOBfB 
nporoBopBJía oaa, nojsaBi rojoBy. — Torw Óujio 6u ae to, co- 
BctiTB Be to. KkíVb owb MeBfl jiio6bji>! KaRx obi sejiajrB cA^jiaTB 
MeBfl c^aerjiBBOK)! ?ri> se fl BBsy xenepb? BBsy tojbro oxbo 
sejaaie aaab nocRopbe OTAi^^aibca otb iceBa. H leiyniBa Ty^a 
se... FocnoAB, Focno^a!.. IlycTB Óy^erB, nrb Óy^erB. Ha^fiiocB, ^lo 
FocBOAB MeBfl Be ocraBBrB. 

— H-B, aroABa, ht6 oto bu ys^ Óojbho cyiiBiBaeTecB? By- 
Aere bu sa CBfla^eBBBROjrB, — oto yaRi Bi^pBO, — ^pasB^ 8to iuoxo? 
HBafl 6hi... O, FocBOAB, X& aoboabcb bto ao MeBfl... SL 6u npíi- 
raja cb pi^ocTB, se tormo hto. ^a htó aro bbi bi caMOMi x^jt?.. 

Bi 9T0 BpeMfl OTBopBjíacB AsepB vh ayxBH) B Bomjia Maiyoisa. 
JléflymRa noAaajacB cb JiaBRB m npoaopBo ynua mb ByzBB. 
IIpocBBpBfl cTaaa npocBTB y «MftiymRB» CBTa, noroMy ^ro, 
sy^a OBS HB xoffua, ABRasi ne Morjia b npoi. 



V. 

JfiBa — MD sBaeMi — XOhb BaeeApajiBBaro npotoiepefl ropoxu 
X.J o. AsoBa DypBRopAOBa. Arobi QypBRopxoBi 6hiA'h lejiOBiffB 
jOBoiBBo opETBBaiBBfiitt... CjiafiuS BAopoBBeMi CB caMafo A^brcTBa, 
^BTB Bo secB xiBHHiifi nepíoA^ CBoero nisoiBsaro BOcraraHia to*b- 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



22 . ntmasn^ bbposh. 

X&io oópaiqajica vh xoKropairb sa cob^toitb h no i^jihmi uicsr 
jíjun BUABmBBtkn vb 6oja>Biiiu!b. IIox^ BJiíjiHÍeif'& ÓoáisBevHOcsWy 
Vh Eem> pasBucfl jcHCTHHecBÍtt k^jaa^ Ha iiipi» 6omiŘ. drorb^ 
BarjflAi* OBOHHaTeiBHO yTBep;pucfl vb neirb n aBiu(eMÍB^ nox^ 
miaBieiTB JleB^iS iipo^[»eccopa ncExasonB, Boropuft nnajii cryjies- 
xaiTb 9iy Haysy no BjioxnoBeneoMy no8Ty-4»Bioco4»y IIIyÓepTy b 

TaSfB BOCXBOtaJIl BX% CBOBMB ^TeHÚUfB, ^TO OHB Hep^BO BHHO* 

CBjíB ero B» ayxBTopÍB na pysax^. Kohibbi Bypcb b^ aBa^eidír 
CO creneHBK) BaBABxaxa, owb pbniBii-ÓHJO bxtb b^^ voBaxB, no, 
nocxynBffb na ciysóy m ropoA^B X.^ caopo yBJíeBCB xowp^iD ofr 
noro wn cbobxi coejysBBi^eBi*, MBaoBB^Boi, Bocrponocenbiofi 6 joh- 
ABHBOft, seBB^Cfl B npBBfljii CBan^eBCTBO. CrpacTHO JHOÓniiafl nu% 
seBa lepeoib roA'B noAapnjia eny Ao^ay — JléBymsy, cboh) soniiOr 
a Hopeai xpa roAa Apyryio, MameHbay, b — yvepjia. BiinBcaeHafl 
EVh A^peBHB A^fl yxasBBaaia sa A'&TbMB xa^ibufl poxcTBeHHBiia o. 
flsoBa, nosBiafl, BepanuBsafl, njiyTOBaTafl B^OBa, yrBepxBJíaeb b^ 
ero aom:6 vh BaieciB^ nojinoft xoaafiaB. Oieu:b &fiovh AOB-bpvBBa 
OTAaBaji^B Wh eB pacaopBBLeBÍe Bce CBoe BcajiosanBe b aoxoxHi cb 
'Awb, HTOÓu ona caaósajia ero nfln^efi b vh nymmuTh cjynaaxi 
oxea^oi B o6yBbH). Cam obi bb bo ^tro se bxoabjtb h ox^em 

OTB CBOefl pOACTBOBBBI^U-XOSflfiBB BB Vh HQWh HO Tpe60BaJI'B. BbB- 

Masie ero tiujio cocpe^oro^eflo npeBMyu^ecTBeBBO na MBjoft Jle- 
nyniKi, HanoMBnaBmeĚ ony co6ok) MBjyiQy pano oeraBBBmyH) ero- 
nojipyry sbshb. Osa nocroAsno 6ujia npexMeroifB ero bíshuxi 
8a6oTB. BosBpaniaflCb aomoS co cjiysóu, OB*b KasAuft pasi crerep- 
n&iBBO cnpamBBajii: ^tó JléBymiui? Gbab ffiuh, oai uem]sj gtjrhr 
safiaBjíBjíi JleHymicy b caifB 8a6aBjBJici eio. Ca^BJícfl jib owh sa 
^aft; BjiB sa o61ai>, — ona BenpeMibHHO y nero na K0Jitoax'B. Ho- 
^bH>, saciEimaBi ea njiaTB, obi tpeÓOB&jrh ee vh ceůb: HaA'6DniB 
xyAeBbByK) pacy, cjiysBBmyio eiiy xajiatoicb, b xy^^iB, BOSbuerb 
OBI, 6uMjiOj CBOH) AO^By Ha pyBB, npBSMerb ee si rpyxB, npn- 
CdioHBTCfl n^esofi bi ea rojioBsí, noapuioft híubhum'b nymsoirb, b 
xoABTb no BOMBarl Bsaxi b BnepeAi^ tbxo Haa^Baa BaayHMBtfo 
qepBOBByio nicMh. PeÓeaosfb yaie saMOi^aji, pe6eH0Bi» yse cnBrb^ 
AaaBe b HSHbBa ero ycn^Jia yse sacsyrb, a oreiirb SÍBOVhy cjieraa 
niMuraa ly^aMB, Bce en^e xo^bti no BOMnaii b bco HanŠBaerb. 
Cjia6o, Baai-Óu vh Apenorb, icBrafon^afl jaMna^a tfpocaerb cboB 
TaBHCTBeHHiifi nojiycB^rb na Bucosyio, ^Bumjmjioaí ^nrypy oma 
iSsoBa B cjysBTb tfesHOJBHOt cBBA'6TejibHB]:^ei ero, apBOio csi^^eio 
ropan^eft, poAsieibCKOtt jh)6bb... JISsyniBa saafiíHfljia ony Bct yxo-* 
BOJbCTBÍB B pasajenema. K% sBasoMturb cbobmi offb xoxhji toako 
Vh caMun TopjKecTBeHHHx^b €xy^MXl>; to>iho laase b ero noct* 



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Burao npmooBiTB. 23 

inUH TOXhMO vh xesb ero miflHHErE h na Bensie npasxHHBH. On 

BiniHC$iBaJi'B HŠCBOASO ]íyXOBHUX% XypEBJlOVby HBTaj^ H SeCTOKO 

s^vnsoBafB. Ilojia npovieBHuxi mrš behi^ Óhjh Hcne^peHu ero 
p^bsBHim sairbqaHiflifH. Oetl Ha Boe cmotp&tb CBoeotfpaano. Hcthh- 
Hfiini jj^HJOcoýaME OHI CHHTajrB $HJioHa H niyÓepTa; HCTHHHuirB 
ÓorocaoBOicB OoMy EeMdĚcsaro, hcthhhhmh nponoBtAHHRaicH — 
E^Ma GHpHHa h THXona 3aAOHCBaro. Jly^mie h3i Bctx'B pyc- 
cxHxi OHcarejiefly no ero mhíhíh), KapaMBHHi h SBLyKOBCRÍfi, no- 
lOHy ^TO y HHXi MHoro cepwft. B^s xoBTopoBib owh noTepan 
Bipy. ^OKTopi, — roBapHoaji ohb,— ©to CJÍnoft Ch Ay<$iiH0fi: no- 
na^^^Tb vh 6oxb»wb — (So^shb npnniHÓerB, nonaAerB vBSAopoBBe — 
SAopoBBe yÓBerB. ^yBcrsys ceófl nocroaHHO Óoibhhhx, owb jeujca 
MexisaMeHTaiai coCcTBennaro. EsoÓpIreHifl. Y nero na Hep^ant 
BHC&JTB BOBJíš TpyÓu Tíjbjíutt MŠmoKB pasjíHHHux^B TpaBi, HapBaH- 

HHX*B HlťB JlŠTOirB B% Jl^Cy, Bl HOJlflXl, B% jyrax^ H CAjSfiJil,. 

EbB arHx^ ipavB oh<b A'&jiai'B pasHue nacroH, oiBapii, n bthmk 
HadOflXH H OTBapaMH crapajcfl icnrbjíflTB cboh He;(yrH. 

Korxa crapmafl AO^na on^a ďsoBa H'JkcsoJBKO noApocia, ohi 
ycepAHO Banajcfl ea 0($pa30BaHÍeirB. HacrojBHOK) BHHroK) no ne^a- 
roniiš 61U10 y nero coHHHenie: «0 BOcnHTaHÍtf A^Tefi vh xyxt 

B^pU H HpaBCTBeHHOCTH XpHCTÍaHCBO&». BuyHHBB JléHymBy IHiaTE 

H nicaiBy OHB crapajcfl npioxoTHTB ee bb HTeHÍH> Bnan. EasA^fi 

XeHB OHB npOHHTilBaJTB H O^BflCHflJB efi HO VM^ HJH nO A^ B81 

HCTopHHecBHX'B BHBFB BeTxaro saB^&xa H EOTb eBanrejria. BarfeMB, 
OHI cnux ^urratB efi BsÓpanHua, no ero ycM0Tp'lHÍK)9 coíHneHÍa Th- 
xoHa SaAOHCBaro, oco6eHHo saHHiiaTejBHiifl n noyHHTeJbHEia shtúi 
CBflTHrB, H, HaBOHei^'B, nocBflTHJE^B ee BB BpacoTKi sapaM8HHCB0& noasÍH 
H npoBH. KpoMi Toro, OHB oÓBflCHfljix ofi, uo CBOOMy BpafiHemy 
pa8yM'6HÍH), pa&iH^HHa iB^enúi npHpoAH, a, npE^fl hsb i^epBBH) 
oÓuBHOBeHHO nocBfln^ajTB HicBonBO MHHyrB na oOhSkcneme 6oro* 
cjyseHÚi H T. n. Jliiowh om> ÓpajTB ee b% cboh ^apitauesíHie- 
CKífl aBcneXHi^H, (JiraJTB n nrpajTB cb neft, BasB }í,w£b. JlénymBa 
bcímh CHJiaMH xyniH 6£ua npHBssaHa bb CBoeMy nananri: cb ne- 
Tepn^mem sxajia ero, bopm ohb yxoAHXB hsb xony, h cb sa^- 
HOdBio cjymaia BasAHfi ero pascsasB, aas^oe oÓBacneme. Fo- 
JOBBa ea npiy^aiacB Majo-no-ifajiy xhcjihtb h pascys^A^B, xoth h 
oxoocTopoHHe. HepiABO ona ii.jBJíti nanami pasnaro poxa Bospa- 
senia, h obtb Bocroprajica JHotfosHaiejBHOCTBH) h pascyABxejiBHOcrBK) 
AHTan. P&DHBB ea BonpocB, ofb oÓuBHOBeHHO i^OBafB ee kb 
rojOBy H npeApesajii efi ciacrjHByK) sbshb. Hs^ JienymRH cia- 
raiacB BSBaa-To A^BO^Ba-MonamBa: BpoiBaa, naHBHaa, h^cbojibbo 
eoBepifaieuHaa. Orei^ íLbobb lasB bhcobo i^i^HHjrB ee, hto, nepe- 



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24 B^OTHiirb iBPOnii. 

((epaji FE CBoet rojioir6 bsb^^cthhzi eny hojioxiix^ jnoxeft CBoeft 
cpexdy He naxoj^Jii ifes^ hvmh HHRorOt kto 6s hopb Óiitb xo- 
CTofiHUM^L seHBXoifE ero JISHymRH. «JKeHBrL JlSHymsE ^ox^ReHi 
6uTB CL aerejiBCKOfi ^inoft», HHorAa pasMunuajii oh^, maraa fs 
cyMepRax'B no ROMnaTaMi. 

Ho He cysACHo Óujio on^ flROBy cocBaTaxB cbok) JléHjnnRy h 
jtOBocnHTaTB nja^myio cecipy ea — Mamy. Bb oahh^ bsi Henacr- 

H']kfla]BX'B OCeHHBXl AHOfi, OHX^ HeCMOTpfl Ha CBOK) OCTOpOSHOCtB, 

Rp']koRO npocry^HJicfl, cjierB bb nocrejB h qpesrB ipe ahb OTxaxB 
Bory jymy. 

— JIčHymRa,— CRasaji^B orei^i Abobb HaRanyni CBoefi cnepTE: — 
a, AOJiaBO-ÓHTB, yMpy CROpo.;. 

•JSnyniRa, npBc&Bi na RpOBaTB vh 6o.iBHOMy, rop1»RO saiua- 
Kaja. 

— íero me th? 9to Majio^yniie... He neiajBca,— thxhitb h 
npepiieaioii^HMCfl rojocom nporoeopHjTB OTexs;h JBÍrobi.— Ecjh ocra- 
HemBCfl... xaROK), Rasii tu... TenepB, to h Óesi MOEfl... h (Jesi 
MeHB, MHjafl, 6yxeniB... c^acrjBea. 

BojibBofl no^sejiaji ÓjarocjOBHTB A'6Teň. 

ByXBTe, X*TB, THXH H BpOTRH, — DpOrOBOpBJTB OH^B, 0C6hU 

XO^eR^ brohok). 

SarlsfB, Ha MEnyry saRpHBB rjasa h noMOJiiaB^, oieqi jIrobi 
oópai^joi Ri JléHymR^: 

— B08BMH, JESea, TaMii... Ha aTaasepR']^ RnnaRRy: «CoRpoBHn^e 

xyxoBHoe... OTB MÍpa co6HpaeMoe». ^Biaft, xpy^ORi... narafl no- 
^an^e, h Mamy npiyiafi. 

Ha Apyrofi a6hb, oxei^i Arobi yse jiemajB na crojii a xi&a- 
KOH^ mohotohho ÓacBj^B na^B hhitb: «A3i ecMB naciHpB xo6piifi» 
H npoq. JISnymRa, bb nacRopo CA'i^.iaHHOM'B Tpaypt, ctoa na 
ROj>ríbHflxi noxJi^ rpo6a, co cjiesaMH MojiBjíacB Bory. 

Ki noxopoBaiTB on^a ďROBa npiixaj^ hsi AepeBHH Ópaxi ero, 
TOTB caMBift CBfln^eHHHRi, y ROToparo, BB apexujj^n^efl rjiaBb, uu 
Hamj[H JlenymRy. Hocjii^ noxoponi, xoiro h ropfl^o oh^ 6paHHac2 
Ba HTO-T0 CB crapofl nsHefl h, safipae^ Roe-RaRyio pyxjiflx^, ocraB- 
myHX^ nocit noROflHBRa, yixajTB BMi^cTt ch Ib-ji^TueH Meoř m 
12'XbíEeŘ Mamefl fb x^pesHio. Baocit^CTBÍB, b81 neo^HORpaTHiix^ 
nonpeROBB ahxb, JlfiHa ysnaia, hto nanama ea, AopoateBrniS «Oo- 

KpOBBOieMl XyXOBHHBfB, OTB MÍpa C06lipaeMlIirB», He yHŠJTB co^ 

6paTB OTB MÍpa coRpoBBQ^a MaTepiajiBHaro, «aoTOMy tto Óbiji^ npocrs, 
He muT>^ RáRí SBTB H BooÓqe ne noHHMaji butoxh CBoero no- 
jioseHifl»..« 

Bi xoM'6 xflXB, JlenymRy sanpflriH, RaRi roBopircfl, «bo boa 



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BUfiHO nPIIGSEBÁTB. 25 

tflssafl». Oea c^^uacB sxí^cb — h haheroS^ h ropHBTOofi, h ot- 
qacTH syxapsofi. Ha BasAOM'L no^TH máry efi npHtnjiocb buho- 
<ii!TB BHroBopu, 0paHb^ rpy6ue ynpeKH, Taatejma ocKopfijeeia. 

— Tu, fli&BBa, safiyAb, tto th nparononcicaa aohl, hc paai 
rrisHO BOCKJHi^ajb xflAa. — Ecjb 6fii tboS nporoaoni-To xenerb 
HaiTB ocraBHjii na Bame co^epsaBÍe-ro, ror^a mu Te6aj nosajiyfi, 
Fh CBaiofi jvon nocaxHJH 6u, a bojib rojuxi ocrasHJ^ ea qysyio 
meiD, laiTB ysi* lyrb neqero Mopa^HTbCfl n óapciBOBaTb: Ójaro eii\e 
npmrb AajH Aotfpue jiioah. Gboh x^th aoneqeHÍfl xpefiyiorb, a xyrb 
em,e ^ysHxi Btrpowb naHecjio. 

Muh Ha Bct noAo6HUfl saMt^amfl OTBÍb(iaja MOj^aHieifb n cl 

KpOTKOK) nOBOpHOCTbK) HCaO.IHflJia KSLUpmEJlO BOIK) CTpOQTBBUX^b 

poACTBeBHHsoBi. Ho H Bia caMafl BpoTocTb, H ara ca^afl noRop- 
HocTb Be cnacajH ee ótb Hana^enifi abah n tCtbh. Moj^iotb jih 
OBa,— ett roBopflTb: «ht6 tu Cysott CMorpniiib? S.iioKa BraKaa!..* 
Ha^Ben jn ona BucsasusaTb o ^eHi-BB6yAb CBoe MB'lBÍe, — eft sa- 
Miutyn>: «Hy, sayMHBqaja! Bhaho, hto nporononxrKaa aoib*... 

TaKb npoxHja JieBymica bi aomí aaab rpn ro^a. R^ Mamt 
W[fl H Tfirsa 6u;[H Aofipte, noTony hto ee oneab jh)6hjh aboh)- 
poxBufl cecTpgHKH efl, (Tb ROTopuMH OHa HFpajia. 

Pasi y omia Crenana (rasi ssa^H ;(flAio Jleeu) By^a^ro sa- 
ópeih BopoBa. HcaajH, HCBajiH ee Be^epoM^ — ne HamjiB. yTpoifb 
<yrnj CrenaHy cootfmaiorb, hto ero aopoBy oi'kiE bojrh, noíJrt 
^OEBHa OBpara, Kb Rycraxi. Pa3CBBp'6nt:i'b oiei^ C^e^aH^ h i^- 
jmft xesi pyrajícs Ha Bce h na Bdlxi. «?opTb Bací no6epH!» no- 
fiTopflji'B OHI B'6cR0JbR0 pasx: «nojOH% AOMi> Bapoxy, & npHCMO- 
TpÍTb sa Htirb-HH<$yAb BéKOMy. XoTb caHoro bojirh ci/bmh, EWb Bce 
paBHo. Bce 6apuHH co6paiHCb... 9ro pasopeHbe! Ilpocro, xorb tf^rH, 
lyxa rjiasa rjiBAflTi*... 

Ha Apy^ofi A6Bb, paEo noyipy, orei^B CrenaHi nocaaRaii bi 
ropojTB X.— «H8JiosHTb Bce Bjaj(UR'6», Raai oh^b Bupa3H.icfl bi pas* 
roBopi^ cb CBoefi zenoB. ^opórofi, vh nujBoft rojOB-b osJotf^eHHaro 
<SaTK>n]RH, BToro «H8JioseHÍfl> HaBOHHJiocb na nikjLui tomx. Hpi^xaBi 
Hb ropojTB H flBHBniHCb Kb apxíepeK), orei^i CrenaHi, «AaBi boj[k> 
ciOBi TeqeHbK)>,He naxoAHJii ROHi^a cbohmi sajioCam. Tyn 0ujo 
nociSBJíeHO na bhai» — n oÓpeMeneHie MHoro^HCjenHuirb ceHeficTBOirb, 
H iiajOHHCjeHHOCTb npHXOAa, n cayxocTb cpe^CTBi ri» sbshh, h 
(Sucrpoe ocjiatfjieHbe cnurb h ysa^anbe dAopoBba, n eucofcUi aaCAytu 
flORoinaro saeeApaAHaro nporoiepea fM i^epRBH, h «HeflC?epnae- 
Maa diarocTb ero npeocnameHCTBa, npeno6tsA&K)iiiafl BCflRoe 6es- 
«txoBÍe» H npov., n npo^. Apxiepeft cb Tpyxoifb ycnoROBJí* bsboji- 



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26 jwmEvvh iBPoiDi. 

HOBaHHaro ÚAXKmitj^ somejB vh ero nojoseníei o($íqvu!^ exy jiy^- 
mee m^cto, a lueMflHSHi^t BeMÍJi% npiHCMTs meoHU. 

— He noKyxa se mh'6, samé npeocBfln^eHcryo, shtb n Bep* 
Teni,— nporoBopEn spociaraiift oreiVB OrenaHi, i^ya pysy y 

BJIMIUKH. 

TasHirs otfpasoMi, <BopoBÍS BOiipocB» nopoAHJTb HapBa;KHue 
HHiepecu. 



VI. 

B^b rohqí aBrycra, kb BOSAyx']^ yse noB']&fljio oceHHefi npo- 
ua^ofi; flCHue ahh oa^a^a nepeiiesaTBCfl cb nacMypHHMH; xm- 
AeHbRÍfl, paciuuBqaTiifl oójasa hbsbo h Cticrpo necjHCB Hax^ seic- 
jieĚ, BaA7» CJioeiix Apyrnx^b oÓJihwvbj C^JOBanuTh h rycnixx, mba- 
jěbbbo iuEiByii](HX'B Blb /.pyroMi HanpaaieHÍn; coMEUfi to sacTHJia- 
jocB o^MaaMB, TO BHOBB BurjflxciBajio Hn-sa hhxi, oÓpncoBUBaflCB- 
na Be6ojíhmowh pacuu^enHOirB íjfoui xaiesofi CHHeBu. Ob yrpa 
HBBasi HejiBsa 6iiJ0 nopy^HiBca, hto bi nojiy^HH) ne 6yjierB aosa&... 
Xji^Ckb yse yópaiB cb hojb e ^0T^H boh^bjb dkvb. IIo ryMHamy. 
TO TaiTB, TO BX^CB pa8AaBadHCB yAapu yBicBcrux^B uíbnovb. 

B'b OABHi BBi dbpeHBKHX^y nojiy-oceHHBX'B AHefl, OBOJio nojiy- 
AHfl, Bi AOMy oTi^a CTenana noAii^aja npocieHBBas Teji'6sRa9Ba*, 
npflflieHHaa tojictok) n-broio joma^Bio. Ha TeitoR^ cha^i ÓaTioraRa 
Kb BaTBOiťB cyBOHHOM^ uojipflCHBBty DOAnoflcaHHufi CBHBiTB Byma- 
BOMi* Ha rojoB^ y nero 6uja CTapHHeafl, mapoBafl n HflseHBBaH,. 
BBxepomeHHaa nyxoBaa nijuna. Ymni ero Úujie no^BAsanBí TeHHuirB^ 

CBTI^eBUMIb IUaTB0M'B. nOCTaBABDIH BOJli^HBH H OÓXBaTfl HXl pyBaVH, 

tfaTiomBa Aepsa;i'F bossh h cjiersa noAepreBajii bmh. Uoj^jA ueny 
noH^nUUCfl mojo^oS nejiOBÍBí, vb cbpowb xojioxhoitb najiBTO n Kb 
BOxanoS ^ypasB^. Bi nepeAB']^ jieasAn apMflsnb, a CBepxy Bpaco- 
Baacfl orpoMHHfi napycBHHufi bohtb, cb sanjaTofi nyrB ne vb ho- 
coBOfi naaroBi. 

— EaTiomBa!.. MaiymBa!— seHBxi!.. CefiqacrB npoBaiHTLCE, — 
aseHBn ^AerB! — ho^th saAuxaflCB, npoBpHnajia paÓorHfli^a, otbo- 
pflBi b8:b cinefl xBepB b% uobob oxi^a CrenaHa: — ci> nonoiTB... Ha 
nirofi... npBMO Kb HaHi. 

— Ciynafi cBopitt... TaiTB... caMOBapi... ^tó th TaBaa 6e8- 
oÓpasHaa?— aacyeTHJica oxei^x CTenani*.— MaiB, cjHinHim>?.. Tkř- 
EieHa-To?.. 

Pa6oTHHi^ OHpoMeTBK) tfpocHjuu^B BB ByxHH), HoiipaBjíflfl Ha ce6^ 
noMepnyryio v)6kj. GxBaTHBmn obojío nopora rojÉrB, ona TopoH* 



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Burao npii^Kiiuf j^. 37 

joBO na^au noxu amn b» ctnarh ooprb. Ho botě jouimb, parna- 
mcTO aa^aa roJosoS, ocTaHOBHjaci y RptuiLi^a— i pa(k>THii^ ocra* 
BBBnm zy^J copy h rojÉsi* cpexn cÍHefl| Oucrpo CKpHaacb bs 
ByxHK). Sxbch ona xociajia hbi^ cyixysa ^jikb, (^amiiaaa h spya- 
Hvi osepensi y6pajaci^ a Hanajui BurpaxHBaTb caiiQBapB. 

Mexxy t^mx tfaTK>inKay npHBflsaaiaH jomax^ ai xoaoHid^ a 6po- 
ciBiiQi eft cb tbjIÍve juoHOjeb eftai^a, satipajrB aptuiRi a Boan a, 
n coapoBos^emH cuaa, HanpaBBJM^a vh c6hb. roiAsii cpcw ci^ 
Bei CMyraai ero, a owb aa IcaHyry ocranoBajica. 

— AaxpKknia^ aro ysi* ae npaaiTa-jia aaaafl?— noiymonoiOM^ 
npon^opajii oh%, CA^jas^ noiy*o6opon kl cuay. 

— Hy, THTeBBaa, aaaaa lyn apaMŠia!— Bospasajn Aaxpnma^ 
Toxe naiy-monoTOM^ 

— ÍTÓ «Hy»? EiiBaeri... — aavB-io laaHCTBeBBO aporoBopaj^ 
OTep:B Aaxpefl.— Tu, caoipa, ae aacajna aa srno... Jlymae oÚoŘ-- 
ffiwh... Focnoxa, noaajiyfi aao^ 

H oiei^ ÁHxpefl oaacajiT* bouí ayna copa noayapyrB, noxo- 
spaxaiBBO aocacb aa aeBBBHufi vbBBWb. Cuwb cx^jiaji aajeaucyK)- 
rpaaaqry ho Bce-Taaa nociixoBa3:fc apawr&py on^a. 

Eorxa rocTB boqub n nepexaKuo, xosflaai wb cnajBai nepe- 
oxiBarb noxpBCHBBi a canora, a xosflfiBa sa peperi^xKOft aapa- 
saia Bevbcrj. CaajaBi aomy aa aaao8*TO Heonpexijeaaaro aa* 
SBaHeaia japB, orei^i Aaxpett creneaHUMi maroii^ HaapasAJica kb- 
Buy, npflMO aii cBBToay yrjy. 3jiíkcb owh onycran aBctBazyio aa 
€Bypi& jaanaxay, otfMaaayjTB najiea^ b^ aacjo a noaaaaii ce&k- 
likrb. dra saraxo^Haa oaepaiua, apoai caaaiapaott ujkM^ aiitja- 
y orqa Aaxpea xpytyjo^ TaaacTBeaayK), a croaia bb cbbbh cb vpes- 
BH^aflaiuiii oÓCTOBiejBciBOtfi... ViAKh-f$a^ vh tou MoaeBTB) aorx^ 
orei^ ÁHxpeĚ BsxepraBaii* jfaMnaxRy, nocjiiiniajica nosaxa ero ro- 
locB Bomexníaro xosflaaa: 

— 3xpABCTByftTey rocia xopoiie... HaBaHare.,. a laa^ xoiro... 
AHxpx>ma tfHCípo acrajii co cryjia a, xepsa ^ypasay fb py- 

laxii, noqTBTejBHo noajoaaaca. Xoaaaa^ noxaxi eay o6Í pyaa. 

Otenib Aaxpafi, npaaysxeaauft orjiaayTBca, BunyciajB asi pyaa 
caypoaB. JLaMoaxaa caosa capurayja BHasi* a cbjibho gaaoxeóa- 
jacB; oroaeai acnyraaBO saMoprajii a Hyib-ŮuM ae noraci. 

— A BOTB a TOBÓ... caai,— nporoBopa^ orei^i Aaxpet b 
TopoouBO nurarByjii ce&b no jdy pyaaBoirB. 

BaTH>maa Tpa pasa o($4o6fii8aiacB) npaxepacaBaa Kpyn xpyra 
u axew. XoBaaai jmctoitb noiq)ocBjrB rocxefi cíctb, a — acb 

— 3-8-10C-8... 3to b4xb... chbtb MOft... aoaqBBmiS aypca»...~ 



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^ B^OTHIRl IBPOnH. 

iiporoBopHjrb orei^ ÁH^^peft, cioshvb pyss na shbotí m yisasuBas 
Ha cHHa 6opoAofi. 

— ^a, w... fl TOT^aci... no nojiH^BK) ^aate, — noflXBaxBJíi 
orei^i* GrenaH^, BsrjflHyB^ na ÁHipefl ÁHApeaqa. 

«RoHqHBniift Rjpei>>, HaicjioHHBi rojoey, cjfenca 8a6apa5aHHjrB 
oajiBi^aMH no ROsupbRy 4>yp<^R^' 

— Th, Aeiproraa, qojiosh Raprysi-ro: b4jb ne cett^acB se 
KU y^A^MX,— ofipaTHJiai oreií^ k^ CHey. 

ÁHApioma CR0H({)y8ejcji h nojio»HJi^ Rapiysis hí^ orho. 

— Hy, RaRT> bu... ch noM yfipajHCb? — cnpocwB xosaHWB. 

— Jl^a, coBctirt,— OTBÍTHJt orei^x AMpefl. — C^aBa Bory, hto 
PocDOAB BÓ-BpeMfl Bg^ptioiRO nocjaiTB. IIo^HTaft Cesi saAepsRH Bce 
mjo. Hy, H yposaesix ne o6BseHii... A bu ršrx? 

— JífiL Toae... pomaib— rpíxi... YópajH-TaKH. 

— HuHbqe BÍAb RáRT. yÓBpaib-TO? ÝĎopRa o^na ^ero crbarb. 
Pa6oTHBRB H patfoTHHi^u— crpacTb BSAopomajiB! EuBajio^ xopomift 
patfoTHHffB CTÓtfrb ABa;maTb ií'feaR()BEix'b b% jtí^to, a 6a6Bi TaR^ j^e- 
caTb, — a Teaepb ^afl eny mecrb^ecaTb, a ett ABa^i^aTb-iraTb. Botb 
vbjí,h EUEhHe ys'b RáRi. RaRafl-si ryrb npBÓEijb otl seM^H-ro?. 
IIpHTOMi H 8eMjia-T0 Hama... — caMH anaere... — necoRi: qepeai Ae- 
CBTb ji^TB OABHX yposafl, CROJibRo HH Ba^iB Ha Hee... HuHbMe yxi, 
cb HOSBOJieHÍfl cRasaTb, H HaB03i>-T0 aa x^HbrH Aocraeifi, — nflTb ro- 
irteKb Tejrtra! 3to botb, finsajio, npn rocno^axi... ny, ror^a eme 
^ujo 3eM.ieA'6jiíe... EuBajo, nonpocBntb óapeHa... KaRi* HaroHar^ 
Hapojy— MeroMi Bce cjieiHrB... h Bce AapoirB. H HaB03'B aiorB, cb 
HOSBOjeBÍfl CRasaTB, Tose cb 6apcRaro ABopa... a&POM'b. 

— A «noMoqB» pasBi^ bu ne cosHBaere no npasAHHRaMi? — cnpo- 
KíMB oiei^i OrenaHB.— a coBHBaio, h HHnero... nopaAO^Hoe hoa- 
<^nopBe B% pa6or6. 

— 3, ht6 910 aa homo^b!— npoHaHeci orei^iÁHApefl, MaxnyKB 

pyROtf. ŠjIUAHB OAHB... MySHRB... BÍ^AB BTO... CaMBifi ORaflHHUft 

TenepHHa napoA^. IIojiosbiíi, a Tose aoBy. U^iJiyio a^pobrk) o6ofi- 
AemB noA^ npasAHHRi: moji, npnxoAHTe aasipa noco^BiB. Uoo&b^ 
mfiixysaí... HaroroBHmB Bcero nponacTB h TRjifimh. A ohh asi* nocj'6 
o(í*Aa npHjiyrB, a^ h to nai naTaro bi AecaxBíft. OtfoapyrB neós, 
BcerOy a A^^a ne HaA^JtaKvrB. ^a en^e RaRia paacysA^HÍa bhoS 
paai cjinmBmB: no npaaAHHRaMX, roBopnrB, pa<$OTaTB rpirb, a bu 
Bací, 6aTH)mRa, aacraBaaere. Jlypa^Be, mojb, bu aiaRoe! Bíab uocjA 
otf^Aa^TO no^Hraft ys^B Apyrofl a^hb naHEHaerca... A RorAa se, ro- 
fiopHrB, HaiTB OTAOXHyTB-To?.. Bon bí^ab ORaaHHue RaRíe!.. MoserL 
<JuTB y Bací... a y Měna— o-o-o, ORaaHHue! En;e rto nyatAy w^. 
"Te(J4 ^yacTByeTB... lani CBaAbtfy RaiqrK)-HB6yAB aar&BaerB... Hy, 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



BUAHO npnosiBÁTB. 2^ 

9tarh eo^e ch noHTeHLeicB*.. h jcsyxavb, h Bce... A ysi xpyne.... 
o-o-o!.. 

Orei^ ÁHxpefl CHOsa MaxHyj^ pjKOŘ. 

— Hy, a BH noMorajiH csoeny nanami?— oópaiuca oreiis 
GrenaHi kb AsApeH) Ampefl^y. 

— Do B03H0SH0CTH.., — OTVkmn TOTO. 

— HMeHHo «no bosmoshocth*,— npepean poAHTejn»:— UBas 

OTB HHXl IIOMOIip>? 3lO HQ TO, ^TO... RaSl MU, 6fiIBaJ0, y OTIta-TO,. 

poBHo aomaAH Bopo^aeii^b/ BaBaiUio to^ 6HBajo, aha (Sosbflro ne 
BHAHiob... Obo, BnpoqeMi, iTO-si... ero-TO x^o ys^ TeaepB... 
XeBBii... Ob 6a6aMH xa cb MyjsABaicH b*b OAHOfi py6axi ee... 
TOBO jsLi>... Jífif seHBXi, aseHHxi... BoT^ HaiAi 6u TOibBO BorB 
njwh seBtoy... Kaai-HBtfyAB... Botb mu HacjminajHCB, ^to y BacB-. 
TOBo... ecTB. He npExercB-JiH BaRB-HHfiyAB... nopoAHBTbca. 

— OseHB npiflTHo.*. o^HB paAu... diaroAapHM^B sa BHHMa- 
flie... — erb yjHÓROft nporoBopaaB oTei^i CTenaei, na nojiOBBHy 

BpHBOABBBmHCB CO CTyja H BJiaHBflCB. 

— TaBi» crajo 6utb... tobo... mosbo h BsrjflflyTB? 

— KoHe^HO... BTo cettiacB mosbo. 

Ořem GTenaH'B 6iiiCTpo Bcraa^B co cxyjia b sanpaBBJca itb 6oa<^- 
fioi ABepB* 

Xo3BBHT> CBpujicfl, a oiei^B AHApefi BBBaoM'B noAOBBajTB vh ce(nt 
CMBa, qxo-TO nomeniajii eMy b yca^exB pbaom^b cb co6o9 bi> cbb- 
TOMB yrjy. 

Orei^^B GienaHi BOSBpaTB^CB bt* foctbm^b bi cospoBOs^eflÍB 
(TnpypB, ROTopyK) TorqacB b npexcraBAji bmi. SaxiMi, e^sa a^boib 
efi DpBd^cTB Ba cryji^, sacyerajca: 

— Hy, MaTB, TaBi tu TaMi... nocRopie.*. caMosap^Bsi b ee... 
Botb cefl^acB yBBABTe, — Ao6aBBJi obb, oSpan^aacB xi» roeraMi. 

Orei^^ AflApefi BcnyCTBJíi rjiy6oKÍft bbaoxi b sa^ajii no-Kyne- 
^ecBB Bepri^TB ČojiBniBirB ofuibi](eMi> opasoft pysfl BORpyn 6ojib- 
sjoro naJBpa ^isoft. AsApionia, saJiosoBi pyRy sa cnaBRy CTyja,. 
BUTBBya^B Hory b ycTasBJíi^ CBofi ssop^ sa bobhbr^ ne^BoteHBara 
caoora. Orei^ii Crenafl^, bícro^bro pcTpeBOseBBufl, CA^-iaii st- 
CBOJBBO maroB^B no ROMaaiiy to noTapaa pyRfl, to saRjaAUBaa 
BOJOCBi sa yoiB. Ilpom^o bícrojbro MHByrb BanpBseBsaro saTBmBB, 
ispbARa npepuBaeMaro aaRBMii-TO apaBysAesauMB, sejoBREMB Ram- 

JeM^B OAHOrO B8l A^ScTBJiOB^BrB JIBItB. HaROBei^i pacTBopBiacB^ 
óoROBaa ABepb b BORasajacB Beatcra. OTei^b Ahap^^S Tox^acs se 
;(7peMBdii Ba see acooAJOÓba apacriavibauň, Raa^ eMy Rasa- 
JOCB, npOBBi](aTejbHufi^ ho vh cyiABocra Tyaofl, ahríHt crajbBoft 
B8rjuA:b. .SBieBBXi, 3aBflA'i^Bi> BeB'6cTy, aeMeA^iesBo noAOÓpajiii BUTaBy- 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



30 BMTHHBl IBP^IH. 

>ryK) Hory nOAi erjjn, BunpflicHJCfl, cspectHjrB pySH na rpyXH h, 
OBHHyei HeB^cry MHMOJieTHEiirB bsfjihaomi, tffiicrpo saCi^rajrB r^iasaiíR 
no cT^HaHi, no nojy, odatb no ci^BaifB, omiTB no no;iy n ne 
iMiM%y tK^ mvh ocraHOBBTB. Mes^cy viwh HeB^cta, ox^raji fb 
mepcTflHoe cHpeeeBoe onaTBe^ b% ytforoirby RasoifL to *- niroMi 
mHHBOH-fe, noryná Bsopu, po6Ro necjia roeTHirib na rpoica^HoiTB pas- 
pHCOBaHHOH^ noAHoc^ ^afl. rpy;^ ea BantrHo K0Jte6ajiacB, pysH 
i^pflCJiHCB H— ^amBH cjierBa rpeM'&iH ^a noAfioci. Aořxíí xo noio- 
fiBHH BOMHarir, osa oeranoBHjacB na MrnoBenle — wh nepbmntenr 
fioctH, BOMy nepBOMy nojHecTH ^afl: ftenexy un ero OTuy. OreivB 
OenaH^; nOACBO^BBnm m^ neff, no^HtejBEO yBasajTB pyscA Ha 
OTi(a ÁHApefl. yBHA'6Bmn neB^ery nepe^i caMiiifB obcemi hocoitb, 
-ere^B ÁH^et) fi['lcBOjBB0 ttpBiqypHBii riasa, Mex^esno Háiť^pui 
ee (TB HorB xo vmobu Bce tí^mi se, flB0(5ii npoHHi^aTejiBflmfB, 
BarjiHXOMi, sat^iTB, neMHoro noBosEBniHCB na eryjš, Kex^e&HO chbxb 
ci» nojtHoca CTasaBS naio, rasi* se Me^JieHEO xocTajťB esi maposoft, 
HaBptiTofl BpumBofi, xpycrajiBHOft eaxapHEi^u sycoRS caxapy, sa- 
H^wh ' TO orrpflXEyjB ero hbx^ noxHOCOiťB, BariMi ^^rByji^ na 
nero e, noBepsysniECB ri sefi ceehok), homíctejtb e CTasaBiy e 
RycoR'B caxapy na cto^, bom* Roroparo cej* ji. 

— BaiíoinRa, ne yro^no jie kb naRjiaxRy? — npejJiosHjrB oreicB 
OrenaB^y npEcrajBHO Hatfjiox&Bímft sa bc&me XBEseEiflME e A'6fl- 
cTBifliíE oTqa ÁExpeE. 

— Hítb, a HenpEBH^enx, — oTOSBaiCE totb, najmsaji ^aft bs 
6jív>nenm E H^cROJBRo HaRsofiflBi rojoBy na Óor^b. 

HeBŠcra, Bce eo^é npoAOJisaBmafl ctoatb nepe;^^ otBepnyBiUMCE 
OTB seE tfaTiomRofi, texo nporoBOpEJBía: 

— Xj'6($a He xoTEte je? 

— ^a, BOTB XJ4<5^a-T0 vh caMOMi xtjri&...,— noAXBaTBjrB orei^s 
OtenaHi. 

Orei^ ÁEApeft CHOBa o5epHyjrcfl r^b neB^crš. Ta MOJi^a yRasaja 
€My nox^poxROiiii Ha jiesaBniie na noxHoel jomte HOdxpeBaTaro, 
saR'B rytfRa, &bA^vo xjA6iíj RynjieHHaro na nocrOfljioirB XBopi. 

— XjrbóujBL-TO? 9— rM... Hítb, tfjiarojapcTByio: a Kb 9Toxy 
Tose ae oneHB cpo^eHi, *^ iipOFOBopE;i'B owb e CHOBa otBepEyjtca 

KB CTOJy. 

JlesymRa noxomjia r^b CBoeiiy cysesoMy. FojioBa eE eqe (k>jrte 
aaRaoHEJiacB na^ noxHocoiTB, ry0£i ujiotho csaincB, pyRE saxpo- 
sajE cEjiBHie. Anxpefi áhapoe^tb tfiicrpo, Ran tf^E^B co crodo- 
poAH, cxBaxEjii craRafi^ cb oOAHOca e fb - topoqetb BtixBaTEji'& 
E8% caxapHEi^tí, BH^cro oAHoro, xsa RycRa caxapy, npE^eirB oaeh% 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



BEMHO IIPIHOKIfBÁTB. 81 

f(měCh se ypoHHJi na no;tHoci, h — MOir^a sauiBajťL fojobor) bs 
8Han 6jiaroAapH0CTE. 

— Mošen 0iite Baiťb..., — Havajia-fiHJio JleHyinica. 

— Htrt, flÍTE, HH^ero <k)jibine, -^ nepetfHJB ee ÁH;q)el 
AijípeHqi:— tfjaroAapK) sacL. 

6i dTo 3peMfl rjiasa senexa h WBietsí xairb-Ťo HenaflHHo 
BcrpfoBjmcB; JieHymiLa ecnuxHyjia, 6£icrpo noBepnyjiacB h npOBopHO 
HanpaBHJiacb vh tfoaofioft x^^pB. ffieHHX'^, xepsa ctss&m na so^toffi, 
iipoBOAHj'L ee npHcrajibHBiicE, BHOMaTejtHuirb Bsvjíajspwb. 

— By» nopasBflSHte... Ito tíi, Rasi Rjiyma Kawta? — cb 
XOcaAoft npomenTajia Térfta, bctp'Íthbi» njieMiiHHBiQr.— X^ttfi necB 
HasaA^ npHHecjia... Pasei taxi noA«)yKrn»? 

— ^a, fl TgTa... KáR-B se eme? — Tose monoroMi onpaBAU- 
BajiacB JteHymsa. 

~ RaB^ se... KaK^ jhoah-to?.. 3arjiflHH - sa Bi xsepKy - to: 
setfocB ysi buobjíh... ^to bto sa A^Bfta Taitafl! 

MnynnsA npBinjiocB en^e pasa TpH buhochtb rocrsirB ^aB, He- 
oforpfl Ba TO, Hto orei^i* ÁHApefi ABa pasa yse onposBAHBajTB 
tOMkitb Ha 6jiiOAe^BO h npoBBH0cBJii&: «AyineBHO tfjiaroAapeHi*, a 
AH;ipeft ÁHjqpeHVB nocjíš nepBaro se craRaBa yBÍpajii, — npBJío- 
sBBi pyBy BB cepwy h no CBoeiiy pacmapKBBaíCB, — tto oob 
«iBOHqHJi'B», H ^ŤO 6ojthme ^ft^e HHKorAa ee nberB. 

nocjťb ^aio oteAi ÁHApeS, yiHpafi cBn^eBuirB niaTBOirb 206%, 
eB paacTMOBBoff nporoBopBjíi: 

— Hy, íTO-si... lenepB nosajtyft wo... moshó n kb j^aj?.. 

— KaBB BaicB yroAHO,— orosBajicjí oren* CtenaffB. 

— Mh4 BOrB xorbjocB 6u nopascifOTpiTB nojiy^me BanrB 
jpjaarbj a pasHO h HaxBOpHoe crpoefiie. 

— flsBOJiBTe, BSBOJBier-BTo ceSiacib se hosho. 

Otet^i ÁHApefi, onepmHCB pysofi na erojTB, tasojio noxHflJiciE 
co cryja, BdflJiii bi pyBH manBy h, ocTaHOBHBmHCB cpe^B BOMHaití, 
BHHMaiejBHo oSboji^b rjasaMH mjťhy ci^híi h hotojobi Bam. 

— nosa^ytre, — nporoBopHJTB orei^B OrenáErB, SosjaBinHCB 
BOHi^a «BHyTpeHHflro o0OBp6HÍfl> h yBasHBafl pyaoB no nanpaBjíe- 
híjo vb BfiixoAHOfi ABepn. 

06a 6aTH)mBH n senBxi nanpaBUHCB b% c^hb. 

— ^t6, TaiTB mívsb ne cbWtcb? — cnpoeHji* oten-B peBHsopx 
Bh cinarB, noAHBBfB rojiOBy b yBasuBaa najiBi^eMii BBeprB. 

— IIoMfljyfiTe, HTO Bu! — npoHSHecTB oreiíB GxenaffB, nrapoBO 
paeBpHBnni rjiasa:^ — apnniB'B TOJin^BHH BpBima,-— r^* se TyrBCBt- 

THTBCfl? 

rocTH safipajECB vh uyxsao. Kyxapsa 0TBÍteH.ia bitb hhsbíS 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



84 VĚfíTBSDVh IBPOHO. 



vn. 

— Hy, ^6, AHApefl?— otfpaxHJica oiei^i icb CEiny, sor^a otia 
OHH yse yc^JiHCB fb sajdi Ha npesHHXi ir&ciaxi. 

Cuwb MOJina yjHÓHyjicfl n, BsrjiaHyBí na oii^a GienaHa, cx%- 
jiajrb pyBofi saRott-TO HeonpexiJEeHHHfi secn. 

OTep,'^ ÁHApefi Bca^HiTB fb o6^ hosaph chuhhě sapflx^ xatfasy, 
rpoMBO HXHya'B, en^e rpoicqe RamjflHyjrB, cnpflxajrB Tatfasepsy e 
luaTOKB KB xapMaHi H, hícbojibro nomesejiHBiiiHCB Ha cry^, 
Hanaji: 

— 9 - 8... Bh^hto jh, OTei^^B OrenaHi... }ífl6u ynoúwbe HairB... 
TOBO... Bfii yx,% HSBHHHTe... Kasi 6u kb btoA ROMHarb naiTB botb 
CB HHifB (npH aroiTB owb XHBHyjTB HaÁHApiamy) babo^tb... Abh 
Ch MaTymaoS n — n... laifB ch xpyrHMH... noaa HaBpeMflen^eRy^^- 
HHtfyxB... 

— HsBOJBie, HSBonTe,— nporoBopHJTB orei^ OcenanB, bckoihbib 
CB AHBana h coÓnpaacB yfirn. 

Mh 3ff6CB, MEl BOJHTCa, HO^yMaeiTB, HOpiniHirB, HTÓ 

CJiifyeTby H Tor^a, HaxypajiBHO, o6uBHirB BaHi,— ao<^bhjfb orei^i 

ÁHApefiy H^ROJBKO nOBUCBRB TOMOCh. 

— Xopomo, XOpOmO, — CROpOrOBOpROfi npOHBHeCB XOBSHffB H 
IDpEHyjI'B FB 60R0ByH) ABepB. 

Bo HcnojiHeHÍe sejamfl cBara, TorqacB nocjrbxoBajio BeiHRoe 
nepecejieHíe Bdbvb ^OMo^aAi^eBi ori^a Crenana. Ilpex^ rnsaira OTi](a 
ÁHApefl npocjirbxoBajia «ipea'B BHXOXHyK) XBepB fb c^hh i^tjaa TOina: 
Bnepex^ huh peÓflTHmRH on^ CTenana, jsfnojrb CRpuBaBnriees sa 
KyjHcaMH, saiiMi neB^^cra ch lua^meS cecrpofi CBoefi h uMoneu^h 
caiTB orei^ CrenanB ci senoK), nocroflHHo c^MeHEBorifi Horaifs 
m'b onacenifl HacrjniHTB neBŠcri Ha njiaTBe. Xossjíwh cb seHoft 
BEinuH Ha RpujBt^o, a ocrajiBBiie nepecaieni^ii npíiOTfljHCB b% 

RyXHŠ. 

— H Hyjsfiwh se!— npomenrajii oieií^ OrenaHB, ycfiBnnrcB cb 

senofl na jiaBO^EÍ. 

— H ne roBopn!— OTOSBajiacB MaTyniRa TO«e monoiOMi h no- 

sa^aja rojOBoS. — 8HTorB-To... seHHX'B-To... Raasexea, HH^ero... 

— Eme 6h! — npoHSHecB OTei](^ OrenaHi: — aaRoro ae efl ^e? 
•InniB 6u TOJiBRO EorB xajrB— cjiaAHJiocB... 

Me»xy T^iTB orei^ ÁHApefi^ jehib tojibro BtixoxHaa XBepB 
saxjOHHyjiacB^ aosejiaji'B yxocTOBi^pHTBCii, tohho jni ohh cb Ah- 
Apiomefi ocTajiHCB fb ROMHait B^BceirB. Thxo, na i^uno^Raxi, hoa- 

RpaJCfl OHB Rl tfOROBOft ABepH^ THXOHBRO OTBOpHXB 66, H, mHpORO 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



BUMO npflroKnm. 35 

pacKpuFB rjiasa h cjena Bacywjwh ssuvhj bopobckh sarjrfleyji 
ganpaBO h b^ljAbo. yG^AEBumchj tto uo^cxjmwBKVh vrh neKoicy, 
OHI cmíjok), pi^nnnejiBHOK) nociynbia BOSBpaTHJCi na CBoe irteio. 

— Hy, ÁHipefl, — HMajTb owb snoirojroca: — tu Teneps Bce 
Bffiin; Hy, Bán... TBoe MH^me? 

— ji,a HTO-«&? HHHero... — ne saxyimBascB^ OTsirajn ÁHxpionia. 

— To-TO... cMOTpv... HysHO rosopflTb no^yMaemH h nopas* 

JfHCJIHBinH. iS BOTB HapO^HO BOAHXB TBÓfl feSJSÍk, HTOtfu TH C06- 

craeHHiuíH rjaeftiiH BHjri^rBy rxi vró h Kán... ttoÓh noroM'b ysi 
ra na soro ne neHJijrB. Hy, ^tó — wwb h naABOpHoe?... 

— Aa HH^ero... Jífiwb^ Ban aovb... ToAiiTCjr... jbbtb moicbo. 

— Mo»flo... Tíiy fl roBopH), oÓAyMafl... B'6xb tbejim mhoto!.. 

— 9ro nycTjBB!... íero inwb... 

— Hy, cMorpH... SI CBoe csasajTL, a lairB — BáirB xonems... Hy, 
a... TOBO... Hesj^cra?... Tti roBops npflMO, Tjrh ys% nevěro... Á 

— H HeBtcra HHHero... jí,oboj[bho spacABav... 

— S Tose Haxosy, ?to ona, san (Syxro... BavB (^'iAyerB 
jtiByinsa. Dopoxu-TO ona b^xb xopomefl; aoiaho Ceitb, sena hs- 
piXHafl Buttjierb... Hy, TaK'B tu, erajio (bite, corjaceffB? 

— Jl^a, a corj[aceH!b... ?ero se eme? jl^pyroe-to ir&cro jisÓo 
HaftxeaiB, jih6o hítb... Mh'& h TavB yjsi naAO^Jio TOJiBaTbCfl bi 
iOBCBCTopÍH-TO... BcB— H^rB, Aa vbrb... 

— ĎpaBiffa-TO npaBAa... Hy, Tam, craio (kiTB, nosBaTb uoc^? 

— 30BBTe. 

OreiCB Aflxpett, ^epsa jiobth Kaaii-TO na (niL^fťb n savB 0yx- 
10 pa8rpe6afl Bos^yx^b pysaiiH, ompaBEica ssaTb xosaeBi. Oh<b 
nnpoBo pacTBopBJTB ABepb bi c&hh b, cxtjiaBi npHfjiacHTejiBHiitt 
necTB pyaofl, BosrjiacHJii: 

— 9tt, BH... Basi ÓHinB... Ot^^b OrenaHi! xaTyniBa! H^Hre! 
EoHqeHO... 

Xcsaeia boiiuh h BMicrb ch roerami ofipasoBajra rpynny cpe- 
AH sajiH^ 

— Ho oficTOflTejbHOii^s H noxpotfHOHi pascyaKxeHÍH, — ^HaHáji'B 
oiem^ AHjQ)ea, — im ci ÁHXpcdinett, npH noMoo^H BosieS, nopi- 
uhloi JUHiB. XeflHrB botb... bo Bcrbx^B OTBomeHÍflxi AOBOjesrB, 
a a... ^TO-^B? He Mffb sbtb, a eny... Orajo 6utb... Tose h a co- 
riaoeH%. 

— OqeHB 6jiaroxapHB[, o^eHB (5jaroAapBfii!---eB pa^ocriio npo- 
lOBopHjB xo3ie]|a vh OAHHi ro;K)CB, h HdbcBOJBBO pan nosiOHB- 
JBCB rociam bophbictíimb, bopotbemb noRionaMH. 

— ÍTO jchaaTB-TO?.. Bbaho y»* 6htb Tony, — npoÓopiiOTan 

3* 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



S6 mmnaeh iBPoniL 

oreuo AH^ipeff, no^ecusafl o^HHirb uMhUfiWh fb dKiujnA... — Hy,. 
fifi,t ase HaiTB Boase... 

Ob 9THMO uoBBME OTea^b ÁH^^pefl noTflHyjCfl lotfusaTE OTI^a^ 
OrenaHa. noxa ÁH^cpioina, noApasafl ori^, vh cboid o^epexB njb- 
jOBajTB on^a OrenaHa, orei^B An^tpeS ymbjvb nepeHecrs CBoe jíq6- 
saHÍe Ha MaxymRyi ho lyrb yse ne namejrb noApasanífl vb chh^^ 
h($o cefi hocjiÍahíŠ no omomeHiio si MaiymB^ orpanH^njCfl tojilko* 
pysonosarieirb. 

— Hy, BOTB H cjaaa Bory, — -nporoBopnj^b orei^ Anxpeft, no- 
THpaa pyKE. — TenepB nopa h namefl nape^eHHOfl o&hSBmb o na- 
meiTB corjiacÍH. KairB uxh HUfl-orqecTBO-io? 

— Ejiena ďKOBjíeana, — BsiacHHjrB oieuo Orenani. 

— TaKt BOTB lenepB n Eieny ^SsoBJíeBny... tobo... croja ae..» 
^epeffb H^CKOJBRO MHHyn noflBHjacB JleHynnca, pacRpacniB- 

maflCfl OTB HenpBBH^naro Boanenúi h ToioiTejiBHaro osH^anifl, 
Těrsa hto-to menHyjia efi n ysasajia na XHBaHi. JlěHymBa yc^* 
jiacB H noAsajia pyBH. 

— Eiena flKOBJíeBea, — Ha^ajB otbi^b ÁHfljefi...— Tasí, BaKei- 
ca? — o6paTHjica oh-b k-b oruy Orenany. Totb MOJina RHBHyxB rojio^ 
Bofi... — E^ena ďsoBJíeBHa! MusorBiyrB cootfn^a nopšnmaH... 8*d... 
nocpexcTBoiťB Baci..« tobo... nopoAHHTBCtf. BaiTB 8T0 ne npornBHO (!y- 

JSfiTb? A? 

— To-ecTB... KawB dto? — ejBa cjnmmo nporoBopnja JleHymKa. 

— EaR^B poAHHTCfl-To? ^epeffB tfpaRB... cynpysecRÍĚ cona^h. 
BoTB AHApefi AHApesŤB OTRpiijicfl, ^0 Bu BnojLwb Mosere coot- 

BiTCTBOBaTB CMy Vh 2RH8Hn... Ha M^^CTO BOTB... BamHX^B pOffCTBeH- 
HHROBB, ^Ó, ROHO^HO, BaiTB HO tfOSBESB^CTHO. An^pefi AH^peH^IIb^ 

ůyjífiTB CBflo^eHHHROifB, a BII cynpyrofl ero... na otoitb caMOirs 
nenejHn^-b. A mh bi BacB, RpoHÍ xotíparo, nn^ero njoxoro ne sa* 
idiqaeBrB... Botb xotb bsbojbio cnpocHXB y BamerB poACTBeHHn- 
ROBi... Hy, HTO ase, coMacmi? 

JlenyniRa noxnecia npaByio pyRy kb yxy h, neiiHoro noAyifaBi, 
npomenraja: 

— SL corjiacHa. 

— Hy, BOTB — H TOJiBRO Bccro. ^cpo «e Tyrb? — npoH8Hec& 
oreuo AHApeS TaRBM'B tohoitb, RaRHiTB npoHSHOCHTB noAotfnua ciOBa 
BpaH'B^ c% TpyxoiťB xoÓHBmiĚcfl B08M0JRH0CTE coBepmHTB Ha^i Tpyc- 
aHBHiTB tfoJiBHEiiťB poÓcHROiTB jiePRyH) onepai^ÍK). TenepBy— npoxoji- 
saxB OHI, — BostfiraroAapHifB bc% Biri^crt Focnoxa. 

Bci nOAHflJHCB CB CBOHXl uiCTh. 0x61^1 AH^poft BUCTpOHJICS 

npeA^B HRonaMH Bnepexn Bcbrh h TopasecTBenno, RavB-Óa coBep- 
maa CBan^enHOA^flciBÍe, npoHSHecB: «BoaRe icHJiocniBiifi, Focno^Ht 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



BuiftBo npncuBÁTB. 87 

{HpH 9m}a> cjiosaxi oetb ombCMXh HHSsift ih>kjiohx). Upe^Mi h 
jn^expH, — HMiipoBBdHpoBarB ohx, CHOBa BuapiiMHBmHCB H nepesexa 
lyn— H ODflTB OTB^kaji nouoH'B,— cobhjsah h yxBepAH pa6oBi 

TBOm — ailHHBy aHHHB, aMHHB». ^Wifi paSl OTBŠCHB^ HHSSÍft HO' 

uofli, oi«i^ ÁHxpefi riíytfoKO ssxoxHyjrB h, oóparnBinHCb ri cshj, 
jiiq)7rB 8aroBopHji'& coBepmeHHa HHHirb tohoitb: 

— AHxpBoma, fl noA^y BdruHy na jiomaxB, a tu tími Bpe- 
jfenen iro-HHÓyxB lyn noroBopn n HapeneHEofi-To. HejbSfl se... 
fian BoxBTCfl. 

AHjq[)H>n]a bi to^hocth HcnojiHHJ^s nopyneme on^a; a orep^b, 
Bcsopi BepnyBniHCB bi BOMHary, oÓ^BjíBajťB, hto «eme ciOBa ABa — 
Tps, xa ys^B H ixaxb nopa». Ho na 8th «ABa— xpe cjiOBa* nomáo 
6ojáe qacy, Taxi Basi* noxHflTB tfujii BecBMa cepBéSHufi Bonpoci — 
o npHAaHOHi. 

Oxei^ CrenaHi 6en sanHHBH, sasi no nncaHEOMy, hsjioshjii 
peecTp:B Beiuett, RoropHfl owh MOxerB xaTB sa lueMaHHHnefi. IlpH- 
riHaa naiei^i sa najBi^eiTB, om Ecmicjísun^i Bosie MHJocepxie fb 
tepeÓpňBOŘ pH8Í, cyKOHHaji mytfa na Roma^BeirB nixy, nauTO 
Ba Baii — pysaBa cb onymaoS, — sHceftHoe njiaTBe hisl B^HqaHBA, 
TpH mepcTsnuTb npasAHH^HUxi ojiaiBs, hatb CHnteBuxi njaTBes^B 
jifz oÓHXOxa, napa ctojobuxb cepeÓpaHuxi jioaseai, hojiaiosbhh 
eepetfpnHHx^B se ^afiHuxi josesi, MOJiOAaa RopoBa h cto py6xefl 
joa Docsan^enie FBcanx. KaR^B BHABxe, 6aTH>inBa, — npBÓaBiux oiei^ 
GrenaHT*) — xopomo, nojaraio, (Jesx o6hah, ne xaKB Rasi Apyrie, ro- 
lopae FB BxaRHxii cjiyHaax'B, RpoM-b irlcra, HH^ero fie xaion. A 
fliaoTopHe — 8T0 fl B^pHO SHaio — ^xase canH nojy^aiorB sa ycryiiRy 
ificra-TO... Bce bto orei^ OrenavB npoHBBecB, rjuijí.sL npAMO h 
oAjIO kb rjiasa cBoeiiy cotfpaiy, nojiarafl, hto ]^noJiH'& yAOBieTBO- 
pvxB ero CBOHiTb npExanuiTB. Ho ne lyrB-io tftiJio. OaasajioeBy 
no npexiosenifl ero Aueao ne cooTBiícTBOBajiH Be^airB h sejia- 
flÚHi^ onvi AnApea. HocjitAnifl^ BucjymaBi CBoero coÓec^AHHRa, 
cnepsa MOJiHa noaaqan roiOBott, noroiTB jiíhhbo h MBf,Jienno no- 
nny^^B sa yroJTB h9b Rapnana naaioRi^ BucMopRajicfl h naqdjTB 
BospasaiB H ToproBaTBCfl. Botb 8th*to Bospasenia h lopra co6cTBen- 
HO H saTflnyjH Bpeiu. Hh oahkb nynarB jí,(y£2LJihBUX,% ycjiOBifi, 
]ipexioseflHHX'B on^on CrenanoMi, sa HCRJuaqenieirB nepsaro— o 
^osBeiTB MMOcepAÍn — ne ÓtijrB ocraBJOffB fb noRoi. TaRTB, kb 
npH($aB0Ri RB myCi na Roma^BeirB M^xy h kl najiBTO^ orei^i An- 
Apefl TpeÓOBajTB myCy na safl^BeirB irixy — «bi> ciy^ai RyAa no- 
ixaTB>, H nojiymyéoRB — «BrB CJyHa'i SHHOfi no xosflflCTBy orojio 
jifiMň*. Birbcio RHoeSnaro B^n^ajBnaro njaTBa, TpetfoBaxB mejiRO* 
aaro («8to ÓyxerB noocnoaaTeJiBn^ n nocxenennie* — noacHHJTB otob 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



38 Btoraim SBPoniL 

njHi aroiTE). Ki rpewb mepcraHUirB uMTbBWb owh npoCHJii npH- 
(íaBHTB ^ersepioe «vfl vgfyrscmi*; ajia toí se irfciH ohi Bimpa- 
iDEBEJUB mecToe CHraeeoe niaTBe. JifijAe ořem AHjq)ett BiipasiurB^ 
yXHBjíeHie no noBoxj otcjtctbía bi «peecTpi(> jomaxH. 

— TenepB, Focno^H 6;iarocioBB, sa toitb oms notien? — ^boc- 
BJBSHyjTB cepAo5ojiBHHtt 0161^ H pasBejTB pysaiiH. — OoflTb se botb 
na nocBfl^eBÍe... Bcero cro pytfjielt^ — npoAOJUB:aji'b oh^b: — xa pasB^ 
na 8T0 nocBBTHniBCfl? &% Tony se en^e bí^a^ h OKonupoeamhM Haxo... 
xaiťb pflcy H Bce raBoe... A bu: cto py6jiett! Bt^B, cb nosBOJieHÍfl 
csasaTBy AU^sy BaB0My-HH6yAB — h to ÓojBiiie xaion! Tasrs xepomo 
FocnoAB npHBOAHTB^H Bfii Tas^B KpiiiHTecB^ CBOXHTe Ha BTasyio 
MajiocTB... fl... TOBo... fl, npHdHaTBCfl, HHBaBi HO npeAnojiaraiTB... 
?T0 se 8T0 Taaoe? TocnoAH noMHjyfl! B(m h BsixoxHrB, ^to HairB^ 
CTb BToro 6u cjAjuobbjio HaHaiB-To, a ne cb ^pyroro... 

OTe^'b ÁHApett HaxBHHyn tfpoBu h, noHBRniH rojiOBOfi, yMom. 
Orei^i GrenaHi, se npeABHA'itBDdft TaBHXi nocjšXcTBÍ8, HicKOJBsa 
crpycHJii H nomei^B ea ycTynRE, xota OTHOCHiejiBHO h^kotopeix^b 
nynsTOBi ynopeo oerajsca npH cBoeiťB mh'6híh. TairB obi ee co* 
rjacMCfl ycryiiHTB CBooMy Čyxyn^eify npeeMHHRy hh oahofo ra%^ 
XByx^B jiH)6HMiirB CB0HX'B BOHett, RaB% HH ycHJHBajicfl orei^ ÁHApeft 
AOsasaiB, HTO *6en Joma^H BcepaBHO, hto 6e9BpyRB». Hooieii^ 
ÁHApet, npoHrpaBx vb oahoitb, HaBepcrajTB vh j^pyvowb. HMenHO, 
OHI Ao6H;iCfl Toro, vro b^b «MOJ[OAofi sopoB^* tf&iaa npHCoexRHeHa 
en^e T&iBa. 

Rorwt ÁHApioma sairfrrHji^B, yto oti^i bo BpeifH neperoBopoBi 
crajiH BosBEimaTB fojiocb, to npeBpaTHJTB cbok) Óeci^y ci «Hape- 

^eHH08» H OTBJIOHHdlCfl B^B CHHHRt AHBana, TaRl HTOÓU HO CMOTpfa^b^ 

ett vh MVfl. JlenyniRa, cosnaBafl ceÓH hÓjoroitb 3aposAaR)n^aroca 
paBAopa, no^yBCTBOBaia ce5fl nejoBRO h yAaiHjacB sa RyjiHCu. 

Oahbro xbAO yjiaAHjocB tfjiaronojryqHO, h na jiJstíjBLTh oti^obi^ 
saMenRajia yjiii6Ra. B% saR^no^eme ohh rpoMRo yAapnjiH no py* 
Raii^B H yciOBHJíHCB O BpoMeHH oČposoeaHM H cBaAB6ii. Ha npo- 
H^aHBH, Aepsa yse b% pynax^ manRy, orei^ AnApefi Bt^npoCHX^ 
y oma OŤenaHa ^ersepTnyH) «am nyn^efl rp^hocth, na M0^y^^e 
npeACTaBBTBCfl pacxoAHniRH». 

— Hy, Ejena, hojhtb Tetíib Bóra sa ahak) cb TfiTROfi, — o6pa- 
THJicfl RB Bevbďb oiei^i OenafirB^ npoBOABBi rocrefi. — dranoe cnci^e 
Te($% AOCTaBJiflKKr%..« ce6sí ne saji§H)w. 

— fl, AflAGHBBa, H TO... diaroAapK) BacTb, — nporoBopHJia Jle- 
nymaa. 

— Toto: diafOAapio... Tasoro senHxa-ro noAH-aa aosahcbt 
xio... A MHBOTB AOcraiH Te<$i H sa narpaAOft ne nocxofliH, iOjibko 



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BBllHO mmBEMBiTh. 39 

fa Be OTorsaTB ero. Tenepb Bon mbusj ch HHirb xo Bja^usi: 
Man, npÍHCsaji^b n— cettHacB se Ójvierh na xeBwn^j. MeAiírn^ 
Beq^D; Haxo, ito5ii vnwb se MflCotAOirb h CBaxBfia. ?iirb csopie 
Tin jyHme — h ^(u MeHfl, h a^ sací. 



vm. 

Rn^XHsa o($£hmh pyRaMH tfjiarooiOBHJi^B «npÍHCBaHHaro» n no- 
sejaxB eity 6iitb ^A^aiejieirB HenocmjiHUMii* h buoiež aoctoS- 
HHm saxeiTB (SjíaseHHOfi naiiflTH oiivt ^SsoBa. OHiiyrb se nojio- 
MMTh Ha npemesáH seHHxa pe80ďK)^ilo o Bsxft^ tffljera na ase* 
HiTi»tfy H nocjtajTb AsjcpesL AHApeeBiraa kb cespeiapK). Byxyn^fl 
BenocmAHHft x&iaiaiB ci BOcroproHii bucso^hjii hkb apxiepeficKaro 
AOMft H lyrb He pucBK) noti&sajii no HanpaBjemK) kb sBaprHpi 
cexpei^w BOHCHCiopiH. Ho no Mipi npntfjiiseHifl ero k% ff>uj 
easpert^psL Bociopsennoe ^bctbo ero ociaÓ^Baio n naio-no-iiajiy 
cifiaiuocB HyBCTBOMi ÓesoTteiHaro cípaxa. Botl okb noAXOAHn 
wk ÓoiunoMy xByxi-drasHCMiy AOiiy. IlapaxHufi bxoxb saneprB, no 
8a TO noifintaionMaefl puoirB cb nnirB Bopora pacTBopenu Hacies!B. 
Bi^ Boporax^B cioaiH xsa abahu h o voitb-to pascyaax&JH cb bb- 
pagHTejiBHHMH secTaMH, TO-H-A^M OBHpaflCB no CToponaiTB. ÁHApefl 
ÁEXfieBi^^ niMurHyjii-tfujio bb BopoTa mhmo abahbobb, ho Toi^acB 
se sepnyíca h cnpocnxB y hhtb, xoiia ju ceBperapB. Ti otbí-* 
ttiHy ^To «WMay HO o^OHB cepAHTBy a noTOMy HO aymme jih o6os- 
ffih». f Moe aíjo coBciiťB xpyroe»9 npoÓopMorajiB ÁH^peft Ahapohtb 
H samarajTL no ABopy. Ha^Bopi owh naxBHyjicfl na npHdeicHCTaro 
wymMEBL CB Gipofl ouaAHCTOfl tiopoxofl, noAnoflcaHHaro spacHHMB 
symasoirB no nopHsijOMy Ba^^rany. 

— IIoqTeHHufi, — ocranoBHXB owh ÁHApes AHApenqa:— csasH 
kbA na MHJiocTB... S. ysB cnpamHBajTB, a& TasB... a^a bíphocth... 

— 9to TaKoe? 

— TyTB pimaiorB na cierB foaobb? 

— EanxB roAOBB? 

JíjBi BOTB 2 CBOK) ÁSCK)TBy MflCOixOMB OÓl^yilTB XOxilB, 

a eft MaieHBBO bb airaxi nexonerB... nycmsfB h ne AOcraerB-xo... 
TaKB BOTB nacnen aroro Mory s. baícb, aiB hítb?., Y uena, n 
tfyicsrH ecTB. MysHSB AOcraxB h8b nasyxH Óyiiary, oÓepnyiyH) 
rpasHHirB uaiBoirB. 

— Te&b nysHO kb apxiepeio. 

— TaKB 8T0 BftpHo? A mhí oahhb CBaaajTB, hto h xyrB pi- 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



40 BMiHm iBPonH. 

— H£rB, Kb apxiepeK), si apxiepeH) crynaB, — noBTopím 
ÁHxpefi Anjsjpemvb. 

— rul TaRi Kb apxiepeH)... Eojbho ÓoflSHo, cyxapB, bs ca- 

MOMy-TO... 

ÁHApefi ABjspenwb HanpaBHJCfl vb sa^neny zpujíhuj. 

— 3ft, noTreHHHtt, nocrofl-aa iiajieHBBO... 
«noqTeHHufl» oóepayjicfl. 

— Bame xkio onuiHoe... Gbojbko lairB noiaraerca?.. 

— 3a iTO? 

— A sa row-TO— Akck)tehhh-to? 

— H He SHaH). EciH nysHo 6yxerL— ^ro-HHtfyxB TaiTB A&niB... 

— &ro caMOMy? 

— Hy, caMOMy! TaM'B cctb spoMi... 

— BoTB KOMMHCciji, FocnoíH!.. Hy-Ka ohh xaicB ne noffk CHjy?.. — 
saÓopMOTajTB MysHsi. 

Kor^a ÁHApefi Ae^ipeH^x noAHHicajiCfl no rpasHOfi jr^CTHEi^y 
Be^yn^efi vb ceRperapcsin cííeji, na Bcrpš^y eiiy, no^oÓpasiiiH nojoi 
pacii, cnycsajicfl HesHaBOMnĚ CBfln^eHHHKB, spacHHfl Basrb pavB. 
•OKyHyjca.... JífiASiBO Curb, npo6pajiH &bnEsry*... — noxynajrb 
AHxpiDina. OcTaHOBHBniHCB Kb cšsax^e, owb CHEXB ^^ypasBy^ no- 
npasiMi BOJOCH, thxohbbo OTBamjuLicfl fb ja^onB n xociajrB mh 
6osoBoro Bapnana npomenie h Maj[eHBBÍ& naBerei^. TjiyÓOKo bbxox- 
HyB*B, owb nosBOHE^TE y ABepn. JI^BepB OTBopnjiacBy h exBa AHxpK>nia 
nepecTynnxB noporB, ropnH^naa cnpocoia ero: 

— Bu BB tfapHny? no ^í&ty? 

— ^a, no ffijiy. ^ojiosHie nosajyftcra. 

ropHHHHaa noAHflja ci nojry bšitb-to ocraBJíeHHne roiOBy ca- 
xapy H nanoJiHeHHiifi ^itb-to Byjiesi h, xepsa sce 8to kb py- 
BarB, CHOBa oÓpaTHJiacB bi AHxpK)nii: 

— KaBi ofo BacB aojoshtb? 

— EoHUBmift BypcB, An^pefl SiaioBpujiOffB. 

ropHHHHaa y;^ainjiacB} a AnApioma no^yMan: «8to ffijíxao Óiitb 
npBTan^HJTB xorB, qio na jícthhi^í-to ceflnacB BcrpÍTHxcfl». 

Hepe^B MHHyry Anxpioma ycjuimajrB ntocoaBBO ýpasi, xonec- 
niHXCfl Vb Heny hbi rjyÓHnu saiu: 

— OfflffB?— CnpOCM-B MySCBOfi rOJOCB. 

OpLHly— OTBŠqaJTB SnaBOMUĚ rOJOCB ropHHHHOfl. 

SariiTB MyscBoff rojocB hto-to emfi cnpociui, ho Anxpionia 
pascjymajTB tojbbo otb^tb ropHHHHofl. 

— BH&TB, ne bhabib. 

— IlyciB noffmfjerby — rpoMBO npoisHecB onxTB nyscBoft rojiocB • 



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BUVBO nPIieKIBÁTB. 41 

— 06oa^(VTe HeMHoauo... onu CRopo, — csasajia ropEmnafl, 
EHfifti vb nepe^HiOK). 

AHApioma cnepea crojin luurb BKonaHHHfl, ycrpeMHB^ rjiasa 
Ha CTOflBmifi vh díixb Ha OKwb ropmoRi Ch paspocmefica rycrofl 
refgEbV). Brs saji rpoMBO cryvaji MaaTHHsi ctíhhux'b ^acoFB, 
ne coBC^iTb B'6pH0 co6jiv>f,9LSí msTB, BaBi-tfu npHxpaMUBafl. IIo 
BpeiceHaifB, AO cjiyxa Ahapiooih aohochjocb hsi tzjÚbmu *nonoevb* 
npoiflSHoe pisRoe xapsaHBe h SByuue njeasH. 

IIpoHLio ci noji^aca. ^hsíohomíh ÁHApes ÁH^peH^a npensia 
lOCBJHBoe BupaaseHÍe, h oh^s orb ycraiocTH to-h-a^o nepecrynajii 
cb hofh Ha Hory. fl^jís. pasB^enemfl owh pasBepHyjrb CBoe npcmeme 
H HexjeHHo npoBejii rjasaiiH nó pe80JK)ipH apxiepea, npHcrajibHO 
BriflffiBaflCb Vb sasAyio tfysBy. SaxiMi, CBepnyFb npomeme, owh 
crajTL BepiŤTB wh pysaxi nasereiii^, na jiei^eBofi cropoH^ soroparo, 
BiAdo axpeca ejíh THiyjia, RpacoBajiacb KpyuEO BHBexeHHafl Ba- 
paH;i(aino]rB wbssa. im^psi. Ho Bon bi súfb pas^ajics rpoMBÍtt 
sameiB h nociHmajiocb niMHraHBe MflrBofl o6yBB. 6i ABepflX'B no- 
sasajicfl MysTOHa cpeAHflro pocra, cb cbm^^y BopoxBO ocrpnseH- 

HIOfH BOJOCaMH, (Tb X^IHHHOfi, HSÓOpOSAeHHOtt MOpO^HHaHH H HBCTO 
BHtfpHTOtt 4^H8ÍOHOMÍefi, Cb MajeHbBHHH ctpUMH MyTHSMH TJiasaMH, 
Cb HaBHCmHMH SHAeHbBHMH tfpOBflMH H H^CBOJIbBO Bfilj^BHHyBHiefiCfl 

Boepe^ HHSHeH) ry6oK). Ohi 6ujn> ofjbTb vh spacHtitt, orypi^aMHy 
xaiarb; na noraxi y nero Cujiii sejieHtifl xy^^H. Bo Bsrjuix^ y 
Hero 6hjío hto-to apasHeoBcsoe,— ^to-to secrBoe, xoJOAHoe h ne- 
npeBJOHHoe... 3to 6uát> coBperapb. 

— ^t5 xe&h? — capocHJi'B OHb ÁHApea An^ípen^a. 

— BoTb, no pesonoi^iii ero npeocBfln^eHCTBa, noROpniSidé npomy 
ŮĚierh Ha seHHTbtfy,— saneHaflCb nporoBopHax AnApefl AHxpeňqx 
H Ch HHSBHirb noBjoHoirb noxaj^b ceBpeiapH) npomeHie. 

OeBperapb Óucrpo jipo6^bxMi> oasaMH npomeHie h c^bjaui^ 

— & Te(ífe, tfparb, xaKofl ĎHJierb uponEmy, ^to th y Měna 
Hoca HHsyxa ne noBasemb! — nporoBopEJii OHb, BOSBnCHBi rojiocb. 
TjffL ze ibff^j — erb... piuroifb bb Baiamnufi pa^^. no^ocTofinifi neóa, 
ecihy ^ HH^ero ne nojiy^aiorb, a om... jiasETb Tam... 

— SI noTOMy ocMi^juuicfl yrpyawarB BacB,— poÓKO nporoBopHJTB 
AsxpBynoLj — ^ro BJiiM^iiKa ys,% cofiJiaroBOJHJi... 

— SnaiB HHHero ne xo^y! — BCspn^aJTB ceRperapb, TonnyKb 

HOrot. — nOTBOpCrBOBaTB TaRHlTB XyP&^efllTB CB ^Wb 9T0 COFM- 

cyeicfl? Hhhb^ se Boň^y cx ocotfBíirB npexcraBjíeHieirB... He ÓuBaiK 
wmy! — AO<$aBHJix ohb, osecroveHHO njiiOHyFb wb yroxb. 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



42 BftOTHHftl SBFOniil. 

AHApnma Hep'iniirreibiEO npHiliflsucfl si cespexapK) n, noxasafl 
ony naneiei^i, npoÓopMoraJii: 

— MsBBHHxe, pa^H Bóra... 3to boti... noBanten... oo speMe* 
newb ew^ 6yjiy <5jiaroAapeTB. 

— 3x0... BTO qrb se TaKoe? — nporoBopui ccBperapb, upn- 
HHMají noxa^sy. 

Ohi MejiBBOMi B«VMEjjn> Ha i](H(]^py, h xonacb se sacynyjTB 
naBeTei](% vb pysaBi xajaxa. 

— To-TO Borb Bame cbhhctbo... HenoHHMaHie..., — daroBopHjrb 
ApasqeeBi, hohhshbi tohi ho^th na i^JiyK) OBiaBy. npHmen: 
AaBaS eiiy ÓHien... HeASflase BCflsoiíy fieai pasóopa... Bja^Hia-* 

BjaAHKOfl, a fl CBOIO OTB^bTCTBeHHÓCTB H... BJiaCTB HM^K)... BOTB fl 

en^e nofjunx)... eciB m naAJiesan^bi xannua... Oiynafl. Iloai^ 
HaBt^aembca ez cmoAtb. 

Ho HaAJiesaiAÍfl AftHHus HamjiHCb csopo, h AujspiouA na xpy- 
rofl ase achb 6bixb nsroTOBjíeHi ÓH^erb. 

— ^TÓ, roTOBi> <5HJieTb Ha asenETBÓy ÁHflpeio SjaiospiiiOBy? — 
copocHJB AHApioma, ABHBniHCb «FB ^0A2esa^^tt croai» h o6pa- 
n^aflCB Bi» njť&niHBOMy, mHpoROHocoMy h mnpoBOporoMy croJOHa- 
^aibHHBy. 

rOTOKb-TO rOTOKB, — OTBi^ajIl CTOlOna^ajlbHHBl, BSrJlflHyBS 

Ha ÁHApiomy crbobb orponHiia ohbh, — a& toibbo Ha^o ero bh* 

ByHHTB. 

— fljBí íTÓ, Ha (JtíHiift npHXo;íB-TO a nocrynaH), — nonpo(k)BajrE- 
6uA0 OTroBopHTBCfl ÁHApioma. 

— Hy, nevěro ttwb... Bamero Ópaia bi roaofl ochh% npn- 
BflSH, n^To o6pocTerB. HysHO b^ab Tose snaiB vecTB h tfiaro- 
poACTBo. TyTB CHAHmB^ rneniB rop6B — hovte, mosho csasaTB, sa- 
xapóiťB... 

ÁHApioma cynyjrB cxojiOHaHajBHHBy pyÓJB. 

— H 8T0 ne CTBiAHo 6yAy^^eMy CBa^^eHHHBy? 

— Efl-6ory, ÓojiBHie nirbl 

— H'fa-B... 3HaeMi mh BacB! Botb npoxepsaxB Óu vb ropox^- 
10 HeA'&iH abí... HamiocB 6a ror^a... 

Ob bthmh cJiOBaMH crojoHavaaBHBBi^ sajiosHjrB pyÓ^B vh sap- 
MaHi SHieia h Cb HeyxoBOJBCTBieirB cynyn ÁHApiomi ÓHjerB. 

Toj[BBo-vTO AHApioma BumejrB fb c^hh, BasB ero csaxH BTO-<it> 
TpoHyxB sa naevo. AHApioma oriflHyjcfl. IIpe^B eemi> ctohxb Bsiepo- 
meHHuff, HeÓpHTuB neceui vh ctpoirB HcreproiCB niiAsaBi. 

— IlHCBMOBOAHTejio-TO vT0-HE6yAB, — HporoBopHXB BaiJiHipa^, 

CBJOHHBX rOdlOBy Ha 60BB. 



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BBIMO nPUOnBÁTb. 4$ 

ÁHxpiHna cntniHO BiiHyji mn KapKana iByrpmeHEtifl h MOJ^a 
noAarb eiiy. 

— 3to o6hxho, noMHjyllTe! — BocnparecroBajrb sauiHrpa^i: — 
citpajca — nepenHCUBan, Hapo^HO nocBopte CHeci no^nHcaTB... 

— Et-(Jory se tfojbine niiy,— arpfaajii AHApiama h abh- 
flyaci Bnepeffb. 

— 3to wse He ffo6pocoB&CTHo, — nporoBopHXB wb cjía* eMy 
Baunirpa4rB. 

flaÓJioxaBniift ory ci^eHy Bucosiff nje^ncraff coji^faTB nocni- 
iDHJii rB ABepH H, oxHOtt pysoB OTBopHBi XBopb, a ApyryK) npo- 
anyBifc irb AHApH>iii'b, npoóacHai: 

— CTopo»y-TO He satfyxBTe, ^ cjtiyen... 

Anxpnina cyRyjii eiiy nflTas^ h, beicbo^ebi na yjiEny^ c^ 
raytiosHirb bbaoxoitb Bnoirojioca nporoBopajTE: «Hy, cJiasa Bory^ 
OAHO mnmpcTBO npomen!»... 



IX. 

BcBopi aocjsfb topo, lasi AcupeK AaApeBTB noJiy^BJí ÓB^ei^ 
Ha xeHHTBÓy, coBepmeHO 6uio «o6pa8aBame», to*6ctb (jiarocjo- 
Bede jKemixa h HeBicrii ofipasoiťB. Kor^a seHHX'B craii npo* 
nuwBca cb HeBteroff, lo oien^i Anxpett npe^iiosHJi ciiny ocTaBHTE- 
eA HTO-HHÓyxb Ha naiuiTB. 

— Saq^iTB se 8T0, TflTeHbBa! — BOspasHJii Anxpionia. 

— HaiBSfl, HejibBfl, xpyrB, — HacraHBajii 0Tei^'B AH^pefl:— bto 
iscTapH Tpefiyercfl. & cam^ homhh), xose... 

— Hy HTO se mhí ocraBHTb?— cnpocHJTB AHxpH)nia. 

— ^a HTO HBÓyAB... BoTL xoTB SHieTBy... jni6o canora. 
AsApioma cb MHHyiy hocvobjii vb HeptniBTejiBHocTH, MOJi^a 

yxHÓaflCb H no^ecuBafl vb saTBijR'^, h HaROHeit'B nopšniBJí na 
suerK^. Ofii yxaiHJCfl sa ByjHcUy najiíbjvb TaMi dopooKnyio eb- 
pyio sHjerBy, a cyisoHHyK), bi» ROTopofl Óacmcaosasachj BunecB b^ 
pyxarb h TopsecTBeHHO npenoxnecb Hentert. JleHymia erb jiersoft 
BpacBoft vb iHAÍ npHHBja BTOTL opHrHHauHuff cyBeHHpi, a 
oiei^B AHxpet nporoBopHn: 

— Bon H jawol Bohii umz h óy^en no ^ewb npHnaiíBTOBaTv 
CBoero xpyssa. BsrjraHyrB araiBi na sH^ero^sy to, a& h tobo... h 
spnnoMHan. Xe-xe-ice... DpeapacHiift oóinatt, npeapacHuff... fi 
noMHDy canorH ociaBHiiy — TasB sena nocjvJb csasiiBajia: He Majtyio^ 
roBopsTB, orpAXy BennniBau. ^ h ^tó yxHBHiejBHaro? Oho, ho- 
JOSHKb, canon... A bía^ ohh kb BrasoMi ciyMi lose CBBsyiorL..* 



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44 MGTflni SBPOQH. 

BocBMoro ceHTfl6pfl coBepmeHO 6iiio oópaaoeaHiej a sa ffiKjsr 
nfijh mecToe ceHTfl6pfl Hasna^ena 6iijia cea^^BÓa. 

Bi AOM% HeBicTu saKHnija paóora. HiaHairE, coo6paaReHÍflirb 
H TOJiKSLWh KOEUfi. He Óujo. Oiei^ CienaffB HŠcsojbso pasib nps- 
HHMajicfl CDopHTB CB CBoeK) cynpyroio o tomi, cbojbro xoicainHnrB 
HeiBepoHorHxi h iithi^ HysHO noryÓniB si CBa^BÓt H^KaaerB 
fliieHHO; CKOJBRO ÓyriuoKi Bousa HyasHO sanaciH, saRyK) saKycsy 
npHroTOBHTB, soro SBaTB na CBa^BÓy, sasyio nysusy npuaAHTB h 
^. n. JleHymRa saABua, hto cuihtb Bcero ri cBa^BOi^ ona o^Ha 
He Bi* CHjaxi, a noMoraTB efi HeKOMy, — mo Hyseo 6yAerB no 
RpaBnefl MŠpb jsyninífl luaiBfl or^aTB cmHTB vh ropOA'B MadaMth. 
npe^JOseHÍe bio nocj^ nŠRoraparo ROJiefiama <5hio npHHATO, h 
<SaTioinRa cb MaxyiiiRoS nocRasajiH bi ropo;^ «x^aTB sasasi* h 
pasHiiA saRynRB. Tam OAHa sHaROMaa líin^aHRa, y ROTopoft Ror^^a- 
TO RBapiHpoBajii oiei^ CrenaHi, OTpeROMeHxoBajia hmi H^Ryio Ma- 
;íairB PioMHHy, RaRi caMyio *cxoflHyH)». 9m *cxoAHaa» Ma;taM% 
RBapTHpoBajia bi saxojiycTBt, wb Rpome^HOMi, noxHJBHyBmeMCfl 4^jh- 
rejiBRi H «npoM£inuflj[a lafleo, 6edi bbíb^crh*, RaRi BBipasHjacB 
o Hefl npesHflfl xosnfiRa OTi^a GxenaHia. Ma^aiái sanpocHJia cb na- 
iHHX-B aaRas^iiROFB ABa py<5.ifl sa íffhcowb. Oiei^i OrenaHi Bospa- 
dJiJi'B, HTO «8T0 A^tse He no*xpHCTÍaHCRH, HTO jy^me bi TaRoirB 
cjy^ai caMHiTB cniHTB». Tojsíbro nocrb ycmeHHuxi npocB^B, yn^ 
JBfiLmŘ H ycoBÍmiHBaHÍS (JaiiomBi cb MaTymROfi y^ajiocB c6htb i^sy 
na nojiTopa pyÓJifl sa 4>&cohi «co Bdbwb ch npERia^oiTB*... 

•léHyniRa, MesAy tšmi, RpoHia no cbohmi npeaiHinrB njaTBflii'B 
u mHjia ce6^ hobbui cHnteBUfl njiaTBfl, coiaHHBaja hsi lOHRoft 

XOJCTHHBÍ npOCTUHH, HOApy^aja HOCOBiie nJEaTRH H npoH. npocBHpHX 

naxoAHiacB hohth neouiy^HO npn nefi h noMorajra efl fb patiori. 
Ona TO niHja py6amRH n «HeBiipa8HMiie» AnApeio ÁHApeH^y, to 
na^HHfljia noxyniRH nepoMi, noaynepoMi, nyxoiTB h nOdSynyxoiTB. 
IIpH 8T0111 OHa nocTOflHHO oxaja h croHaxa o chpotctbí h Óe^- 
noKon^HOCTH JleHymRH, e vb to xe Bpena yršmajia ee najtesAOK) 
na cucTJHBoe nonaxeftCTBO h noT^majia pasnaro po^a pocRasHaiiH. 
Tas^ ona pascRasajia, Rasi kb ea poAHOici cejA nonoBa aou niHJia 
CBoeicy seHHxy &kjae. 

— BoTB, MaTymaa bei kos ^jifivMy nomatíannua bto ona 
pytiamBH h npiiHfljKacB sa bth caime... npocm Focnoxv— sa pac* 
ix>nHpeHHH[e-TO. Ilto-wb bu jtjuBeie? He coBJíi^aerB jíjk h toibro. 
JIeÓo RjiHHBfl ne laicB BomBerB^ jihCo sa^oirB nanepe^^ y neft 
BuŘjsfifTbj a to (M hofe EU!bcrb cranaeri. BiuacB, ÓsjíacB,— npocro 
Jio cjiesi. ?To6i OHH nponajH, roBoperB, ORajiHHEiej Tomz-moEThj 
roBopHTi, Bi^yMan!.. Radu ne a, TaRi ona bi sbbhb cboio ne 



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BBMHO nPIHCBKBÁTB. 45 

CJiaxHjia 6u ch 8THir& BMOsmeBiewh. Tyrš, MEja^, bca My;(pocTB' 
BL lUHHBaxx: Basi bjihetb osawh nottMemb, tebb h Bce hh noneirB* 
A 0Ha*TO no arofi nacTH 6um HenpHBU^Ha, ny h-h... 



En^e HasaHyni cbeabÓh Hiu^sojibKo co&bjsjsmx^h ow:y CrenaHy 
AOMOBi 6ÚJI0 saHflTO rocTflME, npi^xaBDiHMn Ha CBaAb6y Hs^ajieRa. 
no norocry bo8J'£ i^epBBE MejBBajiH cyROHEUfl, mepcraÉiifl, mei- 
soBHfl pflCH, jí^isBBue E BopoTBÍe CiopryBE, mejnusy voxy6u2 e 
cbpusí iLiaTBfl 3a'6B2Raro ^lo^a, otb sekero A^^aTB ofiospisaBinara 
OBpecTsocTE. Otb BpeneHE fp spenenE Ea yjiBi^ noABjífljiECB pas* 
pflseHHHe no-CBoeMy By^epa e npoBO^HjaíE ycrajiux^B ^ma^eft; 
fljE BaBoB-Hfl6y;(B jij>síWKh tbejji^l BaBonei^^ ysAu cboh) BjflHeHsy 
na BOAOnoft. Bce cejio no^yBciBOBajio ceófl BaB%-6u HaBasyEŠ^ 
BejEsaro npaBAHEsa. EaÓii noBasajE apacsBie EJiaiBE e, cnpflTaBi^ 
pyBE noA^B ^apryKB, cb Jiio6oEiiTCTBOirB nocifaTpBBajE na rocrefi 

CB BpHJIBI^a EJE E8% BOpOTB. MySEBE EOHaA^JE CBÍ^»ÍJi pyÓBXE 

E 0Tff6mflBajiE HflSBie hobjiosei npE Bcrpbvb cb BasA^Bf^ npits- 
XEiTB ;^xoBHiiirB jsEi^oiirB. B% aomí OTi^a GrenaEa to-e-a^jio xjo* 
naifl ABepE. Ha BpujBi^'& eo^bjejiecb 6n6u cb sacy^ieHEUME py* 
xaBaMH E TorqacB se CHOBa capuBaiECB vb cíhaxi. U^epsoBEuft 
CTopoasTB pasicerajTB Merjiofi npocrpaHCTBO nepe^i BpujiBi^OMi ^ona* 
I nocHnajTB sejiTBiMi necsoirB... 



6i ceMB ^acoKB Benepa cj%a;k>^&i*o xha AOifB on^a CTenasa 
6ujth Heofifir^HO ocsiniieffB. Bi saji'^ noj^ oópasaME ce^^je mo- 
JOXHe, TOJBBO-qro npi'bxaBniie orB B^Hi^a. ÁE^pefi ÁE^peE^i, hhcto 

BU<$pETB[tt E rJMBO EpE^eCaHEIltt, FB nOBOmeHEOlTB CK)pTyBŠ E 

B^ ůbjmxh nepwTBaxi, tfesnoBoflHO^ bosejce sa cryj^, to-e-a^jio 
EorponiBaTB pyaofl Ó&tyio jieETO^ay y ce6si na meb, OTBamjiE* 
Bajca E HTO-TO rjorajTB. JlésyniBa fb jiEJioBOirB mejiBOBOMi njiaTB'6, 
CB npE^ecBoff co6cTBeHEaro E3oCÍp^TeHÍE, cb bojiotiime bojioobame 

BB rOJOBÍ E CB OTBEHyrOff HasaX^ BOporeEBBOft ^TOff, CTHA^EBO 

EpflTaia noffB njaTBe bohube 6aniMaB0B%. Ha jrai^ en, ectom- 
jesHOiTB npoxoJiSETejiBHiíME xjionoraME e ú6u^smí'h nepeA'B bšs- 
^SBeiTB iit&iOAHeBHBiirB nocroiTBy BupaacajiacB e ycraaociB, e pa- 

AOCTB, E StkJIJWaiBOCSh... FOCTE Ifb ÓeQVLOJfSlJlJsfk TOJlEEJIflCB HO 8^1*6. 

Bb nepexHeft noni^Ejicfl opBeerpí, naHATuff vb oahomi xpaBTEpt 
ropoxa X« H cocTOfln];ifl efb jtfiyYb cBpEnoBi, BJiapsera, ^jefira 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



46 Bwrain KBPons. 

H B0HTpa(5aca. Bb OBHaxi bhah^jihcb njiaTBE, manKH, ^ypassE h 
npHiuiacHyTue cresjíoiii hoch yjín^muTb spirrejett. 

•— niaMnaHCBaro c«>», CROptfl maMnaHCicaro! — Óoftso eso* 
MaHAOBajii ina(f)epi, REsafl rojaíOBOft no HanpaBJíeHiio ki> hmopobh- 
soBaHHOMy AOMamHeMy Cj^ffery. (IIIaj^epB arorb 6eixb ne bto bhoB, 
saRi nHcapB craHOBoro, IlBani H^behi, y»e SHaBOHuB ^HTaTejíK)). 

— niBnywy, »HB*ft— niHny^By!— noBTopejB bto-to TopoMB- 
Buii'B, pbaRHirB monoTOiTB vh xBepaxx 6y4)eTa. 

noAajiB many^By. 

Opsecipi saurpajii noneMy-io nepcHjtcBifl MapnrB, h rocn 
OABHi aa ;(pyrBM'B noTBHyjiflCB b% HOBOBcne^eHHoft ^eri Cb 6oBa- 
jaMH H DOSApaBJiefliflMB. HoBo6paHHue, BBiTBHyBinBCb vb crpyHBy, 
ůesíb pasóopa n 6e9B c^era OTBÍmflBajiH rocrnirb noBJOHH, a focth 
BapBHpoBajB Ha paBHue Jia^u ÓjaroseiaHia. firo pobopbítb: «co* 
b4tb Aft jik)6obi>!> Kto: «c«iacTjflBoe íOjrowHCTBÍe!» h t. n. 

— OroortrB h syjiB wpBOHiíeBi!— BCBpHBHyjTB nncapB crano- 
Boro, CTapaflCB npBHBTB mflBonBCHyK) h TopsecTBeHHyio nosy. 

Opsecrpí saTpen^aji^-ÓEiJio BajiBCB, ho micapB TOT<iacB ane 
ocraHOBHJii ero,— TaB^B saBi BajiBCHpyion^Hxi ne npeABHA'6aocB, — 
H npBBasaji srpaTB bb^phítb. IIoBa HjibhhI; cyerjiBBO 6irafl hbi 
yrja vb yrojii, cocraBjíBJíi* BaxpHaB, CBfl^e&HO- n i^epsoBHO-CJiy- 
SBiejiB, cocTBBjíBBinie npeo^jia^aion^B BjeiceHrB vb iij6jíek% Maxo* 
no-Majy pasÓpejHCB no ApyrHM^ BOMHaiairB, na btotb paBB oih- 
'n^eHEuiTB OTh Bcero ne ornocfl^arooi bb mopoícecmey. 6% cnaiBv6, 
npeBpao^eHHoB fb rocTBHyio, oĎpaBOBajca BpysoBi oxhhxi (SaTio- 
meKb noAT* npe^cb^aTejBciBOMi oiii^a AB^pefl. Mesjíy hhmh tot- 
^acTB ase saBAsajicfl pasroBopi. 

Ho — ABB cjOBa o 6aTioniBaxi. 

6'B nocJLŠAHÍfl xecBTBjrtm ycnkix HeBairbTHO BEipaÓorarBCfl ho- 
BHtt THFB «nona», BOBce Henoxosifi na npeasHÍff, wieb xopomo 
B&bwb BBBicTHuft H ^acTO H3o6pasaeMuB Bi^ jHiepaTyp^. 

6% coc£9Lvb TenepemHflro xyxoBeHCTBa ABa noBOJ^níji — oti^h 
H jiíbm — npexciaBuiorB pisaifl oco6eHHOCTH Ch BnitniHefl h Bny- 
TpeHHefi CTOpOHH... OtHU HOCflTB BLUinH 6ójiBmeK> ^acTÍH> nyxoBux, 
nnipOBÚI H CB mBpOBHMH BpHLIBflMH, H HOCfllTB HXl JÍ^Th HO AeCSTB. 

Jí,^m oÓsaBejiiiCB mejmoBiiMH itiuHHxpaMH cb yssAMH nojuuiH n 
iribHBiorB Hxi Hyrb ne Basmufi vojub. Onm iq^eAno^HraiorB vb 
oxeiKA^ ^epHBiB ufiibTb h cyBOHHyio Maiepiio; pa^u nibsyn na bg» 
SHBHB H Hax6BaK)i*B TOiBBO Vb TopB&ecTBeHHHXi cjiy^aflxi; no nox- 
paCHHBy noxnoflCHBaiorcfl BymaBOMi. Jl'bm mjooGsua mepcranyx) 
H meiBOByK) KaiepiK) n npaioirB i^B^THyio; pacu nax^Baioirb 
^acio H Hiri^iorB npHBíraBy— ocofienno kb ropoA*— na xoígr otbo- 



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mimo npnoRiBiTB. 47 

pftUBarB nojiH n pyRasa, n^eroufl ^paHioBCROi noAua^ROfi; noA- 
p&CHvn, BicfecTO Kymaxa, no;ni(MiciiBaK>rB miriarb nojicbicB. Or^H 
HaxisaiorB noxpflCHHn npfliío na xojaEcreHHoe ů^bíhe h o^Mam- 
BavrB meio njni cmrteBHirE luaTBOiťB, hjh ^^nHHOfi RajieHKopoBOtt 
BoesflsoS. Jí^iírE hochte dojb noxpflCHHROirb 6pH)KH na Bunyca^B 
E BHcraBJEflHnrE nojr^ tfopoAofi nojorniiHEie bopothh^ke. Oti^h ho- 
«fln npocTiie MysHi^Kie canoni Óesi saaoiirB. JI^íth xota ne 06x0- 
xai€fl 6e3% npocTHxi, ho Henpeaá^HHo hhšiotb bi sanadb CMasHue 
n xejiKHicH H rjyÓORHMH Ra^omaMH. On^u tojibro vh TopsecTBen- 

HHXl CXJHMTh MasyTB CBÍSfb BOJIOCH, H TO — ROpOBBHltfl HJH Aepe* 

BgEBBM% iiacjioiťB. Jl^^TH fiojť&e saHflTu co6off, BHaROvfii cb peneff* 
HiUťB MacjioirB n nocroflHHO hocatb npn ce6'& rpeóemoRi. On^u 
ci cauaro Biixoxa CBoero hbi ceMHHapiH HM^Eorb j^o tojibro ch 
qepsoBHO-ÓorociyseÓHHKH RHHranH h othocatca Kh hhitb c% 6e3- 
OTHeTHBirB 6MT0T0vbmewh\ o sypnajiaxi, RaRi xyxoBHuxi, xaRi 

H CB^^TCRHX^B, HJB BOBCe He HK«K)rB nOPflTÍfl, HIH Hlť&IOTB nOHfl- 

tifl caMHfl CMyTHHfl; hojiithrí BHaKyrB no HaciuniRi; nponoBi^AH 
TOBopan o^eHB pi^RO, h to, no npHiťi^py npaori^eBi, ofin^HUH m'&- 
oaMH H A^HHHHMH nepio^aMH. Rb o6ii^ecTB'6 on^u ne pasroBop- 
nsu. Jí^im HHTaiorB CBfl^eHEHs H i^epROBHO-ÓorocjiyseÓHafl rhech 
ex offido; 6ojiBnie jnoósrb HHTaiB sypnajiu e raseruí, ho aobojibho 
noBepxHOCTHO, ^lo6u sanacrHCB MaTepiajiosrB a^a pasroBopa h nyc- 
THTB uhum FB Fjiasa. IIponoB^iH OHH roBopsTi Hdimfi OTi^oBi, nps- 
leiTB jooÚsíTb n^erojiBHyTB ny6jiHi](HCTHHecRBM% xapaRiepoarB co^ep- 
sanífl H nonyjijipHocTBH) Hajosenifl. MROToptie csjiatch CTAsaTB 
ce&k KBL3SB juiTepaTypnyio ciaBy noM^nieflieMi nejiRHXi Roppecnon- 
leBuiŘ BB raBeraxi. 6b oÓn^ecTB^ A'&th ynšiOTB «6edB npHHys- 
jifiBha, vh paaroBopl ROCHyTBCfl ao Bcero cjierRa». Ori^u SHByrB 
CKonHAOifaMH, ch pa6oTHHRaMH pasA^jflioTB TpyjTB H ctojtb; oócra- 
HOBRa y HHxi BB AOK^ HesaT^ftjiHBafl n CTapnE^aTas; hsi Mysti- 

SajBHHX^ HHCrpjniíeHTOBl BH HafiA^I^ y OTI][OBB paSBi^ TOJBRO FH- 

lapy, — xa n to pi^RO. Y hetb cboh najEBRE e nacrofiRE CBoero 
npEroTOBjeHÍE e saRycRE. JI^tiíí xasyrh OTRpuTo e h^rojibro 6ap- 
ciBeHHo; 8a paóorofi tojibro npECHaTpEBaKyrB; šaetb ota&ibho otb 
npsciyrE e ropasAO jsy^me ea. Bi A0ir6 y hexb bh yBEAEre bí^h- 
CEjv) ueůesh, AHBaHH e Rpecjia noBaro ^acona e wse 4^pTenBflHo, 
KiE pouHHO, RynjeHHoe vb ropoj^ no cjiyuH) h CTOfln^ee no 
o6iiBEOBeHÍK) tfesi ynoTpe($ieHÍfl. BsinEBRa e sanycRa y hexi 8a- 
Rynaeicfl BxropoAi. Ornu HioxaioTx TatfaRB, — a*te RyparB, Ori^ii 
vpiMJOi nosBOJunoTB ceóš fiesRopiicrno curpaTB fb Aypa^Rfl eje 

BB ROpOJifl. ^"ÍTE B03JIH)6eJIE CTyROJIRy E TO-E-A^JIO ynpaSHfllOTCfl 
BTB Heft. OrUfl ROHCepBaTEBBBT, He JUOÓSVh HOBOBBeAemft HE Vb ^eMX. 



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48 MCTHHSl IBPOnH. 

IIocTaBHBinH cetfi sa iipaBuo BcraBaTB vh yrpee^ b^ ^empe ^aca, 
OHH RpinRO Aepsaxcfl aroro npaBHJia. Jl^yxoBHoe SBanie ohh npex- 
no^HTaiorB CBircKOMy, AyxoBHO-y^eÓHiia BaBe^enifl — cb^tcshitb ynefi- 
miwh safie^eHiflirE h nycnaiorB cbohxi cuHOBefl no toS Aoport, no 
KOTopofi mjiH caifH. JÍ,%TE JíioÓavh jiii6epajn>HHqaTB: yrpemo ciysars 
noBAHo; nep^xKO BncBaBEiBaK)rb hcaoboíibctbo noRpoeiTE npaBo- 
csaBHaro xyxoBnaro n^aTba, dbrjiíyirb nnorAa na sanpen^eHÍe hms 
xoAHTB ffb leaipu H B0Hi](epT£r; ceMEHapiio ohh vb tfoAniHHciv]^ 
npeBHpaHxrB h jíikseŘ cbohxi na^ajiH OT^aBaTB vh rHMHaBÍH. Orufu 
BCŠMi cyiorB i^^OBaiB pysy, ne pas^Hpaa hh sBams, hh oóote- 
CTBennaro nojiósenia. Jíníte— jWRe ÓoraTaro MysHKa TOJSbRO Ójmifo- 
CJioBJíflioTB^ ne AftBafl eny i^^JOBarB pyra, a wcnodz — laiCB h co- 
BcAwb ne 6jarocjiOBj[flK)rB, a npsMO SMyrb pyxH. 

Mesxy foctamh on^a CienaHa (Íeijih npeAcraBErejH icaR^ ot- 
ufiwhj TSLKb H A^xeft. 

HTaRi, MOSAy ÓaTioniMMH BaBflsajicfl pasroBopi. 

— Bon CBOJibRO nacB s^ch cotipaiocb: hhcto CTiasi jeny- 
TaxoBi, — HaqajTb BiicoBÍff, rop6oHOciift Ójohahhi fb nenejiBHoft 
meJBOBoft pflc6. — Ymi ne paspatforaTB xsl naicx bx&cb qro-HHÓyxB^ 
K-B Óy^ymeny flHBapBCBOMy ciiB^y? Xaxa-xa!... 

— A TTO ae? PascysAaxb Bcer^a h bossí mosrho, — orosBajics 

aRHpHElft 6pH)HeTl> FB ROpHHHeBOtt pfld&y HOAHOCfl Kh CB%qB'& naHH- 

pocBy. 

— Oxi, BTH (rbfejii-cb'fe8;íH, — npoBopHajTb oiei^ Anxpeft, xpynr 
rojOBoft.— CBOJibBO my My! cBOJbBO TOJBOKb! Mu tó cx^aeicB, mh 
flpyroe ycrpoHMi. A npoftjíerB cbíbjc^ — h Bcero HH^ero! Tojibbo 
BpeHfl yÓHBaercfl, ^a pacxoffB jramnifl... 

— Ho nosBOvibie Bací cnpocHXb, otb kopo bto saBHCHTB? — npoHs* 
necb 6JI0HAHHI, bobbhchbi roaocb.— 6u botb neÓiiBajiH na cite* 
Aaxi-TO, H ne snaere. Bi asypnajaxi citera 6ub2uim i^jho xe* 
cflTBH nyHBTOffb, H caMEixi sHSHeHHiixi, xaiTB caasaTb Boniion^Hxi, 
a yTBepsAa<30Cb Bcero ABa-rpH nyHRia. A bei, Baacercfl, Bnaeie^ 
KTO yTBep»AaerB-T0— 

— Šna^Hrb, ne cji^xoBajo yrBepmwLih — botb h ne yrsepaK- 
ffajH, — CHOBOfiHo nporoBopHJi orei^ AHxpeft, npHHHMafl crnsaH^ 
noAnecennaro ony naio. 

— He aii^OBajio? H4rb, cjiiAOsajio,— roparajica Ójiohah^b. — 
BoBbMHie, HanpH]r6pi, BMepHxypy... Bijíj> bto Bonpocb shbhh k 

CMOpiHl... 

— 3MepHTypy? 9to EaKyio? — cb H^^soTopiiirb HeAoy]r6HÍev&^ 
cnpocHJTb oreií-B An^pefl. 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



BSMfia iipiffiniiif&. 49 

rojMkiHociifi 6i&SLffiffb BBpmoEŠ oŮ94Kmm aDsmeHie h nojiBsy 
diiepviypu. 

~ fioBa-at— 'íipoiiflHyjfL orescfB Ah^p^. — Xi^mo, ito h ne 
jTBeppiE. Sá^Mi « 6yxy njaTors H&*B§TeprB? ^cebte a yÓBD, a 
BsdXH B8i neflfl xy^:fi*^Moeft ^aKesrb Bmnrb nosasyn. H$n, aasi^ 
CMB m BasHfieniB, ¥an ha h9l Kasoft vacoi Ke xa^ion^B. A tu 
SEBE, He MoraĚ Aa a^taicx cotféuoxaft; bopb leói h Kacca. A am 
BsmH... ^Mep»iypu^~iiyeraa sarts. Kvo-REÚyx^ XpyiH>ft BasHBercA^ 
a CEponi ffb o6hx& tfyj^yn. 

— 3to He luome Hamero nonenurejiBCTBa^ — noxofitf »b crojiy,-*- 
BcaraBHA oie^b ApeMitt' (poxHTeiL IlerrpyiirH ^^sara):^— eotfHpanrb, 
cMtepanrb x^nra, a cEporaM^ ooMontE naHTE HOBasofi. B^psaji 
npoTononHi^t saRafl-HH<5yAB, o^BHOBafl, a& npeioirB en^e Óorafai, 
nojyueTB cro py(}Mft, a BXOBaji ABflHHxa cb BjrHeio x&Teil — xe- 
csTB, jih6o ceMB py6ieft B!b voxh. ^a)*.. 

— Ho nobBOáBtey nosB^j&Te, — npHi(£nH»efl-*6i]jio tfjio&AaBrB. 

Ho oiei^ Apcemjl, XOBoaBHutt tšmi, hto BCtarajii conxHoe 
Bospazeme, sajioauiBi pyKH sa cnBHy, HexienHo samarajii fb co- 
cipooK) xoMHaxy. 

— npoMUH(wi6z!-'isou9M]SfiBU%vb sajiž HiBHTB.— MapBg Ajote^ 
seiBHa, 80 MBPb, Bo hbH 3, Focnoxir^ X& kg taBs.. 



— H4rB, xft BH noflMHTe, — npHcraBajPB 6jiohxhH!B bi ori^y Ah- 
ípeiD. 

— TyTB noHHMaTB-TO nevěro. 

Ejohxhhi cb yjsÓBOff noa&ajix iLsenaME, e ocraBEBi kb eobo^ 
on^^ AnxpeE, noai H^BOxopofl naysu oÓpaiEiícfl b^b mojioxhh^ 
CBomirB CoČpaTÍfllTB. 

— Bb cjy^aé Heyxant (Syxy^aro cb^w^ ^ noiaraH), naarB 
BysHO 6yx6Ti& ^ro^HE^yxB upexnpEHgrB. Hna^e — ^ ase oto rar 
Koe? Mh e xaBi oxcrajE otb xpyrflxi enapjofl, &BBeM% ffl caxik 
noph Ml natpiapxaúBfim Hanajaxi. 

— H^ se fluevHO Ham npe^npEsarB? aorpoeEJCB sHpHHtt 

— A »... Hy»H0 (^xe» xiftcmoBaai jnrřepaiypBinrB nyreMiiy 
noxBeprayTB cboe EHrepecu oticyaBxeHÍio oÓn^eciBa. Bb name Bpeica 
etřhj ejiaBa Bory, caMufi i!(]^eooo<fpa8Htifl oprasi — «lXepB0BH0- 
oÓiqecTBeHHiiS BÍcthebx*. Kaaik ho noBederB, oei^aeB — xxoirL 
lyxa CTaieftBy! 

Tom* v.— CMTMPb, 1877. 4 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



50 rocnns ibpqih. 

HOpn BOSbMHl... 

Ujíhttvb^ ympafl jo(5i nMTScm^i fb nsoéiMmeimi <$pocHj[ca Ha 
ciyji Bosaí MOJOAoS BxoByinsH, pasBepTHBasinefl BOHJ^sry. 

— RoH^^ersy sejiaeie csymaTi^ — cnpocím owí^ cuoherl 
ro^OBy H Rocfl rjiaga na BxoByioBy. — A Bon «— xasi (UMBaro He 

— ^ H fl He o«HB oxoTHHiia... — seMaHHO OTBiwia BflOByniKa: — 
fl Baflja, — AyMajift Ha Hefl cTHmoKi BdKofi-HHtfyx^ ecxB. EiiBaJo, 
na BOH^Tsaxi CTEmra nEmyrt. 

— dMíkwb Bamb, cywpuHH, KOH^[)eTKa| sarw bh cani sqh- 
4)eTsa?— HSMCHflacfl Hubto. — CvEinosi Baio HywiH%) laicb « Bam 

CTBinORB... 

— Borb HTo! Hyie-ica, Hyre-ia...— nporoBopHia BxoBymBa, Bim- 
BaacB Kb coÓec^AHHKa MacjiflHiiifH rjitoRaMH. 

HjibBTB BauoHHJCfl RB BAOByiuKÍy H, oiTopoff^^ po(rb aaAOHBK), 

meirayjrb ett na yxo: 

Csasy Bam otb Aynm: 
Bh o^eHB xopomH!... 

— Xa-xa-xa! — saiHJiacB BflOByniKa. — O, ja xaRofi ate bh... 
Hy, Hy-y... 

— Eij^e 6u\ Si vb ceMHHapÍH nfyíusi coHEHema imcaj^ cm- 
xaiíH; Ba aro Hena h BurnajiH, — OTpanoproBaxB Ejihwrh... He 
yrO^HO JIH co MHOft BaxpHJiB? 

— Ob yjOBOJBCTBÍemb. 

— Bamy pyny... 9ft, bh, KaAPHJBÍ 
OpBecrpB BanrpajB RaxpHjnb. 



JífijivoBssuŘ ABfl^oBB CB BnajiHHE ii];eRaMEy Btifta^eHmníH 6aiB- 
nnucH rjiasaMH h pixKofi nepnott 6opoAOily ycn^BniiS npes^^ Bpe- 
M&BE cxBaTHTB o($oApHTejiBHaro» BiierpoHBniHCB GjpexH sara, cb ym* 
jiemewb npoBosrjiacHjiB: 

roCnOflH, KaKB BOCXHTHTMBHO-TO! My8íIBa-T0, My8HBa-T0... 

TaBB leófl H noxHHMaeTB!.. Ejiesa J3[aoBjieBHa, bii ne o^HAorecB, 
ecj[H fl ceBnacB bb npncflAsy?.. To-eciB... dxb! Botb BasBÍ.. 

— * noroAHie, noci£; cefi^aes Bajtpnu ^jffivh^ — nporoBopHJia 
JlěHymBa. 

— Uoojíi... MoaeTB, a ceflucB xo^|— o^ha^bo nporoBopnjTB 
uMcywh H ompaBHJCfl bb ÓanonuBan^. 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



Bxmo npucBiBÁn. 51 

El 6aTK)iiiBairB Bnecjie noxHOCB ci BimHBKofl h sasycsoS. 
rop6oHOcuB ÓJíORjíjiwbj sacy^HBi pyRaaa BHme jokta, BsnnjTB pioii- 

Sy BOAKH H, HEMaSEIBafl BOH^HROITE HOSE MaCJO HS ZXb6'bj IipO- 

— OrB, 81S pysaBa Hama! H saBycirrB Ch hbmm nejoss. Ilopa 

4s8Ty BH3aHTÍK>... Hej^ptMl Vb ^OneWCTBeHHHTB 3aiiHCBaxi»..« — 

opowxisan iwb, yse 8aay<(iiBafl. 

— dm mpoBÍe pyBaea tBnxbsesbcmjtyn o mHparl nwiero 
Bjiania na HapoffB,— cboctphjtb eto-to h8'b ÓanDinem. 

Ocrpora 6um noRpura Apysniiici xoxotomi. 

— Oaaxb :Re botb lenepi^ Bce nonuo... cb Had, xa ch naci,— 
ea^fyiiajcfl orei^ AHApeft,: ynHcaBoiE nojBopo^Bs capAHHOB-B. — Ha 
pamie nwb uacoi, Ba iwaHifl... HsiicBaTB, roBoperB, cpeAcrea. 
A no-Moeiiy, Bce 8to j^jseai chhoxi. V nera, a. noiaraH), ecr& 
HeiULUtt cyiuia... ^a saR%, ttfti ee (Shtb? Bofb Óh osb im 

3TOft CymiH-TO H TOBO... 

Orei^B Ahap^ HcnoAM^Ba OBHHyjTB riasaMH cboh) coóparuo 
fl a2BHAaji'B OTBŠxa. Ho OTBfoa se nocjiiAOBaio. 

— ^TO se, HeysejH mi HUHB^e He cpasEMca?.. xotb no Ma- 
jeHBKoft? — menHyji SHpHufi ÓpEOHerB 6jOHXVHy. . 

— HqrfloÓeo,— -THxo orosBaicaTOTB.-— PasBi Ha KsapTHp*?.. — 
A TO laBi H Óhtb: en^e yBHAHHCfl. 



YxEB^h. FoCTH CBAfln BoapyrB ctojobi, pascraBJíeHHuxi bo 
BCK> sajiy noBoeiTB. 

— 3a SAopOBBe HOBOÓpawHXi! — npoBosrjiainaerB HxbEH^h. 

— CBa-a-THfiBo-o-ae...— peserBflOJiroBflBHft abahoke, cbíchbi 

rOJIO^ UOKb CTOJTB. 

OxHH Hsi rocieft yjiu6aH)TCfl, jqpyríe Ba^aHyrs rojOBaMH. 

— Ha CBOK) Te(J4 rojioBy,— Mpa^HO bophhtb oieiyB An^pefi. 



rocTH TopouHBO Qpoii^amscfl H TOJinaMH paexoxflxca no sBap- 
THpaMi. 3aia TeiiHien. OcB%ii|eHÍe cocpexoroHHBaarea di cnaibH& 
Orei;^ Ahap^B, npH yHaciÍH CBoeft cynpyrn, TopsecTBenno (liaro*- 
ciOBJUieTB nociejB HOBoCÍpaHHux'B H TpooEpaTHO jsjbxy&Th AHApiomy 
H Jl^flynny. 

IIoTyxaeTB nocji^AHifi oroneai. KonoijiHBas cyera sbshh sa- 
xepHyra TaiHciBeHHUirB noEpuBaioirB hohh* 

4* 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



52 B^CTHHKl BBPonn. 



XI. 



9 HacoFB yrpa. AH;q)H)ma cb JleHymBOft nofib pysy xoxffnb' 
BO sajii H Becejio pasroBapHBaiOTB. Focth i^bhio 6poAflrL hvs 

BOMHaTII Vh KOMHaTH, HůABUBaíOTb H nOTaniBaK)TCff. 

— A, BII yse TOBO... bct&2ih?— iiporoBopu^ Bomexmitt oiei^ 
ÁHxpeff.— A fl xoT^n-ÓHJio en^e CL noj^aoHBa noM^^nsaTB: nym^aft^ 

KOJIX, HXl... no HOBOCTH. 

MoJOAne noAomjKH b^b Heny noA^ 6jarocjOBefiie, noi^^OBaiH 
epo vb pyKy, fb tjóu h noTom omtb bi pyBy. Osei^i AHxpeft 
MOJina BSflJii JleHymBy ^syMfl najiBi](aim hoa^b noA<$opoAOKi h ycra- 
BHJTB Ha Hee Hcnuryioii^iff Bsopi. JleHymKa, Bcrp^^Bme ycioft- 
HHBHfi B8rju;(^ CBespa, MrHOBeHHO BcnHXHyjia h cjieraut oisejia 
rojiOBy vb cTopoHy. OTei^'B AsApeft onyciEai pyay, thxobbbo h 
KavB-TO npBHysAeHHO BanijiflHyji^B h nanpaBHjai vh eocixHioKh 
KOMHaay. B% XBepaxi bctpíthji'b ero OTeA*B CSreDaBi h ipn pasa 
xpiiiBO noi^^JOBajTL. Oreu^h Anxpefi b8i;i'b on^a CxenaHa sa pyxy^ 
OTBeji'B ero si osný h TaHHCTBeHHO Ha^aai: 

— Hy, ^ó, KáKB? 

— To-ecn>, htó »to?— cnpocMi OTei^ CrenaHib, ee OTHHiiaa 
pyM. 

9-8... TOBO?... 

— Jía Bce cjaBa Bory... ^ero Tam... 

OTei\'B AHApeft HaHajTB HSBHHflTBCJi H jiotfusaxBCfl. JlenymBy^ 
owb norjaxHjLi no rojiOBB'^ n xpe pasa noifijioBajii kb MasoBsy* 
Ha^ajocB cnMBo;inHecBoe 6HTBe lapejOBi, ropniBOsi h npo^. 

IIocji^ npoAOJsniejiBHBixi jfEROBanifl oieiifB AH;^)e9 oxnpaBHJics 

KB CBOH) KBapiHpy «OTAOXHyTB» H HaCHJBHO yia^HlB CB coóoft 

An^pioniy. ^epesB noj^aca cb ero SBapiEpa aBMCTca kb OTi^y 
Crenany noojannufi — mapmaBufi ropóaiufi KysHHOHRa. 

— %6 TeCi? — cnpocHjiB oieiyB CienanB nocjiaHHaro. 

— TaMB CaiioniKa BeaijiB Aaény flKOBJíeBny... hto(5h, sna^ 
^HTB, KB neMy. Cynpyra, rosopnrB, Hxnifl aRCjaerB... 

— CBasH 6aTiomB^, ^rro y Ejtenu AsoBJíeB&H CBofi xoitb 
ecTB,— CB íůcajofl nporoBopnjB orei^rB CrenanB:— nycTB ciow no- 

— C^ymaio-CB. 

OxBasi on^a Orenana no^na^B 6ypK)^ yTHmenie Boxopofi ctohjio- 
6onmBXT> ycHJiiS. 

Ha xperíff a^hb cea^B^u, yTpoHB,. paHyaca hsb eeia OTqBr 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



vuitm npiiCBEBÁTB. 53 

OrensHa lyi&jiiiff noisjTB rocrefi. flflsí ^epesi ;(Ba nocji Toro oiei^ 
CrenaffB ysaTSUii npoBŠA^iBaTB cBoe HOBOcejiBe, a ÁH^pioioa na- 
^axB co($HpaTBCfl B^E ropo^TB X. }í,jíE nocBflii];eHÍ2. 



XIL 

— AHApioma, H a CL TOťíoft noi^y,— npocHjacB JlSHyniRa y 
nysa, laRx-TO iio-aítckh pacxflrnBaH c^oBa. 

— Jl^a BŠAB HeyxotfHO, JlCea,— oiroBapHBajB totb: — ny, Ky;ía 
TH TaiTB ;^HemBca? 

— Ry^ft TH, Tyía h ji. PasBfi mh* MHoro M-icra Hy»HO? 

— ^irhj npaBO, Jlena: ny, htó th Tam tfyfleniL ^jraib? 

— Hy, BOTB... (íyjíTO Henpeiri&HHO ;(%jiaTB... & nocMOipio, KaBi 
«& ÓjKyrh noCBflmaiB. Tan-B na EapíMKy CHHMeMca... Hy ae, 
^H^nma,. B08BMH. ?T0 8T0, eft-6ory... 

— • Jífi Hy, ja^HO, jiamOj n&bjsfiwh. 

— Oxi TH, MoB MHJieHBBiftl BoTB ae Te6^ sa bto! bopb! botb! 
JISHa o6BHjia pyKaiíH meK) Mysa h na^ajia EpiuRo h sbohro 

it&iOBaTB ero Bib ry6ti, bi M&h, b^ n^esH. Ona ÓBiCTpo yjiosHJia 
FB yseAi eBOH njiaTBHi^a h luaTBe ÁH^pea AH;^peHW, ne 3a($£ijia 
xase aaxBaTHTB cb coÓoh) ^aio h caxapy — h ohh noixajiH. 

npE^HBiiiH B^ ry6epHCBÍft ropoA'B, ohh saHfljn vb «toctehhhi^ 
XJUi iipi'63saK>iipix'B> rpflSHoft nyMepoB^ b% o^ny KOMHaTsy. Kor^a 

OHH HEIIHJIHCb ^aiO H HŠCBOJIBHO OTAOXHyjH Ch AOpOCH, ÁHi^peff 

AHxpeH^'B, npH4)opifHBniHCB, ornpaBHjiCfl pasysnaiB, Eor^a MoryrB 
ero nocBflTHTB. ?aca ^epesib Asa ohi Bepnyjicfl h o&bSBísxh Aě* 
Hymsš, ^0 ceroAHfl se eicy Beji^HO hbhtbch bi BaeeApajBHuft 
coÓoprB KO BceHOu^HOfi HHTaxB mecToncajicie, saoHBMEi h KanoHB, 
^To saBTpa, no cjiy^tajo npasAHHBa, Óy^erB cjysnTB apxiepett h 

HOCBflTHTB efO BO ^i^KOHa. 

— Axi, KawB cjiaBHO, hto bcb aro den sasepsKn!.. Hy, Apy- 
soB%, npon^aScfl cb CBOHiťB CBopTysoirB!.. Bit;^, th saBrpa ya'B 
Kb nOApacHHsi nofi^eniB? 

Aa, B^ nOJípflCHHK*. 

MH-HJO^Ba th MOfll-^CB HtltOTOpOfl aaiOCTBB3 npOTHHyjia 

JLéHymsa. 

Ah^S AHxpenHib, MOíHa, oeMOTp%j'B ce6sL spyroirB, BaffB-6H 
npoiqaflCB cb cbohitb cb6tcbhm'b BOCriOMOirB. 

Kx Be^epy y JleHymsE pasfioJiijacB rojOBa, TaB'B mro OHa ne 

VOmM BO BCeHOII](HOfi« 



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54 . BfiCTHHKl EBPOIIH. 

— Hy, ^TÓ, fiMronojyHHa?— cnpocHja oaa Mynta, wi^a Tora^ 
^acoKB Bi A^cflTB, Bepnyjicfl b^b neft otb BceHOu^ol. 

— BooÓu^e HHwro, — otbíthjib AH;^pett ÁHApeHTB, pas^t-^ 
BaacB. — ToJiBSO cotfaKa-ncajioMmHKi yaacHO Haíoia-B: to-h-^í&jio 
BopnnrB H cyerB bb KHirry najiBiíeMB. KaKB 6yw) (fesB Hero ne 
8HaH)TB!.. Pasa ipn ^ase y^apenie mh^ nonpaBHjB, a& b^ab Bce 

BB CJyXB. 

yipoMB cjr£AyK)iAaro aes qaca nojiiopa CB-pfl;iy TopnecTBeHHuft 
ryxB coÓopHaro sojiOBOja hocejica rycniMB BOJHaMH Há^B ropo- 
]Sfi^T>. JlenymBa oxnpaBHjacB kb o&bAwb xota uocjA vysa, oa 
Bce-raKH aobojibho pano. BuÓpasB bb oo6opi y^oónoe ictcro a^sl 
Ha6jiH)AeHÍfl, ona cb nerepn-^^HieMB s^s^a MOMeHia, sor^a es «Apy- 
aoBB» flBHTCfl A^ffcTByioiABirB jiHi^oiíB BB BejiH^ecTBeHHOMB o6psji^... 
HapoAB pascrynEJCfl nepe^B saeeApofi na ab^ hojiobhhu h cb ymi- 
jemeMB cmotpšjtb na apxiepes; BasB ohb rpoMaAHBMB rpe6eiiiBoii'B 
pacnecuBajB ce6£ 6opoAy, caAHJica sa MarByE) ÓapxaTHyH) ratfy- 
pexRy, MUJiB pyEH, 6jaroc;iOBjfljiB h t. n. Ho botb npHBejiH k^b 
BaeeAp^ h ÁHApefl ÁHApeH^a, sacraBRiH ero noRjOHBTbcJi apiiepeio^ 
noi^^jiOBaTB y nero pyKy h BhjijíJiE na nero sopOTeHBayio laiB- 
MO^^By. BoJOCH y šero ccunaiHCB ea loCrh; obb cyerjiHBO BepiHTL- 
rojiOBOH), ((oflSJíHBO MopraeiB. Kpacsa 6pocHjacB bb jhhi^o M^ymtaSy 
H OHa CB saTaeHHHMB AHxaHÍeMB cíŠAHTB sa sasAUMB ABHsemeirE^ 

^APySKA"^* «EŠAHeHBBÍfi, SaBB OHB, AOJSHO 61ITB, ■CHyrajfCfl!» 

AyMaeiB ona. MesAy ^mb BopeHacnift, Kypoocaft tf HH3BOJo(5uff 
npoTOAiaBOHB, HyBCTBya ce(Sfl bb ]](epBBH saBB AOMa, BCBHoyji'^ 
'06ÍEUIL pysaMH CBOH nyniHCTBie bojiocu, h pacspuBB Basyio-TO 
6ojiBinyK) BHHry, najBi](eMB yicasajB AHApiom'^ ^to-to npo^ecrs 
BB Hefi. Botb BHHry cnoBa tfepyrB y ÁHApioniH, cHHMaiOTB cb Hero- 
TajBMO^Byy HaA^BaioTB Ha nero crnxapB, cnosa sacrasjuaiBOTB noi^'6- 
JOBaiB y apxiepefl pysy h BejfliB hati bb ajrrapB. ToponiHBOR)^ 
nepOBHOK) nociyoBR), oieraa nomaTUBaflCB, HanpaBHJCfl ohb bb ysa** 
saHHoe eny m^cto. 

Jlenymaa npoBosaerB icysa raasaiíH h sa^tb A^^^Hi^niex^ 
CBfln^eHHuxB A^flcTBÍfi naAB hhiib. Hh ria tto ÓojiBme ona ne o<Spa** 
H^aeiB BHHMaHifl, H efi Bafsercfl, ^to h HapoA%, nanojiHHBmift co- 
6opB, coópaicfl sar^MB tojbbo, ?to6ii nocMorp^to na esL ÁHApiomy. 

Bb Kínrb JlenyrnsH «TopaRecTBeHHo h HyAHO», h ona MOjniTCfl,. 
MOJiHTCfl, Bp^HBO npHSBMafl najEBi^fii BO Jí6y H ne ^yBCTBys ycta* 
JOCTB OTB npoAOJiJU[TejiBHoff cjiyátíii. niBpoBO pacBpiiBmiecfl rjiasa 
ea 6aecTflrB BAOXHOBeHHUMB 6jiecB0MB, jb^abo CA^aiocB BasHiiB-TO^ 
Hpoapa^HiufB. 

Botb npon&n «Te($e noeMB». ÁHApcoma, bb conpoBosA6HÍB^ 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



BBUHO nmrcsiBiTB. 55 

XBjn HiroxíaBOBOffE, BsmejrB sa aMBOK&. Jlesa no^Hua toaobjj 
npmoxHiijacs Ba najB^HRaxi h hícboi&ko BHisíHyjacB. 

— «]IoBaiH*H!» — pasxajica SBOHsit TeHopi HnoffiaKOHa* 

— «IIoBejH, npeocssqeHHŠttDiitt BJiax^Bo^y — noAXBarajii vb 
uxapi npoTOAUffiOffB cípammiirb ipoMOBmcB ÓaeHii^eirB. 

HnoAÍaROHH, yi^nHBmHCB oahoB pyKoB sa pysaBi cmapa 
AHxpKHDH, a fpyryn nojioxnoin eGity sa lueio, ducrpo noian^BJíH 
ero Kb ajiTapB, b csnBinrb, BopnBHcniirL lOJittoirB noBajiniH vb 
lOTH spxiepea, oorboniaro kb specjaxx cibjrlBaro yria npecrojia. 

— «A-aBdocB! A-asdocB! A-asdocB!* — sauiouji i^epeMOBÍD 
npoio^BOBi. 

— «AxciocB-asdocB-a-a-aBcio(rB!» — crpoftHmrB asBopxoiTB oio- 
BBaicfl xopTB, BB BpoTHBonojoa&flOciB opoioAiaKOBy, craBafl bA xps 

CIOBa Vb OKBO. 

MypamsB Bpoiřlsajra no rksj .IdHyinBB, h oia HcnycniJia 

THZif, BpOZSSBHfl BB^OrB. 

npexi KOsqoirB oúiffíE ABxpH>ina BumejrB cb icajieBBBoft 
KHBsxotf mn ajimpi h oeiaBOBBicfl npex^ MŠciHOtt Bsosoft, c% 

liBOft CIOpOBH I^apCKBXl BpaiB. P^AOB^ CB BEWh BUGTpOHJICfl BHO- 

— «naBi B nara Mípom rocno;iQr noMOJLHHCfl!» — BosrjiacHJirB 
BB nepBHĚ paBB AHApioma no sHasy BnoxíaBOBa^ h TaBHM'B He- 

eCIBCTBeBflHlTB, TOBeBBSHII!B, CJaÓeHBBHlTB ^^aiBI^eiOlTB, ITO JI6- 

Hymsa no^yícaja npo ce(Sa: «<S£xHeHBSÍtti» 

yBBx6BinBCB CB ByseiTB vb ByKepi, JlenyniBa cb ipeneiHOS) 
X BocTOpaibeHBOio paAOCiíio ÓpocHjacB ero i('&ji0BaTB. Ona majiOBJíHBO 
xepntia ero sa impoKÍe pysasa, tj^ahm ero no cuBob h no nie- 
mrB, oitiftraaa kb ciopony b cb jjiuÓKot ocMaTpHBajia ero cb 
Bor^ xo roJOBHy OBOsa noxtl^rajia Kb Heny b i^OBaia ero, sa- 

SHBag «MBJnBUrB OTI^OMI ABflBOHOMl» B T. B. 

— GsasB noauuyftcra,— cnpaniBBajia JleflyniBa, yse npHCMB- 
piBmadi, CBAS cb MyseMx sa naftflHicB ctojiomi,— CBaa&B noaia- 
jyftcm, Baxia rro cjioBa roBopixB te&b apzíepefl na yxo? IIo- 
xoftBiift nanama roBopBi'B, ^Toaio BejniKÍBy cípamnufl cjOBa; xasx 
B*x^— a? 

— ^a-a,— BiMQ^KHBBO npoTflByai Anipefi AsApen^^B, b oiBeitB 
riasa kb c3t>poBy. 

Bb cjri;QrK)niee BOCBpecenBe As^pefl AflxpeB^a nocBATBjra bo 
CBsnteBBBsa; b Bacrynou-AJui aero nopa pacn^iaTU. 

IXpoBOxiBffiB apxiepea bsb i^epBBH, coCopaBe, pasoÓaaHBBmBCB, 
BBttiB OABKB 8a xpyrHBi BOXXOAHTB Kb As^peK) AsxpeBiy. 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



66 BMmn ibpqiih. 

— Ob 6Mt(wm> bsucb^ meu,T> ÁBf$eŘy-^Jspo6%CBXh npoio- 
j^MOWby nQAOj[(BHraacB vh BOBOMy omn/g/ n npoTaraiBafl euy mapr 
HyH), HecFH6aH)iqyK)Gi jniaohb* — dsamoft ^xtoe cjqrdcasa^ <ďaB- 
HHfi! — íipowíň3BAJL'h owhy BBB^mHBU Ha eBoei pyHHjpl .IfaiensyK) 
pyRy ÁHApHmiH.— DouoDOia^iH mh wojio Bacft, ho aaro, a yii- 
peoB, He Aapoux* . 

ýcMorpiteinH b% iiocjií^^hbx^b cioBaxtit nporo^iíaiQOHfi xemtenpqoa- 
HyK) ABycimaieHiBKicn^ Ae^lpioiiia nojrib^B vi- sapA[aH!B.k« ; 

IIoci^ npoTOAUBOHa npHCiyiiHJi^b vb Asu^mi sjuowpB, m 

XOTI «JlOBRIUrB, TQHBHITB H OÓXOAHTeibHUlil ICaBepCOEB, fiO B^-iaSE 

cjrasajTb ch Hero noAo6aH)ii(ee». (Bi anirB HMeHHO BHpaseminrB 
ÁHApiDina pascBasuBan nocji^ o CBoefi pacauuriš (tb iciiOHapeBrB). 
SariiTB noACBOHHJiH nnoAÍaBOHii h «ToaKe copsajH CBoe» (onarB 
BBipaseHÍe ÁHApioniH). Ohh HaÓHBajracB-tfujio Kh Heny «Jia ae^e- 
poBi*, HO AHApioma or^^^iia^icfl otb hhx'B; cojraraiH, vio y nero 
sena vh Hyiíep*! yaiacHo pasóoj^jiacb. Roufk nnoxiaBOHoei apxie^ 
pefiCBÍfi pereHPB nojary helii «Ha xopi^. ÁHApDma cotfpajica-ÓfiLro 
yxoAHTBy sasi ero oÓcryímjiH ipoe naiBnyraHOB^ «ECHajia'raHBOBi», 
H Tose npocHJiH y nero na wfi. Ror^a AsApeft AHApee^B 8aH§- 
TnjTB, HTO OHI yse jifiai* na h^bhhxi, to iiajiBHyraHii BOspasHjH: 
«iš caMH HO ce&b, a mu ttC9-no4;ia-dmii-(^fioma iioeirB». Ras^ 
HH cja5i 6hj'b apryíceHTB KajiB^yraHOBX, ho ohh lasi neoTcrynno 
npHCTaBajH, hto AH^pioma AO^aieni (50^% sanjiaTHTB h hitb. Sax^irB 
npHmjocB en^e oa'^btb ncajoMniiHBa, SBonapeft h n^epsoBHBirB cro- 
posefi. H Bel*TO hoaobojibhei, Bop^an, npooirB npHÓaBSB. Xo- 
jiOAHiift noPB BHCrynHJDii na Ji6y AH^pioniH, h oai, Aposa^^Ilaí 
pyBaMH cxBaTHBHiH mansy, onpoMeiBio ópocn^cs hss co6opa. 

— OrpHrojBHHKB, npaso^ cípHro^HHMl — Bopwii Anxpet 
AHApeHHi^ HOXHflBi HOiH pflCH H Hiarafl no Biixaion^HMOi hbi rpass 

BaiCHfllTB. 

AHApiOma SHBJTB H8'B HCTOpÍH, HTO CTpHrOlBHHKH 6uiH OpOTHB^ 

HOcraBjíeHiH «Ha m8A^»; ho bi^ pasApaseHHOirB cocroamB noieiiy* 
TO Hicenno bto Bsipaseme copBajiocB y nero cb musA. BuocjAfíf 
CTBÍH se aro, cjynafiHo ynorpediennoe, BiipaaseHie nvb euj ho* 

HpaBHJIOCB, HTO OHB H C06opflHB H KOHCHCTOpi^eFB HHa^e He HaSH*- 
BSijrby KSkKh «CTpHrOJIBHHSH>. 

HesaAOJiro ao oPBfoAa ero hbi X., eny BpyTOJiH fb kohcbcto* 
pÍH cjaBflHCsyK) 6h6jíh) ÓojBmoro 4>opMaTa h noipeÓOBajH sa nee 
TpH pyója. 

— Jífi j MeHfl ecTB 6fl6jiifl Aona^— Boq)a8Hi[% AnApioma. 

— Maao JIH HTO... HejiBSfl... TaBi no»raeTCff,-rOTB*TH4i ony, 
H npoAajiH eny 6a6júv). 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



BUUb IPIMimiTB. 57 



xin. 

soBitcTBO vh cBoeMi AOM%; TH,Kh z&Kh OTei^i CienaHi, nepetesM 

fla HMocesM vh CBoi «0TjiBiff6ftiiritnpiixoA^>, no^ra noe abhsh- 

Moe 8fl6pajrB ms CBoero npearaflro AOira ob c65oit>. Ho JenyHiBy 

tm HicxonBO ae orop^uuo; nairpcrrHB^ et HpaBHiacB cyera oepBO'* 

HanajDíHaro otisaBe^eHÍa h jifime f& yroicieHÍE cpexH xosmAcibbb* 

finn xjEOiion osa Haxoxaia Bacm^eine^ npn 008HaBÍH^ ^ro ona 

XitefByerb yate no cbo^ xotfpoft bojií( h cosHAaer^ esoe eoticimH- 

BOe raiQAO. He cŽTosaja ona n aa to, ^nro lua^maa tecrpa 

ea, Mama, y^xajia ch a^AoS, CRjOHEBinHCB ea yÓtsxeHifl Tens h 

XBODpoffHHXx cecTpeHOfii s HO otfpaTBMira BHHiiaHifl Ba npocBÓy 

poxHOfi crapmeft cecrpu— ocraTLca c% áeio. JISeyiirBa ^yBcrsoBaja 

cetffl ;to TaÉofi creneHH c^acTjHBOK), tto, BtsaiocB, hhioo H&^ero 

ae von apKÓaBím vh ea c^acnio. BecB uípí asul nea eoepexo- 

TOHHJCfl Bi OAHOiťB ďHi](%— B^ Ofl MHJOM*B AaxpH>m'k Ho oiqyiqaa' 

xo CBoero saíiiyscTBa HfncaKHXi jh)6obhhx% D0lI028^0BeHifiy ona 

noJioÓHjia ero co Bcbwb iihjiomi nepsoS isoŮBEy ipeAsoaarafl b% 

Hem coBirtn^eme bc&xi coBepmeHcrsi^, BaRHMH TOXbBo ifon, no 

es noBflriairB, oÓiajtaTB naioB^n. Anxpionia crajTE ;uifl nea i^mx- 

to BB poA^ naHTeHCTHTOCKan) 6ora, npoHHBan^aro h nanojiHin- 

qaro co6oh) Bce, btb ocoÓenHOcm se ea cepAi^e. OcsaBnracB o^na, 

ona nocTOSHno oo^rataia ero npHcyrcTBie bosji^ cetffl, BOcnpoasBO- 

XHja rt ^lyBCTBOBaHia, Basifl ona ncnuTUBajia on ero jracicBy yjiii- 

4i9LMMh, BwjTpesBO pasroBapsBajia cb nnirB. Ero njaiBe h Boo6n^e 

KÍ ero Ben^H, nona^aBrniacH e& na rjasa, MrHOBenno osm^erBO- 

pajncB Vh es BOOÓpaseniH h npHHUMajiH eio oópa^B. Ona cjih^ 

maja ero jsflMe vh cspuni ABepn, fb 6jiaroB6di aojiOKOja h t. n. 

^"bjaja JH ona HT0-HH6yAB, ona npeAcrasiifljia ce6% etOy jípeACSBB* 

jfljiay jikKh owb yBHAHTB BTOy B ^ 0H% CBasen eft. IIpHCjymH- 

BSBCB KB BByEaiťB CBOOFO FOlOCa, OBB SaHi^aja, ^TO osa rOBOpHTB 

jme ne TaiTB, i^i npes^e roBopHja, im ona ciajia fobophtb 
TO^B-BirTou laBx, bIibi ohs fOBopHTB; OTO B saÓaBJífljio oe, B 
nAcA ^pesBmaino npaBSJíocB eB. Ona 6£ua yB^pesa^ tto bco, 
rtó BpaBBicfl eft, BenpeMi^mio apteBiea b evj, b hto owh Bcer^a 
ffKOKWh HyBCTBOBaxB ce6fl coBepmeHHO laicB sne, Ba^B b osa. Bo8«* 
Bpan^ucfl JB omyAa-nB6y;i[B ABxpH)nia, JlSsynnia^ ysnaBniB ero 
mara en^e bi cisirB, ^bsaxa bx ffsepn, Bcipšiaia eroy noMO- 
rua »y pa8A'6BaiBCfl, i^-iiOBaaa ero, Ta^^i3a ero sa pyKH bi 
itturB B yse bb aa MBByry otb aero ae orxoxBJía. Gjioboii%, jno* 



Digitized by CjOOQ IC 



58 BtoninfB ibtoib. 

60BB JleHymRE ÓEiJia BocropmeHHafl, dHrysíacTEi^ecKafly caMosa^Ben- 
nMi jao6oBh «IE&chh II4cHefl». 

JleHymEa Bnecjia vb cynpysecRyio shshb HͻHO-no8TH^ecRyH> 
mm^jmOy BOTopaí npoHHBajia bcš pasHooÓpasHBm oiEonieHifl ea k;b^ 

iiy«y. 

ÁHApeS ÁHApeHTB H Wh (MSVb CBflD^KCTBa JOOÓBJTb 9B6UMMThCB 

irpoft Ba mrapl. Pasi, yrpoiTB, on xoctran co cr6HH nnapy^ 
ye&jrcfl na ahi^ih^, nojosHj['B Hora na Hory h bsajis bícbojibbo^ 
asxopxoBi. 

^-* AHApioma, Buy^H nemi Hrpan, — cb jmbociw) eaaaajia^ 
JléHyniRa, HaRjOHHBmBCB ki> Mysy u jacROBO CMorpa eny b^ ritta* 

— Jl^a B^ Tpy;i(H09 ™i ^e nottHem... «S b^ab cro^bbo^ 
ywjicfl-To!.. 

— IIofiMy; noĚMy, ci-pasy noÍMyl... 

— Hy, xopomo; ná, (íěpH. 
AHApH)ma Bpyvun MBjmzi rHiapy. 

— Hy, RasB Jte lyrB? — cnpocHja JleflymRa, neiOBSO yjEO- 
MBBmE FHTapy na MJtbESTh. 

— ^a pasB^ TaR!B mosho xepsarB? — saiitoux AHxpit>iiia... — 
H noRasajťB, riex nysno xepsaxB mrapy. 

— Hy, xopomo, xopomo... TaR^ RaRi se HrpaiB-io? 
ÁH;q)ioma npocynyjTB cboh) pyRy noxi pyRy JIčHymRK h cx^ 

jwh wíí npHMipa hÍcrojibro nepetfopoBB. 

— Hy, norojE, cei^aci, — cepBesHO nporoBopeja .SeHymRa^ 
RHBHyBí rojOBOtt Bi sHaRB Toro, HTO, xecsaTB, mmiJiá. 

Ona noAotípajia njarBEi^e, yc&íacB hojob^M h na^aia CBoft 
«nepe6oprB». H^ícrojibro noAorHyffB cboh MaieHBRÍe naiB^mRH,, ona^ 
Me^^eHHO Haqaja meBejBiB hmh no crpynam, i^njuia oxHHirB naXB- 
i^iTB ;i;B!b-TpE crpyHu CB-pasy e iipn Rasxoft omB6MÍb ipsca rojOBOft.. 

— B, B, ÓparB, ^TÓ ae oro laaoe? — noAApftdHSBaionpiirB to- 
HOiTB npoHSHecB ÁHxpioma. 

— ,^a TH m>roAH... ne CB-paay bí^xb... 

— Th, a BHsy, xo Bioporo npEmecTBia ne BHymmos, — 
nporoBopHjrB Anxpioiiia, xoxona h nporarEBafl pyRy, ^roóiz Bearb^ 
rsiapy. 

JlenymRa yxapBM ero no pyR'&, OTJioiRua netf jiaroxapHiiS hh* 
CTpymHTB vb cTopoey, h, tíucrpo bcroubi cb líicrtf sauM mfi^ 
RoraTB xyaRa... 

— HocTOff, nocToS, ne iporatt! Oí, nocroll 0-o-o-oft! — iq«- 
^mrh Anxpionia, nporpeccHBHO BOSBHnnui rojoc^. 

^SnymRa, sanBrxaBnnuicfl b pacRpáCHiBmaifcs^ q[r6mM> cne* 
nyjia MyaRa btb othjmsEn. 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



BUBHO nnHOKniTB. 59 

— Hy-Ka, noíH ch)», — CRaaaia JCenyímřa, hícbmlko ycno- 
xoiBinHCb H ;(eprafl Myxa sa o6i pyRH. 

— Kyw?— cnpocMi ÁHxpionia, ne TporáHCK ci irtcra. 

— BoTB cio^a, cíoia,— ni)oaojiwwa OHa, lan^a ero 1*^ sepKajiy. 
íera no;ioiiúa kb sepcajiy^ v JleHynnca, nojosHBinff pysy ea 

nieno Mysa^ cnpocHja: 

— IIocMOTpEy TH »6xt noxoai^ na neHA, — a? 

— HíiiyTB, — otbíthjH ÁHApioma^ BOff rjiasaMH no oíJohms 
orpaseHiflM^ bi sepsajrb. 

— ]ífi TU nocMorpn nojry^mec Hy, aaiTB se ne nozosi-ro? 

— E E CMorpio... Hy, sasoe ase ryrB cxoxctbcI? Y Tetfa bo- 
jocu samTaHOBue^ a y Meu TeHHEie. V xetfi Jioói bucokíA, a y 
xeHfl HH8eHBBÍ&. 7 Te($fl rjiasa rojyÓBre, a y Mesa xapie. y letfi 
HOCB juHHHsfi H ocipEifi) a y iieHfl RopoTKÍfi. 7 Te($fl ry6sH to- 
HeHBKÍfl, a y Hena TOJierm. 

IIoBa AaApionia roBopnjťB Bce bto, JleHymaa moito yimtfftJiacB 
H npoBipaja bl sepsajit ero ovHcaHte. 

— Bce-TaKH HTO-TO TaKoe cctb... TaiPB wrb Basercs,— CKasaia 
OHa, upoAOJsafl yjmtfaTBCfl. 

— y Te<5fl HÍTB ÓopoAKT, a y Měna ecTBÍ— rayTjiHBO KpnKHyjB 
AHxpnma, npiocaHHBniHCB. 

— dsa B^AB 6opoAa RaKaji! r- nacM^mjBBO npoHSHecja Jle- 
Hynma h nposeja . jia^ooBK) no bojho^hitb HfjiaMi BosHHRaion^eB 
(opoxH Mysa...— Orqero bto th ÓBiBaeniB pa8Hiifl?'-'CnpocHJia ona 
nocai H^&KOTopofi naysBr. 

— KaKB paBHHfl? 

— ^a TtLKb: BOTB xenepB th Taxoff, a bi^ ii^epBBH cobc^ms 
^tpyrofi. IIocMOTpHmB na tc&i^^th saKofl-ro cbatoA. OcotfoHHO h 
m6jno cMOTpJbiB sa Te6a bo BpeMs XepyBHMCBoB, Bor^a tu eroHim^ 
nepex^ npecro^oirB h botb 8TasrB... pysn Bsepxy. 

•ISHymsa Bimijia vh coc$ahh)io KOMHaTy h nnyrB ?ep68% jifi^ 
cflTB BUHecjia AHjq)H)mi CBepnyiiift sjiohori tiyifarH. 

— Botb le&k BaiiHCByiipBCjajiH,— cxasajia ona, e^Ba ciepan^ 
Baa yjraóiy. 

AHAp»raa paBBepHyjTB mo^okx h npoTOJix b^ cjyxi: *Voxy6^ 
inn Mofi! nopa oÓt^aTB. Cjyra tboh Ejiena*. Okb yjriiÓHyjiCfl^ 
xocraji vh oxHoiTB h9b eBoarB BapiiaBORB soporeHBiift Kapanxft^ 
HiHrB, npHc^jii Bx CTOJiy H Ha o6opoit BJio^sa nanHcaai: «Bejni^ 
j^enBa MOff, HaBpuBaTB na ctojii. Saono ii[tjiyR> Te6ia Hee^eTHO* 
PA9B. nocjiyiiiHBBi TBoB ÁHApefi*. JlSHymRa diecvan^HiiH rjiasairo 

Jíf06ÍXAJÍ& 0TBfa*I». 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



40 BMTHHn IBPOIIH. 

— Ox^B m Moi!.. ~ BOCBJuiBHyjia OHa^ CMBHO ywpHBi Hyaca 
no njieny, h ytí^sajia. 

— ABjipH)ina, ŤH sHaeiuB, BasB ^ t6($a jih)6jih>, — oÓpaTH^racs 
JleByniBa x'b Mysy sa Be?epHVM*B nwwh. 

— Hířn, He 8HaH),~CB yjinÓiM)! otbšthix An^piaina. 

— KaRi nananiy cBoero. 

— FM-rM... — npoMGraan^ ÁH^peft AHffpeaTO. 

— 9t6 Sy KaiTB nanamy? — noupaBHJíacB JlfiHa.— fliefia rast 
jiK)6;iK), TaB^ J1106.1H), BaB^... ys^ h ne sBaio BáBX... 

— rM-nf...ý OHOBa npoMHHaji'B cynpynb. 

— BuBajio, nanama mhí SHasiH ^Htaer&, pascBasuBaeTB hh<& 
060 BoeíTB,— HBMCMJía jletrymBa.— Thb4ab T0»e6yflemB mh4 ^h- 
xaTB H pascBasHBaiíB— a? . 

— Fm-itm... — OTO&Baitfl Asxpefl AnnpeEWb. 

— ^a HTÓ TH Bce: «yry, yry! » — nepe^apasHMa JlěHyniBa: — 
:ru CBasH, saxfB cjri^^^yerE. 

— Tovjífií BHflHO Cy^eTB,— nporoBopHJi-B AH^peft ÁHjípeHTB, npn- 
rjiasKBfts cetiš bqjoch. 

JeHymRa npHcrajiBHo nocMorp^jia na Hiero — h sa^tyifajiacB. 



XIV. 

ÁHApefi ÁBJS,peRVh y^HJICfl Vh CeMEHapiH^ BaB'B rOBOpETCfl, TklVB 

ne&b. Owh óujTh napeHB co cnoco($HOCTflMH, ho ne dBajii, ^ib xb^ 
jraTB cíh 8THMH cnocoÓHOCTflBfn, Ha ^t6 HrB ynorpetfHTB. Bjre^emic 
vb HayBaMi owh ne HyBGTBOBa.11 n cniMy^a b'b MEsnsiwb hmh 
HHOTByxa ne nojry^aj^. Owh nocrojiHHO cosHaBaji^B, hto Jiy^nie 

XOHHHTB BypCl, H^Ml HO BOHWTB; HO K^E HOFO 9X0 HyasHO H ht6 
HB^ »TOrO BHA^eiTB, 0($B*8T0]fB 0H% BHaTB HO XOTÍjTB. Ob OAHHa* 

BOBBíifB paBHo;^iiiieM% offB Bsy^ajTB $B8HBy H npopoBa lesexiHja, 
4HJioco(|>ifo n FOMH^eTHBy) nexarorHBy s rpe^ecBÍfi asfincB. Hn ofr 
Horo ceMHHapcBaro ynetfHHRa obb ho snajarB bho^ih^. B% nisuit 
M^Cfli^i nvh Bas^aro y^e^HUBa owb roTOBHjrB tojbbo no o^nOBiy 
ypoBy^ HMeHHO bi TOMy v^accy^ bi^ xoiopBitt, no ero cooópase- 
BÍflifB, yiETOjB fflJimewh Óhjtb cnpocHTB ero. (A bte cooópaasems 

y CeMHJBapHCTORB OieHB fO^BH H OC^OBaieJBHH.) 9BSaHeH0BB Ah*- 

;^pett AH^peeBHTB ne ÚosljicsLj xa n se^ro 6ujio EXh 6oflTBOH, tkvb 
BSBib <$Hjem b;b aBsauray A^iajH no BasAOMy npej^Mery canc se 
y^eHHBH, A^jian na hhx% npeABapEieiBHO mítbb — n Ha dasaMeni 
BasAiifi H3B yqeHHBOBB OTB^^ajTB, qTÓ jy^me Bnaji^HTró xofňtbM 
OTB^vaTB. yqHTejifl xota 66jiBnieH) ^acTÍH) h snajiH 8th npo^^^H^ 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



Burao npiiicnBAfb. 61 

HO ne iribmaiB ymmmMVhj Bcnoiinu cboh) x)hocte x zum vb^ 
omRa, HTO CHCTeMa Ha;^4veďB0TBa BBcmBJíJierB m dsmneB^ 
niow BX'b neA&rc^H^ecsoft A^33BJii»HoerH ropapAO b^ jy^inein^ 
eiM, H^x cacieMa HeJHqwipHoS i^aiunni.B Haroji»HoS HpaBxu. 

OteAl o TOM'B TOJOaSO H IBepAH3l kUfpiOWfi^ ^TOtStl 0&& «V3nÍMS' 

fle HapaxE ceófl^ bh bo vio se loneBUca^ h im6u crapajca kob^ 
wb lypcE 6en BCHsaix) nsTBa*. : ABxpK>Bia paBo ycivbn j6i- 
XBibCfl, ^TO oteo;h upoisiovbtjefrh exy se rjiytfoByio eBaBrojacByKV 
MopajiB, a jurreflcsyK), b(ksbi^cb;k), b ii^a^reiibBO BuuoAmjtb sa*- 

y Bero 6hj[o OBoero pa?ia savoir vivre^ bi cBjy Kovopapo obs- 
Bcerj^ BoqrcBo jsBHpoBais nes^y asfUJiBME b xapBÓffaMB oeMB^ 
BapcBoft sfl8BB« OBh msuTh Boe Bpeiífl nnsonoaro eocnumamH Ba 
Bsaprep^, BaxoiPiBflieiteB Ba OAHott bbb rapaBB'L ropo^a^ Xomst 
cypoBEu BpaBBJía o^nBapcKofi Bserpysi^iB 6wm oxBEasoBO o6sr^ 
saieABu Bass a^b ^KaseBSOBomrsiix^^, «BOpnycBiirb'», tabi b 
AU «BBapTBpBiix^^ y^aniKOB^ HO a^BSBb «EBaiiKnipBafl»y nocBa*]^' 
caMHXB Beu^eS, (Siua secparaesBO BouibroTBM sbsbb «xiopnycBofi»*^ 
Bi sopflydb yHmuKd BeastitoHo ^OJusefli (Siuis BpBenoco($iflTBejr 
KB ysaBO^sHiíMi j^jui sera ycjiraijiiťB; vh Bsaprspi, uaufW9B%y 

CaXB yCIOBÍB CBOÓOJÍfiO B BCByCBD npBCBOCO(ÍJI)UB^ B*b yíeBHKaMS*' 

Bci ABi^i HBCflanx>pcBaro Bawopa obhib b% xopnyeš, b ecjB ne 
Bd&, TO BaBoe-HBÚyxB oabo mfb hbxi é^ sasAyB) xassyK) MBByiy 
BBŽ-BjaoeBaro BpeMOBB BeflpeiiftBHO ctobjo Ha;i;'B xynioio b r&ioiiiM 
yvBBRa fp Tbvb Bq)i^, nosa obb bb 10 ^aooBi bow bo saceerrs 
cja^VBX^B cBoiTB OTorBaBBiaro ootb C6(Si hp^bp^hxi xyiíowh BpaBex- 

BBSa. B% BEB8BB BBapTBpflHX'B yWBBBOB^ flflCfl0KI^Ífl) CBOBI^OBTpBpOr 

BaflBaa vh BOpnyeÉ, saF^ABBaja péffO- 66AhBm> Bacrbio b^ Qpa$n«^ 
BBBiB, B TO BB uywb xopofliett norofla b npBiK)M% BBBavB yace^ 
se noQse bocbmb hbcobb Benepa. «KBapTBpBHe» yiieaBiui sflajtr 
9T0 OBfflB xoponiOy B TaBB BCBycBO BpHxa»fliaBBCB Wh 6yiaro* 

BIUBTBHMIB J^JISI BBX^B OÓCTOQTeJBCTBaMl) ^10 HBCHeBipfl BOp^^tKO' 

cntBBja Bxi B2> npDMips ^BOpnycflBMi* . Ho bb x^jií aibbbb Bsaptap- 
HHX'B yHeHBBOKB Ad^oBO Be corďaooBajiacB cb BxeaioicB b xHci^BniiB^ 
BapHHMB BpexflaveptaBÍHMB Ba^ajncEBa. Obb od^aMv CBjaBB Bpopu- 
BBJU ceífb BŽcxojiBBO saBajoRB, no BorepuBtb si yxo($Boe BpeMB bubjih- 
BBJM B«B TicBaro pycja xas^Boil niBOABOt sbbbb vl pycio Bpociop- 
BBTO, aaMBHiBBaro, ho aaDpeweBBiro Bopfl afiBTettcsaro^B Eép^bjfjňo* 
AOflJuiBajB • AO repByjiecoBBixi ctojiÓobb... Tofab Bas-B bb Bqmycfr 
yoepABO ci^iB sa viwhj ito6b yioBBBi saHHBajiofl ypoaaMB b'b 
cAxyTDWfiuy ABK> H BOBBOja JB BflmTB BBBm TOABO BpeABapBteABa 
xq^ocMoip^nnu BBCBesqieK) b BBiioaiiB (Sjabkoo oisofli^e bb- 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



€2 BSCraO^b IBPOflH. 

my^aemiMi ewb npeAHeraHi^y-^B^sBapTEpi mosho Óíuio iuh hb« 
^eyro ae A'&iaTB, bjih iHtaTB, ^ló BQMy yro^i^o, 9tď Kony HpaBHTCfl. 
JIiOAE.cepBgsHue yn^jiH BSBJíeBaTb f,jisL ce5fl Bpynsyx) nojiBsy mh 

BXOfl CBOÓOAHf HO laBBXl 6fiU0 &e MHOCO; OHH cocrasjfliE OTA^- 

HHtt spyscMiB) XTb BOTopoMy ÁHApett AHApeBi'B Be npHMuujrb. 
ÁH^ypett AHxpen^i^ noAO<^ cbohm^b RBaprEpmin^ TOBapHo^aMi, 
Tose npio6pij^ Bsycob b% ^TeHiio^ bo x!b Taxony fremto, Boropoe 
GiftaflďJbci HasBajTB «oco6aFO BH^^a jiíhocti»xx»« Ohi^ nia.!^ AU 
Toit), ito6ei y(k[T& apoMi, aamam ^vB^HatfyxB npasxHoe Bootfpa- 
seníe. Ohi ^nra^i oÓuBHOBeHHO cenmcniH BeerH^ h ^Hra^i Óero 
BCflBaro pasóopa h njana; Emy Ó^OTHerHO, €aM'B oh^ ee snan 
no^My, HpaBHJHeB r6 TeopÍH ecreciBosHaHifl) BOToptui npoiHBopi- 
^Hj[H BaBOMy-jHÓo nyHBTy AornaTEBi^ xota xmh h Majo nonaiiaj^b 

dTH TeopÍH. Ho Ch 0C0(leHHHMrE yXOBOJIBCTBieirb ^ETajTL OH'b TaSÍH 

noBJkcni H pascBasu, bi kotophxi bi cnšniHOirB bhaí Bsodpasa- 
JIOCB xyxoBeHCTBO. Oh!B HcnjUTUBajLb npH dTOM-B HyBCTBO Basoro-TO 
HenoHflTHaro ajEopaxcrsa. Bnpo^eMi, ^Tenie bhhetb 6um ho e^HH- 
<n'BeHHUMrb paBBjíe^HieM^ vh msouHoft shbhh ÁHApea ÁHApesw. 

yA0(5CTBa «BBapTHpHOA» SB8HH OTBpfilBaJÍH OMy nyTB H CHOGOÓKI 

B% pa8floo6pa8BiiM% yAOfiOJiBCTBÍflirB. TorA^Ban «BopjiycHHe> y^e- 

HBBH BOHBBO OÓUBHOBedHO <$IUE Bpy£X)lfB SanOpIH H OtíCTaBlOHM 

crpasetty «BBapTBpHue>, npocHX^B^ xoiia mamoe BpeMfi — ao 
BoeBMH ^acoBib Be^epa,— CM&JO sarbicB ompasjujiHCB scsaTB iipa* 
BJUO^eBÍSi r^ BOMy h saBBXi Óbuso jfroAHO. XosiflBH BOJH^a^E 
HXi Ó^AhUkUMUy ÓsjEE CB BEME Ha eu, HasiiBaiB HenpeK^EHO no 
HMOHE B OT^ecTBy, E ycjysjBBO oznapajiB eicb sopora bo bcaboo 
BpeiiB, EcjiE se uHorxa ee xortďocB buxoastb co ABopa, to h 
AOHa MOSHO ÓBLio upoBocTE Bpeiii He vb iq)EMÍp% Becejiie, v^itb 
»B Bopnyeš. Ha rarap*! Hrpafi, cboibbo xo^emB; saxoiijiocb lAnh 

— OpB XOIB BO BCe ropiO) HHBTO fiO CBaSCTB: TEBie, SaMOtVBTe! 

Hocjii ysflna saiiBajiCA EHor^a mistíA pasrosopi, mo toxbbo ycai- 
fiajm aKBBOTfii noxxBaTHBaTB eo Oflxy. PasroBopx npoAOJsuucs 
BBorxa AM6B0 8á-nojiHOHB) Bi noiBiiaxi, Borxa Basxuft yse ae- 
.sai'B Ha CBoeS nocrejiE. H cboíibbo TyrB (ummajiocB rpytíaro bo* 
u^BeTBa, flenospuraro, tieaoTBiAHaro i^HBBSica, EorB sHaen, Borw 
H OTBy^a BanepnafiBaro! H Boe axo 6euo nmro-^pHzo; camnajw 
iijsfA cr^HU, A& CBOft 6pan*T0BapHipfB> BOiopuS ne . ocyxiirB h ne 
BK^acrB. Ha^aiBQiBo aioro se moxoapiB&io, poAsraiH b Boo6pa* 

3BTB Be MOrjlE. 

H BOBHBJI!b AHApett AHApeETB BypCb CB BlO^BaHH fl XBO- 

CTEBanH H81 oÓHiEpBaro Bypca BayBí^ b cb ^poasume^ otphbov- 
asMEy jcEMQieTBHiíB i:^f^zmA ESB Horo-TO mafww^ amoicoio* 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



BSJII&flO nPlHGBflBÁTB. 63 

OepbesHOft noxroTOBieHHocTH^HH Kb ^eny, yfišasA^HÍfi— HHsasHX'B, 
BdruffB Ha SH8HB— Bepxi jierBOMUCjrifl, noHaiieo ce6i— canoe bei- 
«OBoe, — BOTB AOÓpofflTedíHy ci KasHMH ÁHApeft AEffieEVb BucrynHj^ 
H91 msojni ETb SII8HB. CeMHHapifl BunycTHia ero bi Ha^aat bto* 
poro paspflAft H oq&HHjia ero HpaBcxBeHHOCTb óajiJOifB 5. Oiei^i 
npiiHfljťb «He8aiuiTHaHHaro» cuna ci pacnpocrepTHiiH oÓifliiAMH, 
jK)6oBai€fl HiTB H wAwb ciaBui Bi npHictpi. ÁHjcpeS ycjasA^ca 
yxasHBaHÍeirB sa hhmi on^a, hh vb "lewh ne npoTi[Bop'lHE[jii> eny 
I VB rayÓHHi ;qniiH lyBciBOBUB HemK^pnuoe HajCB hhmi npe- 
BOCXOACTBO. SLbbhb OTi|a eMyjEcaBa^acii «HQnyxoft», «epyHAoS»y ho 
sasoBa AOJSHa tfuTB HacToan^afl, HCTEHHas shshb, — o6i btomi 
OffB mr&rB canoe CMymoe noHAiie h ne ^BCTBOBajrb hh Maiéfimaro 
noóysAenia pasMunufliB o&b btomi. CA^JiaBniHCB HyaseMi BpacHBOft, 

«p0X0BHT0ft» SeHIK^HS, GBflII|eHH^BOMl 9 (MLQCXOSkfeShBfAMÍb XOSflH* 

HOin>, OH^ HepBoe Bp^ca noeroflb&o ^yBCiBOBaji^ oe6a aaiTB^ iioaL']^ 
CBTBaro, nHraiejiBHaro o&kjsfik. Ro BceMy cyn(ecTBy ero pasjíHBaiocB 
o^ynteme JiiHHBott H'&rH. Ohi ^yBciBOBaii ce6fl c^acrjiHBBíMi, h 
910 HyBCTBO He HOxoABJío Ha HyBCTBo JleHyniBH. y jleHymBH qyB- 
ctBO ciacria npoHcreBaio hsi yB']tpeHHOCTH, hto eB Bon nocjian^ 
Kb junii'6 AnxpioniH canoe Bucmee ÓJiaro, BOTopuifB ona ÓyxerB 
BMfíbLb B^HHO H HenpepuBHO. y nefi 9to nyBciBO coeAanfljocB 
<% 3UĚÍbŘwBío ' A^iejufiOQTU) ^^aHxaaiH) ceexasaHosett aaiiaeuBue 
HMHK H abums, netoa, pneosaBmet eft tiy^n^ee bi caitBíxii npH- 
BMUMMsexbHsxb BapiBBaxi^-^H npoflOQUocB »B HeyAqmHMoft jifbt^ 

<MfíA WtpMBQCOí H Vh wbXMUTb SeOTBflMHBIDCB JiaCSaTB. y ÁHApeS 

ÁMxpemnA HCioiiHiiiOMr& aroro ^yBCTBa cjyaRHio npoaamecBoe oo-* 
8BSHÍe, ^10 OHib, ^ciSBa Bory^ jcrpowesí BOo6iqe ne xyse mw* 
rHXB». Brb Úyjsymfid oha ne sarjmxuBa^i, he o \eMab ne ife^ran, a 
;^»0Jiffli ůsuTb lim, ¥10 eicy kb dannyto Muuymy zopomo. JI^obojb- 
<XB0 XHBHU) y Hero BHpasBaiocb b% myrsaz^b h oerporaxB, EHor^a 
Blb nteifl H T. H.; Ha jiacte kb sent ohs na Anm CByHb^ ho 
jaoan ee (Sb^meio ^acriio yse hb oiffbrB na ea lacBH. HHHi^ia- 
TBBa B!B aron ornonieHia npHHMJi^sajEa oénsHosBEHO JldnymK^. 
QsB crapaici nonacrB vb ea tohi^ ho Biyrpenno ^lyBCTBOBajii 
B& iKwaxB paaiaxB, xorai Jlenyinsa «ioro ae savbiaia. Bci ooBpo- 
aoHHui AJ^OBHUfl eq^yflii eyiipjrroBib Čbuh Kaorpoenu na coBep* 
meHHO pasHHe tohh. BseabaH) BBgrcH, CHiinaiiH m aceaaHifl y 060*- 
msh dfiLiH paauriHEL Ho JleHyniBft, Eoptoneft niaiíeHHott jiid6óbuo, 
vjMMO éiuo eeiH se Kjjb, to ho apatneft irtpi — njjKb cooie cb- 
^bm CB CBomiiB cynpyroicb^ htoÓh (íizTb vb coezoaraE ypasywbTB h 
MiyBdBOBflErib aiy ABcrajniOHiK). 

O. 31BHTH& 

f^ 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



KAPJTL MAPKCX 



ErO KEHTA O KAHETAI^B 



L 

Odiaerb o6mfiatBeBmíXT> esljvb aobho jfkauajch na fiA orx^ir^ 
HQfl OTpacjui: HayBy npaea h moflOMm Co6ccBeHBO roBops, em 
otaísu mvb^MB ffijyeb paajnnHHVB eropoHairb, Borepoii sasiio^ 
^aioTGA jí,jui Ba» vh RasxoiTb. npe^Moii: cropoHft ^^pHaouioff ■ 
MaŤepi&iBfioi* Hayxa npasa nsyroaa o(5iqBeTB0 ca croposEi ero^ 
4K)piiHy Eju FB OTQoaieHiH.ifop^jiorHqecBOirB. dsoffOMUi^^oo CTopom. 
HaxepiaiBHott) hjui co^episaHifl, otfyoiOBjmBann^aFO ny ^[H>pMy. 

Bb A^BoTBHxeJBHOcíM o&b cropoHa npeffieim (íuBaMxrb mpae*- 
piiBHO CBflsami uemjsj co6o% a noTOMy ncAO^Hoe x^jienie tíinaer^ 
Bcer^a 6ojAe eu mch^ HcsyccTBeHHO. Tíitb ne Mesr6e oho OHpaB- 
Xinsaercfl vb raxy y^oócrea Bsy^ema, a bmšctí ebrilirb onpaaxH- 
Baeicfl H cyn^ecEBOBaHÍe ffiiyx% oix&nbHuxi Hayqiisix^b orpacieft 
Haysi, soTopBui mh ysadajH. He hm&i BciixoTBÍe eisoro HH^ero 
csasaib npoTHFE laBoro pa3A'6jia n cyn^ecrrt, Hei&sfl ne ot^miB- 
BflHMaHÍfl Ha Ty BasHocvB, KOTopyio npeAcraBjflerb acHoe coBHame- 
HaysoK) BHineoBHa^eHHott. ecrecxBeHHOft cbasb Mes^y ^ osh^^mhh^ 
H na TŠ saÓjysAem^ Boiopiia Moryn npoBciesaTb, pwb mh cm- 
HeiTB saéuBaTb yciOBHoe bx% SHaveHie. IIpindiprB sayBE opaaaB^ 
TOMi m^^j Bi jsBaom% osa qrn^ecTBOBajia xo nocjrtwflpo speneni^ 
Hoserb cjiysHTb SHBHirb-yBasaHieM^B noca^erBift^ NiamaaDmfa%> 
Wh BBCuxa Ba ^pMy saBi na h^hto coBepmenHO caMocioaTenfloe, 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



I Kh cneipajisai^ eji my^eaút bi ^toitl CMacjrb. Hmero, fl 

yHiBepeHTeTCBOfi Hayxír npABft, 

MosHO csastTB TOďHBO K^ 60 oiipaB^HÍe, 9T0 Ksy^eHie o($- 
iqeciBa Ha^uocb HayíMno Bootfi^e cb TaiKoB ero Bwbmneňj ^pM annott 
nopoHH, vro Hayu npasa pOAHJť&c& pante dBOHoma, h noroMy ao 
noiBjeidx hocjiíxh^' edsoTBesfio 6iauo HCsaTB oÓMeneBiJi afiix^b 
^Kb sasi sMemň coBepmenso canoctoarejBEaro ejih no Rpatnet 
líbpb coBepmeHHo flesatiHcnraro ovb dRoaoMa^eeKHX^flBjremft. ilsy^aa 
Kb vb TaKOMiii BHxt) BepBO&a^ajibHo HayRa npasa oTHCBHBaxa 
ofiiiKHeHÚ BTEX^b ^pifB II ifX% oúpeAtiíflBoii^aro ca^epsaHÍfl no^ 
Besojii «h Taraxi se ^^MaABim> OTB^e^enmirB ocHOBaHiflxi. 
Ost A-ifl Hefl cjysHJin to ocyíiiiecTBJs[eBieM'B ea seMJit Bacmei 
npaBffH H cnpaBeAJiiHBoct]^, to baoii Ao6pa, npoxoAHBmet b% CBoeirb 
pasBHrmi ^pnanmiA crajÚH ;iorfliiecRaro npoi^ecca h xocTHTaBmefl^ 
BMxoBeoíh, cosHaHÍfl ímíoě cie(to. 

^tro vb laBHXi cpexcTBars nayKa npaBa ne itorjia nafiTB o6%ac- 
onia aTHTB ^pieB n d hxi» noitonQio otspBiTb hx% onpextjHio- 
niaro coffepsaHk,— bxo uomen 6mh ne uorpe6yeft% renepb ooo- 
(Sensaro otí^CHeHÍfl* Ho pa» crraKB na no^oényH) To^ay aptnifly 
mysa npoAOJUKajia ba x^paut^ea; hb 6e»b staOTOparo ynpaifCrBa, 
H ropasAO noa^^te noiBjíeBúr daoiaoiiBqeCBofi HayaH. Kaaoro 6tí mu 
Bs teaH MB^Hia o nocA^mety Hejf^sa orp^n^aifc, ^iro noaaiaeHle ea 
otessBajia iDpBcroBi o6pa?BTB na aee CBoe BHHMabie h BBCJÍbffOBaTB 
BOOlSi^e BonpoCB o(h OTHomeBÍiv, voropoe ona Morjia hm^tb Bfs 
wipBw^^cxmtb ^opdcaiCB. MesAy t^ms araopHpOBaBÍe ea npoGTH* 
paiocB no TOPO, vo 9K0H0iiflHecBaa aayaa HCUiOHajiacB BOBoe jsa^y 
DpvxH^ecmrb ^Bydi>TeTOBi ir orxfejiitaacb vh o6jta(^ti> aayai ^trjio*- 
jonnecBflxi h BciopaiecaBrbi ^joaorb (k)jť6e sHajis o uojihth- 
wcsott amBOMÍH, ^tirb cnei^iajntcrB no Hayat npasa. 

Ob CBoeft croponu, BRonoMia na^aaacb cfb capoMHaro Bsy^enia 
mJTepunBBiirB yejioBit ^ejiOBJbHeeBáro cyn^ecTBOBania, ocrroposno 
oteoAfl BOnpocH vpaBa, saKi x^^a nea nocroponnie, npHBEMaa lopn- 
xwecBÍa ^pMu, saRi otfaBaTeifcHiia xJia nea ^aaTU n Hscjrbxyfl 
aBOHOMHqecsitt npoi^eccb, satt'B om coBepmaerca vb x^nnyx^ 

Re BTOiTB B0x^ ona o($paBOBaia nanpaBjenie HCBjnoHHrejbHO 
BScrb^OBameMi cdCcrBenno MaTepiajBHofi croponu oó^e^ 
I. Ho ynopnoe nrnopBpOBanie nayBOfl npasa Bcaaaro ^éohomh*- 
vecsaro sna^enia sa ^^pnaMH npoBejio ki xoMy, íto kb cpe;^ 
BHmoMneeaflrB nncaTeaeft BOsnHBjm mRoaa^ Biítmasmaaca vh 4K)p- 
kHsie BonpocBi otín^esHiia ci dBonoMH^ecaott tohbh sptnia. 

Tom* v.— Cbhtjwpi,, 1877. 6 

Digitizéd by VjOOQ IC 



66 BftcxHiK^ iiron. 

JBcjiH 6u lasoe BniinaTeibciao npMcxoxHjo a tož ock^mmb- 
Hoen^KX, Kasofi ipe6yen ciporo*HayHBoe iBciixoBaHÍe, lo oho hh* 
qero He npenecjio 6u Kpowb noJiBdii Hayi£. Ho, sacb Bcerxa (JHMen 
vb rbx^ cjy^aaxi, BorAa BoaHHsaioiiVJi sanpaBJíeHifl BUTesaDiSL He 
B9h noeieneflHaro paBBHTÍfl HaysH, a BCjriMczBÍe ynopcxBa nocrtXHett 
FB josHfiucB Meroxaxi hju xpymzi apHqoffB oÓpaByKKres bhí ea, 
o&ea^ieHHoe BHimaTaiBcrBO npío6p'lj[o xf4NiBT^pi^ BOBoe se coor- 
B^TCTBaBaBrniS no CBoeS CMÍ^ocni hh ypoBrno BHama Bwmowam^ 
csaro^ HH ^pMajBHaro. Ecjnl vl to Bpena, sor^a oho npoHdomjiOy 

MOa&HO 6hJ» rOBOpHTB o CBflU MOS^y j^l''^^^!^^^ ■ BBOEOKH- 

qecBHMH 4^BTaMH, TO vb diHaBafiineiCB caoeirb bbaíi ara cbibb Óiua 
BOBce ne o(ku£AOBaHa h BBOHOMHHecsoe BHaneHie otajLibhuz% ^piis 
B9Bce He BHflcneHO vh hqxpoÓbocth. 

ToTOO Tasse HexoeTaTouo (Suia HaciiAOBaHa m MaTepiaiBHaa 
hjih BROHOMH^ecKafl CTopoHa o6iii(esHTÚi H He BHiCHena vh tov-* 
HOCTH rpaHHipi, HOjaraeMUfl crpeiiJieHiflirB ^leiOB^aa, xasi BH^nuiett 
npnpoAofi, twh H npHpoAOH) canoro ^aiOBÍBa. 

^opuaiBHHfl ycjiOBiay soHe^HO, Hrpa^TB rpoMaxHyiD pon vh 
BOHpoci MaTepiajBHaro Ójarococroanúiy ho Moryn jih ohh bmítb Bce- 
paspitmaKui^yH) poA? TaRoS Bonpoci ecreciBeHHO tfiuo hociabhtb 
npesAe, 9%M% npHxaBaxB hm^ bto BHa^eme. 

MesAy T^^t^ o6b aroiTE icenie Bcero daíkmuocB HasBa&Hoe 
HanpaBJíeHÍe. Paa^b AO^ynasniHCB ao cbash iieasAy j^piiaiBHiuai s 
Maxepiajn>HUMH ycjioBLiMH sh^hh, oho BOBBejo ^opny na creneHL 
opyAÚiy paspšmaion^uro bcabúi naTepianniifl aaTpyAHenifl. Bdb ciafiufl 
CTopoHu M aTopiajiBHaro noxoseHm Oujh OTHeceHH s!b HOAOCTaTsam 
b:b 4^piíax'B H HOTOMy ycrpaneHÍe hx'b npcraaieHO vb npuyx) 8a- 

BHCHMOCTb OTE HBldlHeHifl 8THX'B ^OpiTE. ?T0 SO UCaeiet HOCJÍA^ 

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BETÍa vejioB^^ecBoft jra^Hocrn. IIoBTOMy bi AOBepmeme Beero, bmígdo 

BCaSOtt nOB^pBH TaBHX'B, BO BCflBOITB ClJWb pHCB0BaHHfi[£B| HOIO^ 

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sHJio onHTi. BcjrbACTBÍe 8Toro oho HHiero ne npoHBBejiOy spoicfi 
BpeMefiHaro BOsCysA^mfl crpaciefi h HeyAasmHxca HaAeaM^ cb o\x- 
Hoft cTopoHH, H npcAy^^Aemfl hpothrb ceóa bi caicoicB o({ip/ra:B&, 
sa BOTopuMH na^ajocB orcrynjieHie npeACraBinejeS btofo HanpaB- 
xenifl KB 6ojr6e ocxoposHOHy h Menie caHrBHHH^ecsoMy oraorneHÍio 
Kb j^pnani. 

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Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



KÁPjn^ MkVKffh. 67 

jcrtiH valS^vwyrb He;(oeiitTBOBi cdokte npe^mecrBeHHHKOBrb x bos* 
BHcmcfl AO cosmHifl jítb npo&bjímh^ Boropue xoJiaBHii darh na* 
nojoieHH HayROH) iq)esxe9 HeisejLH ona Morja 6u uiňn npaeo sa 

^OTB p]bniHTeJ[bBIlfi TOH% F& BOnpOCaXl IIOAO($HOft BaSHCICTE, Ha 

BOiopiifl npeieHXOBajio 9to Hanpasjeme. 

MapBC% — oxPH^ H8i nocíJifbxBEn iipe;^CTaBiiTejieĚ ororo HanpaB* 
jemi vh řepu aHCRoft jraTeparypi^; nodroiiy DOAO($iiiift Bonpoch ecie- 
OBeHHiim o(Spa80irB otfpan^aerefl fb nacrofli^eirB cjiyqaš ivh E&iy. 
Ho c^mficrsy cboktb BOBspbmfi, Mapsci jsfbŘCTBwrexhuo BHx^jmercx 
m ps^a ($ojiie paHHiixi h pa^pusajiEHiixi nHoaieiii droro Ha* 
iipaBjeHiii; ho owb pfmixwrh oón^ie HexocTarsH oiboju, o boto- 

paTb MH POBOpUB, Vb TOWb OTHOmeHÍH, 9T0 OrpaHEVOBaOTB CBOe 

H8ciixoBaHÍe ToíHO Tance oxhoí ^^pnajsHot cropoHoft, a KPV*^y 
jfatepiajíBHafl cropona ocrasjEfleicfl hh'l to^bo Tasase 6en cepses- 
mj^ paBCMorpIaui. IIpaB^a, h bi btomi OTHomeHÍH 0H!b nacTomco 
pa8C7XHTejBH6e cbovxi npe;i(SiecTBeHHBBOBrB, tto He KTHopBpyenb 
BOBce saa^eHifl MarepiajiBHiixi ycjroBÍft, ho om> bi to se qieiffl 
^xoxBTB Hx% npsHoe Hscji^bAOBaHie. RaBHMx ^piiajiBHHHft npie- 

JÍOMl,— MH OTO Cefi^aCB yBHÍHMX. 

«nepBafl paóora, soiopyio s npe^npEHUi*, nncajr^ owb (bk 
HpejHciOBÍH KECBoeft 6poiB[K>pi «Zar Efítik d. Polit Oekopomie* 
1859), «x<ifl pasp^meHui co(!cTBeHHUXx coMnlnitt, Óiuia RpirsEa ^h- 
jooo^ npaBa Ferejifl*. 

ÁHajrasHpyfl ary ^bioco^ík), Mapscb npHOiarB vh Tony bs- 
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píajBHiix'b HJiH BBOHomiqecRHXi. OoH nHTaK)TCfl H Bupoexaiorb na 
nonvb BBOHOMHHecBHxi ycjoBift v cjiymsLTh vm tojiuo Biipase- 
meu%. Utb xapasrep^ h crpoft onpex^JifliOTcay ď&xoBaiejnHO, bbo* 

BOMH^ieGBHlCH yCJOBÚlMH SBBHH HapO^I* yCJOBÍfl npOHBBOACTBa Cia* 

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Xyiiajra ^ejíocoí^Uj ho saBHCHTB bhojihš otb npHpoxu. 

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6* 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



68 Bftonm.i&poiiH. 

H H)pvAH^ecBoe ycrpoIcTBo, hxi orpasaiomee, — ho se paHJbe. Toiw 

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saflifl (TB yccap^BniHMB j^pnaMB, KOTopiifl vb pe8yj]bxaT& 9Tolt 
6oph6u H yciynaiorB mícto hobhitk nopa^sairE. Tasam ofipaaoirB^ 

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neiBB, BJIB MEOBOMBieCBÍB yOIOBÍfl BX^B Cyn^eCTBOBaHÍil. BBBicaTejíB- 

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Torxa B laMi, sorAa Maiepíaji&Hiifl ycjOBÍJi ea ocyn^ecrajeBk yse 
Óojiíbe BJB MeB^ fotobei. Botb noneny qejOB&HecTBO craBarL ce&b- 
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KB HeiTb 60AÍe BJB MCBie XOJBCHU 6UTh BBipa60TaBU BBOHOHB^e- 
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a 9T0 HeC0MB'&BB0, TO A^lSl MapBCa BeCOMH'&BBO B TO, ^raX) KB 06* 

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vbcmux'h nojoseBÍĚ y^Brejfl: «Hhbto bo MOserB bosbhcbacs 

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TejBBo, pasyMBO* b np. Ho Bacso^BSo to se pascys^eflie Moser^ 

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MOlťB COBHaBÍB ^eJIOB^Ba líOrJB B03BBBaTB TOJIBBO ^pMK, J^MÍ Qcy- 
B^eCTBJíeBifl BOTOpHXl OCTB rOTOBUfl MaTepiajbflJOfl CpOACTBa, BTO — 

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BaaoBŽ^ecTBa 6íiji'b ^Hcro-npoBflÓaTeju^fluž b ero coBHaHÍe coctas* 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



KáVX% MÁPKGl. 69 

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híh sa ^exoBÍqecK0&rb cosHameBTB ocmercfl, Rasercji, nojisafl CBO($OAa 
ne TOJBBO cosHaBaiK sosMOSQoe, ho h cosAaeaTb h npeA'BflBJuiTB 
ipe6oBaHÍfl HeBOSMOSHUfl h npoTBBop^^an^U ycjoBisiu-b npepoAu, 
Tpe6oBaHÍfl jiosRUJi, (f^ajErnaBus, HeecrecTBeHHEifl, sr, HaR0Heí^'B^ 
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£aH MapscB yTBeps^aerB, hto cosHame hobuxi nopflABOBi aojsho 
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nimiHCTH^ecBaro npoi^ecca h npoHSBOACTBa. Euh owl yTseps^aerB, 
HTO nOdiBTHHecRaji óopBÓa^ BOTopyio obi bbabti vh ĚBpont, bo- 
BUTb ^opifB CB CTapuMH, cjiysBrB A-ifl Hero npH3HaB0M'B Tofl se 

SpiJOCTH 8B0B0MHqeCR0fi BO^BU J^m BOBUXl <|»OpMl, TO OH'B Saóu- 

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XOBaaarejibcisa ero BH^ero ae AOBaBUBaiorB^ ajia stpate, ^oBasu* 
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iflTb BOSMOSBoe orb BeBOSMosBaro. ^'hwb &bjí,RÍe h BecoBepmea- 
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^wch BJH BaBpiiBaK^npirB cpexcTBi^ apotaBoaxi^; fl aesaaiD, aasoe^ 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



70 B^OTHISl B&ponH. 

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Tephj Morjo 6u yrsepsAaTS hto-jih6o soxoÓHoe. Bo bchkoitb cjy^ 
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poHH se MapBca dTO— eciecraeHHafl 0fflH<(sa y^asrnsa j^opnaucrB- 
HecRofl ^HXoco^^ÍH, BOHHBBmefi cBoe Bpeiifl. 

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pi^^ift MéagQr btbmh XByiffl uenaicH, b Hto noxoÓHoe npaTBBOpiqie 
vbu^b ecrecTBeHH^e b B^poaxH^, ^^u% uewie obo BHaBOMO es- 

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^piiaxi. Ho dTO fl8CJi'&A0BaBÍe oÓxoahjb coAÍajuictH, evo oóxoxvrb 
B MapscB; no BpafiBefl uiýkj mu ssaeM^b leneps, aa BasoMi oca<h 
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n. 

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sanaxajia— co cropoau Teopen^ecaoft a acTopa^ecsoft. draxa or^ft* 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



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xuepy E Meioxi^ Boiopse, sasL poxEMoe hutho, BUffiMrh exte 
BeorpasEMioTB otfpasoMi. 

Mapsci ÓHjix tíitb BonHOxyHHíiirB ywHEBOirB, BoropiiS se 
xoAjťb yÓixvTBCi, mso «Exek xo<tpa, xomexnraa xo cosBamfl caMOft 
ce<ÍE>, oqrn^ecTBHiacB vh ni^cBoft BOvcTEtyi](iE, ho obi ne nan 

OCBOÓOXHTBCfl 0TB B^pH B& CEJTjr xi^^eBTE^eCBETB XOBasaTeiBem. 

noKOMy, H Vh BhcroímfiVh cjTpoA MapBcy HexocraTO^BO 6ujro 
XOBasaTB HpEqriciBie vh npaBTEvecBEXx oTHon^Hkxi npoTEBop&Hiffy 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



72 B^cmiB^ i^poiH. 

« HysHO (Jfiijo enie A0B;a9aa^ jqiáJiesTH^ecRift Bopem, npnpo^ ^ 
npojacxosA^Hie 9thx'b npoTHBopi^fi. Jí,n btqto ejsmo 6ujio pas- 
jiosHTb npoiteccB nponsBOXCTBa na j(iajeBTH9ecBifl BaTerapiH, npex^ 
craBHTB npoitecCT npOHseoíCTBa, KaK-B nrpy laKHxi BaTeropift, h 
^Tbwb OTHCBaTB Bi Hppi^ Mesxy BHXH lasoe cjiaóoe iri^cro, ro- 
Topoe MOSHO 6u ^010 B£ii;ajB sA TaHECTBenoiiB hckhhhri HOBaro 
flua. IIocjťlj^CTBieMi btofo bjiíabí^ niBQjiH jBíh jiaiOBseHifl MapBca 
4iB;iaeTCfl yrOMBrejBBOe nepeBjajtiBBHie oabofo h toeo se npocroro 
41 noHflTHaro caMoro no ce^ coA^pBUUBÍfl wh pasjHiHHB xiajieBra^e- 
CBifl 4^pHii, BOTopoe HanpacHO yjwmHBeTh HaioaceHÍe^ yroumevh 
BHBMaBÍe) a ajiíi ^HiaTejui, HenpHBuitHaro jí% no^oÓHOfi Mera^HSH^e- 
CBofi mvípij jíjbjíBijeTh canoe HSJíoseHie idcraMB BOBce nenoHJiTHHiťB. 
QboS AÍ£^A6KTflqecBÍfi 2ifizeuM% MapscB cóóiipaen na nepBurL 
CTpaHHnax'^ BBHrB, B 8AÍCB noBTOMy BenpesKi^HE^ ^BiaTejb Bcrpi* 
.^aerca cb HaH(5aiBmHMH jí^jisi nero xpy^HOCiHMs. drony apcenajy 
Mapscib npBAaen oco(5eHHyio BasRsooTB; bo Bce bto HMŠerB Bas* 

BOCTb TOJIbRO paSBŽ Vh RpySfti ABJíerfaHTOBB AiaieBTBBB, B^ BO* 

ŤOpOMy npBsaAJesBTB. MapscB. fl^JOL cyoiecTBa xtxa wb btb aía* 
jeBTB^ecBÍJi AOBasaTeJUbCTBa vkn nojfomeEii^ botophb AOBaanBaen 
Mapscb, se Hiť^ion BBRaBore Harepeea; noBTony a npofixyt ^o 

BOSMOa^HOCTET, BpaiBO AiMeBTBqeCBÍfl BBBJBABB MapBCB. BopO* 

TOiTB, E Bce AsuBflifiinee, ce(5cTBeflH0 spBTHqecBoe conepacaBÍe 
XBnrfl MapRca, bch ea ^BJOCOíJieRafl cyr^HOCTB, ecjiE OTAt«Ncrb ee 
OTi^ qHCTO-(j[»aBXB^ecRofi qacTH, HM^ioi^efi sBaneBie rbicb npocroe 
onBcanie TCRyoiaro npoi^ecca upoBSBO^CTBa, Bupasaeroi bt> Beirso- 
FBx^B cjOBBxi B EB BOTpeÓyeTB AJi ofl o($'Bacfleflifl MBoro ir&cra. 
BoraicTBO o6mecTBa,~nBmeTfi MapRci,— b^ RoropoM^ rocnon'* 
GTByerB RansTajucTB^ecRÍfi cnocoCrB upoBSBOACiBa^ BBJBeTCJi npesAe 
Bcera b^ be^ rpoMa^Baro CBoaieHifl tobb^bi^. IIoBTOMy MapRcrB 
BauHaerB Bce cBoe Esjíoseflie cb asajiaBa noHaidi Tosapa; btotib 
anajiESi b npBBOABrb ero k% otk^uújo xpro AÍ&<s€|^CTflqecRaro spo* 
nsopt^ifly RQTopoe AO^aiflo cocraBBTB saRBacRy npaBTB^ecRBxi npo-* 
TBBopl^iS. TaBOfi TOBapab,— BEmerB MapRCít,— ecTB npex^e Boero 
KaRaa-jflÓo Ben^B, nojiesHaa qeiOB'&Ry. Ho raRaa noiesHOCTB eme 
Be fiikídierb Bemji TOBapoMi». dra sojiesBOCTb Bemfi J^sl nejOBŠRa 
B o6paii;aerb ee tojibro fb BSFicTByfo i^íbboctb ajtb nejiOB^Ra* 
CaMB no ce6b BeoiiB btb ae iMlIenb BBRaRoB i^^beoctb, ho 
npexcraBjíBeT^ BBRaRoB ctobmoctb. KoaroMy i^tsBocmK' se ecro 
npBposA^BBoe eBoftcTBO Beo^^, a ^ xasoe cboSctbo, Boropoe bos-^ 
BBsaerb A^g ebx'b bkb TOCX0T06i^$cTBéaDUK^ oiBOBieBifi, bcj^- 
CTfiie npBBOCBOBeBÍfl vh Ben^iTb veioBiia. 3to npaRQCH0B6HÍe 
^ejioBÍ^ R!b Ben^tiťB, sacsojbRO qho; BMien cboSctbo o6pa* 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



Kipn iipsoi. 73 

iqaT& Bent^ fe qftHHOCTB^ ne ecTB OTBje^eHHoe; oho Hiri&en 
eB(na B^bmeioK) lOfiRpeTByic) ^pjáy h paayirleTcx vb ^Hcro^icaTe^ 
piairaoiTB CMticxi. IIoa^b hhmx pagyirleTCfl esB^cTHafl cyMMa ^ejo- 
lAfeesaro Tpyjpi, icrpaieHnag ^eJOstsoMi na f^MBjío Ben^b, e 
nipa SToro npHBOCHOBeHÍfl, hih Kojn^ecreo Hcrpa^eHoaro qeaoei- 
ion Tpyxa ajsivrb bi to se Bpeiu iiipofi ittHHOcre hjh eroi* 
vocTH Bemji. < IIodTOMy, — nemerb Maps(rE, ^— pascMaTpHBaeHoji 
sarB, croBMOGiii, Bea^a npexcrasjuiiorB ne ^ito HBoe^ KaR'B specraiJiH- 
MBaBHBft Tpyx>». Ho E BTO npEEocHOBeHíe ^i6áOB%vecsaro Tpy^a 
n BeI^E, o6panuui ee vb ujbnaocth^ ne oópan^aen emjd Ben^H fb 
TOBapB. Oho OAHaso CRadiiBáerB vh ce6i yse totl nponfecci, ko* 
topiorB cosxaerefl Mffrepiaji'B ;i(jfl pasBurLi bsb eohetúi ctoemocte 
noHiTÚi TOBapa, a bm'£ctí cb hbitb e Bce ocBOBaHÍe ECBOnaro 
jpajesravecBaro npoTBBopfriifl. Oho codAaenB ^^oftCTBesHoe sHavenie 
Xia Ben^H: Benui — saBi Beo^H e Ben^E — Basi nmbcrnotí cyMMu ipyxa. 
Oio-TO OTOSAecTBjeHie sen^E e ^ejioBib^ecsaro Tpy^a e cjiysan 
yse 03Ba^eHHEiirB MaTepia^OMB. T^mi ne Meate, noRa eu^e sa xott 
cveneHE pascys^eHin, AO soropoft hh AomjE, sep^b, npespaTEBrnBCL 

tOABO BS erOEMOCTb EJE I](%HHOCTb) 611^6 HO EOJiy^EJia sHa^esifl 

TOBapa. Mh cef nacTB yBEXHMx^ BaBi» oisa bb nero odpaTHnui. Ofoe- 
xocTb BemeŘ nojiymerB cBoe BHi^mHee BupaseHie nocpeAciBoirB 
OTEomeHÍfl paaiE^HDX^ Beo^ ;(pyn rs Apyry ejie vtl otiH^ea. 
Taxi BarB Ben^ npe^craBjEerB Bse^THoe BOJiEHecxBO TpyjW, to 
EH MoaseiTB npejiCTaBBTb eetfi aro OTHomeHÍe bb AByxi pasiiEHEMrs 
«EiiCjaxi»: fljra Baai senocpexcTBeHHoe OTHomeEie rbrb wjvmnvb 
rpyK^j BOTopuE npeAcraBjBiOTL Ben^E^ eje BasrB orsomeHie Beo^i, 
XBBB o6u±wb xpyj^a sa xpyj^B eje BaB'& o^míh^ Beo^E na Ben^B* 

Ob nepBaro Bar^a^a BasercH, BaBi-Óy^ro Bce paBEO, BasB he 
BpexcraBjflTB ceói aro OTEomeoie; sa jiíbisi se, CHorpa no lony, 
uxpo B8i XByxB ^^pm npeAcraBjeHÍB ira ES^epeM^, nojy^aioTai 
1 pasjíE^Bue pesyjBTaTB. 

Dpa^yETH, BOTopse a npoEBBOsy aib ce&i, xifl CBoero yno- 
TfeUieaUj ne cocraBjíJiiorB en^e TOBapa, Hecnorpa hb tq, ^to ohk 

tJTb f^B MeHfl I^^HEOCTE. TOEHO TaRSO EpO^RTtf^ ROTOpue EpO* 

BSBoffEn ceMBE AJifl CBoero yaoTpe6iiesÍE^ se cyn xoBapii, HecMoipa 

fla TO, ETO BB BXl EpOEBBOACTBt yUCTByeTB TpyXB HO OAHOFO JBAa, 

a EiesojBSBXfB jiEi^. HaROflei^B, to^ho laRse oe 6jfijTh xoBi^aME 
wfOKjvm, EOTopue opoebboabti x^e ce6E e bceboo ROonepaiEBsoe 
o^ecTBO. DoTOMy ase bto? — «noTOMy», OTBtEaexB MapRCB, *tco 
wfteB EpOEcxoxBTB Dpflxoll o6míh% Tpy^a Ba TpyxB; Bdb OTBom.er 
Bil 0TifciBHizz!B jEip» jipyrB Kb Kp^fj 0C!raK>Tca OTflomeHÍEHE xpyxtt 
*^ '^JfJ B^ ^ro EenocpexciBeEfloA íffO^ni, em oTEomeHiEME jei^ 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



74 BtmĚMn iBPom. 

Wh nnfiwb. JÍBJífi dfjbch ue no^aBuerci Ben^uo; Ben^H Nsyres 
MesjQT C060B TOJLBEO lepeei nocpexcrBO Jiii](i». BraRi, nosa mu tiy* 
jífiwb npeACiaRUTL o6uiwb bi ^^mí oÓicÍHa xpyxa Ha ipyx^, y 
HacB He noflBiTCfl noHflxúi losapa. J^m loro, ^lotfH Beiii[B npespa- 
TuacB BB TOBaiKB, HysHO, 9To6ii OHa 6un BUEecena iia piiHoss 
xu o6irbHa na Apyryio Beiii[B, Rasi npoxyBra AByrB coBepineiso^ 
HH^iiTb fle eBflsaHHuxtB Mes^y coÓoiD Jíwn;hy spoM*! bthx^ Bea^eft. 
IIpB laBoiTB oůnisbj JHi^a BXOXflTB BB conpBROcHOBeHÍe Mesxy co- 
({ofi He npíMOy a ^epesi nocpexciBO Beo^efl; nenocpexcrBenHaro oř* 

HOmeHÍfl Han CBASH ICeSXy JIHI^aiíH, OÓM-lHHBaBDQ^BMH TOBapH, cotf- 

CTBeHHO yse ne cyn^eciByerB k bb HenocpeACifieHHoe (KrHomeHÍe 
BXOtfTB yace ee JiHi^t^ a Beo^H. JEai^a se npexcrasjuiKm^ 8X^ He* 
6ojAej Basi HocuBn^HBaMH Ben^fi, Boropun caicH-coÓOD ne MoryrB^ 
XBHPaTBCfl. npH TasoiTB uo^^fiKiAf nepBOHa^ajiBHHfl oÓqecTBeiiHiiui 
OTHomeflifl jBi^ ApyrB Kb Apyry whÍeslwsoí OTHomemaMi Beiqeft 
XpyrB Kh xpyry. Bem^ noxaBJíflerB h HCBJtroiaerb zmiipj h bto npe- 
BpaiqeHÍe coBepmaercfl HesaiiŠTHuici oÓpasoMi, HamHaa cb wn^ 
TTO ^eiOBÍHecBÍ& ipyx^, oroKecTBjeHHul cb Beo^H), Ha^HHaerB npo- 
xaBaiBCfl H iKm]naaTBe< bb íffopui Bem/i. PasB xonyn^eHo lasoe 
OTOsecTBdieHie ^esoBbiecBaro Tpyxa hjh jnaocTH cb bcii^bk), OExy 
npoxojEsaerB paaBHBaiBCfl caHO-coÓoio; pasi OTHomemfl jhi^b m- 
idH^ui OTHomeHiflMH TOBapoBB Hjra ^0^^, HysHO ÓyAeiB yse ■ 
eanyx) lejOBinecsyK) jih^hoctb paBCMaTpHBaTB^ sasi TOBapB, h do- 
craBHTB ee b:b nojoseflie lOBapa. diHirB nyreirB AiaieBíH^ecnoe 
npoTHBOp^^iey nepexoAfl bb A^ftcTBRreiBHOCTB, 6yxeTB ciysBTB hciov* 
Bxmwb CesBOHeHHuxi npoTHBopi^^iB, na soropfirxB, no Mapscy, 
H crpoflTCfl Bci spaBa fcanunuuaf h xoropufl ohb naifi cefi^ac^ 
pascBaserB. 

EanHiajTE, no mh^hík) MapBca, posxaercs hsb oÓiiiHa tobi^ 
poB^y cocvaBifleiB pesyiBTan Taioro oÓM-bna uh oópan^emfl Tosa*- 
poBi. <06paii;eHÍe TOBapoBi», roBoperB oh!b, <ecrB HCxoxHaa Toisa* 
BanHT&ia*. IIoBTOMy ToproBjm cocraBJíaerB to Heo(SxoAiMoe npexBa- 
parejBHoe yciOBÍe^ soiopoe Boerxa spexuiecTByerB Bh HciopiH no- 
aBieBÍH) BanBTaia. EoHeimunb pesynTaiom oÓii^Ha ABikeicfl hs- 
B&THafl npi<$aBoiBafl ciOHMOCTBy iBOTopafl H xaers na^aio Bamrnuy*. 
3ia npHÓaBO^Hafl ctohmoctb BniuiiHHm oÓpasoirB BupasaefCfl oůam^ 
HOBeHHO BfB B8BÍeTHofi cyiiM'i deHcvs. A noTOMy sanBrajn ho- 
aBjflerci o($iiiBHOBeHHO kb seropii bb ^pufb xenesHol. Orsyia 
OAHaso MosetB Q(^[ia80BárBca laRaa npafeBOMaa croHMocfB? He- 
r^yXHo BHx^TB, HTO opocTofi o6míe% TOBapoBB caiTB no*ce((£ eni& 
ne MoaerB hh vh RaaoMs ciy^ai BeciH bb otipaaoBaHÍio Tasol apH* 
4kiB0TO0ft cKWMOoíHi a cjAxoBaTejí&HO H BanHiaia. OaonKO 611 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



KÁFll MiFlOl. 75- 

pgh UM VB vbBíMB OKBJ Wmjb Hft XPyi*yK>9 0TB WOFO CJMUh o6^ 

lásBůisimrh BemfiŘ ne yBeianrcfl. OŮMfbwh cam no o^ ne bi^ 
cocwhíh BiisBarB he Maiiflmaro npEpan^eflifl. PascMarpaBafl 6mw» 
wfmcb qÚiAbAj uh nošením ch ^paiaaBHoi ciopoBH npexcrasHrn 
er» n AByxi pasjHVHuxi BH^axi. H^i a npc^aia ToeapB na 
ffttn B Ha 9TII xeHBTfl no^TnaiD bobhB TOBapi — rairb nocrynaerb^ 
umkbA npoiBBOXHiejB; uh a nosynaio Towph na xenra h npo* 
WD ero onaTB sa A^Ebni— xas^ Bocrynaen Bcasii synei^i. B%r 
nepeon cjyui OBOHnafejBHuirB pesy^BTatoiTB oÓMina aBuercft 
iDBipi; BO BTopoiTB— xeHBni. 

Ob BaiiHHefl, 4^pMaiBH0fi cfopoHH o6a nopajisa o6iribBak pas- 
mflB; HO 9T0 pasjíH^ie h OBaHiHBaerca. arofi bh&ihhoctbh), Bi ey- 
wfcoA xbja, BaRHiTB tiu itb xsyx^ nopaxBOBi hh coBepniajca 

OfiMtffB, H3B Odlf^Ha HO MOSeTB OÓpadOBaTBGfl HHBaMl HpHÍlaBO^* 

kA eroHMocTH. B^b peayjuTait wAtl oÚiAnwb, xon 6u ohh ho- 
Biopuia MHJuioHu pasi, ocraHercfl Bce lose BOJiH^ecxBO Beoieii. 
lasoe 6uMf h, ci^AOBaTeuBo, Heoray^a otipaaoBaTBca EAumuj^ 

IIpB(SaBO^UU)fi ClOHMOCTH HO MOSetlB OÓpaSOBaTBCH HBl laBHXl^ 
6(!ilÍH0B:By OHOBHAHO, HOTOMy, TTO OÓMiBHBaeiCiiH BeO^H HO <}6jífiffiMyrh 

ciocoÓflocTBH) caMH coCoA yBeaHHBBaxBCfl h nepeMia^eBie etb bbi^ 
pyn n pysa caMO no ee&b ne kb cocroamu aocoamitb hhi aroft 
CDoee(!BociH. Jlotrb aroro, au loro, hto6h icoraa oÓpasosarBCH 
OBiia^eHHaji npHCaBoiHaa ctohmoctb, o^obhaho Heo6xoxBMO, %To6it 
BOcrixHee npaBHJio hjih sasoHi osasajHOB HeenpaBexJiHBaMH, xora 
tt ii|»MÍHeaÍH vh saBOMyniBÓo orpaBE^ranoiiy p^xy sentefi; iiotfic 
00Kyaii(H£y yxa^ocB Hafon laiol TOsapB^ Boropiift o6jaxMi» (ki 
CBoSciBOMi, HOjesaffB KB OFo pysaxib, craiB hcto<ihbbqi|^^ ffiah 
nňctBuŘ spBpoGTB sa 9T0 BpeMfl Bifl npfljuoxi»9 vojífiÓBhíŘ roi^r 
Mol ffooTb pacTBieiBBHe H aKBBOTHiie opraBBBini. Tasoro npH-* 
SKWt H6 MOserB x»TB HBsaBai ifepxBaa cana no cetfi Beopraas-^ 
wiaa Ben^ HBBasott lOBapB bb o6HBBOBeBBOM% cMucdi, bh c»p- 
lysB, be X01CB9 bb lonaTa; ero mosot^ xarB tojibbo Mva^h opra- 
Bneecaa, nociBBjíeBflafl wb nojioseflie Tosapa^ — shbo& opraBAsm. 
Taiofl TOBBpB noBynaTexB xbfiCTBBreiBBO BaxoxBTB bb pkbbí; btotb^ 

lOB^ly rOBOpBTB MapBC%| eCTB CaiTB ^aiOfitBl Bh aOJi(»BeBÍBÍ 

{tttSozHBBa BiB Ton se neioBiieeiiĚ ipyx^B b^ ^piii lOBapa.. 
T&KiB!B oÓpasoMi padraxBa nosBieHÍB npH^aBO^Bol ctobhoctb sa^ 
^iiV>; HdOHBBBOiTB 61 ciysfiTB, HO MapEcy, ^ejoeftiecBÍM Tpyx^r 
iociaBjeBBii& KB Hoioseflie* lOBapa. 3aM%^y oxbbbo, ito MapB» 
ipi BiOMi flanpacBO (MrpaBEVBBaeni biotb ECiro9BSB'B npE6aB09Bott 
enufocTH oxBBiťB mpjfdoMi. Pbxb paaeyax^Bii, nyreirB xoropfimB; 
tt T0ABO*^rTo npEBeiE ^Hiarejui bíb orspHrix) Eeio^BBBa spatfa- 



Digitized by CjOOQ IC 



76 BMiimi IBPOUH. 

BOqnOfi CTOHMOCTH, CaiTB C060fl nOKaSHBaen, ^TO TaBHMS hctoihk-* 

BOiťE npetiaBOiHoft croKMOcrir, a cjiij^OBaTe.iBHO h Banetaia, MOsen 
^uTb BCflBÍfi TOBapi, xaioii^íjt npHQjiojrB, coocotfHufi yBe^UHnjMkihcsí 
BesaBHCBMO OTs BjiiflHÍfl Ha Hero Tpyx& ^ejiOBŠBa; TasHMi 001*0^** 
HHBOifB MO«erB 6htl čepeno, seMJia, eaorB — ^sjioboitb Boe, ttó 
cnocoÓHO caMO eo6ofl noposAaii» cyMvy hobuxi nojiesHHxi noipe*- 
ůvtejii^EiATL^h CTOHMocrefi, MO^JI^Hx^ o6paTHTbCfl vb irbeOBiifl. Ho 
MapBCB orpaHBTOBaerb bctoibbbi npH6aB0VH0tt ctohmocth h sa* 
BETajuk o;íhhmi> npe^^MeroMt — nejoBiMecBHM^ ipy^OMi. 

Jl^jifl Toro, OAHaBO, ^toÓbi nejOB^HecBifi xpjA^ motb craib bibitb 
HCTO^HBBOirs, TpeÓyeTCB^ roBopuTE MapBCi, f^cbojbbo ycaosift: 
Tpe6yeTCBy 9to6ei HaqajBHEffi BjiaA'6jei^ btoto rpy^a, TO-ecrb cam 
pa6oTHBBi>, 6ujn> BUBysA^ni npoAasaTb cboA TpyA^ ne bb ^pifb 
Beniefi^ vb Boropufl obi MOj&evb Óath Bonjon^eHi, a b% cupoS 
saTypajbHoM 4>opM'6 ipyxa u vbmme Bpena bm^ji npaeo cbo5oa- 
HO pacnoaaraTb cbobmi ipy^oirb. Ecjih btb ycAOsifl coÓjnojsfiBUj 
TO nopBAOR'b oÓpasoBanifl npECaBonnoS ctohmocth totobi. 

Rasi Bcasift TOBapi, paSo^an CHJia hjih TpyA'B f^oxTR^wb hm^tb 
CBOK) ir&HOByK) CTOBMocTb. 9ra ir&HOBafl ctobhoctb onpextjiHTCfl 
TOHHO Tasise, BaB'b ona onpeA^JBercfl h ajb Bc%x'b TOBapoBi Boo6fl^e, 

TO-eCTb CrOHMOCTb €fl npOBSBOACTBa HJH, TO^H^e, BOCHpOHSBeAeniff. 

?ero se cróHrb epobsboactbo tpyAft? BiipaseHnaa bb Ben^ax'B9 
-CTOBMOCTB TpyAa pasoflercfl Tony MaTepbsjíy, KOTopuB AOaseHi no-^ 
TpedHTb opraHHSMi pa6oTHHBa jí,m Toro, htoÓu 6uTb vb coctoahíh 
nocraBHTb AanHoe BOJiH^ecTBo pa^oru, Bopo^e — čOAepsaHÍio pai6o^aro 
43a BpeMfl paóotii. BHpadBeHHafl fb eAflHHiiiaxB pa6om, eia ctob- 
MOCTb paóo^ett CHiu pasHneTCB xoMy BOJH^ecTBy pa6oTfi, BOTopoe 

HySHO HCTpaTHTB AU HpOBBBOACTBa COAepjBaHÍJI pa60THBBy HB BpeMii 

pa($OTu. 3thm'b BOJifl^ecTBOMi onpeA'l^JuieTCB Ta patfo^aa ojaTa, bo- 
TopyK) HaHBMttreab sanjiaTHJii paÓOTHHBy sa ero pa5oTy. IIojo- 

B&BM-B, ITO 8T0 BOJB^eCTBO, HJH CTOBMOCTB COÁepsaHÍB patfo^aro, 

HJfl paÓOHftfl njara paBHBKxrcfl HiecTH nacBMi pa6oTii; vb tbbom^ 
<uy^a^, npopaÓOTBBB mecTB nacoBB, paÓOTHBBi BOSBpaTBTB Hann- 
MBTejno pafioTofi bch> patfo^iyB) uaTy^ KOTOpyio ohb otb nero no* 
jiyqHjrb; bosbpbtbtb b% o6nQ^fo Maccy i^'1&HH0CTeA Bce, ^T6 oh'b BSfijrB 
H8B HOfl A^B CBoero cy^ecTBOBaHÍfl B% TeqeniH ho mecTH qacoBib 
patfoTH, a i^-laaro ahb. 

IIo HCTeieHÍB mecTB ybcobb paóorfii) cyrnna Ben^eft h i^i^nao* 
<^Teft ocTaHe?cB, cjiobomi, xa se, BaBBB (SuJia ao naqaja paóoru k 
naltMa namero pa6oTHHBa. Ho, sariMi, bb Te^eHÍB Toro se ahjt 
paóoTHHBB npopa6oian eqe hobhxi mecTB qacoBB, TaBB bbbs 
6un BaHBTB um Byiuesb ne na mecrb hbcobi, a na q&iKt a^h^* 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



KAřJCB UXfKffh. 77 

Bb 9TH noci^^xHifl mecTb laeoBi, cnbrb, sohoheo, npoHBBej^erB e8B']&ct* 
lyB eyMMy hobuxi Bewfii uh eiOHMOOTell) e bos ara cyniia 6y* 

Beniijefi, HaxoAHBmHXCfl vh crpan^ bjih rocy^apcxB^ m,o Ha&iia va^ 
m^ pafio^aro^ noTOMy hto cojiepaaHie pa(í<Haro y»e OAjaneHO 
sa m^juitt xeHB nepBUKB mecrbio vacáíifH paéoru. drofi^io ihcto 
]i^(ÍaBOHHott CTOHMoerbK) h BoepouayeTCfl MnErajnerB, h ojsa-iY> 
I AacTB Hanajo KanErajiy. 

3^[^ onarb c^ijiye/rb saii^ETB, ^ro t^ oe GOsepmeHeo pas- 
eysAemji npBMd^Hmi a ne toubo itb ^eďiofiiqecMicy Tpy^y, ho e bo* 
BCflB(^ Apyrofi npOBSBoxBieiBHoB €Hiiš: seMiiš, AopeBy^ Jiomao^^ 
BQjy fl iipo^iee. 

EcjE c6t;^psaBÍ6 jionia^B onynaercfl ipeiui ^acaníH en pa^ora, 
a OBa paóoraeírb A^iiifi AesB^ to ona oópasyerb npfl6Ma9HyH> 
CTOBMOCTb; eciB paexow no o6pa]0OTB^ somjih noKpiiBaiotcfl wshEO 
HBCTBH) ea IU0A0H&, to Bca oerajiBHafl nacTB ujioaob^b oÓpaayerrB h 
ijpB(!afio<iflyK> CTOBiiocTB. Ha 8tom^ ocQOBaHiit jaa^ajio KaoBraxy 
xaerb He BCBJiK)^flTe;iBHo ^ejOBŠ^ecBÍft TpyAi»9 a coBM^bciHafl A^a*- 
lenHOCTB caMofi opapoxu b ^ejK>BdbBa. Pan ^ombm ceMj núáy^ 
naion^aflcfl npB cobm^cthomi a^ActbIb Tpy^a b cbjtb ppappAH bs 
^pM*! npoAysTa, snaHHTejBB^e Tofi, BOTopafl Bcrpa^ena Óu^ia na 
ea oÓpasoBanie, BSJíBraeKi ea, cocraBjfla TOCxyio ůpHfiujiB, ^aert. 
ocHOBaHÍe BanBTajiy. 

Ob Apyrofl ciopoHH, otcbbaho TaB»e, mx> hb oaho bsi ycjo- 
BÍfi, nepe^BCiflemixi MapscoMi, hb CBo6oAa pacnopasenifl TpyAOM^B^ 
HH BUHysAeHHOCTB npoAaBaTB ero íbI ^pai^ Tpy^a— ae cocTaBafliors 
ycjOBÍfl, BOTopiiB 6u 6eijib HysHBi Ajisl na^axa BannTajia Booóo^e. 
Ohb BysHK TOXBKO A^fl ifOHonoxBsai^iH BanBiajia b noroHy oocraB- 
xnoTB ycjOBifl ne o6pa8dBaHÍx sanATaxa^ a ero MQBonoxesaipfl; 
Be o6pa80BaBÍB bxb BoaBBBBOBeBifl RanBTaxa b^ oi^ecroi BooSn^e, 
a BOBHflBflOBeHix ero nyreiťB oÓMisa. 

]IpB(SaB09Hafl ^aeTB paóo^aro ahb, vb TeHeeÍB Koropoft pa<$0T- 
HHKB pa6oTaevB yse sa sanBTaxBera, cxysarB irfepoA pa^OTci^ 
MTopoS noxBsyercfl BamiTaxflcrB bsx o6meft cyiof h paCoiB, noeraB- 
xeBfioS pa<SoTBBBOBrE. EcxB pa6oTHBBi& orrpa6oTB[BaeT& cbok) pa6o- 
lys) nxaiy bb Te^enÍB v iacoB% paéoiu b sar^irB paCoraen eioe- 
m ^Ěcovhy TO paÓOTHBKB T^iTB caiciiirB paÓOTaerB v ^aooBi^ na 
oetfs B m AJB BaoBTaxACia. ^Ibcxo lacoBi. m^ soTopoe paÓOTHHKB 
pi6oimerB na BanBraxBera, BiipassaerB HBCsyio npaÓHXB Banarar 
XAcra, a hbcxo naco^B, Boropoe pa6oTHBR^ patforaierB Ha cetfa, bh* 
pusaerB paóo^yx) nxaTy^ soropyio ynxaiBBaerB RaHHTaxHcn. Otbo- 

BieHie ^ pEBHo oTBomeHÍK) npB^aBOHHaro TpyAa kl Heo(5xoAHMOMy 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



78 BMTHHKE IBFOmi. 

^M noBpBTÚi puůcket luam jsme xocruon^eicycfl pa(SomRy, uv , 
^<yTHome^e ^hctoí npnÓHJH samrancra vb paÓo^eA niwA BHpa- 
.xnien, corjacHO Mapncy, creneHB 8BC^JiyaTa^iH pa((oiiefi cajih n* 

IIHTaiBCfOMl. 

MapKCB npnoxm híckoiuo vcpoMipwh, noBaaBBafDn^HrB, 
sasyv) BejHWHy npexprasňeTE bto OTH<HBeHÍe b^ ;(%ttcTBBTeiftr 
moms. npHBexen owswh npHicšpiby othocab^Icx vh n^f^naot 
4a6pHB'6, a ^Hcjo— ^ffb 1860 r. 

Páoxo/tb. EaaeHextjiiHoe nerpedieHÍe xioinca 11,500 $., no 7 
iieHCOB% sa ^^HTE, npH 1,500 ^. OT((pocy,— 336 4^yHT. ciepji. ^icao 
MpeieHi 1 0,000, otohmoctbh) no 1 Hf. us^oe* ÉxeFOXHaa yrpaia 
na Beperenaxi 12Vo cocrasjaerB 1,200 íff. c. bi ro;rB, a vb ne- 
jt^^jio 24 4>. c. Esenex&ibnafl yrpara na napoBol Mannrai 20 $. c. 
BcaoMoraTejiBHUfl Ben^ecTBa: yrojB, Macjio 40 $. c— Hioro 420 4. c. 
Ujara pa0OTHHRairB 70$. c — Bcero 490 4>yHT, crepji. 

IIphxoxb. no híbí sa ^ym npisH, paBHoft 1,1 nnu., sa 
10,000 $. np^isn 550 $. e. C^-IxoBaTejiBno, Hncraa npeóim sa- 
nHTajíHGTa 550 — 490«'60 ý. ciepjranroB^, a nm ncrpa^eno na 
paóory 70 4>. n norony OTHomenie ^hctoB npn<5HjiH n patfowfi 

njai4 paBHO 75 = y hoith cahehiicí. 

Hiaisi^, BOTB xi BHBOAH, icB BOTopuiTB npmof,iiTb\ HO Mn'£niio 
MapBca, na npaBíHBi osHa^ennoe AiaJieKrH^iecKoe npOTHBopi^e 
oÓpan^eHÍfl Tpyxa bi lOBapi. 

m. 

noenorpEMi lenepB, nasoft bí^cb n sna^enie MOiyn nirtn 
TOXBBO-^o npHBeffennzifl padcycxenu Mapsca. 

3aMÍTHir£ npeflBxe Bcero, ^to BUBe^ennoe mrB orromenie vh 
paóo^efi DJiait ^ncraro Aoxo^a omHaeiea otb toto, soropoe pas* 
^^aTpsBaercfl o^uBnoBenno nox^ nneneH^ «iipoi^«nTa» tojtbbo tími, 
^TO 8x^B ^nenifi xoxox^ x^btci ne na BecB saipa^Bsaeiiiifi xa^ 
mmurB, BavB bto x&taercfl omocnrenno <npoAenTa», a tojibbo 
na ^acTB nanirajm, Baipa^insaeMyK) na paóory; ocraiBnas se ^acrs 
icannrajia ne tfepeicfl bi pa8Ciet% BOBce. 

TasHiTB npienoiTB oÓiiBnoBennafl Bejraqnna upoi^enra snatn- 
TeiBno yBejinnBaeTCfl, b6o x^jrarejieirB npn6iijin nBjaeiea zjsíbcb 
ne BeoB BanBraix, HcrpaTOnniil na npoHSBoxcTBO, a toibbo ^acT& 
samiTaxa^ BCTpa^mBaeMafl na paÓo^R) maiy. ?to tbboA npieirB 
BecBna yxo6enB x^ Toro, hto0h BticrasHrb vh ipBoirB CBŠrb bgt- 
roxu BanBzaiHera h noBuroxu paÓOTHEsa — b^ btoitb wbT% nEBavoro 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



coMirhrig; bú sacmmo oh% Mosen (&m xonynteai m canov^ 
X^ n TQifB cmcji, Bi HUEOirB ero Aonyesaerb MapB», T.-e. 
n mot cfenemr ossaieHHoe OTHomeme MoserE Óítib x<t>nyi46H0 
joash BopameHÍe cieaeHH dseflJiyaTaivK pa6(n^ chjih MovcaioirB) 
aio— BonjNKrB, OTHoarreABO loroparo Hej^nr optEAn cjon Mapsca 
Bt jApj. fifiirycmb 8fo mosho Tojnuco cfíknn oxho np^Bapereib-^ 
Bie npexnMOseHie,— HMeHHO, ^tobcji ^hctía npHteib cocrauxen 
na caMom ji/bjrb iipojorsn xesyn^uíti 'ipyxa; ero Bomofl^eHÍe h npH- 
tna ero ojisoro. Bor& 9to*to noioseme xonycaaen Mapaci; ■ 
ůBOrm xojuKHo 6fin% npeiBapHieuHO xofiasaHO^ noroiiy hto on 
BipHoen wo 8ttHCiiT% ae touko b^phoctl Bcero xonyn^eHHaro hm*^ 
pasCTeim, ho Hay^Hiii B6e& Bcero ero HscjAxosaHÚr,— Tass aass ui 
len^ yse Hacrojuo noxBHHyjraeb bi iisiosems coxepxam bhhth 
Mapsca, htoÓu bbx^tb, ^to xn caiioro asropa vh osHaneHEOirB 
BoiozeHÍH CBpHBaeicfl rxaBHafl T0«a onopn Bcero xuBHiftmaro 



IIociioTpHirE se, HacsojiBBO 8T0 noioseflie B^pso. 

IIpei;xe Boero saiciTEm, tto pascTOn, Boropst x^aen Mapic^ 
ua pascHerby cam no cetii BH^ero ne xosawBaerB. IIoBTopHirB 
eiqe pasi aron pasraerB vh toitb 6oMÍe BomieHTHpoBaHHOirB bbx'6, 
n BasoiťB noBTopaerb ero MapBCi. Oxhh!e ^yHn npaaui cróan 
1 nmjj. 6 n.j a BaBJOOieHHaa vb newh xiomaraH ({yiiara 1 m. uh 
V< loro, Tr6 CTOOTB npflsa. Ha 9T0irB ocHOBamB 20 $. xjionBa 
6jxyTk paBHH 13,33 ^ npflSfl, noBpuBaH)rB coÓoB ctoimoctb Bcero 
cuporo Maiepiaia uh uonsa, Basimraioii^arocfl vb soinqecTBi 
BpiXH, paBHOiTB 20 ^ymaiTB, h xtio npexcrasjaercB TasHirB 
<)6paaairB, BaB:E 6jxto na upoBSBoxcrso nepBiix^ 13,33 ^, npasH 
ae tifijo yaorpetfjieao HflBasoro xpyxa, opyxiS h nponee, a Ha npoiB- 

BOffCTBO 6V3 OCTaiBHHXK ^HTOBl HpflSH HO (SíUO yHOTpetfjieflO 

fluaioro CBporo Maiepiaia. Ha toitb se ocHOBanÍH HsiVocraK)- 
flpxcfl 6V< é* npisH, 2 V3 MOSHO pascMarpoBaTb Kxn HpexcraB- 
jflDOUe Touxo ciOflMOCTB HcxpaiieHHEirL opyAÍft, H HaSOHeit^B HO* 
oi^Hie 4 ^. npasH, sasB Booaoiqaniqíe coóoft HCBiKmuejBHO 
ipyx^ coeTaBiflH)iiúe HpoxyicrB HCBjnoraTeiBHO oxBoro ipyxa, h 
flpHiom TasaiTb oÓpasoaii, qro 2 ^. h9b btoto bohaou^híb Tpy- 
xa otfpaB(aH>Tca kb noauy patfoTHisa, ^yrie 2 kb noxBsy Baai- 
tancva. 

MapBCB HAiajii 8X^B paBcqerb ch ciiporo iiaTepia;ia h xoh- 
UJVB ero TpyxoM^ noeMorpiirB, htó BiiixerB, ecifl Ha^aTB ero cb 
mrroro ueHa, hojoshitl — cfB ^yxa. Torxa nu xm^hh ($yxeirB 
pascysxaiB TaicB: 2 ý. HpasH HpexcraBxiuon coOofi ctohmoctb le* 
BjQiaro Tpyxa. A^^ HpexcfaBiaeiea laKi, Baaib tfyxxo n nepBux'B 



Digitized by CjOOQ IC 



80 BAomiBif isponBU 

XBjx^B ^^jBBraxi npssH ne 3aKjio^aji[oc& hh ú^eovo avoiia Maittpiaia' 
H opyAÍtf, a. Bs ocmjbHuxi 18 <|. npssH hh o^Horo aioMa Tpyxa. 
GiÍAyi(^^Í6 sarlif^ ISVs ^. opsoLH; iipexcTaBjifls>rB qoóoll acrpa*^ 
^ensuflecipofi tfaTepian. OoraidTCfl 20—2 — 13,33=4,66 ^. npjnsH, 
BOTop£l6 Jáovyvb npeAcmsyiATB cotfofi toibio paóory opy^iB* Jli^&ia 
npeAcraasaerca laraicb otípasoicii, savB 6yAia opyxúi BunpajiGr dis 
4,66 (j[». HSb BOSAyxa h (Sesi BcaBaro coxbŘcmsí TeBjm^aro Tpyjia. 
HaBOHeii^, H3^ eTHX'B 4,66 ý. spasH 2,66, hjhb ctohkoctb opy^ifl 
npeAcraBJísťen Heo<JxoABMyfo paóory opyjútt Ai^a nospuris CBoero* 
coAepsaHÍfl; ocrajiiiHue se 2 <{». npasH — apHÓaBO^HyH) h ooBepmeH^ 
HO AapoByio paÓory opy^it, Boropaa Aocraercfl ooBepmeHUO abpoite^ 
5eBi BCflBoB saTpatu na Hee xort OAHoro aroiia CEiporo Matepiaia^ 
' H TOByn^aro ipy^a, xarB sasi CTOHMOcrb Toro n xpyroro yae bhoikď^ 
OHJaqeHa nepsuMS 13,33 ^. npflSH. 

Ocrafon^iecfl 4,66 (jjf* cocraBMiorB, ca^AOBarejbHO, iHcratt npo- 
AyBTÍ paÓOTu opyAÍfi, BOTopaa, bmícto xoro, ^to6£i npoAOJnsaifcCft 
6 nacoBi, npoxoJsajacB 12. Ho opy^ifl npenaAJiesarB sanaTajH- 
cry, cjr&AOBarejixHO, wb^h HHiero yABBHTejBHaro, ecss enj xocraiOTca 
Bdb 6,66 $. npuui. 

Mu Ba^HMOi, ^TO Hanil pascnerB oBasHBaeicji HHCsonso ae- 
iieH^ CTp(»TB, ^'bwb pascveTB Mapsca, a icesAy tšbtb ohi. npH- 

BOAHTl HBCB B'B BBIBOAy OOBepmeHHO apOrEBOnOJIOSHOMy, li&BfB TOTB,. 

Wh BOTopoMy npHzoAHTB MapBGTB. OrcfOAa ho oit^yerB eii^e bohb^iho^ 
mi>6u HaoTB pasc^erB Óujtb bhojihí npaBBJíBHtífl^ ho c^jsjefrb- 
TOJiBBO, iTO H pascflOTB Mapsca ne MOserB c^HraTbCfl npaBHiiBHaics^ 
YnoxpeÓJieHHiiB naMB npiejTB noBasusaerB tojibbo, ^to rbwh cno- 
cotioM^B, BaKEorB pascysAaji^B MapscB, mosho hpba™ bi sasoMy 
yroAHO BUBOAy, CMorpa no loacy, cb Rasoro ^^aaiopa npoBSBOACTBa- 
HaiarB h saBHMi kohvbtb. Bb ctohhoctb npoBBBOACTBa saBoro yroA^ 
HO HpootyBTa BXOAflrB TpsL Ben^B: cupofi Maiepiaďi, opyAÍa hxh: 
TpyA^B npoEDJiHfl H TpyAiB TOBynufi. Ciforpa no Tony, Basofi ■»► 

8TflX'B ({)aBTOpOBl KU BOI^BMeMl HOCJIÍABHMI BTb pasC^eTB, HB fpJaO' 

Toro B AOcmaercB, no CQOOOtfy pascysACSfli)^ JVKGkpsca, ioctb hjie 
ycjiyra ^hctoB npaóftiXH. MapKCB boh^bji leByn^BirB TpyAom h 
HanaA7» CHpHM^B MBTepiajiOM^B, a y nero ycjyra ^Hcxott npaÓEiJH? 
Aocraerca na aojk) Tesyn^ro TpyAa. Mh na^aia cb TeByo^ara 
TpyAB a Boaqajia opyAÍHMa, ry aacB ^acraa npaÓujiB Biinija jcxy^ 
ro& opyAift* MoaiHO 6eijio 6ei soH^arB cupuBfB MaxepiaioirB, a 
TOFAB BBHOBaaBOirB ^HCTOtt npa6iijia osaQajica 6u ciipott MaTepiajrB. 
Bce 8T0 noBasuBaerB coBepmennyH) ciy^a&HOCTB a npcwsBOJBHocfs 

T^X^B BUBOAOKB, KOTopue npHHHMaeTX MapBCB. 

B% ^asa^ecBOHi, MaiepiajiBHOirB emicji kb KasAOitB aroic^ 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



siPjrB liPKcrb, 81 

npnui HepaspnBHo coexHiieHBt bc& Tpe ^^sropa nporaBOACTBa — 

cofibĚj opyxui M TpyA^B, h mh ne nošeni BHff&nm hh oworo, 

K yjssmxmxvh imicA erb rtm oftMOft npjisH. Ecra saxiarL 20 ý. 

xjona OBas£iBaH)TCfl pasHiucH 13,33 $. npasi, to njMi^aBO^HHe 

4,66 iff. xjionBa se MOtyn npexcraBMTB HH^ero ;^jroro, Kavb ctoh- 

xocn> rpyffí h opyxifl, BapasennyB) in> exHHHi^arb xjonBa. Ohh nosa- 

mBmgyrhymovb 13,33 ^. xjioima npn^aBJíeHo bo vpeMSí npasH bi 

m^ opyxifi HjH nponuaro ipyxft h Tesyn^aro xpyffi crojibio ^a- 

cDBi Tesyn^aro rpyxa, ckojbbo HysHO a^a npoHBBOxcTBa 4,66 ý. xjon- 

sa. BecB HSJíEineffB ciohmocth npisH oepex^ uomsoirB BcipasaerB, 

ciiAOBarenHO, ne ^lo HHoe, za,Kh KOJH^ecTBO ipyxa, npHxaHHoe vb 

ipyxy, KOTOpBd npoHSBejrB xjonote ^iji otípan^eHifl ero bl npjURy; 

HHsaKoro HSJHmKa CBeprB ctohmocth leByn^aro Tpyxa i opyAÍft ne 

Mozen iipej(CTaBUTB ctohmoctb nojiyHeHHoA npflSH, x.-e. eciH f^MSL o6- 

paéoTKH 13,33 4>. xnoima nyseo yaoTpe($ffrB KOJunecTBo rpyxa, 9ebh- 

BajesrHoe 2 ^. uointa vh bbjí^ Tesyn^aro tpyxa, to ciohmocil 

13,33 $• npflSH BOBpacrera na ABa ^. h 6jAerh paBna 15,33 $. xjonsa, 

s eciH HysHO ynorpetierB en^e m> bha^ opy^ift ROjraneciBO ipyxa, 

asBBBajeHTHoe 4,66 4^., to ({y^erB paBHO 20 $. Ho OAHaxo aroTB iib- 

amesh aBjuercfl. lipasa ctóhtb 20 ^.j uemfy 'Awh z&vh x^ 

npoMBBOXCTBa eji nysoo (Sajno oo6cTBeHHo ynorp&ÍETh Texyiqaro 

Tpyxa BE cyiniy 2 $., na co^epsanie opy^iB 2,66, htofo 18 ^: 

ociaeica HBcrafl npetfiiJiB 2 $. Mapaci roBopsn, hto aroTB hb- 

jsmesB flKuiercfl noroify, 9to patfoTHHiPB pa6oTaerb ne ^2 ahI) a 

qijzifi X6HB, h6o offB OTpa(kmiBaji% bb nojB^xHH Bce CBoe co^ep- 

xaHÍe. TyrB-TD mu hosbojihitb ce&b ocraHOBBTB ero, h capocETB, 

xtl cTB H TejBHO JDI &T0 Taxi. IIo BH^y 8T0 x^CTBHienBo saiPB tiyxio 

mrB. PafioTHHiEib npflxen h bi mecTB ^lacoBB saDpaji cioaxo 

BpssH, vro ecjiH ee npo^aTB, to ona oojiaTua h cupoi Maiepíai^B, 

H opyxúí, H coAepsaHie pa((OTHHKa — nocM^xnee sa uf&nift xeHB. Ho 

iHxb paÓOTHHBi BanpaxB ctojbbo np^ss bi nooTB-xHa ne noTOMy 

miBKO, ^TO owh pa6oTajn&, a noTOMy, ^to ony noMorara b% pa6or6 

opyxíH roiOB£ifl h cupoft MaTopian; caiti úo cetft, tien anixi opy- 

xit, OHI npoBBBarB 6u BOBoe ne to se nojH^eerBO npflSE. Ho Borxa 

MH xoTHMi BHaTB, ^ero CTÓHTB ero paóora, to msi aojshh, Rasercu, 

CBpaiiiHBaŤB, nero aibmh hth pa^ora caMa no eeůh^ a bobgo ae 

F& CBflSB Ch T&MH nOCTOpOHHHMH npHXaTBaMH Kb Hdl, BOTOpue Oft 

He npHHaxJKsarB. TenepB oh*b OTpa(k)T£iBaerB CBoe ooxepsaHÍe BfB 
BeeTB ^acoBi; MOserB Ótrthy nafixercji xoÓpuft ^ojiob^vb, Koropuit no 
][pyM6i vh neuy HcnojiHHTB sa nero nojii-paóoTKi xftpoM^/iorxa 
OH^ orpatforaerB CBoe coxepsame vh 3 ^aca. Mosho jih noaxoMy 
ciaaaTB^ vro paClOTHHKi OTpa<(oTiiBaerB cBoe coxepsaHÍe bi^ xpn laca? 

To» Y.— Ckhimpb, 1877. 6 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



82 mOTVBKb BBPQIIH. 

Tasiy ojiHERo, pascysjKfterB imeHHO Mapsci. Ha x'&rl se ee- 
íOfl npoBcxoxflTB HHaqe: paÓOTHBSi A^ŘGtBETejihEOj npe coxMctbíh 
HamBHi H opyjiiB, orpatforasaerB caoe co^epsaHÍe bi mecTB ucobi, 
H ecjfl Óu offB caHi cj^jiajTK npesxe 8th MamaHii, to Horb <5ii, ko- 
He^Ho, jTBepsAStTb, ^TO paÓOTaerE ocrajiBBHe oiecrb vacoBi wpoicB. Ho 
6e9h cúxbictBia, MamBHi pa6oTHHK% OTpa6oTiiBaeTB CBoe co^epsft- 
HÍe He vb xe^emH mecTH ^acoBi, a b% TeveBÍH Toro BpeiieHB, vb 
BOTopoe Ha nocxlAHeiii o<$pa6oTBiBaeMOirB yqacTB^, HeiipHHOCfla(eM'B 
HflicaRoB peHTU) cBo(k)AHiifi paÓOTHBBi OTpaÓoniBaerB CBoe co^epsa- 
HÍe; 9T0 BpeMJi Moaserb 6utb, npa ÓJiaronpijiTHHxi ycjiOBiflxtB, iceate 
oxHoro pa6o?aro abb, ho oho Henpecranno crpeicHTCfl kl aioft 
BejiH^BHt H Bcer^a Bsipasaerb A^taBHrejiBHyH) paÓo^iyH) njaiy, no- 
jiynaeMyio paÓOTHHsOMi. 

Hraa^^ ecTB ÓoJbrnaa pasHHi^a uej&jsj Bupa6oTROft rpyxa npH 
HOMomH RanHTa.ia h Bupa<$OTBoft rpy^a caMoro no ceói. Mapsco^ 
saÓuBaeTB. coBepmeHHO ary He6ojn»niyK) padBHiQr h pascysxaen 
TaŘi, RaRi 6yxT0 pafioTHHBi ({eijii caifb o^Jiaj^aTejteirB títb nepe- 
TeHx, soTopuMH offB paÓoTajii HJH caiTB Hx% npoHBBen npexaa* 
pHxaibHo. 

To se caMoe mosho oÓ^bchhtb h xpynatb cnoco(k>irB. Mapici 
npeAnojiaraerB, ^lo BaswB patfoTHHSi npoHSBOXBTb npn noMOo^ 
^6pH?Huxi cpeACTBi CBoe coAepsaHÍe vb TeneHÍE mecra ^acoBi pa* 
6oTU. Ha 9T0 nysHO saii-lniTB, ^to bi crporoirB cmucj'1 bto ho- 
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Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



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6* 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



84 BwriiB^ BBPom. 

Tpyx^, ynoTpe($jieiiHHB he npoinBOAcno opyxitt) ne Hore^aeri, a 
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coxpaHfiercfl vh íjfopui opy/ua h HavEHaeTL pa6oTftTb renepb; vb- 
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sen coxpaBBTLCfl tíomne, hím^b 6hjio HcrpaqeHO. 

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Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



KiPJTb xiřK(r&. 35 

Ha Mom npmApb bu icosere BUffkrh acho^ orsyxa ona bsajiecb. 
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00 upesHeMy ynorpedarB 20 AHel saypaxi sa psn^e seicjra, bii 
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paaiH^HHMi p^jBiaraiix ona BacB npuBejia: npesxP bii soHMaiH 
samy pafSory bi 20 xnefi, lenepB bii BOH^Hre Bamy paóoiy vb 5 
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^Kjortqecsaro npoHSBOxcTBa orB caMaro im na^aja e ao bočila- 
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Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



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KiFJTb MÁPICTb. 87 

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HsB OAHoro ^ejOBi^ecsaro Tpy^a, Óy^erB jih oh'b ncHXB«iecBÍB ujífL 
^8H9ecRÍfi, KU ne cjlíhewl Maji'6flmeB xojh tofo sanaca chjii, 
BOTopuff OBea^ecTBJífleTCfl vb npoAyinrB diaro^apa CHiíairB BH^mneft 
npHpoAH. TaBHMi otfpasoiTB, BejBVBHa SHBOfi CHJu, cotfBpaioii^efiai 
KB npoxyBT^, onpeA&uercfl BOJiHWHOtt chji'b npHpoAU, BOTopua 
yaitBaH>rB xpHcraiJiHdOBaTBCfl bjib coépaTBca vh 9T0J£h npo;QrBT6 
npH coxMcTBÍH ^ejiOBtvecBaro Tpyxa. dra se BeinqBHa iioserB 
6u£h paaiHVHa, CKOTpa no Tony, aas^B ara chju 6yjiyTb HanpaB- 
jeHH ^eJOBi^vecBHirB TpyAOMi, h CKOTpa no dToft BejiH^Hni n bo- 
iH^BH^ Hcrpa^ennaro ^ejOBisoirB Tpyxa, onpeA&mrcfl n BejiH^HHa 
npH6ujH. 

EcjH na nanpaBjenie chji'b npapoAKi HCTpavHBaeTCfl ^eiOBŠBoirB 
aoiBBO se Tpyjia, cboubo ero BOSBpan^aiorB vh npoAyBTB cnan 
npHpoxu, TO npnóhub paBHa Hyjiio, h ona BOo6n^e t^itb CojBme, 
fSaa iieHBme Tparu Tpyxa bi cpasHeBÍH cb BupaCoTBolt. 

HodTOMy, ucTaa npHÓuJiB ne hto anoe, Basi pasHOCTB sbboS 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



88 BQOT&HBl BBPOIIH. 

CEMUj SanHTMHSHpOBaHHOft Vb lipOJSJV£% H» UpBpOffi, H SHBOfi OUII, 

HcrpaieHHoS ^6job^kom^ na ycrpoflciBO nponiécca lasoft sanHia* 
JlH8a^iH. 9ra paaHOCTB, a cj'6;(0BaTej[^H0 e npHÓnn, MomerB 6uth 
noJiosHTejiBHO&, MOserB npeAcraBjíflTB nepesicB npc^yRra nax^ 
Tpaioft HJH patfoToft ^eioB^sa, tojibbo uoxh ycjLomwhj ^rotiii 
HCTOHHHBOiTB otípasoBanífl npoAyKxa, KpoMÍ CHjrB ^aiOBŠKa, Cdiy- 

SHJTB UaBOfl-JIEÓO BH^inHÍfi, nOCTOpOHHÍB SanaCB CHJiBl, H dTOTBBa* 

nacTB npeAcmBjfliOT^ chju npepoAu. TSmjvhj SHBaa CHJia, bouo- 
ii](eHHafl BB npHÓiiJiEr, Óepercfl Hdi cuh npepoAU, h BejLEWHa ero 

BaBHCHTB 0TB COBepmeHCTBOBaHÍfl BB CnOCOÓaXB nOJKBSOBaHÚL HJH 

HanpaBjeHifl qe^OB^^CKEMB TpyxoiiB chjtb npEpoAH. IIodTOify, 
Mesjíy ROifl^ecTBOHi npeóujin h KOJE^ecTBOiTB Ecrpa^eHnaro sa 
npoEBBOACTBO xpy^a ne cym^ecTByerB HERasoro HenpeMi^HHaro bsbk- 
BajieHTHaro OTHomeHÍfl, &o laRoe OTHomeHÍe aoisbo cyniecTBOBaTs 
uexijíj BejEHBHOfl npEÓHU e crenenBio ECRyccTBa ^eiOB^Ra vh 
QOJiBsoBaHÍE CEdiaME npBpoAH EJiE cieiieHBK) coBepmencTBa opraHH- 
saiuE Tpy^a. 3to ne ifi^maerB fb A^CTBfiTejiBHOCTE cpaB^BaxB 

aCfb BeJIE^EHH HflCXO BHlIniHEMB OÓpaSOHB^ E OTHOmeHÍe EX'B E co- 

craBjflen to, ^tó HasHBaiorB o6uRHOBeHHO npoi^eHTOMi: Huctnuú 
daxodiy TpyA'B uponuuS (sanETa^i) + Tpyx^ Tesyii^ift. 

TasEiTB otipasouB, bcakíB saTpa^eHHufi Tpy^^B BOScraHOBJífleTcii 
T0JIB20 Hac^erB cejtb npEpoxu, nocTopoHHEX'B Tpyxy; ho bb to 
Bpeiffl, KaK'B TpyAB ^EBE^ecsifl, 6jf,epb je 'ohi ynorpetfjiefii na 

SpOESBOACTBO XJlÍ6a HJE Opy^ÍH, BB COCTOflEÍE COÓpgTB TOABRO 

CTOJBKO CEjiB npEpoxu, CKOJiBBO HysHO A^H ero npOBOpKXeHÍfl^ 
xpyAB ncEXE^ecKÍfi bb cocroamE cotípaxB 6oJiBiae, h^itb nysno j^íí 
coxepsaHÍfl Tpy^a. 

Bb OROH^aTaiBHOMB mwb npieMi, xonyn^enHuS MapsconrB, 
MOserB 6iiTB cji^AOBaTejBHo , ynorpeÓJieHB paBBŠ saxB npieirB 
BcnoMoraTejiBHufi a^a HarjflAHOCTE ESJíosenifl ejs yAo6cTBa Esirl- 

pefidfl ESBtoHUXB BeJEHEHl, HO BOBCO HB SaRB HpíeifB f,ISÍ SkUO' 

JorÍE npaB^ pafioqaro. Bb btomb se cmhca^ ototb npieiiB HH^ero 
HO AOBasHBaerB poBHO. MesA7 ^^^ ^ 8toicb-to cmucA^ ita,vb 
osasusaercfly ero e ynoTpetfiajrB MapscB. 



IV. 

06MCHHBB npoECxosAeHÍe BiuiETajiECiE^ecsaro npoi^ecca, MapKCB 
HaiaraexB a^^^ flciopiio ero pasBETu hje tA AUBHiSniifl ^p* 

MaJIBHBUi COCTOflHÚ, ROTOpilA npOXOAETB XpyAB HOAB BJÚflHÍeHB 8101*0 

BanETajECTEHecRaro npoi^ecca. 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



sifn MJLřWb. 89 

Bb wowh oTHomeBÍH owh npevAe Bcero o(HflCHjieTB noKpoÚno^ 
un yBanHHHBaercfl npifisijiB ci> ysejiE^eHieirL a^hhu paóo^aro 
jgu; san aHrjriIwie Banarajmcru axo SHMorb h eTapaK)TCfl, bo^ 
spmoi saBOfiy, yBeu^HBaTb ero x^QHy, n npHBoxHrB pg;^]^ noKa- 
bíodí pňÓOTBEBOVby f,hEnuTh HicH OTHOCHT&iBHO 9Toro npe^Mera npH 
^^HNqí^^a^^^'^ H8Cj['6AOBaHÍflxx pa8JiH9Hux'B OTpaci^ npoMunueH* 
socTH, sasifl npoBSBOAflTCfl Bx ÁHrjiH. Bce bto AaBHO noBTopflercfl 
oovra xasAuiTb couHemeM^B, nocEanieHHUMi H8CJiixoBaBÍK) nayne* 
pisiia; Bce 9to Tam coBepmeHHo na uic^ n cnocoÓHO BceiHTb 
urarejno mhofo yiacria Kh nojo»eHÍK> paóoiaro, ho Bce bto ro* 
BopRTB TOJiBKO O BJioyQarpe($J6HÍflX'B, BOTopiia A^iaiOTB BaneiajH- 
cm H8i CBoero npasa; roBopBTB dojťbe o&h oóntefi nopo^HOCXH jik)- 
ffA H sacfaBJuerb cepBesHo noMtinuaiB o M^pax'B wb ycrpaseHiio 
911X1 sjoynorpe&ieHifl. Ho Bce 9xo vb cyn^ecTBÍ hecrojbro ae 
DOxroepsxaerB xofi nocraHOBKH Bonpoca, Boropyio npHHJiJi Mapsc^^ 
Be noxiBepSAaerB ssrjuixa aa npH<SaBO^Hyio ctohkoctb, BaK'B na 
npojQrKTB Tpyxa* BnponeifB, npHM'6pu, npHBOAHMue MapBCOiťBy 
(SdiBmeK) HacTBH) BecBua jH)6onuTHíi h noyHirrejiBHH. 

IIpHBOsy HÍcBOJiBBO npHif^poBi, soTopue i^HTHpyer^ MapKCB. 
^BeaBiiTb 6yx%, iiadiBíHBi* 9-th jíti: HaHa4i» pafioxaTB, Bor^a eny 
<Suio 7 jťirB 1 Micfli^evB. GHanajiia ohi tojibro othochji'b b% cy- 

BDUBHJBD 1OJBB0*9T0 BilJfÍQJflieHHyK) DOCy/iy H npHHOCEn 06paTH0 

nyciyx) 4^pKy. Ob^b paÓOTaen eseweBHO on 6 ao 9 ^acoB'B« 
jl^yroĚ M&iBHHBik BepTBrB BOJieco. IIpHxoAffrB bx 6, a HHorAa vb 
4 ^aca yrpa. ««& pa(5oTaj'B b% npoAOJiaeHÍH Bcett npomjofi hovh, 
BfijOTB AO BOCBMH ^acoBi yrpa. Rpoii'b Hena paóorajio bcio npomjiyio 
flOiB 601(6 8 BJiE 9 MajBHBKOKB. 3a ECBJuoHeaieiíi oABoro, ad ona 
apiaijn aa pa($OTy ceroxaa yTpoai. íí nojiy^aio vb aex^K) 3 mau. 
6 aea. Ji ae nojyiaio aa rpoma npaÓaBaa sa ao^ayio pa6oTy». 
HaiB 8TBX!B npaašpoffB coÓCTBeaao um cyn^ecxBa xbM HETaTOJB 
aoPB BHBecra tojibbo to saBJío^eaie, ito pado^ifl a^bb octb Beia- 
uaa BjacraqecBaa, BOTopaa uoxevb 6utb pacrarasaeiia xo asB^* 
ma% npexi^OFB. KaoaTajii sanaTa^acia, ero opyxia cyTB nepr- 
saŘ BanBTajrBy roBoparB MapBCB, aoBa oaa ctoatb 6^n paóoru; 
^n ojLBBBiorB lajpb Baanapu, tojibbo BcactiBaa rb ce6fl jsaBoS 
leBya^ft Tpyxi, aoBTOiiy aasxiifl "^aci npocroa aeBtiroxea-B jí,m 
Banarajaera a oax ecrecTBeaao CTpeiiBTCfl paoraayxB pa6oHÍfi x^bb 
BB Bcb 24 qaca ero ^savecsoft X'iBaEi. 3to yfiaBaeni ceju paóo* 
uxi, HO tbkb BBBi aa CMÍay nora6aion^ax% Bcerxa octb roro* 
sne Baflxaxam) to BanaTajacra a ae aašerB aaTopeca a^ixaTB 
pa6oHaro. Bcxbf/snAe Taaofl pacrflaBaicocra paCo^aro abb, MapacB 
aasHaaoTB ero TaBse nepeir&BaHM'B BaaaTaioirB. Biiroxa aana* 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



90 BiMnrnrb ispoiul 

xajiHCTa, OAHaso^ MoanerB npcHcresaTb He tojbko hbi y^iHEHeHÍiE 
paCo^aro aha- TaK'B saB-B bgsl oea saBecimb coóCTseHHO ote seiH- 
^HHu npHÓaBOiHOtt, TO Bia eejiHqHHa Moserb yaeiHqHeaTbCfl lasse 
6e8i yx^BHHeHifl paóo^aro xha, KOiopoe neodxoxHMO a^a noRpaiU 
paóo^efl luaTu. IIpHtfaBO^Hyio CTOHMOcrb, npoHCieKaioii^3rH) Hac^ei^ 
yA^HHHema pa6oqaro aba, Mapsci HasuBaerb aócoJioTHOfi npeCa- 
BO^Hofl eiOHMOCTbH). HanpoTHB^, Ty, BOTopaa iipoHcresaerb evb 
C0BpaiAeHÍa BpeHeHH, Heo6xoAHMaro a^a paóoru, nospuBaiou^et co- 
Aepsame paóo^aro, owb HaBusaerB OTHocBTeibHoft npBÓaBO^HOft 

CTOHMOCTbK). JÍ^AÍÍ TOFO, ^T06u nOHEBHTb CTOHMOCTb pa60«iefi CMU, 

yBOJiHHeHie npoHSBOAHTejibHOCTH Tpyxa xojisho saxBarHTb Tam oř- 
pacjLH npoMHnueHHOCTH, npoAyBTiii Boropiixi onpextjifliOTB croHMOcr^ 
patioHett cniAUy T.-e. npaMO exo^at^ vb xpyrs tíxi sHBHeHHuxi^ 
cpexcTBi, KOTopuA Heo6xoxHMBi pa6oTHHRy. HanpoTHBx Toro, yne- 
jiH^eHie npoBBBOAHTeabHofi cbjiki Tpy^a vb TaBBX'B oipaciAx^b npo* 

HBBOACTBa, ROTOpUfl HO AOCTaBlABOTb HB HeOdXOABMUX^b SBBBeHHUXIk 

cpeACTBi, HB opyAÍfi bjih MaTepiajia ajia hxi npoB3BOACTBa, ee yifenb* 
maerb ctobmoctb pa6o^ett cbju. 

IIpaBAa, ecjifl oabh^b sasoB-JBÓo BanBTaji'B HaBAero cnoco($^ 
yBeiB^eflifl npoBSBOABTaibHOCTH paóonaro vh ero opobsboactbí, no- 
jíOs&BWby BABoe, TO OHIy HpoAaBafl npoAyBTi no TeByn^efl bjeh oomr 
no TeByiAeff 1^'bH'b, Bupy^Brb baboo 66ihmyv) cyuMy, rtirb npessxe 
sa npoAyBrb oahofo aha paóoru, h noTOMy ctohmoctb pa6oTii, eciH 
ona onjia^BB&iacb npesA^ nojiOBBHOft paóoqaro aha, Tenepb onaa- 
TBTCA Bcero OAHott HeTBopTbH). Ho dTO 6yAerB npoAoisaTbca Jianib 
AO T^xi nopb, nosa npo^ie nponsBOABTejiH ne BOcnoibsyiOTCA rkwb 
ase cnocofioMi h HOBaa eroHMOCTb npoBSBOACTBa Tosapa ne o6pa- 
TBTCA vh oómyio puHO^nyio ero CTOBUocTb, soTopyio Mapscb na* 
BUBaerb o5n^ecTBeHHOfi croBKOCTbio. dra se croBMOCTb BABoe iienbuie 
npesnet, TO-ecrs: na AanHyio cyímy npoAyicra, o BOTopoMi BAerB 
píqb, Tenepb mosho 6yjífivb synBTb baboo nenbme Bcasaro Apy- 
roro npoAysTa, a cji'6A0BaTeJbH0 b sB8HeHHiix'B cpoACTBx a^a pa- 
ÓOTBBBOBi. Ha BToiTb ocHOBanÍB pa5o^ npoBBBeAerb Tenepb wh 
nojťb-qaca to, htó npesAe npoBSBOABJb B'b vacb, no nojy^nrb sa 
nojyqacoByK) pa6oTy TOJibBO nojOBBHy rfexi cpeACXBi, soTopiiA no- 
jiy^aji'B npesAe, b Aoasenb (SyAerb no npesneiiy npopafioTaTb Tor& 
se Macb, HTo6rb nojiyuTb to se, htó nojyqajrb b npesAe sa ^acs 
pa6oTii. TasBiTb oepasoMi BejmqBna ctobmoctb coAepsania pa(k>- 
qaro A^ RanBTajBCTa se BsnibHBTCA, b BeiíflqBBa npnÓaBoqHaro Tpyxa 
AJiA nero HHCROJibBO ne yBOJH^BTCA. Hrairb, vh OROHvaTaibnom 
c«ieTÍ npB6aB09BaA CTOBMOCTb yBejiBHBBaeTCA TOJibBo npB TaBBxrb 
yayqmeflíAxi npoHBBOACTBa, BoropuA yAemeajiAByrb cpeAcrsa coxep- 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



siPjrB lAPsm. 91 

MBÍfl paÓOHaro; ocrajBHHfl yjiynneHÍA ocmawmcH 6e3b eAumia na 
wpjay npu6(WCHHaA cmouMOcmu ujm npu6uAU. 

GiencHb npoHSBOAHTejibHocTH ^eiOBiqecsaro ipy^a coBepmeHHO 
sasiem otl cnoco6a nojibsoBaBifl HejostBOMi^ cb oasoA cropoHu^ 
cijaitH xpyAa, cobApyrofi— d-rairB TpyAOni, h yBeiH^eme npoiiSBO- 
prejbEocrfi xpyxa MoaEerb npoHCxoAHib Rasib Ha c^erB HBM'6HeHU 
n noputf^ nojBSOBaHÍfl HejiOBÍRoifi CHjaMB npHpoAu, msi b hojib- 
tOBaBÍii BMH TpyAOMi. DepBoe mu nosa ocTaBBM'B soece vb cropcei^ 

1 OCTaHOBBMCfl Blf^bcrib Cl MapBCOH'B Ba rbTb BSlťbHeBÚlX^B, KOTO- 
pHfl MOryTB npOHCXOAHTB Vh npOHSBOAHTeJBHOCTH ipyxa BCji'lACTBÍe 

B8MŠHeHÍfl vb ^pif^ noJiB80BaHÍfl dTuifB ipyxoicB, HesasHCBKO orB 
ero npHJOseHifl kb liiťB hjih ^pyrHirB CHJiairB npHpoAu. Tasoe 
nojBBoeaHie mu MOsen ce&b npeAcraBHTB vh AByxi ^pMaxi, e^H- 
HBHHOfi H KOJiJieBTBBHott. Obiitb noRasuBaeTB, xa H He TpyxHO no* 
HflTB a priori, hto oaho cjoseoie rpyxa hjib otípan^enie paóoru 

B8B pa60TII eXHBflqHUXl CHJl Vb paÓOiy CyMMU CBJTB npOBSBOABTB 

npipaii^eHie vb npoBSBOAflrejiBHOcni Tpy;(a. 

Ob oahoě CTopoHu, npa TaxoMi cjLoxefnE Tpy^a mosotb yMOBB- 
mazBca ctohmoctb noTpetfHuxi opyAÍft npoBSBOACTBa. KoMHara, kb 
BOTopofi paÓoraiorB Asa^i^aTB Tsaqefi, B0Be«iH0, xojiSHa Óutb tfoiBme^ 
^fbwb soMHaTa, norpeCflafl j^jlí oahofo TBa<ia; ho noorpoenie Macrep* 
CBOtt Aiifl ABaAqaTB TBaqefl ctóhtb xemesje nocrpoeBÍii ABamaia 
Macíepciuix'B j^msl ABa^i^aTB iBa^efi, padoraioniHxi otxí^bho. Tasia 
se ctiepeseBÍfl MoryrB hpohcxoahtb h na npo^BXi opyAÍflxi. Ob 
jQ^yroĚ CTopoHu, uomeuie cnjrbj BO-nepBuxi, AaerB bosmoshootb 
DpeoAoaiTB Taidjí npenuTCTBifl, coBepmaTB xasyK) noiesByio paóoiy, 
BOTopaa CBJíaMH pasposHeHHUMH, BJfl pa6oTaK>n^HMH fb OABBoqay^ 
um ne Morja 6u ($utb npoBSsexBHa BOBce, bjih cb doJibmoŘ Tpa- 
Tot CBii. Bo-BToi»ixi, oxHa coBM^^TBafl pa6oTa FB OAHott Maciep* 
CBOt nojKMKAaerB copefiBOBanie MesAy patfo^HMB, orsuBaion^eecfl na 
iTorfc noaesHoS pa6oTu. Bi-TpeiBBX^B, xotb 6u AaHaafl paóoia 
M Morja 6uTB coBepmesa paÓOTHHROM^, pa6oTaH)nuuc'B otaí^bho^ 
HO npB coBMÍCTHofl paóoit ona coBepmaerca cBopie, HOCMorpa na 
10, %T0 OTA^BHue pa6o«iie bchojsbiotb bi 9T0fl pa6or6 OAHy b xy se 
o^epa^ÍIO. Tasib, nanpBMipB, no^BOMi uipaB^et Ha Bucoiy coBop* 
maeica 6ucTpte BaMeHBn^HBaMH, Koropue, pacnojiosflBmHCBHapaBJíBH- 
HHxrB BucorarB, nep^Aasn-B hxb Apyn^ ^pyi^y^ ^^^'^ ^^^ BasA^ifi bitb 
HHxi cTanerB lacRaTB BHpiuu HaBepx'B. h% diOMi cjiyHa'b, iipoA- 
MerB TpyAa opoxoAarB to se canoe npocrpaHCTBO b% ÓOJíie Bopor* 
loe BpeMB. Bi-^eiBepTuxi, HamBei^i, bo MHorHX'B cjiy^aflxi bos- 
MOSHOCTB HcaoAHeHk AaHHot patfoiu orpaBHH6Ha onpeAiJieHHUMS 
cpoMWbj B% le^eBÍH BOToparo pafiora ara toibbo h MoaserB Óhtb 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



^92 BI^OTHBn IBFOIIH. 

venojnieHa, h noTOny nojieseufl peByjiBxan pa6oTH bdojihš saBecmt 
orb OAHOBpeKeHHaro HaapaBjíeBiji na 817 paóoiy bsbícthoř cyrniir 
oijii. 

Hrasi) OABO npocToe cjomeHÍe ceji^ MoaserB yse npoH3BOAHTb 
BHa^BTejibHEui cóepeseeifl vh nojRHWtvb TpyA&> norpeÓHaro na to 
B.IH xpyroe npoHSBOACiBO. PesyjbTaru Taxoro cioseHÚi esii icu 
jfoseiii bbaítb bi> rpoMaxHuxi pa8Brbpax'b bi yi^^Binex^B na- 
MflTHHsaxi ApeBHOCTH— Bi eri]]!eTCBHX'B nepaMH^axi, Hanpfliiipi, m 
npoi. BesAt, r^t mei Bcrp&^aeirB BaiiHTaiHCTH^ecBÍB caooofo npo- 

BBBOACTBa, MU BBAHM'B TaRSe CJiOJKeHÍe eAHHHqHUXl CflJi; HO 

Bi cBoeiTB pasBHTOM^ BHA^ Hame MaHy4>aBTypHoe npoHSBOACTBO 
npeACTaBjflen eiqe hí<íto 6ÓJibinee, ríui> Tasoe npocroe cjioxeme 
^Ej^b; MU BcrptnaeMi bx to se BpeMfl h paBxtieme rpyxa MesjQr 
CBjaxuBaeMuiiH CHjiaMB. Ha npasroBt pasA^eme xpyxa posxa- 
jiocb — HJH mb nepBOBaqajbBO npocToro cjoseHhí CBJl^: HtcBOJbBO 
paÓOTHHBOFb, BpoB3BOAHBmHXi QABy RaByK)-jiB6o Ben^b vb ropfl^ee 
fipeMfl, coeAHHfljflíHCb BansTajracTOKb b% oahoě MacrepcBolt h nepBO* 
Ha^ajuHo sasAufi npoBSBOAHjrb cbok) Ben^b bi iio^ihomi esi otfieM'^, 
HO Majio-no-Majiy iipohbboactbo oaboě h toí se Ben^H na^BHaerB 
pa8A'i^^flTbCfl MesAy H^bcBOJibKHMH pa6oTHBBaMH; OTA^nBue npoqeocu, 
BBi BOTopuxi cjaraerca npoHSBOACTBO Ben^, craHOBBTCfl cnezpajibHott 
otiflsaHHOCTbio otaíjbhuxi paÓOTHBBOBi. HjH pasA^eHÍe TpyAa mo- 
serb npoHCxoAHTb h hhumi JsyTeiá%: B03bMarb TaBoe npoHSBOAerBO, 
saBi npoHBBOACTBO xaperb. 9to npoHSBOACTBO h ao pa8A'i^eHÍH 
TpyAa Morjio cjaraibca U9h piAft npoHSBOACTBrb, BOTopua cocraBJBjra 
^aHBTÍe OTAÍabHux'b peMecjeHHBBOB%. Oahb ^acTH saperu spoBSBO- 
ffiArb BysHeivB, Apyris — njiOTBHKb, TperbH— mopBBBi, HeTsepiUJi — 
nopiBOft B T. A* Ho BepBOBa^ajiBBO Bdb btb peMecjieHBBBH, spoM^ 
^cret Raperu, bpobsboabjh b Apyria bob^b; a BaBaiaiBcrb co- 
'^AHBBJTB wArh 9TBXI peMOCJieBBflBOBx FB OABy BapeTByiD Macrep- 
CByH), vb BOTopofi sasAufl h8% peMecjeHBBBOBi crajii bpobsboabtb 
TOJibBO HacTB cBoero MacxepcTBa, BenocpeACTB^so 0TB0caB;yK>Cfl b% 
spoBBBOACTBy saporb, a ocrajbBUfl uctb BOBce ocraBBJí b nosa- 
^ujTh. ficjiÍACTBie TaRoro pagA^emfl TpyAa, rpyAi sasA^ro paÓoT* 
HHBa craBOBBJícji BpoB3BOABTe.iBH'6e, — paÓOTBBBi npio6p6Ta£b oco* 
4eEHyv) JiOBKocTb BTb csoeft patiorb. Eb^o paB^e, vkwb mu Bcrpi- 
iaeM'b Tasoe pasA^jieflie TpyAa BsyrpE OTxijbHux^b Masy^Biypí, 
MU ero Bcrpi^aeMi yse vb ApyroMi beaí^^bi bba^ o6B^ecTBeB- 
Haro pasA^jeHÍfl TpyAa na npo^^ecdfl: BeMJieA'&iB<iecByio, ToproByio 
H peMecjOBByio, e, cooTBÍTCTByK)n^ee BTOMy — oTA^jieHie ropoACsoft 
SB8HB orb cejbCBOt. Bo BCflBOMi oÓB^ecrrt Tasoe pa8AÍJieBÍe TpyAa 
j|OJUBBO| ecTecTBOBBO; BpeAiBeciBOBaTb TOMy 6oJLÍe Apo^BOMy ero a^- 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



BiPJTB MÁFSn. 9S 

jbhík), lOTopoe WH^vaeicji BayrpH MaHj^BTypHaro npoHSBOxcTBa. 
TaiHMi otfpasom, o6iqecTBeHHoe passtienie ipy^a cociaBjíflerL tfo- 

lie paHHÍfl H HA^aJBHIlft BHA'B 8Toro paSff&JKHÍH. 

«HecMOTpfl Ha TO, iiesjíy otioBMH BnAamr pasxi^eHifl Tpyxa, — 
fOBOpm Mapsciy — ecTB to cyn^ecTBenHoe pasjíirae, ^ro, nps o($- 
qecTBeHHOiTB pasAi^eHÍE rpy^a, BasxiiB npOHBBCWinrb RaByH>-jH<{a 
DorpetfHTenHyH) eroiiHOtTB fb i^octb: Tasí, HanpHM^pi, seifje- 
xiieiti— iipoH8BOffiiT& xjrbUřh m HcnoamieTi bcí onepai(ÍH, hsi xo- 
lopiirB uaraeicfl iipohsboactbo xA6Zj Tor^a xavB bi MaHy(|MiK- 
lypHOMi pasA^jieeiH ipy^a ota^^híiB psóoreis^ HHKorxa ne npo- 
flSBoxHTB i^tiBHoft Beii;E». Mh, Bnp09eM'b» sax^THui CB CBoefi cro* 
poHB, ^T0 dTO pa8Jinie ne cyn^ecTBeHHoe) h ^to to pas^^eme 
Tpyxa, KOTopoe Bcrpi^aerca BHyTpH MaHy^aBrypr^y cocTasjaerB tojilbo 
HenpeiiiHHoe HcropfliecBoe npoxojseHie Ha^aBoiarocfl 6ojňe pan- 
uro pasA&ieHifl Tpyxa, Boropoe MapKCi Hasusaerb oÓn^ecTBeHHinfs 
pasiiiieHÍeiTL Tpy^a. 

OpH TEBOifL HBM^HeHÍB vb cnooo6% iipoKSBOACTBa Hjra cnocoOi* 
opnrbHeHifl Tpy^a, Tpy^i xajRAftn) paóo^aro^ otobhj^bo, cnei^iajiH* 
syeicfl Bce 6ojí±e h 6ojiie, c^pa ero pa($oiefi xbwseihEocm hjb 
TpyAOBurB onepaiqfi craHOBnrcfl OAnocÓpaseie, ho sa to pa6o9Íft 
opioi^pfrmeTB vh nefl 6o2Še nasHRa h HCsyoerBa, nepes^ m:6 vh 
očiaefi cjosHOCTH ota^bhua cocraBHHfl qacTH ofin^aro npoi^ecca 
npoBSBOXCTBa coBepmaioTCfl cb 6djiBnieS ÓBcrporofl n, hb o6n^fi cioac* 
fiocTB, paóora craHOBHTCfl npoHSBOXHTejiBHte. Ho Ran 6u hh cne^ 
ipaiiBHpoBajacB pa6ara otaÍjbhhx^b paÓOTHBROBi vh HaHy^aBiyp- 

lOlTB IipOH8B0ACTiri&, yCH^OraOCTB Ofl BCe-TORH OCTaOTCfl 8aBHCJII^ei 

OTB HCsyccTBa pa6oTHHRa. Basxufi pa6oTHHKi ocraercfl aprHcroirB 
n npex^Jiaxi CBoero, xora h orpanH^enHaro^ orapaBJíeHifl. OffB xep- 
siTB FB pyRaxi opyxie, ircnojiHflDn^ee pa6oTy, h HcnoíHHTejBHult 
xezaHBBirB paÓOTu cjtaraeicji n8'B 8Toro opyxifl n ero py^B) ero 
HanpaaasioiqBx^B. 

yeirbnraocTB pa6oT£i saBHCBTB otb cosepnieHCTBa oÓohx^b ^a- 
ciet HéDOJUBTOJiBHaro Mexaniiaiia. Ha drofi ^put cioseHÍa Tpyxa, 
CWIKO, H6 ORaHqeBaerci Hcropifl cnocodoBi npoHSBoxciBa, h mq cett^ 
tacB yBHABifB, ^TO BCj^A'B sa pa8A'6^eHÍeifB Tpyxa noflBjflerci ho- 
Boe q>excTBO x&^BHttmaro coRpaiReHÍfl, ynpasxHAion^ee OTy ^opiry^ 

Bi f»3íhxAŘmewh cbooitb pasBeriB, npoBSBOxcTBO hsi Many^^aR- 
lyp&aro BHxa npuojReHifl Tpyxa npeotfpasyercii fb hobuí bb;í^ 
^pH^naro hjih ManniHHaro npoHSBOXCTBa vh 6ojite mepoRBSi pas* 
xftparB. IIpaRTBiecRai nexanaRa pasjniqaerB bi RasRXoft ManiBHÍ^ 
tpi HacTv: XBBsyn^it vexannsirB, icexaHBsifB nepexaTo^nufl (r.-e. 
oepexawiqíft CBjy), b, HaRonei^, HcnoíHBreJBHufi nexasasMi. ^o 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



94 nCTEMWb IBPOIIH. 

ciixi nopi FB MaHy^aBrypHoiTb dpobsboactbí jcaniBHa HcnojiHua 
npeHHyiAecTBeHHO nepeufl abš ýyHR^i0; nocjiAHflfl, i.-e. j^yEKi^a 
ncnojiHBTejiBHaro icexasusMa ocraBajiacB na OTB^TCTBeHHOCTH pyR% 
^jOBisa H saBHCHrB on hxi HCKyccTBa. 

B'B 4^a5pBqH0irB npoHSBOACTBi, MamHHa cflafisaeicfl HcnojHV- 
TejLHQirb MexasESMOiTB^ ROTOpufi yiipasAHflerb patfoTHOBa h otb 
arofi 4^yHKiiiu; ona ne tojlbo A^psarB opyxie, Hcaoioaniitee pa- 
ikyrjj HO H XBHS^TB ero: pa6oTHBBy Hanero ne ocraeicfl ÓoJi'6e, sasb 
TOJiBRO HanpaBjflTB ero, Ran bi canoroHR^b, hjir Aftse npocTO ekjst 
SHpaTb aa paÓOToft, RoropyK) npoBSBoxHTL ManiHHa. ^o chxi nop% 
MamBHa Óujlb. noMOn^HBROMi ^ejOB^Ra— TenepB ^e.i0Br6Ri Asjuieroi 
noMon^HBROifB MamBHH. «0b paÓOHBMH HHcrpyMeHTaMH,— nHineTB 
Mapaci, — HCRyccTBO ynpaBjíeHia hmh nepexoABTB otb pa(k)Haro 
Ri MainBH'6. 9ix) HCRyccTBO H6 crbcEflercfl 60^*60 jb^hhmh cpex- 
<rrBaMH HejOB^^ecRofl chjiii. Bh'Icto iepapxia paóo^m cneE[iajni- 
CTOFB Ha (^2l6pek% BBjífleTCfl ypaBHeHÍe pa6orB, RoiopHfl npoHSBO- 
4flrB OTA^AHue pa6oTHBRH, H OAHOoÓpasie ROToparo Hapymaercíc 
cnei^iajiHBai^efl hjh A'i^jieHÍeM'B paÓorB coBepmeHHO Apyroro pojvi, — 
flX'B xbiemewh no pocry b Bospacry*. 

Pa^Ei, HeTpe6yK)n^ifl youift Bspocjiaro nejiOBi^Ra, cano coÓoit, 
BaM^HflHncfl pa6oTO& A'&TeB h seHii^BH^, a Bspocjiue nyscRie pa- 

<$OTHHRH OCTaBJIflH)TCfl XaMl TOJIBRO, VJíib OHH HySHU. UpeSBiMfi CeMBE 

ocTaBa^iacB AOMa h nysRCRoS pa6oTHBR'B AO^seei 6ujvb nojiy^aTB 
sa CBOK) pa6oTy ctojbro, crojibro nysno 6ujo ^jlb ero npoRopic- 
jeHÍfl CB ceifBefl; lenepB bca ceMBa nepemjia na 4>a6pHRy, h bcé 
ea iJieHu Bifbcrb crajiH nojiy^aTB ctojbro, crojbro HysHO x^a hxi 
npoRopiueHÍfl, T.-e. ctoaro se, crojbro h npesA^i ho RanHrajiHcrB 
nojy^HjrB sa Ty se híej bmícto oahopo, Tpex'B, ieTfiipex'B h 5o- 
jAe paÓOTHHROBi, BCj^ACTBÍe ^ero fb o6ii^efl cjoshocth wctb pa- 
<k)varo AHfl, ocTaion^aflCfl na ero aojh), AOJisna Óma yBejH^HiBCJi. 

ycoBepmeHCTBOBaHHafl diHATB uyreHi icaniHHa Burlcaajia, laRHirB 
otipasoiTB, npeiRHee pa8A'£jieHÍe ipy^a, ho ona bthitb ho orpana^H- 
sajacb. Ona sfiET^Hajia h npocroe doseme ipyxa. ObHOROCHJiRa, 
HaapHir6pi, saMiHua pax^ roci^ob:b, saTBeHHaa KameHa— paxi^ 
snei^OBib H T. A- 

ITpaBAa, yHHviosaeMoe coBepmeHCTBOBaHÍeM^B naaiBHii pasA^- 
aeHÍe ipyAa no cnei^i&iBHOcrflK^B BOCRpecaao h lenepB, ho yse vb 
j^pyroft ^pM-i— Bi BHA^ pasiA^^eHÍfl TpyAa ho MesAJ paÓOTHHRauH, 

a K eSAy ManiBHaMB, HJIH HCnOJlHHTejBHHlCH MexaHHSKaMH. HaCROJBRO 

^epesi laRoe saiiiHeHie pyvB nejOBiRa aBioiiaTHiecROft pa<k)TOft 
HcnojiHBTejBHaro nexaHBSMa yBejH^HBajiacB ycašniHocTB pafioxH, louy 
nopasHTejiBHuifB npHiiipoifB MoaRerB cjiysHTB dpohbboactbo HroiORi, 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



KAPjrB lÁPKOl. 96 

Ba KOTopoiTB Ax. Cmiitb oCS^BflCHHJi vb CBoe Bpexfl BHroxy pM^i- 
jeioji Tpyxa. 

no cBBx^TeiBCTBy GiíBTa, FB ero Bpeiuiy fijaroxapa pasjd^eHiio 
rpjjutj 10 ^ejioBŠBib npHfOTOBjjiJiH esej^BHO 6ojše 48,000 sroiOKE. 
TeeepB se oxHa xaniHfla npiroTOBjflerL bi TeveHÍH 11 nacoBi 
145,000 HTOJion. Ojina xenn^EHa Ha6jiH)xaeTB cpexHHui u- 
eiam sa ^erapLHu doxo^hiimh ManunaMH, npoHSBOxa, CJiixoBa- 
TejLHO, npa coa^ěctbíh iianiBH^ exexHeBHO 600,000 Hrojovb. 
^ecflTb seHo^HHi npHroTOBflTB, cjAf,OBB,TeihnOy 6.000,000 ero- 

JOn RB JlfiEhj HJÍH npOBSBOAHTeJIBHOCTb Tpy^a no OTHOmeHÍfO Vh 

flpoMSBOACTBy htojiobi CO BpeneHH GifHTa yBeimHJiacB b% 120 pasi. 
GoÓCTBeHHO roBopfl, H 8T0TB ^HSECb TpjMfL no CBoeny Ha^ajiy 
UM npHHi^Hny ne cocTaBjfljTB HB^ero HOBaro. EupasancB ehhme 
cjOBaMH, MI MoaseiTB HasBaTB ero oÓpan^emeirL paÓOTii vcjobím 
Ha paóoiy chjtb npepoxu; TaRaa paóora cb caiiaro Ha^ajia eyi^e- 

CTBOBaja VB npOHSBOACTBt H 6e»b EBSÍj MOSHO CRasaTB) HeBOBMOSHO 

^^0 6u canoe cyn^ecTBOBame ^eJiOBtsa. BonpocB coctoajb tojibko 
vh paemHpeHÍH tÍtl npeAt^OBi, bi BoropusB ona cyn^ecTBOBaia, 
Wh yBeJH^eniH c^^pu nojBSOBamfl ^eJiOBisoirB xapoBUMH CHaam 
jspwpoKa. TasHiTB o6pa80M'B, Hcropifl veiOBb^ecRaro xpy^a vb ea 
o6mewh 4)opMajbHoirB bha^ apoxoAHJia h'ícbojibko (yrjsíbxhEUTh ^a- 
BBcoBi, B9h KOTopiix'B usAuft upHfiocHXB HOBoe nifflpaii^eHÍe ero 

npOHBBOAHTeJIBHOCTB. 

Ganaji nepBo6uTHafl h npocrafl ^pMa npHirbHeHia rpy^a eciB 
exHBH^rHaii; sa net cji'lxoBajio npocroe cjaroseme Tpyia bb Rojjies- 
TBBHiift TpyxB; jiajite— opraHHsaipfl btofo cjosearo rpyjia no cne- 
jpajBHOCTfliTB HJiH pas^bjeflíe otxí^ibhiix^b acroBx npoBBBOxcTBa no 
0Tx:&iBHaM'B q)ynnaBrB paÓOTHHBOBi, h HaBoneqB — saiť^a^eme pa(k>- 
m ieJOBÍqecBEX'B pyirB pa6oToft MexanBHecKHXi xBHraieieft h ncnoj- 

HBieJIBHIIXB HexaHHSMOFB. 

Bi pasn^Hiix^B orpacjBrB npoHSBOxcTBa xpy^i^ npoxoxHJTB bth 
^^asicH ne oxnospeMeeno, h noroxy fb oxho h to se Bpeiffl 
oxHOBpeMeHBO Bcrp^b^ajiHCB h Bcrpi^aforcfl pasjE^nue ^seu nojB- 
aoBanifl rpyxoirB. TaiTB, vb jtíbxb npoHBBOXCTBa nfln^H rpyxB ocra- 
Baicfl xo nocji^^flro BpeiieHH noHTH na caMoft nepBo6iiTHoft ciynenH 
flSJOsenHoĚ cxemi CBoero pasBBrifl, Mesjty tíitb xavB bb esb^^t- 
HHXi orpacjux^B o<5pa6oTHBaH)n^eft npouuoLieHHOCTH owh npomeji 
Bci 4^HCii OTb nepearo ffl nocjrl^ji[Hjiro. 

ď ne 6yxy sa^sii bxoxbtb wb pascuorptnie rbTb Biknift, 
BOTopiu osasHBaiH 9TH H8ir6HeHÍfl VB HCTopÍH xpy^a na cjAhÓy 
paSoTHHsa, xoni bth BAflHia ocotienno noxpo6HO pascicaTpHBaiOTCJi 
MspKooicB. HaioseHH on bxícb Bpa&ne oÓcroarejEBEo; EBiosesie 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



96 BMTHIKl IBPOtin. 

HepenoJHeHO npHirbpaifB h ^astaiiH, saHBfCTBOBaHHiiMH mi o^^^ 
i^iajibHuxi xaHHux^b n OTHerora kommhccíS, HasHa^aBinHXCfl bb ÁHrjni 
AJTfl HscjrbAOBaHk Tofi bjlb ^tpyrofl orpaciH npoMoniAeHHOCTH. 3Le* 
jiaK>ii^X'B noraaROXHTBCfl » arHirB npe^iferoirB uu noeiony orcsr* 
jfaeiTB npflMO vh BHHrb Mapsca; caita ace ona orcmBjíjreTi ero bi ero- 
poHy, noTovy ito, ecÓcTBeoHo roBopa, oÓcroatejibCTBa, cioxa oiooca* 
miflCfl, ne npexcraBjífliorb Hinnro HOBai^ h xanao BomiH bi paBpsjKB^ 
060^0x1 ufbcTb, noBTopflioii^Hxcfl vh RasAOtt KHH9Kv6 O sana^HOHS 
naynepHsiit, cb CBolciBeHHniťB btem-b co^HEesoflirB naioB^RO- 
jnoÓieiťB. 

B% T01BB0-9T0 HBJlOSeHHSIXl ]!CTOpHieCKHX'B B8M£BeHÍflX1&, BS 

qg(B6% ipyXft BirpaBHJiHCB bcš cpexcrsa cdepeseHÚi patfoTu^ xocryn- 
HUfl ^ejoBfoy. PascMarpHBaii bxi noxpo6flte, mosbo bhaí^tb, ito 
cpexcTBa BTH ABOflKaro poxa. Oabh 8aBJK)iaH)icfl vb nepejioseflÍH 
Tpy^a CB qejiOBlBa sa gbjíu iipapoxti b saBflCflrB orb cnocotfa 
noibsoBaflii HeJOB^BOiTb CHjaMB npapoxu; xpyria 8aBJH>9aH)Tai m> 
4K)pMajibH0iťb, BH'6mfl6M'b ycrpottcra^ ^aiOBtqecsaro xpyAa. B:b nep- 
BOMi Tpyx^ ctfeperaercfl, noTOHy ^to ^acrb ero nepeBOCBicfl Ha 
CBJííi npBpoxu; BO BTopoMi 0Hi> c6eperaeTCfl noroMy^ vTonpBToirb 
se BTorb Tpy^a yBejB^Esaercfl nojiesBafl ^acTb aroro ipyxa uxe 
yiienbinaeTCfl tiesnojieseaB cpaBOBTe^eo cb nojiesHoft. 

B% nepBOVb oiy^at cospau^aeroi soiB^ectBo noiiesHoft patfom^ 
BOTOpoe AOASBWb nocraBBTb ^ejOBisi, noTony ^ro ^acrb pa6onE 
nepeiocHTca na npBpo^íy; bo BTopoirb — BoinecTBO TpeóyeMofl no- 
jesHoft paCoTii ocraercfl to se, ho xpeCSyercfl neste pafioTu Bootia^e^ 
BCj^ACTBie coBpan^eflifl bi oón^earb HTor6 pa6oTH ÓeaiiojieBHOit. 

Kepsaro poxa cpexcrsa ffierh naysa h sHame, BToporo poffa 
epe^CTBa — ycrpoflCTBó Tpy^a, axMflHBCTpai^ifl. 

Hsi nepencjieHBiixi Bbíme ipexi ^mcovh vb EcropiH Tpyxvi^ 
TpH nepBue npeAcraBJífljiH Tpn pasjBHHUfl ^pnu npBJOJsemfl Tpyxa 
H noTOMy o0ycjiOBjiHBajiH co6o& yeotxB vh npoBSBOXHTejtbHOCiH 
Tpy^a, Hacso.ibKO nocatxHie eaBEcšja cotfcTBeBHO on ^pnii npH- 
xoseHÍB Tpy^a. 

nocji^Hitt se, um nepejosoHÍe rpyxa ^ejioBiu Ha cbjis npH- 
poxH, HO npexcraBiiiui EHKasott hoboS <|K)pini xpy^a, a npocro 
coBpanieflie Tpyxa, flacBOJbBO oho saBHct jo ne orb BHtmHeS ^pxn 
ero ynoŤpe6jieHÍa, a orb canoft Texen^ecsofl nocjtxoBaiaibHOCfH 
ero npHJOseHifl hjih cnoco($a noJUbsoBaHia co cropoHU ipy^a CHJiaMm 
HpBpoxu. 

UqcjA TaBoro Haiosenifl 9mx% cpefprvh craHOBHTCs eo^e ove- 

BHAHte, 9T0 HH OAHO B8% HBXl HO HpOflCteRaen B8% HHBI^iaTflBB 

paOoTHHBa^ He ecrb f/bjío ero pysi hih opo^^RTb ^HSfl^ecsaro 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



BAPn MiPKO!b. 97 

ipyxm a^ nmpanaph, ecxb pesynnrB n(»xnecsQft paóora h pe- 
syumrB x^^arensooni i^brB uaccora oÓnieerBa^ Koropue saniCEH 
8T0C0 poxa pa6oTOĚ. Hheeiíh cMBanH, Ta munh pa(k»aro aha, ko- 
T^jD MapKCTb Hmosaerb npHÓaBoiDoft, eccb Ben^ soiopaa eo? 
WKicfl coBiffficiHHirb x^tciBieirB HayBH h <q[)raHH8aipB ipy^a. Ofla 
WMhMú no BsiniHeiiy bhat cocTauflerB uctb paóouro, aan xon 
jrfdiB, soTopiifi fl M017 nojosHis fb Bann sapiiaHi na ctfepeseHÍe, 
cociaBuierb toibso no mAnmBMj smjíj Bamy, a ne moh) ooticTBes- 
ncib. ILiaTBe, Koiopoe z vbmsxo na fbosab, cociaBiaeTB lOttHO 
xassEe npEHaAJiesHOCTt aroro rBOSAii; mqs^ t^^itb oho ocxaerca 
iĚsmm% uaiBeirB, h hesto ne craHerb yrBeps^aTB^ rroóu oho 6umo 
Be Moe. PaÓornEDncB kb jfkA cospanteHÚ pa6oTii iflcniB rsofliK^ 
n BOTOpOMy name h opraHisaqLi xpy^ npHererHBasyrB jonmiif 
KOFL CHIH9 HO B^ 008iKaflÍB Koioparo pa6oisHK& COBepmeHHO H6- 

OwB He coQAaerb toě npHÓiuH, vb KoiopoS ero xosflHffE xo- 
nen g^aTB y^acmncoirb, n dranpHÓiuiB He MOserB 6iitb hsmj^- 
paeica no cyn^ecTBy, sasi sto Aonycrurs MapBCi, A^nHoft patfonaro 
XHi H Tonso Bflsercfl cb hhicb hhcxo BH^niHmcB, ^pnaiBniiirB 
nůpmowhj vah niaiBe Baserci cb BÍnuuKoft, Ha soiopoft oho 
aiCBn, sasB pman Baseica ch TasecT&x), Koropyio okb noffmr 
maef%. lípo sron psRarB bh tohho Taase Moaieie csaBaTB, nco 
OTOb noxHHiaMTB TausecTB, MOSAy T^n KasK OTy rasecTL soxHHMaei!^ 
BQBoe ne psnarB, a cuia, AÍicTByH>n^ na sntrrB puvarB.. PaČor- 
HHK& Mapsca Hadonao se poBHO cosHaerB ispBŮaxb hih npn- 
(SaBO^rajK) CTOHMoeiB, nacaojiBBO nojioca sejritea, np^AcraBjuuo^aa 
pH^an, noAHBMaerB TisecrB hjdi coÓHpaen CHjy; owb ae Óojňe 
vuBh opyxie RB pysaxi SBaHúi h op^aHH8aI^H ipyxa; h cEia, co- 
manpVkfl npaíkiihy saxo^HTca toiho TairB se bhš efo, ctoib se ^iyn^ 
BMj H noeiopoHHa, xaKB h om, AttciByH)qafl na pyKOscqr Ph- 
lara. BsidipffrB npH^tuB jiihhoě patfoiaro aba MapBCB Mon, 
nme^BOy fb cmhcií cxeiiaTHiecBoieB, BH&nHeifi, sanB mosho hb- 
itfipfliB apniHHOHB pocTB lejOBfaui; HO 0H% ntHnejn fuuier. oob 
xooyenus, no nesxy apmHHom h pocroicB nejiOBŠBa sasjuD^aercg 
GprftHH^ecBafl cbasb; pascysxaa hb^b pinaroirB b bbxh, aasB ORh 
BOXHBxaerB isseciB, okb satfiu^B ly tuxy^ Boropafl A^CTByeň na 
pmarB b npHDBcan Boe aMcsbíBj BecB a^^^^esTB sejritenott noioeš. 
Qh!b cnyran Ben^ h bch ero 8a^^ITa patioiaro Bonpoea jmniena 
npo^Haro ocHOBaBia. PaÓernBBi ociaiea kb kbev^ MapBoa noBa 
Tamm se rojmicB h (SeBsaH^mmirB, BasBicB h Bomeji hb Hee. 
MapBCB pascBasajEB bbm% mano nosa ero BeiopiH>| ho HH^ero 

Tom* v.— Cehtjibpb, 1877. 7 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



98 Bftomn mpomi. 

(Sox6e. 817 Hdopiio owh pascBasan, npaB^a^ uaccH^iecBE npesoc- 
zoxHO, Óeffh H^jHmseft peropHKE, eHCieicaTHHecKH h ho^iho^ cb 
nocj^xoBaiejiBHOCTBK) H TO^HOCTEH), AOCTofiHiíMH ÓÍ^Binaro pesymaTa, 
HO BHme 9Torp mu ne KoaseieB ouíbBwth ero daciyn. 

He FB dTOMB) offsaBOy OAHOMB cocTOflia ero sa^a^a, BasB ob% 
ee cramLTB caiTB. cIIpoiteceBTpyxa;,— nHmerBOHB, — Óhjtb HaMH hs- 
cJi^XOBaffB cnepsa a(!cTpaBTHO, HesaBscHMo otb ero HciopH^ecRHxi^ 
JK^piTB, BasB npoi^eccB, npoECxoAflnÚft Meas^y npHpoxoS n ^eiosi- 
KoirB». Bb 9T0MB-T0 npexnojosemH h saBjnDuercfl satfjysxeHÍe 
Mapsca: mieHHO bb droMB cimcjrb, BaBB iipoi^eccB, npoHCxoxanuft 
Meas^y npepoxoft h He^OBŠBOMB, npoi^eccB droiB He 6iijb i8ci'6- 
XOBaHB MapBCOMBy a toubo sasB npoi^eccB, ^poHCxoAflI^i& MesjQr 
BanHTajHcioifB h patfoTHHBOiiB. Hnaie MapscB xoiseHB 611 Óurh 
npHXTH BB craepmeHHO xpyrHXB BUBOxairB, líbwh npHiaejrB. 



V. 

noBOH^HBB CB ^pMajiBHOĚ ECTopíeft Tpy^a noxB BjrianieiiB Ba- 
nHTajiHCiiraecBaro npoi^ecca, MapBCB pascMaTpEBaerB pesyniaiH 
BanniajiEcniiecBaro upoi^ecca, hjh HaBOiuieHie. BvtbcA cb tÍmb mu 
nepezoxHMB bb H0Cj6AHeMy orx^by ero BHHni, h HaM!B ocraeieií 
CBasaiB HeMHoro. PascMaxpHBaa paÓo^yK) ojiaiy, ohb npoAOisaerB: 
«AB%Haff^tTHvacoBo& pa6oHÍft xbhb eróHrB^ hojioshmb, 6 hihju. 
Ecjni 6hi oÓM^HHBaiHCB.dBBHBajieHTH na dBBHBajieHTa, mo paSimú 
noAffHwnCbi sa 12 nacoBB paóoni 6 muji. D^ina ero ipyxa pas* 
HuacB 6u ];6h6 ero npoxyBia. Bb 8tomi^ ciynat ohb ho npOHs- 
BOJTb 611 HHBaBoft npHÓaBO^HOtt croHMOCTH AM BanHiaracra h noHBa 
BanHTajcHciHqecBaro npoHSBOACTBa HC^eaia 6u. TenepB ase ohb npo- 
AaeiB 12 HacoBB Tpyxa sa 10»| h «OTCH)Aa f^Berai ohobh^humb, hto 
ciOHMOciB Tpyxa AOJisHa Óhtb nocroflHHO MeHBme npoHSBexeHHOt 
ex> CTOHMOCTH, TaBB BaBB BaHETajiHCTB HocioflHHO sacTaBueiB pa- 
<k>HyK> CHJiy A^ficTBOBaTB ffljňe^ ^mb dio HeoÓxoAHMO au Boenpo- 
ESBOxenis es. coÓCTBeHHOt CTOHMOcn[». 

npH TBBOMB n<aoseHÍH Ben^eĚ npHÓaBO^Hufl h je Heonja^ennHĚ 
TpyxB npeACiaBjJieicfl onianeHHHMB e xenesnuE OTHomemfl caps- 
BamrB A&poByH> paóory HaeMnaro paÓoíHHBa. ^epesB 9to CBpn- 

BaKKTCa ffifiCTBHTeZBHHfl 0TH0ni6HÍE E Ha 8T0MB OCHOBUSaiOICS BC£ 

npaBOBua npexcrasjíemE BaBB BanHiaiHCTa, xaBB e paÓourO) bc£ 
MECTH^EBaipE BaiiETajuicTfl^ecBaro CHOco^a npoBBBOxcTBa, Bcš Bans- 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



sípn mmffh. 99 

TaiíCH^eciriii KUDodH o CB060XÍ, bcí onpaBxaTeiBHiui yMBSHByA* 
rapHOtt nojnranwcsott bsohomís. Tabemi oópasoirb sÁ^ce mu bh- 
ffxbj mo MapscB npHpaBHHBaerb' bck> Biipadony coBepnieHHO 
eep^esHO OAHOft leByn^ei patforš pa($o^aro. «12 nacoBi paécrm,— 
fOBopiTB owhj — npHpaBHHBaiDicfl 10h2h6 ^acaiTb pa6óTO», h bh- 
pn ^ffia npoTHBopide. Mes^^r Tiia Bas!b cjiiAOBaxo ($n CBasarb: 
12 lacoBi rojofi patfoni npHpaBHHBaiOTefl 10 nacam Tasoft se 
pa6oTEi njuoGh pa6oT6 ncHZH^ieexaro Tpyxa, HcrpaneHEoft j^xa coo6- 
ipeHÚi Ti^xy Tott npoHSBOXHiaiBHOcrE, KOTopyH) OHI Hiritera xenepB, — 
I Tor^a He 6ujío 6u HEsaBoro npoTHBopi^fl. ^HTaiejiB BBffni^ hto 
Boe npoTHBopÍHie npoHCxeBaen orroro, ^0 MapscB ynorpetluen 
josHyi) TepMHHOioríK) H cam oe(Ss otfiiaHnBaerB eH). 

Ho an josHaa lepnsHOJiorm, pasi OHa osasaiacL ncB ycia- 
HOBjeHHOX) H npHflároK) sa B^pnyio, ciysExi MapKcy A^ CBoe- 
o6pa3Haro o(ÍMCHeHÍfl caicaro HasonjeHÚr. EammurB, san hsbíctho, 
HaioiLueTCfl lasHirB otfpasoirB, tto pas^s nojy^eHHas npnÓiuB CHOBa 
o((paiqaeicfl na npoHSBoxcTBO, weri HOByx) npEÓiuB h t. a* 3to 
aeva cioshhxb npoi^eHTOBi. Ho iipoítecci stotb xo^useffB 6urh 
Korxa-HH6y)(B HaiarBCfl; no9TOMy hjsho npexnojioaurrB, iro xaim- 
lancn sorxa-ro n noq)excTBOM:B Kasoro-ro HesaBHcmfaro on ho- 
omaieHHaro ipy^a npeABapirrexBHaro HaBOnieHÚi cA^aics cotf- 
CTBeHHHKOiTB HaHaiBHaro xaiiHTaia. ^onyemirB; roBOpHTB MapBCi, 
TO) BTorb nepBHtt BanBiajTS Óhjtb npoHBBexemeirb ipyxa caicoro 
pa($OTOx>. . Ho vh TasoiTB cjíj^sA vb nepBOiTB xotfaBOHHOirL saira- 
nA mmesnerb bcslbm tíhb noxoÓHaro npeACTaBjem eih nepBaro 
axia otfpaBOBaHU saneraia, no BOTopoMy BararaiHcrB Baicb-tís 
nuaxHBaen vh otfpan^eme H^Boroptui ctohmocth Em CBoero cotf- 
eiBeHHaro ^Hxa... OCm^kb BEraBajeHiOFB, ASJunon^fiCA nepBOHa- 
lajBHOft g^&jufiofl, ffl TaBOĚ cieneHH HBBpaTuoi, hto iri^Ha coBep- 
maeics iraepB tojibbo kisl BHxa, TasB Kaics^ BO-nepBGorB, ^acTB 
lamTaia, o^M^HeHnaji na pa6o^yH> cuy, octb toabo laciB npo- 
xyRa Hysoro ipyxa, npHCBoeHHaro 6e«h cooTBŠTCTByroiitaro asBiiBa- 
lena, h, Bo*BiopiirB, ona ;i(oasHa 6utb BOBBpan^eHa Go6crBeHHO 
fMlHommrhf ho BosBpan^ena es hoboí npHtteBBot. CaixoBaTeiBHo, 
OTHomeme otfniHa Mosxy BanHiamccoirB h pa^o^HirB npeACiaB- 
nefTB lenepB toako BHinmiĚ bhx^, CBoScTBeHHiift oÓMŠny, rojyH) 
eio ^pny, jrameHHyx) caiiaro coxepsaHifl. 

noaoaHHafl ooKynsa h npo;i(asa pa6o^6& chih octb tozbbo 
^jca. GoxepaaHÍe ase sauD^aercE vh toitb, ^to vaciB yse obo- 
B^ecfBieHHaro ^soro ipyxa, hoctoseho npHCBOHBaeiiaro sanKra- 
Jieiom ÓeffB BOBHarpasxeHÚii nocioflHHO yBejLHUBaerca Ha c^en 

7* 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



100 Bsormn wšKm. 

HOBHTL xojHiecTBi lysoFO ipy^a. nepBOHa^aiBHoe npaBO co(S* 

CTBeHHOCTH IipeACTaBJIMOCB HaiTE OCHOBUHEIirL HS C06ciBeHH01fS 

TpyA^; HO Bpateeft nip^ xu aoishu 6u<ie 8to AonycTHTb. Tenep& 
se coÓCTBeHHoerb ABJífleTCi co cropOHu mnexua npaBOM^ npH- 
CBoeHk ^asoro neoiuaqeHHaro ipyxa hjih opo^ysra ero; co ero- 
poHu se pa6oHaro — HeBOSMOsHocruo ouaxfriB cbohitb coÓCTBeHHHm 
npo^cyKTOiťB. 

TasoBH coBepnieHHO nocjn^AoeaTeJBHiie bhboxu hbi coBepm^HHo 
se HOB^pnaro ocHOBaHÍa, h noroMy bíiboxh a priori HeB^pese. He 
MeH^ yxa^HKi nocjii dioro h onposepseHÚi, KOTopua nnraercs 
npexcraBHTL MapBCB npOTHRB sisoropsixi nojiosenift OTHOCErenHO 
HasomeHifl b^ «uaccnecKoft nojrHiweesoS brohomíb^i sas^ owh 
HasHBaerb mBOJiy CHHia h PiiKapAO. PnapÁo, aaxo wiAimTbj nn* 
mevhj niq «bcí npoxyBni crpaeii norpe^jmyíca; ho noTpe6junoTOi 

JIH OHR fiMMy STO npMBBQXHTB HOBHfl CIOHMOCTH, HJH T&CH, STO 

HO npoBBBOffrrB HHBaKoft ciOHifocTH, 9T0 ^mnafl pasHEi^a*. MapKCs 
BospasaerB: «oxHa hsi BejiHva&mHx^B onni6oB%, Borropyio ffliajn 
CiurrB H PBBapAO) ecxb Ta, hto nacTB xoxoxa, Boropaa npHOo^ff- 
Hflercfl K% BanHxajiyy norpe&uieTCfl npoBBBOABrejiBHiiMH pa6oYHMH». 
IIpH BTOHiy roBopmrb ohl, bca upatfaBo^afi eroHxeci^ Jtojusna 
Óussi 6h oÓpaTHTBCfl vb nepeMŠHHHtt Banarajii, to-octb, no Mapsey, 
na HaeiťB paÓonx^B (cHpamHBaercB: noveny?). Mes^ r^wh^ ona, 
Bas^ nepBOHaqajiBHiitt sanHTajix, flíbjanoí na noBynBy se to^ibbo 
patfovet CHJHy HO H ^ipyrHXi cpexcTffb npoHBBOACTBa. Cmhts HaaTO 
MoserB o6mchhtb MapBcy, hto ero Bospaseme neBtpHO ^ase Bfib 
TO]£B oiyu*!, ecjH noHiiiaTB csOBa ero h PHsapxo coBepmeHHO 
ÓysBajBHOy noTOHy ^TO npo^ia cpe^ciBa npoHSBOACTBa, BaBi!B*To: ch- 
poĚ MaTepiajrB n opyjpa, paeiyrB Tasse He hbi nniero, a BHjm*- 
sax)rb i^Mify Tesyn^ro npoHSBoxHTejBHáro Tpyxa, HerpanenHyK) sa 
HX'B npoBBBOXCTBO, HHaie— AOJKSHH ÓuiB BHpaseHu nBicrnmrB 
iHCJióiTB paÓOTOxiy coAepsaHÍe BoropuxB cocraBuerB ctohkoczb 
ciipBfl H opyxiS. MapBCB yTBeps^iaeT:B^ hto Cmhtb x^aerB neji^ 
niift BHBox^B, H npepuBaen HSCiixoMHÍe hh^bo Tam,, r;^ oho 
CiaHOBHTCfl Tpy^Ho. noveny bhboaib CicBTa BejvbmS 

Mu He CTaneiťB saTŠiii iipoxo^usaTB fjBLjAe &rBXh BinmcoKE, 
paBHo BaBi saHHuaTBCfl jLoAe npoi^eccoMs HaBoxuieHii^ BaRE oh!b 
BBOÓpasaercfl y Mapsca. Bce xaiBfiiflniee cofj&gxBme btofo noci^x* 
BflTO OTA^ia BHHnr, ecjH oTÓpocBTB 6e8BOHeiHH)a xasroioriH^ <5e8- 
Bone^HyK) nrpy OTB^evoBHiiMH BareropiiicH, OTflrontaion^niB 6wh 
BcsBofi HysxH ^TeHÍe,— CBOXHTCfl KB TOny, HTO BanHTajracnraecBoe 
BaBOHJieBie amsho HeHBÓisHo BecTH B^ Ha<Sii7By paóowro nace^ 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



BAPJTB liPBOb. 101 

j»d£ H HpojwrapiaTy. Ilocrt ^ero Mapsci cbobe saHEMaercfl npH- 
Ktpufl, pHcyH>i]^ifH saxBoe naioseoie pa6oqaro. 

lirareA, soiopuft CBOiBKO-HHÓy^ BEHMaieuHO cjšxEn fp 
tĚTk nofřh sa HiUDomi Bs^osemeirB, ysé cairB co6oft Moserb no« 
BSS} sasib speAcrasjcaercfl npoi^oeB HaBOiueHifl cb towh sptoia bh- 
ouiHHaro HaMH Bsrjiflxfty hjih — BasHirB iipeACTaBieHÍeM'B ini aojukhh 
sawteBTB TO, BOTopoe TOJEBO-TTO BimHcajff 7 Map&ca. Ecie hctoh- 
HEKam npHÓKJiH ciysm Bootfn^ nCHxa^ecsifi ipyx^ hih hshí* 
Hesie n<^)axRa nojnbsoMHifl ^H^ecBmcx Tpyxoir&i Bas^L no eyn^e* 
ctBy, TftKB H no ^pM%, cMBOiTL — 8HaHÍe H opraHHsaifía ipyxa, to 
I nqiBiit BanHTajTB ůajťh npoAysTOMi Toro se Tpyxa, Toft se 
ncaxs^ecBOĚ fjbaiejihBOcnij npoflBHBmefica vl o6ii^ecTB% vh ^^lA 
jn BBoÓpfeeida hjih (^raHHsaitÍH Tpyxa h caxaro oÓn^esHria. ^ase 
npocroe oOpasoBame xanHrajia hsi eÓepeseHis, ecn oho mofjo 
woĚÍksh irbcTO wh iribcraxi, npexcraBjflBniHxi H8(Siim>B'B sHSHeHnuxB 
tipexprvhj yse npexnojanuo ESB^cmyK) ohuthoctb h npexycMorpH- 
leAHOCTB co ciopoHH nepBOÓHTHaro RanHTajracia, Boropaa bobbh* 
naia ero na^ xpyrnMH h Óumb, mofpwb yiccTBeHEOft paóoxii. Bca- 
Boe SHame H HBOÓp^Tenie hih cxyufiHoe orspuríe BOBBsnnaio cpeA** 
«na jmn/L^ Boiopoe bma^o bthitb BnameirB, na^i ocianHnMH h 
otSpan^uo ero vh BanurajHcm; BeflBoe xftJnbHiĚmee npHpan^eme 
9ioro 3HaBÍg ciysHJio hobhmi HcroHHHBOirb noBinnenia npoHSBO- 
xnenHOCTH Tpyxa h, cj^xoBareiBHO, oÓpasoBanúi Banniajut. Ho en^e 
ŮÓMtmee SHanraie Banviajia Hir&ia oprannsai^a pa($OTii hjx rpas- 
;iluKBoe H rocyAapcTBeHHoe ycrpotciBo vh qexoBiqecBOieB oón^e* 
cnAy H, naBonei^, HacTEuft man vb oprannsaipH Tpyxa, cospa^ 
HiaBmift BeinHHy ipyxa, lepaBmyiocfl npes^e na to hjdi xpyroe 
HpoH8B0xciB0. H Mcs^y nepBOHa^ajBHHiťb H nocxbfiyjoínjiíwb no* 
pHABOKb o6pa30BaHÍfl BanHTaja, Mes^y nopsABOiTB oÓpasoBanra nep- 
Boft H nociiffyton^HrB npHÓsjíeft ne 6hjo, conacno nuneiiy otíi- 
HOBEfflUD, HHBaBoro pasiH^. 

nojBdOBame osHaqeHHiiirB BanaraiOKs AOCTaBajocb vb pysH 
tteib, BIO OBasHBajicfl bhhobhhbokb ero noiBJíeHÚi, to^octb opra- 
a« a yH ) mHJL'i> BiaocoBi. Pa6oTHHB& se, nnero ne HSotfpiTaBndi h 
HH^ero ne opraHHSOBaBmift, a toibbo nocioaHHO oprannsyemitt, ne 
HM^berB HHBaBoro ocHOBama saaBJíaTB na nee MajiMmia npHTfl8aHÍii| 

■ VtOy eCltf CpaBHBTB FB BTOITB Ciy^at OÓOHTB, TO, CB TOIBH Spt- 

■ifl npaBa, BJiaccB BanHraiHCroBB, ne bb tomb orpanHiennoicB 
csHCjrb, BavB noHHicaerB ero MapBCB, a BasB BiaccB 6oiie otf* 
nmpHHt, oÓHHMaioii^fl co6o& BasB npaBRTeiBCTBO, TaBB h noae* 

■eJBHHTB H XeneSHUrB COtfCTBeHHHBOBB, CIOBOITB^ — BeCB BiaCCB 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



102 noram ibpooh. 



XEnihf BBXBlHyBIIliftCfl KE JMUÍOTel KSOCH KB Te^eHÍH ■CTOpíl S 

flBHBiniĚcfl opraHHStiopoirB KaueKEneoi paóorsi fl o6ni(ecTBÍ, xan 
npexcraBETaiB ncHXH^ecioA paóoni odn^eeisa sa Bce nponijoe spexa, — 
HMierBy noKpalHeft Mipi, cb BHinniet, {^picaiBHOft cropoHH, n 
OTHomemH npMiJaBO^HOĚ CTomocni h (Jojrite npaKB. 9to nojoseme 
ÓyxerB Henoso^eÓHMO B^pHO xo rtz'B nopi, noBa mh ne tfyxeic^ 
HCKaiB xu pasx&ia h pacnpex&temfl npaÓiuH xpy^^^o ocHomBifl, 
xpyroro sasoHa, spoiii Toro, Koropni npHHHMaerb MapscB h no 
soTopoMy BajKxoMy xojukho npHHaxiexaTB to, htó ohi npoMSBOXHTB 

H Ta XOJfl 06íSlfiŘ BHpafiOTRH, BOTOpOĚ OHI CJySHTB BHHOBHHKOICB. 

Tasofi nopaxoKB, soHeiHO, BBixepxHBaercs jamB btb otfoteft 

CJOSHOCTH. Bl ^aCTHOCTH, nJOXH rao6pÍTeHÍfl XOCTaH)TCfl, KOHe^raOy 

HepixBO HO caMOMy wdoÓpbaMsjo^ to^ho Tasse oixfcjBHHfl jmi^a 
nojBByiOTCfl BHFOxaMH samnajia ne naeroiBKO, HacsouBo ohh 5iijni 
vrh npflMHMH npoisBOXHTeuMH. BuroxH 9th, ÓyxyHH npoxysroirB 
HO Tesyii](aro Tpyxa h Óyxyu iuoxoitb paóorsi ÓesíHCjeHEaro p^x^^ 
noKOJiŠHÍft, xociaHmai vh xacci sasxoMy HOBOMy hokojiíhíio fb 
nopflXB^ HaciixcTBeHHoiTB, TO-ecTB KB ToiTB 86 nopflxv6, KB sa- 
BoiTB ^ejiOB^rB nojy^EXB x^pom npeHMyn^ecTBa CBoett ýssE^ecKol 
opraHHsai^iH; oh% kb crporoirB cmhcjií TepasxrB xapaxTepi Bann- 
Taia H o6paiitaH)TCfl kb peniy, kb npoHSBOxciBi loropofi Tesynufi pa- 
ÓOTHEiTB ne npEHEMan HHxaBoro y^acria h noTOMy ne vM^ben fla nee 
HEBasoro npaBa, paKB, no cotfcTBeHHOMy yB^pemio Mapxca, Bomift 
XOJseHi nojiynaTB toabo to, htó oitb iipohsboxhtb. Bce aro noBass- 
BaerB, vro na ocHOBasÍH Toro npHHipina, soropiurB saxajci MapB(rB 
ch canaro Hanajia, h onepascB na soropiifi owh fjuM% yxBepxHTB 
npaBO paÓOHHxx na yqacrie b^b npHÓiuH, nensA npHXTH kb tohj 
pesyjBTaTy, bi BoropoMy CTpeMHTCfl MapBCB. IIpaBa, Boropiui 
MapscB xoierB npexocraBHTB pa^o^eny, Óujh 6u npaBami ne 
TOJBBO Ha npHÓHiB, HO H Ha peHij. Ho KB TaBOMx cjyMai na toitb se 
ocHOBanÍH oxHH paóotie xojshh hm^ npasa na ecreciBeHHHii 
iqieHiiy^ecTBa xpyrHX'B, a bíAcA cb tíitb BonpocB TepierB coBep- 
meHHo 17 CBoeo6pa8HyH> no?By 6ojňe paHEsro coipajiHSHa, na bo- 
Topofi xyifajTB yxBepxHTB ero MapacB, h BOSBpan^tercfl vb Tbu!h 
ocHOBamfliTB, na Boropuxi bx^b Óiijo Óu coBepmenno JHnrae 8a 

HHlfB Clix^TB. 

Bc^iťB HBJOseHHmrB a. ne OTpHi^ax) Toro, ?To6n pado^ift ne 
xorB nojy^iHTB HBBÍbcTHaro ynacrífl kb npHÓiUH, ttoČh bto ho 
xorjio cjy^HTBCfl, HanpEiripB, nyxeiťB pasBEria Toro se BaoBraiH- 
CTHHecBaro npoi^ec^ a yTBepsxaia tojibbo, ^to t£ ^^picajiBHiia 
ocHOBaHífl, BOTopiu HB^EpaioTCfl x^ TaBOFO y^acTÍfl, HHByxa He 



Digitized by CjOOQ IC 



Kkfn MÁPBci. 103 

roHiiefl ■ ocHOBanie, BBÓpaHHoe MapBcoirB, ne xyíme xpjTvrb. 
Auie, II jTBepsxftD, ^To MÍpa, fb Boropofi CJiy^nrcfl sto ynacrie, 
WBOĚorh OTB MaTepiaiBEHrL yciOBÍtt Bonpoca, jiesa^Hxi Basi fl 
cieoeflH i>a8BHTÍfl jhhhocth paóonaro, lasB h fb ]iaTepiajiBHHX'B 
yciOBÍflXb npoHSBaxcTBa. Hnaie pascysAftKn^ ^piiajiHCTn. IIo hx^b 
jorftmK), CB Haun HCiopiH 6iua coBepmena sasafl-ro onmfiBa. 
Ob iteB nopB Bce nepecraBEiocB ne KáBB cji^yerB. Bce 6iuo 
om^HO. IlepBOHa^aiBHiift HeiOBŠírB nacjiasxucfl h xapoBoff nHu^efi, 
H npoH.; sartiTBy Bce nomio ne rkKb h ne ly^a, syxa cjAf^erh. 
OómiĚcnmaniŘ npoAeccrB pasciiaTpHBaercfl hmh ne savB ecxeciBeH- 
hhíI npoi^eceB, ocoÓeHHoeni K(m)paro oÓycjioBJHBajiBCB HaciojiBBO se 
jsfmpoffiŘj HacBOJBBO qaiOBÍBOMB, npBHHMaBniHirB vh HeiTB y^acrie, 

KB BOropOlTB BHHOBarB 6ujFh HaCTOJBBO Se pa60THflB1&9 HaCSOJIBSO 

H npcrae ueHH. Ohi pascHaTpnBaercfl hmh KaB^ oÓpasoBjasmiBca 
TumrB, BasB oetb ec^, coBepmeHHO cjiy^affeo. TaBBHneHHo pas* 
cjxffíerh MafiKh. KamrtajiHCTHiecBifl OTHomeHÚ,— nninerB ofb,— 
npexnoiaraxyrB otfibjieBie paÓomHBOBB otb co6cTBeHHOCTH bo spěna 
ocyn^ecrBieHifl ipyxa. KaBB CBopo BanHTajracrH^ecBoe ]q>0B8B0ACTB0 
cmio yse pasB na coÓCTBeHHua Hora, to oho ne tojbbo coxpa- 
HieTB BIO arxi^eme^ ho BocnpoHSBOXHTB ero bo Bce 6oxbe h 6oJ:6e 
HmposHxi pasHipaxB. CjtxoBaxejiBHO, laBB-HasHBaeHoe nepBona* 
^aiBHoe HaBonjeme eciB ne hto HHoe, BaBi HcropH^ecBifl npoi^ecci 
onx^ema upoBSBOxníejui orx cpejíprvh npoHSBOXCTBa. 

npoHcxosxeme aroro HaBoniema pa8CBa8nBaH)rB BaBB aneBAon 
■SB UpOHUIUCB BpeMeHB. 

Bi xABHonpomeffniii BpeMena Óhjh, cbo^hoS cropoHu, ipyxo* 
jvÓHBsie JnoxH, CB Apyrofi — ^JŽHHBiie. IIoBTOiiy h npoHSOHuo to, hto 

nepBHe HaBOHKXH ÓOraTCTBO, a UiH^fPBWh BB BOnilft-BOHI^OBB 

HHHero ne ocrajiocB npoAaBaiB, Bpoir6 CBoei coÓcxBeHHoi niBypu. 

Bb x^CTBfliexBHOCTH 26, BaBB HSB^kTHO, saBOOBaHÍe, nopaóo- 

n^eme, pasóoft, cioboitb — cmm Hrpajia 6oj[BHiyio poiB. Cb nepBaro 

Bsrjflxs BHXHo, ^To npói^eccB 0TA'&iemfl saBJUo^aerB bb ctíSib Js^biuŘ 

pi^CB HdOpHHeCBHTB npOAeCCOBB, npHTOlťB ABOfiHOfi pZKbl Ch Ofír 

BOi ciopoHH, yHH9T0seHÍe OTHomemfl, ff&sann^HXB canoro paóor- 

HlKa COtfCTBeHHOCXBlO XpeiBATO JIHIfa H Cpe^CTBOm npOHSBOXCTBa, 

xoTOpoe MOSHO npHCBOHBaTB; CB xpyrofi— yHE^TOsenie npana co6- 
ciBeflHOCTH HenocpeACTBeHHiix!B. npoHSBOAHiejefi na hx'b cpexcrsa 
iipoH880xcna. GjixoBaieiBHo, npoi^eccB mK^ňesm oxBaniBaeii bb 
xiAcrBHTejiBHOcni bcx> nciopiK) pasBHTifl HOBiffmaro dyp^ayaraaro 
úBunficrM. 

HcxoAHofi TouoS ero pasBiníii cjyaaiuo BpinocxHoe cocroame 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



104 b«otheb:l iBPonn. 

pa6oHaro. I[poAeceb se ero coctoaxb vh hbmWhíh ^^u dioro 
noffiBHeHÍfl, xoTs cnopaAH^ecBH KanEraiHcnraecsoe npoHSBOxcTBO h 
BcrpiHUOCb Fb H^KOTopHz^b M^CTHOCTflXb CpexHseííHaro Hopfl en^e 
Kb XV H XIY CTOxImx^, uo BanHrajiHCTHHecBoe Ji^TocucjeHie na- 
^HHaercfly iminerB Mapsc^^ tojbso c% XYI ciojdbiúi. B^b npoiteoc£ 
OTA^em ECTopHiecsoe sHa^eme HM^Hyrb t6 MQiieHTEi, wvjsfL rpo- 
Ma^Hiifl MaccH jooxeft Bxpyrb h. naceibciseHHO orroprancb orb 

CBOHTb CpeACTKb IipOlISBOXGTBa H ÓpOCaJHCb Ha pa6o^ piIHOITb, 

saB:b CBOŮOKBue npojerapm. ^acIIpoIIpia^ia aeiuH y patfoTHEBoro 
cxysjsTh ocHOBanieirb Bcero iipoAecca. Sarlirb MapKCb pascuaipH- 
Baerb nciopiH) oÓesseMeieHÍfl zpecnawh vh Esponi. 

Otobhaho, tto, no ichíhíb) MapBca, ecm 6u nojspónoŘ 8Bcnpo- 
npiai^H HO ÓHJO, TO ne Ohio 6a h sanEraiHCiHiecBaro cnoco6a 
nponsBOXCTBa; Bopem Boero aia owh BHxnrb cnepBa Fb saspino- 
n^emHpaÓOTHHBaHnoToiTbBiÓesBeiceiBHOirb ero ocboÓosxohíh. Cnpa- 
BeA^niBó JIH lasoe npexHOJtoseme, x^icrBHreJiBHo ih, Kb ciy^a^ 
orcyrcTBifl HacHibCiBeHnaro OT^^ema specTbaHi orb seiun, npoHS- 
BOACTBOHe.nojiy^HJioÓH xapaxrepa, KoropuĚ ohi nasnBaerb BanEra- 
jHcraiecKHirb,— OHiHeTpyxHTCfl HSCJ^AOBaiK. Ohb ne cnpaniHBaerb 
oe(SH ffi-ssey ne npHHHifaerb jih Offb Fb nacroan^einb cjqr^ai caicaro 
flBjeHÍfl 8a npHUHHy; ne ecxb .ih oÓeBseMeaeHÍe^ Koropoe offb bh- 
craBjíflerb sasi upuHMuy šanniajiHCTH^ecBaro upoESBOxciBa, Tonico 
OAHB^b EFb MOMeHTOFb 8Toro caifaro sanHTajulcnníecBaro npoHB- 
BOXCTBa H pesyjiBTarb 6ojňe rjyóosott h cyu^ecTBeHHoft npH^HHH, 
BOTopaa o6yaiOBHJia h aBcnponpiai^iK) h KanHTajracimecBiit nopa- 
XOKB 8a-OAHo; He cspHBajiacb jie^ cioBoirb) HacToan^aa npH^EHa 
KanHxajiHCrflqecBaro nopawBft rff6-HH6yxb riy(Sse, ^itb Fb xaKOKb 
cjiyHaBHOirb 4^aBr6, saK'b ÓesseMejibHoe ocBOÓosAeHÍe? 

no mhíhíh) Mapsca, cjiOBOirb,— Fb Espont npoBBonuo tfesse- 
MejbHoe ocBo6oaBA6HÍe h Biiniejrb sanHiajiHCTHHecBifi nopa^on; fb 
xpyroifb wbcA mofjo 6nTb ne ÓeBseneibHoe o<»o6oa(xeHÍe h sain- 
laracnraecicaro nopa^sa ho xojukho bh^th. 

EaB'b npocTii aasyrca ^^pMajEHCiaHi npHUHii KanarajHCTH^ie* 
csaro npoitecea, ciojib se npocrii aasyroa wis% HCpexcTBa ero 
i8ir6HeHÍa. Jl^jia Mapaca, nOBHXHMOMy, Bce fjbjLO MOsen orpaHH^HTbca 
OXHHHS saapiiLieHÍeirb sa paóo^nmi npaaa na npH6iiib. Ho fb 
xaB0M:!b bha6 noHHBiaeirb owb 9to saapiojieHie h aasoBb wixevh 
OBasaibca, no ero npexcrasaemH), HesanHrajiHCTH^ecBifi npoi^eccby — 
9Toro OHb ne roBopsTb. Ohi Ópocaerb HSCiiAOBaHie lam, Tx/k 
soH^aerb ch xoKasaxeibCTBOirb npaFb pa6oiaro na xasyK) npatinjib, 
a noTOHy h ku ne mňeirb hobow npcxeisaib ero fikiíbe. Ha- 



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SiPIl MÁPRGl. 105 

OBOJUBO me AOsasaxeiBCTBa ero lasEx^E npavB tfiijni maTin,— bto mh 
mxkni KOcraio^HO. npBÓaeeirB toabo, ^rro, saRHirB 6u hh npe^- 
duiucfl MapBcy RanHraiHcniHecKÍft npoi^eccB, HacTOflI^ífi paóor- 
mn ^^a jih moitb 6u fl neiTB ^ynrEpoBaTB TaRmcB, sasi ohi 
ea&i tfjQkToxapfl CBOHiffB spaflHe KanErajEHCTH^ecKHirB cBoftcxBaicb; 
no ecjn^ naiTB ysasuBaiorb na .[h^hhě aroHsirB BaiiHTajracniHe- 
oaro Kiacca, to 8to csoficiBO, soHe^rao, fb xofi se cieneHH sope- 
HRCi H vb EHamETh ]uaccax'B. B^b drom OTHomeHÍE cpe^HÍft ypoBeHB 
pasBiTu jffl^iHocni oieHB cinň&b h epiexHift neio^vá ne npexcraB- 
Jien BOBce lOĚ e^EHEipi, ci Roxopiai crpoarcfl HxeajiBHnfl 06- 
ip,eciBft. 

B). XíyBOBGKlt. 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



poccia H EBPonA 

Vb nSPBOt nOJOBHH^ 

IIAPCTBOBAHIfl AIEKCAHJIPA L 



m. 

IIbPBAII HETXiHHAil KOAIHIOfl. 

y nepBO(SuTHiirL HapoxoBi cyn^ecTBOBarb oóiinatty npi sa- 
uaABi BaBoro-HHÓy^B axanúi, aia ero npoHHOcni, dphhochtb ^e- 
jOBÍ^ecByK) sepTBy. B^b ochobj axania ^paHiq^scBofi HMnepie no- 
joseffB ÓujTB ipyiTB repi^ora aHrBeHCsaro. E^na nosoHUiacB Ben- 
ceHCsafl Tparexifly xasi cenarb abuca b% nepBOMy Boncyjy c& 
iipexJioseHieirB HMnepaTopcKofi sopoHH. Ho ff&io o($i HMn^ÍH en^e 
He dujo BOBTOHO, Borxa nociixoBajrB paspiiFB xHiuoMaTHiecsHXs 
CHomeHÍfi Meai^y Poccieio h ^panipeK), HHnepaTopcidft iinyn Ha- 
nojeoHa ne 6ush npESHan^B Poccieio; Dpycchi nocir6iniua npn- 
BHaiL ero; npHSHaxb h repicaHCsift HMnepaTopi, BiiroBopHBi ceůb 
npEsname Hacj^ACTBeHHaro HxnepaTopcBaro THTyia, icas^b rocy x&pH> 
aBcrpiicBHxi 9euexb. npeBpan^eHÍio ^paeiQrscKoS pecnyójnui vh 
HimepiH) xase o^eHB paxoBajniCB vh BucmHxi spyrax^b B£hh, e6o 
^HajiH, HTO ;^o noKOH«ieHO oh poBOJDaiúeio; ho paxocTB ÓHJia 
HenpoxojsHieiBHa. To^ vbu% Mon xoBOJBcrBOBaTBCfl nepBuE boh- 
cyxb, T^iťb He MorE xoBoncTBOBaibCfl Hunepaiopi; hobuě Tmyjs 
ipe6oBaa'B HOBofi, 6iHCiaTejiLHÍflmeft oÓciaHOBBH, h cpexciBa xia srofl 
o6cTaHOBSH xMsna 6hm xocraBHTb EBpona. Orpanno 6uio fj- 
MaiB, HTO HanojeoHx, ciaBmH HMnepaiopoirB, cx^iaercfl ynipen- 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



POCGU H IBPOni. 107 

sle, san tfyxro oh^ ne ffljimewb 6umi> samiaTETB sa hobje) Bep- 

XOBHyD leCTS HOBOH) CXaSOK) WU HapOXa, HOBUHH IIpÍ0(5pÍTeHÍflMB 

j(ii Hero; cípaHHO 6hio xyMaxB, ^to HanoieoHi, soropuĚ ne xo- 
jin OTRasaTBCfl orh HiajiiH^ Korxa 6iíjlt> nepBHiTB ROHcyjoirB, oř- 
xaseicfl OTL Hea, ccaBinH HHnepaTopoirB, a bažcb-^o, FbHTaiÍH, h 
xicTO CTOJiBHOBeHifl Mesxy ÁBcrpieK) h ^pani^ieK). CxojKHOBeHie 
(íflio HeotízoAUHO, Bi Heny Ha^oÓHo (Shjio roiOBHiBCJi; fb Biwh 
le Morjra o($MaHiiBaTB ce(Sfl Ha^es^^io na fiettrpajiHTeTBy sasi 06- 
xaHHBaiH ce6fl kl EepjniHi; ho lo^rao xaKi se, sai^b h vh Bep- 
ihbí, fb Bíhí APOsajH npn MHcn HanaiL 6opB6y ch Hanoieo- 
HQirB) a HanaTB ee oahhi na oxhhi ciHrajin HeBOSMosHOCTBio. 

BiuH coioBHHBH. KaBi TOJiBico BOBoÓHOBHjacB BofiHa Mes^y Ah- 
riieH) H $paH^iH), ÓpExancRoe npaBHTeucTBO na^ajio HcsaTB coios- 
HixoffB Ha xoHTHHeHTi, xiOHOiaTB O KoajiHi^ÍH, npEieiTB ne Moria 
se o6paTHTBCfl b% AscrpiH, crapoi coiobhhicí CBoefi fb dopBÓi cb 
^^panitíeH). Ho crapufl zpěněna npomjiH; ABcrpifl ne 6um 6oji£e 
sepseHCTByion^eK) A^psanoK) BocroHHoft EBponu; fb repnamH ee 
nocTOiiHHO fjBWLjTh BODiMapi IIpyccÍH^ a na bogtokí 6uaíl Pocdfl, 
soicpaa OAHa Morja cxaiB fb hojí BoaiHi^H. H noiOMy na aH- 
rjQficsii npeAJioseHifl fb B^bsb 6iixb oabhi otbíttb: Ócsi Poccíh 
HHHero CA^aTB neiBBfl. droro mh^hía BpinBO xepsajcfl hojio- 
bíkb, ynpaBJíflBímĚ lorAa bh^iuhhmh CHomeHÍAMH ABcrpis^ rpa^^B 
JboffiBTh KoÓenipB, npio6pÍTmifl, Basx AHHJOMarB, rpoHByio hb- 
bIcthoctb fb XYin vkvbj ocoÓenHO BaB^B aBcrpificBÍff MHHHcrpí 
npH pyccBOiTB ;(Bopš, npn XBopi EBaiepaHu. Ko($eHitJB, noxotina 
MapsoBy, 6wii> hojihhě npeAcraBHxejiB loro AO($paro craparo Bpe* 
xeHH, Eorxa myTfl A^ajiH sasHiifl xljia, Borxa fb dpiiHTaat, sa 
BeceauiťB pasroBopoiTB, FniBafl nrojBy fb BaHBy, a^jiejdi i^apcTBa. 
Ro6eHiviB cjiaBEJCfl cbohmi bojobhictboitb, necMOTpfl na TflsejyH) 
H spafine HenpiflTHyio HapyaBHOCTB, cjímejlcsl yK^HBeirB HrpaiB na 
Tearpi.; hmša OBO.10 60 jArhy ne nepecTaBaji'B 6paTB ypoBH tAeísi. 
EypBejTB npECBanerB hsi Bíeu cb BasHUMH AenemaMH, a nocjiaH- 
HHB!B nepeffB sepBajiOH^ paByiHBaerB pojB. JljpHHfl HBBicrifi, bo- 
lopiiE HOiynajii Eo6eHi^B hbb B'&hh bo BpeMA Heyxaqnofi ÓopBÓH 
ABCTpie Ch pecny($JHBaflCBOK) $paBiÚH), ne M^majiH eny xaBaxB 
(Sjecran^ie (Sajni; Bor^a ysnaBajua o ho^^aa^'^ 4^paHE[yB0FB naAB 
aBCTpífiAaMHy TO roBopHJiH: «npeBpacHo! fb cyótfory dyAexB 6aji'B y 
Eo6eHqafl». EBaiepHHa roBopHJia: «Bh yBHAHxe, hto ohb (Sepeacen 
jy^myv) HBecy bo ahk) BxoAa ^pani^ysoBB fb B4Hy>. 

Ko(^Hi^ Buixaii Effh Poccíh cb ytí^sA^HÍeirB, hto AbctpÍ4I 
MOserB 6uTb CeBOHacna tojibbo fb coiobí cb aioio AepsaBoio; es 
BTHirB y&bmfl.emewh owh npBEfljrB fb CBoe BaB^A^BaHie BH^mHia 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



1 os wbxmuneb XBPOim. 

A^a. Bb Bíhš He Moroni ne shstb, no spaBnett Mtpt ne Morn 
se no^osp^Baib, ^to vb nerepdypri ne npEffixyph 6ojiBmoro she- 
neBÍfl consy ci ABcrpiei), BCJiíxcreie BoeHHOft cjia<k)CTH, o6Hapy* 
oeHHOfi eH) vh nocA^AHee BpeMii. TaBOMy BBrjflxy bi B£h^ npe- 
HECuBajiíi H crapaaifl Pocde npHBJíe^B na cboh) ciopoHy Ilpycciia, 
noraKOBEH^écTBO BHAaifs nocjtxHefi, sam icasajiocB, OAOjribBaeMOtt 
peBHOciiK) ÁBcrpiH. Ob i^bh) BBymeTB pyccsoMy npaBmejiBCTBy 
óbrnnee yBaseme wh BoeHHinrB cuairb ÁBcrpin, jtItoitb 1803 
roAa ompaBEJicfl vb nereptfypn 6pan HKnepaTopa, BeHrepcsifi 
najiaTHHi; ho xota ohi^ npHBesi vb B^ey ycnoBOHiejrBHoe hbbí* 
crie, ^iTO H KB IIpyccÍH Vh nerepĎyprfi He MTaDn oco6eHHaro 
yBaseHÚi, oxnaKO ne 8aMÍTHJi'B xaiťB h séjaHÍfl ctfjiHBHTBCfl cb 
ABcrpieK). B'B nerepfiyprb xotíjb ^^TejiBHaro coiosa, a He ((es* 
nojiesnaro cÓanseHia; na nepBHtt se ÓHia njoxaa Ha^es^a, cyxi 
no HBB^TÍflirB, npHXOABBnmM'B hstb B'Ihh. IIo othmi h3BíctLim*b, 
Tyryra yace cb roffB hh o ^eiťB ne cnpamEBajiH; BJiijmie api^rep* 
iiora Rapia orpanHqBBajiocB oahhmh boohehmb A^aMH; Himepa* 
TpEi^a ho uuiefrb sooKmato bíiúihLi, ona xoxohotb (tb yipa fp se- 
TOpa, ycrpaBBaerB ^aHracTB^ecBÍe xepeBencBie npasAHHBH, ctpoHTB 
cípasHiie sáMKH. AxMBHHcrpaipji cjiaóax, xo^erB Bce a^jetb cana, 

BKIBOAHTB TeiiHHXl JtlO^efi, H XO^STB OTHlťB HOBasaiB, HTO HH^eTB 

CHJTB BO 6c£x'B KJiaccaxi o(5ii^ecT6a. $paH]^]r8CRÍfi nocxaHHHBx hojib* 
syeicfl Bx Biwb orpoMHHMi BHa^enieirB; qwl sHaerB Bce, noiOHy 
iTO nocjiaHHHB'B HcnancBÍft, hhhhctph HxajiBflHCKifi, upyccsiS coo5* 
n^aKyn eiiy o bcšxi cbohx'b nocTynsax^, coBÍTyH)TCfl cb hhitb 
060 BceiťB, nepe^aiorB ony Bct esb^tía. ^pani^ie Tepn^TB ne mo- 
ryTB, HO crpaiHHO Úobtcsl. Apiria wh Jiymnewb noJioseniH^ vbu% 

MOSHO ÓUJIO HaX'Í^flTBCfl, HO nOJROBOAI^eKB wbvh. 

IIpexcTaBHTejeiii aBcrpificsaro ABopa fb IleTeptfyprt 6ujFh 
rpa^ $fliHmrB Graxioni^, nejiOB^BB, HOJiBsoBaBniíffcfl no (sohitb 
jAHimph KaHecTBaMx Bceotín^HMi yBaaeHÍeM'B h xaBHO npifliHiit 
RB Poccíh. Ho OraAioHy 6um saxana xpy^Has saxaqa. «Orapat- 
TecBy— HMcaji^ eMy Ro6eHi^j|B, — nocraBSTB nacB b^ caMHfl jyinna 
OTHomedii KB Poccíh, ho htÓ6u npn btoitb mu He o6fl3aHu Óun 
BecTH BoftHii». EioCenuJíío AABaJH snaTB, ^rro hbb caHOBHHBOVB, sa- 
BšpiBaBniHX'B HHOcrpaHHHMH A^jaMH Poccíh, bhasb ^apropiiftcsitt 
pasA&iflirB BOHHCTBeHHiii sap'B HMnepaTOpa AaeBcanxpa, norpa^^ 
BopoHi^OBi CMorp^TB Ha x^o cnoEOttHie h CHCieMaTHiHbe, h Ko- 
<(eHi^B npexnHciiBajTB Cra^íony HBBJíeu noiBsy h9b icHpojiotfHBHXi 
HauoHHociei pyccsaro BaHi^epa. Ho BopoHi^oBi w 6ujn> lasi 
MHpojiK>6HBi, sasi npo nero HacBasasE Ro((eHi^;[K): Boponi^OBi na- 
noiniHaji^B GmAÍony to xo6poe crapoe speufl, speaia Hesa^Bennofi 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



FOGOIfl H IBFCHU. 109 

EncaseTHy sorxa Poodi h ÁDcrpúi Óůjie vb -AcMOWh coKxri, h 
eriwcTBui axaro coDsa xopomo SHara ^pivqmxi 11; lenepB cjAfr 
am Taxoro CQH)9xa AOiiseH!B ysHaTb HanojieoHi, nna^e u^iími 
coi)»^ BoltHa eccB 6ÍACTBÍe, ho můbmMh ea ipyxHO. Pocda mo> 
sen ffBHHyTB 90,000 Boftosa^ ce xasEMi se sopnycom y^epau- 
Btr& npyccix^ Óyxen crapatBea fb BaBapin, BvpreMÓeprt h Ba- 

lert, ^TO&h 8TH BJMAiHia He npHMSHyjIH Kh $paHi^H. PyCCBÍfl 

BOicsa, roBopEJTE BopoHi(OFB, noryn BHcryiiHTB rb noxoxB kl 8 

Pyccsia npexJKOseHia npoiBBejH CHJiBHoe CMyn^eHie vh Biwb. 

MiHHCiepcTBo 6aio sa ycjiOBHoe npEHarie hxi; 8pi^repi](orB EapjrB 

Tpe(SoBajrB (tesycjiOBHaro OTeepseHÚi; HaBOHei^^B ompaBHjra (1 anpiiji 

1804 r. H. CT.) Bi nereptiyprB (TCB&rB CB HHCTOcepxeiHHiii npHSHa- 

HÍeirB sajsaro ^nnaHCOBaro nojosema ÁBcrpÍH, loropaa exBa Mona 

6n Becnr h otiopoHmenHyio, h y«B HSBaKB ne Mosero p^nmiBCfl na 

BoAfly HaciynaiejiBHyiD; npH btoitb crapajiHCB xoBasaxB, ^lo licHafl cbasb 

PoodH cb ÁBcrpies) oxea MOzerB yxepsaiB HanojeoHa on xasB- 

vbtnnnLit saxBaxoBi. Tanaa yBJOHqnBOCTB n noBOxenie B^HCKaro 

popa B!B }k%jA repAora aHrBOHcaarp ho MorjiH se npOflBBecni pas- 

HNUsema rb neicQ[>tfypri. HicnepaTOpB AjieRcaHxpi ne capizBass 

BTOTO lyBCTBa vb pasroBopax^B c:b aBcrpiflcBEiTB boohehitb luren* 

iDiTB niiyTTepreftMOirB: «Bh Hxere no xoport, Boropaa npEsaxers 

Bacb wb norntSejUi,— roBopHn rocyxapB:— bu or^aeiecB nox'B noapo* 

BBTeiBCTBO $paHi^ÍH; BOTopaa Cb BaMH Hrpaen, h bio SHaerB, lyxa 

BacB saBOxen po<k)CTB». PasxpaseHÍe ycHJiHJiOí^, Borxa ABcrpia 

npiSHaia HMnepaTopcBifi THiyjrB HanojieoHa. Bi Wbsb oxBHasoBO 

tiouHCB pa^xp&sHTB H Pocdio, H $paH^iIO• GrapajiHCB npexera- 

BHTB b:b neiep6ypr£, ^ro ho xojsho BcrynaiB vb 6opB6y bh cram* 

BOMB panoy HH cmnBOirB noexHo; npesxeBpeiieHHiifi paspHBi, 6e8:B 

oparoTOBJíeHÚi no neHBmett vipb paBHHzi cb HeapiaiejieirB cejii, 

TOABO saBpiiiHTB if^nH} a HO pašoÓBOTB Hxi. BixcTB^Hoe cyo^ 

CTBOBasíé capxHwmaro sopojia^ onacHOCTH, rpoBao^ia HeanojiiD, 

rpetfyion, BOHe^no, BeiiPiaSinaro raHMasia; no ^tó Bce 8to SHa^ 

nrB Vb q>aBHeHÍa cb eoexHHeHÍeifB HTajiiH Cb $paH^ielo, c^ dreirB 

nepBmrB pinmrejiBHHifB maroiTB ko BceidpHofi MOHapxÍH? ,3^ 

BcdiHH Tpe6oBajQi OTB PocdH 150,000 fioftcaa, otb Ahtjiíh Óoib* 

BmxB x^HesHiucB cytfcHxift. OrpaHHiiirB ffljméwb ůujrb EasaiBCa 

BB neieptíypii crpaxi npexiB coexiHeHÍeirB HTajtíH cb $paHipev> 

Ha ÚjuBjrby sorxa yse Bce 6aio Kb TOMy npHroroBJíeHO na x^^*^ 

Bb ozbítb Ha TasyiD orpaHHOccB HMnepaTopi AjeBcanxpB ^epess 

mTynepFeftHa ho. nepeczaBarB yBii^esaiB ÁBcrpiio, HioÓtíOHa bo- 

opyšaiacB, HHam nonitfmTBi h ea naxeme noBjeneitB aa co(k«>^ 



Digitized by Vjf OOQIC 



110 B!BCTHIBS IBPOnH. 

naxeme nixot Esponu: «HfoB KPjr(ffo cpexcisa cxepawrB Hano- 
jieoHa, Bas^b ycHáneaTB CBoe boAcbo; passi aBcrpifiCBÍS satfiiHen 
fle BBKBLThj qro npaso CHAHaro cocraaiAen bcx) Hacroflii^ no- 
jiHTHsy?» Korwi vh Uereptfypri ysnaje, ^iro nana ixers b^b Ua- 
pH«b BopoflOBaTb HanojieoHa, to AjeBcaH^pi roBopnn mTyn^ 
refiicy: «Bii norepajin Aoporoe Bpeiifl; nana Bosjosnn sopony na 
8Toro qejiOBÍBa, BOTopnfi nax^ Bann CMieiCA, gaspftnjiflfl CBoe 
nojosenie. 9to($i npHBAsaTB kl ce6i ^^>ani^30Bi, na^oóno nxi 
ocjiinHTB. UapTÍH npoTHBi Hanojeona, o Koropuxi bu roBopEre, 
ne otfpasyioTCfl. Bh xa^ eiiy vpeui yTBepsnr&cs, bh gfiem euj 
emfi xocyrB, n owb nonun i^wh^ ^ro CA^aerca sopo^eirB nranfln- 

CSHirB». 

Bi nocrtxHBirB Tpy^no 6imo coMn^BaiBca; otohb B^poaino 
6uJio n TO, ^TO ÁBcrpk BHftxerB nn CBoefi nenoABnsnocTH npn 
vrowb piniHTennoirB mar6 Hanojeona no BceMÍpnoiiy BiaAuqecTBy. 
&& UeTepÓyprš ne xotšjiii topatb xopororo spenenn, xorfcni sa- 
BpinHTb Khio no Kpaflnefl nipi TairB, r;i^ mosho 6ujío 6pocHTB 
iBopB — Bi Anrjín. 

Mu BHx:&iH, ^TO npn saB^xiiBanin Bnšmnnifn cnomeniann rpa^a 
ÁJiescanApa BoponucoBa Mosno Óujío oasHxaTB tojibeo caicnrB npifls- 
nenmixi omomeBift Pocdn b'b Anrjin, ht6 BQOjnt cootbítctbo- 
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o&bmai crpanami; Mu bha^^ Tame, ^iro,' OTHOcnreiBno noinm^e- 
csix'B BsrjjixoBB, rpa^a AjescanApa Bopom^osa nejB82 onfibsBTh 
Wb 6paTa ero, nocaa vh Anrjín, rpa^^a Ceněna PonanoBEna, 
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Bexenifl x^i, OBonqaiejibno saBpinnTB cBon Bnymenúi, ne Mono 
6iiTb Hysxo 8T08 noŠ8XB6. Ha BOSBpaTnoirb nym rpa^ Ceněni 
npoBexE 13 xHefi fb Eepjmni n EoTcxaMŠ n nepecjaxB ($paTy 
joDŮoujiTEusí nsBJ^criji o npyccBOiTB xBopš n rjaBniixi x^ĚCTByK)- 
m^HX^B iHi^arB. Mbi bha^e, qro y Bopom^OBím ne tfujio nexo- 
craTBa bx notfysx^niflx^B omocHTBCJi Bpasxe($no vh Upycdn, a m6 
nopascBasajiH TenepB rpa^^y Ceněny npúíTejiE vh Bepjiiraš,— ne norjo 
yiiCTBmnTB BTolt Bpaax^HOCTH, n Tam Baai otbhbh rpa^ Ceněna 
ne Morjra ocraTBCfl neESBicmmiH nnnepaTopy Aiescanxpy n ne 
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BOTopinrB npyccBnx'B xJ&flTo.ieft, nanpnnipi rpa^ FayrBmta, 10 
MH ne MoaBem ne o6paTnTB BnnManifl na bth otbhbei. EopojB, no 
cjOBam Bopom^oBa, ynem otb npnpoxu, no neo^paaoBaKB, ne- 
.oxomnvB BanmcaTBCfl x^jianni po6oBi n npesBaiaSno CBym, ne 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



fooouii iBPoni. 111 

coKúňearh kl (kmecmouj nociTiiBy h vl ^acraot xmosa (S^ryiipOT- 

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ffixn H Boerxa iH)AinciiBaerB orb nouaxír, JuotfHn yexEnemyi) 

XBKB Čb SeOOH), ÓpaiBflMH H HeMHOmiH a^H)TaBTaMH, H9LB0T0- 

pn% Bft oxHOro CMorpm bavb na xpyi^ h soiopiift npefftffB 
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mo hítb HHTxiy AM:e rb Ahtjíh; jk)xi HeyroMHMice h ^eerHHe, 
ftíjnieicsíy araocmeiBHO toibbo co6cTBeHHaro rocy^apa h orew* 
cna^ 160 rA'6 mosho cxanyrB hícboibko tucato TaaepoBx uh ov- 
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oe5% Be hosbojulih; lyrt, vrodí cuBHte A^ffciBOBaTB ea Bopoxfli 
em npKoexHHjnoTca bs rayrBHiqr> Boioparo, Biipovem, npesH* 
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jcryuMerh CBCteiA BaxBaia. FayrBHi^ oieHB ynesB h oÓpasoBasrs, 
tw/kan^j KBoefjmewb h ixan vb Buemett cieneHii; no odcioaiejB^ 
eiBaiCB ůsLtb TO repEryrepoiTB; to BJjnoMHHaTOinb; Bor^a hjijoohh- 
Haem o6iiaHiiBaiH noBOtearo Bopoja HeBpoMaHrieH), bhboxh nepe^B 

EMM% T^HH SHaMeHHTHXl JHOJSfiŘy SHBIUinrB fA TUCSPOĚ. T^TB TOMy 
nttBKh, H BOT^a BOpOJRD BBXOT&IOCB 3rBHJi:6TB aHraiOBB B, BaBO- 

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raynHiQr, Boropiii Tarb oiiihvho nenojiHHXB nopy^esde, ^0 bo- 
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vo ■ rayrBB^B TaKB se npexiUBi ^pani^H, bbbb h KoBepni^; 
TO se noAOopftHie na^aers h ea JIoMÓap^a, BiiBeAeHHaro FayrBHitoicE 
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npi. HŠb Bcero CBasaHHaro Bopohaobb BnBOXHTB, joo Ilpyccúi 
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«o MBHflcrpn npyccrae npH wix% ffiOpHXb EBpomi cyrb b^bd- 

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Boxh npecrynjmriaxi, nocpexcmwB BOTopiccB ohb fficrvn th- 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



ll2 mmmn wm/m. 

paHHiH, HHMrxa ne cjšxoBaio 6u Eiňfsh cfh EMWb lacrHoi napenHcn^ 
xa H HH ch sasHirB rocy^apoM^ vh uipib. dra nepenacsa Bcerxi^ 
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HifnepaioirE lasi Bejuoi h AOÓpoAintmeHtb, ^to ho saxo^en 06- 
xaHHBaTB; ho xpyrie ne mriborb ero HpaBciBeHHOCTH h BOgBtnneH- 
HOCTH ero ;Qrxa; lasHirB oÓpasoMi, cairs ho snafl tofo, 00 CBoe8> 
HHCTOTOio offB BQxen 6opB5y npoTHKb EoHanapra, Taji^paHa h 
Hx% opyAÍi| FayrBHi^ h JIoHÓapAa, KoiopHe 8aeiaKUis)TB sopoui 
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orpana, Roiopas mofm nóMOiB napo^iaicB ocboÓoahtbca on 6oHa*^ 
naprEOBCsaro nra? PasyiiieTOfl, bto— AHrjmi: «BTa crpana sasjao^uier^ 
KB caMofi CQ&b Bcfi 8jeMeHTu AJUi coxpaHeHÍfl CBoero diaro^eHCisúi 
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spoDTB rjasa ea onacHOciH, rpoBAn^a hici otb ^pani^yacsaro xec- 
nora, h ecjni ohh saxonm otjoshtb xo xpyroro BpeiieHH cbok 
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rpoBHn bc6mi TpcmairB, wbwb npaBHTeiBCTBairB, Tan iro THpuHífl 
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TejcbHO CB BJiacTÍH) BoHanapra vs HcnaHÍH, HiajiiH, IIlBeSitapiH^ 
FojiJiaHAiH H repMaHÍH». 

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xeiBHo cpexcTB^ opeAoxpaHHTB Espony orB ýpaHi^yscsHrB ^nepe-- 
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ociaHOBHTB MoryTB TOJiBBO ooBosynHHH ycHiÍH PoodH, Ahtiui h 
ÁBcrpÍH; Ha ÓepjiHHCBÍft ABopB g H Torxa yjse ne pascTOniBajrB... 
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Hopa(SoTHB% nocreneHHo ohha, pocxErnyrB KoserB h ee?» Rb 
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QpH^icB CHUHO npeyBeAHHHBajTB snaieHÍe nocrtxHefi, xoxopáio 
ona, xaB'B xepsaBa HeBonTEHeHTanHaji, HHBOixa ne Morjia hmítb; 
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BHHycBaa hsb BHAy bc£x'b onacemfii boh ^paHipa ne naBOAHXB 
96 uomwb uoryjoficsBOWb cbohh^b^ h ^yBCTBya BB^o6awn> kb npHiucdH 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



poooi I iBPoni. 113 

lAphj TOMy iipoTHBo6opcrByK)iipix'B, He bsbeib&ihcb oxHaKoase vb 
kA ctMOft xepsaBŠ, BxnopUy no MOiy^eciBy hopckhtb CBOHX^b 
cm, ^[pesM^pHiíMi ea xenesHHirb oÓoporairB, no BopeHHUirE cbo- 
m BHi!ex>ecairB h, CBepxB Toro, 6jxywB^ vh boSh^ cb ^pampei), 
le oiasajut 6a nperBiejiBnocFH isi oocTasy o6mfi1i juhve npoTHKE 
xepsaBS, BCH) Eepony ycTpaniaK>ntefi. Gík) HcriiHy ipy^HO ne npn- 
zamhj "no AHrjdfl^ laxib csasaTB, XACte xyiiiy ^ <^iiJ7 KoaJH^iH 
(?), euH ona cociaBHTBca en^e Moserb. Mopcida chjiii AnrjdH nep- 
sán, Tasí csasaTBy Kopcsia cejlu ^pam^iv Vb ^Jiosa^t, las^ ^rro 
I Vh GpeAHseMnom Mopb 4^paHiQr8CBÍe BoeHHiie KopaÓiHy HecMOTpfl, 
no no^RH Bcb nopra onaro Hopa bi saBHCHMOCTH ea — noBasaTBOi 
Tam ne CM^mrb. HxaKE, nenpEsnaiB neiBsa, tto Anriia eciB la 
dtea, soTopaa oxpanaerB (SesonacnocTB n nesaBHCHMOCTb Esponn 

1 KB SOTOpoS npHCJIOHflTBCfl MOiyTB BC% vby ROH O nesaBHCHMOCTH 

CBoeft en^e noimnuuKyrB (?). JI.ojto-ib ona noxo^eirb cíh> oÓjzj 
na oefifl ÓpaTB, ne bhah nn on soro ce6i coxtftcTBia, mhš Kasercfl 
<^8 Bonpoci sacjysHBaerB BHHManie. Ho neB^poflTHHirB aaserca, 
^T0<^ na ceiTB ocnoBanin Jon;^oncRÍ9 XBopB noxortjiB xo^ro Bofiny 
dx) npoxojsaTB, ne bhxa, TaiCB cxasaTB, ce&b e npexMora, tAwl 
naie, ^to MipaMH, npHnflTiufn j^ai ero cotfcTBennofi o6opoHH, aa- 
seiea OTBpaqena yse onacnocTBy soropafl cnanaja ne nesosMOsnoĚ 
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TavB XBacraica. Anrxix, noxyna cé6š bb jsp6u^j pasHBifl cejenia 
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^paHipex) saBjnoHHTB, n npx BOSBpantenm nacTH cbohxb saBoeBanitt 
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ycnosoenÍH). A n BonanaprB, yxocroBÍpacB o sarpy^HeniH bb hc- 
noinenifl nxana ero o sui^anA apMÍl ^paniQrscsHXi vb AnrxÍH) 
B BB nacToan^eiiB cbobitb nojioasemn AOCTHrnyBí xo rjasnaro npex- 
Meia, BjfneparopcBofi Boponn, n ne saxora noABeprHyxB norpaceniio 
10 oocroanie, fp soroparo onB A<yniex'B, MoseirB (Íhtb h ne ne- 
CBJOHenB tfyxerB cb AHrxiex) npHMHpHTBca, xaBB aasB vb napoA^ 
^^pam^yscBOMB ono n BecBMa xcejiaeTCfl. Hhtofo ctoxb naryfinaro 
ne Ótfjo 6u xxa nesaBECHMOcm Espoma, BaBB TasoBoe cofiaiie. 
nBBicTHO no npejKnniTB npHiiipairb n, mosho csasaiB, no canoMy 
poxy npaBxenifl anrjiflcBarOy ^to, npHMapacb cb ^pam^ieio, ne 
BCEOýb KoryTB ona p6niiiTBca onaiB na hobha Boopy»enia; cjA-^ 
XOBaiexBno, EonanapiB 6yxerB hm^tb^ no spaSnefi irlpi na híbo- 
Topoe BpeMfly coBepmennyx) CBOÓo^y apoHTB n nepeBOBepsHBaTB, 
BBKB noxo^erB) na TBepxott deujA. HexBsa 6e3'B npHH'6qaHÍa ocra- 
BHTB, ^TO xoTX npíyroTOBjíenie ero na xecanrB bb AnrxÍH) n ne 
HcnoxnHXocB na jsjbii; no coópanntia no 6eperaii'B $pan^iH oboxo 

ToMi v.— CEHTjupb,1877. 8 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



114 jíwns&i iBPoiDi. 

200,000 BOĚcsa Moryn jerso o6paTHTBca aa xpjvoi npexnerB; 
h6o TorAa, hm&i otl ÁHriiH CBoGo^Hya pyBH, ne HaĚ^erb owh 
npeiuTCTBÚ! OBasETB jiBHuirB oÓpasoMi CBoero HeroxoeaHUi h xase 
HeopifliejBCRBME npeAupiflTÍflMH na vb AepsaBu, Ha boh ohi sjiocte 
HM^feerB. Bci cÍB coShtíš, MOserB, h ynpeAHaacB 6u, ec^iHÓi rjiaB- 
Hue Ba6HHeTBi Esponti ea TBepAoS seM^i 601^ saÓoTti co CBoeft 
CTopoHU oBasajB Bi BHCBo6o»AeHÍfa ce($fl otb yrpoautenaro Hra 
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raieH). A Macca chji^b eBponeicRHXi e^e xasoBa, ^ro npe exHHo- 
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H $paHi;ieio, HTÓ 6ujio 611 diACTBÍeMi ajih Espoau. dra yrposa 
dujia cx^JiaHa b% Ahejíh rpaýy GeneHy BopoHi^OBy. Kor^a Ha- 
nojieoH'B npoBOBrjacHJTB ce6fl HMnepaxopoirBy fb Ahcjiíh IlETrB CHOBa 
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TOHHO, HaA06B0 ÓEIJIO B086yAHTB BOHTHHeHXajBHyK) BOffHy, COCraBIITB 

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1804 roAa: «Ecjh HH^ero ne (yri&Jiaeie fb TeTOHÍH 1805 ro^a, 
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xejiBHO BOHTBHeflxajiBHofi Boajfli^ÍB, to fl 6yxy npocBTB Hoero oto- 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



pocKnui H nponi. 115 

SB&His, H<So npexiterby XM Roroparo h saícb, ■ n Pocde yroea- 
piBt»rL Mens ocamoLy ae 6yx^n cyn^ecTBOBaTs ({ojie». 

Bb to Bpem, Ran cmpiifi BopoHAon xyMajTE, ^eto ohx ne- 
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xkia ^zajn bi Ahfjiíh) oxhhx h3b mojoxhz^ npnfijiHseHHiirB kb 
iMiiepaTopy jnoxeff, TOBapno^ MHHBerpa iocthiph, HaBOiat Hhko- 
416^^*6 HoBOCHm^esb, x^ro SHBinii vb Ahtjiíh n aHTjoifaffB, 
iioxo6ho BopoHi^OBy. IIocjtxHeMy xot^jto ocraBHTb bck) o^Hi^iajiB- 
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XoroBopa; ho BopoHi^OBB sasaica crapB, ynpaiiB, y^osB bb CBOHrB 
BBrjJxax!B H cjHmsoir^ mi josb bb hxb npoBexeHÍH. Hoboch Ai^en 
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njaea; jiy^me oóofln crapEsa. Hobocejbi^obb flBBTca bb Ahejíh 
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lasB 6yxT0 otb ceÓB, ÓyxerB y(ÍisxftTB crapnaa bb pasyiiHOCTH co* 
xepsama njana, nib HoBocam^eBy cx^iarB 6yxeTB neTpyxno no 
xaBHeMy xo^poiiy pacnojosenÍH) sb Heny Boponi^oBa. 

^TO-JBB 8T0 6ujB sa uaHB? 

3to 61UB njasB ne tojibko yna^rosenia ^^paniQrBCBaro npe- 
ofiiaxania, no h noBaro ycTanoBJíenia OTHomenifi bb Esponi nocji^ 
eg yHspenúi. Yxe bb nponuoKB b^bš, bb tíxb cjfynaflXB, sorxa 
PocdH npHXOXBJíocB oÓnapysHBaTB CHnnoe Biianie na esponefiCBÚi 
xiia, MOSHO 6ujíO saii^TBTB pasjíBHie bb ea noanrH^ecEHXB Bsm- 

XaXB H BSTJBX^B XPyTHXB OBpOndlCBEXB fOCyxapCTBB. CioCTaBJiflfl 

ocotfufl MÍpB, ^ysxufi pejBiioBHuxB BHTepecoBB sanaxHOfi EBponH, 
HjMffíŘ n nojinTHqecBBXB HHTepecoBB rxaBH^ftniHXB eBponeffcBHXB 
roi^xapcTBB, CBOxa cboh metu cb rocyxapcTBaMB, EM^BniBHH ne- 
sHa^HT&iBHoe BjriflHÍe na xoxb x'^'^ bb Eaponb, UTeei^ieK), npoBMy- 
n^ecTBenno ace UojBmeK), b, rjiaBHoe, no oómapnocTB CBoefi Top- 
pBTopÍH be ^yBCTBya no($ysxeHÍfi bb pacEpocrpaneniH) cbohxb 
Biax^HÍfl, oco6eBHO nocjii xocTnaseHia MopcsBXB (SeperoBB, Pocda 
HeoóxoxBMO BB cBoefi eBponeffcBofi x^TesBHOCTfl flBXfljiacB 6ojAe 
CBOÓoxHOB), ^^B xpyría rocyxapcTBa, EMianria x^snie cioth xpyrB 
» flřyroMB, xasnie^ HCTopagecRH BiipaCoTaBrnieca HBTepecH h ne- 
yxepsHMoe crpeMjenie ORpyrjiHTBca h pacnpocrpanBTB cbob Tep* 
pBTopÍH B ne xftTB cx:&iaiB BToro jipjríiwb. Taaaa CBo6oxa Pocds 

8* 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



116 BftOTHHBl SBPonn. 

noposAAJa B% Heft Heo($xoxHMO crpeiíjieme Hrpan nocpeAcrByK>iiQrK> 
pojB, ycrpaesaTB esponeftcsifl oTHomeHÍfl na ofin^HX^ nanajiaxi, no 
ofimHBTB HHTepecairB; Poccíh Bcero Jiene tfíMO npe^jaraTB h npo- 
Bo;iHTB TeopÍH) ycrpofiCTBa esponefiCBoncB OTHomeHÍft, TorAa RaB'^^ 
xpyrifl rocy^apcTBa pyBOBOAHJíHCb npaRTHisoK) h 6ujh HenoAaTJBBii 
Ha yAOBjíeTBopeme o6n^iH'B HHrepecaiťB, orcraHBaa bo ^to 6u to 
HH crajio CBOH HacTHEie. TaBHHi otfpasoirB, TeopeTH^ecRia crpen- 
jieHÍfl Poccíh craiBHBajiHCB EHor^a BipMijsfiŮBo ci npaBTH^ecKHHR^ 
crpeMjieHiflHH jpyroxi rocy;iapcTBi; xpoMÍ Toro, oth rocysapctMy 
ne 8Ha2 npomeAinaro Poccíh h npoHcresinaro hsi Hero ea sacrofl- 
n^aro cyn^ecTBa, He noHHBcajiH fb cbohx'b npaBTHqecBnxi crpetf- 
jiieHÍJiX'B, ne npnsHaBajiH efl crpemieHÍfi TeoperHHecsHx^b, bha^jih Tyrš 
HeHCRpeHHocTB, DpHRpuTÍe npaRTH^ecRHXi crpeiueHÍfi. Ho TaRs 
RaRi leopífl HMÍera cboh) HeoCxo^HMyio cropoHy vb ansmi, to h 
pyccRÍe njaHu, xora wh ^acraxi, ocy^ecTBjfljiHCB, HecMOxpa na^ 

npOTHB06opCTBO HaCTHIIX'B HHiepecoBi. 

BiipaseHÍeMi TaRHxi TeopexHHecRHxi crpenjeníft Poccíh tffijs 
njiaFB, npBBeBeHHufi HoBocHJimeBuirB fb ÁHraÍR) vb 1804 voxy^ 
njaH^B »TOrB npejíCTaBjflji yBepnopy, vxb Bcrpi^aiiHCB mothbh, 
ROTopne noApoÓH']^ 6ujh BunoJCHenEi noorib, RorAa oÓCTOflTOJiBCTBa 
nosBOJiHJiH pasurpaTB bck) onepy. Mto Poccia, no OBnanenHEiifs 
npHHHHaM^, ÓHjia noAaTjHBa na nojiETH^ecRÍa leopÍH, hsi ororo 
ne cjAfnyerh^ htoÓh njianH Heo6xoAHMO cocraBJíiajiHCB oj^hmh pyc- 

CRHMH JIIOABMH; TaR'B, H B^ njaH^^ ROTOp£IM'B MU TOnOpB BaHH- 

HaeMca, ORasiiBajiHCB Bnymenía abobx'b hsb^cthsxi nojLHrnnecRHX^ 
TeopeTHROBi: IliaTOJiH, y^Hrejia ^apTopuftcRaro, h JRoBe^a ^^e-Macrpa, 
capAHHCRaro MBHHcrpa bi neTep6ypr&. B^b HHCTpyRi^ÍH niraepaTopa 
AjieRcaHxpa HoBocHJBiíeBy, «HejiOB*Ry, nojíBsyio^eMyca neorpann- 
^eHHOfo soBipeHHocTÍH) rocywpa h BHaion^eHy bc* ero miicjh*, ro- 
BopBJíocB: «caMoe Moryn^ecTBeHHoe opya&íe, RoropuirB nojiBSOBajiHCB 
ffl CBTb nopB ^pam^sBi h RoropuirB ohh en^e yrposRaioTB bcíitb 
crpanaiťB; coctohti vh oÓm^eirB mhí^híh, ito hx^b x^io ecth x^o- 
CB060AH H (SiarococTOBHia napo^iOBi. Bsjío 6u nocTU^HO js,xsi qejio- 
B^necTBa, TTOÓH na Taaoe npeRpacnoe a^jio CHorpbjH RaRi na 
víbjíh npaBHTOJiBCTBa, hh bi RaROMi OTHomeníH ne sacjiysHBaioniiara 
Óbitb ero san^HiHHROirB. Eiiaro ^ejiOB^bneciBa, hctbeheiS Enrepecs^ 
BaROHHBix^ npaBBTejBCTBi^ H ycni^x^B npeAnpíflTÍa, ROTopoe sa^yícK^ 
BaiOTB jíjBib xepsRaBu (Poccia h Anrjiía), TpeÓyioTB OTnaTÍa y ^pan^ 
i^OBi CTOJB cípamnaro opysía h npio6p'bTeHÍa ero ce&b^ nTOtSřh 
oÓpaxHTB ero npoxHBi caMHX'B se ^^pam^ysoBi. Mesxy o6ohhh 
npaBHTe.iBCTBaMB, pyccRHirs h aHrj!ií&CRHM'B, aojsho cocToaTBca co- 
rjiameHie: bt» cTpanaxi, Roroptia aoj»ho ÓyjerB ocbo(}oxhtb otb- 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



POOQII I BBPOni. 117 

ira BoHanapra, se BosemHaBUBaTB npesHHXi sioynorpe&ieHÍi h 
UBoro nojiosemfl x^i, kb KoropoMy Hapoxu, HcnuTEBinie ^^opím 
HesaracHMOCTH, npHM^HHTbCfl He Moryrb; HanpoTHPB, Ha^oteo no- 
tiapaTBCfl ynpoHHTb hmi CBo6oAy, ycraHO&ieHHyK) na cbohxi na- 
cmínuixi* ocHOBaBÍflzi». Jt^n npHJOsemfl eroro o6ii^aro nanaja 
TpefioBajiocB, HTO(ju capAHHCKÍft Kopojb 6wn> BosciaHOBJíeHi, ua- 
jď^HÚL ero xo^uBHu 6arb yBeiHnenu, ho ohi jsfljmewb w^ CBomwb 
nouaHHuiťB CBotfoAHyH) H Myxpyx) KOHCmryi^iK). FouaHxiH h 
niBefiitapiH AO^UKHO laicse a&tb noJiHyio cboóojqt ycrpoHT&cfl 
UKb xaian. ^paei^H HaxoÓHO o&bMwsb^ ^to cox)bhhsb qMUBaiOTca 
Be <rb HeK), a eb ea npáBHraiBCTBOMi, Boropoe lasse yrneraerb 
1 ee, wxb ocrajibHyiD Espony, hto ett x&crca caofioAHutt euóopi 
^opMii npaBjeHÍfl. Bu6opi sopojia j^jul $paH^iH— a^o Biopocie* 
DeHHoe. IIo OKOHnaBÍH boIhh h yMHpeHia Espomi, hhkio ho no- 
ximaerb saHaibai xoroBopoirb, Boropult cxaHerL ocHOBaHiem Bsa* 
HMHHTb CHoineflift eBponettcsBXi rocy^apciBi. 3A'bcb x&io Hxerb 
se o(h> ocyn^ecTBJíeHiH mo^tíi BŠ^naro napa, ho 6jjífiTb ^to-to 
noiosee, eciH vh drowb xoroBopt onpejT&JflTca achua h to^hum 
Hauja HapoAHaro npaBa. Jl^ ynpo^eHÚi BH^mearo icepa Heotixo* 
WMO, hto6bi Bnyrpeanift crpoft rocyxapCTfii Óhixb ocHosasB na 
4iaropa3yMHolt cbo6oaÍ) x^ion^eit Kp^nocib npaBHrejBCTBairB, cxep- 
aHBaa crpacni npaBHxejielt. Bi EHcrpysi^iH roBopnaocb yse^ hto 
AU 6e3oaacflOCie rocyAapciBi ohh aojshbi Hnirb yAOÓHua rpa- 
HHiui, BasHMH Bcero jy^me uoryvb 6uTh ropu h icopa; roBopHJOCb, 
vo sasAoe rocyAapcxBO aoisho HM%Tb OAHonjeMeHHoe eapoAOHa- 
^^aieBÍe. IIo yKasaHÚíMii omiia npssHaHa neoÓxoAHMOcrb ycHJLHib 
BTopooeneHHua rocyAapciBa, hto(^ ohh 6bijh vl cocroanÍH bh- 
jiepsarb nepsul yAapi CHabHiftmaro h AOSAaTbCfl homou^h coh>8- 
HHBOffb. CpeACTBa AU 9Toro— npHcoeAHHenie neuHxi BAaAtmĚ si 
BpyHHdbflmHirb h oCpasoBame ^Aepai^fl. Tairb a^a CAepsHBanÍH 
^paHi^ÍH Heo6zoAHMO pacaopflABTbCfl fb HTajÚH h PepnamH. Bi 
JUKAffieŘ BiopocieneHHUA aiaA^HÍa mosho BiiCBO(5oAHTb H^b-noA^ 
BiuHÍa ÁBcrpÍH H IIpyccÍH h oÓpasoBaib Hs^b hhxi tíchbiI cojon. 
. Bb HHcrpyBiUH roBopaiocb, ^to Pocda h Anraia 6uih oahh- 
ezBeHHHa AepsaBu bi EBpoirb^ HHTepecaM'b Koropuxi nerA^ 6^^o 
^laiSHBarbCfly h Fb lofi aae HHCIpyKI^H yBasano ($ujio irbcro ciou- 
HOBenia. liffb uocjAjíjidjuex^ o<h>acHeHÍĚ ^apTopuftcsaro cb Hune- 
paiEopoifi AioBcaHApoiťb bhaho, ^to jiioAelti &ifl8BHxi vb rocyAapiOy 
BOTopttirb npHnflCHBajH rjaBHoe Biiame na A^ia, Tarororb ynpevb, 
W) pyccBoe npaBHieibCTBO saÓOTHTca lOJibBO o6'b o6a^6irb ÓJiaii 
Espomi H npeHe6peraerB npaMHMH pyccsHiia HHiepecaicH. Oco* 
4kBaQ 8TH ynpeu 6iuh HyBCTBHTeibHii ^apiopiificBOMy, Bo-nep- 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



118 BKTHm iBPona. 

BHxi, nxh sasixHBaBnieMy hhoctimbhiimh x^aMH, BO-nTopurB, 
KaR^B leaoFixy He-pyccioiiy, noiARyi sHaBmeiiy sa co6oio sany^ 
OTHOCHTejiBHO Poccíh ~ ffB HcuioqirrejibHOCTH noMHCJiOBib o DOBcra- 
HOBjíeHÍB nojBmff. IIooTOMy coB^TflHRaBťb HMnepaTopa, h oco6eHH<K 
^apTopulCKOMy, ecreciBeHHO 6u jo noAHHMaTb Bonpocu o cpexcTBarLr 
yxoBjeTBopBTB BTHEi npflMUBťb flHTepecaM'& Poccíh, npe^eirB, pas- 
yirjbercfly BOCro^Huft Bonpoci, caadocrb e BapsapcTBO Typei(Baro 
npaBHTeaBCTBa, HeBOSMOJSHOCtb paBHOxyinHo cmotpItb Ha noioseHÍe 
xpHCTÍaHi vh TypqÍH, onacHOciB otl ^pani^yscRHXi HarperB vh^ 
aroft crpaHŠ,— BcedTOÓujio na nepBOiTB njani. npacoeAHHeHie kb- 
Poccíh MojnAasÍH h Bajiaxín yAOBjíerBopaao TaB^B-HasusaeiniMi npH- 
MBiiTB HHiepecaiTB Poccíh h Bosnarpasxuo sa to, htó Mona no* 
xepflTb Poccíh no njanaiTB ^apropuftCKaro orflOcnrejBHO JIojibmH. 
Orb MojixftBÍH H BajaxÍH ecrecTBeHHo pasroBopu aoxoahjuí jsf> ocbo* 
ÓosA^HÍfl Typei^KHX'B xpHCTÍaHi, ffl B081I0SH0CTH coexHHeHÍH rpe* 
BOffB H Typei(RHX'B cjiaBflHi cb Pocdeio HiH nox^ OAHHiťb CRHner* 
poiTB CB neio, ht6 hhchojbro ne npoTHBOptqHJio ocHOBHiiirB nja- 
naiTB ^apTOpiiĚCBaro. IIo ero cBHA'frrejibCTBy, HMnepaTopi Aje- 
RcaHApi^ OTBepraa'B no^oÓHua npejuoseflífl; ho, Ran^BHAHO, Hune- 
paiopB ne Hameji HeyxoÓHuirB ysnaiB OTHOCHTeaBHO Typi^ÍH mucjk 
ÓpniaHCRaro RaCnHera, h noTOMy HoBOCHJibi^eBrB xojsen^ Óují'^ 
npeAJiosHTB aHr;iíĚCROMy npaBBTejiBCTBy corjacB*n»Cfl na c^erB y^a- 
CTH OTTOMaHCRoft HopTLi. Efl cjiatfocTB, anapxíir, Bospocraion^ee ne- 
yxoBOJBCTBÍe xpHCTÍaHCRHX'B noM^HHiix^B rposHJUi nocTOHHHO cno- 

ROttCTBÍK) EBpODbl. Ha^OtiHO 61IJIO npHHHTB npOTHBl BTOFO MipU, B 

eciH 6hi Typipa Bomjia vh coion cb ^pani^íeio hjh no ApyrnaťB^ 
RaRHM^B-HHÓyAB otfcTOiiTejBCTBaiťB jtflJíhB^Řmee cyn^ecTBOBaHíe Ty- 
peiQcoft HMnepÍH vh Esponi crajio HeBOSMoaRHuirb, to coío^íhrs 
XOXSHH 611JIH pacnopflXHT^cfl ycrpottCTBoiTB pasjíBqfiuxi ea qacieft^ 
HoBOCHaBi^eBi xojiseBi 6hij% ROCHyibCH xpyroro ÓoabHoro Hicra: 
npoA^osHTB o(5rh HsirlHeHÍH noBexeHÍfl aHrjiHqaHi Ha Mopflxi, ne- 
ciepnHMaro au HeflrpaibHbirb A^psan, neroAOBaHÍe Roropux^B na* 
Ahfjíh) 61L10 o^eHB BiiroAHo a^h ^panipn. 

22 HOflÓpfl 1804 roAa HoBOCHJbi^eB^B OHcajťB rocyAapio: «rpa^ 
BopoHD(OBi cnepBa npHHHJTB MeHfl AOBOJBHO xoJOAHo; HO He nponuo- 
cyroKB, RaRi npesnee pacnojioaieHÍe ero ro mhÍ BOSBparnjocB; 
noTOiTB HWh OTB Hacy jíymae h, HaROHei^'B, owb CA^ajicH toaro- 
TaRHMi opyAieMi, RaROBuirb vb HacToan^axi otfcroflTencTBaxi eny 
BifbTb HysBO. Bce ÓyAerb A'&ii&TbCfl nepesi nero h 0R0HfeH0Hfti». 
OABaRo, HBS HHCbMa HoBOCHJbi^eBa OTB 24 AeBa6pfl bhaho, hto* 
A^o 6yjo ho TavB aerno: <fl ne naa^e motb ycnŽTB BacraBETB^ 
BAimHee luiHHcTepcTBO npiiHflTB bcí npaBHja B. B-crna bo Bceft 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



FOO0U I np(»[i. lid 

m uojmaAj xasb ^pen HeooepexcTBeHHoe Moe e& MHHHcrpaifH, 
a ooo6jihbo cb r. IIiiTfOiíi cHomeHÍe. Cbojb ipy^Ho ($eijio ao cero 
loerarayTB, He ocBop6Hn ^ecTOJiio6ifl rp. BopoBQOBa h ne Boopy- 
siRB ero npoTsvB ce6g\ Gbo;ib mhofo 6ujío mh% tfesnoBoftCTBi, 
nofe yxajuTB ero Hoiospteúi h ycnoEOBTb ero BOOÓpaaBeme na 
cKTh BckTb uúEXb CHomeBÍtt, a oco6jnBO cl npeni^eiii Bajulft- 
cum m Ch jopxoiťB Moepa, a reaepb cb $obcomi! Xpy^eribe, 6e8- 
DOKoflHite jpifl Ayx& H HenpiflTBte fl HB^ero eo^e ho Bcrpi^adii. 
y^aiocL nouepsaTB xopomifl cBomeflifl Buojiwb. GHcreifa sama 
nojyHHTB HysHyH) npoHHOCib h ho Bcrpi^Hn HHKaBoro conpoTHB- 
jeBÚ vh onnoBHiQH, noTony hto npHflip> BaajiiftcBift otitn^a^i mh^, 
npH lopxt MoHpa, sor^a Bce npHxoxflTb 6yjsfirb btb OKOHnaHÍio^ 
xaiB CBoe vecTHoe cjobo, ub^ sas^ ofl'& roBopsTB, la parole de 
cayalier, ^to (rni^j ck CBoet cropoHu, Óy^en bcšmb irbpaHB co- 
llbScTBOBATb Bo BceiTB, HTÓ Vb yTBepaBxefiiio OHoftcjiysBTb MOsen, 
H ^TO OHI, no BCTynjeHÍH Ha BejHRo6pBTaHCKÍ& npecrojiiy óy^ers 
CBflio H HeflapymHMO onyio coxpaHjm». JIopA^B MoBpa, totb qejo- 
Bftn, lOTopEdt npH nepeifbHt i^apcTBOBaHífl, Eone^HO, 6ojiše BcteE 
6yMjerh Hifferb chiu bi& x&iaxi, ystpajTE Měna, vro ohb nesHaerb 
(HHHero) coOTBÍTCTBeHHÍe 6jary q&ioBtqecBOiiy Booón^e h nojiBsairB 
o6oHrb rocywpcTBx fb ocoÓeHHOcniy noveny h (Seperb na cetfs 
Q&brb Ban^BH^TB Bcerxa bcímh CHjaiiB cím> cHcreMy. $OBCb TaBse, 
san cjumHo, sa pyccxyio CBCieiiy, cjiiAOBaTejbHo HonnosHivfl sa 
Bee, qró BasHO, h6o ona Óyxerb BB6MK>fíiThy hto6b MHHHcrepcrBO 
neyuoHHO ee npoBOXHJO*. 

j9[,tlcTBHTeJBH0, Vb Aar^ÍH HHSio ne mopb Óktb npoTBBi pyc- 
oot eflcieMii Bootfn^e. IIhttb, pasyiiieTca, Óuji coBepmeHHO co- 
riaeeHB, ^to HaxoÓHO cociaBBTB bobílbi^íio, HBSBeprnyrB HanoJieoHa 
1 ycmHOBHTB BO ^paHiÚB ÓesooacHoe a^b Eeponu npaBBTOJbCTBo; 
TÍMfTh 8A'6cB npBMO yKasuBajii na BypÓOHOBB, Bnpo^eirb^ ne na- 
eiofi^uo — ^A^o TpyAHoe, Aa h pano en^e o6rb btom^ Ay^aiB. IIhitb 
ten eoBepmeHHo coraaceHB h cb rkwby vro, no eBepsenÍB Hano- 
jeona, HaAo6flO 6yAerB pacnopsABTBCfl h cyAB6oK) crpani, Boropiifl 
BoajHipa OCB060ABTB BffB-noAB BjaciH $paHi^ÍH, pacnopsAHi^ca co- 
FjacHO CB HTB ÓeBonacHOCTÍK) H 6e80(iacHOCTÍio EBponu. Ha Bce 
BIO aerso 6iuo coriacHiBca, norony ^to ba^cb He BaiporEsaiHCB 
BHTepecH AHrjÍH; ho HHane nonijio a'^o OTHOCHiejiBHO tíxb bo- 

HPOCOFB, Vfíb 9TH HHTepeCU BaTpOrHBajlHCB. BonpOCB o MOpCBOlTB 

WMfiEcbj o CBo6oA^ Mopeit 6iijrB orjoseHB na HeonpeA^aeHHoe 
^ena: baícb ÁHrjiLi tfuia HanojieonoirB. APJ^A BonpocB^ hc nepe- 
ouaBniii noAaBaTB noBo^^B bb HenpiflTHUMB o($BflCHeHÍfliíB, 6un 
BonpocB BOCTOuul. Jíft BasoB creneHfl bb AflrjdH Óiiui qyBciBH- 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



120 Bsonm upoídi. 

TUBHH vh aioicy Bonpocy h xo hbxoě cieneini BopoRi^OBi ($nn 
lyBCTBHTejefl^B so Bceify, vb ^euy 6hjih ^BCTBHreiBHu bi ÁHTjdHi 
jy^me Bcero noKSBiiBaerB nHCbMO ero Bi sh. ^apropulcBOiiy (or^ 
10 0STfl6pfl H. c): «HeMory ne npsBHaTBCfl, ^Tox^nema Bama, Tfjb 
ff&io H^ers o coK)3Í, KoropuS IIopTaxo^erE bosoÓhobete CBHaHE, 
H OTB ROToparo MU crapaeMCfl no BozuosMOcm yuoHHTbca, npen- 
Bu^afiHO MeHfl saTpyAHflerb. UpEEjs&MfiBmaŘ npoieciB ee UvTry 
H FappoyÓH, fl yBHAan hxi HsyifjieHiey h npEanaiocs BairB no 
ApyasecKH, ^to xenema MoserB 6uTb HcroiBOBana, saicB 6yxro 
name npaBHxejaíbCTBO Euierb Tafinoe sejranie yBejfHHHTB cBon Bjia- 
jíjbmíL na CHen onoMaHcsoft HMnepiH, Koropai paspymaercfl n 
yna^en, ecjH ne ÓyAorB noAXepsana Poccieia h BejiHsoÓpHTaHieH). 
Ohh Měna copocHJH, saRi a ]íjuíív)^ hštbih y nacB m ucih bmtb 
^TO-EHÓyxB y TypoRi. Bnyrpenno saTpyAHeHHiil BonpocoirBy h6o 
cmucjii Bameft xenema BoeÓysAaxB bo mhš n^oropoe no^oapi^HÍe 
^ero-TO noAo6Haro, fl^ OAnaso, OTB^^ajrB, ^to ne BHsy vb ffineaA 
HB^ero Taaoro, ^ ohh BEjt^n. Ohh hhš csasaju, tto npexMerB 
laRi Basem h TaB'B cjosen^^ tto ohh ne Moryrs orsi^an, tíitb 
tioji^, ^TO coAepsaHÍe ' xenemn ne xocraTOiHO pasBHio; ^to ohh 
noniJiiOT*B Bi Typi(ÍK) BOftcBO tojbro Ch oxHOiD EÍbjúíO — Esrnania 
4)paHiQ^80ffb HJH A^fl Hxi npexynpesAeHiH, Rorxa Óy^erB otobhaho^ 
^TO ^paHi^rsu HairbpeHu lyAa boíIth, ho CMJbiumrb aro BcerAa n 
TBepAUMi HaMipemeiTB BOSBpaTHTb Jlopii oÓJiacTH, saHarHA cb 
i^tiÍK) Hxi san^HTii. JIopA^ FappoyÓH ouitb icn& fobophjtb o6h 
'aroMi A^^; ero cospymaerB meicjb, h%t% jih y nac^ naMŠpeHia 
BBflTB ^9To-HH6yAB y TypoBTB. IIpH8HaH)CB| — OBaHUBan Bopom^offB, — 
^iT0 fl 6yAy Bi OTqaflHÍH, ecjH y nacB cyn^eciByK>rb niann yne- 
iH^eHÍfl leppHTopiH. Mu yjie h lasi^ cípamno pacnpocipaHHJiHCB, 
BCJŠACTBÍe Hero crpana ne noserB 6iitb xopomo ynpaBJueiia. y 
nacB Ch T3rpBaMH ecrecTBeHnaa rpaHHita — Mope h Jl^HÍterpí; coxpa- 

HHITB HX^ yAepSHlTB COC^AAMH 8THX1^ 6ÍAHUX!B TypOKi: B^AB OHI 

jy^mie coc^h, h^mi mBeAu^ npyccaRH h aBcrpifti^H». Heenorpí 
na 9T0 nHCBMO Boponi^OBa, HoBOCHjiBi^eBy Úujío npeAnncano saTpo- 
HyTB BOcro^HHĚ BOHpocB: Vb pasroBopi CB UHTioirB OHTB nanaTB 

JQ)yseCRHMl BHTOBOpOlCBi HTO Bl AhEJÓH CUniROiTB HOAOBpHTeiBHH 

na c^erB pyccRHXi naM^pemfi OTHOCHreiBHO UopTH. Uhitb, ne- 
AOBOjBHHfi BosoÓHOBieHÍex^B OTOFO HenpíflTHaro Bonpoca, sairibTHjn^, 
HTo ÓuBaio MHoro npHM-bpoB^ savB noRpoBHrejiBCTBO n^A^cipaHOH) 
osaaqHBaiocB es noRopenieirB, h RorAa HoBocniBiiieBi hm^jb naoB- 
HOciB cRasaxB, 9T0 ecjH 6u Aftse Focdfl h A^I^ttcTBHTeiBHo HMŠjm 
BHAu na Typi^K), to ApysBsm Poccíh, anriHnaHairB, nevěro Óes- 
noiOHTBca, ToproBJU hxi en^e Jiy^me ÓyAeiB otesneieHa^ — Hhitb 



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foocu s mrai. 121 

jtíBAJí%j EBKh HecBoeiipeiíeiiHO aasnaiBca lenep^ manaMH na 
c^en l>]rpipH9 Ror^a Ba^oÓHO xyMSLTh otfi ocbo6osa6híb esponel- 

CSm XBPSABI On^ HaCHJii ^paHItÍH. IIhTTB CBOXHUb X^JO Rl 

oxHOMy: Pooeu AOisna ycrpoETt Koaifnpio nponiBi HanojeoHa, 
Ahtiíx Óyxen luaiiTB coiosHisair& xeHbra. IIo HseftcruirB Hobo- 
cioqeBa, h rjasa onnosHipH, ^obce, dash eonncewbCb pyocBOH) 
dCieifOiD. Moserb 6uTh owb h (^jtb conaceni cb pyccKOio ch- 

OiaiOD, HO 0B% paCXOAHJlCII Cb IlHlTOirb FB TOlTb, TTO HHflHCTpi 

xorin HauHaTB xbjo BaRi mosho CBopie, a ruBa o^ao3H^úl 
9ioro He zor&ii, htó bhaho hvb oosxi^ttniaro nHCBiia ero ipb 
^pTopuftcKOMy (on 17 icapra 1806 h. c): «fl nwbn Hec^acrie 
Be OAotfpHTb maní nponuaro ro^a m se CBpuJi CBoero Mff&HÍB 
Ba BTOTb c%rb. EcjH 6ii nooji^xHia cjiOBa mob HoBOCHJibi^By, cica- 
aaflHsui vh npflcyrcTBifl npeni^a Bauiflcsaroy npoHSBaiH 6oAniee 
BoeHaui^Hie! £L cBasaxK •udume no Kpaúmů jmpfb muxautKO— 

S(H*Aa vb Ha^ait 1805 roAa orspujicfl aHr^ittCRÍfi napjaiieHn^ 

TO n XpOHHOft pt^H rOBOpiUOCb 0($l HCBpeHHHrL C0K)BaXl Cb ROH- 

imeHiaiBHiíMH rocy^apcTBaMs, oootieHHo cb PocdeB)/ Roropoi mo- 
sapxB jMurb CHJiBHtttaiia AOsasaiejBCTBa cBoeft MyxpocTE, Óiaropox- 
BBxi HyBCTBtb H sHBoro yHacTU B:b ÓesonacHOCTH h HedaBicHnocra 
Eapoim. Bi 6H)xseii ctojuo 5 mhjijíohobi ^yHiOBi ea nocoóie 
ioflTflHeaTaibHiiM'& AepsaBam. 30 napTa (11 anptjfl) 1806 roxa 
iiSLXb 8a]UK>9eH'B MejKAy Poccieio h AiarjieK) AOi*OBopi>: o6i xep- 
saBB conacHJHCB npHHBTB canHfl ciopiifl H A^ttCTBHTenHiia irtpii 
xu oÓpaaoBaHÍfl RoajiHipH, Roropaa BiicraBiuia 6u 500,000 BoftcRa 
Ck i(ÍJ]K> noÓyxHTb ^paHqyscBoe npaBHTeibCTBO r'b iiepy h bos- 
ciaHO&KHÍK) noJBTflqecRaro paBAOB^úi btb Espoiri; jpa nocjšxHaro 
BpBBWHO Heo6xoAHMu>rB ocBo6osxeHÍe GÍTajriiy IQBefti^apiHy Foji- 
laBxiH, raaHOBepa h ObBepHoft repiiaHiH h ycraHOBieHie vb Eb* 
poirb nopaxaa, Roropuft 6u o6e3neqHBaji'b na ÓyxyQ^ee Bpeiui Bct 
rocyxapcTBa orb Hacfljii&. HiinepaTopi AjiescaHxpb xoriji^tfiiio 
BBjDHHTb vb xoroBopiy HTo Majbxa 6yxeTb saHiia pyecRHirb rap- 
HisoHOirb; HO rpa^ GeiieHb Boponuoirb nicajrb eiiy, ^o sorxa 

08B COOÓnilHll Ofo BTOITb IlHTTy, TOTB 6uXb OOpaSOffib BTHlTb, 

BBKb rpoMOBuirb yxapoiTb; HHBorxa BopoHAorb ho BBxaii e^e 
ero ffb TasoiTb ropi; HaaoHei^, ohi CRasarby ^to napiaiieHrb h 
aaipa BToro ne norepnarb, h6o bto sHa^Birb or^aib CpexHseMHoe 
lope^ CHitudiOy JloBaaTb h Ernnen bo Biaerb ^^HiQ^sairb; ^ro 
AnrjDfl A»SL cojJOpsaHÍfl Majsíbni h nociaiHHOft BCRaxpu npH nett 
(Sepen na C6($fl rpoMaxníui HSXepsKH, noroicy ^o ^paH^Ui sánu* 
muem pas^QK^dieHÍe lypei^Roft HMneiňH, saBoeBame Emrray roto- 



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122 BMnmeB iBPOiH. 

poe A^tci^ ^aHiQrsaMi bobmosboctb BiireaTB aHriH^aHi h3% Hh- 
XÍh, a 8T0 HsraaHie pasopím BejHsoÓpircaHiH) vh ROBei^. Pyc- 
csifi rapHHdOKb Ha MajiLii ne BOcnpenarcTByerB ^paHiorsairB roc* 
noACTBOBaTB Ha ospysHax^B so^axi, aojisho hhítb laiťB oocroflHHO 
CHJbHyio 8CRaxpy. Ha^oÓHO óuio ocrasHrb Maibxy aHrjiH^aHaMS* 
OrHOCHTeaBHO cy6cHxift saipy^preHÍtt h6 6ujio: Anrjrífl oiíflsaiacB^ 
noHoraiB KoajiHAiH cbohmb cyxonyTHiuiH h mopckhmh CHJiaMH h 
njaiBTB eseroAHO no 1,200,000 ^yHTOBi na BasAux cro thcatb^ 
BoficKa. EaBÍfl se ^epsasH mofjih 6iitb uegaicH BoajiHi](ÍH? 

Ha ÁBcrpÍK) npesxe Bcero mosho ůuio pasc^HTUBarB, noTony 
^TO CTpamHuft JI4SÍ nea nraiBflHCKÍfi sonpocB craHOBHjicfl Ha oie- 
peAB: iTÓ cA^jiaerE hobuS HMnepaTopi ^^paniQrsoBrb cb HxajiieH)? 
He MOserB se HMiiepaTOpi ocraBaxBCfl npesH^eHTOMi HiajiBflHCBoft 
pecnyÓJiHRH! 3a BonpocoflTB HTajbfiHcsHirB bhah^jca yse bo Bceft 
CBoeŠ rpos^ BonpocB bocto^huB, vh KOiopoMy ÁBcrpifl Mentě, 
ifbwb Kanafl xpyraa ^epsaBa, iiorja Óeitb paBno^ymna. Bimo^ 
owbhabo, 9T0 BofiHa MesAy $paH^ieH> h AHrjrieH) BosoÓHOBHiacs 
npeHMyn^ecTBeHHO HS^^sa BOcro^Haro Boapoca; bÓjioroitb paaxopa 
nocjysHja Ma^bia, Basnaa craei^ifl icesxy ^paei^eK) h EranTOirB; 
aHriH^ane ne xot^h BanycBaxB ee h9b cbohxi* pyB%, ocoÓeHHO 
HaayraHHue xoneceHÍeirb CeÓaciiaHH; bi Pocde ne HorjrH jí^ojňe 
ociaBaTBCfl npH mucjh, hto TypsH— caniie noBofiHiie coc^aH) Borxa^ 
yBHAaiH, HTO, BM^CTO xypoiKB, coctAflHH KoryTB 6tiTB ({^paHiQrsu; 
Bca^ACTBie BTott nepeM^HU BsrjuiAa xyqa nponijia MesAy eci^ecTBeH^ 
HEiMH coiOBHHi^aMH — PoccieH) H ÁHrÁeio; ÁBcrpifl He Horjia Óhtb 
HOKoftHa, h6o jsjbjío Morjo HawTBCfl bb ea co(r&ACTB%, saTporflBáa 
efl ÓJHsafimie HHrepecH. 3th xBa Bonpoca — Hra^BAHCRÍt h bo- 
cTOVHiift, npeHMyn^ecTBeHHO nepBufl, h6o rposa BToporo rpeir&Jia 
en^e Aft^ieso, bth wa Bonpoca BacraBUJiH ÁBcrpiio 8aiui09HTB cb 
PoccieiD KOHBeni^H) (6 HoaÓpfl h. c. 1804 ro^a): b% cjiy^ai ho* 
Buxi HosymeHÍfl $paHi^ÍH na HesaBHCHMocTb HTajriH, jih6o na sa- 
Hflrie ErHora, ÁBcrpífl otfflsajacB BBtcraBiiTB 250,000 BO&csa, Poc- 
cifl 116,000 H, CBOpxi Toro, ROpnycB BOfiCBi na rpanHi^ax^ áb- 
crpin H npycdH, na cjny^afl BpasAetfnocTH nocjL^AHefi; ÁHriíji kíl- 
Bajia cy6cHAÍH ÁBcrpiH. OnepascB na ary soHBeHi^iH), ÁBcrpia pi* 
mHjacB BB BOHi^i 1804 roxa ocB^xoMHTBCfl o HaMtpemjnrB Hiiiie* 
paiopa ^panqysoBB na cien HTaiÍH; A^jiy xahi Óuji Tasototfo- 
poTB, ^To coeAHHenie HiajiiH cb ^paniveft npoT0Bop6vuo 5a 
yejM)BiflM'B aKiaeBHJbCKaro napa h ^to HanoieovB ]^o chx'b nopB^ 
ci^OBaji^ npaBHjy, hio6íi iiesAy ÁBcrpíeio h ^paHi^eiD nazo^H* 
JHCB HeBaBHCHMua rocyxapcTBa. Kacoe npaBO, 6uai otb^tb, Hirien 
ABcrpu ButniHBaTBCi bo BHyrpeHHÚi x^a Hra^BAHCBOtt pecny6- 



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Fooeu H iBFoni. 12S 

hbi? EaKi He8aBHeHMoe ixxgrxapcTBO, noci^AHflfl MoserB BBiteptt& 
K&KyK) yrox^^ HpaBHrejbCTBeHHyio ^^piiy. ^tao uen ee o npa- 

BKieUCTBeHHOfi ^pMŠ, HO O HeSaBHCHMOCTl, — 6h^0 MUCiieHO CB 

aBopilcKOt CTopoHu. EoF^a Tajeflpeffb jkuoshjtb HainxieoHy o&h 
ascipiilcKHrb BBymeHiaxs, tote Beai&jii eicy OTBÍ<iaTi>: «CBasHT& 
rptt4v KoóeHi^K) 0) fl 60^6 h c<^>^ ne saaiOy Bashi sepeiiiHii a 
jspoasnexy fb HTa^ÍH; ho a He HaM^peffB CA^jiaxE mn Hea 4^h- 
qyscKyio npoBHHipK)* Bci cjiyxH 061 9T0in& jioxhii». ^pesi hí-* 
CBOikBo XHefi HiinepaTopi ^pani^i nojiyuerB on HaDOieona nHCBxa 
a HSffbiiieHieirb o sejiams EMnepaiopa ^pani^rson CA^aib so* 
poieiTb HiajÚH CBoero Ópara (Ioch^mi). Taseio, ho Bce ne Tairb^ 
Bce emfi KaBaa-ro nesaBHCHiioeTb, xase <$oji&nie npejsHOt, xa m 
poxHHe ópana ne Boerxa xpysHo SHsyrb. MoacHO coriaeHTMfl^ 
oco6eHHo ecjiH ^xo-HHÓyxB xaxjrrB sa corjade. Ho bi to Bpena, 
BaKb ÁBcrpífl co6ipajiacb noroproBarLCa, noxopoxe npoxa^ cbo& 
coTJttde HanojieoHy, totl nocryneiťB no*CBoeiiy. ysHaBoiH, ^to vh 
ÁBCrpÍH A'6jaeTCfl nepePHseme BotcBTB, HanoaeoffL na DpieM*]^ b^ 
HOBiil 1805 TOfib otfpanuca Kh aBcrpiftcioiiy nocjiaHHHsy cb oro- 
Baxe: «HMnepaTopi XBHraeTB 40,000 boUckl^ yrpoaaMH Haioro 
on MCHa nojyuTb Hejua, a XBHHy 80,000; ecJH HMaepaToprB^ 
Boopysaeicfl, h a Óy^y BOopysaxBca^ Tró6£iHffB9Toro HHBiimao». 
HMnepaTopi ^pani^ HanHcan HanoieoHy, ^to Boficao XBHHyTO 
Tb HnjBaHCKHiTb rpaHHi^urb ne npoiHBi ^paH^iB, a nporiiFb mo* 

pOBOff flSBU. dnUťb O&MCRemeWh, HOBHXHMOMy, OCraiHCB XOBOlbHH^ 

HO o&h UrajiiH HH noacjOBa, necMorpa na Bcb crapania aBcrpilt* 
csaro nooiaflHHsa saBocra ptqi» ii&b btoitb moóomrmowh npex* 
Merb; HaaoneitB, MOJMHie dsuío HapymoHO BSB^n^eHiem, ^ro hm- 
neparropi 4^paHiqrdOBi npesaji^B iHryjrb sopoja HTajui. 

FpoMi paspasHJLca; hs^e nerepóypra— yB^n^aHÍa, ^o^nejbin 60* 
lie xeA^HTB. Ho 8pi(repi^>rB Eapji'B noxaerB líH^HÍe, tio H^^oÓna 
Mex^HTB, vro cpexcTBa ÁBcrpÍH, xase h npe pyccsoft noMonvi, na 
BB ypoBOHB ch íifpsLEuyscKuyiE. mTyrreprettiTB nepejiajTL MH^nie 
]qmrepi|ora HHnepaTopy AjiescaHxpy h noiynn OTB^hrb: «Ji na* 
WHMO xyMaTb, 9T0 Bce ociaHerca npH oxhhx'b opoesrax^B h HHvero 
eqn^esHaro ho óyxen; bto lorb Hacay^arB. EpyccÍH) HHsaffB Hensa 
BHBecTH mn ea aoaiiB; bii, ocrajiBHiie^ HH^ero ne A'^eK, HH^ro* 
He npHroTOBjaere, HH^ero acaaro ne roBopHre. Bce HxerB xypso, h 
a yTOMJaH)CB». Korxa pyccKÍS hocojtb hbBj^hí,— rpa^ PasynoB^ 
aáĚy norpeÓOBan, ^toCÍb ÁBcrpia npHciynHjuk kb xoroaopy^ sa&iio- 
leHHOMy Mes^ Pocciea) h ÁHriteio, ix> ony OTB^ian, vro npa* 

^> í>ujmnm Koóeuvfr, aacriMicKift BociaaiHn spH ij^j^aeiiyseKom xiopi. 



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124 BftOTUEl XBPODH. 

xsoexnHBTBCfl SI xoroBopy SHa^erB oÓflsaTBCfl o&bSLsmh Boftey $paH- 
i^íh, ho touibbo bochoh) 1806 ro^a ÁBcrpia Moasen Ha^avb BofiHy 
Cb HaxesAOio ea ycnixi. Mesxy t^hi HaaojieoHi, BcrpesoaseH* 
Hfifi cjiyxoirb o cocroflBineficfl BoauE[ÍH, cirbmvurb npe^yope^ETb ee 
H yjiCHHTb AJfl ceófl jíibzo — sacraBiTb BparoBi BucsasaTboi: owb 
fianHca.ii aHrjiificKOMy lopojio nHCbifO Cb npeAJOseaieMi MHpa. 
Bi ÁHriÍH noHfljH Bi Hem x^o, h, qTo6i ycBJHTb xpesory HMne- 
paiopa 4>paHay806i, oiB^^ajH o^eHb sobso, ito aHrjiificBíft saÓE* 
Hen Be^erB neperoBopu a^a corjiameHÍfl cb raasHuiiH x^piUBaMH 
BOHTBHeHra, h oco6eHHO cb pyccBHirB BUDepaiopoMB, cb vmo^uwb 
evo eBBSuBajB oTHomeflifl caMBifl BOH^axeHiuajiBHiifl. 9to6% ycHJBTB 
Bnevaoide aroro orB^ia, Aerjiifl npeA^iosBJía BMnepaxopy Aie- 
BcaHApy npBHflTB na ce6fl BexeBÍe neperoBopoBi^ cb Hano^eoHOirB: 
npeAiosBTB MflpHHfl ycjoBÍfl, Mormifl ycaosoBTB EBpony cb yrpo- 
BOK) BoaiBi^ieS, vb cjiyqat Hecor^acia cb ^^pani^scBofi cropoHu; ara 
yrpoaa eíAjlí^ ropasAO 6ójiBmee sHa^eHÍe kb ycraxi Poccíb, uaB* 
Haro KOHTBHeHTajBHaro rocy^apcrBa, hšbtb Ahfjíb. Bi^ bto Bpeira 
i^a^-B AjieRcaHApi Bopoei^oB^B, no HesAopoBBio e HeyAOBOJiBciBiio 
xoAOifi Kbjíb BHyTpeHHflro yopaBjíeHÚi, yse He ynpasjíflji 6oJBOie 
BHtmHfliiB CHomeHÍBMB fl sflji^ Ba> Mocbbí, coxpaHfla SBaHÍe ro- 
cyAapcTBeHHaro saeipepa; ho b% BasHiix'B Bonpocax^B ^apioputt- 
csitt, no npflsasaHiK) rocyAapa, oópan^ajatca bi Heny sa eoB^raiai; 
Tasí cjiyHBiocB h no BOnpocy o npeA^iosenÍB Ahejiíb nociaTB vb 
UapBarB pyccBaro ynojiHOMO^eHaaro. Fpa^ AjiescaHApi OTBi^^aA^i 
HTO, no ero mh^ík), bi aHr^iltcBofi Aenemi 6ojiBniafl CMyia vh 
HAeflxi. Bhaho, ^to AHFjifl cana ne sactb HAsaBoro ycntxa otb 
BTOlt nocBiJiBH; 6uTB MOserB, ona BM^erB fb BBAy B0B6yAnTB ne- 
yAOBOJBCTBie BHyxpB $paHiÚB, ecjifl Hanojeoa^B OTBepraerB npe^- 
josenie, a cb Apyrolt cropoHu — oapaBAaTB h ycBjíBTB MBHBcrep- 
CByH) naprÍK) vb Anr^iiH. Ho ecsn anrjiBqaHe oasBAaKxrB sasoro- 
Hfl6yAB ycnixa otb erofi oociijibh, TorAa Basi naAOÓHO npaBOAHTB bccb 
BOHTHHenrB bi ABBseeie oénrapHiiMB cpeACTBaMB, to owb, BopoH- 
Bf>vbj ne BBABTB npB^HHu, noHeny JU)HAOHCBÍft ABopB ne ynorpe- 
<ÍEs% eaMaro npocroro q)eAcrBa, ne nopyqnji cBoeny rocyAapcrBen- 
HOMy ceBperapio BecxH nepenacsy cb 4>paHi^3CBBMi MBHflcrpoM^ 
HH0crpaHBUx:B a'^'B; bhí^cto tofo, nroób naBaauBaTB Haní a^o, 
BOTopoe HoserB tojibbo BOMnpoMerrBpoBaTB aoctobhctbo Poccíb, noA- 
Bepraa ea ynojHOMoneBnaro BcnumBaitrB h BBExoAiiairB BoBanapm. 
CoB^rB crapBBa (Boropult CBopo nooi^ xoro yiiepi) ne 6ujrB npH- 
hatb: mojioaoctb ecrecTBenBO 6uio ne seaaxB yBJOBBTBca otb a^- 
TaiBHOCTB na nepBOM:B njiaH^, ynycxBTB bs^b pyBí BeAeflie Abia, 
Boropoe BM^o o6^eeBponeficBÍtt xapasiepB, b totb se Hobocbjib- 



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poocnx s npoBA. 125 

On jífijixewh 6ujrh Tpe6oBWih on HanojeoHa HeaaBHCvMOCTH UlBet- 
i^tpui, rojMaHxÍH, HTEjriH; x^fl CMflTw&iii nocrtxHflPo ycioBÍfl j^b 
Hosaro Kopojui HTajtie corjaniajiHCB na yorpofiCTBO vb ciBepgoft 

BTajÚH BjaA^HÍfl Vb UOIIBJ SOrO*HB6yAB HSI pOXCTBeHHHBOBIt Ha* 

noieoHa. Ahejih o&bmfijíSL soespaTETB ^pani^H h^^cxojibio MaieHB* 
xm ocTpoBOBTB H IIoHXHinepH. 

EAHHCTBennaff bobmoshoctb — sacraBHTB ecjiH ee npHHjrrB bth' 
yciOBÍfl, TO Ha^aTB neperoBopH na vrh ocHOBaHÍH, saiuio^ajiacB bs 
yrpos^ Koajnii^eH). Ho t^itb rposHTB, Bor^a KoajHi^ÍH ee Ckijio? 
Kb BkHCsoMj XBopy ornpaBHJH ipefiOBame, ^o(H aBcrpificrifi no- 
ciaHHmrB bi napHaB'6 noM^psHBaxB HoBOCHjibi](»a; nocjiixoBajrs 
onasi: ABcrpk en^e ne uosBerh BečiH oón^aro A^ja ci Pocdeio h 
ÁHrjrieio H roBopHTB yrposaBonua piini, noroxy ^to Hanaxeme 
ýpaHiQrBORB na aBcrpificBiji Biax^Hia (SyxerB HenHHyeMiuťB cjtía- 
cmeiTB BToro. Xpyvoe x^o, ecJiHtíi Óiua yfišpennoerB n nps- 
ciynjeHÍH Rpycds si soajiHi^H; ho TaK'B xasi sioft yB^eHHociv 
HŠTi, TO ÓjaropasyMÍe Tpe6yerb x^iaiL npexJioseHÚE Kaa^ mosho 
yifipeHBŠe, moÍ9h ne noBOJB Kh paspuBy; lavB CRopo neperoBopu 
Ba^Hyrcfl, to mosho yBen^eBaTb h yMeHBinaTB rpetioBasm, CMOips 
no yBejiHqeHÍH) h yMenBinekiio Ha^eaRxii na yHacrie EpyccíH. Ilpex- 
craBjeHie ÁBcrpÍH pasApasHJO oxBHaEOBO h vh JIoh^ohí, h fb^ 
nereptfyprt. «9th rocnoAft bi BibE% — roBopHJii OoTrB, — Bcerwt 
oreraiorB na roA'B, ea boScbo h Ha HAeK>». Eor^a mryrTeprefiícB^ 
HanajrB npeAciaKuiTB HimepaTopy AjieKcaHxpy, hto ÁBcrpiji ne npH- 
8HáerB Hanojieona sopoJieiťB Hiajhr, ho nycTB xajiyn efi jtíto jí,jíí 
npHroTOBjeHifl vh BOitH'6, to BunepaTOpB OTBŠ^ajrB: «AxrB, FocHOXif 
GxojiBBO BpexeHH BII TOJisyere o npHroTOBjeHiflxx h Bce en^e ne- 
fOTOBHl.. Kasífl nponaAaH)rB ÓjaronpiflTHHfl MHHyTii!.. BoHanaprB 
ycHjBBaercfl, MipB opaBusaeri bi ero rocnoxerBy h HaxoAarB Bce 
ecrecTBeHHuirB. Y Bací h^tb HHBaKOtt BHeprÍH, bto Hecvacrie x^a 
BamHXi coiD3HHB0Bnb». Bi uowb 1805 roxa, HMnepaTopB ÁJie- 
xcaHxpB norpefioBajTB otb B^HCsaro XBopa npAMoro OTBfaa: MOxerB^ 
n H xoHeTBjH ABcrpifl npHHATB y^acTÍe vh boShí; nycTB Hasna- 
nrca cpovh, vh soiopoMy ona nax^lteTCfl 6eitb roroBOio; otb ÁBcrpia 
saBHCBTB p^menie y^acTH EBpomi, h6o Epyccúi Bojeio hjih ne- 
BOJieio xojsna ÓyxerB npensTB yqacrie kb BOfini. Ecjin cofosneKU 
6y;QrTB bhítb tojibko 365,000 BolCBa (250,000 aBcrpifii^eBB h 
115,000 pyecBHXi), to hosho OTBasnTBCfl na 6opB6y. ^pani^ys* 
ciafl apiiifl ne na BoesHofi nori, coiobhbsh ^pani^in xypno vh neft 
pacnojiosemi; ^acTB Bottcsa Hano;ieoFB xoJiiReHi ocraBHTB na cjiy- 
lal BHcaxBH anrjnraanB, XPyryR) ^acrB ynorpeÓBTB na oxpany Foji- 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



126 racTHim ibpouh. 

^EHjaH H BejnrÍH, ycnevb QxbŮu h Besepa. 9t]f& MfiJ^ie ocraBjíflTB 
HanojeoHa yRp&njiflTLCfl vb sasoesaHEiixi odsacraxi, rbwb ues/be 
hocaí mosbo oshmtb noMoniH on vn Hapoxoflacejenia. Tenepb 
caifoe ÓiaronpiaTHoe speiifl AJia eefiBu; Pocda BUCtMarb 180,000 
Bolcsa H, lasHiťB oCpasoHi, y o6oix% conBHHRoirB 6yAen 430,000 
noA% pysBeMx. HimepaToprB AjieiccaHxpi piniHJicfl npHHyxHTb Ilpyc- 
cíh) k'b y^acTÍH) bi Bottei^y a sa seio nocjrbAyion h xpyrie. 

Ob OAHOfi CTopoHH, pyccBÍfl saflBjeHÍfl OTcrpaHfljii coMHl^Hie, 
^0 Boltna 6yxerB npexnpBHara ne Cb paBHEniH CHjaifH; ci xpyroft, 
npemao BSBicrie, ^o HanojieoH'B npicoeABHflji jiHrypitcsyiD pec- 
nyÓJiHsy (reByio) ktb $paHi(ÍH, BCjri^Acrsie nero HoBOcuBi^eBi ne 
0oteaji'& Bi napsat «0b saMB nocrynaiorb, Bani cb peÓBímn- 
BaMB», nflcajTb eiiy ^apropiilCBiil. B& IIeTep6ypr6 pasxpasHJiHCb 
saxBai^m FenyH, icaBi» HaciitoBOio, noMpaaBBBaHieirB; bi» BiH^b 
cxoTp^jH Ha A'^0 CB Apyrolt tombb: HiiHB^e bsajii PeHyio, sasrpa 
^^ofi^eTB o^epeAb AO Benei^iB, HanaaeoHi ne ocraBBTB y ÁBcrpia 
HH^ero BffB HTajiBflHCKBX'B seiiejB, onpaBAaerB cbo& THTyji sopoja 
HTajiiB. Gjiyra Hanoieosa npaMO roBopiiTB oňrb aroví. Mosho je 
4Be npH Taaofi onacsocTH orseprarB cok)81 cl PocdoK), OTraiKi- 
BaTB ee n IIpyeciH? Ho Bpurepi^ora Eapji, .lyqoiifl nojBOBOAei^B, 
<rB ycn^xoiTB ÓopoBmifica npoTHffB ^paei^ysOBi, oiutb roBopen 

rpOMKO 8a MBpB. Jl^tfiCTBBTe^BHO, BCO TOBOpBIOCB TOJIBKO O KOJH- 

^ecTB*: «y eacB 6jMfiTh mhopo BOttcaa, y HanojieoHa Óy^erB MeHbinei 
MH ero no(}ÍAHirB»; a se rosopejie, qro npoTBBi HanojieoHa, nep- 
Baro nojTOOBOjima BpeiieHB, mu BEieTaBHM'B noAo6Baro eiiy; npoTHB^B 
ero SHaMeHBTEixi reHepajovBy itporaBB ero BocneraHearo na no6i- 
xaxi Boflcsa mh BucraBHirB xaserB se resepajiOBi, lasoe se boí- 
CBO. Jlymie nojsoBOxi^Ei, bi tomi ibcjA (o^obb HeÓOJiBQioirB) h 
epi^repi^orB Kapii^ noHHiíajH bcd HenpaBHJBHocTB aroro Mamepia- 
AucmuHecKato Bsr^xa, bocb Bpef^ BToro paBC^era sa oxho koje- 
^ecTBo, CB 8a($BeHieirB sa^ecrfia, h orcioxa npoBcreBaia hxi octo- 
posBocTB, HX'B HeoxoTa if^pHTBCE CB HanoieoHoirB, Hxi CHcrexa 
OTCryiuieHifl, BOfiHu tojibbo oÓopoHarejibHott. APJ^^o^ ff^^ — nojHaa 
Boaxn^ia, coeAHHeeaoe, ApysHoe A^flCTBie Bcefi Esponsi npoTHBib 
<^XH0t ^paHipe: TyrB EHRasifl ycHjia nepBOuaccflaro BoeHHaro re- 
Hifl HO noHoryTB, h dpi^repi^orB Rapai capamasaerB: «6yAerB jh 
Ilpyccifl yqacTBOBaTB b% KoajiHi(ÍH»; — «IIpyccifl, BOieio hih HOBOjeiOi 
4SyxerB y^acTBOsaTB*, OTB^qa^H hsi Pocda; aupasoHie «HeB0ieK>» 
ůsLio saraxovHo, xa h bo bcakoms cjiyiai bto 6ílio tojbko en^e 
KB Óyxyn^em. 

«Ho ecjni sx^tb^ to lero se sxaTB?» cnpaoraBaiH cb xpyroft 
eropoHu. «EaBoe pyqaTejiBCTBO npoTBBi HeyxepsBxaro cípeicjieHia 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



Fooeifl H raromu 127 

HanoieoHa vh sazBary? Qtosnh BOOpyseHHHMH, na-roTort vb sa- 
nptii?— HO owh H SToro Be neesojHn*; npe rbíciíb o c(Sop% Boftesa, 
ofoero XBHmeHÍ0, ra^ npEun, rpoans BanaxeHÍe]ť& h HenpeiriHHo 
wamBBTb yrposjr. Ecjh wt6 nošen eu^ cxepsaTB ero, jtfiTh ea- 
jl^^ Ha ooxpaHekie MHpa, laRb 8to— cox>9b ÁBcrpÍH cib Apynnai 
xepuBaMH. Rasi CBopo HanojeoHi yBHAHTE, vro ÁBcrpia oxHHORa, 
ťo HeflpeH^HHo o&uiVBTh tík Botny. noHarao, iro h Bofina npex- 
cmBuen onacHoerB; ho hsi abjxi sóji BBffiÓEO BHÓapaiB mohe- 
meei h ecjra apiu^pi^oPB yBasusaerb na mbotíjí rnyxoticnm boShh, 
TO OHI ne ysaBHBaerE cpeAcrsa, ebkl coxpaHHTB mhike^ Bor^a coiob- 
HOB 6jxsTh noTepflflH». JlerBO hohitb daxpy^^HiTejiBHoe noJOJiDeHie 
iMnepaTopa ^pani^t, Korxa exy npeAcroflJO ptnran cnopi x^yx^B 

CIOpOHB, B00py2KeHHEIX*b TaSEMH CHJBHHMH XOKasaieJIBCrBaMH Bl CBOK) 

noJLsy, Rorxa Cpán, jiynniift HOiaOBOxei^, jiy^miĚ snaron booh- 
Baro nojtosema ÁBcrpÍH, yrBeps^aeTB, qio ne xojdbho BoeBaiB, a 
MXBiCTpb HHOCipaHHuxi gbjFh Ko($eH^JlB cnpaHiHBaen: «6Cjui ho 
BoemiT^ TO aam cpexcTBa coxpaHBTb ]iHpi?» HaBOHeq^^ HMiiepa- 
Toph pinrajTb cnopi bi nojiLsy MBEHcrpa, h bi na^aii iioia 
lypiepb BOCBaBajix bb nerep^ypn jíi> CraxioBy cb npesaBaHÍeirB 
BeiynHTB bi> neperoBOpa OTHOCHrejiBHO npHcrynjieflia ÁBCipia Vb 
aHTJO-pyccBOMy Boajm^ioHHOMy TpasraTy. 

VmyMieica, ffiA yHHYT0»eHÍfl rjaBHaro Bospasema hpothbhh- 
lOBB BofiHH, Poccia AOJisHa 6iua npesA^ Bcero ciapaiBca o nox- 
Hort BoaABipH. CrpaniHo xpy^HO 6hjio yBJíe^B Ilpyccin; aeriso 
6uio 810 cx^aTB (?B niBei^ei), h6o ea Bopon, FycraBB IV, laBse 
BesaLBEKbj% HaHOjeoHOBCBoe npaBHTejBCiBO, savB orei^ ero, Fy- 
emsi III, HeHaBHA^A^ peBOJUOiúoBHiifl ABisenia $paHi^H. Bas- 
locTB mB^nqiaro coH)8a x^a Poccíh, aasB rjii^ii Boaisi^iH, t^ujia 
oqeBixHa yse hbb xoro, ^ro Hanojeosi xo^HBajicfl ]ifj:s6u Fy- 
craBa IV, npH<ieirB, no CBoeiiy oOH^aiD, ne n^axHJii upEMaHOS^, 
npeAJarmjTB HlBei^H HopBeriH) BsaidiffB repMaHCRHTB en B^ax^mi — 
noMepanÍH: nocjitxHflfl Óujia o^eHB Hymna HanoieoHy— h aa^B 
iq^HMaHBa xu IlpyccÍH, h BasB cxepsaa x^ Hea h BasHEdt nyHBTB 
ozHO(»Tai]wo Poocíh. Ho Pycran IV He corjacHJicai h npesxe 
^yniX'B crajKB uobom^b BoaiHi^H, xora vh nereptfyprt h ne momh 
oojanrrB 6onmoŘ Haxesxu na ero noMon^B. Eo^e vb 1803 roxy, 
pyecait xhhhctpib bb CTosrojBMi^.AjioneycB 2-ft, cooÓh^hjtb cbo^ 
^y XBopy nenaiBEiifl ESB^crifl oCtb yMCTBeHHOHi coctobhíh aopojia 
H ero HOBexeHÍH. FycraBi IV noGioflHHO nod^n^an nacoHCRÍfl josh, 
Hisorxa He BHxau jjiuÓffM na B^^HO-cepBěsHOirB h cypOBOirB jrai^ 
Wi, HHBaBoe pasBieTOHÍe ne xonycsaerca bo XBopi^; aopon xy- 
UTB eosffiirb 6eBnoie8HiiiiH ^piiaiBHoeraMH, bíphtb kb saByio-w 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



1 28 Bftoram ihpooh. 

Hec^acTHyiD sbísaJ) OTHraers ce5fl Kapjioxi XII-itb, hochtb xpft* 
6aHTCBÍfi MyHAHp^ ero BpeifeHH; Hapox^ o^eHb HexoBOJeHi. Ho 
sas% 6u TO HH 6ujio, codboitb cb niBeiúeK) sapy^HTbCs 6iuo ne- 
oÓxoAHMO, xoTfl 6£i TOABO HO npETHEaif^ (liHSKaro cocixcTBa, H 
8TorB coiosiy ÓJiaro^aps noMepame, xoJUKesnb 6ujn» mribn Biiame 
H Ha OTHomeBifl Poccíh kb Ilpycdn. 

npyccifl npoxojisajia ynopHO OTBasuBaTBCfl hsm^hbtl cboh otho- 
memfl Vb Poccii h $paHqÍH. Tn^eiHO vb Ileiep^yprt fyrnuEj ^ro 
BireHreAMCRoe np(Hi€inecTBÍe sacraBHrB Ilpyccis) ipoHyrLca. Ha hb- 
B^kTHoe nHCBMO HHnepaiopa AjescaHxpa o&b 8tom<b npoHcmecTBÍH 

BOpOJIB ^pHAPHXB-BfldlBreJIBHl OTB^ajIl, ITO 8a(SoTu H qyBCTBa 

HMnepaTopa aoctoShu ero xapaBiepa h Tpe6yiOTB caMot sHBolt 
diaroAapBOCTH.... Ho — k^jurba hmítbca fb BHxy BejHiuui nija> 
coxpaHemji cnoRoficTBÍfl, a HanojieoHa HeorBsa npHHywTB xaTB noi- 
Hoe yAOBjeTBopeme BHane BasB cb opyadeMB bb pyBax'B. Aje- 
scaHxpB ysaBiiBajTB xpyryH) BeiHByH) ujbjíh; ohb nHcajiB BopojD: 
«npB8BaK)CB, crpaniHaa CBopÓB ÓyxerB xJifl Mean, ecjiH a ne ysExy 
Bame BejB^eciBO npBHBiiawn^BirB canoe A^ieiBHoe y^acrie kb 
Uhsfb BosciaHOBJíeHifl noiHTUHecKaro pasHOB^cifl Ebpoiih». ^pHApiiz^- 
BHiBrejfBMB, Wh CBoeiTB ynopHOEB aKejiaBÍH coxpaHBTB MHpB, ne 
6uTh npHHyxA^HHUMB BB CTpamHOHy, no ero y6&KAeHÍK), P^^^Jy 
He xorbjíB npesHaTb, qro ycryasa Hanojeoey BexeTB to^ho xasb ase, 
ecjoi emfi ne cBopbe, bb boShí, BasB h conpoTHKieHie. repiiaHÚi 
ycrynHJia eny bi direHrefiiicBOMB jt^j*— ceSqacB ase nonuHjpy- 
rifl HapymeBÍfl keauQrBapoAHaro npaBa. HanoJieoHB sacraBui 6a- 
BapcBÍft H BaccejBCBÍĚ xBopu Bucjiaiv HaxoAHBmHxcfl nps hhtb 
anrjiiflcBBXB nocjiaHHHBOBB; HaBOHei^B ^pafiiQrscBift oipjixB ho%h> 
Ha HeĚipajBHofi raii6ypreBoft oohb^ cxBaTHiB PyMÓoiB^a, anr^iitt- 
CBaro nocjtaHHHBa npH HESHe-cascoHCBOiiB oBpyrt. Bb btohb no- 
crynBi HaxoxHiH en^e ÓojiBmee napymeHíe MeasjíyHapoAHaro npaBa, 
^MB BB nocryoBŠ cb repi^oroMB ÁHrBeHCBHMB, noroMy tto PyM- 
601BAB ÓiiJiB nociaHHHBB, a repiiorB ÁHrBeHCBitt c^Hiaica ^acr- 
HiiMB vejOB^BOiTB. OcBop(lieHÍe BocHyjiocB npfliío IIpyccÍH, noTOMy 
^TO, no TorxamHeMy repnaHCBOny ycrpoilCTBy, npyccďtt Bopon oóa- 
BaHB Úujvb 6jiK)CTB sa cnoBoflcTBÍeMi H 6e8onacHOCTÍH> HHSHecas- 
eoHcsaro oapyra; naBOHei^, TKb-xe ÓBuia hocjA roro HenpnBO- 
CHOBeHHOCTB cÍBepHoft TepHaHiB, na qeiiB lasB chjbho nacrasBaji^ . 
^pBApHxi-BojiBrejBMB? IIocjaHHHBH pyccBÍfi H aHraiScBitt npecry- 
nHjiH CB Tpe<k)BaHÍflMH^ HToÓu PyMÓojBxy 6ujio OBasaHO noBpoBH- 
TeiBCTBO, npHqeMB AaoneycB nanoMHHjTB o conamenÍH Mesj^y Poc- 
cieK) E Dpycdex), VMÍb napymenie HeDpABOCHOBenHOcm dbBepnofi 
PepnaBÍH 6ei;io onpeff&ieno BasB npH^HBa boěhh cb $paH^ieK) 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



poooi£ H iBPonA. 1 29 

(easos foederís). RopoA Bejvbith TpeÓosaTB y ^paH^yscBaro npaeH- 
TeibeiBa y^OBierBopemfl sa Hapymeme HeSrpajm^ra e ocBotfoas- 
ffmE Pyii6ojn>xa* Ho htó AU'be? ht6 ecm HanojeoffB ne Hcnoj- 
wm 8Toro TpeÓOBamfl? Bi aro spěna rpa^ FayrBHi^, Boiopiift 
cmajTE fljfl ce((fl xojshbemi h nojiesHHMi bhojh^í^ cooOpasoBaTBca 
00 Bsrjsxaira Kopo;i2, 6ujrh bi Óescpo^HOirb ornycRy, h BH^niHHKH 
X&iaMH saB^XEiBajTE 6apoFB FapxeHÓeprB, Roropult nosBOJtajii ce6b 
BBCsasBBaTB MH^HÍe, ^TO noMepsasie, bo ^o 6u to hh craio, Heft- 
ipajHiera h napa h nociOflHHaH ycryn^HBOCTB ^ani^a ^yxy^ 
mitTB ne^ajiBHHfl cj^actbía ]s^sí Ilpyccin. TaRoe MH'6HÍe Tap^eH- 
6eprh BHCRasajTE h Tenepb, oÓpaniBi BHBKaHie Ropojfl h na to, 
no KpalHflfl yciyn^EBOCTB ero iipoessexerb HetfjiaronpiflTHoe Bne- 
UTjfoie Ha npyccRyio apiriK^ h Hapo;^. RopojiH), pasyirieTCfl, 6imh 
oieHB HenpiaTHu noxoÓHiifl npexcTaBjenifl; owh BospasajťB, tto 
aeiufl vh HOcrynRi cb PyH6ojibxoirB bha^tb HenpeMtHHO ocRop6- 
leHÍe UpyccÍH, — ocRopÓJena Ancjiifl, a ne Dpyccu. H vh ^euj 
lyTB napoA^, apnifl? Hitb xo hojihthrh xlja Hirh. Bootfn^e, y Fap- 
xmóepra RaRia-ro crpanHEia línŠHÍfl, BejAOÓEui mhhhctpiI Ha- 
^BO cnpocHTB MH^HÍfl FayFBHi^a, H ,Ropojii> HHineTi OMy. «Ano- 
TpefoBajTL y^OBjeTBopenifl y Bonanapra sa Hapymenie HeftrpajH- 
lera h ocBOÓosAenifl PyuSonfík. Ho ecjii BoHanapri ne corjia- 
cvru, HTÓ AO^SHa A^aTB Upyccifl ]^sl noAAepsamfl CBoero ao- 

CIOHHCTBa H BimOJHeHÍfl CBOHrB 06fl3aTeJIBCTBl RaR% OTHOCHrejlBHO 

PocdH, TaRi H BjiafflHifi c^Bepfioft repnaBÍH? MHoríe xotatb BoAnti, 
a H He zoqy. Mh'6 Raasercfl, ^ro ecTB cpexcTBa bh^th mn saTpyx* 
Hraia, He npE^iraa r'b TaROft RpaSnocTH; uwb npoTHBHO bossh- 
raiB HOHTHHeHTajiBHyK) BOftny eAHHCTBeHHo HffB-sa 8Toro». — «A a 
He xo^y!» PasyirteTCJi, h FayrBHi^i Toace ne saxoT^^, a c^acTBe 
Ha aroTb pavB noMorjo. HanojieoHi, SHaa, hto Poccia h Ahcjíh 
crapaiOT€a cocraBHTB RoaJIH^ÍH) npoTHB^ nero, xaonoTajTB, HTod:B ara 
loajBiva ne cocraBHJiacB, hjh, no Rpafineft icibpt, ÓBiJia 6u nenoa- 
naa; au 8toro OHy Hysno 6uao y^epsaTB npyceiH) npa ce&b 
UH, no Rpafineft Mtpi, neftrpajiBHOR). BorB no^eMy owh ncnoa- 
HHJTB Tpe6oBaHÍe $pHjipHxa-B0jiBreaBMa, ocboÓoxhbi PyMÓoaBxa, h 
a&hBBtuvhy TTO 9T0 cA^aaHo x^a npyccRaro Ropoaa. Tanaa ycrynna 
yTBepwaa OROHqaTeaBHO Ropoaa vb hojihthr^ Mapa h HefiTpajiHrera: 
crÓHTB ToaBRO ^T0-HH6yxB norpetfoBaTB cb TBep^ocriio, hh vb ^ewh 
He OTRaayTB hh cb Toft, hh cb Apyw)ft croponii, hhrto ne Tpo- 
HCTB HpycciH), ^o&h He HMÍTB CO HpOTHBi ccÓH H oHa Cy^eTB 
HacaasxaTBca mhpoitb, jsfL h Eapon^ X^ctb HHpx, noiOMy qTO 6em 
Hacb ne 6yfjrb BoeBaTB. KopoaB Óujtb na ceABHOM^B ve&k 6sBr 
ciareaBnaa mo&bjíjBL 6en RpoBOupoanria! 

Tom v.— Cehtabpb, 1877. 9 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



130 BMtEEWh KBPOnH. 

Ho BOCToprB 6ujrh Henpo^ojixHTejieHi. H b<b JIohaobte h vs 
BŠHy H8'B Poccis AasajiH sHarb, vro Ilpyccifl ÓjjsfiTb BTHCHyra fb 
B08uiHi(ÍK) Hesojiefi, eejiH ne saxoven boŠth fb nee Ao6poBOAHO. 
Mu bha'6jh, ^to BopoHi^OBH nirrajiH CHjBHoe Hepacnojioxenie vh 
npyccÍH; Bi nocj^AHeiTb HHtHÍH CBoeiťB Ranivtepi, rpa^ Ajie- 
RcaHApB, nHcaxB: <GqHTaM> AOJiroirB saM^TETB, hto ecjiH HaxoÓHO 
6jjifiTh npeAJiosHTB npyccÍH npHMaHay, oGibn^aTB efi yBejnraeeie 

TeppHTOpÍH, ?T06% CBJIOHHTB 66 BO BCTynjl6HÍH) FB ROaiEI^K), TO 

flHT6p6CBi PoccÍH H6 AonycRaiorB yB6jiH9eHÍfl npyccBHXB Bjia;r)^HÍft 
Ha <AB6pt r6pi[aBÍH y fiajrrificRBXB 6ep6roBB^ ho nycTB ona pac- 
npocTpaHfl6TCfl BO $jiaHApÍB, HflAepjiaHAaxB h HbifeuRHxx seiiiflxi, 

0T0m6ADIBXl KB $paHI^ÍH HO JIK)H6BHJIBCB0My MHpy. yB6Jni^6HÍe 

npycCRaro Horyn^ecTBa sa^b h6 tojibro nasrB h6 onacHO, ho xaaae 
BHroAHO, crajiRBBafl H6nocp6ACTB6HHO IIpyccíK) CB $p»iiúeR)». Jtpya- 
6a BopoHi^OBKixB CB ^apTopuitCRHHB BBRpinjifljiacB HepacnoJo»e- 

HÍ6M'B BB npyccÍH. Ho BopOHI^OBU pyR0B0J(HJIHCB pyCCBHMH HHTe- 

p6caHH, Torxa BaRB nojflBy ^aproputtCBOMy ao pyccBHXi HHrepe- 
coBB 6ujio Majo A^a. Mo^e^ jie-MacTpB ocraBHJTB o ^apiopiiĚ- 
CBOMB TaRyio BaM^TBy: «Ohb bucobomšp6h*b, cbput6h%, orraiBH- 
Ba6rB OTB C66fl; a coMH'6BaK>CB, ^To6u hojuirb, HM^ioii^ift npHTHsa- 
HÍe na Ropony, hopb 6utb xopomnirB pyccBHicB». HapropuftcBÍť 
H6HaB0A^^ ÚpyccÍK), BaBB rjiaBHyH) BHHOBHHiQr naxeHÍfl IIojBniH, 

H BO BpaSA6($H0SrB CT0JBH0B6HÍH PoCCÍH CB UpyCCieiO BHA'&rB cpeM," 
CTBO B08CTaH0BJI6HÍJI CBOOFO 0Te?6CTBa BO BC6fi I^IOCTH. Uo 61*0 HJaHy, 
SHT6JIH nOJIBCBHX'B 06i[aCT6fi, npHHaAjl6SaBniHX'B npyccÍH, AOJI»HH 

6hjih BOScraTB npH n6pB0MB noaBJ6HÍH pyccBHXB BoflcBB FB npyc- 
CBHX'B np6A'6jiax'B; bth o($j[acTH npHCoeAHHHjracB vh 'Am, BOTopiui 
OTOHUH B'B PoccÍH HO vpewb pasxibjíairB, h BoscranoBjíoHHafl TanniTB 
oÓpasoMB nojiBma npBBBiieTB cbohicb BopojieiTB HHnopaTopa Ajie- 
BcaHApa. ÁBcrpÍH h6 6yA6rB aiOMy hpothbbtbch h jsfiane OTj^acrB 
FajHipK), noTOMy ^ro n^expo Óy^erB BOSHarpasAena CnjieBÍeio n 
EaBapieio. KpoM% jj^pyrexB o^eBHAHUxB 3aTpyxH6HÍfi bb ocyn^eer- 
BJI6HÍI0 BToro njiaHa, nopBoe 8aTpyAH6HÍ6 BaBoo^ajiocB yse fb ca- 

MOMB BHn6paT0p^ AjI6BCaHAP'Í* OhB MOFB COrjaCHTBCH Ha TO) ^noíSřh 

ynoTp66jieHa 6£ija yrposa, Boropaa 6u sacraBHJia BopojH hphhhtb 
MHteÍ6 jiK)A6fi, sejiaBmHXB BciynjeHÍfl Ilpyccin fb BoajHi^iio npo* 

THFB $paHlÚH; HO BBXOT^JB JOLH 6u Aj[6BCaHXpB npHB6CTH BB HCHOJI- 

Heníe yrposy— bto Cujio o^ohb coMHHTejiBHO, tímb 60-1*6, ^rro co 
BpoMenii M6M6JiBCBaro cBn^anífl 6iam jiH^nafl xP7s6a nesxyHHBťB 

H $pHApHX0MB-BHJBr6JIBM0MB. ^apTOpilfiCBÍfi C^HTaXB 9X0 MOHeJB- 
CB06 CBHAaHÍ6 UdLVyÓBUWh CO61ITÍ6ICB. 

n6pBoe H6npíflTH06 o6BflCH6HÍe H6a^ nerepdyprcBHMB h 66p* 



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POOQUI H IBPOIIi. 131 

iMBoann xBopaicH iipoH8(miJio no noBojQr I^Be^iH. IIo AoroBopy 
cb ÁHFjieiOi rycrasiIV oóflsaica BHcraBHTb vb cBoelt qacTH IIo- 
xeptHÍH 25,000 BoftcRa au boShii cl ^aeipeH). Rb BepjiHHi 
BSBOiHOBajiHCB: Tearpí boBhii nepeHecercA vb c^Bepeyio TepMEHiK), 
rjtft se nocji^ Toro 6yAen es HetlTparaTerb, o KoropoirB nvh 
zionoraja Ilpyccúi? Ěn Bepjnma no9iOMy auh snaTb ŤycraBy IV, 
m> npyccifl, Aifl oxpaHeHÚi HefiTpajmrera cbBepHolt repBiaBÍHy 
saflMerB cbohmi BottcBOirb mBexcKyio IIoiiepaHiK); ho wvb Deiep- 
<$ypra npHCiuaercfl kb BepjniffB BHymeHie, ^ro ecjni xotb oahh!& 
npyccKÍft coiAarB BOflxerb vb mBeAcsyio DoMepamK), lo Poccix 
6jierb opHHysAeHa BunoíHBTB CBOfi coidsheiS AoroBoprb Cb IIlBe* 
ipeio H nocní^inHTB ki Heft nanoMOn^B. Bb to iie BpeMH hbi Derep- 
6ypra TpeOoBajiH, wro&bj fb cjiyqat boShh Poccíh cb $paHiueiD| 
»wb 6iM'B cBo6oxHiift npoxoxB pyccRHiťB BoBcBaiTB ^pe9B npyc- 
crá BjaA'i^HÍfl; HO 8T0, ApyrHMH cioBaMH, — TpeÓoBanie OTKasaiBca otl 
xparoi^ŠHHaro HefiTpaiHTera. Okojio ^pHApHxa-BejiBrejiBMa ÓopBÓa. 
FayrBHi^ HCRycHO HSJíaraerB mfíhúi Ropojui, HSJíarafl co6crBeHHHa 
MHiflúi; FayrBHi^ sa HeftTpajHrerB, vb KoropoirB bhahti co6cTBeH- 
HyK) noiHTHBy Ilpycda; nocjiiAHflfl ne MfiJimBB, OTBasnBaTBCfl otb 

BTOfl BOJIHTHICH H OpOXaTB Ce(Sfl BCŠlTB CJfyqafiHOCTmťB KOJieÓJlIO- 

qeflcfl noJHTHBH Poccíh h ÁBCipÍH, Roropsifl hphtoitb se ne OTRpu- 
BaKiTB CBOHX^B HiaHOBi^ HpyccÍH. BHpo^eMi H CB 8TH1ÍH xepsaBaifH 
ne AOisHO ptdKO paspusaTB.— HefiTpajHrerB, oiB^^aerB FapxeH- 
deprbj eciB Monrja caMOCToaiejiBHOCTH h ^ecni npyccaaro rocy- 
xapcTBa, a boShu Bcesene HBfi&KaxB, toibko HaAo6Ho Óy^erB ee 
BecTH no BOJi^ no(SÍABTejui h juia ero níkíeŘ. FayrBHi^i craBKjrB na 
BtjTB, ^TO Pocda H ÁBcrpifly noÓysAafl Dpycciio BcrynniB cib hhich 
BB ioa.iHi^io, cspuBaiOTB OAHaBo OTB HCfl CBOH HaM^peHÍfl. HejnsH 
tfiuo BciynHTB Cb HHMH Vb corjameHÍe, ne ysnaBuiH npesxe nxi 
mbjeft. J^JíŘ BToro ysfiams OTnpaBJíeHi 6ujrb 3% neiepfiyprB rene- 
pan-aAiKXiaHTB 3acTpoBi, h npHBesi cofiCTBenHopy^HyK) nory Hune- 
paiopa AjescaHApa. «9to(!i orstnaTB Cb no«iHOH> orspoBenHOcriK) na 
sejiame šopou snaiB Bcb moh noJurriHecKÚi omonieHifl, HaAo6HO 
npe«Ae snaiB lorb wb to^hocth: ero BejH^ecTBo npnsHaeTB jih neoó- 
xoxHMOCTB npfltii^rflyTB vb opysíH) npoiHBi BonanapTa, fb cjiy* 
tt'6 ecjra OHB ne npHMerB mhphux'b npe^Jtosenift? PÍniHTca xh 

BOpOlB COeXHHHTB CBOH BOflCRa CB BOttCBáMH PoCCÍH H ABCrpÍH^ 

eciH 8TH AepsaBu npeCibrnyrB btb chjbhuitb ucpaní axh aocth- 
senÍH MHpa? Bnpo^eiii, á ne ROxeÓJnocB otirBABaiB lenepB se, qro 
MOH XHpHUfl npeAiosenÍH 6yxyrb sasjíouTB vb ce&b oaho Heo6xo* 
AHMoe AU ÓyAyn^eft CesonacHOCXH h HesaBHCHMOCTH EBponn, iro 

9* 



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182 VĚffíBEKb XWOIIH. 

ÁETjňsi cx^aerB Bei nosepreoBam jt, saKÍa tojibbo mosho i^bsjubo 
HaA^TBCfl ors Hefl. Ecjh neperoBopii ne nOBe^yn hh ipb ^eMy h 
HaxoÓHO 6yAerB npH6%rHyTB R'b CHJťj^, to a nOBe^y BoflHy cb coh)b- 
HHBaMH, ROTopue, noAOÓHO MH^b, o6flsyTCfl He nojiaraTB opysia xo 
BceoÓDViro MHpa; a Óyxy oxotho C0A'i^ficTB0BaTB rtb xocraBjíeHiio hm^s 
;i[eHesBofl nOMOn^H n kb onpeA'6jieHÍH) BOSHarpaacxeHÍfi sa norepH. 
Jl^^o ÓjjsfiTh HATH otfi yrBepaBAeHÍH HesaBHCBMOCTH EBponu, a ne 
AU npoB8BeAeHÍfl BOHrpi-peBOJiioi^iB h ne wb HHSBepsemfl $paH- 
ipn ch Toro H^cra, ROTopoe npBHaiJíesBTB et vb o6meŘ CBcreirb. 

ECJIII BOpOJB XO^en COCAHRBIBCA BHeHBO Ha 8THX'B OCHOBaHÍflXly 

fl ofiin^aK) eMy ynorpefieTB ropas^o 6oj!be 100,000 BoAcsaH npH* 
HflTB M^bpu Kb TOMy, iTO&h uB no^BepraTB IIpyccÍH) oiraeHOCTH ca 

CTOpOHU $paHAÍH». 

YnoMEHafl o mhphiix'b npe^JiOHceHiiixi, HMnepaTopi AjescaHiprL 

HMÍJII Vh BHAy Vb, BOTOpUfl Ho^OCHJIBI^eBl ]l,OJlSieWb ÓUJí^ CA'&iaTB 
RB UapBSi; HO MU BBA'ĎvIHy HTO HOBOCHJIBI^eBa BOBBpaTirjraí CB AO- 

porH, H npyccifl norepfljia nocjŠAHH)K) HaAe»Ay na MHpi. UpyccÍH 
OAHOK) H81 npB^HH'B CBoero B0iie6aHÍfl npHcrynHTB Kb RoajBi^iB 
BHCraBJífljia neyB^peHHOCTB vb AOcraTO^HoS BHopriii ÁBcrpia, a la 
CB CBOefl cropoHu ocraHaBJHBajacB ROJie^anieirB npyccÍH. IIoHflTHO, 
HTO HaAOÓHO 6iiJio ynoTpe6BTB bcš cpeAcrsa a^a yHH^rroaReHifl, no 
RpaflHefl iiip'6 na BpeifA^ conepHHqecTBa h ncAOspinifl MesAy dremi 
AepsaBaMH. ÁBCipifl nepBas npeAJiojRHJia satfuTB o CEJnesÍH, saÓtiTBr 
CTapoe A^fl HOBaro, BucraBHJia yfitsAeHÍe, ^to 0Cj9ra6jieHÍe ÁBcrpÍH 
TenepB 6yAerB BpeAHO ajia Ilpyccie h Hao6opoTB; ysipAja, ^to 
BOBce ne AynaerB o npio6p^TeHÍH bjiíabíb vb repMaHÍH, a tojubro 
8a6oTHTCfl O coxpaHeHÍH paBHOBicifl BB EBpont H repirancROft HMne- 
pÍH; Aaase vb cjiy^aš cwctjbboS boBhlt ho HM'ikerB naMibpeHia 
HSMd^HHTB cyn^ecTByniAifl nopBAORi Bemefi bb BaBapin Hjni rAt 6u 
TO HH 6ujio. Ho bi^ BspjiHHŠ cjymajH Bce bto oahbitb yxoirb, h 
BB Mapi% 1805 roAa FapAenÓeprB cRasajiB aBCTpificROHy nocjraH- 
HHRy, no noBOAy pyccRHrB Tpe6oBaHifl: <EopoJiii HHRorAa ne npH- 

HyAflTB RB irbpaBTB, BilSUBaiOn^HMB BOflHy, H A yBtpeHB, ^TO HaniH 

ABa ABopa AyMaiDTB bb btomb oTHomemn oAHnaROBO no cxoAcrsy 
HXB nojiosenÍA; Poccíh nevěro Coatbca boShei, a IIpyccÍA h ÁBcrpiH 
iroryTB OABHaROBO noerpaAaiB*. Rocjvb SToro bb B^nt nepecrajiH 
noiaraTBCA na rapAeHÓepra, na^ajiH c^HTaTB ero TaRHMB se <))paH- 
qysoMiy RaRB h FayrBBi^a. 

GEjíbwbŘmee BCRymeHÍe am ÓepjHHCRaro ABopa npHmjio cb 
sanaAa. Hanojieony nyaiHO 6iijio pasfiHTB RoaJHivio, yiepsaTB Ilpyc* 
cix) npH ce&bj h ohb pbmaercA ne maAHTB hh yÓteAeHíft, hh npn* 
ManoRBy ^to6b sacrasETB ^pBApHxa-BejiBrejiBiia noRHHyTB CHcreicy 



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Booou E mpoEi. 133 

BdbpuiTem. «Earb tojomo Pocck ú&hSBxrh BoftHy ^pasipe, to 
Botcsa uocjiMMeŘ oet^acb se saHHMftnrb rjaBHufl ropo^b mseA- 
ool DoMepaHÍB, i<k> msei^ifl vb coidsí cb Pocdeio: vt6 se cia- 
Heicfl cb npyccKOĚ CHCieiiofl HeArpuiTera xia ctBepHoi repMamH? 
HanpoTHn, coion Cb ^paHoleiD npexcraauierB jim IIpycdH BiiroxH 
BecoMHiHHUfl, MfloroqHCJeHHiifl H Benoq^exciseHflufl, ooschocth me 
ESUMOŘ. Ilpycdii AOJisHa bchomeht^ hto y nes wbrb lauai 
cpeAcmb Bi yoMeHiio ce6fl, kekemr oAia^aiorb eji cocbxV} soropue, 
6yMjn bmícA ea BparaMH, ae MMyvb eS pacnpocrpaHHTE csoHrB 
uaxbeii. HimepaTopi ^paHi^dOKb ^peJ^a^aen npyccsoify xopojuo 
FaHHOBeprb vb BÍ«Hoe Bjax^me h odASiisaercfl ycTynsy ero cxb- 
jaTb HeotixoxHMUiťb ycjiOBÍeiťb HHpa Cb Aerjiíefty Boropaa ochobei- 
Bierb wA cboh na^esAu na ROHTHHeHxajBHOfl boěh-ď; ho Pocda 
I ÁBcrpifl Be Ha^Hyn boShíi, eciH Ilpycda Bucsjawrb Ba8i» coios- 
sma 4^paHipH: laiuiMi oÓpasoMi Ropojuo AocraHeicfl cjasa npBMH- 
pirejfl ^paHi^H ci Aariieio. ycrynsa FaHHOBepa ne npeAcraBHTb 
Heapeo6opHMuxi> sarpy^HeHiĚ: ne aopojB Feopn 6yMfirb sasjíioqaTb 
Mipb, a napoAi aHraíĚcsiĚ; orb Ilpyccúi se ^paei^a Tpe6yen 
oxHoro py^aTejiBCTBa fl coxpaHemH cyn^ecrByiDiiiaro nopsAsa vb 
HraálH. FocyAapcTBOy BOTopoe ee yBejin^BBaeTCfl, yMemmaeicfl*. 

3to BHymeHíe opoHdBeao CHiBHoe BneuTji:bHÍe bi BepjiHHi^ 
saTporHBaa caiiiia h^shua cTpynu, coBna^aa cb caMiiirH saBii* 
HiíMH noMunijeBuiíH H 1^'bjiflMfl: yse crajH Me^iarb, ^to npioóp^ 
leHÚi He Aojsau orpaHB^irrbca oahhmi FaHBOBepoM^, mosho npi- 
o6p!bcTH H JBoreMÍH) h BHMtHBXb CascoBÍH) Ha nojibcidfl o6jiacTH. 
He cjAjnyen 6uTb sjíojcbeMi BoojOBHHy! He jienco 6bljíOj no uab- 
Húo FapxeHÓepra, BueraBBTb ocaoBaHia, roBopHBioui vb noiBsy 
ÝpaHiQrdCRaro coiosa, ci tfóJbrneio b^croctík) h otiojbciHiejibHOCTUOy 
I MHorifl ocHOBama 6uib jrbflCTBHiejibHO b^csb: cb oahoA cropoHu — 
npejuoaKeHifl, xora b ne cobc%mi> desonacHiia, ho BOBMOSHHa^ cb 
BHroAOK) coxpaHHTb HHpby H ecjiH 6u aio He yAaiocb, oi sH^aMH 
Ba MoryoiiecTBeHHyH) noHon^b cHJbHMinett xepsaBs; cb f^pjvoŘ 
eropoHU — HSB^kiHoe HairipeHie npHHyAHTb Ilpyccbo bo BCrynjemio 
Bb BoajiBi^iiD, rowb pyccBaro BaÓBHera, craHOBBiiúftca Bce rposnite 
H rpo6H'be, H en^e ÓojAe yrpoasaioiiiee nojioseme pyccaaro Boftcsa; 
HBnaKHYb Buroxb, pasBi OTAajeHHHB, BOTopiifl en^e nysHO saBoe* 
Baib, npio6pibTeHia HeB^pniui. Ho bi to se apeiui, bio ho hohh- 
■ui, ^TO BSBTb ^T0-HB6yAb y HanojeoHa sHaujio npoAaTb cbox> 
jiymy Bpary h a&tb na nee BpoBaBoe pyBonHeaHJe, pa6crB0 6hjio 
BeofixoxHMuin ciijiCTBÍeifb. Kopou Horjia npejtbciHTb Óojuune Boero 
HMesxa Ha coxpaHeme MHpa (xa en^ ci FaHHOBepoirb!); ho aioft 
BUfBMjííb BHOurb npexanaibca 6uáo BejoML no rpoanoiiy nojose* 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



IZi BMTHHKb IBPOnH. 

mx) Poccíh: en^e hobe-to ^pani^yscBoe Boficso abhtoi na noMon^ 
pyccBoe 67^6x1 yse vb npyccBHx^B BiaA^HiflrB, h Ilpyccia c^- 
jiaeTCfl apenoK) 6opB6ii, hcxox^ soropofi HeESstcreHi. ^jia Bopojifl, 
E, KOHeqHOy He AJfl OAHOro ero, 06a coiosa, ^^paHiQrscKifi h pyc- 
CBÍtty npexcraBJflJiH xojibBO oahí HesHroAu^ h noroiiy, pasyir&eTCB, 

OWb MOPB p^mHTBCfl HB TOTB HJIH XPyrO^ TOJIBBO Vh CJlJHdA Bpatt* 

HOCTH, a AO Ttx'B Hopib ;i[OJiseH% Óujn^ ynopcrso^Tb vb HeSrpajiH* 
Tei^. rayrBHq^B Tasse coB^Tyen spinso AepsaTbCfl HeftTpajHrera, 
H js,is, ero coxpaHeHÍfl BoopyisaTECfl; apaeicH RpacsaicH BiicraBHJťs 
FayrBni^^B HeBŠpHOcrb 4>P^Hi^CKHrB o&bmfkEiŘ b, cb xpyroft cro* 
poHH, onacHocxb paspusa cb Poccieio: to^b-bi-to^, BaB^B AyMaji'B^ 
caiTB BopoJBÍ Htbrb, BOopyseHHuft HeSrpajniTeTi! hitb Bcero cbo- 
pie MOSHO A0CTHrH3rTB sejiaHHOfi i^šjih, coxpaHeHifl Mapa: b Ha- 
nojieoH'B, xa h Poccia cb Anr^ieK) n ÁBcrpieio Ůjfjfrb noAaxjBBti 
H nOMBpBTCfl upn npyccBOHi nocpe^HB^ecrst. HanojieoBy otbí* 
^ajH, HW EBsaBafl npHMaHBa yBejB^eHieirB TeppHTopifl ne mo- 
sexB no6yxBTB BopojiH bb H'6paif'B HacrynaTejiBHiiHB; nejiBSfl hbb* 
8a coBepmeflHo pasopeHnaro FanHOBepa noABepraTB tftxcTBÍjiíťB 
BofiHu crapuB i^B^Tyn^ifl npyccBífl otfjiacTB. Ectb HaAe»A& coxpa- 
HBTB MflpB, ecjB HifnepaiopB HanojieoHi, no corjiameHÍH) cb Ilpyc* 
cieio, ofiesneqBTB i^&ioctb n HesaBHCBMOCTB ocrajiBHofi Htbjiíb, pec- 
ny6jiflBE OaTBBCBofl h rejnBexflqecBOfi n repifaecBot BMnepifl^ eciH 

OWb AftCTB BOpOJDK) BOBMOSBOCTB BBBB MOSHO CBOpte nepexaiB CAOBa 

MEpa vb nerepÓyppB n ^ej. — HiínepaTopy AjiescaBApy BopoJB 
DBcaiB (5-ro ceHTfl6pB 1805 r.), tto Tsep^o pbmBJícfl nOAxepsB- 
BBTB BefixpajiHTeTB cBofi H CBOflX'B cocía^B b Boopysaeicfl A^fl sa- 
n^BTii nocjÍAHflX'B; npHTOirB ^paHivbi en^e HB^ero He cx^ajia tb- 

BOrO) HTÓ 611 SaCTBBJIflJlO IIpyCCÍK) OtiBflBBTB efl BOfiHy. KopOJB HB*^ 

jiibeTCSíj ^0 HMnepaTopB AjeBcanApB laRse ne CA^jaeiB HB^ero^ 
^n:b6u HapymHJio noBOfi c^BepHofl PepnaHÍB. 

B'B TO BpeMB, BBB^B B'B IIpyCCÍH TOJBBO 6^0 pŠmaJB, VTO HB- 

AotiHo BOOpysaiBCH, HW&b xaiB tfojiBme B^cy cbohitb hapeums 
npe^JOBceHÍBM^^ rb ÁBcrpin a&bho yse BOopysajBCB, h Boe en^e 

BAK^MECbj mtO BOĚHH HOSHO E^6ÍbxhTby HO BpaftHefi irbpt, RTO 

ona HO Ha^Heicfl kb leByn^eirB 1805 ro^y- Kofab HMneparops 
AieBcaHxpB bb íioeí ysHajTB o npBcoeAHHeHin PoHyn b^b ^paHina, 
to cBasajiTB UlTyTiepreflMy: «dTorB qej[0BŠB'B (HanojieoHi) HenacH- 
THMB, ero ^ecT0j[K)6ie ne snaerB rpaHBi^, 9to Óbtb BcejieHHOit 
B^B BĎH'Ď fflxas,Eu ocTaHOBHTBCfl HB BTOHi co6iiTÍn. R oro npeA* 
Hi^rfciB; HO HBBBBB He osBxajTB, ^To6u PoHyB 6uM o6pan^eHa bo 
^pBHiiyBciqrB) npoBHHi^iH) bb to caMoe speiíB, Bor^a xotíjib na^aTB 
jcBpniie n^)eroBopii cb bteitb rocnoxBHOirB; obtb hbab hbiíh CHJterca, 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



pooGu H ifiponi. 135 

Offb xo^en BOttHH: Hy, xopomo, oh^ 6yxer& ee uufbrby h ^^u'b 
CBop^ Tbiťb jyqme. BHABxe: mu MeJ^HM'b, a owb 9TBWb nojiB- 
syeiai>. Kor^a mTynepreftiťb saiiikrBJí, hto Ha^oÓHo noAOSAatB 
jV> BecHH, TO AjescaHxpib csasajn*: ««£[ ne 6y;^ hsi Bctxi^ cB.vh 
arkoíHT^ -HO BottHa Heed6toHa». Uo «8Ton qejOB^sii* Óuji^ ho 
uboI ^eJOB^Bi, vto&b crajii CHA^Tb cnoROftHo, bhaa, saKi Apyrie 
BOopysaiOTCfl. Oh'b Bar&ii TajieflpaHy o6'&flBHTB aBcrpiScBOHy no- 
cjaHHHsy, Hio irarepH bi Tapojrb h niTeftepnaps^ Aojishu 6uTb 
CHimi, OTKasi Rb aioiTL BanoaeoHi npeMerL sa o0i»jiBjieHÍe boShei. 
Bb B0Hi](^ asryaa ÁBcrpúi OTBi^ajia, ^no ona Boopyacaerca au 
liowepaKSH BiiroBopeHHuxi TpaBTaTaiiH ycjOBifi; hto ona roroBa 
BcrynMn ch ^paHi^yscRHirb ABopoirs vb neperoBopu o coxpaHOHia 
mBTHHeHTajiBHaro nepa h y^ocroB^paerB, ^o MoeapxH aacTpiftcaitt 
■ pyccEÍtt o(Sa8aiHCL ae BMtmHBaTbCfl bo BHyrpeHHiH xkia $paH- 
ipH, He Hapymaib cyn^ecrByion^aro nopa^Ra repicaHcsofl Hunepia h 
i^hiociH Ilopru OTTOMaHCBOfi. B-B B^Efb npoHdomjia m, 9to BpeiiA 
nepeMtoa: BOHHCTBeHHufl xniuoifaTB KoÓeHipB BocropseciBOBaji 
Hax^b SHaMeHHTUM^L, HO TpeÓyion^HMi* Mapa noJiROBOAOieiťB, api^rep- 
iforoiTB EapjioiTb. Orqero se npoHSonua xasafl yxHBBreiibHafl 
sepeirbHa? Smejlcsí reHepajn-K^pTupMeftcrepi* Maicb, KOiopuft oót- 
BVLrb nociaBHTb apMÍio Ha BoeHHyio nory, Biťbcio meciH lAcsíifiVh, 
Fb ABa M^bcflivi, H HcnojiHHJii o&basfií.EÍe; ho ho AOBOibCiBOBaiHCb 
npiiroioBjíeHieiíi apirifl: xony se Masy nopyqeflo 6ujío nepeeecTH 
ee sa Óasapcsyio rpanai^y, vso&b npexynpeAHTb Hanojieona. CyBO- 
pOFby Hanojieoffb noótoijífiLxa, crpeKHrejibHOCTiH), yiiiHbeiťb npe;Qr- 
npez^ATb Henpifliejifl, HanaAaib na nero Bpacojioxi; ctohjo tojibko 
npBHATb lasoĚ se ofipasi* A^ficTBÚi, npe/^npexníb HenpijaiTejfl, h 
Masi» craHOBHJiCfl CyBopoBuirb, HanojieoHOirb! Ho A^KcTBHxeJbHO 
ju MaKb npe^QrnpesAajii Hano^eona? Bi Bíh^ no Bpafineň Mtpi 
^yifajH, qio «TeaTpaibHufi MOHapxi>», Kaní nwh BOJH^ajin Hano- 
jeoHa, HH^ero ne snaerb, hh vh ^eny ne roroBi, hjih 6e9^fiCTByeirb, 
noiepflBii ro^oBy orb enixa n saTpyAHHTejbHOCTH nojiosenífl. 

HifnepaTopb AjteBcanApb 6sijrb HsyifjieHi laKOio dHeprieio h 
nocnd^mnociiio ÁBcrpifl! GrojibBO BpeiieHH na ero yBtn^anifl si 
Boftffik óajTh OAHFb OTB^Tb: HO FOTOBH H paHbme BecHu 1806 ro^a 
roioBH 6HTb ne uomewh; pycacifi rocyAapb 6ajrb B^b noinoĚ yvb- 
peHHOCTH, HTO panbme dToro cpoKa boŠhei ne Cy^erb, o6tntajrb 
HIiyTrepreflMy ne ToponHTbca, a xenepb npHHysA^Hi óhurb avb" 
joRTbj cniniHTb AByMfl a^&hh, h ompaKienieMi BOflcKa na homou^ 
ABcrpÍH, h CRjiOfleHieMi IIpyccÍH so BcrynjieHiio Kb BoaJlHI^H). 

Bb aBrycrb HJcnepaToprb nocjiajrb Kopojuo nncbiío, Kb soTopoirb 
np^^araax juwoe CBHA&HÍe na rpanni^^b, CHOBa roBopaai* o ne- 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



186 BtOTKIR^B IBPOilH. 

oÓxoAHMOCTH npHcrynBTE Kh RoajiHiuH H TpeÓOBan conacífl na 
npoxoA^ CBOHXi BoficiCL ^epesi npyccsifl Bja^tHÚi. KopoJiB otbš* 
^aji, HTO corjíaceH^L na nepBoe, ho HHBas^ ne MOserB corjui- 
CHTBCA Ha uocjsfbAEee^ h6o bto «HeopeMteHO noryÓEJio 6u £Bpony>. 
^pHApHxi-BflurejbirL cnpaniHBaj^B, RaraMi otipasoirB mnepaiopi 
AjescaHApB, npeHABrnift na ce6fl npespacnyio pojB sao^HTHHBa 
MesxyHapoAHaro npgBa h ocoÓeHHO npasa HefiTpajibHKixi rocy- 
AapcTBi, Mosers 6em Hajifimaro npeA4ora HapymHTb npaBo co* 
dbjífií H coiosHHRa, npexcraBjíflioii^aro oujiotb xu ÓesonacHOCTH c^*- 
Bepa H roBopHBmaro Bcer^a ASHROifB HBpa. CnjbHtfimee Bneva- 
Tj^HÍe npoHSBeAeHO 6hjio AoneceHÍeirB Aaoneyca 7 (19) ceHTfl6pi 
O pasroBop^ cBoeiíi cb FapAeHÓeproiťB. UocAjífái nepe^an pyc- 
CKOMy nocjiaHHBRy cJOBa sopoja: «Ecjih HiínepaTopi, — roBopHj*B 
^pBApnxi-BHJibreiBirB, — HaBťbpesb npEHy^Hib mcha A^CTBOBaib 
npoTHKb MOBx^b npaBBJí^b H HapymHTb saBOHb, BOTopuff fl caiTb ce6t 
HpeAnHcaji'b, sasonb— ne no^eepraTb hohxi eapo^^orb Ůijijcímsiwh 
BofiHu, TO fl CBop'6e HorHÓHy, H^wb corjiamycb na bto. Ho HeyseiH 

BOSMOSHO, RXO&h HMHepaTOp^b, ROTOparO fl C^BTajTB CBOHlTb HOp- 

BUMi xpyrou^b, B^b BOTopoMy^ Eorb CBBX^Tejib, fl nHrarb xoB^pie 
6e8npeAl^jibHoe, bosuosho jh, ^^o&b owb ynorpeÓBJí bo sjio bio ao- 
B^pie? £cjiB(íb oHb HameJCfl bi onacHOCTH, ecjH6i Tenepb^ na^aBOui 
BejiHByK) 6opb6y, OH^b HCiiuTajii Easoe-nBÓy^b 6ÍACTBÍe, to fl no- 
jeťbjub 6u Bi HeBty na noiioiip». XoT^Tb sacrraBHTb iieHfl cmotp^tb 
na BelAB to^ho TaBi, Basi owb CMOTparb, bto SHa^arb nocflraTb 
na MOK) HesaBHCBMOCTb. Bo eciiH b noTepaio HesaBHCHMOCTb, to KaB'B 

fl OCM^JIlOCb BBFJIflHyTb Ha H306paseHÍfl MOHX^b npeXBOB^, ZB,Wb MH% 

xoTfl MHHyry ocraHOBHTbCfl na mucjib, ^to Mes^y naiíH 6HJrB.$pHA- 
pnxi U, BejBRÍB Byp^iopcrb O* HÍrb, ecjH mbí cys^^HO noraď- 
HyTb, TO norflÓHy co cjaBoio; fl na^y sepTBOH) Moero AOB^pifl rb 
rocyAapio, BOTopHft jwbjvh saBOOBaTb Hoe cepxi^e*. Ajoneycb ao- 
Hecb TaBse o cjOBaxi Ropojfl, csasanHEirb renepaiy EfiBepni^y: 
«MHoro rocy^apett norflÓJO orb CTpaern bi Bofinš; a fl norsCfly 
orb Toro, 9X0 jioÓjk) MBpi>. HstnepaTopi A^eBcaH^p-B HaxoxflJCfl 
Fb Óojboioiťb BaTpyAHeHÍH: Ch o^hoS cropoHEi, Tasíe npoTecrii 
^pBAPBxa-BHJbraibMa; cb Apyroft — bi Btni h J[ohaoh6 BaflBjeno, 
9T0 pyccBÍft rocy^apb aacmaeumz Upycciio npHciynHTb vb BoajiHipH; 
Cb TpeTbefl cTopoHH, pasyMŽercfl, ^apTopiiĚcsiS nacTaHBajrb na 
BCTynjieHÍH Kb IIpyccÍK) h noxHflriH houbobi. AjieBcaHxp'b 6ujrb 

BUBGfijčWb HS^bBBTpyAHHTeJlbHarO nOJI02BeHÍfl CaMHBfl rjaBHUlTb C0H)8HH- 



^) Tan aasiuaiH oÓHSEOBesoo sHaii oHiraio syp^^Dpcra 6paAeH6yprciaro ^ixpna- 
fiHnreuMa. 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



KKNU H nKOk. 187 

ion. miyRepreiirB cran j^ete ceibeha npexcrasjíeHÍa npo- 
THffb BoflHu ch Dpycdeio. «Ho axo aHanm Meas ROMapoiieTTRpo- 
Bat^-^BOspasan AjescaHxpi, — wbrh, a ne Mory oicryiiiTB; ecn ji 
Mory BOSBpaTHiB Bam Guesiio, lo bh Moseie na mcha nojio- 
jumcfl». IIpHmjra xenemH hsi Bíhu cb laraMH se orcoB^roBa- 
HÍfljíi Hana^aiB sa Ilpycciio; IIlTyneprefiirB ycniHJTB cboh npex- 
ciaaieHia; HasoHei^B, ^propEiftcBÍĚ no^ajicfl. droro toibko, pas- 
yideTca, b HyjsHO 6ujo: pyccsk Boficsa 6iijih sa^episaHii na rpa- 
wnslb Bupejub xo Jnmaro cBHxaHui rocyxapefi; xa csopo TpyxHO 
craio MjuBXh o boBhI ci Ilpycdeio, Borxa yasaiH o fiucrpiixi 
XBBsefliflxrB HanojieoHa. 

Bi TO Bpeicfl, BaR'B vb Bíh-ď xyMajiH, ^to «TeaTpajbH£[tt Hinie- 
ptTop%» naxoAHTCfl bi 6e8x6ftcTBÍH, HaaojieoHx cb Heo6inKHOBeH- 

HOD CSpiiraOCTÍK) H ^ElCTpOTOH) XBHFaXB CBOH BOflCRa Ha BOCTOR. 
Wkn COMH^Hifl, ^TO 0Kb 6ujn> O^OHb pajTB BTOS BOHTHHeHrajlBHOft 

Boftffb, b6o cocpexoTO^OHÍe chxl na Óeperaxi AuanTH^ecsaro 
oieaHa, xis npexnairipeBHofl 6yxT0 6u Bucaxsn vb Ahfjiík), ho 
XOCrHrajH) i^tjH; AnrjiiK) HejiBSfl 6ujo 8tok) yrpodoio npBHyxHTB si 
Mipy, a BucaxBy HanojieoHi ho mopb ho npHSHaBaiB npexnpiii- 
lieBi OT^aflHHuirL. TenepB ROHTHHeHrajiBHafl BoAna xaBajia eny 
OTjHiHufl npexJOPB nosoH^HTB CB npBroTOBJíeHiaMH iffb micHjsjBby 
KOiopHfl CBopo rpoBHJiH CTaTB cMtmHEUfH, H HaHecTH Ahejíh yxapi 
nopaBsemeiTB BoaIH^iH, o Koiopofi oaa Tasí xjionoTaja. 9to nopa- 
jseme 6ujío R^pnoe fb ria8ax'B HanojeoHa: BoajiHi^in 6Eua ne- 
nojHafly Ilpycda vb Hefl ae npHcrynajia, ABcrpk se CA'i^Jiajia 
CTpamHyK) omH^sy, Biij^nnyBí^ ^acxB cbohx^b boěcbi sa rpaHHi^ 
H HO AOXffiMmucb pyccBOfi houou^h. Bb kohi^ ceHTfl6pfl h. c. 
ÝpaaiQrscRÚi BOfiCBa CTOiiJiH yse bt> niBaGÍH h $paHBOHÍH uoxb 
Ha^ajBCTBOMi caiíoro HanojieoHa; syp^^Bopcrti 6axeHCBÍfi, Biopreii- 
(S^rcBÍft B jaHxrpa^ X&pMmraxiCKifl Ówiii sa $paHUÍH); sa nee 
se 6uja b BaBapia, HecMOTps na aBCTpiScRÍfl yrpoéii. IIpyociB 
flanoieoHi obatb npexiosHJii cok)3'b. «3aRJiioHaTB coiosii cb bok)- 
v>íneM> xepsABOK) BHa^BTB npHBflTB y^acrie fb BotH^b* — 6un or- 
Bfim. Ob 4»paHiQr8CBOĚ ciopoHu corjamaiBCB xoroBopBTBca na ocho- 
BaaiB HeArpaiBTera IIpyccÍB, corjramajBCB xarB efi FaHEOBepi noxB 
saiorB, corjianiajiHCB aa ea nocpexHBqeciBO— Bce jí^sl tofo, ^ro&b 
BHBrpaTB BpeMfl. 1-ro OBTa^pa (b. c.) b% mapjiorreHÓyprb, kb 
npicyrciBiB ciaparo bobwi npyccBBX!B BoflcvB, repqora 6payfl- 
mBeJrcMTO, 6£ua Boa^peHi^a, v^b rapxeaÓeprB npexiarajTB ae 
nocm^OBJUTB aa^ero cb $paa^ie]0 xo CBBXftHÍa Bopo^a cb pyc* 
CBurB BMnepaxopoirB, b6o nocjiixHifi ocsopóarcfl laBBirB nocca- 
HOBjeaieiTB; saaaTie FaaaoBepa xoxsao npoaaofiTB cb coraada 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



138 BSGTHBn IBPOm. 

Bclrs CTopoHi. KopoiB; npoTHRb cBoero oÓEiBHOBeHU, otiHapyaui- 
BBjTb vb ROH^peHi^iH HeTepnÍHÍe h HeyAOBOJBciBie: rojiBOBajni a 
juqHOMi CBHxaHÍH ero Cb pyccRnM'B BMnepaTopoirB, a ohi HMeHHO 
ne xor&JTB aroro CBe^aHLi, Óosich HpaBCTBeHHaro Biiamfl otiaaiejiB- 
saro Apyra óoi^e, h^itb HacHjbCTBeHHaro nepexo^a pyccBHxi^ boBckb 
Hepesi npyccRÍfl BjiaA'6HÍji; ohi npeAnojiarajrb bi nocjrikxHioH) mh- 
Hyiy noA'B BaBHiťB-HBÓyAB npe^JioroirB OTBasaxbCfl orB oBH^aHÍfl h 
HOCJiaTB, BH'icio ce6fl, repi^ora ÓpayHmBefircsaro. KpeAiorB 6íijíi> 
yse npBAyHaH^b — tfoji^Hb hopb. Ho Hanojieofl^B nepeM^HBjrB xoxíy 
fjkM: no ero npBBasaHiK), ({)paBi;y8CBÍfl BoflcKa, x^a yAo6cTBa abb- 
senifl npoTBBi ÁBcrpis, HapymflJiB ueSTpametB Ilpyccifl, npofixa 
^epesi efl BjiaA'6flifl (ke Anninaxi). Esvbcíie o&h btoitb npoflSBeJia 
crpamfloe BoeqaijiiHie bi BepjiHH'^. EopojB Óujťb rb orqaflHÍH: 
Aparoi^'6flHiifl HeiTpajiflTerB HC^esi; TenepB neiBSA 6hjo CBasaTs 
pyccROMy BMnepaxopy, ^to co cropoHEi $paHi];ÍH se CA^ano hb- 
Hero, Horyn^aro a&tl Ilpyccia npaBO o6'BflBBTB efl Bofifly. Bi> Ilpyc- 
cíb AftBHo yse cyn^ecxBOBajia TaE'B-Ba8£[BaeHafl naTpioTE^ecBaa 
naprifl; KOTopafl BBA^feJia yHBseHÍe oxe^eciBa vb paBHOAymiB vh 
saxBaiaHi HanojieoHa; caBta Bopojesa, ABOiopoAHiifi óparB Bopoia^ 
npBfli^'B JIiOABBPB AyMajm TasBiii oÓpasoifB. IlapTÍii cAepsflBajiac& 
npoTBBHuiťB o6pa8oin> Mucjieft sopoju; ho TenepB ona BOSBncBJía 
rojioci H yseiB^BjíaeB vh wcjI'^. HeyAOBOJiBCTBie ne Horjo yMenB* 
nmrBCfl, RorAa Hanojieon^B, BdBBHBflCB, bb nHCBiii jí% sopoiue), bs 
anmaaxcBOirB npoBcniecTBin, crapajicfl AaTB Kbsy TaBOfi bhab, Basi^ 
6yAT0 aio 6uz8, 6e8AÍ^jBi](a, BorAa TaaeflpaH'B nanHcajrB, qro bhho* 
BaTB 6epjBHCBÍfi BaÓBHeTB, soToputt Bce TOJBOBaji^B o HeftipajiBTerb 
cÍBepnofl repnaHÍBy lorAa BaB^B npyccBÍfl BjaAtHÍfl — ÁHmnaxi 
EaBpefiiTB naxoAflTCfl na jorbj ďbAOBaTejBHo Bwb AenapBaipoHHOft 
jniflifl. 

Hifnepaiopi ÁjeBcaHApi pšmBJCfl nojBsoBaiBCfl oÓcroBTeiB* 
CTBaHfl; npyccBaro Bopojifl AOJiro 6uao AOSBAaiBCJi Ha rpaHfli^ax'B, 
HMnepaTopi caHi no^xaji^B b'b $pHApHxy-BHJiBrejiBMy h 25*ro ob- 
Ta6pfl (h. c.) npHÓujii bb EepjHHB, Tjiíb Óujh^ npHHarB sHTejiflMH 

Cl> HeOÓUBHOBeHHHM^B BOCTOprOlfB. HaAOÓHO ÓíiAO cniniHTB npBBjíe- 

^eflieMi IIpycciH vh BoajiHipio e diHMi* homo^b ÁBcrpÍH, A^a 
BOTopoň nuH AypHO. ^paHAysH nepenun ^nafl, nopasHjiH aBcrpiS- 
i^eFB BB Tpex'B cpaseHÍaxi», saHJMH Ayrc6yprB h MiOHxeffBy a 
MaBTB, npHABBHyBHiHCB BTB YjiBMy B81 sejiaHÍfl npeAynpoABTB Ha* 
nojieona, saiBopBJícfl kb btoitb ropoA'6 h choboAho CMOTpbjLb, iiBm> 
HenpifliediB OBpysajii ero co bcíx^b cropoHX. UoCjA no&b]íjij OAop- 
saHHoft ^pam^ysaMH noA% HaqajBCTBoirB Mapniajia Hea npe 9jb* 
XBsreB% MaBi 6ujn> coBepmenno saneprB, saBeai neperoBopH h 



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POOOLI H IBPOIU. 139 

CXUCfl: 23,000 aBCipificsaro BoficBa noiosuo opyaúe, <))paHi^- 
wě% xocT&jiocb 59 nymeR^b. 20-ro OBratípii ca^lmcsl MaB'^; 21-ro — 
iHTjiSeBii aXMHpaji HencoHi HcrpetfBJí ^paHi^dCBo-BcnaHCsift 
4^jorB npa Tpa^Arept h sanaaTui shshík) 3a no&bjíy] 25-ro — 
npiftzaj^ AjieKcaHApi wb BepjiBH^B h sa^ajflCB KOH<))epeHi^ÍB o 
fMTE, BaK^b nonpaBBTB- KOBŤBHeHTajiBHUfl A'6jia. CHaqajra nuB ohb 
lea^y ^apTopiiBcBfliťB, npitxaBmBMi Biitcrb cb BiinepaTopoirB^ 
FayrBBi^eMi b FapAeBfieproiťb; 28-ro ^BCJia irpBcyrcTBOBajifl BMne* 
paropii, BopoJB H repi^orB dpaysniBe&rcBifi; 3-ro flOflCpa ^"^0 
ůsuo BOHieHo; rocyAapfl paxB^BROBajiB AoroBopi, B86'6cTH£[ň noA> 
BMeflem OoiCAaMCsaro: npyccBÍfi Bopojib npBHHMaai sa ceófl no- 
q^exHHHecTBO Mea^y boidiou^bhb Aep»aBaiiB, ho nocpe^HH^ecTBO 
BOopyseHHoe, pesyjBTaiOMi Boroparo aojsho 6iitb bjib nenocpex- 
cxBeHHoe BosciaHOBjíeHie soHTBHeHrajiBHaro MHpa, bjia, vb cjiyqa'b 
HenpHHBTÍB ^paHi^eio hbpheixi jolobíHj ^'bBcTBBTeibHoe y^acxie 
DpyccÍH vh BOĚHŠ. MapHiifl ycjiOBÍfl sasjíioqajiHCb vb tom^b, hto sa 
^paHiUeiD ocraBaiocB Bce nojiy^eHHoe eio no jnoHeBHJBCsoMy h 
BOCjrbxyion^HirB AoroBopairB; yHHHTOsajiflCB tojbko rb pacnopflaBeHia 
HancueoHa, Boropfiifl BosÓyxBJíH npoTBBi aero Boajiai^iH): Boscra- 
BOBJflJiocB HesaBBCBMoe capABHCBoe BopojieBCTBO, BuroBapBBaaacB 
HesaBHCHMOCTB FojJiaHAÍB, niBeBi^kpiH, Heanojifl h repMaHCBofi bm* 
nepia; KopoieBCTBo BxajiBflHCBoe, Boropoe BasBano óuio jioMÓapx* 
esEiTB f^s, H86ibsaBÍfl ciHoiBoin mapoRaro CMHCJia, saBjm^aBma- 

rOCfl Vh CJLOBt «BT&IBflBCB0e»9 AOJSeflCTBOBaJIO 6uTh HesaBBCBMO 

orb 4^paflay3CB0Ě BopoHu; naBOHei^iy BuroBapaBajiacB HenpHBOCBO- 
BeHHOCTB Typi^H. 

OóciOBTeiBCTBa npexcraBjífljiB h^^to boboo npoTBBi npesBflror 
Ilpyccifl npBHBMaja pimBiejBHoe nojOAeHÍe, h, ho corjiacBBniBCB 
Ha efl npeAioseHÍB, Haao^eofly na^oÓHO 6ujio BeciB Boftay npo- 
nvh HeCfiiBaiott en^e soaiHi^iB, ^tó mofjo sacraBHTB ero sajty- 
MaTbca; ho, ci xpyrofi cropoHu, HejiBSfl 6uao HaA^bflTBCfl, Hto&b 
HanoJieoffB npHHfljii npexJioseHifl: bto sBa^BJío 6u npBBHaTBCH, 
TTO Hcnyraicfl aoajBiÚB, yBa^iosHiB o6aflHie, Boxopoe offB npoHS- 
BOAH^i^ Ha^i ^paHi^saMB, oÓaaHÍe cbju, HesHaioniefi npenaicTBifl, 
H 8T0 nocj'b Toro, saicB napox^, HaxoAHBinifica hoab TaRBiíi otiaa- 
HÍeiTB) npoBosrjacBjTB ero HifnepaTopom. H no6&BAOHHi]fi — Hano- 
jeoffB He MorB opsnarB nOTCAaMCSH^ ycjoBifi, a TenepB owb 6.vh- 
daiejiBHO na^ajTB saiinaBiH): na cropoffb ^paBqysoBrB ďoapoctb^ 
B066y2KAeBHafl yciAxowbf na cropoal} epothbbbrob^ ynaxoKB xyxa — 
cjritacTBÍe yjiBiiCRaro nosopa. KoaaHi^ifl onacna; ho ona en^e ne 
bhojihI oÓpasoBaiacB: Ilpyccia en^e ne otiiaBUja BoflBH, h hítb 
ooMffbmii, HTO ^pBxpHxi-BHJiBrejiBirb boěhh ho xo^otb no npes- 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



140 BMTHHRl IBPOIEI. 

Heny, owb no^Beprcfl HpaBCTBeHHOMy Haeiuiio; npyodi ne bcij- 
HHJia npflMO vb RoajiHuiio, corjracnjiacB tojebro Ha Boopysennoe 
nocpeAHHHecTBO, h SA^Cb jxe BHAoa acho yciynsa AiescaHApa 
CBoeiiy Apyry; sjííbch CJiaóoe Mtcro, soropuiťB jierBo Bocnojbdo- 
BaTECs; aBcrpifti^u crapue snasoMue^ hx'b 6oflTbCfl nevěro; pyccsie — 
Bpare HOBHe, ho sto hmb npeABOAHTéjn>CTByeTi»? H npHTOMi — vb 
coeABHeHÍH ABa HyT&ji.ux^b Apyn Apyry Boficsa, Asa HHnepaiopa, 

CBOJIbKO HHTepeCOBl H CTpaCTett Bl CTOJSHOBeHÍB! 

O^eHb BasHO 6ujio to, bto 6yAerb npecjiaHi jtb HanoJieoHy 
cn^ HBpnuMH npeAJOseHÚiHH nsi BepjiHHa; ecjH 8to ójffirb ^ejo- 
vbKh H8% narpioTH^ecBott napiÍH, sejiaion^ett Bcryn^eHia Ilpycde 
vb BoajiHi^iK), TO OHI HOBepHen jsfbjío Óucrpo h HenpiflTHuu'b jim 
Banojieona otipasoM^b, npejuosBBi Bonpoci>: mhpb na BSBiteTHuxi* 
yciOBÍflxi BJB BoftHa? B HO BXOAfl B% jíMhEMmisi ofi^acHeHÍfl. Ho 
^pBApBx^b-BfljbreJibifb, BMeHHO ne xorbBinifi spyroro noBopora A'bJa, 
HO xoTbBmítt, 6oABmiflcfl no-npesHOMy boěhei, Bu6pa^'b ^eioB^Ka, 

Vb BOTOpOlTb 6Ují1> yB'&peH'b, 9T0 HO AOBOAerb A'6ja AO EpaftHOCTB, 

CbyM^berb BOcnojbsoBaTbCfl o6cTOflTejibCTBaifB, mo6u BuropoABTb Dpyc- 
€iio Cb en BHTepecaMB; Roro se oe^b ifon» Bu6paTb jiyqme, KaB% 
He HecpaBHOHHaro rpa4)a FayrBBi^a, nojiHaro CBoero npeAcraBHTejig, 
CBOfi nopTperb OTHOCHiejibfio noj[BTB4ecBBX'b Bosapteifi. CrpanHo, 
qio BMnepaiopb AjieBcaHAP'b ne HacTOflJi'b Ha Bu6op'& Apyroro JBi^a 
AJfl nocuABH Ki> HanojeoHy, rbtfi 6oJi'be, hto ohi, npitxaBniB vb 
Bep;iBHi>, BBHO oOHapysBJíi cBoe Hepacnoji03ReHÍe r% FayrBHi^y h 
(ijarocBJKOHHOCTb Kb FapAeHÓepry. Bi neieptiyprb óusu neB^pno 
HdBtn^eHbr o nojioseniB napiifi wb BepjiHHt b c^iBTajn FayrBBi^a 
Cb JioMfiapAOHi rjaBaiíH 4>P&Hi:i[y3CBofi napiÍB; ho mu bha^jb, 9to 
FayPBBi^ ecjB npBHaAJieA;a.rb B'b Basoft-HBĎyAb napriB, to bi bo* 
poaeBCBOft, CTOflďi sa He&ipajiBTeTb, sa uspi bo ^ro 6ei to hh 
crajio, coB^TOBajTb HB noA^b BaBBBťb BBAOMi ne paspuBaTb cb Poc- 
de¥)y TOFAa BaB'b FapAenOeprb, parya npoiHrb HefiTpajiBTeTa, bobc6 
He HacraBBajii na Heo6xoAHMOCTH AepsaTbCB Poccíb. Tenepb Fayr- 
BHi^i* ixajTb Bi Hanoieony a^a BcnaiHeHia BopojieBCBHxi sejanit, 
HO, pasyM^^ercfl, ne Óesi rope<iH opoTHBi BoajBi^iH, noToiíy hto 
Óhui^b CHJbHO 0CB0p6jeFb xojoahoctík) rjiaBu ea. 

KoaJB^ia fituia HenojHas; npBcoeABHeflie IIpycdH npeAnoaara- 
jocb eo^e Rb óyAyn^eirb; A'&^CTBÍa coíobhbbobi na^aTii 6ujíe ne 
ApysHo; ABcrpifl, ne AOSBAaacb pyccBflX'b BoftcB^b, BUABHHyjia cboe 
vb BaBapÍK) H norepniia yse crpamnoe nopasenie. HeAOCTaTorb 
noJiBOBOAAa, BOToparo mosho 6hiJío 6u npoTHBonocraBHTb Hano- 
jieoHy, npBBejii» BMnepaTopa AjieBcaHApa bi miicjih o BusoBt sna- 
iieHBTaro 4>P&H]qr8CBaro renepajia Mopo, HsrHaHHaro HanoieoHOM^b 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



pooeui H BBPoni. 141 

n AxeiMBy sa yfacrie fb poflJHcrcBOiii saroBOiA; ho Mopo ne 
Doarkn 6u bo bcabomi cjiy^ad^; Ha^oÓHO 6eejio ynorpedvrB bs 
xkio ocTETBE eBaTepHHHHCSHX'B, cyBopoBCSHxi BpcMeHi. Hmji nep* 
Bftro pyccKaro renepaja, Roxopoe yc^uxui HanojieoffB, 6uao hua 
KyiysoBa. ^ejioB^srB, BoropoMy nocjii cys^eno 6fiiJ0 npoBOAHTb 
smoeBaTejii hsi Poccíh, xonseHi óujtb lenepL BcrpfrrfiTB ero bs 
BasapÍH. KpH Bec^acTHOft HenpexBHX^HHOt nocirbniHocrH, cb ubok) 
ÁBcrpiji Ha^aia BOflHy, pyccsoe Boftcso aojisho Óhjio HeBxrH, a 
(ttauiTB efi Ha noMon^b. Pyccsie npHÚtoajiH na Hhhi bi neHacTBe^ 

no T|MI8HU1Í'B AOporaiťB, Bl O^eHB HeRpaCHBOH'B BHA'6| B% BSBOmeH- 
VUTL ILiaTb'^, tioCNe, — H OTOBCDXy Jíjj^BUe CJyXH, C0K)8HHBH AajH 

cefifl pas^HTL, Tenepb bca Tasecrb yxapoBB no6ÍAHTeďfl naAorb na 
fyecEiň iLieqn. EciecTBeHHO, pyccide ho MorjH oiHecTHCb 6j(aro- 
HpiiTHO Kb aBcrpifti^iirb, rtiťb 6ojite, hto naicATb o 00(^*6x8611^ 
iroxoxi GyBopoBa, 06% ero OTHomeHiflxi rxrb aBcrpitti^aH^b, 6iiJia sHBa. 
PyocEÍe npespHTejibHo OTHOCiuiBCb irb jhojihmi, «npHBHBninHi 6h- 
TBMH 6uTh>y no BfiipaseHÍio CyBopoBa; aBcrpifiipi, vb OTifecTBy, 
sasiiBajiH HX!b cjioBOM^b, BOTopoe nepBoe nona^aercfl na flBUB'b aa- 
najiHaro esponefli^a, Kor^a ohi BOAOBOJieFb pyccBHMH, HadiiBa^H 
KTh BapBapaHH, cwbBxacb hmi^ HexocraTKOirb y HHTb BoeHHott 
BHnpaBBH. Pyccsie aojishh 6ujie oicrynaTb, cAepsHBas h oitiH- 
BBflCb on upeBocxoAHaro hhcjiom'b HenpuTeia; napoiajiy Moprbe 
cuBHO Aocrajiocb orb RyrysoBa npH X^ppeHorrettH^: ycjiHxajiH o 
IHBHO HecjnixaHHOifb xbjrb, o pasiSHriH <))paHiQr80ffb; caifb Hano* 
xeoseh HasBajrb 6BTBy ptsBOH). Tasafl se ptena npoHsomjia npH 
ineHrpa6eHÍ, 1^*6 yM'kirb orÓBibca SHaiíeHHTutt cyBoposei^, Boasb 
BarpaTioffB, ocraBjíeHHirit, no ejOBairb KyrysoBa, na neiraHyeMyio 
ratiaiB AU cnacenifl apidH. BarpaiíoHi ne nov^&h h apnia 6£Lia 
cnaceHa orcrynjieHieirb Rb Mopasjío, vxb ch neio coeABHfljiHCb Apy* 
rix pyccna BOĚcBa, TOJibRo-^rro npeóuBniia H8'b Poccíh, h He6oJb* 
moA aBCTpificBifl Bopnycb, OTcrynHBmifl orb Bteii, soTopaa 6ujia 
yase samna 4>pAHiQ^8aMH. Coio8hbkb ctoajh yOAmoi^a, B3rsa npi-» 
txajiH H 06a HMnepaTopa— AxeKcaHApi n ^pani^; BanojieoH^ sa* 
Bzrb> BpioHH^. G0108HHBB p'6mBXH hath ]ct» Heny na Bcrprbqy, h 
20-ro HoaOpfl BcrptTHJBCb y AycrepjBi^a. HanojieoHi noÓibABjrb; 
vrb paxoBfb pyccsaro Boicsa bhÓeijo cjHniB0M'b 20,000 h^o^kl. 
B% Bamy saAa^y ne bxoabtb no^po^noe onBcanie h o6cysAeHÍe 
loeHHuxi A^ĚCTBÍfl; HO BCflKoe BB^eme aojsho 6EiTb yacHeHO vb 
CBflBH cb npexuAyniHBťb h nocjiÍAyx>n^BM'b, aojsho 6uTb yacHeHO 
Bb Toft cieneHH, vb BasoĚ oÓHapysasaerb xapasTepu A'6ftCTByK>- 
nim jrai^, bxi OTHomeHÍB h BsrxBAii, vb icaBOft Hirterb BjiflHÍe 
Ha nocxŠAyioiqifl OTHomeHU HXb h bsuiak. Ilosopb nopasenia 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



142 Bftomn BBPonn. 

nocjrb eRaTepHHHHCRHX^B boShi, nocjťb cyBopoBcsaro noxoxa fb 
Hrajiio, ne mopb Cbitb nepeHeceH^b pasHo^ymHO coBpeMeHHHicaini; 

KaR'B OÓUSHOBeHHO ÓUBSlCTb Vb nOAo6H£IX'B CJy^aflXl, OHH AOJSHH 

<$UJH Cb ^pesBuqaflHOK) crpacTHocriio HCsaTB BEHOBaiaro^ HaBHAH- 
BaflCB Ha nepBaro Bcrph^Haro, He Óy^y^H vb cocroamH BucjiyniH- 
BaTB onpaBAaHÍft, HSCJťbAOsaTB xbio fiesapHcrpacTHO h cnosottHO. 
PasyirbeTCfl, npes^e Bcero crajH BHHOBaru gojoqbxkb — aBcrpifii^H. 
Mh He CTEHeiTB ocTanaBJíBBaTBCfl Ha oÓBBHeHiaxi, tto aBCTpifl^u, 
H8fB BpasAH B'B pyccBHBťB, OTBpujiB HaHO^eoHy HJiaHL cpajKenk 
H T. n.; HO He noAJíesHrB coMHtniio, hto aBcrpifti^u HcnopiHjiH 
Kaicnamio vb caMOM'B Haqaji'b, BEiABBHyBmH cboh BoAcsa vb Bar 
BapíH), ne AosH^aflCb npnxoAa pyccBHxi, h bcjse bto MJbŘctme o&b- 
flCHflercfl aBejiaHÍeM'B npeAynpexHTB Hanojieona, to ipy^no ne npen- 
nojiosHTB BA^CB H xpyropo sejiaHÍfl — sapy^HTBCfl ycnixoiTB lo npn- 
xo^a pyccRHX'B Boflcsib, HTo6u CMhiTb no8op'B npe»HHxi ney^avB h 
He AaTb yTBepAHTbCfl hh^híid, tto ycnibx'B aja ÁBcrpÍH BOSMoaseni 
TOJbKO npH ^y»oĚ noMon^H. Mh BHAHirb JiiDÓOHUTHoe ABienie, bo- 
Topoe ne ocraHercfl oahhobbmi: npoTBBi boShu 6aJFb HSBbcrHot 

€BOBMH CnOCOÓHOCTBMH OOJEBOBOXei^, BaB^AHBaBHlifl BOeHHOK) «iaClÍIO 

B'b BHnepin, spi^repaorb Kapj'b, Tor^a Basi sa BOflny óiub npe- 
HMyqecTBeHHO mbhhctp% HHocrpaHHiixi A^'b RofieHqjib, noroicy 
HTO jsM HOOťbAHaro 6ujio neBEiHOCHico iflasejo neBuroAHoe hojio- 
senie ÁBcrpÍH vb nojHTHqecBofl CHCreirb Ebpohh; — bto, npH CBoeft 
XOJshocth, OH^b AOJseHb 6iijrb qyBCTBOBaTb esexnoBHO, h BoAsa 
npeAcraBjuiJiacb eABRCTBenHuirb BHXOAOirb; Ko6eHii;jib noAAepsEBajrb 
H npeBOBHOCHii* HoxBaiaiíH MaBa vb ero nocnl^mHtix^b pacnopfl- 
seniflx^b. Ho vb Poccíh oÓbhhbjih ne BoÓeni^ii, a pyccBaro nocjia 
Vb Bíhíi, rpa<|)a PasjniOBCBaro: saiiícb ohb ne xohochu CBoeicy 
npaBBTejibCTBy o&b oma^Raxi aBcrpificsaro, saq^irb ne uporecio- 
Bajii npoTHRb nepexoxa aBcrpiflcBHXi boěcb^b nepeffb Hhkb, Bass 
<$yATO HeBoeHHiifl qejOB^si Morb piniHTbCfl nporecroBaTb npoTHVb 
BoeHHbix'b pacnopfl»eHÍ8; npoTecioftaTb npoTHBi Toro, Kb Herny 
Pocdfl HOCTOBHHO HofiysxaJia ÁBcrpiio. CHibHo napeaajiH na WBfb- 
XUBaBmaro EHOcrpaHmiMH A^ann fb Poccíh, bh. ^propiiftCBaro; 
HO ero saaoAOspÍBajiH Booón^e, Basi noiBBa, vb nenpúiBHH bb 
Poccíh; vb ne^a^Ebnom se OBOH^anín BoaiHi^H owb BBHOBarb ne 
<$ujrb. ^apiopuficBÍtt, ocBopÓJeHHbifi oÓBHHemflMH, nanHcan *EJíne- 
paiopy AjieBcaHApy ajihhhoo nncbifo, tjs^j onpaBAiiBafl cetfa, rjiaB- 
HuiTb BHHOBHHBOiTb Ó^ABi BHCTaBHXb caMoro EMHopaTopa. IIo ero 
MffbHÍH), AjeBcaHApB 6aii> BHHOBarb, BO-nepBBíxi, vb toitb, hto 
ne nociymajici ero coBtoa h ne BToprnyjicfl ci BoicBOirb vb ELpyc- 
dK) AU BoscraHOBiemfl IIojibniHy a Bo-Biopiixi, vb TOirb, ^no no- 



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pooou E nponi. 148 

iizih caiTB Bi fjbŘctBpoinfiŘ apioH, rxi ero npeÓsBaHÍe, Birtcio 
no.iB3ii, npHHOCHJio Tojoso Bpexi. Ha nepBOirB oCsEHemH naicB 
ocmHaBjfflBai^Cfl ne hjsho: oho nORasiisaerB nyHBn noMimaTejiB- 
osa, o^eHB HenpiflTHHfl vb pyccsoirb mhhbctpí HHOcrpaHHuxi^ Jííbrb* 
Ho Biopoe o((BiiHeHie Hiriberb sa ce6sL sasymyiocfl iipae^y. Ecjra 6ei, 
no mhíhíh) ^apiopiitlCRaro, ^JaBHOBO]faH;lylOI^iĚ EyrysoFB 6ujFh 
npexocraBjíeHi caMoiiy ee&b, h6 crbcEsuiCA npHcyrcTBieirB rocyA^>ir, 
10, OTjHUflCB iipo8opiiiBOCTÍK>, OHI ciarb 6u HdÓtraTb cpaseHÍji 
XO BCiynjieHifl IIpyccÍH vh BoajBi^iK). TasoBo Óaxo HMenno MH'bHÍ6 
KyiysoBa. B'b HHrepecarB BoHanapra 6buio ne lepiiTB BpeiceHH, 
n HaimirB HHrepecaxi — A^htb Bpeufl; owh mfbn Bcb npHqHHu 
xeiaib p^niHTeiBHaro cpaseHiir, coKmHHBB — bcš npHTOHu Hs^traTB 
ero. Haj(o6HO 6íijio yromifliB HCfUpúnejui ^acTHiími (teTBaiiH, ne 

BBOXfl VB 60Ř rjaBHHfl CHJm, HATH Bl BeHrpilD H BOItH Vh CHO- 

meme erb HerpoHyTiiMH aBcrpiflcREMH RopnycaiiH. HiasrB, ^apro- 
pidcsit yBasiiBaerb nairB nejOBtRa, no mhíhíh) BOToparo ho 
ffljuao 6uJo AftBETB cpasenifl noA^ AycrepjiHaeirB: btotb qejOBi^Kb 
6aj!h iMMSHOKOMandffiou^iů KyrysoBi, h MH^me rjiaBHOBOMaHAyK)- 
iqaro ne 6ujío npHHATo! Ssm^wb se owh noeii loro ocraBajicfl 
naBHOKOMaH^^yioii^HirB? CairB EMnepaiopi AjieKcaHjipB ocraBHXL 
Bam cBHA%Tejn»CTBOy noveny mh^hío rjiaBHOBOMaHAywn^aro ne 6eijio 
npHHflio: «fl 6wLT> mojioa^ h HeonuTeHi; KyrysoBi roBopHJTB mh^, 
TO> Hftirb HaAO<$Ho 611J10 A^ttCTBOBaTB HHa^e, ho ony cjrÉ^OBajio 
6mh HacTOtt?HBte». BsHa, cxbjípBBjejíhEOj sauEonajacB vh Eyry- 
80Bb, BOTopHfl ne HacTofi^HBO npoBoxHJi CBoe MH^nie h t^mi oóna- 
pyauLTb HeAOcraTOBB rpas^aHcsaro MysecTBa. PascBasuBajiH, hto 
HttanyHi^ cpasema KyrysoBi npnmef& b% oitepB-ro^Mapmajy 
rpa^y Tojcroicy h CKasajn: «yroBopnTe rocyxapa ne xftBaTB cpa- 
mem^j mh ero npoHrpaeMi».— «Moe fijbjLO snaTb coycu Aft sap- 
BÍfl,— OTB^^aj^BTojCTot,— BOtaa — Bame A^o>. drott HeiCBpeHHocTH 
noxB AycrepjiHi^eiCB npEOHCiiBajH noojitAj^n^ee HepacnojioseHÍe 
HHneparopa vh KyrysoBy. Ho mirieiTB jih mh npaBO npexnojosHiB 
y KyrysoBa vb TaBofi cieneHH HeAOcraTOBi rpasAftHCBaro Myse- 
cna? X'^ĚCTBHTeuHO je ofb ne HacraBBajrB na CBoeMi mhíhíh hs^b 
Besejank, hsi crpaxa npoTBBopb^BTB rocy^apio, seiaBmeMy cpa- 
zohíb? HoaoÓho 8p^^ep^o^y Eapiiy, KyrysoBi He pasc^BTEiBajrB na 
ycntx^B npH Bcrpiqt cb HanojeoHOMib; ho saB^ ne BCTpiTHTBCa? 
Tpyjj^HocTB ptmema aroro Bonpoca noHHMajrB jiy^me fj^jvEx^b Ky- 
tysoBi, BHaBoiift, ^rro vb HHTepeeax'B Hanojeona óhuio hmobho x&tb 
qNUKeme, h sHaBmiS, BaB'B ipy^no saciaBBTB Hanojteona oTBasaTbca 
orb CBoero seiaHÍii btb nousy BparoBi. yajiOHHTBCfl otb pšmH- 
leiBHoft 6htbh, Bor^a Taaofi nojisoBOxeirB, BaB% HanojieoffB, ea 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



144 BSCTHKirb IBPOflH. 

XO^&Tbj TpyXHO, HeBOBXOSH(^ MVí,ú6E0 OTCTyDHTB; HO )Í,M 9Toro Ha* 

Xo6ho BMiTb EJiaH^ OTcrynjieHifl, HaxoÓHO snaTB, Ry^^a OTcrynaTB, 
Cb KauiíH cpexcTBaMH, H Bam cpexciBa mosho nafiiH Bicrpasi, 
Ky^a 6jjsfiTb HanpaBjeHO orcrynJieHie. OrcrynaTb fii BeHrpiio: ho 
it6 lasoe BeHrpia? He na^oóno saÓHBaTb, ^to pyccsift rjiaBHo- 
KOiiaHjtyionpfl 6uxb fb Mysofi crpanl, xoahj^l ooiyobH), vb noTB- 
MATbj HanajibHHROirB nmtóa 6uat> y nero aBcrpiflcsifl nojiROBHHr^ 
BeflHporepi; noroMy qro xopomo 3Haii> m^cthoctb; ascrpiSi^u cbo- 
iMH HCRycHiíMH pacaopfl»eHÍflMn yse saMopnjH roaoAOiťB pyccRoe 
BoficRO wb MopaBÍH: jy^me jih ŮjKerb tfb BeHTpin? H rjannoe: 
xoi^H JH aBcrpifli^Hi OTCrynjieHiii, npo^JieHiji boShei? Ohh sroro 
Hezoišjui; OHH 6uxe yroiueHH boShoio bo sdkrb OTHoaieHÍflX'b, h 
Tasb HJH BHa^e saiajiH ea oRon^amii; Bu^epaRUBaTb ÁBcrpifl ho 
yM^a, He npHBHRjia, Hapo^nofi bo^hh ÓoflJiacb: wh 1797 ro^yB^ 
noAOĎHoiťb se nojosenÍH aBcrpiflcRÍfi mhhhctpb Kojuiope^o npoHS- 
secB snaiieHHTUH cjoBa: «no6tAOHOCHOMy Bpary sasny a pors 

OAHOH) npOBHHI^ieiOy HO napOA^ BOOpySHTb— SHa^HTb TpOHl HHSBepr- 

HyTB». ÁBcrpifti^H sejajH ptmHrejBHaro cpasenifl h naxi^jHCs 
na ero ycntx^B: a^Sctbíji pyccRHXi BoflCR'B npn AfoppeHmreftHt h 
nieHrpaÓefl-Ď cjysHJiH ocHOBanieM^b arofi na^esAt. Ho xenepb jierRO 
npeAcraBUTb nojioseuie HMnepaTopa AjieRcaHApa, pyccRaro rjaBHO* 
ROicaHAyionviro h Bcix'b pyccRHXi: aBcrpifli^u sejaiorb cpaseHia; 
pyccRÍe, npBmeAnrie R'b hhmi na nonoa^b, pyccRÍe, sHaiíeHHTHe 
CBoeH) xpa6pocTÍK), B^pyrb craHyrb yRjioHATbCfl orb Óhtbei, Tpe6o* 
BRTb OTcrynjieHifl, otinapysaTb Tpycocrb npe^i HanojieoHoiťb! BcaríS 
AOJseHi HyBCTBOBRTby HTO Bi TaROM'b nojosenÍH HH^ero HO^oÓnaro 
HeabSfl 6uJio TpeÓosaTb ox^ AjieRcaHApa h ORpysaBmnxii ero, nejibBfl 
6IÍIJ10 Tpe6oBaTb oi*b HHX'b hh MajiMmaro coMHteia, ROjeÓaHifl, h 
Qfibchy Kb BTOiTb nojioseBÍH npeAi» aBCTpiBQ,aMH, se^aioiuBMH cpa* 
senifl, ocHOBanie roro BOHHCiBeHHaro sa^opa, sa Roropufi TaR'b 
H^eApo Tenepb ynpoRaion HicnepaTopa AieRcaHApa h ero npH^JH- 
jKeHHux^b; BCflRífl AOJseHb ^yBCTBOBRTb, qro Kyrysovb xaRse ne 
Morb HacraBsaib na yR^OHenÍH orb cpaseHLi, na OTcrynjefiÍH, h6o 
BHA'&irb9 ^TO Ha ycrax^ Ras/^aro pyccRaro roroBufi OTBfbrb: «a&9 
R^Ab, 8T0 nosopb AJifl Hacb; h boBcro ynaAerb Ayxoirb, ecjiH sa* 
craBHTb ero OTciynaTb^. HaRoneiiti) naAOÓHO iipH6aBHTb h CHjbnyio 
^BBH^ecRyK) npe^Hny, sacraBjíflBmyio ca^niHTb cpaseHÍeMi»: fojioa^^ 
EcTb HS^crie, tto cojiAaTu no ABa aha ne šjh; hto na o&bxb y 
HiniepaTopa oahhi sapentifi rycb noAaBajiCfl na 20 ^ojiobíri. 

Ho nHcaxejiflifb Bcropift nenpeBťbHHO naAOÓHo 6eijo HaSrn oa- 
Horo RRRoro-HHfiyAB HeiOB^Ra h cjosHib na nero BHHy Aycrep- 



Óigitized by VjOOQ IC 



pooGii H iBPoni. 145 

aasf^ nax^b pjsy nonuai mrB reHepajťB-ax^LHxraHTL moiepaTopa 
AieicaHxpa, smraL Ilerpí IlerpoBEHi ^oiropysift, Boropiit nepe^i 
qpasemeiix 6iui» ompaBaeH^ si HanaieoHy xJui neperoBopoRB. 
£Hfl8& Jl^Ojiropysil oÓBímeHi b% tomi, ito x6psaj['B cetifl rop;i[o 
nepeffi HanoaeoHOiťB; pasApassajTL ero, OTHflji^b BCflsyH) bosmos- 
flOCTb Kb A&AHiĚiQHirB neperoBopaicL. Ho f^ HanojieoHa 6uih 
ropxii? pasxpasBaiH ero h KojimeBi h MapKosB, ero Morjm ne 
pa^qpasaTB toaso jno^H, npecMHsaBmieca npexs hhitb, yciynaB* 
me BciiTB ero TpefioBaHÚurB, Aocryímiie o6aflHÍK) ero sbohshxi, 
iiecip£ix'b pš^efi. Ehhsb ^ojn^opyidft ne nosBOjmn ce<% HH^ero 
6ojde, RpoMŠ npexioseHÍfl jcjiobíě, esmíhatl soropiifl ne hm&tb 
HHKaxoro npaBa. PasroBoprs ero ci HanoieoHOirB ajui nacB BaseorL 
noTOiíy, "íto bi HeirL oÓnapyasHJOCB Bce pasJB^e bo Bsrjifl^ 
nesxy conepHHKaMH. HanojieoHi ne Mon, uh ne xot6j['b nonaib, 
fTo6i pyccsíĚ rocyxapB mofb BecTH BoftHy sa HesaBHCHMOCTB xep- 
saBi, sa BoscTaHOBjLeme nojHrnnecicaro paBHOB^ifl bi EBponi, na- 
pymeHHaro BaxBaiaifH ^paHipn; ne xot&tb AonyciETB^ ^to6i pyc- 
odfi locyAftpB KiaAijťB tok) nmporoH) BsrjflA^, no Roropofi ohi^ aoji- 
seKB 6£LEB npe^^ynpesA&n onacHOCiB, BaROio bocto^hoS EBponi, 
PocdHy rpoBEJO oÓpasoBame Hunepie Kapjia Bensaro na sanax^ 
EBponH. Hanojeoffb w^miwsb hmítb a^o cb xepaiaBaMH, 'ffiSL ro- 
Topuxi nepBHfi H nociiffdft sonpocB 6uxb: «%ď ichí lyrb bsatb? 
f]^ MH% sa 9T0 x&;Qrrb?» Ohi npeAnojarajii to se caiioe h rb 
no6ya^piriflyb AjieRcaHApa. — «3a^irB mh BexeirB BoAny; RaRÍa 
cyn^ecTByiorB Moryn^ecxBeHHHfl npH^HHu, 8acTaBlflH)I^ífl $paH^iIO h 
Pocdio xpftTBCfl ^yrB cb ^pyroirB? A axoro ho noHHtfaH)». Botb 
ciOBa, BOTopiiMH HanojieoHi BcrplTHjrB Jl^ojropyRaro. — «II|'&iuft 
zsňsrh sHaen bth npHHHHH, hxi noBTopaiB ho HysHo» — OTB^^ajTB 
^oxropyRift. 

Bianojieowh. Hin HiTOro Jierne, BaBi BoscraHOBETB corjiacie 
Mesxy MHOio H HMnepaxopoirB AjieBcaHApoMi: xo^erB ohtb Baia- 
xiB? — crÓHTB eny tojibko o&b btoitb bhmojbhtb cjobo, h a^jo 6y- 
xerB yjiaseHO. 

flfljKwpyiáú. 7 EMnepaiopa AjeBcaHApa AOCTaionno seMejEB, h 
ORB HaiiipeHi oxpaHflTB i^&iocTB Doprsi; y Hero ApyrÍA i][$jih: 
BoscranoBjeme paBHOB^ifl vh EBpon^, HeBaBHCHMOCTB FouaHAÍH h 
niBeiiqapiH. 

HanoAeoH6. PasB^. bth crpanH ne HesaBHCHMu? Y iieHA hítb 
HH oxHoro cai^aia vh mBeSi^apm; BiipoHeH'B9 Bce bio mosho yjiaxHTB. 

flpAXopyiáú. BosciaHOBJíeHie Ropoifl cap^nHCBaro... 

HanoACOM. fiopou capAHHCRÍfi — Mofi ah^huA Bpan; a ne Mory 

ToMi v.— Cehtjibpí, 1877. 10 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



146 BftCTHHn SBPOIIH. 

lepn^Tb ero B!B HTaiÍH; Bnpo^eMx.HOSHo corjíacHTBCfl BosHarpa^HT^ 
ero rA*-HH6yAb kb ^^yrowb m^ctí. 

^oAiopytnú. O^HaRo Bame BejiEL^ecxBO oóin^ain aio bi saiuH)- 
HeHHOMi c% PoccieK) joroBopi? 

HanoMonz. Ho hoa^b RaRnn^b yc^OBieirb 8to Óílio oÓ^n^aHO? 
?To5i EMnepaiopi AjieRcaHApi noMorb mh-ď orpaHHUTB MopcRoe 
BJia^fiiHecTBo aHrj[n^aH%; Poccifl ne c^epacajia cBoero cjiOBa, h a 
CBo6oAeHib orb cBoero... HxaR^b, mu 6yAeirb xpftTbca. 

HanojieoHi xo^ro XBajHiCfl ayciepjHi^RHifi cojHi^eMi; oho 
cifljo eny — ao canaro MOCROBCRaro sapeBa. ^ja AjieRcaHxpa (?b 
Aycrepjini^a Ha^quiHaercfl pflA'B tsltblkvlxj^ ncmiraHift b% npoxoJUBeHÍH 
noHTH cenH jAtl. 

G. GoiOBbEB^. 



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H^MEIÍKOE OBmECTBO 



nocM 



^PAHKO-nPyCCKOa BOflHBI 



Bte neuen Serapionsbrader. Roman in drei B&nden, Ton Karl Gatzkow. Breslau, 1877. 

V. 
Korxa Bce saTHXio fb MpiA Bojlhh, cairb xosflffffB, HdiiyqeH- 

HHft C06lITÍflMH AHfl, 6pOCHJICfl HE nOCieJB, HO AOJíVO HO MOrb COMR- 

vjTb raasi 0Tb HepBHaro BOd^ysA^aifl. 

CfiŠTaio. JlerBoe saÓiiTBe oxBaTuo, HasoHei^, yroiueHHaro 
BonHH. Ohb He bhx^jib xy^eŘ sapH, BpuBaBiiiHxai bi KOMBaiy, 
se cjHm&rB npocunaBDn^eficfl xHeBHofl paóoni na ýatfpHB^. Rb 
ffnA yse sce ojsHBajio. 

EaccHprB nociy^ajicfl bb xsepB Bojbhh. Bum yase nojoBHHa 
jtecaiaro. 

BojiBHH oniepx xBepB. 

— nopasHTeiBHo!— npomenraxB ciAOBiacufl crapHiTB. — diepxn 
npjnnejTB na ýa6pHRy, Basx hh bb neiiB ne Óssaio! 

— A TTÓ se xaRoe 6uAtíí — cnpocHJTB Bojbhe, B^pHiifl pasB 
npHBiiTOify ptmemH). 

KaccHpB Burapan^njTB rjutsa na CBoero npHHi^ena.ia. 

— GBflSRa Rjiioqefl cb otmh^boS ne npHHaxjesasa b^xb bb 
Hameify AOMamHeicy HHBeHrapH)!— nporoBopHJiB ohb bb to Bpeufl, 
saKB BojBHH ox^Baxcfl.— Bory oxHOMy hbb^ciho, AO ^ero coSciBee- 
m xo6HpaiHCB Boptil 

10* 



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148 MffíESKb iBPonn. 

— BopH? — nepe($Hr& npHHi^najrb. — Passt a ne roBopui 
B^epa, m> norepaji uiotb h cani npocHii ornepeiB ROHTopKy 
OTBíH^Rofl? noBopnifline npomy ne BucsasuBaTb coMH^mfi vb npaB- 
^BOCTH MOHXi cjiOBi! HEKaROFO Cjíij^cmsí O BHepaníHHXx C0611- 
TÍflxi He npexnoaaraercfl... paxH cnoRoflcTBÍfl Moefl menu... w^se 
Ha c^erB aiHxi rjyniixi xjionymeKi... 

— BspuB^aiHxi naipoHOBx^— nonpaBHr& xaccEpi^. 

BOJIBHH HaCHJLCTBeHHO SacllíflJICfl. 

— Rasoe npeyBejmeHie! — CBasajrB oh^.— XionymM namy- 
nim H HaffUMHJiH— BOTB H Bce. MHorEiTB xuce HpaBHTOi sanaxs 
nopoxy. 

KaccHpx ymeji, xa^afl roiOBoft. Bojbeh sanepi XBepB h xo* 

KOH^HJIX CBOfl TyajieTx. 

Ohi Ha-cRopo nosaBrpasajii. Mapra mhmoxo^i^omi saii^THaa eiiy: 

— S OTAadSauio^i^pefljieftHiBj^op^! — Ilocii sroro ona Rp^nso 
nosajia pyRy Bojbeh h HC^eaia. Ona 6sja vb sHMHefl mjunA h 
FB moTJiaHACROHi RJiŠTqaTOirB njan^i. «ys'B ne ocraBjflerB jih ona 
coBciiťB BanFB fpwb?» cnpccHiTb ce6fl CMyn^enHHfl xosahhi h no- 
mejFh na noaoBHHy senu. Ho exBa oh^ ycn^dTB boSih vb rom- 
naiy^ pflAom co cnajBHpfi sena, rx% nocii B^epamnHxi Be^ep- 
HBxi ccÓBiTÍfl Bce yse Óujio noxMereHO h upn^paHO, RaRB eMy 
HaBCrp^^y noflBHjicfl crpamHiifl npHspaRB coBcbwb yiupann^eS 
seHH. 

— raÓpidJB!— saRpE^ajTB ohi.— %6 th jtjiaeniB? SaniiTB tu 
BCiaia Ch nocrejTH? 

Hec^acTHafl noRa^ajia CBoeft, nŤRor^a opeRpacHoft, a xeneps 
ooBC&iTB o((e8o6paseHHofl rojOBofi. CTapmafl ea cecrpa, ^opa, Beiá 
ee noA^ pysy- Thxo onycTHJíacB ona na RymerRy, noRptiniRa ro- 
Topofl Bi H'lcROJn»RHX'B M^cTaxi npoFop&ia, H na ^y-TO i9icy h 
HanpaBHJia pasroBopi TerymRa ,2I|opa. Orapan A^Ba 6HJia bhí ceCs 
OTB HeroAOBaHÍfl. PerHBafl HETaieJiBHHita poMaHOBi^, ona npnHaxJie- 
saja Kh HBCJiy lixi saiypx, Roropiifl AonycRaiorB Bce HeoÓEiRHo- 
BeHHoe, BRCi^eHTpHqHoe, Bojnyion^ee jmuih fb RHHraxi, a ne bs 

OtfuXeHHOfi SH8HH. 3x0 CBOfiCTBO TfilJODRH ^OpU, B^^HO BOp^aBmett 

H Bce nopBi^iBmefi kb aou% Mes^^r tími RaR% caime ;aiRÍe bh- 
MHCJiH vh poMasax^B RasajiHCB efl HeoÓHRHOBenHO npEKieRareiB- 
HUMH, BojiBHH xapaRTepHBOBajii ÓB^jefiCRHiTB HdpeneHieiťB: sx^cb hxs 
nyraioTB hoidrb, a Taní ohh rj[0TaK)rB cjohobi! 

— MbjhA xpyrBj— Ha^aja coBÍTHBAa, — B^epamEHirB Beqe- 
poMx, (jiaroAapfl CBoefl BaxoA^BBocTH, tu ciyM^i saMacRHpoBaTB 
nepeA'B cbítoitb HaniH BpaiBHe HaTAHyTus OTHomeHiá! & ÓJiaro^apK) 
TeÓfl £a TEOK) AO(^poTy, xota tu h n^axHJix npH btomi cobcími ne 



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HSnqKOI OB]^SGTBO. 149 

Moero CHsa h ero sjíLOCTHaro coBimRa, ({apona $op($eBa, ho sepr- 

By ETb SIUTh JMHCJIOBX, MOJO^OrO — flUIKl 62 OIBaSHBajICfl IipO- 

nnecTH Hiia Mapni... — ďsepxTa, — n TpyxoM^ HasoHei^, bhmoji- 
BUK es ÓAfjsusL jj6u. 

— OcraBB Bce aro! — nepeÓnjFh Bojbhh. — JI b^^b nocjarb Te($£ 
swtb! OcMorpn cana Bce, ttó tei nafi^eiiiB bi rohtopb^. JI leófl 
npomy otíi btoitb! Tu xotoiiib, cjunnajcB s, ixaTB bi HTajnÍH). 
HaiTb MoryrB npEVOnumcsL xu dioro nyremecTBÍfl MapmpyrE h 
usuLOíEy cocTaBjeHHHfl MHOK), Bor^a fl ÓiuLi en^e cry^i^eHTOirB!.. 

— Ham npHrojHTBca?— nepeÍMa ero 6oxbEM.—EÍTh, hšti, 
I uoifj oxHa, HO a xo^, ^to6ii tu, mexsíř Bonne, 6un cia- 
cuHBi 6effb MeHfl!.. 

— CqacTJHKb? SaKb xaiCB? — cnpocHJTB Bouhh, npeAqjBCTBya, 
TO) p^HB onflTB safixerB o pasBOA^. 

— Si yš^y vb Hiajiifio, ecjin tojibro caiu mhš hosboiatb, h, 
B^iiTHo, nafixy ce6t MorHJiy bi MenroH^ hih b-b OanB-PeMo! 
PasBox^B pasBflserB leói pysa! Mapxa ÓyxerB TBoefl. Ha^o tojibro, 
KB comSLjAjúsOj HOA^HpaTB HHSide, HenpHJunHue motebu j^u pas- 
BOAa! 

SHa^HTByCHHl A^fiCTBOBaJIl OTB TBOerO HMeHH? — BCBpH^aJTB 

BoAHH. — ^pefijieflHi Aopa, a bii lyrB KáRyH) pojiB Hrpaeie? To- 
se coB^tyere pa3B0xi? Hjh mo oxhhi Fappn ycrponBaerB? PasBO^! 
PasBi ii Te(!% M^majirB hbicíhhtb saBibn^aHÍe iBoero Mysa h na- 
mcaiB CBoe co6cTBeHHoe? Bšxb bc% crapank Fappn tojibro ri^ 
aTOMy H HanpaBieHu! 

— He roBopH co MHoft o&b btom^b! r- saRpn^ajia coB^THHi^a, 
lycaa ry6ii RaRi-6u otb HecrepnHMOfl 6oih. — S. xeůi TOiRyio 
npo HiajiiH) H CBoe sxopoBBe, a ne npo FappH... 

TeiymRa Jl^opa ydxacB r'b cropoHRi^, pasxBHHyjia HOMHoro 
OKOHmifl saHaBbcii, saTeKHflBmifl ROiceaTy, h BUHyaa hsi aapicaHa 
poicasB, BSflTiifl OK) Effh 6H6jioTeRH AU HTeHÍH. 3aii»rB BSAOXHyjia, 
nporoBopHBi: 

— Aa, A&9 y RHflSfl EayHHi^a Tose Óujh cboh safioru! 
BsBOJiHOBaHHofi ^eT& 6wrh xopomo SHaaoirB aroTB caoco6'B CTa- 

pOtt TjrX&UH OTX^^JIUBaTBCfl OTB AOMamHHX^B XPflSFB. 

— BflxnniB JDI, j[K>6eBHufl Bojbhs, b^^b a^ pasBOxa Tpe- 
ůpytesí MOTHBu, — npoAOJURajia coB^THEi^a exBa cjiimniiirB rojo- 
^oiTB.— TenepB na 8tot% c^erB o^enB crporn! 

— Txbzswwb? — BCRpH^ajTB BojiBHH CB cepxi^eifB. — $peftj[efiH% 
^opa! Mh npiHo^eirB mothbh! TboS chhi x^ScTBOBaii^i BHauTx, on 
TBoero HMeHH? Mothbbi au paBBOxa... 



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160 BfiOTHRK^B IBPOnH. 

BojBHH CpocEAca. Kh KOHTopK^. 3aM0s% 6ujn» HenoBpesxeHi, — 
TavB jiOBKo x^ftCTBOBajTB B^epa djiepffTB. 

— CerosM pano yipoMi, — sa^aja ÓozhESM^ — a npHSBajia 
Mapry h npocHja ee oÓiabetb vbí no cobícth h KaB^B nepex:& 
Eorom: jsoónvb jle ona xetffl? 

BoiiBHH BHinejn H8i ceúsí npH droM-B coo($ii](eHÍH. TenepB eny 
crajio noHATHo xopoiuiHBoe npon^aHÍe MapTu. Ona cobc^itb yixaja 

HS-B fflUJ. 

— JI npocTO HorB noffB cotiofi He^BCTByH)! — sporaai-B owh. — 
BpBiBaxBCfl BB ^ysyK) xyniy h ;i(oncRHBaTBCfl TafiHu^ Roropas, 6iitb 
uosievh, He acna en^e caMofi ]sjmi\ TafiHu^ bb soropoit ona ne 
npHSHasajiacB e^e hh Jiywtj nn SBÍsjsftMi»\ 3to npecTyiueme npo- 
THBB npHpoAu! BójiBmee npeciynjieHiey Hesejni to, ^ th coBep- 
mzjihj no mhíhík) xBoefl cecrpH, biižaa saiíysB sa ^ejiOB^Ba, ro- 
Topuft MOJioase leófl!.. 

Cecrpa ^niaia BCJiyxB: ^sapAHHajrB MHrai^ipi otfBflBnjTB nadio 
BMnepaTpHit%...> 

Ona, o^oBH^HO, xoi&ia BOBcranoBiiTB MirpB n corjiacie. 
Ho ÓojBHafl ee ne cjymaia. Ona ropBRO saMÍinja: 

— Mapra Jiy^me Bjia^^^erB coÓok), nesejni tei! Hacif^niJiHBoe 
MOJi^ame, npnTBopnoe yAHBJíeHÍe, n cocrpaAaiejBHoe nosHMame 
njie^aMH — botb ea ;i(Hnj[OMaTHHecBÍĚ otb^tb! 

BoJBnn ne CMyrnjcfl otb droft Hacn^mRH. 

— Mhí nopa na patíoTy! — BCKpnqajTB ohb thíbeo. — .Sn^HK^ 
omepiB. íí npnnpaiaJiB ottb xBoero cuna o;^o tojbbo BaBin^anie. 
EcjH TEI sejaemB ero hbmíhhtb, a noBopfliocB TBoefl bq^. IIpH* 
80BH Horapiyca n CBHA^Tejiefi! 

Gb 8THMB OHB ÓpocHjicfl BOHi H8B BOMHaTu H sena ocxajacB 
OAHa, njiaqa h Bpnna eny bcjií;^:— FocnoAn! Ocro, Otto! Jlfik no- 
cxyjnBA se... 

Owh ne cjmmajiB 8Toro, hh tofo, saBB ona spH^ajia: 

— EcJH 6hi TU sHajTB, BaBB fl TeÓfl jooúzíol Tu Moft BorB, tu 
Hoe Bce! 

Cecrpa saspu^a RHHry h xoT^a yltra. 

; — He ocraBjflft Měna, — npHBasajia Óonnaa CBoefi HaienBBott, 
nojBíyrop6aTofl cecTpi. Tennue rjiasa Toft sacBepEajH, ona yrpioMO 
noAomia kb bohtopbí, Bunyja sej^tenyio mKaTyjiBy h CBasajia: 

— Hy, TaBB, no Bpaflneft M^pi, pa8B.ie^eMCfl ;i(0Ba8aTejBCTBaKii 
ero fleBHHHOCTH! fl, cb CBoeft croponu^ oxotho ^nsraH) noxotinue 
MOMyapu, lí&Kh Te6i hbbíctho! Kb cosajtí^HÍK), 8to pysouHcnoe! 

n O&b SeHHllHHU yxaJIHJIHCB RB COCÍAHK)K) BOMHaiy, SaXBaTHFK 



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HMBiqCOS OBl^aTBO. 151 

Ch C060H) leicHnĚ, JiaKHpoBaHHHfl sa^B^eB^, ch BHiaBcsHini pncyn- 
BaMH H HaAnHCBK) «Lettres>. 

Bi aomí i^apcTBOBaja cynaioxa. ^peSjíeflHi Mapra yissaja. 
y noffb&A& CTOJua HaeMHaa Bapera h npoHcxoAEJia (iroTHfl bhhsi 
B BBepx^B no ji^HHi^airB. CrapHRB BaccEpi npEineii Cb BUTSíEymwb 
jauflin. PattMyHA'B Bnesaimo c6tsajK'B cb paÓoiBi, Boo6pa8HB%, hto 
ero HenpeiiŠHHO apecTyK)n. 9to x&Bajo hobjio jrainj B^epamEHirB 
ClueTHflirB. 

Mapia BepnyjiacL bi Haeicnofi saperi. Ona en^e pasi Vipo- 
CTHjacB cb 60JIBHH yse b% niJuniBi h bi naAxo, ho cl meuot 
ero H TSrymBOfl Jl^opoit ne saxor^a npon^aTBCfl. 

— & npon^CB CB HHMH imcBMeHHO. MeHfl ocBop6njni! Ho a 
ne xo^J o&h btomi roBopsTB! — oÓ^flBBjm ona Bojibhe. 

— Kyja BH xy^aere ornpaBHTBCfl?— cnpocHJTB btotb noaiíj^nifl, 
crapaflCB opB^aiB TBep^ocTB CBoeiiy rojiocy. 

— Bo-nepBHzi, vh xopomyio rocTHHHHi^y! Ky^epi snaerB la- 
syK). Bhtb MoserBy s nepeceJDCB jťb Ópaxy h nocrapaiocB uploóp-l- 
CTH Ha Herc BJiiame — ^ cobcšitb ne HeBOSMOSHo; vh cosajn^mD^ 
TOiBBO j^JĚSí 9Toro MHŠ HysHO yB^pflTB ero, HTO B% HeiTB ecTB sa- 
xaTBH ]s^ Toro, ^to6b Óbítb BejiH^afinrairB qejiOB^BOirB flamero 
BŽBa. Ctóhtb tojbbo uab nasBaTB ero remajiBHEiirB, h h Mory lor^a 
o6epEjTh ero BOBpyra naiBi^a. 

— Bu ÓEiJH 6h HexaieBO otb hcthhei!— saMiiHjrB Bojbhh 

SaQHqHBO. — Ofll O^eHB AApOBHTIlft ^eJÓB^B^. 

Mapra yixajia. Bc% ^OMO^axi^u npoBOsajni ee xo Baperti. Kas- 

ffA fJMUl>j mX> BTOTB BHesanHIlft OTBÍSA^ HaXOXHTCfl Bl CBflSH 

CB B%i)aiiiHeft HCTopiefi cb naiponaMH h BSJíOHOirB bohtopbh. Bi 
xoirt HaciynHJia imnEHa na h-Icbojibbo ^acoBi. Bet xoahjih na 
i^niOHBarB. GoB^HHi^ eraio onarB xyse h ona cjierjia vh no- 
aejB. VieHÍe iiHceirB ona npe^ociaBEJia cecrpt, Boiopaa cootfn^ajia 
eS TOy HTÓ HaxoAHia HHrepecHHiťB. 

— Kto 6u bto no^íyMaxBl— BApyPB saiffrrHja ona, nepecMa- 
ipisas oxey crapyio na^sy iraceMi. 

— %o laBoe?— CB axíóoiiiiTcrBOirB cnpocHjia ÓOAHafl, ho B^pyra 
HpHHOAHiuacB Ha BpoBaTH. — SI cjiumy ctyKh BBnnaaui, — jHXopaAO^no 
Dpoieneraia ona... — BxpyrB bto TappE... HOTiq)iycB... CBHxbTejni... 
nacrop!B*.. 

— ?ero se th 6oHniBCfl? pasB^ tu ne hm^hib noíHaro npa- 
Ba BHTHaTB FappH 8a xBepB? 

OkB UpvbfffTh CB CBOHITB BflTeiTB, CB HOTapiyCOlTB H CB 

cepxHTiiirB JlyiqycoirB. £L AOJsna cocraBHTB 8aB'fiii^aHÍe h HanHcaiB 
tfyiiary o pasBo;^... pa8Bo;(6 no jih)6bh... 



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162 nCfUlKl KBPOnH. 

EojBHafl npHBcrajia ch RpoBam to^ho npiBHx^e. 

— Tu omH($aeiiiBCfl. íí Hiraero ne cjtuny. 

— S. cjHiny cryBB KOJieci... IIobobh Mapiy... 

— Mapia yšxaja! ona ocraBHJia Hanrb ;ioirb! 

— EaiTB rpoMEO sbohatb KOJiosoja! 

— Bce THxoL. 

TjTh 6ojBHafl, ^yBCTBOBaBmafl yse npE^naceme CMepiH, ořu- 
HyjiacB H npHnua vb ceóa: 

— Mapra yixaaa? 

— PasyM^&ercfl! — OTBinajia cecrpa. 

— SL xowf Ha^pepaTB sa neio, — B^pyra saRpEraaia ŮoxbEBA... — 
8MÍfl ycsojiBBHyja otl Měna... BopoxH ee nasa^^ 

Bce dTO 611J10 nporoBopeHO jnixopaAO^HHirB tohoitb. 
Jl^opa Bcrajata h cbohmh cjuÓhmh pyRaMH ninajacB y^epaLais 
cecrpy vh nocreji^. Ona Aft^a eft oniyify. 

Maj[o-no-Majiy -ÓojiBHafl Bnajra bi saÓuTBe h 6pexi. 

— B^arojapHOCTB! 6jiaro;íapHocTb! — ^jieneraia ona. — BasB? ne- 
ysejiH TOJiBBO ÓjaroxapHOCTB! Otto kxsacsl h (osejca mh%, ^to 
jnoómrh Měna! Sm^wl a saóoj^a! JI 6u eny bí^ho sasaiacB mo- 
jiOAOft!... 

— Hy, Hy, Hy!— sairi&THja Jíopa ne crojftEO otb ÓedcepAe^, 
CROJiBKO noTOMy, ^TO SHajia no onfiiry, ^0 cecrpa jik>6htb, ttoÓbí 
CB Heft oÓpan^ajmcB jsakb-Cu (tb SAopoBOfl, cnopHJte cb Heft h xftase 
noMpasHHBara ee. — TepníiB ne M017 hoxopohhbdcb jihi^b,— roBa- 

pHBaJia OHa OtfsíRHOBeHHO. 

OxHaso ceroxHfl ona orpHsnyjacK 

— Hy iTO xby (Sepe^H moh panu! Tn HHBorxa ne Morja mh6 
npocTHTB, HTO fl BtniLia saicys^! Bci cob^tu, BoropnacE na^J^iflion 
seHn^flHH oAHa Kpyvyjo, miAvyrb vb csoewh ocHOBamn oxHy tojbko 

SaBHCTB! 

— Si jqr^nne onaiB npHMycB sa CBOft poMaH^,— OTB^xHia cep- 
ABTO cecrpa. 

Ho lyrB j^ftcTBHTaiBHO nocnmiajircfl crjKb ROJiecB. Terymia 
Aopa nocn^niHO BuniJia isai> BOMHaTH. BoiBnaa saii^THJia Hasonei^, 
^TO OHa oxna bi BOMnai^. Ona npnnoAHSJíacB na xpoBarH, ycjra- 
majia ^íbh-to rojoca, noBuft crysi nojTBissawn^ett Eapem, — h no- 
SBOHHJia. Ona cnocoóna ÓiiJia 6u, ecjni 6fii ri neft npi^xaia rpa^^nns 
Tpeften^jnMTB nanpmripi, noAHflTBca cb nociejn, saBepnyrBca fb 
xoporyio majiB, noxROJiOTB boiocu ÓpHuianTOBOft 6yjiaBB0ft h npn- 

HflTB rpa4)HHH), ROTOpyK) MHOríe BeJH^aiH «Cb£tJOCTBK)>, Vh XOJOXHOlťB 

cajioni^. 

^opa BepHyjiacB. 



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HSMKIISOS OBQICTBO. 153 

— FoBopHia TH B^epa ci Fappn o sastmaniH? — cnpocHJia OHa. 

— Hh ejíjíUBTo cJioBa! — 0TB'lqajia 6oAHafl m xpojBAmeŘ ^e- 

IDCIUO. 

— Pappn ]ipi'lzaji'B cb coB^&iHiíxoirB locrnipH Ajufjcowb... h 
a XByMfl CBHff^ieJuiMH... oxeitb Bffb HHXi nacTopi 3HrýpHAi>> a 
jQiyrofi — r. JI^eTepni^H... tu corjacHjacB B^epa, roBopím oh^b, na- 
mcaTB 6yMary o pasBOA^i h daBin^ame... 

— FocnoAH! FocnoAH! — saspe^ajia coBÍTHHiía. — Tni... Bojbhh?.. 
a ;^yMajia toibso vb tomi cjyqaš... eciH 6u Mapra orspuro co- 

3H&IMB... 

— Ha ^ TB&b TenepB Bojbhh? — nepetinja cecrpa. 

— Mofl ujsítí MOft MHJiHfi ujsjhl—KpmtLiíL HeplmETejBHafl, 
b§¥ho sojieójnon^aflcfl to bi ly, to bi KPjryio cropony seHn^iraa, 
vnopaji oxHoro tojibko ne Biraocua — HanomiHOBeHii o cnepTH. 

— BojBHH yšxajTB!— otbíthjmi Aopa. 

— BcjAxb sa Maprofl!— noAXBaTfljTB FappH, nosBJísLsch hbi 

COdXHett BOMHaTU. 

— HeroAHHĚ! Ohi noBTopaerB to, ^ iracai^B wh cbohxi 

aHQHHMHUXl IIHCBMaXl... 

FoBopfl 8TH cjioBa, coB^THHi^a miTajiacB BcraTB h hath kb co- 

C&XHHIK) KOMHaTy. 

— 51 H8BHHI0CB nepex^ bihme rocnoxaiiH! CsasH hmx 9to 
caiia!... Bi Apyroft pasi!... 

— RaKB se OTO <y^4iaTB? — OTBi^aia TeryniKa Jíopa cepjero, 
mrb 6ofl8HH Fappn. 

— IlacropiSffrýpHxi... r. Jt^HrepEi^H?... — ^lenerajia Óonnas.— 
Osa jiK>6ua hxi ciymaTB. Ho tojibbo bi i^epsBH h BeqepoirB, sa 
utHniTB CTOioiTB. Pe^peH^apífi Jt^nTepni^n o^eHB efi HpaBHJca. 
OffB roBopHJTB CB Hefl O HOBHX^B sxpmecKEx^h noaraxib, Boropuzi 
ůBA HHsorji^a HO ^Hraia. Ho npnBuiTB 8thx:b rocnoA^ vb HacToan^fi) 
MBsyiy... TOJiBOBaTB CB BTHiTB vpjóuwb Aynijcowb... H o BaB^n^a- 
híh!... GjinmaTB, xas^B tfpocarorB TpH ropciH seiun na Bamy co6- 
eaewapo Morajiy!... B.ithj aroro ona ne vb CHJiarB! — HporoHH 
iTB Bc&rB npo^B! S. tfojBHa! SL saiuaqy hitb sa hxi ÓesnoBoficTBO. 

^opa HcnojiHHJUt, HaBOHei](iy bouo ÓOAHOft H yAajrajiacB. 

!^HnasH y^xaiH. 6i coc£;^eft ROMHaT^ BOi^apnjiacB THniiiHa. 
BojBHas, maTaflCB, notfpejia Ty^a, ho jbjblJí^ma TaiTB FappH, Boropuft 
CB HaxaiBCTBoirB M^Haro aóa, Aotfpo;(6Tejni HOB^fimaro BpeiceHH, 
npodO-Ha-npocTO cnp^raicfl otb JI^opu. Bb pacrpenanHOiTB kocth>- 
mí, cb nBiiHHMH rjasanH noxonien owb kb HcnyraHHOĚ MaTepH 
H ch (SimeHCTBOiTB oÓpaTKicfl Vb Hefl: 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



1 51 B^CraHRl IBPOnH. 

— Hy^ HaMEma, tíi Heno;i(paxaeMa! B^epa e^e roBopua 
MHŠ: — jífiA AORasaTejiBCTBa! 

Ho MaxB nepe^HJia ero; maiaflCB, npHian^Hjia OTnepryio nnui- 
TyiBy H8B coc^j^Heft ROMHaiu. IlHCbMa nonaxajiH hbi hoa. 

— Tfíb »e ;(0ica8aTejiBcrBa? Hec^acraHň, Úoxrywhj EHrpEiUHi^ — 
sanyrajicfl bi cbohxi coóenBeBHsrh cítatb!... 

— MaMama, — npojeneraii FappH,— mh ne oxbhA 

R jijkUc^BwrejihEO, js^eph oxBopHjiacB h Bome3i> Bojbhh, noro- 
ponHBmificfl cerojcHfl nOBOH^HTB cb A^aMH. 

— BoiBHff, — oCpaTHJiacB k^ neny óojitnaa no^in BiEscrynie^ 
HÍn, — TH cepxHiQBca na mbesů h th npaFB! áx^b! bc^ mu, sajBie 
jiosH, nrpyniSH namero cofícTeennaro CesyMÍa! A th, rjiyirafi h^íícti, — 
oÓpaiHJiacB osa bb FappH, — sepTBa coÓcxBeHHofl riynocifl! Bce, Tr6 
TH xot6h BURpacTB, KacaeTCfl tbohx^ co6cTBeHHHXB ;c^^ii. Jfia- 
jioóu TBOiixT> yquxejiež, HacxaBHHBOBx, yrposu nojniitettCBiix'B Bjacieft 
npHHflTB H^pH npoTHBB TB0HX1& ÓesoÓpasíS, n vr6 Bcero Jiy^me... 

TyiB xeryniBa ^opa, BepeyBinaflCfl rbwb BpeMefleni bb soMHaiy^ 
BMŠmajiacB bb jijbzo n sajiHJiacB HacM-linjiHBBiMB xozoroiťB. 

— PascEasH eMy cana! — saM^THJia BH($i[BniaflCfl hbb chxb 
cecrpa, onycEa^CB Ha ^HBaHB. 

— O,— npoTflHyjiaHpoHH^ecKH Jl^opa. — fl oxoTHie ^HTaro dm 
Ben^H Hane^aiaHHUMH! 

H CB 8THMH CJOBaMH daxHXHEajia. 

— Tboa aena paac^BTHBaja na mok) CMepiB,— npoflOJi»ajia 
Maxb HanpflMRH. — A xenepB ona ne dnaeiB, Boroefi Bu6paTB ceúi^ 
BB j[K)6oBHHBH, 6apoHa EoHa HJH 6apoHa $op6eBa. 

FappH TH^BHO xepHyďB ceófl sa ociaTOSB .bojocb. 

— Hírb! hítb!— nonpaBHia Jl^opa.— 9x0 yaieciyiHJOCBnosxe. 
BHaq&i^ OHa xojibbo HaxoAHja Fappn Po6e HeBUHOCHimicB. RaBB 
($HmB ona o hcmb Biipasaexca? Ero ajihhhhS, ra^siS hocb, era 

BŠIHO HeMUXUfl pyKH... 

BimeHcxBo Fappn ycHďHBajiocB. 

BojBHH nuxajcfl ycnoBOHXB ero. OnBÓoflJicfl BaBofi*HH($y;^ or- 

^aflHHOfi BUXOARH. nOXHXOHBBy COÓpaJTB OHB IlHCBMa H XOT^^XB 

yiosHXB HXB otfpaxHO BB msaxyjEy, leMy o^HaBO Fappe xotí^b, 
noBHAHMOMy, noM'linaxB. 

— Hh o;íHa cípo^Ba He nona^exB bb xboh pyKH,— sarpeiciis 
BApyPB Ha Hero Bojibhh, h oxÓpocHjB ero otb cb6si. — SL xo^jtb 
tojbbo noRasaxB xeftb h xBoefi Maxepn, BasoBu hoh xateH. 

— Hosíffie, (Jy^y^H y»e senoff Po6e, HecpaBnennaa SE^her 
BHesanHo nocxnrja npaBcxBeHHUfl cxopoHu cnyxHHBa CBoei shshh, — 
npoAOJsajia xexymBa ^opa cb fopbbhmb lOMopoMB.— JEeHHH sa^ox* 



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HSnil(KOE OBQIOTBO. 155 

iiBO npexynpes;^aja CBoero BOTnifa 06% onacHOcraxi, eny yrpo* 
xaion^HX^L H HasHaqaja eMy CBn^aHÍfl... ji^jisl xoro^ m:o6u noroBopoTB 
o ^c&jax^L... Xh! xfl! xb! 

Kasi THrpi» HaÓpocBJCfl FappH na mnaTyjRy n xor&irB cxsa- 
rsTb ee. Ho Bojbeh cxBaTEj^B ero o6šhmh pysaMH h onojiKHyjrB. 
To 6hjío noBTopeHÍe cufiE^h b9b ero iohoctb, Ror^aBojBEH npHxo- 
jfEJocb oÓysAfiiBaTB CBoeHpaBHaro MajEB^Hmsy, Boropuft jípxofflj^h 
AO Toro, ^0 6hj'b cbok) MaxB. 

TeryniBa Jl^opa xenepB ne 6ofljacB tfojiBme FappH. 

— TpeTBflrpynna HHTepecHux^B nnceiTB — bto anoHEKniis iracB- 
na. KapaxyaH ÉLeBiai npnsHaTB ne xpyxHO, a lasse h opeorpa- 
4>HiiecKÍii onmÓKH Fappn... 

&poctb Pappu HO BHa^a 6o3hme npex^OBi. 

CROpO ZE OKOHHHTCa Sm KOMeAÍfl? BaopajTB OffB BO Bce 

ropao. — S, BÍABSEaio,— otfpaxHJCfl OH-BKrBMaiepH,— ^TO TUHHBorAa 
neasL He dno6Hjia! HflRorAa ne sacrynajiacB tu sa Měna! Tm to^ibro 
jjDÓEZA, HT06U fl pacxBajHBajii tboh Hapa^u— 

MaiB BBjtporayaa, tohho ee hoxoitb y^apEJiH. To, ^rb owh 
roBopHXB, 6uzo cjomsoMi B^pno. 

— Kto BAxof^Éxh npeapacHUMi TBOH pasicajieBaHHUfl n^esn, — 
npoAOJisajrB CHH^ CBexHAHofl bjíoctbk),— BTOBocxHo^ajcfl TBoeS la- 
jdeS, EOTopyK) saTaniBajH vh BopcerB TpH ropEH^HUH... 

^Opa H BOJIBHH OH^lťljIH 0TB HerOftOBaHÍfl. 

— ...ToTB MOFB erpaiB TO(5ofi, Kasi ha^hroitb, npoxoJnasajVB Fappn. 
Owh coÓHpajicfl, BaRTB ^paei^i MoopB, jómib naiB crpaxoicB... 

— TaBoff TOJOBŽBi Rasajcfl Te6% pasyMBiiiTB h qyBCTBHTejiBHmrB 
^ejOBÍsoM%, xoTH 6hi sa nojqaca nepeA'B tími tu cinraia ero ocioitb. 
Th óiua npH aTOMi Bcer^a xanseft, noroMy h h npnrjiacHjrB cro^a 
TBoero ix>6e3Haro nona! Obtb A0ď2BeH'B (bltb ocfiin^aTB ^^axejOMi 
re&k nyTB b^ Mornjiy, r^i Tetfa sifLjTb $ypÍH... Botb Óyj^erh na- 
dOflii^ft ma6ani% vbjif>}rhy sor^a tu... 

TyTB BoJBHH cxBaxEJTB Hero^Afl sa BOpOTl H COtfHpaJCfl BU- 
mBHpHyTB sa XBepB, ho, BsrjAHyBB Ha seny, ocroitfeHŠjB. Ona Jie- 
sajia lUíKb HepTBaH. H ne iiorja 6oja>me BcraxB. Fy6ii ea Óimh 
pacspHTH, rjasa ocTanoBEJHCB... 

— yCifiiía! yCiftiía! — saoxajia ea cecrpa. 

Ob BpHBOMi: A^HerB! xenerB! x^nerB! x&Bafl A^nerB, tíi, Ha- 
CJť^AHERi! a ne TO £ nojíoary tbok) ^[>a6pHKy Cb ^erapex^B yraoBx! — 
<H^OBaTEift 6uAT>y HaBoneiti, Buxan^eHi bofb hb^ BOMHaTM h ^BepB 
sanepra na bjiotb. 

Kor^a HeroAflfl 6iiJFh y^ajieni, nosBaiH npncjyry, htoÓu nepe- 

HeCTH COBÍTHHIiy Ha BpOBaiB. UpHBBaHl 6uA'h AORTOpi. BOJBHH 



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156 BSCTHHKl IBPOm. 

Bumejii, sanepeRB npexBapirrejiBHO msaTyiBy ch micbifaiíE, saici- 
THBi TerymBÍ Jíppk 

— GjAxyeTh Bcerxa AepaLaxbCfl Ha-croposi OTHOCHrenHO JD^eft 
CB xyxoft naMflTBK), bi ocotieHHOcni sorxa ohh naiTB oÓflsaHii ^itb- 
HHÓyxB, H noTOMy ne cjAxyerh pbetb vrb imceirb! 

Be^epoiTb OiTOMapi xcrbn HaBŠciETB CBoero xpyra. Ho ero 
HeiBdfl 6wío BHA^TB. Eny o($'BflBHjra^ hto coBiiHEi^a yicnpaerB. 

3nMa CTOJua cypoBaa h HeHaciHafl. Cotfpamfl CepamoHOBEiTB 
<$paTBeKb no nonexkiBHHBaM^B 6uBajH MHorono^HH. Ho AjBTHHrB 
nijiyjo BHMy ne noRasiiBajcji no noHeA^iBHHKairB. Ero noraou^aia 
ne TOJLKO patfora {owb tpjkblacsí na^^b MOHyiieHToirL xjui FaÓpiajifl 
BojBHn, ROTopafl yMepaa qertipe irikflAa Tony HasaA'^), ho h CHas- 
Hafl ÓoxIbhb lo^epE Eienn. Hesa^ojiro ffl PosAecxBa y MHJiofi 
X^ByniRE oÓHapysHjacB HepfiHafl ropa^sa, Tas^B HasHBaeicHfi th^. 
Ciipoft Bosxyxi Óoďmnoro napna, BOjneme, ipesora, BHymaeiiaa 

B088pÍHÍflMH (paia Ha SH3HB, KasaBinHMHCfl efl jerSOKHCJieHHIIMH, 

seHHTBÓa rpa^a, KoiopBifl ocMijiHicfl xase saroBopHTB cb neft o 
CBoeft zioÓBRf Ha qió ona (TByiiija toibko npHTBopHTBCfl, (yxro ne 
pascjiHmaja ero cjiob'b — Bce coexHHHJiocB, Hiotfii npeseciH ee na 
spafl rpo(Sa. EparB, orei^, iiaiB ^epe^oBajiHCB y ea nocrejiH. Tara* 
HasiiBaeMofl AiaROHHCCEi, AiBXHHrB ne xoiin xonycriiTB bi xoitb. 
Oh^b He Tepniji^B MOHamecBaro niaiBA, xase paxH Ójmropo^Hiix^B 
ptieft. H BorB FB BTO Bpeiifl Mapia diepxn 6sja aia ehltl na- 
CTOfln^HiTB anrejoiTB-xpaHHTeAeirB! EpexanHaH fymsL npenua na 
eeÓSL BecB yxox^ sa ÓojBHofl^ Koropaji xoJirie f,EE Jiesaja 6e»b co- 
BHamii H FB 6pexy] ona npixBHHyia cboh) xpoBaiB kb nociejui 
ÓojiBHofi H Bcb H09H npocHSHBau Hax^ Hefl, noBBOxu ce&b iwnih 
HeÓoaBinofi OTffUPh xneifi, ^toóu caMOfi ne saÓOditTB. Bi arorB ne- 
pioA'B MyqHieiBHaro BOjraemi, Borj^ caMOMy ottsj npHXOXMOCB 
no6^^SAaTB ce6ň h xonycsaiB fb xoitb oópasi rpa^a Y^o Tpe&en* 
^^enca ne tojbko fb rpe8ax'B h ^Hrasiflxi ÓojbeoS, ho h fb 
X&flcrBHTeAHOCTH, npH^eiTB rpa^ o^enB nacTofi^EBO, cb nenox* 
X&DbHinrB ropeni, BEiciyniHBajrB xyxiifl HSBtoifl h cb HecspEiBaeicott 
pa^ociBK) AotSpufl BŠCTH O AopoFOfl (ojBHOft.— Gea^BÓa ero cb A^oft 
^Hi-$op6exrB rbwb ne uewbé cocTouacB. TopsecrBO ompasAHOBano 

<$H10 CB ÓOJBmOft nuniHOCIBH) FB rpa^KOicB ABopi^, H SaTŠlTB 

MoioxHe HenexienHO yšxaiH na lorB h fb Hacroflo^ee Bpeiu na- 
xoAHjracB FB Hhi^i^. Ohh naMŠpeBaiHCB no BOBBpan^enÍH, nocjri^ 
spaiBaro npefiEifianifl fb crojrai^, y^xaiB fb HM^Hie rpaj^a, Fox- 
jHHxeHi, Tf!b yxe naxoxuacB rpa^HHi, a cb nefi Bnicrfe h rene* 
paiBma ^Hi-$op6erB. 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



HllBIllKOl OBn^lOTBO. 1 57 

Ha co6paHÍflrL CepanioHOBHxi 6pB,Thevh vh noci^xnee speMfl lacro 
ynoMHHajiocL nui oco6ki, npHBOXHBmefl bx CMynteHie craparo Ajb- 
THHra. y Hero saBflsajiacB HenpLiTHafl nepenncBa ch 9;iBHHofl Map- 
joijjrh. Korxa bi oahvb npespacmifi xeHB nes^ hhm^b h cuhoitb 
npoHBoniJio o(HflCHeHÍe, BusBaHHoe ciueTHflMH ero nynsTEpepa, to 
CKjjiBnTop^, He noAOsp^BaBiníĚ, ^to vl newb chahu nopflxo^Hufl- 
TftSH THpaffB, o6MBEjrh BjiayMeftceno, htoÓh totb caasajTL CBoeft 
MimeJTOH^, im ecjH JEose^^a He OTRasercfl ctl MŠcra vh Ila- 
iHcaxHOft yjHi^, TO owbj npo^l^eccopi, BunyxffiWh 6yxerB pas- 
crarLCfl cb BjayiieflcejieirB. IIocjí sroro npo^^eccopi nojyiejrs 
nHCEMO on dxBHHu, KOToparo He uovb cbphtb otb xono^a^i^eBi. 
MaTB H Ejtena npoHHrajiH ero. Sose^ nocrynHJia na xpyroe 
mícto, h IIjiioMHse, jnoÓHBmifi ee ÓesBopucTHO, BaBTB piu^apB Tor- 
ren^yprL^ xota h naxoxBJTb HysHmrb Bpena otb BpeneHH noA* 
xp&niaTB CBOH) j]o6oBB napoit bojoteixi cepers, o^eHB rop^^Jicfl 
BTOfi uo&bffiŘ. dxBHHa, KOTopan, noBHXHMOMy, pasÓoraT&ia, nHcaia 
npo^^eccopy, ^ro Haii^pena nepeM^HHTL otfpasi shshh, h sacraBHTB 
yiíOJrKHyTB bc£ sJEie bshke! npciuarie t^itb, Boropne sjíoynorpeó- 
iflKHTB CBoefi CHJioft Ha;^ HeBHHHHMfl! BiiTB MoaseTi, TÓ ÓEiaa i^- 
mra hbi saBoft-HH(5yAB xpaMs, — noTOMy iro d^BEHa aBByparHa 
noBBJuuacB bi nepBOMi ps^y tIx^b TeaipoBi, Ha botophtb Aftsa* 
JHCB cepbesHUfl HsecH. 9to h 6ujío npHHHHoff, noTOMy BHHMame 
noe^rarejefi GepanioHOBa Bjy6a (btjio npnBje^eHO eia. Ho Be6 bth 
pasroBopu 6ujie nenphiTHH crapHBy AjLiunry: BOCXBajieHifl Bpa- 
COTH dABHHUy TyajeroBi «9Tofl seHnprHn», tojibh o&h ea bhco- 
soicB noBpoBHTejri^, neroAfli uy7R% npoAaBmeirB ee — Bce Bia 
tfiuH TasLi TBMU, xoTopHfl BacTaBjHjn ero HeMex^enHo yxoxHTB hss 
Bjiytfa. 

Tiwh BpeMeHeir& dxBHHa noiiynjia otb rpa^a Tpeften^jiBca 
30,000 TaiepoBi h saxEJta no-HOBOMy. Ona nanLia ce6^ xyBHBK), 
xoTopaa ee bcig;^ conpoBOsxaia. CoB%THEBl-K)CTE^iE Jlyipyci, 
woTh crpaHHiifi^ HenoHaTHiiit qeJiOB^Bi, OTC^rErajii dABEFb 30,000. 
Ohi tffiíJi (Tb xaBHEX^B nopi AOB^penHuiTB jnHi^oirB rpa^Bi Tpefien- 
^ncB. dj^EHa, BHaBmaa njojsfiŘ bxojib e nonepes^, neMeA^en- 
HO p^mEJia, qro ototb, xoth e rpyóntt no BEjy, HejOB^Ki,— bo- 
uoH^eHHafl CBpoMHOCTB, xoAfl^eo ^bctbo AOJira, HecMorps na 6oji* 
TOBHK) ero AOMO^aweBx. XenEi jnofian pasurpaBaTB poJB ^OMam- 
HHTB My^OHEiTB! d^BEHa CA^aja BB8ETB k>ctbi^-cobíthbaí. dm 
lEMB, aaRi yse esb^ctho, crpa^aia Óojtíbhbk) 6ojiBniErB ropoAOFB, 
soTopafl He Hamja en^e CBoero Mo^Bepa: crpacTBio saBOAETB sna- 
BOMCTBa. Ha Tofl CBBXBtii, BOTopaa OHECUBaercfl fb eBanrejiiEy ne 
tfnjio CTOJiLRO rocrefi, cbojibbo yii^ja HanpEnaniaTB exx coB§rHEi]ia 



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158 TOGTHffB^b IBPOnH. 

Ayniycbi sirafOK) na 6ajiu, ji'6tom'b na nBRHHRH, na pasEsa parties 
de plaisir. Y Carnu h II,ep;iHHu nacro BHpHsajiocB fleo^o^pe- 
TejibHoe: axi! MaMama! Bor^a ona tojbbo-hto npexcxaBJíeHHaro eft 
^ejOBŠsa saÓpacuBaja rpaxoMi BonpocoBi, HensHÍHHO soH^aB- 
niHXCfl npEPjameHieiíi nosajiOBaTB na ^amsy uh). Oreiiii sani- 
najTB HHor^a ci CBofictBenHoň eny Hpomefi: — ona b^^íb Mpn hb- 
Aaiejia, a noTOMv npBBBiKJia Hat^npaTB noAUHC^HROBi! Tjiasa cob^t- 
HHim Bi Tearpi, bi zoojLOvn^ecROWh cajQr b<6hho xpeBOSHo osBpa* 

JHCB BpyrOM'B. OXOTHHBH He rOHflTCfl laB^B 3a AH^BH), co6asE[ TaRl 

ne BBicjrlsHBaKKTB ea, Ras^B ronajiacB coB%THni](a 8a hobhhh 8Ha- 

ROMUMH. ^O^epH, Bl Cyn^HOCTH, 6UJIH laRÍfl se, HO T0.1BR0 OHÍ 

CB Óbjíhmnu^h laRTOiťB CRpuBajm cbok) crpacTB BHaROMETBCfl. — Ts 
RorAa-HH6yAB EapTyma CA^jaemB ApyroirB ^ona bíih RaRoro-HB- 
Óy^B A6ejijiBHo BaMaHBmB na cbob Benepa, — roBapBBaji nec^acr- 

HUfi COB^THBRl, HO nOROpflJCfl SeH'fi, H BaManiRH BTOft nOCJLÍ]ífieÍL 

BcrpŠTHJiH coHyBCTBie y noBia JI,BTepHiíB, nposBaHHaro Teo;íopHXOicB, 
ROTopBift MHoro8Ha^BTe:iBHO oÓ^BflBBj^B CBOBBťB cocjrysHBi^airB: — y 
HameS cobíthbi^u pasBBTB vb BHcmefl crenenE RyjiBTi jib^hocte, 
npBcym,ífi $apHrareHCRofl mROďl! Oea b^b npBHi^Bni Bxopafl PaxejB, 
a6cojiOTHi]fi jaoBeAl jiK);i(efi! — Cob^thbi^^ nepe^ajiH dTH cJOBa^ h cb 
TbxT> nopi j9l,BTepBAB noj[B80Bajicfl ea ocoÓuifB CiaroBOjemeMi. 
UocjA noctn^enifl dxBBHti Mapjoýi, C0BÍlTHBi](a oÓBflBBJía, ^xo 

BCt rOpO^lCRifl CMeTHH 0(h» BTOMl HpeJieCTHOlfB C03AaHÍB — OAHa 

rnycHaa jiosb b tto dABBna — anrejnb. Oea HeMOXJieHHO npnrjia- 
CBia Ri ce6š na Beiep^B np&iecTHyK), «6oraTÍfiinyK)> A^BymRy, 
ROTopaa npitBsaia r^b nefl kb ÓoraioirB 8RBnas%, vb pocRomnoMi 
^epnoM^B mojROBOMi^ njiaTB'fi, OTA^JiaHHOHi nepBSMH, ffipsi^ b% 

pyR% pOCROmHHfi HJiaTORl, 06mBTílfi RpySOBaMB B HOpT^JB VUL 

BH8flTHux'B RapioiORi, E9b HepjiaMyTpa CB ApAroi^']&HHBrMB RanenB- 
aMB; Gama cb Il^epiBHofl nanuiB ary «BHOCTpaHRy» BOCxBTBreA- 
Hofl H HBCROiiBRO He BaBBAOBajB efl^ a Tbwb uewbe cRaHAaiBSHpo- 
BajíBCB ea Eciopiefl! BnpoieiTB, dxBBHa ooycRaia rjiaBa h pasu- 
rpBiBajia HeBBHHyio meciHaxi^aTBJiiTHioK) fibBOHKj. IlaiB bjb méciB 
^ejiOB^R^B yse npocBjíH y nefi ea ^lorpa^B^ecRofi Rapio^RH^ a 
^HTepai^ yse ycn^jTB Mncjenno npB^yMaTB niiuŘ i^brji cone- 
TOBi Ha nee. CoB-j^iHERy K)crHi](ÍH Jlyi^iycy BSB^cren-B 6sji'b cmucjtb 
TaBHCTBeHHaro npeBpan^ema <#ay» Mapjio^B bi «$pefiieflBrB» 
Mapjioýi, HO OH^B HBROMy ne roBopHJTB o6% 8tomt>. 2E>eHa ero 
xjonoiajía nafiTB aphbk). H cb RaBofl aneprieft, — Bose! Hetfy cra- 
hobbjiocb sapRo! $pay Jlyi^iycB nanijia, naRonei^B, xy^HBio, e^HH- 
CTBeHHyio Vb CBoeifB poA'3&, nacroan^ifi nepii, RoropHfi ona BHyAHJia 
Rorxa-To wb niBefiiitapiB. 



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HI^KEKKOI OBímCTBO. 159 

Ohe nHcajia 9j(bhh$: «J{ to.ibbo-^to nojywjia nHCBMO hbi Ho- 

B0l-nOMepaHÍH, OTB OAHOfl CTapoS npLSTeJIBH0I](II, KOTOpafl AO CBTb 

maph saB^AHBajia xosaftcTBOMi^ o;^oro nojiBCsaro KanoHEBa. TenepB 

SaBOHHSl yi^^P^y H fl OTSpOBeHHO FOBOpK) B&Whl efíHitCBAR COBŠT- 

hh^ BpeHHHBe ocrajacB oxHHOsa fb i^jiom Mip<6 h (JesnoHO^* 
HS. y nojiiiBa ne 6ujio cocroanifl, a nencifl, ocraBmaflCfl nocjii 
tmcsaro ooB^THEsa, Hej<6no naia. Kax^B 6u to hh 6ujio, craTCBafl 
cmbrumufi^ EpeHHHRe npoHHT&ia Bame o&haBjeme h HanHcaja 

— Az^b! MaMama, BM%ina.iacB Gama, HHraBinai sanncKy Ma- 
lepH, no M<6p6 Toro, saBi xa ee nncaia, — TnHeBHA'&ia arcA ffi.- 
m yse iiii£ixi& xecflXB ji^pb. 

n^epjraBa saH^TH^Ka: — PasB^ xasÍH irbEABDicji! 

Ho MaTB BHA^a nepe;^ coÓoS ]»My hkb HoBoA-HoMepaniH 
Eh TOMi caMoiTB BH^^, Bi^ BasoiTB OHa H^^ROP^a iipeACTajia nepe^i^ 
ea rjasaiiH bi IIlBefti^apiH. EpyroMi ropu, bhcokía e^, bojobojib* 

HHZH BOpOBl, 60SeCTBeHHIlfl HHTepJiaBeHl... BCe 8T0... 

— Axi! ffira! — ^Bcspnajia BHepniHecBafl sen^HHa: — ny, ^T0 
Bs lyTB npECraeie bo mh^ cb BanniMH rjiynocrflMHl Ona AOJsna 
BssrB BpeHHHBe! !3to oco6a hstb xopomaro otfn^ecTBa, ynnas, 
oÓpasoBaHHafl! Ba cann yjíjnBwrecb h noxBajrare Měna!... 

d^BEHa no.iyHHja naBonei^ sanncBy h Ha;rB MHornirB vh neft 
lEOCM^JiacB, — HTÓ He noM^majo anrejiy HBTB Hanca^HoS jMua ne- 
■exieHHO npEsaiHiB Kb coBbTEJnujb h BspasHXB efl cbok) Óiaro^a- 
pHOCTB CB onyn^eHHHHHy npeBpacHBíMH, nepnuiiH p^HHi^aMH. 

HHTepjiaBeHCBafl SHaROicaa noflBHjacB h sana^a mícto xyBHBH 
npi 9abhh£. BpeMfl, noBHXHMOMy, Hé BOcnyjiocB arofl AaMH, xora, 
Bnpo^eiTB^ yse coB^THHi^a Jlyi^iycB kb nepio^^ BnaKOMcrBa CBoero 
ck coB^THHiteft BpeHHHBe saTpy^^HHJiacB 6u onpej^HTB efl vojm. 
Ho 9T0 ne M^niaio eft Óeitb HecHOcnMmefi oco6ofi bi MÍpi, 6ia- 
ro)(apfl CBOHM^B Heno]r6pHinfB npereHaúíMi. Ona ABHJiacB hbi Ho- 
Boi noHepanÍH, ho npHBesjía cb co6ofl xaKyio caMoyB^peHHOCXB, 
laKB 6yxT0 ($Bi ona Btipocja h BocHHxajacB pasoirB vb xpesB cio* 
jmmxi: BŠHŠ, JIohxohí h HapHsi. Hhtto ee ne yxHBjfljo fb 
nameft ctojihi^í, hh^xo efi ne HMnoHnpoBaio. Ona 060 BceMx bh- 
CBasHBaja CBoe cysAeme cb Henorp^nraMOCXBH) nami, h dxBHna 
boiko saidh^Eia eft na nepBux^B ase nopaxi, BaB'B xojibbo y hhxb 
Bflnuio pasHOTjiacie no nafiny BBapxapu, noBynsi h pascranoBKl^ 
Ke5eJH, i^Bira o6oevh n rap^HHi: 

— 6b, Baseicfl, BooÓpasaere, ^xo ncvepnajH bch) deusyn 

JiyXpOCTB CB BamHMl HOROftBHlfl COF&THHBOITB. BaiTB 6u CjAjiP' 

Baio HCBaxB ce&b vbcro oÓepB-ro^^MeflcxepHHu npn ABop6! 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



160 nOTHHRl IBPOnH. 

$pay BpeHHHKe BHTapan^jia rjiasa na d^enHy. Ho rjiasa 
nocjniAHefi mofjih npn cjy^ai A^ficTBOBaTb ne xyase MexysHHHXi. 

— JI otfiflBjíflK) Ban pasi HaBcerAa, — npoxojsaja ona TBep^HMS 
rojiocoMi H uoÓjAjíflivhj Jtnjťb hojotho, — ^to npexociaBUK) nairB noi- 
HyK) . CBo6o]iy pascysAftTB h A^B^^MEpoBaiB, HO HO norepiuK) hh 
Majiifimaro npoTHBopŠHÍfl OTHocHiejiBHO cBoero otfpasa A'^ficTBÍfi, 
HHa^e MH HeMe;(jieHH0 pascraHeMCfl! 9to 6uio paBHOsHa^ynte Tony 
Bne^aTj^HÍio, RaRoe npoHBBOffHn b^b onepi SByirB tam — tom^a. 
UocjA Toro A^ficTBÍe o6iiKHOBeHHO npnHHMaerB HHoe HanpaBJíeHie. 

TeiyniKa EpenHince yiiojisjía. B^a^ efl npexocraBJífljra CBo6oAy 
pascysA&TB h ^eiuftMHpoBaTB! IIocji^AHee bxoahjo fb ea jrroHqeHHoe, 
dcrerfl^ecBoe oÓpasoBame. Fojosa efl 6iiJia Ha^Hia Bcasaro po^a 
poMaHcaMH H Óaj^a^aMHy rotophhh ona, Basi sasseicfl, ycniuuja 
oÓmcHOBOBHO nojiBCBaro BaHOHHsa, h^rojibbo roBopHBmaro no-HÍ^ 
Mei^SH. Bi y($paHCTBo SBapropBi, norjioiiiaBmee Byqy x^Herb, h 
KB BOTopoiTB HOMorajia ciapafl senn^ena, SHBmafl Ha saxHeiťB abo- 
p%, no HMOHE ýpay Miojjiep^, cobíthhivi 6ojiBnie ne BifimHBajiacB. 
Ho ona CBopo noAM^THJia cjia6iifl ciopoHu vh xapasxep^ 9abhhh^ 
KesAy npoTOiťB en nenoMipnoe i^ecjaBÍe, h oto homofjio eft la- 
Ahtb cb nocj[^AHe&. Bjaroxapfl es ManÍH rb anH^ecBoft h BcaTOCBOft 
Apyrofi nodsÍH, «caj[OH'B» 9abbhu Mapjio^rB CBopo nanojiHHJicfl noc%- 
TBTejiflifH H ^epesi h^cbojibbo HeA'&iiB hb hbitb noflBHJCfl xase 

KHflBB... JSfll HaCTOfln^ifl BHflSB, eClH HO ZeMBJFby TO CHA^^ y HOPB 

9abhhiz... Bce cjiy4BJ0CB Basi no nHcanoMyl OneByjuuufl hobhah- 
MOMy (^jHcraTejiBHO yAajiocB. 

GoB^THHi^a BpeHHHBe 6uM nenpHSHaHHofl Ca^K), Rropoft Pec- 
TopH, H^HTJiepi— BCŠBíH Bu^bcA. Ofla npEPjamaua nodioBx h bom* 
nosHTopoBi, ycrpaHBajia Be^epa, sBajia na Occiana, Ternepa, Hh- 
renana h APyi^Hxi noaroBi, (tb EoropiDiH ona nocHJiacB; conpo- 
BoasAaia cboh> nHTOMniQr vh leaTpB, fa^ ee yAOBjeTBopajia OAHa 
TpareAÍfl. Ona pacBJíaHHBajiacB fb Tearpi nanpaso h HajiŠBO. Co 
bcíme 6iuia ona noBHAHMony BHaBona. Bce, ^tó npE^acmo 6bjio 
jHiepaiyp^y HCsyccTBy, crpeMHJOCB npoHHBHyiB vh cbjiohi 9xbh- 
Bu, vb ooo6eHHocTH (TB 'ri^x'B nop%, BaKB FB neiTB no^TH eseAHeraro 

CTaJTB HOflBJflTBCfl BHflSB U^HCBa ^Hi-PayAeffB. 

9toti ByjBMHHai^ioHHLift nyHBrB FB SH3HH 9abhhb[ nacTynHJB 
ne (TB-pasy. Gna^aia noC^AH es ($hjíh ne lasifl BpynHBra. JI^jihhho- 
bojiocho MysuBanTii (yAyn^aro, cb hx-b rapMOHH^ecBHMH HOBBHBami, 

ABTepHI^H (TB H8AaHHHM'B BITB yse TOHOMl JDipBHeCBHXl CTBXOTBO- 

penítt — noflBHiHCB nepBUMH fb caionš ciaTCBoft cobšthhipi Bpen- 
HEBe, BOTopas nepoA^aja CBoe hma na BpenHa. dABHna nairibpeHHO 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



' HraBqKOS OBipOTBO. 161 

Hrpaia rb 8T0irb cuohí BTopocrenennyH) poJiB. Ho Borxa ona 
noflBjfljiacB wb newby to fb Ó^jomb, to fb pobobomb luaTBŠ cb 
OTKpuToft meett h o^HaaseHHHMH pyRami, to b(A Bsopu cb bocxh- 
n^emeHi ycrpeiLiUHCB na nee. Ona xopomo nrpajia Ha <]^pTenBflH0, 
ntia, pecoBaia. Bb TeaTp6 bcí Óheouh ycTpeicjifljHCB na nee. 

Khssb PayAeHB yBicraarB qo6oío (čeřeny, onacHocTH spropoft 
Maio-no-Majiy cxasuBajHCB. BansoBne tfHjeni TaajH, xaxB cH-IrB. 
GiarcBafi coB^THHi^a bhoj^^a^^ kesissí, MysuBaiBHaro xHiexTaHia, 
BB bí^hoS noroHi sa jH6peno a^ onepu. Ero nposBajiH *ississb 
Hapi^cB>, noToiiy ^to ohb ósutb o^chb Tii^ecjiaBHufi h coBep- 
meHHO yrjiy6aeHHuft bb cetifl ^aiOB^sB. Ohb 6íub poACTBenHHSB 
rpa^^raH Tpeftra^iiBCB. Bb to Bpeiifl aaRB bcí ocraiBHue PayAeHHL 
ciysHjra BB BoeHHofl cjys($í, shabb 9rM0HTB UJECsa ^oflB-PayAOHB, 
npocjyaKHBi RopoTsoe BpeMfl noAB SHaiieHaHH TperBecTeneHHaro 
rocy^apcTBa, nocrynuB bb cBHiy o^Horo BHCOBonocraBJíeflHaro Jiiajjfiy 
HTÓ noBBoafljio eny hocbtb Becbiia apacHBHfi rycapcsifl líjBjpsphj 
pacninHi sojioroirb h cepe6poMB, ho ne AaBajio Hnaasoro xow 
BiiepeAB* 

OrpacTBH) ero ÓHJia Mysnica, a ne^Ta cocroua bb tomb, ito6u 
CKbA9»Tbcsí sHaMeHHTfiiMB soMnosHTopouB. KaRB «ojieHB sa CBŠseS 

BOXOfi», TaiTB H ÓOJIBmHHCTBO MaJO-o6pa80BaHH£IXB BOMHOBHTOpOBB 

Hamero speneHE roHaiOTCfl sa j^EÓpeiro. HeyroMOHHoe acejiaHÍe ynor 
XoOhtbca PHxap^QT Barnepy npEsejio ero bb ly noarH^ecKyK) c^py, 
Tfíh i^tpHJia 4>pay BpeHHHBe h pas^aBancB npn jiynnoMi^ CB^rb 
zaiofinne tohh sojsíoboS ap^s. npecjiÍAyeMLi& nacicí&inKaHa Bejni- 
KHXB idpa cero, rhasb HcsaiB noMepssH bb HflsmnxB. OAn^b 
BSB npHHi^eBrB xpoBH, KaKB yTBepsAajiH, Hax^jHjrB ero nposBEnteMB 
«Hapi^ca», cocrasHBB ero hsb csobb «NaiT» h «Ziska»; xpyne 
se yB^pfljiH} ^To 8T0 HMfl eociasjíeHo hsb MysHBanHaro Tona 
«C!is> H «Narr>. EasB 6u to bs Óiijo, ho ÓojAe seHCXBeHHaro 
cyn^eciBa, ^mb stotb nejiovkvhy TpyxHO 6bijio 6u bctpíthtb hoab 
lycapesHiTB MeHTHKOMB. MysHBa cobcíitb pasciaÓHja ero, sasB 
ona AoasHa, no mhíhíh) apgbhhxb, pascjiaÓHTB uíb:íuŘ HapoxB, eaoi 

eH) SaHHMaTBCfl TaSB, SaRB HOAaBHO BB 5aftp6flTÍ. 

Khasb PayAOHB shjib bb BejiEKO^inHOMB xBopi^'fi. TaMB owl 
no 1^'Ijhmb AHflMi^ BSAUxajiB h CTonajiB sa pofljieMB na^B RaRHHB- 
Hi6yxB noxHeceHHHMB eny MaHycRpHnroMB hjih EsÓpannoS hmb 

CUIMB KHHTOfl. O^HHB BOHTpanyHKTHCTB^ Ó^AHflaB, KOTOpilfi) KB 

C0Bai'6HÍH), lOJBSO xo ^eraipexB ^acoBB nonojiyAHH hofb npoTH- 
BDbCH HeyxepjUMO ysjíeBaBnieft ero saTÍMB casb slss^tojuí — na- 
dOBexB en> xotb MeflepB — npHAaBajrb npaBHJBHyio ({K)pMy sthmb 

Ton y.— Gehtjibpb, 1877. 11 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



162 BftOTHHKl IBPOniL 

XpflHHiUfB o6puBBaMi Mejioxn^ecsHrB ^pasi^^ oroft, csaseirB no-npo- 
cry, MysHBajiBHOfi nenyxi. 

Keuísb, crpoftHiifiy saBHTHtt H pacHecaHHHft, Bcerxa co 8BÍ8AQft 
Ha 4>P&K^9 noflBJMJicfl KasxHft Be^epi fb cajioff6 rocnose Bpes- 
HHse. Bjaroxapfl diOMy BfiícoBonocraBjeHHOKy x^JierraHry, craiCByK) 
coBÍTHHiiy TBjeb jiacBajH h Tasí HCsajH ea SHaBOMCiBa. Ho... e& 
SHflSfl Hapi^Hca bsatke Óhjh tmakh! Owb BOcn^Baji^B dxBHHy vb 
TOMHuz^B poMaHcaxi, npHCiuaxb Čysera h8i ceoiirB opansepeft, 
Ha^aj'B npi^bssaTB yse cb canaro nocjAo&bffi,^ ho Bce, ^tó obi 
HH fiíbjííLn^ 6wío OTM^^eHO nenpoxoxHHEiM^B aroHSMOMi. d^anHa 
sejaja eenpeMiHeo CA^JiaiBCA BHflrHHeS PayxeHi. Ona hhckojibso 
ne jiioÓHja aioro ^ejOBŠKa, ho oea 6iija HesaBooHoft xo^epBK) 
rpa4)a, h xor^ja BHroxno npEcrpoHiB ceófl h yBiHqaxB ciasHoft 
notfWft CBOK) CM&iyio cneByjifli^iK). 

EaKB jiOBBO yiťbia oea noflBJurrBCa vb npespacH^firnexi lya- 
jieraxi hs^b sHMHflro ca^a h sas^OKy hsi rocrefi, KoropuMH Óujrh 

(^HIBOITB HaÓHTB CajlOH'By CBasaXB HTO-HHÓyXB HpíflTHOe) TOHBO Ha- 

CTOflo^afl BHflrHHfl! Yse xpyne noBJíOHBHBH na^EHajH sasB Óyxro 
npeBpan^aTBCfl vh seHHxoBi, ho hxi cAcmsule easexHeBHHfl noc£- 
n^enk rbasa. 

— Mh6 6u xot^jiocb yÓHTB ero! — saBpn^aia bs oabo npe- 
BpacBoe yrpo dxBHHa, Borxa owb CHOBa npeoiaji eft B^pysonncn 
oxBy mvb CBOHxi KysuBajtBHux^B Réyerie. — ?tó ohb xo^erB bihm^b 
CBasaiB? HeysejH tojbbo nojBSOBaTBca caioHoiTB, BoropuS xhí 
TaB% xoporo CTÓHTBy ch rbwb, mo6u sBaBOHexB cb co6oft HydíEsy, 
Bep6oBaTB ce&b hobjohhhborb, BjasepoBi? Jífii ohb ciHniBOiťB Tpyc- 

JHFBy CIHOIBOICB CKyiTh^ ^T06u CaMOHy OTBpEITB CaJOHl X-Ifl B(ATh 

rbThj BIO Bi aroiTB ropox^ HHiepecyercfl MysuBOt h noasielt! H 
BOTB, offB 8BcnjiyaTHpyerB naeB, sacraB^JieTB EpenHEse npexcraBjíflTB 
eMy BCflBHX'B sHaMeHETOCTeS E fioofipaasaerB, hto ocraBEJTB neEsraa- 
AHMoe BneqaTjiiHie, sa Boropoe ynjiaTHrB i^BÍTaiiE e HOxaME!... 

A TpEAi^TB TucA^i lajiepoB^B, HOJiy^eHBiixi OTB rpa^a, rnajn h 
xafljiE... 

n. 

BOUHE OCraJICfl eXHHCTBeHHHlCB HaCJlŠXHHBOirB CBOeft seHEi. 

Ohb saAyMajTB saBB mosbo CBopie npoxaTB cboh) ^aÓpEBy aBivo- 
Hepnoiiy oÓn^eciBy. CoBepmenso ÓedCOSBaieiBso, ne noxospŠBafl 
BB Hewb jsjbzOj OHI CTO«iBHy.icfl C!B TaB!B-Ba3UBaeM£iMH «npexnpH- 
HHMaTejuiMfl>, BOTopiie vb ly anoxy thkb neBEEso BuciynajE na 
noie A^TejBHOCTH. Eny xoi^ocb nyiemecTBOBaTB, hto6íi ot6htb 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



H^ni^Kes OBH^BOTBO. 163 

WKb Tpaypa. Ohi xotIh nociiTirrB ÁHrjiÍH), ÁMepEsy, s cff^jiajrE 
spyímyK) rjijsnocxb — npexocTaBiLir& Bce ROMKHCCÍOH€^aMi. Cvep% 
lOMMepiÓH-coBiTHHi^i H pftmeHie Bojibhh luivb MosHo cBop^ npo- 

WTB f^aÓpHBy BHdBajffl Vb SH8HH aB^iOHepHOe OÓO^eCTBO «MaiIIHH- 

flaro npoH8BoxcTBa». Rorxa Bojibhh HaxoxHJca yse bi BeJBriH, 
KB AHpeBTopu npaBjíeHifl eroro o6n^ecrBa nociynHJH MascTB 4k)h%- 
^p6eKB) TappH Po6e h (JapoHi Kohi 4^Hi-KoHre&icB. TexHH^e- 

CBHITB AHpeBTOpOlTB, BOTOpufi Ha 4^a6pHqHlIX'B JlOmtkKATh H Vb 

HdfliQH^ttnieirB ^[)a8T0BA šsahjtb no ropoxy, 6fiurB PafiMynj^ djep/n^, 
^aHiMaBiniĚ TenepB HHSHift dras^B Aona Bojibhh. Bb sepxHeirB 
9Tas'b otfnrajTB nepBufi ^npesTopB npaBiraiji, orcraBnoS acceecopB 
FappH Vo6e. Guwb odatb nocejiHJCfl bb on^OBCBOirB xom^I Abi^íh 
otfqecTBa cb caifaro Hanajia ctojmh 101. 

yA,iiBHTaiBHoe Haciajío BpeiiH. Burojsjmsi npexnpúíTÚí pocjra, 
saBi> rpHÓH: seji^A^aaTejiBHiie saBOAu, saBe^eHÍfl HSBoo^HqBHxi 
sunaseft, ^aópnan bux^jbh bosb, 4^a6pHBH xjsictobb h 6vmeŘ h 
BcgKHXB xpyrHXB ^i^^HHHXB* npexMOTOBB. Bb uj&b CopamoHOBiix^ 
^paiBeBB AmepB AmepcoHi, ÓHpseBOfi ncHxojorB, 8aM'bTHjrB: «cb 
He6a na^aeTB nanna h napoxB naraeTCfl ueÓecEuwb xjíióoynh, on 
lOToparOy 6oK>CB, BnocjitxcTBÍH 7 nero saÓoaHTB shbotb hjh owb 
nosymsTb xpoHHHecaoe pascrpoftciBo asejryAsa!* 

Bcb npespaTH^HCB vb chhobb HspaHjifl. Bci HanajiH nouo- 
BflTBCfl BOJiOTOMy texhisj. B(A noB^pHJE, HTO H8B «HH^ero» MOserB 
eoBA&BaiBCfl napoxHoe ÓoraiCTBO. H BasiH xorxa BcnjEiBajiH BEicom 
3axaw! Bcš saroBopHJH o noKpoBHrejBCTBi H^iieqBOMy iiopexox* 
CTBy, o6rb OHHn^eHÍH raBaHofi, yqpesxeHÍH MaflsoBB na Cyrnyio- 
H^eiTB Mop6. Ho, ýBul noitynaa h nepenpoxasa sejrbsHHXB xo- 
poPB H ropox(»(HXB BBaprajiOBBy y^acrie bb MomeHHHHecBHXi npo- 
XiisarB npHHocflTB (JojiBme xenerB, neseJiH bcí 8th xo^ria HcropÍH 

Ch HapOXHHlťB 6iar0C0CI0flHÍeM'B H nai^iÓHajBHUKH I^'&iIflMH, KOTOpiUI 

cyiE3s «npexnpHHHMaTe2H». Hcropífl yse ocyxHja hxb! flBHHiTB 
npexcrasHieieirB ^ÓpnBH Óhjtb tiapoHB MeflepB Kohb $oh%-Roh- 
reflK^B, 6aHBHpB, XBajHBmificfl, ^lo bc& chjbhhc idpa cero chxut^ 
7 nero fb KapinaH']^. Bc^hb, no ero cJOBanB, owb noMorajtB bh- 
n7TiiBaTBca hsb jifiuesBiEíiXT* 8aTp7XHeHÍS. Bet npHHHMajiH ero cb 
pacnpocrepruMH o<$BflTÍflMH, Borxa ohi slbjisíjícsl kb hhbtb 7TpoirB 

CB BH8HT011B, BB TOTB ^aCB, SOFXa OHH COBOpniaJIH CBOfi T7aJieTB. 

EoHi xepauuicfl Toro npaBHJia, ^T0 bojihrhxi MÍpa cero ci^xy^^ 
lOBHTB BB Tb MHH7TH, BOFxa OHH ÓJSESRB Bcero vb npHpox^. Ha 
(Sípzrb npaBH^io ero noxseprajocB caMUMB i^HHHHecBHicB BOMMen- 
tapiaiTB, HO KoHB HMH HO cricHfljicfl. Bb luíj&b GepamonoBiix^B 
((paiBeFB 7mTeáH BeAX^ h ropH7HrB saH^najm: «0ffB npaBB». lOiitt 

11* 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



164: RftCTHinťB IBPOnH. 

I 

UjesapB, — BOTopHft 6uji%j saRi HaBtono, njtnniro, h otoab o(í:& 
aroiTB coRpymucfl, — 6effh cokh^húi, se upeesím^ 6ei ero m> vk 
^ac£i, wvjíjBk owb jme oÓieRajcA bi BOHcyjbCRyH) rory; ho eciH 6ii 
o HeicB ;^aio3RBJ[H Bi TO Bpeicfl, Bor^a Ojeaapb coBepinaa'& CBoft 
TyajeTB, A^* en^e BxoÓaBOiPB (tb BSB^crieirB, ^ro ohi iipEKpiB,sh 
TO cpeACTBO) saRoe, BaBi esb^ctho, Eso6pijrh caifB n^esapB, T.-e. 
napHKB, TO owh ÓujTB 6u npHHflTB... Maio Toro, KoffB nojyqHjTB 612 
TBTyjii 6apoHa. 

BoJBHH BSflJil npe^JOseHEyiD OMy cyMMy sa 4^a6pHKy, ho ot- 
KJEíOHHJi BCĎ npeA^osenifl o TexHBHecBOM^B ynpaBjíeHin (tb ÓJHcra* 
TejBHUMi coAepsaHÍeMs. Ohi uojy^Ejrb bch) cynny cno^tna, ho 
ne UMO yffUBEiOLj Borxa yse bi FojiaHAin yBEKbn^ ^ro npi- 
o6p%jrB nopflAO^Hfiitt Ó&pumb rkwb^ hto bsaji KanHrajTB aRi^fliiH. 
IIpoxa^B aBi^Hy owb 6oiBme ho cj^wjcb sa aiHMi xkzowhj no otb^ 
ÓiiBoiaro CBoero ciapHRa-BaccBpa BejiHma y8Haj'B, hto droMy no- 
cjAfpeuj OTsasaHO) hto npoHSBoxcTBO saTÍsaeicfl bi orpoMHHxrb 
pasM^paxi, mo Fappn Po6e saHflXB BepxHÍtt aras^B AOMa cbohx^b 
poxHTejiefi, BB saqecTBŠ npexc^xaTejfl npaBjeHÍfl oÓ^ecTBa, ^to 
HOBuff xHpeBTop'B-TexHH]rB, PaffMyHxi djiepATi, SHBerB bi hhs- 
Eewh aTasš^ paaom^ cb ÓBiBniHHn ROMHaTaMH canoro Bojibhh, bo- 
TopHfl TenepB oÓpan^enH vb ROHiopy. Uocjvb ^yBCTBHrejiBHOtt ci^eHU, 

Vh ROTOpOfl 8B8aJBTHpOBaHHUtt djepXTl AOXOAHJTB AO TOFO, HTO 

tipocaicfl Aase na BOjri^HH nepeA^ cecrpofi, uocjí^jimsísl corjacHJiacB 
xosflfiHHiaTB b:b ero hoboA SBaprep']^. ^TaRHM^B oÓpasoM^B, Bce yjia- 

AHJIOCB, — HHCaJIl CrapHICB, — JIHHIB 6u TOJIBRO AHpeBTOpH BOJE fíblO 

yMHO, Aa 8aRa8£i npHJHBaan bb BOHTopy». 

Bna^ajit djiepATB 6ujn» cana jio6e8HOCTB cx cecrpoft, sorAa 
Ta nepecejHjacB r'b Heny. KBapTHpa 6uja sá-HOBO MeCjrapoBana 
H o^eHB pocRonraOy ^tó hobojibho naBOAHio Ha MHCyiB o AOiraxx^ 
CA&iaHHHxi paAH 8Toro. djepATB saHfljTB neKHoro ROKHarB, ho ohÍ^ 
611JIH OTA'&iaHii CB ÓesnpHifibpHiiirB HdA^ecTBOirB. Me6ejth oCera 

BpaCHHlťB Ca(]^BflHOM%. IIopTBepH TflSeJlEIfl. npHCnOCOÓJieHifl MAE 

sypHJiBqEROB^B coeAHHfljni o6iiHaH BocroRa cb t^mh, Koropue, 6utb 
MoaRerB, i^apcTBOBajH na SLsib e GynaTpi. TerpoBaaROsa jeasajia 

nepOAl^ AHBaHOlTB, OÓHTUICB Ca^^BAHOHl, na XOTOpOM'B BOSJLOSaJirB 

«THTavB», BOFAa cecTpa npHHOCHja eny AUMan^iflcfl iiÓRRa. C^b 
corjiacúr coB^Ta npaBJíeHÍfl, ohi BBeji'B na 4^a6pHRÍ «nporpeccHBHyH> 
peHTy». Ohi AOJiseHi se 6uii> xotb cb RaRoS-HHÓyAB cropoHu 
OTAaTB AaHB CBoeKy nponiJioMy. GRoponocrasHafl CMeprB ROKiiepwH- 

GOB^THHI^U nOJI02KBLia ROHei^ 6opB6t^ SarbflHHOft HM^B CB BOIBHH, 

xa paÓoHÍe h 6e8i Toro, RaR^B h bceiůř necrHull Hinei^, BparB 
Boncaro pyB(»OAvrejui h noBejiHrejifl, npedBanHaro pyROBOXHTB h 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



H«ni][B01 0BQ8CTB0. 165 

iiOBeji%BaTB He no poaweHÍH), — pacnuncB na naprie, npímewb 
morie óhjih pa^H chobs npiodptcTE na cbok) CTopony 8HeprÍK> 
PaftMyHAa, ero iion^Hoe cjobo, ero «8;iopoBeHHEifl jerRifl», BaR'B 
Biipasajicfl fl8Birrejn>Hult Majó. H aroTL citepiHHfi ótijiiTOse pea- 
^duEmpoBEHi, Ójaroxapfl HeosHxaHHoify oóopoiy ^a%. dron 
XseHTjibMeffL nterojfljTB xeaepb bi hoboitb i^hjuhap^, Bucoann 
i^pQssaxx, vb TS,ji(yryx% saaojiOTOMi cxpasoBott 6yjiaBBoft h b^ 
€K)pTys& HOBiflnuaro noiB^fl, xynjieHHOirs fb itarasHH^ roroBaro 
maTBfl. MeiepB Eohi HeTOJLso noAapHj'B eMjxpH «aB]XÍB[ Po6e», 
HO H HaiiHcaji npHKaai na 6jaHB%, iTo6a bth ipn aai^ÍE Óítje 
HeMexjeHHO peaiHSHpoBaHti bi Rac&6 no leByn^eicy aypcy. Ho 
Mefiep^L EoH'B Óuxb yxHBHre^Bnufi snaTors jno^efii Oni ne ^apoMi 
HsyHajTB aia($ocTH bo^brhxi liipa cero h hbjuíjicíl vb hhitl no 
yrpaiTB, Borxa ohh ÓHBajin en^e wb AedaÓHiBe! On^b ne saxor&Ji, 
HTo6si Maió cb nepoiTB fb pya^ paTOBaji'b saero aai^iH, xota tín 
xaase vb caMofi MesepeMmefi napoxnofi raseTB'^. «H'6rbI — csasaji^b 
OH!b eny BopoiBO h jícho, — xo^bto no bhhhumi norpeÓRanb h 
xaóasairb! BikilTe jiOBSoft óectxoft na npocTonapoxBe, ^to6ei oho 
BBjaxHBajo CBOH BanHTajiH vb naniH aBi^m! ObyKtfire jiobbo no- 
XBaiHTb BX'b, H (Jroprepb, BOSBpaTHBmHCb xoMott, caaserb: «seHa, 
OTonpn-Ka komoa^ h bhhb cto lairepoFb hsi nyjiBa: mh BjmHMi 
Ba HHx^ aBi^itt Po6e!» 

Korxa Mbjló Bnepeue nosBEJCs bx cboom^ noBOiťb bhx% nepexB 
CBffruHe o^H PafiMyHxa djiep^ra, to BHÓpan ]í,jui btofo panniS 
qacb yrpa. Tenepb, Rorxa ero craparo xpyra, BOTopuS cocTaBHJix 
itffiyio 6jiHCTaTejbHyH> sapbepy, nocin^ajia TOJina pasdHxi jiei^, 
HeFOjqianroBi, ^aópnaamoei Bcasaro copia h a^pncroBi, owb 
^kMucfl, ^TO ero ne npEiiyrb, ecjE owb npE^erb nonosse. Pafi- 
uyBjí^bj KOToparo ob% sacraii sa Tyajeioifb, BiiTapan^ojb na nero 
rjasa cb yxESJíenieirb. 

— ?TÓ Te6% nysHO? ^evo tbi maraembCA bo mhí? H na Boro 
TH CTWb noxoaEi»? 

— ^a!— oTffbHaK Maió, vjísiffiCb vb sepsajiO} nepeffb bo* 
TopuiTb ox^BajiCfl PafiMyHxi: — a cawb Bonpomaio eedu: oiayxft 
irab de? 

— Ho TH BŠxB SHaenib, nox^ BaBEMH yeiOBÍAMH Eoh^b no* 
XI^Ei^b TB&b aaifiH?— npOAOisajTB PattHyn^i, sacrerEBafl sanoHBH 
y py($aniBE. — SL npocHJTb ero o<Srb BxoM^b! A TOJBy m% OToro s 
noBa ae Busy HHBaBoro! xa h ne MyxpeHO^ ecjiE tu Tavb 4>paHTHmbl 

— Abi^ Po6e ynaiH na 7 npoi^eHTOKb! PaxyH)Cb, hto npo- 
fjBLJFb CBOH paHbme! Bnponeirb, a roroBi Baflib eqe ntesoJibBa 
SM1^Ř no tesyqeMy Bypc^^-^tiHXb oiB^rb Majó. 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



166 noTUKi iBPom. 

— HamejTE xypaBon, mo6u xapoM^b jsopusnb Tetfff, — wiňmr^ 
PaftKyHxi. — Bon yse i^nxi noiroxa KaB% tu SHBemB aa nam^ 

ClOTb! 

— Ecjnr 6u npoBypopi HacTOflJi'B vh wn pasib na ei%xcTBÍH 
Ha CHerb BspiiB^aTHXi naipoHOBi, — navajrB co aiocibio MaiĎ, ho- 
yifOdiBi, HcnyraHHHfi, noroMy ^ro PaftMyHXB cxsaTHJi ero cs^ 

BpHROlTB: 

MOJI^ HjIH... TOrO TH COÓCTBeHHO on HaCB XOTOmB? — 

npoxojisaNi^B 0HI9 CAepsHBas ce(Sfl9 h pasjosHJTB nepej^B coóofi i^ijuift 
accopTHMeHTB xoporHxi rajfcryxoFB) hbi soTopm^b eiiy npexcroflia 
BHÓpaTB oxHHi. Majió BsxporHyjL^B. 

— Ha MHŠ Bce 6yMasHoe, a na letfi mem, Aft tfapxaTB,. 
xa TOHHafimafl mepciB! 

SasHCTJHBO H iBCTEBO noriaxHJTB owh pyRoft niaiBe PaflicyHxa^ 

XOTB 6u TH nOXapHJTB MH% BOTB 8T0 BaiHHa! Y MeHfl TarB* 

rpyXB cjaóa. 

n saBanuuMCfl npH otoitb. 

— IIpE TBoeft ÓesnyrHofi shshh th csopo h cowbwh hofk 
npoTflHemB,— san^TEJi PaftiiyHx^B. 

Owh cepxucfl Ha Majió sa to, ^ro totb sjoynoTpeÓJifljrB omy- 
cxaeMHMH eny cpexcrBaiíH, xft b Booón^e 8HajrB ero sa «RaHajBK>»y. 
BOTopoft H oÓosBajii TeoepB CKBO8B 8y6ii. 

OffB oTBasaicfl jia,Th eiiy nosaBTpasaTB. Ohi ho xo^erB, o($i- 

flBHl^B OH^B, ÓeSHOKOHTB CeCTpH HffB-Sa HOFO. Ho, TaVB H 6lITB^ 

xacTB ony xenerB. 

TjlSLffL Vb OBHO H HO CmM Ha MOHA OmXHBaTBCfl, — 

CBOMaHXOBajTB OHB. 

MaJÓ TOHHyjrB Horoft otb bjocth npH btoitb zemA nexoBipiii^ 

— Tu ne xoHemB, ^To6n a bhxÍjTb, ito tboh Bacca nycra, — 

SaM^TEXB OH'B. 

CtOĚ BO Mh6 CHHHOft FB TO BpeMJI, HOBa fl 6yxy BBIHH- 

XaTB X^HBlTHy— BHymHTeJBHO HOXTBepXHIl PafilfyHX^B. 

MoasHO Óujio HoxyMaTB, ^to HaxoxmiBCfl Mesxy pasÓoftHHBaMH^ 
BOTopue KbiSTb xo6iiqy. 

PafiMyHXB, ÓoflBHiificfl sAKh-6u Maió ne hoxcbotojtb Heoa»- 
xaHHO Vh sei^HOMy, BBEHveHHOMy Bi noxB xenesHOMy msany, 
npHTOTOBHJica orpaBHTB ero Hanaxeme; saitirB) BsmyKB b9b mBana 
CBepTOBB CB HflTBioxeoiTBH) TajiepaME, CTapaiejEBHO sanepB nnan^ 
H noxajTB XBHBTH Maió, cepBeBHO BHymafl ony 6htb ho^bohomb^ 
H HoperHBte oxoTHTBCfl sa MejBmiH BanHTajiHCTaMH. mwh ycepxn^ 
OffB 6yxerB rb btoitb OTHomemH, t^itb jy^me. 

— Kb qeiiy bto lasoft TflsejHft cseproBB? Focnox^ Bose xott. 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



BMEBJSM OBiqBGTBO. 167 

fl 6a yxoBOjncTBOBajcfl h 6yiiassaMH,— csasajii Maió, paseniH- 
BU, He OTonperB me VtAujBXh nncana btopbhho. 

— TjwecTB ÓyffiTh HanoKHBarb Te&b o ctohmocth xeiierE, ro- 
TopHfl AaH>icfl Te($t Hs sa Trb, hh npo ^ib,— OTB^THjrb BiipasH- 
TexMO PaftMyHAi. 

— TaopeqB HeÓecHiifi! th, Kasercs, cotfHpaemBCfl yiiHosHTB 
OojOMOHOBH HspeveHÍa!— flSBflrejibHO sacM&ucfl MaiĎ h cotipaica 

yXOXKTB. 

Bb 817 MHHyiy Mapia cjiy^aBeo nponua no ABopy. Maió 

BCKpHBHyJl CB SeCTOlTB BKCTESa. 

— Tboa ceerpa! Ona Bce xopoin']terB! nnmerh eŘ Bouhh? 

— He cyftcfl bi nysifl A'^a!— saMŠTHXB PafinyHffB) h Aocrajii 
181 niKana naiBTO. 

— %ó, BH Jiapne xpyri ci XPyroirB h ci tímh, boh^, rocno- 
;^aMH na Bepxy,— npoxoJsajTB jiD^oniiTcrBOBaTB Maió, osnpaflCB 
Kpymrhj ne zexBVh m qib njoxo. 

Ho PafiicyHx^b yse norepfljx lepn^Hie. Owb npHnoMHHj^, 

9T0 He X&POBTB CJiaBUCfl CHIOK) CBOHX^B MyCXyJIOBl, n ÓeSI^epeM OHHO 

BHnpoBoxH^i^ 8RC-pa6o9aro sa XBepB. 

Majó OAHaRO ho o($Hx^cfl e Boceio yxajiHicfl. 

Cjiyui CBejTb Mapiy cib dxBHHoft. Eorxa Mapxa en^e ne neper 
ixajia KB 6paTy, a dxBHHa ne npioóp^ja eme ce&b fb xyaHBH 
noMH^ecsyio craTCKyH) coB^THBiQr BpeHHHBe, Mapia, npe^HravB 
o<ÍBflBieHÍe dxBHHii vh raserax^B, ^to npHraamaercH BOMnaoBonu^ 
ompaBBjacB-tfiuio bi neS. }l,^Oy iioHe^Ho, ne coctoaiocb. 3xBHHa 
npsMO saflBHJia eft, hto ona cjiHmsoirB xopoma coóoft, h 6iijia 6u 
KU nen cinniBOicB onacnoS conepHHi^efi. ^a h caMa Mapra^ ysnas^ 
BB TOiTB fíbMj ne noasejiajia 6u npEHAiB xaioe irlcro. Ho Mapra 
noHpaBHJiacB dxBnn^ h la npocHJia ee 6iitb cb neft SHasoMofi. H 
wsrhj vb OAHHx npeBpacHBitt a^hb, Borxa PafiKynx^B npoxoxH^rB no 
XBopy, jiiiBpcfiHiift cjyra noxaji^B PafiMynxy BHBHTHyio Bapro^By, 
TOTB Bsrjunyai na hiui, croflBmee na BapiOHici) BsríflHyxB na 
flBflnteyH) Bapeiy, hbb Boropofi BiirjuixHBajia o^aposaie^BHafl sen- 
CBas rojOBKa, h cnpocHJTB: «Eoiíy nepexATB ary Bapxo^sy?* 

— ^peftjLcftoB djEepxTB... 

— Ce&nacB. Mejiocih npocnirB! 

Qhb nocn&mno cnpfliaica bb cAestb^ Boropue BejH b^b roh- 
TOpy H onyxa Ha^noxan, RavB BsixoxHja hbb Rapem MOioxaa 
oco^ RB MOXHOifB rocidhí. OcaHRa 6iua ropxejQLúafl, nociynB 
TBepxas. 

«BarB ocoóa, Roropafl asoja co xhoě Rorxa-TO nox^B oxnott 
RpoBael! — roBopHXB okb caMOHy ce6i. — Fx^ a HHorxa HyiB ne 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



168 BMTHIKl IBPOm. 

cryKajrcfl ji6owh na jríbcTHEit']^ cb crapnifE, cipiBťB rocnox^HOitb! 
Ho ona, roBoparB xeneps bcí, aohb s^roro Óapsnal Oh^b ociaBiLrB 
efi, roBopHTb, MHJuioHu! FOBopATb Tasse, vro ona csopo craHerB 
BHflrHHeft PayAeHT)! Ehasb HapipcB nocBfln^aerB eft Bcb cboh po- 
iiaHcu^... 

BoTB MHCiH, Bepi^BiniflCfl ffBroj[OB% PainyHAa. IIorjioii^eHHuft 
HMH, owh saóiuii nocjiaTB BHSHTHyio sapxo^By cecrpi. 

— Bb[ Mens ne ysnaere? — cnpocEUia d^BEHa y noflBHBmeficfl, 
HasoHei^'B, Mapni, nonpaBjíflfl cboh jobohbi; ciyra bbaj^b maiB h 
BBEmejTB Hsi BOMHaTu. — EaBx BII MHJio ^jsjbch ycrpoHJTOCB! Ho rbcr 

HOBaio! H ORHaMH BO ABOpB. 

TojaiBKO TenepB Mapra ysnajia ee h HcnyrajiacB. Ho ona las- 
se, co BpeneHH CBoero nepsaro noci^n^enifl dírami, cjmnaja 
MHoroe, ^TÓ CMflT^HJio nepBOHanajBHoe HenpifliHoe BnenaiJi^Hie. 

— mwb Mory cjyatHTB BaifB? — cnpocH^a ona. 

— Rirh, SI HO Mory noBipHTB, nwůa BaiTB sa^b HpaBH- 
jiocb! — upoAOJsajia d^BEHa, nsLieb-Óu ne paacjiHinaBi Boapoca 
MapiEi. — RaBi ba^b na ABopt nepeo oitb yru! A ciyBí KamHHi! 
Ror^a BEi OTBpoexe obho, to fb KOMnaiy vb BaicB BpuBaercfl ahmx! 
Bu nocj^ Toro pasa ne HaBiAUBajHCB 6ojBine bo mh£, ^a h caica 
fl Hé A^Jiaja máry, qioÓEi y^^epsaiB BacB. Bh nosasaiHCB mh% 
B^ TO BpeKfl cJHinsoM^B xoponiH coóofl H cjiHniBOMX crporHxi npiiH- 
ipmoRBl Ob xixi nopB k nepeM']&HHJia MBrime o ÓesyMÍH, a TasaLe 
H o KOÓpojiíbsejnii... Easafl y BacB xopomeHBBafl Ópomsa! — noxxBa- 
Tua OHa, — rojOBa Me;iy8u! Botb Óum 6u Bcraxa j^jlsi Moei ^pay 
BpeHHO, BOTopafl Mesa onesaerB h CessoHe^HO uwb Haffoš^aeri! S, 
6u pa^a 6uj& otb ebsl OT^ijarBca! 

n ycasHBaflCB, npstfaBHjia: 

— He xoTHie jih nepeixaxB ko mhž h hšcbokbo ocb^shtb 
Moe cyn](ecTBOBaHÍe. 

— Bh npexnojaraere bo mhš cjramBOKi unoro CHjni BOo6pa- 
senifl,— OTBŠ^ajia Mapra. 

— Bei ^Maero, hto mh% nysno sassAuft aohb "Rxo-HHÓyAB 
pasHooÓpasHoe a^a pasBjíe^eHiji?— orB^^aia dxBHHa h orjsHyjacB. 

Ona cjiinnaja pA^oici marn, xjiooaHBe XBepett. 

— Bbi oqeHB omHÓaerecB! SI jsjbxhie roAs nposHJia vb yexn- 
HesÍH, BUHocfl josHUfl cyaBAeHÍfl o caifoft ce6i, ^Hraxa BHarn, 
saHHicajacB MysiiBofi. vS, BHXHTe jih, — roBopio Bam no ^Hcroft co- 
bícth, — Tasoro 4>JierMaTn^ecBaro, iieTraT&iBHaro, nosotearo xapaB- 
xepa, ^To roAHJacB 6u wb sena xexHBy hjh iiorjia 6h H8o6pa- 
saiB saBOJiAOBaHHyK) jmunio vh sasoirB-HHdyffB csaso^HOirB ca^y. 

EO^ H BOHJ^BfiTfil MOfl eXHHCTBeHHafl CXpaCTB! H^Fb! vS COBCilTB 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



HIBIUIKOI OBn^SeTBO. 1 69 

Be pasBJíewBiji rpeůpo ote bsci, a toaro noAxepsra xn Toro, 
wKs6si MysecTBeHEO nepesocHrb SHrelcKii Bewvom. 

Tasoe npESsame hsi ycTB ÓJiecrsmefi mojeoxoS x^BynisH sasa- 
ifícb npocio nyeioft tfojTOBHefi. 

Mapra sairiTHJia: 

— y BacB esexHeBHO Benepa h rb vhcjš nocfnEveiBŘ Bamero 
OLMmdL HaxoxflTCfl xute BHasBa! 

— 3to-to h ecTB caMoe MOHoromoel— oTBi^aia 3xBHHa.--fl 
Bamia xaify, Boropafl cnacaers kok) penyrai^iH). Ho moa jíjBBhSL 
mraeTB crpacrb Kb BOTypnaMi. Rhasb PayxeffB motb Óu cjiyssTB 
rpoMOOTBOxoiTB^ HO ero MyBHBa mA ne HpaBHTCJi. ^a a kto mo- 
sen 6htb Bcerxa pacnoioseei noMUftTBca TOMy hjh xpyroiiy 
cepxe^HOMy ropK), Bocn']&BaeMOMy kb CTHxaxi hjh vh uyzuKb. Měna 
HamBaKyrB neBÍtciofi bhish... Ho bto caasRB! S. Bairi^THia, qro 
SHasB, BOTopiii ne ohohb kojiox^, 6iiBaji'B iponyrB Torxa tojibko, 
KOTxa eny roBopniH npo apuTHay ero ]íy8iiBajBHiix'B npOHSBexenift, 
san>pofl ovb eme ne npo^HTaj'B. Botb aorxa spoBB eroHa^BHaerB 
SHiifaB, a cepxite ÓHTBCfl! UpH btoitb bhasi^ bocb norpy»effB wb 
npoQLnui BpeMoaa, Koropiia a HenaBasy. IIopoK) oh% yBJíeaaerca 
CkíjfO. droMy a en^e Mory coHyBCTBOBaxB, noTOHy hto Ck^ 6íim 
Hecqai^Ha. Ho poMaHrnaa cpexHHTB bíbob%, bc& bth HHÓe^iyHrH 
H raÓeiH (k)roBi— Bce bio xJta Hena cjiHmaoirB BOBBtimeHHo h a 
npHMBpaiocB CB ffiůpuwb sHaseiťB Tonso sa ^amaott ko^. KpoMi^ 
aanraHaro HCsyccTBa h poiiaHTHBH, y nero ecTB en^e crpacTB ri 
poKOKO H ovB nepexB RasxuM'B caRCOHCRHiTB cepmiBOiťB BnaxaerB 

VPh 9ECrB»b^ TaVB 9T0 MOXBO DOXyMatB, ^TO OWb CHOBa sojiajrb 6u 

ffiipaxHTB Bce o6n^ecTBo bi nyxpeHHiie napHRH cb ROcaMH a vb 
(SaoiMaRH cb npasRaMH. noxajyficra, npBasatre ro mhí! Homo- 
nne mhí HacMiatLca Haxi» MÍpoirB h jiioxbmh! CepBesHO, neya&eiH 
m Moseie buhochtb sx^mnifi gavi^? 

OtBbrj Mapm soM^majio nocn^mnoe noaBieHie PaĚMyHxa, 
BOTopfiifi (TB x^aHHim paBHOxynrieBTb h nanycRHOft xí^obhiocibk) 
BomarB vb aoitHaiy, aaRvÓu ne noxosptBaa o foctbí. 05fiopo- 
juneiBHaa yjiEi(Sfia dxBaHii, ea MarRÍfi, jiacRaKHaift asríaxi^, ea 
Bq[)ax^HBiiĚ roiocB) MHroMi BCRpyauMH RpacHByK), tiiaoRypyio, na- 
CRopo BaBHiya) roiOBy Pa&aynxa. Eiiy en^e ne npaxoxHJOCB ciai- 
iHBaTBca CB Taaoft seHcnemHoft h o(ÍaflTeuHofi apacorofi. Okb 
ciOBHO npHpoci R^ M^cry h saÓBurB, saniiTB co6cTBevHO BomejTB 

BB ROMHaiy. 

— Ji xoqy noRHTHTB Bamy oecrpy! — npoMOXBBaa dxBHHa, ne 
XOSHxaacB npexcraBJíeHia. — Ona xoJWHa nepetxaTB ro mhíI Bb vb 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



170 MGTH][K!B IBPOnH. 

naiHca^Hyio ymmyj rx6, BaRi mh^ pagcsasiiBaiH, mi cb BaicB 
BMŠCT^ SHiH.— y iieHfl jsiBosB ecTB seHHX^B ftifl Baineft cecrpu! 

PaftMyH^TB cjiymajrb bo bc6 ynm, a Mapia ne Morjia ne sa- 
cir&iTBCfl. Ee saÓaBjflji dUOÓesHiifi lOKopx 3ABHHn h paciepsEHOcrB^ 
Ópaxa. 

— Ho ona ne corMmaercfl, — npoAOJiaiajia d^BEna. — Ona 
6oHTCfl, ^TO BHflSB l?9^j]ífiwh vh Hee BjiioÓBTCfl! ^oÓpflBi He ona- 
ceHi>! HO y nacB eciB en^e Ópars ^peftjiefiHi AjBTHHrB! SaT^ir^ 
acceccopB JI^HTepni^E, Becejnift SBÁwb $oriepB! Epoirl Toro, bc& 

XyAOSHHBH CB npOAaHHfilMH H HenpOAaHHUKH BapTHHaMH, HÓoiBme 

Bcero ÓHpseBBROBi. Bce bto ABiflerca na dobjiohi B'BKHfl8io Pay- 
j^eny! EcTaiE o ÓHpsš. Ba, b^poatho^ A^aeie ÓiHCTaiejiBHiia 
a^epEi? 

JÍ,Í3io 6ujío itB,Kh pasi HaoÓopoTB. Ho PafiifyHjTB OBjíaff&n^ 
naROHei^^, co6oh). 

— Jífl\ Aft!— OTBŠvajďB OH^ H nosasajTB saBaBs, npHxoxHBmie 
eB BOCTOKa H sanasa, BticiniajrB i^utt porB H3o6iiJÍfl nHoeifB, 
otbíth Ha ROTopBie OTEJieBajTH ero otb ero HcnraHaro upasBamii... 
coi^ajiBHaro AraseBdfl. Cecipa xpeneraja, hto6u hitb ne oBJíax^jca 
opaTopcBas ropa^Ba. 

— FflHBjíaiocB BTott ííaTejBHOcrH! — nepeÓHia ero d^BEHa bo- 
BerjiHBO H CHfljia nepTOTBy, npH^eifB oÓHapysHJiacB Ó^afl, Bas^ 
MOioBO, TO^HO 6e8BpoBHafl py^Ba^ yHEsaHHafl nepcTHEicE. 

PafiMyH;^ xot^ocb cxBaTHTB ary pynsy h hobphtb ee noi^- 
jiyjiHE. Mapra BHAiuta, htď b^b hoitb npoECXOXEJio. 

— JIOBETe c^acriel— npoAOJiauLiadxBEHa. — ^JIobeto yxa^! Mei, 
seHniHHii, HenaBEABiTB bcšxb Hey^B^HEBOBi! ToJBBO 6oraŤCTBO mo* 
sen ABTB c^acrie. Pasc^ETUBatB BCflByio BonifiBy, ;^MaTB o sa^- 
TpanmeirB ji^wb, $e, otb aioro nOBBjíflHxrcfl Mopn^EHH na Ji6yt 
Ho, iTÓ 8To! vS Ha^HHaio roBopETB BavB MOE xydBnuil BaiTB cjA- 
xyerB nosHaBOHEiBCE cb arott 8aM']&qaTej[BH0ft x&Mot, r. djepxr^! 
HaB^CTETe HacB e y&bjfvie cboh) cecrpy nepeixaTB k% naii^. Mb 
6yAeirB, BavB xbí cecrpn. 

Mapra bex^b, ^to es 6parB nonajii b'b dbm. Oe% (tb Tpy- 
AOiTB nepeBejTB jijTbj noxoiiy hto xHxaHÍe ampajiocB vh ero rpyxs- 

d^BEHa noriEA^jia bi jiopnerB na o^ny ebi BapTEHi h saxo* 
T^ja AOBepmETB no&bjíj naj^B PaftMyHAOirB, BoropiiĚ h eft, BaKB^ 
HiBor^a A^, noBasajcfl «EHTepecHBiirB». 

— fl He HpenflTCiByK) Mapxš! — nporoBopEjrB PaftiiyH^; npn* 
crajiBHO cjňffi 8a KaspnrB pEseníeirB 3;(bhhh.— HyeiB ysnáers 

7 Mapni, ^^ftcTBErejBHO; uovm 6eitb xotebh sexaiB nepext* 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



HftimKOI OBipeTBO. 171 

Hsn CBoe nojoseHÍe: Ópan ne mofb aojifo CAepsHBaTS rpjÓUTh 
BEzxoj^OKi; OAHaso, ona o(yBflBHja) tto npHBUKja bx STOiiy j^omj 
s Kb SA^mHett SH8HH, H HcnopTHJia CBOHiťB OTBasoMi xopomec pac- 
nojioseBÍe Ayxa 3abhhei. EonenHO, xa ne Busasajia Aoca^u^ b 
Hanua yriineHie h noAA^pacBy bi HecBpElBaeMOKi otiosamn, ď 
BaKHirb rjui^^JB na nee Ópaxei^. Aepesropi ^[miÓpbbh — bto Óíijtb^ 
se coBciiTB TaBofi aceHHX^, o BoropoMi nepBOHa^ajBHO Me^iaja 
dXBHHa, ropBRO cosHaBaBmafl BecB naeocB CBoero cyn^ecTBOBaHÍii 

KB TOITB OTHOmeniHy ^TO SeHmHHU nopflAO^HIIfl CTOpOHBJHCB OTB 

nes... — Ho ÓHBajE npHMŠpii ÓJiHcraTeiBHOft sapBepn, CA^aHHOft 

XaKB paS^B TaSHHH JIOXBME. 

dABHHa BSAOXHyjia. 

— HiaKBy fl ocysAena shtb KaB'B ApiaxHa na HaBcoci! Ho 
BH SHaeie vbgbj ^ro BaxycB abejca, htoÓh yršmaTB noRBnyTyio? 
7 MeHfl 6íu% crapHBi, xpyr^B h y^Hien (ona no;q)a3yK'lBaja rpa^^a 
BBiBrejiBMaX soTopiift npoxoAHjrB co mhoS MBOOJoríio h, koíjsm ao 
aroro irlcra^ Bcer;ia ci ycH']&niROtt 8aii'bqaji'B: — fb nepoBOA^ na 
nposaH^ecBÍfi jisEiirB bto oBHa^aeri: Apia^ea, ch tocbh no B%po- 
jCKHOiTB jiiDÓOBHHRŠy npeAajacB iiBflHCTBy! Hy, HH nocrapaeKCfl bb- 
CisaTB BToro. 

Ob bthmh cjoBaiiH ona Bcrajia. Bdb Tpoe cm&ijeiicb. PafiMyHAB 
onacTH co CMyn^emeirB) noTOMy ^to peaiBHoe oÓpasoBaHÍe, kóto- 
poe 0H'B nojy^HjTBy ae saxBaTueajo coÓok) oÓjacTH iiBooJioriH; ohs 
ne MOPB n^erojBTB asítebckvuh hjih rpe^ecBHMH i^HTaTaMH, HasuBajn 
msojH, Txb npenoAaioTi MBOOJiorÍH), jiaTUHB h rpenecBÍft asubs 
«BepTenaini nejiOBŠqecKaro oxyiuieHia*... h ci Apyroft cropoHH — 
BEipaseflie: «iipeAaiacB nBflHCTBy»... sarporeBajo vb hoicb cia6yK> 
cípyHBy. 

dXBinia en^e pa8'B orjBA^liacB BpyroM^. 

— KaBi npespacHO yM^jni ApeBHÍe pasHooÓpasHTB h noBTH- 
BipoBaTB SH8HB, — csasaja OHB, iieHTaTejiBHO rjuiAfl na H^BoropEifl Bap- 
TBBH. — Ha Bc£ BB^enifl sflSHH y HHXT* 6ujn> CBofi 6or'B! Ha Bas- 
fpwh máry ohh HaxiiBajHCB na Ojamirbl Eani cha^^ bi» sasAOM^ 
Bycr6; bb Byxni, y BacrpiojB h ropnisoBi ctoh.vh OoHna, A6yH- 
j»BJSfM B bcbbLí Apyria Byxapsn MÍpa at^obi— Bce bto mh^ npflxo- 
AHjocB Hsy^aTB. TenepB Bce roio h nycniHHO, Bce nónuo h o6hbho- 
BeHHOy H ^HTasifl pagurpHBaercfl tojbbo, BorAa jiioah c^BTaiorB AeHBre! 
GiAjíOcrb, CB BaBoft 6aHBflpH BuroBapaBavrB rpOMaAHUfl cymai, 
nojy^6HHHfl EJH AOJiaKeHČTByian^B nojiy^HTBCfl) no-BCTHHt BsyxH- 
TeiBHa! Bb btoitb Basjuo^aerca hobhí poMaETHSirB, saiťlTHjrB ne- 
AftBHo ^HTepHiiH... Bh ofo b^ab BHaoTe. HO) OAHaBO, BavB fl sa- 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



172 Bwmsffb KBPonH. 

<$ojnajacB. HTaB'B, moji na^es^a, hto bu yspiniiTe Memi fb pera- 
rÍE, jionHyjia, sasi icÉULEufi nysupB? 

— Moa cecrpa yKýbmiTb BacB vb pejHrÍH? — saMtTHJPb Paft- 
ujBfab? — HanpacHO bii 8to ^yMaere. Y nea ecrs HxeH cecrpn mh* 
jiocepAifl} HO BecB HHrepecB ea cocpe^oroHeHi ea iieAHii^HHt! Oea 
no^AOTB vb Ufopmxh h TairB cx^jiaorcfl xoKTopoirB. 

Mapia CB ynpesoMi BsruHyjia na Ópara, n dxBHHa noAXep* 
oaja ee. 

— He CMiflrecB Ha^i cepBéSHHMH Ben^aMH, r. 3jiepírB,— CKa- 
Bajia OHa, onpaBjflfl njiaTBe h naTaniBafl nepqaTKH na pyRE. — 
HaM'B, senniHHaiťB, xose neofixo^Hico sanacTHCB cvb]ííbBÍBua\ Becea 
AJHTCfl He B^HHO, a BcejeHHafl xojOAna h HenpiflTHa! 

nocíš BHymHTejiBHofi naysu ona CHOBa saroBope^: 

— HiaR^ MOH Me^Tii pasciiflHii. Ho npí-l&BsafiTe so uwb ce* 
roxHfl Be^epoMi b'b BOoeMB nacoBi^ r. djiepjívh, h npHBesHre Bamy 
cecrpy! Bi accatb ^acoBx hh no^aeiTB debo, ho xo Toro BpeiiesE 
nBeifB vafi! IIoRa beasb ocraercfl cb naME, eiiy Bce iiaio rocrdl. 
Okb nflmeTB onepy e Hys^aerca vh sjíaRepaxi! 

n pacnpo^ajiacB co Bsr^iflxoirB, Baisofi ona oxsa yifijia 6po* 

CETB E co CJlOBaMfl: 

— S. ne xo^y bteitb csasaTB, hto HejiOB'6B'B cb BannnrB yiioMi, 
r. djiepxTiy 6ujii> 6u npexnaBHa^eHi na to, Tro6n pacqfln^aTB nyiB 
XpyroMy! 

Mapra xpysecKE npocTEjiacB cb dxBEsofi. PaftifyHxi npoBO- 
XflJTB npeRpacHoe co3xaHÍe xo Raperu. Bm'6cto tofo, hto6h hxth 
Ha ^atipHRy, rx$ otb 12*te ^. xo 2-rB 6iiBaj*B nepepuvB bb pa- 
6(yA (2 ?aca yse npotfEJio), ohb 6pocEJicfl ri Maprl^ Roropas 
BCTp'lTEja ero co cm^xomi: 

— ?To? nanijia Roca na RaMOHB? Osa cobc^itb BCRpysEja 
TBOK) roJOBy. Tu ctoajtb RaRi nesB!... 

3io ero ne pascepxEJO. Ohi Óui^b npocro beí ceÓE. Ohi 
Bce 8a6sji'B. SaJÓujťbj ^ro ero c4>epofi 6um Teopia toojiotii, xasjíe- 
HÍe BOBxyxa, ToppE^ejtíeBa nycrora. Ohi saótijx, ^to fb tphtoho- 
iferpÍE E ciepeoMerpíE ne snaerB ce6i paBsaro. Ohb 8a6iii'B bcš 
cboh HeyxoBOJBCTBia Ba cecrpy. — FocnoxE, Boae MOfl!— bcbpetojtb 
OHB, ví6 8a aseHn^EEa! — H npEHucE ÓiraTB Bsax^ h Bnepex^ no 
ROMsaTŠ. — 9to npocro cb yna coAte MoaRHo! JI shji^b cb hoh) bs 
oxHoiTB xoMŠI Orapafl npa^Ra, sÉBmafl Ha saxneicB xBop*! Toro se 
XOHa, CHETaaacB ea tia6yniR0fl! Oh^omi oe CHEraica deuieufbpbj ho 
na x^^ on^oirB y hoa 6ujn> rpa^KB r RaRot-TO i^xienECRom, 
HJE BenrepcRiĚ... 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



HIBMliytOS OBn^lOTBO. 17^ 

— OiopoHHCb OTB Hea, — noACMŠHBaiacB Mapra. — Ona otohb 
y^eHa! Mnoojom ne tbos cneiúajibHOCTB! 

— HeysTO tu BOOÓp&saemB, hto a HH^ero h6 wtuo npo 
Apia^Hy?... — nepeÓHJTB PafiMynffB cecrpy.— Hy, m wó roBopinB! Th 
M TBOfl Ao6poA'6TeiBHa2 Ejiena... bu naciCMni^ifl bopóhh! GBy^Hiifl, 
riyiuifl BH xyuu, saciBinifl no ymH vb upsLcasy xotípoAtrejiH h 
npoBB! Boase MHioeraBHfi! RaKafl dTO, OAHaso, npaiecTB hcthhho- 
nooiHTOcsafl seHiifHHa! Ona nepeceiflerL wb HcnaBÍK), xota h ne 
XBHraemLCfl n iiicra. AnejiBCHHHue Ji^a BiHyrB Bospyrs Heat 
Hnané h ($&tb ee Moserb. drors rhasb PayxeH*i>! — ^a sac^jno era 
wíb nBCToaera na yiei^^l BorB Hacioflovui sena fl,jui uemA Ob 

TABOi SeHOtt a dSLBOJDJO mpb\ 

— Ofla, BaiKB roBopflTB; o^chb Óoratal— Q^OApa^a ero HacMŠm* 
JHBO Mapra. 

PafinysgťB yitojm. Ha nero Hamao pasxyMBe. Ohi sa^jMajca 
o ůyj^mfiwhj ROTopoe eny Bcer^a jjuósuioch, ho rb BoropoiťB cb 
H^KOTopEixi nopB Ha^aJiH HOflBiiflTBca Mpa^Hiia TyqsH. Bce lenie 
M p&se craHOBHJEHCB ero BosrjacBi: — Fochoah! it6 sa senn^Hna!... 
ToiBKO paarB owb BCRpHXHyjii rpoKSo: — ecjH 6u ona snaiiay naiTB 
fl yjšifo jio6htb! 

Ope BTOMi BOCKJiHi^afiiH Mapra BiiCKOUBHyjia h8'b BOMHaiH. 
Ona CojuacB, irotiu 6paTei](i ne Ba^yiiadrB noisaBiiBaTB na nefi^ 
sáiTB OH^ yifien jiioÓhtb. &b laBOiTB cxy^aib owh nyrB ne JiOMai^B 
eft socrefi. Ona ynua nocninrao vb ByxHio, fioón nosaÓOTHTBca 
o sanoBxaBmeifB o6ía%... 



vn. 

^HTepm^ HaBicTHJTB AjiBTHHra H sacrajrB ero norpyseHHinrB 
B^ BaKÍfl-TO ÓyifarH. 

Ho ^BScji^AOBaieiB KopeHHiix'B sa^avB sh8hh» iipoA^jiajrB 
nepBoe sac^xanie 6iaroTBopHTejiBHaro BOMHTera y renepa^BniH, h 
nyBCTBOBaďB norpeÓHOCTB noroBopniB o&b dioicB ctb OrroMapoirB 
AiBTEHTOiTB. Hecjid^ABifi 6ujn> vb hhcjš HeMHorex^B jnojsfiŘj aobbo- 
juBniHZ'B eMy BHCBasHBaxB CBoe MH^me kb saBpyrjieHHBix^ nepío- 
jifLLi>. TepnJ^JiHBEie jqoah, cnocoÓHtie xocjymaTB ijxyio pbn xo 
koHi^t, noniM(ftK>TCfl, Basi hbbíctho, Bce p'&se n p'|jBe, a ,2I^HTe- 

pHipi OTOHB jnO^HJTB HaHHHaTB CBOH) p^HB CB COTBOpeHÍfl HÍpa. 

OffB pascBasaii o TOirB, vtó bhx^jii h htó cjoimaxB na otoitb 
nepBOiTB sactxftHiHy soropoe ^oJUseHCXBOBaio 6iitb h hocjiíahhm^b. 
MimŘ cesoKB pasroHaji wbvb hsi ropová. A^ MexjrarejiBHaro 



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174 BftCTHIS'b IBPOIIH. 

xo^ta HAeS ^HTepHi^ pascsaffE ero 6ujph aobojbho shbx. Oob 
ycMaxpHBaji^E sanyrasHiifl OTHomemfl, ho nOHHMaji, hto aesipfl o 
eouiajBBuxi Hayícax^B Óiua 6u lenepB ae y nto^a. Ho eny Hyseei 
^ujTB nepexojTB kb rjasHOHy npeAMery, Ch KoropiiiťB owb npvr 
mejn>j h oh^ nepecRO^HJTB Ch coi^íajBHaro Bonpoca na cboS juoCh- 
Mufi BOHeffB: nopei^aHie yÓpaecTBa nHCBueHHaro croia ÁATHHra. 

— Kasott y BacB Ř&hho ÓesnopaAOB^, jK>6e8HHfl Aatehpb! 
IIpaBOy ^HCTO OBHAiesodfi xaoci! Bh ohatb Rorxa-HH6y;^ cxBaTHie 
qepHHjiBHHiity, Biribcro neco^HHi^ii) h sasBere bc6 cboe 6yiiarH! H sa- 
q'bM'B 8T0 BH ynoTpeÓJflere stotb an^iiB^B... ysacHo! crapcifi cerap- 
Bufi fln^HKil... x^a cypryna h ne^ain! H sanini, Bo bcabomi cjiy- 
^sA, nocraBHjEH bbi ero Haj']&BO, a ho HanpaBo! ^BEseHÍa Bameft 
npaBofi pyRH bxoaattb b'b oÓJiacTB 4>h<ioco^íh ÓedcoaHaxeiBHaro! Jlt- 
Baa pyaa ne y^acTByerB fb ^'^Hiaxi npaeofi. 

— noxapHTe MHŽ BO XHH) MOOFO posA^HÍfl xoponieHBsi& na- 

JlHCaHXpOBUtt flO^HBX CB HHBpyCTai^iflMH H9B CJOHOBOfi BOCTh! — CHO- 
XOfiHO OTB^^aJTB OlTOMap-B. 

jD^HTepai^H rpoMBO 8acM'lajCfl. Oh<b snarB, qio AjiBTHHry cxHin- 
BOifB xopomo H8BÍCTH0 cocTOflHÍe ero ijfisEdLECOVb. OffB pasopuca 
Ba HSAaHÍe cbohxi CTnxoTBopeHÍtt. 

J^uTepHi^H Bce en^e ne BucBasiiBajrB loro, cb liwh cotfcrBeHHO 
opHinejťB. Owb cHOBa BepHyaca itb 8ac£x&HÍH) h npHHajca XBajiHTB 
rpoMaxHiifi Bu6opB hobeix^ npo4>eccifi, orapiiBanii^Hxcfl ujísl eesa- 
nysHHxi seen^HH^. Owb coÓHpajicfl HanHcaiB o&b btoitb bi raseraxi. 

— HajB TOJBKO,— BospasHjii OrroMapi, — itohbi 440 nuan- 
Huxi MacrepHi^ yse, Óbitb MOserB, saBrpa ocraHercHTOXBBO 380! 
IIpo^^ccÍH, Ha nepBBifi Bsrjiflxi caMua npoHHUfl, BOjeÓJWTca ao la- 
Bofi cxeneHH, hto o6ii;ecTBO p']&inHTejiBHo ne MoserB HH^ero ycra- 
HOBHTB Ha BTorB c^eTB. SL y6ÍAHJCfl, ^To seHCBÍfi BOnpocB xomejTB 
XO laKoro nyHBTa^ otb soroparo y HacB bojiocee craHOBaTca }s,hi6ouii 
Ilají^aTHBHiifl M^pBi tfojBine ne xocTHraiOTB i^'bjiE. 

— PaxH caiforo neóa, ht6 bii xotnie CBasaTB... — JD^HrepHiiiH bh- 
TflHyxB meiD, Raa^B Bep6jnoA'B...^— 'HeyasejiB bcxoxb bi ]fopMOHCTB&? 

— HorjwxHTe, — orBt^aji OnoMap^B cb jiyBaBHirB lOMopoKi cbo- 
€My noctiBiejíK), soroptifi, no CBoeiiy oÓusHOBemio, yse Haqaaib 
BepriiBca nepex'B sepsajOM^B, jno6yflCB cbohmi co^CTBeHHUMi hso- 
^JpasemeiTB h orucBHBaa CHMnroMOBB xpoHs^ecisaro Karappa se- 
Jiyxaa, hjih x^^e, nero xotíparo, xyÓepByjiosHaro cocroanía jerBHXi,-— 
noruxHxe xota 6u tojibbo na noc^ixciBia oxnosencTBa bb Aiie- 
pHB^! 3th noci^xcTBifl ysacHH na Moft Bsríax^ ne f^sí seHii^HH'By 
HO x*ia MysiBffB! Mys^HHH noinfiaiorB seprsaKH iforoBCTBa h 
TH^ecjiaBifl oxHot senn! Ecjih 6h y x^mh 6hm BOHByppeH^ifl kb 



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HUIEIIKOI OBB^BOTBO. 175 

ea coiSciBeHHoirb aou% to ona ciapaiacB 6u HpaBHTBCfl tojibbo 
oxHOMy MyaBy! 

AeTepH^H npoxojisaji Bepr^TLca nepexB sepsaioirB. Mnoro- 
jbocTBO CKyn^aio ero. Ohi pa8CBa8aji'B yxHBHiejBHyio Hcropiio npo 
seny hx^b 6iiBmaro npEHivinajia. Ofla aojukho 6utb nben! IIo- 
lOMy TTO He ycn^i oni yci^crBca pflAOMi ci Heft fb Kapeii 
Hocii aacix&HÚi, RaiTB ona npox^jiajia xasyia cíleny, soropaa xo 
CHTb nopi npexcraMflercfl euj spafiHe san^o^Hoft. Ona niaKajia 
KB saper^, jiom aia ce&k pysH, npeBOSHocHJia cbohxx xo^epefi, kslkl 
CBM£a% MHJiiftniExi, XotfptfimHx^ cosxamfi fb itipš; yB^pajfa, hto 
CB HBMH ÓyxerB CHacrjiHBi Rasxuft MysHHHa, npE^eni a,— npo- 
XOJUBai'B pascRaa^HRi, cBpoMHO orjflxuBaflCB) — pascrpoeHHufi ne- 
vajiBio MaMeHBKH o HexocraTKÉ nouoHHHKoei y ea xo^epeft h bcho- 
MHHKB npo Moe oiapHTÍe, ^to h MaxB h xo^epH crpaxaHxrB Bapn- 
rareHCKHiTB ByjBTOirB an^HOcreft, daroBopHj['B o tomi^ ^to... Cama 

BaiTB OHCHB HpaBHTCfl — AjBTHHTB. 

— íopTB 6h BacB no6paxB!— saspHHajrB OrroMapB.— 3to ne- 
npocnrrejBHaa myrBa. 

— Bose Mofi! S. BŠXB. 8T0 ch onaflHífl. JD^osxib xsurb xmEewhj 
H npHiioiťB Bi T^Hoft Bapei^! Aaifu noysvHajiH y sobh mhhh- 
crpa, icairB HacTOfl^^e MysHHHu! FeHepajBnia ijfowb-^o^^Kb nn^a 
caMEifl Bp^nsia BHna! lOciBi^-coB^THHi^a njasajia! Ona coÓBpa- 
jiacB 6pocHTBCfl Bo ueí Ha meio! A bu b^xb "iacio roBopHJH, ^to 
Gama ne xaBafl HecHocHaa, BaB'B ea cecrpa D^epjinHa... 

— H nodTOMy... — sarpeii^^ OrroMapi, ho nonpaBHJca: — bu 
6u no Bpafineft iď^pš npHnHcaJiH uwk jIH)6obb bi D^epjBHi! JIosb 
oCaapysHjiacB 6u cama co6ofiI 

— %ó MH% 6uÁ0 jsjbMTb BB ifoeiix ysacHOiťB nojiosenÍH? — 
onpaBxuBaica ^nrepni^H.— Ha xBopt xosx^ js^jlt^ esíkl hsi Bexpa. 
Kynepi M^aji, BaBi yropijiuft. A a 6ujrb kb TOHWftmeH^B 4>paBÍ 
I FB jerBOMs naJiBTO. Si cb ropa saroBopHJTB laBse o jk)6bh $or- 
jepa BTB OjepjHHi, htoÓh tojibbo ynaTB cjiesH Moeft ÓapuHE, ynHB- 
meficfl maiinaHCBHMi... 

— Hípb, h4tx,— nepetfHJiiOTTOMapB, — caasHre jy^me: ynaa- 
meflca dHaxHUMi o6n^ecTBOMi»! Ona onban^a otb npeBocxoxHTeJB- 
muTB oco&h H orB erpeMjenia BiepeTtca bx Bucmee oÓu^ecTBo! 
YjUiBJumcb ToaBBo, saai sto h)cthi^-cobšthhbi, cb ero pasyícoicB 
I ocrpoyMÍeiTB, TepnarB Bce aro ÓesoÓpasie bi cBoeMi xoait! 

— «& cnopH) npoTHBi Toro, ^Totiu cxpeiueHie BTnpaTBca vb 
BHcmee o6n^ecTBO 6buo Bceo^n^HMil — saiitTHjii ^HTepHi^H TBepxo 
H ptnuneuHo: — i npHBexy cefi^acx Bani xoBasaiejiBCTBO aroro. Kopone 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



176 BftonfflB'b iBPonH. 

CBas&TB, fl pasciinajicfl »& noxB&iaxi arony, Booón^e Heciepinncoiiy, 
$orďepy h xo^ROBa^rB npocio, ^to owb Riio6jieHi vb D^epjHHy. Ha 
HHHTO ne noMoraao. Korxa mu uojs^bixsum vb yiHi^, Tjsjb ohh 
sn6ya*B, a ciTOBaHifl cob^thei^h o cjfí>&b es. A^eo^es^ Bce en^e 
He yHHMajiHCBy a. Eemwb ci orqaflHÍfl roBopnib o CBoeft coÓCTBeHHoft 
xojocToft »H8HHy o6ycjiOBJHBaeMOft jramb moneerayapoBCBHicL na- 
crpoemeMi, h npHSHaBaibCfl, ^TOMHom h3i mohxb ciHxarBOpeHifi, 
ne^aTame BOTopux'B MeEs pasopnio, othocatca kb Cami, h hto 
npH 6o.ite o($e8neHeHHSix'B cpexcTBarb itb shbhh... 

— HecHacTHHfl!— nepe6Hď!B OiroMapB,— OHanofiiiaerbBaci na 
cjob%! 

— Mu 61LIH yse no^rn ycaicaroAOMa. Maman, rb c^aciiK>, 
He Morjia xopomeHBRo pasoÓpaiB mohx^b cjiobi, Ójaro^apA csBepnoft 
MOCTOB08! HeoAHO]q)aTHO jw&e toj^bh 6pocajiH ee bs moh o&hxríM. 
BooÓpasHie Mott ysaci! Eorxa Bapera ocraHOBHJiacb, Kor^a & npo- 
TSHjjTh pysy^ ^o6u otbophtb ABepiqr, buath h3i& saperu, nosBO- 
H0TB H npHBasaTB cjysaHBŠ BUHecTH AOSAGBott 80ErrHR'B, MOfl ÓapuHa 
BApyrBy ČJOBHO nojoyMHafl, OTKasuBaercfl otb bcíxi mohxi yciyn 
H oropomHBaeTL MeHfl no*ncTHH'6 ocsopÓHxejiBHHirB, nocji'6 Moett 
AiarHOBU o BaperareHCBOMi syjiBrl, cjiobom^b: — h bei lasse hh- 
BorAa MeHfl ne noHHMajiH! To?b-bi-to^b BaB% BupaBHjicfl H^Bor^a 
FerejB o CBoeMi npeeMHAsš, npo^^eccop'6 FaÓjepi, Koroparo caMi 
se pesoMeHAOBaj^! 

OrroMapi pascM^jiCfl. 

— Bi íocthi^-cobíthíibš AJfl MeHfl MHoro saraAO^HarOy — 
HporoBopHJťB offB, — HO TyTB HaMi HC TpeÓyeTCfl Dahitb! BapuHfl 
npHHiia B^ caHTHMeHiajBHoe nacrpoeníe, a bu noABepnyjHCB noA'B 
pyRy B% TasoS ehtemhoA o6cTaHOBR'6! 

— BosMOSHO jh! — da5iraj^ no ROMnait MajieHBRÍtt ^HiepmitHy 
saRpyuBafl cboh ycHRH.— Ho ROMy dio MOserB hphath RBrojOBy, 
Ror^a nepe^i riasaMH hochtca ÓosecTBennuft oópasi 3abhhíi Map- 
jo^! Moh coHeru b^b nefi... jifii bu spaBuI... 

H HTo6u onpaBHTBCfl, OHI cnpocH^^B y OrroMapa, novoMy owb 
ne HOcin^aerB cajiona t-srb BpeHHHRe? 

— A BU laMi ^acTO 6BiBaeTe?~cnpocHi% OrroMapB bi> cboio 
ovepexB, saRypHBafl cnrapy. 

— Mh4 cjri&AyCTB H80iraTB Bioro, — oTBiqaji^B ^HrepEi^H ch 
rjiy(SoRHM'B BSAOxoMi. — FemajBHoe cos^anie, d^BEHa Map^io^, na- 
croflH^afl MenoBHHa, Roxopaa 6yAHrB bo mhš bcí ^^aHrasin noaiH- 
HecBofi^ 8RCiteHTpHqecR0fl mROJiH, a moa Tenepemnafl BapBepa 
Tpe6yerB npocroro SApaBaro CMuoia h ao6phx:b npaBOBi. 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



H«MmR(»fi OBfltlOTBO. 177 

— PaacBaaHBAĚie,— *nep66Erb Onoifairb, soTopoMy ipeÓOBaicfl 
MaTepiajii jím nEcewh vb rpa^^y. 

— Kaxh TOJU»BO p^HB sanuia o mohxi coHeiarB, bu TonacB 
nepexoAHTe vb o^epexHony nopa^Ky A^xb)— BCBpHnaix ^mepEipt 
CE xocaAoi, H saBanuflicfl. 

Ohi 6h21 (X^HXHHFb^ Basi A^BymBa. 

JllBTepái^H ymexb HaROHei^x h ocraBHjx OrroMapa saHHMftrBCfl 

Rb nocji^AHee spaui OrroMapi nojiyTOXB xsa nHCBHa, coxep* 
samé soiopKxrB npe^psi^ajo Hacryiijeflie ify?HTejiBHaro h onacnaro 
q^HSHca B^ ero shshh. 

Omo ÓiuJío ovh rpa4)a TpeSeH^jiBca. Bo^epBuxi, vb uewh 
ÓHia HsyMKiejBHafl jiasl OrroMapa hoboctb, ^to crapyxa rpaij^nna- 
BffiMy nocšn^iBinafl b^ nocdi;^ee BpeMfl o^eHB nacro MacrepcKyH) 
ero on^a, onenB npHBflsajiacB vb MOJiOAOtt ^ByniBi, h npHBAsaH- 
HOCTB Bia TOJiBBO ycHJiHjiacB BCjAjipme ÓojiisHH EjieHti. TenepB 
<mpaa naipoHa Haxo^HJia, vro MOJdAaa ^'iByinBa cjiEmjůowb thxo 
nonpaB^flercfl h nacTOflTejiBHO TpetfoB&ia, ^to6h ona ixaia bmíct£ 
CB seĚ FB ea HiíŠHie! H A^flcTBHreiBHO, Biopoe niiCBMo, ÓiiBinee 
OTB oma OnoHapa, roBopouio o AOJiroŘf iflasejiofl 6opB6i KieHH 
CB BTimrB npexjoseHieirB, o6i oÓflsaiejiBCTBaxx, soropBifl HaiaraioTCfl 
HacTÍK) sejaeieifB ;(o6pott npeBOcxoAHTeAHoft cxapyxH, nacrÍK) sxo- 
poBBeiTb EdeHu; h boti noneiiy crporíft oreii^^B corjacHJicfl, a Ejtena 
p&nnuacB, sasi CM^jiafl, ciuBHafl, croĚBaa, repottcRaa ^'^ByiirBa, 
npeneóperafl onacHOCTBH), ornpaBjíTBca vb msfbme rpaýa, ci rbwb 
jmniB ycjiOBieirB, hto Mapxa ditepxn noi^Aei^ bmíciÍ Cb neio. 
?T0 ase Bacaercfl caHoro OxTOMapa, to rpa^ HacToaiejiBHO Tpe- 

ÓOBaJB, HTOtfjBI OWb TOSe OTOpBaJICfl OTB CBOHXl BaHflTÍft H OTJÍfiXOyJTb 

BB xepeBH^. Bcero synnié óuio 6uy necajii rpa4>'B, ecjH 6h oh^b 
BpoBOAHXB CBOH) npejiecTHyH) cecxpy h CTapyio rpa^HHio. ?to se- 
aasifl Aah cxoAflTCfl bi btoitb cjiynai cb ero ssejiaHiflHH, o&b 
BTOiTB ÓesnoJiesHO h ynoHHHaTB. Fpa^^ yuojiwb ero npoBecTH ni- 

CBOjIíBBO Befibjb Vb SáHBŽ, OXOTHTBCfl, TJMTby BynaTBCfl, CJOBOMi: 

oixm^aTB H HacjiasxaTBca bcšmh jrbrHHHH yxoBOJiBCTBiflMH. Ohhbcš 
BMicrt sasHByrB TaBoft shbhbh)^ BasyK) BOcn^BajiH npoBaHcajBCsíe 
noBTH, BaB'B «npeMBepie pafl>: — «8to BiipaaseHie a now^nBJťB y 
CBoeft xotfpattxeTBHy — nHcanrpa^ ^Ao,— y btoA ^oópifinieft, b4- 
pyion^eft seHn^HHii'. 

OrroiiapB, iipo^iHTaRB bto dhcbmo, npoHSHecrB no^xH BCjyx'B: 

— Ejieea zioÓisTb rpa^a h 'kjifirb vb ero sáMOBi! a a, fl ohatb 
nona^ hs^ otbsi xa b^b nojiuHfl! Oxei^ iramerB o caMOOÓJiaAaHÍHy 
o npiTynjieHiH coÓjasHa chjiok) npHBUiBH! IlycTflBH^ nycxflBH! ro- 

Tom V.— Cbhtíbpb, 1877, 12 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



178 ncfTEHKi tBPonu. 

BopHTL uwb BHyrpeHHiS rojlOCB. HpaBCTBeHHoe x^ftciBÍe na EieHy! 
Xa!xa!xa!' — ch^jicsl CBpuTuft BiHe]í'B agmovb.— ^lIpHBiiqBa! xepe- 
BeHCRafl npocTora! BjiiflHÍe crapofi rpa^HHHl Bce aro— OAHa ^aHrasiii. 
TBepAafl BOiH Bcer^a npHBOAurB vh i^h, 6wlo Hs^aBna noroBopsott 
Bctxi cjaÓEixi seHn^HHi. «rpa^HHfl-BAOBa ocEinajia j[H)6e8HOCTfli[H 
RieHy>9 iiHcaji'b orei^B. H 8to Cujia npaBxa: vb sa^eciBi ypos- 
xeHHoS RHflrnHH, B^osa Hy^RAajiacB vh npHABopHuxx A&MarB. Cy- 
npyn ea, no ocoÓeHHOHy KanpHsy^ ne seJiajB ^^onycTHTB seHCKaro 
ajieHeHTa vh cboS jiowh. dxBHHay Boropafl Horjia npHBecTH mhoiú 
HspeqeHÍfl CBoero «GoBpaTa», Hir&ia Óu csyntík ynousEyrh npn 

9T0M'b O&b OAEOWb H8% HHXi: — UpECyTCTBÍe nocTopoHHeft seHiaHHii 

paspymaeTB hhthmhoctb OTHomemtt siesty icyseirB h senoS, a 
ecjH craTCB-^^aifa xopomeHBKas... — to mosho 6ujo 6u AOBOBr^STB 
ipraToft H8i» xpyroro HCxoHHHBa: «H8tfirafi, nyn^e Bcero, CJiyna 
corptoHTBl* 

IlepeA^ OrrovapoirB BaK'B-6£i pasBepsajiacB nponacTB. Owb 
npexBHA^ji ÓojiBmoe HCnuTaHÍe. Cohi^ ůbrnAn^ ero rjiasi h okb 
Bmneji^B na jMUiy^ htoÓh ocbísbtboi. 

BescosHaTaiBHO Ao6peji oetb ]í,o tofo ioBajui, ocraioiiiaroci oř- 
nepTHiTB AO rjyÓOBofi hohh, vh botopoh^b bi oxHy naiUTHyv) hohb 
HHseHepi Mapjio^ nepexaxB eiiy cbok) norpacaioii^yH) iiob^tb. 
JIoBajiB 6ujn> ornepn. Oetb Bomeji bi nero. lIpoÓHJťB ^aci. B'b 

HeHl HHBOrO HO 6ILIO, BpOHi BeJIBH6p0B1b H XOBflHHa. OhH CIXÍIH 

H ApenajiH na cryjiBflx^B. Fasi en^e ropiii. H Tonico oxHoro no- 
cŠTHiejifl onspiijix oiTB Wh noxjrreMHOĚ CepairioHOBOlt saii. Owl 

CHJIC^JIl Bl» yrJiy, yBEIOlTB njHaO^OVb, KOTOpHfl pOCB Bl ÓOAQlHrB 

iswfíB,Tby HaÓHTuxT* seifjieS. IIoAnepeBB rojOBy pysoft, MexamiHecBE 
xepsa craicaHi vb pyBŠ, ^eMwbvb btotb cha^Jii HenoxBEj&HO, 
ycraBHBi rjiasa vh ctoji'&, h norpyseHEult rb TxydoKyjo xyMy. 

OxTOMapi OTCTynHjrB HaBa^i. SHasoHEilt hojiobíkb BsrxiiHyjťB 
Ha Hero, ho ne noiuoHBJícfl. 

— npEsasere howtb Bapry, r-wh AniEHrB?— cnpocHJTB xo- 

BflHHl.— EtITB MOSerB, OÓQ^eCTBO TocnoxHHa... 

— H^tb! — nepeÓHjB nocH6niHO OnoMapi, h ne ffutb npoHS- 
necTH HH THTyjia, hh hmohe sanosxaiaro nociTHreui.— <& jsjuhrh... 

BCrplTHTBCfl CB O^HHITB SHaBOMUirB. 

H CB 9THMH cjOBaiíH OiTOMapi BHmejTB BOBTB, nosa^aji rojo- 
Bolt OTB yxHBJíeHifl H HanpaBHJicfl xoMOft, rx6 CBopo sacHyjii^ 

Ho sanoBxajiHĚ h OAHHOBÍft nocinriaiB npoAOisarB cba^tb 
MOjraa H HenoABHSHo, no^nepeBi roJOBy pysoH). To 6urh oKBWh 
HffB cCepanioHOBuxi tfpaTBeBi»», Boropiift j^mwh Bcerxa vi^jílbxb 
npflMo Vb JIH^o coíHiQr. «Nec soli cedit* — jsfiBEffb ero ore^ecarBa, 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



HfiHn^BOl OBB^IOTBO. 179 

6h» h ero jh^hhicb a^biiboicb. A xenepb oh^ icaRx-^y^io jvsy- 

H A^ftCTBHfeJI&HO, VB TO BpeiCfl, SaCB OWh TEKL CEjSJbjFh (CHflTHfl 

OUH jesaiH Ha ctoj^)) (m% saiffE-6yAio nepeseccfl bi totb Teii- 

BBI idpi, MÍp!B HeOTBpuniXl HCTHHl, KB o6opOTSOft CTOpOH^ BC6rB 
Beqdl, Bl TaHHCTBeHHyH) O^MCTB MÍpCBHXl H jnDXCRHXl i^jelt... 

Elfy npeAinttBaflJioGB, hto ^CepamoHOBsi 6paTBfl» h speipi Ce- 
panHca cjHjma vh oaho. Okb bhx'9^j% HeoÓospHiuie nosoa ctb bh- 
{xmaiĚM^ Bejfl9ec7BeHH£DfH BOxoHHaioi. Tucfl^H OTOHbROBi xpoasan 
BB Bosjíyxi. ^aseiH xepsajiH, XOJisHO-tfiiTB, pyra xyxoBi, noiOMy 
fio OHH nepexoxuH m ry^a, to cioxa* nime orjiamaio Bos^Qrx^B 
H npociaBtifljio 6paTa GepanioHa, soTopHlt npcxan ce6a rb paó- 
OBO, iTo6u noMOHB ÓJHíSHeMy, H saT^TB npociaBjHJio rbrB, sto 
BHBynHJTB fl ocBotfoxHJ^B ero. Atb! KaR!B csHMajiacB rpy;^ oxhho- 
saro EodfemeAa npn einrB sByícarb!.. Kasx 6hjocb ero cep^i^e, 
W£» osrB yspijrB nepe;^ npecrojoirB Bt^nolt hctehii,— TaifB, rx*]^ 
coíHiie, en^e saB^maHHoe rycrmrB nospoBOiTB, nponycBaeTB jhiiib 
flimoBKO ocrfnHTejBHHXx Jiy^et,— apeooarB cyxeft MepTBHSB, b^b 

í/blOTh OffiTKfJBkXbj Ch BOjIOTHHH SeSJíaMH, BOBpyrB KOTOpHXl 06- 
BHBajraCB MEJieBBSifl SlíŠftBH!.. 

Qo cryneHBBaiTB, Befjmfnffh vh htb dM^ajnmtaMi, Me^raxejn 
BHA^JX) BasB BafiHpajicfl MaiBUR^B, nepHOBOJiociift, Ch pysaMH h 
jojs/ath BaRB-6Ei BHna^KaHHHMH easeft. 3to 6sin ne nerpB. Ohi 
<Shjb HepoH^ TOJibKo BcaixcTBÍe CBoero penecjia, h botb Tynannoe 
noipHBajio, (ttyruBaBmee coant^e, pascbajiocB, ho^b A^^jiajíacB Bce 
áikssie H csikíAe^ saHUca achb h ohb yBHx&rB... kbjtb ioew^ 
fpjdtíi; OAHffB co cjieaaMH na rjtasaxi psajni na ce6^ bojioch h 
CB onaameiTB Baujica kb HorarB cBoero ^yra... 

KapfHHH CMÍbBEJSE oxHa xpyryB)!- Orapna moau osHBam!.. 

OpOCTHfl BapTHHH, BBCŠBUASL Vh TO Bpeiífl Ha CT^HarB, BCnJHBaJTH 

ffB naifflTB: HanojieoHi, BjnxepB, MocsBa, rpeipat*. BojBmas boh- 
Topa CB ^axi^tTBH) cjiysamHMH, r;^ o^Ha sí^TBa jiinajmcB bomí 
xpyrofi) o^HB TOMH^ Xpyrofi, cOBiAwb Bi rjyÓHHŠ saxHBro XBopa... 
Kto mopb 6u npo8p'6TB b^Ícb tforaTHXi Bja^^AitOBBy ApnHHa h 
Berenepa, BOiopHe ofinrajiH sarbirB bohb teitb vl napsl, a&bho 
yse BOBBex^HHHe bb ABopancTBOy a^bho yse nponaBmie 6effB bícth, 
maoABmie... kbkb h bcí mu co BpeMeHeml.. 

MevraTen orjuiHyícfl Bospyn ce6fl. Xosahhb h sejn^Hepi ne 
HanoMEHajiH ony o ToifB, ^To nopa yxo^HTB. noc^THreJiB ÓujrB cjiHm- 
BOiCB BHcoBODOcraBieHHoe Jiii^o. Ohb Boaspan^ajicfl cb payxa, bo- 

TOpilĚ XftBajICfl MHHHCrpOirB H)CTB^iH. Ho TaBOO HOSASee CHX^HBe BB 

BUHOiTB norpetfsš Óhjio y Hero ho vb otfcnai. 

Digitized by CjOOQ IC 



180 BMram IBFOOB. 

EapTHHBi npoAOJisaiH HOCBfbCfl nep^^ ero yHCTBeHHBHH oumh* 

JlerROMUCJeHHBifi MOJIOAOft Hej[0B'6B'B, BOCnOJII»BOBaBniÍ(ICfl MBHyTHaft 

BaÓnBWBOCTBH) BEccEpa, czBaTUBaeii CBflSBy Kjnovelt h, nocpe^^ 
CTBOHi» MaieHBEaro BJiiOHiiBa, yHocirrb Tpn tucahe TajiqiGFB vb ($h- 
jeTaxi! JUjkío 6uso BenepoMi. JlerBOMUcieBHBilt Bopb oiuittajrb.Bpy- 
roM!B, Basx sanHpajBCB bohtopbh, AsepB, OBHa. To (Iíijtl kkojvb 
npai^HHBa. Oxi, era ysacnaii saiSuB^EBocTB Baccapa! Ha Apyn)e 
yxpo yase Bce oÓHapyaBEaocBÍ.. O CBa8ff6 Bjnoneft Baocspi TOíHacs 
se XBaxHjicfl. PaBBŠ mofe btotb ctAOBjacuft crapei^i npoftTH xe- 
C0TB maroBi no jxsnaík^ ne onqmaBi BapKaea csoHn naBrnuiOHi? 
Ho laBi nosAHO cyiiHii HBBorAa ho nepecfflT£naK)rrcBÍ.. Cbí^b—h 
Bcero-TO flxi Óeijio hícbojbbo cajuiHxi CB-b^et: vb avot mbjtjíoh* 
HOĚ BOHTopi owk cociaBjuiďfl Bco ocfiin^eHÍe, — BCEopt noTymeoH^ 
KpyroHx leMHo. Tpexi thcbh rajiepoBi wkvhj BaB'B wbn.^ 

ynjaiBTB AOJtrB eci& h'6mi! Ho 8aTÍM'B ht6?.. BAsaTB h Ano* 
pBBy?— 'fljiB SBje AOSBxaTBCfl Toro, ^ó Cy^en?.. IIpESOByrB nojBi^ÍK). 
«Bii ocraBajwcB nocjťÉAHBirb vb soeTopi, Borxa a sait&ai cBisay 
BJ!iK)^ei!» %ó fl na 8T0 oiB^ny? Boa^e nofi! (te^rerH oiaHOBarci 
Bce Tflseiie b Tflxaie... obe tohho jcepsoBa h xaiiQrirB Mesfi bs 
BOAy!.. 3iífl8HE MoeĚ HacrynaerB jiOEe^h... noMonr^e! noMorare!.. 

H BOTB BApyrB, TO^HO 6yAT0 tí apTECTu, noiopnirB sanpo^ajn 
ce6sí Gepaniofl'b, saErpaiE Ba ^^jgrefliax^b! O, TáR^B texo, Tás^ Me^ 
jioffmHOj TÍKh BpoTBO E ^H)6oBHo!.. Obe AapoBBiE eBotiojy <9oeMy 
pa6y!.. Apjttb, Boroparo obi nocŠTBjít b% xy se bojieo^b, ROTOpHft 
nepeseci ÓypBna o&bsíThSí Bec^acTBaro, pacRaasBe, crpaxi, yisacB 
Tepsaeiiaro yrpaseflkiiE cob^cth, b BpBAysajrB BCXoAtt.. IIpecTyn* 
BBBi CuAi^ BafiA^Bi— M&2iLHflKB, noAMaeiepBe cjiecapa, soropuS wh 
Toix ffiBh paóoiajx vb BOBTop*^. HacTOfiB^íft BpeeryBHBi^ coipa^- 
BBJii CBOio AOJABOCTB, BSMŠHEJi^B ofipasi SB8BE, nepeiBejis B» 
ToproBaro idpa vb y^eBuí, sasEMajica, npeBocxoABO casjl% 9B8a- 
MeflH, noAA^psEBaeHufi b^pehm^ xpyroMi, BoropErfl rbiFb BpeHe^ 
BeiťB ocflOBaai ipÍTyn^M) ^MttfpEBy, sacjyjBBJrB Bceo^n^ee yBas^esie^ 

flO BBJí^b Cb TbXb Uapb 6e8paA0CTByK) BCHSBB. 

Ho BOTl CBOBa nOflBJIflDTCfl CyABE MepTBHXt!.. MaJIB^BBl BStffl*- 

paerca no ctyneHBBairB... *Becejiafl Mapa* BasHBajca BopaÓJB, na- 
rpyaeflBHfl yrďieif^B, ROTopHft oniJiiiBajnb na ocrpora cb. Oombi. H 
MajiLHEB^B ymiujib sa fleH'B cb oxotoS b pa^oeibio, no spBnfiaBrB, 
xoponio bsbíctbuitb líe^TaTejiio. yaiBHfi, EsotfpiTaTe.iBHBift xpyrs 
Bce OTjifl^iBO npBAyMaji!.. 

MajiBUBa CBpuBaerB TenepB leiCBOTa ho^e. Orb exBa ocbš- 
n^eB'B jy^aiiB, naAaK)ntBMB fl3'B-nox% noBpEiBa.ia... Ho o&i oteB* 
BaerB MeBa!.. 3aícb, vb rpyjH Moefi, oÓBDBeBia ero bb yMoaitaiorB. 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



HSUI^BQS OBHlIOTfiO. 181 

B% ary MHHyry noryxi ojusoh rasoBEift pososi^. Xodsmwb no- 
MpHyjTB BpasB. 

MeTrarejib onoacHESCfl, HaxtjrB ohbh, bs^jte naiBTO, nuaiiy e 
naiBy — h TBepxuM^ roiocoirB nonpon^ucfl cb iosaheoitb. 

MeHTare^B HanpasEjicfl vh sHaKOHyK) nairb yjEi^ h ocraHO- 
Buca y ABepeft BsapTEpsi lociflut^-ooBiTHiiBa Jlyi^yca. 



Yin. 

— 9to o5BHHeHie OAsaio ^^)e8'B-HypB Haišno!— Kpa^aii vh 
eXHH^ H9^ noHex^jiBHHBOBii npHABopmitf ucHBonHcein^ TpiroejB, Bep- 
HyBímcB cfb yspinjieHHiiMH CHjaMH ci Mopcsoro BynaHbs. — Rasiy 
FOcnoAa? Bu xoTHxe yB^pniB, hto eame Bpeiifl crajio Úijiflo H^eflaiH? 
TasmcH habamh, Boropufl 6u Bcib paajťlifljm hjih ocnapesajH, npo 
soTopHfl 6u niicajiB^ na BOxopKui 6a cohhhjiih cthxb, pHCOBajiH 
xapzHHH, BOTopHfl Óu BOOAymeBjfljH jiK)xeft? PasBi ne H^ea — ej^oH- 
em) xopororo oieHeciBa? He h^ba — orpaHHqeme BjacrojiioÓHBoft 
i^epsBH?.. Toenoxa! passi soHeiHaa repnamisai^ifl npHCoeABHeHQEix'B 
^paHi^ysCKBXi seMejB He H^ea? 

— A HH(fejiyHrH-TO, nepeaoaceHHHa ea MysHKy?— napoflHpOBajH 
ffisoropHe rojioca. 

— A yopasAHeme 6yBBH h bi H^Mei^BOMi asHBÍ? — noAXBa- 
tejU ^yrie, 

Bceo6n^aa Beceiocrb Boi^ipHJiacB bi GepanioHOBOirB juiyói. 

— A roBopK) npo BjiacTHxejiBHEia, idpoBBia hábe, SHByn^ia ho 
Vh oxHOiTB KasoifB-HHÓyAB HapoA^, HO 0XBaTfilBaK)^^a secb Hipi, 
Bcb yimi HasoBBTO mhí xora 6u o^y pyROBO^fl^yio ujifiío bi co- 
MpemeiBSiOWb ECsycciBi! Bi HeM'B hštb laBOtt B;(eB! O^na tojbbo 
npaBHjiBHOCTB; CBaseMx— TexHHHecKoe coBepmencTBO cocTaB.iaerB py- 
soBO^an^rH) E^eio coBpeMeHHaro ECByccTea. npespacHo! OqeHB xo- 
porno Aifl JiK>Ae&; nojy^HBEiHxi fr6BOTopoe oÓpasoBame; ho js^ 
Maccu... »T0— TpHffB-TpaBal — PasBi ne laE-B, t-hb Tpasejb? 

CaHErapnuĚ cobítheitb, nporoBopHBmiS bte oiOBa, bocqojibso- 
Bucfl ceroAHa ycraHOBJíeHHUMi vb uyúi GepaniOHOBiixi 5paTBeBi 

HpaB&lOVB a6C0JIK)TH0fi OTMÍHn BCaBHXl THTyaOBl. 

— IIpaBBJíBHOCTB, npaBHJBHocTb! — BOJHOBaJica npEABopnuft 
jUBOimceiti.— 3re! bh TavB pasBasHO npoESHOCETe bto cjiobo, roc- 
noxEHi djBTecrepb bjie, nosaayft, monsíeur djibTecrepb... ^Ja ycra- 
BOBieHÍa BToro noHaria Hamero npeMOHi paÓOTajH TEicaHejšiifl!.. 
06b BtoiTB nHcaHtt i^jua ÓBÓaioreBH! IIpaBEjbEOCTE ne BHaBa^ 
HH Pa^^aa^B, hh PytfeHC^ hh MaBejiB-AHse^o, hh JH^OHaiejuiot 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



182 MOTHHÉ^B IBPOnH. 

— Ho vbw> xyxosHHRH pacryTL, xaKb no^eBne lífiibm Ha jy- 
raxx,— nporoBopHJTB neft-ro vojioch. — Ohh hh o ^eirt ne saÓorflTCff^ 
HEHeny ne yqarcfl! 

— IlycTflBHl ^HCToe Booópaaseme!— saKpH^ajTB Tpasen. — He 
aBa^eMÍfl BOcnHTHBaerB hx'b, a Bnyrpennee cosHanie. ÁKaxieHÚí sa- 
sjíio^aeTCfl B^ H^Apft^^ caMoro peMecjia! nmnH, m6 xo^emB, Hajiioft,^ 
HTÓ BBAyMaeniB, — vb npaBHibHOCiH Bca cyrtl 9to HepTOBCEH-rpyAHoe 
AÍjíOj rocnoAa! TosecTBeHHOCTB nponsBeAeHÍfl ci HaM^peHieKi! Bdb 
yAnBjífliOTCfl coBpeHeHHOft npejecre BpacoRi, 84)4^]STaM'B, BOM^pra- 
ÓejiBHOCTH 3AaHÍfl; icopATCfl ch CBy^H^ftniHHH BapxíraaMH, Bask 
BOFAa-JHÓo 6ujLE HapHCOBaHu, sapiHEaMH HOBiftnie^ HCTopn^ecBOŘ 

MIOHXeHCBOfi mEOJni, HJ.IH)CTpaiUflME MaCJflHHlíH RpaCBaMD RO Bce- 

o6mfiŘ HCTopiH BeRRepa; ho lexHHRa HH^eify ne uimaffrh. Ona bo- 
opyaseHa lenepB bcímh nocofiúíMH BHaHÍa, HCTopn^ecRHHH cbí^aI^ 
HÍflMH, c6opHHRaMH ROCTioifOBi, aHaTOMÍefl. «TexHHRa!> — BOjmeÓHoe 
CJiOBo Hamero BpeveHB! HeanojmraHCRÍfl jiassapoHH, q)HC0BaBHiill 
ci» Haiypn jo Toro BÍpno, iro potob^ AporaHyiE eny vycoKb xoji- 
CTHHu, ^To6u OBI npHRpujiCfl; roTOBi OTBepHyrbCfl, Ror^a... 

— nOHHMaeiTB!— SaBOIIHJB OíHffB B8^ nociTETOJiefl. 

— BoB6y»;i;aerB, o;íHaRO, y^aoieHie!.. 

GeroAHfl TpnseJiB Bcrynnjicji 3a cbohxi coÓpaiBeBi. 

— a ne 6yAy B;i;aBaTBca vb no^poÓHOCTH, — npoAOJisaj'B oob. — 
Ho BOSBpa^aioCB r'b Hamefi laicik, r. djiBTecrepB. PasBl npaBHJB- 
HOCTB cana no ceCš ne H^ea? S. corjaceHi, qro ona, Óeitb MOiRerB, 
cnoRoSHaa, xpesBafl mjsfisí. HoHATÍe, HanoMHHaH)ii](ee T^axejBHo oxi- 
Tj¥> AftMy Ha MOAHOfi RapxHHRi. Hy-CB, rocnoxa, a naqajrB qnraTB 
CnBHosy. H qró se fl Hameji'B? O^eHB, o^enB oyÓORifl mucjh, 
o^eHB BiícoRÍfl HxeH, HO CTpaxi RaRi Majio yBJteRaiejiBHaro, y&b" 
AHxejiBHarOy corp^Baioii^aro. HpaBHJiBHOcrB MOserB, no Rpažeeft 
MÍbp% y&bfííTh H HHorxa x&a^ corpixB! 

-7- %o Racaerca Hjeft, — no^tBarajirB acceccopi Byxapi, loaRe 
TOJBRO-HTO BepnyBiniftcfl cb box^ h HameAmifi AOica aehjiomi na 
craTCRaro coB^THHRa, — to bh HanovEHaere mhí eIrotopbie ABie- 
Bifl vb npEpoA^. S, nociTEJTB EeAaBHo EpeRpacHutt SajiBit^yprB! 
TaiTB ÓusaeTB t^rb: cb OAEott cropoEu — xopomaa noroxa, a no 
ApyryK) cropoBy oĎmEpBoft ropBOfi aojbhh aoirab baotb! Botb la- 
Rafl BceoÓn^aa HeypflAHi^a bi hucjuixs BaM^Haercfl y JiiOAeft Hamero 
BpeMeBEi HaifB coBCfkwh Ee^ocTam eAEBCXBa. EcmeÓh fb ECRyc- 
ctbí Bce CBejiE rb npaBBJíBEOcrE, RaRi roBopflrB r. TpEsejB, to 
8X0 6ujío 6u Be TaRi yse xy^o. H^es ichcjati caME no ixůbl 
Mu TOJiBRO EX'B opraEu! noci:ŠABeK) Be^EROiu E^eeR) y bscb Óbjtb 
JU[6epajiE8irB. Owh xenepB cxajTB xaRB oÓuRBOBeBeHx, xaRi nonuEB, 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



HramKOI OBipGTfiO. 183 

URafl-HBÓyxB CMopoffHHa! JíflSBie BOHcepBaTopu ctuh JHÓe- 
pauHii! ^!to jse hbi dioro Biixo^Hrs?.. Si npaso ne ycMaTpHBaH) 
Hi OKBiGŘ pyiOBOAfln^efi, BceitipHoS Exes!.. 

— CasHrame xpynoBi!— saKpH^ajx kto-to, 

— npoHCxosAenie otb oÓesbaHi!— noxxBaTHjrB jpyrofi. 

— ^eioBÍs^— MamHHa! 

OraTCsifi coB^THHBi* U^E^^pjLimrb nonpocnjii cjOBa: 

— TocncAa! rpoMaxHafl paciflSHMOCTB hase o repnaHCEoS hm- 
nepÍH BOBce ne myronnoe a^jo! no;i(yMaftre: i^jutt HapoA'^, napojí 
Bo BcATh ero cioaxi, bo Belx'B ero OTHomemflxi BUHysA^HHiift 
xas^Qrs) MHHyry aoflTB na cropos*! biuotl ao ABa^Aaiaro ctoj*!- 
Tur, no mh^hík) MoJBiKe, dxo— BOJOCcajiBHafl, BarHepoBCRaa H^ea! 
íero TOJiBKo OHa ne TpeCyerB: BOdrarame, o6mecTBo, Bce nanpaB- 
jeme rocy^apcTBa, ero Bsimn^si h BHyxpeHHfla nojiEiHEa aojshu 
ÓBTB ycrpemifleMii eAHHcxBeHHO h HCuiOHHTejibHO ea coxpaHeHÍe 
npiotiptieHEaro, Bcero KasflX'B-HE6yAb s^crojbbo jiítb Tony Hasa;^^ 
sasaBEiarocfl ÓacHOCJiOBSiQCb. HeyasejE se bu ae cqflTaeie oahem^b 
Esnb ^^aisfopoRB Hamero cyn^ecTBOBanÍE aio ynoenie uoóijifill^ ary 
FopxejHByH) pa^ocTBy B086yaAaeMyH) ^'^siflME, ÓesiipEM^pnuME bi» 

ECTOpÍHy — j^RTOpOlTb, IipOHnsaK)niEM'B BO BCe, OSpamHBaK)II(HM'B BCi 

Bne^aiji^HÍfl, BAOXHOBjuuon^EM^ nodxoBi, xy^ossEBOBi e Moryn^Hirb 
kmíhetb caiuifl noEfliJE? P^t la napm, soTopan — KaxoBu 6n ee 
ÓHjfl ea i^jH BOo6n^e — oc]í'&iEjacb 6h se BuciaBEiB bo rjiaB( 
CBoefi nporpaMMu E^ea repuaflCROft Eiiflepifl, xota 6u osa npE 
BToicB E jrajiay Ras'B yjihipaMOExasu? Bi 9tomi BaK^io^aercfl h^hto 
HeoipasEMoe, poBOBoe e, cjtiAOBaiejBHo^ BejEsafl j^s, wbišvifivb co- 
BpeiieHHafl fl^ea! 

— ^a! ^a! — noAXBaxEj-B XpEsejB, cb asBBxejiBBOfi taposiefi 
(aiOTB BooÓn^e ocuoTpEiejiBSHS BoncepBaiopB ceroASfl HyBCTBOBaji* 
cefifl Heo6iiKflOBeHflo CBo6oAEOM£icjflntHin»): — e noaroMy RpETEBa 
lenepB xpeCyerB, htoÓh xase bcebíě jaHxnía^y ssočpasaionufi 
xoTfl 6jBi JiyssyK) hohb, HaxojiEJiCfl fb cbese cb E^eeS repiiáBCBoa 
iMnepifl! Bo BCflBOM'B cjynaš OAfla BaiEBafl E^ea i^apflrB HecoM- 
bíhho — Bi HÍBOTopHX'B ÓOJi^o EJE Mes^e noABysjíeHHuxi raseraxi. 

HaABOpBiift cobíthbb^ MbjibÓo noTpe(k>Baji'B, qroÓH TpasejB 
BasBajTB BTB raseTíi e spameji vh BOJseflie. 

— 9ra BACE' vb caMOMX a^Ji* crapíe saniEXi no6'fcA'B! — CBa- 
saxb apxEreBTopB Ohm^, npEcee^EHesHiifi (|)pECjaEAei^'B. — H^efl 
exEHCTBa BOcropsecTBOBajia yse vh 6nTBÍ no^B JleSoAEroM^. Ob 
TÍx'B nopB TOJiBBO pa6oJi'lnflue MEBscrpa e ocji']&ajeHflue rocyxapB 
Eorjifl ynycTETB ee bsi BExy. ^ynaere jie bei, ^to p'6nieBÍe bu- 
ciynETB opOTEFB IIpyccÍE Bi 1866 r. Óujio npEsaio cnoBofiso- 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



18é B^CTHEB^B IBFOIÍH. 

MHCJifliilHHH jiK);(Bi[H Bi Ban^HTy crapiixi, OTSHBmiixrB xEsacrifl? 

H^TX! IIpHXBOpHOe XBOpflHCTBO H paSJlH^HHe BUCBOVRfl COeXHHHJniCB 

CE nepraMeHTHBíMH jiymeam H^BoropEirB OROCTeH'lBniHX'B rocy^ap^il} 
BOTopue HHBorAa ne Óhjh ciiocoÓhu na eai^oHajiíBHoe BOO«iQrineB- 
jienie, ^to6h BUBBaTb to ne^aiBHoe caMonsÓieme, BOiopoe ne 
c^yuijLO jí,Mie BocnojiBBOBaTBca no6ŠAOfi, o^epsanHoS npEJIanreH- 
3aj[Bi^.«. 

— JífijíOŘ nojHTHEy! — saBpHvajo hícboabo fojiocobi. — Bcno- 
MHHTe craTyiii! 

OraTyTu nanoMHHJH npo Jlyii^íyca n HlHHAJiepa, BpoBnaro xpyra 
BOo6n^e nenpEcryímaro JlyAÍyca. IIocjiixHflro ne 61110 bi juj&b. 
niHHAJepB csasajTb: 

— O&heAEEeme BÍbueufioi HimepcROt HaniHHii ;gifl Hena, $a6- 
pEsaHia, pa6o?afl Hj^ea! Tyn nysna TOHBas paóora! MamBEHaa 
CMasBa, jiecTB— ne HcnpaBErs HexocraTBOBB BiMexanesMi! IIoBTOMy 
fl nojiaraio, ?to HaiHmesi BHiysíasMa ]íf>Jisewh HeotíxoAHiio ncna- 

pHTBCfl, nOTOHy HTO OHI Spe^eHl! HÍMei(BÍfi mOBHHHBlťB... OHI 

npHciajTB TOJEBBO jsjbTSNChj soTopEie vh ÓjMMíBUTh Bacsaxx HrpaioTB 
FB cojiAaTHBH! Bspocjine CBopo ocbohjihcb cb saBoeBaHHEiirB h 08a- 
6oHeHEi TOJBBO T^iTB, BaBB 6u jottiEoe TOviBOBanie dXHxx saBoeBa- 
HÍfi, BÍHHoe B0AOTOJi?eHÍe o6b o^homb h tomb se npeKnerbj npe- 
ysejiH^eHHoe ycep;íie — Bce npHEpHiB HÍMeAKofi mansoflí — ne orpa- 
atjacB BpeAHO ea ocrajBHuxB c4>epaxB shshh. FociiOAa! H^boto- 
poe "iBancTBO, fiescHiicieHHafl sasA& nacjiasAOHifl, yroH^ennoe 
XHn^HHiecTBO, ocraiOBB xyAtixB npBBaneBB, noposAaeMuxB Boftnoft, 
rpaÓHxejBCBÍe co^hsmh («Apyrie Bce-paBHO saBJtaA^wrB 9THirB| 
laKB ayqme yate BOBBMy sl 3to ce64>), — Bce sto nopo^HJio kb 
FepifeLHiH Tasoe HanpaBjíeHÍe jtmobb, soiopoe, bb cbash cb xasB- 
HasíisaeMEiMH BOMnpoMHCcaMH, cocraBjfleTB oaho hsb ysacafon^EXB 
flBjeHifi namero spenenH! HaniH msoju, naniH yHEBepcHreniy 
HayBa, aAHEHEcrpaTEBHiifl c^^u — Bce Bapaseno at^omb BapBepEi! 
Ha^ioHaJBHoe pasBEiie otb dioro xponaeiB. U bb boh]t6-bohi^obb 
laBEMB nojosemeMB a^jtb BOcnojiB8yH)TCfl Pemb e EHTepnai^ionam. 
Bb onpoBepseniflXB, oco6jebo co cropoHBi AEipeBTopoBB yqe<5- 
HuxB saBO^eHift E yHETaseft, ne Morjio Óbttb He^ocraiBa. Ho nafiopB 
BpaHATB noMepsajTB $a6pEBaHTa. 

— JIioAE, npoÓHBaiomieca Bnepe^B, Bcer^a cyn^eciBOBajm! — 
pas^ajCH CEJiBHBiB 6acB ^npenropa rEMnasÍE Befirejifl.— HlExiiepB, 
r&re, BE^aHAB, FepAepB — bcí npeAcrasErejE ff6Me^Bof^ JHiepa- 
Typu E H^Mei^Ecaro ECsyccTBa, 6waí BapBepEcraME! Eanra 2 
flCBJíiOHaK), xaBse e $EXTe. Ho HlejUEHrB e FeraiB 6hie Ba- 
pBepflCTEi! JleSÓHEi^, naia^opB Mesxy heme, e BojBTepB, o6a 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



H^nUBOI OBOQECTBO. 185 

(kuE npHXBopHnMH Acrei^aiiHy iiponoBJ^OBEjni xBoasyi) ýuocoýiD: 
Offiy KU IIjiaTOHa h ApEcrorejfl, a xpyryv>— A^ jiaHxrpa^HHB h 
6apoHecc% CBoero BpeiieHBl 

— Ohk Óbjih noCHpyinsHl — s&rpeH^ji AjBTHHrB, soropiit 
Boeiia, BOTAa 6opojiai cb caicinrB cotfofi, BEmniB je en^e spysay 
mna eju h^tb, npiixoAHJi^B vh flpocTB h npes^ Bcero ea caicoro 

— Oro...ro! — ycnoROHBajTB TpoTyapearo 6ojn»Horo djBxecxepi 
CBram TOHRHMi, rpyAHuiTB, xoKTopcsHirB rojocoiTB, BOTopEiĚ lasi 
npiETHO jiacsaeTB cjiyx'B 6ojiBHHrB. — Focno^a! MarHEn npHrarn- 
Baen sej^sol Haceeno noroify, hto to Bpeiu BJiax^jio idyMHTejBHO 
esibuíOŘ HAeefl, crpeHJieHieMi ki aÓcojHxrHO-npeKpacHaiiy, noroMy 
caMOMy rocyAapi h ABopsne cnqMtmcB npHBJíe^B si cedí reeiajiB- 

MSTh jnOA^fl COBCllTB He pa/(H TOrO TOJIBIO, ^06h[ BHCJymHBaTB 

OTB HHXB BOCXBaaeHÚI C0(5cTBeHH0ft nepCOHÍ HJIH AOtfHBaiBCfl OAH 

no cjy^aK) Basoro-HB^y;^ loÓHjiefl. TenepB 8to HanpaBjíeHÍe cosep- 
meHHo npomjio. Bce, ^tó uu santnaeirB bi droiTB pojsjb^ — oxna 
nycraa BErlnraocTB! CjiynafiHoe narpoHarcTBo! Hh^to ne BHieRaerb 
H» BHCosaro npnHi^Hna! Ecjni BaitrBÍe MÍpa cero sorxa h OBasii- 
BaH>7B noBpoBHiejibCTBo nodram h MysuBaHraiťB, to tojbeo hbi 
Tn^ecjaBÚi. Bii Mosere cy^HTB o(h» ^toitb no Hanteny bhabio Hap- 
i^cy! Bce noBpoBBre^BCTBO, oicaBHBaeMoe btbitb ^eiOBikwufb HCByQ| 
CTBy, CBOAHTCfl Ha to, ^to oh'b AapoTB ÓpomBH H ÓpacjierH irbs^ 
H9iM%j pacn&BaR)^^IMl ero poMancHl HcTEHHutt renífi namero Bpe- 
MeHH crpeifHTCfl wb mnpB, a ne BBeprs. IIobth h xy^osHiBE, 
yBlnuLHEue opxenaME, npoEBBoxflTi na HenE TEsejioe sne^aTjilHÍe. 

KaS^PIĚ B^;^ 8Ha€|:rB, HTO BTE OTIE^ÍH BlIBBaHÍI JIEmB JirBCTEBSIirB 

satfiranieirB Bnepe;^ Toro, bto ex*b nojiy^Exs, a co CToponu xaH)- 
ntaro hxi yBa3UBaK)rB na pascqerB BocnoaLSOBaiBCE ycjyraicE sa- 
rpaxjiieHnaro f^a. jehhhxi i^jefl. 

npEABOpHHtt sEBonEcei^ CBopo npepBajTB nejOBBoe MOi^aHÍe, 
sacrynEBmee bcií^;^ Ba bteitb BaMinapieirB. Ohi no^yBCTBOB&rB 
cefÍE asTEo Baj^TUKi e cBasajn, Ópocaa cepxflTHfi BsrjflA^ na 
nocrtxHflro opaTopa: 

— Bu saCuBaere, hto narpa^a opxeHOirB HEBorxa ne jtfi^icsL 
BavB juníHaa mejioctb rocy^apa, ho kb óoiBniEHCTBl cj^rqaeBi cjvb- 
jijerb sa o^Ei^ajiBHO npEsnaHEHME, HoJtHO CBasaTB, AljiiiiirB 
rocyxapcTBOirB, BaciyraMH e HesaBECEn otb xbctebuxi Baólranitt 
BnepeffB. IIo spaBnefi ir&pš BapiEHi, HanpEM^pB, HBBaB'B neJtsBE 
sacHJiaTB Bnepexi! 

— BucoBonocraBjíeHHEixi .lEi^npflrjianiaiorBBiBapTEHairB,— 
saMŠTEJTB Ha&oprb EpanAn; e hIbotopuitb lOMopEcrairB npEmxocB 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



186 BftOTim nponH. 

BiiracBHBaTB npE^^pnaro sHBonHCita Hffb npocasa, vb Boraioift 
OH^b nonajn^, rrpmeirb npoMfiniueHHHRE h tfHpseBHBH OBasaiEA^- 
TejBHoe coxíftcTBÍe, noiOMy hto ohh Óojiie, ^íbwh rto Apyroft hm^jui 
ocHOBam pas^QTMaTBCfl he^b iiph^heemh ipeBosHuxi SHaveHÍS 
BpeMeHH. Kpaxi Ha^BEraica cb ÓHcrporoS moihííi. JI^iHAHaa tíhb 
Araceepa npeAmeciBOBaia eny, ho en^e HeciHmmiiui maraiiH, a 
ne BB T^xB TflsejOBicmiXB ÓaniMasaxB, nox^HTíixB rBOBAflMH kb 
^pifi Bpecra, bb KaBHXB, no csasaHiio dsena Gb), crpaHCTByerB 
iepycajHMCKÍfi Óamka^iHHBB bb cbBepHOuy nojiocy. Etb cŠBepnoHy 
nojiDcy! — botb rjiynocTB! (jospeiieHmift AraceepB sHaBÓHB cb MOpo- 
seHUMB JífiUH, bb '&bwbj h bb BepjiBHi — y EpaHiiiepa — h tcaboI 
Ohb OTAuxaerB na Typei^BHXB ji[frBaHarB h sypeiB cb ÓapoHOirB 
RoHB <|K)HB-KoHrefiifO]í'B H3B lypeivcaro Hytfyíca! AmepB Am^coHB 
npo6opMOTaiB cbbobb ByÓti: 

— BaniBafl H^e^í Hamero speMenn 9to: aasETB a^hbiu! 

60 Bpeiífl axHXB npemS, bh^bb Hapi^CB, o BoiopoicB ynoMH- 
HajiocB na hhxb, chaíub 8a cbohmb «3papoirB» h ^^aHxaBHpoBajrB . 
xaBB-HaBHBaeMyH) «6e8B0He^HyH)» uexofXK). BosjA nero croflai 
CTOJBy Ha BOTopoHB OHB HOcntniHo saHHCHBaiB «MHCJU» H «py- 

B0B0AflI^i6 MOTHBEI» H HXB MaJO XpanaTH^eCBift aBBOMHaHHMeHrB. 

noTOMy HTO9 roBapHBajiB ero cbítjíoctb, hhhto laBB jierso ne mo-^ 
seiB BaHyTB bb Jleiy, BaBB MysuBaiBHaa BapTHHa! Ona no^ofina 
BBTpy! EaBOtt-HHÓyxB isirbHeHHuft nojrjr-roHB — HBecBa^^BTB npo- 
najB! BaraeprB cairB necaiB cboh jHÓpeno h 9thmb hojv^otobhj^b 
He Majio MynemS j^jísí cbohxb nocji%AOBaTejieft. 

Rhasb My^EJCfl HaxB nepexanefi bb nysuBŠ ooBepmeHHO H^My- 
BiiRajBHaro doasera. IlepexB hhmb jiesajia cara . o ^pHiío^^^y Ter- 
Bepa. Ona 6um pacBpuia BaBB pasB na tomb wicA^ r^b ^pn- 
TÍo4)B npoQ^aeTCfl cb HErefioprott. Iloadífl aroro Micia bca saBJíK)- 
^aeTCfl bb cjioBaxB h nepexaTB ee MysuBaiBEHMn TonanH coeep- 
meHHo HOBosifosHO. Bo ABopi BHUKecBaro ABopi^a luiyBajn bohibh, 
jiafljiH coÓaBH Ha CBopt, HcnojUHnuca cm^ajhcb jaBea h ahbhjcjí 
HOBBift ceBperapB bhasa, aicepHBaHCBift wbnen^j peBOMeHXOBaHHHB 
ero cbítjiocth JlyiíiycoMB— ao xoro HsyMHiejiBHO 6hjio 8to bobcos- 
xanie neBosHOSHaro. 

FeSnpHXB Pefine cb CBoflCTBeHHuiiB eMy xotipo^ynúeMB onHcairB 
crpa^anifl bohhoshtopObb. IIo ero cjOBaicB, y MeflepÓepa Bcer^a 

A^iaJiaCB p4l8B BB SHBOrt, BOFXa OHB COHHHflaB CBOH HpOHBB^eHÚly 

H eMy npHxoAHJOCB nepesB Baawie agcatb laBiOBB npepuBaiB 
CBOK) pa6oTy. Ob BHAsenB PayAeHOHB A&iaiocB hítto noxoÓHoe. 
Ho, BpoMi coHHHHTejiBCTBa, ero My^HJiH BB HacTOflnQno MHHyry eo^e 
ABa o6cTOflTejiBCTBa: OTHomenifl ero bb 9abhhÍ| rposEBniifl npHHffTB 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



H^nilKOI OBB(I0TBO. 187 

He(SjiaronpiflTHEifi oÓopoTB. dXBHHa jxe pasa ^sa x^aja euy msi- 
HasHBaeiiiifl «ci(6Hh» h o6bub%i9l «TpycoirE»9 cbajhmi, Óesxynr- 
HBiTB HeJOBÍsoiii>. H 6^6 Hy^uio ero BHesanHoé na^eHÍe asniift 
pa8mHHX'B npoHuniJieHHiirb BOMnaHiff, Borapoxi oh% HanynEji^b. 

O npHXOA^ HacTOfln^aro BHHOBHnsa 8Tex'b norepb tojbbo-hto 
^^oioxEJiE. To 6u.Yh 6paTB AxU) ÓapoHi^ ^optfeB^B. BapoHi $op- 
6eiLT> leppopHSHpOBa JB bhaba h sacraBEii ero HasynsTB axHxs 
aKipfl. 

Ho ceroAHfi $op6eRrB abajca to^ho rpOMoirs orjiymeHHufi. 5y- 
pa en^e CBBpincTBOBajia. Ha ero jusníb Bu^whiSíCh 5opB6a cxHxifi. 

— Ho ^ecTH, Bama cbítjoctb, xoponrifl ;^a- tbopatca! Ha 
nopasH MeHfl Bon, fl 6u CRopie noBÍpjim»^ tto mu jiHmiiHCfl 
diBsaca H JIorapEHrÍH, eesejiH xony, ^to na Ůrpxb BpomoŘffirní 
TaBOft nepenojioxi! Mosho Óiijo noAyMaTB, no bhahiob ropfln^ift 
napoxoA'b cpexH orspiiTaro Mopa! OiqaflHHHe naccasepii oahhs 
sa xpyrHBťB ÓpocajiHCB bi Bo^y! £[ ynacTBOBaji vb cpaseHÍn npn 
MapeB-JlaTypi, ho sfficB 6ujio eiae xyse! 

— EtojuereHB sypcoRB!— nosBOHHJii BSBOJiHOBaHHiifi bhasb. 

— En^e He nojyneHi! a yse cnpaniHBaii BHHsy! — csasajis 
ÓaposTB. 

EnflSB Pay^^eHi o^eHB HCnyr&icfl, ho OAHaso coBJíaAajfB cb 
co(k)fi. 

— & nocKopše npoAaiTB cboh aBi^ÍH, — saMÍraji-B okb choboS- 
Hte, H^M^ OSHAajl'B $op6eBib. 

— AK^iH Po6e. 

— 3xH CKopie Bcero. 

— Ho; Bama cbímoctb, kto exb BymrrB? 

— DpaBiieHie otf^ecTBa ofiasano hx^ BynHTB! — nporoBopH.i^ 
HOBHĚ rojiocB, H Vb BOMHaiy Bomen BucoBÍň ^ejiOB^Bi, en^e mo- 
jo^ott, CB crporHMB jHi^oifB H (xieFBa npHxpaMHBaBmifi: ló Óujfb 
HOBufi ceBperapB, aMepHRaHCRÍft wbue^hy pesoMeHAOBaHHBd Jlyi^i- 
yco¥!B BHfl3io. BojiBHH H81 ÁMepHBH peBOMeHAOBajTB ero OiTOHapy 
AjBTHHry. MopflBB no npnsBaHiio, OBn> BOMaHxoBaji^B 6poHe90Ci][eirB 
BQ BpeMfl BofiHu c^Bepa CB loroiTB H óujTh npH aroiTB paneHi. 
Owb sasa^icfl qejiOB^BOifB npoHHi^TejiBHiiirB h yMHUMi. Bojibhh 
nosHaBOMHjcfl CB HHifB FB Boctohí; xpoMora npenflTCTBOBajia eicy 
npoAoasaxB Mopcsyio CJiyaÓy. JlyiíiycB, bi Boropony oóparajca 
OnoMapi, xoTs h cicyrn^Cfl JMffh 6jx£0, noiOLVWb rjiasaiíH, ipH 
pasa nepecnpocHJTB oéh HMeHH, npoHCxosAeHÍH, nepBOHaHajiBHux'B 
saHflriflxi npiidsaro, o^naBO BcnoMHHKB, ^to bhabb PayAeHi bh- 
pasajTB eMy sejiame npioÓp^texH noBaro (|)aBT0TyHa, laBB BaBi 
npesHÍft ero ynpaBMiomift nociynHJii Ha rocy;i;aperBeHHyio cjya6y, 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



188 BSOTHHKl IBPOm. 

o6imfi,JVb ycrpoHTB x^jio. H TasEsrB oÓpasoirB TyesMh FauiB, ypo- 
senei^i SA^mearo ropová, BOiopoMy 6ujio TenepB yse 36 jiíitb, 
nocrynnjPB ki> sbash). Khasb npexcraBEJii ero $optfeBy. 

— Bu (Ihjih oÝHi^epoH'B! fitb! Easi bbi nonan rb AnepABy? — 

€HpOCHJ<B BCK0JIB8B ^OpÓBKl. 

— Bb BToiTB BHHOBarB rjaBHBíH-B o6pa80M% repmreBicepi! — 
OTBi^aji sanHiaH^B Fojjib, nojiynaBniitt neHdio. 

— 3ro o^eHB HHiepecHo!— saMŠTHJB khasb, coÓnpaflCB Bnocjífl- 
ctbíh pascspocHTB o6rh otoitb; TenepB ero HHiepecoBaji^ BonpocB o&b 
aBi^iflrB.— GoB^TB npaBjeeífl xoJseH'B ;^epsaTBCfl Rypca^ xoJseH^ 
noAi^epsHBaiB eBOH aBi^H! Mon Dieu, a ^HrajrB, ^íto oh^ n OBoeM'B 
OT^eri oÓiflBJífleTB, ^ro y nero xpaHHTca BecBica sHanHTaiBHBift 
pesepBHiifi RanHiajarB. 

— ^al Kas'B 6n xa ne xaKi! — ^Bospasui $op5eRi, h sacMi^jca 
npH BTOMi Harjo h Heocropoano. 

— IIoBBOJiBTe! — nepeÓHJi hobhí ccKpempB KMsa, KOTopstt 
Bi "iepnoMi ^paB']^ h 6^om> aMievk npoHSBOAHJTB TaBoe Bne^aTJŽ- 
HÍe, BOTopoe Majio coraacoBajiocB ci ero nepBOHa^ajBHEUTB sBaHÍeifB 
b:b aHSHH — OH^ Chj-b Wh H)HOCTH cjiecapeiTB. — B-B HHTepeeax-B 
OAHoro Moero upiareja, HaxoAfln^arocfl b'b AMepHR'6, xoBTopa Bojibhh, 
a HaBOAHJTB cnpaBBH o&b btoitb npexnpiflTÍB. Ecjih coe^rB npaB- 
leHÍfl He nocniniHrB nOKynRofi ani^iS, to nocji']&AHÍft Óaianci ero, 
wb ROTopoiťB nosasaHi pe8epBHfii& BanHiaji vb 600,000 Ta;iepoB'B, 
qHcriltmaH jiosb! 

— MHJOCTHBHň rocyAapB! — BCBpH^ajrB $op(SeBi, — nporay bsb*- 
mHBaTB BamE BupaaieHÍfl! a cani ^jieni coBŠía npaB^eHÍa! Mei 
Be;^eMi jsíbAO no npEHATuarB otiu^aaMi! 

— KoTopue HEBy^a ne roxflTca, ecjE bboaati bb safijiyacAeHie 
nytfjEBy. JIk>xe csa^yrB no jiEi[fl,wh na 6tineHUX'B pQcaBax^ 
T03BB0 sarfiiTB, noBEjíBMOMy, hto6h orjyniBTB cbok) cobíctb! — npn- 
<$aBflji'B MopaBi. 

^opÓek-B npi^xajTB fb cotfcTBeHHoft Bapert e coÓBpajica otb£- 
TETB rpyÓocTBH). RHasB »e sairi&TBJí npo ce6a: — Bose! MOtt ho- 
Biift cespeTapB Baserca BcniiJiBqBBi! 

Ho HOBH& cobíthebb MEroiffB cootfpasfljil FB HOHib ffijo: no- 
HajTB HarjiocTB o^^noro e ipycocTB ;ípyroro. 

— Bama cbítjoctb, nepe^afire 6apoHy ^optfeay Banra naiB- 
^^ecarB aBi^ifi: sacca coB^Ta npaBjeHÍa ^ojisna AHCBoniEpoBaTB hxi^ 
no Bypcy cerojnamHaro yrpa, to-octb no B^epamneMy Bypcy. Sasrpa 
OHH yna^yrB eme nnae! 

BaponB cMyTEJca, sariícB norjiaAHJTB Óopoxy^ nonpaBflji'B nan* 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



maoliH, oacrersyii cbod opBinHaiBeyiD syprsy. y nero ABKiao^ 

BOBU MKCJB. 

— CaHO coóoi pa^^tercfl, hto sama CBfajiocrB nopyqHie 
ofifl^hiaTL 8T0 xijotfapoBy KonreBiiy! — oAjso jno^BZjrb cespeiapb. 

^piteK^ onflTb HaRHHyjicfl na Hero h saspiraajii: 

— Bh He xoTHie STeirB CBaBaiB, hto ecjiH a BOSBiiy aR^i][.•. hto 

1 MOmeHHHKb?... 

CexpeiapL se TsoKBBi^h na nero obohxi npoHBi^TejBHHXi rjasi. 
Offb HHHero He oiBÍHajii e orcryam HaaajvB. 

SnasB AU^ OMy SHasrb, ^ro ohi nošen y^aiarBCA. Gespe* 
Ttpb ymeii, saiiiTflFB, hto eme ne ycntjrb opieHTHpoBaTBca epe^a 
npifliejett ero cb£tj[octh* 

Jlenafl xponora hhckojbbo se Mimajia w>CfOHiieTBy ero abh*- 

— Eto owb ooticTBeHHO Taiofi? — cnpocBJíi ^fóevh y kessa, 
jspespMxejthuo rzflxfl na XBepB, soropaa daxBopHJiacb sa FycTaBinrB 
Fauem. — y^eniifi oiecapb? 

— KkxHi^coBÍbTHHBi jlyiúyeb peiDOiieHAOBaja* mhž ero! IIlMHArB 
HamerB ce6i Apyroe m^cto. 

— Oh» xpoMaerB. 

— Passt B£i ne cjumajiH? Owb npi^xaifB im AvepaBK, r^ 
y«iCKDOMn Bi MeBAoyoofiHOt BotiA! OcBoaoB^ rpaHani panus 
ero Bi Hory! Oh:b yposenei^ sx^mHHro ropoxa h paseaasiiBajrb 
MH^ o erpaHHOirB noexH^ecsoM^B Bje^enÍH cBoero ^^torrBa, Boropoe 
fl, (iyjiy^H HaiB^HKOMx, HcoHniBajrB Tose... 

— fiama cb^joctb Besji^ oiKonaere noa^x)... — zAwbmjrh $«p- 
(SeiTB, cHOBa pasc&iHHufl. Ofi% fyu9a% qacriio (í&b 3abhhš A^p- 
M^j lacTÍK) ofo aftqiflxi Po(Se. 

— ToaKyian o&b orcyrcrBm Hxeft y namero BpeiieHH! A boji- 
ine6Hafl cua xui! PoMasniBM^B BHyrpeflH^ A4>pbkh! — aa^ajii^ 
XHflSB. — JlHBBHrcTOHi^ DO HoeHy MH']&HÍH), HacTOflipifi Fepoft Hamoro 
BpeiieHH!... ií BOBce ne hobjohhhkb Hamero BpeMeHH. Ho ara 
crpaciB Kb nyremecTBÚiirB, 8Th bí^híia BO^eBamfl... vk Jlypx^, kb 
PbitB) Ha BceiiipHEra BUCTaBBH — pejiam jib hjb npoMunueHHOCTB 
sairbniaHu b<^ a^o, Ben^B noÓo^Hafl— Bce 8to chioitomu o^Horo 
o6n^ro flBjeHifl: mu HasanyHi HOBaro nepeoejieHÍB napcAOBi. JIo- 
AyMafiTe, KaBoft nepeBoporB, BaBofi noarB^ecBÍfi MÍpi... 

— Mu sepeeejiHMca bo BeyTpeflHH)H) A^BBy? — noBopso 6ja- 
roxapio! 

^p6eB!B BHTepi npH BTOITB llQTb Ch CBoero jrfSa. 

— Bama cbítaoctb^ botb Bani motbbi f,isi Beafl^ecraeBKaro 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



190 BÍGTHEKI IBPCMIH. 

jfysiiBEJiBHaro coTOHeHÍfl,-*-iipoxojaKaxB owb. — QepeeeJMHie aapo^ 
XOBi... ec^H oÓpaÓOTaere ary tbuj bo Bsycb ^areepa... 

^ KHflBB pascH^iíCfl Ha;^ 8thm% npwio^ioseHÍeHi h saM^THii: 

$Hrypa ocrrora Teoxopnxa Aouma 6wlíl 6a 6citb i^eHTpaUHott 
4>Hrypoft Bcero coumemfl... 

Ho ^opóesi nepetiui ero: 

— Bama cb^tjoctb ycMarpesaere cxoactbo líes^y nojiose- 
jrieifB Kkii> Bi mme Bpeiui h cpe^HBiiH bj^mh; ho sacca coB^Ta 
npaBireHifl sanEpaerca poBHO vh 5 nacoBi! 

BipHOl— OTB^HaJTB BHSSB H UOrJÍBKijVh Bh HaCH. 

— TenepB toabo Tps! Mojioxoft Fojjb Óujtl cuwl ti^AHEiTL 
poAHTOJieft H uHraji crpacTB vb Mopio, Kh HopeniaBaHÍK). Rynepa 
fl FepmreBBepa bpsa^b-jih ohx ^Hiaii bi to Bpeiftfl, ho eciB ctojibbo 
A^TCBHXi BHHPB (TB iiaipocaMH, KopaÓJHHH, BO^OK)!... A Rojiymfo-To! 
MacreprB, y soroparo OHib HaxoxHiCfl vh oóy^enii, xypno o6pa* 
n^ajicfl (TB HHM%; poxHTaeíE, saKB saa&etcji, ne ocoÓeHHO jidÓhjih 
ero— H BOiTB KB oxHO npeBpacHoe yrpo, lor^a orb coÓBpaica hxth 
Ha paÓory h njiaBaji'B na jiígthhi^Í xona, otb nojiy^OHHtixi no- 
óoeBi... 

— IIocjiymafiTe, sama cbít^octb! y btofo HejiOBŽu, Baacercfl^ 
o^OHB Hexoponiie aHrei^eAeHTn, — saH^TEn ^op^esi^ HerépirljEHBO 
DOCTyRHBai CBOHMH JiaBHpoBaHHUMH canoraMH| HO noHHsas ro- 
jioci. — OcreperaĚTecB ero! 

— HanpoTHBi Toro, — Ban^in^ajii bhasb orcyTCTByroníaro. 

— rouB 6ujrb xaBoS se MeHTaiejB^ BaBx h si... yApav> BacB... 

OWpOBaHHUfl MOpCBOft HOBSieflt S BŠ^iHO CrpeVEJECX OnqiEITB HOByH) 

AiiepHBy! Ho BopaÓjB! Ha otoitb Bepr^HCB Bc/k moh míicjihI Bi 
OTBpBiToe Mopel yBHxaxB AHBBX'B, BapanCoBib! DpaBAa, ^íto h lenepB 
MOHA n&b]Sfixyrh Jaof^(Am — raderHiie pei^enseHrn. 

Khasb caiTB pascMŠflacfl HaA'B CBoeft ocrporofl, h $op6eBrB bio- 
pHji'B eny bbi yrosAema. 

— - Ho pasB^ BacB ho nyrajia mhcjib o MopcBofi darfesHB? — 
cnpocHii ^optfoBi^ BOTopoHy TaBÍfl ýaHTasÍH 6uME coBepmeHHO ne* 

. nOHflTHU. 

Ehabb pacnpocrpaHucfl o toitb, hto vb x^tctbš 6nrB tfoiB- 
fliHirB poMaHTHBOirB H crpeMHJCfl Vh qysúi, ffubmsi crpaHii, npe- 
HMyn^ecTBeHHo fb ABcrpajoH). 

$op6eKB Aormaicfl, hto ohb He xonera HH^ero npexHpHHflTB 
6en ÓaHBHpa Rona. 

— CajioHEiift axMHpaul — OTB^^an owb HpoHH^ecBH H cep- 
XHTO.— 3to npiHTHol sacjiysHTB H HOCHTB wb caiOH^ sojorne bqo* 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



HMnpCOI OBOtieTBQ. 191 

jeru H Btinnmift soiotoitb rosyÓofi BoporB pyÓaniBH... UosApaB- 
jn> cb lasofi npiflTHOft aAMHpaiBCBoS jxpjisMOcruol 

He ^yBCTByfl ceÓA nncBOibRo ocBopfijieHHiiirB droS HacKimBOt, 
BHB8B npoxojisajii pascsasHBaTB, qro Moooxoň Fojub Morb npe- 
flKrhc^ CBOefi crpacTH vb MopH), 6jaro;i[apB oxHOuy HOJOXOMy qejio- 
Bbcy, KOToparo oetb CMyrno nomiHTb, h BOiopcift shxb rb toite 
se ]^oiAj rxb shjih h ero poxHxejiH, h 6urb ^acro CBBj^TejiEeicB 
xecTOBaro oÓpan^eHÚi hx'b ci iian^nBOirb. Mojoxoft ^ejfOB^Bi xaxb 
eiiy cro TajepOBi h pesoMeHAaTeiBHoe nncbMC vh sainrraHy bo- 
patfjfl, HarpyseHHaro BaMeHHHMi jnemj ^G^acr^HBafl Mapě*, h 
Kb aroMy en;e Tenjiuft nad^B, htoÓu npHspiiTbCfl na xexkmoŘ xo^ 
port, 6fljien xu npoisxa Biini»rrHHi,— hbotb lUBHiťB oCpasoiTB 

OHI O^JTHJCfl Ha AUbHHX*B Mopnx^b H uo^b Boseqi BanHXaHOlCB 

nsHipipHaro sopaÓJfl na Mecchcchuh. 

— HeTopúi o^eHb HHiepecHa^ Bama caikrjLOCVb. Ho oxioxHiffb 
npoxojseme xo sasipa,— 3aM'6THjii ^opÓesrb, h ToponjHBO nomej% 
BS Bcrp^y cjyr£, npHHecnieicy Be^epniOK) rasery, en^e ne ycnŠB- 
mjTo BHCOXHyrb, h ÓHpseBOfi 6H)j[JieTeHb. — DlecTbAecflrb BoceMb! — 
BCBpH^ajTb offb. — Uocjíi 8T0S <$HpseBoft naHHBH HEsasoft Apyroft 
Bypcb HesosMOseHi! IIocn^mHir^ Racca orspuia lOJibBO pfi 5 ^acoBi! 

RHBSb npHHHMBJIX O^eHb 6jlH8B0 Bl CepXI^ CBOH HOTepE HB 

asipsurb. y Hero Bcer^a 6ojri^o nojrb jiose^BOň, Bor^a eny npH- 
xoAHJon pascraBaTbCfl eb AeHbraME. Ohi^ ne xoivbpsíjrh laBse Hecr- 
HoctH ^opóesa. 

B^b BOjraeHiH sarjiflHyrb owh vb BevepHB)B) rasery: vh xpoHEB'6 
o(!n^ec7BeHHiixi y^OBOJbCTBÍS BosBln^ajocb o BOHi]iepTÍy EM^H)iiieirb 
6aTb iFb HenpoAOJSHTejbHoifb speMeBs b vh Boropom 6yAerb hc- 
nojHBTbCB HanBcaHsaB EWh ropasxu paHbme iiysEiBanHafl sapniHa 
«Tacco E J[eoHopa>. Ohi cairb ycTpoEjrb sto x^o h coBciirb 
riwb y Hero BnpBajiocb paxoemoe: — axi*! 

^op6eKb noHBJTb ero npEHEny. 

— Yse BSflJb xecBTb ÓHjeroBXy— csasaji^b osb. — V iiaMaHiE 

HmOHE BXOpOBeHHUB. <SÍB^hj "iTO Ajífl BÍTbl SSLoseS-Bjytfl BBETCB 

en masse! Ycn^xi* Óyxerb BOJioccajubniifl!... 

Ob CBoeoÓpasHinťb h nejišnHirb Eupasemeirb Rb jasníbj tohho 
y ^exoBŠBa, soiopiift xonerb ^Exnyrb e ho Moserb, — BHBSb or- 
npaBEJiCB vb CBOH) cnajibHK), rf,i bobjtI ero spoBain croaxb ae- 
x^HHĚ HiBanx XJUI x^nerb. 

BapoHi $op($eB'b rpoMBEirb rojiocoirb BaaBjíflXby wro xocraBHn 
xeHbFH saBTpa noyipy. 

1lt6 6emo jíjúíiTb? ^ezovbvb^ y^acTBOBaBniift bo bcšbi x^Heas- 
HHXi o^epa^iflX'b, BamBrnificB no yjiHi^airb vb dJieraHTH^fimeicb 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



192 BftCTSKKl IBPOim. 

dKHnas*!, HM%Bmift fpcryjvb bo bcíitl ÓBfmemiwb BopoiairB, no- 
jiyqnjTB aB^iH, ^^ajii bi hhxi pocnncBy, cyHyji^b aB^iH b% BapMasuB 
H oúin^ajii C006111HTB o pesyjiBTaTÍ Ha*AHflxrb. 

— Ha-xHflx^B? HŠTBy dasipa! — nonpaBHai nocnAniHO bhssb. 

— 3aBTpa!— ycnoBOHJi-B $op($erB h OTBJaiuijiefl. 

Ebasb ocrajcfl Offeni cb cbohkh OD^ynteHÚíMH. Owh oxotho 
neperoBopH;i'B 6h o hbx^b cb TycraBOirB FojJieirB. Ho ohh Óuxa 
emfi cjiHniBOiťB Majio snaBOMH j^ms. xasofi orspoBeHnocTH. ^optiesy 
OHTB sanpeTHJB^b roBopniB cb hhmi 06b 3x6hhí. Pa^ocm h ropecra^ 
npH^HHfleHHfl eny 8Thkh OTHomeHiaMHy 6ujib HeooHBTHH xjifl rpy- 
6aro peajiHCTa. 

Be^epB iipHHaAJieauLi'B d^iraš... necMorpa na HOBÍfiink ot* 
BpuTu* ďlLecioBaa na^^nnca cjjífíóu oxapiuia laBoft iipejieci%B> 
HesaBOHHyio jí,om> rpa^^a TpefieH^jBca! Owh cnpamHBajrb otíi dma 
KKTTHi^i-ooBiTHnBa JlyufyctL. Ecjra ototi nocjAffáŘ roBOpHTb: jmo* 
(Mcefm 6bímhj to SHaniirB dxo BaBŠpeoe xas^! Bi sasoe nojiosenie 
CTBSBTb owb 0Tfl0CHTejn>H0 CBOcft ^uhjíh! OrHOCHTeiBHO TpefieH^^eu- 

eOB'b, CB BOTOpUMH OBI npHMflpHJICfl BOCld^ BOXOpOffB Ppa^ BhjIB- 

rejTBica! Obx co^ehhji TpaypHyio Banrary, Boropaa pacrporaia 
crapyio rpa4>BHH) ;^o cjiesi, b npBicBpeflie coctobjiocb bo tojibbo c^ 

KBflSeVB U^HCKOft, HO B CB CTapHMl, BOp^JíBBillCB ÓOpO^a^OlTB, 

ceHBopoiTB ffOMa PayxeHOBi, aBerpificKBK^B reBepa2i*B'<|)ej[BAi](6fixMei- 
crepoHi. KaB!B t^bo c6jib3bjbcb obb, ^^OBasuBaso nHCBMa^ nojy- 
^OHHoe BH% TOJBBO-^To OTB ciapofi rpa<|)BBn! 

3a o&bji,owh BBB8B U^BCBa roBopBn o npoBCxosAOBÍB CBoero 
posa, oCmchbjtb TycraBy Fojuno cboě repfii b tojbbo-hto nepe- 
mej^B B'B pas^^opy, cyn]iecTfiOBaBmeMy Mesjqr hbmi b rpa^HOft 
RoBciaHipei, sor^a npBBUo nflCBMo bsb ToxjmiAeBa. 

— Lupus in fabula! — saMferBjrB FoJin. 

— Ha;^o csasaTB: Lupa in fabula! — nonpaBBjíi bbbsb. 

— HirB, HŠTi, Bama cbíijioctb!— nepeÓBJB HOBuft c^peiapB^ 
BaKB BBAHO ycn^mifi oÓpasoBaiB oetifl:— Lupa BHŽerB emfi oabo bo- 
xopomee, no5o¥Hoe sna^eBÍe. 

Ho BHBBB (TB CEOfiCIBOBHIIMl OMy ynpBHCTBOMl sacTaBBaiTB Ha 

Lupa B TycraBi Fojijib npo^BTaji^s nibujio leisjsfío: 

— Lupus in fabula!— MeTa(|K)pa, BapiBHHoe Bíipasesie. Tasoro 
poxa BEipasesia BSBor^a ho cji'6ffyeTB bsmíhbtb. TaB^B ^asB kb 
ÓacH^b Be 6ujio HHsaBofi lupa, a Óujoh lupus, to ^ase ecjE 6fi 
pfriB nrjia o a^mí b on nei bi 8Ty canyH) HBHyry noiy^eno 
nacBMo, cjiíyerB roBopnxB: lupus in fabula! 

KhaSB BSyHBJICB TaBBMX TOHKOGTflirB CO CTOpOHH ÓHBBiarO CJIO- 

capx... 



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HWE]VU)S OBBQCTBO. 193 

— mwh 6ujat BH vh jí/bŘcrBETejihBOcm? 

— Cjecapeifly— FjacHJTB otb^itb. 

— OxByxa ae bbi Bce 910 snaere? 

— HeoÓxoxHMOCTb saoraBiLia mbea otfpasoBaTB cetffl. Kor^a nos. 
pana cx^ajia ubes, HeroxHHirB a^ MopcBofi cjiys6u, mhí npH- 
nuocb Aase cbESHOsa nepey^HBaTbCfl irlMeipu)Hy asuBy. 

SHflSB CTajTB ^niaTb iihcbmo crapoft rpa^HHH. Ppa^aeg ngcajia 
npo TO9 jssjffb neotfiiRHOBeHHO npiaTHO npoBOXflrB ohh Bpeicfl vh 

ToXSEMKČBÍ. a ^OpÓBKh TOJBKO-HTO COOÓlI^aJCB CO BCtlTB npOTHBO- 

nojiosHoe bhabio; no mvbcnsa^hj naiy^eHHnirB hitb orb Maiepn, 

VbToXJíOEJÍfiEi eseXHeBHO npOHCXOAHJH CCOpU H BCflSifl «ciieHH!». 

HeysejiH Bce 8to cyn^eciBOBajio jihiiib kb HpaBCTBeHHOMi na- 
crpoeHÍH cepj^TOtt renepaiBniH? Hoysara AfjSL pasurpuBaia bcto- 
pÍH vb KOMHaxš MaxepH? 

Orapaa rpa^Esa HH^ero o&h bioitb ne ssajia. Ofla coofiiqajca 

TOJIBBO O&b EJSJUZMBi H C^aClÍH. 

«9ta aHrejiBCBafl ;($ByiiiKa, oxa Ejena AaBTHHTB, HHcnocjiaHa 
ueí canEHirB EoroMi! Bdb es, cjOBa h nocrynBH BOSKimeHHu h 
(SiaropoAHH! XyxosecTBeHHiui nOHfliifl ori^a ojHi^erBopiUHCB vh 
XOwph! A^a TaBse conuacB cb nett. Ona ciaia ropasxo THnie. 
Heotíy8;i[aHHoe ropo^CRoe a^ta jiojijo6eio, eb, Koft Bsrjuixi, cjHm- 
BoiTB npHpojQr! Ona SHBerB tojbbo bb jrí^can h yn^ejiBaxB! flfi6pM 
reHepaiBina ocraBHJia naci! 51 npocxHJiacB cb neft cb saianieMB, 
^ao6u Hama x^peseHCBafl shshb npHnuacB efi nó cepAiQr. Oaho 
TOABO oieHB oropiaexB MeHfl, — axo tto a ne Haiosy bb MoeMB 

HOBOMB BpySBi TOBapEH^a C^Í HO peJHnOSHUHB B038pÍHÍflM!B. 

J!l[ase caMa renepajiBina to^ho 6yxro ociaBoia bb ropox^ cboh) 
peuríosHOCTB! Ejiena Ajibthhfb coBepmeHHO oxBpoBeHHO cosHaercfl^ 

YTO y Heft H^TB peOHliOBHHZB, BBipa60TaHHHX%, I^epBOBHHXB HO* 

Efliifi! TaBHXB jnoAeft ^acxo xenepB Bcrp^HaemBl XosAeme bb i^ep- 

BOBB A^fl HHXB HHCiafl Mysa; OHH A^ijaKXTB 8T0 TOJBBO H8B JK)6e3- 

HOCTH KB nacTopy! ď corjiacHa, Bnpo^eMB, hto 8A'&mHÍft nacropB ne 
oco($eflHO CHMnaTHieHB... Moeiiy c^acTBH), snpo^eirBy csopo nacry- 
HHTB soHeiTB. EjoHa psercfl aomo8. IIpíflTeAHHDta EjieHHy Mapia 
djepxTB, saMiHaiejiBHafl AfiBymBa, xasB sl ciHmy, npitxeirB sa neft. 
fl 6h seiaia y^epsaiB ary Mapiy djiep^TB y ce6fl, ho 6oiogb, 
iTO otfpasB KHCJieft MapiH oiHOCHxejBHO pejHríH en^e xyace, ^^mx 
y EieHH, H HTO ona sapasHJiacB nommflMH nameft BOMMepj^ia-co- 
BÍTHHipi PoCe^ y BOTopofi npesAe auua! IIpo ary tíixHflORy mhí 
pascsasHBajui, iio ona HHorAa npocro-Ha-npocro rpodflJia syjui- 
SOMB He6y!» 

Khabb namejiB najo aia ceófl HHrepecHaro bb aroft Óojetobh*!. 

Tom* v.— CBBxaBPB, 1877. 18 



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194 B'BGTHHR'B IBPOIIH. 

O HeiTB, o&b ero MysHK^ ne roBopHjiocB hh cjOBa! Hhkto uobhxh- 

MOMy He SaHHMaJICfl Vb FoXJHH^^eH^ ero CBM^OHH^eCRHMH nOBKaMH, 

HHBTO He niji ero jAcewb] A^a, Boropaji oAnaso noHHMajia Mysusy, 
He BEi6pajia ero upeAMeroirB cBoero nocroaHHaro Bsynemfl. H'lso- 
TopHfl npesHÍfl HHCBMa rpa4)HHfl saBjno^ajia nosejiaHieirB, ^to6ii 
eny^ HaRoneirB, y^ajiocB bhhojihhtb BejrasyK) sa^a^y ero shshh: 
HafiTH xoponrifi , onepnufi cioacerB. H co bc^itb t6m'b ohi npocro 
Hcnyrajicfl, sor^a ero sacrojiBHHtt coÓocIahhbi, Boropiitt bo Bpeufl 
HTeHÍfl HHCBMa cuKbjí^b sajQTMaBnniCB, cb osHBjenieirB saM^iTHXB: 

^a, Bama CB^TJIOCTB, ROMHOBflTOpB HJIH HOJBOBOXeiTB! — BOrB, 

HO Moeny mh'Ihík)9 BeJHqafimHX*B ABa npHdBaHÚi! 

— ^a! sa!... — npoÓopMoiajTB II^HCsa yntijo. 

— FpoMKÍfi $HHaji:B ci Tpy6aMH, KOHTpaÓacaicH h ^lase 6apa- 
6aHHiiirB 6oewh: cb bthmi Moasen cpaenHTBCfl tojibbo HanojieoHi 
npH jlefini^Hr^ na sohí, cb noAsopnofi ipytfoB y rjasB, pasen- 
jaiDn^ifi aA^BioTanroBi Ha-npaBO h na-ji^iBO... 

Jífiy JífiA — 8aCH'ÍJUCfl RHflSB. 

— BupasaTB cboh onorn^enifl, ne u^m&bvM vh CJiOBairB! Cpii- 

BaTB CB He6a bb^ah h iir&ioBaTB ji^^tu h BusuBaTB Aymy Bce- 
jieHHOfi!... Bce bto MoaKerB komhoshtopb!-. ny^ecno! ^y^ecno!— 

BCRpH9ai'B FOilJB. 

— ^a, Aa!— HOíTBep»Mui'b xhabb pascianno. 

Jí^ijio vh TOiTB, ^TO OHI ÓoflJicfl sa ceroAHflmHÍft Be^epi. Oh^ 
ne MOPB seHHTBCfl Ha dABee*!!.. Gna^aja ohb h noxyiniBan o(h> 
BToiťB, HO ecjiH ona A'9^ficTBHTejiBH0 HesaROHHafl HaA^epei^a srofi 
Ao6pofi MaTpoHH, ROTopas paAOBa^acB Tony, hto hxi crapHHHas 
ceMefinafl pacnps yjiaseHa, to ohb ne iiorB se BBecTH bb combio 
8T0 ABycMucjeHHoe, anoHHMHoe cos^aníe h oÓpaniTB shshb crapyxH 
rpa<|)BHH BB RaTopry. Kpoiťb xoro, ohb no6aHBajcfl h ceniopa Pa- 
yxenoBiy crapHRa aBcrpittcBaro renepa^a. 

BsaTB ee bb jk>6obhhipi, oh'b 6iiy TaRB h ^iitb^ pimHJCfl, xoth 
jiotioBHBi^a ctóhtb Aopo»e acenu! BsxuxajB ohb. Ho na bto dABHna 
HH sa TTO ne corjiacHTCfl. Ohb nocjiajB efi ceroxHii pano noyrpy 
6pacjierB, sojiorott, MaccHBHQfi^ HsofipasaBmífi penenB cb npflSRofii 
ycBinaHHofi ÓpnulanraMH. BMŠert cb BXHMBTaiuse h ABa namrera 
hbb ah^h, cb RHflsecRott RyxHH, A^fl ysHHa BpeHHu. Ho Bce bto 
6ujiH xoiíOCTEie sapflAu. Ohb npeABHAi^ cbok) OTcraBRy. RaRafl-To 
6apoHecca yrapni, nosBOBinaflCfl bb nociriAHee Bpeiia na ropHsoHTŠ 
3abhh£[, oco(5a, cjobho BucRoqHBmas hbb cRasoRB ro({)$MaHa— Bce 
BTB Heft 6uio HCRyccTBeHHoe H HOAA'&iBHoe: pyifAHa, crajBHHH npy- 
aRHHHy ryTianepia— ona, yxHrpfljiacB, Hac^nrHBafl 60 jAvl oipoAy, 



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HUIIPKOI OB^BOTBO. 195 

ycrpaiiBaTB ce&b HapysHOcrb 30-TH-jrtTHefi seHiiiHHii— coÓHpaiacB, 

nOBHAHMOMy, COBCilTB HHaHe pyBOBOAHTB dABHHOfi, H6SeJH BpeBHO. 

BeqepoiTB khasb nociiHii cnepsa, Buicťb ci TycraBoiTB Foji- 
jieiTB, MueHBsifi HapoAHuft learpí, Tfík oxHa cyÓperBa, naAsafl na 
<Ípoinui, xoJSHa 6uja HcnojiHHTb o^ay Hff& ero ničeni cb yxH- 
BBTeAHiíMH pe^HTaTHBaiiH, BOTopyio yxHTpHjacB npHOjiecrH vh sa- 
^ecTB^ ByiueroBi vb BacBaAHyia pojib. Ho, BpoM'& ero^ hsi Bcett 
apRCTORpaiÍH Tam ne Óujio hh ejuisoft ^Qrine! PaBxocaxoBaHHuS 
H HHCBOJibKO ne yrlmeHHBifi anQjoAHCMeHTaiiH, BoropBie BBisBaaa 
€ro nšceHsa, oaeqajieHHua HC^esHOBemeirB hsi ero sanaca 6po- 
meKb enifi oxnofi, i^'&boeo bi ittjiBx^b f,MKafi>'^ laiepoBi, owb Óujíi^ 
oneBh yAHBjeHi, noAi>'68JKafl Kb AOMy Sabhhh, yfiB^fl) ^lo n Bsap- 
TEpí efl AapcTByerL iipairb HenporjAAHufi. 

— GeroAHfl wbvb rocreM!— npomenxaxB ohi TycraBy Fouh) 
n nonpocEui ero noAOSBAaiB aeiiHoro, h ecjiH oh% ne Bepneroiy 
yixaiB xoMofi. JIomaAfliTB ne cjAAyei% sacrasBaTboi. depeši nt- 
esoiBKO ^acoBib kbbsb npenuerB sa Bapeiott. IIojoseHie x^i no- 
sasajiocB Fojuio cepBéSHuirB. 

— Bama cb^tjoctb, 6apuHfl oxHa xona... 

9to BosBicTua ony SSLoBt^a SBaopoBiyeB, oroapas xBepB. J^aase 
BoppflAopi se 6uAi ocBiuieHi. 9ro 6ujio BaB'B Óy^ro CA^aaHO cb 
HanipeHieirB. Ciiyii^eHBufi bhbbb Haian npeABsymaTB HOByio 
« cíleny »• Onyn^eHaiu rapxBHu ea osHaxi, MepTBaa TBoiBHa — 
jQTina y nero ymjia fb hatbe h oh% oxotho 6u BepHyjicfl BcnaiB. 
Kto BHaerB, ero cero^HB osBAaerB, 6utb MoserB, eme 6ojie CBJBuaB 
^ypfl! A y nero ne xsaiaio Aaae iiysecTBa otepoboheo csaBaiB:— 
jceHBTBCfl Ha le&bj mejob xbtb, uwb ne nosBoiflerB Moe otfo^e- 
CTBeHEoe nojosesie e b 6oiocb y6ETB bteitb db^yv) Maiposy! 

T'&Mi BpeMeneifB ob^b OMyrEJCB nepe^i SabehoB. Bi no^iy- 
ocBbn^eHHofi BOMHari oaa npeAcraja nepexB hbitb tohho BapiBBa, 
BumeAmafl e^b panoši Barro. Ona sasajacB BBA'6BÍeM'B hsi nipa 
poKOKOj CBCBOHME cjierBa BaayApeHBUME BOJOcanH, ^erupexyrojiB- 
HUMi Bup^iTB, nojyAJiBaHuiífl pysaBaME y BpBO-posoBaro luaTBa, 
oóouiraro BpyaseBaMH. Ho TOJicraro Ópacjera ne 6£U0 na pyst. 
%pHBiB 6apxaTHHB jieBTii cjysfljE eiiy 8air6HoS h en^e cfljBHie 
BUABBajE ocjrbnflTeJBHyK) &bMwy bose. 

— ^l!b BBMi yroAHO? — cnpocBjaoHa.— PasB* bbi ne noay^aiH 
xoeS BaoBCBB? SI npocHja bbcb se DOCŠmiaTB naci ÓojiBme! Botb 
BaoTB ÓpacjierB! iísi ero se HysHol 

— OieHB nenajBHo a^ MeaBl 3aaHCBa se Aoouia ao Mem! 
BnpoieiffB, a 6hun> vh leaipi^! Oel xasi xaieBO,— Óopnoiajii bbbbb. 

18* 



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196 BWtEms,% iBPom. 

Owh BHA^jii, JSBKb d^BEHa noBepHyjac& n sepRaiy h crajs- 
onpaBjflTB CBOtt TyajeTEy to^ho oea s^ajia soro-xo Apyroro. 

— Eoro se bs sa^t^? — cnpocHJii khasb, o^esexHo ny^eiíBift 
peBHocTBEO. MarE^ecBoe ocBŠn^enie BOMHani, CHSTiie ^exjíu c% ne- 
6ejiH, oÓflTofi CB^Tjo-rojiyÓmrB meJiBOBiiirB x&Má— Bce nosasuBaio 
KaBi (SyATO, ?T0 s^tajiH xopororo rocra. 

— CfiasHre^ Kóny a noH^majTL cbobmi nocin^eHÍeiTB? 
dXBHHa BHHyja eso pr^ 6y^any, Koropoio xortjia ^to-to npn- 

BOJOTb y ce6t na ciihh^. 

— Easoe Bani jo woro ^tio, Bama cbímoctb? — Bopoiao 
OTBÍ^aja oea. — 9ro ffl Bací ne sacaercfl! 

— 51 hmík) OAHaso npaBO xpysÓBi Ha;i^ BaMi! HaBOHei^, 
npHjiHiifl... — tfopKorajii rhji8b. 

— nosAHO Bu o HHX^b BcnoKHHJiH! Hy, noBop^Hre, noBopnaie 
en^e,— npoAOJisajia ona, BBiÓHpaa un TyajexHaro An^Esa ce6i vbe^i^i 
—a oieHB jnotfjiio sorAa bbi Bop^ETel Xa, xa, xa! 

dXBEHal — BCBpEqaJLl BHflSB^ BSAHXafl E ^JTh HO UJíMdk. 

— Ilpomy Bacb ee oÓpan^aiBca co MHoft TaBi^[»aMEj[i»flpHO, — 
saM^ixEja ona. 

OxHaBO pacnojiosEaacB ea A^BaH*!. Eoh^eki iiajieHBBOfi hosbe 
ffh xopomeHBBOtt ly^si buvjíbjí^bíuli^ Esi-nox^ nuefi^. Baopi en 
2acitíU'B fl iiaHEji. Ehesb yc&icfl y en hofb. Ss^a, Boropyích 
OH*B naxMeHHO hoceji cb ^pasoirB e soropoio ohi osapajrB ca- 
MWh EpeHEH, noAHfldiacB eohte ao meE, xo tofo ero xBEsemE 
6iiJiE nopuBECni e ptesE. 

— Kro npocETB Baci^ caxETBCE? — npoxojsajia esbetb dxBEna 
H CBpBíBafl j2u6kj TíOKb vkepoufb.—S. emfi HEsorxa se BExuBajia, 
HTotiu BII pasHrpHBajifl pojiB noBejiEieifl! 

Ona pacxoxorajiacB, paxyacB, ^lo MOsen, naBOHei^i, xatb bojio 
cifšxy, BOTopuft vh H6fl B096y3RKňJLE CMyn^eflie e p^flocrB,> Biipa- 
saBEiiflCfl vh noBexeHÍE khaba. 

HasoH6A%y TOHoiTB BaiipEBHaro peÓeHsa ona npBSHajiacB euj, 
HTO BOBce ee imcajia eicy, wto noxasHxajia ero e ito cb yxoBOJB- 
CTBÍeMi npESEnaerB ero 6pacjierB. Ona ee mfi&rh ceroxu MHora 
rocreft* Ett xo^erca npoBeciE cb hemi ^acosi HaexHHŠ, ho y neft 

eCTB XJfl BTOrO CBOE 0C06iIfl npE^EHU. 

— O, roBopBxe! Bame xOBŠpie x^jaerB MenE c^acrjEBmrB!. — 

BCBpE^an BHEBB JLOCSfb nepSOft nOJIOBEHH 8T0fi p'6<ifl.— Ho npfl 

BTopott owh cHOBa saxposajTB. Ohi npex^yBCTBOBaji, hto x6bo- 
pai^ÍE cefiiacB nepeiiiHETCE. 

fl XOJXSHa COBCŠM-B E8MÍHETB CBOft o6pfl»b SE8HE, JIH>6e8* 

HHfi KHflSBl— Haiajia dxBEHa, npEHABi cnoBofiHyK) nosy e oĎMaxE* 



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H^BintSOl OBBtIOTBO. 197 

mach B^pwi. — Bee mffirb no HOBOiiy! ji ne xo^y orcraBaTB otb 

— Mnofoe HOBoe yse OKSsajocb HraMesHHirB,— BOBpasHJi'^ 
KBOSbf jijrMaa o cBonnb Óyiiarm.— Ha (Hpsrb rpoMMHBUi norepi! 

— y Bací HOBHft oesperapb... owh cbyMien ytiepe^B BacB 
<jfrh6ojMBETb yÓBTBOffB! — sav^TEja d^BiiHa.— EpacnBut, crpofiHni 
HeiOBbKh BBJSTh cesperapB! 

— Ohi HeiKocTaTDHHO xopomo BsasoirB ch sxíiiihhmh j^aiui. 
3. 6oH)CB TaRse, ^ro eny HeAOcraerB HxeajiBHoft tohbe spinia!... 
OffB MeiTaerb o 6HTBax*b h nopoxoBoirB xuiii!.. 

— Bama Hx^aiBHaa lo^Ra 8p6BÍfly JuotfesHBft rhabl, cobcími 
MHŠ ne HpaBHTCfl! — BOspasEja d^BHaa. — ^TĎsaHxean, sor^a noA'B 

HHITB BÍTB EHKaSOfi UpOlHOfi HO^BU! K'B TOHy JSe, nOCIOpOHHÍe XIOXH 

ropaoAO BftpHte noHEMaiOTB xapaxrepi BameS CBtriocTH, nesejiH bh 
<»iMH, jnoÓesHBíf bhjisb!.. Bu ropas^o peajEffie, nemem ^ynaere. 

— Bii onflTB, xasercfl, npBHHMaerecB MeHa iihjihtbI — Bcape- 
^an KHBShj Herépn^HBO epsag no ciyjiy. 

— ^a! H oeroAHa cobcAmi cepsesno, — oiBtiajia ona. — SI 
j^oJisHa ceroxHfl iipraaTb otohb BasHoe jí,m Hena pimemel ToBopa 
6effh oÓHHflsoBiy a pimnjacB Bu^rrH daiiys^l 

KnadB npHHaJTB aio o6^BJieHÍe 8a xojocroft sapa^^, ho ohi 
taxi xajo HairbpeBajica cxijaTB dABony XHarHHei, ^ro, 6htb mo- 
mevhy nepcnexTHBa sHaxoiičTBa cbkojioaoě, KoaerxHBOfi senniHHoB 
npexciaBHjacB eiiy H0BHM*b h npiarHmrB pasKie^emeirB. 

Si yKBBJieE'hy—BM9JL%-6hUlO OffB XUXHOXpOBHO. 

Gna^aia 3ABHHa MOjnajia, ho hotoitb BcsoiEja h saRpn^aja: 

— KavL? 8T0 Bacib hhcroaro ho BOJiHyeTB? Hy, Taxi yBOJibTe 
MOHa OTB Bamero npEcyícTBia! Bama anaiifl ffja mohe HeciepnHMa. 

— Ho B^AB Bu sHaere, — npojeneiaii RHasB, onacaBnrifica 
<$ypH H aflajiHBa CBoero xapaRiepa,— ^ uwb irbmaerB cxtJiaTBCfl 
<nacrxHB:bĚfflHM'B hsi cnepiHiixi! B^ab bocb ceibn yrBepsAfterBi 

?T0 BH... BSBBHHTe (TyTB OH^b IK)HH8HXB FOJIOCL)... HOSaROBHaa ffi^h 

rpaJMi BaiBreuiia ^Hi-TpefieH^^jBCBl... 

— Kto roBopETi BTO?— BCRpH^aia ona.— £[ aohb HEsenepa 
Mapjo^l.. GnjieTHHRH necTepnHMHe id^h!.. 

— Ho B%XB BH coriacvrecB...,— HacraHBajTB rhesb^ Roropony 
yaRe cjHmaiocB cjiobo «TpycB», roroBoe copBaTBca cb ryfii 9a* 
bhhh...| — npaBAH HXRaRS ho yraHiiiB. 

— Moa ÓaÓymRa,— npoxoasaja ona th^bho^— crapaa npa^Rat 
JI HHRaRHxi opereBsiĚ ho saaBuiOy a aaejiaD 6htb caMOfi coóott 
m hh^itb ÓojBme! 

Oea BHopaMHiacB oepex^ hhicBi crpotnaa h npexecTHaa. 



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198 BMTHm iBPonH. 

— Bh ff&ByniRa vanb Onjuepa,— saRpiraajrB shusb, — OKpy- 
seHHas CBaso^HUMB ^apaMi! Ho BoftAHTe vb Moe nojioseHÍe, míjnift 
jíj^jrhl Ki Hamefi ^aMHjrie npHHaAiieacHTb OBxoB^Binafl rpa^u. Mhe 
AOJiroe BpeMfl Óum Biccop^. Tenep& sra AOÓpaa seHn^HHa cb y^a- 
críeiťB o8paTHjacB bo uwb. HeysejiH xe s nory c^aTb to, vr6 eft 
pa8o6berB cepAi^e? B%ab ona ycMorpETB vh btowb AORasaTencTBa 
BpaaRABi- ílf siy efl poACTBeHHHB^By H 810 HenoxajeBy OTBeflABopAa^ 
nocraBjíK) ea cynpyry, TaBi-cicasaTB, xpyrott naiúiTHHKi, BpoM^ 
Toro, HTÓ cos^iajii npo^copi AjiBTBHrB?.. Bama oco6a... exHH- 
CTBeHHafl, o^apoBaTejiBHas... npBBjeBJía 6u so mhš BecB ropoffB,. 
ABopi...— 3a^b npeicpaTHJiocB nepe^ncjieBie motbbobx, saiopue ohs 
yse ^acTO fl8jiaraj'B ce6i... nHCBMeHHO. 

JIbi](0 3xbhhii OMpa^BJíocB. npfl ynoMBfHOBeHÍH orpa^BHŠ, ona^ 
saBpHja FJiaBa pyBoft, K&vb-Óu BSLvbwh, uroóu cbpettb cjiessi. 

— 9tó fl noxopoBHJia,— nporoBopeaa ona MpaiHO h rjyxo, — 

TOrO HBBTO ne MOSerB BOSBpaTBTB MB'!! 

dABSB*! npBBOMflfljiocB vb 8Ty MBHyry B TO9 ^TO eft Be yxa*^ 
jocB c6jB8BTBCfl CB MapToft djepj^i^ BaK^ OBa Toro sejiaja. 
«Hb8bb b jh)ab BisaroBopi npoTBBXMeBfll» roBopflarB eft Basoftyro 

BByipeBBÍfi BJlOBŠBÚfi TOJOCh. 

UocjA MBByTBaro MOJiqaBÍBy bo spenui Boroparo bbbsb ^tb- 
6hjo Be 6pocBJiC2 nepex^ Beft sa bojiíbb, osa nporoBopBJía: 

— SI ne xo^y orop^aTB rpa^BBfl! SI ae BJias seBBJíBsal Moft 
npíeMBuft 0Tei](*B noBJUijiCfl B^Borxa, ^to a ero xo^, s ne xo^ 
TaBJBe CA&iaTB ero BJiBisoiipecTyBHBBOirB. Xora x yB^pesa, ^lo 
CByM'&ia 6u jiy^me Tenepemseft Mojoxoft rpa^BHB TpefieB^jBCB, 
AxBi iffowb-^opúevh^ sacjysBTB jno6oBB b. xoB^pie crapoft rpa^Hflt 

Ho... XOBOrlBBO... B OTBaSHBaiOCB 0TB BBCB... 

Osa ropxo OTBepflyjacB. 

— Bama naiB 6ujia^ 6em comb^^bíb, Tasise OHapoBaienaa^ 

BBBfB B es XOHB! — BCSpB^aJTB BflflSB, B XOT^^ O^HATB dXBBBy H 

noxBTBTB y Beft oxbbi B81 tAtl nois!biyeBFbj KoropmiB owh «BLfljr& 
KB TeieBÍB xoJTBrB Hex^B», RBKi owb yTBepsxaxB, E npo BO- 
Topiie OBa roBopaja, ^iro obh eft «BpaBCTBeBHOBfl«roflecTóflrB>. 
Ho ceroxBB osa orrojiBByja ero. 

— OcraBBie Meflit SI BaBasys^ BejiflBaro pimeBÍB, 6htb mo- 
sen... Moeft norBÓeffl! 

Otb BBBSfl Be ycBOJBBByjo, ^iT0 Paftxyfl^ 9jiepxrB, ynpsB- 
XBDBaft Toft caMOft MamBBfloft 4^pBBoft, BOTopafl npBHBBBJía ony 
TasyK) 6oiBBiyK) xesessyR) norepR) (ÓJiaroxapfl naxeBÍio xypca 
asiúft BToft $a6pBKB CB 101 Ha 71^ obi^ Tepfl.TB Ha miTBxecflTE 
asipBxi 1500 xaiepoBB), yxasBBaerB sa 3xBBH0ft. 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



HraiIVU)E OBB^iOIBO. 199 

«BorB 910 lam Mysueal* roBapsBaja emfi h paHbme dABHHa, 
m lenepB o(yuiBua shabk), hio ohe neBicra d^epAia^ soropuft aoj- 
xeKb cociaBiTb sapBepy! 

Bb ]í]IHHCiepCIB& TOprORIH H npOMUnLieHHOCTH OH-BnepBuft 

^eiOBÍKb!— rofiopua ona, OAHasonpHÓaBHjia:— florxaK) satfi npex* 
noneme, bb^bb, b Eexf^v> cposa ea pasMuniJieHie. 

Ehbsb ctojixb, Basi rpoMOirB nopaseBsatt. Sny to npeAcraB- 
juocB, HTo oq% yse aceHarB Ha arott ÓosecTBeHHOtt A^Bymsi— b 

XitCTBBTeJBHO CHaCTJIBBl... TO OHI BEXbjUby ITO padjyieHl CB HeK> 

Ha B^BB — B HeciacTjraBi... 

dABHfla no8BOHB.ia. IIoflBBiacB CTaTCBaa coBlTHBiiay a erb neS 
B npHCJiyra. JlaMnu Óuae MseateBU, Basi-^H no MaH0B6HÍH) boji- 
mefinaro jKesia. Bce npHHfljio npasAHHqHiitt bb^b. JJjbhba Epenno 
erapaia otb JiH>6onuTCTBa:— htó ptoeno? — ona bcb npeBpaTBjacB 
VB BOflpocBTeiBHut 8HaB'B. PafiMyHAi 6hijn> yseTyrB BAOSBAa^CB 
rx^-TO BTB yrjy. Epenno exBa Moraa ycnoBOHTB ero CesyMnyH) poB- 
Hocn. HaBonei^, bhbbb y^ajiHicfl cb TaKBMi HyBCTBOMi, hto hb- 
Borxa 6ojiBnie odjí/í ho BepnercB. GepAi^e y nero paspuBajiocB. 
OffB uix^%> Ba^B c!BÍ8saj[BCB rociB, BOTopue craHyTB nompaTB 
ero namTeral 

$pay Epenno Tose zoABjai (uensa noB^ hocb. Eft co6iipa- 
JBCB ooasaTB OTB BťicTa; 8T0 OHB ycjumaja otb JKoBe^^u. A na 
jÍGTHHqb BtfBSH) nonajacB Ta canaa ^arypa, Boropyio ohb yse 
ucío BBfiíbxbj Bor^a xoabji na cíleny sa Byjncii. Bi myMaopixi 
BjaiBui^ Bsyspamennufl 80jotomi» b AparoA^innuMB BaMenBflMBi 
npoxoxflju MBMO nero bb cbob rap^epoÓnuB paspyManennuB «na- 
iiepcHBQH». Ob jierBoft xposBK) npomeji^B om mbmo ÓapoHeccii 
YrapfBi nanoMBBaBmeft TearpaiBniixii ^nanepcHBiti*, n (Ai!h vb 
sapery. A^uise BSB^bcrie, npBB^TCTBOBaBmee ero Aona o tomi, ito 
(iapoKB ^HB-^opCesB AÍ&CTBHTeju»HO npHBea^ A^^Brni ^acB Toiiy 
BaBaxBy B nepexaii bxb «rocnoAHny Foxik)*, ero ne pasBecejiBJo. 
DpaBAB, ^ptorB cootfn^ajii, kb npBJOsennott BaoncBi, ^lo Bacca 
pasc^BTEia no Bypcy 65. Entoo 1500 TajepoBi», 1800 norepn! 
Bo 3ABBna!.. 

IX. 

— Or^ero 8A^ ho ocB&n^eno? — rpeM&i:B fojiocb, Boioputt 
otfHBHOBenso npBBUBiB cjumaTB CA^psanHHl^B b csopte npoca- 
BpuTB npBCJiyry otíB yciyrt, neaieiB npBBasuBasonuurB. 

CjyrB KB aBBpeaxi cbobbjb bsba^b b BnepoA^* O^Bi^aniii vb 
vpHuxi, ciensa nopmiiux^B ýpasaxi ÓpocBiBCB Bnep^^B. Oabhi 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



200 MOTSm IBPOIIH. 

HOCniniHO CXBaTHn BOCSOByiD CBfb^J Vh 0($HRHOBeHHOirB OJIOBflH- 

HoiTb nojsffvbHEEvbf xpyroft ciih^bh. Owach hsi cjr^rs crofljrB c& 
BaH^ejflÓpoft y bxoahhx^b XBepet h npoBosajii rocreft cb hhsrhmh 
noRjioHaMH, ootiHpafl Ha-BOAsy. BcKopi raaoBiie pasui Óhjih sas- 
senu. Bce 8to npoecxoxHJO ^acTBK) vb cÍHflx^b, ^acn»K> bi xop- 
pHAopi ;^OBoro noM^n^eHifl JIy^íyca9 pacnojiosefiHaro vb hhs- 
HeMi diast AOMa. 

THmHHa H nopflAOKi b^ jijbjíOBOWh RaÓHHer^ loennt^-eoB^^Hisa 
npeACiaBiifljiH crpaHHBifi soHipacn es myMOicB h Óesiřop^AKOirb, cb 

KOTOpulfB TOJ[BRO-^TO paSOmjIBCB FOCTH, KOTOpUXl npOBOSaXb XO* 

8flnH'B Bi conpoBoa^xeHÍH ^aÓpHBaHTa niHHAJiepa. TaBi-HasnsaeMEiff 
«xojiocTOfi o&bfl:b* npHHaAJiesuuii ri ^ncjiy oiSasaxencTBi, otb ro- 
TopErx'b AaMH Jlyi^iyci HHRaRi ne Morjm yRJOHHTBCfl. Owb o^eHB 
BeoxoTHO ero AasajiH. Ohi ji^niJicsL oÓuRHOBeHHO ors é-x^b xo 8-iíh 
iacoB'E. TojiBRO OTipi ceMeficTBTby yB^aHHHe opAeHaMH, c6xo6JiacHe 

XOJIOCTflRV, ROTOpmrB XpeBHÍfi PhMI OCHOBaTeJIBHO o6j[Oshji*b 6h Ha- 

jiovowh sa (Sesfipa^ie, npHrjamajHCB na 8th o&bffii. MaiB npexci- 
xaTejiBCTBOBaia ao sapRoro; na ApyroM^ rohi^í rpoMa^Haro crojia, 
CBepRaBmaro xpyciajieirB h cepedpoirB, CEfibiE ao^rh, pacnpex^^ 
jieHHiifl MesAy AByMfl RasajepaMH. nocjri sapRoro jsfiMu yxoAHjns 
H oeraBjífljiH Mys^HHi oahhx^b. CeroAHfl Rapera vb onepy noAana 
6uM yse bi ipH-^erBepm ceABMoro. MaMama Bce en^e ne c<ih- 
Taja cmnnsowb MOJiosaBuiTB no CBoeiiy RajeHAapio n^iaTBe Bnni- 
HeBaro i^B^ia. Eh npejecrn, wh cosajtifidiOy h^^^ojbro crpaAaJH 
OTB ^pesBHqafiHofi xyAOÓBi h c^erRa RpacHaro Hoca. Bijiafl nyApa 
AOiseHCTBOsaJia CMflrqaTB ero HenpiflTHyio apROCTb h npEBeciH ero 
B% rapMOHÍK) ci ocrajiBHUMi, cjierRa (JarpoBiiirB jhi^oitb. Ha ro-* 
jiHfl nJie^H ÓfiJia RORerjiHBO HaRHHyra &bjisa RpyseBnas RoesíHRa. 
Kya^pa hbi ahrhxi posi jiesajia na (J^ajrBmeBHxi ROoax'B, bsah* 
HaBHiBxcfl to^ho 6aniHfl. BupasHTejiBHiift rhbori fojiobii AajrB snavB 
AO^epaiTBy ho nopa ysojioiB cboh nuiet^n. B'b nepeAneft ai^h 
npHHfljHCB onpaBjflTB TyajierH. Mojioasia A^ByniRH 6ume vb cb^tjio* 
rojytfnxi mejiROBHxrb njaiBflxx. Bce Ha hhx^b 6iuo Óoraio h Aase 
TOpes^-^gypB Óoraio. Bi BOJiocaxi bhah&ihcb sojiorsie oópyqn. PyRH 
6ujm HMH yHEsaHET. Ho Bcb ABnsemfl h pi^H hpobbboahjih na 
TOHRÍfi rjas^ h cjijTb Bne^au^Híe tofo-to nonuaro e jijOTRWJBr 
Haro. 

OjK)Ba, Cb ROTOpHMH lOCTHI^S-COB^THHKB, BCTp^^afl FOCiefi^ 0($pa- 

ruoL ttB cBoeMy crapony Apyry BDEenAJiepy, xyAOny, c6AO<5opo* 
AOMy, AotfpoAyniHOHy ^ejiOB^Ry, nosmtaBmeicy pyRH na-npaso h 
Ha-jri^BO, OTBeAfl ero fb aiiópasypy ORHa: «nocrt o6iw^, jnofiesHuŘ 
Apyn, ROFAa wh pasofiAyTCfl, mhí naAo neperoBopsTB cb To6ot 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



H^m^BOi OBn^icTBO. 201 

BHHsy, Fb Moefi pa6o^eft soMHarlN noHTH HcnopTHjH xopomeepac- 
nojoseme j(yxa dioro Becejiaro, sacronHaro coÓecixHHRa, pascRas- 
^HBa aHeKAOTOffB, ne CTtcHflBmarocfl oÓiiBHOBeHHO hh «iipeBOCxo- 
jasrsexbmirh* y hh ^CBibtsbŘmuTh* rocreft. JI^aBHO yse se Bujsíbjrh 
ůffh BHpaseHifl laRoro XHsaro Hcnyra ea jihi^ CBoero saHy^eH- 
Haro ^i^aiíH h HansHaioa^aro crpa^aiB oxumBOft Jlyipyca. 

Rorxa JlyByjjiOBCBoe nepmecTBO 6iuo OBoneHO h focth paao- 
nuHCB, JIy^iy(rE ysejťb ero vb cboě BaÓHHerB h, omepeBi ahieb^b 
FB mBany, BSHyjrB orry^a peBOJiBBepB, rOBopji: «BorB BaBOBi 6y- 
xen Moft BOHei^»! 

HlHHXJiepB OTCiymiJB vb y»ac*. Bonpoci: «ot6 cjyrojiocB?* 
BanepB y nero na ryóaxi. 

— Owh emfi He sapflseHx!— saM^THXB es ropBBHiii aňxovh 
JlyipycB.— y MeHfl wbvh nyjB h nopoxy, h h 6oiocb, tto roiocB 

HSlťlHHTB MHŠ, BOr;^ 41 CnpOffly HX'B Vb MaraBHH^I nOBTOMy, ÓilTB 

MOserB, 41 BHÓepy botb totb spiOB^B y xBep^.«. 

— Pa^H caMoro neía, roBopn— bi ^eM'B jiibjíol. 

H HCBOJiBHo niHHXiiepB BSTJurayjTB Ha a&ei'lBHnS nncairBy rx^ 
xpaHHJMCB AOBipeHHiie ero xpyry AOByMenTu h jífiEexBus, ÓyMani. 
Jlyiúycnb, ch4íb% oibh h npoTHpafl hx'b hocobhmi njaiBOiTB, BanteHii: 

— O! TaiTB Bce vh nopa^iB*! Th bíjb snaeraB, qro 41 xorfiji'B 

HCBynHTB ^eCTHOfi SHBHBK) VpÍXl> MOefi H)H0CTH!.. ŘÍTh\ ^TĎ MeHfl 

npHBOAHTB Vh OTHaflHÍe, ^t6 oAHHiTB AyHOBeHBeiTB cneraerB Bce bc- 
Bycfioe Bxame, BOSBe^ennoe mhok) wb npoAOJseHÍH XBaxitaTH-nflTH jArb, 
8T0 cji-I^Q^iontee oÓCToaiejiBCTBo: TycraBi Fojijb Bepnyjica! 
niHHXiíepi ne CB-pasy npHnoMHHXB bto hm4I. 

Ho KhKb TH 8T0 ySHaJIl H ^Ó se rpOBBTB HaiTB BCJíifl," 

cme ero BOSBpao^eHifl? 

— Mhí peBOMCHAOBajii ero Mojo^oft AnTHHrB, kb Boropoiiy 
ero a;q[>e€OBajrB Bo^bhh. Menn B8Bo;iHOBajo ero hma.— OiBy^aonB 
poxoiTB?— cnpocHJii fl. — «OTCH)Aa! ohb en^e MajiB^HBOirB Mevraji o 
SH8HH MaTpoca!» OTB^^aji Mojoxofi AnTHHrB h pascBasajii xajiBme: 
oirb yÓ&sadTB otb cbohxi po^Hrejefi h HHBOtxa hotoitb HHiero ho 
cmajirB odL hhx'b! B'b BocroH'6, sy^a ohb yxajiHJCfl, qroóu 
saBOHmB CBoe oÓpasoBame, Bojibhh, fb Te^enÍH Bcero CBoero npe- 
({HBamfl miTB, xasajrB eny esexnesHO no ^enipe ^aca CB-pa^y ypoBs 
HŠMeipcaro h jaxHHCBaro asubob^. Bo.ibhh nHineTB mh6, fobo* 
pHJTB AjBTHHTBy VTO BaHffraHB (laBOBi ero aifepHBaHCBit pann) 
nepesHJi yxHBvrejiBHHfl Ben^H. SI peROiieHxOBajrB ero vb ceBpe- 
mpE BsasK) PayxeHy, Boropoiiy okb Tose pascBaBajrB cboh noxos* 
xeHÍ4i. HaTypajiBHO, owb na^aai hxi cb TBoeft dBcnexm^H na «0m* 

CEJHBOft M9pH»... 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



202 šwtmn ibpoiih. 

— KoTopaa y ocrpoBa cb. Oomh nperepnéaa Rpymeme, — es 
Hefi Bísfbcťk norefii h RannTaniy ci Koropiuii s, nosBAsoMUCfl vb^ 
B0rpe6jA sa ycrpni^aMH. 

— TojÁh H H^ROJiBRO MarpocoffB 6ujm coaceHBi. Ehasb roBO* 
pnrB, HTO VojiJLh cuuTb H BBAHTB, jts,iPh'6u OTHCBaib CBoero Apyra 
H ÓJiaroA^Taifl, BOiopuA lor^a cyHy.HrB eny cio laiepoBi, iuba^ h 
nHCBMO. Ho cnepBa eiiy HysHo Ao6paTbCfl jsfl ero HMeHH. Okb ero 
HHBOrxa He 8HaxB, hjih noBaÓtu^b. 

— Bi jífiiáij Fffl fl noHTfl ese^HesHO crajiBHBajicfl cb MaiBTO"^ 
xoiTB no-yxpaBfB, Rorxa oh'b mejrb bx MacTepcByH), xposa otb zo* 
jiOAa H sajiyBCB na secrosoe o^pan^esie cbohxi poxHteJiefi, shjo 

OBOJIO }S,BB^llfi,TE MOJOABIXl BBapTHpaHTOBl>! TaBl OHI He CBOpO Hafl'' 

jsfiTh, Boro eiiy nysno. Ero xpoTBO cjiobo, Basi mu, ÓuBajo, Bcrpi- 
THMCfl: xo^y Bi Mope! xo^ 6uTb Marpocom! 

— EaHBHpCBÍtt AOM'B... — Ha^BJl-ÓUJO Ajniycíh. 

— BojiBnie He cyn^ecTByerB! Bd yMepjiH! CxapHBa-BaccHpa 
xBaTHai y^apB. 

Jlyi^iycB saBpiijrB rjasa pyBot. Ohi jífljímewh 6un oqatb na- 
X^TB o^BH, noTOMy HTO ero ocad^njijuo n^aMfl. Oel Hassajii ce6a 
yóifii^eft cxapHRa. 

— Ba!— nepetfHXB ero niHHAJiepB c* hojihoě yBfcpeHHOCTBK).— 
Bcš uuj jiK)XB| BsaHMHiie y6ifiqfii! Mu tojíbbo sroro ho sHaeirBt 
TBienu xo^CMepin cepAsn Mysefl, MysBfl seni... Oiofi! Tomb B^pno 
en^e ne senaTB. Ohi A02seH'B senHiBca na xBoefi Cami. 3io 
yjiaABTB Bce jsíjio. 

Jlyniych ropecTHO saCM&ucfl. 

— A MOJiOAofi Ajibthhpb bosbhotb U^epjHHy! Si x&ici} k&s'^ 
BpecTHufi OTei]i'B, sa xasxofi vb npHxaHoe no bejlAI Y nacB hxs 
lenepB cbojibbo xovohib! 

— Th xoHemB BBicymHTB oseaffB! — csasajrB J!yBiiy<SB, Bsxuxaa. — 
MojiOAOfi AjBTHHrB xyxo cx&iany ^to octbbhxb Měna. Mhí owb 
6uxb TBjffb Hysenil Jl^a h a&ena satfpaia €66*6 vb tojlobj pasHHs 
^anrasÍH... Ho... 

JlyiÚycB xotíjs-Óhjio CKasaTB: «ho CErny CByjiBmopa Bcspy- 
SHJH roMBy ero OTHomenúi b% rpa4>y TpefieH^Bcyl FoBoparB, 
OHI HpaBHTCfl ero senš 6ojBnie, hím*b cam Mysi. A Mys'B, bs 
CBOK) o^epexB...» 

Ho offB dxoro ne csaBan, a 8a]fÍTHJ'B co bsxoxoitb: 

— R% ^eMy yrimaTB cefifl HeotfuToiHiiMH MeTraiai. 7 Fom, 
BOTopoiiy Bcero BaBHxi-HHÓyxB TpHAi^aTB-mecTB xirB, nafixyícii emp 
poACTBeHHHBHl Oh% poBso^eTi Hx^B, OHH Ob ynpeBaMH Bcrpiian 
eroy EJB, HO BpafiHet icšpii, yB%AOMffrB ero, hto OTHOCirexBHO ero 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



HuniKos oin^BOTBo. 2 OB 

npEKasrs o&h apecrt! TboS nocrynoiPB BEesaimo npexcia* 
Ba% eiiy cobc^itb m hhoitb oAiil Owh craHen po8iicsHBaTB neůa, 
06BHHBTB leiSfl vh yroH^eHHOirb nocflraTejiBCiBi na ero necTB, xase 
can (7x1, ecjH 6EiTE*MoserB h ne saxonerB noxeimaTB Hcropiio^ 
c jyiMBiiiyio ca XBafflarB jrtn Tony nasaxi, OAHaiso... 

fii ary MHHyiy vh XBepb nociy^ajniCB. 

G^acTJHBHlt, ocHnaHHHft AeHBraiíH cjiyra, soropuA oirb tojisbo 
iTO pa8A:iJra.rB es xB^Mfl xpyrBMH rjaBHHMH nepcoHaMH Rb xosflfi- 
cnA: syxapBoft h cjysaHxoft, aojoshjtl o npHXOxi KaneraHa Fy- 
cmBa rojijuiy noxasaflero BESHTHyio saproHRy...— GesperapE shasa 
PayAeHa, neMHoro npHxpaMHBaerB, — Xo6aBHjrE owh. OňtpHBi cjiyra^ 
Pomse nó mfenH, npnBsirB Ha6jiH)xaTB h coo(5iiiaTB CBoeiiy rociio- 
xny o zocnowb, ManeparE nocfoHiejefi, nopoK) xase o towhy 
rbm on hexi naxHera. Pomse Mon 611 coexHHHTBCfl Cb Jlapo- 
som, saifepxHHepoicB rpa^ 7x0 x^a HsxaHJfl ncHXoiorui, ocHOBaH* 
HoB ea HenocpexcTBeHHHXB HaÓJioxeHÚixi. 

— Ohh sxyn, — nporoBopHJTB PomKe, yse Bufixfl hsi BOMnaTEi 

Bl XOppHXOpB: OHH SXyTl*- FOCHOSa CObÍtHHI^I npBFJiaCHJia BXlr 

Ha ^amsy ^aK>... rocnoxHHi BanHiaHi sejiaerB toibbo csasaTB^ 

BtoSOlBKO CJOBl... 

— O^eHB npÍHTHo! — npoííopMOTarB JlyipycB, — ho a ne oxhhi... 
IIIaHx^epr& Bcrajii. norěMRH, ospysaBrnia ero, eme ycejniJiHCB^ 

OTh Toro, ?T0 OHib samexb sa Bucosie mKaoHKH nBCLMennaro crojiai. 

HOTOpHi TOARO OXHffB H 61IXB OCB%^eHl. 

— Ilpomy HBBHHeHífl^ nocjumajicfl hbi Boppnxopa npiflTHHft^ 
^ysoĚ raiocb, ecjni a 6eanoEOR> cbohmi nocia^meirb bi» lasoS 
noBXHÍfl ^acB. Bama cynpyra 6um nvh xotfpa, ^to npHnacHJia. 
xeHa safiTH bl jmŮoŘ xchb na lanny «iaK)! GeroxHfl bhbbb icaB^B 
paais yibxajTB na Be^epi vh oxHony MHHHcrpy, botb a h nosBOJHrs 
OĚ&b flBHTbCfl Vh BanrB rocrenpÍHMHufi xoitb, r^m tfoxie, ^to nya- 
xaxN^B BTB BamHxi OHUTHunrE coB^Taxi no cjfy^aK) oxHoro x^a. 

0<(a npLrreia HacroposHJiH ynm. 

— mvb nory cjiysHTB Bairb? Bain ne noMimaen npHcyr* 
CBÍe Moero npiarejifl? ťwb ^prauiHrB... 

Hmh BaiRE-To cBOMxajiocB Vh ycraxi rjy6oKO BSBOJuroBaBnaro 
leiOB^Ba. Ilpn ynoMEnoBeniH o npHrxameniH, cxiiaHHOHi ero se- 
HOĚ: «Ha unny ^aio, bb juo6ofl x^hb* —owl nonsiTajcfl yjHiÓnyrBca, 
riaxa Ha mHHXJfepa, KOTopuft otjih^iho noHHMarB ero. 

— noasajiyAcia ocfaBaBrecBl — cuBajrB Fojixhy Korxa IIlHHuieps 
xoi&n BcraTB cb specJiá, Koropoe oh*b nameji vh cbooitb TeiraoirB 
yrojvi^ nosajyttcra ociaBaHrecB: ;i^o tmofo poxa, ^ro riacHocTB 
rjn BecBMa KCitTH, noTOMy iro a jífijimewb npaBBaTB Ha homoh^ 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



204 raCTHEKE IBPOm. 

Bce, iTÓ TOJBBO soBerci npaBocyxíeirB na seiui^, iroóti H86aBSTbCfl[ 
•OTB sjíoflibsimsij coBepméHHaro na^o ueo% sorxa fl 6iLrb en^e ne- 
BHHHfiiacB peÓeHROKB! Si y»e roBopiurB otfi btomi cb RHaseirb, h 
OHI ORasajicfl lavB tfjiaropoxeffb, hto c^Hraerb MeHfl sapaete ow 
fl^eHHfiiirb OTB nflTHa, soxopinrB saiuefiMHJH Moe hha! 

— Ho míb xasoe?... Tri> raisoe?... bii noAsa^opEsaeie Hame 
jiio6on£iTCTBo!— eicasajiB iocthi^-cobíthhrb. 

$a6pHBaHn IIlHHAJiepi HrpajTB i^ino^KOfi otb ^acoBi. 

— Si ysHaji, ^TO MeHfl oÓBHmiiarB fb toite, hto a 67^(10 (te 
ytf&icajL^ OTCH>Aa Mazb^HROiTB, noTOHy hto yBpajrB 3,000 TajepoBib 

Bl 60JBmO& 6aHKHpCB0fi KOHTOpi! 

— OKaaHTe! ho bto ae yxBepajíaeTB wo? — cnpocHJTB Jlyi^iyCT. 

— noRa TOJiBRo crapHRB AflAS) 6parB Moefi icaiepe, sHByniit 
BTB 6orax%jiBH^, exBHCTBeHHHft H8% ifOHxi poACTBeHHHROffb, ROToparo 
41 sacrajTB vb shbhxb. Owb npocro nporHajii hoha <n% ce6sij Ror^a 
fl R'B HOMy npBmeiiiy h o($iflBBXB ue% ^to fl noBopiQ ero kb 60- 
ra^^HŠ, rxi bcš crapBRH sHaiorB 060 ub% ?to xorfl fl h crajrB 
TonepB RanHTaHOMB, ho MajiBqHROMrB coBepmB.rB BopoBCTBO. SI y^i- 
mwhj BHAHie jni, cb xeHBraMH n bx^cb cRopte nona^y bb TiopBiiy, 
nesejH wb hobhA ^jiotb... 

— 9x0 Bce ojíHa crapíecRaa Bio6a! — BM^maorcfl IIlHHjuepi* — 
Ohh xasie Tam exHAHue bb 6oraA'&iBHflXB! Gepma y hhx% co- 

BCÍMB BBTCHXaiOTB. 3tH CTapHRH TOIBRO H JlJU2iKJTb, TTO O CBOOt 

HflCHOfi nopEiÍH, O CBoeft noxjl^Kbj o cbohxb cerapaxB. SI bio 
BHaio. SI caiTB ynpaBjflH) ho^oÓhumh 6oraA'kiiBBfli[H. Kb Tony se, 

BTO xaRafl AP^BHflfl HCTOpifl... ECTipi AftBHUMB-A&BHO B^pOATHO CXO- 
POHOHU... CBHA^XeJIH FB mOtUJí^... 

Bce OTO DOXTBepAHJTB H JljTSXJCh — CMÓmfB, HO CHOROtHUlTB TO- 
JIOCOM'B. 

. — Ho, rocnoxa! — BOspasHJTB Fojiib, ManiHHajiBHO caxflCB na 
cryjrB, Roroputt Jlyi^ycB noxoxBHnyjiB R'b Heny TaR!B, qro OffB 

npHXOAHJCfl CHEHOfi RB IHHHAJepy, fl-TO SHBB! si XOlSeffB XO($HŤBCfl 

TorOy yix)6u qecTB moa 6sua BOscranoBJíeHa! RaRB Mory a npHMH- 
pHTBCfl CB RjieBeTOfiy ROTOpafl 6yx6TB npecj^AOBaTB MOHfl marB sa 
marOMB, MŠmaTB bcí^mi mohitb npeAnpiflriflBiB! 9ra RjteBera npe- 
nHCHBaerB uwb npecrynieHie, ROioparo fl HERor^a ne cosepmajťBl 
n Ror^a fl noAyMaD, vto coBepmenno nocroponnifi ^eiOB^VB, ro* 
Topuft nacTo xpys6C8H pasroBapfTBajTB co MHOK), AMB MH^ cpe^CTBa 
BEitfpaTBCfl H8B TOfo BJioHOJny^Haro HOioaRenifl, bb raroitb fl naxo- 
AHxcfl y CBQHXB po^HTejet H CBoero xoBflHHa (fl y^EJicfl ciec^HOiiy 
peMecjy), h.tto, 6iitb mosotb, btotb ^ojob^rs 6ux% CBflsanB c^ 
OTHMB npeerynieHieMB h BSxyiiajrB CBaisTB Biny na nesA, to npo- 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



HUniKOl OBUllGTBO* 20 & 

CIO npiixosy fb apocnJ S. xojseHi Hafira dioro qeiOB^Ba! SL 

JífilTB^Wh CXBaTHTb CTO M mEBOpOTB H.SaTpflCTH AO CliepTEl fl ff>i' 

3ĚXíWh euj ciťasaiB: tu coBepniHJii ysacnoe x&io Haxb nejtOBtzowht 
OT^afi mh£ nasa^ Moe a! & HenpeMd^HHO Hafixy 9Toro ^ejiOB^Ra. 
OffB 6£u:b Torxa eqe mojoa^! Obi ^oJsesrB Óutb en^e SMVbl 
Tai&BO yjiHUB^ ero, Hasasasi ero, a nory BoscraBOBRTB cboh> 
^ecTh H cnoKoficTBÍe Bcet CBoet xesebI 

— Bii yse pasiiCRajiH npHRasL oírb apecrl? — cnpocHjn iocth^b* 
€OB%THHBi nocji AOJFott naysH. 

— BoTB o6h 8T0irB-T0 fl HMeHHO H zo^y Bací npocHTBl r. Oř* 
itmapB AjiBTHHn, KOTopufi, BOHe^HO, noMon 6u uwb vb drowh 
X&i'&, BHesanHO yšxaji cb 4>pefijiettH!b Maprofi 3jepffrB bi HM^me 
rpa4»a TpefteH4)eiBca. B:b npoTHBHoirB cjiyiai s 6u se crajis 
yrpys^aTB Baa CBoei DpocB6ofi. 

— Maprofi 3jepxTi? — cnpocHJii lociHi^i-coBiTHHinb pascijiHHO. 

— Si npBHflTb y AjibTHHroBi, Basi poAHofi cuwb. Tam a 
noaHasoMHJCfl cb arofi oco6ofi, Koropyio oneHB ysasaerB Mofi xpyrB 
Bojbhb! 3to cju^BHHfi BpyrB jnoxefi! OÓpasoBame h xoópoia caa- 
suBaiOTCfl vb wsRfflwb cjíovbj soTopoe xaiťB roBopHTca (cb xo^epBK> 
a en^e HesHaKOMi), h nepex^B TaRHiiH-TO jioxbmh sl nory npHBecrii 
RB CBoe onpaBxaHie tojbbo to, ^to no^oapioie necnpaBexJiHBo! fl 
mnAwh He Mory noxKpinHTB CBoero nporecra. Bfl^mHia oÓCToaiejiiB- 
cisa, Mofi no&bn hbi^ poAHTeiBCBaro Aona, osoropoirB a HHBorxa 
He cxpHBaji, HaÓpacuBaHxrB na Hena noA08p'lHie. 

— FocnoffHffB KanaraHi... bu ciHmoirB npeyBeiHqHBaeie — 
CBasan JlyipycB. 

— EiTbl wbTbl a AOJEseHi npEnaiB Mip&l — oruoHaii ToMh 
nomiTBy aerso OTsecTHCB vh ero A^ay. 

— Bbi seaaere caixoBaTeaBHOy moóu a pasca^AOBasi otfcroa- 
TeaBCTBa x&ia? itoÓh a nopHica kb craptirB npaBaxeaBCTBeHHHXb 
raaeraxi? Bi canoirB x^ai, npa MoeirB Hexocyrt... 

JlyipycB yMoaiTB; eiiy TpyxHO 6iiao coaraxB. 

— rocnoAHH^B cobíthhbi, — Ha^aai roaaB crpacTHO BSBoano- 
BaHHuiTB, HO HHCKoaBBO Hc noAOspHTeaBHiiHi TOHOiTB, — a Hopy^aio 
BaiTB BecTH x^ao, ecjH xoaBBO y BacB octb na dio spěna! EHass 
HpocHrB BacB BBflTBca sa nero. & ne crany xpefioBaTB^ ¥to6íi bh 
Toro TftHHCTBeHHaro diaroA^Teaa... Boase Moft! a cioaBBO jAtb no- 
HKraai ero! B% Óypio h bi Henoroxy^ bo Bpeua Rpymema «Cqa- 
cuHBott M8pH> H npH HyHieiHoft najiB6i vh Boftny sa ocBOÓoacxe- 
me, a fjmtwb o newbl fl^uu^h cb isodoBuo h Ha^eas^ofi, Cb crpacrmíMS 
xeiaHÍeiTB BorAa-HHÓyXB en^e pasfB yBHX^TBca cb hhitb bi SHSHHt 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



206 WĚffosKh iBPonH. 

niHHAJepi, ipOHyTHft, BCTaJTB H OTBepHyjH AEUfl Jffh BaBpiITOMy 

OBHy, noTOiiy wto y Herc HaBepruBajuicb cjiesH na rjiasaxi. 
FoJUB npoAOJisaii: 

— Ero nocjrtflHee «npoii^ai» SBy^iirb y MeHfl nymaxi! IIo- 
TOMi mhí BHAHTCfl raBaHB, By^a a, HaBOHei^, npnóiuťb! «Cqar 
erjHBafl MapH^y bca ^epnafly tohho BuiiasaHHafl caseft, ctoetl 
y MeHfl nepeffL rjiasaMii! Easoi ^^oópo^ymmift h Becaiuft MajuiĚ 
((£LS'b efl BanHTaHi! Jl^oÓpiitt, ^ecreutt ^ejíovbvb npenaji^B Meu 
Tasí, BaBi ecjíE 6u a ÓiiJťb cuhoitb ero Jiy^maro xpyra. A Moft 
TaBi-HasuBaeilHt ÓJiaroAtreib Bcero toibbo pocnHj['B cb hhitb 
ffi!^ ÓyTUJBH BHHa vb HorpeÓB^i! Axi! h saT^irs 8to crpanraoe 
apijiHiite y ocrpoBa cb. Oomu! Ho bi 6^x6 h BionacnocTH a ro- 
BopHJi ce($^: TflSBa Bopa6eji>Hafl cjiysóa, ho ^eaoBŽffB aron ase- 
jiajTE mhí Ao6pa! Bi naBerai^ioHHott oibojií, Boropyio a nocšn^ajTS, 
fl ne 8a6£iBaji*b cBoero tfiaro^tTeifl! H Bor^a cHosa HacrynHaa 
onacHOCTB, nox^ rpa^OMi nyxb mn obohobi h ^piOBi MHccHccnnHy 
fl onflTb-raBH roBopHix ceóí: tasbía speiiena, ho nezovbívb dron 
sejajTb mhí fflfÓfBL. H botl, B;(pyrB xenepB sl ysnaio, hto Óuxb 
jsepTBoft rnycHaro Baifscjia... 

niHHAJiepi Bopo^ajTL meefi otb BoaneHÚi. EpoBb 6pocHjiacB eiiy 
ffB roJOBy. Ohi pacnycxHirb raiciyx^B. 

— EcjHÓii fl Mors HattTHero, — npoAOJisaii BanHraffB,— to a 
<íu BucBa3aj['B eMy, ^xo ohi CKbá&jtb co MHott. Rasi Mors owh 
SHaxB, TTÓ Mflt ne nona^oÓHicfl moh ^octb n moa f<a6p9Jí cjiasa! 
^jfl Toro, ?To6ii onpaBAaTbCfl, fl xojsohb ero Hafiin, ero naBasaTb! 
YBpaxbl fl! MajbHHBii lOJibBO n MenraBniítt, tto o Kopi h esex* 
eoBHO npojHBaBmifi Mope cies^ orb xyxoro oÓpan^eHÍfl! drorb qejo- 
B^Bi ycTpoHj'B uwb c^acT^EBOO nacTOflu^ee, ho paspyniHjrb Moe 
^jKymfi^^ Ť-Hi coB^THHffb, HOMorHTe MH'& HaBasaib npecryofleHie, co- 
BepmeHHoe naxo mhoB... cpexcisa moh hosboiaiotb BnojiH'6 BOSHa- 
rpaxHTb Baeb sa xjohotu! A ynorpeÓiiK) totb Aocyrb, BOiopiift mhí 
npexocraBjíflerb SHflSb, na to, iro6u poaucsaTb Toro leJOBtsa, HMfl 
BOToparo fl cjumaji... ho... cb TeienieMi, npeMenn... Bose moS, 
Bose MOfi! Basi ero SBajiHl 

— HeHn^HTexu^I — BBicrynKii niHHAiepi hbi CBoero TeMnaro 
yrjia, vb BejieiafirneMy ysacy H>crHi^%-coBÍTHHBa* 3jioxtfly nocflr- 
nyBmift na Bamy SHSHb — fl! Menfl soByrb niHHXflepi... pasB^ bu 
ee noMHHxe? 

H Kb BejiHBOMy yAHBjeHÍH) Fojua, vb naMATH BOioparo CBepB- 
ByjTb Towo Jíjvb M9flHÍH, ^^ÓpHBaHTb npoAOJUBafb, yx&pnBi cetífl 
vb rpyxK 

— & yBasaeMuft Cioprepi sxoro ropoxa, ^pHBanrb... ^a. 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



HftMSipKOS OBQIGTBO. 207 

BH npaBii! SL xotIjtl ckphtb DpocrynoBi xpyra— XpyrB btotb 
xaBHO yMepi, a&bho cxopopeHi! EHKasafl csjía fl Mip'i ne sacra- 
BHTB KeHfl HasBftTB ero! ^samaTB bommé pa6omjio y ApHHiia h 
Berenepa! 9to a BHHOBeHi, a aToro ne orpeiiaH). Ho cy;i^ exBa 
jni npHMerB Bamy sajio6y: tojilko OTscbsa npEsasa o&b apecit 
uoxerh emfi BussaTB H'bBOTopHfl ^opMajbHOCTH. ?to sl caifB, a, 
reflHpBX'B loraHffB DlHHAJiepi, yspaji ipe thca^h lajiepoRB, bto 
TaBoe npeADOJiosefiie, Hax'B BoropuMi bh caxE, r. sanErani, pac- 
zoxo^eTecBl BpocbTe Bce aro, BanETasi! nycxB Banrb crapHl a^AS 
BJiBTCfl Ha CBOH) MajieHBByH) iiflCHyio nopi^iio! Mh uomewh ctojbo- 
Baibca! BoTb a na j[hi^o! Y6eiTe MeHfl, hjih ^ TairB bh eo^e co- 
(SHpaerecB co iiHofi CA^aTB? 

TycraBi FojaB Bcraji. Ohi BrjAAEiBajcfl bi qepTH croflBmaro 
Hepeji'B HHiTb qejiOB'bBa. Jlyuiyci orcrynaii Hasaxi, nporoBopHBB 
saAHxaion^HMca rojocoirs: — BaRaa yAHBHTaiBHaa Bcrp^qa!... Ob na- 
npflseHHEiMi BHi3MaHÍeM'B a^jíjíjn> oh'b sa ABHseHÍflEH MopaBa, 
soTopufi iieAJieHHUMH maraMH noAomaiii Kb niHHAiepy h yciaBa 
na Hero cboh rojiy6Bie rjiasa, npoMOJiBHJii: 

%6 fl C!B BaMH XO^iy CA^Jiaib? ^a! HJIHyÓHTBBaCB, HJIH...— 

AOiro BTjBAUBajcfl OHI wb jHi^o, craBmee ajb nero cobc^mi nys- 
XHiTB H yBHAÍj'B cTOJbBO jífiÓpoTu vb Tiasaxi CBOOFO CTi^aro 8Ha- 
BOMaro,, CTOJibBo xocTOHHCTBa vb ero 008*6, hto ne tojibbo npoHSHecB 
dOBa: — npocTBTb Bani Bamy lOHomecByio majocxB!— ho h npHBOA 
BX'B vb HcnoJHenie. — TaBi axo 6uih bh!— nporoBopHJi ohi, co 
ciesaMH otiHHMafl cBoero 4^ajiBoiHBaFO ($JiaroA'6Tej2. — nocrynoicB 
BanrB 6hiA'b AypeHB, ho bii 6ume mojioau h a BHsy, qio bii ^octho 
nposH^H CBO0 f6bi! Bh Bce-iaRH qecTHutt ^ojobíbI)! H ecjH 
fl npaBHiBHo cysy o Beo^axi, to bii Bce-mBE ycrpouH moh) cyABÓy 
H HOiiorjiH iiH']&'o6pa30BaTBCfl! Ho Jiyqme Bcero to, hto bu eAHH- 
CTBeHHiifi qejiOB^Bi, EOiopHB MOserE ocbo6oahtb MeHfl otb npHBaaa 
06b apecrt! Kasoe c^acTBe! Basoe c^acTBe! 

fl OXOTHO BTO CA'kiiaH)! 0TB'6HaJI'B niHHA^epB Ob CBOttCTBOH- 

HHiTB eiiy H)Mopo]rB. — 3. OXOTHO npocHsy TpH roAa vb tidpbm^ 
8a yraBBy nosadanifl h qerupe roAa sa ocKop^jeníe qysott ^ecTe! 
Ho npesAe nofiAeirre eo mh'&, e HeiieAJieHHo! mh noroBopEMi o 
uoem 8aBJiK)qeHÍE vb MoeMi cotfcTBeHHOMi jsfiui. Hoďb xojioeroro 
oOi^AA fl BcerAa ($HBaK) neMHoro BosfiyasAeffB e AO^aseHi en^e poc- 
HETB 6yTHJiouy! ^a e CErapn y nena HOAypHH!... ^oópofi ho^e, 
cob'6thbb'b! DpocTErecB cb BHroAHUMi npoi^eccoMi»! Mh EHaie 
ycrpoEiTB A^a. ^a, TaBfB yroAHO Bory! 

HoCdf^AHÍE ciOBa niEHA^epi nporoBopEarB TaBi pisBO, toiho 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



208 BKTEIirb KBPOnH. 

<$yXTO Jlyi^yeB Óhjtb eMy csmuwb j^hxhwswh sHaKOxmfB, y soioparo 
OHI cjiynažHo HaxoAEicfl bi foctaxi. 

— Ho Moe MOJi^aHie..., — xovkrb-Óuio BOspassTB JlyniycB. 

Ho mEHAJepi nepeÓHJTb ero h saRixopomifiasreiKb saMŠiej^: 

— CoBŠTHHRi HaB^pnoe ycrajEi nocjii o&bjíjBk^ h ero cii^yexs 
yxajiirrB on 8p'&jiHnta pacKaflHÍfl, cni^a... yjiH^eHHaro npecTynHHsa. 
?T0 Kacaercfl Bamero MOJi^aHÚi, to oho ciaBHTCfl ctoaso ise^ 
CBOďBEO MOjraaHie BnjiBrejBMa OpaHCsaro hjh Mojbibo. 

PycraBi Fojub yase Binnarb h8% BOMHaTH. OrBpHTHfi ÓJiaro- 
fibrexb h Bpars ero nonpocHJTB ero npHKasaiB npHCJiyrfi sjHBHyrb 
^Bapery IIlHH;^epa». 

— MyaBaňca, Myataftca, Apyrs Mofi! — bckphtoj-b TREEjí^íepbj 
ociaBmecB nae^HH^ c% Aynfycowh. — TenepB Bce cnaceHo! ycno- 
BOficfll TU ynep^, noxoponeHi! BHBasii bck) cbok) ciuy! Tu b^a^ 

BHOBB pOXHlCfl Ha CB^TB Eo^ífi! 

FojiiB npHmexB CBasaiB, ^xo 8BHnaaB% noxani; ho eni^e He 
jCTvkjn* Q|rB'&xaTB OBHoasiy .lyi^yc^ Bce eo^e ne ycnžJTB ono- 
uEBTbcsi 0TB cjiy^HBmarocfl, Basi Bl^Ejí^Lejrb CHOfia B6&Baj!B bs 
BOMHaTy, BHHyjii HffB HiBana peBOJiBBepi h qrnyjrB ero bi Bap- 
MaHx, nporoBopHRB:— OHI Hesapflsenx h HHBOMy ne Moa&erB 8a^ 

npHrOAHTBCfl. 

H 6£[CTpo Hc^esii. Rapera noBarHjiacB. PomBe nojqrwJTB eo^e 
na-BOXBy h npHmejii cnpocHTB: lymniB jni rasi? 

— HoryniH bc* poaBH h sanpe ^Bepa! 

GaiTB se JlyAÍycB ynajTB na AHBani h yny^Hica fb pasiiHm- 
jienifl: xopomo ih CKbjtsurh IIlHHXJiep^ h ne noroponHJicfl ih ohi? — 
H TOJBBO Torxa, Bor^a comba ero npi']&xaja hkb onepu, ycraiafl h 
Ob «BOJiqBH]ffB roJiOAOii%», BasB Biipasa^iHCB AOHBH (oh£ aocha^h 
AO BOHi^a oneps, ne ctojibbo pa^H qpejiecTE BarHepoBCBofi MysuBE^ 
CBOJKBBo paAH Toro, mo6u nonterojuiTB Tya^eraiui), OTnpaBHJicfl co* 
bíthhbi na noBofi. 

A. 9. 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



OrHEHHOE ]\,%J10 



HSI OHBPKOBl C*BBPHArO SaTPAIBJI. 



Tflsejafl FOAHHE sacrajia xja cŽBepHHXi saypaiBi^eFB. «Ch- 
<$HpKa>, — dra ryCHrejiLHaa asBa, sa noci^AHee Bpeiui noHTH ese- 
ro^HO noflBJunonuuicfl sa npeciOByTHrE ipaRraxi chÓbpckoite h 
HpÓHTCBOirE, — ofisojiecnja no^m BecB Bpafi, norjioiii^afl ch neBooÓ* 
panMofi ÓHcrpoTOfi joma^^eft, sopoBi, OBei^> h tíwl nanocfl 
erpaniHiifi, sa^aciyK) hehíitb HenonpaBmrafi, spexi BpecrEflHcsoMy 
3U)8fltcTBy. 3iM(y]iaiHCB seiícBie jiíkssemj ooaÓonuiHCB ^ase npex- 
ciaBHTejiH saBoxo-BJíaA&iB^écKHrB HHrepecoHBi npiyHHJH xpecrurae h 
saBOxerie MacrepoBne. 

H (Jbuio him^b ^&rE 8ajQrMftn»cfl, ^icb osaÓOTHTBCfl h on lero 
BpiyHHTL: — rnóia patfoiaa ciua aaypajiBCsaro MysHsa, cpe^exBO 
cyn^ecTBOBaHia sas^ ero caiforo, laKL h OBpeciHiixi saBOj^OB^, 
noJBBOBaBiiiHxea fp 19-ro j^Bpaia 1861 roAa ero ÓesBOBMe^XHUirb 
TpyxovB; yHHHToaiaiocB e 6e3i Toro neMjxpoe ipeciBiiHcsoe xo- 

SafiCTBO. 

— KaiKB BHecyrb icpecTBAHe seMcsie HajiorH?— AyiiaH)TB npex* 
eiaBHTejH seMciBa, n mjooTbj oxhhxb sa xpyniMH, BerepEsapoBi e 
^jBAinepcKHxrE yi6HHE0B%, nopyiaa hmi, sa HeBOsifosBHOCTBH) 
npHHflTB 9Hq»iraecBÍfl nipii kb ymnroseBiH) ,8jia, HatfiioxaTB sa 
Ha^esan^EiTB sapiiTieifi ipynoBi nasniHxrB shbothhxi, xjonoiaTB 
o(b yerpoŘesffb cosnraieiBHHxrB ne^eft, BBBaraBafl na HHX'By la- 
KDCB otfpaaoiťB, o6fl8aHflocTH seMCKoft ^OJUI^iH E cejiBcsHxi cia- 

POCTB. 

— SaBHirB otfpaaoicB npscTynETB eaicB k^b 8aroTOBK'6 yru e 
XpoBi, KB nepeB08K6 Merajija na npECiaHE? Jboffiij nosRajíyfi, xBa- 
STB, a jomaAei-TO r^^ mh BOSBMeMx? — sa^ijaicyrB ce6^ BoupocH, 

Tom v.— CsHTjraPB, 1877. 14 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



210 B%GTHBR'b SBPOOH. 

OAHH-B Apyroro HepaspifflHM-fce, saBOACRÍe ynpaBjaíomie h ynpa- 
BHiejiH, OT^taBM Ba-rtMt npHBasaHia 061 ornycE* jifiuerb na « npe- 
aHrajKH» ji^jisi pani h onyxojeft, «peMHefl» jí^jisl nepesasoKi h 
TOMy noAOÓHHXi cpeflCTBx wa no^anifl nepBoea^ajiBHOfi noMonin; — 
Bap6oďOBofi se rhcjoth, ajis, cnasBE paei, hjih, no npocry roBopa, 
«coRa m^b-nojí^b ]ífliíeERuxi> ne^efi*, na saBOAax'^ ne saHHMaTB 
ciaiB, H noTOMy cortb drorb oxnycRajca fb bojho. 

— ^^wh npoRopMJiH) fl MOK) ceMBK)? Fjc^ H BáR'B sapaóOTaK) na 
noAaiH H Ha noBHHHOCTH? — HejíoyMiBaerB saypaJiBCRÍfi MyaRHBx, 
6e3Ha;(esHO orjflx^Bafl cBoe pasopeHHoe rH'6310, e 6peAerB owh 
saxiiTB wb ďi^cx, Rpa^y^HCB n ocxeperaflCb 6AQTejiBHaro rjiasa 
ceJBCRaro crapociH, naxoAHrB mícto, ta* sapnia ero «cROTHHa», 
CAnpaerB cb nea sosy h laRse ocroposHo BOSBpaoiaeTCfl aomoě. 

— Ho MajocTH xoTB Ha o6yBB ceói a& xosaflRi XHaiHrb, — 
roBopHTi owb caiTB ce6š, Bimaa Roasy bi saBOSHEO h ne jsjufia, o 
sapasi. 

He vb jiyímeifB nojioseniH 6ujih h «CH6epipi», — otiHraTejm 
AepeBHH OlBeimofi, CTOflo^efi vb Ji^cy, y Majionpo'Í8aBeft npoce- 
jiOHHofi xopoFH, na rpasn XByx'B otx^hux^ ropH08aBOACsiix'B jrite- 

HHXl JS,2iVb. 

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xoTfl H Óonmoro no ^HCjy ^BopoRB, ho ctojib se Ótji^Haro ceja 
ScamHaro. TpH;n^aTB jAvb xony nasa^B, ipH ceMeftcraa flcaniHHitOBir, 
no nposBH^y Geji^op^ieHROBH, bhaa ne^oraioe nojioseme CBoero 
ceja, HcnpocHJH pa3p']^nieHÍe BuceiHTBCfl sa axTHaAi](aTB BepcnoTB 
^Scamnaro, fb caicyio ^an^r jtIchbixi xeCpefi, no npflitoft jihhíh 
MesAy AByiu coc^j^hhmh ÓojiBmHMH saBOxaiiH. 

jQ[,yMajiocB arHiTB jhoaamx, qio MtcrHOCTB, BOiopyio ohe o^nciflrB 

TpyXOBEHťB CBOHBfB HÓTOMl, ^(OJSHa 6yffi!!T> npBHftXJesaTB EWb 

Vb nojHyH) coticTBeHHOCTB, 6e8'B BCflRGíxi sa nee najioroBB; hotoitb 
OHH HaAÍflJiHCB, laRi KSLKb BTb BHcejioRi 6yjifiTb jiesaxB na npfl- 

MOITB H CaMOlTB BOpOTSOlCB nyTH lieS^y XByMfl BHa^HTeiBHUMH 
BaBOACKHMH I^eHTpaME, ^n!0 HITB JffiCTCSL npOJÉOSlTB 3Jl^ npots- 

adtt npoceio^Hnfi xpaBTB, no BOiopoMy xoBapii nanyn bositb, 
Aa ^HHOBHHe, saBOACKÍe h ToproBue «rocnoAa» cranyrB ^ahtb. 

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no^TH sa CTO jAvb ffl xoro nepeHeceHHHff/ Bofb bíctb saBEMH 
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XOBEifl xecaTEBepniBOBBifl Ópesna, csEraxB nopociB e neiBÍfi By- 
crapHBBi, BsipuBaiB Mory^ie hhe e jsartirB crpoEiB Estiu, na nep- 
Boe Bpeiffl 6eFB xpytÍB, cb npoccEiicB OTBepcdeMi vb KpunA. Pess 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



orflTOHOK Auo. 211 

Me^^xeft, Bcrpiqa a BOJisaKi, se nyra^H daypajGbeRiix^ bojiohh* 
aiopoRB: Oe^op^eHKOBH, cb HeeBottCTBeHHOD etb naTypi HacroĚ*^ 
HSBOCTBH) H ynpflMCTBOirB, ov5pocHiH vh CTopony MajiopoccittcByH) 
jteb H <;b dHepríefi npHHfljiHCB sa TflsaiyK), na bha'b HenocHJiB* 
Hyi> paóory sacejiemfl na hob6ici, Heo(krraeHOirB ji^o loro wbcA. 



ApHHa IlerpoBHa Oexop^eHsoBa, sena o^Horo h9b acamiTH* 
cnxx nepecejiieHi^eBi, ocrajacB baoboh) roAOBfB nepem nflTHaj(i](aTB 
nocsi BosHHKHOBeHia xepeBHH O^BepHot. My«fB ea^ JIjaHHJia Hrna* 
navB, 6HjrB icysHKB «aKBypaTHHS h Tpe3Biifi», xavB qro xosjíft* 
ciBo icTB Baif^o BHAaBajocB iiesAy «AOMaiiraocTBK>» ocrajBHHxrB 
CMBepjsflVb. . — J^aHHJia ycir&rB ycrpoHiB CBOfi aobtb saRB Tony 
Ha^o Óhtb; oropoAEvrB cbor) nepeM^Hy, sac&ui nojfl, saBeji cson, 
symurB xsyxi soHefl^ na soropiirB nycRajCfl Ha saBoxcsm patfom. 
Ho CMepTB noxBocBJía ero no^H nepexi caifHMB ocBOÓosAemeHrB 
H xiisk ero ocHporijofi ceMBn nomjiH njoxo. OcraiHCB, npaBxa, 
nocjA Hero ^i(Ba napHA, Xft oxbwl hbi^ hhx'b, crapmifi, UaBeji, 
(tujTB BetasB^TO sjíopoRB, a MeHBineHBidt^ MaBCHifB, ocrajcjinocrt 
on^a Ha BTopoirB roxont. TyrB se noAomjo BCKOpt h ocbo6os- 
;ieHÍe, a cb hhitb bmšcií h Haiora j» noAaTn, o soropiirB sh* 
TexH BQcejsa h ne ^hjh xo Toro. Sen ja, Boropyn) ohh pac^ns* 
iqajni cbohme pysaEH, oKasaiacB rocnoxcsofi h o^jose^a oóposoin; 
ospysasmifi hxi» jAm^ cj^aicfl saseHHHBTB; xasxa^ i^HHa hjh 
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BaBo^CBEiTB BpecTBflHaiTB H MacTepoBuiTB, ROTopux'B c&UH eii^e 
HaKaHyni eanaro aha ocBotfosxeHk, no^yBCTBOBaiH na ce(yi apEO 
HOBoit, ecxH ne spinocTHofl, to no;iaTHOfi saBHCHMOCTH. Eesi aa-* 
xfcja, 6e8i OTBOA^ hh nojieBsxi, hh j^^chiixi yroxíS, 6esrb npaBa 
6e8B08Me8XHaro nojfBSOBamfl TOfi nopocjBio, Boropaa noRpiisajia ex^b 
aanyii^eHHHfl nanum, jsfii HesHa^nreuHua uexjíj x^peBBflHH noBOC- 
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UBoxeiHiTB jfiOAfliTB BceTO 3aypaďBfl, noniJiH CHOBa fb saBoxn 

BCUTB paÓOTH Sa XeHBrH, BOTOPHA OHE OQflTB BOBBpan^ajiH SaBOAO- 

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6ofi OAHBi TOJLBso BycoK^B TOpHaro xjiMa, xa h totb sa^acryio 
^epcTBiiS.... 

YneBaH íuh TaBi-HasHBaeicaa «orHeHHaa» patfoxa npEHa^jie- 
jom KB iMtíiy caimxrB TasejnirB BcnoMoraTejíBHHxrB BaBo;^CBHX% 

14* 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



212 BMTHIKl IBPOnH. 

paÓorB. Jíjííí TOTOy ^to6h jspúurb Eopo&b yvisL e Ťbwh sapafioxaTs 
Wh 80 wiňevh fp OAHoro pyójifl, ebao iiapyÓiiTL oxny HeiBeprb 
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ffiLSL sa riifB, "iTO^Q yroJB BHmejB ne Men^e saBi^ fb By6HqecBÍft 
BepmoiTB, lasrB Bas^B 6oj'le icejsíft Ha saBOxaxrB ne npesHHaeicfl 
H ocraHercfl na met yrjieBn^HBa. Patfora Ha^HHaercfl vb WEUjh 
anpšjfl, cpexH pacnyrHipi h rpasH, cb Toro, tto npHcrynaioTB kb 
pytíiei ApoKB, OBaHTOBaa ee Henpeir&HHO kb l^My iioifl, cb koto- 
paro BpeMeHH HaciynaerB vh ciBepHOirB SaypajiBÍ crpa^Haa nopa. 
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6pocaioT*B BCflByio nocTopoHHK)K) patíoTy, Banafl 6h ona hh 6uMy 
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xiitfonamecTBO, ho fb neiťB, co BpeneHH ocBo6osAeHÍH, saKno* 
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a Hoxi^ OTBpuTUM^ BoÚowhy Ha jiyraxi h hojaxi, y sapoxoBs 
cbna H KoneHB xašCa, rx§ Bfbvh ee CMorpRiaiett, hh ycraBn^H- 
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porno H npHBOJBHO XHinerca arHiTB jijojsflwbl Ohh HaBi^-6yxro cni- 
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Vh BOTopoft ETh npiyHHjur cb x^Tcrsa... 

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ZAÍ6h TOJBBo-^To Hacasen^B fb obhhu, sapoxu cdbia en^e ne Bnoifii 
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tfoTBy T.-e. HHH^erofi h ÓesucxoxHsnrB (Sfbn^Biewh. H BO^pa^aerca 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



ommoi xMo. 213 

MBOACidft JDXB Ht npesHioK) paóoiy; oiutb saropamai xoMeHHHX 
new, iipHXOAflT& vh XBiseHÍe MamHHHiie craHSH, pa8j(aH>iCfl no 
jicaiťb jfflipu TonopoBB xpoBopyttonby HanHaerca yraesseme. dio 
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cípaxa Blb nojraoiTB pasrapft. IIodTOMy n cn^marb Bcb noBOHUTB 
BÓ-epeiut xoTs cl caiunfH rjasHiíMH paÓoraiiH; y Roro ceiofl no- 
M raše EJB jrofjiŘ notíojše, totb nanBii aerb 6^Hax&iBHux'B Myse- 
soRB H 6a($i; BOisífl^ kto tojbko MOserbHxo^eTB paÓoraTB, mffin 
na nojfl «o:q>o6jniBaTB crpa^y; npnciyra ocraBiflerB Hannuaiejieti 
snaji xopomo, hto cb rocoS xft rpaójunfs fb pyaaxi ona 6oiie 
BapaÓoraerB, ^iwb cb MerioĚ njni nojioBOĚ n^enoĚ. 

Ob BosxBHsenBfl yrjieBo^HKn npHCTynaH>rB kb KiaxKit xri^} 
osaH^HBafl Hxi o^epneHÍe h ocEnny KBnojoBHHŠ osraCpA, Borxa, 
€H0Ba cpexH pacnyTHi^H, 6e8npepiiBniirB Hnorxa xosxel n MOBparo 
cnira, na^Hnaercfl cbmuř Buxevb. Rpažne opHrHnajBHyH) Bapnray 
npexcTaBiBK)rB ropanúa lyqe: ijífite bu, nanpHMŠpB, no xojroĚ 
npocisi, OBattMieflHofi bucoihmh, nospuiiiMH cniroirB x^peBBflicH 
H rjy6oBH]ai qrrpo6aicH cnšra, BHŠssaere na noasny, h nepex^ 
Bannnni rjiasaMH abjuhotcsí xuMfl^iflOí Maceii; no speMenairB bh- 
€0BHBaH)TCfl HffB HHxi ÓoiBíme omeHEiie asHBH, apiBO ocB&qas 
saKÍfl*T0 ^epnufl ^irypu, BonomaiqiflCfl obojo ofea, — a spyroirB 
6ij2^, cei^Hafl paBHiHa. 

— 9t6 8T0 TaBoe? — cnpaaraBaeie bh cBoero AMo^HBa, nopa*- 
seHHHe C3oeo6pa3HiiirB, rtin ne iiente BeiHK0jr6nHBnrB bhxoitb, 
HanoEHHaioiiuiirB BapiHny BajinyprieBHxi hotoBi ho toibibo na tiš- 

— KyiH roparBl — $ jernaTH^HO OTBÍ^aerB BosHHAa, yxmjieH- 
HiiĚy TTO B£i caMH He xoraxaiiHCB. 



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vb MRiepecu oBpysaion^aro hx'b ipeerBAHCTBa — orxaBajiH Bcb sa- 
BOxcBÍfl BcnoMorsrejiBHEifl pa6om «Ha 0TpflXB», oxHOMy ub nt- 

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noxpBXB no ^acTsiTBy nesxy HaceieHieinb ospecTHHXi x^peBenB, 
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6oiie yxoÓCTBB omocHrejBHO «xapqeBaHÍfl», ^r^KH-noxpflX^HSH 
Basynajoi sanacii npoBHsiE BecBMa coMEBreiBnaro saqeciBa h npo- 
AaBajiH ee Bi^^paxopora sanoxpBXBBnnufCfl y hbx'b ipecTBanaicB, 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



2U BMEHmmpoim. 

FB c^er^ 6y;Qrii^aF0 sapa^OTRa. SeiiCRaa nomisjúL^ xon h Bijiv&ia 
8T0 flBHoe HapymeHÍe sasoHa, Bocnpen^ioiitaro no^odHaro po^a 
onepai^íK), ho MOJi^ajia^ mKb saR^ sa nojipflA^BOifB ropoft ckmiu 
BpesHflfl 8aB0ACKafl aAllRHICTpa^ifl^ sa BOTopyio nojHi^ifl nocroflHHo 
H Bp^nso ]];iiL2[fljacB, cjiobho ycrpei^a sa pasoBHHy. HooroMy, Bor^a 
HHafl naprifl paÓo^Bxi, saÓpeAmafl vb canyB) rjy6b ropHOsaBaA- 
CBBXi^^aTb, lepflja lepirlHBe otb rHOJoS iihii^h, nocTaBjfleMofi nox- 
pflj!(HHBOirB, HaHHflaja ponraTb h BUBasueawia HaM^peme BBHyxb 
paóoxy,— Toxqaci xe Ha']^3sax'B ihhi y^bsjsfioŘ hojisaíe, HaaycBaJCff 
Ha rojOAHuxi patfo^HXi, rposEjii nwb ocrporoMi, ^yiB ne sarop- 
rofi, H a'^jio yjiasHBajiócB. TaiBBO-qio CBHHyBmiĚ cb ceÓB, i to 

CROpie HOKHHaJBHO, flpMO BpÍHOCTHHieCTBa, SpeCTBflHCRiS JHOfilh 

yjáOjiBaji nep6A'B hoacChiimh yrposaBío; noHypfl rojiOBy, npHHHM&ica 
OHI sa TflseiyK) orneHnyio paCory, noA0OApfleMuĚ o6xaH>n(HM'B ero 
cnepeAH njiaMeHeMi h a^momi, a csa^H ipecBy^sMi SO-rpa^yc- 

HHlffB M0p080M'B, COrp^BajiCB TOJBBO H^aMH HffB OpOMOpaiOft HepHOft 

lanycTH. Ror^a se hphxoahjocb hmítb a^o cb jib)abmh Óo^ie 
crpoHTHBBíMH, HeyroMOHHUMH, TO HoíHi^ífl npH6traaa vb cpe^CTBy, 
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saBO^axi, cejiaxi h A^peBHBXi, cpeiH Henpo^xBm^ jťlcoBB 3a- 
ypajiBB, pasAdBajHCB bphbh h ctohu jioxeň, bhhocbhihxi Hec^ex- 
HBie yx&pu po8orB. 

^0 CHxii nopi eo^e ne HsnaAHJiHCB cxkjifii Bfeuewb i^apcxBO* 
BanÍB HcnpaBHHBa-SB^pfl, CHHxaBmaro syÓOTHHHHy h non^e^Hny ox- 
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H ne yMpyrb nofli y^apaMH najiOBi h po8orB, to ocTanyTca na- 
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naMflTB... H Bce 8to eify cxoahjio ci pyBi»: ero noAXepsHBajH «bi 
ry($epHÍH» h cinrajH ^yTB-JiH ne ly^unsiTB aAMHBHCTpaTopoMx. 3a 
TOy BJtB% jierBO BsxoxflyiH saypajiBi^u, sáBi mepoBo h ycepxHO 
sepeBpecTHJiHCB ohh, Bor^a^ nocjťi o^HOfl cenaTopcRC^ poBasiH^ hc- 
npaBHHRB dTOTB Óuji^h ýfipaHi. Hma ero xo chxi nopB cjysHrB 
nyrajiOMi h yroiiOHOMi f^sL BpecrBBHCSHXi AireŘ. 

«TBnie, T£il— BpnqHrB BpecTBBHBa-MaTB Ha pasopaBmaroca pe* 
tieHBa;— CMorpH, .SmeBy 0TxaMi!»— peteHOBx yiiaiBaerB... . 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



orBiraoi XMo« 215 

Y&bxĚJíBCh JH saBOXciíe aAMHHHCTpaiops kb toms Bpex'69 ko- 

TOpBft HpHHflTU HMH CEdWa IIpMHOCHJa aBOHOMineCROMy 6uTy 

ospecTBaro HacejieHÚi; cosHaiH jh ohh, ^to ^RCIuyaTa^i)l paÓo^Hx^E 
no^psx^ssuiH HeBHTOAHO orpasuscB Ha caMHTB paóoraxi, HJra 
BÓ-npociy HSTE-sa unpHsa, — ho vb nocji']&xHee Bpeiia ohh crajoi 
apvíatab no^pflAH Ha patfom npexnoqnrreAHO apiejaicB pa6oHHX'B, 
caBpaHHHTB iiesAy-cotioA spyroBoio nopysoD. Xexb h npHmjocB 
Myjusam whewb ofBŠMTB sa npoHSBeAeHHyio paóory, no^Bep- 
m&ca BH^eraiflb sa HexopaÓOTKH, bxoahts hb cHomeHia cb Bypen- 
HHMH nacrepaMH h AÍe(>96hisjí^sEJBaau!ij — ho hicb KaiPB-Óyxro no- 
jer^ajio; no spafinocTH bhcbo6oahjihcb ohh hsi-hoab Tarom noA* 
pa7(?HS(WB, nanoMHflaBnnixrB hm<b saHacryH) xyxmifl npexena spš- 
noGiHH^ecTBa. XjAKSu^ ohh ía^ti ^0^ h ^epciBufi, no CBofi h ho 
sarxjHl; njary ohh noxymoTB aa CBOft xpyxi, rjiflAa no AoroBopy 
CB soHTopoi, 6effh CTopoHHHKB «noq)eACTBeHHHBOHB»; pa6oTaH>rB 
ohh jifiE cefifl, a ne x^a Apyroro; eciH cann ne o6oramaiOTca, to 
He oÓoranviKXPB cbohjtb ipy^oiCB h cbohmh JiHmeniaMH naiOBÍBa, 
sovopuft onuaiHBai^ hhi o^hhitb toibko oÓCHHTBiBameifB, ^a 06- 
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vb xjriUíonamecTBy b 6wb Eoropux) ony ho nox^epsaiB CBoe ne* 
xyApoe xosflfioTBO, ne npoxoincHTB cbok> combh). — UjbjíuŘ ro^B 
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cratH (na soropofi saroTOBjaerB yrojiB bjih xpoBa), on nocrain 
BTB iiepeBOBKt pyxH Hjni saiisa,— paÓoraerB (SesycranHO) ne snaa 
oi^iixa, H Bce se ne MoaierB HHicairB ycrpoHTB hjh yiyqniHTB cbo- 
ero HOJioseHÍfl. ILiTHaAiviTB jítb nponuo cb t^x^b nopB, Basi 
Hapoffy BOBBŽn^raa Óiija CBOÓoxa h HanepranH ocnoBanifl r'b ycxpoĚ- 
eiBy Óma KpeciBaHi-ooÓciBeHBHBOFB, a saypáiBCRifi nysesB ao chxi 
nop!B ho snaerB — hh loro, ^^'b owl lenepB BJiaxierB,— hh Toro, ^iui> 
OffB 6yAerB Bjax^... 3a dra naiHaAitaTB ji^tb ipecxBflHCKiŘ bo- 
BpocB Ha Ypaii ne ABHHyjica hh na man,— bi wowb &bfiň, ipaa 
H naBHJifiniaa npHiHHa HHssaro yponna 6jiarococioflHÍfl saypajiB- 
esaro nacairaifl... 

MaBCHMy OeAOp^eHBOBy toubo-^to cryBny^rB namaAi^tTufi ro^B^ 
nrAa na sanoAaxi saBejniCB noBiie nopaASH. Gu8Mai']&TCTBa npH* 
BHKB OH!B KB jiicHoft pAÓOTbi euifi peÓeHRoiTB (Ukv&jrb OHI, 8a no- 
oejHBmHiccfl y hhxi vb Mdb aha^S Co^^hoitb, fb oBpysnoft jšcb, 
noiionu'B eiiy lacKarB BajeamniCB h MejisyK) nopocjB, a ne tó xa^B 
H qijHa sepAH, npHnacaa TasHn^B poAOifB iohjhbo ná-BHiiy. ^ij^a 
se 6uM MaBCHMsš, hto owb típaii 6es^ AOSBOJieHia* nysofi jšcb; 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



216 BftonDnKK sbpoiih. 

6My H Bl TOJÍOBJ HC npHXOJ^TJIO) ^TO 9T0r0 BaBOffb He AOBBOUeTE: 
OH*B BEJíÍbjn>, ^TO He OABHX TOIBBO Jíflffí Co^pOH^E, HO H ^JTÍe MJ- 
SHRH «nO-XPOBár» Vb COCŠAHIOK) ^anQT XOAflTl— ■ CJiÍaOBEJI Sa HHMH. 

«RorAa em,e npHAerb ao hscb o^epexB; vb koh nopu Bs^y- 
Maerb na^ajLCiBO naarb 6Hjierb BHnpaBHTL, a xn chxh (JesfB xporb!» 
(TB yMopnrejiBHOK) BasHOCiBio noBTopsurb sa xpyrHMH MajeHBsift 

CaMOBOlBH^HirB. «J[OHHCB (b% OpOHUlOMl TO^Qr) 6HJ[6rB-T0 Kl 8HM- 

fleify Hhkojií npHBesJín, las^B b'&ab Bási, napa, bca x^peBHA-To na- 
Tepn&iacB; mh, MysHBn, h yiia ne npHJOSHJiH», rjy6oEOMHCJieHHO 
npHÓaBjífljTB owh H, ifaxHyBí^ pyROfi, OTnpaBJuiJicfl bi^ ašcB na caico- 
BOJiBHyK) nopyósy. 

HHKaK^B ne ciuraAUBaeTCfl kb pojiob^ specTBAH^B noninie o ne- 
BaBOHHOCTH coBepmaeMjoxi hmh ÓesB pa3p']&meHÍfl nopy6oR^ Ease* 
roxHo BHOCflTB OHH xlcHofi Hajopb, nojsfiXTUh CB%;^HÍe HiH, no 
x^CTHOMy BupaseHÍK), «CH6TBy j[šca h apobi», noTpeÓHuxi na 
^pexcT0fl^^ft to^b; hitb bsb^ctho, ^to sa btoti Hajori ohh Buivyrb 
npaBO HOjyHHTB hatb (JpeBeHi, a^catb sep^ett, ^BaABtarB koacrb 
H HflTB caseBTB ^OBi BBapTHpHOfi nžpu. HacTyiiHTB BpeMji pytkoLy 
uofpŘffiTh nopa saroTOBKH Há-ssMy sanacoBx Ton^nroa, a Ji^py- 
Óo^nsaro Cnjera Bce hítb: ropnosaBoxcRoe na^ajBCTBO mBB&rb kb 
Tenjii, eny crpoHTBCa He Ha;i;o, h hb kb ^eiiy saropoAB ^riJiaiB, — 
Hy, oho h ne Toponnicfl. KpecTBSHHHy se s^atb ne npnxoxHTCfl; 
BecHOft, npn BunycR*! csothhh na noAHOSHHft BopirB, owh cni- 
nrarB oropo^HTB cboh) «nepeMŠHy», jifióu npeji^oxpaHHTB otb no- 
xpaBu noc&HHoe hmi HesHa^HrejBHoe BOJiHnecTBO xjirl({a; jiítom^b — 
naxo nojBsoBaiBCfl jí^beume xhamh, ttoÓq ycn^TB saBOSHH) nox- 
'npaBHTB, na A£ipy bb BpBiniš saniaxy nojiosHTB, xsepH h BopoTa 
otfnoBHTB, a TyrB, rďflXHniB, h cryA^noe BpeMji nacrynHJio, TonjiHBa 
Tpe6yeTB... He noHUTm jih hocjš aToro rk canoBOJiBfl saypajB- 

CBHXX BpeCTBflH'B, Sa BOTOpHfl HXB HHFÍ npeC^^yiOTB H BOTOpHfl 
COCTOflrB BB TOITB, ^TO— HySHHft HITB JS^iSÍ AOMamHflro OtiHXOXa H 

onaa^enHutt hmh najioroifB— jšcb ohh pjůsvb bb HeoTsexennoMB 
jAoocfbKb? Bn^^na ;ih wb btohb la sjías bojih, Boropafl o^na tojibbo 
Bapaercfl sasonoM^? BEiBaeri HHorxa, ^iro nysHBB vh Te%HÍH xperB- 
nenipexB jAvl ne bhboshtb cji^xyeMaro eny sa najorB jr6ca, xy~ 
iiaa HaBOHHTB ero h sarlirB orcrpoHTB xotb noBuft aifÓapB hjh 
OBHHB, — HO H TyTB ero onfiTB nflecji^jí^ioTB sa caMOBOJBe, lasB 
BavB, no i^HOEy yeraBy,. owb ne HH^erB yse npaBa, no ncie- 
whíh AByxB xbvbj BHBOSHTB CB iflCTa nopyÓBH omyn^enHut eicy 
sa HajioFB Ji^CTb H owh — nojiBsyflCB rbwby sa ^ sanjaTHJi^ BpoB- 
BusL AeHBrn — npecrynaeirB sasoHB. RpecTBflHHHi, bb bobj^-bohi^obi, 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



OTHmoi XMo. 217 

TepaerE rqjoj^, ne noHmiafl, vh ^eiTB coctostrh xpe^OBaok saicoHa, 
I nycsaercs wb caMOBoibHiui nopyÓRH. 

MascEMBa, noffiúno cboute OAHOcemaHairB, HCBycnaca vh 
n&EOWh npoBoai tfpeBefirb h sepAei hsx jrtca xoMofi: Hapy6fln 

OHI, ÓHBEJIO, XBa-TpH ÓpeSHA, Cb A^CflTOKb SepX6tt, OCiaBHrB HTE 

RL caxofi Haii^'fi, Aft^eso h ckphtho on rjftsi JitcHOft crpasH; a 
noxofixerb nopa yxotioaro nyri, Tasí nepeBesen htl si ce&b vl 
orpaxy — xo Toro Bpaxyncb, ynorpeÓirB ku bi gbjío — xo xoro 
CBopOy "110 HHKio en^e HH-pasy ne cjiobu^l ero — hh nojrí^Bn^HRff, 

QH 0&KbSf,^MKJllj HH CaiTb jri^HEVÍĚ. 

^Hy, yacB mycrpiift y ApHHU napeneitb, xhbo npocTo!» roBO- 
pniH npoHejrb ce6a. «QiBepi^H», visiffí na ÓoftByio hsbopotjhboctb 

MaBCHMBH. 

Eorxa eify MHHyao x^catb jAvby MaKCHMBa ciajrb "bsxHTB na 
sypeHHiifl pa(kmi. Úo npaBy npHHijacb eny nyxHáfl sh3hb qpexi 
XpeMy^Hxi jišcOBi, y nHJiaioii^Hxi yrjieBiixi Ky^i, q)exH XHica h 
bohotb; syTBO nox^acx ciaHOBHjiocB eny, cmma B^taaH rpo^ 
huě peBi jšcHuxi oÓHTaTejiefl, rpoMuirB bxoitb pasHOCHMSifi no 
ORpecTHOcnurb. HeBoibHHfl Tpenen opoCapairb Bce MOJOxoe cyn^e- 
CTBo peÓfiBsa, cb BpHsoMs H HjaveiťB BBxaicfl owb Kb paóoraio- 
H^iTB y sjwb MysHBairE.., 

«3^ xypcHB, napji,— oÓoxpuH ero cn^mie,— b^x^ sb^Pb xhbho 
oicioxa peBfirB; 8hto tojibbo jimift pa8HociiTE», — e HajL^nnci ycno- 

KOEBaiCfl, HipEJTE, "ITO 8T0 X^BCTBEienHO J^EDÍft paSHOCflrB 8B%* 
pflHHt peFB, npEBUBail> Kb JI^HOfi 8B8HE Ej HaSOHei^l, COB(Awb 

cb Hen CBHBCfl. — Eorxa se sanoxcsoe na^aiBerBO crajio OTxaBaib 
sypeHEHE pa6oTEi apiejuuírB, oh^b ůswb mn nepsHirB, npexcraBEB-* 
mEX^B nopy^nyio sanECB. 

FopjiHO npEHucE HETHaxi^aTEJiŠTHifl pa6otifl sa npEBuqHuft 
XiE nero ipyxi; cb Óósbméi emfi oxoroft noj^xan ohb na 8totb 
pasi VB .BfiaBoiiyH) ^an^^ pyÓETB xpoBa e rorosETB exi k^b ocenn, 
iT0(5£i saiiiTB npEcrynETB b^b iLias'&^ oxepHenÍK) e ochhbš ByTB; 
HOJiy^eHEiiĚ OTB BOHTopn saxaiOBi ohb orxan MaiepE na xonam- 
HOCTB, a caiTB yxoBOJiBCTBOBajiCE ^epHHiTB xjA6^wb E BBacoMi. 3a 
10 CB sasEiTB HaciasxemeirB caxEacE ohi, vb sas^yio cboio ho- 
(hiBsy Vb OfcBepHOfiy sa ctoxb, yse EaxaJH npEirbTEBi npEroroB- 
leHHyio 8a6oTJiEBOft pysofl MaiepE ^amKy cb HEJBHemicE. dio 
(tsua pocBomB gasExo^eiixi jnoxeft, soropyio oó^xH^jafl ApEHa 
noBBOJEja ixň/b toibbo f,juí HtsHo-jnoÓEMaro BopmMBi^a-ciiHa.... 

Břb TEsejqno roxEHy, bo BpeiieflaMrB Boefi othocetca nanrB pas- 
cttffB, cyx^a ne noqaxHJUt ApEHH e en ciiHa; aiafl «CE6EpBa» 
fle odonua exb xona, yflecjia cb co6ofi nocjišxHEro MaacEHBEna 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



218 B^OTHIKl IBPOim. 

CHBaro BOHfl B exHHCTBfflHyK) ApHHHHy BpacHyH) s(^K»j. Ilporo- 
piOHHJiHCB OHH q6sl] Tflsejufl xyMs oiyMaHHXH MOJioxyio roaoBy 
MascBEa, Bp^iiRo sanujio cepxae ero cxapyxEr-MarepH. Ey^^B hxi 

TOJBKO ABOe, OHH, ViOXBVb, BaVB-HHÓyAB H CIipaBHJIHCB tísi Cb &bj^OÍj 

HO y ApHHu 6iua en^e He6ain>ineHBBas ;(0^9 ji^ ciapmift ceihi ei 
DaBeji^B, ji']&rB iiatb TOny yMepmifi, ociaBHJTB no cetírb óoJihBjío 
seny h aboex^b peóflieinesi^, Koropue sejia y ($a6yiinui. BecB arorB 
<k>JiBHOĚ, ÓesnoMOH^Hiifi jih>ai yBeJHWBajTB en^e ÓOJifbe spy^uHy 
MaBCHMa. KaBi na Ú^xy^ emy ne y Borp 6ujio xo6paro cob^ts 
cnpocHTB, noTOMy ^to bcí ero cocéah, ocTaBinieca noAo6HO eny 
Óeši CKOTHHii H pa6oHed cbjh, xose ne hopjih yna npnjosHTB. 
CROpÓBy CTOHi H njia^i HOCBJTHCB nBigh BuceďBOM%; peBŠjra H npH- 
^HTUBaaH 6a6u, npiyHUJH MysHBn; en^e Kb c^acTBio hxi, ^to bo 
Bcefi AepeBB^ ne 6um saóasa, sHa^HT^ neBy^a HecTH hoc^ahiok) 
jionaxHHy h sanHBaiB bhhomi> TasejLyjo aojik). 

Ho He vbvb ropeBaTBy na^o h ropio noco^EXB; TaB'B h cŠBe- 
pane nopimiLiH, Hasonei^i, hatě na saBO^, «£% 6apHHy», npo- 

CHTB pa60TU H ABOňHUXl> 8aAaTK0B'B. 

— He A^^Ayr^ saAaxKOBrB, ^to(5h Bonefi synETB, lasB no spafi* 
HOCTH vb py;(0B03£i Bi no^Q^x^HRaMi .naňHeifca, — nopšniHJH My- 
SHSH, nonpon^ajiHCB cb 6a6aMn h nonuin sa ero Bepcn pa6oTH na 
xjiúb npocHTB. Bi> saBOA*]^ hxi s^^h... 

Mnorie h8'b BpecTBflH^B cod&AHffro yfo^a, saRJiOHHBnrie en^e 
paneett Becnofi ^AoroBopi na nocraBsy yrjifl, OTBasaaHCB otb noA* 
P2A&, laBi KaK% H y HHxi OBasa^cfl, BCJL^ACTBÍe TOň se «ch($hprh»^ 
noíHbift neAOcraTOBib bi> nepeBOsovHBixi cpeACiBax^; a a^jio éuxa 
'Afi^BHee, nšmKom ipyAHO óujío nocnšiB; nodiOMy na nocTaTAX'B 
Bypennuxi nnoro ocrajiocB ApoBib, saroTOBJíeHHZixrB A^a yrjesaKeHk, 

TSLRT, ITO Bl pa609HX'B 6£Ua nOTpeČHOCTB. 

npeAycMOTpHTejiBHafl saBOAcnaa aAM]IHQCTpa^ífl, no nojiyHeniH 

CB%A'Í^ífi o XOA^ CH<$HpCSOft flSBBI H 9HCJ'& nOrJIOn^BHHHXl eK) jLO" 

maAeft, pasoua no B&AOMOCDurB npeAmecisyfon^aro roA&^ cbojibko 
paóoíHX^B cEXb nociaBifljíH coc^AHÍa mj^cthocth, pasopennHA huhí 
GTpaniHOĚ annsooiíefi, h, cootípasyjiCB cb nojyienHUMH BUBJíaABaMH, 
BasynHja na ÓJinsafinieMi bohhom^ piiHBŠ norpeónoe hhcjo jo- 
maAeft, npoAJOSHBi^ hxi saiŠMi, no cBoefi i^^hí, sasficTO saAaTsa 
GTHHyBniBMca vb saaoAi patfo^nMi hbi oBpecTHOx^B A^peBenB. 

noAodnaa npeAynpeAHrejiBHafl M^pa 6111a HeojBHAa&nocTBH) ^jul 
6^AHflB0B%, nojLaraBniHxi, tto hmi mhofo h AOJiro npnx6Tca ynpa- 
niHBaTB nep6A'B tíitb, ?to6£i noiy^HTB ABOftflHe saxaiSH h noByio 
pa6oTy. Ob noHATHOH) bi hxi noiocRenii aji^nocTBEO coriaouHCb 



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^rHmoB AMo. 219 

OHH Ha opexiosemfl sasoAoyiqpaBjeflúi, tíitb ((oaie, hto npe^Jia- 
raemie bohh Óusvl no npeeMyo^ecTBy hstb kipfhscrbxi creneS^ 
ipinKÍe H BUHOCJUíBHe; ducxpo pasotfpajiH noxpflx^ Btisera yrjia 
Hsi Hapy<$ieHHux!E apobi, oe npBHHMaa, pa^yMŠeroa, bo BmMaHie^ 
BacKOARO y KOPO xBHmvb CHJii H BpeMeHH. SaBOXCBoe HanasscTBo, 
co CBoefi ciopoHH, se seiaa nojBsoBarBCfl HecHacrieM^b MysEsoB^^ 
cjosHJio eo menovb muK^amusi nepBOHaiajBHiuťB paóoTHHBaBťB en^e 
BecHoft sa^aioiHiifl A^rara h HaasaHEio aa sttsy syqi h BURserE 
yrjfl TOJBRO xBaxi^aTBK) npoL^eBiaMH ueabe i;%hh sa bocb noxpflABr 
c^Hiafl lyTB H pytísy ApoBi», TaBi ?to paÓo^HirB npHnuiocB noiy- 
^ETh BO 80 KonieRTB aa Kopo6^ jvm cochobož hjih bhož xboShoS 

HOpOAU. 

DpasiJiHCB no cepAi^y drn ycjiOBÍa h MascHicy Bexop^eHsoBy; 
vb ocoÓeHHocTH DpHrjflHyjHeB eny xsa BopoHHxi kohs, toii^hxi h 
Cb noABeAeHHimi Cpioxoni, ho shjihctuxi h mBpoBOrpywxi; snaa 

no OHHTy H&SOTOpUĚ TOJIK^B Vb AOmdLffíXby OHB npeABHA'6jťB Vb 

HHxi xoponiHX'B patfoTHHBOBi, CHOCotfHfiixi Ha ^ó yro^HO. Gtohjh 
XOHH ceubjifiOLTb . pytíjiefi napa; htoÓíh ynjiaTHTB bte ffiEbVB e^b 
noaoBHBu noApiiAHOfi -i^ŽHiiiy BUA&BaeMoft vb Baxafrok'B, naAO 6buo 
BSflTB na ce6a nocxaBRy AByx'B-coTi jsopo6ovb. Iloxyiiaji^ Heimoro 
MaBCHiTB H Bei^jii ce6a sanHcaiB^ fb noAaBaeifoirB npn apxaiBHOĚ 
sanBCH peecrpi, na caMoe aro roibi6Ctbo h noiy^Hjnb sejaeMyH> 
BKB napy aosefi, }» emfi hatb pyójiefi. 

— CnpaBHmB-ju!, GeAopnenoKB, laKoň CojBnwfl noApa^iř—no^ 
coMBiBaacfl saBOAeidtt ^imumiíi. 

— UoniTO ne cnpaBHiB, HBaHi EBamiTB, — B0Bpa8HJ'B Mak- 
emťB,— na AByx'B BOHflX'B lenepB potoiB crany; nocnto! — h rjasa 
ifajB^Hsa saHCBpHjHCB OTB caMOAOBOJBCTBÚi: BnepBue npHHUocB eicy 
Tasoft 6oj[Bmofi noApjiA^ ÓpaiB, h oh'b ropAHJiCfl btaitb. 

nocnimGíJi'B MaacHiTB na nocTaxB, rj^ cjioaceHU 6ujm npEHama 
jiicood:BÍteA^HsaMH H saueflMeHHHfl yse ApoBa. EABa noiq)ooTiiJCfl 
owb cb MaiepBX), 0CTaBHJi'B efi hatb pyójefi na nosynsy xjiMa^ 
saxBaiiurB cb co(5oě htó 6um oaca h ompasajica: moashib nejBBa 
tiiuo, npHÓJHsajiocB Bo3ABHseHBe, a cb hemi e BJia^sa sy^i, ko* 
lopaa BMÍCT& crB OAepHeHieM^B e ocuhboh) exi» xojuBHa 6utb oboh- 
Heea nepesi^ a^catb aboA nocji HospoBa, a TaM'B naAseasajio na- 
ia!EB caHHtt BuserB. Ha aojik) Oe^opienBOBa Buna^ajia otiflsaHHoerB 
cjiosETB 50 caseHx apobb BypeHBofi nipu bi» hetb fiojBniBXi 
iyi'B, a OBOH^ETB diy paóory vb ABBAi^&TB-niecrB jsjíeA ByAa BaK& 
ipyAHo! 

npE8aAyMaacfl-<}ujio impeHB, a& ne naAOiro: n^peapecticB^ npn* 
Hfljica OHI sa paóory— E xa y nero saBEn^ja; naAO éujo bea^tb^ 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



220 Bwtswb iBřom. 

Bax^B ({ticrpo nepeHOCHJťB owh ceMH^TBeproBSifl xpoea vn noji^H- 
HH^B B^ By^H, JMffb SHBO jmipnx>BAJSECh OAHH'B sa ffiyrnwb OT- 
Be^enHue eny ocbmhhhhbh (BOCbifaa ^ectb BypeHHOft caaseHn), Basi 
CBopo npeBpan^a^Cb ohh bi Byu hih Bocrpn. 

Ilpiisacajia isíh Heny ne pasi cecrpensa ci njieMjraHiii](aiiH, 
npoB^X&i^ o6i ero SHTb£-6iiTb'b. SacmjiH ohí ero vb to Bpeicfl, BaBB 
owh nepeHOCHJTB 6peBHo; h6 ycn&rB MascEnrL iKOHecrn 6peBflo ff> 
MÍcra ByqH h HanHTECfl dsďkwb hbi JiytíovHaro «TpecBa» (óypaBi) 
npBfieseHHaro cecxpoft CBÍsaro BBacy, BaB'B yaraxajrb sa co6oft 
^TCBÍe rojioca: 

— JUWy ft Wiía, MOTpH, MU erb A^neft xamHMi Jiicaray! — 
Ohi^ oóepeyjicfl b yBHA'£.ai>, ^to ero MajeHBBifl njieMflHHHOis, A^hh 
H IlaBjía, TdLjnyrh ÓpesHO. PacBpacH'6j[BCB x^b^ohbh, naTflHyiHCB 
SHiu Ha Hxi pyněEsaxi; exBa XBHrajiHCB oh'&, a Bce-iaBo ÓpeBHO 
XOianiHJiH. 

— AH'ffi jí,ÍBOHEE^ nojíom^^' — CM^fl^HCB paÓOTaBinie obojio 
o^tiHOceiBUHe. MaBCHMi bsajtb a^b^ohob^b na pysH h sp^nso no- 
i^OB&i^B Hxi, BOcxBn^eHHux'B coBepm&HHuifB HMH noABEroMi. Jl^o^ro 
en^e nocjíš loro pascsasuBajiH a'&tH) saBi ohh aa^^ MascHMy jíb- 
CHHy noMoraiH racsaiB. 

He MHHyjTB en^e IIoBpoBB, a y Oe^op^ensoBa bc^ hstb ByvB 
6uJíE csjía^enH, ocraBajiocB tojbbo hxi oabphhtb h ocEinarB seifjiett, 
ycrpoHBi na^esa^ifi tob^b a^a Bosxyxa. Oboh^hbb h ary paóory^ 
MaBCHHBB, Basi pas^ kl cpoBy, ^ajii ocMorpitB ee BypeHHOMy Ma- 
crepy h cb yflocTOBipenieM^ opb nero oiiipaBHaca bi BaBo^CByio 
B0H3X)py nojiy^aiB, corjacHO AoroBopy, no a^cath BonieRB na bo- 
potil. OfBeffh owh ]ífihjíjifi,Th pytiwiefi Maiepn h ociajicfl y set x^HBBa 
jífia, OTAOXHyTB. Bi nepsott se a^hb notiuBBH CBíHa coB^tOBaxacB 
CB BiíWb Apana o tohi», na ^Tb a^hbfh noxpaTHTB: BopoBy jih By- 
nniB hjih HXii sa noxaiH BnecTH. 

— y MHTpeBHH vh flcamflaxi, cjiBimB, ciaBnaa BopoBa npo- 
^íaerca, ne xy«e, tiasn, íy^eiB Hamefi BpacHymBH, — roBopHJia 
MaTB.— A KajHcrpam Ocnnu^a a ynpomy bbbb hh na octb; cích- 
jyexcH, aBocB... 

— He CMEJiyercH ohb, MaMeHBBa,— B08paaBaji% MaBCHMi^ ho- 
AOBlp^HBO Ba^as rojiOBoB^ — He bsjuoÓhjtb ohb moha ob rkrb nopi, 
BasB A yfiesi to tipeBHO, Boropoe owh canoynpaBHO cpytiHXB. Tavb 

H HOpOBHTB T6HepB MOBJI TBHyTB, tiJUirO— CiapOCTOt CXajTB. FlAffí, 

vh viypeaby no cocž^cTBy, potinirB, a ovh hh csoBa ne roBopmrB, 
Bce TOJiBBO co cTopoHu Ha^SEpaerB. 

— KaBB ate Íhtb-to, napA? — BpyuHHjacBApHHa: — a tiea-B 
BopoBu Byxa BaB!B XAsejio! 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



orHUHQs XMO. 221 

— Emfi 6u HeTflseio, — noBiopurB MascHMs h saxyiiajKa. — 
BnpMeiTL, wrh ttó iiaiiraBKa, — nporoBC^u^ owb mmbjsj eny* 
ea: — noi^att y MHrperaii sopoBy: xo otfpowaro cóopa en^e 
XBBHO, aaoci Hapo6jno. 

Ha wrowb 6siio pinreso. 



MoposHoe HoeiiJpLCBoe yrpo. Jífleít datb yae xan crom 
XBaxiMffBrpaxycHBe Mapoeu, iipH6ffBmie phxjhě cabn kb aeicat 
H Ba-cjaBy npojosBBniie 8Hmhh)h> Aopory — (íesyxaÓBCTyD, Biisa- 
TaHHyio, rihxs,jio Msi creuo. JIhxo Miafrcs, no bhou úipyÓJieH'- 
Hoft vpodbKby BpecTbflHe vh cboh^b j^poBHan, sanpflseHHuxi no^ 
jywflHiiMH risi saBO^a Óořksiue jiomaxiaiiiH; 6HCfpo MemcaiOTL, 
OAHa sa APyrot, hxi necrpiui, nim, piixjnu a 6^euí flni (xy- 
jiynii, noBparEie Tejifl^MiMH h BoaiHEmiH msypaMH), to^bo qi!^ 
eraxo TeaaTB e sosiarB npcHoarrcfl no floporl. UEsaBoro BHHiia- 
HÚ He otfpanviHxrb ohh na ^yn^Hrb vh HBirb sa scap^y; ycwbvn% 

CBOpOTHTB — laAHO, BLB yCntHXTB H TaKE npotíCTE. 

— AepsH ji^ě! — KpHHffTB flim^HKB, HonaAaiODpfioi na nyrs 

co CiaHOBCBOi BJra BHOfi ^HHOBHHIBefi II0B08B0Ě. ^JDI|^íEH! GBOpft- 

YSBaĚl — noBTopfleTB owh eiqe noBejBrennie, ropxBCi> cbohitb d^ 
Mfnsowh. Ho HO Tyn*T0 6iijio: MyiEHKE ne CBopa^BBaiDTB; wwh ne 
oxora BSBHyTB vh eH-isnoM^ cyrpo6i, ohh K)pKO npocRaKHBaH)n 
MHxo «($apeBOĚ noBOBBH' H ^Hcrpo Hqaicfl Bsepej^B, ciobho na 
HHprb ifljTb. ^oroHflfi Bxi, ec2H ecTB oxora, a jifl pyraHH bitb 
xaio KbMy — OHH H caMH abyTá%«yrh orpyraT&cH, tíjiaro Tenep^cia'- 
HOBCKÍe xaaaBH ne upoÚyiDTh na iiysHipanrb cnEHax*^ xp^nocrt 
GBOflxi HaraoBfB. He xo hoboboks bs ary nopy paÓomrB: ohh 
cnšmarb vh lysaní, na BoropiiH o6pan^Ho rjasH^Sniee nn bhh* 
Mánie h cocpcAoro^ena bcb hxi saóora. Jí^bio trh tohi, tto ce 
HacryiuenieMi xopomaro caHHaro nyrn xouusna, no Hacrodiui^y, 
Ha^azBca nepenosRa yrjifl, a ByiH en^e e^Ba sanajieHii n unoro 
spenenn nonaAO^HTCH hhi, hto6ii xopomeHKBO otfrop^. 

Mnoro' paóoni npeACToajio MaRCHny ch ero narH^fecHTEH) sy- 
ttMH, BVb ROHXi* nojiOBBBa AOtiSHa 6tuia Óun HBroroKieHa hh- 
Kass He noBse 18 aHBapji, a ocraj&Hafl ^acTB xocxaBďeHa vh sa* 
BOffB ]» 1 Mapra. 

Hl^jLie AHH, CB paHSflTO yrpa h xo canoft xaníoai, npoBo-^ 
f/ĚjTb OexopHeHBOffB vb TOicB, HTO nepoCiraji on oxHOft By^n b% 
]9jT0Řy npHCMarpHBan sa tÍitb, wto6u cBy^ennufl xpoBa Henepe- 
ropaiH, a toibbo o6yrjHBaiHCB; hto6h yrojB bhxoahji noTpetfHOfl 
xu saBOxesaro fjtílcmsi BejonMEU h ap&ioeTH. Mnoro Baxotf&io 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



222 BMnmi iwodh. 

HaBinea h ycnjeHHaro, caMaro HanpflmeHHaro BHBiiaHifl: — ne ao- 
TjiflAHinb, a Tyn BaB^ pasib yrojiB BSxejibiaeTB, ne to fojobeh 
fljiHHHie é-xt BepniKOB^ ocraHyrca; npHíerca odatb hx-b CKyra- 
BaTL H are oco6usl sy^eHRe CHOBa nepe»HraTB. Exenr — ^ero 
Bose coxpaHH — BuauseHHufi yate, ho ne crpaÓaeííHiift en^e vh 
Baďu, yrojb BOcnjaneHETCfl h cropHTB, xor^^a npocro 6^a&: bh- 
qieTca HC TOJiBKo CTOHMOCTB crop^BHiaro vb yvsi ;i4cHoro Maxe- 
píajia, HO H njEaia sa «cpa6oTKy yrjfl otb eamaro nna*, TaB'B 
qro pa6oTa-To nofi^^en npaxoMi, a& n ocrajiBHiiH AeHBre se bh- 
AaxyrB. OoHeBOJii ne oiBOAflrB yrjeBn^nBH rjias^ otb xuioni^inccfl 
Ry^b H Tonxo uoKh Be^epi, Bor^a coBepmeHHo creMH^erB, Hxyn 

OHH Ha OT^Xl KB CiipHfl H fíímiUSL BypeHHHfl HBÓtl. .losaTCfl 

OHH Ha npoMepsjnifl napa, a h'6tb hx%, TaB'B npocro aa xojox- 
Hiiff, o6jejífiBÍSEA noii, sasryrB XBOpocrs fb BaiíeHB^, noxoflceft 
Ha BaMHKB, HOAJBlOSaTB HOffB FOJlOBy HiaDBy, caMH 3aBepTEiBaK>Tefl 
B^B ary h Baciinaicmb Tbwh tforaTtipcBHirB choitb, Boropufi nacry- 
naerB nocjii jj^íjímo ah^, upoBe^ennaro na Horax'B, bi noctosH* 
HOiťB ABHseHÍH... Ha-yrpo oiuitb Ta »e paóora, h n^erB 9to TaBi, 

H80 JÍ,ESL Vh A6HB, HOBB HO OBOH^HTCfl HepeSOFB XOTfl HOpBOft HO- 

JOBHHn sano^flaeHHaro yrjfl. TyrB na^o By«in jomstb, yrojiB vh 
BajBL crpe6aTB, o^Hn^aa ero otb nycopa, moíibotu, maiyxE h ne^- 
HHBa (oÓFopiiioft seifjiH), cxapaflCB x'^aTB see aio xas^, tto^si 
BypeHHufi Macrepnb hofb na h^ctí bea^tb A0(^0Ra^ecTBeHH0CTB 
AOÓuxaro BiijseroicB yrifl n xaxB paspšnieHÍe na nepeBOBBy. 

KypeHHult MacrepB HMŠerB ÓojiBnioe SHa^enie npH yrojiBHott 
patfoxi; ofl^B nojiHiitt xobahh^b oTBe^ennaro na ero aojih) BypeHa: 
owh ysasuBRerB pa($o?HM% nocraTH h a^jiahre, HaxsHpaerB sa tíitb, 

HT06u BeCB JI^CB H BCfl HOpOCJIB Ha AaHHOlTB U^CTb 61IJH BH- 

pyÓieHH na yrojiB, ^to6u ho jombí h ytíopRŽ sy^B neocTaBaicfl 
Mycops h xiaaťB; na ero se o^flsaHHocTH Jiesa^o 0CBHA'6Te.iB* 
CTBomme yrojiBHEixi sajiOBib, pascopTHpoBame caicaro yr«ifl h yxo^ 
a:oBŠpeHÍe bib xo<$poBa?ecTBeHHOCTH paóorn, 6e3i» ^lero ROHropane 
BBiAftBajia sapaÓOTBOBi. 

CBHAiieiBCTByji BajiH, MacrepB MorB, no sejaniio, Hin npH- 
ApaTBCfl iffh coicHHiejibHmrB yrjHHaiTB, sacraBiTB bck> Ry^ nepe* 
(^axB, HJHse, Hao6opoTB, He sairbqaTB nejnsoTy h cjiaÓocTB yr.tii, 
nponyCTHTB 6eai BHHMaHifl nona^aionitijiCH fojiobhh jsflMEBÍbe ^&m^ 
pexi BepmBOHB, h tíitb sna^HrejiBHo oÓJer^HTB canyio cxaqy yrjui, 
TBB^B BaBi na saBOA^, ne Óy^B jífiLS&e craiRn Mes^y MacrepoirB h 
npieinipiBOM'^ npíearb yrojiBnaro MaTepiajia, sa MHoro^HCJieHHoc^Bio 
noABOBa, ne MoaerB 6utb crporo h T^arejiBHO npoHSBexeffB. Raai 
lyTB yciiorp^TB sa bcíitb, Bor^a cothh bobobi noBpoBaHyrB yrojB* 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



0FBBra9> X«J^- 223 

HyiD lUíoinhMjsyy a sa BoporanH eii^e hobha cothii sxyrB o^epeAn* 
Xoxfl H rcNDopBTCfl FB iiOKpsjíMOWh AOiOBopt, ^TO iipHBeseHHiril 
yrojib ÓjjijSTh npoMÍpflT£Gfl saBOACSoio ictpoH) sopotfa fb 22.656 

BepiDKOBl BMŠCTflMOCTH^ IipOnyCBaTBCfl CKB08B pÍni6TRy, IipH^eiTB 

Kpyn&uft yrosb OT;^;iBTca orb xexBaro, — ho na ]ííbzi xajieso ne 
Bci EopoÓbfl noABeprajiHCb Tanoft Tii]iaTejibHoft npoB^psi. IIodTouy^ 
TO H 6uja BCfl CHJia wh RypeHHOMi Hacxepi^ yAOCTOBŠpemfliíb Roero 
npEXasajiaob ÓesyoiOBHafl B§pa. 

Ha Bypert, r;^ pa6oTaď'b MasCHiiib, KypennHirb xacTepoir& 
6ujrh BOHTopcKift cjiyserejb, HaxoxHBmiiCfl vh fiujus BpeMeea «y 
sa(íiiHeTa» rjasHaro ynojiHOMO^eHHaro on daBO^OBJía^i^dibi^Bs, npo- 
Bexmaro, AO yHHHTOsesdfl Bpinoemoro npasa, H^CBoabso jAvh sa 
YpajOM^b. XoTfl H HesHaROMufi hh Ob ApoBflHcm pa6oTOio, hh ci 
yrojOHOH), MaTB^HHi. Tbui> ne Menie cb^pasy CBieBHyjrB, BaBi 
MoauK) Óyxerb cboh jtjbxEimii o5A&iHBaTb. 

OH^b.TOTiacb se iiohajI) Bárami oópasoirb h npH saBOirb 
cij^sA npexcTOflja BOSMOSHOcrb npHApaTbca B^b HHOMy paóonexy h 
npHTpoBHTb OMy iiiTpa4K)]rb. He jnÓHjrb owbj noHJiTHO, rbThy bo* 

TOpue HO BHA^vIH Vh HeiTb «FJUIBHOe Ha^aibCTBO*, He BJíaHflJEHCb 

eiiy, He «y<!jiaroTBopfl:iH> ero,— bi ^hcj% BOTopuxi> Óhjb h Oe- 
Xop^eHBOBi. He HpaBHiHCb crapcmy ABopoBOMy, npKBtiBineMy cb Ha- 
jiOJŠTCTBa vb flÓe^asTb h HameimiBaHiiirb, cif&iiifl h y^ania bh- 
xoABH MOJioxoro pa6o^aro. 

— Hirb, He TaBfb Ójoojib uu ceós npe Óapnn^ Auxpek Hh* 
KOiaH^,— roBapHBajTb MaiBiH^i CBoeMy «j^6poaKejiaTejK) h Óiaro- 
npúiTe2iD», ciapocTŠ cejia AcamHaro^ BajuicrpaTy OcanoBy Tata* 
pHHOBy, rjHAfl na to, sass MaBCBirb, npoxoAfl mhmo, ne JiOMais 
nepexh wswb manBH. — BkBajio, Bufixerb yopasHrejb hjh hhoo Ba*- 
Boe HH na ecrb HanajibcrBeHHoe jihi;o, TaB% mh cefinacb hobjiobb 
OTxaeM^- Bce, ero orroro, hto mki ocTeperajincby saBCb 6si hbi Bar 
éHHerHHX^b^ Aa bi no^^rypn^íBH b% jíftmA ne nonaexb; a T^iep& 

^TO? — HHBaBOfi OCrpaCTBH y 9THXI MOlOW>B!b BŠTb. 

— íero HiTb ocipantHBaTBCfl: caicH cefii Tonepb tfape! — no;i- 
jHBan MacJia vb oroHb KaJiHcrpaTb.— DpHH^poirbCBasy: nar^aob 
sairi^THjrb B y Oe^opiensa fojiobhh, 6oxbmym,isí Tasin; roBopK) OMy^ 
ne Jia^HO, mou, napfl, x^aemb, Baa^ pasrb Macrepx yBHXHTb. A 
Offb XHŠ oTBkoMb: ne 6oH)Cb sl xacrepa, xojbBO 6u na saBOxé 

HpHHBjro. 

* — EojibHo yacb npfirroBb Bamx MaRCHHiai— ci nexoBOJbHHicb 
BHxoirb OTBJhnurb saasHBo s^^íthí MaTBÍHTb: — ÓoibHO npinoHXy 
Bavb-6H ne ^^onpEErajci. 

— Ha^OTb ero yiiy-paBjniy noyiHTb, — co CBoei ciopoHu sa- 



Digitized by CjOOQIC 



22é B^BCISHRl BBPonn. 

M^THJii CTapmHHa. — IIoroAH, xaft cb noxpsxoMi cnpaeiiTBCfl, no- 
AaTH nofiAy coCHpaiB, TaicB noriasy, xaKB ohi nonpHraen; loibso 
6ti eify jífiBen fb soHiopl noiceHfe a&Jih, a a ero ypesoHio. A 
w6, MaxBiH^^B^ — Bxpyn nepeiiiHHji^ EajHcrparB cbok) piiB, — 
MOSHO MB% 6ypffrh sa ceófl HexoHMnprKORB na nociarB npHciaTB? 
GaMOMy, BHQiB TUy He cíkXSoaho 6yxerB) ciys6y cnpaBjflTB na^o; 
CTapmHHa h to noMHHajTB... 

— San-iiTB nejiBsa, — OTBŠ^ajvB Macrepi.— Rb naniHxi pyBaxi 
A&íOy a xJifl xopomaro ^eaoBtea mbi Bcer^a cb y^OBOJBCTsieirB. 

— GnacHÓo^ Apyn juoÓesHHfi; mh co CBoett cropoHH bi AOiry 
He ocTaHeMCfl. IIoKa itó, nofixeiix-Ka, MaTBÍH9'B) fb BstfeHay, TairB 
y MeHfl H corp^BaTennaa ecTB, — h cb bthmh ciOBaMH o6a npúrrejfl 
ymjiH FB KypeHHyK) BSÓyniRy. 

HacrynHJTB AeanacBeBi a^hb, nocjrixmft tfesniTpa^^HBrft cpovhj 
Hasna^eHHBifi no jiflroBopj f^n Ba^ajra nepeBOBRH nepBoft naprÍH 
yrjífl. y OeAopqeHBOBa osasajiHCB naroroB^ bc6 100 sopo6rofb; 
yrojB noxxoAHXB no^B onpex^JieHHyK) icipKy, He 6eijio hh rojoB- 
Heft, HH HeJBOTu, BCflsafl yrjHHa saBi Óeitb ne MeH'6e Byjasa. 
Kaic^ HH crapajcfl MaTBŠHTB^ ooiaTpHBafl paÓOTy, nattTH fb Heft 
^to-jih6o Heno;q[OAfln;ee, isaBi hh npHAHpajcfl on^, ho HH^ero se 
MOTB uojsíbMTh H BáHysx^Hi óeijib ffiLTh MascHMy pasp^menie na 
nepeaoBBy. IlepeBOSBafl njiaTa HasHaHena 6Hjia no nHTHxecaTH bo- 
n^BB CB ÓoJiBmoro XBoSnaro BopoÓa, npH^eirB nojtOBHHa xousHa 
tíujia 6htb y^j^epsana fb o^esne^eHÍe HcnpaBHOcxH nepeBossH. 

Ha Apyroft X^HB, pano yrpoirB, co^paiHCB Bcb pa<So^e Kypěna 
H cxajH Mesxy coóofi spe6ifi 6pocaTB, Boicy cb nepBHMH BosanH 

■ATH, SOMy co BTOpSUfH. BcŠlTB HICB HeJIBBfl 6hJ[0 ABHHyTBCfl, TaKB 

Basi ne na Boro ocxasHTB bhobb saacseHHiifl By^i BTopoft nap- 
tíh. MaRCHHy xocrajiocB hxth «fb nepBnx^B*. SanparB ohb cboh) 
napy h XByx^B, npnBexeHHiixrB ero cecxpoft ofb cocI^obb jioma^eft 
FB ^eiBipe 6ojiBniHxi> sopoóa, en^e cb Bewpa BépxoirB najosen- 
HHXB yrjieM^B, n, nepeBpecxflCB, OTnpasHJicfl sa TosapH^anH b% 
nexajBHÍft, ho TpyxHBifi nyrB. norflHyjiKCB OffHHi sa jQ>yrHM%, na- 

BpUTHe cÍTBaMH BOpOtiBfl; TflSeJO 6UJÍ0 JfOmaAfllTB BIlÓBpaTBCI IFB 

^an^H na npotsatyio xopory; oni bhsjch fb ch^huxi cyrpoÓax^B, 
HaneceHHHXii nenepecTaBasniHirB sa neď^AHÚ xňfb nex^ jh cŽBep- 

HHITB BiTpOlťB. FypBÓOfi BH^ft^HCB B08HHBH Kb BOpOÓy, BOTOpOMy 

rposHja onacHOCTB nepeBepnyTBCfl; coÓCTBeHHUMH cnHnaKH noM^* 
SHBajni OHH ero, nova jomaAB^ nocjrb HeHMOHipniixi ycHjifi, 'ne 
BH^HpajiacB na Aopory; hotoitb ohh nepexoxHJU kb cjrtAyK)H^eMy 
H niJiH laBB ]í,SL3!be jsfl nocj^XHflro. Tójibbo nonaFB na npo^tesift 
nyTB, MoriH paóo^e 'tfiiTB yB^penni ^ro hx:b Tasenift TpyxB ne 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



orHSHHOi xuo. 225 

nponaAerB Aapom; hto BusseHHiitf ume yron ne pascmuercfl fs 
MeiKÍe sycKH, oa pacnopomárcfl, a fjoSjífirb ao MŠcra xasHirB, xa- 
SHiTB OHH ero AcX^uJiH. SaasL na oiuirt bcr> TflsecTB yrojiBHOft pa- 
6oTii| Aoposa noaroiiy KaR% coÓciBeHHEiicB, xási h xoBapHii^ecRiufB 
TpyxoiTb, yrjeBn^HRH sopso ci^ahjih sa RasAHin Bosoir^ npe^- 
ynpesxaai no bosmoshocth, Bcasift nec^acTHiitt cjiyiaĚ. 



Bb saBOA^ TOíHO laBse Bce oÓomjiocB ÓJiarono-iy^Ho — yrojB 
GeAcpneesoBa npnEsiTb 6ujrh 6en bcsízbxt^ npenflTCTBÍfl, necMOTpa 
Aase Ha to, mOy no HacroHHÍH) loro me MaiB^H^a, ero nepeM^- 
piBajiH saBOACKHiTB sopoÓoiTb H nponycRajiH CBBOsb saBOACRyH) p4^- 
mersy. Tan nuo ao nocjiÍAHflro noABOsa nepBOfi naprÍH; MascHMy 
ocraBajocB tojbso naBajiHTB ABa ABOftHurB Ropo6a h saitifE npH- 
HflTbCfl sa OKOH^axejiBHyH) aaroroBKy Bxopofi napxÍH kb EBAOsíeBy 

ffOD. 

EABa crajTB MasceicB HarpeÓaxB nooji^AHÍe KopoÓH, KaK'B yBH- 
A*JB, ^TO y nero ne XBaxHrB noHTH cb nojrB-Ropo6a. HpHsaAy- 
Majcfl napeHB) ne snaa neny npenncaTB osasaBinyiocfl HeAOCia^ 
co6paiHCB b:b ero Bajy h Apyňe pa6o^ie, AHBy Aaioica, nnsaiTB 
vb TOJRi BBflTB He MoryTB, OTKyAa laisafl ORasia cjiyTOJiacB. Ocmo- 
rpbjai spyroiTB, wbvb jih ta^ cjíaofb, ho Tasosiixi ne oBasajiocB. 

— Ilto sa npHTqa?— HeAoyM^BaťB MOJOAOfi pa6o^.— KaatHCB, 
en^e nepesoPB aojeísóhb On Óbitb, a xyrB, bhihb, nexBaTsa... 

MejiBSHyjia y nero mucjb, hto hhkto ji;pjToi^ BaK'B KajincipaTi 

HaffB HHlfB CBOe CejfJSflfi COpBaJTB^ HO A^O CA^aHO 6UJÍ0 HHCTO H 
OeAOpHeHROBTB HO CMikrB BilCBasaiB CBOHXl COHHÍHÍtt. MaxHyjTB 

owhj HasoHei^, pysofi h nopyqHjii coc^Ay no Bucejncy, oinpaB- 
jjiBmenycfl cb BOBaMH, csasaTB fb BOHropi, ^ro naAOsoPB ohb ao* 
ciaBHirB co BTopofi napriefi; tojibbo 6u cb nero ne Bii^nraiH hh 

pflAHOft HJiaTEI, hh nOJOBHHH CTOHMOCTH CpaÓOTSH yrjH OTB HHfl, — 

cam se OHI ocrajcfl vh Kypěni^ HsroroBJíflTL kb CAani hobhA 
yroJB. He SAajTB owh toto Hosaro nec^acTBa, Boropoe fotobhjui 
eiiy cyAB(ía. 

TOJIBBO-^TO BU($pajniCB B08H H81 ^B,mfL Ha npOC^KX, JSAKh HXl 

craxB otfroHflTB MaiB^ETB na cbohxi neÓojBniHxi oahho^hhxi can- 
KaxB. KajiHcrparB, corpŠBaBniificfl y orná, pasjoseHHaro na no- 
eiŠAHeiTB BOsy, saRpn^aji B08?HRaiťB, ^To6u ohh nocropoHHjra jio- 
maAeft, a cani BHHyjicfl fb ÓiiHsaftnieMy Bosy, Han^peBaflCB ot- 
BesTH ero vh cropoHy, ho npn btoitb ohb ne pasc^HTajTB h TaRi 
spyro noBepHyjTB jomaAB, ^to Ropo6i pacRaiEJicfl, yAapnicfl o 
noHB H nepeBepnyjicfl. HcnyraHnafl Jiomi^b Ópocn^acB eúsfi 6osbe 

Tom y.— CMTaBPb, 1877. 16 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



226 B^GTHHSl IBPOnH. 

FB CTopoHj H noBOJORjia SE co6oft Kopo&by OBasaBmíficfl npHHax- 
jieKamHMT* Ge^op^ieHROBy. Cx ipy^oiTL ocraHOBHJH bob^heh pasro- 
pflqHBmarocfl roha h uocn^mjsjíE ocMorpiTb JiesaBinift Vb sopo6y 
yrojiB. FpycTHO BSAOXHyjiH ohh h cb yqacrieiťL noBa^ajia rojiOBaHn, 
BHAH, BaRi HdMejiB^ajii, RaR^B «ORpynHHHjicfl» OHI, c^t^aBDíHCB no 
ÓOJBmefi qacTH Hero^HUMi Kb CAa^ii. 

— 3x1 TH, KajiHCiparB OcanuHX, RaRi Rpyro noBepeyjix-To! — 
BHroBapneaJiH TaiapHHOBy npoqie EpecTwiHe.— FjiaíH-Ra, noHxe bgcb 
Ropo6i HcnopomH.iCfl! RaRi 6utb-to renepb? B^jí,h MaRCHMRa sape- 
BerB! — npoAOjmajiH ohh npoMesi ce6fl ropeBarB. 

— A a past 8Hajn>, qto bto Oe^op^eHRHHx bosi? Mhí h ne 
b;i;om6ri: nonpocry xovbM> MaTB^B^y jopory o^bctbib, — onpaB- 
AUBajicfl KajBcrparB. 

— TaRi-TO TaR^, — corjiainajiHCB MyanRH, — a Bce He jia^Ho; 
yroJB napsa, Óojibho yas^B oh^b nacBA^HBO poÓHJii... 

— Bce OTB HeyBajKeHÍa Kh crapraHMi,— saMiiHJi, npo^Bsaa 
MEMO, MaTB^Hq^, rjiaBHufi bhhobhhri Hec^acmaro cjiy^aa. 

IIopameHi 6eijx MaRCHMi, RorAa y8Haji'B otb BOSB^aTnBmHXca 

TOBapomeft, HTÓ C^tjiaJIOCB CTb OAHHMl H8X CFO ROpo6BeBl. Kl fP" 

BepmeniK) ero ú^m bt» ROHiop* otRaaajH b^ Bujai* jenerB, y^ep- 
a^aex hx-b bi> oÓesneneBie AOcrasRB se^omora. 

PyRH onycTHjHCB y napna, paóora ne mjia eny nayiii; OAHa 
TOJBRo HeoTBflseaa ^ywa xoMHjia ero, — Aywa o tom'b, BaRi nonpa- 
BHrB OHii CBoe ropě. Tenepb, Ror^a Biopaa Ó^jifik npenua otb 
TarapEHOBa, MaRcnM^B yCt^H^ca, ^to h nepsaa 6£ija ^'t^OMi tíx'b 
se pyRi. CHJiBHaa, ropioqaa s^oóa ri KajHcrpaiy saciija y nero 
B^ rpyAB, He Aaeaa euy hb AHeBfB, hb ho^bk) noRoa; To^ieja 
ero, To^HO paca aeafeo. IIpaMeica jh owb sa paóoiy — HenaBacT- 
Huft o6pa3^ TyrB RaRrB lyrB; jiaserB jih MaRCBBTB OTAOxnyiB — 
cna hítb; BBAtnia, oaho ípyroro MyqorejBfffee, He jaiorB ycnyrB. 

CeHTca MaRCBMy, ^T0 owb hactb no ÓOJibraoMy rpaRiy, RyAa- 
TO AajieRo, H BciptqaerB na AOport cboh) ciapyxy-iiaTB, no6H- 
paiomyioca XpHCTOBuM^ HMeneMx: — HCxyAajiaa, wb oahhxi orpe- 
HBaxx, ÓpeAorB ona no nyrn; npaAB cbA^^*^ bojioctb BuÓBsaHyrca 
HSB-noA^B AupflBaro njiaiRa, ona ApoanrB Bca otb cryKH h ab* 
RpynHHa cjiesti leKyn no ea MopmHeHCTiiMi meRaMx: 

— MBJíaa Moa! — BCRpaRBsaerB MaRCBMi h npoÓyKíaerca otb 
Tasejiaro ceoBHA^fenia; RpyroMi ero pas^aerca nenpoóyAHBifi xpam 
TOBapHn\efl. 

IIoTOM^ Raaterca eny, tto OffB Bcrpí^aerB KajincrpaTa na tomx 
caMoiTB míct^, rxt totb CBajiBjí ero bosi. RpoBB ÓpocBJíacB Maa- 
CHuy Vb rojOBy npa axofi BCTpiq-i; co CRpeseroirB 8y(5oBi» SHAaercA 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



orHSHflOB ffijio. 227 

OH% Ha CBoero jooraro Bpara, cxHaTusaers sa ropjo h oahhitb 
BSMaxoiTB pyRH 6pocaerb ero ÓesABixaHHaro na seMJio... Ho owb 
OTRpuBaeTB rjiasa h bhabtb KajscrpaTa cnfln^aro vb hIckojibkíixi 
marax^B orb Hero. 

BcnoMBHaerB en^é MaRCBm, Basi abbho spěna Tony, ohi, xe- 
€flTHjlTHÍft Majb^yraa^B, naópejii pasib vh jAcy na TaiapeHOBa, 
pydBsmaro A^peBO. He mejioxHyjCfl Majik^aniBa, ee^^wb ne oóna- 
pysnjii* CBoero opacyrcTBÍfl, tojbbo na yrpo, cb pascBtioirB, npB- 
BexB OHI SI BTOMy litery aaak) Co4)poHa h Bu^bcrb cb hhbtb ot- 
Besi jrk!BHy Wb ce&b na ABopx. Bopb b^ctb, BaBi npoB^AaJii o 
ToiTB KajiHcrpaTB, ho ccopu ne 8aTbjij['B, tílkl BairB 6peBHo pyÓHjnb 

^aJlOBOJBHO: — TOJIBBO CB CaMOfi BTOfi HOpBL CTpamHO OBJlO^HlCfl Ha 
BCK) ApBHHHy CeMBK). 

— IIpoBjíflTáfl jAcee9lI — meimirB MascHiTBy BcnoHOHafl o&b 
STOiťB cjiyqa'6. — SaaTB 6íi, TaBi>> ay^ine h bo BHHMame ne 6paTB. 

EeSCOHHUfl H TpeBOSHUH HO^B, H6npeCTaHHUfl jiyuuy HeyMOJlK- 

Hafl aio6a vh rpy^H coeepnieHHO HSMyqajiH napefl, iubi ^to na 
Hewb jHi^a ne Óíijio. Easi OTopoir6jiufl xo^^jib owb uesLjsj yrojB- 
HtiMH syqaHH h BajaMH, npoAOjaiLaji A'£jiaTB CBoe xím^ cBopte no 
npBBuqsi, ^±wb cosHaiejiBHO. O tomx, ^toÓbi ao6íitb noÓOJiie 
yrjH, JSASL Ao6aBBH sa HeAOCTaBmiB nps nepBoň nepoBOSRi, oh% 
xyiiajii», HO HH AO ^ero ne AOAynajiCfl. 

— IlycTB ÓyAGTB ^t6 Bopb BOJiarB, a b HH^ero ne Mory r- 

rOBOpHJl \)E1> COC^ABlfB B^ OTBÍTB Ha nX'B COtfOJI^HOBaHiH.— TOJBRO 

^(OManiHflirB ne roBopare; MaTB orpeBOSBTCfl, — npsCaBJíflXB ohb, h 
jxoAHJťB uofi,Mie^ CBpuTB ovh Apynixi HaBepTtiBaBmÍBCB npB BOC- 
HOMBHaHÍH O Marepfl cjesu. 

OAHaso pa6oTa nua cbobitb ^epe^oiíi; Bor^a se KajiaciparB, 
corjacHO o6tniaHÍflifi> sypeHnaro Macrepa, yinejii Bxcejio, a bm%- 
CTO ceófl HOcraBBJTB HeBcnpaBHux'B flcameHCBBXi njaiejB^BKOBi, 
MascBMy cra^o Jier^e: no spaflHocTH ho bha^^ ohb 6oji^ exnx- 

HOtt yJIUÓKH, Cl BOTOpofi HOArJBAUBajTB sa HBlfB TaTapBHOBTB. 

OAHasAu> Bor^a yse nepoBOssa no BTopoMy eposy npaxoAHja 
KB Boei^y, npi']&xaja noA'B se^epi eecrpa MascHMa, cb bWbio, ^to 
yrpoiťB npi'l^aa'B KajineipaTB Oennii^i sa noBHHHoerflMH h tojlbo 
ABa AHB eposy Aaj'B. 

— He TO rposBTCfl soposy h soHefi npoAaiE,— npeĎasEjia a6- 
Boqsa Cíb osaCo^eHHííMi bbaoh^b. — MaifeaBsa lasi h axnyjia, npn 
Hem na jaBsy ynaja, efi h lenepB Bee neMoasercBy si leÓ^ iiena 
noejuuiay onoj^krniB.... 

CoBepmeneo o(íesyM4ji'B MascHMi on nocj']bAHflro y^apa: — 
spoBB npHJuua vh eepAi^^, nesoJiBHBiň ctohi Bupsajica y nero 

15* 



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228 B^OTHHR^B SBPonn. 

HffB rpy^H, HO rjTh Óujoí nocropoHHie jííoaii, 6azB. cecrpa, nepex'B^ 
KOTopoJB owb He xovbjťh BUBasiieaTB csoeft cjiaÓocTH, h noroMjr 
CRopo onpaBHJCfl. 

— UoiamsAy ÁHHa, jsfiuoU h ycnoRoft MaMeHLsy, — csaBajii oh^ 
cecTpi(.— CsasH eft, hto Bas^ tojilko yrojib nepesesy, t^kb caux 
npiiAy H Bce ycrpoio; nyn^aft ne Kpy^HHHTcs poAHaa, Bon, mojtb^ 

MHJlOCTBBl^-r-CBESH efl. 

AoJFO en^e ciiiKkjn> MaRCHirs, hocjA (mAsffi, cecrpH, h ^ynaji;. 
wrbwb óiícTpuMH maraMH HanpaBBjícfl oh^ k^b CBceuy Bajiy, m^a- 
TejBHo ovjísíjííbjrb ocraBmeecfl BOJiHqecTBO yrM, cirtpnjrB ero rja- 
dSLUE H CB Basofo-TO ropA^e^HOfo SHBOCTBH) npHHfljcfl HarpeóaTB^ 
yrojB vh BopoÓbfl. RaKi hb crapajcfl oh^b, BaBB hb noA^apajii^ 
BajflBmiflCfl Ha losaxi yrjHHEi, Bce Óujo HanpacHo— nysnaro bo- 
potfa se BuxoAHJio, a cb rbwh Biťicrt npcna^ajia naAesxa Hano- 
jy^By HOJiHaro sapaóoTsa. 

HacrynEiia ho^b Jiynnafl, He-CTy;i(eHafl) MaproBCBajr. Bdb pa- 
6ode, Bon^BBB HaBJia;(By BopoÓBesB, saCpajiHCB bb BypeHnyio es* 
6ymBy na otabixb, ocraJHCB oahh BapayjrBn^HBH, xa h tí, yroM- 
jeHHue AHeBHofl paóOTOfl, yÓaioBHBaeMue jerBHMB jtí^chhitb myMOiTB 
H 6yAT0 corp^BaeMue MflrBHMB cb^tomb jyHu, TBBse CBopo sac- 
nyjH, yTBHyBB roiosy bb oCmnpHuS bopothbbb arH. MHoreicB 
H3% HBXB rpesHjocB 6jiH8B0e 0B0H?aHÍe Hsiíy^HBniaro hx^b «orHeH- 
naro fltjia*,— hojiho íy^erB bobhtbcb cb orneirB xa yroJBOMB, nopa 
H 8a '6ojiie JierByio paóory npHHHMaTBCfl, xotb sa neft' MajienenBO 
OTAOxnyxB, a TaMB ohatb sa crapoe, npHBBE^Hoe a'9^^o... 

He TÓ Óiijo CB ropeMiiHHUMB CEiHOMi ApnHu: eMy ne cnajiocB, 
OHflTB crajiH flBJíJiTBCfl npesHÍfl BHA^^HBfl, OAHO ffpyroFO ny^HTejB- 

Bie, CB TOK) TOJIBBO paSHHI^eft, 9T0 TenepB, BB BHA']bHÍflXB STHXBy 

BB AoporOMy jífis, nero oÓJiHBy Maiepn npHCoeAHHBJíocB neHaBHCTHoe 
jBi^o KajiHcrpaTa, yjmóaioa^eecfl, sjíoe^n^ee. He Bti^epsajio noAo6- 
Hofl MyBH MOJiOAoe, HeAOcraTO^HO osp-ianyBmee en^e cyn^eciBO 
MaBCHMa, — ero Bcero oxBaTHJO cjiobho BHyrpeHHHMB orneMB. Hotth 
6esB naifflTH BuÓ-fesajrB oh*b hsb hsóu; bhcbh ero cry^ajiH, cepAi^e 
csHnajiocB, roJOBa to^ho na Bycsn xor&ia pasÓHTBCfl. Gbopbime 
maraMH saxo^EJB ohb no onycií jofi nocraTH; xoahjtb, nOBa xojioa* 
Huft BŠxepB ne ocb^shjib ero. 

06escHJieHHHft, yTOiLienHuS, npHc^jiB ohb na nenB; Cjiys^aio- 
^^fi ero Bsopi BaBi>-TO ahbo nepexoAHJiB cb oahofo npe^Mera na 
Apyrofi. Bce eny Óujío Es^asHa SHanoMO — h norpaHn^nas bb no- 
craxB cocna, otb BOTopott o6B']k3AqHBB noBasfiisaj^, npH HaHaj*]^ 
paÓOTB, sasAOMy yrjeBii^HBy ero yqaciOBB; h yrojiBHHe tobh, na 
BOTopuxB eo^e ne^aBEO bhchjiecb Byqs yrjffl, h nojflna, beahšh)- 



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OTOBHOI ffilO. 229 

ipuai BAUK, — loe 910 Mascnn neperjuutn, nynn, ho na 
OTon pasi^ Ean (Syxro ne y8HaBal'^ no spalHel lApí lan mosho 
^ajo cyABTb no ero rjasani. 

«A UK &I0 KopoÓu ciom, Tasie Tyrie?» nojiyiiaiocL sxpyn 
MamMy n ly loiHyTy, nn Bsopi ero ocraHUBuci na Asyrb, 

4^0C&AHBX1^ a ero, KOpOÓUXl Cb JVMfíM%. 

<lLhB'6u 9ro 6ujH?» noBTopflJi ooi BonpocL yxe rponso, 
H Ch 8THMH cioBaMH BCTajTB Ch DHii, nomejTb-dujio n Kopo6MirB, 
HO ocraHOBHjcfl vb HeptniHMocTH. Tflsejiafl xyna npo($tsajia no 
jDiuy GexopqeHKOBa, caosa csaiocB cepxiie, . ohatb npHAHyjia n 
BHCsaMi KpoBB: — OHI BCHOMHurB, 9T0 8aMÍTOHHue HMi Kopo6a 
ApsnajuezaiH EaiHcrpaiy. 

— BoTb OTKy^a nanoíHHTB mosho H^ocraDiiUfl yron n sa- 
Tim nojyHHTB Bcb x^Ht^rn, — MejbKHyjo vh rojonl MascHMa, n 
nocotoHUMH maraMH, ho^th (H^roirb, naiqMLBHJCfl ohi kl Kopo- 
^bfliTb. Encrpo, ne osaCo^HBaacb rtu-h, coati jh sapayjiBHHe hjh 
jkirhj pasBflsan ohi ctrsy OAHoro sopoóa, jsagjrh jonary h 6e- 
pesHO nepeuan vb csoft sopoó^ croabso yru, csoibso ne^ocra- 
Buo; HaranyBí saitMi cnosa ctTRy na crapocnm KopoÓi, oni 
ynaBOBaxB cboh, sanpflrB aonefi h, nojibsyflCk jtyEEuwh cbítoitb, 
BH&caix, HHsiirb ne dairbqeHHuft, cb nocTani. Bce 8to MascHm 
j(kiai*B KaRi-TO nopuBHCTO, juxopaAoqHO, Toqeo owh caMi Óojmca, 
HTO ne XBaTBTB ptmHMocni aoboh^htb; xo nociopoHHHxi se, Mory- 
n^xi 6uTh CBHAtTejjiMH ero nocrynKa, OHy noBHAHMOMy h x^a 
Be 6wíO, owh o HBXi ne jijuhjn^: — bi bth MHHyrH ohb 6urh 
OXHHB, Cb rHeiyn^efi ero mucjlh) o Heo6xoAHMOCTH yuaTHTB, sa- 

BHMltfu TO HH tfUJIO 06pa80Ml, OÓpOBl H CB lUSejnilTB BOCnOMH- 

HanieirB o Aoporofi naTepn, ROTopoft, no oiOBaMi cecrpa, xo chxi 
nopB HeMOsercii, XO Toro pacrpeBOSHjacB poxnaji TpeÓoBameirb 
crapocni. 

Jíjuhme 8Toro MascHirB ne mejTB, eny xocraTo^no 6umo^ ^to 
Tpe6oBaHÍe o&b ynaart noxaTett osaÓoTHJO ero MaTB h ohi pinrajrB 
ycnoKOHTB ee, ho Káai? — 3a xna ^aca xo vuískbl cb nocraTH, Ma- 
xcHiTB ne MOFB ffln OTB^Ta na 9totb Bonpoci. 

BuÓpaBHiHCB Ha npod^By, OexopqensoBi ocraHOBucs h xa.i^ 
jioniaxflM'B BdxoxnyTB; cani se oóomeji aopoÓBfl h nonpoÓOBajx, 
tyro jh HaTBHyTH cí^tbh. HeBOJBHaa yjuósa caMoxoBOiBCTBifl npo* 
HeiBBHyja na ero ry6ax'B, npe bhxí loro, KasB nojrau Óuae ero 

KOpOÓBfl... 

— GKBHTaiHCB MU CB To6oi HO-xpysooBH, KajiHCTparB OCH- 
nBTB, — nporoBopHJTB oh% rpoMKO, o6paniCB no HanpaBienii) b% 
qrpeHK). Toabo 6u cfjBOb yron xft XOHbiii h9b Bonropn noiytSTB, 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



280 BMTHinCB IBPOIIH. 

a Tam it6 Bon xacF&, MoserB h csopo npExerci BOSBpaTHTB re&k^ 

TBOK) XOJIH)... 

Ho ne cysAeHO 61110 cúurhcsí MO^aux Apehehe cEiea. Pa6o- 
TaBmie sa TaTapHHoaa flcauiHHi^i lornacE santrajH HeA0CTaT0fi's 
yrifl) n, j^oraffaBniHCB, ^to bto 6ujo a^o pyR^B MaRcmca, ÓpocH- 
jiHCB 8a HHMi vb noFOHH)) TaRi TTO OH^B ÓBixB HacTHrHypB y ca- 
Maro saBOAa, taí ero, BifbcTO saBOACsaro ABopa, OTBejiH vb bojoct- 
Hoe npaBieme. 



B% BaMepb y— ro MHpoBaro cyxBH Be^epnee sac^Aame. IIoib- 
syflCB CBo6oAHUM'B OTB pa6oTíi H saHflTÍft BpeMeueBi^B, saBOACsie cjiy- 
asan^ie h ToproBipi co6pajHCB nocMorpi^TB Ha HexaBHO-BBeAeHHEitt 

Vb HXl M^CTHOCTH HOBUft Cy^l, TaSl ^TO XOBOJBHO npOCTOpHafl 663*^ 

Toro BaMepa sa aroPB pasi 6£iJia Óhtroitb HaÓina. Roe-rit, Mesxy 
npHcyTťrByH)ii^HMH, bhah^^cb nepsiui otb yroJBHofl paóoru jiaaa^ 

npitsSSX^B BpeCTBflHi:— TO 6hJH «CBBepA£I H flCamHHI^U*, BBISBaH- 

Hue BB cBHA^TejiH HO jsfbsy o noxen^enÍH cb saBOXCRaro BypeHH: 
noxB-Bopo($a yrjui. 

— OÓBflBBTe cyxy Bame hmh, othoctbo h (j^aHHjdio, — o(5pa- 
THJiCfl cyABfl Bx CTOflBineMy nepoA^B hhitb CtfynojiEi^Otfy napHio, 

AiVb 17-TH Ha BEA1>. 

MaKCHlfB ^aHHJOFB OeXOp^ieHBOBl, — QTB^THJTBnOACyAHMUň. 

— MaKCEiTB JífiLEuiovb Oe^op^eHROBB, — npoAOJisaj^B cy^Ba, — 

BH oÓBBHfleiecB Bi TOiťB, HTO, patfoiafl no noApflAy bi saBOACROirB 
BypeH'b, yBOSJíH ony^a noxB-Ropo6a yrjui, BairB ne HpHHaAiesa* 
HMiro H BaHH ne cpaÓoraHHaro, nocjrb ^ero nairtpeBajiHCB c^aTB 
9TorB yrojiB na saBOA'^ sa cboS. UpEsnaeTe m bbi ceófl bb aToiť^ 

BBHOBHUMB? 

Tflxo noAHfljx MOJOAoft noAcyAHMBift cboh ÓojiBinie, TenHORapie 
rjiasa na CHA^Bmaro nepoAB heitb; TaRse thxo h horo&ho oÓBejTB 
OH^B BsrjHAOifB nanojiHABninx^B Baifepy jiOAeft; npoBejm CMyrjiofl^ 
HaiepcTBtjiofl OTB pa6oTti pyRotl no CB^Tjio-pycHirB BOJOcairB h^ 
noAyMaBi neifnoro, otb^thxb pobhuitb fojocoatb: 

— Ha HTO rpirb wimÁ BHHOBarB, Bame tfjiaropoAie; bsajii a 

crapocTHHi yrojiB, ho ho ABBHo-TaRH, CROJBRO HaffOTB 6ujI0, hto6ki 
CBott nanojinaTB... 

— 9t6 noÓyAHJio BacB kb noAotfnoMy nocrynRy? — npoAOJi«ajica 
Aonpoci. 

— 9tó notfyAHJo! nyaAa, Bame ÓJiaropoAie, botb ^tó notfyAHio. 

HoAaTH He9'bif'B 6uio bhochtb. MaTB y Hena ÓoAHaa, crapeHBiuui; 
bb AOMft fl OAHHB patfoTHHRB, cecipeHRa Maia... 



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oraiHiOB ffiio. 231 

TjTb Maseiun ocranoBEJicfl, Kan-6ii npenoMEHaa ito-to, h 

— Gui noA^acib ne XBaTaeri; poÓHoiB jAtOj SHiiy, oceHB; 
Benmyio nopy h cmmu ne pasrHÓaeniB... Basjcs aa oraeHHyio pa- 
(kny, Ha caoe a^o bct&ii, noApflA'^ chaji, a cairb SHaeniB^ Bame 
diaropoAie, jersoe jh a^jio— orneHnafl paóora... 

— Ky^a, napfl, jersaa! — nocjumajicfl rojiocB hsi nyÓjiHRH. 

— JI nonpoiny npHcyrcTByioii^Hxx ee ncpedoBaiB noAcyAHMaro, — 

OCraHOBHXB CJKbB. 

— wlaxHO, Bame ÓJiaropoAÍe; mbt tojibro ri (uosy, Tjimejioe ys'B 
(koBHO A'iJio, — npoAOJauui totb se rojioci — h sanojiRi. 

— a AOuceH^B npeAynpeAHTB Bacx, — oÓpaTHJicfl cyABa ipb 6e- 
Xop^eHROBy, — HTO saROffB npeAOCTaBJfleTB BaMi npaBo ne OTB^^qaxB 
UB% ecjiH Bil He sejraere. 

— 3B,HÍwh He OTsi^aTB, Bame 6jiaropoAÍe, — otbítb^x Ma- 
KCHirB, — fl cefl^acB Bce Mory pascRasaiB, RaRi nepeA'B BoroMi, Taxs 
H nepeA'B BaMi. 3a pa6oTy a bssiacsl BaRi HaAO Óutb h cpo($HJB 
6u noApflA'B B^ cpoRy, ne osynecB Ó^xb. JI^ojisho, 5ora nporHteEjTB^ 
aiB BparB HacaAHXB. Eopo6i» y Hena npn nepesoBRt Hcaopomejoi, 
TOTb se crapocra cbmhijíi^ wb CHirs, no HeqaaHHOCTH: roBOpHTB^ 
MaTB^H^ Aopory AaBajii. j!I,eHerL vb ROHTop'& ne BUAajH, ao hoji- 
Haro Busera yAepsajH, a lypB Ha^ajiLCTso cb noAaTbMH noAonuo^ 
ABa AHfl cpoRy A^H... MaMOHBRa y Mean nocjt dioro HecMorjia 
(rojocB MaacHMa npH btoitb AporHyji)... Hy, Měna, Bame Ójaropo- 
Aie^ H pa3o(5pajo; Bce, BHmb-ni, My^Hiio, RaRB 8to sl HSB-sa nysHxi- 
TO JiOAeň Aft MaMOHBRy bi rpo($i Bjosy. SaajTB a, tto míl nea 
pasopeHBe nyn^e rpoóa, ne crepnerB ea jiyme^... ho^h nout aioro 
He cnajTB, xaRi xocRa h tomhtb; cepAi^e ycHyrb He A^sajio, Bce 
ona, poAHaa, Mepen^Hica, a crapocTHHB-ro yrojb paAOMi cb mobitb... 
a H Baaji qero ne XBaiajio... BorB h BHHa Bca Moa — orohujb 
OeAop^eHROBi CBOH o6iacHeHÍa, sjaaaacb cyABi wb noaci. 

— noHHMaiHwiH BH, TOÓ xy^o Akiaeie? — cnpocHJx ero CHOBa 
cyABa. 

— EoiE ne noHEMaxB! IIoHHtfaji, Bame djiaropoAle, ^to ne 
jaAHO A^^aio; fifij BBTB, OHB, CTapocTa-TO, A^a nacb en^e nejaAHie 
CfíbjídLn. Rb TOMy se, a HaitipeHx Óujii Ha-nocji']bAH OTAaib eiiy 
ero AOJK), RorAa sapoÓJH); 6yAT0 safitfOBajTB, sea^iaTB. TorAa^B mu 

CB HEMl H nORBHTaJHCB... BoHOBai-b, Bama MHJOCTB, — nOBTOpHJ^B 

OHi^ onaiB E HeptmHTejBHO npH6aBHj['B: — ne mosho .in mipa^x sa 

8T0 CailOBOJIBCTBO paBCpO^ETB^ HO nOJOBHHaiTB lítcai^a? Ji^^JíO'TO 

Hame, BHmB, ysi (!ojbho ($tAHoe, ne cjaAaTB — h raasa MaRCHMa 
HanojHHJHCB cjiesaMH. 



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232 BftCTEIS^B SBPOIDL 

— HÍTi, GeAopqeHKOFB, nejiBM. Bh ysesjíH ^ysoft yroiB, a 
sa 8T0 8aK0H*b HaBasueaeTB crporo; ne x6HBraMH — nopBMoft Hana- 
SHBaeTB, — BOspasHXB cyAM, H rjiyÍKe yrKeyjcfl vb ceoft nporoKOJTB. — 
no BBipaseHÍK) ero rojioca, mosho 6eij[o cy^HTs, tto hc JierRO eny 
npnxoAHJiocB npHM^HflXB Ki CTOfln^eMy nepeA'B naiTB ti^AHOMy, 6e8- 
noHOiAHOMy, Raioii^eMycfl MajB^HBy ly Rapy, Boropyio oupejs/bisLerb 
8aB0H*B 8a Bpasy. Tbwh 6oJrbe tascjio Óujio sto x^s cyxBH, tto 
OH*B FB CBoefi npaBTHB^ BHA^jx yso npHifipEi TorOy Bani uereopno 
H pasepan^aion^e A^ScraoBajx na cbohx'b nHTOMiieBi^ b — csift Tiopeic- 
Hiift sáMOBi, norjloiAafl, bi BoxoBOport apecraHTCBOft shshh, bcÍ tí 

OCraTBH HpaBCTBeHHOCTH H AOÓpHXl HaqajTB, CB BOTOpEIMH BXOAHJIH 

Bi BTOTB rnycmifi HcnpaBHiejiBHBifi npiiOTB npHcysAeeniie vh nep- 
BHfi pasx Bi> TiopeMHOMy saBJEioqeHÍED. Mhosoctbo Mucjieft, o;^a 
Apyrofi Tflsejie h HeoTBASHOBte, BonomejHCB vb fojiobí .cyABu vb 
TO BpoME^ Borxa OH*B cTapajicfl HafixH ocHOBaHÍfl ecjH ne kb uojl- 
HOMy onpaBxaHiio OexopqeHBOBa, to kl CMflr^emio OMy HaBasaHk 
AO BOSHosHaro. — MesAy tšmx BaBi-TO tíessByqHO h xojio;i(ho ot- 
xaBajicfl Bi Banepš rojocB ^iacTHaro o($BHHiiTejU!, — noBtpeHHaro no 
;^jiairB MÍCTHaro saBOAoynpaBjeHÍfl,— Hson^pflBinarocfl bb xofiasa- 
TejBCTBaxi HpaBCTBeBHOfi nop?H BaKi saBOACBHrB pa6o9Hxi BooÓn^e, 
TaBi H MOJOAoro Oe^opneHKOBa vh oco6eHHOCTH. OÓBEumesh bh- 
;^j['B vh ero A^flmn «flBHoe npEcyrciBÍe aioft bojb, Boxopafl^ ne 
yBasaji Hyasoft coticTBeHHocTH, c^HraerB ce6sL wb npaB% pacnopa* 
saTBCfl nponsBOJBHO bcaboid boii^bh), npHHaAJiesan](eH) saBO^OBJía- 
A^jiBi^airB*. 

— Tflíb ae TyrB sjíaa bom, Bapaeicafl saBOHOiTB? Tjífb lypB 
HcnopneHEocTB?— cnpanxHBajix ce6H MnpoBofi cy^Ba, (uyraaa pasrjia* 

rOďBCTBOBaHÍH 06BHHHTejfl. 

— Bra-TOSJíaa bo-m, — upo^ojrasaji noB^peHHnft^ — pyKOBOjamaa 
nocrynRaMff Bcero noHrn OBpeciHaro sascxaMi Hacejenifl, cjiysHTi 
nepBH^HOň npHHHHofi rbxh Bpas^B saBOxcsaro HMyn^ecTBa) Boropna 
fp BBeAenifl hobuxi cyxoBi TaBi qacro noBxopflJiiiCB. IIodTOMy a 
HaflÍH)CB, r. cyflBff, tto bh OTHeceiecB kx HacToameny pibjíy co 
Bcefi CTporocTbfo h npnroBopHTe noxcyAHuaro vb Bucmefi M-ipt 
HaBasama, T.-e. Kb mecTHirlca^HOMy sasjno^emio vb TiopBM^. 

Cy^BK) HeBOJBHO nepeAepnyjio otb ^pesiripEiirB TpetfoBaHÍI 
saypajiBCsaro opaTopa h owb emfi Óojsfbe ocynnjca. 

HleBejBHyjniCB npn 8thx^ cJOBax'B, CHA^Binie ^o tofo Óosmojbeo, 
Aioffiy HanojHaBinie Banepy... 

HeAaBHBlťB A^JIOITB ÓUJTb A<Sfl HHXl HOBUft CyX^, CTpaHHHlTB) 

HeCuBajiuafB ^itb-to BasajiocB hitb bco npoHCxoAHBmee Ha btoitb 
cjjiib. — He npomjo h nojiyTopa Aeca^Ba Avb cbt^sb nopx, aasB 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



orniHHOi x^jio. 233 

VB 8aypancKHX'B saBOAaxi rocnoACTBOBaia cboa saBOACsafl hojh- 
ipfl — crporan h Óesnon^axHafl jijuí 6i]SfleLVo paóo^aro jno^a, chhc- 
xoAirejiBHafl h yoiysjíHBafl XJ& Jhi^ BJiiflreibHmi. TeopHJCfl 
ajXb RejiefiHufi, BJiaÁi&jbqecRift. BcAsiň npocrynoRi, aacaBiniftai ao 
HMym^ecTBa h npasi nocceccioHHuxi B;iax'ikjiBi^eBi, ecjH lojikso «6a- 
pHH^> HJTH sacrynaBinift ero irbcro ynpaaiflioii^ifi hbi BpiaociHux^B 
He corjamajHCB noBOHHHTs a^jo xeHesHHMi mrpa^irL^ naicasii- 
Baicfl posraaíH, ^hcjio y^apoBi kotopbimh copasifbpflJiocB He cb xa- 
paKTepoiTB eaifaro npocTynaa, ne cb xt8cTBHTejBHOio bhhobhoctbk) 
o6BHHfleMaro, a cb npHxoTBio h BaqacryH) cb pacnojioseHÍeirB xy^ft 
TBopHBmHx^B cyx^ I pacnpaBy. 

npHBexyn, ÓUBajio, noaaBinarocfl si saBOXCsoMy BcopaBHHBy 
BB TO BpeMfl, sorxa «TpaBflHas HacrofiBa* ne yxajiacB, psÓHoa ne 
HacTOfljacB juň caiia ÓjaroB^psafl «Ha4>apaoHHja», paBcepxaTca 
iricTHuff spei^ QeuBjífi h, ne pasoÓpaBx bi ^leirB a^jo, kph^htb: — 
«BBajiH coTeHHyH)!» — H MacrepoBofty noxHTHBmifl sejriso ctohmoctbio 
vh wbCKOAhW Bon'6eB'B, BEi^epa^EBajii cto y^apoB^B. — Tfln&ejioe Ceijio 
9T0 BpeMfl, B036ysAaK)H^ee jsfl chxi nopx bi saBOACsoMi HaceieHÍE 
XHoro Tfl»Baxi BOcnOMETHaHÍft! — Kro BSJtyaiaxB 6a ne noBoparBca, 
npoTecTOBaTB, bjih ]sfixe upomojbetb cjiobo «aajiOBaTBCji», loro 
ccmaJH <Ha HcapaBjeme* bx py^naRH, na caMuS cbBepi Rpaa, 
«xajr6e ^ero h noqra ne xoAHrB».— TairB, B^aJiH otb ceMBH h 
^ipysefl, cpoAB cyposaro BjeMara, b'b HecaaxaeHOMx xcjio^t, sa ta- 
sejofi H HeaocHJBHofi pa6oTofi, y^HJinCB are jiíoah nosopHOcrH h 
TepotHBH). Ha BonpocB se hxx, sa ^^tó h saqtirB ohh Ty^a cocjia- 
mi? — HiTB Cbjb ojíflwh OTB^TB, nepe^pasHpoBaBDiift npHntBi <ch- 

— <^to(5b hciobíeb He óaioBaica*. 

IIpaB^a, T^iTB, BOTopue B03Bpan](aj[iicB cb pyAaHBOB'B aomoS ^h- 
BH^ecBH pasCHTue, HpaBcrBeHHO BsiiyieHHue, OTyni^ue, rtifi rpy^HO 
6bmo «6ajiOBaTBCfl». {{'i&BOTopiie BBseMnjapEi hoaoÓheixi «yBpo* 
n^eHHHx^B 6ajOBHHROB%», oTSHBaiaa^ie cboS bšr'b nojyHi^ioTEi, cjiy- 
saTB Hauy^mBiTB sBBEiirB npair&poifB TaroT^Bniaro ctojbro j^tl 
BAKb d^BepHHBfB SaypajiBeiťB nopflXRa. 

Ho HacTajio, HaROHec^x, 19-oe ^Bpaja 1861 ro^a; nojer^e 
BSAOXHyjiB saypajBCRie saBOXCRÍe jiioab. Qajia saBO^^CRafl hojbi^íb, 
sanŠHeHHafl seMCROfi b y^sABOft... b bobub oÓBBBaeMEixi TacaaTB 
Bh y^AHufl ropoA'B) BHor^a sa noJTopacra b 6ojie BepcrB, na 
pacBpaBy nojiai^eftcRaro ynpaBjeBia; M^crHaa se pacBpaBa, RaRx 
KH BBA^B, orpaflBHBBajacB npeBMyni^ecTBeflHo obbtb t^mb se bc* 
npasBTejiBHUMB cpeACTBaMB, RaRÍB npexcraBJUiJiB b'b TaROMi b8o6b- 



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234 B^GTHHRl iBPonn. 

jiíh, 6BiBinÍ2 Torxa en^e fb nopHAsi, saseHHiifl h ropnosaBOACRÍa 
jrbcHBifl Aft^B, ÓJiaro cpeAcrsa 9te 6eijh saBcerxa noA% pysaMH* 
Bojiie RpynHua A^Jia, bbixoahii^íh hsi Rpyra A'iBGTBÍfi mícthoS 
nojiHi^eficRoff pacnpaBEi, saTarEBajiHCB, sa He^ocraTRasrb BpeMeHH^ y 
HjeeOBi nojiHi^eftCKaro ynpaBJíeHifl. 

npocjminajiH saypajbi^u npo hobuB cyj^, ROTopufi «b% Poc* 
cÍH» 6yAT0 y»e AaBHO cymecTByerb; m^ajn ero, botl, flyiíajH, j[,&- 
jsyvbj a ÓjaroxaTHaa pe^^opMa HHicaRi ao hhxi hb Aocrorajia; 
cBflTqaHaMi*^ HaROHei^^, AaJiH, a saypajiBi^aicB H^rE RaR^B wbvb — 
ToabRO vh 1874rojQr ysHajEi ohb BeL]ííbjí% htó TaRoe hosbiS cyA'B» 

Gi jio6on£iTCTBOMi noctn^afOTB ero oÓuBaxeiiH; bh^atb, hto TaMi 
ch HHMH o6paii^kiOTCH HO-HejiOBtqecRe, caKaHxrB HapaBHŠ cl ^py- 
roMH, xaiOTB roBopHTB CB060AHO RaR^ óapHHy, TaRi h RpeCILflHHHy^ 
BHCJiymHBaiorB BCflRaro, }íibM ptmaiorB CRopo: bi oahh^b pasi, a 
MHoro Bi ABa; o posraxi h syÓOTiiqHHaxi wbvh h noMHHy; o 
ccujiKÍ sa HenoROpHOCTB TaRse ne roBoparB... Oaho tojbro ne 
xopomo: xor&jocb 6u MyaiHRy, ^0611 ero oniTpa^Ba^e, a era 
noAfB apecrt, ho to h fb iiopBMy caataiOTB, otb pa5oTii oipa- 
BaiOTB. HanpHM'6pB, bto k^so: «MajiB9HiiiRa Ropo(Si yraa yBesib, ny^ 
H nocreraTB 6u ero xopomeHBRO, yMy-pasyny HayqsTB, a ero, 
BBmB, Bi TiopBMy, ^a en^e aa mecTB M'6cfli^eFB. B6a^ 9to vl ro* 
Hei^^ pa8opeHBe». TaROBu Óbijih AyMu 6ojBinBHCTBa npHcyrcTByH)- 
m^Hx^B, nojiaraBiniirB, ^to Tpe(5o6aHifl oÓBHHHreaH, «8aBOACRaro no* 
BÍbpeHHaro», aojishu 6utb HenpeM'ÍHHO y^OBJíerBopeHii. 

— 9tó bh HM-iere CRasaTB, 6eAop^eHROB%? — oópaxBJCfl cy^Ba 
Kb OToponijOMy noAcyxHMOicy. — 3aR0Hi npeAOcraBjflen BairB no* 
cjitAHee CJOBO. 

MaRCHATB MOJ^ajii; tojibro ab% Rpynniui cjiesu cRaTHJEHCB na 
cnnift, saMapaHHHft bb jvjvb SHnym. 

— 9t6 se, OeAopseHROBB? — nacraHBajfB cyABa. 

— ^a ^TÓ, Bama mbjioctb, rojih BHHOBarB, xaRx nyciB cys^ 
pinniTB. AyMaeTCfl mh^ tojbro, ^to sa laRyia Majiocib ne ctohjio 6a 
sa nojTopacxa BepcrB boabtb, ^a en^e noiro^a cha^tb... He Bopi^ 
By Bame ÓJiaropoAie, — npoAOJ[3Raj'B MaRCHirB, neiíHoro noifOJi^aBi: — 
nysAa noAcrynHja, 6en xoro Mni 6u na ysťB ne BsCpejio xaRoe 

•a:6jo. K^ TOMy se fl ne y RonTopu yrojiB-ro BSflXB, a y CBoero 
6paTa-MysnRa, RoropHft icnt en;e xyse sjía naA^jiajii. Y crapocTu 
nepesoFB Óbijtb, CBoe-ro on^ cpo6HjrB, noApflA^ o^HcrnjrB, a bto 
HSJíBnieRi, ne RonropcRaa 6ÍAa... 

— RaRTB HBJíBmen? — sbbo noBTopnJTB cyABfli npexBBxa bos- 
xosnocTB BCxoAa nsi rasaiaro nojosenúi. 3ai^irB| offB oÓpainjECfl 
KB noB^pennoMy: 



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OrHEHHOB JMO. 235' 

— CBaaHTe, ^t6 Morjio lepaiB BaBoioynpaMenie, ecjra 6h 0e- 
^opneHROBi ycn&i'B cjifiTh noxHii^eHHiiff yro^ib sa cboB? 

— 3aBojíoynpaBjieHÍe HHqero 6u He noiepajio, — oxBÍqajB no- 
B^peHHufi, — TaRi BaRi TarapeHOBi, A'i^flCTBHTejbHO, cAaji'B secb 
noApflAi>9 a TorB BopoÓi, nojiOBHHy Roero BsajTb @eAop<ieHBOB%, 
cocraBJfljTB nepeaiorB, T.-e. HHcryK) npafíu^L TaTapHHOBa, BOTopufi 
nojiy^HjrB 6u sa asjíHineRi oco6yH) n^iary. 

HcxoA^B 6Hjrs nafijieHi... 

— SI Haxosy a'^o AOcraTo^HO pasiflCHeHHiiMi b npHCrynaio 
VB nocTaHOBjieHÍK> npHPOBopa,— nporoBopBJí cyAbfl, h npHHjiJCfl 
nHcaTb; ho na erorB pas^ BHRaRafl rasejafl AyMa Be OTyuaBBBaja 
ero rojiOBH, nBca^ocB lerRO h cboÍoabo, laRi 'ito qepesi b4- 
CROJibso MBByrB roTOBO Óujio ^acTBoe oape^iJieBie, rohmi MopoBofi 
cyABfl, KB BBAy Toro, HTO Bi BacToameM-B cjy^a* ^bi^omi noiep- 
iriBmflM^B BBjajica RpecTBHBBHi TaTapBBOB^, a bo saBOAoynpaBjíeBie^ 
B HTO A^Ha noxBB^eHBaro se npeBumaja 30-tb py6jiett, npBSBajis 
8T0 jsíkio noAcyABuiťB Be mbpobum^ cyAe6B£iM'B ycraBOBjíeBiflM^B^ 
a BOJOCTHOMy cyAy. 

Moji<ia Bucjyfflaji'B npBroBopi cy^BB mojo^oA GeAopqeHROBi^ 
TOJBBO BjiasBue ero oasa, oÓpan^eBBue Ba BBCŽBmifi Ba crbm^ 
noprperB rocy^apa, RpacBop'£?BBO roBOpBJíB o TOM^, mtó owb wb 
Ty MBByry ^yBCTBOBajaíi. HoroirBy thxo nepeRpecracB, owb o6pa- 
Tfljcfl vb cyAB']b: 

— IIoRopHO djaroAapBiTB, Bama mbjioctb, ^to otb tidpbmu 
OCB060XBJIB; a Ba BOJiocTBoiťB nycTB cy^arB, h orroBapBBaTBca se^ 
craBy, no RpaffBocTB bo Bon bÍctb BacROJiBso BpeiieBB otb pa- 

(50TH, Aft OTB AOMy OTOpByTB. IIOROpBO BaCB 6jiarOAapHM'B, BOpMB- 

jieiTB, — npB^aBBjťB obi en^e pasi cb bbsrbitb borjiobomi b bu- 
meji^B Bd^ RaMepu. 

TaRse paAOCTBO b jerRO BSAOxayjH bc4 opacyTCTByioiAie: pas- 
6oprB A^ja MaRCBua noRasaji bmi, qro n ajía saypa-ibi^eBi sa- 
crajio, BaROBei^i, xopomee Bpeifa npaBaro b MBJíoCTBBaro cyAft; 
W) crapoe, nepesBioe Bpena RaRi>-6yAT0 o<ieBB Aa^eRO, b xass^ 
crtTjio CA'ibjiajiocB y bbxi aa xymij hto obb pyROfi MaxayjB sa 
tiuoe — «nycTB, mojtb, TaR^B Úujihewb h Bapoererb*... 

A. C— HlBl. 



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AIEKCAHÍPI CEMEHOBHll 

HIHIIIKOBl) 



BIOrPA«IA 



I. 

MOIOXHB rOAU.— MOPOBOE nyTEIDECTBIE. 

O^Ha E9h 3aM%HaTej!iBHux'L jHqHOCiefiy cBflsaHHiixi n i^apcrBo- 
BaHÍeiTB HimepaTopa AjiescaHApa I-ro, AjeBcaHAp'B CeifeHOBHi'^ 
HlHniROBi cocraBjflerB HHiepecHiift npe^^acerB j^joí my^emsi HCTope* 
^ecBaro h ncHxojiorHqecBaro. Oi^^HRa dTOň jmiMOcm ne CA'&iaHa 
<5e8npHCTpacTHO hh ero coBpeneHHHBaMH, hh noroMCTBOiTB. Gysxe- 

HÍfl o Uem> H t£x1> H XPyrHXl ^OBOJIbHO pa8H0p'£HIIB£I, xoth no^TH 

HHKTO He OTBadiiBaexx eny hh fb tocthocth, hh fb npflMOTi. TpyAHo 
4ujio npocj^AHTB ero A^ieJBHOCTL, TaB^b saB^B ona HBJíflaacB na 
rja8ax'B y xpyrnxB toibro liOMeHraMH, OTpuBO^Ho h npHTOiťB vh 
pasHuxii cj^epaxB^ ho Bcer^a myííHo h 6ypH0, Bcer^a sacraBiua 
roBopHTB o ce&b. C!o6cTBeHHO bi Tpe MonenTa o6n](ecTB6HHOft shbhe 
owb pisBO Buxaercfl: bb na^ajt i^pcTBOBaHÍfl, yse bb hhhí axMH* 
paJia, OHI BHcrynaerB bb jiHrepaTypHofi cj^^i h npoHSBOAHrB lairB 
^ypio CBOHM^B pŠBRHifB cjiOBOMi npoTHBB zíDÚEMUfl, Tor^aniHefi o6pa- 
BOBaHHoft liOJOAesH, EapaMSEHa; ohb BusBajrB na 6opB6y ABa jh- 
Tepaiypnufl noBOJ-iHiji, 6oph6jf BOTopaa ne CBopo yjenacB h bo- 
Topaa opeAcraBJífleTB bhahhS' ^aBirb bb Hcropin Hamefi jraiepaTypu. 
dartii^B, qepesB jaficnTh jiítb, bb anoxy 6o^h6hL pyccsHXB cb Haxjiii- 
HyBnuiMH BparaMH, vh 1812 tojsj^ nianiBOBi flBJuieTca nocpe^HH- 



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imClHXPB OUIHOBHTb nHODKOBl. 237 

voĚh xes^QT itapeiťE h Hapo^om, Biipaasafl naTpioTH^ecsHMi Cdio- 

BOITL MUCJIH H ^yBCTBa I^EpS, pi^lIIHBIIiarOCfl San^BE^aTb CBOK) 8eiUH> 

xo nocj'6AHflro HSEeMOseHÚi h ciubhkkmh naTpioTE^ecRHiín Bosrja- 
cam noxAepsHBaa napcAHyio dnepríio bb OT^aASHOft 6oph&b. diolt 
anoxoft Bnocj[šxcTBÍH noarB nyin]uiH'B zapasiepEsoBan miraiROBa: 

Cei CTapeii'B AoporB hemi: oh^ 6iemerb cpej^s eapoj^a 
CBAJi^eHHot naifflTBD ABina^iiaTaro ro^a. 

HaKOHei^'B, en^e ^epesi jificsiTh jAtl owh AKuercfl fb hoboS 6opB($& 
npoTBBi MHCTHBOBrBy HanpaBJíflBinHxi ^^xejiBHocTB ÓHÓieftCBaro* 
otfn^ecrBa, h fb Ba^ecTB^ MHHHcrpá napoAnaro npocB^qeHk cb^ 
MHCjdH) AaxB HHoe HanpaBjeme oÓn^ecTBeHHOMy oÓpasoBaniio h boc* 
nHianix). B'b npoMesyrRH MesAy aTHiiH MOMeHraMH owh BejTB th- 
xjK) yexHHeHHyH) BaÓHHerHyio atBSHB, o Roiopoft snajH toibro 
HevHoríe tfjiHBBÍe eny jih>ah. Y mhofezi ocrajiacB bb naMATH tojibbo 
nocjixHflfl ero jtjbsrejíhBocrhy KaB'B MHHHcrpa, h, hm&i npH^HHH 

61ITB HeXOBOJIBHIIMH 610 HO vbwb .paspyiIIilTejlBHIUrB CjAACrBÍíLMl>j 

luudii BEiTeRajiH hfb boa, ohh sjíefiMHJH c%xyH> rojOBy pasHUiin 
HenpHBJíeRaTejiBHUMH dnETeraMs, KoxopHe ne MoryrB ocraxBCfl 8& 

HHITB FB HCTOpÍH Ha pfl^y CB paBHBniH HHKBHBHTOpaifH, 8J06hIIMH 

oficBypaHTaiiHy ^aiEBaMH, BucJiysHBinHMH ce6t ars npoBBaHÚi 
CBOHMH noABHraMH. 

A BaM'6peFB npoci^AHTB SH8HB 9Toro MejioB^Ra, ito6h mojsho^ 
61U0 npeAcraBHTB ero p^jíBHuft HpaBCTBeHHtift o6pa9B, 6eFB Haní* 
pesia BOSBejiHqHTB lUH yHHSHTB ero. IlycTB crpyniiHp]rH)TCfl bc^ 
6iorpa4»H^ecBÍe ^aaiii, ohh HapHcyx>TB nopiperB Ha í^wby boto* 
puĚ x^ui Bc^Tb Auisih roTOBHTB HCTopLi; a Bne^aTJi^Hie, Kanoe npo- 
HBBexerB oh^b, saBHCHrB orB HacrpoenÍH spnTejfl. 

PoAHJiCfl niHmsoBB BB 1754 r. KkB^ owb poci h bochhtii* 
Bajcfl BB nepBoe xecflnurMe CBoefi shbhh — mu ne snaeirB; ho, hitIa 
FB BBAy HanpaBJíeHie fb ero iohocth, MoseirB 8a]UK)^aTB, ^xo shbhk 
ero pasBHBajiacB ne bb moxhomi ceiiefiCTBi, Ójhbboitb ko ABopy — 
laiTB BiixoxHjra xpyríe K>HomH; pasBHBajacB h ne bb Óoraioft no- 
]r6n^HHBeft ceMB^b — orryxa BucrynajH jiioah xpyroro copra, naao- 
Hen^^B H ne FB rpytfofi HeB&RecTBeHHOfi ceiiB-i, oray^a hjo^^bjihcb 

MHTpO^HH, flBJUflCB Ha CF6tB FB CBOeiTB HpaBCTBeHHOM'B ypO^^CTBŠ. 

Csopite Bcero ovb BOcnHTajicfl npn títl se yciOBÍHxi, npH boto* 

pHXl BOCHHTHBaJHCB H H^BOTOpHe HFB eFO CBepCTHHBOFB, HOTTeH- 

Biix*B A^Teiei FB oón^eft pyccBoft shshh Bxopofi hojobhhh npo* 
meAinaro CTOJiÍTÍfl, saBi, nanpHirlpB, ^ohi-Bhshhb, ^epsaBHHrB- 

H XP* Bl HBXl paSBHBajIHCB pOJIHriOSHOe ^yBCTBO H MUCJIB HOj^ 

BabíHÍeifB ^renifl utepsoBHHXi BHHrB, CBantennoft HCiopÍH h ^exÍH* 



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238 B^OTHHKl EBPOnH. 

MHHeH, a CB dTHBTB BBťbclt H yXO pOj^HHJIOCk Cb I^epSOBHEIBťB flSH- 

soBfB; pasBBBaiacb h jioÓobb vh iipBpoA'& noA^ BjiflHÍeMi 6jh3- 
BHxi oTHomeHÍft B^ Bert, pasBHBEJiacB J11060BB vb ?ejiOBÍBy noA^ 
Bne<iaTji'6HÍfiMH jiK)6flii].eS poAHofl: ceMLH, pasBHBajacB jiiotioBB btb 
poABH']k noA^B BneHaTjiteieifB pascsasoB^ o cjaBHHxi h rpoMsexi 
npomeAuiBXT* BpeMeHaxi» Ilerpa, noAi> BaeqaTji'6HÍeM'B napoAHUxi 
ntceHi, a MOserB 6utb h SByqnuxi oa'b JIoMOHOCOBa h Apyrexi 
CTHXOTBopAeBi. IIo Rpa^Heft M^p% HyxBe HapoAHaro ASUBa Bib neiťB 
He 6uA0 sarjiymeHO bt» A'bTCTBŠ, saBB vb to BpeMfl yse Barjyma- 
jiocb vb MOAHUXT* ceMBflxi npHABOpHaro oÓn^ecTBa; paBHUMi o6pa- 
soMi> u noHBMaBÍe cxapo-cjiaBBHCBaro flausa ÓhÓjiíh HacrojBBO caí- 
jajocb AOcryoBO, ^to noBBOjiBJío nOHHMaTB noBTH^ecBÍfl spacoru 
BBipaaieHÍH. Hay^eoe o5pa30BaHÍe ]IIamBOBi» nojy WjIi bi MOpcROiTB 
BaAeTCROMi» Bopnyct bi* nepBBié roAu AHpeBTopcTBa HBaea Jlors- 
^OBHqa KyTy30Ba, Boroparo b% sanscBaii ofn> easuBaerB cbohm^b 
CBoHcTBeHHBBOMi>, HejiOBfeBa BecBHa npocBtn^eHHaro, dHepre^ecBE 
flpHHflBmarocfl 8a ofipaaoBaeie MopcBBXi BaAeTOBi. KyxysoBi SHajTs 
Bi coBepmeHCTBib asurb 4>P&H^y3CBift H H'6Mei^BÍtt H FB oco6eaeocTH 
jíOĎHji saiHBaBmyioca lorAa pyccRyio JHrepaiypy. Bi ero pocth- 
aoS MOSHO 6ujI0 BcrptiaTB yneBuxi, nncaTejeB h xyAOSHBROBi^, 
BOTopfiie Bpesffl orB BpeMeHH npitssaiH asi-Ba Mopa vh Ileiep- 
6ypn>. ^jfl qTeHÍfl jieRi^ift bx Ropayct RyiyBOBi npHrjaniaii hs- 
B']kCTHLix'B yneaux^, saRi, HanpBM'bp'B, 3niiByca, Mnjjepa. 6% bto 
x,e BpeMfl noABBsajcfl xasrB h ÓusmiŘ nHxoMei^x Bopnyca, SHaMe- 
BHxuS KypraaoB^, Boxoparo xapaRtepHsyEon xaBBMB cjiOBaHH: 
HaBBBofi, BO 6e3ao(i^aAHofi aponieS owh . Ba3HBJi'B coBpeMenHutt eny 
fleAaHTBSifB H yMHuijieHHyH) xeMHOxy nayRB, h caH'B crapa^icfl no 
B03BÍ0SH0CXB yopoii^axB ee h nepeAaBaxB saHBBiaTejBHO. Ohi oBa- 
8UBajiT» tíoaBcaoe HpaBcxBeHHoe Bjiiflaie na yqenaBOBi, Boxopiie sa 
TO jlk>6bar h yBa»aj[B exo. RpoMt MopcBHXi^ cnei^ajiBHuxi HayB'B 
s CBflsaHHoft c^ HBMH MaxeBiaxHRH, FB Bopnyct npenoAaBajB asubb: 
s^Mei^BÍfl^ ^^pani^yscBÍB, aarjiificBiS, mtbhcbíS h xaBi-HasuBaeBiBUi 
<^jioBecHbifl BayBH, x.-e. ^vísekj^ reneaJorÍK), pexopnBy. Eqi> reo- 
rpacj^iH H Haopin ypoROBi» hb saAasajiB, a o6yqajiE Bh B^acci «qe- 
pesTB saxBepjBBBaHie apa cBa3B[BaHÍB nooqepeABO Bctxi*. H31 hcxo- 
pia AaBajia xojibbo BpaxRÍfl xpoHoiora^ecBÍfl xaÓjaqRa. Bo Bpeica 
o6ÍAa, no MoaacxupcBOMy 0<$pa3iQr, ^arajH xopoarifl HCropa^ecBÍfl h 
HpaBoyqax&ibHufl Banra, «AJa snaHÍfl npeaiHax'B oÓpan^eHift Cff&xa 
H BRopeaeHifl 6iiaroHpaBÍfl> ^). Bi» cuhcbA npenoAaBaeMuxi npeA- 
HexoBi Toro BpeMeaa ne Bcxp^qaeiťB he pyccaaro, hh cjiaBflHCBaro 



^) HcTopH^ecEÍft oiepcb MopcEaro saxercsaro Bopoyca, co«i. Beceiaro. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



umoÁEfyb omiOBHqi mimiROBi. 239 

aausa. Bi hhxi» Mojo^ue jiioxh MorjH coBepmeHCTBOBaTbCfl tojlbo 
Hsi npaBTHBH Hepe8i» nepeeoAu cb HHOcrpaHHuxii asbibobi h qxe- 
Hte HeiíHorHXii pyccBHxib necaTejiefl, bo rjuiBt KOTopuii ctoajii 
TOaBKO-TTO yMepmift JIomohocobi. 

Uhiumovbj noBHAHMOMy, BueecB h3% Bopnyca sce, ^t6 Morb 
BHHecTH npHjieaiHiifi h AoCpoHpaBHUž y^eHHBi^ no spa^Hett Mi§p6, 
BCBopb OBI uM^^jrb cJiynaH Busasaib h SHame HHOctpaHHEixii asei- 

SOBly H SHaBOMCIBO Cb MOpCBHMH HayBaHH, H JK>60Bk Bl B03BU- 

meHHoB noesÍH, h crpacTb Kb jiHTepaiypnuMi ynpasHeHÍflMi h, na- 
BOHei^, ne ^epcTBoe h ho sarpy&kioe cepw^. 

IIocjr&AHift roAi* ero BopaycHoft shshb AOJsenb tfujii 6utb 
oco6eHHO o6pa80BaTejbHUM'B bi ero sypct— no MHOSiecTBy rasexi 
HcnuTaHHuxi HMi BneqaTj'i&HÍK, cb BaBHBCH oÓEiBHOBeHHO Hysaerb 
I HpaBCTBeHHO Bpinnerb mojioaoA seJiOB^Bi. O hhxi mu Hosesrb 

rOBOpHTb AOBOJbHO DOApOÓHO, HOTOMy HTO y HaCb eCTb BOCnOMHHa- 

bísíj sanecaHEEifl caMHiťb HleniBOBUMi. Bi Baqaji'6 1771 ro^a, 
Kor^a DIhiubobi 6hiJi% yse rapAeHapHHOMi, OHb BMicit erb Apy- 

rHJfH CBOHMH TOBapHO^aMH, Vb HHCJlt XpHAI^aTH ^eJOB^Bl, 6ajn> OT- 

npaBjeHi bi> ropoA'B ApxaareJbCBi, a^a 'roro, ^rotíu orryAa b03- 
BpaTHTbCfl Mopem Ha Tpex'b nocTpoeHHux'b xaiťb mecTHAecATH-meCTH- 
nyme^Hux'b Kopa6jaxi. 3ro Čujia nepBaa MopcBaa aBCBypcia^ 
npoÓHafl A^fl MOJiOAux-b jiiOAefl. UJamBOBy na nepBuxi se aopax^ 
npHnuocb HcnuTaTb ropbBÍfl c^yHattHocrn cjiys6fci, Boropufl BtqHoS 
o6haoS ocraiorca vb sb3Hh. EanuTaHi sopa6jUi, bt» BOTopony Óujrb 
npH^HCjeffb niHniBOBi, 6uji'b MejiOB^Kb BjacrojnoÓHBuft, BcaujibqH' 
Buft H HerpesBuft. HecnpaBeA^HBO pascepAHemscb fia lUaniBOBa 
3a TO, ^TO TOTb 61 cBo6oABoe BpeMfl noixa.ix a^a nporyjiBB ci 
OAHHirb Mfl^ManoMi na 6eperb, umísl Ba to npaBO, nbflHuil sanfl- 
TaHi> npHcyaiAaerb MOJOAOMy nejiOB^By HdBasaBÍe, BorAa obi Bopo- 
THTCfl — npoAepsaTb eny bcio HO^b Ba njieqaxx jíjBb cBBBD^OBBifl rapn 
GoJíie nyAa Bicoifb, b, se AOSHAascb ero BOsepan^eBÍfl, BAerb Fb 
BaH)i7 cnaTb. KaBOBO oiqaflBie mojoaofo ^ejiOBibsa, sorAa, BciynBBb 
Ba najy6y, obi cjumBirb BanaiaHCBitt nparOBopb! Obi* B03My- 
Q^aercfly cnimarb Kb cBoeMy BaqajbBBBy no Bopnycy, Banarany, 
upHÓbiBmeMy Cb rapAeMapBHaMH bsi UeTepÓypra. S^orb 6iijrb, no 
onHcaHÍio niHmBOBa, qeJiOBtBi AotípuS, ycjyauBButt, ycepAH£iS Kb 
cjyx&k H AOBOJbBo HerjiynEitt, no ^acro safijysAaBmiScfl oi*b bs- 

JHHIHHXl* yMCTBOBaBÍfi H npBTOlfb BepeA^b CTapalHMB AO BpaftBOCTH 

no^THTejibHufl H poÓBÍfi. KofleqHo, Ba Bopafij*]^ obi AO^uBen^ ,6us% 
BO Bceiťb noA^BBaTbCfl sanHiasy Bopatíjfl. Kb Beny-ro noA'b sa- 
n^BTy xord^n npfl6i^rByTb UlHniBOBi, BBBorAa Be noABepraBmiňcA 
HHxaBBMii niTpaéaM'b b Be MOrmift BimecTB hhcjb o secioBoifb b 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



240 BftOTHIK^b IBPOUH. 

HeeiipaBeAJHBOM'E HaBasaHÍH. Ho hh acajotfn, hh npocBÓii, hh ona* 
cenifl nojy^HTB ^axoTBy, hh yrposti, hh cjiesu, hh^to ne nOMorjo. 
EopnycH£iB BanniaHi npB8HaBaji'B npaBory csoero rapAeMapena m 
secTOBocTb HaBasaHÍfl, ho ho pimaicfl ho HenojiHHTB npeKasaniji 
CBoero BOifaHwpa, h ne ocM&iHBajcfl 6j^mh ero, ^to6u homo^k 
iiojOAOMy qejoB^By. H bopb ysí% Be^yrb ero na mícto BasHH, es 
ysacoMi npeAcraBjíflerB ceůb ioruř rapAeiiapHHB, Basi npHxercfl 
npoBecTHeMy ho^b,— cHOBa njaMS, or^aflHÍe h naBOHei^ nocjiÍAHÍfl 
npocBÓu — no spafiHefl ^ip'6 OTcpowTB ao yxpa Hcao^neHie nps- 
roBopa, Bor^a npocHercfl RaoHTaHB. Tojbbo na aro corjiacHJCfl 
HcnpaBjiJiK>ii^i8 AOJisHOCTB nexarora. Easyio hou npoBejTB nec^acT- 
HEifl ocysA^HHiifi! Ho CB yTpoM'B Bce H8M']&HHjiocB. KanHxaHi, 
OTpeBBHBHiHCB, BCxajTB Wh ApyroiTB pacHOJOseHÍH xy^a H, BUCjy- 
maBi o(h4iCHeHÍfl IliHmBOBa, p'6mHj'B, ^to ero ne 8a qió naBasii- 
BaTB. Jí^^o oÓomjocB, noBHAHMOMy, Ójaronojiy^Ho; ho, Bone^no, ne 
ÓedCJBL^HMO nponijio oho no jijnA ceuRd^KOfiTEj^TESivo caM0jiK)6H- 
Báro K)HomH. 

Ho BCBpUTÍH JI^BHHH B0pa6jIH HyCTHJIHCB Vh E'ÍJIOe MOpO, 8a* 

rbwb npHÓJHdHJiHCB kt> JlaajiaHACBHBCB 6eperaH'B, obojo botopeix'b 
8axep:liajiH nx'B npoiHBHue B^ipsi. Sa^cb BnepBue npnoLiocB niHm- 
BOBy HacJiasAaTB cboh ^yBcrsa BHAaMu MopcBofi npepoAu h bchei- 
THBaTB CBOK) jK>6oBB Bi rpaHAÍ03HoS npHpoA%. JlaBHpyfl, 8a6pajHCB 
AajeBO Bi cÍBepy, TaBi qxo cojHi^e vh canyH) hojiho^b yse ne- 
BaxoAHio noA'B ropHBonrB. «CMOTpfl na Hero»y npHfiaBJuierB IILini* 

BOBB, «fl npHnOMHHajI'B CTHXH JIOMOHOCOBa.* 

ÍOCTHTIO AHeBHOe AO nOIHOHH CBÍTHIO, 

Ho BB riyÓBH*! iHua ropflmaro ne CRpmo, 

RasB mameHEa ropa Easaiacs hbsb BaioBB 

H npocTHpajia óiecRB óarpoeuB HSB-sa ibAOBB. 

CpeAH npenyAHEifl npH achomb coibuí ho^h 

BepxH siaTQXB 8£i6eS nioBuairB cBepKaK)TB bb oih.» 

«Mh% MeHTajiocB, hto a cacorpK) na nero rjiaBaMH JIOMOHOCOBa 
H luuBy CBneTpoM'BBejiHBHM<B». HosTHqecBoe HacrpooHÍe ^anrasiH 
lOHomH-niBniBOBa npoAOJisajiocB h vl AajBH^flmeiirB njaBanÍH. 
Ejaronojiy^Ho MHHOBajH MajiBCTpeMB, wb hojobhhí^ OBTfltípa 6ujul 
wb KonenrareHŠ, a ^epesB h^bojibbo AHeSnoojiUdiH jíiu^] cbho* 
nyTHUMB B^TpoicB BB leMHyio Hou óucípo npHtíansajHCB BB ocrpo* 
By EopnrojBMB. EaoHTaFB cnai'B bb Baioii, a mrypnanB, no 
omHÓo^HOMy cooópasenifo, AaxB BopatfjíK) hícbojbbo HHoe HanpaB- 
JOHie, H ero npenecjio b'b mBeACBOMy 6epery. TaBB BaBB vh leM- 
HOT^ HejiBSfl tíujo padriJiA:]^TB OBpysaion^eS mšcthocth, to Aony- 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



AjntRCiHAn <nnioivrB nHiiiROB'B. 241 

enn Bopa<ln nooaen na MeiKoe iri^cro h npoisoinjio Bopa({ie- 
Kpymeme. Chjbhiui mihh ciara noxnaTHBaTB tAsanifl Kopa6jB 
■ yxapflTL o MopcBoe ffio. JI^jia oÓJier^emi npemmcB pyÓHXB MaTm 
H ctfpacHBaTB FB Mope. QrspHJiacB Ten, cb lorropoft ne mofjih 
cnpaBHTBCfl. Kasffit ^acB yrposan n6ejLhv>. JIoxv norepajE na- 
ffivj Ha enaeeaie ■ craiH roiOBHTBCfl si cMepra, Ha^tBaji Ha 
ceófl 6&iEifl py(SaaniH. GsffiiteHHHB^B kb oÓJiafems ^wrwb nepe^i 
o6paaowb mojhtbh. Bca ara sapisHa nopaauua BcnyrasHiirB ne- 
{HniTHHrB rapxeKapiHORB. «Bc£ 6ujm kb otmihhoitb c^axi, — 
nqiexaBajrB noroirB IIIhhirobi,— HHse, naxníH hhi^, HHiie croana 
iojAemtLj HHiie a BOSAfeuMH icB He6y pysaMH, xo^bihcb h, savB 
o6pewBHS[fl aBepTBH, oojiaKHBajiH nocjAjpdfl cboh MHHyTEi. Mes^ 
rbiTB myiTB iiopa, ci^hhi uenoKB Bopa6ii, yHSJíift cbhctb B^ipa 
BoapyTB o&iOMSOKB xa^TB I nyme^HHe, wb npESBamH noMon^H, 
eseiMHyTHO npoiSBOAHnie Bucrpkm^ nanoMHHajra ÓesnpeciaHHO, 
moMH nifiHeirB h atrB cnaceBÚ». 

fiaciaio yrpo. IIojioseHie ne yjryinnraocB. Ilpn xneBHOirB 
eviri OHO npexcraBUOCB ^ase xyxníHirB. RanHraHi npHmejTB kb 
rasoe onainie, ^ro xase ne xartjrB xyvaTB o cnacenÍH xfojsfiŘj 
yraen itb Baioiy ■ OTBasaJCn otb bcsbhxi pacnopfliseHifi. Mhcib 
o cnaceHÍH na joxBax'B npHXOXHTB bcíitb kb rojosy; ho BanHraHB 
jry^me xoverB nomÓHyrB co bcím^ asHnaseiTB h ne xaerB CBoero 
oorjadfl. «Mhboí, rapxeMapHHir^— tobophtb maniBOBXy — ůixBWh 
vk Heny Bi Kanty h nepejpB hhitb pu^aeirB^. Ho h hxx cjiesii 
He noxiftcTBOBaxH. BanBiaHi cb yrpoBaMH oporoHaerB hxi. Torxa 
9SHnasi pimaeicfl BnÓparB Kpjvovo jutneraHa h n hhm'b no^y- 
xavB o cpeACTBaxi cnaceHÚi. BuÓopi naxaerB na Ba^ercEaro sa- 
nsTEHa. OffB ne B^pyn corjaniaeTCfl napynnrrB eBAn^eenoe vh ero 
riasaxi no;^HHeHÍe, Boxen BecB asHnas^B itb BaneTany, htoÓh 
cjd^aTB eiiy nocjrtxnee npexiojseme, h o&bmwtb, wi6 osB^aerB 
ero BB ciy^ai onasa. KaiiHTaffB ciruoBaief h npHHflji'B cHOBa 
xoHanxy. Kopa(SjiB yxajocB craHyrB cb Meisaro Mtcra. CnycTHjm 
nui)6Byi yroúa orapaBHTB h6cboibbo ^ejOB^rB na 6eperB — Tpe6o- 
BSTB noMon^H. Mesxy hhhh Hasna^ffB 6uxh oxhh^ rapxexapHH%, 
jH^loxHXCBÍfi XBOpflHVHi, savB roBopflHpfl no-HÍMeip0, xoponiifi 
npiareJB maniBOBa. «Ohi 6iijrB fb BOcxHn^eHÍH, — paBCBasuBaerB 
inaniBOBi, — HpH<(iraerB bohhí h roBopBii: snaemB jh qró, MeHfl 
]iociijaK>rB Ha 6eperB, noŠA^irB co mhoh), sx^b onacHo ocraBaiBca, 
a laiTB MU 6yAeirB chobo&hh; xotohib jih, a cicasy BanHiaHy, hto 
m KBfk BW>6&3%. — & Cb paxocTBio ooriacuca, — npOAOisaen 
HIhihkobi, — H MH nonijiH Bidbcrt. Ho jramb toibbo npexo^eiTB na 
xnB xBepaiTB saDHiaHcioft KaioTH, saBi BxpyrB^ ^e mam onero, 

Tom T.— CsHnoPb, 1877. 16 

Digitized by CjOOQ IC 



242 BMiHHrb mfom. 

po;^iiBniificji Ba mhí crpax^B fiepenžmerB Ba ubí mucjih. A ocm- 
flaBJHBaK) TOBapEH^a r jcmEhBO npamy: paxH Bára He foboimi a 
nffb sanfliaHy, ji ne xaiy ixaTB». HecMarpfl na wb yétoxema 
TaBapeu^a, DIhiiiiobi ynapeo ctoajtl bt^ cbobitb BaMÍpeHÍB, laKb 
iTO TorB ^^aaseei tíuji a^HErb Batni vh KamrrafiCByK) Kaioiy. Ha 
Bar^^a oetb Buinei'b orry^^a,— saMinerb IIlHinRaB^ — to vb neirb 
Bcš wííítbze nepeiiiHy: ani Ómn CMywfiWbj atfii&HaBeHHafl Bece- 
jocTb ero Hc^Bja, ciesH Banuflci^ na jraiQr. BipaflToa (JeBoi^er- 
Biifi crpaxi niemBaBa iiepemei'b h vh neMy, na aisasaxbCfl otb 
■cnoJHeHifl napy^eHÍii (kija Hei[i»8fl. IIps cxoa^ vh nunonsy, owh 
esasajrb: upan^aAre, Ópan^tu, si oepBiift tbjíy na eiiepiE. HLitoiiKa 
<majiHjay pacnycrniia napycB, naHeciacb nHi^eH), no Mops). Ob 
sapaÓJifl cnarpATb, Bani ana nupaerb bi BOJEHax^^ Rasi naxxa- 
xnrb bí Óepery h— B^pyrb onpasHAHBaeTCfl. B&b bi Tisejioirb ne- 
XoyM^niBy ne snafl, cnacyrca m nec^acissie MopflKH, a noxaib 
noMoii^b cb KopaÓJu ne 6ujío BHaasafi BasMasHOOTH. B'bAHHft Hpk- 
rejh niHniBOBa nanitii ^^ŘcrEvtejíhmo. Bci aia cílena npoiiBBeja 
na Bera oiJBHae Bne^aiji^eié. ^Sl ÓpocHJOi vh cbok> Baiory,— ro- 
BapsjL owbj — saTBopHJiCfl Bb nefi h, ynavb na saji^^, mn rjy^ 
6bhu xyoiH iiaefl Ójara^^pui Eara 8a BHyméaHyH) vh uuum mm 
nepeM^ny, HsCaBaBmyH) Hena an npexoraflnteS mhí naraÓeiH^. 
EiTh combmsíy nra Brorb cjy^at xOjiseH'b 6uii CHuna nax^fi- 
CTBaBaTb na pejHiiosHae nyBCTBa H)Hara niHmsoBa h acraBST^ Fjy- 
(k)BÍfi cM^j^ vh ero j^mi. 3xbcb se Korjia sapoxHTBca bb Heiťb 
H HisoTopafl CBJOHHocTb Kb MBCTHi^edify. yTQMieHHEift BcÉicH npex* 
mecTBOBaBmHMH xpesoraini, , B)Honia, HaRoneit^b, sacnyjrby ho ne 
xojro npHnuocb eny OT^iixaTb. Ero 6jflfiTb h emfi BinpocoHBaxi 
Tan^arb sa najiyóy^ nasBHyBí Tanso Tyjiynx na lue^H. Ocasu* 
Baercfl, ?to, BpoM'6 nero, hbbto na sopa6it ne yirixb roBopsTb no* 
E<ÍMei](R0, a nysno 6uzo o($iflCHBTbca Cb noxníEiBniefi Kb BopaÓJUO 
joxBofi. XoTfl ji0A0UHBi» roBopHiTb tíojrbme no-msexcsH, H^wb no- 
ffbiceipcH, no exBa onaMaroBaBniittcfl rapxeiiapHHrb cbjiAsrb noHiTBi 
^it) Ton nocjaffb mn ropoxRa He^A^B BaBBM'brTO npoítesflirb Gau- 
xepHoiTb, BOTopHft, ysnaBb o (Síxctbíh pyccsaro Bopa&u, npesa- 
sajTb pasysnarb o neiťb. KaonraHi Tonacb ae npEsasarb niHm- 
KOBy nepedbcTb vh mj^j vh nodanaoiiy h ixazb Brb ropoAi. 
Tasb BaRfb xoxBa sa ceahíimi BoxnenieK^ ne iioria cioarb y 
tiopra Bopatfjiiy to bcš sacyeiBJíBCb, ^10611 xaicb-HaÓyAb cnyeiBTb 
Bb nee lOHoniy, s oh% x&ase ne cjiuxan, sartsrb nociLiaercfl na 
6eperB. Bi nojnoe oosHanie npemeirb onb yse Torxa, BOfAft bojhh 
ornecjiH JOXBy x&JieKO orb Bopatfjui. Uocpej^m Óypaaro Mopa, rjiaai 
na oan a neBnasoMHiíH rpeÓujUšEj juyiopsix% TpyxHO (Síuq na*- 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



unsciHAPi omioBiqi mimsoBi. 243 

HHMtTb, Ůesfh npHJiflnaFO naam, 6effb Kmen^ Hen xjritfa, m we 
3Has npH dmwbj A*ifl ^ero obi '6x6X1, nojoseHÍe RpaSne sarpy^r 
fiHieibHoe. npHmiocb nponjiurb boccmb BepcrB: xojiOAHuft oceoHifl 
Bfaepi HECKBOdB Dpo^yBajn ero, Ópusrn otb boiitb, Bass Aoisjíeirb, 
sponuE ero h, HasoHei^, ee octaBUH hh oxHoft cyxoft hhtbh. 
Yze Bi^ TpH ^aca yrpa npHcrajiH Bitfepery. OB0qeH'i^aro MopAia 
npsBeJH Bi RaROft-TO jiowby AOcryvajHCb, sasrjiH oroii, pasÓyAHjH 
xoaflBHa; totl hto-to cnpaoíHBaerB ero; ho ea bc£ Bonpocu lOHoma 
fie MOserB oiB^^aTb hh cjoBa, aseiri ne noBHHyexcfl, muoih Mt- 
nuwTCfl, H, Haaonei^i, Bcqe8aH)TB BCflRoe noHarie h cosHaHÍe. Toibso 
Ha xpyroĚ aobb o^yBCTBOBajca pyccRífl ^p■^IeJle^^, h Mon roBO- 
piTb ci CaiBAepBOMii, vh ROTopony npesejiH ero. Oaasajiocb, qro 
y BToro xo6paro Me;iOBÍRa 6ují'b bi Poccíb Ópan^, b bbi jio((bh wh 
Heny OHI pimEjci CA^bjíarb b jma titACiByioBtBXi pyocRBXi, ^t6 
61110 Hb ero CBjaxx. YssaBi, bi naROMi ohb noJioseBÍB) ohb aa- 
npaauieTb IIlBOiROBa r^b ÓyproMBcrpyi Roropyii no ycBJíeflHOft 
iipo€b6t lOHoniBy Oji^Taro vb Tyjyni, b oropaBBJí Kb Ropa&ix) 
jtByxi aoi^MaflOBb h Aecaib joaobi. UlamROBi ocraerca vb ropo^i 
H yABBjjierb cbooh) paeroponHOCTbK) b HaxoA^BBocrbio, xotb b mopb 

0(h41CHflTbCfl TOlbRO Ha H'&Mei^ROM'b BSHRÍ, ROTOpuft HOHBMaiOTb Jífír 

XKO ne Bdfc UBeAu. Uma pyccKaro, co BpeneH^ Ilexpa BejBRaro, 
nyrajio npocrofi napoxfb vh maeiÚB, b (iesapiiOTHOMy lOBOint Icb 
Tpyxoirb yxajocb natTH cedi nouerb vb ropoxib. Ha xpyroiAOBb 
OB'b ysHaji, iTO HO&iaHHUfl JOARB BucaAHJiB fla 6eperb in> bocbmb 
Bqpcraxi orb ropoxa bc^xi ÓojibHtixi cb Ropa6;ui. Offb cnimarb 

Kh HBMl niniROMl H HaXOAHTb Vb CaMOMl SaaSOlfb HOJOSeHÍB: 

Bci OBU jesajiB uoJ^'b oTRpuTUHi HeÓOMi, na Btipy, hoa^ xos- 
jfiitbj B BXo6aBOBi> Óeai xji6a. H cnaceHHue on ROpadieRpy- 
meHu, OHH 6u2B ofipe^enii na rnCejb. GK)xa se npB^Bio Boiaoft 
■ noraCinaro ero lOBapBout* IIoxopoHBFb ero erb coBpymeHBun 
^sepAueirb, IIlHfflROBb noBBMajii, qto orb ero safiorb BaBBeaTb yqacib 
Bdbx% ero cnyrHHROBb, mai aaRb obi OABH'b tojbro mopb Roe- 
sasi oCbBCHBTbCfl CO mBoxanB. H botb obi ca'bmBirb CHoaa vb 
ropoAi, yMOiflerb GajbAepHa b ÓyproMBCrpa noiío<ib 6ojibByirb b 
rojOAHuui, H hocjí MBorBX'b ycBjift yxaercfl eny yse aa Apyroft* 
jifiHb npBBeBTfl HicBOibRO nBO^H BBMyqeBBUiíi TOBapan^aarb. Bet 
BcrptTBJíD ero eb pa^oerbK) b ÓjaroAapaocTbio, noBBMafl, ^to 6e8b 
Bero npHOUOCb 6u airb owHb ropbRO. ToibRO OABHfb rpy6iiftcoji- 
xarcRÍtl ROMaaxBpb, RoropoMy AOBd^peflH 6ujb fiojbaue, npaflfljrb 
^ro o^eab cypoBO. Offb cqflrajťb b pacToponaaro rapAeMapaaa bo^b 
4»0BM'b Ba^ajucTBOMi B BeRCTaTB xiyAjTb 9T0 nosasaTb ony. Tyrb- 

16« 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



244 BftCTHincB iBPonn. 

TO iDHoma BHRSsajB saM^qaTejrBHyio ^epry xapaisTepa, p^A^yH) b^ 
ero roAH. 

— SaaeniB jh tu, ^to a sjí^bCB HaqajiLHincB?— ycjiHmajTB oh*b^ 

FH^BHlIfl ROMaHAfrpCBÍfi CJlOBat — KSLKh TU CM^JTE B^epa yfiTH OTCH>Aa 

Óeffh cnpoca? Eacejifr tu en^e pasi ocirbjHniECJi 8to CA'6jiaTB, to ji 
nefíi pysH H Horn nepejOMafo. 

«Tojn» rpyóufl cjosa, — padCBasfiiBaerb nianiKOB%, — BeciMaMens 
OTop^HjiH; a He onacaica yrpos^ ero, ho Óofljcs cjií^actbíB Hameft 
ccopu, h6o vb cjy^a'6 BaBofi-jfl6o AAJbH'i&fimefi otb Hero xepsocTH, 
fl 6u npHHysAeH'b 6ujrB oÓpaTHTBCJi vh jmjs,nwh cb npocbóoio 8a- 
n^HTHTb MeHfl, a jk>ah TaBi 6ujih npoTBBi Hero 08jo5;ieHu h ctojbro^ 
HSiJiBJifljiH ifH'6 tfjiaroAapHOCTH sa none^enie Moe o hbxi, ^rro 
npa ]faj'lflnieM% otb Menfl o6oApeHÍB, jierBO Morjio tfu poahtbch 
H8i cero BaBoe-jfB(5o nec^acTHoe npoHcmecTBie. Cíh onacnocTB npeo* 
A0ji'ljia BO uvb ABHseHÍe rH'6Ba h a OTB^^ajTB cb bpotoctík), tto 
npHSHaK) ero Ha^ajBHHROirB na^i coóoio h fotobi eiiy noBAHOBaTBOi, 

HO HTO HOCJaHB Cb ROpaÓJfl Vh ropOA^ 8a A^OITB, ROTopoe H 
AOjaKeH'B BIinOJlHHTB...> KOMaHABp^ Clfar^BJICH. 

Ob homoq^bk) tfyproMHerpa nieniBOBy y^ajtooB ycrpoHTB ($ojb- 
Hux^B FB ropoA^, H 9firbuT> HysHo tfujio eo^e xjfonoraTB o cyABÓ'^ 
BopaÓJifl: OH^B Tose óujn, noxosi na tíoarBHoro, Hys^aron^aroca bs 
jie^eHÍ0. Jí^jisi no^EHORi TpeÓoeasocB mhofo BpeMeHH. CieasajiH, wro^ 
8a BTO HosHO npBHJiTBOi Vb Topojsíb RapjicroHH'^, Vb mecTHAecaTH 
Bepcraxi otb HcreAa. IIlBniROBy 6ujio nopy^eno yrOBopBTBca es 
XByHfl Ryne^ecRHMH Ropa6jiJiMH, ROTopue aojishh 6umji conpOBoai- 
xaTB pyecRÍS RopaÓJiB h vb cjy^a'6 onacHociH npsHflTB vb ce6^ 

BocnoJiBSOBaBinHCB saTpyAHHTeiBHuvH o(ÍCTOirrejrBCTBaMH, kjuu,u 
norpeóOBajH nerupe thcahr py6jefi, ho y RanHTana ne 6ujio Ta- 
RBXi A^HerB. PtoHiH saHflTB xvb Tucfl^H y ropoAa Hcre^a, roto- 
pne H BpyHHTB HaHflT£iM'B RopaÓJiHiťB HpH OTnpaBJieHÍH; ocranHue 
se 8aHflTB FB ropoA'6 EapicroMHt n BanjaTHTB TairB. Opa vtBXb 
neperoBopax^B BcroMJieHBuft lOHoma yse cjien vb nocrejiB: chjibl 
ero He Bu^epsajH, ho n TyTB 6evb nero ne xorjH oÓoSthcb. 

HaHflTue Ropa6e^BH|HRH vb AeHB OTnpaajieHifl, Ror^a noxyjrs 
HonyTHufl B^Tepii, BaynpaMHJiHCB h noTpe6oBaiH Bnepexi bc6 xeHBrH. 
HysHO 6u30 BesTE ÓojiBHoro, vb ropa^e^HoiTB coctobhíh, na 6epePB> 
AJa o(h>JiCHeHÚ[. Ha pyRaxx nepenecjiH ero vb JOARy, na pyRaxB 
nepenecjiH wb 6yproMHCTpy, Ry^a 6ujiiii npesBanu h ynpjiMue RO- 
pafieAH^HRH. Ohb croflJiH na cBoeirB TpeóoeaHÍH, necMorpa na^ 
Bc6 ytíts^enifl K>HoniH. HaRonei^i, ohi BumejTB h8'b Tepotnifl h 
CB sapoiTB naqaii roBopaTB hmii: «<rruAHO a^s mBOAOBi ne b^pbtb^ 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



AJBKGiflArb OMSHOBH^^b fflHmSOBl. 245 

pyecBOMy BoranoMy Ropaójuo bi AByx'B xiiCAHax^B py6. Ecjh rocnojia 
BopaÓeun^HBH comví^íotcs wb nojyqeniH, to a or^aH) hitb ceói 
Bi 8Uori»; ji ociaiocb saí^cb, nosa ohh ne nojyqarE AeebrE, h 
-een 6u BanHiaffB ne sauaTEJii hxx h npasHTeiBcrBO Hame h6 
jXOBiieTBopuo ETb (qeiiy Hasasi craiBCji ne bosmosho), to OTei^ 

MOi, pyCCSift ABOpflHHHl H AOCTaiO^HUtt HeJOV^Kh, MeHflBHKynHTB>. 

dra cjOBa, npoHSHeceHHEig, jcasi roBopui lUamBOB^ cb sapoirB 
■ ;(OcaAoiOy noBOjeÓajiii xopaÓejiBii^HBOB^ j!I,'bJio 6ujio cx^aso, ho 

BBHOBHHITB BCerO nODiaTBlCfl fltCROJIBRBHH AHBMH 60JÍ8HH. 

Bi» KapjcroMHŠ rapAeMapBHH 6eijb pasMiii^eHu vh oahoitb 
ffiufb Birbcit CB CBOHiTB BanBTaHOMX. «KorAa mu npBmjifl vb Rapjic- 
roMHi, — roBopHTB niBniBOBi— TO vb nepBue abh seHo^HHii He 
oť&iH BBeqepy xoabtb no yjai^aifB h nacro nyrajia BMeneiTB pyc- 
CEBx^*. TaBfB, no npe^aniio, crpamnu 6ujh pyccaie. Csopo Bce 

OepeiliHfllOCB, K% pyCCBBMl npflClíOTp']&lBCB, J&bUJiJlllChj 9T0 OHE 

He Tane sapsapu, BaB'B o hbxi paacBadUBajifl, m CTajiH Majo-no- 
muy BaBBBUBaTBCB BHasoMCTBa, npH soTopuxi o4)flitepu9 vh oco- 
^HHOCTH BanflTaBi, nojBBOBa^BCB SHaHÍeiTB niuei^Baro Bsusa CBoero 
capAeiiapflHa. Eny óum ne csy^HO. Bnpo^eifi, y iohooih CBopo 
ttBBsajCJi CBOtt poMaHi. Bi codkfijcmb owb lacTO bba^ji bi osHaxi 
jlBa xopomeHBBia JB^BRa, soTopuB CMOTp&ifl na nero cb npBB^T- 
iÉBOtt yiBiÓBoS. BcTpi^qn 6ujib no^TB esexneBBO, TaB'B ^to no^B 
soHei^B MOJOAofi qejoBi^B^ CTaa'B CMorptTB na hbxi Rasi* na sea- 
soMHXi B CHHMaii nepeA'B hbmb nunny. Ohí OTB^^aiB eny jac- 
BOBUHB yjiuÓBaMfli a CBopo flBBJícfl ciy<iafi n nosHaBOiiBTBCB cb 
HflMB. Ohi Hamej^ OoJBmoe, npocroe h xotfpoe ceMeftcrBO, cb bo- 

^IOpBM'B OqOHB CÓJBBBJCfl, a CB OAHBMl BBl ČpaTBORB AU&e HOApy* 

SHacfl. Ho ocoÓeHHO npBBjeiuua erocTapmafl cecrpa, BOcenHaAi^a- 
TutxHBB XpflCTBHa, Becejiafl h 6oflBafl A'bBymBa. Tasí BaB'B hh 
OHa, HE cecTpa ea ne snajE no-H'6Hei^BE, a .MOiOAOfl toctb exs 
no-niBeACBEy to cb nepBaro aae bbsbtb oh^ embj% yqflTBCfl y hexs 
mseACBOMy asuBy, b, ÓjaroAapa BHTepecHiiirB y^ETeJiBHEi^airB, CBopo 
Hay^HJicfl CB060AH0 oÓiflCHBTBCfl. 9epeBB HaAOiroe BpeMfl pyccBaa 
BOiOHÍa CA^iajiacB SHasoMa ho^te Bceny ropoAy. « Mu bbaíjb ot& 
fiCÍX'B aRETejiett OTiB^ayB) bi nain^ npBBBsaHHOCTB, — FOBopBrB niflin- 
BOBfK-^AJia nacB ^acTO jsíbjíhjun oó^jm^ BewpBHBH, BaTaHBe na ca* 
RBrB saropoAi*. Bibtbxi yAOBO^BcrBÍaxi mo^oauo xiojsjs. cóiraasa* 
^HCB en^e 6o^be. Ho jb)6obb bx'b BcrpŮTBja noirlxy. ^YnoBOSb- 
eme Koe bbaítbcb cb Xpbcthhoh), — opoAOisaerB' niEnnsoBi, — h 
^BrrB 6e3npecTaHHO y hbxi bi aobiÍ , taí b TaB'B co bcšme cbubcb e 
^raBTB 0T& HBX'B 6huni> juoóewBj Basi caMuft &ib8BÍě hx'b poACTsefl- 
HHBT^, He AOJiro npoAOisajocB. Hsi OroBrojBlia otb nocjaHHBBa 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



246 mmem sbpoiiei. 

Hamero OciepMaHa npHiiLio noBejrlde, irofii bcíx^b rapAexapHHOBn^ 
ornpaBHTB cb RaneraHOirB XJfl npoAOJjRe&ia sajm vb RapjrcspoHy^ 
rA% tfuji'b niBeAcsitt RaxercKÍII sopnyc^ Pasjíysa cb xoMOirb Bep- 
jflHrbepH 6ujia xaseiafl. RaBi» hh yrtmajiHCk mu nepesB H'6eK0JBico 
BpeifeHB onflTb yBHxtTbca, OAHasose ne otfonuocB cb otitexi cro- 
poHi 6e9B npojiHTÍfl cjesi^. 

Bb RapjCBpoH^ AJifl rapAeMapHHOFB Óemh bsath xBa y^Hreifl — 
iDBeACKaro h ^^enyscBaro asukobi. TarB sasi IIIhiiibobi yse 

lion H'Í&CROIBRO 06lflCHflTBCfl DO-mBeACKH, TO 8T0TB Jl8iIBl> XOCia- 

BHJTB eMy BxojTB Bo M Horío AOMa, qró, ROHe«iHO, noMorajo pasBaiiio 
MOjiOAoro HejiOB^Ra, xom, no ero coanamio, Bct 8th dnaBOiíCTBa 
He Morjra saiiiHBTB eny oduoio xoMa: «cepAi^e h mhcjiii moh xy^a 
erpoMEJiHCB*. TaRTB nponijio BpeMfl ao bochu. Hysno 6umo CHOBa 
ornpaBHTBCfl bb KapjcroMHi, Trotíu orry^a djiitb fb Pocciio. Bjik>* 
6jieHHB]fi lOHoma Hameji XpecTHey noxy^iBmeio: ona 6iija 6ojiBHa. 
Ohh CHOBa CB yTpa ^o Be^epa BM-bcrb; ho fleMHoro Óuio c^acTjiH- 
Bux'B AHeS. Kopa6jB roroBi, nacra^i h a6hb OTnpaBJíeHifl. Ilpon^a- 
Bie 6ujio caMoe ^yBcrBHrejiBHoe. «H npHmejTB kb hhitb rb nocji'6x' 
mŘ pasx, — nHmerB niHniBOBi, — ohh Bcb 6u;ni Birbcrl. 6c6 mu ctjnr^ 
se roBops hh cjOBa. Ile^ajibHoe MOJi^aHÍe npoAOJjiuurocB wbcnojíhKo 
MHByTB. HaRonei^ a Bcrajii h noAOmejii cb coKpymeHHHMx cepx- 
JteM'B B'B MaiepH noi^&ioBaTB y hca pyay. Bc6 BcraiH. Oea oÓhajA 
MCHA, oÓJiHjacB ciesaMH H eBasajia: — xpjrh nami yissaerB otb^ 
HacB H MU HHRorAa yse na btomi CBibťb He yBBAHMca cb hhmi. 
XpHCTBHa CTOflja CB norynjieHHOio fojobok); a noxoniexB b'b Hett,^ 
ho mu h6 hm'6jih Aase chju CBasaiB xpyn^xpyry «npocrH». Pu- 
xanifl sarjiyniajiH mcha, h a Bunie;rB oi*b hbx'b hsi AOMy^ noiin 
ne noMHa caMi cetía* O* 

depeši h']&ckojibso ahcA DlHniBOBB 6ujrB yaie bb EpoHniraAri* 
Ohb yse ho Óujii hoxostb na loro MajB^HBa, aoropuS sa h^ 
CEOJiBBo Mi^cfli^OBB BU'6xajrB H8% Ilerep^ypra na c^Bepi. PasHO- 
o6pa8HUfl Boe9aTj'6HÍa BusBajH bi HeM'B t6 chjiu, BOTopua hmíiots 
SBa^eme fb shshh. rpanAíosHaa npapoAa cbeepa cJSjírsHJia ero 
h cb BeiH^iecTBeHHOK) no88ieio; onacHociH Mopcaoro nyrH cx^JiajiH 
ero eM'&iuMi h fb to se Bpexa octoposhumb; jioÓobb Bucsasaia 
FB HeMi ^BCTBHiejiBHoe cepAi^o. ^anrasifl h ^yBciBO HanuH c&6^ 
mimj H AíLjm HanpaBjeHÍe ero shshh. 

hb cnHCBŠ 1772 roAa fb hulcjA rapxoMapHHOFB Mopcaora 
Kopnyca, BunyQieHHUx'B fb MH^uiaHUy BaxoxflMi KanpajM Aje* 



O PasdHiie pycccaro BoeiiHaro iopa6i« 7 (foperon IQBeitíB n 1771 roxy. — Cois* 
mooKOBa, 1. XIL 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



JUnnSGiHXFE (SBIOBITb mHMKOBl. 247 

xcasxpa mmiKQBa, — sHamn, owh BoanjrB sjpc& bi hecjtí jyq- 
nnm yveHHson. Ohi ((hxb xopomo oÓpasoBaoi ffls, Mopcsott 
eiysBi6u s xjm cs&TCBOft sbshh, ho^ bicí&s rb bhjqt npoflAeHHutt 
mrb HEjTiHtit BypcB, HysHO csasaTb, ^lo jím y^enoS x^irrejiBHocTH 
noATOTOBsa ero ósua oh^b HeyAOBjterBopuTejBHa; ym ero He npo- 
mejn> Haj^esan^efi niBOJii; xft b^poatao ohi h cairB ne npexBH- 
fjbjTb ce&b y^enaro noapsn^a. 

Csopo npHiiLioeB niflmBOBy coBepmeiB HOBoe npoAOJsnxejBHoe 
uaBame, vb BOTopoirB eii^e óojťbe OKpitrh ero xapasTepi. B'b 
1776 r. npexnoiarajiocB spoBecxH hsi Rpoumrajrra nepen ]í,2Lpj^9r 
HeuH BB ?epHoe Mope xpa TpEflnsmMfijxuyme^Eue (j^peraTa « ílase^rB* ^ 
«rpBropiS» H «HaTaiBfl». dno ejolbo 6ujio c^iJiaTB oÓMaHOMi, lass 
saiBi TjrpBH He nycsajs bb Hepeoe Mope HaniHX'B BoeHHEix'B ko- 
pa6jeft. P'6meH0 6uio secTH etb noA^ Byae^eciuiMi (j^jaroiíi, ocm- 
BBSFb Ha BHxy no bocbmh nyineRx na Basj^oirB ^perarb, a ocrajB- 
HH2 saRonaBi bi necoB'B na ji,Bfb cy^na: no AoroBopairB, Typsii ho 
xorjiH ocraHaBjíHBaTB naniHSB Byae^ecsHX^ Bopa&iett. GonpoBOSA&iB 
WTb HasHanevB 6ujíi> copoBanyme^HuS (f^perarB «G'6Bepeu& OpejrB» 

DOXB KOMaHAOH) KaOBTaHa KÓsJIflHHHOBa. Bt» HECjA OÍjfEUfipOB-h Kh 

Heny <$Hji npHqncjeHB h maniBOBi, Rasi snaROMEiS cb HHOcrpaH- 
HiufH BsincaafH. nyremecTBÍe npoxojsajiocB Tpe ro^a. Bdoojša- 
cibíh niHcnBOBB Hano^iajTB ero onHcaHÍe 0. Mei HSBje^eicB eb% 
Hero TO, HTÓ| no Hameiiy MH^miOy MoserB hhí^tb tíiorpa(|»HHecBoe 
BHaienie. IIjiaBaHíe xo 6eperoBB HiajiÍH 6ujio ÓJiaronojiy^Ho; tojibbo 
Ha nyTH otb Marosa kb JIhbopho niBniBOBa nopasBJío oaho o6- 
CTOfliejBCTBo: GB iia^TH «G'6BepHaro Opjia> ynaji-B Marpoci; jeru 
erpeMFJiaB^ oiry^a, ohb cjiersa socHyjiCfl ceoHarB TtjoHx pyss 
niHaisoBa, Boioptift oÓparHJi na Hero BHBBiaHie yj&e Tor^a, sor^a 
TOTB jesajTB y ero hofb cb nepejoiueHiioK) bx Tpex'B M^craxi 
xpetíroBOK) ROCTBH); BCBopb sa aTHifB Hee^acTHEifl yMepi. ineniBOBs 
BHA&TB oco6yK> (ŠosecByM) MHJOCTB vh CBoeiTB coÓCTBeHHOiTB cua- 
eemfl: «Gosaji&t o ceirB (íbxnoarB narpocš, — roBopsTB oh^, — si Ója- 
FOxapHJTB Bóra, ^ro cam ociajiefl niu,^ e6o ocjibÓ-b b na ox«e% 
BepniOB'B eo^e noxBHHyjica, to, ynasi MGr6 na njie^o, oe% noj^eepr- 
Hyn 6u xeHB xot se canoS y^acTB, Baayto cairs npexepnti-B^. 
Tasie cjyqaH cnocoÓciBOBaaH Bi66jiBaieMy pasBariio peaHriosHOcra 
B!B M oiOAOiTB MopfiBt. V óeperoBi JIoBopHo ^peraTy «[IaBej%» na- 
SHiujacB npoxojcBHTejiBHafl CTOBHsa* ELpejBa^aescutt HiajiieH), mam- 
xoffB iiepenpocKicB na btotb (|»perarB n, nojBsyfiCB csy^aeirB, craxE 
yuTBca no-HiajiBflHCKH. «yqBTen xott, — pascKaBsiBaerB ohb^ — oqenB 



1) Ck>u8enji eio, nacn XYIL 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



248 BiMnmKi ibpohh. 

juoůnxb neipapna h hhíji cainifl ciapHHHiifl ero H8xaHu; (m% 

TOJIBOBaJI'B lIHt COHeTH erO H irfcCHH. XOTJI g KB HraiBflHCBOlTB 

flstiBŠ tíujrs ej^e o^eeB cia6> h xots HavaiH uu ch caiíoft xpyx- 
HOfi KBHrH; OAHasos-b OHI TavB xopomo o&bfíCBsijrh, mo í caMUJí 
TpyAHifiinifl iribcra iion noHHMaTB n BOCXEntaiBci BpacoiaMH oero 
cjiaBHaro nHcaTejiB. Hnor^a x^ nepeiitHH VHiajiH xh Taoca. Ba- 
coKÍfl cTHXOTBopei^i cefi cBopo cíajThfjmy mok> sanojiHflTB TasHirB 
cjia^BHiTB BOCToproM^ fl yx^BdieHÍeiTB, qio osa mh qacy 6ojiBnie 
saAHHqaja ero cjymaTB. y^BiaiH) Moeiiy lasfB nojK)({eiocB 6eci- 
;^0BaTB co MHOH) O IleipapRŠ H TaccA, hto osb, bm^cto XByxi 
ycjOBHuxi nacoBi, npocHSHBasi co mhoh) no ipn h no' ^erape, a 
HHorxa npHX0AHj'B h ABa pasa vh ffish. Mhí Bas&iocB, hto owb 
caiťB ne MesBine Tacca npeBOSHOCHJCfl xyxoMi, uTaa ero «Ocbo- 
6osAeHHufl lepycaiHiTB* h ne xeHBme ELerpapsa Bjuoójeex vh 
Jlaypy*. B^oxnoBzenHiifi cbohitb yurejiem, IliHmBOKB Bnoci^x* 
cibíh cbmx nepeBeji'B ary noaiiy TopBBaio Tacca. 

BbjIhbopho HamxMopflBi nposHJTBXBa cb nojroBHHOH) MŠCfli^a, 
&AHJ'B OTciojBia B^ IlHsy, Jlyssy, MoHienerpo. Bb toitb jce noprt 
BHMOBaJTB Hani!b MajeHBKÍft ^peraTHKTB «EoHcraHi4ji», Boropiift xenepB 
óujTh iipH^HCJieH'B Kh npflÓuBniHirB pyccBHiTB <t)peraTairB noKb bo- 
ManxoK) EoaiflHH&OBa. 3a nexodaTsoirB, o^Hi^epOMi na nero 6hixh 
nepeBeAeH'B maniBOBB. «HaHeMib,— 8aMÍ9aeTi>0H'B, — Ha^Jiesajio vh 
rjyxyK) occhb hjutb no mopflxi neHSBÍ^CTHHMB, bi ^ysyio croposy, 
EVb HTaiÍH Bi lypBaiTB. Cie nenpiATHoe Bootfpaseme, cM^maHHoe 
CB rpycTÍK) pascraBaHÍfl ci 6eperoBOB0, AObojibho Becejio npenpoBOs- 

AeHHOH) HaMH SH3HÍH) H npHTOM'B 60^6 COBCpmeUHafl HeH3B^CrH0CTB 

o6b ocraBmaxcfl bi Poccíh poahux^b mohx^ h BHaaoMEix^B npHBo- 

AHJH MOHA BB yH£IHÍe». Y ÓepeTOBB CH1](UÍfl, HO^BK), BO EpOMfi BaXTfil 

niHoiBOBa, BopaÓiB OABa ne noiepatiiB Bpymeeie, HaTBeyemflCB 
na BaByio-TO BOJEBann^ecByK) CBajy: bb cucrbio, ona bí> Bpens 

BKBBHyjia H8B CeÓfl OFOHB, BOTOpuft A^^S^B B08M02KHOCTB paSFJflA^bl^y 

na BasyiD raÓejB jieTwrh BopaÓJB. C^b h^botopumh ycHJiiflMfl yxa* 
jiocB A^TB eMy Apyroe HanpaBjeHie n HstíaBHTBCfl otb cnepTE. «Mh- 
jiocTB Bosifli — saiiiqaerB IIlHinBOBBy — noBejrkia aroiiy BaiieHHOMy 
ocrpOBy nacB enacrn. TyrB ysnaiH uu, mto BBC^HCieeifl nameirB 
($tua BejHBafl norpimHocxB n ^to mei cvHxajH ceóa ropasAO a^^ 
OTB Chi^bjiíH; nesejiH bb caiioMB a^^ Óeuih. fí. bo Bpeiui njiaBa^ 
HÍfl Moero no MopflMB, — apatfasjuierB ohb,— npHMtiHjrB, hto aasB 6a 
H^BÍft npoMHceiB IIpoBHA^EÚji ne^eTCE o enaceHÍn MopenjiaBaTeiett: 
owh nonpaBJíBeTB onuiÓo^Hoe h Hexoryn^ee HBBorAa 6eitb b^phiute 
HCByccTBO hxb; h6o eciH hc^hcjhtb HenpeABHAHiíue cjy^aH, kb 
BoiopuxB npeACTOfln^afl onacnocxB ne^aaHHiuťB oÓpasoirB orapa- 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



UlIKGAHXrB CUMOlETb flUniBOBl. 249 

saercfl, to cmtl cjiyqaeM HecpaBeeHHO 6oAej nemem Bopa^jespy* 
meflitt. ^BCIO 6iiBaerB, ito njasaioipee xojroBpeMeHHO cyxHo hÍ- 
doiBRO pa3% BEesanHHiTE oÓpasoiTB HCToprajioefc h9b yrposaBinaro 
«ify 6ixcTBÍa* He ABeHi je sxtcb opoHHC^ťb Bosifl>. 

nopasiua laBse niHmsoBa CMeptb ero cjyni. Bi nopri Ma- 
roHÍ TOTB 6iixb HSÓHTB Bi xp^bí e paneffE KB 6oKh. yseaBi otfi 
aiofi Apasi, niHinBOBx xotíji-Cujio HasasaTB ero lijecHO, ho no 
xyinoBHoS noůporťb csaiuca HaxfB hhi^b, yBBw ero OKpOBaBjeH- 
jBoe jiHi^o H He BHaa o&h ero part, Koiopyio owb cxpuj%. Cjyra 
6ují'h npoBieHi>; ho o paB% HSBOMy ne roBopHjPB, h OHa npHBejia 
evo b:b cMepTH. «Ji yBopui ce(Sfl, — nHineTB niHiniBOBi,— bi Moel 
HeciacTHOft ETb Heny sajociH, Htfoecji^H Torxa, Borxa í sa ciiD 
xpasy HasasaiB ero xor&ii, ne csaiHJicfl e HaA'B hhitb h sejišjrB 
ero pasx^Tb, to otbpujiocb 6ii, vro ohb paHeHi, h Tor^a pany 
jierso 6u xosho 6ujio sjajie^BTB. JífijTO ne Mon a BUBHHyxB cero 
Hsi rojiOBu CBoefi, no^Biafl ce6fl Rars 6u bhhobhhboitb ero ciiepTH»... 

Bb MeccHHi coeABHHJHCb cb j^peraTOMi ^ObBepHuft Opejii», 
syxft CHOBa nepemexB IIlHniBOB^. HaBOHe^:E jípujiuáe xo nopm 

Mafl^pa, &IH31 ÁOBHl, npOCTOBlH BÓJIHSH BTHX^B paSBaJlflHB OBOáO 

Tpex'B B.eKbAhf HO, necMorpa na chjbhoo sejame pyccsaxi mo- 
pflBOKB, HiťB He yxajiocB nocŠTBTB irlcTO sHaBceHHTaro ropoxa. «Mii 
^acTO CbŠBsajiH na 6eperB, — nHmen HLiimKOVby — na cix), toíhibo wb 
rpewcicflxi 6iiTonHcaHÍJixi npecjiaBienHyio bomjik), HasiiBaeiiyK) 
Atthbok), xoah^h no nycniHHUMi, e^Ba oÓsraeMUMi M^terairB; hh- 
qero He nonaxajiocB HairB na nefl npHMtqamfl AOcrollHaro, bpom4& 
^10 HaxoxB^HCB wEfljb TLOtm yse cpaBHBBnriBCfl ci seiLiieB) nox- 
HoaBia orpoMHHXi MpaMopHsx'B CToanoBi, BOTopue xoTB H coxpa* 

HHJH eo^e BflXB CBOft, HO tíHJIH ySO TaBl pyXJU, ^TO HXl MOSHO 

6uio saB^B necoBi ópaiB pyBOK). Mu bhx'í^^h TaB»e h6cbojibbo 
HOBibflniHXi rpe9ecBHX'B ^acosenb cb nanHcanHuicH na cr^saxi hx'B 

BSOÓpaXKeHiflMH CBflTHX'B H HO MOraH HaAHBBTBCfl tíySCTBy H 8JI0* 

^ecTÍio ÓesÓosHuxi ^paHcyrsoBB, Boropnei saxoxfl HHorxa vh cet 
nopTB (MaHApa), neocraBEjiH hh oxnoft lacoBHH 6em loro, hto6íi 
se o6e8o6pa3HTB ani^ CBflTux'B h ne na^eptaTB Be3X'£ nacM^niJUi- 
BoxrB n pyraTOJiBHEixi noxnHcefi. yxBBHrejbHO, — npa mowh npi- 
4(aBJHeTi.0Hb,— AOsaBoB8J[otfHHHeHCTOBcrBa AOBoxBTi pasBpan^eHÍe 
HpaBOBi. nycTb 6bi cami ohh yion&iH B'b 6e8Bbpir, ho saq^MS 
se BtpoHcnoBbx&Bie xpyrHxi, noxo^Hiixi Hirb, xpecTÍam HeHaBH-^ 
xbn. Jl^jut lero lypaH ho o6eao6pa8HjiH CHX'b lacoBenb? JIjlsl lero 
BB HHOft KaBOll AsuiTB «TaeTCfl vh cHrb rHycHEix'b HaAaHCflX'b, BarB 
icoabso ^paH^y8CEÍfl?» Bon orsyxa Ha^Bnaeics HeHaBHCTb niHm- 
xosa npoTHBi ^pani^dOKb. IImh Óíijio ocsopójeno canoe CBantennoe 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



260 Bftonm ufoul 

Xifl Bero ^yBCTBOy npesAe vlm peBOJVípfl ymrarosHJia pacnojo- 
seflie vb HEiTB Bi cepxnfiLX^h mhoiiixi pyccKHXi. 

HasoHei]^^ «C'6BepH0My Opjiy» npHnuocb paacraTBca et npo* 
^HMH (j^peraTaMH; BOTopue no;r^ syne^ecKHirb j^jaroicB uoujíujuě 
vh MpaMopaoe Mope. meinsOBy oe xotíjocb ynycTHiB cjy^aa 
mvMEyth Ha EoHcraHTHHOQOJB, h ohi^ cHoea nepenpocHacfl Ha^ 
ýperarB ^naaeai^. Ho He seceio npHouocB eny npoBecTH spema 
Wh Typei^Kofl CTOJiH]^. «HtBOTopue hsi HamHX'B o^ai^epoBi, — pas- 
csasHBaen owbj — no^re eseAHeBso Óuxa vb co6paHÍJixi; ho sl He 

pa8A'Í^J'B CB HHMH HX'B yAOBOJLCTBÍtt EJOL y^nC£BOBfWh Bl TOM^ 

OHeHB Majo, npoBOJKAafl no H^ROJbBy ^Hefl cpflxy m ye^nHeHin,. 
BanepniHCB ch BHHraiiH vh iiajieHBRofi xoefi Rator6. Ha bto Óime 
XHorífl npH^HHii: óesnoRoSeufl npaBi h cBapjHBOcib Moero na* 
^ajBHHRa naBOAHJiH uwb mhofo cKysH h orop«ieHÍ8; ne 6ujio hh- 

SaBOtt B081Í0SH0CTH CB HHITB ySETBCJi; HESasafl OCTOpOSHOCTB He 

noMorajia^ nasaBoro Tepa']kHÍfl HeAOcraeaio. Ki ceMy npHeoBOsy- 
HHjiocB eo^e Heq)aBHeHHO ropecTH']&ttmee oÓcrofliejBCTBo: a nojy^BJíi 

HSTB POCCÍB HHCBMOy yB^AOHEBmee MOHA O CMepTE BeCBMa 6jIH3B0ft 

Kh cepAny MoeMy oco6ib». O&b btoS HOBofi jiío6bh niamBOBa y 

HaCB H^TB CB^^A^HÍft. Ooa Haiil TO^bBO nOATBepSAaeiB H^BOTOpHa 

CBHA'6TeJBCTBa o&b ero ^acTBKX'B jík)6obhux% y&iefeHiaxi. 

Hsi KoHcraHTHHonojfl nama (|»peraTEi h hoa^ syne^ecsHiíH 
^jiaraiiH ne Ólijih nponyn^eHsi fb ^epnoe MOpe: y lypoBB fieiuocB no^o- 

Bp'&HÍe Wb 0tfMaH%9 H nOCJI'6 AeBflTH-M'bCfl4H0ft CTOflHBH ÝperaTH XOJXHGt 

6ujiH BepnyTBCH wb ApxHnejiarB h CHOsa coeABHHiBca cb «C&Bep* 

HUITB OpJIOM^B* . j!I,Ba CB HOJIOBHHOH) M^Cfll^ OHH JiaBlipOBaJH OBOIO Te- 

HeAoca Bi BHAy AHaToalflcsaro tíepera, bÓjsbe npe^nojiaraeMofl^ 
ApeBHefl TpoH. FoBopfl o&b BTOirB, UlHniROBi BaiťibvaerB: «cjíau 
BHaifeHHToS TpoH TaBi Ec^esjLEy HTO HH^ero npEM^THaro ho ocra* 
JOCB. OAHaBos'B Boo6paseHÍe paÓOTaio h Aynia nopasaxacB npH^ 
KviBjíib Ha Tb iricTa, rxt sa ntcsojBBO npex^ chmi^ b%bobi» Fes* 
Topi cpasajcfl cb AxiuuecoirB, vjí^i norE^i EpiasrB, rjiib £jieHa cb^ 
EapncoiTB BOBAuxajia, v^k njasaia ÁHApoMaxa e OTByxa 3aeft, 
HCXHTBBi H8B HJiaMeHE OTi^a CBOOFO AHXHdá, ytxaxB BarbsTB, ^to6h 
BOcnajHTB JK)60BÍK) nec^acTHyK) ^BAony e nocrpoHTB na Mopi nyA* 
Huft ropoAB BeseiÚH) (?). O ctaxotbopctbo (pa8ifiinuBi'B.fl, xoAfl 
HO nycroMy asíaTCBOMy 5epery h BsrjflADBafl to na ropy HAyi tO' 
Ha HeCoJiBQioft ocrpoBx TenoAOCB), Basyio onapoBaTeJiBHyH) EirteoiB. 
TH CHjiy, Borxa ehctík) TBoeio ynpaBjuieTB npeBOcxoAHHtt yM:B h 
^lyíCTByiooMtf BpacoTu Ayma. He poaecb Fonepi, BaprEjdfl: cbojibbo 
HMeHi fl fíbn CBBOBB MHOsecTBO vbwovb rpeMaD](HX'B noiOHyjui 6a 
xaBHo vb piiBŠ 8a6BeHÍa>. 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



ijiiKGiEjsjřh cmmmm miimKOB^s. 251 

Bi Hosatt 1778 r. upsLÚmmuucb n ÓeperairE Saiatfpiff. 
II,iiiit roj^ npo6iUH vh GpexHseiiHOiCB Mopi h ocrajiHCB 8bmo- 
Baib. y inaniBOBa Hcronuucfl BomaievL, h ohi se 3Hajr& vasi^ 
(SirrB. HasoHeiio B8AyMajr& HcndrarB c^acrse bi sapno^HoS nrpt h 
BBirpajii naTBCorL qepBOHqen. «HHBaKOfi lfUBOHII^lB^ ee Óbui neHa 
&iaroaoiy^m^,— VB pa^ocra BOCUHi^aen owi: — loiqacrB sanepaH)^ 
ffiEexESL CBOH vh cjH^ysrB H Aaio ce(St tocthoc ciOBOy ^o csopte 
BOBBMy Bi pyBH* Fopfl^ee sejriso, Hese^a Kapru; bck> ho^ ors 
paAOCTE a ee ciuui h npoBOAHJii ee bi paaHim pasMunuieHiarB. 
Ilepsoe npexcraBHJiocB ueÍj ito a ho iipatiuriB bi JIhbopho Moiy 
ompocBTBCa nyremecTBOBaTB no Hiajin. Boo6paseHÍe Óeitb vb Pani, 
Heanoai— Bocxan^Lio MeHa». 

Ho mamaovB ne c^epasaiTB CBoero cjoaa: vh JlaBopao ohi 
onaTB yBjeRca h e^Ba ne npoarpajrB Bcero. O^HaBosi eny y^ajocL^ 
iio6uBaTB Bo $JiopeHi^ÍH, vb Pbmí, MHjaH^b, BeHe^ia, o aoTopurB^ 
Bnpo^eiTBy pascRasuBaerB ne mhofo. SaiiirB OTq)aBEJHCB wb Poccíh). 
«JI CB paAOCTBK) BOSBpaTHiíca B^ ore^ecTBO,— sasjuo^aerB matnaoBB, 
— HO paAOCTB Moa ófiija CMimaHa cb ropBBflM'B HanonaHaHÍeMi, hto 
BO BpeMa orcyrcTBia Moero jianiHJica a ójhsboS ki cepAUy Moeiiy 
oco6h»... IIpoHBBeAeHHufi FB jefiTCHaHTu, ULumMwh tíuji nepe* 
BeK^wb Vb iiopcBofi sa^ereBifi BopnycB, noiiin^aBiniftcfl yse bs 
EpoHmraAT^; TaM'B owb npenoxaBai^B rapAeMapHHasťB HopcRyio las- 
THKy. 3to nosasuBaerB, qro OHib ycH&rB aa ce6a oÓparaTs bhh- 
xaHÍe BaffB snaioii^ífi Mopasi, aoTopoaiy mo^ho 6íijo bb^petb o6- 
pasosaHÍe tíyxyn^arB mopabobi. B^ otín^ecíBi^ ohb oópan^a^ii na 
ce6a BHnMaHÍe cbohiíb BpacHop'l9aBUMH pascaasaMH. TaiiBOBCBitt 
Vb CBOHXi* 8anHCBax'B roBopnT'B, hto vb ELeTep^ypr^ y H. H. my- 
BBJOBa OHI Bcrpiqajii inaniBOBa h OAHa»AB cjiEimai'By Baaii njt- 
HHieuHO H SHBO OH'B OHHciiBaji UajepMO ^). 



11. 

JIhtepatfphhb onHTH.— BoSha.— Cmeptb Ekatbphhh.— CiyatBA npH abofb 

HMOEFATOPA EabJA. 

JlaieparrypHyK) x^TejBHOCTB IIIamBOBi na^aji eiiie fb mojo* 
XOCTH. Xora ona croa^a na sropoirB njani vb ero shshh h hb 
cocraBjaja rjiaBHaro ea aHrepeca^ ho tIatb ho Meate oaa cnoco6- 
CTBOBaja ony BiiABaraiBca anepex^, npHBjíeaaa BHananie t^x^b jibi^, 
ovB BOTopux^B saBHci^Jo o^Hi^íajiBHoe ero nojioseHÍe. He ocraBBB^ 

i) »Pyc. Ajpx.«, 1874. 



Digiťized by VjOOQ IC 



252 BftOTHHKl IBPOflH. 

<k)jiBmoro cjAw, vb JuirepaTyp^^ ona Boe se muiwb sasnoe 6io* 
rpa^^HqecBoe sHa^eme, h mu ne Moseiii^ ynoMiBaTb o eeS TOJibiBa 
uEuoxojípwh. ?TÓ Morjo npHBJíe^B MOxoAoro Mopasa kb JUTepaiypi? 
OÓURHOBeHHO sairbqaeTČfl, ^to juo^h TjTBCTBBTeiBHue, cb BooÓpa- 
jseHÍem, pano npecrpan^aHyTCfl kb ^reHÚa h jdÓah npofiosaTB 
CBOH codcTBeHHUfl CHifii Bi jiHiepaTypHiixi BaHBTÍflxi, qaqe Bcera 

Ha^BHafl (TB CO^BHeHÍlí CTBXOBl. BoCZBO^eflifO JIOHOHOCOBUITB J 

maniBOBa yase h bi spŠJOirB Bospacii ne 6uJ0 HpeA'&iiOBi, tíi» 
tfoj']^ ífh H)HOCTB. IIoHBTÍfl O no83Íi y H6ro cociaBBJíBCB HO npo- 
BSBexeHÍBiťB JIoMOHOcoBa H CyiiaposoBa. Bb hixi okb h noA^ 
crapocTB naxoxHA laBÍfl BpacoTu, BaRBxi ne HaxoxBJíi yse hbrto. 
BBycB ero yciaHOBajcB bi uojLOjsjíe ro^H, yAOBieiBopjucfl npoHs* 
BeAeniflMH nerpoBa, XepacEOBa, ^epsaBana, h pasHuxi cthjihctobi 
XYIU CTOJiim, HO ]sfjí^ yse ne nomexB^ cb rbx^B nop'B BavB 
owb cam CA^ajCA cthjhctoiii. IIoaBÚi peiíHriosHafl h repoH^ecRaa 
i^^HHjiacB BWb npeBMyn^ecTBeHHO) ho nysHO saMŠTHTB, ^to eny 
6íiJíE XOcrynHu h HapoxHuií díchh: ohš TporajH ero cepja^e cbo- 
HMH sabohechhme BiipaseHÍflafE. Ho caiCB ohi no npepoxi^ ne 
<$uji'B nodioiťB, X0T5 H 6íU'B oxapevB ^aHrasieft. B'b cbohx'b nep- 
hUTb onuTaxi owb cRop'&e flBjflercfl MopajucroirB, RaRHirB HaBcerxa 
H ociajcfl. 3th oheitu Óujíe o^ohb crpobchh. Oh'b nosHaROicHJca 
cfb TorAamHHirB npesHAeHTOiťB aRaxeiiiH HayKB, ^oMamHeBiiicB, so-* 
TopEifl, BipoflTHO saM^THBi ero jiioóOBB Bi jiHTepaTypHiUTB yDpas- 
EeBisíWhy HaAoyMHJi'B ero saHflTBCH nepeBOAOMi wbueisjíOŘ ^'iTCRoft 
(SHÓJiioreRH £aMne — He6ojbmofi bhhsrh, HanoíHeHHoft npaBoy^H- 
rrejBHtiMB pascRasaicH a^a A^rett, vb cTHxax'B h vh npoat. Xota 

BUpaseHHUJI BB HHX'B A^TCBÍfl MOpaiBHEIH HAeflRH AUORO He yAOB- 

jeiBopEJH 6u eamy neAaroriH), ho a^a tofo BpafeffH h osb aoishk 
6ujm oóoraxHTB Hamy 6tAHyH) jiHrepaiypy, Boropas ho Moraa 
npeAcraBBTB fifbusiwb HHqero, spoMŠ HexHTpux'B ÓyRBapeft e naco- 
ciosa. IIpeAJioseHie JI^OMamHeBa opflnuocB IIlHinROBy no cepAi^i 
H BOTX OH'B Ha^EHaerB BupaóoTUBaiB npocTott A^TCRÍfi cjon, nepe- 
AaBafl roTOBoe coAepsaHÍe. RoHe^Ho, ne umo npEmjocB eiiy 
nopa(5oTaTB h naA^ bteitb npocruirB cjoroMi, naxB rotopuatb eABa 
JH sto npesAe paÓoraxB, laR^B hto btotb ipyxB B^poaiHo Óhjii 
HaqaTRaiin ero Óyxyn^Hxi crHXHCTHHecRHXi ipyAOBi. KorAa nepe- 
BOA'B <$ux'B ofOE^ewhj npesHAeHTOiťB aRaxeMÍE Óuja yse BSBbcTHaa 
BHarHHa ^amsoBa. Efi nepeBOA^HKB npeAcraBHii cboh) paGory, 
BOTopafl no ea npHRasaHifo h ótiJia nane^aiaHa. «SHHaRRa Moa, — 

BaM^&THJTB BnOCJÍACrBÍH niHniBOBly npOCTUirB CBOHlťB CJOrOlTB 

yBecejuua A^ieft h Haciasjíflxa hx'b fb ÓjaroHpaBia; ohh unorie 
H9B nefl CTHXH naHBycTB HniajH h poAHrein bx% npEmuiajH OHyH> 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



jLiBBGiHxn omeoran nnoikon. 25S 

(SiarocKJOHHO, nvh wto vh Te^enÍH mecTHaxitttTH hie ceMHaffianr 
jtn tfmia ona ipoespaTHO H8AaHa». Oea x^SciBHTejBHO Óium 
076HB xojm> vh ynoTpetfjemi vb pyccrarb ceMeftcrsaxi, rx% o6y- 
lan KkreŘ rpaMorb ^). Bi TpHjq^tTEirB ro^arBy Bib CBoeirL x^tctbí^ 
fl eiqe cmmaji on FiioropurB jniipb ne coKbwh uamMMarby 
KOTop&e npoHSHOCBiH cmxH, say^eHHHfl eme fs a^tctbí: 

XOTb BeCHOD H TeueHbKo, 
A 3HM0K) XOJOXHeHBKO, 

Ho H BT» crysi mhí ne xyze. 
Bi sHiraii xoioxib 

BCflBit MOIOX^. 

mme: 

Aoporoff iiiBOiBHiis'B meii 
H 4>HHHirB OHI Hamejrb, 
Ki cjacTflMi peC^Ta naxsH, 

A 4>HHHRH B^Xb CJEARH. 

3th ctexh b nHmy no naMATEr, coxpaHHBineS htb ci ycn 
jtpyTHTB. BipoflTHO, H TenopB Bo MHoraxi saxojiycTMirb pyccsoft 

BeMJH nOBTOpflfOTCfl 8TH CtO^TElSl j^^TCRÍfl irlceHRH. 

Ki 9T0My me BpeMeHH nysEO oTHecTH nepesoAi IliHmKOBa 
KaKofi-To ^pani^scRoft MopajiBHOft MajeHBRoS xp^mu: «BjaroA$flHÍfl 
npioÓpfoaiorB cepAAa», ho mh HikcROJbRO ocraHOBHMCfl ne na neŘ, 
a Ha opHrHHajBHoS ero iiBecvi, HanHcaHHofl b^ 1780 r. Bibtoitb 
roxy BMnepaTpHi^a EBaiepeHa II njrreiiiecTBOBajia. Bi ea orcyrcTBÍe 
HasHa^eHO Óujio TopsecTBeHHo otrputb nereptfyprcRoe Haiito^HH- 
^ecTBO. JIJHpeRTopy Tearpa BnÓiiROBy Bs^tyiiajiocB osHaiieHOBaTB btotb 
xeHB RaRHirB-HH6yAB ocoÓsiirB TeaTpajiBHiiir& npexcrasjíeHieirB vh 
qecTB HunepaTpEi^ii. Tomu HCRaTB 6ujio ne HysHo: oea Óuja na- 
roTOBÍ&. He sa^ojiro ao aroro EaaTepBHa nocjiajia 8Ha«iHTejBHyH> 
cyiiMy xeHerB vh AJisirpB x^a BHRyna xpHcriaHCRHxi neBOjniHH- 

KOBl) FB IMCJFb ROTOpBXl ÓEIJTB H pyCCRÍK COMJlfiLTh. Bh6hR0BB XO- 

T&TB npexcra^HTB 9TorB BURyirB vh x^Kctbíh, h o6paTHjiCfl Kh 
niBmROBy CB npocBfiOH) HanBcaTB MajieHBRyio jipBMy. 3Ha9flTB, fb 
9T0 Bpeiffl niflmROFB yse ycntji npoc;iBrrB sa jBreparopa, KOHe^iHO^ 
FB CBoeMi He6ojiBnioirB RpysRy. Oh*b cocraBBj^ nBecRy «HeBOJB- 

HB^eCTB0>. Bb HeS XOTfl OWb BEIRasaJTB XOBOJIBHO 4^aHTa8ÍH, flO OHa 

6uM He FB jiaxy (tb ecrecTBenHOCTbio. HejitnocTB beim ucjia CRpacn- 
lacB peTopfl^ecBBifH HOXB&iaMB BejiHROxyiniio n n^eApoeni Hiínepa- 



^) rpeni Vb CBOHxi sanHcsaxi ci 6jiaroxapHocTT>D roBopHn o(H btoK iHVxrt 
IHniEOBa, KOTopyD n x^tctbí on BHyqiMi HaHsycTb.— „Pyccsift Apx." 1873* To se 
roBOSpm B AicaKOB% n CBOirb BOcnoMBHamjixi: yCeiieiinui xpoena". 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



254 nonm ibpoiih. 

TpBi](Bi, H ycaix'B nBecH h aKiepoBi 6us% oóesue^ewb. Ho bo9* 
epan^eHÍa EsaiepEHEi npeAcraejieHie Óam noBTopeno vb nojibsy 
TiopeHHQxrb ;(OJSHiiBOBi. Bi ^ECJA spmejiefl óujit^ h seJiHKifi bhh8& 
IlaB&rB HerpoBnii. Ho ap&me eny ne noBpaBEjacB. ÁBTopi ei 
o5iflCHjierb aro tíitb, ^to fb nefl ne 61110 ynoMAHyro o Heirs he 
csoBa. ItpaBAa, BaObkopl h IIlBmBOBib cnoxBaTHJiHCb o toicb en^e 
nepex^ ea^ajioMi npeAcraB^emfl, ho (Jujio yse no8;^HO. diOTB npo- 

xax^B 6u.Il npflqflHOK), HTO BeJIHBift BHflSB, HesHaBmifl AO Toro 

nieniBOBa^ oópaTHJii sa nero BHBMaHÍe, h xota cHa^ajia cypoBo 
oóomejca Cb hhitb, ho noroMi cÓjiBBHJCfl no jtpyrotfy noeoAy. 

SaHflTÍfl mHIHROBa FB MOpCBOSTB BOpayd^ BII8B]Ba.lB 61*0 Ha 

TpyAU no yqetfnoft jHiepaiypi: ofb nepeBejTB cb ^paei^yscBaro 
flsuRa «MopcBoe ncByccTBO* h cocraBjíflji^ TpeflSii^Hutt Mopcsofi 
€jiOBapB (aHrjificBÍfi, ^paniiyscBifl e pyccnifl). Ho BOfiea co nieei^ieK) 
OTBdieBja ero orb btbxi Tpy^OBi. 

Bx TO BpeifH, KorAa pyccRÍS BopaÓejBHuft ^jiotb yse a'&S- 
ereoBaai noxi BoifaHAOio aAMapajia ^H^aroBa, nama rpe^Hafl 4>Jo- 
Tuifl cHapflsaxacB jm fíbŘcrBití noA'B Ha^ajBCTBOMi npem^a Hac* 
<uiy. 3a HeAOcraTKOBfB HacToan^axi xopflROBi, soTopue Bci^ 6uie 
npH ?HTOroBÍ, cK)xa Hasea^ajHCB o^ai^epEi bsi rBapxÍB h apnÍB. 
CHapfljReHHEfl TaRBKi otfpasoiťBy OHa Bticrynnia BiMope^ h sor^a 
npoxoABJa MBMO KpoHmxaATa, to niBniROBy, cjyaRBBineMy Tam 
£% MopcRoifB Kopnyc6, BsxyMajioeb noc^niTb 4>peraTB, na BOtopom 
naxoABJícfl npflBi(B. S^icb Bce BEAtanoe Birb nocejHJio vh neiti 
BecbMa HeBiiroAHoe HHŠHÍe o ^OTEjris Óeas mopbrob^. HpeAyCI^s- 
xeBie ero ne BC^esjo ffis&e e nepesi H^CROJbRO AHoft, RorAa owb 
ycjíumBJi% o rpoMRoft no6^A$, OAepsanHoS npEHi^em Haccay HaA% 
mseACREMi rpeÓHuiTB ^jiotoitb. BÍ RpoEmraAii vh bto BpeMa bo* 
opy»a.icfl BOButt rpeÓHofi ^perarB «Gb. HEB0Jiafl>. HIeoirob^ 
opoESBeACHHiifi B!B ^EH^B RauETaHa BTopoPO paHra, 6hj[% HasHa^eE^B 
Ba mewh BOMaHAEpoirb. Ho fb btoitb ro^y oh^b ho yqacrsoBan 
Fb A^Jii) a Cb BecHOK) 1790 r. no.ly«iHi'b npERaBasie coeAEHBTbca 
<rb dCRMpoK) BHite-aAMEpajia Kpyae, sorAa mBOACRÍS 4^orB npaÓJiB* 
^BajiCB y2Re bb EpoHmTaAry. BcRopi sarliťB Rpyse coeAHHE.ic2 cb 
^HWroBuiťB, a ^perary «Gb. HflROjaS» boi^ho 6a jo nocrynETB 
noA'b ROnaHAy npEHi^a Haccay. GocraBEFB yse neBuroAHoe mhš* 
Hie o6b 910111 naqajiBCTBi, niEmROFB saxorkii ocTaiBca npE bo* 
pa6ejiBH0M'B ^jiorb n crajii npocsTbOTOMi aAMHpajia. Cay^afieny 
^jiaroDpíflTCTBOBajTB, TaRi RaRi ^B^arosy nysHO 6uJo echojhetb 
npocb6y EHnepaTpEi^ii — onpeA'&JflTb ROManAopoicb BaRoro-jiH6o cyAHa 
npECjassaro eio BanErana Map^aia. Hiii*to ^E^aroFB e cm^hbjtb 
inEmBOBa, BOTOjmro nepeBOJX bb ce6i na BopaÓjb, o6tn^aa npn 



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AJKSKCÁHAn ouueoBHn moDSOBi. 255 

nepBOi BasancÍH HasHaiiiTB ero soiiaHXHpoirB na xaROĚ-jiHtfo 4>P6* 
raiTb. IIlHiliKpBi 6ujFh H T^wb o^eHB AOBOJieH^B, He osHAaa Ao6pa 
orb rpe(lEH>fi ^^jeotbjiíh h BŠpa Fb cHJiy npeA^yBCTBin. H A^flcm- 
TeiLBO, ^epeiTB H'kROJiBi(0 BpeM6HE OHI nojiy^EJB noBOAi csasarB: 
«npex^yBCTBÍe Moe mcha ne o6MaHyjio». 

niBeACBift ^i(yrb c% KopojeMi nonaxb fb BtiÓoprcKyio ry6y; 
xyxaa noroxa h b^u AOJro ne nosBOJiajiH eiiy buxth orryAa* 
Pyccsifi 4^JorL crepen ero, hm&i nepex^ cotfoio ^erupe Henpin* 
lencxie sopaója, Boropue npH caMOMi bxoa'& bi ry6y sarpasj^ajiH 
^pBaTep%. no BC^Wb pacaopfl»eHÍjiin» pyccsaro aAMflpaja mosho 
éujo sasjíio^HTB, ^TO owh roTOBBJíCfl Bi» HanaA6HÍi0 Ha mBeACKÍft 
^jion; SAajH tojilbo DpB<$uTÍfl Hamefi rpe^eofi ^^jothjiíh, soropas 
en^e ne daiifL roroBa. «CjyxH o CBopom ea npaxoA^) — DHrnen 
niHniKOB^B, — npH6jiHaBaj[[H qacB b<b toíib Ba^KHofi pasBxss^b noiio* 
senifl Hamero cb HenpiflTejieM^. ^pesBii^attHaa cRpoMBoerb aAHH* 
pajia ne noAaBaja HBBorAa cjiynafl DpacTOfinum otfpasoMi ysnarb 
iyrh Hero, to^ho jra oh^ HaM^peni aiaBOBjBkTb HenpiaTaiá h no 
€0(k^BeBH0xy jih CBoeiiy ycMOTp^Biio hjih no Hactoaniio orb sep- 
zoBHOfi BjacTH. Bi cewb combÍhíh BdAyvajocb MH^b HanBcaib h^* 
^To KacaioDieeca ;(0 chx^b oikrroBTeabCTBi*. 3A'ibcb BnepBue y niBoi- 
BOBa npoaBHJiacb crpacTb bi opaTopcTBy, i.-e. crpeiíJieHÍe aMctbo- 

BBTb y6tSAeBÍBMH Ha H3B%CTHUfl JIHI^a H CBJlOHflTb ETb B1» HOJbSy 

Toro HJH Apyroro A^ficTBia. dra crpacib co6cTBeHHO h cocraBJíajia 
TajaHTb ero. Oaa noAA^psHBajiacb narpioTH^ecBairb »ejiaHÍeiii 
forb nojiesaniťb oteqecTBy cbohmi yiiOMi, BOTopnĚ BcerAa h bo 
BceiTb pyBOBOACTBOBBjícfl ocToposHOCTbK). B% CBoeiii pascyotcdeHtu 
niHniBOBi AOBasEiBajii, ^TO x^a naci BuroAHte A^psaTb Henpia- 
vejfl BsanepTH, qtafb aTasoBarb ero. Heapiarejb SAerb cb ne* 
Tepn^Hieiťb HanaAeHÍH, B^b naAesA^ BocnojibsOBaTbCfl uboviake 6aaro- 
opiiiTHuvB A^fl Hero o6cTOflTe.ibCTBatfH, TOPAa sasib mu npa axasš 
Moseicb osHAaTb CBOpie Bcero lasaxi cjiy^iafinocrefi, Boroptia <$y- 
Xyrb A^a nacb Bpafine HeÓJiaroapiflTHfii. Úparoarb se, bi> cayni 
HBBeitoseBia HenpiaTejifl, OHb jiHmaerca tojbbo MopcBHXi chji; 
vh cjy^a'b Jte namero HSHeifOflceHia, eify OTBopaiorcfl Bpaxa pyccBOft 
eiojHi^H. Do SBBJíOHéHiio niHoiBOBa, HaM'b cji'bAOBaao Jiemb bh* 
siAaTb, BBBb HenpiaTejib caiii ptmurb cboh) cyAb6y.* Ero ^jon 
noHTH i](tj[ii& M^cfli^ npeÓUBajii bi TaBoaťb rbcnoirb BaBJto^eniH, 
iTO AMse Bopojb, no cjyxaii^, ne Morb Hnase nepecjiaib CBoero 
DHCbMa Kb niBeuiH), BaK% npHCJiaBi ero noA'b otBpuroio neWTbio 
vb rpa^y GainiBOBy, cb npocbóoio AOcrasHib bi GTOBTOJbMi; jiioab 
Ba mxt íjifjíoni HysAft^HCb vb citoniixrb npHnacaxx h bi np6c- 
Hott BO^. TaBHMrb oÓpasoMi, nysHO 6u.io 02ibaat<»} ^^o niBeACBiS 



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256 IMTHIBl IBPOIIH. 

^jioTB vh CBopoM^b BpeifeHH CAacTCfl HiE npH nepBoiTB 6jiaronpiflt- 
HOMi vbrpi 6j]i,eTb niiTáTBCfl opopsarbcii CBBOSb Haan» i^A(yjrby h 
T0Tjí,9k Hama no(!iijKa Óy^en HecoMHŠHHa. JRítmEOVb covbtoBtíjFb 
lOABO BOopysHTBCfl TepatHÍeiTB. 9to pascysA^BÍe owb nepexaji^b 
ajn^Hpajy ^a^ároBy cb npocBÓoio opo^HraTb ero BHHifaTejibHO h 
noTOMi csasaiB eiiy, npasi jh ohi? depeši ABa aha axMBpaxb 
B03BpaTBji'B eny <$yMary cb (uoBaicB: «qHTajx ne OfifiWb paai h 
coBepmeHHO conacesB (tb to5oío, ho xyícaK), ^n^ifii neió CjMfiwh 
fjbihTb^. Hsi aroro niemROBib saRJiioqHJB, yto axiíHpajiy npBXO* 
jsfijioch A^iRcTBOBaTB He no co(5cTBeHHOMy pascys^eHÍio, a no na- 
CTOflHÍio H9B nereptfypra. Tasoro po^a otbítk na cboe 6yMarH 
niBmROBB ne pasB cjiuniaj'B h BnocjitxcTBiH. 

Ho oÓCTOflreJiBCTBa nanpaBBJH a^jo xaKi, xasB xortJOCB mam- 
BOBy: npesA^ ^^mi pyccBÍfi ^otb cotfpajicfl nanaciB na mBeACRÍS, 
noAyxB BiiepB, ÓjaronpiflTHufi niBeAaMi. HenpiflTejíB pacnycTBjrB 
napyca h cur&io h HCBycHO craai npoÓBBaxBCfl qepesn^ naniB ^joitb. 
OnjiomHocTB pyccBBXi ROiiaHABpoBi noEorja ony, laiTB tto ohi 
ycníjii cnacTH 6óJBniyio qacTB cbobxi cyAOBB, xotie h cb 6ojb- 
niBMB norepjiMH. Bca rpetinaji mBeACRaa ^^oxEJiifl Óojia yse bi^ 
HaniHxi pyBaxi; ho h ee ynycrajiH no HepacnopflAHTejiBHOcni 
npBHivt Haocay, BOTopufl bb CBopoirB BpeueHB qyBCTBHrejBHO no-* 
njiaTBJCfl sa bto. mBeAu a^hb 22 íioha mopjb c^BiaTB a^a ceds 
c^acrjBBHMB, xoTfl MBi H npoBosríacBJB ceČx notf^bAB^JflMH. B-B 
peui^iB o CBoefi no6%A'i^ ^a^aroBB npeAcraBUurB bb qacji otjih^ho 
pa^BTejiBHEiXB H ycopAHiix^B RansTana Bioporo panra niamsoBa. 
Ilocjii na-csopo cocrasjenHofi pejuii^B, nociaonofl cb cuhoitb aA- 
MHpaja, 6uM nanflcaHa Apyran, noApoÓnaa h otícrofliejiBHafl, bo* 
Topyio noBesB sb EsaTepBHi mamaoBB. «npi'bxaBB npflMO vb 
Q^apcsoe Ceio (fa^ naxoABiiacB Hifnepaipm^a), — paBCBasuBaerB 

OHB, — HBBJCfl S Bl TpOn^HHCBOMy, BOTOptlfi HpeACTaBHXB MeHfl 

BmsH) Bea^opoAst. SI yABBjíeHi Óujtb aobojbho xojoahhmb, volkl 
UBÍb BasajiocB, npieMOifB; ho yAHBJíeHie Moe yiceHBniHJiocB, BavB 
CBopo ycjnimajrB fl, ^to sa h^bojbbo nacoBB nepeAO mhok) npn- 
niJia ne^ajibHaí b^ctb o pasÓBTÍB niBeAaMH nameft j^jiotbjíh uoab 
HaqajiBCTBOMx npBHita Haccay (paaÓHja ero la se rpeónaa j^jo* 
TBJíífl, BOTopyK) Ba nicBOJiBBO AHefi OHI TaBB onpoMerqHBO Biiny- 

CTHJTB H9B CBOBXl pyBB), — nOÓ^A^^ ^ABa HO CpaBHHBOiaflCfl CB Ha- 

mev)j BB BOTopofi norepUH uu ao nffraAecflTH cyAOBB co MHoa&e- 

CTBOm BSflTUX^B BB HJŠffB 0$HI^epOffB». IIo CBOOft TynOCTH, npHHI^ 

Haccay nocraBBjí namy 4^jothjík> bb laBoe BaTpyAHHraiBHoe no- 
josBOHÍe, ^TO efl ocrasaiocB rB<$HyTB ÓesB bcaboA noJSBan, rbwb 
ÓojAe^ HTO o^Bitepu 6íuh ne iiopflBH h ho momh pacnopaABTBCff 



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iJKSBCÁHAFB omHOuraB nDimROBi. 257 

vh TpyxHHxi o6cTOflTejiECTBarB. 3f!ba> se uoTm&h h KanHiaHi Map-* 
wn, BOTopnĚ saiiicTui IIlHinKOBa ea j^perari <Cb. HHBOJiafi*. 
«Hen8fl He noxHBHTBCfl, — BOCUHi^aeiTB niHniBOKb, — npeBpaTHOCTH 

<OnoBAaBÍe npBsxa iioero jífiyusi hjih Tpeiifl lacaiiH teh Ujap- 
CBOe Cejo, — ci rpycTBio npEnHCusaerB oitb,— jnrmHJio Měna mho- 
TKTh BUTOKh H TOFo BceMHJOCTHBiftmaro npieMa H tiecšxoBaHÍfl ch 
BMneparpHi^eK), KaBHMH, kobb^ho, Ďesi cero npeABapHBmaro ubes. 
nBftcTÚi, 6uM% 6ii fl yjLoetoeHi*. Ho ohi Bce se se ociajicfl tiearb 
sarpaxH. Ha xpyrott Kssb nosBajne ero bo ^^opeai, h khas^ Bes- 
(opoAKo BpjmujTh euj nosajOBaHHyio sojioryK) mnary Ch ea^nHCBK) 
M a;pa(^>ocinb h soiiOTyiOy ocimaHHyH) ÓpHajiiaHTaifH, Ta<axepBy, 
CB nfliBH) craiiH ^epBoni^eBi. HiinepaTpHqa bi to spěna ciAmEXSL 
vh HeiepityprB; npn ea beixox^ ohi <$£ijrB npexcraBJíeffB ett, h 
ycirba^ TOJiBBO noiv&iOBaTB es pysy ^). 

10 aBiycra 1790 r. Ůun no^iiHcaffB icapi, h mmiiBOBi no- 
ceiHJCi FB neTep(5ypr6. Hocj^ BoeHHuxi ipesoPB owh cHOBa o6pa- 
Tvjcs KB CBOHBTB yHeHioTB MTumsíJth) HO, HO CBoeMy xapasTepy, 
OHI HO (5uji H81 iBCJia T^xi, BOTOpHe Jierso H JOBBO ycrpoH* 
mxTb CBOH A^ja. Eny HysHO 6hjo nojyqHiB BBCO^afimit npH- 
lasTB Hane^aiaTB ero Knary «MopcBoe HCByccrBO» h ajuí sroro 
npHouocB Biitepn^TB mhofo HenpiflTHocreft, npesA^^iTB ona abh- 
lacB Vh cvbvh Kh 1793 r. 3a to ara BHHra nocjiysHja n c6jiHse- 

HÍX> aBTOpa Cb BeJHBHM^B RHflSeiTB. EfO mBOAHHft TOBapHII^l Ey- 

meaeBi, tfiiBmiĚ b% to Bpeiu npe nacj^XHHB^, nocoBÍTOBaii eMy 
noAHecTH BHHry HaBjy neipoBH^y, sasi reHepajTB-axMBpajiy, Ha- 
y^HBi npH aioiTBy BasHirB otipasoiCB mosho óujío CHBCBaTB ero 
pacnojosenie: — caŠAOBaio, no^aBafl BHiry, ciaTB na oaho boji^ho 
H noi](6jiOBaTB pysy. niHoiBOBi (^"^jiajarB Bce bto h xocraBHrB Be- 

IHBOMy BHflSK) y^OBOJBCTBÍe HOClfŠflTBCfl Ha^l ^BOpOlTB EBaTepHHil, 

r^ He 611JIH BOSHarpasxeHu TpyxH ero. Ob ororo spevenH ninni-* 
BOBTB óujTb na BExy y Had^AHBxa. Csopo nooii Toro xpyroĚ cjiy- 
^aft AOcraBHJTB nacjiixHHBy hoboo yjtoBOiBCTBÍe. Ha^ajiBHHBi ^epno- 
MopcBaro ^JLOTAj ESB^bcrnnS Mopxbhhobi, Boroparo niHmBOFB na* 

SIIBaXB CBOHITB APyTOlTB H ÓJiarOX^TeieiTB, HO BOBHfllTB paSHHX^B 

jun^ ÓiuTB OTcraBiefli, a BidcTO nero nasHaieoB BcecHJBHiifi 
KHflBB 3j6ovh. dra napríji xor&ia npHBJíe^B b& (xtíib IIlHniBOBa. 
Eiiy npexJiosHjiH BH^noe irbcro npaBHrejH Bani^e^flpÍH npH 3y6oBÍ 
BO MopcBOfi ^acTH. UlHmBOBi coTJiacHJCfl npHHflTB ero. Ho npifl- 



1) BoeBHiu x^ftcmúi pocciftcsaro <|^ioTa nponiBi ntBexcBaro vh 1788, 89, 90 rr., 
oo smnifiiain* waptMk HnacoBa, cocraB. A. HI. 1800 r. 

Tom V.— CEHMBPfc, 1877. 17 



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258 B^CTUKi iBPonn. 

TOJB ero Rymejero jifijrb euy xopomifi coB§n, cnpocHTBCfl npesjo 
y BejBBaro BHJi3ff, san y reeepajib-axiiHpajia, BOTopony (Jy^erB 
oneHB npiflTHO, ^TO 9T0 CA'ijiaeTCfl He 6en ero bojih. niHniROBi 
iiocjíÍAOB9i^'b BTOMy coB^Ty, nojy^BjťB corjacie Bejinsaro bhass h 
sapyqHJCfl Hft ({y^yn^ee ero pacnojoseHÍeMi. 

Oti> HOBaro npaBBTeM BaHi^eajipiH norpeÓOBaiH ne oxHolt (uystfii. 
^jia noBpoBHTejBCTBa 3y6oBa eiiy ayasHO 6ajio noseprBOBaTL Apys- 
6oH> Cb MopxBHHOBtiMi H cofiTHCB (Tb ero BparaMH. Ho lÚHin- 
KOBB SA^CB He sa^yMaicfl noBasaib cBofi xapaBiepB, soroparo, BaB'B 
BBAHO, OTB eero ee oaiHxajiH^ Bor^a j^aBa^H HaiieBH, BaRHMH cpex- 

CTBaHH MOaBHO nOJBSOBaTBCfl AOBÍpeHHOCTBB) BHJlSfl 3y60Ba. OiTB 
Xajll AOCTOfiEBlS OTHOpi CJIOBaifH: «fl 60(6 OTHK>AB ne SHaTHIlft, HHSe 

BaBofi*JiH(k> BasHuS ^aiOBÍB^B; ho eseJiH*6^y Borxa h CA^jiaica 
TasHiTB, TO nepBKie moh APysBfl Bcerxa Cjfijvh necTb h npaBxa, bo* 

TOpUMl SL HH AJIfl BOrO He H3MÍHK>>. 

noHflTHO, ^rro niHniBOB^ ocraBajicfl bx^cb bi tíhh h ho zo- 
1ÍJ1X caiTB HanpamHBaTBca na cjiysóy, tojibbo nsplx^a noBRiaflCB 
vb npieicHoft KHBSfl 3y6oBa, rx^ TaB'B MHorie HCsajiH h ojBE^ajH 
ceóš nBJíocreS. Ho 5 noflóps 1796 r. eiiy npHnuocB vb nocrtx* 
Hifi pasx BarjuHyTB fb ary npíeMHyio h ne BafiiH kb nefi mhofo- 
jK)ABaro coÓpaHÍH. dro 6£ijeo teh ffiuh CBoponocTHSHoft cneprE Exa- 
xepBHu. 

BoTB savB Bnocjr6xcTBÍH niHniBOBB BupasHJB BnenaTjiiHie 
BTHxi xHefi: ^HaBeji^B I Boi^tpHJCfl. Hbbto ne osExa^B ceft bho- 
saaHofi nepeMŠHu. Rporsoe h ciaBHoe EBaiepHHHHo itapcTBOBame, 
TpExi^aTB-^eTEipe roxa npoxojisaBnieecffy tslkb bcíxi yccinHio, ito, 
sasajocB, oho, Basi-tfii RasoMy Ójarony h (SeBCMepTHOMy ÓosecTBy 
HopyqeHHoe, HBSorxa ne boh^htcb. OrpamHaa Btoi o cxeprH eB, 
ne npexynpesxeHHaa HEBasoK) yrposaH)nteK) onacHOcrBK), BxpyrB 
pasnecjiacB h nopasEJia cnepsa crojEiQr, a hotomi h bck> o6mEp- 
ByH) PocdB)... Si BomejTB bb sajiy e ctojbbo se nopaseni tfiuTB 
yXEBjíeHieiii, croxbbo yxpy^eni ne^anK). HepeiiiHa ck 6um larB 
BeiBsa, ^TO ne EHaw noBasajacB mhš, BarB-tfn HenpÍBTejBCBHMi 
HamecTBÍeirB. jQ^Bopei^ nanojiHeHi 6ujb MHOsecTBom pasnaro poxa 
jK)xeft, cTOBBniHxi HenoxBHSHO, Cb H8o6paseHHOK> Ha .lEi^axi 

CBOptfBK) E (^eBnOBOttCTBOlfB. BOCB npeSHÍft ÓjeCKBy BCfl BeJIHiaBOCTB 

H BasHOCTB xBopa EcqesjíE. Besx^ b% neirB h BOBpyrB ero hobee* 
JiECB cojx&TEi CB pyB&BflME. 3HaMeHETÍfimifl ocoóii, nepBOCieneH- 
HHe qEHOBHEBE, ynpaBJUBmíe rocyxapcTBeHHUME x^aiar, ctobjih 
BaBi-6ii jrameHHiie yse xcJisHocrefi cboexx e SBanifii cb hohhb- 
HyroB) roJOBofi, HenpHMŠTHHe vb mint Hapox&ofi. JIk>xe nuaTb 

^HOBly o KOTOpHXl X^HB TOliy HasaX^ HHBTO He HOMUmjBXBi HH- 



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AJnKGAHAPn^ CKIEHOBETB niHmsoB^. 259 

«T0 no^Tff ne shejte hxi, — 6%rajH, noBejť^sajnr, y^pes^ajiH. B% 
OAHHi ^acB Bce TaK^ nepeirlHHjiocB, ^to, icasajiocB, Hacrajii HHOtt 

B^Kl, BflOfl JRHBHB, HHOe 6lITÍe. y^HBJíeHHHS, ClfyiI^eHHIlfi 0TB 

Bcero Toro, htó rjiasaMT* moetmb npeffcraBJíJrjrocB, BOSBpaTHJicfl a j^o- 
HOŘ CB neqaJiBBHMH MBicjiaifH, CB eoBpymeHHHMB cepj^qeirB» ^). 

Bl 8TH AHH MHOreifB CHJIBHEIMl H J(a?Re HeCHJfBHKIlfB JIBnairB 

;d^fiGTBHTe.iBHO npfliDjiocB jtpoacaTB sa ce6a. Ho niHniKOBy, hobhah- 
MOMy, He^ero 611J10 6e8noROHTBCfl. Cy^BÓa ero ho tfujia CBasana 
ci cyABÓoK) 3y6oBa: BaB% mu bbjtí^jih, oh% nocrynvjíii na cjiy^6y 
BB ero BaHi^ej^piH) cb oxoópenia Haca^AHniea. CRopie ofb mofb 
BUHrpaTB CB hobumb i^apcTBOBaHieiTB; ho npn CBoeirB 6ojiŠ8H6H- 
90MB HacTpoeHin ;Kyxa h orqacTH vHHTejiBHOirB xapaKTep'6, ovb 
cpanoHHHJiB to HeyAOBOJiBCTBie, Raaoe noBufi HunepaTopB Korj^a-ro 
BUBasajTB eafy, h cb TpeneroifB aRxajTB CBOeS y^acTH. HocrpaxrB 
6eixb HanpaceHB: inemsoBy oÓBiiBJtfaiorB, tto ohb npoHSBexeHB vl 
KanHTaHQ 1-ro panra. Hy»BO 6ujio 6jaro;[apBTB BMnepaTopa na 
^(Wfm-napadfb (eRaTepBBBHCRie o^BE^epu ne 8Ba;iH xaaRO 9Toro 
ooBa). MoposB cBJBHuft, a HOBono3?ajfOBaBHuft cbxbtb j^ona Ha 
jeBapcTBaxB cb npej^inicaHieMB moabi^bhbí 6epe^BCfl Bcero 6ojr6e 
npocry;^. KaBB se npocroflTB na Mopost bb oxhomb MyHAflpi? 

HySHO ÓUJÍO pBCBOBaTB BJKH SB8HÍH), EXE CJiystfolD. UlBDIBOffB 

6ujFh He HacTOJBBO He^jraropasyMOBB, yjoúi pinrarBca na nepBoe, 
E ve HacTOJiBRO cif^jiBy ?TO($B OTBasBTBCii Ha BTopoe. Ohb npBAy^ 
MaxB y^a^Hiifl bbíxoab bsb ceoero xpy^^naro noJOseHÍa. Ohi no* 
^xan Ha BaxTB-napaAB, ho ButfpaxB ce6^ vieno sa TOJinoio, rA% 
HenpBMitTHO MOSHO 611JO CTOflTB wb my&b^ j^o ToS MBHyTKi^ Korxa 
Ha^nercfl npeAcrasjíeHíe rocysapio. ♦fl ciiorpio bo bc* rjiasa, — 
pascBasHBaeTB UlaniROBB, — ne CMtio MarnyrB, wtoůu ne npony- 
CTHTB 9Tofi MBHyTu. ToT^acB, HO HacTya.ieHÍH efly c6pacHBaH> CB 
ceÓE niy6y, npoAHpaK)CB cbbosb jno^efi h BBAaR>CB na kojtIhh. Ila-* 
BexB noAHBMaeTB MeHJi, A^ten mhš noif&JiOBaTB pyRy cboh) h ro- 
BopBTB: «IIoAB, noAB AOMoft. JI sHaio, HTO TU OojeHB, 6eperH CBoe 
sxopoBbe, TU mhí HaxotieHx*. HiaisrB, hm nepaTopB SHajiB xftse 06% 
ero óojťbsEE^ BHa^BTB BHTepecoBajca bicb, h ne capiurB, ^ro i^^ 
HBTB ero. Ha RaRyH) se cjiys(5y icorB ony npnroABTBca IIIbqi- 
sobb? Oah^ "Haiesm na 6jiecTfloiyH> aapBepy MorjiH 6u sanEMaTB 
ero BOo6paseHÍe. Ho ese^HeBnue npBMipu tfncrparo BOSBnmeHia 
H najenifly noRpoBBreJiBCTBa b Rapu iiímaiB eny paAOBaTBCí. ^ecro- 
.iio6ie ne coÓjasHJuo ero. Ohb CHBrajB 6oJiie tfjiaropasyííHHirB 

OTXftJIBTBCfl OTB T0& HOWU, VJi^b ÓeSHpeCTaHHO 6uiE BSpUBU, H AU 



^) BaiiHcn niHinsoBt, t. I. 

17* 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



260 BftCTHHRl SBPOnH. 

((esonacHOCTH CRpkxBCfl x&se fb tojutí. IIpexJioroHi nocjiy^KHjio 
eicy cjia6oe ero sxopoBBe, Boiopoe 6epen coBiiOBan caMi rocy- 
xapB. He p^maflCB npocHTB o&b OTcrnaBŠ, owb npocHJTB roAHiHaro 
ornycna n nojyujix ero. Xota ohb h ocxaicfl bb neTep6ypr6, 
Tasx BasB šxaiB eiiy 6hjio neByxa, ho owh Óhjtb y»e nocropoH- 
HHM'B spHTejieiťB tIxi ÓHCTpEiXB nepeirbffs, Koropiia na^ajiHCB^ 

npE ABOpi, H FB BOĚCB^) H BO BCeifB ^BHOBHOITB MÍp6. Bce CTa- 

poe, eBaTepHHHHCBoe, oaho sa ^ipyrniTB Hc^esjío. ĚasAufl x^hb^ 
npHHOCHjirB BaByio-jiBÓo HOBOCTB, a CB HeH) nepecsasBiy monoTB, 

TOJIBE^ BOTOptie COnpOBOSAaJSHCB rOpBBHMH BJIH BaCMÍmJIHBIIMH 

yjiiitfBaHH. Ob rjyÓOBHiťB orop^enieMB CKorphjvh Ha sce aro mam* 
xoBB, BaBB ^eJOB^SB, nepcAB riasaMH Boxoparo ocRop5jfljH Bce 

TO, 9TÓ OHB ClBTajTB BJSjdUJÍhEUWh: laBElTB BUJ npe^CTaBJIflaOCB^ 

qapcTBOBaHÍe EBaiepHHH co bcímh ero nopflABaiiH. Ohb BpaqajicH 
BB TOiTB spyry, r^b 6um mhofo 6iecBa, AOBOJBCTBa h c^acrifl;. 
BX^B HO saTiteBaiH HŠBOTopuB Boy^aHE co(kn*BeHHolt ero aRHSHH. 
Oh*b He snajii xoro Rpyra, vxb xepnijiH orb BejBMOsecBHxi aio* 
ynoTpe(5jieHÍ&y otb pasnuxi npHspaROBB, cosxanHuxi ^paniQrBCROft 
poBOJiioipeS, H rji^ hmíjh hoboah poniaiB h sejiaiB jy^maro. 

GbÍTJBEĚ 06pa3X BHHeCB OffB BBB dTOFO I^apCTBOBaHÍfl H CB coRpy- 

nifflHiiMB cepAi^eM^B cmotp^jtb na paspymenie. Ohb TaRB tfoBJCfl, 

^T06£I o HOITB He BCHOMHBJIH, ^TO ^ase p^ARO BEIXOABll H8B AOMy^ 

HBCirajiB BCflSBXB Bcrp^HB. A MesAy tímb RaRB-6yATo cyAB6a npoTciFB 
ero BoiH saÓOTHJiacB o&b ero sapBepl h TAnyia ero BnepeAB. II ps 
ffioýb BOBBHCBJícfl HpúiTejiB ero EymejeBB, ne norepfljii BHaneHifl 
fl rpa^ EesÓopoARo; oóa ohh, no cJOBairB niHniBOBa, AO^poxot- 
eTBOBaiH OMy e nps pasAa^š, ejie npE pacxeamKrb AepeBCHB bei- 
npocEjm E Ha ero aojik) ab^e HHTBAecBTB Ayni^ — bb KaniHHCROiťB 
jisfijb. <Aapi ceft, — saMifíiaeTB UlHniROBi, — tímb 6aiBme a-íh 
xeHfl ÓHJirb npÚTeni, ^to aoxoau moe saRiio^ajiHCB bb oahom'b^ 
TOJiBRO BecBiia HetfojiBmoirB sajiosanB^*. KaRB he cRpuBajiCfl oh'b, 
HO o HOM^ HanoHHEjiE FOcyAapH). nocjíš BoponaiÚE, no BOSBpa- 
B^eniH H9B MocRBH, HMHepaTopTB HasHaiEJirB ero BB sacadpz-Maiophi 
npn cBoefl oco(!ii, xote cposB ornycaa AaJORO en^e ne RoniEjicfl. 
IIpiaiejiE ne coB^TOBaiH ony OTRasEiBaiBca oib cjiysóti bsi ona- 
eenia naBxeiB homejioctb rocyAapa. Ohb AOiseÉB (tujn^ npEHATB 
HasHaienie, xoth ffone ne snajsiB oÓfisannocTE sroro HOBaro ^ana. 

EMy OfiBflCHBXE, HTO AOJISHOCTB OFO — 6bITB npH FOCyAapt E B3B- 

EBjflTB ero noBeašnifl 4>'AaraME, BorAa ohb noflA^TB fb Mope b 6y- 
A^TB ROMaHApBaTB j^oToiTB. diOMy HasHaieHÍio, Rone^HO, cnoco6* 

CTBOB&ia SHEra niliniROBa o «MopCROM'B HCRyCCTBÍ», o ROTopott 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



ÁJUKOÁHxn oniHOBHTB nnnnEOB^b. 261 

ira TOBopHJH H diaroxaiMi BOiopott HunepaTopB uovb y&bwThcx b« 
yieHOCTH niHniBOBa. 

El BecHi vh KpoHmraAT^ BoopysajiacB acBaxpa, Roropafl 
j(OJisHa ÓHja coexBHHTBCfl CL ApyroK), BOopysaeifOK) bi PeB6Ji%« 
<jB,wb HMnepaTOpi, co BdiirB cbohitb ceifeftcTBOirB, xoTbjn conpo- 
BOSAaTB ee na bhobb nocrpoeHHOifB ^peraiíb «9MMaHyHjrB». Ro-* 
He^HO, UlumKowh AOJixewh 6ujcé 6uTh npn HeirB h xoth He Bcerxa 
jcntBajix yrosffaTB eny, npoTHBoptu TasHirB neoÓKyráBMUuwb ero 
aLejaHÚiirB h npEsasaHiflirB, ROTopufl tfujiH HecorjacHu n npaBH* 

JiaHH MOpCBOrO HCKyCCTBa, ho HeyXOBOJBCTBifl CROpO 8a((EIBaiHCB. 

nocjii xecflTHAHeBHaro noxo^a, Bct cjysHBnrie na 4>peraT& nojiy- 
<iiuH Harpaffi. IIlBniBOBy otiMBBJra, hto owb nosajOBasrB b'b re** 
HepajrB-aAiiOTaHTH ero BejiH^ecTBa. «A (Jpocuca Ha kojiIhh,— ro-* 
fiopHTB ohx,— 6jaroAapHTB rocy^apa; ohb, Hax^Bas HanenA opxeffB 
€B. Ahhli 2*0 creneHH, CKasajii mhÍ: <Hy, TenepB tu moS AOifam- 
Bi9: crapoe sa^nToI a npes^e fl Ha toÓa ^hjtb o^chb cepAHTB>* 
BoexHn^eHHiiB ipesBuqafieoS pa^ocTBio, noixaxB a sa hhitb bi 
Uerepro^. IIo^th bck> ho% ne cnajii. Tbicaw micjiett tojhihji&cb 
BB Moefi rojiOBi^. Si ho mopb B^pHTB cjiy^HBmeicycfl co mhok); mh^ 
sasajiocb 8T0 CHOBHA^HieMx. RavB, jtynajii a, hsi najiOBBaqantHXB 
o4»Bi](epoBi, qepesi hšcboibbo ntcfli^eBi, BxpyrB cx^jaacfl a, mosho 
XBasaTB, BeiBMoseio! n6o, hmšh BiCB^^fi naicflTH BasHoe sBanie 
feHepajrB-affBHnUHTa npn EsaTepHH^ (seamii, Boxoparo ^n^iiap* 
man CyBopoBi, npH bcoitb cbooitb j^oMoraTejBCTBi, ho MorB no- 
jryqHTb), MyApeHO jm 611x0 mh% MHCJieHHO jeraib noAx HeÓecaxE 
H HoqHTaTB te6a BOJiBBHiťB qaiOB^OMB? HoMeTramfl moh ne^ojiro 
npoAOJsajiHCB: na xpyrofi se a6hb cnycTHJicfl a cb BucoBolt ropu 
Ha HHSKÍtt xojniHBi. Mhš AOcrajiocB Ómh xesypHinrB. Si Hxy os 
ropxocTBH) BO xBopei^, xynafl TairB bcíme noBe;iÍBaTb. Moha bo- 
ByrB Wh rocyxapK). íl Bxosy sb Heny. Ohb xepsHTB vh pysaxi 
BanHCsy h, or^asafl mh^ onyio, fobopetb: cnpiBBTecB, xavB jni vb 
4»T0ft 6yicar& sanHcaHO mtsL npi^xaBmaro cioxa. H esejiH laRB, to 
BeaHTe ero oTscBaTB. Snaff, ?to ohb ne saioBan, sorxa noBOJit- 
HÍii ero XQX^HHO HcnojiHflJHCB, fl BKmejrB orb nero cb ToponjiH- 
BOCTBK) H cnpoeHj%: bto sjíjbcb hoab eohmb HanajncTBOirb? Mh% 
Cb xoioxHocTbio OTB^^^aioTb: HHBoro!— Aa BavB se? Focyxapb npn- 
sasajTB mhí cnpaBvrBCfl oůh o^hoitb HMeHH; HaxoÓHo nocjaTb Ha 
Hijar((ayirB, soro-arB a nomiK)? Mhš roBopiTB: hoah cairbl A 
xesxy ^1^ Mherh jí,om}íjaeb\ yjBipi rpasHu h miar6ayirb otctohtb 
no^TH na Bepciy. He snai), ht6 x:6jaTb, xo^y cairb disaTB, J^$, 
éOV>Cb OTjy^HTBCfl H ono8xaTB». 

Hn Tasoro BaipyxHHrejiBHaro otkrnarejncTBa OlHniBOBa BBtpy* 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



262 BftCTfiiKi UFom. 

^Mj% BeiflRifl SHfl8B BoHCTEHTHHi IlasjíOBH^y cvHiaBiniftcfl ueiep- 

TO^KEWh rjaBHOSOMaHJQ^iOntHlťB. HSI BTOrO MU BHAHMl, HTO, npB 
TaBOIl'b ÓHCipOMX, XOTfl H MHHMOMl B08B£IineHÍH, H Bl CepAI^^ niflin- 

soBa craio meBejiHTBCfl BiaciojuoÓie. Ho o6ojBii^eHÍe 6uao lasi^ 

KHHyTHO, ^TO IIlHniROBl, BaB^B HaBJOHHHfi E1^ MOpajH, MOF^ H81y 

Hero BEiBecTH cefíé tojibeo nojesHufi ypoB%. dra HOBaa cjiys6a. 
Kb BanecTBi doMaumsWy 6uja bi» tafoctb IIlBinBOBy: euj nopyqa- 
jHCB pasHiifl Mejo^H, BOTopufl He BcerAa mosho Óiuo BcnoifiaiB 
FB TO^LHOCTH, a 8T0 jerso Hasjíesajio fh^bi rocyxapa- 3a to Mopa* 
jHcry 6ujío aobojibho KaTepiajiOBi^. 

Bl 8T0 BpeMfl HlHniBOBB BHCTynHJI'B CB HOBHMl JIHTepaTypHUMlr 

TpyAOMi. Ero yBipHJH, ixo rocyxapH) Óy^exB o^eoB npíaxHO h ohi^ 
H^eApo Harpa^HrB Toro, kto npeACiaBBTB eiiy onBcame ero ne^BB- 

HflTO MppCEOrO nOXOAB. UIbIDBOBI COCTBBHJrB nO^eHEUfl SanHCBH H, 

HaneHaiaBi, bmícií (tb padHUMH ^eprejKaMH, nocnimHjďB Bpyqnxb 
IlaKiy. XoTfl vb nepByio umnyry TpyA'B 6uji'b npHHarB o^eHB 6jiaro* 
CBJOHHo, HP BorAE BHHra 6Bija npo^fliaHa, to asiopy npHULsocB 
ycAimaTB cyxoe BaiiiqaHÍe: «bu mhofo jBmHflro eaniscajH*. M sax^Mi 
]q)i[iiLiocB jioMaTB roiOBy h xoraAUBaTBca, htó mofjio ho noHpaBBXBca 
aBryciifiineMy ^BTaTeJUo: JiecTB jih, BOTopan ÓBiJia supaseHa He 

COBCÍMl JIOBBO, TBBl BBBl OflB 6llja A^JIOMX HenpHBUHHBIlťB A-iA 

HenpBABopnaro Mopasa; hjih saii^TBa o toitb, "ito IlaBej-B cxpa- 

fjBLTh OTB Ba^BHy TOF^B SaBl OH^B JSft^^SLÍLJL^h 8BaHÍei£B MOpflBa, — 

HJH ^TÓ Apyroe. Ho vb CBoeMi* ÓesnoEOftCTBi dbufluŘ asropi hh 

HB ^eMl> HO MOfB OCXaHOBBTBCB. H 60^6 ypOEB.* HH JieCTBH), HB 

npaBAOft HO cjifiyerb HanpamBBaTBCfl Ba HarpaAu! Hepi^BO eaofc- 
Huů reHepajii-aA'BH>TaHrB nyBCTBOBaji^ ce6fl h bi Bonui^ecKOMib no- 
joseHÍH: <OAflaBiui(£i,— paBCRasuBaoTB ohi,— cMÍHfli'B & renepaji^B- 
aA^BioraBTa HeiuK)eBa. Osb cabji^ mhí tbboo npBBasaHÍe, soxopoe 
uoBasajioeB uwb h crpanno h HenoHBXHo: npEBej['B MeHB hb mb* 

JieHBEOMli XBOpBBt Kb H'bBOTOpOMy OTBepCTÍK), By^B— He SfaBiO: KB- 

HorpeúB jul BáSL BBoe M^CTO— cnycBaK)TCfl bhhbb, b csasaaB mh^^ 
HToOb B Han^e hb 8iy A^ipy xoab» cmotpítb. & cnepBa no^yMan, 
HTO 0H'B myTHrB; ho oh^b yBÍpEJi'B neHfl kb toi^b; h sorAa a cnpo* 
CBJTB o npBqflfii, TO OHI otbíhbjix, hto npB^BHa eiiy ho o6:bbb- 
iieBa. UpnsaffB ceĚ naBeji mhí csysy ^acxo xoabtb TyAB, ho bhbb 
Baq&cB| H npBTOMi norpysBjrB bi n^Roe coMH^HÍe, ^ioÓ^b uab^ 
BaEi-HBÓyAB He^aflHHO ne npoBBHHTBCfl. Xotb rocyAapB npoAOJsai^ 
jBcerAB KO Mfli 6uTB ifHiocTHBi, HO HBCTO cjyuBmieCB yse co 
3iflOK> HenpeABBABMue moh HpociynBH TpeBosuuB MeHfl». 

TflrocTHoe nyscTBO ÓesaoBoflcxBa HHorAa BUSUBajio kb UIhiii-' 

BOBÍ pimflMOCTB H CX&IOCTB, HB KOTOpyK) He BCBBÍt 6u pimAJCfl^ 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



kJlRKCiEfjrh GUIHOBiqi IDHmROBl. 263 

HO OHa czoAHJia eiiy ci pyK'B, MOsen-tfuTB noioicy, ^lo fb nefi 
nporjflx^Bajta BaBaA^ro HanBEOcn^. Ha nero ocoÓeHHo HaBOjqijia 
CTpax'B BepxoBafl i»Aft* *A, cjysa Bcerxa na Mopš,— nHmerb owh^ — 
ne fo2Raj'B HHBorxa BepxoM'B, n BCflidfl pasi, ^xfl Ba rocyAapeM'B, 
6ofljicfl, ^TO(b He nonaiacB mhš Taaafl xomaAB, ci soTOpoio a He 
ynpaBJíocB h Koropaa jieno Moa&erB BOBJíe^ MeHfl bb BaByio-HBÓy^^B 
&bjij. He CM^ cam otiiBCHHibCi cx hhiib, a napo^Ho bcžmb 8to 
TBepxHJ^i Hio6h xaBrB-HHÓyxB AO Hero xonuo. CEopo cJiy^HJiocB, 
iTO rocyxapB ^a6tb oÓy^aiB KaBÍe-TO nojiBE. ů ptniHJicfl bb btotb 
AeHB He ixaxB 8a hhitb. Ho BásB &to CA'&JiaTi>? Jl^o^ro xyMajTB a, 
H, nasoHei^, botb ht6 npBxyiiajiB: cnapa^BJCfl, RáBB aojisho, jí,m 
BepxoBoS izjíjiif TO-ecTB oóyjcfl bb ÓojBinie canoni h nomejTB sa 
HHMB. OflB, Bor^a noABexynb eny joniaxB, rja^nrB ee h bopmhtb 
caxapoMB. Bb bto Bpena bc£ affBKyraHTii no($'iryTB caAHTbCfl na 
CBOHXB jioma^ett. fl, nanpoTHBB, ociaica h ctok> nepe^B hhub, 
saicb eronoHBa. Ohb (Aat> na jioma^B, BsruHyiB na MeHfl, ycM^x- 
Hyjcfl Hy BHBHyBB FOJiOBOK), csasaiB hhí: ocraBaficfl. — Gb tíxb 
HopB, aaBB cBo6oAeHB, fl He Hnané šsahjb na CMorpii h yqeHBs, 
KaBB sa HiinepaTpHiteio, cb npexBopniiMH x&MaiiH, na jenefiRaxB. 

Bdb BhXO MHOfi CMiflJIHCB, HO fl pa^B ÓHJIB, HTO HSÓaSHJICfl OTB Bep- 
XOBO& Š8XU H ÓOJIBniHXB CanOFOBB*. 

Hocii 8Toro niHniKOBB, BB Ba^ecrei MopAsa, craxB hosbojatb 
ct&b H Apyrífl bojbhocth — ycrj^aHflXBCfl otb ManeBpoBB h Booón^e 
HsfiiraTB nopynenifi. HicnepaTopB crajEB saiiiTHO eb Heny oxjas* 
WTBCfl; HO 8T0 yse Maio ne^ajiHJio ero: HecioaioÓie CMflrnajocB 
MopaiBK). OxHHMB MOFM 6uTB HOJiedHa Ony jíflSL Óyxyn^aro ara Óes- 
HOKoSnafl cjiysóa: eiiy hphxoxhjiocb qacio BcrpšqaxBCfl cb mojio- 
XUMB nacA^AHEBOMB AjiekcaHApoiCB naBjOBHHeMB H BcrynaTB cb 
HHMB BB 6ec&Ay9 ^^ BOTopofi 6yAyn^ifi EMnepaiopB mofb oi^íhhtb 
ero ^ecTHOCTB h npflMory. 

ni. 

Il0«3XKÁ 8A rPAHBUy.— y^AJUHIE OTb XBOPA. ^ CmEPTB IIaBJÁ. 
CsOpO niHHIBOBB COBCÍMB Hd6aBHJICfl OTB HpHABOpHOfl CjyStSu. 

Eny 6iuo nopy^eno ixaiB bb Biny h npHHflTB bb pyccsyK) cjiysóy 

rOJUaHACBHXB MOpCBHXB O^HItepOBB H MaipOCOBB, BOTOpue flflJSMU 

tfiuH noBHHyiB oie^ecTBO no npe^Hni HamecTBÍa ^pani^soBB* 
B&crpo co6pajcfl niHniBOBB bb Aopory; ho bb Bisb ohb ne na* 
meiB rojiJiaHACBaro rpa^a H^o^^HrcNJ^Ha, eb soropoMy tfBijB no- 
ciaHB A^ neperoBopoBB. Hysno tfuio ixaxB sa hhmb bb jlipeB* 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



264 B9GTHIBI UFOnB. 

jsfiwbj HO H TaiTb ero ne OBasajiocB. YC^xesiiihcb, ^rro aio ^aio- 
BÍ8& HeHaxesHHft, meniKOBi nocjaxL o toitb AOHeoeme vh hm* 
nepaxopy h, kb to se BpeMfl, npocurB nodBOjeHk ixaxB Bá-Bo^u 
FB EapjdÍBA^B. Otb^tb CRopo npiiinejirB: b^ HeirB npHKaBsiBajiocB 
BOSJOseHHoe sa IQHniBOBa fihio oeraBETB 6en Bcnaro HcnojiHeHifl, 
H nosBOJflJiocB, KUí co6cTBeHHfiíx*B HaAotfHOcrett, ompaBHTBCfl vb Kapie* 
69Ljp>; HO npH aroMB Bosjarajiac^ na nero lasafl ofiflsaHHocTB, ko- 
Topaa H orop^Hja, h ocKopóeia em: mAvh npHiesHoe EBňjooffir 
Híe 8a HOcrynKaiiH bcíxi pyccRHxx, Boiop&e OBasyrca fb Kapjic- 
6iijiibj oco6eHHO s&e sa SHflseifB SyÓOBiiifB, OpiOBUMi h PasyiiOB- 
CBHMi; H ecjiH vh Hxi noBexeHÍH npEJfiiaTCfl icaBáa xydocmuy ne- 
uejí^enEO cb napoiHiiirB npHcnjaTB o toitb xonecenifl. «CicoTpiy 
tfparB, xepsH yxo Bocrpó, — nncan npe btoki no-npÚEiejiBCBH 
ciaTCB-ceBperapB OÓptesoBi: — vb xeói nociaHO Tasoe npEsasaHÍe, 
OTB BOToparo JierBo iioseniB nonaciB fb 6íjíj». ?eiOB%Ey ci max- 
BoS HpaBCTBeHHOCTBK) MOFJO 6u HOsasaTBCfl npiflTHiiirB TaRoe no- 
py^enie, hm^ fb BHxy npesHÍa OTHomemii vb H^^TopnirB jih- 
i^aiTB, Ha BOTopiiH lenepB yaasuBajiocB. Ho necTHaro h npAMOAym- 
naro UlHniBOBa Bosnyn^ajio dro. ^Cie nopyieme, Boropiím a rny- 
Hiajcfly— roBopHJTB owby — H cíh yrposu npoHSBeiH bo mh^ h OMep- 
seHÍe^ H crpaxi*. Eone^HO, ohb ne Mon cxšJiaTBCfl mnioHOHi; ho 
Hy»HO ÓBiJO HocrapaTBCfl, irotfii ne nasjíe^B na c6(Sfl h fhšfb. 
3y6oFB npe^QrnpexHJTB bhbhtb UlHniBOBa emfi rb fl^pe^ewb, ntó bh- 
SBaio OHflTB MopajB FB ero ;QrMaxi. «GBHAaHÍe name xis oÓohxi 

HaCB HH^JO FB Cetii HŠ^TO HeOÓtIBHOBeBHOé, rOBOpniTB 0H1». — 

^pe^ laBoe Boporaoe Bpeioi, ThKh emfi csisee fb nanfliH nameft^ 
jBffh TOiB pasíH^Haro nes^Qr naiiH cocroanifl,— ohi ctoibbo^ ecjra 
He ÓojBine, ynaji^, cboibbo a bobbkchxca. Ilpesaxe a hphxoxhjtb 
KB Heny, BavB osHxaionúfi otb nero BeJHBÍa h ((oraitifl mhjocth, 
CB ipeneroHi, — a lenepB ohi npišxajrB bo mhš cb H^BOTopoio, 

M0aEeTB-6UTB, ÓOflSHBK). O CiaCTÍe! — BOCBJIHEHyJTB a, no OTBfeflt 

ero,— noByAa OHapoBHBaemB t£i ^yBCXBa naniH, no 'Átb nop'B na* 
semBCfl cyn^ecTBeHHUMi h bí^humi; ho Borxa npoxoAHHiB, lorxa 
npeBpan^aemBCfl fb ne^y h CHOBHA^e»* 

Oropneme niamBOBa en^e ycHJiHJiocBy Bor^a ohb yBnaii, ^to 
noB^peHHiifi ^paHqyscBaro peBaIlo^ioHHa^o npaBHreiBcrBa pasná- 
man fb ^pes^OHŠ, (5yAT0 pyccBÍfl renepan bobhtb cb co6on Óosb- 
mÍA xenesHiifl cynicii, xia Toro, htoÓii no^BynarB Biunfivb Boe- 
BaxB Cb 4»paHiQr8aMH. nojoseme i4ifB 6ojrbe HenpiflTHoe, iio eiiy 
^acTO npHxoAHJOCB ÓHBaTB y namero nocjia h BCip^buTBCfl cb no- 
ciaHHHBaMH xpynixi HHOcrpaHHHXx XBopoFB. BnpoHeMi, no co6- 
ciBeHHOicy ero coBHaniK), owb npoBOXHJTB ba^ BpeMfl aoboibho ne- 



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iJUKOAHAn CBíHoini msmfíovh. 265 

cexo; Hep^XKO npHrjamajH ero jffh ciojiy, a HHorxa h na Be^epá 
vb cavcoHCBOMy repitory, BoropnĚ sexs xobojbho capoMHO. 

HffB Jlj[)eBxeHa ohx íbkbxl bm h^kmbro x^eft bi Jlefirn^iTE,' 
rA% eaaexHeBHO, novrH ÓesBiixoxHO, Raai roBopHJTB ohi, npoBOXHjrL 
BpeMJi y onaiBHaro rpaj^a OpjOBa, soropBifi sbji bx^cb cb ceitefi- 
CTBom. Oho TáiTB noHpaBMOCB HameMy nyTemecTBeHEHKy, ^to owl 
jijtMB nepecTajTB xocaxosarB na xí^hhhě eny npERasi— cji^Xbtb sa 
pyccBHMB: «6eBrB Toro He cmíjix tfu a xoxhtb vh fpm b'b rpa^^y, — 
saMŠ^aeTB ohi,— onacaacB, ^mo&b, no BaRoxy-HHÓyxB— neBSBicr- 
Hony MHŠ — 8a MHOfl npHCMOTpy, H6 noxaTB Ha ce6a noxosptma*. 

HaBOHei^ npH^HJi IIIhiiikobi h bi KapjicÓax^. Ciox^ csopo 
flBHjniCB H OpjOB^, H 3y6oBi, H hícbojibbo xpyrexx pyccBHrB; 

CH>Xft SB CB'bxaJHCB H H^CBOIBBO H^MeilBHXl npEHI^eSl, Ryp^flEX* 

€Bafl repitOFEEX (tb xo^epBME, pasHHe rhbbbh, rpa^n, resepaiH. 
B^B TaaoS BoimaHiE npEmjiocB jenTBca HlHinBOBy. Csopo rpa^ 
OpaoBi OKOH^aTejnEO Bupy^EjrB ero ebi BenpiinHaro nojoseEÚf, 
RB Baaoe owh 6usi> nocraBJíeHx nepe^ pyccsEirB nerepÓyprcBEirB 
npEKasoiTB. Bi x^bb emaheh^b Eicnepaiopa Ilasjía, OpiOBi ycrpoEjrB 
Xifl Bcero Eapjic6axa sejiEBOJiinHiift npa8XEflB'B, sa BOTopom y^a- 
CTBOBaio Bce otfn^ecTBo TyseMHiixi erpt^iBOBx, en^e npesx^ fl8(SpaB- 
mee OpjiOBa cbobitb rjasoK). Bc6 pyccsie npETjiameEii 6niE vh 
o6ijifiHHouj CTOjy. JIocjA oÓ'lxa Óhjtb Teaipi, rx& vh aiaeropE- 
HecBOiTB 6saeTb BncraBjíeHi 6hj[% <$k)Ctb EMnepaiopa IlaBjía, fb 
qeCTB BOTopoHy renin híjie pasniie ctexe, HaneiaTasHiie e po8- 
xaEBiie Bdbwb i^HreiflirB. Be^epoicB (5iixb ÓjecTanuS 6axB, cb poc- 
BomHEnrB yron^eEBeiťB e ysEEOirB, 8a KOTopniTB, nps tocA 8a 
^opoBBe EMnepaiopa, najE^n e8b nymeiTB, sapo^no x^ifl xoro bii* 
nEcaHHUTB. ^oiTB fl BOBpyrB pon^a Obije <$jinCTaTejn»B0 eubomebo- 
Basu H, KB 8aBjiH)ieBie, coauseBi BpacEBiifi {^ttepsepicB. IIoxpoÓ- 
Boe OBEcanie Bcero dioro upaBxnEBa BEeceso vb jtítobecb Rapjic- 
(Saxa, KOTopuS vb to Bpeiffl óhjtb o^cbb iiajiieBBBEifB ropoxaoirB. 

niEinBOFB tfuJTB 0C06eBB0 XOBOieBl E pa^, laiTB TUkWh EM'ljrB cjiy-* 

uft, ($081^ BCEBExi XETpocTefl, BpexcTaBETB npaBXEBoo xoBeceEÍe o6i> 
ycepxÍE E ÓjaroflaiíšpeBBOCTE onajnBaro rpaj^a. HEnepaiopB naBeji'B 
T^icB tfHJTB xoBOjeni BTEiTB, ^TO, BecMOTpfl Ba CBoe BpafiBeo Bepacno* 
josenie icb OpjiOBy, BanncajrB vb neMy 6jiaroxApcTBeBBoe becbho. 
Mnoro 8a6orB npEBecB UlEinBOBy e lOBoma RyraficoBi, boto- 
paro OBI B8flXB cb cotfoK) B8i IleTeptfypra no ycEJiesHofi npocB(ti 
ero onpi, oxBoro estb cainirB tfjESBExi xmsib bi EMnepaiopy. 
Seiaa yroxHTB eny, IIlEniBOBi ofitn^an em^tb Bcasoe noneienie 
o DBomi E ynorpeÓETB Bce, ^ttď MOserB noojiyasETB vb ero 
nojBBi. Ho vh nyremecTBiE lonomš, Ba^B bexbo, bo spaBEJiacB 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



266 BftCTHm immH. 

oneBa cepBesnaro ^ejíOBiBa; 6ea^ ero B^AOica owb nemen vb ousy^ 
srotil TorB nossojíEjrh euy ocrarBca bi ^pesAesi, nosa ero Měn* 
TOjTB 6yxerB jcutlca bi RapicÓa^t. KyTaftcoro-OTeA'^, cx^iaB- 

mifiCfl Vb 9TH MŠCfll^I npH ABOpt CaMUMl CELHBHim BeXBEOSeiO, 

nHcaii niHinKOBy, hto npe^ocTaB^aerb eny pimflTB Bonpo(7E o 
cuhí. CxpuTHOCTB MOJO^OFO TOJioB^sa opop^Eia ero. GA%JiaFB eiiy 
BnroBopB, owb BSfljTB ero cb coÓok) bb KapjictfaxB. Ho lOHomaHO 
yroifOHUCfl. He nojiy^aa otb CBoero cnyrecsa nosBOJeHÍfl pacno- 
pasaiBCfl A^HBraMH, Baax 6u eny xot&socb, owb vh cbohx'b nHCB* 
Max'B Kb <miy ciueTHBHan na niHinfiOBa, h sajiOBajicfl, bb na* 
AesA'^ TasHiTB cnocoóoifB HstfaBirrBCfl otb eero. Oaho hbi xa&Hxi 
HHceiTB nonaio vb pyEH mamfiOBa, h npHBejio ero vb apaSnee 
Baic^maTejiBCTBO. Oob y&kfflucsij hto sa Ao6po niaiHiocB eny sjíoirb 
H He(5j[aroAapH0CTBK>. Ghjbho Bu6paHHBi Hcnop^eHaaro K>HOiny, 
MOpajHcrB He mopb bteitb orpaHn^HTBca. «Ho^bk) pasicEinufljrB a, — 
HHinerB oh'B9 — Kaa^B 6u mhš bt> cem cjyqai Jiyqine nocrynHTB: 

AOBeCTB JH 8T0 AO CB^^HÍfl OTI^a HJIH WÍTb? IlepBOO MOrJO 6h QO* 

cjiysHTB Vb MOOMy onpaBAaHÍK), ho sa to HsoÓJiHqHio 6u Henpiai- 
Hyio A-ia on^a bi aiwb ero HaBJOHHOCTB k'b HeÓjaroAapHocTH b 
ukh; bo BTopoifB — npeAcraBJífljíocB mhí, ^to sajioóu cuHa ero^ 
<$yAe oh:b no npi^A^ bosoÓhobhtb hxi, MoryrB 6e8i 0(}^BflCHeHÍa 
cero npHajiiDqeBia noRasaiBca eicy A^ficTBaxejíBHo cnpaBeAJiBBHiíH 
HdiH, no BpaĚHefl Mipi, laBEMH, wb saKHiTB, B^poaTHo, noAajii a 
Kasofi-HBÓyAB noBOAi*. Gie nocjitAHee, xora h noAsepraio Hena 
CBo6oAHOMy 8JopÍHÍH) MOJOAoro KyiaficoBa, Óesi Bcasaro cb Moefi 
CTopoHii npeAynpesA6HÍa o nacToaniaxi TOMy npH^HHax'B, OAHasosi, 
a, septBya mohmh nojiBsaMH, thoihhí h napy oxi^a cb chhoitBi^ 
npeAno^eii OHoe nepB0My>. OciaHOBHBinHCB na btoS MuCdíHy mam- 
BOKB na Apyroft a^hb o6ÍuiBiaerB lOHomt, ^to ptmaerca npeffiTb 
Bce saÓBeHÍio h hto AaerB eiiy ^ecrnoe cjiobo, capuTB otb ero po* 
ABTejiefi aiocTHoe nacBMO ero, aoropoe HaaaHyHb ohb odinipjL^b 
noKasaTB hmi h norpeCoBaTB otb nero orqera wb ero sa^ioóaxib. 

Xoia 8T0TB cjyqafi cani no ce6i HH^TosenB, ho mh npHBO* 
AHifB ero^^^Totf^B BBiflCHHTB H^BOTopiia HopTH xapasTopa IQflniSOBa^ 
y KOTOparo MopaiB h nocrynsa CToarB fb t^choS CBasH. 

no OBOH^aHÍE Eypca jeqeHBa, inaoiBOBi naapaBEica nepes^ 
EepjiHHi El nerepóypry. Bb IIok^icí fb i^epsaH ohb ocraao* 
BHica nepoA^ rpo6oifx $pHApHxa*BeiBEaro, h oromeji orb nero 
CB cxbxyvdíBfiV) MopaiBH): BorB nflo^a e^b pasMunuenia) o cyeTHO- 
cth seMHOtt cjaBu h o tomi, eto fb ropAOCTH yica CBoero^.Bonia 

npOTHBB BiepRBHy AOJSeHB, HaK0fieil[1>, CMHpeHHO lesaTB FB Heft. 

B:b BepiHHŠ, — ^saiii^aerB ohb, — ne xot^:b okb bha^tb OAHoro 



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ijufiCÁHAP^ ciuflOBm mflfflBOfi'b. 267 

BW^Haro ^^panqysa, noroiiy ^to «He motb Husorxa TepaÍT& chxs 

peBOJIOI^iOHHEIXl BOpOHOffB, (TB TaROfiO SEUlAflOCTBK) nHBDIHXl SpOBB- 

^eiOBÍqecKyio>. 

UpvLÓhivh vh IleTepÓyprL, niBoiBOBi Toi^aci se abuca vh 
rocyAapfo. Depeufi Bonpoci Ilasjía 6uJii> o 3y6ovb h Opjoeir 
CMHpHO jfl oflfl SHByrB. — CsoibRO Mon fl ycM0Tp6TB^ — OTBibqajrB 
OHI, — OHH npeHcnojHeHii bi BameMy b — y ÓMrovoB/bmeu-b h BeAyrB^ 
SH3HB caiíyK) BpoTByH). CjiiiniaTB dTo HMnepaTopy Óqjlo o^eob 
npiflTHO H om> npnSaBHjii: a xeói Bipio. Ho y IIIaniBOBa BApyrs 
HejBKHyjia ÓoaainBaa mucjib, fly, ^rró Baax HicaepaTopi sanoAOspHrB 
ero wb HeHcapeflHOCTH. ^to6u ne AonyciHib ero ao btofo, ohx eme 
nocnšmnjii npnfiaBiiTB: FocyAapB, jípjLn moě sejitjix 6u mhš ao* 
HecTH BameMy b— y npaBjí^y a^s^ h Tor^a, BorAa Óa ohh Óbtjh 
6ifl2Eia8niie moh poACXBeHHHBH hjh ÓjaroA^Tean; ho 3y6oBy n Op- 

JIOBy fl HH^Ml He OÓflSaHl H nOTBOpCTBOBaiB HMl ne HlfiK) HH- 

BaBott npaqHHu. 

HiiaepaTopi ociajca o^eHB AOBOJieei mamKOBUMi, oco6eHHO^ 
Bor^a pascMOTpibjí ero AOHesflue c^eni, Boropue noaasajucB eny 
cjHmBoiťB yMipeHHUMH. Ho ocotfeHHOfi HarpaAu ne nojy^HJii niHin* 
BOBI9 xoTH H osHAaixefl. Bi droM^B OHI BHHHji KyiaflcoBa, no- 
Aospisaji, ^TO ciiiHB ycíik^^b HaroBopHXB Ha nero origr. 

Hó ne AOJiro npnniJiocB IIIaniBOBy Óiitb npa ABopt. Bx nepBoe 
'se CBoe AOsypcTBo, ohx HaBjíeBi na ce6fl HOMKiJioeTB Hasja. «£l 
CB AopoFH He ycn^x eu^e OTAOxnyxB, h ao^isoh^b 6ujíi BcraiB o^eHB. 
I)aHO. HpH cmííhí TOBapBH^^B Mofl CAaoTB MH']^ npHicasaHie, htoÓ^b^ 
Bi BSB^CTHuS qaci» noyxpy Óhuh bi lott BOMHaii, Boropyio rocy- 
AapB npoxoAHix MHMO, BorAa hstb BHyipeHHHxx cbohxx noBoeB^ 
íiffiTh BO BHyTpeHHÍe noBOH HMHepaTpHi^u. Bi nacraBmee Bpeiia 
HomejťB fl lyAa, (Ajíi> na narBifl Óapxainufl specia n AOSHAaiocb 
BuxoAa ero BOJiuiecTBa. JI^obojibho AOJiroe osHAaHÍe, npa iioeS ycia- 

JIOCTH H CnOBOfiHOlťB HOJlOSeBÍH, He B3Hpafl Ha BCK) MOK) HpOAO* 

CTopoiiHOCTB, ycuHHJiH MeHfl laBi, ^TO fl He cjuxaji, BOfAa rocy- 

AapB OTBOpHJI^B ABepB H XOTfl CBOpO HpOCHyjICfl H BCKOHEJLl, HO 8T0 

6hjio hosaho: ohi yse upomeji mhmo Měna. yacacHyBniiiCB Taaoft 
6iJ^UJ BaK^B HH AocaAOBajii a na ce6fl, ho nocotfHTB Óujío neq^Mi* 
OsBAaK) co cxpaxoM^B BOSBpaiHaro nyrH h jihhib tojbbo ycjiiímaji'^ 
ero HAyn^aro, xoT^aci BUTarHBaiocB, Baai moacho npflM'6e, uaxMy- 
pueaio AUWf nmoGi noKOsamh eny nenoAt moio u paCKCMnie o 
coA'&iHHOfl MHOK) BHH'b. Ofli npomejii, hm^ BHAib cypoBuS H ne 
BsrjflHyBí Ha MeHfl». 

Ha Apyrofl A6HB Óhun^ OTAani npHBasi — coctoatb nianiBOBy 
Bi BBaHÍH ueaa vb aAMBpajnettcBoft BOjiJieriii. OnajiBHutt Bnyrpenno 



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268 . mmwMn inmoi. 

^ujTh pa;^ TasoMy pacnopssemK), HcnaraBi na ce(S% npaBffy cra- 
pnHHofi nocjiOBHiíii: óiLESh i^apfl — Ójihbb CMepin. Ho HicnepaTop^s 
Bce se He saóujix meniROBa h ^epesi hí^crojbbo BpeMeHH na- 
rpapLTB op^eHOiTB Ahhei nepBoS creneHH h npoHSBejTB fb BHi^e- 
aAMHpajiu. 

Ho pasHue crpaxE ho nepecraBajiH npecji^xoBaTB nyrjiiiBaro 
BHi^e-aAMHpajia. Ho cjiy^aio CMepm GyBoposa owb HanHcaji*B ao- 
bojibho ocrpoyMHue cthxh, bikotophx'b xapaBTepHSOBaii BeiBsaro 
nojiBOBOwft npoTHBonojioxeHiflifH vb ero shshh, Basi Hanp.: 

0% nojKaMH TaiTB xoawl, r^t hjtb i&iBJOTb nTHim, 
SSivuL-b Bi XHSHHaxi npocTHxi H aoKopiiJii CTOinmi; 
BcTaBOTB no niTyxairb, cpaacaica na mriisaxi, 
Hysoft Hapo;^^ ero HOCHjťB sa rojoeaxi, 
Oahoh) mimfijo c% coi^axaiiH neraicii, 
I(apH Bi Heny b-b poj^ciso, ee owb ri bhitb npEuiaicfl. 
Bui'B AByxi HMnepift boxlxb, Espony yAHBJíiJii, 
Gaa&aii napeS sa xpoHi— n na cojomÍ cnaii. 

dm CTHXH XOABJIH Vh pyROnHCflX'B no rOpOXy npOTHB'B BOlff 

aBTopa. Oh^b KpomKJi^h ovh Óobbhb, hto ohh MoryrB ^ofiin xo HMne- 
paTopa, BOTopHtt, cepxflCB na CyBopoBa, He xotíjtl o^Hi^iajibHO 
npHcyrcTBOBaTB xase na ero noxopoHaxi. Ho jí^bjío oóom jocb (Sesi 
6ÍAU. CBopo noTOMi HOBoe ÓesnoBoficrBO. 3a(k>j'lj['B npexc^xaTejB 
axMHpajiTeftcBofi BOjraeriiiy rpa^rb RymejieB^, h cb AOBJíaxami vh 
rocy^apK) npHBasaHO 6ujio xoahtb nianiBOBy. Bi nepsnfise jífiEh 
€My npmnjiocB BucjymaTB HeBiiroAnoe uRbme Hasjía o RyniejieB%| 
ero iipiflTejiríl, 6y;rro oetb soHHJicfl na 6oraTCTB% h nomejTB bb xo- 
jiODH Bi CBoefi seH%. He Mors btofo BEiTepirirB npsMOAyniHutt 
HIboirob^ h crajB sEime CBoero CTpaxa nepe^^ HMnepaTopoirB, 
pi^niHBniHCB B08pa3HTB OMy: «rocyA&pB, mobcotb 611TB, OHI ne xo- 
pomo cjttiajTB, ^TO vb laBHXB libiaxi) seHHJicfl, ho h eirbio sa 
eero pyqaiBca, hto bi aiony noÓy^Hao ero aoctohhctbo ceS jí- 
BOUfUj a ne ÓorarcTBO ea, vh BOTopom oh%, <$yAy^B ctojibbo otb 
Bamero b— a Harpasx^Hi, ne Hir&erB HHsaBoS Haffo6HOCTH». H 
9Ta cMtjiocTB comxa cb pyBB OamBOBy. Caopo no EHrperaicrB 
qecrojiK)6nBaro PflÓaca, nonaBmaro bb hhioctb, HlHniBOBi 6ujrb 
ycrpaHOHi otb fpKMjspwh n ycnoBOHJica na laBoiTB MopajiBHOiTB 
BUBOA^: BiacTOJioÓHBEie JIR>XH, paBHO BaB'B H Hy^HMiie Bcer^am* 
HHun noxo3p'6HÍJ!]CH, roTOBu A^fl BCflBOfi nycTofi T^HH nosepTBO- 

BaiB BCflBElTB, O BOITB B08]CeHTaR)rB, HTO OHI HOSCerB HITB UOBpe* 

XHTB. Ho PH($acB ne AOiro no^BsoBaics nioxaicH eBoixi hhtphpb: 
OHB yiiepi, H niHmBOBy cnoBa nasna^eno ABurBca %% niinepa- 
Topy. Ha BTor^ pasi eny npHmiocB buhochtb pasHiifl npHXHpBH, 



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ÁjafLCkEj^n GuiflOBHTb inHinKOB'b. 26& 

TavB vo &bfflsiii noiLíwaaeb, no cotfcTBeHHOMy ero npESHamio,. 
Bcer^a bxoxhj^b vb safiHHerb rocy^apa co crpaxoirb h ipeneroirB. 
HaROHeAx rpa<|KB Ryme^ieBi busaopobíjii. «A c^ajTL eiiy moh ao- 
JUMU9 — saiiiqaeTB niHniKOBi, — h ornpaBHJicfl (JjaFonojy^HO jípuoSy 
pa^yscB, qro Mory on ÓednoxottcrBa h crpaxa orxoxHyrb^. Ha 
en^e pasi, h yse nocjAjifli&j cys&jsfiuo euj 6ujío chjibho neperpeso* 
jBHTLCfl. HouioHa 12 Mapra 1801 r. cjiyra ÓynEVh UlHniKOBa h xoicjia- 
XEiBaen, ^no sa hhitb npECjaerB (i)ej[b;^:BerepB. «JI BCBOHHjnb,— ro- 
BopHTB UlBinBOB^y — CB ysacoMi pasfiyAHJTB seny h roBopio e8: 
npocTH, Hena soByrB, e kb aiy nopy; Baicas-HHÓyAB fii^a oiy^E- 
jiacB co MBOK>! npocTH, MoseTB 6uTbj fl HO BosBpao^ycB » . HesHaa 
aa co6oK> HHBaRoft bhhu, ovb Óiui yBtpen^ hto na nero 6iiJia 
BSBe^ena Kasaa-jratfo sjíOBera, ÓJiaro^apA Roropott ero^ B^lpoarHO, 
osHxaerB ccHJsa — cyxBtfa yse MHorarB ero cocjysHBi](eBi^ Ho 
crpax^B 6ujB eanpaceffB, — tó 6ajFh se j^ejBXBorepB, a icaipocx, 
soToput oOh&vEJTb ony O ROH^Hirb rocy^apa h o upHRaaš cb^- 
saTBCfl nayxpo bi aAMepajiettcKyio ROJieiiK) mm npHcarH HOBony 
HMnepaiopy. 

TasHMi oÓpaaoiTB h lUHniBOBy, xora yse nocjíš CMeprE 6ojib- 
Horo AyxoiTB ÚaBja, npEmjiocB HcmiTaTB ^yBCiBo, coexEHeHHoe co 
CJOBOM^B «ccHjisa»y ecjH BorB otb nea m6emijn> ero bo Bce 8to i^ap- 
CTBOBame. «J0[ ne nory o&bsicEBTh qyBCiBi,— roBopEJiiOHii— KaBÍa 
BHesanHaa da bíctb npoflSBeja bo uwb; xora, cb oxhoA cropoHsiy 
(JjaroxapHocTB sa 6jiaroA'i^HÍfl ero bo uwb h pos^ajia fb cepAU'& 
MoeiTB ne^ajiB e coauLrbHÍe; ho cb xpyroft— ocBOÓosxeHÍe otb (Ses- 
npecraHHaro crpaxa, vb BaBOirB a e eotte bcabíě Haxoxflica, 
CM^mEBajo neiajB cík) cb H^BoropoK) paAOCTBK>». JIjtttcTBErejBHo^ 
MHoro npEEuccB eny nepe^yBCTBosaTB bi 8te roxu, xora bi to 
se spěna cjiyseósua otiehíe 6bme ony HarpaxoH) sa bte taso- 
joie HyBCTBa. Hox^ BnenaTi^HieiírB scftxi co6imtty Basúi coBepma- 
ucB na ero rjiaaaxii HlHiiiBOffB xiiaeTB Tasyio xapaBrepECTEBy 
EMneparopy HaBjy: «He;iB8a CBasaiB, hto&b ohx 6ujn> 8J0HpaBeB%^ 
EJH Hysx^ cnocoÓHOcreĚ paByíca. Dpe^heok) cett Bpyrott nu jbocte^ 
HacTO saiMeBaBmefi pascyxoBB ero, AOJiacno nojiaraxB, Bo-nepBuxB^ 
lOSHoe noHETÍe o xyxoifB e cJiaCoirB, no mh^híh) ero, npaBjeniE 
icaiepE cBoefi, soropoe 6yxT0 611, a oco^jsíebo no BoeHHOfi ^acra^ 
Hax^esajo BcnpaBBTB nepeM^HaicE e crporocraiíE, e, BO-Biopiixi^ 
6ofl8JiEBaH E Bcerxa onpoMeTHEBaa noAOspBrejiBHocTB, npeajiOHaBmaa 
cjyxi ero bo bcabeitb xoHOcairB, bob, BOJiHya bb hoitb spoBB e 
ycrpamaa BOo6pajBeHÍe, noCys^ajiE ero, x^a MHEiiaro npexynpes* 
xeHÍfl yrpoauuDn^flxi nocjiixcTBifi, npexnpEHEMaTB nocnimno e ho- 
oÓxyMaHHO TaBÍa iťbpu, Boropiia CBop^ saB^eBaiB, texem ot* 



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270 BMTHITKI IBPOIIH. 

Bpaii](aTB nTh U0V2E. Hec^aemafl noA03pHTeyiBHOCTB cia npej^craB- 
jiajia eny Besxb onacHOCTH. HaymHSRH norpaca^iH AOFipeHHocTB ero 
xase H K'B rbu% cauEiiíi, soTopue 6iijh y Hero vh Be:iHBoft mh- 
jiocTH. CaMiift o6pa3i shshh ero xo^iseHCTBOBajrB Taiuse mhofo 
cnocoÓCTBOBaTB Ri coA^JiaBíH) HpaBa ero cypoBUMi h Mpa^HiiirB: 
OHI BcraBarB paso h b^ mecn* ^acoB^ yrpa cslavíjics, ysse Biicjy- 
fliHBaTb AOBJvaAU, vh KOTopuxi noM^n^aeiíEi 6uj1e noApo6eHfl xo- 
fleceHÍfl o 6oji'63Bflxi, CMepTsxXj y6iftcTBax'B, 8JiOHaM'6peHÍHX'b h 
BCflRHX'b Hec^acríaxi Hjra npecTynjemaxi, wh lowh njin ;ipyroirB 
MÍcrt TOJB oÓniHpHaro rocy^apciBa cjy^HBranxca. ETRe^HesHcja 
BJ0, no RpafiHefi Mtp'6, ^acTHa TOiqacrB no npo6ysi(eHÍff orB cna 
BucjyniHBaHifl cbxi oÓcroaiejBCTB^, 6en coMeí^Bifl, B08ifyci(ajiH vh 
HeMi jiyx^b H pacnojarajiH ^yBcrsa ero ri yrpiOMOCTB h rai^By. 

IlOCJI^b AORJiaXOBl CB CBHH MpaqHHMH MUCylfllíH OtfiIRHOBeHHO COt- 

iDHJi^B OHI na BaxrB-napaA^, o6yqaTB o^Hi^epoBi z cojiAarB^ rxt, 
RavB Bi BTO Bpeita, raRi h b^b ocTa.TBHiie ^acii ahh, Bct upnaasíi 
H A'i^9cTBÍfl ero OTSUBaiHCB yrpeHHHMH BneqaTjrlHiaiíH. Besx'^ Ra* 
sajiHCB eny bsmšhh, nenocjymaHÍH, HeyBameHÍa r^ i^apcROvy cany 
H TOMy noAo6Hiifl Meqru, npe^aBaBrnia ero vb pyRE rlx^, Roropue 
•tfsjíH AJifl Hero onacHte, ho XHTp'be ApyrHX^». 

dra xapaRTepHCTHRa noRasuBaerB, RaRoe BneuTjiiHié ocraBBJo 
vb niHmROBt Bce i^apcTBOBame IlaBjía. Oh^, no npnpoA^ jsfyiTeJihEEíŘj 
jRejiaBmifi npHHOCHTB nojBsy CBoeio cjys6oio, AO^»eHB Chji qyn- 
<^TBOBaTB nycTory, RaRaa y nero ocraaaiacB fb íynrt otb ero (Šes- 
noRO&Hofi H cyetjiEmŘ npexBopnoft cj[y»6ii. Otb nocroanHiixi Ay- 
meBHuxi TpeBorB, owh A^jiajca paaxpasRírFejBHHMi, xota nyirbjí 
CRpuBaTB CBOH qyBCTBa nojs;b xo;iOjKHott napysnocTBio. IIoHflTHO, Ch 

RaRHMl qyBCTBOM*B OWb ffilXeWh óaJTb BCrpŠTHTB HOBOe i^apcTBOBa- 
HÍe. Bl SHa^HTe^BHOlTB ^EB% Ch XOtfpUMH HaMŠpeHiflMH, JH^HO 

BHaROMiiS HOJiOAOMy rocy^apH), oni ¥orB Hasi^flTBCfl 6eitb ero pes- 

HOCTHUlfB nOMOn^HBROlTB H nOCJiySHTB eify CBOeiO OnUTHOCTBIO. 



B. Gtodhhh'b. 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



EWh AILWEJA MIOCCB 



JIIOCH. 

\ 

dlETlM. 

ApyshíL mou! Rorxa yiipy a^ 

BapocTHie BBy ea^o mhoS; 

ne^ajiLHfiitt BHx^ efl JioÓjm a 

Ob noHHBinett, Ójií^xhoh) jracTBOtt. , 

H H^A^ MOFHJlOfi TBXO ApeMJfl, 

GBoeK) t6hbk) HerycTOtt 

He orarHim oea tj aeiuH), 

rA'6 B^^HUtt SA6TB MeBfl HOSOfi O* 

J3[ noMHK), Bewpoir& cbx^h mh B^^soem*. 

El poflJH) cBoeMy csjiobace, osa ne^Tajia 

H pyHRofi RJiaBBniB cjierBa nepeóapajia... 

To poÓBÍĚ monoTB 6iiJi, sasB 6y;n^ 6ii spiuoiTB 

BsMaxHyjB B^ajm se^spi, no TpocTBHRy arpas, 

n iiTE^B, ycflyBmBXi bi BeirB, mfijí^Ejphj ne npoóyacxaff... 

Otb pon^H K^h BaiTB HecjocB, fl3% ^ame^esi ii^bštobi, 

BjK)6jeflBo-sapBoe h bíshco xHxaHBe; 

Bi jiflCTB^ xaBBCTBeBHoS samraHOBB b xy<^BB 

^yTB cjnimeffB mejecn 6sji'b, ^ýiB bbaho ROJiiixanBe. 

Mu BOHB Ty cjqrmajiB, PacTBopeaniiMi orboitb 



1) Onam 9ni BHpisaBii, bmícto dima^, oa naiunBxš Ajo^pw^ Mncee. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



272 B^CTHHR'B BBPonn. 

BeceHHÍtt sanaxi jihjts h ^jtro Bce MOJi^ajo... 

Oahh, da^yM^HEU, chaí^jih mu BABoeirB, 

B^B T^ AHH nflTHaAi^aTB jrbvh HairB tojbro MHHOBajio. 

BsrjiflHyji^B fl Ha JIioch: vh npospaqHOfi uojij-mvjA 

Fo^OBsa pycaa, ch rjasaicH rojiyCiiMH, 

Mhí rpyAB sanojiHHJia BOcropraiíH hšiíiimh. 

Jífiy fl jno6Bjrh ee, — OAHy, na BceS deuAil 

Ho Bce Aumajo vb neS CTiiA«inBoft ^hctotok) 

H HyAHJiacb OHa mhí mhjioh) cecrpoK). 

JlacKafl pynsy ett, Me^Taji'^ a 6e8i KOHi^a, 

n a. cnpocHJ^ ce6fl b% to ^yAHOé HFHOBeHBe, 

%ó Bi SH8HH MoserB jsfiiTh E^wb óojbuie yr^meHBfl, 

Kasi cepAi^a mojioaoctb h mojoaoctb mufiLÍl 

Mesi rbwb Bsomaa jyea h na JEiocá ynaja 

SaMaHHHBuxi jiynefl cepeCpaHaa cItb; 

Oea Blb MOHXi rjasaxi CBott o6pa3i yBE^ajia 

n, osHBjíeHHafl, CB yjiuÓKOŘ ciajia h^tb 0« 



O T£i, PapMOHÚi, AOHB cRop6H H crpa^aHÍfi, 
^BTfl HTajÚH, nocjaHHHi^a ne^eci! 
EaRx MHoro reHÍeirB jí^leo Te6'6 ny^ecB 
Jl^jfl Bonjion^eHBJí rpes^, BOJiHeHÍtt h sejaHÍfl! 
Bi Te6ib jiK)6oBB Hainjia BOJinieÓHiitt roBopi cboB^ 

n MHCJB Blb Te&h CKB08H1!B, EaK'B A^^Ba MOJíOAaa 

Hjb tíhb HsrHaHHHi^ii, OTB vjíBffh He y6'lrafl, 
Jl^jifl Bdxi npospaqHaa, no;^ jierRoft nejieHOtt. 

IIOCTHrB JSH BT0*HH6yAB, HTÓ CBaseTB, 6e8l yMÍHBH, 

^HTfl KB coBByiúixi H Bi jienerfe tboomi, 

KaKi cepAi^e A'^Boe otrputoitb h npocTOMi 

H ynoHTeaBHOiTB, sasi sByRH ero n^HBfl? 

yBu! Mn BHAHMOb jramB ne^aiBHiie oasa, 

Hjib MOseiTB noACMOTptiB, Bas^B cB^THTCfl cjesa, 

Ho jsfiLSbme... K8Ljn>me ttó? He raBMerca saB^ca! 

TaiTB CBpuTO Bce OTB HacB, Basi xaSHH BOJíKh H jAcsl... 

OXHH, SaAyM^HBH, CEKÍJIE MU CB jIk)CA. 

En^e Bi Ho^Hofi TnmH xposajo axo nŽHBJí... 
Ofla saniaBaja, ynaBi vh HBHeMOseHBH 
Ro MHŠ Kh o&bsřm luaAeHqecBott jooÓbeI 



^) Ittcu Jdch opoiiyi^eaa n noxuHHHrt. 



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H81 lIBtFIAi MDCGE. 273 

GBaacH, nyrájio ^ó, hjb htó Te($fl tomhjio? 

ne^ajiBHa tu 6njia, fb dacT^HHHBocrn mhjioA, 

Sor^a icb ycxaMrs cbohitb, npejiecxnoe prTA, 

Th ^HCTOMy Aft^a KOCHyxBCJi noi^-ljiyK),— 

TaKOK) fl Te6fl sacTUBmyK), HiMyio 

B'B rpo6y noAijiOBajx, ABa M^i^a cnycxa. 

TasoA norn6jia tu, Rasi i^bítb na cxeÓJíš tohbomi, 

n SI Bory OTomjia HerponyruMi peÓeHBOMi! 

O T£i, Bce MHjioe, ht6 vh A^TCTBÍ nepesHTOi 

Bu, paAOCTH, H cniThy H jrbcRR nepBiiX!B jspeHy 

Tuj i^&ioMyApie, cMymBinee CBoefi 

CBflTUHefi $aycTa npe^^B xBepBio MaprapHTu^ 

Bh, chh juoÚBE^—vjíib BII? Bt> saROfi yMHajiHCB Kpafl? 

Upon^afi, Hott MHJUitt npEspaB^B iohuxi rpesib, npon^afi! 
ď noJiOHi SX naMflxn TBoefi jih)6bh ÓjaroroB^finott. 
Upon^afi! Ybh, cb To6oft naicB óojuBme ne MenraTB, 
E FB THXoiťB cyMpas'6 pysi isoež jrajeiHOtt 
no 6ijiwii> sjíaBHmaMi yaci ÓojiBme ne jieiaTB... / 

JIj)y8B£ moh! Korfla yMpy^ a, 
BspocTHTe HBy Ha^o MHofi; 
ne?ajBHH& BHA^ es jieoÓjik) a 
Ob noHEsmefi, 6jiíahoh) jihctboA; 

n HIU^B MOrHJKOft TBXO AP^MJIfly 

Cbobh) t4hbh) HerycTOĚ 
He OTflrqnrB ona xy senjna, 
Tjíib vb^Ru1t ssactb mcha nosofi. 



TOMl Y.— </EHTí!BPB, 1877. 18 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



274 MCTEERl iBPons. 



n. 

ÍEKABPLCKAJI HOÍB. 
nodTi. 

O^HasBXH, 6uvh ynaiHROirb, 
^xajrb fl HO^H). Bce ftpyroiťB 
IIoBeprJiocB FB coHHoe MOJcqaHBe, — 
H B^qpyrB sa ctojb npHC&TB co MHoft, 

nOXOÓHUfi MH%, RaiTB 6paTB l>OJÍflO% 
PeÓeHOlTB Blb HepHOlTB OA^HbŠ. 

JlHi^oirB 0H% rpycren^ Óiltb, ho vlhuí^j 
Ohi jiotí^B Ha pysy mh6 ckjiohhji 
H B^B KEmrb crajirB ^HiaTB co mhok). 
BcH) HOTO9 npn TycBJíoiťB ho^íhhk^, 
Sa^yM^LHFB, Ha Moefi pysi 
npoBexB OHB H Hc^es^ cb sapeH). 

Mhš rox> HflTHaxiVkTuft nomejTB. 

iS HOMHH) paSlb, fl jicOlTB ÓpeJTB, 

Hcnojmeni THxaro MenranBa. 
B^pyrB orpoKi scrplTHJicfl co MHoft, 
no;i(o6Hiiff MH'6, RavB 6parB po^noft, 
Bce vb TOiTL se nepnoMi off&raB^. 

OffB juornno neci bi pyRÍ ojHoft, 
EyRerrB niHnoBHHRa — fb Jípyroft, 

n CX^aJTB MHŠ npHB^TB nOSJOHOlTB. 

SL y nero cnpocHjii mo9 nyrB, 
OffB yBasajTB mhž — noBepnyrB 
Haji^Bo, sa xojmoitb seaeHHifB. 

B'B TOWb BOSpaCT^, BOr^a Vb BpOBH 

3asercfl nepBiift hiiítb jiioÓbh, 
HaA^ nepBHMi njiaKajTB a cxpax&HBeirB. 
Bnesanno ^afflwb cíjtb co mhoS, 
noAO^HHfi 3CH^, Basi 6paTB pOAHOS, 

POBOCHHSl B% ^epHOlTB OA^&flHB^. 



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H81 lJIB«FEAi KVCCE. 275 

Brh wbuoŘ nenajH h tockí, 

JÍpyryH) — ipb netfy oni nanpaBHJii. 
Owh Óy^ro caiTB co mhoS crpa^axE, 

Ho TOJLRO BSAOXl O^HHl HSABJI^B 

H FB Murs, Basi cohi, moha ocraBiurb. 

Bb pa8ryjn»Hott h)hocth ro;i(a, 
OAoasxK Ha niipy, Bor^a 

JI BSflJBťB ÓOBaXB, A^fl B03JIÍflHBfl, 

B;Q)yrB c^ji sa ctoj'b nepe^o mhoA, 
nOAOÓHUfi MHŠ, BaiTb 6paTb po^Hofi, 
ToBapmi^ FB nepHOMi ox^hb^. 

Ha HOITB ÓUJTb MHpTOBUfi B^HOITB, 

n Berxifi nypnypa sycoiTB 

Ohi TpflCB noxi ManiieK) ^pnoft. 

Ohb HCxy^ajiOH) pyBofi 

O M09 ÓosajTB yxapnjTB caofi, 

H MoS — ynajii, fb pyKÍ noKopnott. 

E nOMHH), FB TOTB ysaCHUfi MHTB, 

EaiPB yiiepi MOfi oreiipB-CTapHirB, 
HpHHHKi fl jsh MepTBOMy CB puxaHBeiťBy — 

H CHpOTa nOHHKl co MHOfi, 

noAo6Hiitt MH%, BaiTB 6parB po^HOfi, 
Bi ne^aaBHOiTB nepHoirB ox'lflHB%. 

CjiesaMH Bdopi ero ÓJiecrtjTB, 

B^HOB^ TepH0B)Elft OffB HM^JTB 

Ha rojiOB^. KaK:B cBop^H sajio, 
BoHseffB 6fiijrB MeH'B fb ero rpy^H, 
H nypnypí Óhjtb ero fb spoBH, 
n jK)THfl na senjí jeacajia. 

3anoMHHjrB shbo a ero, 
H FB XHH crpaAftHBfl Moero 
Bcer^a Besji owh Mwb hbjuucs. 
Tó jsfiMOWh HJiH anrejTB Ónn^ 
He 8Haj['B a, — HO ero jio6hj[x: 
Oh% xpyi^if^ HÍsHiiirB hhí Basajicfl. 

18* 



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276 B^OTHHRl EBPOIIH. 

Korxa, ycrajiufi sjo lepn^TB, 
Iltoóu oshtb hjib yiiepeTB 
noRHnyjii 6eper& fl ot^eshu, 
Borxa nocn^mHO a 6isajrB 

H BCIOAy HOBKX'B CHJll HCKajTB, 

npocHJi'B Ha;(es;^ y hoboA shshh, — 

Bo BdbTb crpaHaxi, vh RasHxi a Ónjii, 

Fa* B3opi H cepwe yxoMHJB, 

Fa^ b^^hok) crpaAajTB a paHofi, 

Fa6 CKyRa iiyTOJia Měna 

n, OTAUxa He AaBme ahh, 

Tan^BJía no crenu nec^aHott; 

Fa^ TafiHy XH8HH a iobhítb 

H BCIOAy TOJLRO HaXOAHJTB 

JlHinB T^HH co6cTBeHHiix^ MeTraHífi; 
Tfií BH06B, ee SHBmn, a Bcrpi^ajrB, 
OnflTB Bce TO se, htď BHAaj^: 
JIiOAeft, HTB 8ao6y h o^Manii... 

Be8A%9 rA% BAOUB 6ojbiiihx% Aopors 

CjieSOH) a CMO^HJTL ILiaTOR'B, 

Fa% pasAajHCB moh pEiAanBa; 
Tfiiby RaR'B arHenoR^ ea peiiBáx'B 
Tepaera mepcTB, — pasciajirB b^b npax^ 
CBoefi AyniH a AapoBaHBa; 

Be8A%, TA^ rpycTHo a ¥e?Taji'B, 
BesA^, vpfb CMepTH a sejiajaíi, 
BesA*, taí a seifjH aacajica, — 
Be8A% nec^acTHufi npeAO hhoS, 

nOA06HI2fi MHÍ, RaR'B ÓpaTB pOAHOfi, 

BecB B'B HepnoiTb noasjAJica. 

O, BTO se TU.9 Roro BesA^ h Hensfi^sHO 

Ha SHseeHHOifB nyrn uvb cjsRffiBO Bcrp^^aTB? 

TboB Bsopi saAyMTOBufi HcnojiHeETB rpycTH ni^Hofiy 

H sjo^HuiťB reHíeifB nejBsa xeča nasBatB. 

yjiHÓRa MB% TBoa npenoAaen Tepn^Hse, 

O cosaji^HÍE — ' cjesa mhí roBoparB. 

Bcrp-j^qaaca ci To6ofi, a B^pio fb IIpoBHA^HLe, 



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nn UMVif^L xDoos. 277 

Tboh crpa^aHifl tfjrasRá MOflirB uy^emzwh 

n }í$j3B,6eíj 6yx^ 6nj vb tíhh TBoeS CKB03im. 

Kto-s'b tu? He SHaH) a, ho tu ne anraii 6osí8: 
Hh pasy He npHmeji'^ tu sio npexynpexQTB. 
Tu bhaÍ^i 6šxcTBÍfl M OH Bcerxa — h ^rrb ae? 

BeSMOJBHO AOBBOJBtflJTB TU HMl MOHS ryÓHTB. 

Bi yjuiÓKi TU CBoett co mhoA ho BecejuiJCfl, 
YHacrieirB cbohmi yribniHTB tu ho Mors, 

3a I^UXX ffiSíXOfiLTb jAtBj ^TO tu Sa MHOft Bia^HJlCfl, 

Cetfa TU ne HassajrB h mh* tu ne OTKpujca, — 
OrspuTBCfl Morb 6u tu, Kor^a-Ói Te6fl A2ijrb Bon! 

H 'BOTi, no^TH cefinacB, B:b ceroAHflmHÍĚ se Benepi 
Tu 6ujB co MHofl OHflTL. — KaB% HOHb 6uja TeMHa! 
EaBx rposHO ÓymeBaai h pBajicfl bi osea BŠiepx!.. 
<& 6wrh Tafti OAHHOKi na jíossA, Tjíjk ona 
HoAaBHO jiacROH) CBoefi moha a^Ph^^^ 
En^e na Jiosi tomi Bce mojibhjo o nefi, 
OcBpori&jioe,— OHO ne B^pyra octujo... 
S. AyMajTB, Kasx ^erso OHa mcha saCuja, 
Rasi ci nefi o6op6ajiacB h nacib ;^mH Moe8! 

JOÍ nepe^TUBajii nocji'lAHÍfl nocjiaHbfl 
H jH)(5oBajica a oÓpíasaMH Ky^pefl,— 

n BOTB BU B^qHUfl, SL JÍJií9LJS.'h^ o6Íínfi.m>^y 

Mab noAapHBmifl Tasí najio achuxi jífleHl 

Bi ocraTRaxi mhjiuxx t^xi, KaKi-6yA;ro 6u BHTaerB 

En^e HexaBHHfl, cqacrjiiiBafl nopa: 

Bon caesu cepAi^a KaBi Óescji^AHO Hc^esaron,— 

Fjotasa rb caiiue hxx BaBrpa ne ysnáiors, 

EoTopue ch MOJiBÓot HX'B npojuiJiH Biepal 

Bi oxHHi Óonmofi soHBeprB s yiosen bcí bth 

Gji^Xh Jiexy^e ÓJiaseHCTBa Koero, 

n fl cBasaj^b ceú^j ^to bj^b, na otoitb cbítÍj 

E^Ba-jiB ne npsxB bojocs SHByn^ Bcerol 

n Basi T^MieiCfl Bl BOJHEXl smy^Hxi Mopfl 

nosEHyrutt njOBOi^i, ne bhaa ÓeperoBi, 

Tasí, norepflBmittcfl kb Ba6BeHÍH h ropé, 

TenepB onjiaRHBajrB offlwb a, na npocropi, 

Oboh) Óe^peHeHHO-norHtfmyio iioÓOBh. 



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278 mGoaaeh ibp<mih. 

Y3Bi% HdAiB ROHBeproirB fl saHeci cypry^x BH^flI^ífl^ 

^,T06u npOCTHTBCfl CB HHITB H Cfi ePO OT^aTB, 

MeHfl ocTaHOBKTB BApyra cepAi](a ctoetb mojaii^íS: 

& ropfl CBoero ne Mon en^e hohatb... 

O! ÓespascyxHoe h ropxoe cosxaHBe! 

Th ne xoT^a sHaiB, ho BcnoMHHmB th Mem! 

Htó zemhule tboh HexaBHÍfl pn^anba 

H cJiesH, H TOCM, H cncpToe flHxaHBe,— 

TáKi npHTBopflTBOi TU MOFja joiy ne jiio6fl? 

Tu niaKaja, n sHaS— eiii.e tu n^aRaTs 6yAeini>! 

MeS'B HaMH T^HB TBOfl HeBHAHMO flCHBeTB 

H, OTroj[BHyBi MCHa,— Měna th ne saCy^eraB: 
PasjyKa na reda bcÍm^b ÓpeneHeMi na^erB! 
yflXK) ocTaBB MeHfl H ynecn cb co6oh) 
JIjOBOJiBCTBO ropAoe Ha cep^i^i jexflHoirB. 
Eiii.e vh rpyAH Moefi ecTB cepAi^e icojiOAOe, 
Oho ne saMOJi^HrB, nponseHHoe to6ok), 

n MHOrO HOBUXl paH'B nOlfiCTETCfl Ha neiTB. 

Ybu! He BCŽMi Te6fl npHpoxa o^apH^a, 
XoTfl H MHoro ^api ona Te6i ^ajia, 

CBOeH) SpaCOTOfi tu T^niHTBCfl jiotfHJiai 

SG^ítb se H npon^aTB bo-b^ri tu ne Moma* 

YttAH... OCTaBB MeHfl... HAH CBOefi AOpOTOi 

H nenexB npomjaro no B']&Tpy tu pascifi! 
JOÍ CHacrie natt^y h bi shshh OAHHOBofi... 
Hjb hítb?.. 3aHÍMi& TU cA^jiajiacB xaieRofi, 
Kor^a TU TaiCB 6jH8Ba Óujia bi rpyxH Moefi?!. 

Ho Vb BTOTB MHFB, Bl nOTBMaXl| MeAXHyJIO T^HH H^SHOft 

JIjposaHBe cjiaóoe— H bhobb nepe^o mhoA 

ďBHJCfl TU| MOt rOCTB, MOfi CnyTHESTB HeHB^bSHUft, 

IIopTperB saxyMTOBufiy ne^aiBHutt opnapaKB Mottl 
Bto-s'b TH? — JteryHÍff cohi? Moe jih orpaseHBe? 
^ero tu Tpe6yemB, ht6 xotohib on Menfl? 
3aH%Mi cjAfjnnh sa mhoS, ho SHaa yroMJieHBfl? 

Mofi tfpaT> TaHHCTBeHHUfi, ÓeSMOIBHOe BHA^HBe, 
OTBpOfiCfl-S'B, HaBOHei^, H HaSOBH cetifl. 



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H8!B IXbmj^L IDOOI. 279 

BHX^HBE* 

Si paspimy tboh coMH^mfl: 
Mu fjbm MaiepE oxHott^ 
He aHrejTB a. xpaHEiejB tboS, 
Ho laiBse h ne anrenb Mii^eHBfl. 

Ha RpaTROlTB SHBHeHHOlTB IiyTH 

He 8HaH) caiťB, syA& nofiiH 
HpExeTCfl rbu^hj Boro xioÓjsjo a. 
He 6orB, ho h ne Aeifoni a, 

H B^pHO Bň»BSJL'h TU MeHfl, 

Cbohmi se 6paT0Mi HMOHya. 

Tetfa BCK) xMWh a npocj&sy, 

Te6a ffl CMepiH npoBoacy 

H ca^ Haj^B TBoe& Monuiott. 

fib ne^aiH, vh CBopÓa a tboA fj^yny 

Ho He BOCHycB tbohxx a pyftL: 

JOÍ OXHHO^eCTBOi MOtt MHJIllfi! 

C. A. 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



nYTBniBCTBia 
r-ll, M9KKEH3I M HPBI 

Wh CJIABflHCKHXl 3EMMXI TYPIÍffl. 



— Traveb in the Slavonic Provinces of Turkey-in-Europe. By G. Muir Máckensáe 

and A. P. Irby. With a Preface by the Right Hon. W. E. Gladstone, M. P. 

In two volames. Second edition revised. London. 1877. 

Ilepsoe HBxanie 8to9 sheth noABHJocB fb 1867 ro;^^ cboilso 
noMHHirB, OHE ocTuacE He saMÍHena fb pyccRofi jrarepaTypi^ n 
rbwhj BTO oi^HHiH ee Bi TO BpexH, Hejierso Ówio 6u bosÓjaetb 
jffh Hefi TOTB HHiepecB, BaBoro ona sacjiysHBajia. OÓn^ecTBo,— na^o 
npHBHaTE axoTB ^Bxrhj—me j^suthme saBi a^catb j^tb Hasaj^B otohb 
Maio HHTepecoBajEocB t^itb cjaBflHCTBOiTB, o BOTopoiTB xeDepB TaKB 
MHoro roBopHTB; nepeBOxi aiofi khhth, — a ona Bnojraš h TenepB 
ero CTÓHrB, — ne HamejTB 6u HSjaTeM. Measfly tíitb, bto — ojna 
Effb saM^qaTemiifiinflrB bhhtb o ÓajnuiHCBOMi ciaBflHCTB^ co cio- 
poHEi ero BHyTpeHHHTB OTHomemS; csasseirB fjimey—CBMsa. wiňn- 
TeuHafl Bffb Bcett jrarepaTypii EovbŘmisTh nyxeinecTBifi kb 8th 
crpaHH. 

AHTjdficBúi MH^HÍfl o BOCTO^íHoirB Bonpoci pasx^eHEi, H BHEra 
T-síh MaBBeHSH H HptiH npEHaAiesETB Tofi cropoHi^ BOTopas He 
craBHJia aHTjdScBHrB HHrepecoRB fb noMepsanÍH «rocyx&P<^^i^Ba», 
Tfjb canoe CBO(k)XHoe cocjiOBÍe cocn^jiaiorB tfamE-tfysyBH. Y Hacb 
BHcsasaHO 6ujo mhofo HeroxoBamfl nporiiFB naprÍH, seiaionieft 
Henpeii^HHO coxpaneHÍfl Typi^H h o^eBHXHo roroBofi kblsb he 
BOftHy FB efl san^Biy; ho t^itb Óosbme ffismno npEsnaiB sacjyry 
xpyrofi ciopoHH anijdiCBaro otfnfecrBeHHaro mhíhLi h jnrrepaiypHy 



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nrrSIIIEGTBUÍ V-Xb XdBSBHSH I HPBE. 281 

soTopafl, He nojaraa aHrjdficicaro HHiepeca fb noM^psKi Typ^Í0, 
npexnoiHTaeTB bha^^tb drovb HHrepecB — vh pacRpniÍH Ó^ACXBeHHaro 
nojosemfl i^jiiixi xpHCTiaHCBHXi HapoAoei, bi HCBanin jí,jui hhx^b 
co^BeiBÍfl H noMon^H. H pyccsoS jHxepaTypt oco6eHHO cji^AOBajaio 6u 
OT^aBaTB cnpaBeAJHBOCTB jkioxaitb, Boropue wh waRimEeuT* Bospos- 
jsfiBÍE BOcro^Haro Bonpoca osasajn cyn^ecrBeHHUfl ycJiyrH jsjkjij cnpa- 
BewHBOCTH, BOscmBafl — cpeffi CBoero, sypeo pacnoiioaeHHaro o(5me- 
CTBa — npoTHFB Tjrpei^Karo Bja^n^eciBa na^i cjiaBancTBOirB, cb ko- 

TOpilM^B He (^ESUBajH dTHX^B JlO^efi HEBasifl Hai](ÍOHajlBHHfl H BOH- 

4»eccioHajiBHiifl CBflSH. HsieHa FjiaACTOHa, $pHM8Ha, Mas^-Faxana, 
Gsafijiepa, CTHJBMana HafiAyxB no^eiHoe m^cto wl ncropin Bospos- 
ffims, ÓajBaHCBaro cjaBAHCiBa; na pa^y ci hhmh aojishh craiB 
EMBEa r-si MdBBeHSE fl np6E. 

Hxi nyTemecTBÍE no eBpone&csofi Typi^ÍE Ha^aiu Óujie aítb 
EETHaAi^aTB TOMy Hasa;^. Ilponuo en^e neiíHoro BpeMeHE cb na- 
pESCBaro TpaBrara, coxpaHEBmaro nojmyio «He8aBECEif0CTB» e 
«i^jocTB» lypei^BOfi EMnepifl, ejlUj ApyrEHE cJiOBaiCE, OT^aBoiaro 
ea xpEcríaHCBExi nowiaHHuxi hoab npesnitf óesrpanE^HiiS npo- 
ESBOJTB. XpECTÍaHaM'B oÓ^bo^aHa 6ujia rapaHiifl AHnjOMaTE^ecBott 
«EBponu», BOTOpofl KB cyn^HOCTE ne 6uao he najiifiniaro A^a 
XO Exi nojioseHÍfl. PesyjiBTarB Óeijx aoctoeh^ laBoro nospoBETaiE, 
sasB HanojaíeoH^ III. «rapaHTÍE» e cy^rraHCBÍe yBasiii BOTopue 
6um Hxii BCEOJiHeHieirB, OBasaJECB npocTEiM^ nycrocjiOBieMx; bio 
tfiira TaBÍfl se rpoMBÍE cioBa, breeme laBB ^acro ÓiraaiOTi pas- 

HHfl O^E^iaIBHHE BejlEBOXyniEHfl SaflBjeHÍfly BOTOpUXl HE Ha MH- 

Hyry ne noHEicaiOTB cepBéSHo r&, bto ex% pacro^iaerB. Ho yse 

H Bl 10 BpeME HaXOAEJraCB JKIOAE, BOTOpHXX HO OÓMaHUBaJIE 8TH 

ciOBa; npaB^a BCBop'6 craia beixoaetb napysy E8'B-Ba Bcero nojra- 
TE^ecsaro jiranBE e jiEi^eicipÍE. F-se MasseESE e HptiE nyreme- 
eiBOBajDK no Typi^ÍE, Bor^a «rapaHTÍE» 6iiie en^e cbíse; crpana 
ÓHJia ^TO HaBHBaercE «cnoBofiHa»,— tími ne Menše BapiH^i cia- 
BflHCsaro ÓBira, BEAŠHnafl eme fb Typi^ÍE, 6um xaBOBa, hto eitb 
torxa se Óiua o^eBE^na neBOsiíosHOCTB nejOBŠ^ecBaro cyn^ecTBO- 
BanÍE x^ MEJuáoHOFB TaMomHEXi xpEcriaHB. PaacBasu r-si Mbb* 
BeBBH H HpÓE vbwh tionme SHaMeHaiejiBHH, hto exi BHnra ne 
HitfterB FB cG&b TŠHE naii4)JieTa: bto — npocrafl, cnoBoSnaa nepe- 
xana xoposniocB Bcrpšii n bea'Íhhiixi bo-o^k) ^^aKTOFB, rxt 
(SesupEcrpacrie ne TepajiocB e noA^ BakniaME ^BCiBa. AnrjiittCBEx^B 
nyremecTBeHHE^B Biesia bb cjaBancBm seiUE, noBEAEMOMy, ne OAHa 
ociaE juoÓOBHaTennocTB; fb hex^b cb caiiaro na^aia 6wio boie- 
BOAymHoe aseianie npEnecTE sa^ nocEiBnyio nojiBdy — totb ry 
MaHHiift HAeaiEsiTB, BOTopHi TaKB Hep^AKO crjiasEBaerB ctojib 



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282 MCTHHKl IBPOnH. 

ocysAftGMuft HaMH <9roH8iťB» sana^Haro o6ii^ecTBa npespacEHMii 
npHifipaKH o6ii^e?ejiOBÍqecsaro BeisROAjniHaro ^yBcxBa, ROToputt 
npoHSBOAHJTB roBapAOffB H BuBÓep^opcoBi^ ^xpysež MHpa>, Bpa- 
Tovh ToproBjH HerpaiíH h t. a*^ h t. a* nyxemecTBeHEHi^Bi xot^jih, 
Baseicfl, npHHflXB y^acrie vh satforaxx o pejniiosHOicB otfpasoBaniH 
zpHcriaHcsoS paSn; ohí crpaHCiBOBajH ci sanacoiťB ciaBflHCSHX^B 
BHHFB, BOTopufl pas^aBajiH seiLafon^nHa^ h ocoÓenHO mKOJaii^B. 
nepBafl no^Asa (bsi EoHcraHTHHonojui fb E'&irpaA'^ h ?epHoro- 
piio) CA^iana ónjia hmh kb 1862. 6i> cj['6;(yK)ii^eMi ro^y oni irpefr 
npHHfljiH nyremecTBie no Apyroicy xpaK) Typ^iH: oni oinpaBHJiHCB 
HSTB CajioHHKH Ha cŽBepo-BangA'^) ^epesib MoHacTflpi&, Okoiiíh), 
npHmTHHy Bx OrapyK) CepÓíio, b^b 6ocHÍňCKOĚ rpaHHi](í^; orcioxa 
noBepeyjm vh HneB^B (ne^'B), sHaMeHHTBiS MOHacTBipB flfi^&Esny 
IIpflspeffB, H orryxa ^epesx Aji6aHÍK) bb A;qpiaTHqecBOMy npe- 
MopBH). 9to nyxemecTBie mjio ovh CaaoHHBH no sana^noicy spaio 
(SoJírapcBOĚ TeppHxopÍH, na esL rpanHi^ cb AjiÓanieĚ; sarbicx hxb 
. xapmpyrB npoxoAnJi'B iro OrapoS Cep6Í0, n^Bor^a i^eerpy ap^bh^to 
cep<$CBaro ii^apciBa, r^i lenepB cep6cBoe naeicfl nepeMesaeica cb 
BJi6B,unfl.MXL. Enera OBaH^HBaercfl pascBasaiíH o ^epnoropie h bhíi- 
secTBŽ GepÓÍH. 

r^aBEuft Tpjjs^b bx onHcaHÍH 9Toro nyremecTBÍfl npHnaAJiesaxB 
r-S'6 MaBBeHBH. Eb cosajiŠHÍio, mu ne HaxoxHMB fb bhhtí hh- 
BaBHXx noApotfHocieft esL óiorpa^^ÍH; snaeirB tojibbo^ ito bhocjiíx- 
cxBÍHy bb 1871 r., ona Bunura sanysB sa r. CH6pafiTa (Sir Gh. 
Sebríght, baron ďEverton), h yiiepja BBRop^^y, vh ansap^ 1874. 
ToBapniAB efl Tpy^OBB e nyiemecTBiS, mhccb HpÓH ocxaiacB B^pna 
rkwb cípeiuenifliTB, Basia o;QrmeBjiJijH hx'b o6šhxb nainaAi^ft^^ 
j^TB TOMy nasaxB; vh uoojiijí,me rojsfi ona npíotfp&ia noByio no 
lemyio bsbícthoctb cbohmh HeyrOMfutnMH ycEJiúuíH na noiBsy 
OiACTByion^xB ciaBflHx vh Eochíb: cb na^iaxa BOScramflH aochxx 
nopB ona or^aerB CBoe spěna e cpexcrBa na cotiapanie h pasAany 
noco6iS neciacTHOMy HacejiemK) 6%vjíeiif>vh. Bb nacrofl^eirB BSAa* 
híh npeaBHeS BEHrn^ r-sš HpÓH npEnaA^esaiB xpn bhobb nps* 
(SaBjíeHHiia rjasn o Eochíh bb 1875, 1876 h 1877 roAy* 

Bb pyccBoS JiHTeparyp^ cA^Jiano aoboaho MHoro A^Esyienia 
BojirapÍH H losnaro cjaBancTBa, ho uo^th HCRJiiouTejiBHO no hxx cbash 
CB otfn^eciaBflHCBott. ApesHociBK), cb nanaxoMB cianiHCBaro npaBO- 
cjaBía H pyccBoft crapHHoft. O coBpeiceHHOinb cocroanÍH Óojirapcsaro 
HapoAa MU hmíomb ab^*tph bhhsbh h hícbojibbo sypnaiBHux^B 
ciarefi, HanBcanHuxB auiEmHMH vh Poccie CoarapaMH o Ó^ACTBiaxi 
ETb oieiecxBa; ho y nacB ne 6uio h h'6tb BHnrn, Boropaa mofm 
6u 6uTB nociaBieHa vh napajjieiB cb aHriiflcBHMB nyTemecTBÍeMB. 



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nyTEiDscTBifl r-si i»krih3k h hpbh. 28 S 

HeMHoríe hstb pyccRHX'B yneEurb hjih nHcaxejieS (Subuh fbEoji- 
rapÍH H bha'6jih cainH «nojiHTHqecBoe> cocroame napoxa, hjih A&se 
xopomo BHAtBHiH, xasi, HaupHiť^pB, rpHropoBHii, He MorjLH pascKa- 
saib o Hem: fe rh Bpexena hcjebsa Óujlo h saHBHyxBCfl o «noiBTHK'6». 
no Tofi se npnuH^ oiHacrn, Boju^pia, sa AByMfl, ipeMfl hcuh)- 
HeHiaMH, ocraBaaacB otiuBHOBeHHO bhž paĚona nyieinecTBiň HamHxs 
cjftBHCTOBx. OrpaHHiiarB otfpasoirb, rb cjiaBAHCsie HHiepecu, vb bo- 
Toptix^B MHoríe cxajH BHA'i^TB xenepB nanai^eio jíasi noAsp^niema 
saniei co(ÍCTBeHH(^ naiuoHajuHoS n^en, ^'frrB ipnAi^aTB-copos^K 
TOMj Ha8aA'B oócxaBjeHH Óujie csMuwb noxoBpnrejiBHiurB HaASopoM^B* 
diHM^B HHiepecaiťB oTBeAena tfujia ^^HjioiorH^ecBafl h apxeojornqe- 

CUH pansa, H BHÍ ea OHH CraHOBHJHCB BaBHirB-TO BOlBHOAyMCTBOMl, 

KOTopoe HH MaLio He noon](pfl:iocB. IIoHflTHO, "íto 8T0 DpaMO oipa* 
juuocB, Bo-nepBuxi, HeAOcraTBOicB CB^A^fliň o coBpeiieHHOiťB cja- 
BflHCiBi; vb TOiTB ucjť^ H K)aBH0M'B9 H HeAOCTarKOiTB caMaro HHie- 
peca vh Heny fb otfn^ecTB^; a^ BO-sropBixi, orpasaiocB h Tbu%y, 
9T0 HOB^flmee ciaBAHCRoe pasBHrie mao mhmo naci^ ne hm^ no- 
HflTÍH o HameS HcropÍH otfn^ecTBeBHoM. ^ifl orpoMHaro 6ojiBnuiHCTBa 
Hanmx^B oópasoBaHHux^B jíiOAeĚ, Bojirapia, Bochíh, FepAeFOBHHa 

(SlUH COBCAm.^ HeHSB^CTHUfl CTpaHii: H^KOJIBKO BHadlH TOABO 

BHflsecTBa CeptfÍK) h ^epnoropiio. BojBme hsb^ctíě o Typei^BOirB 
ciaBHHCTBi HaqHBaerB noABJuiTBCfl tojíbbo (tb 60*x'b foaobi, kb 

CflyHafiHHX^B H OTpUBOHHUX^B BOppecnOHAeHI](ÍflX'B CB K)ra Vb cja* 
BflH04^Hjn»CBHXl HBAafliflXl H B^ «M0CB0BCBHXI BiAOMOCTflXl*, B^ 

oco6eHHOcrH no noBOAy Óojirapcsaro iiepsoBHaro Bonpoca; ho y 
HacB ne aBuiocB HH^ero noAotfnaro BHHrb r-s^B MajsBensH h HpÓH. 
^eaiTB-nflTHaAi(aTB jAtl touj nasaA^B a^^ orpoMnaro 6oiBmHHCTBa 
o^u^ecraa BonpocB o cjiaBAHCiB^ Bce en^e Kasajca bhashoS BUAyícBoft 
cjiaBflHO^HJORB H y^eHHxi; xesAy i^itb, sHHra r-s'B MasBensH h 
Hp<$H, KaKi BCfl micjiB Hxi nyremecrBÍfly eciB a^jio otfn^ecTfieHHOfi hhh- 
ipaTHBH.' HaKOHei^'B, AU pyccBaro nyremecTBeHHnsa vh cjaBflHcsHXB 
aeMJflx^B Typi^H HSAaBHa abjíuocb npenaicTBie, HesnaKOMoe, sa- 
seiCH, HHRasoMy Apyrony eBponeži^: nyremecrBie no Typi](ÍH bo- 
o6n^e ne Óesonacno, n au tofo^ hto6h A&iaTB ero choboěho, nysHO 
hmíetb, BO-nepBux^B, hbbícthiui cpeACiBa, — a naniHJiioAH co cpeA- 
dBaioi onenB xaao pacnojiosenH laiCB ynoipetiuTB htb; Bo-BTOpux%, 
nyieniecTBeHHHBy fb TypiiÍH) iroóu ne pncBOBaTB HenpisTHOCifliai 
H jifiMB onacHOCTiíMH, HysHO ocoóennoe yiacríe CBoero nocoiBCTBa... 
Mh ne coMnisaeiccfl, hto nocJi^AHitt pyccsíft nocoxB kb KoHcran- 
THHonojíš OBasai^B (Sh coAtftCTBÍe pyccaoMy nyremecTBenHHBy no- 
XOiÓHaro poAa; no, sb coauuŠHiH), Bootin^e pyceide ne npHBUKiK 
Bcrp&qaTB OTB npeACiaBHiejiefl CBoero oieiecTBa xaRoro Bnutanúi n 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



284 B^GTHIKI EBPOnH. 

coaMctbía. $aRrB totb^ hto hsi HamHX'B yieBUTb oiaBHCTOFB vb 
EoJirapÍH (5ujH, KaateTca, tojibko rpHropoBHq'B, nyremecTBie koto- 
paro (en^e b'b copoBOB£ix'B roxax^), cBOJbBo mu snaeirB^ ncnojiHeHO 

CIUJIO BCflSHMH Saipy^HeHÍfllCH/ H FflJIbij^epAHHPb, SOTOpElfi CA'6iiaji 

ÓoiBmoe nyTemecTBÍe bo^ Bochíh, FepiieroBnHŠ h Crapoft Cep5ÍH 
Vb KanecTB^ o4>ýHi^iajiLHaro SEUfi, {owb 6umi, BOHcyiosrB vh Ca- 
paeBŠ), a wb Bojrapiz cxbjLMb^ yse BnoďlACTBÍs, tojilbo He6ojiB- 
myK) noisíEy. 

ÁHr^ificBk nyxeinecTBeHHHi^ii npHHJiJiHCB sa CBoe ffbjío oieHB 
AO(SpocoB'lcTHO. He^ero roBopniB o toitb, ito kb aHrjii&csott wlujlo- 
MaTHqecBOft Bojronm owb ne tojibko BCxptqajiH nojiHoe rocreapÍEM- 

CTBO H COA^fiCTBie, HO H TáOVJlE BanaCTHCB Heo6xOMM£IMH H BaS- 

HUMH CBÍflíkEÍsi}íE. Oeí HOJiy^EJíH cyj[TaHCBÍS <|»HpMaH^, o6e3iie?HB- 

mifi HHl BHHMaHÍe M']^CTHUX'B BJiaCTOfi; CB&I0 BHaBOXCTBa, AOCTa* 

BHBmífl EWb MHoro CBŠA^HÍft HB^B nepBuxo^ HCTOHHHBOBiy — Hanp. 
ohí Óec^AOBajiH cb caHEMi rpe^ecBHMB naipiapxoirB. Ohš, ckoibbo 

MOrJIH, nOSHaEOMHJHCB Cb ÓOJirapCBHlTB H CepÓCRHMl flBEIBOlTB, — 

xoTfl jí,jíE 6ojAe cAOSHaro pasroBopa hm-^jih npH ce(% nepeBOA^Hsa, — 
xopomo no8HaBOMBj[HCB CB HCTopieft crpanti, cb coBpeMeHHUMH ot- 

HOmeHiflMH HapOAa, nOJHTHHeCBHlIQ, peJIHrí03HEIMH, XOBflfiCTBeHHUMH. 

Ob BTofi noxroTOBBOfi oh'6 uovjie ToiqacB bha'Itb A^ficTBsrejiBHoe 
nojoseHÍe Ben^efi. KaR^B uu saM^TEJH^ hxi no6ysx6HÍfl tfajH xpa- 
CTÍaHCBO-^HjaHTponH?ecBÍji} HO OHŠ npBCiynaiH b'b x^y Óbstb 
npeAB8flTux'B noHAiift, hh bi aHrjiificRyK), hi bb pyccRyco cropony: 
0HÍ EčRajiH ^^RTOBi; BCTpiqeHHBie ^aRTH BHymHJiH nyremecTBeH- 
HHi^aM'B rjiy6oBoe cocrpa^aHie Kb nec^acTHOicy cjaBSHCROMy ná- 
pory. ?ŠMi ÓojBHie OHŠ ysEaBaiH arorB napoffi, rbub 6ojiBme 
Bospacrajio hx'b yqacrie, tíatb 6ojiBHie oh6 is^eejíe ero xapaBiepi, 
Vb BOTopoifB xoTfl H He ifOFJO He oipasHTBCfl B'lROBoe yrHOTeHie, HO 
ne ycn^jio ciepeiB CEMnaTH^Hiix^B npHpoxHHxi cboUctbi; h^m^b 
xajiBmey rbwb Óojbdio pasiflCHfliocB j^si ymkuxb HatfjioAaTénHHi^, 
^TO HHBaRaa Typei^Baa i^HBHJ[H8ai](ifl EeuhicjiEUSL, ?to 6y;^n^ee bob- 

MOaRHO TOJBRO JÍ^E 8T0r0 yTHereHHarO CiaBAHCTBa, Vb BOTOpOH^B 

OH^ EEfibisM E jao6oBb Vb Tpyxy, h HCRame otfpasoBaHm, h bob- 

MOSHO TOJLBRO Ha yCJlOBÍH OOBOtiOSABEÍfl 0TB Hra« IIpOCTOO ^620* 
BÍHH06 ^yBCTBO, CB KOTOpUMO^ nyTeHieCTBeHHHI](R OTHOCHJKHCB Vb 

HdynaeMOiiy Hapo^y^ ff^o hitb hohatb ero BipHŠe, vbwb yxaiocB 
xoMy-HHÓyAB H8i» iiHoroucjeHHHXi» eBponeĚCRHX^B nyremecTBeHHHSOB^ 
Hocin^aBniHXi h omicuBaBniHx^B BojirapiH) vb iiOcAjs,me roffi* 

yRasHBafl BHme toti otfn^ecTBeHHutt xapaBTOpB, cb BasHirB 
HBifleicfl RHHra r-si MaRRensH h Hp6fl kb aHrjiifiGEOft JiHiepa- 
Tjpiy MU BOBce ne ^yMaiH cpasHEBarB oTHomeme pyccaaro 0601^ 



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niTimBCTBiH r-si ibkrsesh h hpbh. 285 

CŤBa B'B loasHO-cjiaBflHCROMy Bonpocy ch OTHomemeifB vhEeuj jíh- 
tfepajibHofi ^acTH anrjiíftcBaro otin^ecTea. 9to OTHomeme cjsiiisom^s 
pasjíH^iHO H He noAJesETB cpaBHemflMi: Hame oÓn^ecTBo, haa le- 
nepB BCJi^A^ 8a npaBHrejiBCTBOirB, AaerB lasifl CBHAtieiBCTBa cbo- 
ero ynacria, CHJiBH'ie kotophx-b ne lioaserB ^aiB,— oho asepreyerB 
SHBHBK) jíficsTisowb Tucfl^^B jmjsfiU. IOsHO-cjaBflHCRÍĚ Bonpoci pac- 
mHpnJCfl B% i^jioe Hai^íoeajiBHoe aí&jio; BoSea, 6ed>T> coMH'6HÍa, no* 
nyjflpHa h yse oiMŠqeHa nopuBaiíE Bejmafiinaro aHrysiasMa. Ho, 
Kor^a flBjfleTCfl BonpocB o HameirB (SdíHsaftmeirB OTHomeHÍE b'b 
rtiTb, Hsx-sa Roro n^erB 6opB(Sa, icajo oahofo ^yBcrsa n nai^io* 
HajiBHaro HHCTHHRra: nysso, mo&h aroTB HHCTHHsrB 6ujrh ocb%* 
n^ecTB cosHaHÍeiTB. H b% btoitb OTHomemH HairB, 6e3'B conwbmay 
ocraercji en^e MHoraro sejiaiB. yBasanHaa HaifE 6%ahoctb Hameft 
jETepaiypii OTHOCHiejiBHO coBpeMeHoaro nojosenifl rosnaro cjaBan- 

CTBa HOSerB (SeITB M^pROfi (S^AHOCTH rbTb CBÍA'ÍHÍff, BaSÍfl HMÍH)TCH 

vh caMOiťB oón^ecTB^. 6'b 6ojibiiihhctb6 mu tojbbo lenepB ysnaSMi 
ÓJHse 8TH Hapo;^ n cocraBjífleirB ce&b o hhx'b nepBuji noHATia. 
Bb cep6cR0Ě BOfiH'6 ORasajiHCB npHMipu neHaj[BHHX'B He^opasyMi* 
Hifi, saBÍfl flBjflioTCfl cji'lACTBÍeM'B 9Toro He^ocTaTRa coBHaiejiBHaro 
OTHomeHÍfl B'B ApyroMy sapo^y: BsanMHoe oxjiaas^eHie^ BoneHHO, 
He cocraBjfleiTB seďaiejBHaro pesyjiBTaTa Bcrp^HH Asyxi exHHonjie- 
xeHHHBOBi. HacTOfln^afl 6opi6a HeHSMipHMO mapě npomaoroAHefi; 
X^o Be^ercfl caHHMi rocyAapciBOiťB, bcšmh ero cpeACTBaifH; ho 
AiH oÓD^ecTBa He npeRpan^aerca Ta oÓflsaHHOCTB BUflCHHTB ce&b 
MesAy-Hai^OHajiBHBrfl OTHomemfl, ^to6jh ne noBTopHjacB, vh (Sójib* 
nnnrB pasic^pasi, Ta se npecBoptínafl omnÓBa. Hame oÓn^ecTBO ne 
HicfieTB rojoca bi BHcmHX'B p^meHiaxi, KaRÍfl npHHHicaiOTCfl vb 
nojiHTH?e€RBX'B BOHpocaxi, HO rocHOACTByiODqfl noHflTÍa o6n](ecTBa 

HeCOMH^HHO 0TpaacaK)TCfl Vh lfH0r0pa8JH^HIIX'B HCnOJHHTeiUiX^B, H 

ecJH 6u jífijRB pšmeHifl ^híih tfesynpeqHH, ncnojiHeme MoserB hs- 
Bpan^aTB hjih ocJiaÓJATb hxb, Rorxa ncnojHHTejiE HeAOcraTOHHO Hsy- 
HanyrB x^jio hjie bhocatb coÓCTBeHHUfl onn^RH bi cboo echoji- 
Henie. MesxyHapoAHiifl OTHomeHia npeAcraBJífliorB vh ocoÓeHHocni 
^yBCTBHTeJBHutt 6apoMeTpx. 

HepBoe — Aa H nocjiiAHee — ycjoBie bi 8thx'b OTHomeniflx^B 
ecTB yBasenie rtb qysoB napoAHott jih^hocth. 6'b (SojirapcROH'B bo- 
npoe^, vfiib mh sBifleMCfl cb noMon^BH), eAHHCTBenHofi, RaRofi sínevh 
HapoAi^, 8T0 Tpe6oBaHÍe ocoCenno HacroaTejiBHO. He lopOHHrecB cy- 
AHTB no cJiy^afiEniTB BCTp'liaMi, no CTpamHO ncRJK)WTejBHmi'B 
06cT0flTe.iBCTBaBrB. HapoAu ne npoxoAHTB AapoMi TaRHXB Hec^acritt 
HCTopÍH, RaRÍa npHHUocB BUHecTH (JojrapasTB: HeyAHBHrejbHO, eciH ne- 
c^acTÍfl noA&B.iH.TQ cosHaHÍe, noprHjiu HapoAHufi xapaRTepB, npHBEBajiH 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



286 BftGTHHRl XBPOnH. 

€My HenpiflTHBra TOpni. Ha^o orjíaTB cetíi OT^en wh TOiťB, ^6 míi 
bv^^dtb; HaAO ota^jetb flBjeHÍfl, Biipocmís no;i;^ BŠRaMH patfcTBa 
H OTB Hnx'B TOJiBRO nponcmejunifl, h jm^tb oi^hhtb to, ^ ecTB 
npeRpacHaro h coiyBCTBeHHaro vb juíbjrkBmeŘ ochobí HapoxHOft 
JH^HOCTH. Bojirapsi nponsBOj^TB Tanoe ^^BoficiBeHHoe Bne^aTjri&HÍe, 
HO Jiy^niafl ocHOBa hx'b Hapo^Haro xapaKTepa HecoMHŠHHo yi^j['6jia. 
OiaHyrB ohh vb wělus. ycjOBÍfl, h oea xojiSHa pasBHTBCfl n craiB 
Hxi rocnoACTByíomeft TOpiott. 

?TO(SeI nOHflTB 8T0 H OCTaTBCfl CnpaBeXďHBHlTB fi-B CySA6HÍH . o 

Hapo;^, H nysHo SHaKOMCTBo cb ero Óurowb v Hcropiefi. EeHra 
r-s'B MaRReHBH h HpÓH MOserB vh dnowb cjysHTB xoponnnrB no- 
coÓieiTB ]í,^s[ msrajejiSy Koropufi nafi/^erB 8;^cb mhofo noy^Hren- 
muxh 4>aRT0Bi H Ha6jK)AeHÍň. nyremecTBeHEin^ci jwkxvi OTeecmcB 
B^ A^jiy BaM^qaiejiBHO npaB^Bo: oh^ ne CRptiBaiOTB otb ce6sL n 
OTB HHTaxeafl HHux'B HenpHBj[eRaTejBHiix'B CTopoHB Esy^aeMaro bmh 
HapoAa, HO OH^ yiťlioTB orxaiB cnpaBej^JiHBOCTB ero JiymnEWb Ra* 
qecTBaiTB, H — nafiTH nepBOicy ofiBAcneme b^ (JijíCTBeHHož Hcropn- 
^ecRoft cyxBÓ^ napo^a. TpyxB r-S'B MdRReHSE n HpÓH ycnlurB 
yace npHHecTH cbok) BeJHRyio nojBsy, Bnymaa ^e;iOB^ROZK><$HBoe 
y^acrie rb neciacTHOMy nápory. Pja^CTOBB, HanncaBniífi npexHCJO* 
Bie RB HacTOfln^eMy (BTopony) ns^aniK) rhefe, npEsnaSTB, hto mcenHO 
H8'B 8T0fi RHHrn (ŠoiiBme, ^iTB H3B RaRofi-JHÓo ;q[)yrofi, OHI no- 
qepHHyjiB cnpaseAJiHBBifl noHaiifl o ^'^BcTBHTejiBHOicB noJioaRenÍH (Sai- 
xancRaro xpEcriancTBa: «5 ne xony, — roBopHTB ohb, — yMeHBmaTB 
SHa^eHÍfl TpyAOBi h sacJiyrB xpyrnxx, ho, no Moeiiy mhí&híh), hh 
OAHHB ;pinjiOMarB, hh gahotb ROHcyjTB, hh oxhhi nyreniecTBeHHERrBi 
H8i HamHXB cooTe^ecTBeHHHROBi^ ne CA^aji^B TaRoro i](tHHaro 
BRjiaAa Bi naniH cb^a^hía o&b otoitb BasHom npexKeri, RaRoff 
cj^jiajH r-sH M8RReH8H H HpÓH, Ror^a HsxaJH fb 1867 r. cbob 
nyremecTBie bi H^Roropsifl h9b cjaBAHCRHX^B npoBHHi98 EsponeS- 
CROtt TypiíÍH». 

3to saidianie mosho pacnpocrpaHHTB ne na oahhx^ iojbro 
aHrjriflcRHXB ^^njiOMaTOBi, ROHcyjOBB H nyiemecTBeHHHROBB. 

Mh A^aeiTB H^CROJBRO HSBJíeHeHitt H81 9T0ft RHHTH, Hpe^^HO- 

jaraa, ^ro ^HTaTOJiB cb Óóihmmrh jnoÓOHBrrCTBOirB, ^iwh 6ujío 6u 
npesAc, npo^TerB pascRasii o nojosenÍH (SajiRaHCRaro cjraBAHCTBa 
VB HeAaBHÍe vom^ bi ero «HopMa2BHoirB» nojioseniH. He 8a5y* 
xeifB, TOO BB OHHCBTBaeuoe BpeicH cjaBflHCRk seiíJH Typ^iH «Ha- 
eiaacxajiHCB cnoROficTBÍeMB» — vb aroirB «cnoRottcTBÍH» mosho yra- 
AHBaTB npomjioroAHiH yÓiflcTBa h miH^nraee Hcrpetiieme Óojirap- 
CRaro napoxa. 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



II7TIIIIBCTBUI r-S'& laSBSHBH H EPBH. 287 

I. — CuoHHEÁ, FB 1863. — Bhxi Boitápih h3% Gajiohhsh.^Ehhabe.— Bojubhíl.— Mo- 

hácthfb (BHTOua). 

Btb kohicí^ MEfl 1863, r-asH MaKRensH b Hp5H npHÓujin fb 
CajfOHHsy, OTBy^a j^ojsho 6eiíj[0 HaqaTBCfl hx'b nyreniecTBÍe BHjrpB 
cípaHH, vh sana^^Hjno OKpairHy BoJirapíiT. CaaoBnisa, BxoAHuft 
nyHKTB vb EoirapÍH) otb 3reftcKaro Mopa, cctb omwh hwb rjiaB- 
H^finiHX^B ToproBiix'B ropoAOBi esponettcKoft TypiíÍH, eme -ccxpa- 
HflerB H^ROTopiie aHnraHHe naMflTHHKH a^a 6yxyiitHX'B Hscjr^^^osa* 
Taieff, n kb cjiaBAHCsoft HcropÍH sHaneHHrB RaBi oxeiecTBO cb. Kh- 
pHJua n Meeo;^fl h irlcro ^yxecB ce. ^Hinrrpifl CejiyHCsaro. Ilpes- 
Hflfl i^epsoBB CB. ^HHETpifl oÓpan^eBa bb ne^TB, r;^ eme coxpa- 
Hflercfl, JMLVb craTBfl Aoxo^a cb xpvciiancRHXB najioMHHROBi, rpo6- 
HH^a 9Toro CBflToro; vh npomjioirB ro^y 9Ta Me^eiB 6um ci^eHoft 
yCificTBa repiiaHCRaro h ^paniiyBCKaro KOHcyjiOBi. «HacTOini^afl[ 
XOCionpHMŠTOTeJiBHOCTB CajiOHHBH ecTB efl nacejieme, crpannafl ciriteB 
aHTHnaTH^HHxi> CAHO fpjrouY juieuewb. «TepMa» AP^Beeft BcropiH^ 
«6ecca20HHBa» nocjamft an. IlaBJía npeAcraBJífleTB lenepB jnotfo- 
jihiTBhiŘ npHM^pi ropová, ncropE^ecsH rpe^ecsaro, nojiHTH^ecKH 
Typei^utro, reorpa^mecKH ÓojrapcKaro h aiHorpa^HraecKH espeft- 
CBaro». SA^nmie espen— noTOMKH ncnaHCRHX'B espeesi, nepecejHB- 
inHxcfl CK)Aa BO Bpeufl roHema npoTHBi nexi; ohh cocraBJíEiorB 

ÓOJIBIIIHHCTBO Hacejemfl CaJlOHBRff, AO 40 THCATB H3'B 6p-TH, HO 

espeH noARynaiOTB Typeip(HX'B ^hhobhhrobx, ^rro6ii yRJOHHTBCJi otb 
noAaTeS, n o^H^iaIBHO hx'b c^sraercfl tojbro ao 11 — 12 thca^i*. 

OrnocHTejiBHO cjiaBflHCRaro ajieMeHra, CajOHHRa cocraBUieirB 
nyHRTB Vh 9THorpa$HHecRoft rpanHiíS, Roropaa »b btoS tocth Typ- 
ipH A&fHTB cjiraBflHCRoe Hacejieme otb rpe^ecRaro. Jífi bsbícthoS 
creneHH dra rpanai^a coBnaAaen cb ^epróĚ ApesHeft pBHCRofi ao- 
porH, MesAy CajiOHHROft n OxpBACRHifB OBepOMi; t^itb ho uewbej 
<$0JTapcRÍfl noceiemji HAyrB na h^crojibro mhjib rb H>ry otb via 
Egnatia, rpe^ečRÚi rtb ctBepy otb Hea, a bi ropoAaxi HaceieHÍe 
orbinaHHoe, h orqacrH coctobtb n8'B lypoRTB-ocMaHjiHCOBB. ^pyrie 
norpaHH^iHBie (sTBorpa^HiecRv) ropoAa — MoHacTHpB, BoAena h 
EHHABe: bo bcíx'b hhx'b scebotb Maio rpoROBi Hjra hxb bobco 
H^^, TorAa RaKB bi CajiOHERÍ scero TonRO orojo 500 cjaBflH- 
CRHXi ceHeft. 

^OJURHO 8air6THTB, ^TO Ha H)ro*BOcroHHoft rpaHHi^ Macca cjia- 
BflHCRaro HJieMeHH BesA'^ orcrynaeTB OTBMopcRoro 6epera h ocras- 
JueTB (tojbro Hsp^AKa npepuBafl ee) ÓeperoByio nojiocy, saRJia- 
uiontyK) ^acTB 0paRÍH, XajRHACRii nojyocrpoBi, ropoAa RoncraH- 
thhohojIb h CajEOHHRy. 9totb Rpafi HacejiesB TaKB pasnoo^pasHo, 
TaKB BaseHB vb crpaTonraecROiTB h ToproBOMB OTHomeniH — h Raa- 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



288 B^ormn ibpoiih. 

jíflvj xasx He noHpaBHJiocB 6h, ecjie 6u oh-b nonaj['B vh pyRH bca* 
saro Apyroro,— ^TO jioah, HMiionúe fb BH^y Óy^ymee nepeycrpofi- 
CTBO cjiaBflHO-rpe^eCBaro nojiyocrpoBa, otfpan^HxrB ocoÓeHHoe bhh- 
MaHÍe Ha arorB Rpafi. Mes;iy npomnwb npe^^araHyrB cx^jiaiB hsi 
Hero HefirpajaíBHyH) leppHTopiio h npHCoeAHHBiB b'b jifijwh 6ojib- 
mwá% nopiaMB, xas^B, BasB H3B'lcTHEie ospyrH seiun npncoeAHHfl- 
JHCB BB BOJiBHBiMB Topo^aMB repMaHÍH. «3th nepeA^JuiBaTejiH (ino- 
diíiers) xotíjh (Su OT^aTB FpeiÚH xoJSHoe eĚ fb GeccajriH h 
dnHp*!, a bcímb cjiaBflHCBHirB o($jacTflM'B Typi^ÍH jífiih nai^ioHajEB- 
Hoe H xpHcriaHCBoe caMoynpaejieHÍe, Banoe eciB bb BHflsecBofi 
Cep6ÍH». Co6cTBeHH£ifl nji^eiii r-SB MasBeHdE h Hptfa ^), bb droicB 
nyHBT^ coBepmeHHo oupejsíbieEuu. «He npHHHMafl Ha ceós. cyjijnh 
o T^XB HJH ;tpyrHX'B nojiHTHqecBHXB npoeBiaxi, MU MOseirB sa- 
lifoHTB, HTO ecHKoe ycmpoucmoOj Boropoe HsÓasHTB ÓepesjíHBaro h 
TpyAOJiK)6HBaro 6ojirapHHa otb Hra ero nuHŠniHflro sapBapcBaro 
rocnoAHHa, necoMHtHHO 6yjí,eTh Buur^umewb j^si i^HBHJHaai^iH, h 
BB OAQOM'B OTHomenÍH oco6eHHO ]í,jiE caMHXB naoB (i.-e. anrjiH- 
^aHl>). npflMBIM'B CJ^ACTBieiťB BTOFO 6ujo 6u pasBHTÍe cpexcTKB 
crpann, h MejR^y npc^iHiCB xjiooRa. 06iiiHpHafl nycruHnaa paBHHHa 
H coc^AHÍS ORpyrB, He^aieBO ovh ropová Gepeca, djiaronpiflTHU 
AJifl B03A^ďBiBaHÍfl xjonRa^ ROTopoé MOserB o6in^aTB ůojhmisi bíi- 

Ho r-jRa MaBReHSH naxoAHTB cobcém^b HeBOSMOSHinfB lene- 
pemnee noďosenie 6oúirapcRaro deuzefíijihnjBky RoxopuS ne tojibbo 
njaTHTB Óojihmoi. najiorB cb seiun, n;iaTHTB noxaTB sa H^Baiíe otb 
BoeHHoS cjyjRÓUy T.-e. sa jHmeHÍe opyaRia h yrnereHie MycyAiia- 
HaMH, HO noj^Bepraercfl en^e rpaóesy ctíopn^HROBB h nacHJiiH) orB 
BCflRaro BCTptqnaro MycyjBMaHHHa. Eor^a najoPB naiypoĚ ciaiH 
saiťi^HflTB A^HesHoS noAaiBK), to nojiosenie en^e yxy^nisiooBi npH 
orcyrcTBÍH nyiefi coo6n^eHÍfl h ÓesonacnocTH, Boiopae a&™ ^^ bo3- 

MOSHOCTB HOCeJIflHHHy AOCTaBHTB CBOH UpOESBe^eHÍH Ha pUHOBB. 

Ohi AOďseffB 6ujuh cÓuBaiB hx% bb coc^actb^, a noAaTB na^na- 
lajiacB no i^naMi, crojin^Hift^B Ha puns*!. «Hapox:B saflBJuierb, tto 
yrnereHie lenepB en^e xyse^ h'Im'b Bor^a-juLÓo, h ^lo aio — o^na 

H8B TbX!h BIHOrflXl MHHHUX'B pe^OpM^j BOTOpHfl XOpODIH Ha Cj' 

uarkj HO OBasHBaHmsfl aioBpeAHuiiH na jsíhjAj Bor^a hx^b hb co- 
npoBOttAaiox^ Apyrífl pe<{K)^Mu». 

«nofli EoAiapieůy — saiftqaerB npn 8tomb r-atta HaBsensH, — 
MH HOHHMaeMB Hc Ty HeaHa^HTeiBHyH) ^acTB efl, BOTopaa Hasii- 



^) Bapo^eiTb, MH Óyieuí xhshme ynorpeCian oxho nepBoe nu, Tan uxb r-sa 
MaueBBJí Bcero óoume patknaia saxi onnoaueMi DyreoeoTBia. 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



IITTBIinBOTBII MBb MHEBIBUI H HPBH. 289 

Btercfl «i7p6iQK)Ě opraHBipeĚ EojrapÍ6ft», bo bcd crpaiiy, nace- 
jfiHH7» (kursptiai ^). Hicjo SKoaieĚ m, oÓuBHOBeHHO nojraote* 
jfoe Fb lerupe MEJukrna, caionťb Hapoxoirb cuneica omunxo 
mecra MHJuioflWb, h eociaBjuen Bociomuft orx&rB x>aHo*cjaBflH- 
onro nieneoB. Bojiraps bo boíxx ocHCEHurB '9q)Taz'B xapaBiepa 
oimwinGa otb CBoan cocftxeft — rpeia, pynnea h Typsa; ateo* 
TOfttUfH lepraMB obb ouiiiaiDicfl h otb cboexi sanaiHurb coiue- 
MeHHHBOBB, ceptfo^BpoaTORB. FjuiMíoe H81 8THx% noej^AHflx^b ota- 
^ — H6AOOTaffOR% Toro, ^t{> HBBiiBaeica esprit politiqaei h coot- 
BfiíccBeHBioe npesocxoxciBo vb noHflriH o MaxepíadiBHom (Siaroeo^ 
croaflk. He Tanb xavb očpSrb, ÓojirapasB se noMepsHBaerfr gbo- 
eco eaMoyBaamdfl BocEOMEHaHiaiiK saiUpHajibHOŘ eiaBu, h ffima 
OfpeMJieHifliiK Wh cJiui ůyxyjmtík; ch kpjíkA cropoHu, HasaBas 
iiipa npBrtcHemi ne Mosers cx&iaTB ero paBBOdQrmHiurB bicm- 
aiy nonoy bi^ cBoeB jomaw, csoaiy i^BfaHHBy, wme b» iiesiof- 
HOfi onpflTHOCTH ero MMimmp.. 

«EaKb CH2BD0 MosefTb CBaBHBaTBCfl nzeiieHHoe pasjume npH 
ToasecfBeHHHx^L ]H2iOBÍBX'B Bjamaia, peinriH h opaBieHÚiy mooihío 
EEfíbrb Bi ropoxara, vfjb rpesH fb le^emH mhotaxe b^bob^ shu 
panooTB c:b 6ojirapaico. Oahh^ jaoůivh ToproBjno, yuewb, iobbo ro* 
BopiTB, HO iJBHBi, ipasenb H 6e3HpaBCTBeHi; AP3^tt jnoÓMn seic- 
jenijde, ynpflMs h Mex^en b& pj^iaxB, ho ^lecieH^B, oupareob h 
xopoDíHXE HpaBORb. IIociixHee sa^ecTBO cb xpeBHBXi BpeneHB 
BHymajio jrBaseme bib HisHo^ciaBaHCBEsrB napoxam. Urh Apmáe 
saBOHu HasasBBaKrrB cmpmjv) tfeBHpaBCCBeHHoeiB CMeptuo, h 
T^iepB HXak KH^bdey neyifoiHMoe kb aieHii^BairB, ho OBasiiBaeTB, 
Basb 7 HacK, CHBCxosxeHifl h vh upnmudja. OxHa rocnosa fo- 
Bopua aam, ^xo vhvpe^eNumh QŮEificréb ona leMorja npotfHTB 
ipex% HefffciBi 1106a HO 611TB HOCBanteHHoS btb chromqne soanda- 
leose; Mes^y (te^nvtpaiai ona anua u^iue MŠcaipi h BHBorxa m 
cmniajia hh o^HOft «HcropÍH>. 

F-sa MBBBensH npBBOixHn nnteie Jiop^a OrpaBi^pxa, ^to 
«rpeBi ne MoacerB oxojítb 6oj[fapHHa, hh rocnoffci^BOBaTB najTB* 
HH», HH noriaiHTE ero; owb (rpess) Menše mhofoihcmk^ npaca 
ere BB Bume; ero jm oiduriei ho orb Henie 0CH0Ban^effB» . 3io 
MBinie MBMfLj snaBDiaro ofHomeHÍfl, jooÓonHiHO no OTHomeHÍK) kb 
BaipoBaiBHoft Bpasxý Xbjxi njeneHi, h kb npHi«aHÍflM% rpesoB^B, 
mropHe XBaonaoTCi cbohma npeBocxoAecBoacB na^;^ (SojirapaMH — na 
nopioiíie lycefi, boi^hx^b npwcH enaeiH Phms. 

«B^ 6ojrapcBHrB ropoftaxi xyeyjBMaHe cyrB ociiaHSHCCBie 



1) T.-e. óompocyp iipex<$aiiaHCiyD h sat^anaHCiyD. 

Tom v.— Cbhtsbp*, 1877. 19 



Digitized by CjOOQ IC 



290 mcmoBh npoira. 

ROJlOHBcniy cocraaiflKmue, TaRi-CKasaTB, rapHHSoffB ^poBHH^iH. Cia- 
BflHe, cx^jaemiecfl MoraMMeAaHaMH, (SÓAmeS ^acrsK) sHByrB n 
cejax'B H npoAOJsaHypB roBopHTB no-csaBflHCBH. 

«GBoeft xpatfpocrbH) h BOHHCTBeHHOCTBH) 6ojirapeBÍe peHeratH 
o6Hapy»HBaH)Ti> xapaaTepi Ha^iH9 npes^e ^^itb ona (Snia npexana 
H o6e3opyseHa, e ohh canH npHHMH MoranHeAaHCTBO tojibbo xu 
Toro, ^To6u He noaaciB b^ no^osenie pafiE. Bi H^Boropiirb irift- 
craxi OHH HBB^CTHH HO^^ HasBaHienTL «noiíasoBi» (oTb «noMa- 
rairB», noMoraio) h, npeAQOJiaraHnrB, hto ohh hpohbohlih otb t£x'b 
6ojirapcRHX'B BO&cicBy BOTopufl cjysHJiH vb apMÍH cyjraHa savB 
«coK)8HHBH»9 HOSa TypsH HacrojBRO ycHjHJiHf^, ^TO MorjiH npHHy- 
;(BTi> Hxx, BHAaTb CBoe opysíe hjh cboh) Bipy. Bi HameirB boh- 
Bot cjyqHjicH paffB OAHHB MycyjiBMaHCBÍfi 6ojrapHffB, soiopaS co- 
rjiacHjrcfl, Bor^a vh ero npHcyTCTBÍH csasajiH nairB, ^lo owb vh 
jíjmi Bce en^e xpHCiiaHBHB; h vb cocíactbš CajiOHHBH mh cjih- 
majH, BaBi MoraicMe^aHCRÍe 6ojirape hbbhhhjih cboo* orcrynHHqe- 
CTBO ai^Ayion^eS Hcropieft. By^y^H chjibho t^hhmh, ohh nasna- 

^HJIH HSBÍcTHtllt CpOBTB, Vb DpO^OJSCemH BOTOpaTO OHH ÓjJÍJTh 
BOCTHTbCfl H MOJIHTBCfl XpHCTy, a Sail^MX, eCJH nOMOH^B HO HBHTCH, 

OHH HOBopflTCfl MorauHOAy. IIoifon^B ne npHmja, h ohh crajm 
HoraMMeAaHaHH. nocji'& Toro, no crapofi njeMeHHofi HenaBncTH, ohh 

XiflCTBOBajIH npOTHBl rpeBOBl BO HHOFHXl BOSCTaHÍflXi; HO OHH 

crojiBBO se HeHaBHABTi TypoBi^ H TaBHiTB otfpasoiťB cor^acHH Ch 

CBOHMH XpHCriaHCBHMH SOlLIHRaMH BaBTB Vb BUb Hai^iOHaABHHrB 
aHTHnaTÍflXl, laRB H B^ npBBflSaHHOCTH Bl poxHOMy H8HBy». 

^epeBencBoe HacaieHÍe Bojirapin — xpHcriaHe. F-sa MaBseHBH 
cyAHTB o HHX'B (Se8npHCTpacTH6e, qšiTB (SojBHiHHCTBO nyremecTBeH^ 
HHBOBi. Ohh yHHJH H yrpK>Bfu, h npearí^AOBanie, noBHAHMOMy, 
OTHHjo y HHxi H yiTB, H cep^e; ho vb nocs^ABÍe vojsfi ohh osa- 
sajiH (SojiBmoe ynopcTBo vb hseícthoitb i^epBOBHoirB Bonpocš^ Bor^a 
npoTBBi Hxx se^aHÍfl xotíjih HaBAsarB hh<b ne HapoAHB[X'B^ a rpe- 
^ecBHxi eimcBonoBi. 6ojrapcBHX'B xpHcriaHx ysopaioirB sa wrb 
po6ocTB, HO Bia poÓocTB— crpaxa^ a ho paócnaro yHHaieHÍH; 601- 
rapHHi^ cropoHHTCfl orB vbTbj Boro óoHrcs, a ne BepTHTB nepeA!B 
HHMH. XBocTOiTB. dio HOcx^AB^ nyToniecixeHHHifH BEjsjbxEy Hanpo- 
THFBy y rpeBOB'B, H sair&qaiorB, ^0 nrB jbcteboo ynnaRraíe bob- 
GFanoBJUíerB HHorflX'B npoTHBi Bcero njeMenn. Po6octb Óoirapi 
ciHHiROirB AOcraTOMHO o6ÍHCHfleTCfl nroiTB; ETb CTpana jiesHrB sa 
caMofi Aoporl lypoKB Kb fljBAiOj noABeprajiacB ÓesnpecraHHOicy 
rpatfesy, h híi!b HH^ero ne9ajBH'6e wrb nycnomiixi ÓoiBmHx^b 
AopoFB H Tofi 8a(k)TjiHB0crH, CB BaBofi AopeBHH npfl^yTCH 07B riavb 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



nrriiniCTBU r-«B iíkbubb e ipbh. 291 

flp<y63saro. nepecryovre rpanHuty cbo0qj^o8 Gep6iny h nepeffb 

SaMH ABflTCfl OnilTB CejLCBÍe AOMHRET. 

r-sa MasieHSff OT^^aen nojiHyto cnpaBeAJniBocTb TOMy crottBOMy 
conpoTHBjeHiD, KaBoe 6ojirapti osasajH rpe^ecsHiii upaTHBadjiirB 
Wh i^epBOBHOiTB Bonpoet. BiiJiH KOjeOama, ^HBajra omHAcn, ho bi 
910HB CB9fib r-jsa ManeHSH ne coMoisaercs etaiB na cropony 
^jrapB, — Ba htb ctopoHJb 6iijio h nojraoe npaBO. 

OrHocHTeiBHo xasi HaduBaeniix^B pe<()opBfB, a^a f-sh M8BBeH8H 
jse nflTnaxi^tTb jňrb Ha8aA'B ne 6£mo HuaBnkí^ ujiiosilt. 

«T4, — roBopBTB ona, — kto jiocsyrBA cbo<$oxii, npexocraBjífleMne 
wnepb paB'6, CHHTaerB sa AOBasaTaiiBCTBO paAHBaxBHoS nepeirbHiii 
vh npaBuax^b Typei](Baro npaBHxejiBCTBay xoíishíi noMHiiTB, ^to 
lypm xuH xpecnaHaiTB ropad^o Jiy^mifl jcjobíh iutte ctojiMI 
Toxy Hasaxi. T% kto Bi^pím bi Typeititífl oOtn^amfl, aojshs 
BcnoMHHTB, KasTB BOJbEocTET, o6tii^aHH£[fl zpHCTÍaHCBOMy HacejieHÍ^, 
nox^HBHBmeiiycfl nepBEiirb cyjmiHairB, 6{uh nonpaBU TypRaMiT) BasfB 
TOJBBo OHH CA^jiajracb rocnoAaMH crpanu*... 

PadCBasaBi o i^epBOBHurb BOJHeBÍflxi vh Ha^ax6 mecTExecs- 
isiTB roAOBiy r-sa MaRKeHBH cjrkjíy¥>inviwh o^pasoirb npoxojsaerb 
soeteTBOBame o &bjí,cneBUowh nojtosema Hapoxa. 

«Mesxy rtm bcabía (^xotbía Tflror&ra naxi^ Bojirapiefl — bob- 
eraHÍfl raflxysoB^, oxqacTH noJiBTOTecBHZi EsrnaHEHROBi, onacm 
pasÓoflHHBOBi — npHJSHBi MoraMiiexaHCKHX'b Taiapib um KpEiMa, x^s 
BorropHrb 6oirapB sacraBBjH nocrpoarb xoicá h saroTOBHib nHiiQ^ — 
BBceienie tfojirapi vh Pocciio, sa BoropmrB cjišxoBaio htb BOSBpar 
iqeHie pasopeHHHMH — nonuTRa xpyrHX'B 6ojn^pB BtipBaTbca vb 
Cep(9io, pascrpoeHHafl Typei^sHitH BiacTAMH, — HasoHe^B, TOJina tfa- 
mH-ÓysyKOBi, Biiny^esHas Ha ceibcsoe Hacejfemey nox^ npexJO- 
mwh oxpaHeHÍfi rpaEiqn orb cep6oBi. JI-^toitb 1862 mh 6uxb 
<MmjsfbteMME 8Toro nojioaceHifl Ben^eft. ^ipyi^oe cpexcTBO noxaBHTb 
(Sojirapcsoe Hacexenie ecrb Bsexenie MoraMMexaHCRHX'b rojiohhctobi, 
lOTopiie nonojiHAioTb yaaxafon^ee MycyjibiiaHCBoe Hacejieme, h xo- 
pomo CHateaiDTCfl opysieirb, Roioparo jHmenii xpRCTiane. TLocjA 
laiapi, BBexeHu tfujiH ^epBecH, h npHHflra ÓiiJia Hxea pascexHib 
ETh no cepticROft rpaHni](%, ^to6h coBctifb orpiteaTb 6oJirap%. Ta- 
Tapn 6aJíE jiíhhbo, Mesxy T^m BaRB noBtie nepeceieHi^Ei npH- 
nuiH cb sajBxoft — OTMcraib cboh co6cTBeHHUfl crpaxaHÍfl na Bc%x'b, 
STO HociiTb xpflKmaHCRoe HMfl. FoBopflTb, Bnpo^eiTb, HTO HepReccBÍe 
Topi^fii ne SBByTB na ÓoirapcRHXi paBHHHaxi h Óncípo yifenb- 
maiDTCfl vb ^hcjtI. 

Bb HOBOiťb B8xaHÍH pascRasa npH({aBjieHO san^^ame, ^to 6oji- 
rapcne yxac;a 1875 roxa 6ujih tojibro ycEJiemeirb xpoHH<iecBaro 

19* 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



^99 wmmn wběowsu 

codOflHÍa, «Ohh He Moryn ywBiTB HHBOix^y na joamo nnxómB 

Ch BHyTpeHHOCTBH) CTpaHII». 

*Bfh EoHeraHXHHonojit mki MBora cjuiman o tfairapcuom bo* 
iipocl: o rpe^eoEoft cxopoH^ ero — on nttrpiapxa h ero oespetapi, 
o ciaaflHCKofi — ot% Óairapcmni xenyraiOB^^ (i.-e. xenyraroB^, xjkh 
HOxaBíHHxi no iiepROBHOiiy Bonpocy). Eas^aa ciopoHa san^HH^aja! 
CBOH apryiieETH wh naM^JieTax'^^ nepeeunaHHux^ saiaieHÍaMH o* 
B^pHonoMAHCTBi cyjrraHy, h sjeSiuiiitKn nponBH0BOB% savE mhc- 
capoFB I^ccíh. PooeU vb Typo^ÍH srpaeri^ pon «BainBB» FB^yp**; 
mu3> xosflftCTBÍy — ee oÓBHHaiorb bo Bcnox^ spe^b, rio XMerB^ 
QgíMwrb BB^y (^ ^anoro ee6ff. 

<Mh CapaBUlHCB CB MrtHÍIMH BHOOipaHHHXb peBSX^HXOFS^ 

lasi BJ^poaiHo CfesspHGTpacTHHXi cyAei;oHHy fb 060<teHH0eiH ^^pa^ 
iQrBCsifiy (SpHTaHCBÍft H aneiffiBaHCBÍS, a&jh cboe rojioca sa (ioaraprw 
EpBTaHCBÍe BOHcyaH yB^para sac^, ^to ohh tfHJiH BsyiueHH, MVf^ 
HamjH vh TypiuB xasoe TpyxojiioCHBoe, ÓepeauraBoe, MopaďBHoe b 
onpflTHoe Hacexeme. ^to sacaercfl aiiepflKaH^eB!B, bto — Jiyuue: 
Kfiyzhaj BaRÍe ecE& y 6oarapi, caoBoflBuirb o6p8MWb. Erh saiit- 
Haa:e»HuS yiesHi, x-p^ Parrci (Riggs), nepeBen Berxift saBtr^ 

Ch ApeBHflrO Ha BOBHB GiaBBHCKifi, H MHOrO III&OJIBHUX'& KBHFft' 

tíiua nepeBeAWO cb aHraificBaro; luiepHisaHeBÚi dikojh eetB rb^ 
iMaBHHXi áojirapoiuixi ropoxaxi, a vxi sbhtb npoxaioTCfl; Tj9tm^ 

HUMH KHHrOHOOiaiUI KB pRBHUX^B ^aCTIX^ CXpaHU. 

«Bb xe^eBÍH Hamero cotfccrBeHHaro ísymBeesBíM mh bhxíxh ao-^ 
BOiBBO xousaTeiBCTBfB cvpeiuieBifl Hapoxa bs yjiyvrnemio, h m» 
]^ ocQÓeHHOCiai ósum nopasesu ero peBHoerBK^ b^ y^eaBE). Fof^ 
HHg i^iiiH Ba«aB'B H Poxona x^^^um JBojrapúo ea TpH ^áeror 
d^psyiO) i^eflrpijBHyio h vmMjjo. O ciBepnoft ^aeiH, Mesxy fy^ 
aaacB h BauaBaMHy mu bo Hoseiiab roB^psTB . saisv oieBHxivi^ 
tas^ BaB^B xypBH o(^biijb larxa, hto ona caBímcom HOGnoBOtoa^ 
XW nyTemecTBeHHHBOB^ ho, no CBBX'kej(BCTBaiirB jih^b, svBmHxrB 
Taní, 6oirapH, o6flTaH)nUe Mesxy <5oj[BnuiirB ToproBum BoxanuiriB' 
xQneAn cb oxhoS eropoHti h bxi ecxeoTBeHHBíHi ropmiMH spt-*, 
nocTflMH CB xpyrofi, 6ox^ HesaBBCHMU u np^npÍHMUBiiy ^far^ 
hx:b 6paa!Bfl sa BHyTpeHHBxak paBHBiiaxi. Kpoiffb toto, B^pox^B x^p^ 
siuvh 8X'icB MaoroucjeflHHB mBOUí, bs^b BoropftixtB Jiy^orifl b^ 
TepBOBŠ H myMjii. TepnoBOy xpeBHu ósojaiífi, ecth mícto, apex- 
nooiojBi^iaoe xjía fyzMBOŘ ceMHnapiB, h ecjs bobiíosíio, xxfl tboo* 
rpa^, ho xo cbx!b nopi HexoB^p^HBOCiB Ilopra ne nosBOJaersi 
6ojirapaMi hh xoro, hh xpyroro. 

«I]^HTpajiBHai Bo4rapifl — ra, BOiopas jemmb Mea^y xpeótnaiai 
TT^MKa H: B H PoxonoifB* dxbch mu noefaiojiH qibojq hb AjqNiaHOHOJ^ 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



nymniOTm r-mi lanifn e hpbh. i^i 

#EjnniioizM6, OaMEBOBi^ Oo^h, HHiffft— bc^ obí Be^^yrca ir ot>* 
xepsaicfl xpHcriaBCBHMH oÓqHHftMH <!en Bcusott ^iceHeaKntril noxxepsRK 
4m opasHieiBctBa hih (rpe^eccm) enHenonora. IIlBOJiBHae ffOMa, 
<(6jibnieĚ ^aer^H) npocropHHe h cb cbísvitb BosAjncoMi, onpiiraH, 
Kasb Bce B^ BojirapÍH. nisojiBHiifl RHara, cotfpaHHUfl hsi pa8HBix'B 
HCTO^HHBOBi) XonojHfliOTCfl SHEFaiiH aifepHBaHCBaro MHCCiOHepCTBa 
(Board of Mísbíods). ^m ynar^emu TypoKB, o^Horo uh abjxi 
jieHBKOBi yuTB lypei^Boxy assKy, h npHB^CTBeHHSfl ýpasa b^ 
^ecTB cynasa co(^híi kb pOA% msojiBHaro raiiHa. Ilpas^a, mo 
ran «e mothbtb mňerb xpyroft mjHlioph ciobb — b% qecTB loro, Ktě 
4iCBo6oKBm ctfAWf OTB Typei^saro rocnoxciM. Twh hjih ^yret 
i«Bcrb Doercfl upejfh noc^TBTeJieirB, CMorpa no loxy, ciHTaian jn 
evo xpHcriaHHHOirB HJH TypRo^HaoiTB. Mh flfnijiE cjiyiaB au^ 
maiB o6a xaBcra. 

<B^ ^HJHimoiiojri, CaiiaBOBi h Go^m ecTB seHCKÚi mBOJni.*. 

^lOasafl Bcarapífl jeasiirB Me;s^ Po^^odoitb h npex^Jiava 
:XpeBHet rpeqÍE. niftojm, nodiioeHHiifl saMH zxbch^ 6ujm HeHbme 
m ÓbfifAe, q&TB Bi jipyrHxi irbciaxi; ffo mq h6 bh^h mBoaii 
B% Hcnid& H xpynixi ropo^axi, jesan^xi na (Soji^ c^Bepeof 
^p^rt OTB OaxoBHBii ffl CsonÍH... 

«Bo Bcixi ynoiiflHyiHX'B irtcraxi^, rpe^ecaíB enacKOirB aobojib- 
CTByercfl tAitb, vto He xototb snaTB o 6asrapcB0B msoat, uh otb 
BpemBH xo BpeiieHH BuroBJíen BaBorcHmiOyxB OHepraqeesaro ynr 
leui; HO (inse bi rpeBO-cjiaBflHCBoft rpaHHi^ mh Hain.fH, ^o 
CMNVCBOHy oÓy^eHÍio nojosHrejiBHo Bcaiécatt xtmaforB. Bb Bo^ 
jtesi H EHHffbe ocflOBaHu rpe^ecsig ihbojiu, h oÓn^HHa xoJisHa 
coxepsaiB Bx%; bi txy^wb^ ecn (S^xhoctb oe ocraHaBjniBaen se*- 
^ej6Ě on coxepaBaHÍa Tauce h cbooB mBOJVH, eft craBan Bceaod*- 

JMMBBEU npeUTCTBÚI. 

«OxBffB pesyjbTarTB oto8 asTH^HapoxHOS norarmcH totb, mo 
^OMTBipu, BoropHe vh xpyvBrb irbcrax^B TAWh seianrB y^BTBCfl, btb 
4nBrB oi^yrax^Tyna h Bepaxraa; xpyrofl pesyjnrarB, ^ro, oT^iys^ 
j^HBHe on <:Boero xyxoBeHCTBa, ohh CBJtomoita vh BsymeBiam 
mn PfOfa* HšBonopue im msx% pascnttíBaion BocnojiLeoBarBca 
JMVHCKOĚ noiiO0|bH>, ^TOÓii oTxtjiaTBCdi on narpiapxa; xpyríe Bce 
^mfi onacatoTca^ iro hto, im HWBBftciBoe, nošen OBasarBoa emjd 

rSTK/BJĚBy lim BSrtCTBOe... 

^MesxT" ^i^^^ii^y >^ cod&AC^ GajiOHHSH npoÓysxaercA naprui, 
soMpfti paBiniiuaen, m> HporecraHTH ae npesHaiDn hh un^rflr 
^xm, Hfl nanu, h hto nospOBarenctBo ÁHrxiH hotjio 6u tfan 
JM xy«e nosporarrescTBa ^paH^iH. Orat ciipamHBaH)n, npHMen 
jn msh ÁHFjria no^i cBoe noBpomeiBCTBOi eea om cx^xaKnca 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



29é BftOTHnrb iBPom. 

nporecTaHraMH? Bi otb'Itb ohh noiy^EiH pimjnejb&oe: «bíti»^ 
Ho OHH Bce-raRH o6pantaiOTCfl si nporecraHTCBOMy CBHo^eHHKBy bs 
CaaoHHB*!, h npocflTB ero xocraBBTB hm^l BHHrB n y^Hiejieft Ha hxs 
flSHRt; npex^iarafl, BOHeuo, sanjaxHTB sa to h xpyroe*. 



nyTeniecTBeHHHi](n BHŠxajiH hs^b CajiOHHSH kb íiohI. nyreme- 
CTBÍe 6UJI0 BooÓqe o^ienB rpy^noe. Gtojlsh crpamnue sápu; cepe- 
AHHy AHfl Ha^o 6hjio nepeaKH;i[aTB hjih wh ropoxaxi, eje no ao* 
poií BB rpasHuxB «xaHaxB>, hjih nocroflJuxB xBopaxB. HecMOxpa 
Ha cyjiTaHCBÍň ^epnanB, botophmb nyremecTBeHHHAH ne ynycsajis 
nojiBsoBaTBCfl A^^fl BHymeHifl bb ce6i yBasenifl, hmb np]ixoAHJU)CB 

BHHOCHTB HenpíflTHUH HCTOpÍH H CB Xypeip^HMH «BHpaASH»^ BOS^R^ 

KaHH, H CB HpoBOsaxuMH saniiflMH. BójiBniyK) nacTB nyra na^o^ 
6uJíO jsibATh BepxÓMi — oÓBiRHoaeHHux^B nporbasHXB xoporB, bob- 
MOSHuxi A^fl dRHnasa, He cyn^ecxBOBajio, a& h li, sasifl 6kij[h, 
naxoAHJiHCB ^acTO bb ysacHOMB coctobhíh. ^sa-xpE pasa nyreme- 

CTBeHHEI^U, BOTOpUMB CJiy^HJlOCB Sa^OJltlB JIHXOpaXBOft, A012BHBE 6ujm 

BCRaiB 8KHnasa; nocji^ tfojiBmHXB poshcbobb, hmb AocrasjuLiH 8tk 
«9BHnasH», ROTopiie ynoTpe6diflH)TCA bb tíxb ntcraxB f^s. nepe- 
B03RH rapeMOBB nameft h hhhobhhrobb: pasB bto (Siua Ropo6Ra na 
HocHjiRaxB, yRpšnjaeifuxB na AByxB jomaxflXB, OAna BoepeAH, Apy* 
raa nosa^H, h pHCRyion^HXB cBajiBBaTBCfl bb Óorb. Rorxa njrrenie- 
CTBeHHBi^aMB cjyHajocB ocraHaBJíBBaTBCA na otauxb hjih Hoiiers 
BB xpHCTiancROMB jíflMÍkf owk BHA'&!iH oÓHRBOBeHHO, RaRB Hepeny- 
raHHHe xosfleBa np^TajHCB otb rpy6uxB sanTÍeBB, h tojibro Rorxa 
pasBjiCHHjiocB, mao nyremecTBeHHHi^u — mhphua xpHcriaHRH* oh^ 

BCXp^^aJIH BB XOBfleBaXB npHB'6TJ[HBHXB H HOpflXO^HUXB JIH)Aefi. Bl 

M^CTHOCTAxi CB MycyjiBMaHCRHMB, ocotfeHHO ajÓaHCRHMB Haceji6- 
BÍeMB, nyTemecTBeHHBi^u Úubbjie na bojiocb otb RpynnuxB ne- 
upiflTHOcrefi H Aftso cepBgsHoS onacHocTH otb XHRaro pas^ofinn^Baro^ 
BacejteHÍfl. nyremecTBÍe qepesB ajitfaHCRÍH m-Icthocth hphxoahjiocb 
jt^aTB CB Hac^ofl^^lMB ROHBoeicB— hsb TaRHXB se paaÓofiHHROBB^ 
ho noA^B HaxsopoHB Typei^Raro sanTÍH. 3totb cnocotiB nyTemecEsix 

COnpOBOSAfi^B HXB HO BCOfi AOpOPi BB 8T0MB Mips/b. AHrJÍ&CRÍS 

HyTemecTBeHHHifu yuijsE BNAopsarB bc£ 8th HeyxoficrBa h noti^- 
^ajH THsecTB H onacHOCTB nyTH npe^annocTBio CBoeicy A^y- 

nepBofl cranqieft otb GajiOHHRH 6ua% ropoffB ÉniABe, ójvffh^ 
ApesHefi nejiJiH, bb acsath nacaxB ottb CajiOHHEH. Bca m^j%^ 
BAOTB no paBHHH'6, (SójiBmefi lacTBH) nycruHHOfi, h Hnoria otmš^ 
neHHOft AO CHXB nopB HeH8ai']&A0BaHH£iMH RypranaiiH (tumuli). ?e- 
pesB Hee hactb HOBaa «HifnepaTopcRafl» Aopora,— «MonieHHHtec8oe 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



nyrsmEcnu rsi mskikbh h hpbh. 295 

X&n> Bi caMinrB noinoirB cmhcjš cjaroBa*. Bo-nepBHXb, o&a 6iija 
jQrpHO QA&iaHa h HsÓvra; li&TOirb ohe sp^inca, sasi saMeob, sii- 
xofi— 9T0 TpflCHHa. IIocTpoiBa es Óuja iioineBHH^ecxBO. Ilama co- 
a^SLn ch SAiniHaro napoxa dBcrpeHHyia noxaTB, cb yciOBÍeirBy qro 
BCfl paóora hxi sa Aoporb 6yxeTB oiuaHBBaTbCfl; ho, nojyqHBiDH 
xeHBFHy OHI noJOSUB HX^L ce&b vh sapnae^ h sarbM^B crpoHJB 
xopory npHHy;(HTejiBHiiirB TpyxoirB. MHOsecreo ceMeflcTBii Óajo 
pasopeHO dTHiTB ABOfiHuir& cnooo6oirb. «HxaepaiopCBafl» Aopora 
nepecbsaers pisy Bap^apL h au sroro crpoarcfl moctb. Owb aa- 
lars CwLi^ yase AaBHO h a^bho xofb 6u Óutb BonqeHi; ho 8to 
HOCjAxHee HO BxoxHJio Bi ujaHU HcnojHHTeieft: moctb HanarB gb 
jifijTh BOHi^OBi H novTH fpBejífiWh ffl cepe;^H£r, ho sa^b paóora 
ábua ociaHOBieHa, h HQAOA^aHHoe nospBiBaeTCfl jím nepetsAa 
AoeBaMH, BOTopiia hotoitb HoryrB cHHiiaTBCfl. Ilpoisataiofliiift fflixewb 
KasAuft PASTB njiaTHTBy qxoóiii AU Hero noioaseHu ÓjbAih aocbh. 
nama, HaBonei^, npeBpaTBJTB aiorB npomiceji; ho Hamn nyieme- 

CTBeHHHI](iI BBA&IH HOCTB BCO 60^6 BB HeAOA'^aHHOirB BHA'&. 

Bi Eheabo owb ocraHOBBJnrCB bi 6ojrapcRoirB aomí. 3aícb 
OHÍ ne nojy^HJUí oeo6eHHO hobux'b cbía^híS, ho nojyqniH noA- 
TBepsAeHÍe lixx, Bam hmšjih h8'b AOCTOB']^pHaro HcroiHHsa bi 
GaxoHHB-^. B^B EoHABO c^HTaerea ao 6000 aohobi, na-noJiOBHHy 
(karapcBHXi, na-noJOBEHy lypeABHX^B ocMaHjHCOBx. 3A'ibaiBÍe xpn- 
cmne Bcb — cjiaBAHo; h3% rpenoei tojibbo enHcxon^ h mxojiBHBitt 
y^HTejEB. FjiaBHiie ropoiaaHe roBopjiTB no-rpe^ecBH, no ToproBiím 

^aifB; HO SeHH^IHH COBCŠMI H6 BHaKXTB 8TOrO aSUSa. SaÍCB tfUJIH 

(kurapcBÍe yHÍaiH, BOTopux'B 6ujio cnaiaja orB 50 ao 60 ceif^erB^, 
a FB TO spěna xamh ao 35: ocrajBHHe tfpocHJiH ynÍK), BorAa omstf* 
jorcB KB osHAaHÍH, MTO OHa Horja ocbo6oahtb hx'b otb noAaieft. 
Ho ^íhcxo hx^b Morao ohatb yBejtH^HrBca, ecml6^ ymaicRaa ii^epsoBB 
(Suaa ycrpoena TasB, Bas^B ohh npHBUBJíir, x.-e. no npaBociaBHOMy 
oÓpasiQr,— «OHH (SfiiJiH yB&peHH^ hto nan'6 ne sawtMíí Aamunumpo' 
eamb bxi: eiiy nysno TOJObso bbatb nepesi^ci naA^ narpiapxoicB^. 
Bb cyn^íoCTH, totb h ApyroS OAKoaisoBO eitb ^ysAR. Xosbhhi 
AOMa He 6ujrB yniarB, ho owh otixacHajii A^Jio cjtŠAyK)qHin& o6pa- 
soitb: «Bi leiTB mh HysAaeMCfly aro — vh noBpoBBTejB(ďB&, n kb 
HteoTopoS noMO^H vroÓH noAnaiBca. Mu ne aobojbho Óoram, 
^no6u nocrpoHTB BTopyH) msojy, h taBi BaB'B enncKonB npHHys- 
AaerB nacB coAepsaTB rpenecByio, to Bce, nero mbi npoeHiťB, bto 
HXQŮb y^BxeaB snaii xasse no-6ojrapcBH. Hm^a noRpoBHTejBcxBO 
BaBofi*HB6yAB HHoerpaHHofi ffipM^Uj mít mof^h 6u ycn^TB bi 
BTOiTB, H eciH (Sh pasi 6iua ocHOBana msoia (tb ^ojrapcBHiťB yqH- 
leieMi, TO MH cra^iH 6u nociuaTB A*Teft bb nee. Ecjh (Jh mh co- 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



296 BMffHni mfom. 

naoHxnsB nepellTH kb poxanHcravs (T.-e. m jhík)), on odiiiviXM% 
flaiTB n i^epsoBHyK) cjijsňj h nmonmoe yneme Ha Hamem cod- 
tyrB6HH0irb ^m£; h xota mh dojbine saiaiH (Ks nojiynn ai» 
xiffiHifB-HHtfyxB j^pyraicB otfpasoirB, ho jjrHme nojyuTB aio TaKi^ 
v6mi ho nojy^Bxi bobco^. 

OrB EHHXBe mecTB ^aoon ism ao Boxemi. IlepeciynHFB pti^ 
EosacMavB, nyremecTBeHHHiPB 0% Kasxnn marmn npH&iHsaeTCJi 
K% BOxeHCBoft xoJtBHi; T^t TTOVHTeiBHoe OAHootfpssie 6e8lÍCflOt 
paBHHHH ontHAercfl ropaicH, aejieH&H) h crpeMorejiBHaMH noTOBavH. 
Be^epoiTB nyremeeTBeHHHifu BcrynEjra b*b xo^inny; vb tytowavb 
ea^axib, OBaftiuflion^HXx xopory, jAse cojobbh, a levtítŘ vbieph nr 
nfijrb KpacHHfl bštbh ipaHaTOBurB ffipeshBVh wb HoiBOiirB qs^^iiy. 
HaROHei^, OHÍ OajiH nim ciiaHÍH hotobobi, oriamHEfxrB rpoicax* 

HHMH ^TEHapaifE, H OCraHOBHJIHCB HOJUOtfOBaTBCS CQOHOB. Osíb <$£Ijlft 

y noxHOsifl caajiH, t^h BoropoS naxaen p^sa se oxHOfi hojocoS, 
a HflTBK) tfoJBDíHiíH RacsaxanH, líeiBxy t^itb sairB ((esncjieHHiie 
MajeHBSÍe pyvBK (^ssyrB hbi seiOHH, naxaa CBOpxy Vb xojnraý— 
npejecTHaa cm^cb BejieHH h jAwel. Bsepxy, na csaiiy npH naiaii 
xaesaxoBfB, CTOEtsBoxena, Óojirapcidt <^ropoxB bo^») H'6aorxaifa^ 
sexoHCBafl i^ecca. 

3x^ owb oemHOBHJiiK^ bi mA mBefti^apcBaro ToppoBi^a mei* 
BOiTB, Byxa 6iím peBOMeHxoBansi. Xodsien ne (huio h hx^b npH* 
BftTB BaBixKBaBmift BOHTopofi ÓojTapiiHB, HOJofy^HBmitt oÓpasoBarie 
n B^Ibí; ohí npHBesjn eny nncBua, h bto cxiiaio ero HpieM% 
en^e 6ojAe cepxe^HmrB. Jí^he m&bTKnmg, xopoaaHim saipyxHeaifi, 
nyremeeTBeBHHipi npHrjiacHn kb ce(% irkrHyK) BJiacTB, nyxHpai 
soTopiiS H flBHJca KBHairB: «T0j«n48inifl, TyošfiiniB h rpyf^Mmiii 
lypoffB, BaBoro xh Borxa*ra(SyxB BHx^kra», 92jAnwn r-sa Mbb^ 
E^SH. nyremeoTBeHHHip sejiajra HaspaBarBca Kh OxpnxcBOMy osepy 
(cB ropoxoKB OxpHxoft, ffiBorxa Bropoft crorantet cmparo tfojmip^ 
CBaro i^apcTBa, bi loro-saiiaxHoE ero nactH): ho osasajiocB, ^ 
xopora B'B KacTopÍH), Byxa ohš xy^^^^ ixaTB no HaHpaBjrooéD 
n OxpBx^ tfujta yciflna npenarcTBiflicH. Ribctb Boxenesaro ii/y** 
XHpa, HOxnHeHHaro caaoHHBCBOMy námi, ne nua xftmne OerpoBa, 
OBOJo Tpex% ^a60B% i$m (y^ Boxensi, h Ha ^tot ctmiph ho ((ttM 
BH ^hhobhhborb, hh jiomaxeft. j9|ajše, xyxHpB nacranBan, ^ro 
Measxy OorpoBOMS h Racropiett xopora (Siua onacna wh paateft* 
hhborb; ohb ne bhbjtb npHTOirBy h HiBto ne motb ony tíBasai^y 
eoTB m ^T0-Ha6yxB noxosee na xopory xesxy Eacropi^ h Ha^ 
yHOiTB na OxpHXCBOirB oeepi. Cjobomi, nytemecTBeHHHipi xo^aras 
fkum otBadffnbCfl on CBoero njiaRa hocíthtb eocbfpvBO AjtíaidR h 
p§muH ixaiB npjnfo Ha Monacnp^B. 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



nyrimioTBEf j>mb maassam n hpbi. 297 

Boxeoa Of Jinm«rc& naň ropox^ cowAwh ocodeiBRwn xá^K* 
tepoM^ pfea leiierB n nett Bxoas ymiiu; ee moi&qo 6sí HMB«ft 
Beneiileft vb usnmsffpky ol Toft pasHin^et, ^to buícto cooKofiHftni 
Baiiaja sx^cb cípeiiRTeiBHiiB ropenfi nmovh. lípáno hm boxh 
noAHHMaioTCii BpacHBHe xoMa HaB(k)jiie (Íoí%rax% roposasrs, b% 
TOKI iBCxb Hfforazi BymtOFb, Óojtraps h B^bcaojiBrax^ mnefii^ap- 
Udvb. Hname aTasNi anixib xomob% BaneHHiie, BepxHie— xepenitt^ 
Bse, H 9fíbch on&sb vh ifoxt i^acen ctíhh re ((tjroe «& itMy^ 
6uwb. FopoxcBoe lyinrM ecrs aijiefl no ^lA, Ha soropyio (fpd* 
eajoTB iteB ^BHapH. 3xiteB nyremecTieHHHi^Q bvx'^h rpysny wy* 
€jjaM$s%f CEflíbBaiETh vb BpysKi sa sasHun pasroBopoiTB. 
XoBflHH^B ETh o&hŘcmxhy vto zfjbcb Ha (nKputou% Bosxyx'! vaoio 
X^isaica coBfim, h ^m hb Hacrofliqee spěna TypsH Berpeiosenu 
<»wxameirK npaBnjBHaro noxoxoxHaro Hajtora^ Torxa KaB'B xo cmi% 
nopB OHH yif^H njiaTHn oxhhi niacrpí xairB, rxt pafli niaTHJia 
XBtaaxiVirrB. Ohh o($xyMiiBaj[H TonepB, BaKfs oix^&iai^cs on Hosaro 
BamBa, h laKB sairB oujkmy xojiaHsi (hiM npoHSBOxmib MycyjB^ 
itane, to ohh Horjra hmštb Beio naxésxy ycrpoHTB i^m. 

B'B oxHOif^ MÍcrfi Ha (íepery eo6p9B% 6sm ifaTepíai*E XJ» 
noei^Bu nnojm. «RpyTHBHa Óepera, na BOTopoirb erosn Boxena, 
ittKB BeiHsa, HTO ropasxo x^mesjíe BOXHHMaTB saiiHH eaBepx^B b<^ 
poiOKB, HeseiH noxBOSHTb Hxi HO xopori. Ob 9Toro x^krra npe- 
jeeiHsĚ BBffB, H Borxa kh e& BOCBJlH^aHiiIMH yxHBHXHCB Bpaoort 
jianxma^y oxhhi tioarapHHi opoBop^ajTK — <ffi,j xopomax seiufl; 
tOABO OHa mifpe^MH' Cbhhbh Bcerxa BaÓHpaercH hb jyqndt caxB». 
Haoa npnrjiaeHJiH b% cax% toc^XHaro xona, rxi xu xorjiH &both 
m na CBotfoxt naciaxiiTBca bhxovb. Ha BpaK> csajiir tfsijrB paso*- 
craaffB BOBopB H oicloxa, » xpacimn rpasaTOBiíMH i^BtiaHv na 
nepioirB ojiaH^, mh CMorpiu BapTHHy TaBot Bpacom, Boropaa 
nriterB najio paBHnxs. Ha aasxoB ctopoHi Boxenu HxyrB ropu, 
H HOCieneHHHVH cnycBaifH xoihh^ czox^n bs BapxapcayiD paB*- 
nmy. PaBHHHa kb cbootb njrpnypHOiTB orxaaeBÍH cjBBaerci ct 
^fjecniH^HH^B Hopexs h na xpyroifB ((epery sajiHBa ts^n naxaen 
Ha &bjais. crlHH CaiOHHn. TaBOBi bhx^ Bopaso wb hbcb; oOep- 
HHiecB Haj^Bo— H nepex^ BaxH xpyr&fi BapTHHa: on BaesaxoBi h 
fyTOBiix'B fom^ BoxoHH HOXHHxaercfl hhsbíS ptxB x^eHerax^B xoi»- 
Moerh^ Hax^ HHm xpyi^B V^X^ BHme, h gss^ Biime, h HaBOiieq% 
Boe saBopniaerB ropa Ojumins, Boiopofi mHpoBoe ontenoe neio 
4iecTBTB TeiiepB boiotokb Ba BttzoxflnteirB tOjĚsníb. Ha noxotiHBt 
eiOHS naxo CHorpiiB h evoipin^B, nosa ont ne aacettTjribioTCfl wb 
HaMHiH^-Baaxidl i^bžtb, xhhíji, oirtnoBii,— tavB wotfu, Booeuií^ 
cmMj nocjti CByiHHx^B jjansurb cAwh h emfi 6oJsie CByHH£ix'B 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



298 BMnmrB s^oiib. 

giíhi roGrHHHX'B, AOBonHO 6uxo saiqpiiTB rjiasa, ^o6u BHSBaTS 
xxByjo sapTHHy. ?To6n yHecm, TaREM% otípasoirB, cb coÓoB bexb 
B9B BoxeHH, MU FOTOBii tfujiH 6ii saiuaTBTB caMyio AoporyH) i^íte^,— 
spoM^ Tofiy BasyK) BanjaiHJH. Chaa kb cmj nocj'6 saxons^eHÍfl 
cojiHj^, Mil o6i nojyHBJH JiHXopa^y». 

Ha Apyroi AetBb oh^ npoAOisajiH nyremecTBie, h laHxma^nrb 
(tiurB TasoS se o^apoBaiejsBEuft. OsA šxajH BBepxi no ptsi na 
pocRomnoB ao^hÍ} ci sepxy soiopoB ptsa naxaerB KacsaxoMi. 
Hmi Bcrp^TiuoGB lyrB ni^qio bb poji^ moocettnott sacraBEE, r^^ 
ajióani^ii tfpajiH cb npoxoAflntHX'B sasiH-ro x^eBrn; no aHrjiiftCRHX'B 
nyTeniecTBeHHHi](B ne TpoHym — y hhxi Óílib «6yK>pxii» (noxopos- 
naa), — h hmib oÓmchuh, hto éepyiB tojibko cb ^&bfflsiTh>. ?e- 
pes^ Tpn Haca oni spyio enycTHJiHCB sfB OBepy OcrpoBO, Boiopoe 
6ujo 6u KpaoHBO, ecAEŮb ne 6ujio cjihihbom^b nepno; nsi boah 
BurjuiAiiBaji^ neÓojiBniofi ocrpoBORi, cb Me^eiBio: s^bcb 6uxo wb* 
xoFAa ceienie, no oxHasxu ono 6hjio cobc^mi saTonjeno noxHflB- 
meiocfl BOXO& osepa; nexaBHo Boxa ynajia s na Micr6 cejienúi 
ORasajsacB nojioca raiaro 6epera h Me^eiB. ^epeBHfl y osepa, rx:Ď 
ocranoBHJiHCB nyremecTBenHEi^Ki OTxoxnyiB, 6uja 6i&XHa xo spatt- 
HOCTH. Apyraa ocranoBsa bb «xaHŠ> TopnEmeBO 6iuia ne Menše 
Tjusejia; nyremeciBenHEi^Ki óuxz cobcímx Óonnii; 6oirapH, npe 
npOBOsaTUX'B lypsaxi, yrBepsxftJiH, ixo y hexb HE^ero hítb h 
sekero npoxaxB; tojbko lorxa, sorxa nyremeccBenHEi^Ei, nonaBniH 
8T0, OTOcjia^fl TypoBB, sEiejiE ycnoKOEJECB, npEneciE MOJORa, BypB 
H BopMa XJfl jiomaxeft n saroBopnaE x&se (neciacTEtie!), neibsa 
JH nojiy^sTB ÓojirapcROĚ asÓyRE. Kb bohi^ xhe 6o.i&eb ne ocja- 
ůbwMB; nyremecTBeHHHi^n cepBesno noxyMaiE, ^to moseo e bb 
caMOMB jsíkA yMepexB bb 9iomb ysacnoMB noM^n^enÍE e uocjíslsb 
VB anrjiiflCR^my ROHcyjiy bb MonacrBpB cb npocB6oft npncjiaTB sa 
BEME saRott-HEtfyxB dREoaaRB. «Bb TypipE wbvh xase oxHoro nra 
era míctb, Txb 6u moseo (bijo eceo^setb nofpónyjo npocBÓy; e, 
éHTB MOiRexB, sErx'& Ha cvbrb hštb MŽcia, rx'6 6ii 6oju»hhxb 
nyiemecrBeflflEqB sxa^i^B laBoB npieMB, RaROi mh BcrpiiuE bb 
XOmA r. fl r-SE KaxBBepiB bb Mosacmpš*. 

3x'6cB OHÍ npoBejui ffá nex^JiE, noRa nonpaBEiECB; ocMorp^^ 
ropoffb, cod^XHÍe MonacmpE, niROJiy. Otb nofaxKE na aji(SaBCRÍa 
08^a npnmjiocB oiRasaiBca, — exb naBsott híaiso óujío eocítetb 
Tb Mtoa eBponefiGRott Typión, Roropiia naEMeni^e ebbícthh eBpo- 
netqaMB, h ont yriniEJuiCB, yanaBnis, vio osepa xopomo 6íuh 
onflcanH bb nyiemecTBiflXB MECiepa JDipa (Lear). Oni aramajiE 
xaRse, ^rro raroBETCs xpyroe onEcanie nepoMB e 8apaHxamoM!B — 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



nyTunsGTBis r-jci lassiinH n epbe. 299 

oxHOft <accomplifihed lady>» r-»B yoiep%y cecrpii (piiaHesara 
BanejiJiaBa wb KoHcraHiABonoj^ ^). 

KpoBit Bpacorb npHpoAu, r-«a MaKReHSi coj&aji^a ocoÓeHHo, 
9T0 He yBHAHrE ropoAa OxpoAu^ HtBorAa «CTo-ifocTHoB» ctojhi^ii 
xorycqecTBeHHaro Óojrapcsaro i^ipcTBa. Bi Hacroim^ee apeiia Oxpfl^a 
eraja ropasAO MeH'6e sea^HTejbea, n^ui> MoHacTHp'^, BoeHHaa craH- 
itífl TypoKi>. droTB ropoAi* npexpacHo pacnojio^ee^ ea spaio 6oj&- 
iDofi paBHHHu, orpaHE^enoofi BejiHqecTBeHHuiťb ropeuirB xfe6£0U'hj 
vb KOTopoiTB CH^IsHufi rpe6eHB nepHcrepH Aocreraerb bucoth b^ 
7,500 ^yroKB. Kpoiťb rpenecsaro HMeHB, MoHacrepi HMierB 6oji- 
rapcBoe: Ehtojís (um craparo Byrejb), a Typiui eoeAHHfljiB hx'& 
vh xBollHoe HasBame — TojH-MoHaciHpx. PaswiHqÍK) HasBaHÍB otb%- 
laerL pasjuinie HaeejeHifl, cTOJbse pa8HOo6paSfRaro, BaR'b vh Ca- 
JOHOBŮ, HO OT<iacTH HSTB ApyrHX'B cocTaBHux'b ^acTeft. EBpeeBi 
MBoro u 8A^b, HO OHH He npeBymaiOTB necjoirb xpyrexi nie- 
MeHi; MOramieAaHe — ocMaHJHcu; cjiaBAHe, BOTopiixi nemioro sh- 
Berb vb ropoAt, nacejfliorb OKpeciBOCTb h bck) crpany RpyroMi; 
rpeROBi wbji> hh fb ropoA^, hh fb ospecrHocraxi, ho ohh ycn'bju 
CA^aib Ta^b, HTO HXi HHiepecEi h ssuirb npeAcraBjuiioTCfl 6ora- 

TlIJfH H XHTpUMH ^HH^apallH. HJHHI^apU (raRl SOByTB HTb CJaBflH- 

exie coc6ab; hjh Byuo-BJíaxB) — OTpacjb pyMUHcaaro njeMeHB, bo* 
Topoe HÍRorAa Óhjo, b^poatho, MHoroHHcaeHBO bi OeccajÍH h Ma- 
xeAOHÍB. Ha lorl on Ay^^i roBoparb r jsa MoRBensH, bio 
nieufl npeAcraBjífleTCfl ToproBtiiíB oÓH^fleaMB bi lypei^BHxi ropo- 
xax^b, nocejuHaMH wb bocto^hoA CepÓin h nacryxaMB na IIbha:! 
H Fb BajBanax^b. Eoibrnaa lacrb HX'b ao CBX'b nopi roBoparb 

CBOBMl OCOtfbUTb flSHBOlfb, BOTOpilft OAHH HaSUBafiOTb JiaTHBBSBpO- 

jBaHHbiifb BapBapcBHMi Hapt^ieBiii, Apyňe BapsapesoBanHUMi jiBr 
THHCBBiTB BBUBOifb. Ho Vb HOci^AHle roAH rpeBH saBeJiB MesAy 

HHMB CBOB HIBOJKI H CbyíCbjlH yB^pATB HXX, ^TO OHH CO(SCTBeHHO 

MaBeAOHCBÍe rpesB, poicaHHBBpoBaHHue bo spěna BUHepiB; nodroMy 
JMiHaapu pa8A'&iflH>rb rpe^ecam crpeiueHifl h aHTBnaTiH h A^BciByiorb 
sa oaho Cb rpe^ecBBirb enaGBonoifb a^e noAaaaenifl (SoirapcBaro 
BaeiieeTa. «XBTpbifiy npBTtcHBTejbHuft h pa6cBiA xapaBiepi i^bh- 
JSfijfíb Wb TypiUH o^OHb ocjiaÓdUierL yBaa&eHÍe, saBoe Morju 6ei sny- 
mwtb Hxi Tpyxoj]o6i6 b jobboctb; MesAy i^mi Baai AO<$poAyniie 
H ^ecTHOCTb yrHeieHHaro 6ojirapHHa BosfiysAaerb b^ Heny co^yB- 
CTBie A&se TOtfiBky Borxa ero ym ocraeicfl na caiioS Hsenieft cre- 
neHH paaBHTÍfl, sasi 8A'6cb». EABHCTBeHHaa Óojirapcsas mBOja bt^ 



^) „Throagh Macedonia to the Albanian Lakes^, by Mrs. Walker. 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



800 ncnm^b iBfoaB. 

MoBUxwf^ npBHaxJiesaJUt yHiaTam; en 8ai%xuBajrb CBfln^eHH0B% 
H8i ÁHr^iH, npE noMon^u ($oiri^)CKapo msoJBHaro ymejifl. 

Bi MoHacTBpt H vh CTpaEPb orojio aroro ropcua h OxpHXH 
uycyshu%wh, naai roBopcrB, (k)jBme, aeseiH xpecriairB. lípu t»- 
KoiTB oTBomeBÍH Haceje&iii, Hoioseme pafte, (JesnpaBnoS h 6e30^ 
pysHofi, Bcerxa tfiinaerL caMoe sajiBoe; otbputhb y(SiflerBa overa 
^aeni e ocruoTCfl ÓesHaBasasnuiíH. F-sa MasBeesH HpBBOAan 
B^cBOjnjBO npBiiipOBi, cijr^BBBiflxcfl ea iiocji'6A0ee sp^ii nepeffb 
rbu%; ysasHBaerE na lasie se patCBaau m-ccb Yosep^, nyreme- 
crBOBaBmeS b% MaRe^OBÍB b Aji6aHÍB; npHBo;(BTB eBBxiTeJbCTBO 
aMepHBaflCBara iiBCciOHepa, jBBBmaro djosjh bbb&cthgB lenepi* danu*^ 
3arpH, soTopHfi roBopBjfB (bb 1863), hto vb toB ospecTHOcm sas- 
ffiŘ roffb y6HBaeHoV(^io on 70 xo 100 xpflcriaHi&, b HBBaBoro 
ascjiAOBaBÍfl o6řh dTBVh ytfittcTBax^B se xtiajiocB. — Mu npBBejni 
BHme aairtHaBie t-b&b UpÓB, bto npooiJioroxBis ytfíficTBa ne mo- 
fjTb yxBBBTB Tbrbj BTO SBaoTB otiHBHOBeBBiift, BeerxamBift nopt- 
jifHPh Beqeft vb Typi^B. KaBofi sto nopnovb Beo^ett, bto BBon 
DOBasHBaKyrB BeBipoflTflsie ysaeu hub'6qih6& BoftBu. . 

r-sa MBBBessfl bpbboxbtb en^e npBirbp^E, b8% BOTOparo bbxho, 
qro flpaBii ((anra-^CysysoBi ne rysiffu e BBcmBM^b BJiacmiis: 6ujtb 
hjj^bA vh Towh se MoBacmpi, ^to cbitb BejrasiB BEBBpb, oůíAsmm 
lIpoBEH^ÍE xu coBepmeEii npaBocyAÍB b yBaBToaseBiB 8jioynoTpe($- 
jieflift, npEroBopBJTB bi CMepTB xpEcriascBaro mommuku^ BOtopuft, 
^au^uuncMCbj ocM^JiB^CB AUosATb pyBy Ha MyqrAMaHCBaro utiy- 
HEsa. CaMB BOHcyiH BiritmajiBCB bs dto BoaÍK)ntee x^o, ea eb% 
aq)excTaBJiefiÍB ocmncB ÓesoiOAdoí) b bbbbpb x&se oxjoaBBJTB c^ott 

^TBiSffB^ HTOÓH BflX^, BBBl yMpOTB XJ^BCriaBEHl. «HeyKBBB*- 

mBHo,— BaxtvaerB r-sa MdBBeBSB, — qro 6oJirapBHS HyBCTByerB, 
^To HOBB lypovB ynpaBJUierB crpanóft, Codpothbutbcb Bjoynorpetf- 
jeBÍH) BjaciH 6e8QOJie6flo; ho xpacriase oepÓCBaro BBBsecTBa, bo^ 
TopEie no spafiHeft u%pt vb ve^eHiE oxHoro noBOJri^HÍB nojiBaosa^ 
jiBGB CBoOoxoft, BCTptwBrrB HecnpaBeAiEBOci!B yaecOBciícBKEa^e'* 
r-sa MBB&eHW pasensuBaerB npEvipi ynopsaro coRpOTEBieHk^ 
OBasaEBaro ceptfoMTB BHasectBa, eeíbbiemi poxcrso vh Bojrapis^ 
BB OAHOVB cjíj^wb BaBepsBaro npErbcaesiB co cvoj^oeki typoics. 
Ho cep6H BBxaBHa choceje xypei^Boe eto ropaaxo HOH^ie lepnt^ 
JBBO, ^tvB Óoirapii. 

Oi*B BpeMeHE xo BpeKeHBy H ^»CTO no Bacroraho BoiHhHfl0yxB 
HBB eqMmeBcBBX^B nocuHHBBOBB, lypei^Boe npaBBxeďBCTBo nocii*- 
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Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



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Haro ajitfaHqa. Oni nycrejiHCB vh nyiB. 

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Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



9K0H0MMECK0E COCTOMIE POCdH 

nPOmJIOMt H HACTOamEMTy. 



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Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



dKOHOimicBOB oooToim pocdK. 805 

HnejnAO ch HaciOfliipDfi, cb nosasameKi, Kaiuui xou BJiiank na 
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XOIfl H HpHBOAHTCfl TOIBKO T%, KOTOpiUl HeO^XO^HMH, HTO0H paS- 

cyasx^Hia ne Cuxa tojiocjiobhu. 



Tox% y.— CsBxaBPb, 1877. 20 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



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jooffaotj cjiixHBmHxi sa xoxomi coónrifl. 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



asoHOMHnoROi oocTonn foooik. ' 807 

PoceU Bi TO Bpeifji ocraBuacB yewmEwouo on oeraiuiol 
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Hra8($&KHHMH nOTpflOeHÚIlCH, TO y HaiTB JIOÓHIH OCTaHaBJIHBaTKCg 

npeHMyo^ecTBefiHO Ha (^xcxBiaxi, BHBUBaeioiixib KpA^cauH, h oxocho 
npHAaBajH Hiťb upeyaejniHeHBoe BHa^me. 

Bcji^CTBie 9T0T0, pyccKÍe rocyxaperBeHHHe a^toih tofo Bpe* 
MBEEf BOciiHTaHHiie Vh HOHfTÍflxi, co^xaHHtiTB Bp&nooTHim spa- 
Bom, ydisxoHH 6ua vb Heap&ioerH fjuL pe^pm napoxoBib bo- 
o5n^, a tíitb Óoxbe pyccsaro, h ne toiuo npexcraBJUUH co6od 
^pejQT EefjÚM>my¥> o spairtHeHiH s^b Poocíh coBepmaBmHXCfl vh 
£Bpon% pe^pMi, HO h ne 6um wh cocroama xoexaroiHO uapco* 

KpOBHO 06cyAHTB Í10CjAfip£BÍSly BOTOpmi HeMHHyeMO J^OISEU 6UIE Vh 

nexaiOBOicB ((yxyiqeMi npoHaofiTH ^ia. Poccíh otb HenoxBHsaociE 
^a xoBaflcTBeHHaro h ajpfHHHcrpaTHBHaro crpoa. 

IIpenaTCTBOBaTB BeaBoiiy xassemK) h HOBOBBexomio cvHTaiocB 
ji^OM«B T^iTB 6o^ie HeoÓxoAHioiirB, "STO (JjiaroTBopHHe pesynxaTH, 
opoiexoxaH^ie otb pe^pirB, BBOxnfux'B kb xpym% rocyxapcrBax'B| 
^OTiaaajucB, H ABiema, npoHGxoxaainia vh Esponi, o6HBHOBe^H• 
oÓeysAft^HCB y naeB 6e»B ]i!0C3MWMia% BBarixoBaKifi, lacro kul 
loro Tojmto, ^toÓíi hmAtb cjryuS BocxiaiaTB TorxiunHee, noipmoe 
TatHOK) H Mpason h naaraieecc no Bxoiiy kp^irhicb, coeiajl|HÍe 
Pocdi. 

0XHH!B H» SpOCBinteflBitlIlHX^ XtoOMÍt TOtt dHOZH^ míMBOUph 

ij^HHaHCOKB rpa^ KaHKpani, vh to spěna, aorxa rb Poeeúi) yse 
ch 1838 roxa, (um ompuia xu xsHaseBia i^apcBocejibCBaa aie- 
lisHaa xopora, h sarbirB, vhl8é2 r., Bostfy^sxra^ 6urh BonpociB 
o ooexHHeHiK XByx!B pyocBVTB cxojimi sejr^BHiiirB nyreiTB, se 
cdiyBCTBOBajKB 9T0xy HOBOMy npexapiaTÍiDy h bo BcenoxxMffiftiQem 
XOBJíaxi Bupasan HH^me, ^to sejiisHna xopora «ycHJiHBaB>rB 
flasjíOHHocTB Kh HeHysHOMy nepexBHSOHiii cb ušera na xftcro^ h 
^en Toro BecBHa eB(AcTBeHHyK> namaMy p^sy, BuifaHHBaa npH 
mowh HBjniniHia co cropOHu nyójiHSH va]ífi^Kň>. 

TaBoe MHŠHÍe rpa^ RanspiiHa pasxi^JVuocB ÓoamHHCTBOiTB 
jnu^, ynacTBOBaBniHXB vh oco6o nasHaTOHHoB, X^a otfcyacxoma 
9ioro npexMera, soicmhccíh; npexnpiaríe coexHHema Mocbbki ch 
Cf.-nexepÓyproiTB se:iÍ3HinrB nyTem npexciaBjíajocB tfoiBmHHCTBy 

90* 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



308 noTHm npooB. 

HeBHTOXHHirB H vpef^Buwby H TOJiBBO 00 MoA HimepaTopa HESOJiafl 
naBJOBBTO p^nreHo dcuo crpoirrB HHSOjaeBCByH) meiisBjío xopory. 

He TOJiBRo sejrí^Hfl xoponi, ho h crpeiureHÚi n> yqpesAeniio 
acco^ia^ifi h soMnaHÍfl naaKipm, a Ja ocyn^ecTBaeHÍfl npexnpiflTÍfi| 
nexocTyuHKx^ oxHHo^Himnb cemwLj ho nojBsoBajHCB pacnojiose- 
HieiťB rpa^ KiuncpuBa, soToput nocroflHHO rbcbohxi BcenoM^H* 
HÍiBiHZ'B AOBJía^ax^s BErpasajTB MH^nie, hto na lasonoe cji^^Qren 
cxorpto «6ojiše BaiRB na ((ojšshb, nesejiH xasi na cpexciso^ 
Moryn^ee A^flcTBÍEiTejiBHO yjiy^iHiiTB Bain'E o^n^ecTBeHHiifi 6uvb>. 

T^wb ne uewbej o6mfie crpex jeHÍe bi y^pesAemi) asEiioHep- 
HHXi o6ii^ecTBi ;(ifl o6mficxBeBBurh iipe;pipijiiiB vb EBponi 6uio 

CTOJB CHJIBHO, ^TO OHO He MONO HO npOflBHTBCfl H Vh PoCCÍH. 

Ho BCJi^ACTBÍe XH pacnop^rseHÍft npaBHTexBCTBa, cAcHEBuoTh 
CBo({o;iy nacTHofi x!^TexBBOCTH, HXH se OTB HexocraTBa ji¥>f,eŘ B^p- 
Huxi H SHaion^Bxi, x^fl BexeHÍfl sa^iyManniixi, no 6ojiBnreft ^acni 
cxHmsoMi cJOSHHxnb, lexHHHecKHXi npexnpiflTifl, TasoBUfl hm&ih 
y Hac% BecBMa caaóiie ycn^xH ^). 

Meas^iy tImi, bi BumeosHa^eHHinrB Mory^niifB ^BiopaMi, bh* 

SBaBmHlTB B^B EspOH^ CTOXB CHXBBOO XBHJReHÍe, HpifiaNIJCfl 00^6 

offiffB, oi^'£HEa pesyjiBTaTOBib Boroparo xja Poccíh, Ka^B rocy^ap- 
CTBa seMxex&iB^ecsaro, AO^sna 6u 6um cocraBXflTB npexMer^ 
cepBCsHaro HBCJiiAOBaHiji: noBcentciHBiirB ycrpoflcrBOirB aKej'l8Hiix'B 
XoporB H yxy^nieHÍeK'B cyxoxoxeiBa ccexana tfiixa bobmoshoctb 
ycEjennaro nepecexenífl vh HJio^poxHiifl M^krHOCtH AiiepHBH h 
ABcrpajriH BBXHmBa napoxonacejieHÍfl rycro sacexenHiixi crpajn 
EspoiiH. OrBpHTie^ kb 1848 r.^ BecjiHxaHHaro <$orftrcTBa boííotiixb 
poBCBinefi vb KaxB^pBÍH h vh 1851 r. en^e 6ojiie o()ni]ipBiixi 

aBCTpaXÍICBHÍ'B 80X0T0B0CBUXI pyABHBOBl yCBXEJO BOpeceJSieBie Vh 

emfi 6ojňe rpoMaAHcrx'B pa8KÍpax'B. Ho BCBopi sa^nafl norOHa 
nepecexeBi^eBi sa bojotomi yiMBBniBxacB, scji^bxcTBie AOporoBBSBU 

BB8BH, XOXOAHBmet fiO TOFO, ^TO BITB SpiXO^BJlOOB paCXOAOBaTB HE 

CBoe co^epsaBíe no^mi BecB sapaOoroBB^ Ao6iiBaeKB[Ě iBmeimn^ 
HeBiiflocHMinii MBoniMM, TpyxoMrB H nepecexeBi^i BaxoxHXH tfoxie 



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Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



9B0H0H1IOKOI 9WS0ííBa POOGIH. 309 

BarOXPBWh HSlfiHETB CBOH) X^TeJIBHOCTB H otipaTHTBCfl B'& otfpa- 

4ozs6 njOAopoAHHXi HŠeTHOcret ÁMepiRE h ÁBcrpaiiH, rx%, nojs- 
syflCB BEHiwh HeorpaHH^eHHOH) CB060XOK) H He^ir&pHMOKH npo- 
erpaHCTBaMH ^'^^BcrBeHHiixi, Óorartimexi seneiB, ycHjHJH ci ne- 
HMOBipHOK) óiícipoTOK) npoHBBOXCTBO seiueff^jbqecKHxs npO^RTOB^* 
Mesjty rtirs npoHCxoAHjrb nocroflHHiift npeLoiBi sojoia hsi RaxB- 
^pHÍH H ÁBcrpajÍH vb BecbMa oÓmHpmxs pasaiipaxi; BsanŠHi 
aojiora Tpe5oBaiiHCb KaHyJMiBTjrpHHe npeAMeru, na norpe^HOciB 30- 
jOTonpoiraiiueHHHKOB^ H ÓorartBDíHrB, Bai'6ACTBÍe BBiroxHaro otfsira 
8eMjiex:£jiBiecKBXB npo^QrsiOBi h bkicoroS 8apa6oTHofi luaTH, sme- 
jtíl AiiepHU H ÁBcrpaiiH. B% cbok> onepexB btotb ycHjieHHu& ot- 
nycKB H8% EBpoDH nmfbjn noci^ACTBieiTB, ^xo npeAnpiHmHBoerB 
no wAwb orpacuiTB npaMHnueHHOCTH vh EBpoirl HpesBuqafiHO yoH- 
jHjacb H yBejHfeme ROJiEqecTBa jsfiEen bosbkiouo crpexieHie b% 
on^unswb H lipMSfiOAHTenHocni. Ho Bce bto npoHCxoAH^o hb kl 
BHTOxb PocdH, iftBE savB seiuex^jiBHecBHMfl npo^BTaMH AiiepHBa 
a ÁBCipajdiE ciajH cHaÓsaxB phhrh^ aocojí nojiBBOBaBiniecfl npe- 
myntecTBerao pycckHMH npoxyBTaiiE ^). 

Cji^AyerB en^e saMtoiTBy ^iro npn 9roft oxBaTHBmefi MÍprB ivxo- 
pMo^íHofi fjksrejshBOOíM^ Bcx^jvnsie €Boeo(^[ia8HHX'B yciOBifi xoÓErra 
H pacnpocrpaHemfl Hosaro sojiora, rb to se canoe Bpeiui npoflB- 
xseiai b:b npcmiinMeHHOCTE soBoe HanpaBjíeHie, a BMeHBo crpev- 
jieme vh wacBsmjo cpexciBib x^a yxoBxeTBopemfl 60^60 yT0H<EeH- 
mm norpeíSfiocieS HB3fliHX'B uaccoFB o6a^ecTBa '). 

Bcjť&xcTBÍe BToro, bc£ oiSjíacTH npESii^Hiixi Hays^ o^pan^amrB 
ycHiia CBOH B!B yxemoBjíemio npeAMoroBi norpetlseniji, ycoBepmen- 
crBOBafideirB npoiiBBOxeiBa, nocpexcrooirB yT^XH8a^iH xhofaxi bo- 
mficrvb H oci!aTBOB!B, KOTopue npesxe cnraiHCB Hiuyxa Henpnrox- 
amiii H yuHHTOsajaicB. 

AodHTHyTHe B!B BTOiTB Ha]ipaBJieHÍH pesymaTBi OKasaiscB ctojib 
yxa^BHXH, mo MBoríe ssBHeHHiie npHnacn h npexMoniy soTopue 

GmaJlHCB pOCBOIDBK) H OpOHBBOXHJIHCB VB npeSBOO BpOMfl TOIBBO 

Xia BEOBHaarettHOl ^lactH HaeettHÍii) cxiiajuicB otfn^exocryiiHiiMír 
H iiajto-no-Majiy, nps nodeiieHHoicB B&xoposamH Tpyxa h seim, 
«Hn XByx«B rjiaBHiixB hctouhbobi sapaÓOTBOBi, bohuh b'b yno- 



^) II<Hcpo6iEU yianflu ■poaoHexnHVB n voprtBii iemexkuvecmcE iipoxyRaiiH 
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<) BcjrtxcTBie B8XoposaHÍii Tpyxa, n nepBoe speiu nocii otbphtíji soiothxi upi- 
mtwan n Bajni4K>pBÍK k ÁBCrpaiiH óhxo xíxoms HecjnixaHHHMi bhmht& pydaoiKy, ea- 
«osm saonsy oa jonejfindi (SamHsn au so^ism pasopBMHoe mane; Hiaia sa 
ctmpKf m nomny <kua ctojl isecuBa, ito pamaiao cromocím hoboA Qj^pmwL 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



310 BMnm tBPOifi. 

"ipetf leaie h cnuni yse norpetfHOCriio wsí cpexHHii h HH8inn^ 
iiaocoffb o($ii](ecTBay cocTaBJíioii^'^ sHaHHreiBH^SBiyK) nacTB Háce- 
aemji rocyxapcTBa. 

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roBJífl AOCTHru rpoMaxHHX^B pasM^poK, npnqeiTB ycraHOBHBiniecai 
i^eHTpH esíj vh npesHee speufl pacnoioseHHue npeHKyn^ecTBemia 
BÓaisH BOXHHurB cGotin^emfl, crajra onacTH lepan CBoe sHaHeme 
BCi^ACTBÍe nocTosHHO pacmHpflBinetca cíth mejásEux^h xopon n 
leierpa^KBt h nepeM^oqajiHCB ly^a^ vfib HaxoxuE 60:1^ beitox- 
Hsifl ycjOBÍfl OTHOcnrenHO nponBOXCTBa b RpexHia. 

Eiuo ecrecTBeHHO, ^ro Baroxam rpoMaxHaro ycffJieBHaro npoBB- 
BOxcTBa H ToproBJH BOcnoiBsoBajmcB npeHMyn^ecTBeHHO ri HapoxH, 
xoTopsie ÓHJH 6ojrbe Apynixi npexnpÍBimBH b cbobitb pasBEtieirB 
6osie noxroTOBieHH vb HOBOMy nopsxBy Ben^eft, hjh soropHe ea- 
xoxBJfBCB vb CTon BHroxHOií^ reorpa^^ecKOiTB naioseBÍH, it(v 
OHO AABaao HiťB BOBHOBHOCTB iipHHiTB Ha oetffl nocpexHB^ecTBO BS 
pacnrapaM^eĚcfl BceidpHoft xoproBjrl. B%TaROM'B BuroXffOMi nojio- 
semn HaxoxHjnrcB Ahuíh^ Ecáhm^ ^panim^ FMAOudui h or^acm 
T^pjiafiiiiy no9TOiiy wbrh HH^ero yxBBBieiBHarO) ^ro bs rancB rocy- 
Xi4)CTBarb, npn pasraroMi, npBHi](Hni caMOHOMon^H h BHXHBBxyan- 
HoS BHHi](iaTBBÍ, tfiarococTOflHíe Hapoxft BOspacraxo h HaKonjirjmc^ 
MtiepianHiie h yMcrfieHHiie KanBraJH, nponopqfoBanHO Boropíms 
pocio H Moryo^ecTBO bthxi HapoxoBi. 

noxBOB^b doioxa E»b RajiB4K)pHÍB B ÁBCTpajiB sa 9 jrbvbj c^ 
1848 r. no 1856 r., paBBUci 1)263 mhu. py<$.) uxm obojo 
137o Beero sanaca ecJiOTa b oepedpa, BiiŠBmaroca vh paara^Hsixs 
^pMaxs Kb EBponi h AiiepBBi. PacnpeA^eme ewro Bon^ectBa 
toji^Ta cootfpasoBaaocB ci OTHocHiei&Hoio cdocoÓhoctíH) sasAOfl crpUH 
npoBBBojqiTB TOBapBi, roAHue x^ BiiBOsa vh rt cípami^ vfíb npo^ 
B8BOAHXOCB ;v>6uBaHÍe Bojora, a TaxseBooÓn^e roxBHe fjui Bceidp* 
Haro puBsa. EcreciseHHOy ^rao flaBMeBBmaA xom yiacm vb bii- 
roAUfE, spoBCiexaBHiflxi on avott nůínnsL jim BanBiaaa b ipyx^» 
ffiOBUUh Píkxíb, npo]fiiaMeH0(>ciB imopot ae Borjia yxOBxerBopiiTfc^ 
jiame co6cTBeHHmc% iioTpe(SHocfaKB rocyxapcrBa. 

PyccBÍe rocyxq)CTBeHHHe jk>xb loro BpeBéflHy yexBHBBi noii*- 
THiecRyK) SB8HB CTpaHu QTb Bcero npoiaro iiipa h hbjio o6pan^ 
MHuamg Ba Bnmmvietmie cocroagie napoxHaxi Bacci, He or^a- 
san ceOi onera bb btohi, nocroflHHO Bospacraioii^effB MoryHteci^ 
^yrBX^B cípaBi. Caiy rocyxapciRB bsb^paib tojbko ^oiCjeHHOcriio 
BOficBi H 8a6uBaiH^ iTOy cb ycofiepmeBCXBOBaflieM«B joqrreft oooówfiaisí 
B BoeHHoft Texram, Óoptój MpexoKB Mefsxy oo(km pteniorb m 
Haxonifiniie MaiepiairaHe h yMotneBHse peoi^pctL Bootiiite 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



asoHoniMsei ooctomi poooie. 811 

nojBsa, BoSHHlcaioii^ifl otb ycwpeBisi wbrh xossňcammsrh ^yns- 
njŘj OTpHii(aiacB h caimirB o^emfjasnn j^asrairB ^JutrococrosHÍfl s 
MOTyn^cisa fpjnai^ napojtOBi npHxaeaaocB npoTHBonoiosHoe sna- 

TalEHicB TOJMo nsBpaiiieHfl&icb TOAOBameirB ^^asiORB hosho 

yXOiÍHovB cjiy^aiy HaraHaa cl rpa^ Eainq^RHa, nocroflHHO, ffi 
1866 roxa^ sasMAiH, ^a c^BHaacoBM cHcreiia y hecl xoouKHa 
eociojiTB KB coxiScTBÍH KB yMHOseHÍK) Hspo^Haro ÓoraTCTBa, ycH- 
jfeniio BHyrpeHHeft upowsM^aexMOCTE h pacnrapemH) BHÍinHHX^b 
TopTOBEa'B cocůmiemŘj h vh dobputíh rocyx*pciBeHflHX'B pacxoAOKB 
c& BoeMOSHO-MemnHMi OTaroB^HieifB Hapow», ^^^^ se Menie 
ociaBajiacB BeBOABHSHoiD H BEimenpiiB^^iHag sporpaBuia (na bo- 
TopyK) H vb BacTOflntee Bpexx oxorao 6u Moauso corjacHi&efl) njur- 
nftfluacB j^BonB na Óyiiarty i.-e. bi eseroxBHTB oj^ýiiniajiBHHT^ 
oTwrarB. 

,2^2 OHpaBxaHÍa TorxamHefi ^^BHancoBofi ik>jethbh h bi AOBar 
saTeAciBO HcnojiHemfl BumeysasaHHoft ^HnaacoBoS nporpaHMtt, dno* 
HOMH^teesoe noiose^e PoodH npo/^eimBiuocB, a mhotimi, Hesea- 
soMHirB CB HGrrq)ieD Haamxi ^BHanooBi, en^e h xenepB npeAcraB- 
juercfl saKB o^pasei^B diaroycrpoftCTBa. ^McTBHreiíBHO; AO Bpiui- 
aoft BofiHH, eciH He BEHKaiB rjqrtfoKo bb TorxamHÍfl A^a, aso 
HOimecBoe cocroame rocyxapciBa flBJíuoeB tf jeciflopirB. 

Hq[yysHafl cvoposa nMoseHifl, AUcrBne^BHO, (JiiJia tfjiecifliita: 
npH pasM^HHOiTB ýoHX^ KB 140 MUi. py6ieff9 > 67^ mhju. pyd. 
MerajunraecKHx^ pecqrpooRB sa rpaHHi](eS, cyioia BpeffXHHXi 6h« 
jeiOKB cociaBjífljia Boero 348 mku., h«b sorapincB coÓciBeHHo fb 
oůpu^mn HaxoxuoeB tojobo 311; npH btoii^b BpexHTHiie ^BJieru 
xoxuify paspfierai, napaBii cb m erauneesniHi xenram; cpexmui 
i^^^ npBBoea 3a ^empeuiTie 1850—1853 rr. pasnuacB qn^pi 
BUBOsa sa TO se BpeMfl: 88 mhu. py6.; rocyxapcTBeHHiifl 6-T0-iipo- 
Q^BTHHfl dynara bb 1852 r. ctohjm 13l7oi h ffime kb 1853 r. 
ynaAH tojibbo na iVo* 

no HapysHOCTH sto nojioseme, noBiopHirBy sasaiocB 6jiecTflii^HirB; 
HO OHO npexcxaBJUijio tojibbo iiHpaacB. KacB6ii HcnpaBHO hhÓhio 
xoBflĚCTBo vb ynjiaTaxB no oCflsasejiBCTBaifBy oho ne HaxoxHTca bs 
yxOBJíerBopuTejiBHoirB noJOsemH, ecn Bexercfl vh jnsfi^ ceůi; 
Torxa AOCTaro^HO oahoto cjiyHaflHaro BpHdHca, ^rro6Ei h HapysHiui, 
sosasBUfl ip^pH cmíhuhcb HHHioi, HeH^e tfaaronpiaTHUMH. 

TaffB HMeHHO H 6ujio vh Poccíh Toro BpeiieHH. Ona sEBaB^B 
H6 xoria, ^Tó HasEiBaercfl, «cboxhtb bohi^ofb> snodofinoo npesa- 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



312 



whtmMXb i&poflu. 



HHHua Ha roxoBOft 0611x0;^^, HecMorpA na to, hto ci 1831 r. 
no 1853 ro;^y T.-e. bi lewHÍH 23-rB ji^tb, ne Beia sofiETb (sa 
Hcsuo^emeiTB KpaTBOspeMenHoft BeHrepcxoĚ aRcnexníÚH) h ne fíb" 
jiaia HHKaRHX'B npoHSBOAHrejEBHHX^L saxparBy hh na ofin^enojiesHUfl 
paÓOTH, HH Ha HOAHflTÍe ypoBHfl o6padOBaHHocTHy HH Ha yjy^uneHÍe 
crpofl aAMHHHCTpai](ÍH H cy^a. Bce nuo rzasHinrB oCpasoMi na 
BoficRO H Ha npoaeHTU no xojrairB; bvl 266 uhu. py6. 6H)X2KeTa 
1850 roxa 16>04Vo nura na xojmi, 38,73Vo na BoeHHoe mhhh- 
crepcTBO, 6,73Vo na MopcRoe, lasi hto na sdb npo^ pacxoxu 
ociaBaiocB TonRO 38,50Vo- Pasc^HiaBi i^^psi Toro se éiOAsera 
na exHHHi^ nacejienifl, no:iy?aem, ^ro rocyxapcrao pacxoAoaa^io 
na 1 ;iyniy nacejeHÍfl 4 p. 49 Bon., a nojy^aio xoxoxa tojbxo 
3 p. 40 Bon. Ilpn aroirb h^b 4 p. 49 Bon. ono pacxoAOBajio 2 p. 
76 B. na ymaiy lOMvovb h Boennne pacxoxH. Ecju Bu^eciB ary 
nocji%XHH)H) i^rj^py hbi toě, Boropas npexciaBJuua otfHBHOBennne 
XOXOAH na 1 jíjmy HacejienÍH, a HiceHHo 3 p. 40 k.j to yBHXHirBy 
^nro na bc& ocraiBnnfl rocyAapcTBeHHHH nysAu ociaBaiocB Bcero 
64 Bon. na SHreia ^). 

HecMorpH na MeHBmiĚ paairlpi noxafefi cpaBHHrejrbno ci ^y- 
rHMH rocy^apcTBaiíH, nacca napo^vnacejieHk 6um hmh ^pesBu^aftBO 
OTflron^ena. 

Bucmie cjoh otfn^eciBa, xani HasiiHaeirae npHBVJíerHpoBaHHHe 
BjaccH, vh ynjtaii noxaieft ho^h BOBce ne y^acTBOBajiH h bca 
THsecTL rocyx&pcTBeHHHrb pacxoxoFB jesaia na noxaTHOin^ co- 
cjLomEj BOTopoe 6uJ0 oÓpeHeneno Haioraini h nonraHOcrsMH xo 
Toro, iTO OHH norjon^am BecB cboÓoxhhS xoxoxb, necMorpa na 
BpaftHe 6£xHyH)| MHOíHirB en^e naiuTHyio^ noinyH) JHmenift, shshb ero. 

noaroMy n nexoHMBH, necMorp^ na npoHCxoxHBmee npKHyxH- 
TenHoe BBHxaHÍe hte xjlíóowb h xpyrHMH npHnacaxHy na exe- 
roAHo no^TH npeAHpHHHKaeifKUi ^pesBOTafinsui h, bi to ase spěna , 



O Pacxojp naBittiinzi rocyxapcTBi tofo ipeMera ta oxHoro xireu Óhik cii- 
xyDotíe: 





HaeexeHie. 




Otf^iepftezoxB 


Xom va 


WBBTf ■ MOp< 
CBOrO M1BX0< 




leBil BMM. 


OdlRia PMXQXH. 


Hft sneu. 


MMUeiM. 


V»PCTB% Hft 




Mau. 




Xui. pytf. 


Boa. 


Bos. 


Bo>. 


Poccú. . . . 


59,2 


1860 


266 


4,49 


0,72 


2,04 


BemoÓpHTama. 


27,4 


1851 


815 


11,50 


6,35 


3,05 


«pamíia . . . 


35,4 


1848 


358 


10,12 


2,54 


2,88 


ÁBCipk . . , 


36,9 


1845 


184 


4,98 


0,97 


2.76 


npyccia . . . 


16,8 


1849 


89 


6,60 


0,48 


1,27 


CoexHH. niTftTH. 


23,3 


1850 


76 


3,28 


0,93 


1,68 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



dKOHomraioBoi oooroniB pocgih. 813 

MMKh bcími mvkxBO, spyros lápu B8iicBaHÍfl, nomiio ^acraxB 
cioseHift Man^^eeraiay nporpeecHBHCí yBeiHHHBajHCB % 

JífiilfsnfnUj CB 1832 no 1852 r., cocraBUH 570 uejji., ne- 
CMorpa Ha c^íjiaHHoe rocyxapcTBeHHOuy RasEa^eBciBy o($Jier^eHÍ89 
noqpexcTBoirB nepejosema luiaTeaieft Effb accHreaipS na cepeópo 
H cnHcaHÍfl TasoBHxi Ha 427 icHJudoHOffb ^). 

OtfuBHOBeHHue se rocyAftpcTBeHHuexoxOAH, cb 1832 no 1852 r., 
cocraBjfljin cynny vb 3,609 mhjji. py6. uh 6buh vh cpexnein 
bhboaí^ HHase pacxoAOBi na 12,69Vo. Ho bi x^ftcTBHrej&HociH 
pacxoxH npeBumajiH aoxoxu emfi vb SEMwsenwíŘmewb pasMipi^i 
lasi^ saiTB rocyAApcTBeHHiifl pocnicn xoro BpeiieHH ne AftBan em^e 
nora Bc/bvb pacxoAOBi, xan $to ^'^aeTCfl vb Hadoin^ speici. 

^,To6u. yMeHBniHTb nociOflHHue ac^hi^htii, HacTB pacxo^OBi na 
rocyxapcTBeHHiui Hysxii nospuBajaeB satMaMH um Bpe|[HTHiix'B 
y^ipesxeHÍft ^). 

i) KoíH^ecTBO HexomiOKi, vh MHiiiosaxi pyfSiet h vb npoi^eHTHOirB OTHomemH v& 

o(íiiKHOBeHH]inn rocyAapcTBeHHim xozoAair& Bopascaeicx cJixyi>mHiiH i^H(t)paMH: 

fo 1831 r. 88,4 umí. py0. bih 84,24Vo B» 1844 r. 80,1 nuu. py6. uh 48,12<»/o. 

, 1882 „ 40,5 „ , „ 81,20Vo » 1846 , 86,4 „ „ , 4S,28«/o 

, 1833 , 36,3 „ , „ 27,83Vo , 1846 , 92,0 n n n 48,08V« 

, 1836 ^ 51,7 „ „ „ 83,98V« „ 1847 „ 95,0 „ „ „ 48,53o/o 

, 1837 „ 54,3 „ „ „ 35,010/0 , 1848 , 97.4 . „ . 49,23o/o 

, 1838 „ 64,4 « „ „ 41,080/0 „ 1849 „ 101,6 „ « „ 61,047o 

, 1839 „ 7^0 „ „ n 44,78o/o „ 1860 „ 107,1 , , , 6%Wh 

, 1840 , 78,4 , , , 50,640/a , 1861 , llO,4 „ , , 62,8e«>/o 

, 1841 „ 67,8 „ n „ 42,450/0 „ 1852 „ 126,3 , . , « 66,680/0 

, 1842 „ 71,7 „ „ „ 41,030/0 , 1853 „ 130,3 , „ „ 69,58o/o 

, 1848 „ 68,5 „ „ „ 38,120/, 

s) 60 Bpeiu nepexoseHÚ aeciFHai^ na cepeópo, b% o($pameRÍH naxoxuocB ao- 

enmuQt na 697 mbii. py6.; do sypcy aa cepeópo ort cocraBOiH 170 nu. py6.; paa- 

Boeia Meiay dmn iqí<Iimioí, 427 mku. pyó., ■ iHpaxaerb Ty cyrniy xo^r^ od idio- 

poft TOcyxapcTBo ocboÓoxvxocb. 

*) EcjH cxiian cboxb aran nosaHMCTBOBami ci 1886 no 1852 r., to OKasercA, 
^TO saHHTO 199 miu. pyó. cep. sa ciixyDnÚJi HaxoÓBOcni: 

Ha BHxaiy ccyxi 6,0 wux. py(5. 

' „ yCtpoftCTBO BaBOXOVE 5,4 9 9 

9 yeipoftcTBO noMtmeHffi xu rocyx. fipe«xeBÍi . . 4,4 „ « 

jy HaxoÓBocTi BHCO^aftmaro xBopa 17,9 , , 

, MOHyMeinaiBHHii nocrpoftci 18,0 „ „ 

, nocTpofisH no Mopcsoft nacTH. ....... 28,0 „ « 

a ÍIOW M » » 

, yipiuemji 30,9 , „ 

, pacxoxB no Boeimoft nacn 6,2 „ 9 

^ ycrpoficTBO močce 52,4 » „ 

BoxflHiu cooóniema 12,7 , » 

,, zejdtoEHji xopors , 11,2 « , 

„ DO^iTH, Texerpa^H ■ oco6eHHHfl HaxoÓHOcra. . . 6,7 „ „ 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



314 BMTIHKl INOIIH. 

Jpui noxpHTk cion SHanre^BHiirb Kbíffwnmoirhj rocyxapcTBo 
npHHysABHO 6aíO ne toaso iipH(!iraTB kb BByrpeEseiiy h bh^-* 
Heny BpexHTy bo bcštb ero BEjsfix^h h ^pMaxB, ho h cmffiBUTh 
HOBiie ^pesBEraaftHiie peccypcH, noq)eACTBO]rB Bunycxa ^Hierovs 
sasHa^eficTBa, BOHipaiiapoB^B, h t. n. IIoTpetiHOCTB rocyxapcrBeHHaro 
BasHa^eficTBa fb ffiEhVůXT, xoxo^pua no speMenaHi ^o tóro, vso 
HeaipaBOA^EBafl^ OTHOCHTejLHO HeflMyiipx'B KJiaccoBi oÓn^ecTBa, ýopna 
Haiora, HMenno CEcreMaTH^ecsafl npoA&sa pespyrcsEXi BBHraHi^ift^ 
BosBO^ena 6HJia b^ nocroflHHyio craTBio pocnHcnaro xoxo^a. do- 
BOiTB, rocyxapcTBO bojo CBoe xosflficiBo laBEirb oópasoia, ^o oho 
norjon^ajio Bcfi xocryiiHue eny peccypcii, ho Ůyjijw, vb coctosbíh 
;^aTB sarpan j^ísí coaxanis mm ycHJieHifl Ůyxym/ijrh HcroiHHSOffB 
wxo^a. 

OrHOCHTeiBHO MHHifaro BpexHra, BoropuirB nojiBSOBaiHCb xo 
BpiiMCBOĚ BofiHH BHny&^eHHHe speAHTHue ÓEJieiUj npesx^ Bcera 
cjAjí;yen> saiiiTHTB, ito fb to BpeHa cpoACiBa oCpan^em rocyxap- 
CTBa, uocjA TOJhKO vno npoHSBeAeHHofi BOHBepcÍH accHrHaiúfiy co- 
crofliH ^acTÍH) HFB MeraxiH9ecBHX'B^ lacrÍK) h8'b tíyMasHHx^B jn&Eerbf 
a vb laBOMi cjy^ai, BaBi bsbíctho^ npe HeBuroxnocTH TOproBaro 
6ajiaHca hjh hobhx^b Bimycsax^B 6yMasHux'B x^HerB, iipoBumaK)- 
úsfojb norpe^HOCTH coBepmaiOD^Hxcfl o6opoTOBi, npes^e Bcero yre- 
BaoTB 8a rpaHHiQr Mera^urs h saceirB tojibbo, ocjih j^jul éyifasHUxs 
xenerb ycTaHaBjuiBaexcfl saBOHOiťB, jolvb aro HM'6erB wbcso j BBChy 
npHHyAHTejBHuft HapHi^aTeiBHHfi Rypcs, ujknu, 6iíaropoxH£ix% ne- 
Taj[j[0B'B n TOBapoFb xoiíSHa noAHflTBCfl RB cooTBÍTCTByK>n^eft o6e8- 
ií'&HeHÍH) nponopipH. EpoMÍ xoro, BiiroAHHĚ BOBcenHiift sypcB Vh 
1852 r« BHBBaHx 6hjii HCBJUouieiBHo SHa^BTejiratiicB ^esBiivaft- 

BUWh BHB0801CB XJLÍ<ía HB^B PoCCin, COCTaBJBBniHlCB Vh 1851 T* 

TOiíBBO 4,730 THC HeiB., H xomexmHMťB RBl852r. fp 7,540 thc. 
lerB., Bi 1853 r.— 10,440 thc. ^otb. 

Áfi Toro se BpeMOHH npaBHxejiBCTBo Bimys^BHO 6ujio nonm 

nocTOEHHo noAx^psEBaiB BOBcejBEiie BypcH^ n ffis. cefi i^ira, na 

CBOJiBBO BoaMOSHO 6effh orjacBH, ornpaRifljocB sojioto sa rpanHiQr* 

TasHiTB oÓpasoiTB, OTupaBjíeHO vb Amňio ffiE noxxepsamfl 

i^pcoRB: 

Bi 1845 TOKf. ....... 290 ny^. soáoia. 

» 1846 i ...... . 146 » 

> 1847 ■»..., ... i:i41,000 py(5. cep. 

H 4.120,000 py5. HMnepiaiairB. 
» 1848 > 6.448,000 » > 

H CBepli Toro, vb Mapíi, anpltJi^ b Ma% loro se 1848 r. 
Ha c.-neTep6yprcB0Ě ^Hpái Hpc^aHO éoAora 1.406,000 py6. Bb 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



dioioiraoKOl «oof<Miflii pocm. 315 

1849 r. orrnpasjíeHo vh ÁOEfflWb f;u npc^aass 250 njf,. sojoiii. 
Tim He Meste fb 1848 r., npH nepesrb noart^OBaBíHiirB m 
Eopon^ saifiniftTencTBarB, coBepmaBiniica fp Toro BpeMeHH paa- 

wbWb fpMXeET^ ÓHJI^L npeBpaTHTBCfl H BUBOm Bffh POCCÍH BMOTOt 

H cepe($piH(>a HOHera Bocnpen^eHi; n tojbro 1 xeRatfpfl 1849 r. 
nwBOŘ 6uTb BHOBB pa8p&meH'B. RoBenOy ^HHaHooBai aAMHHH- 
crpaipfl, TTcKJEi MacKEpoBaTB xMcTBHTenHus npímHtt (HeBHro^tHiiĚ 
ToproBfift (JajiaHCB h oicyrcTBÍe spexBra) neoiSxoxHifocni npiocra- 
HOBKH paBMŠHa, npHiiBcaja Henoir6pHoe BOCTpe<$OBaHie sBOHBOft md* 
HeTB BJOHauftpeHHuirB jaofíiv%, a se HenpoHHoeni BKommnecsaro 
crpofl crpaHH. Ho rtm ne Mente, HecMorps Ha bcí npexnpHHH- 
Maemui mE noMepsank BesoenHiirb Bypcon irbím, i^ehoctb 
xpeAHTHaro py6jui kb Mesj^apoAHUxx gc&nsarB, onpex&ieHHai no 
Kypcy nereptfyprcROĚ ^HpsH na JIOBXOffB, cb 1848 no 1853 r., rb 
cpexHaí'B BHBOxi HH pasy ne Aocmraja nápn ^). Ecjh pasCMaipiiBaTB 
sypcH no MŠCfl^HuicB n^io^ani, to OBasercfl, iro jmnB cb xeKa((pa 
1846 roxa no Mafi 1847 r« h wAwh ronm vh sohi^ 1852 h 1853 rr. 
YypcB CTOflJirB oxBBiTB ffl KBjTh npoi^eHTOBi Bume nápH. Bo Bce 
ociaiBHoe BpeM4i BjpcB ctwjFÉ rase h ^acio, HecMorpii na o^^- 
^ialBHo npoH88oxHBiiiiĚcfl pasMŠffB, BHanraiBHO HHse nkpB. Tuseb, 
HaHpHMŠp^y KB sa^art 1843 r., HecMorpa na c^anHyio J^eBalBBa^iK> 
CB aocHr^ai^oHHaro odpan^eHÚr, sypcB ctoasb toibbo okoio 97 x. 
xemi. sa pytfn RpexHTHidl. Db 1848 ase roxy sypCB cb 97,6 R* vb 
^Bpait noHBBHJCfl fp 90,5 xon. rb Mat h mr'bu% to^bro craA 
BOSBiimaiBca h noxESJícs vb aBrycíš jíp 96;$ Ron., ^utodst onserh 
noHranBCJi BiBiiat 1849 r. xo 93,e r. Saxi^aieieHrB Taase RypcB 
1853 r.^ Rorj(a n imrb owb iiohhbhjicji lo 95,7 s-} ^trote, bcjAa- 
CTBÍe ycHJieHHaro BUBOsa^), rb aBrycrb noBHCHTBCfl pasoiCB ff> l,oi R» 



>) CpMuft roxoBol Bjpct ímxtí 




n 18iS roxr 


97,i KM 


» IW* , 


98,. , 


. 184B » 


98,1 „ 


, 1846 , 


98,. , 


. 1847 , 


99,, „ 


, 1848 , 


96,0 , 


. 1849 , 


96,7 , 


» 1860 , 


98,7 . 


, 1861 , 


97,« , 


n 1862 , 


98,. , 


, 1868 , 


99,. , 



s) nepeBici orajoia ug(% ipMBOSom toMpon n 1868 r. coetMBn 44 mei. pj6^ 

m BcdxcTBÍe cero oepeiici iiax% oniyciom ^aroqÉHHiixi MerauoM oocrasun 
19 SBn. Bi 1864 roxy, n napři, nuosi soiora 6un Bocnpemeni, xan lan Vk ve- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



316 noTim ibpoih. 

(XÍB 9rHx% ^srax^B h^o^xo^eho Han(niHiiTby Tars KasL fb hh- 
HÍiiiHeM!B oÓn^ecTBi xobojibho pacnpocrpaHeHO M^lme, ^no pasHEi^tt 
ueMjíj MerajjiH!iecBoft h 6yifasH0Ě BajK)Toft xo spiiMCsoS BOftHH 
H6 cyn^ecTBOBajio. 

PasHOB^e RB Hameid TOBapnoirB 6ajiaHc£, sairB mosho bh- 
fjbth vwh npHBeAeHHuxi KypcoBi, 6hj[0 Tasse ^hrthbho, Basib h 
speAHT^* n^H^pa BBosa kb Ham TOBapoBi Bsi-sa rpanni^Ei ((uja 
noBasHBaeifa SHa^HiejiBHo HHse ^'i^teTBHTeiBHoft. Ilpn orpoMHOiii 
npoTJiaKeBiH Hameft cyxonyrHoft rpaempi, npn HHTrosHOirB> A^Liexo 
HeAOcráTO^HOirB ffixe x^fl nponBTaHÚiy BOBHarpasAems cjysaniEXi 
TaMoseHHaro BŠAOMciBa h norpannHofi crpasB, cb xaBHHX'B Bpe* 
xeiTB Henoii^pHO pasBHiacB voHipa^aHAa, h R0HTpa6aHXHHtt Topn 
npi ca]íux'B TaMOseHHHX'B yvpesA^HÚxi 6ujnb fb to speiis ab- 
jiemeicB herofo se' nopasaBnoorB. 

BcjiixcTBie lasoro nojiosemy qt^aiB npaBUBHyH) os(^Hsy 
BBoaa Toro BpexeHH npexcrasjaercfl HeBOBMOSHiucB. Ho, nró Boero 
BaasHŠe, npHBOffB, xan bto nosaseirB HEse, npi cpasHeBÍH Bwbm- 
Heft ToproBJíH npomjiaro BpaieHH cb HacrofliipiirB, cocioajrB npe- 
HMyiiiieerBeBHO hfb npexMeroBi HenpoHBBOXHxejBHaro norpetíjieHifl s 
JO A^fl OAHHXB nOTTH npHBHjerHpoBaHHuxi KJiaCCOBl. 

Ore^ecTBesHaa npoimnueHHocTB h ToproBm naxoxHJuiCB KBnoJi- 
BOifB BacTOŠ. $a($pHieB, MaHy^aBiypí h WBOffin HaxojpiJOCB wb 
1852 roxy Bcero 10,126, na BoropHxi hm&ih Basaiie 465,016 
jiaeiepoBiixi, h huh Bsix&íiiBajocB pasHiirB npexHeroRB Bcero na 
159.380,000 py6.; loproBoe cocjOBÍe cocfouo toaxo hfb 47,028 
jsyiii9>FB, 35 HHoeqiaHHBai rocieft, 14,158 npHxan^noBi h 
7,450 TopryiDu^oLi BpecTBflH!B, (TB oííiaBieHHHia BanETajiaMH b^ 
134.220,000 p. 

TasHifi otfpasoiTB, rocyxapcrBeHHoe yopasjíeme suo kb caiio- 
otfojiBii^eHÍH OTHOCHTenHo BBOHOMH^ecBHXfB pec<^pcoFB cípaHa jsp 
T^x^B nopi, nosa RpiiMCRafl BofiHa ho AORasajia bck) HecocroflieiB- 
HOCTB namero rocy^apciBeHnaro crpoE. 

11. 

nO0I«X0TBIA BPUMOSOft RÁMnÁHIV H PB^OPMl XO SPHSHÓá 1866 F. 

BocTO^Haa Bofina AOBepmeia npoHBBOAeHHoe npesHHiTB o6pa- 
BOiTB x^ficTBÍft pascrpoftCTBO Hapo^HaFO xoBflftCTBa H, bmícií cb 
T^iTB, noRasaia aAMHHHcrpaipH h o^n^ecTBy bc% naryóniifl Hoď^x* 
<ma, npoBCxoxHiqiii otb npHHirroft CHCieifii ynpaBJíeHiji. 

lemi DepBBxs xByxi iiiaiii^en ompABieHO sa rpanmy xP^o^^bho MOiaiion vft 
5.698,000 P76. 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



8BOHOMjnioiOB oocf oim poccm. 817 

Bhobb otfpasoBaBiiiieefl xe^Hifím cb 1858 no 1856 vogb eo* 
eraBUH rpoMaxHyH) cyrniy vh 701 mej. py6. Oy h ^(u noRpum 
laioBím rocyxapcTBeHHoe usHawflciw BimysxeHO 6iuio npH((^r- 
Byjh Kh safliiairB: 

BHimHim Ha ... 83.792,600 p. 

ESI xpejiHTHuxi ycTaHOBieHii Ha ^ . . • . 188^97,000 > 

B3i o6opoTHaro sanniaia sommhccíh norameHÍfl xoiroBi . . 8.757,000 » 
H SI BiinycKani: 

ÓEierovb Tocy^apcTBeHEaro saseaiettcTBa na 80.000,000 » 

H BpexHTHim ÓBieroBi Ba 890.867,000 » 

Oipana 6siJia HcioiqeHa BOftHOH); bcí noxaTHns HexoHiiRH upn* 
nuocB cjiosHTBy 8a Hcúfo^emeirb oxHoro roxoBoro oicjia^a (Mans- 
íffecTh 27 Kapra 1855 r.). Bi 1855 r. nefftdoph vh owtbrb no* 
xaTix'B yBejHiHJCfl npoTHBi 1854 r. na obo^io IOV2 ^^^' py<$- 
A ifesxy tíitb, yflCHHJiacB neoCxo^HMOCTB nepoBOopysenifl apMÍn 
H npeoSpaBOBanifl ea ynpaBienLi. 

H A^fiCTBHTeiBHO, Ha BOeHHOe H MOpCBOe B^XOHCTBa Bl 1857 

ro^ npexnojioseno 6umo HspacxoAOBaiB 117 mhji. p. ^to6h co* 
craBHTB ce&b nonarie, nacsoibRO BejBia 6iiJia ora eyíciia aja 
TorxamHHTB oÓcrofliejEBCTBiy xccraTO^no yRasaiB na to, ito, 8a 
ynjiaTDH) no rocyAapcTBeHHmrB sathiaiiiy BecB otfHSHOBeHHitft xo* 

XO^ COCTaBJflJi'B TOJIBKO 158 MHU., TaRB ^TTO Ha BC% HpOWI rO- 

eyxapcTBeHHiifl Haj[ó($HocrH ocraBajiocB Bcero 41 mbi. p. 

Ho H 8TH cyMMH Ha BoeHHsifl HBxepssH osasuBaiotcfl nexocra* 
TOHHHMH. BoeHHoe BŠxoMCTBO TpeÓOBajLO ycHJieHifl q>excTBB, MesAy 
Tiwh saB^B 4^HHaHC0Bafl axMHHHcrpaqlfl npaMo yRasuBajia na ne- 
BOBMoaRHocTB xo6siBaTB HX'B fpjfbe nocpeACTBOMi BHnycBa apexHT- 
HHX-B 6frjieT0Biy rasB saB^B, BCJ^xcTBie npesHHXi npesiripHiixi 
BunycBOBiy ycraHOBVJíca Jiasi na sojioto h cepe6po ctojb bhcobíS, 
^TO nerajuniTCCBifl a^hbiv ^o caMiixi MeiBHX'B noHen bbjho^h- 
TeiBHO craiH yiesaTB nvb crpanu. Bb 1855 roAy cpexHaa ro^o- 
Bafl ]](ÍHHOCTB BpexHTHaro pyÓMj cocraBUBUiafl 93,8 Kon., bi 
Maprt H 0BTfl6pš noHHsajacB ao 90,e Bon. 

SacBiťB, RB 1856 TOfj, 8a OBOH^aníeirB boBeu, BCJŠxctBÍe 
ycEjennaro BHBOsa narpoMOSAHBniHxcfl npoxyBTOBi, BeBeejBHiift Bypci 
yjiy^unaercfl h Bajiora aoxoxbtb xo napH. Ho xaBoe yjiyqmeHie ne 
WpsHTCfl fpjvo. Ki BOHiQr 1857 roxa BypcB onatB nonnsaercír, 
laKB nro ií'6hhoctb namero BpexHTnaro py6jifl cocraBjflerB Beero 



1) Ha BoeHBHj ^pe3Bii<iaÍBHB BBxepsn 1855-^1866 roxon HcucieBO n omyesy 
Beero 894.749,979 pytel. 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



318 wmEMKbmomL 

90^2 Bon., H, nocjit HewaamejBHHn wieůMiAj vh uaib 1859 r. 

XOXOAHT!B AO 83,4 K. 

?To6u ocraBOBHTB yrpoaiaBmee emfi 6oMÍe SHa^HiejíBHoe na^e- 
BÍe RypcoBi, Horyn^ee bushetb onacHHft rpeshcb, npuBTejiBcrBO ne 
ocTanaBJHBajocB nepeA'B TflseaHHH seprsaiiH h x^jiaio BceBOSMOS- 
HHfl yCHJiifl. ^fl BTOfi i^^H Vh 1855 F. ((tijrb sasjíiOTOHi 5Vo VI 
BH^mnift saem rb 50 mhjj. py6., vn ROTOpHx^s vh 1856 roxy 
ynorpetfjieHO (Jhjo na noMepaanie BypcoBX 19.843,000 py6.; sa- 
T^Mi, 12 anp^fl 1857 r. paspimeETb 6ujrb Bocnpen^eHJEnitt fp 
Toro BpeifeHH BUBon 8o:iOTa h 19 loro se Micfli^a cx^ana no- 
miTBa BOScranoBETB pasuriHi. Ho TpeÓOBame Há sojoto (bijio cron 
BexHRO, iTOy HecHOTpfl Ha cri^HBxeJBHHfl MŠpti, ycraHOBJíeHHiui npH 
paBM^irb, AO 5 Mas Bn^ano 3 muj. py6., bcjiíactbío ^ero paa- 
lAwh yse ho HaciHmcfl crbcEHTejBEHicH H^paira, ho o^H^ialbHO 
AOJUseHi 6Hjrb 6HTb orpanHWHi. Ho, ito6u ho BsissaTb cjHm- 
Bom CHJiBHaro na^eHÚi BypcoF&, Boropoe oterBO 6iuo npoABHAÍTb, 
es 10 Mafl Ha^ajtacB npoAasa soiora na ÓHpsi sa c^en npaiPH- 
TeiBGTBa. Ob 2 aBiycxa no 8 noaópsi npoAano 1.200,000 nojy- 
HMnepiajiOFB, cb 8 HOBÓpa einfi 1.000,000 nojiyHiínepiaioBi; ho, 
rbwh ne Menše, MHorífl Tpe6oBaHÍ2 ocraBajecB ea^e HeyAOBjexBopeH- 
HHicB. HaKOHeipB, 22 Hoatípa 1857 r. nojiy^HJio yrsepsAeme no- 
cranoBJíeHie ^BHancoBaro BOMHiera, ne AonycxaiB ynaAsa BeBcea- 
muK% BypcoRB na c-nerepÓyprcBOfi 6Hps'& naše 360 caniHMOBS 
sa BpeAHTHHfi py6jiB. BcjriACTBie bcíx^b othkb npeAnpHHflrtirB MŠpB^ 
AajBHŠfimee naAenie Bypca vb 1857 r. h (kuio A&ftciBBTeuHO 
BpeMenno ocraHOBJíeHo. 

?TO($H BOBcraHOBHTB HOTpflceHHoe AC^pie, npeaiA6 Bcero npeA* 
craBJíflJiacB Heotizo^HMocTB BoscranoBETB paBnoBide b;b rocyAap- 
CTBenHOiCB 6K)AseTÍ. 

Ob q&iBH) nsHCsania MŠpB, Boroptia^a Morjni nocraBHTB rocy- 
AapcTBenniie aoxoah h pacxoAu vh copaairipHOCTB k Boodn^e BOr 
BecTH FocdBD H8i CTOtt BpHTB^ecBaro ^HnaHCOBaro nojiosenk, h 
0($pa80Baffb ^HJťB, no BKicoiattmeMy noBeji'lHÍ]o, bi 1857 r. ocotínft 
BOMHTen; ho laBOBofi, nocjš T^aTejiBHaro paa6opa bc&cb peccyp- 
CORB rocyAapcTBa, npHmex^b b^b yótsAenÍH), uma ycuAeuie omapbiaz 
UMU ycmamoAeme noettín naAOum^ e^ mdy CrbócmeeuHaio cocmM- 
híh ftpOHj ne npueeAO 6bi fcě oiceAaeMoů t^fbAu, m hto eAsncTBeH- 
fiími cpetAPTBoirb Kh yiieHBnieHiK) a^hi^bib ocraBajiocB cospanteme 
pacxoAOBi, oco(SeHHO na Boennoe a^jio, npHHHMaBniHX^B ysacaionpe 
pasMŠpH, BCJi^ACTBÍe Tpe6oBaHÍS CBepciriTHHxi accHrnoBOsi, boto- 
piiA paspimaiHCB ocoŮuiěm BHcoiafinraiiH noBeiinuicK uh ocho* 
HUBajLHCB Ha daBOHonoJtoaceniflxi, ne BcerAa corjiacoBanniiSB es 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



aBoioiHucttoi oúoroun pocom. 819 

ji!íŘaaimeMhBUMM norpe^BOcniui. Ho smufeiiiio lOMBrera, oi^JteHTb 
neo6TOKBUOCTb rpeújemrh cjMWh h j^d^ecooÓpasHocrB ff&uteHux% 
BoeHHHirB H MopcKHiTB MHHHCFepcTBaiiH pacxoxoBi, BCJI^X^TBie BHine* 
jMHmmiuvh HexocraTBOKb npEHnioĚ CHereiary OBasiuaxocB Hesos- 

BcrtxciBie TftBoro suBJíeHu soMHTera, x^ enejúanHaro hbcjí- 
jtOBaHÍfl B08M0SH0CTH yiieHBiBHTB ^Hcxoffi HE BoeBHoe x^} no 
Bwcmtinaíy no^ejtimio, vn HseBovb Romrera renepan-axw* 
TtHia SHflSfl MemmisoBa^ BHasa Fop^aROBa n AHEesBOsa oópaso* 
Bána 6saa, 9 anp^^ 1857 r., ocoóaa cytii-BomiKCÚi. 

no ocTaAHHirB se MiiHHCiepeiBaicB h jnpaBJíeHiflirb KoiiBier^ 
no npHHaroiíy oÓHiaiD nponuaro, iipiseAniaro Pocdio fp cron 
DiaveBHaro cocrofleky ropasxo iceflše ctšchuca h, fflůu Bocnpe- 
lurrcTBOBaib jfixistíkrnewy BospacraHÍio pacxoxon, 6em BHHMaHk 
Ha nocjiŠACTBiji js;íb ůjKymmocTEj onp^ijnurB HopManHHfl npex^u- 
BHfl iv^pH Ha TpH roxa, na ocHOBamB xannim cpe^Haro pac* 
zofla xeciTHJiirH^ cioshoctb, yMeHUHHBi laBOBiu en^e on 2Vo 
xo 3Vo no sasAOMy B^AOHCiBy. 

TamcB otfpaBOMX, HopicajibHafl cynna au luraHCiepcrBx h 
yspaBienifi, KpoMŠ soennaro h nopcsoro MaamcrepcsBhf pacxoxH 
KOTopuxiy HecMOipfl Ha TpyAH BHmeynoMflHyioft cy(h»^so]iMHCcÍHy 
Morjig 6im TOiKBO HeaBaHHreAHO cospan^enH, onpw^BHa (sia 
n 65.828,000 p. 

TiícB ne Menše, homemo btoS, o^eBE^HO kb yntep((i ^yxyiqaro 
pasBBm rocy/tapcTBa npexnpniiToft, nipa cospantemfl paczoxoB'B 
cotfciBeHHo npoHSBOABTOJiBHtirB (fia MMHHHCipaipK), otfpasoBaHÍe, 
loenqix) h t. h.)) ac^hi^htii x^exo ho yHEtroaujiHCB h co- 

vb 1857 r. 38,4 mou. 
» 1858 r. 15,9 > 
» 1859 r. 6,8 » 

Jl^ BOBpiniji 9THXI xe^omHTOBi, vh BH^y yniMlBa BHimnsro 
Bpemrra, TorAamHef ^raaHcoBoft axMHHHcrpaqiH, nocjrlHOBaro bh- 
nyesa zpwnwirh Óbjiotobi na 12.000,000 p. h BHnycsa 6ue- 
iob:b rocyxapcTBeHHaFO BasHawftCTBa na 6.000,000 p. (bi 1857 r.), 
He ocraaaiocB vbjí&o Óojrite, zmpb bhobb o6paTHT&cfl, no npHxipy 
npoouaro, vh nosaHMCTBOBaHiairB h^b BuaxoBi coxpaHHsixi Ba- 
8eH% H aaeioiaro Óania. Ho ncrouHn btotb RBCSopoiix BpeiieHH 
maofb He tosbo BCjAffmie npexnpHBurmxi ^^aHCOBOft bahheh- 
cfpaitfeft OQii(k>^HHX%, ho cooTBŠTCTBOBaBoiHxi TorxamHeiiy nojo- 
n^^Qio namero BpexHra^ nifrh, ho h kb to ase BpeMfl, noxBeprB 
eoerodcraiBHoerB rocyxapcTBa ne icajiOBHaiHTeiBHOMy pncBy. 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



320 vuman uřoiDL 

Rb BHxy oco6aro BHaneBÚiy Koropoe hx&íh npexnpBHHMaeMm fe 
TO BpeHfl u%pu x^fl 6j}í,jnifiŘ ^EHancoBOtt houthbh, Heodxoxinco 
Ha msTb HÍCBOjn»BO 6oji^ ociaHOBirbCfl. 

EaBi ESiB^bcxBOj KpexHTHHfl ycraHOBJíeHÚi,- ^t^ftcTBOBaBmia bi 
Poccíh ffl 6aHSOBoft pe^pusi 1860 r., ^^hjihcb na saniiKaBiiiíflci 
onepai^iflMH HCUH)^HTejbHO rocyxapcTBeHHaro apexHTa (accH^Ha^íoH- 
Hiifl 6aHKx, soHMHcdfl noramemfl ffljivowb) h 6aHRH, npe^asHa- 
^eHHHe npeHMyn^ecTBeBHo kusí ^acrnaro, spaiKOcpo^Haro BpexHia 
(BOMMep^iecBÍft ÓaHBi h ccyxHBfl sasHEi) h ]S4z AOirocpo^arO) xas^- 
HasHBaeiiaro, Hnore^saro Rpe^Hra (coxpaHHHfl BasHu, npEsasii h 
saeMHHĚ (íaHBi). BaHRH j^msl KpaxBocpoqHaro BpexHia, no nesHa- 
^HTejiBHOCTH npoHBBoxHMHxi onepai^ífi, BCJi^xciBie cjia(Íaro paBBRTui 
ToproBjíH H npoMHmjeBHOCTH, BMHiiajm BTOpocreneHHoe vicro, h 
Ajui noMin^eHiji npHHHMaeHHx^B BpexHTHUMH ycranoBJíeHifliiH bbm- 
AOBi AO BOCTpe6oBaHLi, 8a Boropue luaiUH fp 1830 r. 5%, a 
CB 1830 no 1857 r. 4o/o, ocraBajniCB tojibbo onepaAÍE bhxeu 
ccyx^ noA% saiiorB HeABBSHHuxi HHyn^ecTBib njra na HaxoÓHOcni 
rocyAApcTBeHHaro Basea^eficTBa. 

^eHesHoe oópan^enie CBepxrB norpeónocr^ crpaHH npoHSBOXBLio 
Tasofi npuHBi vh 6aHB0B£ifl Bacen tíyiiasHOAeHeaKHiixi Banina- 
lOBi, HTO OHH npeBOcxoxHJiH norpe^HOCTH, H 6aHBH lacTO neciH 
nOTepH OTB HeBOBMOSHOCTH nOM%CTBTB lasoBiie, TaBi saBi BHAata 
ccyA^ nox^ HexBHSHMOCTH, no npH^HHŽ HaxosAeniii 6ojBmei yse 
^acTH OHiirB FB sajor^y nocieneHHO cospaii^ajiaci;. 

llpn TaBoiTB nojiosenÍH npaBHiejiBCTBo c^Hrajto ee6sL vh upást 
noiBBOBaTBCfl CBo6oAHiiMH sanHiajiaMH, ne cnpaaxflacB ch hxb xa- 
paBTq)0M'B, vb eroiB niHpoBHX'B pasM^paxi, ito ci pa8($HpaeiiO]fy 
sffbch 1857 roxy ono saxoJiauLio bthmx BpexHTHHiTB y^pesA^núiirB 
553 MHJi. p. cep.y ynoTpe6jeHHUx^ nanospurie a^hi^htobi n na 
o6n^ecTBeHHiia naAoČHOcxH. 

HďB saHflToft cyMMu 553 mhjiji. py6. npoi^eHTu na 43 mejj. py6. 
yniaiHBaiHCB hfb ocoóax^ cneiúajBHiixi hcto^hhbobi b^XOMctbi^ 
na 80 MHJiJ. pyó.y 3aBflTE[X'B na mocceĚmifl patforu, ynja^iiBa* 
jiBCB ii9h 8eMCBiiX'B cÓopoB^, xaRi^ 9T0 Ha rocyxapciBeHHOiTB BasHa- 
^efiCTB^ jiejuua oÓfisannocTB ynja^HBaTB npoi^eHTii h norameme ctb 
cyHHH 428 M. pyó.y Boropue cocraBjífljiH easeroxHO 30.538 mc. py6. 

Jí^sL yMeHBmeHk ctojib oÓpeMeHBrejiBHot f^^ rocyxftpciBeHHaro 
Ónxsera cyHMH uaTesefl^ ^^HancoBoS aAHHHHCipaipet npnfjMBO^ 
Úujío npoHBBecTH nepesoseHJe safiiroFB Ha 56 ji^tb, cb nomrse- 
HieiTB nxa'resa npoi^eHTOFB fp 4% h noramraia fp VsVo* TaBoft 
nepeq>oqBofi saflMOBi npexnojarafocB aocth^ ctfepeseniH b^ pac*- 
xoxaxi ejseroxHO na 11.708,072 py((. h (yxyo^HMi npexnoiumB- 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



dBOHOUmBCSOB GOOTOimi POCOIH. 821 

nnnfoi safivairB ^)j nocraHOBjeHo npoHSBOjpiTb yiuary npoi^eflTOFL 
Kb pasirbp^ 47^y a ne 57o9 sasi 6wio ao xoro BpeHeHH. 

EciecTBeHHO, ito BOSMosHOcrb noHHseHÍfl npoiieErOffB no cxou 
SHaHHTeiBHiíMi ccyxaiiiy cj(^bmhum,t> upsLhmesbCHBj, uovm nojy- 
^HT&oi He HHa^ey Basi ^pe3% noHEsenie iipoi](eHTOffB, niaTHMHXi 
BpeAHTHHifH yqpezxeHÍflMH no ESja^airB. 3ioicy-TO onacnoicy nyrs 
pbuaMCb ci^AOBaiB ^HnancoBafl aAMHHHCTpaitifl loro BpekeHHy 
npexnojarafl, qro nonnseme npoi^HioBi otl BBjíaAOBi ne noBjíe- 
^erb sa coÓoh), npn TorAanmnxi ycJOBÚxi xenesnaro oópan^enúi, 
Bp^eux'B nocjÁxcTBÍfi. Ho npeAnoJOsenifl ne cÓiuhcb. 

Bcjrbjspme noHBsenifl pasiiipa upoi^enroBi^ cnepsa ao 4-XI9 
noTOiTB AO 3-Z!E B, HaBOHei^i, AO 2-xx npoi^eHTOBi vb roA^E, cynna 
BBJíaAOBi wb coxpaHHsixi Basnaxi b ÓasBax^b HeosBxanHO Óucrpo 
yMeHBmBjacb. Bi 1858 ro^y (secMorpfl na nocjiiAOBaBmee yoe 
noHBsenie npoi^eHTa fp S-xi) BBjaAOBi 6hjo en^e na 967 MBJíj.y 
a Bi> 22 iiOJB 1860 r. (BCiixcrBÍe nonnsenÍB ao 2Vo) cyiiMa 
BBja^OBi yMeHUBBjacB ce 1 flHBapfl 1859 r. na 580.210,000 p., 
xaKB-TTO Kh 8T0My BpeiieBB ocraBajocB TaBOB£ix'B, sa otosemeiTB 
HŠKOTopuxi cyMiTBy Bcero 338.572,000 p. Ho ajia fiesocraBOBOH- 
earo yAOBJíerBopeHÍB BBjaAusoBi ctoa rpoMaAHtiMB cyícMaMB b 
AiB yAcpsanÍB 5aBB0Bi orb esoAflOBHO yrposaBmež bmi secocio- 
BTaibBOCTB, OBasajiocb neoÓxoABMUM^b npiocraBOBBTb Bujífimj noA^b 
BeABBSBMOCTB, CA^^aTb BtinycBi 5^/0 6aHB0Bux'B 6fljieT0Kb B 40/0 
HenpepuBBO-AOxoABHXx ÓBJíeroRb bommbccíb norameBÍfl AO.iroBi, 
ch oCaMteshEOMií oOM^noirb na TasoBsie oÓn^ecrBenflcixi b cocjob- 
Huxi BBjaAOBi. 3a BeAGcraTO^Bocrifo b dTBTb u^ph fAsi yAOBie- 
TBopenifl BBjaA^HBOBi sa seBM^Hien^b Apynixx bcto^bbbobi, npB- 
nuocb BHOBb npBÚ^rHyrb Kb BunycBy BpeABTsuxi ^BjeroBi, secMorpB 
Ba T0| ^TO nary6Boe BJiumie ^pesiiipnaro oOpanvesÍB TaKOBtixi na 
rocyAapcTBeBBoe xosflficiBo crajo yase BCHiurb. 

BunycBi BpeABTHsixi fifljeroBi na 390.867,000 p., Eoropnfi 
npaBBxeibCTBo BusyaKAeflo 6ujio CAl^aaib bo spěna Bocroqflofi boShei, 
npB oO^ab^bíb crpaHu, BoriACTBie upiocraHOBjeBÍB npoBSBOACiBa 
cb OAHOBpeMeBBHiTB BonpoBSBOABTejibBHMi noTpeÓjeHÍeirb yMcrseB- 
BHXi B MarepiajibBuxi cpeACiBi A^ BoeHBUxi i^'&ieĚ ^), 6ují% 
npB<iBHofi Toro, ^To Bi crpasi bosbbbao Cynassoe A^nesnoe o6pa- 



1) 6% niol creneHi (|>HHaHcoiuui axMiHHcrpaiQii ne npexycMorpiia nocj^cTidfi no - 
Hixem« npo^eHTOBi or& Buaxosi, uornerh xonsan to oócronencTBO, tto b% 1857 r. 
WD npexnoi&raiocfc saun bhobb 46.752,000 p., a n 1858 roxy 18.391.000 py6. 

*) B. EeeoÓpason, n cioeiii saiitHaTeiBHOMi isoiixoBaH^ „A^BesHoe oi^paoie- 
HÍe*, (McbBEBaen norepH rocyxapciBa, ■WBaHHmi BOciOHHOft boíhoí, n ujjdapxi 
pydíeft. 

Ton y.— 0BBT1BP^ 1877. 21 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



322 B'BGTHHfil» SBPOnH. 

meflie CBHine noipeÓHOCTeft, Koxopoe, fb cbok) o^epe^B, BiisBajio 
caMHfl cepBĚsHHa noipaceHia rocyAapcTBeHHaro Epe^Hra h Hapo;í- 
Haro xosflňcTBa. 

HacHjBCTBeHHoe narHaHÍe BKjraAOBx mi, CaHKOBx, KOTopaecjiy- 
»HJH, TaKi-CKasaTB, pesepByapoMi am HBJHiDKa BunymeHHUxi 

Kpe;íHTHHXX ÓHJCTOBX, HB MOrjO He yCHJIHTB BTBXl noTpflceHÍft. 

Ob noflBJieHÍeM'B b% oÓpa^eHÍH xpaHHBiuBXca BBJíaAOBx, spe* 
jíBTHue ĎB^eTBi, nepenojiHHB^ /^eHeatHBifi pueoKB, nojíHfljiH lítny 
Bcix-B BOo6ífl.e íBH»HM0CTe8 H BosňyAHwiH pasHaro po^a npe;ínpiflTÍa 
H cneKyjifli^iH, b% snaHBTeJiBHoň 'creneHH pBCKOBaHBua, pesy^BTaxu 

BOBXl BCROpIt OKasaJIBCB Hey^a^BUMB, ^aCTÍK) BCJl']^;^CTBÍe CROpO 

BOsÓyflHBfflefica He^íOBfepiHBOCTH nyÓJiHKH, ko Bpe;íy npeAnpBnarBixi 
jíaate cojibahuxi h hctbhho nojiesHtixi npeAnpiaxift, a waBHoe — 
OTB HCAOcraTKa jnoji^et stpBKixi h cnei^iajiBHo noAroTOBjeaHuxi. 

AajiBB'bSiiniM'B HeMBHyeMBiiírB nocjitACTBieMi osrnaBia Boa^oai 
B8i RpeABTHux^ ycTaflOBjíefliffi 6h;io to, ^to BjiaAtjiBi^u BpeABXHUxi 
CHJieTOBi, nojiyiaeMHx-B hs-b KpeAHXHHX-B ycxanoBiieHift, KaKTb bo3- 
Bpaxi BKjiaAOB^B, f^ojisiuu 6ujiv[ o6paxHXBca si nosynsi npo£(eHx- 
Huxi CyMarB, Eoxoptia npeai ycujieHHHfl cnpocB HenoM-ipao uojsr 
HfljiBCB BT» Bjkwk. SaeMi Q^/o, KOXBpoBaBmíňca na c.-nexep6ypr- 
CKOfi 6bp»í vb ýeBpaji-i 1857 r. no llOV^Vo? ki KOHiíy row 
joniejT» AO ISSVsVo) sax^Mi bx ACMÓpi 1858 r. noBucHJca ao 
13678 VoJ 57o saeMx, cxoaBmitt vb ^espa.!* 1857 roja 1027oj 
K-B KOBiíy 1858 r. AocTurB 115Vo- 

TaKHMi seaHHxejiBHiiMi noBnmemeMi, necopasM^pEEiMi cb syp- 
coMi npoiíeHXHHXi 6yMarB m> Apyraxi rocyAapcxaax-B, jí^oatreu Óbíjih 
BocnojiBSOBaxBca HBOcxpaoHue RannxajiBCxu, RoxopBie, bi^ BH^y no- 
cxoaHHUxi A^j^Bi^HxoBi H A^jiaeMUxi npaBHxejiBCTBOMi, KASL no- 
RpHxia Hxx, HOBBhfB sažMOBi, EOxepflBi AOBÍpie Kh RpeAHxy rocy-' 
AapcTBa, H 6yjsyHfi caMH cxiceenH, BC^-^AcxBie paspaaHBniaroca vh 
Ahmíh, repMaHÍH H ApyrHX'B rocyAapcxBax-B Bdbm> naMaxnaro $»- 
HaHCOBaro BpHBBca 1857 roAa, cxajH Bucu[.iaxB Kb Haní CynarH 
Ha npoAaxy kb seaqnxejiBHOMi BOJiHHecxBŠ, xpefiya Bsasi^Hi bucujirh 
cxojiB se sHaiQxejiBHaro BOJiBHecxBa sbohroA MonexH. ^HHancoBaa 
aAMBHHCxpaAia, cosHaBaa cbok) omnÓRy, cxapajiacB BOcnpenaxcxBOBaxB 
axoMy ABBseHÍK) nocpeAcxBoifB yMeHBmeBia BnroAHocxH onepai^ift bu- 
CHJiRH ^oHAOBi Hamuxi Hsi-sa rpaHHiJ^Ei. fl^M axoft ujkm oea cxa- 
pajiacB ypoHHXB sypcB Hamaxi ^^ohaobi h caaia aa^a^aoB npoAaaiiOHi* 
H3i pa3H'6HHaro ^OHAa 47o o6jiHrai^iit na 5 mhjij. py6. Ho ycHJila 
^HHaHcoBoft aAHBHHcrpai^iH Bi dTOMi HanpaBJíeHiH ocraiHCB Tn^ex- 
HUMH. Tpe6oBaHÍe SBOHRofi MOHem j^ss bhceurh sa rpanEi^ yCH- 
jraaajiocB nocxoanHO, h jífisi noAX^piRama BeBcejBHux'B sypcoBii npe- 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



8K0H0MffUCB(m GOOTOflHIK POCGIfl. 328 

jijbjn iiaxeniii Tiowpuvb TpyxHO 6ujío npeABHA%TB, npaBHiejiBCTBO 
Hsib pasHŠHHaro ^n^a aojisho 6ujío npoxojisaTB iipo^aBaiB sojeoto. 
ycHJiifl vb HCsyccTBeHHOMy noAAepaiaHÍH> KypcoB'By Basiyse noRa- 
saHO Bume, — Ben^ y naci ne noBafl. Ho wh BHxy o^Hopo^Hofi 
onepai^ÍH npomeAinaro rox^, ne JHmHe tfyxerb npHBecTB toihua 

BEH^pfiíy FB KOT(^UX'B BUpaSHJlHCB M^pH, npEHilTHfl CB TOft Se TSJbshV) 

Bs soHi](% 60-1% H Haqaj']^ 60-rBroAOBi. Bb 1858 r. BnxaHO so- 
jiora Ha 12.875,000 pyC, Vh 1859 r. na 29.006,018 py6. h bi 
1860 r. Ha 14.057,880 py6. BcjtSíctbíc cero, cpe^íeitt Kypci, 
KOTopuff sa 1858 r.^ RaB'B bhaho HsiTatijiHi^u RypcoBi, cocraBJíflJii 
93,14 Bon. Merajiji. sa spex. py6j[B^ a vb ueA 1859 r. hohh- 
Bflicfl Ao 83,47 Bon., noB£imaeTCfl, xaKi ^to cpexHÍĚ to^OBOS Bypci 
1859 r. cocTaBM» 90,57 Bon. SacHMi vb 1860 r. BypcrB fffp- 

SaJICfl fpBOJthBO pOBHO, TaB^B ^TO Vh CpCAHeiTB B£IBOA% COCraBJlfljrB 

92,51 BOH., HO Ba-r&Mi, vb 4^Bpaji'i 1861 r., saBi tojibbo hoa- 
Aopssa Bypca írpaBHrejiBCTBOMi HpiocraHOBEjacB, owb noHHSHJCfl fp 
84,39 Bon. Rb Mapr^ if^cfli^i loro se ro^a Bypci h^cbojbbo 
nonpaBjflercfl h aoxoahtb ffi 89,2 Bon. Cb anp^jifl 1861 r. Bes- 
eejBHHfi Bypcx yjiyqraaeTCff, ho bto yjiy^menie AOCTHraerca Ta»e- 
imiH sepTBaMH co croponu npaBHrejBCTBa. Bb TeneHÍE 1861 r. na 
onepailiK) noMepsamji BesceJBHaro Bypca ynoipeÓJieHo 20.672,000 
pytf. H, cBepxi Toro, bu^^ho 11.170,000 py6. ^acTHiiicB jini^airB 
H BaseHHHMi iri^jcraMťB. Ho, Bpoiťi eroro, npaBHrejBCTBO, fflň toS 
ace i^^^ noAAepsaHifl Bypca, npEHHMaerB na ceÓsL ap($HTpaacHnfl 
onepaipH h, bohc^ho, hoibsa npeAnojoacHn^ ^to cb butoaojo. Bb rer 
^reHÍH 1861 r. ^^HHaHCOBaa axMHHHcrpai^fl TpaccHposajia na hho- 
CTpaHHue puHBH 35.615,000 py<5., a o6paTHo npio6p&[a BynjieH- 
HHMH iffb Poccíh BeBcejiflME 14.942,000 py6. 

Kb npH^HHaMi, BHSBaBniHMi BUBOffi; sojora sa rpaHHDQr, cA- 
Mjerb OTHecTH, Bponi ycHJieHHofi beickijibh b^ Haifi i^njipvb sa- 
rpaHHiHUMH jífiTiesiEumL ptiHBaifH, o BOTopoft ÓEijio ynoMjmyro 
BHHíe, eo^e h^cbojhbbo ApyrHX'B oÓcrofliejiBCTBi. Biixaieio B0Hi](eccií, 
Ha ycrpoficTBO 4,000-BepcTHofi cšth sejritenincB Aopon, BOCBMa 
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sanHiajii bhí rocy^apciBa. 

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npomiíaro cb HacroanpMrB. 

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dVa py<^*» ft Bi 0KTa6p^ HOJidpi ■ ffiu^ýk na 10 py6. Ha imyKy Hose HOMKHaaHOĚ 
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Digitized by CjOOQ IC 



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rbirb cilcHesáe nacnaaro h rocyxapcnBeHHaro spe^ira h sacioft Top- 

rOBHU OtiopOTORB. 

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H 1860 TOffiXh XBa BHŠmHHxi saBMa, xocraBHBmHXi vh xtĚCTBH- 
TeiBHOCTB: nepBiifi— 29.869,870 py6., BTopoft— 38.144,884 py6., 
H npoiiSBeAeffB Óun bi 1860 r. BunycBi 4Vo MerajuHHecBHX^B 
Óueioffb Ha 60 mhjiji. py6. SartifB, vb 1862 r. 8auK)9eH'B cb 
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Topsifi xQCTaBHJTB 88.465,545 py6jiefi. Eorxa pasM^HEuft ^hx^b 
6im CTOA BHaureibHO noARptoJteai, to cb 1-ro naa 1862 r. 
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pBi^aTejBHoft CTOHMocrBH) BpexHTHaro pyÓJii. 

Cyíma BunynieHHHX^B spexEiHiixi ÓBjeroBi kb 1-My nás 1862 
roxa npocrapajiacB xo 722 mejj. pytíiefi. G'b otkputíe pasiiiHa 
l*ro Maa 1862 r. no 31-oe xeicaópa xoro se roxa, hrb pasid^E- 
Hoi Bacen 611J10 BHXftHo sojora obojo 24V4 meu. pytf., a no- 
ciynHJio OBOJO 8-ifn meu., WKh hto pa8flHi](a, T.-e. H8iHmeBB bu- 
xa^E cociaBEJi'B, Bi To^Eoft i^BJ^, 16.780,591 pyÓiiB. 

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698,9 MHU. speAHTHHx^ tíueTOBi. ?to(Sh yueEbmBTb BOspocraB- 
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BH^aBaTB TOJbKO cepe^po, ho ne soioro. BoerpetfoBame, x^flcrBH-* 
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npH TaBHxi ycHjLa'B inb npoxojfsemK) pasMŠHa, cpe^HAH cioh- 

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npHtiiraiH, a^a orpasA^sífl ce6sL ote BOcrpe^OBanifi sbohroS mo- 
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CB paSOpHTeaBHEIlIH f^UÍ PoCCÍH BOOpyseHiflMB H HeCROH^aeMUMH 

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na ROTopoft ch 29* to ortr^ph na^ajiacB nanHRa; xots RypcK h 
60U noxAepsRHH ÓanRoicB ho^th na npeaRneft bucotí nocpex- 
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m6o, HeoÓxoxHMaro na cjiyqafl boěhh, ^bijio yse BecBMa HexajreRHMS. 
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na^aj* 1862 rofla 104 V/o « b^ aHBap* 1863 roja RorapoBaB- 
miecR eme 99V8^/o, fb H0fl(ipš uicaníb ynajH jo 89^4% 

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nfiBTOVh. HpH TaROMi noji6»eHÍH, AajiBH^imee npoAOjaíseHie pas- 

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pasM^ffB CnjťB npiocraHOBjíeBB. 

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1863 r.; H]rtH)n^6tt f^A namero Hacroan^aro noMsemji ocoÓuS 
HHrepecB, pascMOTpHifB en^e hocji^actbíh TaROBOt. 

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vh MeiauHiiecBHX^ B0ii'6tfBaxi 6uxu 78 Bon., a b'b 1814 r. npH 
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pyfijifl 6£ULa 26 boh.; oaa BOSBpaiBaacB en^e h vb 1820 roxy, 
HecMorpa na to, iio oCpan^esie cocraBjíBao yse toabo 685 u. p, 

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nocjš HaDOJ60HOBeBH£b BOftffB; flo TÍM!B fle uewbef ne noxjesHrb 
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BTHifE, BŠpoflTHO, laBso HexeiBOBo 0601ÍIJIHCB 6u rocyAapcTBy. 

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no Bceny B^pofliíK), pesynTaiH vh Tasoirb csyns/b 6ujib 6ii ro- 
pasAO 6jiaronpiflTH^, vbwb t6, Roropiie oxasajiHCb na fibjA h 6eijih 
onncaHH Bume, lasi xairB pasM^HHEifl ^h^tb ]ei» 1-My AHEaps 
1864 r. jMeHBinHjrcH ao 68,5 mhjji. py6.y a fcpexBTHiiX'B ÓHJre- 
TOBX Bx o6paiiieHÍH naxoABJOCB 627,4 mhjli. pyti., npexcraBJuiBinHXi, 
npH TorA&niHnx'B (yrí6cHeHHiix'B o(tepoTaxi, Maccy cjihiiiboii'b sna- 
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Co BpeneHH OTRpirrifl bi rocy^apcTBeHeoiTB 6aHB% pasn^Ha, 
ci 1-ro Maa 1862 r. no 1-e noaópa 1863 r. nocrynnao bi naccy 
6aHKa, vb oÍMiffb na SBOHRyro Monery, 72.615,427 py6. Rpe^HT- . 
niiMH 6njieTaMH; mj> stopo ucjia ÓBJíeroBi bi ík>h% 1863 r.cos- 
seno na 45.577,662 p.; ocrajiEHne sai^Mi xpe^tHrnne ÓBiem 
na 27.327,865 p. xpanBJTBCB vh rocyxapcTBeHHOirB 6aHB£; Bno- 
cji^ACtbíh HacTB Bxi óujíB, BHnyn^ena bhobb fb otipan^enie, h6o vh 
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n^enÍH 634, i mhjí. ^). 

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cnerB napoAHaro rpyjía, no i^ofl crpanii, ycBJíeHieHi^ BByrpenneft 
npoH8BOABTejiBnocTB ea b pacnpocTpanenieirB otfpasoBanifl. 

O Bi ujÚMwA pacnpocrpaHuocb b% to BpeiM MHiaíe, ^to npíoeTMOBxeBii) pas- 
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1 pytSiOBaro xocToracTBa 1,576 ibotobi aa 1,578 py6. 

10 

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9soHomioRoi GOGToran poGoii. 329 

BcryiiHBiiiHifb Ha npecroxB nuwb i^apcTByioii^HirE FocyxapeiTB 
H OTRpirrB 6ujs% ajui Poccíh ototb nyrB vh hoboí sh8Hh i^ib.7Bnfi 
pflAOiTB npeoÓpasoBamfiy peeyjiBTaTOirB Roropiixi 6ujio to, ^to ueE^be 
^iwh Vh 20-TB Avb Pocciii, nacBOjnRO boshosho vh cron bh- 
^toshhI kjuí SH8HH Bapo^oBi nepío^ BpeMeHH, orpeuacB on 
crapiixi npHBHHeiTb h nojpHHyjacB HacroiBRO, ^to craia bo mho- 
nrh OTHomeHÍflx^ ne orcraBaTb yse otb xpyraxi eBponefiCRHXi 
rocyxapcTBi. 

npesxe Bcero Pocdfl, uojiynmb fp b8b6cthoě creneHH CBotfoxy 
rjiaeHaro oÓcymfjdEisí npo(ň^ORE, HexocraTROBi h (Soibruxi cropon^b 
roeyxapcTBeHHOfi h otfn^ecTBeHHoft shshh, Maxo-no-Kajiy BupaÓoraia 
ciEŮb o6n;ecTBeHH0e MHŠHÍe, xo Toro BpeneHH, cirikio moxho esa- 
saTB, HOHTH Hecyn^easoBaBmee, h Torxa TOJibRO otfo^ecTBÓ no^yB- 
CTBOBaio noTpe^HocTB ocraBHTB yROpeHHBHriecfl bbfjuixki h otfuqan 
ciaparo BpeifeHH, npenarcTBOBaBinie cyi(np1y£b cb npaBHibHOfi to«h 
sp^Hifl HaBpex^, ROTopnfi HaHocHJiCji rocyxapcTBy npesBEMi» tfesy- 
^acTHEnfb aroHCTHHecRBWB oTHomemeirb otiqecTBeHHaro mh^oúi vb 
dBCHJiyaTflpyiDo^eĚ x^TeAHocTH ihi^^, 8aHHMaK)n^HX'B rocyxapcTBeH* 
hhh h ůÓmficrBeEEasL xohrhocth. 

Ki ^gncjy lAphj BGoóxowoiocrb Roropiixi HaH^ojrite coBHaBa- 
jacB Bcbvh o6n(ecTBOir& h npaBHreiBCTBOirE, npHHax^esHTi, ties- 
enopno, crpeHieme Kh cBopifimeiiy omcBaHÍH) cpexciRb f,M bo8- 
MoaKHO (^Hcrpofi BOcrpoĚra aRěJ^aHini xopors. 

Ho ynaxoKB rocyxapcTBeHHaro Rpexera npexcraBjflXB co6oio 
jnueHÍe, RaRi HejiBSfl tfojťbe netfjiaronpiflTHoe h no OTHomeHiio vb 
nocTpoflRŠ acejfeHHxs xoporb, xavb sto noRaaaHO 6yxeirB naiiH 



in. 

IIPBOBPiaOBÁHIli POOnHCBfl H OBDUB ^BHAHOOBOB DOIOSBBIB Bl BUCTBXBCJITIIXl 

TOAkTb, 

YBRmoxeme Rp6nocTHoro npaBa h BBexeHHua pe^opun, fum 
TorO) ^to6h xocraBHTB ÓJiaroTBOpnue pesynTara, ipeÓOBaxH darparb 
€0 CTopoHH rocyxapcTBa. EpeerbAHe, ocBotfosxeHHHO otl oÓasaTejib- 
Haro Tpyxa na noH^n^H^BeifB hojI, ho otfpaTHJiHCB en^e vb peBHOcr- 
BOĚ o6pa6oTRÍ( cBoero co6cTBeHHaro; nepexoxi on jiHHBaro ipyxa 
Ha HOxÍHpRa Vb ycHJieHHOHy ffisi co6cTBeHHiix:B Btirox^ ipeÓyiorE 
HpaBCTBeflHaro pasBHTÍfl, f^s xcciHaReHÍfl soroparo hooÓxoxhmo npo- 

XOJSHTejBHOe BpeMH. 

Rpoiii TorO| ch 0CB0(k)sxeHÍe]rb RpiinocTHEirB jcpeciMHi, pac* 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



890 w^ism iBřosH. 

iipeA'&aeHHHX'B no rocyxaperBy ^pesBH^affHO KepasHOMÍ]^ 0) no- 
MaeBÍe npoHEX% uaccoBi h OTHomeBÍfi oocjiofiift nes^ co6oio 
cyiuecTBesHo maiBMjnchj BCji^ACTBÍe ^ero h npesHu nao^piAp- 
xajLHafl aAHBHHcrpaqui, ycTpoeHHSfl x^fl orpasAema npaBi npe- 
HiiyntecTBeiiHO npBBHJierHpoBaHHHxi cociobíB, ne Morjia ocxaBaxbca 
6e»k paxHBajibHHrb HsiiŠHeBifi. 

B% CBOBO oiepexB, yHEVTOsesie &iacTB noM^m^iBa, BussaBniee 
opeoÓpasoBaBÍe ictoHofi aAMBEHcrpai^ÍE, yBasajio na HeofixotxnMOCTb 
croA ace sopeBHHX^ pe^piťB «& xpyrflxi i^eaxpajBHiixi ucraxi 
ynpaBJíeHifl. Ob aAVHHHcrpaitieH) Toro BpejieHa cjiy^uocB, mmíí 
oÓiftKHMeHHo 6uBaerB co sjíaHÍejťB, soxopoe noAaesHTB iLawrsuhr 
Hovy HcnpaaieHíiOk IIoBa oho czohtb HeipoHyTHKB, jmí HOHCRyc- 
Haro r^aáa nato satt^^noi noBpesxoHÍfli h, to^ebo pa3'B xponyBniB 
000, auiBmie bi Eem> ci ysacoM^t BUffLThy ffi BasoS cxeneHH ohg 
Bexxo, rpdisflo h rEHao* 

H A^^ftCTBHTejbHo, Bo Bc^^xi^ ^acTax'B Tor^aniHefi HCooíHHxett* 
HoB, ^BaaacoBiA h cyAe((Hofi axicHBHGrpaipfl^ npa HapysBott 0ja- 
ronojíyuoft oÓcraHOBi^, pacxBn^eHie saaeHHHXi h o6fl^eGiBeHHiix!B 
cyiíiTB, sjíoynorpeÓJieHifl B^acTBio h MOAJieHEOcrb b^ ^yfM^^, ho htó 
Bcero xyse, npoAaauoocTB h ^HaBasaHBOcrb aojshoctvhx^ JunofB— 
Úwm QÓufifiWBuxbj p^ABO BOTO Blb TĎ BpeMa nopasaBniBiTBy sibmb- 
mewh. HcBopeHeHiH) H'6BOTopiiix'b h yMeEu^meHÍK) h hofhx^b hbtb 8tbx'b 
crapoxaBHHrE sisvh pyecBoft axicHHieipaipH ho naxo coA^ttcTBOBaxo 
Aonyn^eHHoe rjiacHoe otfcyaKAenie vh ne^ais otin^ecTBeHBHXi e ^^e- 
HaHcoBHrb K^jn^ E TOiibBo Eox^ BidgEÍeBii BOsposA^HÍE otfoiecTBeH'* 

HOft HHCJIE E npOflBEBEiarOCfl EHTepeca KB OÓBt^CTBeEHiUCb Ji^&WťB) 

Morjo osasaTBCfl BosMosHuiťB FB CTOA (cpaBHETexBflo CB Bpexe* 
neicB, vh BOTopoe HasonjuLiocB aio) BOpOTBÍfi cpoBib cosxaxB boh- 
xpon HaA'B pacxoxaME e AOxoxaME^ yEE^xosEXB oxByna, vh sna^E- 
xejiBHofi HacxE oxM'i^HflXB noxyniQUi noxaxE, BBecxE cy^eÓnyH) pe- 
^pny, H0BII& saBOHi o ne^axEy oÓpasoBaHÍe cA^JiaxB AOCxyímniTB, 
y^pexHXB sen CKoe h ropoxcsoe caKoynpaBjíeHie, Bceotf nQno BOBHayD 

nOBEEHOCXB E Ep. E np. 

Ho Bci BXEy HpexnpEHflxaa oAEOBpexeHHO no^xK bo bc&cb 062a- 
otaxiB ynpaAieHiB, pe^pMu xpeÓoBaju ycueBBUicb pacxoxoBi} eo- 



1) UpoAOHTiioe oTHonenie spinocTBoro HacejOHÚi cocraBUJo: 

B^ 6 ry6. on lo/o ji,o 10«/o B* 3 ry6. on. 40Vo AO 467« 

, 3 „ „ 10 „ 20 „ 3 „ p 46 , 50 

, 4 , „ 20 „ 80 „ 2 , « 60 „ 66 

^ 4 « „ «0 „ 86 „ 9 „ , 66 » 60 

^ 7 , , 86 , 40 » 6 ,BWiea0 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



aROHoionMBQi GdemaHn řoccii. 881 

BJiasaírB BCTDHHHBS JÍ,M MTOpiIX'B| npH crtCBeQHaii:^ nOJOSeBÍH, 0B 
BOTOpOE% HaXOABIOC^ TOCyxapCIBO, tilUO X^OM% He JierEHM'B. 

no ^HHaacQBHKi CHtiaMs 1862 roffi) bs nepeiilt pasi vh 
Poccia pacnyČJiiiKOBaHHiiiťB bo BceoÓn^ee CBÍj!|ÍHÍje, HcnHcieHo Óuio 
pacxoAOBi 301.354,709 p., Torxa BaR'B cyiiiia iipeAnojMweHH£ix'B 
Ha TOTO TOfí^ xQXQAOKb cocraBjuua Bcero 271.767,809 p,, T.-e* 
npoTHBii pacxoAOBi Meete na 29 m. 586 t. py<^. B% bhxj aroro 
xe^^HAHra^ cniratifl rpeiSoBaHÚi fiHjra coBpanieHH na 7 m. 244 r. 
py6., a fflxom yBejiH^eHu na 7 m. 585 x. py6. noepexjCTBOifE 
BOgBHineHÍH ouaAOKb noAatet, pasHHXi nonuEsii h iiMTOBďxx 
c6opoK^ 

Ha noBpurie HCiHCJieHHaro BaeeicB ^^4^^^ "^ 14 mhjiji; 
757 THca^i ptmeno 6hjo ynoipetfHTB cootBftitTBeHHyio cyjmy m% 
Bsoporo 4V8% safiiia. TasoBH Óuja ójoKeerBsa xaHHHfl v& to Bpeifjr, 
KorABi p^majíca Bonpoci o6% hbh^^híe caiíaro ]ropixB& ooeraB^ 
jeak HaoíHX^B ÓiaxaseroBi. dra Bajseas pe4K)pMa ((uja ooyineciBjíeHa 
BCb 1863 roxy. Oaa ÓHja BasBana Heo^xojqiHocTBH) nuin euiiUj 
csoihBo-Euóyjí.h npaÓiiHsaiaiqiflea b'b x^ilcTBvrejiBHiiiťb uovpetfHO^ 
cniMib H BařbMi, no bobhoshoctb, bte orpaHHiHBafon^s, Bsairbflii 
nMBXb euAvbj BOToptifl npeAcraBifl^H npocTO pyniHHyia sány ^m 

BHinHBa&ifl Ha Heft BCeBOBlCOSBOXl ySOpORb. 

IIpeoÓpasoBaHie cHcienBi omítb 6uio sosiioiBeHO Ha oco6jn 
BOMMHccifi) npH rocyAapcTBeHHOMi bqhtpojš h BEipaÓOTaHHiui efo 
npaBHja Óuja yrBepsA^HH kb saBOHOxaTejibaoirB nopHj^ieft b'b nat 
1862 roxa* HsjHinHe 6uio 6u naiaran* sa^cb ocHOBanu 9T0ft pe** 
4M)pifu. JJ^ocxaTO^HO HanoMHHSBy ^TO ^ya^HocTB ea sauniaaacB v%, 
y7BepaMi6HÍH Tpe6oBaHÍft HO Kasxoft CTaTB^b na sanodHoiii ocHOBaHív 
H Ha JMUsri AiAcTOHTejBHoS noTpe(teoctni, vb o^ieoniHemH roey-* 
X^pciBeHHim peccypcoBi (xora h ne Kbx!b emfi) h nc^Hcietni 
m JSfu^iph Ha ocHOBanin x^ftoTBHxejBHaro nocryHMeifl vrk vh 
íspeffSiecíByiomfiWb ro^Qr; HasoBei^ fb HanevavaHni bq^xi^ oirfcnB h 
apfljoaeHift x» hhm^i b^ bhx^ CBCieMaTHiecsaro i^aro^ 

npaBHJia arn 6um npHMtHeHH BnepBue wb pocnncH na 1863 v.j 
h Bra pocHHCB, noaiOMy^ nepBaa oÓmiMj sa H^Roropumi hcbxio" 
^leflúíMVi Bcj^ AOzoffH H pacxoAu rocyxi^^cvBa. Tauiíi o($pa80M%, 
KB Hee BHOcesH 6um 42 mhu. 700 t. p. TaBarB jiofxofi^m^ xd- 
Topne xo Toro BpeneHH ne HOCiynajiH vb rocyxapcTBeHHoe Basna* 
veftCTBO H ne BuůqajueB vb pocoBCH, h 37 mhu. 800 t. py<S. 
pacxoflOKBy H6 BxojqreiHHXi Kb npesfiÍH pocmcH. 

HecMorpfl, OAnaBO, na aro npeotipasoBapie, AiBerBireBHoe not 
HOJHeme pocnncefi cjAf^mfíXb TOfpvb o($Hapy2KHao BecBMa sna- 
meiBHoe npeBiimeHÍe fb ^pesBU^afinux^ pacxoAax'B CBepxi iiiH(]^pB| 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



382 Moram rapom. 

• 
npexnoioseHHHXL xu hhxi no pocnHCflirb. TairB, sa 1863 voxbj 
csepx^B CM^hmix^B 8 mhju. py6., noTpe(k)Bajioci» Ha ^pesBinaftHiie 
pacxoffi CBHine 31 mhu. p.; sa 1864 r., CBepxi 4 mhjij. pyó., 
emfi 22 HHJU. p.; sa 1865 r., CBepx'£i 4 mhjji. p., eo^e 32 mhu. p. 
TlnKb, vh nepioxi cb 1862 no 1865 r., Ran h vb npex* 
mecTBOBaBmee speMs, oÓBisHOBenmixi xoxo^ORb nocroanHO ne ao* 
craBaio na noRpuTÍe pacxoxoBi, necMorpa na to, ^to xuce caMiu 
.npoHSBOXHTejiBHHfl saTpaTH Ha npeo6pa80BaHÍH h pe^pMH coKpa- 

n^LUCB fP MHHHMyMa. 

IlepcneBniBa Óy^iym^vo tíuubb ne Óuia orpa^na. IIocTOflHHne 
j^e^Hi^HTii npexmecTBOBaBmaro BpeMeHH BusBajH sna^HTeAnyH) sa- 
;(0jseHH0CTB sa rpanHi^eio h ^pesM^pnoe 6yMasHoe xeneamoe o6- 
pan^eníe Bnyrpn crpaHii, a 8th xsa ABienuiy npn HedjaronpijiTHurB 
noiHTH^ecKHxi H ToproBuxB oÓCTOfliejBcrBarb, sHa^HiejibHO noHHSHjnt 
i^^^ocTB namero pyójui h onnrB laKse naio x^ajiH B^poaTHHifi, 
voóii j^e^Hi^Hrb vh óiDAseri ^^aiie ne Bospacran. yMensmeme 
j^e^HipiTORB, nocpexciBoiťb coapan^eHifl SHaHHreAHuxi BoeHHiirs 
pacxoxoBi, oiaBHBaiocB rtu-b 6ojie HexocrHSHUurB, tto bi OBpo- 
neĚcum rocy^apcTBarB otfnapysHiocE, Bci^CTBÍe ^^paniQrscBO- 
iranaHcso-aBcipiĚCROfi boBhh 1869 r., KOTOpaa xua TonoirBTairB 
nasHBaeMoS «Hxe6 Hai^oHajtBHocreiS*, hocah^^ vh cetíb sapoxinnE 
HecsoH^aeMiixi TpeBon h ÓjKymfiTh crojiBHOBeHiil, nenoMipnoe 
crpeMjeme m BOopysenúiiťB. Epoirb toto, ^^paHi^yscKO-aBcrpiHcsaH 
Bofina en^e ocasaTeiBnie, ^iwh RptiMCHcas KaMnamí, noKasajia sna- 
^raie HOBHxi ycoBepmeBCTBOBaHHHxi opyxift. PoocU, no neoóxo- 
XHMOCEH, ne TOJibKo yjíce paxH noMepsanifl cBoero bjúihíh na enpo- 
neBcsifl x^a, ho h j^is cBoeft (teBonacHOCTH, BOHyaRxena 6um 
ciixoBaiB aiOMy oón^^iiy crpacjieHiio ycHjniTB ucíennocTB h yco* 
BepmeHCiDOBaTB Boopysenie boBcbi. Stem% oOcroflieiBCTBOirb kosho 
o(ÍMCBHTB, no^aiy vh caMoe isseioe j^a rocyxapciBeHHaro n na- 
poxHaro xoBflicTBa Bpeiui y naci x&^ancB pacxoxu na BOOHHoe 
xiio, xueao HecooTBiíciBOBaBmie q)6XCTBairB crpann, h OTBieRa- 

JBCB HaHÓOJte HeotfxOXHHBfl ffiSi HOXHaTU HpOHSBOXHTeiBHOCTH CTpaHH 

patfo^ ouH. 

B% RaROft uApi Boepocju pacxoxn na bochhiu naxoÓHOcni m 
PoccÍH H SHa^HTeiBHifimHxi eBponeĚCRHTB rocyxapcTBaxi, cpaBHH- 
lejoHo 0!b xpynoíH rocyxapcrBeHHmni pacxoxftMH, MoaRen noaa-^ 
aaiB crixy^^u TaÓJHiia, vh Roropoft npHBexeno upoitenmoe yBe- 
junenie HdiH yMeHBnxeme paexoxoBi 1874 r.| cpaBHHfenHo a 
pacxoxMH 1869 r.^ npHHaniMH sa cio. 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



dKOHonnoBoi oockmiiii pooon. 



833 



Otf^il Bon ro- 


TtBítíKk 


Faaiwt 






Boeantro iinn- 


■opCMTO mm- 


X«in. Ilfvito pMUKB. 


PMzoAon. 


OT6ponft* 


OWPflŤll » 




B 


% n p 


on* 


H T A X «. 


BrsPocciH. . . + 84«/o 


+ 54V. 


+ 29»/o 


+ 66Vt +126»/« 


» ÁHrjÚH. . . 4- 10 


+ 7 


- 8 


— 8 +68 


» ^paHioH . . + H 


+ 46. 


+ 10 


+ 114 


» repMaHiH . 4-190 


+164 


+466 


+ 3 +210 


» ÁBCTpÍH . . 4- 95 


+ 19 


+ 78 


+ 151 +162 


» TypaÍH. . . +186 


+ 73 


+ 32 


+4604 +164 



Hffb aiofi TaÓni^ii ba^ho, ^to fb Poccíh oÓiojA nton pacxo* 
AOffb Fb 1874 r., cpaBHHTejBHO cb 1859 r., yseiHTOJicfl na 847o> 
Mesjíy tíitb xairb bi Ahejiíh owb yaejiH^ucfl na 10Vo> bo $paH* 
lUH Ha 447o, Bi ÁBcrpÍE Ha 957o, bi TypipH na I86V0, bi» 
repHanÍHy nocjl npoHcmeAQiaFO ofiiexHHeHifl ea. Ha 1907o« 

C)6pan][afl BHHMaHie na pacxoxu BoeHHiirB MHHHCiepcTFb, bh- 
jsfiwbf mx> BumenoHMeHOBaHHUfl rocyxapciBa yBejniujra cboh pac- 
xoAH cj^xy^Q^BiťB o6pa80M'B: 

AHriifl Hi^ 7V« 



ÁBCTpijI . 

^paHiUfl. . 
Poccifl . . 
Typiiia. . 
Pepu anifl . 



19 
46 
54 
73 
164 



Pacxoffi MopcKHX'B MHHHCiepcTFB Tasse He jHmeHH HHxepeca. 
ÁHrjdfl yMeHBHiBja pacxoxu na 3%; ^yría rocy^apcrsa yBeiH^&ni 

paczoxH, HxeHHo: 

^aeioji .... Ha lO^/o 
Poccifl . . 



Typaia. . 
Abctpíh . 
PepiiaHÚL . 



» 73 
» 466 



yBejiH<ieHÍe npo^nx^b pacxoxoBi, sa HCuio^eHÍeirB luaTeseil no 
rocyAapcTBeHHiiiťB AoaraiťB, nocfj^AOBajio: 



3% Ahtiíh. . . 


. na 58% 


» Poccíh. . . 


. » 126 


> Abctpíh . . 


. » 162 


» TypiíiH . . 


. > 164 


» repiiaHiH. . 


. > 210 



Bo $paHI^H jse ne nocjiixoBajio HHBaBoro H8ir6HeHÍ2. 

niaresH no rocy^apcTBenHUiTB xoxrairB yMenBoraJHCB exHH- 
CTBeHHO vb Ahtiíh na 87o; »* repHamn se, necMorpa na rpo- 
xaxHoe yBejiHnenie BC&x'b pacxoxoFB, yBejHHH^pcB Bcero na SVo^ 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



334 B^OTHHKl 8BP(»Da. 

vb Poccíh Ha 667o) bo $paH^iH sa 114Va, n ÁBcrpÍH na 15l7o) 
vb Typ^iH Ha 4604Vo- 

BospacTaHie pacxoAokb na BoeHHHfl Ha^oÓHOCTH ch 1859 r. 
no 1865 r. co6cTBeHHo am Poccíh npeAcraBMeBTb vh oco6ofi Ta((* 
jmmjbj vb BHHOCK* ^). 

nOBpUTie rpOMaAHUX'B AC^HI^QTOBX, BUSBaHHbUCB, BaK'B MEI BH- 

jííbAEy wb 3Ha«iHTejBH0tt lacTB HpesuípHBíMH pacxoxaMH na Boen- 
Hoe fl,ijí0 Vb Poccíh, nocpeACTBoarb yBejHnenifl CTap£ix'B hjh ycra- 
HOB^enifl HOB£ix'B najioroBi, npexcraBjfljiocb BOSMOsHHBrb tojilbo 
Vb OTAajieBHOBťB 6yAyn^eH'B, ranb Kain& vb to spěna rocy^apCTBO 

naXOAHJlOCL, OTnOCHXeJlBHO npOHSBOXHTeJlbHOCTH, Vb CaMOlTb HeBU- 

roAHOM'B nepexoAHOifb coctoubíh. Kp'6nocTHoe npano 6bijio yHHTro- 
seno, a BH-ikcrb c^ EEWb Hc^esjíH h npeHMyn^ecTBa chctomu, čtou 
BucoKo A^HHiítiafí san^HTHHKaHH crapbncB nopflXKOBi neBOJiBHaro 
TpyAa, ecjiH hoxho bha^&tb «npe0Myn^ecTBa» vb tomi, hto sanamRH 
6u;iH ÓojBme, xota napoA^ rojiOAaJii. 

UORpUTÍe AG^HUHIOBl BOCpeACTBOlTB HOBIIX'B BUHyCSOffB Spe- 
AHTHUXl 6lll,W£0Vb XaSSe OBaSUBa^OCB HeBOSMOSHEIMl, TaR'B BaBl 

CHjeru H Cesi Toro yse sHa^HxeiiBHO hohhshjihcb bi» CBoejfB ao- 

CTOHHCTBt. KpOMi TOFO, HenOMtpHOe B03BUraeHÍe lí^H-B Ha BC4 TO- 

Bapu, a oco6eHHO cocxaBJíflBmie npeAHerB Me^RAynapoAHoft ToproBJH 
H TpyAi, csysRUáo jiyHmiswb AORasaTejibaBoicB, ^to A^^H^^finiee 
yBejH«ieHÍe 6e8npoi^eHTHaro AOJira, tfesi ORon^aTejiBHaro pascrpofi- 
CTsa ^mncovb rocyAapcTfia, 6uao neBOSMOSHO. 

EAHHCTBeHHUlfB CpeACTBOM'B A^H HOBpLITÍfl A^^BI^HTOBl npeX* 

craBJífljHCB BH'lmHÍe u BHyxpenHie salhiu, vb KOTopuirb npaBH- 
le.iBCTBO H BUBy^A^HO 6ujío o6paniaTBCfl, HecMorpa na cosnanaeMyio 
BcŽMH HCTHHy, qxo saSMti Bootíu^e npHHOCflTB cyn^ecxBeHHyH) nojiBBy 

>) BospacTamo pacxoxoirb ea BoeHHHJi HaxoÓHOCTH ci 1859 r. no 1865 r. co5- 
CTBeBBO nu Poccíh opeACTaBuem bi HHxeciiM(yi>nieft xatomi: 

lis Mi ^. lís iíi ^- 4s iíi ^• 

>•- im hi I mi hi I s t fit I 

1-^ lil á |s^ ll§ a I^ lil & 

1859 106,692 36,29 1,69 20,307 6,90 0,31 126,999 43,19 2,00 

1860 106,654 29,93 1,68 22,144 6,21 0,82 128,798 36,14 Í,90 

1861 115,965 33,59 1,68 23,566 6,82 0,34 139,531 40,41 2,02 

1862 111,697 37,80 1,59 20,590 6,97 0,29 182,287 44,77 1«88 

1863 115,577 34,97 1,62 18,030 5,45 0,25 134,607 40,42 1,87 

1864 152,435 39,21 2,11 26,581 6,83 0,37 179,016 46,04 2,48 

1865 127,973 34,74 1,76 22,322 6,06 0,31 150,295 42,80 2,07 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



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rocy^apcTBy To;n>KO fb tom^ cjiyna^, ecjra ki hhm'b o6paii^aioTCí^ 
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raxi, Hjra a-^h noABflTÍii npoHSsoABTejiBHOCTH crpanu bi necjiBinROiťB 
OTjajieHHOMx (JyjiymeMx. 

Bunie fiujio y»e yKasano, Kama cyrniH hbx Cí*jaHHux% saft- 
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ocraercfl ynoManyrB emfi tojibko o saBnarB ci BHorpuraaMir. 

Kx ^px^fi sattiíOBi CL BUHrpumaMH osasajiocB BnepBue ne- 
o(5xo;íHMHirB o6paTHTBca Bx 1864 roiy, sa HeBosMo^Hocibio npi- 
HCKaHitf ApyrHxi cpe^crBi. D.-bJB nepBaro cb BHnrpumaMH saffiia 
o^^HuiajiBHO snaiHJiacB wa AOcraajieHia rocyAapcTBeHHoiiy (JanRy 
AocraToqHHXx cpe^CTBi kx pacraapeHÍio onepai^ift ero Ba nciBsy 
npoMBiniJienHOCTH h itb Bocnoco6jieHÍK) A*aTejiBHaro cocpyKema 
BaatH^finiHxx wa rocy^apcTBa ;rHBÍtt aeA-fesHaxi ^opoPB Me«xy 
MocBBOH) H 7epHuafB - M opeifB. Ho vh A'i^&CTBHTe;iBHOCTa 3aeM'B 
BTOTB Chji-b HeofixoAHJTB iM BOSBiímeflía rocy^apcTBesBOMy ÓanBy 
ccyAX, npoHSBejiieHoux-B rocy^apcTBenHOMy KasHaHeftcTBy. 

yRasi H nojoaenie o BHyrpeHBeMX 57^ cb BHHrpuraaMH safint 
611IJU o6i4iBJ!eBM 13 H0fl6pfl 1864 r., a caMaa noAnHCica Óujia 
OTBpBrra jhbib ctb 3 no 12 A^aaópa 1864 r. bo mbopexi M'ICTaxi 
HMnepin; ri;M'B ne Měniče, oón^aa cyrnia noAnncRH na ÓBjeru osná* 
^eenaro safiMa npeBsonua iiH^py ero tojibro na 15.257.900 py(5. 
Ho, RpoM% Toro, eCTB ocHOBaHÍe npeAnojiaraiB, qxo vb AMcTBHxejiB- 
HOCTH BecB saeifB ne 6ujvh noRpuTB h hto na sna^HTeJiBHUfl cyMMU 
noAnecajicfl caMi rocy^apcTBeanutt óanRi. B^b 1866 r. npoH3Be- 
Aewb BBinycRx 2-ro cb BUHrpEimaMH saflMa bx 100 mhjiji. py6aefi, 
a TaBse 5Vo Bioporo anMO-rojiJiaHfliCRaro safina vh 2.774.358 $. 
crep^. H 26.026.210 voji. ryJBj. n na 12 mm. ŮBnewwh rocy- 
xapcTBeHnaro RasHaneifcTBa. 

EcrecTBenno, ^to, npn TaROM'B RpuiH^ecROirB nojrosenÍH, ^^a 
B3(%saHÍfl ^BHancoBofi Raracrpo^^Bi eAnncTBennuirB cpeACTBOHx npex- 
craBjajiocB yBejH^enie njaieanHx^B cejtl rocy^apcTBa nocpejcxBOMi 
no;^HflTÍa npoHSBOAHTeJiBHOCTH crpaBEi. Ho jjh aioro hcoÓxoahmo 
6hjio nocraBHTB ee bi tfoate BHro^íHBra ycjioBia, htó na npaETHRŠ 
Bcrpd&qajio HeMajiOBaamua npenaTCTBÍa. Ho^oacenie ceJiBCRaro xo- 

SflňCTBa H CBflSaHBHXX CB HHMX OTpaCJieft npOMBIffljeHHOCTH, ROTO- 

pufl vb PoccÍH cocraB.ifliorB rjiaBH6fimíe hcto^hhrh napoAnaro 60- 
raicTBa, vb BH^y orcyrciBia cÓepejRenift h Rpe^Hta, npe noMon^n 
BOTopuxx KOFB 6u cosAaTBCn Heo^xo^HMufi j^jisi npaBHiiBnaro Be^^e-* 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



336 BftOTHnCB IBPOIIH. 

ms xoBflfiCTBa npH naeicHOirb Tpyxi o<$opoTHiifl Bannan, 6eljío 
BpafiHe saTpyxHHTaiBHO. 

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HeoÓxoxHMux^B sHamfl f,jis[ pai^ioHajiBHaro Be^eHÍfl xosflflCTBa, npn 

HOBHXl yCJOBÍflX'B, H AOpOFOBESHa JliOCiaBBH npCAJSTOBl ^0 M'6cn 

cónra, no npH^H'6 orcyrcTBÍfl sej^sHiixi xoporK^ iiPOhsboabjh to, 
HTO BeM^eAÍ^a^ecsoe npoHSBOxcxBO e^sa npHHOCUo AOcraTO^Hufl 
^HCTHĚ AOxoffB A^ nponHTaHifl BjiíiKkíhnevbj yiuaiu TorAaniHHX'B, 
HCHÍie sHaHHTejLHuxi, ^M'B xenepb, rocyAapcTBenHHxi najioroBi 
H npoi^eHTOBi no otfpeMeHflBniHifb no^xn bc£ noici^n^HHBH hm^hía f,OMr 
raii'B. BjiaA'6«ii>i^H se senejB, naxoAHBmiixcfl fb nenše (jiaronpiflT- 
HHX'B ycjOBÍflx^B, KB 6ojiBmHHCTBÍ cjiy^aeffB osastiBazHCB nencnpaB- 
HUMfl wb njaTes^ najioroBi h npoi^enTOBi no saicjiio^eHHHirB hhh 
safliiaifi, n muima hxtb nociynajH bb npoxasy. 06pa6oTEiBaio^afl 
npoMiinMeHHocTB naxoAHjacB bi ne uewie TpyAHOMi noMsenui. 

Ilpn npeAiosenin KamrrajiOBx, HsrHanHtiXB hbb ÓamcoBB no- 
cpexoTBoiTB yifeHBmeHifl npoi^eHTORB H npn caHTBnnHHecROicB Bsrjui- 
fíby soToputt o^EnsHOBeHHO npoflBjflercfl bb napoAÍ^, Ror^a bb 
AeHBraxrB hjih cjrpporaTaxi xaBOBuxB, Boxopiie Torxa npHHHMaiOTai 
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mfiescsL nexodaisa, no h HMŠercfl m6uT0jsi> (BasB Hicenno aro h 
mrljio uieio bb to BpeMji, nocii BHnycBa cjniniKOirb 450 mhj- 
jdonoBB py$ďiefi 6yifasnux'B ffiBerb)^ ycHJtennHfi cnpocB BHSBaji 
nocn^mnoe, neoti^yMannoe ycTpoficTBO 4^a6pHS'^ n 3aB0A0B'B, vh 
6oAmHncTB% cjiy^aeBB, npn nopnaiBnoirb nopaxK^ Ben^efi, ne hmíb- 
niHXi paqLonajBHtix^B ocnoBanift cyn^ecTBOBanifl. 

Ho pasjíEHÍe CBoffcTBa ÓyMasniixB xenerB otb sbohroA MoneTu 
H ffiicTBETeiBnicTB (SoraTCTBB ne saMexJHJio Bcsop^ oÓnapyaKHXBCfl. 
HcsyccTBenniift cnpocB ne mohb npoxoJsaTBca xoJiro, noTpetfaenie 
yiieHBniHiíOCB; iieauy t^itb bbosi HSB-sa rpanHi^ii Hany^aBxypniixi 
npoHBBexeníĚ ycHJHJicfl BaB'B BCJ^ACTBÍe lapa^a 1857 r.| TasB 6ja- 
roAapfl ROHTpaÓanjri. Eo Bceiiy BTOny npnéaBHJiocB en^e orcyrcTsie 
RpexBTa, BCJ^ACTBÍe ne^oB^pia otfn^ecrBa^ BasBannaro noTepsicH, 
cosAannHiíH MHOsecTBOiTB pHCKOBanHBTx^B npeffipiflTifi. 

Ho, spoifi BTEXB npH^iinBy soTopLifl npflMO OBasuBajE netijia* 
ronpiflTHoe EiLinie na Poccík) h na BpeAHTB efl, 6iijra h xpyrifl, 
BOSHHKaBmifl nsB nojiHTH^ecBHXi H dsonoMHqecBHXB saxpyAnenift 
fjfjTJSTh rocyxapcTBx h x^flCTBOBaBmifl, xota BOCBennOy no bi ctoa 
cuBHOĚ crenenn, hto nejn»3fl 6ujio x&ase ^oriiaTB o npESUiTÍH m^p^b 
Kh HcnpaBjeniK) nannixB ^nnancoRB. 

MesAoycoÓnafl Boflna bb AiiepHBfii na^aBrnaacA cb 1861 ro^a 
H xjniBmaaca ffl anptjui 1866 ro^ai sacTaBHJUinpaBHTeaBCTBo Coe- 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



dKOHOMraoBoi ooofOfflDi poogu. S37 

jpraeHmx^niitfOín icsaTB Ha eaponeieBím pmncaxi ]ífiiíemmiTh 

qpeACTFB A^JI OROHUHÍfl BOflHU H nOSOpeHÍfl BOSCraBinHXl lOSHBKn 

omíDOBi. BecbMa mfoahmi ycjomi, npejuaraBmisicfl c&BepouifH 
fflraiaifH {m 186S— 1864 ffl Mapia 1865 r. BypcB 67o axepii* 
KaHcurb ^HAOirb B0Jie<kuiC2 on 40 xo 507o), sacrauajH BaoBra- 
jBCTOFb CBo6oij|HHfl cftffitM. noiiiii^aTb BB dTHxs ^H^arb npexno- 
iTBieuHO npeffL pycemioi. Ho spoiiš ororOi HeÓJiaronpiaTHo fflt- 
CTBOBaBinuY) Ha Kypci pyecsBXb ÓyiiarB o^erojiieiBCisBa) Bollna c6- 
BcpHuxft imaTOBi AjfepHRH CB x)SHEiMH H ocBo6ošxeflie HerpoBf]^ 
BHUtfUM) Kb Abtjíh, vb BOBi^i 1863 roxa, imejiitt spnsHCSy 
BSBicnasi noA% HadBameii^ xjomaroiSyxasHaTO. 

Yien aHraittcsaro 6aHBa bi^ AesaÓpi BosBinHaeTcs xo 8Vo h 
n TO^ems qijaro 1864 voffí Mfipmmcsí nesAy 7 h 97et ii touho 
B!b ^^espaaš 1865 roxa HOHHsaerai ffl 5Vo h re ÍDJst tofo se 
T0» mKXúfiBVh AO SVo. Ho sai^KB Kb BDHiqr roxa yierB ohstl 
lesHiiiniaeTGs xo TVo, a Boina ÁBcrpÍH ch llpyocieio vh mb 1866 r. 
XWQXHTX ero ffo lOVo, h touro n^ aBrycry yien noHHisaeTOfl 
;io 57o* $paHiQr8CKÍft x^nesHui phhokb cj^jiymsa aHraiflcBHVB, 
H en^e vb xenaópš 1866 ro^a jnerb ^paHi^scsaro 6aHBa xBp* 
jKHTCfl Ha 97o« HeyAnBHTexBHo, tto npa coBuicmowb xíěctbíh 
BHyrpeHHHX^B aBOHOMH^ecRHxi saipy^Henifl h mícthux'b nojiETH^e- 

CBHXI^ H 4^HHaHC0BiirB BaM^QiaTeJBCTBl, 4^HXU HamH H BypcH UOfr 

BeprjucB SHaqnrejiBHOMy noHHsemK). IIIecTHnpoiteHTHEifl saeMi Ha 
c-nerepÓyprcBott 6Hpsí, no cjioshocth BypcoBi AeBa6pfl 1864 r., 
soTHpoBajicx no 105Vs7o9 btb jiHBap^ 1866 r« A^pauurca en^e Ha 
102^/4% HO sacBiTB BxxeBaÓprb Toro serosa naxaerB xo93V47o9 
a Wh OBTflÓpi) 1867 r. AOCTHraerB MHHHHyMa^ ne 6uBmaro cb 
1814 rofft? HiieHHo 607o- BeicejibHBfi sypcí lasse noxBeprajcs 
■e MeHfimmrB BOie(SaHÍJUi^ sarb aro bb^^o b»e Biime noHin^en* 
Hol Ta6jiHi9i, H xocrarE neÓiiBajiaro 00 BpaceHH yHHqxoaB^Bdfl 
accHrBapii nonaDMk, ^loerHrmaFO kb 1866 roxy xo 68 bod^bs. 
Tasoe rpoMaxHoe oaxeme BeBoejBHaro sypca yMeHBmaio xoctohh- 
ciBO rocyxapcTBeHHHrB xozoxobi h yBeiH^BBajio pacxoxH, Bertx* 
CTBÍe ^ero xe^Hipif h xodasnii 6iuh en^e 6ojňe ycBjraBaTBCB. RpoHŠ 
loro, pfeidx BOje(iaHÍH Hamett x^iesnoft exBHRi^u yna^rosajiH 
BCiiByK) BO8MOBHOCTB BJ^pHHXi^ pascieiOFB npH BoxenÍH npexnpiB*- 
Tift H x^&xH HeBOBMosHinrB BpeiieHHoe npaBJíe^íeHie x^b tbbobhxi 
HHocTpaHHHX^B sanHiajioBi, BCiixcTBie ^erOy nps oicyrcTBÍH c((epe- 
semA, H jiBJífliacB y hbítb ^pesM^pnas xoporoBBdna xenerB. Y^en 
KB rocyxapcTBeHHoirB ÓbmjAj cocTaBjuromitt bi anptrt 1866 r. 
6VaT, nocieneBHo BOBSEnnaercfl h xoxoxbtb vb ceHTfl({p6 xo 8V2% 
K 9 V09 H sa HeBii>9eHiexfB Hesna^HieiBHaro noHHseHk c& ^^Bpau 

Tom Y.— Cbhtabpb, 1877. 22 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



338 Bsorann ibpoiiií. 



H 97o. 



HO ÍK>H& 1867 row, xo Koemt loro se roxa x^snei na 8Vs 

u 

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FE nepBofl noiOBHH^ mecTHAecflTurL ro^OBi, HaxojpiiíHCB npoHSBo- 
ABTejfcHHe Biaccu napoxa^ jdbficTBOBaiH ctojl narylÍHo Ha erpaHy, 

HTO Bl BOHAt''BOHIV>Bl COBA&^H Sa^OISeHEOCTB^ a BClŠACTBÍe TOm 

eo CTopoHs rocyAapcTsa HenpaBEjiBHyH) pacniaty, co ciopoflii ice 
eÓu^ecTBa lacrafl pasopeek Bit cpefft seifJieBiiw&iBiteBi h m^, 
saHflTHX^B npoMuniJieHHOCTLH) H ToproBjeK^. HeyxHBureiBHo, ^tro co- 
BirbcTHoe ffbfiCTBÍe ctoib Korynxx ^sropoBi, HasoHei^y oos^aio 
BecbMa TflseiuĚ n naiuiTHHft bc^itb bphsecb, Hexox^ Koioparo, paB- 
HO BaiTB H npeRpan^eme ne^ajiBHUxi ero nocitACTBÍfi) TpyjtHO 6um 
HpexBBA^TL. TasoBO 6iuo 4^HHaHcoBoe H BBOHoimecKoe noxoseHie 
Poccíh nepeffB tíitb BpeifeHeM^B, Ror^a yciueHHafl nocrpoflBa se- 
jrbsHHXi AopoPb Aua rpoifaxHHfl toi^obi es npoHSBOAiiTeiBHOCTH 
H OrpOMBUlťB npEJlEBOlTB BaHHTaaoBi HBi-sa rpaHHAH BSirbHHJta 
cocTOflHie HameFO 4K)BXOBaro h WHeasHaro piiBxa, h arBUE xByin 
oyTflMH osasaia jítíífftBid na caiioe noxoa&eBie rocyx&pcrBeHHiixs 

4>flHaHC0Bl. 

IV. 

HCTOPIfl ABTXl nEPBHXl nEnOAOB'B nOCTPOftSH SEI^HaX'B xopork 

Ho Tasí Tsňxh canafl nocrpoĚsa soji^hiixi xoporB npesxe 
Bcero Tpe(k)Bajia BaninajOBi, to 6iuo ecrecTBeHHO, ^ro ona xojisHa 
ÓHJia saMejiJiHTbCfl BcíŠACTBÍe ynaxRa rocyxapcTBeHHaro xpe^^a, 
Fb TO caMoe Bpeiui^ sor^a HeoóxoxHMOCTB ea osoH^aTenHO 6iua 
GOSHaHa H iipaBflTej[BCTBOM'By n oÓn^ecTBOiTB. BciiTB crajo acho, nrp 
sejt^HHfl Aopora AOiSHu 6£uni yjiy^oiHTB eaoHOMi^ecsoe h $h- 
HaHcoBoe nojoseHÍe cípaHB; ho na nepBiirB nopaxi HMeHHo ne- 
ČjaronpiflTHocTB aioro nojosemfl AOisna (Siua npenarcTBOBaTB pea- 
jiHsaiÚH RamrrajiOBi na nocrpofiBy. BiHcropie nocrpoisH Hamscb 
serteHHixs Aopon mo3kho yaasai^ Tpo nepioxa: nepioA^ (ao Rpnic- 
CROĚ RaMDaHÍH) Ha^HHaHÍfl, ROieÓaHÍS^ HeonuTHOCiH, Ror^a caifaa 

HOJbSa H BOSMOSHOCTB nORptnin PocdH SeitSHOXOpOSHOĚ cferLH) 

Be 6iua BiucHena; saTlirB — nepioffb, Rorxa ycraHOBHJOCB noíHoe 
coBHame HeoGxoxHiiocTH cos^aHÍfl otfmHpHoi cÍth, ho caicoe hojío* 
jfceme rocyxapcTBOHHaro Rpe^HTa npexciaBuo saTpyxBeHifl kb cbo- 
pony BHnojHeHÍK) A^a; Bcroiúa btbxi x^yxi nepioxoBB 6yxerb 
o^ep^ena bi nacroflii^ei craTB^; sariiTB ocraneTca nepioA^B npio6p^- 

TeHHOĚ yjse OnUTHOCrE H BIUIOAEieHÍJI, TOTB nepiOAl, B!b ROTOpOJTB 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



dKoiomHBtti vmoam poogu. * 889 

yse MorjiH csaBaTLCf h aiiOHOMa^ecxie pesyniaTH, a lexmecBis 
4>oo6eHHOcni ateiisaoxoposHoS npeiopinraBocin fb Pocdv. 9vmy 
nocjrtg(HeMy nepioxyi Biritert cb Buro»uM Bikaii BceĚ cbtE se^ 
jteHHXi ffiporrb aa naniH j^BHancH, npomiiiueHBOcrL h ToproBax), 
MH npexnoiacaem nocaarETB ocotfys) cimio. 

Goopyjfceme sertsHHrB Aopon fb PoodH Ha«ioe& en^e vh 
1836 roxy nocrpolROK) xhhíh Mexxy G.-IIeiep6yproir& h IlaMOB- 
aaowh. SacBiTB n 1842 roxy ptmeHO 6iuo crpoHTB s%jíísbjío 
jopoiy Mesxy nereptlyproirB h Mocsbok). nocrpoiisa ^opora na- 
^aro 6uM vh inaft 1848 r.^ ho arspíme ajie XBHseidfl na Boem 
]q>OTajKeHÍH noci^bxoBajio toibbo l*ro Hoatfpa 1851 r. Ecjni fikme 
acuD^HTB ffta roxa, fe soropiie, no iipirurai BeHrepciuA BtMna- 
híe h 4^HaHCOBaro apEsaca, aa nocrpoUay omycaaiacb louao 
sesaaHBTejibHiia eyinisi, Bce^rasa na coopyjKeaie aaaoiaeBCBOl ffh 
pora ynorpedioBO cjBamoMi mecrb Avb. 

Ea ocHOBaaia cocrasjeaBiirE arbrby (í&hSMjeao 6hjio, im> xu 
coopyaieaia aaaojneBCROl xopora norpe^yeieai acero on 40 ffl 50 
wu.j a pasptmeBO aa norpe^aocra aasxaro roxa orapuBaTB saĚMn, 
H njaiesi apon^earoBi a norameaia no aam npoasBOxaTL, AO 
osoa^aaiji nocrpoiaa ffiipovtLj aacierB cymrBy nocTynaa)nfaz'b on 
taflMOBiy a no orapEnia xopora — aa €ien xoxoxoFb. 

Mes^y ^i^^^^x^ xbScTBarenao npraBseAeaaiui nosaaMCTBOBaaia 
j(ifl pacxoxoRb a yniaiH npoi^eaTOBx čtou saaqareibao npeesoaua 
HepBoaa^aiLaiia npexaojoseaifl, ^to bi 1857 roxy Bonpoc:^: aa 
aaaie acTO^aaaa oraocan xaiBatlmie pacxoxH, pasóapaxca vk 
soMaTeri j^aaaacoFBy aoropiifi ci Biico^aftiaaro pasptmenia, nocift- 
xotasmaro 15-ro aofltfpa 1857 r., aa^a vh Baxy, iro exBa jn 
Moxao osBxaTB, iw6u xoxoxu erb xopora sorxa-iatfo aorjia Óht^ 
XOcraioqaH aa noi^urie eseroxnnx^b no XMiy niaTeaseS^ nocra- 
HOBBjn npaiBCJUiTB Ki xojiraM% roqrxftpcTBeaaaro aasaa^elcTBa bc& 
aa&MHy cx&iaBHiie XJUi aaaojaeBCBofi saiteaoi xopora. 

npoasBOxeaaiie x^a aBaojaeBCSofi xopora pacxoxH, vh BMfj 
MMoraxi aeflCHOCieit noxBeprajacB oco($oft cn^anaoft pesasía, a 
vb 1863 r. acTOCJteaOy vco fAsi coopyseaia xopora^ aa noapmie 
nepexepxeKL a aa pásané naaiesa no xojuiurb, cx^aao Úajio 
saftaoBi: a) BatamarB cb 1842 no 1850 r. aapai^aTeiBaaro aa- 
lEETajia 76.300,000 py6., sa aoropne x^ftciBareiBBO Biipyneno 
70.131,255 p., a 6) BayrpeaaarB mn apexarauxi ycraaoBjíeaift, 
CB 1846 00 1859 r., 40.289,146 p. a, CBepxs Toro, Banyn^rao 
EB 1847 r. aa btotb npexHen tfajeroRB rocyxapcreeaaaro sasna- 
TOCTBa aa 12.000,000 p., Bcero bb 1862 roxy 181.420,402 p. 
flffB 9I0Ě cyioiH apoasBOxeno pacxoxoBi: cotfciMaao aa coopyse- 

22* 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



840 

HÍe xoponi Ch 1&42 no 1852 r. 66.854,113 p., na noKpíme 
nepexepseR^ b npoHBBOxcTBa njaieasei no safiKairb 64^566,289 p4 
HToro 131.420,402 p., htó cocraajflen na Bopciy p. 217,583. 

^w6H cocraBETB cetift noHATÍe o cpaBHSTeuHOĚ croHiiocn co^ 
opyaKeflifl HBKoaaeBCBOft asei^Hott xoporn co crpoDo^uMiea vh no- 
CJ^AHee BpeMfl AoporanH, ysaseirb na ntsotopiifl loiuo pn^^pii- 

Dpi nocfrpolK<& HHBOjaeBCKOfi xoponi (SajuiacrB o6omejíQA bs 
7,807 p. CfB BepcTii, a yuaAKa BepxBjíro crpoem h nyrefi m^ 
3,538 p. cb BepcTU. Mes^y rbwb na lenipexi aoBtfiniHxi v>V^ 
rax^b, cxaHBiixi no noAUHcii na asivH n ne orjiwiDHtHxcfl xeme* 
BMHOK^^ no paci](iBO^Hiiif!k BŠAoiiocTasrb nojiaraercfl e% Bepcis 
oxHHOíHaro nyn na tfajiJiacrB qpeAHH]r& ^acioirb 1,639 p. m., na 
yuaAsy »o BepxHflro crpoenia h nyreS 275 p. IloCyrb orspuTÍa, 
necMorpa na to, hto sa HHBoaaeBCBOK^ AoporoH) h b& to Bpeiui 
yse npHsnaBaďOCB caifoe Buroxnoe nojosenie, pesyjnraTH Mcnjiya** 
TaivH Taase ne noofioipiJiH ai Aa^LH^meMy ycrpoflciBy asejiteHHx^b^ 
AopoPBy n BumenpHBewHHOe MH'&HÍe ^^HaHCOBaro BOMHTeisa Bnojinfr 
onpaBASBaiocB. 

B% 1856 roAy* T.-e. Yepe» 5 jlítl nocjš onpuTÍfl Boefi ao^ 
pora, HHCTiiĚ A0X0A'B dBenjyaiai^iH cocraBjflji'B Bcero 796,000 p., 
a FB 1857 r. xora h Bospoci ao 2.584,000 p., no hsi 8Toit> 
racraro AOxoAa rocyAapcTBenHoe sasBa^eflCTBO nojiy^uo bi^ nepsuft 
pasTB VB 1857 r. jbdib oahh'b mbuIoetb, TarB lavB ociajiBHiitf 
AeHBFH BspacxoAOBaBBi Ba pasHUii noTpe6BOCTH Aoporn. B% noaiiiyv)^ 
B^ BpeMfl ci 1858 no 1862 toatb wctuS aoxoa^ Aopora KOjeÓajcs 
OS020 27^ MBJJiioBORB pyójieft. MeasAy Tbwb na ynmy npoi^eH*^ 
xoBi Tpe6oBaj[ocB^ cnorpa no cocioaníio BeŘcennaro Bypca, ots 

6V4 AO 7 MflaJliOBOB^. 

Taaie pesyiBTaTu Majio noon^psan vh ycrpoSciBy Apynixi sarbd-- 
Hiixi nyTofi, B BonpocB o bobuxtb aKertamixi AoporarB Boonar^ 

CBOBa TOJBBO TOFAa, BOFAa RpUMCSafl BOlna CaMHMfB ODiyrBTOJB- 

Buwb H poBOBUMi o6pasoM% noBasajia neBuroABUfl, BÓribACTBíe 
orpoMBiixi paBCfOflBÍfl, ycjiOBifl, fb soroptia nocraajieno rocyAap- 
CTBO AJifl saouiTH CBOflXi rpaBEifi. HesaBAcejfo otb toto, acho 6ujo, 
^TO HeAOcraTBH Baranxi BOAflBuxi coo6n^BÍfi, Banepsasm^Hx^ bv 
TewHÍH 6 8BMBBX'B wbcsmfivhy MejtoqBX^ jňrowb n npHTOirB emfi 
HBiBBaion^BXCfl KBHaBMeB^ 6jaronpiflTHBiX!B au nameft BH-bnraeft 
ToproBJH MŠcraxi, craBarB HenpeoAOJBMyH) nperpaAy ($jaronpiflT- 
HOMy pasBETÍH) napoAnaro xoBflltCTBa. 

Bcji^A^Bie TaBoro cosHanifl, bcji^ai^ sa OROB^aHÍeirB BpmicBoft 
boAbh, bi» flBBap'6 1857 roAa coctobjocb paspimeBie rpynn-b xa- 
nBTaaBCTOBi, BO TMsib BOTopuxii CTOUB nepBOuaccflHO (Sansip*- 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



dROHOinuKoi ooetoflHii poccii. S4I 

<KÍexoiia, san: niTHrmti, EepvflrL, Tone, IlepeUpa, o(^>a80Ban 
juuuoHepHoe otfn^ecTBo Cb laiiiiTajioirB k 250 mujiíobobi py6jiefi| 
flOx& HasBameiTB ^FjiaBHaro Oómecmh pocdficsHXi sejisHuxi xo^ 
pon» AU eoopyseHÍfl 4,000«BepcTHoS c§th sejfenurB xoporB. 

IlepBOHa^aibHuS BHnycffB aaqift PjaBsaro 06n;ecTBa Ha cyniiy 
75 MBJ. pyó.y Bi BHA7 npexmeeiBOBaBDíHxi rpwaxHim Bunyc* 
můn 6yMasHHrb x0HerB, HBraaHÍJi BuaAOffB hsi ÓassoBit h iferaji'' 
jn^ecBoft rapaHTÍH, 6uxb noapiiTB cb HsíHiiiROirB, h sHanTeJBH^tt* 
maa nacTB asi^ii m BuroAOia js^u jr^peAHieiefi (Tasí aaKi npenia 
^cocmauja 6oxbe 12 p. na asi^io) tfujia hiih noM'6ii^eHa BHyrpí 
TOcyxapcTBa. B'b 1858 ro^y BunycvB oÓianmiS BacyícHy 35 mm. 
py(S. TauRe tfyji^b noapiiTB ci naiiHniBOMx. 

Ho BauTaiOBi bthxi 6aio BexocraTOVHO ;(ja OBOH^ianhi se 
^OAKO cbnij HO xase Ha^aiun yise: HeiepÓypro-BapoiaBCBofi h 
HHxeropoxcBoi AoporB, h noBTOxy vh 1861 r. o6^ecTBO nuTaJocfc 
^^aiB HOBHĚ BunycBi 47o otfjaraiut. Ho o6cioaTej&CTBa Hamero 
jienesHaro pynaa h KpeAHra caBcaro o6n^ecTBa xo toto Hax-bHB- 
jachj TTO BHnycBi ne mopb coctobtbcji h o&iarai^iH MorjH Hafin 
nOMŠD^eHie Awmb na cyrniy 2.359,635 p. 

KypcTB hKUfŘ FiaBHaro Ofiii^ecTBa noHHSHJica laase ciHoiKOifi 
jut 107<h Tasí HTo oÚmfiOM nanuocB vb (teaBUxoxHoirB noaoB&e- 
>mEy H npaBHTOJiBCTBO jíflixHO 6ujL0 osasaTB, x^B OKOH^ama pafiorB, 
iioco(Se| oocraBjíBiDn^ee 33 kbj. py6«, h ooboKo^bte otin^eciBO otb 
-otfaaaTejiBCTBa crpoBTB Aopora hbi Mocbbh vb OeoxociiD h im 
Opjia HjiH KypcBa vb JlaiSaBy. 

HocrpoflKa xopon, oaoHiieHHiix^B FjaBHmrB O^o^^CTBoirB, o(k>- 
miacB: c.*iieTep6ypro*BapmaBCBOi 125,1 uej.: hb Bepcry 104 th'^ 
eiHH, HHseropoACBoĚ — 36,1 mbji.: hb Bepciy 88 tucb^b, Hjn 
40% Aopose npexnojosoBHaro. 

Bx BHxy Toro sHaHeHÍB, soropoe npio6p&io FjaBHoe Otfa^ecTBO 
j(ja oiipexikieHifl jsíbau 6yxymHX'B nocrpoesfB h nopajucoBi ascnjiya- 
TaipH ČojiBniHHCTBa HamHxi seji^Hx^B Aopon, noiBsyflCB ÓďHBBan 
BHacoKCTBoifi CB fíbjMíB FjBBHaro Odn^ecTBa, Boropoe a mopb npio6pt- 
cn BBKB oxBRB H8B cmpoumcAet c.*iieTep6ypro*BapmaBCBOÍI Aopova, 
BxtBmífi pa6ora nom no Bceicy npOTBseHÍio jhhíb, octbhobjiocb 
B^beaoiBBo hb npaiBHaxi*, BBBBBBmnxi lane neqauHiie pesyjBTaTu. 

Bo rjavl yqpexBTejiei FjiaBHaro Otfn^ecTBa ctoBjn> napHxeBift 
Oédit Mobilier, cb npeo6jiaxaK>niflirB BiiameirB HepeSpoBi; ocrajB* 
Hne ace yHpexHrejiH 6wíe toibxo yvacTHHBaiffl ^^HHBHOOBaro cmE^ 
jqiBaTa. Bcjr^ACTBÍe Ejdania HepeUpoBB, x^a BBBtxtiBaHia TexHH^e* 

ClOH) H aXMHHBCTpaTBBHOH) CTOpOHaifl X^B, ÓhUM HpHFJiameHBL 

4pi^HiV8CBie HHsaHepu Bopnyca Ponts et ChaiiBBées, iH>jiy^ai)iipe 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



S42 noTim niPonH. 

CBoe odjpasoBaHie vh Ecole Polytechniqae, npuEierHpmaHHWA 
y^etfHOiTb 8aBexeHÍH. Hkb aioro Kopnyca Bununi a^a ^pasitÍH mho* 
rie saH^HareiBHHe aerisHO-AoposBue HHJBeHepH-CTpoineiH h xub^ 
8BciuyaTaTopu, ho offb OTJunaeicfl tíchuitb xpyrosopoirB, caiio* 
yBftpeHHOciÍK) n HCUiomejibHOCTiio. flBHBoriecii Kb nairb ýpaH- 
jQrscsie HHJBesepu npemiTH 6imh BciiťL o6n(eciBOii'L ch ocoÓums 
noqeroifrBy Koiopuft OBOH<iaTejBHO BCBpysHi'L hitb roioBu. Epoii^ 
Toro^ oÓmecTBO name, TairL lenso BnaxaK>ii^ee vb KpaSHOcre, Bocrop- 
raacB ^^paHi^scKucE HHseHepaiiB, BupasajocB o HamnrB HHse* 
Hepax'L KdkKb o jnoxflXB HecBtjQrntix^E h cnocodHHrb jniniB tojbko- 
Ha ajioynoTpeÓJieHÍfl. ^paHi^yscsie HHseHepa, HesHaBOii ue cb xapaB-* 
TepHCTHHecBOK) <iepTOK) Toro BpeMeHH — nopii^aTb Bce CBoe, tíu^ 
oxoTH^ BtpHJui lauiirL OTSHBaifB, qio aiHiTB AOcraBjfljacb bosmos- 
HceiB ycrpaHATB m^cthuo 9ieuewni n npeAOcraBJíflTB 6t>AmyH) ^acn 
saHflTift n sapatioTBOKB HaBflsuBaeiíiiHi HiťL IlepeflpaMH h Apynnui 
BiiaTejBHiíMH m^aMH hxi cooie^ecTBeHHHBairB, ociaBaBnraMai 6en 
uicTb uocjA OKOHHamfl npexnpHHaTsmb Grédit Mobilier Aopon 
Vh HcnaHÍH n HxaíÍH. 

Ho BuÓopi laBOBuxi 6tíxh no^m Bcerxa Hey^aiOHi: ÓÓJiBmaii 
lacib npHrjiameHHKX'L jaiu;h Óiuh jiioah HeoÓpasoBaHHiie, vh jpijír 
jSMX^h cjiynaaxi TexH&HecBH noAroroBjeHHiie, ho rtitb ho MOHie 
Hoxpasaiooúe jsyxj Ponts et Chaiissées. 

IIpH laBHXi yciOBÚixi, MesAy ^paHqydCBHiiH nnsenepaini w 
BHJseHepaMH nyreft cooÓn^eHÍfl ne saMeAnxb otfHapysoiBCB oojiHiift 
aHTaroHHsiTB, nepemeAnrift BCBopt h na caMoe MHHHorepcTBo, bo* 
Topoe BO BciícB A^ftcTBifliTb pyBOBOABiejiel riaraaro 06niecTBa na- 
HBJO OTHocHTBCfl caMUMi Bpa^eÓHiiirb otfpasoiTB. TaBÍa OTHomeHÍa 
Mesxy 4^paHI^y8CBH]lH HHUseHepaifH ch oahoI ciopoHu H pyCCBHMB 
HHseHepaHHHMHHHCTepcTBOM^E nyieft cootinieHÍfl— Cb xpyroC, crpamno 
BpewjH caMOMy x'^jy. AHiaroHHsirb diorb ciOHjrb Poccúi iHioHÍe 
ABcaiBH MBjjuoHOKb H BaxepjuuTb xMBiiflniee pasBHTÍe dbm se* 
jíbhhxi xoporb Ha MHoríe roxu. 

IIpoxoTaBueicHe ^^paHayscBHMH nHOKeHepaiiH njanu noxBeprar 
jBCb crporoft bpbtbbš h HaiHmHHMi TpeÓoBaHÍaiťb, hoOhjih yTBeps** 
xaexH H BOBBpan^aiHCb. SacHiťby neoxHOBpaiHO x^ajiHCb vh hbx^ 
HBMtoeHÍa, HHorxa jEmmii, ho nan^e x^cTBiTexuio HeotixoxHMiuiy. 
HOTOxy 9T0 4^paHiQr8CBÍe HHseHepu Boo6qe naio npHBBMaiH sb 
eoo6paseHÍe ycioBifl BJiHMaTa n Tpe6oBaHÍB, BOSHBBaDn^ hbi npH- 
BsieBfb napoxa n xapaBiepa itícthocth. Bobi njiaHOBi se, ne 
Hxtfl npeioicb yBŠpeHHOCTH b% yrBepaRxenÍH wsúBUThy ho ptma- 
jucb npoBBBOXBTb paÓoíH. Mesxy^Miy paHbme yase^iuH sasjuD** 
^emi BOBipaBm h ycaoBÚ na patSoni, n HeBOSKoamocrb opnofy* 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



sKOHOioraicKoi oooTOffln Foccm. 843 

iiiTB Wh HHiťE BHSUBaja npeieHBiH co dopoHH crpoBTejieft h BOO<Jme 
Mimau npaBKibHOMy BeAemio kíjííl ŮpeHATafl CHcreifa oi^a^ii 
pa6oTB He onTom, ho no efflBmmuwh it^^HairL, (Se^L sapas^ npa- 
roioueHHEixi luaHOKB, se AOBBO^aaa BOBce snepe^^ onpeff&iflTib 
dOHMoafl pa(k)rb. 

Hoy HTÓ Bcero Baauíše, ^paHi^rBCsie HHseHepu coBepmeHHO sa- 

ÓHBaJH O&b aSOHOMH^eCBOtt CTOpOH']^ A'Í^a, O&b 8S0H0MÍH Wb npoHď- 

BOXCTB^ pafioTb, H xexHHqecsúi TpeÓosaHifl hx^ otJiHqajflCb se- 
Hpaism^HOCcbio. Ho npHBceici tohi, ^paHi^yacsie HHseHepu npn- 
HeciH H HeiiajiyK) fpjLio nojiBdBi Poccíh i^m^b, mo vb sojiísho- 
XoposHoe jííbjío BHecjH CHcreiiy, npieMu n ^opnn 6oAÍe ycosep- 
iHeHGTBOBaHHiie, i^iťL cyn^ecTBOBaBinie npe nocrpofisi HBROjaeB- 
CKOl saiisHOtt Aoporn, a tfopLÓa cb pyccBHMH HHseHepaifH nyrett 
cooÓBiemji no6yAHJia hocjiíahhxi Óojťie cepběsHO OTHoamcfl irb 
;il^^, ^išii% dxo Óuzo AO Toro BpeneHH. 

BjiaroiipifliHiitt upieiTb, Boropiifl Hanun vh ujÓmeí ampa 
riaBHaro Otía^ecTBa, noon^pExs pescsifi ÓepseBoft KOMBrerL, bi^ Ha- 
vaji 1858 r., upexnpHHflTB nocrpofisy pHSCKO-AHHa6yprcsoft xo~ 
porHi H yxoBOJBCTBOBaxBCfl npaBETejBCTBeHHOK) rapaHxieiOBi 47^70 
Ha 53,561 p. 

Uo o6pasiQr pHro-AHHa6ypr(»M>ft xoporH BucrpoHaacB h XHna- 
6ypro-BHTe6cKafl, cb as^ioHepH£[]£B BanHrajiOMi bb 66,872 py6. 
na Bepciy, noj^yiDii^HMCfl 57o MerajuLH^ecBOio rapanrieK). 

06^ xoporn 8th nocrpoens 6ujíe aHrjiftcBHMH HHseHepaMH* 

HOXPflXVHSaííH. 

Bi ToiTB 2(6 1858 roxy paspimeHa nocrpofisa BOJiFO-xoHCBoft 
XoporH, a B'Bl859r. MOCsoBCBO-flpociaBCKOfl, capaxoBCKoS Epero- 
HHiaBCKoft a&ei^bsfiuxi xopon. Ho ycjiOBifl xonesHaro puHsa esm-j^- 
HUHCB H o6pa80BaBnikcfl oÓn^eciBa: Boaro-xoHCBoe, mocbobcbo-apo- 
caaBCBoe H pHro-MHTaBckoe, yise Bcrpi^ajiB npenaicrBk Kh hchoj- 
Benho npHHflTiiX'B na ce6s, oJSflsaieiiBCTBi. 

AB^ia oÓn^ecTBa capaioBCROft sejťbsHoft xopora noHBSHjracB vb 
q^H^ Ba 507o9 n, HecMOipfl na OTxaďeHÍe cpoKOBi nocrpofisH m 
jBejmneBie rapaHiÍH xo 57o» OBas&iocB BeBOSMOSHuirB oo6paTB na- 
mtaii, laKB ito to»ko fb asBapi 1863 r. npaBHT&iBCTeo bh- 
sysxcHO 6u20 paspiniHTB oÓqecTBy orpaHHHHTBCfl nocrpofisoK) xo- 
pora xo PflsaHH, ch npaBoitB Bunycsa oÓJinraiufi na 5 mhxii. py6« 

HecMOipfl Ha BecBiia raasejioe, BumeonHcaHHoe naiiH, nojio* 
seme rocyxapcTBeHHusB ^HHaHCOFb h spexHia, saóoia o coopy- 
seHÚi HeoÓxoxnifMaiaxi sejtaHuxi xoporB ne nepecraBaia ctoatb 
Ha nepBOiís njant Hameft ^HnancoBoB axMHHHCTpai^iH, h vb aroirb 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



344 noTHHn iBFonB. 

OTHomemH HeiBU ne or^aib et nojraoft cnpaBejpESBOcrH sa erttiatt 
KTJsjub H TBepAyH) BoxiDj soTopue npoflBHaflC^ Wh DoeroraHOft nox^ 
^tepsRŠ, ORaaiiBaeMoi npH bbx*^ hobhxs soffi^ecdft c& q^Ai^ 
Xo6uTB BanflTaiu he HeoÓxoxHiíitiBifl f& to Bpeiu rocyx&pcrBrasHi 
xopora. Ho saxana aia, HecMOipa na npex^araeMUfl, HCuio^ineibHO 
BiiFOXHEifl ycjiOBÚi KOHAecciH, 6uja BOBce He leria; ztkvb vb dioirb 
MOSHO y6ÍAHTBai HSTB cj']&xyK>a^Hxi 4^aBT0Bi: 

En^e Vb náš 1857 roxa ToproBuB xoitb ToMCOsa BoQapB h R^, 
rpaj)Ei PseBycBÍft, Ax^epóeprB 2-tty FojieHHii^eBS-EyTyBOBib h Jly* 
4$eHCBÍfl, sHflSbfl CL ^ojropyKiS h JI. Eo^yÓefl, rr. BeHseHxop^ 
H r. Ca^poHOBi, nojy^flJH KOHi](eceÍK) na coopyxeme xoporH nn 
Oxeccii ^pesi EieBi, xo Bcrpt^s cb npeiinoiioseHHEiMH eeoxodficKOB) 
■JH JiHÓaBcsoK) xoporaMH, na npoTaseBie xo 1400 Bepcn, cb ra^ 
paHTÍeio npaBHxejibCTBa 5Vo aa 60 jAvb h Ha BaoHTajii 63,000 p. 
Cb BepcTU, HJH 47^% na 75 j^n, ea sanHtajrB 50,000 py<S. 

SaiiifB, Vb uafb 1858 roxa HOBafl BOMnama' yqpexHreaeft, ibíi> 
xoTopott npBCoexHHHJiHCB H npesHÍo, BHOBb nojiy^ua xosBoaeeie ea 
nocTpoBBy xopoi^ orb Oxeccsi xo BepxH^eBa h lepen RieB'B xo 
KypcBa, ea tíx^b »e ycjiOBiiixi. Ho BaBi npesaie, TaB^B h HOBtie 
ynpexHTejra npexocraBjeHHiiH^B hitb npaBOirB, sa HeB08M0SH0cri» 
co6paTB BanETaiu, ne mopjh Bocno^BSOBaiBCA. 

HaBOHeiTB, B^ xapit 1863 roxy bhobb BtixaHa 6um BOHi^eccifl 
Ha nocrpofisy xoponi ors Oxeccii xo RieBa, cb bítbbk) xo p. ,9,hš- 
crpa, x-iHHOK) 647 BepcTB, cb 57o rapanrieK) npaBHTejiBcrBa yse m 
yBejiHHeHHufl BanHran 84,000 pyó. cb Bepciii; ho bb naBHaqeH- 
HHfl no ycraBy roxHHHuB cposfB y^pexHTeje ne 6eijih RbcocToaniH 
peajiHBHpoBaiB xaaBe hojobehh nepBaro BiinycBa aBqift h o6n^ecrBO 
o&bsiBjeEO laBse HecocroflBmHMCfl. 

TaaoB se neyxa^nuB hcxox^ Hiiija nonHTBa nocrpoHTB ae* 
jritenyH) xopory, npesnanHyK) oxhok) hsi BasH^Bnraxi, ho hcbjk>- 
^eHHyH) Bi 1861 roxy, no necoeroflTejiBHOCTH FjiaBHaro 06n|eerBa| 
BVb ero oÓflsaTejBCTBi, a HMenno — xopory otb Mocbbh b% ?ep* 
HOBiy MopiD, necxoTpfl na to, vro vb iioai 1863 r. 6iiJi yrBops- 
ffiwb xoroBopi Ha janmio orb Mocbbu xo GeBacronoiH, cb bítbbd 
Kb aHTpai^HTOBmrB BonaifB, cb aHraificBRicH y^pexHiejuniH: Ilajib- 
MepoiťB, $pH)jrHHroirB, FenieHOifB, TbÓÓcoitb, ry($6apxoirb h R^. 
Hpn Bcefl BHroxHOCTH btofo xoroBopa y^exHrejiH ne mofxh npii- 
secTB ero fb Hcnojraeme. HasHa^eHHHB xu o6padOBaHk sanHTaia 
cpoB% 6un npoxoaaeH^ xo 1-ro HOflÓpa 1864 r.; rim se iie- 
H'6e, oÓn^ecTBO He Morjo coctoatboa. 

TaBHMi o6pa80irB, nocrpoflBa xoporB otb Mocbbh vb ^ep&oiiy 
MopD H OTB Oxeccu Kb Riesy h RypcBy, necHorpa na xo, ^m 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



asoHommcMKOi QooTomi poogih. 845 

Appora Ml npe;icimBJUJH co6ok) o($e3iie9eHÍe mcte^ntaro 6mb sa« 
TpaH^iHHirb Ha TasoBiui Baimaja He tojibbo vb npamrejBeTBeHHot 
rapaHiiH, ho k ro HecoMHteHoft (SyxyH^eft aoxoahocth, ne Mom 
eoGTOSTKai H npaBHTeaciBO BuaysAeHO Óhjo, npa CT6cHeBH0iť& 
4^HHaHC0B0Mi nojosenÍH, nanaTB na co6cTBeHHUfl qpexciBa nocrpoBsy 

8THX% XOpOFl HaCSHMH OTb OxeOCEI XO BaJITIil H OTB MOCBBH XO 

Opja, a 8artBn» h otl Opja xo Rypcsa* 

y^UMSTb otiímeCTETB MOCBOBCSO-CeBaCTOaOJBCBOtt H OXeCCKO^KÍOBCKOt 

xapon (SiiJia pas^v&ieHa h o^iqecTBOirB, o^pasoBanHEito x^a no- 
cípolm sejiisHot xopora orb Opjut xo BareCScBa aHP^CBHm 

nOXX&HHHirB ÓapOHOTOMl CapOK^E MopTOHOBTB TIbTOj SOTOputt) BHOCniH 

9AMúrb FB 230,000 ÝyoT. ct^joí., oóasaicfl, kb f,a$6p^ 1865 r., 
nocrpoHXB xopory sa 83,449 pyó. ci Bepcxu, na Boiopiie npaBs* 
lenciBO xftpoaaao impaHiix) kb 6Vi»7o. 

K'B HasHaqeHHOMy cpoay KanHTajii ne MorB óhtb cotfpaffB h 
7«ipexHTejH> xana Óiijia orcpoua na 3 irikfliiia O- IIocjí Toro, no 
xoxaraiciqr 6pM)coejBCBaro CaHRHpcaaro xOMa Bamo^^flifa h K^, 
BcrynHBmaro b& npaBa capa MopTOHa IIbto, cpoiPB x^a oópaso* 
Bafiifl oÓn^ecTBa 6ujrb bhobb npoxojseHi XO 1-ro xoaatfpa 1866 r. 
Ho h STB ořovy cpoKj ofio^ecTBo ne mofjo cocioarBca. 

B:b 8T0 Bpexfly Vb BHxy HetfjaroDpiflTHaro xíBctbíi, Roropoe 
npoHSBOXHjm Ha rocyxapcTBeHHutt Epexan y^pesxeHHua o((iitecTBa, 
noBCK)xy HCBaBmifl xanBiaioRB h oóiflBjaBmiaca sacHiirB HecocroaB- 
mBMHca, npaBHxejibCTBo npHHHMaeirb ptmeme BosxepsHBaxBca otb 
jTBepsxeBÍa KOHii(eooiĚ h BHxaaarB tojbbo npexBapHrenHiifl yxocro- 
Bipema. Ilq^Boe lasoe yxocroBipraie, vh 1865 roxy, BHxaHO 
éHJO rpa^^y 9. T. BapanoByH K^ qTO vbuymA npÍHcaaHifl hmh 
sanaraaoRB BOHi^eccia na xopory sypcao-aaoBCRyio hitb 6yxerB bh* 
xaHa, ch onpexbjíeHieirb noBepeiHoft ciohmocth xopora fb 84^037 
py&iel. 

Ho npÍBeBaHÍe sanHiajoBi, vh leHeniH nocišxyit>^inc'B XByx'B 
xbn^ OBasajiocB Taase HeBOSHosHuirB, h BuxaHHoe y^pexneiairB 
yxodOBŠpeme norepajio cboh) CHjy 31-ro anaapa 1867 rox*. 

yciyno^HEiifi xoroBopoMi, BuxftBHHii^ 6apoHeiy IIhto na no* 



^) MěMCfh BflpTB n „ScTopÍH ToproBHrb xpiisiooirb* (nepeioxi KoBpaxi) o6h 
wiOM% se«l8aoxoposHov& npexopvBiiiaTeji sapasaeica ciixjDmiKb oópasom: „Kas* 
XBft pan, fian bi KABo&-iu6yxb orxajeHHOft ctpaHi seJiteHOAoposaHft BomiTen h6 
Mon Haftni oxothhkobi noxiracaTBCji na ero asaÍK vh IIlBeiÚH, AMepart h t. x** no* 
juuicii IIhto h yniii nocpexciBoirb pasHiixi MaHHnyjumift HaxHTB eoie Óapoiiui lain, 

IXt 0(SHIHOBeBBlU KOMnaHÍR TOpnilM yÓUTOBl*. 

Tte& Be Menie, crou omiTHBft npexnpHHiiiaTeiB ^n Poccíh ho motb Haftra la- 
flimion. 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



846 BftCTflnCB IBPOIIH* 

erpoAsy opjioBCSo-BBreÓCKOtt xoponi, saKaHusaeiCfl ue^ofuh ($e8* 
yciriiiiBfiix^ noiuiroKL crpoHTb aejiisHHfl xopora noepexciBOiffB bh- 
xa^H soHi^eecifi BHOcrpaHEiiirs ^HHaHCOBuirL raaiieHiiTOCxm^, b 
OTBpuBaercfl Biopoft, 6ojihe yxaHHiiĚ xu rocyxapciBa, nepiox& co-* 
opyseHifl dbm xejtbsEUTh xopora. 

IlepBOH) xoporoK), OTEpiiBaioiiieH) TEBys) 6oite 6iaronpíflTHyH> 
dnoxy vb seji'&8HOxopoaiHO]rB x^Jii, ^Bjaeioi yreepsxeHHaji wh 
Mapxí 1865 roxa sa 11. F. 4^H%-jl|epBi»oirE pflsaecBO^tKoaiOBCBafl 
xopora, BanBiusi Boropoft, pasciBTaHHaft no 75,965 p. m. ce 
BepcTH, oÓpasoBaicfl BunycsoirB 667o aBipft h 337o otfjmraipt^ ob 
57o rapaeiiefl. 

IIpH nocTpofiB'£ pflsaHCso-BosjíOBcsott xopoFH vb nepBuĚ pad^B- 
BCTpš^aeMCfl ch xBynfl HOBOBBexeHÍflMH, BOTopsiMi npexHasHaTOHO 
6ujío hmítb rpoMaxHoe BJÚflHÍe na pasBinie c§tb pyccsBxi séiis- 
HHXi xopora. 

Bo-nepBHXx, xo nocrpofiSH pflsaHC^o-BOSJíOBCROl xopora, sans- 
TajiBi o6ii^ecTB% oÓpasoBUBaiscB npeaMyn^ecTBeHAO nocpexccBoirB bh* 
nycBa aB^ifl, soiopiifl vb BHxy pncsa, BaBoft, no BceoÓn^eicy uob- 
nÍK»^ DpH rapanrÍH, Ha^BHaK)^^ cBoe x^tteiBÍe toabo nocíš OTKpii- 
TÍfl xopoFB, npexcTBBJuua nocrpofisa, ne nojBsoBajiBCB pacnojose- 
Biewb BanflTajiBCTOBi; Gb aroro oe BpenenE abíuctca oÓpaTnafl 
nponopAÍfl, — BnnycBH oÓJHraiúS cocraBjflHxrB npBÓJiHSHreJiBHO Véy 
a eLZum nojiyHax)rB BTopocieneHHoe sHa^eníe, tojbbo oko:ko V^ ^bcth 
Bcero BanBiajia. 

B0-BT0ptIZ'B, BIinyClCB otfjIHrai^íft npOHSBOXHTCB B% npyccBETB 

laiepaxi (tb i^'&ibk> otbpeitb xu hxi noM^n^enk repMaHCKÍe phhbbl 
SacHiTB, pAsancBO-ROBJíoBCKafl xopora OTRpuBaercfl xu xbh- 
senifl BB BopoTsii, neĎEiBajEiB xo Toro BpeMenfl, q>0K'B. 

BasHoe snaqeBie BsinycBa o6jHraiufi vb lajieparB aaiuuo^a- 
lOCB BB cjii&xyH)n^earB. AnraiflcBie x^Heseue punRH, RaiPB B&me 
61110 ysasaHO, Úujíe nexodynnu xu namaxi sejri^o-xopoiRHtix^B 
spexnpijiTift. $paniQr8CEÍI xonesnuft peihokb, 6yxy^H oópenenen^ 
nocTOflHHUMH BHnycBaMH na BOJOccajiBnfiUE ofinteciBenniui paÓOTH^ 
npexnpHHflTBífl npaBHTejiBCTBOirb Bxopoft niinepÍH, h na nospuiie 
pacxoAOBB MeBCHBaecBoft 8BC^exH^iH, lasse naxoxnícfl kb neÓJiaro- 
npiflTHUxi ycJOBÚix^B jí,M noMŠn^eHÍfl naorax^B sejriteHo-xoposHE[X'B 
Óyícara. FoiJianxcKift p&inoKB, 0Tjra^aK)n4flCB, icaKi ESB^krao, 6ojňe 
XpyTHx^B CBOHMn oco6enHocTflMH, o5paii^aerb cóepeacenifl cboh npe- 
HMyn^ecTBenno na npio6pÍTeHÍe rocyxapcTBennEixi ^hxobb h Booón^e 
Hajio xocryneei TaBi^HasuBaeiomi cneByjuiTHBHUMi ÓyMaraic^, b:b 
HHcii BOTopsixi Vb 8T0 BpeMfl cuiadíHCB H naniH sei^^o-xo- 
posHua aBiUn n oÓJUirai^H. 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



dKOHoiraoKos oocfonn pocgih. 847 

Hatb TiKyjsfi;pcmhj jíibjmomfLrh cÓepeseHÚ, h paHBon, noM'6* 
]i^aiomflZ!b CBOH BanBTaui, ocrua^Kb Jimb repHancRÚL Ho vb 
8T0 BpeMfl HsuotfjieHHUiui (SyMaraiiHy oaibsoBaBinHiiHCfl cnpoooiťb 
co CTopoHH spynHux'L ^epMa^csflx^ sanHTajiuoTOBi, Ótua npesHy- 
n^ecTBeHHO aiiepBBaHCKie 4k>haii< npBfiocBBmie rpoMaxuifi npoiteHTB. 
Maasie tojbko, rjiaBHUiii oópasoarb npoeflBi^aJibHue, BaaBTajBcrar, 
BQ^B^ie npesxe Bcero B'6pHaro nonia^Bia cbobx^ BeaBa^BTeuHuxi' 
otSepeseHiĚi o6pan^a3BeB npeBsfyn^ecTBeHHo ki noByaB'6 opaBSTaib- 
croeHHuxi repiiaHCBBXi tfyiían hjb aseji'Í8Ho-AopoxHiixi rapasTB- 
poBaHHuxi odiiBraKitt. 

npBBJíeWBie BTBX!& MeJIBHX^b RaneT&IBCTOBI^ Bl Bptotip£TeHÍB> 

HamBxi aBej!&8HO'XOpoaBBiiz'B oÓJBUU^ift npeAcrasjajo exBHciBeHBoe 
q>excTB0 OTBpHTB BWb c^uTh Ha repnamsui puBsax^. Ho Broixy 
B08MOSHO 6hjio xocTflrHyTB nmh opa coxbffcTBÍB TaR^*Ha8tiBaeMux'E 
($aHBBpoBi-MÍHBjii) rjBBHittniBifb oÓpasoMi, tfepjBBCRuft H Ýpaes- 
^ypTCBott ÓBpxby BOToptie, nocpexcTBoiťb accoAÍai](ÍB ci> Óojňe nea- 
SHMH npoBHHi^iajBinuiH (SaaBBpaiiBy soHTopaHH H liiBBjaifBy co* 
craufliorb cobíthhbobtb aroro poxa Jizi^b. Ďoxo^Haro poxa yiaeňe 
BTHxi nocp^HBBORB H 6fiU0 AOCTBrByTO BamBMH aseiisHO^Aopos- 

HHMH X^TeiBMB, BO Sa 3eC&Ma AOpOrÍB, lUaTBMUfl nWbj BOlIMBCdE 

fljH sa y^acxie vh (apumaxi nocrpoflfiH. SBa^BTejbBafl nacTb rpo* 
HaxHEixb cocfOflHÍft oepBocTeaeHBux^ renepB ^išpu^h j^paBK^^ypr* 

CBHXl B OCOÓeHHO 6epJIBHCBBXl ÓaBRBpOffb COCiaBBJíaCb Vb BHa^IH- 

lejibHoft creneHB b8% dioro BMeneo BcroHHBBa. 

KoHe^HO, sesb&RO-AopomaELWb jt^sLieASLui^j npa BHroxHux^B ycjio- 
bíbx^i npH BOTopuxi BHAABajflCB B0Hi^eccÍH, HO TpyxBo 6iLio nia- 

THfB H BeCBMa BUCOBÍa 'BOMHHCCiBy JBmB ÓH TOJbBO nOJyVBTB B08- 
MOSHOCTB JíflCUTh saiuTajii. 

Hocjii paspůmeBifl pasaBCBOBoaioBCBoS xoporB, hobhxi soh- 
uficciA HO BUftaBaioc^ Óoiie roxa. Ho wrbm^ Bor^a yse cxj^a- 
juiCB HBBicrHu rpotfaxflue tiapiiBifl, noiyqeBHiie on» pfl8aHeB0*K0B- 
MowcBOi AoporH, Ha noiy^enie B0Hi](eccift BBHjocb MBOsecxBO co- 
HCBETeieft H npaBBTejBCTBO ÚELJio saBajeHO npexJioBceBiflifH paaiH?- 
Hux-B DpexQpBHHiiaTeieft. B^b ^bcaí BOHByppeHiOBb BucrynHJrB bo- 
Biift BJieiieHrB— seMCiBOy soropoMy MoÓmfi npaBHiejBCtBO crpeMBics 
ffob npexno^renie npexB xpyrBMB coHcaaTeiBiui. 

Bi aBrycri 1866 roxa Buxaercfl BenciBy BopoHOScBoB ry6. 
lOBKeccúi Ha nocrpo&By BoaiOBO*BopoHea&CBOi APpors, cb 5o/o ra- 
paHTtoiD Ha BanBTai!B btb 73|500 py6. na nepcry. Šomcibo Bopo* 
a&KKOŘ Ty6.j oxHaBO-s'B, caiio h ho flyujMO crpoHTB xoponi, a 
sepexMO BOHi^ecdiD C. C. HojuBOBy. B:b xesaópt loro se roxi^ 
jTBepsA^Ha KOHi^eccÍB na nocrpofisy BypcBO-BÍeBCBofi xoporB| npn 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



2iS ^ MCTSm 1B90U. 

BOiopoS vb nepBuff pan x^jiaorcfl oním, xom eniie BecBMa Heco* 
BepmeHBult, npBM^HeHifl ROHRyppeHi^iH, OTjd&jemii npoi^ecca no*^ 
•crpoflBH OTb 8Kc^Jqra1mI^H h npflMoro yncm iipaBEieiBCTta b^ 
<0CTaBieBÍH BauBTaiia. 

Iloej-i nociyiijeBifl MHorsx^ sasBieHÍt) ohh padcxaTpBBaiiic^ 

-OCOÓOK) BOMMBOCieK) B8% 9J6B0B1^ KOMBTera SairiteflUX^B AOpOTB B 

4»TÍM'& vh BOMBTerb MBBHcrpoBi. KoBi^eccifl yTBepsxefla ÓBua, 
:24 A^Katipfl 1866 roxft) sft rr. D. 4^fli-^epBB8oin», BHsseiTB C. 
A. flfiiTopjWBuu^b B E. $. 4K)H%-MeBB0Mi Ha ej^Ayion^Bxi ocho* 
BaHÍflxx: 1) nocrpofiBa xoporB nepe^ana y^peABrejiairB aa noxpflA* 
BUTh ocHOBaBÚx^E sa ouTORyio HjaTy, B 2) no npBHflTÍB xopora 
npaBBTejiLCTfiOM^ oÓpasyercB asivoBepHoe oÓn^ecTBO, npcuaseio no- 
•CTynBBniBX'L bi pacnopaseHÍe npaBBTejbCTBa asi^ifl ea BaoBrajrB 
vb 1.500^000 ^. CT. B nepeAa^eio fb noj[B80BaHÍe (Sy^yB^aro otf* 
D^ecTBa xoporB co bc^mb npBHaAJiesHOCTflifH. 

HcnojHeHÍe Bdtx'B ye^OBjeBsurB pa6on b nocraBOBi xojsho 
6u20 6ui% npoiaaBeAeHO sa onroByio tus&tj (nps Toi:xftniBeir& Bypd 
7 py6. 80 K. sa ^. ct.), 67,794 py6. KpeABTHHX'^ na Bepcry. 

HcTO^HBBaMB BJiaTesa hhíjib cjysBTB: 1) cyifMii rocyiapcTBOB- 
Haro sasHa^eiCTBa, BsaH^H^ Boropax^E nocrynajia na 1.500} 000 

«^. CT. BBI^ÍB) BOTOpHB BpaBBTeJIBCTBO OCTaBJIflJlO Sa COÓOK) 8a 0C* 

KJK)9eBÍeM'B 7^ ^^™ (ha cyMHy 375,000 $. ct.), npioÓpbTenfloft 
no HapBi^aTejBHOfl JsíbEi jn^pexvsejiBuz^ b 2) cyinni, Bupy^aeMHB 
npoAaseS BM'6K)niBX'L 6uTb Bunyn^eHEincB y^pe^HTejiAMB oÓJara- 
qiS Ha cymiy 7.000,000 $. cr. 0(liHrai(ÍB btb npaBBTejiBCTBO 
BnociixcTBiB ocraBBJío 8a coÓob). 

Bi C2%xyion^eM'L 1867 roxy^ 1-ro napra ejeo^Boe seMCTBo, no* 
jiyqBBB BOHi^ecciiD na nocrpoflBy sej[']fóH0B xoporB on Tpasefi ffi 
Ejiu^a cb 5o/o npaBBTejBCTBeHHOK) rapaHTÍeio na sanBTajrb, ^a8- 
x^^HTaBHHt no 76,268 py6. Merau. ci> Bepcrs, npasa cbob nepe* 
jfaeTL C. C. IIojiflKOBy b, no BceS B^poflTHocTBy cb HenajioBas* 
HUMB ÓapumaMB, Bas% mojbho npexnojiosHiB vb BBxy bhcosoI 
erpoBTei&Hofl i^bu. 

!3th m (SapfiimB, hib MicTHue BHrepecii, hjb se coBificmoe 
jV&lICTBie anixi XByx% ajieMeHTOBi BsiBBaao, sorxa x^jio RocnyjocB 
.nocrpoflBB xoporB otl Eňhufi^ xo Opjia, BOHByppeH^iH) yse ne ox* 
HOFOy HO Tpex!E 8eHCTBib: e^^pexoBCBaro, ejiei(RaF0 b jnseBCKaro. 
IIo6iXft ocraMCB 8a eieitsBirB sencrBOMi, Boropoe vh anptjri 1868 
foxa B nojyHHJio Bont^ecdio Ha nocq)ottKy asejriteHoí xopora on 
EjBi^ia xo Opjia cb noBnaemeirB noBopcTHOft ctobmoctb, bcji^x* 
«rBie BameynoauiHyTofl BOHsyppeHBíÍH, xo 70,000 pj6. Meraun^e* 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



ssoHoimoíM oocTomi pocgih. 84 ^ 

tMMTh ch DepoTD. ^ú:íy^eBBšssL BOHnieccui, Taise aan ■ npexHxy- 

Bte Maprb 1867 roxa BiiAua tfsua Becwa xapanepiiCTBw^ 
CBafl, ejiyxan^afl xoBasaTejiBcrBoirb TorxaoiBaro Bacrpoesiji, soBi^ee- 
€ÍJi Ba noerpofisy myfti^o-flBaBOBCKoft xoperB, wb ct. Hobbb Mfy 
HBaHOBa, M. A. FopÓOBy b BycypBBy, do BoropoS crpoBrejbHEift 
xamraji onpeAftjieHi tojlko no 56,616 py6. ner. aa Bepciy, 6e8S 
npaBBTeibeTBeHBoC rapaBris^ bo bmíctí cb Tbni> o&isíueEO oóo^e- 
CTBy, ^TO ecjiB OBO BaiBen crpoarb xopory bb cbob cpeixcTBa, lo^ 
npaBBTejbCTBoirb ÓyxerB OMy AapoBaoa (enpeiiB xo BunycBa otijB- 
raipfl) ccyxa vh pasicipi bojobbbk ynorpedieaBon mwb cymi^ 
BO Be 6ojiie 1.000,000 py6.| b <ito, Bor^a 6yAen BcnojBeso ne 
vBfňe nojOBBBH Bcix^B pcU^on, o6n;acTBO BpioSptren npaBO xoxa* 
laicTBOBaTb o BasBaieBÍB npaBBToibCTBeBflOft nm)aBTÍfl sa bccb^ 

CTpOBTeJKBUfl BanBTajTB. 

A^fl noMin^ifl BaoBTajiOBi bc^x^b BiiaieynQaiflHyTiiix% Aoporv 
cxysBiB npeBMya^ecTseflBO, KaBi BKine 6uio yBasaso, repifascBie 
pHflBB B SBa^BTanbBafl ^acTB Capymefi otb nocipoeKB afieJiBBux^' 
ffiporb Toro vipeiíeuu pacnpexibjBjíacB Mesxy crpoBraiBiiB b no- 
q)eABBBaMB-6aBBBpaMB, Boropae sasBMadiBOB aoiriba^Bieifi Buny* 
esaeiifiix^b 6yuwb. 

Ho, HecKorpí sa to, ^ro btb HoepexHBSB 6axB cbabo saBBre- 
peeoBBBju vh xdbjrt nocipoftBfl aaraBxi xoporB, Tbu% ne MeBte si- 
Memcie phbrb BCBopi nepenoiBBjncb HanraiiB sejrteflo-AoposBHMs 
6yifaraMfl b noirbnieBie bx'k cx^aaocB rbm^b Óojše aarpy^Bire^iB- 
HinrB, 9T0 BOJBTBiecBBi sairbniafeACTBa, nopoaue^uB jK>Boeic- 
fiyprcBBiTB BOBpoooiffB, BosÓysxaJifl BMeBBO AJfl PepiiafliB, cep^és- 
BUfl onaoeBifl sa coxpaaeBÍe Mapa. He jsoj^emmrb combíbík), hto 
fHUhB^Řmee pasBBfie c6tb sedťbrauxi Aopon» bi Poccíb npiocra- 
HOBBJíocb 6uj ecJB Ó0 BamBiffB sejrbtBO-xoposBuiTB o^jBrai^iaii^B 
se tíuja xapoBaaa aÓcojnoTBafl rapaeiifl b, BCjiAcrBie Toro, xu 
HBXi ae Úun OTipurb aaraiflCBifl puBorB. Saojyra orspmiB aar- 
jdficKaro piiBsa npBBaAiesBT^ o6iAecTBy opiobcbo-bbt^koB xo- 
pora, BOiopcttiy nepeoiiy yxaiocB noMiciBTB tbitb cbob o6jrarai;iB. 
Ho npesxe, išmi onBcáTB ary onepaipio, hooÓxoxbmo npexoraBBTB^ 
HBiepecByK) Bapisay cyxefii aroft xopora. 

Bume 6wio yse yBasaBO, iro sauD^eBBufi 17*ro jífija/ípM 
1865 roxa ycrynoHBuS xoroBopB ch fiapoBoroirB MoproaoifB Dbto^ 
a noTOiTB CB &iBio^reftiioirB b K^, aecMOrpa aa AapoBaaaufl bitb 
OTcpoHSB xo 1-ro xesatipa 1866 roxa, ae eocroBicfl. Btb aaxy^ 
8Toro, seiícTBO opjOBCBoi ry6epBÍB bobijio cb xoxaralCTBoirB o xa^ 
IM)BaBÍB eay BOBi^ecda, aa líxi se ocaoBafliax^B, BasÍB 6hjíb xa- 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



650 B^THn^ nponB. 

poBaHEi ÓapoHery IIhto, ho yace, vb ra^y npio6piheHHBix's vh jíkA 
nocrpo&BH jBiejí^Buxi> Aoporb ohutovb, c% yHeHBm^em ochob** 
Horo, rapaHTHpyeiiaro npaniTejiBCTBOirE, sanraja xo 6.000,000 í^. 
CT. (BMicro 6 582,500 (fr. CT.), T.-e. 77,390 pytf. iceraa. cb Bepcra. 

3eMCTB0 npocHJio o Bu^a^t euy yxocroBtpeHifl, ^to WEneccm 
4yAerB euy Bsunaa, ecxH oho vb Te«ieHÍE 8-*mh Bejxjbn npexcra- 
BHTb AOKasaTeaiCTBa, ^to Bct asqÍH, sa cyniiy, se npesHrnaion^yK) 
V4 aaoBTaja, pasoÓpaHu co bsbocomi lOVo. Bi xHBapi 1867 roxa 
Tpe6yeMoe y^ocroBi^perie h Óujio Buxaao aeiiCTBy. 

Ho yse Wb ^^espajii 1867 ro^a ynojiHOMo^eHHHe seiíCTBa, vh 
BHxy BaTpyAHeflftt eo($paTi> RanHrajTB, boqijih cb hobehtb xo^aTatt* 
'CTBOiTB o AapoBaHiH o^JHrai^iflirB o^o^ecrBa tfesycjoBHoS rapaeiíff, 
eMHTafl OHyio eo am mx% Bunycsa, a ne 00 xha oteputía xoporii 
X^fl ABBseHifl. XoxaTaficTBo bto, 0b BHxy coBiiaBaeMtixx saipyxHe- 
fiitt wb npiHCsamB RanaiajiOBi, npesnaHO yBasETaibEHm h vb 
napři 1867 roxa nojiyqHJo yTBepsxeeie. Bi otfesae^eHie npex- 

DpinTÍB, 06lQeCTB0 XOJISHO 6UjI0 BHeCTH Vb OXHO HBl SpeXHTHKXl& 

yipesxemft sajiorb 937,500 ner. p. 

OpjOBcsoe BeiícTBo, na xpyrofi xchb noeii nojyieHiji KOHi^eocÍH, 
sasjíioHBJío XBa BOHrpasra: oxBfl'B na peajiHBai^ifo sanerajia, no- 
<naBBy peibcoBi, noxBflSBoro cocraBa h ueTMjnmeGUErb npsau- 
jiesBocreC Cb ÓapoHoifB ^peasejeirB, BOTopsB h BHe(rb BaseitcTBO 
Vb rocyxapcrBeHBHS ÓhuKb Tpe6yeMutt sajiorB, xpyroS — cb crpoH- 
TejiaMH PyÓOHBHHHi H RasaBOBUHi Ha HOcrpoSay onroifB noJOTHa 
xoponi H Bcixi efl coopysemt. TaRHM^E o6pa30ir&, h opjfOBesoe 
MMCTBO, Ha noxo6ie npexmecTBOBaBmaxi, wA npaBa h otfiBaHHOcni 
tBOH nepexajio Óapony $peHBejiH), FyCoHHHy h RasaKOBy. 

BapoffB ^peHKOJb, Basjío^HBi, sarb sasajiocs, Becbica bhfox- 
Bufl ROHrpasTB H Hirbfl vb pyKax'L yxocTOB^peme npaBBTeACTBa 
o&b a6cojiK)THoft rapaHTÍH x^fl oÓMrhOfA^ XJin noMŠo^eHia nocjr&x* 
HHXi, Kone^HO, o6paTHjcfl neiiexJieHHO sarpaHn^, lasi rbki o noiri- 
fl^eBÍH Easott 6ei to hh Óuao qacTH xasoBiixi BHyrpg Poccíh, npH 
TorAaQiHflX'L o6cTOflTejibCTBaxi, ho mop^o 6ííitb h piw. Ho x^o wo 
HO 6020 laRHiťB jiersBirB, aas^ bto MOserB Ba^Tbca MHoniirb, Maio* 
BHaBOMUMi CB HCTOpieio Haonixi sedTteniixi xopon h 4^HHaH00BB. 

Ha 6epjHBCB0irB pfiiHBrb, BCjr&xcTBie nepenoJHeHk ero h na- 

IDHMH, H XPyrHMB 0aeBy4flTBBHUMH ÓyMaraMH H nOJHTH^eCKErB 

onaceBÍI, ne oaasajocB bosmoshocth hh noiiibcTHTB opiOBCso-BH- 
Te6cKÍa o6iHrai^H, hb noJiy^ETB Rasyio ($11 to hh 6uio ccyxy hoxb 
aajorB hxi. FojjaRxcsíft h napHscsifi xoHesHue phhbh npexcraB- 
jiuH Tasu se HeÓiaronpiaTHEia siTOiiy ycjorár. 3aTÍbirB, Óapony 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



aROHOuraiOBOi ooGTOxm poggik. 361 

^p&Bxejm oeraBaicfl toako JOHxoHCBitt pmon, ho h zjíbcb opiOB- 
^BO^BHTedcBÚi odromi^H se HamjiH jiynmaro npieiia. 

^ase AU opeAJiojBeHUi od^Hraiptt k& hoxiihcrí HenosMosHo 
•(teflo BiĚTH VB AHrÁH HH OAHOfo (SaHRHpcBafo xoiía. BpaTbjí Be* 
piHn, BOiopairB (Sapoei ^peHiseA npeAJntrajTB, nojrb sajion 
2.000,000 ^yHTOFB o(SjiHraipft, BHxaTB ccyxy jhqib 600,000 <|^yD* 
i!OffB Ha 3 iiícfliv^ Cb 2^0 BOBHarpaiRAeHifl hb bhx6 komiihccíh, 
iqpoMi npaaa Ha npoi^HTH na HynonaarE {wt6 oocraBaiJio 1 3 Vo)) 
T£in» He neH^ HecMorpa na oieBHXHyio BuroxnociB npejuarae* 
xiix^B ycjiOBiC, orRasajHCB. Ilpn Bnomh 6paTM BepHHTB ho cspu- 
Ban BOBce MoniBa CBoero oiBasa, cocronBiitaro upeHMyn^ecrBeHHO 
vh ooaeeHiH sa codoarejiMociib rocyxapcroa no BHxaBaeiCHMi o6n^e- 
tSBíLWb rapaBTMMi. EasaxocB, ^ro op^OBCBO-BHretotyK) xopory ne 
HHeyen ynaciB npexníecTBOBaBomzi Kom^ecdfl, sorxa npexnpvHfl- 
TU aBcrpiflanirB npaBiTencTBOirb iitpa otijtosems synoHOBB aB- 
crpiflcsHXB ^AOBi Hajonnrb cx^ajia bb aHrjúftoeoirb o6n^ecTBeR" 
HOiTB iifl'bHÍH nepesopon vb nojBsy Pocdn. 

Bb Bfixy 8Toro HOBaro oÓcioflieábCTBa, ÓaHKHpcRÍtt xomb Toh- 
coffB BoeapB h B^ fs JloBjspBib corjiacHicfl orspiiTb noxnBCsy sa 
BoaHarpa»xeHÍe vb 50,000 ^^yeroBB, Koropoe 6apoHB ^peHsejiB 
o6fl8ajiai ynjanrrB usae vh cjiynai HeyxaHH noAOHcRH. H x^Bctbh- 
TaiBHO, 13 (25) ÍDHji 1867 r. noxincsa 6uja oncpsTa h ho^th 
Bce npexAOseHHoe BOjra^eciBO odíHrai^ifl 2.000,000 ^wtovh Óujíú 
noxHHeaeo. UoAnHCHaa i^na 6um ycranoBjeHa no 72Vs7o9 ho wl 
(^nprociH, laKB BasB noxnHCiHBH Biribcri cb tíitb npio(ip6TajiH npaBO 
Ha synoHB sa Hcresmee spexA, odíHraiyn sHnycsajHCB HtcsojBiBO 
HHse 707o« n^^Ha oia, bb BHxy toto, hto naniH seaiteHo-xopos- 
HiuL o&iHra^ÍH Ha ÓepiHHCBoft Óapsi sorapoBajiHCB okojio 72Vo9 
OBasHBajiacB secBua bhcobok). 

Sai^MB, BB. bowb 1867 r. BiixaKncfl soHuteccÍH na pero-MH*- 
TaBCKyx), CB 57o rapanríett na crpoHTejiBHfiift sanHiaiB 68.000 p. 
xeT« CB BepcTii, H na noTH-TH^jBCCByx) xopory, erpOHrejBHuft sa- 
HHTajTB BOTopofl onpex&iQHB BB 61,930 p. ciBepcni, h 1 napra 
1868 r. na nocrpofiny sej'68HOft xopora otb Bypcsa xo XapB- 
xoBa, BaBfB ^aem Bypcso-xapBBOBO-asoBCBott xopora. Bícropifl no* 
crpotBH aroft xoporn, ycrynjieHHOtt C. C. nojUBOBy, HiťberB oco- 
<ífiitt HHiepecB, no npEuni. npEirlneHÍfl hb nefi bb nepeufi pasB 
ecjH en^e ne cobcíitb npaBHiBHoft, to bo bcabomb cjy^at 6ojíie 
oiBpHToft BOHByppeniqH. 

Bume Óujio ysasano naMH, ^ro xftHHoe vb 1865 roxy npaso 
Ba ooopysenie Rypcso-asoBCsoS xopore, no HenpivcBaniH) BanHTa- 
aoBB, norepfljio cbok> CHiy jniniB fb ansapt 1867 roxa. 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



852 BiOTHm nrauL 

EeiH otfpaniTB BHHMame bs #utb, ^lo mhotúi KPfvisL xo|Mira 
naxoAHJB yse bobmoshocis noiftiqaT& cboh ÓyMarE, neiBafl ne co-* 
TMoeMfhOíj vto Wh 9T0 vpBiuí Heo6xoAHMa 6sua wa^nejiBHaii xou 
H yirbHKi, n j^HaBCOBurB CBiaett, ^to6ii npíacxaTb BamrraaH, 
0^epa^ÚI ara ae 6iua xkioirb cron lerrarb h npocrmrB, bstb 
MO MHoriirB ceroAHfl MOserB BadaTbca, h ecu 6u cb di!ot to^kk 
spi^HÍfl niKajiacb MTopia noorpoflu HaaiHX'B aeiteeim xopon, 
TO BecoMHifiHO MHom npeBSHOoiMiifl jsp cm nojTB He({iiaronpúr- 
BUS cysA^Hu ezouH 611 sa 6o;i'&e ciipaeej|jBBa& so^rt. 

3a yHaHiaaKeflieii^B BUxaHHaro yxocioBftpeBifl, aeiiexJieBHo ors 
MHoraxi jHi^ nociyiiHJiH npexiosemfl Ha nocrp^ay BypCBO-xapE-* 
BOBCBOfl Aopora ta onioByio cynMy vb bba^ noxpflxa. BcrtxcTBÍe 
eero, ooďb eocra&ieBifl HopiiajibBiixi ycxoufi, npBrjiaimHii tfiijni 
BBBi^ ABWfiLy saflBBBinifl CBOH npexioaseBÍii, xasb h xpyríe h9l Bd* 
vbcrBíii\i> CTpoBieiefl-noxpflA^iiBOBi, cb tšicb, ^hioÓh obh orohyi^ 
i^uua cboh qftflu AOcraBBJíB vb ifBHBCiepcTBo nyiei coodo^eHiH 
Vb sane^iaTaBflfiix^B BOHseprax^B 5*ro ABsapa 1866 r., b sacairB, 
BOCJii o6cyiBJDeBÍfl cx^aasHiixi npexJioseHifl, 1-ro xapnrtf 1868 r. 
BOBiteccia Ba BypcKO-xapbiOBO-asoBCByH) xopory npexpcraBiefia 
C. C. IlojiflBOBy no 68,000 p. m. cb Bepcm. 

Mesxy T^BDi* Bce o^mecTBO oxBarHja BBaiÍ8BO*xoposBafl ropiisa^ 
BUBBaHBaa OTHaciH noflaieHÍeM'b BaoHmjiOBB, c6epexeBBiixB ois 
npexníecTBOBaBmHxib nocrpooKi b cjiyxaMB o 6acH0CJi<mBuxrB <$apii* 
maxB, nojy^aeMHxi on noerpoĚsB a aBcnjuyanu^B aieaisBHX^L x<^ 
porb. Bce bto cosxajio crojib CBAHya) BOBByppeB^iH> aa nojy^aie 
BOfli^eccifi, oco6eHBO co cropoau seMcrra, noxxepsBBaeiíiiXB, noub 
npexJoroHi san^HTU coÓCTBeBBHXx jribcTBiixi BHiepecoBi, Baa6oji(e 
BJiiaTejibBiiiiH wb rocyxapcTBi jBAaMB, ^m ^HBaBCOBaa axHBHH-* 
crpai^a a8M'bHflerL caCTeiiy, a, hto6u aaÓaBaTbca orb aiťbioqaxi^ 
H^bv> tojUM> Óapuma nocipofisa xoxaraScTBB a npoeBiroBi, bbo- 
XBTB caoieMy coopyseaia xopon es saiťbHOiD rapaBiÍH np^areu* 
CTBa Ha asiúoBepaul KanamATB — xeaesBEiMtb y^utcrieMi a rapaHTÍeH> 
B^yn^x^B KOBnecdE seiícratB, KOxopBifl draifB nyieiTB npexnoaara* 
jocb cepbesao BaaaTepecoBaTB vb ycadbxax'B x^a. Ha TaaaxB ycjro-^ 
Biaxi Buxa^TCfl ROHi^eccia aa rpBse-i^apBittiflCRyx) xopory. Rpoiri^ 
TOTO, opa nocrpoftat ^pfl8e-^apaI^IHcsofi xopora, vb nepsiit pasiB 
noBBJíaioTca ho tojiebo asi^ia, bm^cto npaBHTeiBCTBeaaoft rapaflria, 
CB rapaHTieK) deiicTBa, ho en^e x^aeica ^^HancoBOio axHaaacTpa* 
lÚeK) BecBMa Basaoe no cbobmx nocji'bxcTBifl]CB BOBOBBexeHiOi co- 
CTOflBnee fiTB npío($p'6TeHÍa caiiaicB npaBBrejiBcrBOirB oójarai^tt. 

3toío MlpoK) CTOJB BHa^aTeiBHO o6ierueTCx AeJi'68flO-xoposHoe 
jiÍ^m: oho BffB ^aaaacoBuxB cpexB nepexoxars bb crpoBTejiB- 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



aSOHOlHlMBttl OOOIOIIIB POOOIH. 858 

OM. IIoď^ACTBÍem wno ABjueicfli ^xo xowTaicrBa o biía^hí boh- 
i^ecciĚ, ]nrq)Hra h nQxzoABi cxepsHBfteirae onaéeaíeirE ne iipÍHCBai% 
Kanerajion^ en^e ycuHUCb, h ecjra bciiomhíitb •sovfifma&d Hacipoe- 
me Bcero oómficm n tfapsH, to vbvb HHiero yAHBflrei&Haro, hto 
H ^^flHUCOBaa aAMHHHcrpaiUfl, rax^smaa HeosKxaHHyH) npH drom 
en^e xoxoxHOCKb BŠBoropuxrB iia^ orspímix^b ihhíě, np^xiuacB laBiKe 
caMOoÓoibii^eHiK), h eft sasajocBi hto h Cen npaBErencTBeHHofi ra- 
paHziH ycrpoicTBO seiisHinrb ffypon vb Poccíh pa^iomubHo 
Bnojmi BoraosHO. Bci^Acme TaBoro Bceofin^^ro yd^s^eHÍa, nocxl- 
XOBEJio Buco^aflmee noBei'6HÍe o npiocraHOBsi Biixftu xoHi^eccii 
CB npaBKTejiBCTBeHHOK) rapaHiieiOi h ea TaxHXB yciOBÍflX'B Burana 
(Suja TaxÓOBCBOMy h KosjíoBCKOiiy aeMCTBaicB) m> anp^i 1868 r., 
BOHi^ecdii Ha BoaioBO-imiiiSoBciyK) Aopory. 

DoBepcTHaa gtohmoctb Aopora onpex^ena vb 68,919 p. na- 
pHitaTenHaro sanHtaJUi, Koiopiil AOJUseirB 6Hn cocraBHTBCfl bii- 
nycBom 60,78% HerapasnpoBaHHux^B asipfi KpexHTHHrB h 39,2270 
oftiHrai^Ě 57o MesauHWCKHZi, rapaBrepoBaHmixi aeMCisaííH. 

noBepcTHafl CTOHMocTb xoporH, npH HpesBmaflHO (SiaronpúiTHiix^E 
MŠCTHHrxi H lexHH^ecsHxi yciOBÍBX^, ÓHJia pascmaHa ctoib nm- 
poKO, HTO AU coopyseHÚE AoporH 6tuo xocraTOuo noírn oxHoro 
oéjaraipoHHaro KamTaja; ho iími ho Menbe xopora xoiro ne Morja 
tfiiTB Biíciporaa, seMCTBa o6pan^LuiCB ch npeiPOseHiaifH icb mho- 
raiTB jHi^urb, HO auÓH, a rticb Menše ofiiHrai^H se 6uio bob- 
moshocth noMiícTHTb HH BHyipH cípaHH, HH sarpaHHiiieB), lasB 
BavB HH rapaHTÍH seMCiBa, hh (^yxyn^HOCTH xopora hhkto ne xoBipfljrB. 

Toj&KO HB Hanaiš 1869 roA&, Korxa pyccBÍfl sejisHo-^opos- 
HBfl o&iHraiuH, rapaBTHpoBaHHHH npaBHiejBCTBOMB, Bce 6ojAe n 6wňe 
eoLSE naxoxHTB oe0£ nosynaiejiei, ^iiana Óiua bi JIohxosI nox- 
HHCBa Ha o5jHrai(ÍH TaMfioBO-KoajOBesofl xopora, Boropaa oBasaiacB 
yxaHHOK). Ho npH vrowb cAfjerh saMŠTBTB, hto aHrnnaHaMi, ne- 
sHaBOMiiMi Ch ycipotcisoMi HamorE seMCTKb, ne jierso 6síjo pas- 
jnBTB, npH cxíjaBHOi pexasi^H npoenesia x^s noxnHCBH, rapan- 
npoBaHsi-in otfjHrai^H oxhbmi jhuhl soMcrBOM^b, hjh se h npaBH- 
leiBCfBO sa BeMCTBO npHHHMaeirB py^aiejucTBO. n3:b coBxaHHMxrs 
Torxa BHOíHŠ HerapraTHpoBaHHiiTb xopon, ecjH ne no peByma- 
TaM% nocrpotsH, Basi H8BÍcmo, KOHHHBmeficfl necocioflTejiBHOcriio 
CTpoHTeiet H BBinyxHBHiei otfn^eciBO yBeiH^HXB nepBOHanajBHHt 
ocHOBHol KanHian, to no pesyxBTaTaMB BscniyaTaiUH, nasióojňe 
yxaYHOK) HBueicfl pHÓHncBO-ÓomroBcsafl xopora. 

Bi TO se BpeMfl BHxaanyH^ BCTJumxcaoMy XBopancrBy, Tanse 
6en npaBHTencTBeHHol rapanrúi, xoni^eccÍK) na nocrpottBy sejrite- 
HoS i^pom on Banittcaaro nopra xo G.-neiep($ypra no 70.000 pytf* 

Tom. y«— CBBTjfiPb, 1877. 28 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



354 nciwm nroBii. 

cb Bepcrtii nocfHTM xpyru, eciH m MciyseoHaii, lo bo bcaioki 
orynai cucijhbm yuerb. BnocrtxcrBÍH, n H0fl6pi 1870 r. Beei» 
Mvan^n 0ŮB^ectBa noxjHVLn 3Vo MeiauH^ecxyfo rapanrÍK). 

Hifb paBpflXy Aopon, asipH soropiixi BunyH^eni (Sesi apasji* 
TejiiBCTB6HB0fl rapuŤiv, npEHa^jiesnirB lasse jaflia ot& Xap&soBa 
AO RpeMeH^ra, ^mioh) 247 BeperB, ycrjraieHBaii wb aBrycrt 
1868 r. no 57,895 ues. py($. cb Bepeni. 

IIo<uÍAyH>i><u saiiiTB KOHi^ecdjí He nineHa iHiepeea h npex- 
craBuer^B coOotD soBiifl npíeiCB, mo6u 8acTaBHi% npaBHTejbCTBO 
BHXaTB KOBi^eodK). 

yerpoMcTBO WM^BChcapaTOBCROfi xoporH, xjhhok) 340 sepcn, 
($Hjio upexocraBJeHO BenctBaifi capaioBcsofl ryóepnia h BapcaHOBcaaro 
y^X& Taii6oBCBol ryÓepaiH, eoBM^Ho Ch oÁaecrBcwi ropoxa Capa* 
TOBa. Kanfiran 6iiJi^ OHpeAÍjeHi n 27.734,236 p. icer. (81,571 p. 
Mer. ci Bepcm) h otfpaaoBaBi BtioycBOjrB 27,37o aaiqS ■ 72,77o 
otiJB^aI^tt. 3eMCTBo h oÓn^eciBO ropoxa Gap^roBa o6e9oe^BajH co- 
BxaBaexoMy XJia coopyseeifl i BscnjyaTai^iH xopora oSiqecTBy a6co* 
jíiOTHyi), co Afia BHnycaa aai^ifl xo lere^eHia q)ORa soHi^ecciH, 
rapaHTÍio vh nan serajjiB^iecsBxi npoi^HTOffB ^Hcraro xoxoj^ na 
HapHi^aTejbBHB asnioBepeuft BanBTaj'B o6n^ecTBa vb 7.573,326 
Met. py6. B, cBepx^B Toro, ^n/o Xu n«ranieBÍJ. UpaBRieACTBO 
oÓflsajocB jBiDb DpBHBMaTB aBAÍH otfo^ecTBa sajoran bo Bdbii% 
Rasťdeuii nofl,pnj»%% b nocraBium BapasHi cb 6yMaraBH, rapan- 

TBpOBaBHIIMH DpaBBTe.lBCTBOITB. 

Ha co6paHBu& no asi^iflirB BaaHTajTB, oÓn^ecTBo o6a9AEO Ófiuo 
crpofltii nepBufi yqacrom xopors otb TaHÓOBa, na npoTaseHÍH 
.110 Bepcn*; xo orapHtifl aae xsHiseHiii na nepBOirB y^acrat, o6* 
lAecTBo xojiBíHO 6tíM iipeActaBfln ea yTBepaxeme iipaBirencTBa 
ycjioBia peajBsaiiiH o6jBrai;ioHHaro aanHTajia, c% rtm, ^ro Bja* 
xtjbi^u tiepBOHa<iaiiiHun aai^il, npH DoxnBCS'^, coxpaHflJiB sa co6oh> 
npeuMyn^ecTBo na npio6p^reBÍe tfyifarb, bmíeoiipixi 6uTb BUDya^en- 
HUMH BoocjitxerBifl AiH opoxojseiia xoponi. SevcTBo npaBa cbob nepe- 
xajo crpoHreaK); asiiiB cb ŤpyxosrB noiiiii^ajiHCB, a o<(lB^aI^H oón^e- 
CTBa iforjiB 6uth peaaHBOBMii tojibbo npa noooCÍH npaBeieiBCTBa. 

Eéfb BiímeeftaBaHHaro bbxbo, eaoiibao <fouo sojieOaHift h oniiro^B 
ci i^^bio Bupa(k>TaTB Taayto CHcieiiy BHxftn KOHi^ecdtt Ha se- 
jteHHa xopora, aoropai BaH(kKifte rapaHTHpoBaaa Óu HHiepeca 
crpaBH B npaBHTexBCTBa. 

Bojie xpyrHX'B pacDpocrpaBeHHaa cHereifa orxara BOBueccit 
seMCTBaiTb OBasaiacB BaBMesfie yxamoD. 3eKCTBa asjeibce ubib 
xoporo o^xoxB^BMCi rocyxs^Mmiy b bo^tb Boerxa BeyiiijaijrE no** 

CpefflMMb UBB^ OntOBltlIB CTp<«T6JHMH, TaVB-HaSHBaeUHBB BOH- 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



8KOHoau€ioi oooiaun poocii. 855 

qecekaepaiffl, h iipasBiejBciBOirB. Ho, spoiii aioro, npexciauuiucB 
H xpyru HeyAoticTBft — BJÚiHÍe ciijii>Hiizib idpa cero h BooÓo^e curas, 
ocoÓeHHO npa arx^^A xoBiiecdH seifcnairb, cmn Hrpan eion 
BHXHyio H onacByio xftse xu rocyxftpciBeHBaro xocTOHHCTiia h spe* 
XHTa pan, qro npaBHTeiBCTBO HUMoeL BsniyiBxeHHiiirb cocTaBHTE 
H onytfjuoMTb npaBHia o nop^x^i Buxavi soBi^eocítt na jseiisHiui 
xopora noepexcTBOiii xoproBi. 

* nepwK) Hn xc^ri) h* BOiopyio npoHmex^m 6iuo cocnsaBÍe, 
(kut MOCBOBCso-CMOjeHCsu sejT&BHafl xopora. Ha cocnisaHu bhc- 
maa qbHa ifpexuBJíeHa tfsua n 60,000 p. na sepcry; HaaoiyK) 
se i(ÍHy Kb 53,290 p. npexJiosHjni A. Illaiejiepb ■ tfanupcRifi 
XOMi 3yAi(darb, bo ^paHB^^yprt, sa sovopHiiH 15 xeaadpa 1 868 r. 
H yTBepsxena aoBi^eccU. EamiTan oociaBJíeHi ktb V^ Herapasni- 
poBaHHHxi aaípĚ h V^ rapaHTepoBaHHnx^ o(Sjraraipi, peajiRsaipfl 
lOHn no BOHi^ecdi npexocfaBjeea caiKmy oůmficnj. 

KoHiteccu Ha iHéaBcsyio xopory, cxaneai ob loproBi Ha ocho- 
Bama rijch se npaBHJii, BCjri^xcrBie saflBjeHHOft Ha loprara xo Toro 
BpeMeHH HeÓHBaiol hhsboC u/bau h oco6ui% ycjiomft, o^Hapywra- 
mHXB, npa yrBepsxemH aoHi^ecdi, npaBHTenciBy x^ttcrBBreiBHyD 
CTOHMoerb nocrpoesi, a lasae BCjrtxcTBie noKymn npaBirejbciBOirB, 
HO HaBoepexi ycraHOBJMHHOft dcíh^, otf JHra^ul otfnieciBa, cocraajaerb 
Hanaio HOBOft Mioxi xemeBol nocrpoĚBH xopon vb PoeeÍH. 

MticiB o co^XHBeHÍH jnitiaBCBaro nopia ci BByrpeHHniH ny- 
Tam ToproBJH Íum oxotfpena upaBarejncTBOirb en^e vb 1847 roxy, 
H paaptaieHo xbŘmcbomj KynenecTBy nocrposTB seifenyio xopory 
OTh K)p({ypra xo JlatfaBs, f^vmm 199Vs BepcTB, cb npaBHreA- 
CTBeHHOi) rapaBiieH) ^Hcraro xoxoxa vb 4% Ha x^ICTBireiLHO yno- 
Tpe6jeHHHfl sannan. Ho neoÓxoxHiuii xanHiau ne xon Ůvth 
co6paHi>, H Blb 1848 roxy Buco^afime paspimeno orjoauiTB npex- 
ntHarie xo loro BpeiieHH, nosa jntfaBcioe ayiiewcTBO ne cotSepen 
HeotfxoxHMHa xeHosHBa cpexcTBa. 

Sarim, b% 1857 roxy^ vh hhcio jranitt, yciyvjíeHnnrB FjittBHOMy 
o6n^ecTBy pooctieKHXi& mextausob xoporb^ 6um Bajnoiena jnoria 
on Kypcia hjh Opja, nepen ^HHatyprB, bs jratfaBenoMy nopry. 

Bi 1862 roxy, ntfaBCioe syne^ecm) bhobb HCupaniiBajio, am 
ooopyseHk BOBHO-JiH((aBCBol sejfeHot xoponi, rapaHrbo wb 5 V/o 
Ha sannmis 62,000 pytf. mot. c% BepcTH, ho loxaiatcrBo bto ot- 
U0H6H0. BiMapii 1865 r. intfaBCBoe Ryne^eccBO laBse neyentniHo 
xoxaTaflCTBOBaio o x^poBanÍH rapaHrm 5% iHcraro xoxoxa h no- 
rameflifl ch Hapm^aiejBHaro sanHraja: no ihhíh cb nanpaBjemeMi 
Ha PocdeHB no 70,000 py6. Mer. na Bepcry, a no joihíh na 
niaBjni (298 Bepcn) ho 68,000 py<S. nor. na Bopciy. 

28» 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



356 BMfniKb IHPOIDI. 

MesAy T&it'^ ^W RB 1857 ro;^^ npaBirreaBCTBO npHHflJio aa 
ce(ífl otiasaiejbcrfio xoBepnmTb ycrpoflcTBo jHÓascsaro nopia bo 
BpeMeHH OBOH^EHÚi riaBEHiTB oÓntecTBoiTb noerpoftBB Aopora on 
jOi^HHatfypra xo -ilH^aBn. TaBHicb o^pasom jHÓascidit nopi^t HstfpaHi 
(Ssíi^E, npexno^THTejiiBHO npeA'^ ji^^jvtoai 6a;iTÍficBHMH nopraiiH, x-ifl 
oniycKHoit ToproBjra. BH6opi aiorb cx^JnaHi Óbijtl nooii noxpo(teux'L 
HSCJixoBamJt nopTOBTB BajiTÍBcKaro Mopa, BOTopsjfl noBasajiH ecre- 
ciBeHHUfl npemcyn^ecTBa jH($aBCBaro nopra npexB npo^HicH. Bcji'6x~ 
CTBÍe loro cocraBjeffB h yiBepsxeffB (Sujte npcesrb ycrpofiCTBa h yayn- 
meflifi BToro nopra, h bi 1861 roxy Ha^aTu no aroity npcemy paóorti. 

Ha yjyHmeHie JutfaBCBaro nopra ynoTpeÓJeno npaBirrejBCTBOiťB 
6ojAe 1.600|000 p., n noceny cyn^ecTBOBajio npexnojKOsenie, tto 
nopTB STOTB Bnojnt npHcnocotfjieHi x^ ToproBjíe, h vb xesa^pi 
1868 r. ODpext^eno 6ujio BKjao^arrh xopory otb JLeŮmu nepesi 
niaBjH xo KoBHO vb HHCJíO BOCbiíH HysH'6SmErB seaisHO-xopos- 
HHx^B jhhíS.. Bi BHxy se tfojbmoro nc^a npex^oasenífl, onpex^- 
leno 61110 OTspHTB cocia8aHÍe na BUfMj Boni^ecdH x^a coopy- 
aseoúi JuiÓaBcsoĚ xopora. jO^Jui aioro cociaBjíeffB Óuxb npoemrb nop* 
xajibHOft som^eccÍH fb npEMineniH vh Bom^ecdn na hocbobcbo- 
CMOjencsyio xopory, cb rbm cymfictBeBsuvh orb nea pa8JiH<iieii'b 
Kb ^HHancoBuxrb ycj[OBÍflX'by ^xo na ocnoBanÍH nocji'lxoBaBniaro 23 
anpiia 1869 jpoxa, no sypnajy oco6aro BOMETera, Bucowflmaro 
noBOJtinifl, aB^ioHepHBIft BanBiajii cocraB^an Vs t^esi npaBHTeu- 
cTBeHHoft rapanriH, a oCjtnraiuoHHutt Vs Bcero ocnoBHoro Banniajia 
cb 5% rapanrieK). Jí,m HSÓ&KanÍH Bunycsa oójrarai^ft caicHurB 
o6a(6crfioirb, npaBHTeibcrBO ociaBuio sa co6ok> Becb o($JlH^a^ioHHIIB 
BanHiajrb, o^asuBascb BHx&saTb o6n;ecTBy, no iiipt Bunoanenia 
paóon, % iBB CTOHMOCTH, HC^HCjeanott no paci(tH09H0tt bšxomocth, 
no Eypcy 75 sa 100. 

Bi icai 1869 roxa, cb BHConaSmaro paspimenifl, (Shjih npn* 
rjamenii na BonEyppeH^ÍK) 12 rpynnb concBaTejieft. 

Ha B(mByppen^iH, cnnxHBarb, cocroan^ft hs^ Óapona ^BTEnroj^, 
miinoBa, 6aHBHpcBHxx xomobi SKasa, CflMona n Hena, npexaosHJťb 
i^ny na 4.527,650 mot. pytf. Menie Bucmeft h8% ofiuBjennBixi 
npn cocxasanin ujbspb (58,000 py6. na nepciy) h na 1.146,600 
Her. pytf. mob^ ÓJHaBalmeft nasmež i^nu (47,400 py6. mot. na 
Bopcry), T.^e. Becb sanHiaji^b na xopory, xJ^nnojo bi 294 BepcTu, 
Hcwcjaica BB 12.789,000 Her. py6., htó cociaBiaerb na Bepcry 
43,500 p.Mer. BOMHnajibHaro BanHTaaa. 

I^ina Bia npexccaBiajiao^ ÓacHOCiOBHO midBOH) — rbwh Óojrite, qro 
noxBHSHoi cociaBi xu iH6aBCB0it xoporn Óeui, wh BHxy oaBHxaB- 
maroca npaBHTeibCTBOicb rpoM^xnaro xBHsema, norpeÓOBaffb, sasib 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



8K0H0MnBCK01 GOOTOJIIII POGCIH. 357 

M09KH0 jŮÍKAThCSÍ Wh UESeCjAKyJOmfiTOj Vh He^HBEJIUrb xo Toro 

BpeneHH pasMŠpaxi. 

no xoHKeccÍH, xpeÓOBajiocB napoBosoFB 59, BaronoFB 6aras- 
HHxi H naccasHpcKHxi 82, BaronoBi TOBapH^x'b h luaT^pirb 
1,288. 9to BOjiH^ecTBO no;^HSHoro cociUBa 6wio gtojib Bejraso, 
^TO BQOCJiijici^iH nocraBKa 25 napoBosoRB h 430 TOBapmixi Ba- 
roBOBi H niaT4K)p]rB^ no oaíhb^ na cyíCMy 990,000 py6., ÓiiJia 
OTJOxeHa H aiupoHepaiTB pasp^eno ne bhocht^ no aiu^iairb no- 
ManyryK^ djuxy^ h otb asiponepoBi BCJi^xciBÍe cero ne npTpeÓOBani 
BBHOCB 20 py6jiefi na asiqio. 

CtOJB HHBRafl JíjbRB, BUBBaJia CO GTOppHH xpyFHX^B ROBKyppeH- 

TOBi saflBJíeHifl o HencnojiniiKocrH npHnHMaemirL oÓflsaTejiBCTB^. 
IIpaBBTejiBCTBO, npHBHRmee x^ npesM^pno bhcobhitb noBepcTHHiTB 
i^WiTB npomjiaro BpeneHH, ^Morp^o y»e ci HiROTopmrB nexo- 
B^pieiťB na pe^jBTaiH, xocTHrHynie npn cocTAsaniH na nocrpotlRy 
MOCROBCRO-CMOJieHCRofi AopoFH. 3aHBjieHHaH ace A^na jra6aBCRoft 
xoporn, 6yJsy^E en^e na 9,210 py6. Mer. cb Bepcm HHse i^m, 
saHBjreHHuxB na MOCROBCRo-CMOjencRyK) Aopoiy, TarB osaxaHHja 
npaBHTejBCTBO^ hto yTBepacxenie npex'BflBjeHHofi na Topraxi nnsmeft 
i^HH 6siJio npiocranoBJíeHO h norpeÓOBami ocflsaiejiBHua xoRasa- 
TencTBa bo8uoshocth, sa HcnpamHBaeMyio cyMMy, ocyn^ecrBHTB 
npexnpiflTÍe* 

^jifl BTOfi nim Hasna^eHi 6ujrb oco6u1t ROMHTerB, nox^ npex- 
d^xaTeACTBOiTB r. HBHHcrpa nyiefi cootfn^enifl rpa^a B. A. Eo6- 
pHHCRaro, cocTOfln^ifi nn 6apoHa A. H. JIjejiBBHra, n. A. $ax$eBa 
H H. O. .HjHHHa, nepex^ Roropmcn mhí jihhho npHmjocB xoRa- 

9BBaTB npaBHJUHOCTB npOHBBeAeHHHX^B MHOK) H8HCRaHÍtt H COCTaB- 

MeBBUTb oAvb na Bdb pa6oTu h nocraBRH 6e8B HCRJio^eHiH. 

QocjAjsffmewb laRoro, laR^B CRasaTB, BRsaiieHa sejri^sno-Aopoac- 
Haro CTpoHiejiBCTBa ABHJiacB co CTopoHH r. MHHHcrpa nyrefi cooóo^e- 
híh h BSB^n^ennaro o pe8yjBTaTax'B r. MHHHcrpa 4>HHaHC0BB croxb 
8HeprHHecRafl hoax^sra? ^t^^ necHorpa na Bcib icaHespu npoTHB- 
HHKOBB, 21 iiDHfl ROHi^eccifl 6ují9L yrBops^eHa no npe^Jiosennofi 
na Topraxi niwb. B^b xuBH^&nnixrB cyxB^ax^ jHÓaBCRofi sejitenofi 
XoporH Cyxy^H saHHrepecoBaHi, CHHTaio, hto 6yxerB 6ojrbe npaBHJiB- 

BUWh WtTB IťlCTO TOMy, HTÓ TOBOpHTB O^HipaJIBHBltt c6opHHR% MHHH- 

crepCTBa nyrefi cooÓn^ema o sejrl8H£ix'B xoporaxi (1872 r. crp. 63): 
«Ehjio npexnojosenie, ^rb jni6aBCRafl asejritenafl xopora, fb 
BHxy sasHOCTH jífiSL OTHycRHOft ToproBJíH jiH^ascRaro nopra, pasno 
FB BHxy HesnanTaoBHOCTH saTpa^eHHaro na ea coopysenie Ranniaia 
(no 43,500 mot. py6. na' Bepcry), a laRaRe HeBHaHHxejiBHOcrH pac- 
xoflfivh na eg BRca^yaiaipB) (neH-le 2,000 py6. na Bepcry), 6yxeTB 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



358 BMtim iBPonH. 

XEBaTB BHa^HTejiBHne aoxoaki; ho n npoxoiateHUí nepsaro noiyvoj^síy 
co BpeneHH esL orspum, ona ho TOJibKO ho x^Baia bobiioikhocth 
yiuaraBai^ upoi^enra npaBHrejncTBy no rapaHnpoBasHairB hitb 
(/imnvfjoehy ho xoxoxhocib ea exBa /(ocrHraja hoiobhhh es pac* 
xoffivh na ascnjyaTaipK). IIpH^HHOio HeyxoBierBOpirejnbHOCTH xoxoxa 
6hjio onpHTÍe HOBím xopon: Ópecro-rpaeiciDOfi, pflfo-Óonxepa- 
acKofi, a rjiMHoe^ vancoBOABe nopia, iit6 sacraBJífljio nrocrpaHHHa 
cy^a, Hadna^eHHHfl bi^ JlH(SaBy, npoxoprrB mhmo hih BOBBpao^aT&ci 
vh KeHHrc($eprB h Meiiejfc. HecMOipa na cboh) HesaiiepsaeMOCTB 
FB TeneHÍE Bcefi bhmh, iH6aBCBÍ& nopn, ibxhii% o^pasoiTB, ho npH- 
BJioKan rpysoBi sniHeoiTiycBHOfi Hamefi ToproBjía hw C-IIerep- 
Óypra, Mocbbh, Opia h Pefe, h Tosapu cji^xoBajiH ipesi Anaa- 
6ypn x^ npyocKoi rpaHin^^ aorryxct bi KeHercÓepi h MeMejib». 

«Bi BH^QT 9Toro, npexcTaBJíHJiocB Heo6xo;(flirairB coRparHiB nyrs 
j^jís TOBapoBi, ufymuvh ^pevB ^HoaCypn %% ntfascROicy nopiy, 
nocipoisoK) sejri&BHoi Aopora on X«Hatfypra vh ÚmaMmeŘ CTaH^iH 
jHtfaBCEoi xopoTEi H yiy^miTB nÓaBcaii nopn. Bcji^xcrBÍe cero, 
BRCOialme yTBepsxeHnnrB 24 Mapra 1670 r. sypnajiom koma- 
Tera seifeHiixi xopon, sextBHaa xopora on ^HeaCypra jap IHaBu 
Óiua OTHecoHa ki ^HCJiy xopon, ycrpoficTBo soTopiixi npESHano 
Heo6xoAHMHirB, H ROHi^eodfl Ha laBOByiOy no i^h^ 19,292 py6. 
Her. na Bépciy, 6esh noABHsnoro cocraBa, onpeA^EBmeftci nocA 
Hacrnaro cocrasaHifl Mesxj soHRyppeHraicH, 6um npe^ocraBiena jih- 
ÓaBCftoiiy o6qecTBy, na xoropoe Bi^tcii es t^m BOMOsena otfa- 
sannocTB pacmHpenifl h yjiy^menifl noprra, (Sesi lero jratfaBcicafl 
Aopora ne Morjia xuaiB xoxo;(a». 

' Ha yjiy^menie nopra onpe^tjaJiacB cyíma 1.500,000 pyóiet. 
Ho npoflSBexeHHHfl nscJiŠAOBaHÍfl nosasaiH, iro fjísi yjiy^menia 
jHÓaBCBaro nopra HeoÓxoASMO 6ujio npexnpvHflTB ropas^o 6oji^ 
BHaiHTejuBHHfl pa5oTH H TOO, BMŠcro cyícMH 1.500,000 p., norpe- 
Óyerca jo 5 mhjw. py6. 

BciíXCtbí^ cero yrBopsA^nie njanovB saifexjnuocB n nopn no 
HacTOflmiee speicfl ocrajcfl Heyjy^meHHsnfB, TaxB ^ro xopora ejBa 
vh coctoihíh BupyqaTB cbob niraToisHHe 9sc^2yaTa^íoHHue pacxox^. 

SaríiTB, ci js^kihío npHBjíew rpysu Bnyrpenrax^B rytfepnift, 
jmtfaBCKax xopora tojibbo kb nacroanteirB roxy coexHHeHa cb Jianx- 
BapoBO-poHencBOH) xop<»x)H>, H jjui yjiy^meHifl nopra hh^botb ((bitb 
accHrnoBann cpeACTBa, Basifl oxasyíca neoÓxoxHMiivH. 

O nocjiijQrionprB som^eccúcTB, xavB npnHaxiesan^HTB yace kb 
noiMijyionieMy nepiojy, yjoCnSe ójfjm roBopnrB m cňfymnefl^ 
craTBil. 

H. C. Biioxi. 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



BHyrPBHHBE 0B03MHIE 

1-e ceiiT«<^ 1877. 



Bsexenift cyxeÓHHx^b jcrsBowb wh sanajiHiirfc ryfepfliax^— Iloieii msa no Boupocy o 
npHMBpeHifl cx noiAsaMH.— r-Hi KocTOxapoBi h «bc6o6iiuui Kl Haiťb HeJU060BB».— 
Ha^aia pe<|K)p]in H. A. MHJuoTHHa.— HuBimBee h 6yjkjm,ee noibCKoe o6iiiecTBo.— 
npesHiii HJUDsin noiHKOB-b.— Ochobh jufl npHMHpeHiji. — 06ibflCHeHÍe no noBO^y 
HamHn saiii^aHifi o6i fieÓHiiTB luasan THHeasit. 

SuoHOxaTejbHafl x&rraiBHocTB ne 6fua npiocraHOBjíeHa bo&hod; 
wb iiponuoii% MÍícanib oóaapoxoBaHi yrBeps^eHH^ft 19 ídh^ saKOVB o 
BsexemH cjAeÚBUTb ycrapoBi vb noiHOii'B hx^ o&saiA b'b MfiBan sa- 
naxHHxib ryóepnijixi. TaK^ sarb dra pe^^opMa cosxaerL Tpn Boaue 
cyx^Hue ospyra, (tb II-d OKpysHHvs cyxaMB h noTpefiyerB HOBaro 
pacxoxa rocy^apcTBesHaro sasHaieftcTBa CBHme MHxiiOHa py6jeft b% 
roxi^, TO ecrecTBeHHO, ito Bsexeme ea fb a^ctbío bb mofjio nocii- 
AOBBTb Vb BoeHBoe BpeiiB; cpoKH Óyxyn onpeA'ijieBH vb oco6on bo- 
craBOBJíeHiH, B xotb nocrbxBBMH nyBBTaMfl flOBaro saBOBa BpeAflBCEi- 
Baercji babctb vb rocyxapcTBeflBuft coBftirb oKOflqaTaiBBHB coofipase- 
flÍB o qK>iaxi OTBpuTÍB yqpesxaeMurB cyxoBi — ^bo BpeveBB paacMo- 
TpiflÍB 6i)j|seTa Ba 1878 rojTK, OABaBO jierxo nošen cjyqflTLCB, hto 
BoeHHHB oÓcTOBTeucTBa BacTaBBTB ouosBTB OTBpuTie cyxoBi efl^e fla 
BftBOTopoe BpeMB. Tiwb Be MeBfte bhb^&bibbB) BecbMa Bassafl ajb n^i- 
loŘ BanaxBofl bojoch BMaepiB, pe4K>pva 6£ua o6cysxaBa b oósapoxo- 
bbbb wb BoeBBoe BpeNB, TTÓ B flpexcTaBxaen xpacBop:buiBoe oaposep* 
seBie rbiTB Tonairb, BOTopue TpeÓOBajifl orcpouB Bc:bxi BByTpeoBBxi 
BoapocoBi eBiiB Vb TO BpeMB, Borxa soesaia oaba Cep6iB. Teaepb Poc- 
cíb flasparaerb cboh cbjíi bb BoftBy b apBTOirb Bce-TasB bo OTBaau- 
Baerca orb paspiflieBÍB BByxpeflBBx^b BoapocoB^ vb paxy KOTopuxi 
oxBO M9b nasBiixi ul^cn saBBMaerb BoapocB o6i ypaBseBÍB Vb apa- 
BBxi cb KeBTpajniBHiui ryÓepsÍBMB ry6epBifi aaBaxfluxi. 

OcBOBHaB nepra aoBaro saioBa yBadiiaBercB vb caMOBi ero saro- 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



360 BfiCTHHK^b XBPOnH. 

jiobbí ciOBaMH: „BBexeHÍe ycraBOFb 20 HM6pii 1864 roxa e^ noÁHOMh 
uxh o&hejm^. D^eHTpaMH hobiix^b OKpyroB^ h pesHxeHi^iflMH cyieÓHiix^b 
najfaiTB HS^panu EieBi, BuBRa h GiiojieHCKi. Ri sieBCKOiiy oxpyry 6y- 
xyTB npBHaxjesaTB ry(SepBÍH: BÍeBCRafl, BOJtiHCsaji h nepEHroBcsaii 
(xocaii BpeneHHo npHCoej^HHeHHBM ki xapBSOBCKOiiy OBpyry); n bh- 
jeHCKOMy OBpyry npHfíHciaDTCA ry6epBÍH: BEjtencBa^, KOBeHcsaji h mhh- 
CBaji; K^B cvojeHCBOMy — ry6epHÍH: BHTetfcsafl h MoniJieBCKafl, a Tasse 
KajyscBaji h CMOjeHCsaji, OTxiMeiiHJGr otb MOCROBCsaro ospyra. 

Hsbíctho, hto cymecTBOBaiio oaho spenA npexnojroseHÍe y^pexiiTB 
cy^eÓHiift i^eHTpi ji^ bcšxi ryÓepHift cÍBepo*8ana;(0aro Rpaa ne b^b 
Bhíibhí, a b^b CifOJieHCBi. IIpexnojioseHie 9to, ROTopoe h b% h'6koto- 
pHX'B ópraHax'B ne^axE tftijo noARpinjiAeMO coo6paseHÍAVH nceBXO-no- 
jHTH^ecRaro CBofiCTBa, Bussajco, b% cbo6 BpeMJi, híckojbbo saMi^amft 
CB Hameft CTopoHu; hh yKasHBajiH, tto HCTHHHO-nojiBTHqecBift Bsrjflx^B 
ne coFJiaceH^B cb BBexeHíeH^B npHHiiHna H6;(0B'6pifl si i^'6j£iirB xí^ctho- 
CTAH^B B'B ocHOBHUA H oBOHqaTeiBHHH yqpesAeHÍfl; MU FOBopHJiH Tasxe, 
HTO CTpaHHo cosAaBaTB i^eHTpi bhí Rpyra hjh onpeA^^flTb ero na ca- 
Moft ORpysHOCTH) ^tó h 8% npaRTHqecROM'B OTHomeHiH npexcraBMjio 6u 
neyxotfcTBa. ?to RacaeTCfl coexHHeHÍA bcíx^b ci^Bepo-s^naAHiixi ry6ep- 

Hifi B'B OAHITB ORpyiTB, (TB I^eBTpOHl Bl BuBHÍ, TO 9T0 IipeACTaBJIildlOCB 

sarpyAHHTe-iBHHMi yae no Toft opHqHflft, ^to tíxi ryfiepeift — mecTB, 
H Hi^ROTopujer HSi HHX'B RifliDrB BecBua sHaHHTejBHoe Hacaienie. 
MosHo TOiiBRO paAOBaTBCff, ^To eepxi OAepsajo Apyroe npeAnojose- 
Híe, nHOBHO TO, ROTopoe cocTOAJO vh cosAaHÍB AJA nerspexi bsx Ba- 
3BaHBfiix'B ry6epflift cy^eÓBaro i^enTpa b% BBJíBfli, b vh 0TA'6jieBÍB 
AByxi ocTajLBUxi Ri CHOjencROMy oRpyry BMicrb (tb AByHB bojibro- 
pyccRBHB ry6epHÍBHB. 

ExBBCTBeBBOe OTiiBqie cy^eÓBaro ycTpoficTBa saoaABaro RpaH on 
Toro se ycTpoftCTBa BByTpoHBHxi qacreft BxnepiB, no bsbaoríb BOBaro 
saaoBa, 6yA6Ti saRjDqaTBCA b^ t^xi ocoóobboctbxi, rotopha o6ycjiOB- 
jiOBEi oTcyrcTBieiTB Bi dTOBTB Bpat yqpesAeníft seiiCRBXi. IIpB bobhA- 

BÍB 9T0& Bu6opBOft CpOAH, A^T^JIBflOCTB ITBpOBUXl yqpeSAOBift B CO- 

cTaBjíeHie cubcrobi npBcasBtix'B AOJiaKBu 6yAyTB, pasyMteTCB, Baxo- 
ABTBCB noA'B B^ROTopHirB BJiÍBsieM^B aAMBBBCTpai^iB. MBpoBHB cyAe6- 
BUB ycTaBOBjíeflÍB vh sanaABOBTB Rpai b bbpoab coxpaBBOrB to ycTpoft- 

CTBO, RBROe BITB ABHO BaROBaMB 1871 B 1874 POAOBl, T.-e. VEpOBHO 

cyABB óyAyrrB no Basna^eBiK) otb npaBBrejiBCTBa. CocTasjíeBie se cnB- 
CROB^B npBCJiSBux'B BOpy^aBTCB ocoÓuirB ybsABfim, BpeMeBBurB rom- 

MBCCÍBITB, COCTaBjeflBHHl B81 BCiXl iri^CTBtlXX MBpOBHXl CyAeft fl MB- 

poBtixi nocpOABBROB^B, BcnpaBBBROBi B noiBi^iftMeficTepoFB, iiOA'B npéA- 
ciABTeJBCTBOMi y^SAHaro npeABOABTejuBr ABopBBCTBa. Gbbcrb, cocras- 
jieBBue 9TBMB ROMKBCCÍBMB, nocTynaDTB AJiB npocMOTpa en^e b% xpyri') 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



xpomnu. — BiiTPUiR (moarnii. 36 1 

oeoÓBU ry($epHCKiii somniceiH, Koropam npeioerasjíiieTeii npaso hckjid- 
WTB Hn cnuRMVh jidem ysasaniii npe^vRTb, no Koropím onib ho npH- 
SHaDTb BOBMOSHHifB AonycTHTB K^b HcnojraeHÍD otfflsaHHocTeft npvewK- 
Haro sacixaTejA; nocraHoiureHiA bommhccíh (ryÓepHCBOft) no aroiiy npoA- 
Mery cocraBjuDTCfl no óojbrnnHCTBy fojiocobi h ne noxJiexarb o(Ísa- 
jiOBasiK)*'. dra ry6epHeKaa kommhccía cocroim nsijniirs, RoropiirB, sa 
HeuDvemem npexc^xaTeu Micmaro oipysnaro cyxa h npexBOxnTeifl 
ABopflHCTBa, AOJSBO 0TH6CTL Ki axMiHHCTpaTHBHiiirb : ryÓopEaTopa 
(ofli^ — npexcixaTeibX npexcijiaTaiA dia^a mhpobhxi cyxeft h npo- 
lypopa oxpysnaro cyxa. OmoeKreiBno yqacrk OBpeoBi wb cocrast 
npseASHHX^b onpex^flercji ^HCienHaa H(q)Ma, wb cootbítctbíh vb hh- 

CJ6HH0CTH OBpeeBl Wh BaceJ6HÍH. 

Cjixyen nosejiaTL, ito6u BpeiieHHHfl oooóenHOCTH, ysasannHA Bime, 
Bc^edjni CKopdte, to-octb, Trotf& ciop^ 6hjio npESHano BOSMOSoim 
BBecTB BO Bcen sanaxHO-pyccEoirB Kpa'& seMcsis y^pesxoHífl. 3aTtii%, 
oeraBajioeB 6ii tojibro ominHTb, naKoneiTB, npoi^enTHiift KonrpHÓyirioH- 
HHft ctfopB cb soMjieBjíax^^i^eB^B nojiBCKaro npoHcxoxxeniii h bcakoo 
orpaHOTeníe npaBa hxi npioóp^TaTb Ev^mn^ h Torxa bocb scuDTHTejn- 
Hiift crpoft, coBxaHHHi VB ipai neiiniiifH nonuraaiiH noBcram^eBi h 
nocxixoBaBmHMH saT^m vipaHH, tasbo oroBBaBnniiraeA na BceirB 
sanaxHOiTb Rpat, óíutb 6h OTMineH^B^ a cb tíitb bhíctí h ^noJBCsift 
BODpoei** OKOHTOTOJBHO ynpasxHevB b^b pyccxm ryÓepnuucB. 

Ho mi BOcnoJBsyeiiCA Broirb cjiy^aeirE, htoóh noroBopHTB o6b aroia 
Bonpoei H no omomeam bb rbirB iri^ernoerairb, rxi ohb mritorrB 
eerecTBenHyi) upraný 6utb, kb MicTnocrairB cb nacejrenieirb nojiB* 

CKHMfB, TO-eCTB nOrOBOpflKB O ^BOIBCKOITB BOUpOCft** BB I^apCTBÍb BOJB- 
CBOMl. 

nOJBCRÍfi BOnpOCB, TO-eCTB BonpocB o(h» ynpaBMHÍH mícthocthhh cb 
■oaBCBBMB BacejeBieMB n o<Sb ornomefliaiB Mesxy pyccsnirB h bojb- 
eKHMrB o6nieeTBaMn, ne mosotb óiitb ynpasxnenB MOJ^nieirB. ^pani^d- 
CBaA noroBopKa, iro MOjt^anie— bojioto^ a cjcobo — tojbro oepeópo^ xa- 
jeso HO Bcerxa B^pna bb npHMteenÍH. Hnorxa Mananie osna^aerB 
HeyBipennocTB vh ce6i, paBHOxynrie rb ónmafímY ur neyiAnBe naftTH 
CJOBO, cooTBÍTCTByi)niee cnpaBexjraBoem n o6oDXHOft Buroxi. HacroA- 
n^aA MHEyra exBa xn ne nanfojrie yxofina, ^to6u noniiraTBCA BHcaasaTB 
CJOBO enpaBexJraBOcrn h BsannBoft nojiBBU. IIpexBapaeMB TOTaTejuer, hto 
mine ciobo ÓyxerB, nacROJiBRO sto bobmosbo, Óosb yraAsn npasxu, 
iqaxHTB qyBCTBa noiaROBB, TaRB aaRB ne Pocda rb hxb pysaxB, a 
OBH Wh pynaxB Poccíh. 

CXpan^teMCA mi rb oroiiy Bonpocy ne toxbro noroiiy, hto 9to oxhhb 
H8B rxaBmiXB namxB BnyrpennnxB nojraTn^ecRHXB nonpocoBB — noBoxfB 
DOcroflBeHft, — no en^e h noTOMy, tto niienno TenepB ecTB oepBtenBO 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



362 Bftomsi iBFonH. 

BpeMeHHHe nonoxu fobophtb o Bon. Co BpeiieHK boíbi 1812 h no- 
cjixyDQin^ roxpra MH HO boih Boira, Boropaa tfma 6a nxh noiy* 
ji4ipHa, Karb miHimHaA. Exraoxyiiraoe, erpacvHoe OTHomeHie oÓB^ecTBa 
Kh HuntoHoft BofiHi BOSBHinaerb ero micjb nx'& MeioqaMi, Boeqikto 
HEDpaBjserrb ee bi c^py BHcnmx^b rocyxapcTBeiHiixi HHrepecoBi, 
noóyxxaen cauixB cspomnix^b h xbsb ananiwHu jnoxeft ho tox&io 
008HaT& coíHxapHOCTB BEsxftTo ci^ HHTepecaHH rocyxapcTBa, ho ■ npH- 
HHnaTB yqacrie fb wtb oiemn^emm — noconsoft avrnnot nomMopn. 
Ho MHCJtB Basxaro neyxepsHno crpwHTCJi en^e xuše; Bcnift zown 
OTxaTB ceůi mwn vb Hamem soiosetiiv, Bcasift otfxyvHBaevB, zotít 
6u xxA eeófl toxbbo, vh yxoBjerBopene H6ycTpaHnfo& norpeóflo- 

CTH, X^B UOXBTWieCMiM TaBl, EBKl Vb OÓKlHOBeHHOe BpeU OWh c6kJ' 

Mmaxb TOiBBO CBOH co6cTBeHHHfl x^a, TO-ecTb ci xMcTiirei&HinrE, 
snioTB saiameiTB npExyitaTL, saKb hmobho jiy^me Bcero ertxoBaxo 6u 
BOcryiiHTB Vb Towb HIS xpyi^inb x^^- 9to HacrpoeHíe BoaBuaiaen 
o6nieoTBeHHyi) mhcjb nax^ pasHHMH pyrHHHHVH BsrjiJGrxBVH, vpnxaen 
et cM^ocTb Vb BHxy aaTpyxHeHíi, botophh bi hhoo BpoMa laBajracb 6h 
HenpoxoxHMHifH. 

G^ XPyrOft CTOPOHH, H Vb HOXBCBOMl 0((lI^8CTBt, B!& DOIBCROt Xyp- 

HaxHCTHBi craxo BHCBasHBaTECH TaBoe Hacrpoenie, BOiopoe notfyx- 
xaen naci xyvBTB, ^to npaBXHBoe, jnmeHHoe BCHKaro qyBCTBa Bpasxn 
ciOBo Cfb pyccxoft cTopoHH MOFJO ÓH 6htb hojobho. IIpaBxa, sa rpa- 
HHi^aHH PoedH, Vb KpaROBt h JIbbobí, TaH%, vMfb noxBCsoe cjobo cbo- 
óoxHO, OHO H TonepB pasxaercfl Hop^xBO npoTHBi Poccíh, HOCMorpii Ha 
Bce, HTÓ TypiH esexHOBHO npHÓaBUKKPB xxjí xoBasaTOjrBCTBa noíHoft 
8aB0HH0€TH BOfiHH, HHH% npexnpexnpHHAToft PoedeK) xase vh oůmfine- 
jiOBiqecBowB cmícjii. Ho npnxaBaTB cjramsoirB óojKbmoe SHaqeHíe ne- 
npiABHeHHUiTB SB^BjeHiffiTB Vb rajm^ftCBErB opranarB ne cj^xyerB no 
pasHiOTB ooo6pa»eHÍBinB. Bo-nepBiix%, HenpiiiaBB kb Poccíh HSxaBHt 
6iua XJIH nojuuoBB pyrHHOD, h h6bo8hosho oshxbtb, qroÓH cjrtxu 
pyTHHH BxpyPB HBFjiaxHjnicB Vb ciobí, BOKa HO óyxen xMcTBít, lo- 
TOpíM xosasaiH 6u xo oqeBHXHocrn bobmoshoctb npnitHpeHiii. Pynea 
9Ta ocoóeHHO CHjiBHa HM6HH0 Vb KpaxoBÍ H jIíbbob'^, FopoxarB, PX^ 
noACBoe oón^ecTBO mnwn nanéoiie sán BHyroD xhshbd r rxib, 6xaro* 
xapa TOMy, HBHÓojrte Moryn x^P^bach caMOo6oiBHi;eHie h soBHaHie 
■CTHHHaro nojioaseHiB xin vb qacTBrB noAnn, npHHaxJBaamHTB 
xpyrHMi FocyxapcTBaiTB. Bo-BTopurB, noxBCKoe nacejenie FamuH ho 
eocTBBJímrB H qeTBopTH Boero iHCja hojdibobb. Hanóoj^nee htb qv- 

CJO BXOXHTB Vb COCTaWB pyCCBOft BMnepiH. 7se ho 9T0My HOJBCBaH He- 

qaTB FB TajHipH HO HomerB hmítb tofo aBTopHTera^ na aasoft ona 
npereHxyen vb CHiy tofo npoeropa, soropiifl eft npexocraBjem. 
Bb BameÉ se HoAnit saiiftqaeTeji tod^b Hacrpoeme, xoth h cx^ 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



XPOHIKl. — BH7TPBIHI1 OBOSPIbHII. 36 B 

saHHoe^ KOHerao, ho uecowAwso 6oAe 6iaroirpÍATHoe npHMHpemr, 
^iwb BOTMfirMBÚo vb uf&ĚmA speMOHa. MosHO ysasaTB na axpecu h 
Ha nojBqKTBOBaHÍA, aoropiie vh npexaee spexs 6iuh HemicjiHini. Bíuh 
npHirbpii Ao6poBOJbHaro nocrynieHifl nojuobowb na cijmůj x^a yqaena 
vb BoftH%. Bi bhaí xapaBTepHCTHqecsaro npHM^pa, yisaaDen na cyxBÓy 
rpa4»a PoHHiepa, ytfHraro npH nepexoA^ ^vpes^ BajisaHU. PoHHsepi, 
OTcraBHOft BoeHHUft, B^oxHH^b mvhvoAOfeb BOJHenift, pas^^flA HJunDdíH 
CBoero oón^ecTBa, lOxmieajrB oaho hbi nponeHÍt, nojiaHHHSB nomami 
iHHHwnaxHaro KpaA, o HpKoexineHiH vb i^apcTBy noibCROiiy, h 6im 
BiieiaH% Kyxa-TO, a biocjíxctbíh BOsapan^eHi. Korj^i na^Hajiaca hh- 
jAvoMa BoftHB, OHI HCxexaTaftCTBOBajcE ceói upiHarie bhobb na cjqrsóy 
Bi xMcTByDí^yi) ai^riD, opraHHSOBaxb KOHaHxy bohhhxi monepoBi, 
xoTopaA odier^Hja nepexoAi^ qpesi sajiH^apčBoe yn^exBe, h 6£lee ytiím 
Bo rjaBŽ CBoeft KOMaHXH. Mh yaasajH Ha btoti npnir&prb hmhho no- 
Tony, «o OHI lapaRTopncTH^Hi^. EcTb ocHOBaHíe jijuwth^ ito cpej^H 
nojMaaro oón^CTBa Hoiiaio iK)xeft, KoropHe, OT^poensi npencHia 
HJunsiH, ÓHJiH 6h roTOBH Hji^TH ch HaxH pysa o6i pyay, h ofiasaHnocTB 
pyoeioft neiarH— HHxaKi ho oÓesiypasHBaTB h ho OTraiRHBaTB bucoeo- 
iň^Euwh onaBOKE Taioro orpeiueHia. 

He cjAxjeTb Taase ynyciaTB mvb bexj, ^to vl coeraBi namix^ 
NiŘtKh ^TB Taca« BOMBOBi, eiysan^sTB ho odjisannocTH, h ^to y 
am^B MSOMfiŘ Ha po;^H'6 Taida ase thca^h ceiieficTBi. Ecjh otxoshvb 
Bi^ CTopoHy Bpasxe^Hoe ^bctbo, BOcnHTaHHoe ^BHHn apeneHeMi, h 
cnpocHVB ceÓJi, sás:b ra oojiaraeirB: HcipenHo jni sejaDTB notftw 
CBMiTB HonaiTB TŠ HOUBH, BOTopH8 cjysaTi Vh pyccRoft apinH, H 8a 
Koro ifouTeii TeoepB hkb combi — sa pyccsHU hih sa Typors — to 

XOJJBHH ÓJMfiWh OTBtTHTB C%6Í B'B TaROlTE CMKCjA, TTO KaS^y pyC- 
eSHHH H 60J[BlHH]rb ^BCIOWE HOJUROKb TMiepB OCTB BOCBIfa peaxBHoo 

8B6H0. He cjniiHHO saJO(b, qroÓH hojmrh b% pnxax^B Hannzi boíorb 
xpancB xyxo. 

HasoHeq^ míicib o c6jnseHÍH, o npHnpeHÍH, oůb orpe^eníH <m 
HpesHHTB BOJnmnecRHX'B Meiriuiift h npffiio BUCRasBuaiaeb b:b no- 
eiftxHee spexa vb noiiBCSoft neiarH: po6RO H' cxepsaHHO wb ne^ara 
i^OHdypnofi; — pinnrejiBHO, ho Cb híbotopiimh HeyM^tetHo^^HOjiDÓHBHiiii 
BHxoxiaMi vb HHHXft sarpaHR^Him nojibeBHxi tfponnoparB h raseraxi. 

Bb BMMJ TaRHX% npHSHaROBi, XOiTB pyccRoft neiRTH — pa306pafB 
A^o, HpewdB Beero, 6wb pasxpasflraiBHOCTH. Ha nee, bo bcaroitb ciy- 
mA, toA^Tb MOHie npaBa no6ibxHT6jiB. CrixoBaio yaasaTb na to, ^sré 
vb HteoTopHTb noejiixHHx% 8aflBjeHúa!B H8i HOJBCROft cpexu <^o 
HeyHicraaro, HaHBHO-enftcHBaro, nenOiiHaro. Ho odpwmh Bce CBoe bh»- 
Mamě toaro na bth oeo6eHHOCTH h ho noBOxy hz'b BucRasaTB oxvy 
paflxpassteiBHOOKB— 6iU0 orpanno. Mesxy tím%, TasoBi^ 6axb mothbi, 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



864 BSGTHHici iBPonn. 

npeoÓjiaxaBiiiift vh OTHomeBÍAn Hameft neqara Kh yieasaHBOMy abji6híi). 
Mh' ne Moseirb) rohc^ho, pasÓHpaTB Bcbxi otbhbobi, noABHBniHxcfl no 
9T0M7 noBOiy vh Hameft neqaTH; vh tocjií hxx óhjhh h qHCT(H[>ejiBe- 
TOHHue, H 6oj[ie pascy^HrejiwHe. Haní cjiixjenrb h nich orpann- 
iiHTBCfl npmr&pavH. 

^fl iipHH'&poBi mi ysaseiTb na npo(|)eccopa rpaAOBCKaro h r. Eo- 
eroMapOBa. Epo^^ rpaxoBCRift BHCsasajrb cosHanie, hto vb stoite x^Jrib, 
BMeHHO Bi HacTMii^ft MOMesrb, ecTB hí^to BecBMa cepB68Hoe, EÍnro 
Horyn^ee craTB njiOAOTBOpHuiii. F. KocroirapoBi OTRjiHBHyjicfl o^hh- 

CTBeHHO Ha rt H6yir6CTHHA OeOÓeHHOCTH, KaSHHH OTJIHqajlHCB hísoto- 

piui noiBCKÍA sa^Bjíenii!, yBJíeBCA pa^pasHTenHOCTBD h CBen cepBéa- 
HHft BonpocB Ha óesnjioxHHe nonpéra, ooqepnHyrNe iim> HcropiH mho- 
VBTb bí^kobi, ao ROTopux'B HaiTB coBepmeHHO H^TB Ai^a HMeHHO Torxa, 
Borxa MH pascysAft^iTB o Bonpocb noeoMb^ pascysxaeHi o bosmoshocth 
HenpaBHTB vb 6jjíjmfim to, ttó vb npomexineirB icDop^eno B'6aaiiH. 
noAOÓHHa yBie^OHifl cjiysan tojibbo vl TOHy, vtoÓh sanyraTB BonpocB. 
Ror^a yBasaeHBfi nami hctophb!b BHicasiiBaerB, no noBoj^y híbotophxi 
caMOXBajiBHiixi^ oroBopORi vb noJíBCRHXi rojiocax^B o npRHHpenÍH, óojríbe 
pasApaseHÍA, ^iwh owb BHCRaaHsajrB vh MOMeRrB caHaro noiiBCRaro 
BOSCTaHiii, TO HHuirB ^HTaTejflifB MOserB npHATH mhcjib: ho coBepniHiiH 
jH TonepB nojiARH KaKoro-jni6o HOBaro npecrynjieBúi, ne saiainuaDTi 
jH ^ero en^e xy^maro, ^íím% iiATes^B? 

r. KocTOMapoBi xo^erB Honpeir&HHo, ttoÓh hoxíirh „Bomjra vb 
CJiaBAHCTBo", crajie cjrysHTB ^ciaBAHCKoft Hxeib". Ero rjiaBHuft apry- 
MenvB npoTHKB xoBibpifl kb seiami) hojiíibobi hphmhphtbca cb naiiH 
KB cuucjA nojiHTHqecKOirB, To-ecTB* OBOH^aTejiBHO H HaBcerxa npHsaaTB 
ce6a pyccuMB rpas^anaiiH, cooroHrB bi yKasamH Ha hojdÓobb hoja- 
bovb ko BceMy pyccROny. Hsi npaxa bí^kob^b, h«b Basai^RHxi BoflH*B h 
HCTopÍH CMyTHaro BpeHeHH yBasaemift hctophri HSBjeRaen xoRasa- 
TejBCTBa arofi hojdóbh, h noATBeps^aeri hxi co6cTBeHHiiMH HaĎjDxe- 
HiflMB Vb HOBMmu BpeiieHa. Ho ero cjiOBaHi, hojmrh HHRarB ne ho- 
ryvB HOXDÓHTB HH^ero pyccRaro h na aroft ^neiDÓBH*, Roropaa vb 
MJBjvb ero CTaTBAXi BaHHHaenb rjiaBHoe Mitoro, r. RocTOMapoBi ocho- 
BHBaerB totb bhbox'b, ^to HHHftnrai^ npHMHpHTejBHHii 8ajiBj[eHÍfl hstb 
HOJBCROft qm^H xojiSHU 6htb OTBeprnyTH pyccRHHi oÓn^ecTBOMi no 
HexoBipiD Vb vrb HCRpeHBocTH. Oh*b 3axoAHT'B TaRib AAJieso, «iTo cnpa- 
nnBaen: ^se vb npaBi n nu opexnojiaraTB, teo vewaTejra o nospos- 
xeHÍH CTapoft DojiBniH seiaDrB, nyTeirB cjiOBecRHX^B najnanift xpysóii, 
JHHIB vBaHiUHTB* HaHi rxasa, ^Totiu MH yBipHjiHCB Vb Hxi npaBorb, 
H Beji%x% sa HaMH, h npaBHTeiBCTBO nanre nox^HHHJOCB 6h Toft se i^o* 

BipqHBOCTH Hf HySXaflCB Vb ĎOOBIIX^B CHJiaXl Ha Jíjn9L% OCTaBHJIO 

6h hojbcríh npoBHHi^iH 6e3i BofiCRa?" (II). npH BcewB HameMi yBa- 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



XPOHHSi. — BHJTPlBHn 0B08FBHI1. 36 5 

aK6HÍn Nk r. KocroMapoBy, kh ne Moseirb ne 8aM:bTHTB, ^to vl srírb 
nocj^XHHxi cjosax^b, CRasaHHUxi, ohobhaho, uom,% BJiameirE yBjreqeHÍa, 
nporjaxHBaerb npieirb cosxaHM npMspaROBi v padj^ysaHia CTpaxoBi, 
CBoficTeeBHEifi TOjbBo Tasiirb HEcaTejuHi, ch BOTopHMH Hanrb noHreH* 
Huft yqeBHft ho hh^jcb xocaii HHqero ofin^aro. 

Mil npoBipinrb dvj apryiieHTaiUD, Ha^aBi ch vpasTB^ecsaro h koh- 
qaa TeopeTiriecsHirB, TO-ecTS Ha^neirB Cb KOHi^a. Iljiasi xofiHTBca bu- 
Boxa H8i nojBCKHXi ryóepnift pyccaiixi BOftcrb (jcjia tofo, ^toÓh nox* 
HaTb BOscTanie, soHeiHo) nocpoACTBOirb nHeeirs si npo^^eccopy Fpa*- 

AOBCKOMy H HÍeKOJIbRHX'b OTA^BHUX'B SaflBJíeHÍi Vh neqaTH — CTOJB 

4»aHTacTHqeH^ ^to aubo nojiasaicB, npH Beeft jěvl cuobhocth b% 
4NiHTacTH^(»0My, npinniciiBaTb ero cj[HmBOM'E HaHBio. 06% 9T0ir& ne 
cfřÓBTh H roBopHTb 6ojie. ?T0 BacaeTca Hei»6BH bojubobi bo Bceify 
pyccBOMy, TO ckojibko 6h npeiišpoBi orcyTCTBÍa Tasoft Hejno<(Bi mh 

HH MOrjIH npHBeCTb B8% JLflqHUXl CBOBXl HatfjDXeBÍft, — MH OTfUlSII- 

BaeMca npoTHBonocTaBjuBTB wťh HCTopflqecKH]r& cnpaBBaMi h jia^HiiirE 
HaÓjnoAenúíirE r. EocTOHapoBa. Mh cnpocHM'B tojlbbo: KasyD se i^ay 
vh CMUtii peajBHOirb, vb cwacjA noiiHTHqecKOirB, Moryrb npexcraajaTB 
H ero HCTopnecBia cnpaBBH, h ero HadiD^ema? ?to Hcropia cbhaA- 
TeibCTByen o Bsanraoft Bpas^i, soropyi) OHa cana cosxajia, — qró se 
vh BTOiťb npBroxHaro XJia cys^esia o Ton Boapocb, o loropoirB Hxen 
pibqB? B:bAB p%Hb axen hmobho o ^npHiiHpeBiH*'. Ea ho mofjio 6ií h 
6ttTb, ecjH 6u flCTopia se cosxajia apasj^u. KasaiQcia boShei h CHyTHoe 
spěna Tyrb aajaDTca coBepmoBHo HescraTH, tbb-b sasi Boiřpoci» — o 
TOM-B, qrofiu HsrjaxHTb Hx^b cji^AH, a BOBce HO vh TOiTb, qToÓH yso- 
peHHTb Hxi npexame. HejiorHqBO npoTBBODOCTaBjarb npHicHpeBix) — 
íjfaxTb npesHeft apasAH, Taa^b sasi oabo npe^oojiaraeirB xpyroe, ■ aecb 
CMuejn* nepaaro b^ Towb, hto aropoe óhjo <{^aBTO]iib. 

^onycTHinb jífiLJíiey ^to r. Rocronaporb npaa^, roBopa^ qxo h hu^ 
BÍBTEie nouBH, HesaBHCHMO orb npBM^poBi npBMflpeHia, ROToptie oh% 
cairb opABOXErb,— HO ji>6aTb EBsero pyccsaro: hh B:bpH, hh oÓHqaeai, 
BH jBTepaTypu, hh Bc:bx% Hai^ioHajibHuxi ocoóeHHocrefi. Ho, vb ioh- 
i^BOHi^OBi, H CBoxa Boopoc^b Ha HO^By peajbHyD, Basoe aairb xo 
dToro ffkjío H sasaa nairb nys^a, ttoóei aojUBH wb nacb BJDÓHjHCb? 
y Hacb, Vb Poccíh, a bhobho cpexH BejuRopyccRaro djieiieHTa, abbho 
BOflua Vb o6ma& cxpanHaa MaHepa Hcsarb jdÓbh ame ce6a bo bc&cb 
HHopoxDiaxi H HHOcrpaHiiiaxi, e saxoaaTbca sa OTcyTCTBÍe hjlh ho- 
XPCraTOVb dTOft jtoóbh. Rasb 6yAT0 Tovb uoryniŘ ajieiifeHn, BOTOpuft 
coBxajTb fiejBHaftmee wb vipft rocyxapcTBO, crpa^aerb BaBEM^-ro tom- 
jieHieirb HHCTHTyTSH. ndBtcTHfii& poiiaflc^b: »H%irb, Hlrb, owb mobb 
He JuoÓBTbl*^ pacniBaeTCfl y aac^b ho oah^hh mockobcbhiih i^HraBsaiui, 
HO ĎoibouiHCTBOiii HaB^Hxi ny(Sji[Bii(HeTOffb, ^a^^| Hi^Mipi, aas^ n jio* 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



366 mcTEEWb iBPomi. 



■e ifiáflTi HH^ero pyccsaro, npespHTejiBHO oruotarca Kh pye- 
CKHMi oóu^ajim, UHBjf JUiTepaTypi, ^ys^aDrcA pycesofl mhcjui, — 
xaBi saiyDTca y naci; ohh, san m nousH, orsasiiBaDTCA ^boAth b% ciar 

BJIHCTBO", TQJBKO CX HHXX MH dTOFO H HO TpofiyeiTB, TarB SaSX OHH 

He cjiaBflHe, a nojiARH— ciaBHHe. Ho bíab, sojib CEopo pyecBoe rocyjiap* 
CTBO BCAeri BoftHy sa ejiaBHHi, noioseHÍe pyccsHXb HOuaHHiix^b, 6yAB 

OHH HÍMI(K, nOIilBH HJH BOJíHKOpyCCU, Ba JsfluA OOB^NMimO OAHHa- 

EOBO. Mnpi c!B H^Hi^aMH cyn^ocTByen se; hochotph hb neiDioBB hkb 
BO Bceny pyocBOMy h paBHOxyfflie bo Bceiiy cjaBHHCBOHy, na Boropm 
saiyoTCH y hbcb, bc% nazoMTB coBepmenno bosmoshuitb, ^to hím- 
iqfl— xopomíe pyooBÍe rpasxaHe. Or^ero se ne xonycTHTB, hto xasoft 
se iiHpi y HacB ycTaHOBHTca h cb nojABaMH uocmí HpHMHpedB, xoth 
6ii OHH H coxpaHHJiH coBepmoBHo TBBoe se OTHomeme vb pyocBHm 

BBiqOHajBHUHl OCOÓeHHOCTHlIl, BBXOe SaBixOMO BCÍM'B CCXpaHADITB 
HÍMipi? 

HamH DOiHBH HBCB HO jiDÓan, HaniH hími^ii hbcb ho JiDÓiirL, 
HaniB TaTapu h eepen naci ne xv)6siTh; Aaxe Tam, rA'6-TO, vb rjyÓH- 
hí pyccBaro boctobb npaBocjraBHinťB MHCciOHepalfi H:bTB shtbh on 
BBBHxi-TO 6ypHT%; ^waxsBMjsja naci ho JooCsivh^ xota mi hkb san^H- 
BJ^aeiTB H BopHBiTB; HaBOHei^i, OBasHeaercjff, ito j^ase h eep6ii, h 601- 
rapii, BOTopHxi MH npBHUH cnacaTB— H tí hbcb ne jmóavb HjraHe^o- 
craTO^HO jao6aTb; noo^epexHO na n&ksfb cjnimHii sajoóu; tbbi bAwo 
BfiajyDTCH y HaeB. A sa opexi^aira Poccíh h pafioHa eH A^ficTsift — ram 
TO se caMoe; hhbto nacx ne jdóbt^b: hh Hivípi, hh anrjHHaHe, hh 
ýpaBi^ysii; uu xojshu cBasaTB ceóib, hto hh hb cbít^ coBepmenno 
oahh, BBBÍe-TO 6ÍM,nue chpoth, soropiix^B hhbto „ho jnoÓHn**. Hbtotb 

nja^'B— JDÓHMHÍ MOTHBI nyÓJIHI^HCTOBl BOCBMHXeCBTH-MHJUiOHHaro HB- 

poxal Bía^ 9T0, HaBOHei^'B, npocro necorjracHO ch naniHitB aoctohh- 

CTBO VB. 

RaBoft j[d6bh hbhi hbao h ajíe qero hbitb nysno, «o6u bcí ne- 
DpeifiHHo jid6hjih h HamH i^epBBH, h hbhih ofiiiqaH, h naoTB asobi, h 
Hamy jHTepaTypy, h naniH nHpora, h n^TyniBOBi^ hb nannixi Bpiimaxi& 
H HaniHx^B noJOTeH4axi»? 

no OTHOmeHÍK) B!B HHOCTpaHO^aMl, COBepmeHHO XOCTBTOIHO, ecjiH Hn 

BHymaeri yBasenie Hama MaTepiajBHaa chjb; joctho Ůjjsfivh xib hbcb, 
ecaH EorAB-HHÓyAB hhi BHymHrB yBaB^enie h nama CHJia yiiCTBeHHaB. 
A 6effb j[]D((bh hx'b mu oposnaeMi. 

Uo OTHomeHÍD Kh HamHHi BHopoxn^aiií, h6o6xoahmo tojbbo ox* 
HO, ^To6u OHH CTHTBIH oe^B cojHAapHHMH c% pyccBHiťB rocy^apeTBOiTB, 
^To6ii npoxojisajH 6iitb hjh oorJíacHjHCB 6iitb xoÓpuiiH pyccBnai 
rpasABnam; ^to6ii nojraTHqecBíft hbtpíothsmi hxx 6wth — vb PoeciH. 
A saT^KB, nycTB oT^aDTi HOjHMmee npexno^Teme cbohitb nai^ioHaxb- 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



xpoHiKi. — wmnfssa oBOBrami. 867 

HHirb oootieHHOCTAirb Ha^i BejraiopyeciHifH, nycn o6osM>!n xaauHi 
CBOfl HaipoHajrBHut THni, nyerb j^aase CBucosa OTBOonu, eejra xejia- 
lyrB, KB Hmefi jiHTepaTypl h HamirL sHpMm. 

TpeóoBaTB, AO npiuiHpeBia, mo6u noiARH crajra ^jm6wth* Boe pyc- 
CBoe ■ sartn opoHHKjraeb ,ciaBaBCEOK) Hxeeft^— sHaTOrb pascysxaTb 
H6 cepifisHo; dTO SHaisn Bsa^Hn lasie-ro nerMTyTosíx ^yBCTBorejib- 
BIU MOHTH Bi^ Ty secTBo-peajiBflyi) oójiacTB, kb aoTopoft HpBHaxJie- 
san BonpoeH nainmecBie. CípocsirB r. KocroiiapoBa: bto na cbItí 
jDÓBTB vtmufiwb^ spoMi Hxi canxi? H hto se, paaBŽ ohh neqa- 
MjvtCM Ha CBoe CflpoTCTBO? Pa8B'& aaBaa-iHÓo klpa bi IIosEaHH, Ch- 
jetÍH, mjesBari, éjBsad h JIorapBHriH npHHHMajiacB na ocHOBami 
HOTHBa, irro hojueb^ AaT^ane, ýpaei^ysu, HeJD^jm HHqero BiuenjsBr 
ro, xapasTepa jh uh urasa, uh jHrepaTypu, ui Mysuss, ub Kyx- 
HH, UH BajBca? HHBorxa HH OAHHii H^Meoi^B HO TpefioBaTB, «o6ii no- 
jflKB, xBTqaHHHi H ýpaBKysTB erajiH ji)6htb Bce Hixei(Koe, He tojibbo 
6oju»Hi6 CBoero, ho xoth 6u CK0iBB0-HH6yAB. OcHOBU AJUi M^ponpÍBTii 
Bi repHaHÍH Boerxa 6iuh HCUDUTejBHo nojHranecBaro CBoftcTBa h 
HHftjH Bil BHxy TOJBBO o^Bo: BftpHocTB míctbhxi HaeejeHii rocyxap- 
CTBy (Loyalitat) hjh oóesDe^eflíe ero HHTepecovB orpaHneHÍeM'B npaai 
rbxi Haoaieaift. EeiH se opn stomi yaoTpefijuacB emfi CHcreMa, hb- 
BpaBjeBHaA npjiMO bpothkb naipoHajiBHOCTeft, CHCTeHa repKannsai^iH, 
TO yaoTpe&ujacB oea noiOMy, wso ajb bob repMaHÍH Hirben cpe^- 
CTBO, lOToparo mh ho HM^eni— ROJOHBsai^iK), Moryn^ecTBeHHoe opyxie 
vb crpaBi, HOTopai tbkb hjh nsa^ xyxa hjh cdab, Aojsna eaceroA* 

HO BUfipOCHTB H81 CeÓJ COTH0, ApyPyD TUGHTB JD^eft. Ho HH OAHOMy 

niuvij Wh rojOBy ne npnxoAHjo ysasuBaTB na ^orcyTcroie jdóbh** kb 
HaiuoHBjBHOHy HÍiieiuM)My THoy, xan na HeopeoxojHMoe npenuTCTBie 
Kk npHMHpeHÍD, vb yAOBjexBopHTejBHOHy cosHTOJBCTBy BTB rocyAapcTB'b, 
KB noMmuHecKoů BefijaroHaAesHOCTH HHopomeBi. HoJBCKie AenyxaTH 
tfyjH BoerAa aa npyccBOirB ceiMt, nojBCsie reHepaju neplABO BOMan- 
AOBaJH npyccKHiiH sopnycaiiH, nojBCKÍe MarnaTu HHorxa hchojhhjh 
BasHUH AHHJOHaTHqecKÍH nopyqeHÍB h hmíjh wse ÓojBoioe Bjinnie 
BpH ABopi (sas^ HOxaBHO yHepflrift bhhsb PaASHBHjJi npn BUHftmHeMrB 
XBopt). On HHX^ HHSTO He Tpe6oBaj'B H ne sxaxB, hto(Sh ohh ca%- 

jaJHCB HftMqailH kb CMHCJÍ Ha1*iOH(MhHOM^; C^HTajOCB BnOJHt AOCTB- 

TO^BUiTB, HTO OHH — ^B^Bue rpasABHe, HTO OHH c^HTaDTi oeiSfl npyc- 

CBKaMH KB CHHCji HOJHTHHeCBOirB H, OCJH yrOAHO, — HapO^HOM^^ HO BO* 

Bee He naióoHajBHoirB. 

?T0 lacaercH ,cjaBflHCBO& ha^h'', o soropoft roBopHTi r. KocTOMa- 

pOBlb H BOlOpoft OKB TpeÓyOTB, HTOÓH HOJHU BOCjySHJH, TO MH HOBB 

He BHAHm HHBBBOft peajBHOft ,|CjaBHHCBOft H^en", HpoMi Toro í/SaKma^ 
HTO Poccíh, Wh rpasxaHaiTB xoTopoft HpHHaxxesan h hícbojbiu) mhj- 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



868 Bftcmsi iBPonH. 

jrioHOFb nojABOffb, Be^en BoJkny Ch Typi^ei), au yjiy^meHia y^acTH 
d&isaHCKHxi cjtaBAKb. B^b dTOfi BOĚHt uojAKH npHHHMaDrb y^acrie sa- 
paBBt cb HEMH, B% coaTB:bTCTBÍH vh ucíeBEOCTH HacaieHíA. ?ero se 
en^e TpeÓyen (yn Msvh r. EoeroiiapoB^b a^a .cjiaBaHCKoft Exes"? 3a- 
uimvb^ vro mjocbjA owb esi ne onpeAbnrh. A o^enB seiaxejiLHO 6iuo 
6h BHA'i^TL eji onpeA^eHíe r. SocTOHapoBiiirb. Heysejni se 9to npes^e 
Bcero— H1I6HH0 BipoHcnoBÍ^AHaji Bffifň Ho vb TasoiTE cjyHai, hh on 

nOMBOBl, HH on HOKOBl HeJbSJI H TpeÓOBaTb, HTO($U OHH 6D npOHHB* 

jHCb. Ecju se 9Ta h^oh lueMeBHaji, to mu, no RpaftHeft ufbpi^ ne bh- 

AHMl B03M0SH0CTH ff^OpHyjMpOBaTL ee Vb HaeTOHO^ee BpeMH H BHtCTft 

cfh r. A. n., aBTopoiTb ^SaMiTSH no DSHO-ciauiHCBOMy Bonpocy**, no- 

llin^eHHOfi Bl ÍDHBCBOft KHHl4 .BftCTHHBa EBpOHH^ (CTp. 806), HOJia- 

raeHi, ^to „cjaBHHCsaii haoh eerb mÍ^mo 6yxyn^aro", hhto ,,BaTeropH- 
qecBH sajiBUH ee TenepB, mh roBopHirE qHCTO-npoHSBOiBHyi) Ben^b". 
Ecih r. SocTOMapoffb xyHaen BHane, ecjra offb Moser^b ^opMyjrapoBaTb 
hhhí se ,cjiaBHHCRyD Hxei)') xaicb hí^tto peaibnoe h óescHopHoe, to 
nycTb OHI OTO CA^aen. Bi> CBoem xa^ecTBi BaciyseHnaro h bcímh 
ysasaeiiaro HeTopHBO-<{^Hjiojora, nycTb OKb o4K>pMyjrapyen 8Ty .H^eD**, 
xoTH 6u Tojmo vh c4^p% Tftxi Hai^ioHauHincb oeo6eHHOCTeft, koto- 

PHH npeXCTaBJIIDTCH paSHHMH CJiaBHHCBHira HBHKaHH H HapiqÍHMH, H 

Hxi iHTopaTypaicH, noxasaBi, BaiHKb o6pa80irb H3:b Hm-iniHaro hx% 
noJLOsema mosho HBBje^b yse ez nacmojm^e epejna peaunyx) oÓn^yD 
.CJtaBancByi) Hxei)''. 

Hairb BasoTCH, tto r. KocroMapovb h xpyrie nHcaTem, CBasanmie 
noTTH TO se, TOÓ OHI, oniHÓaDTCJi, xyii&&) ^o npHMHpeHíe cb huh^he- 
HHiTb nojbCBHirb o6n^ecTBOHi, Cb HUHimHeft „nojbrneft" — hobosmosho, 
H vro cjri^AyeTi» osH^aTb npeirapeniH ot^ Hosaro, HM^Dn^aro iiapOAHTbCH 
nojLCsaro oón^ecTBa, otb ^lIojibniH*, npeoópasoBaHHOft uspán, hoahhb- 
niHHH nojbCKoe ipecTb^HCTBo. Atio vb TOiTb, qTO 6em nepBaro e^Ba 
m B03M0SH0 BTopoe. 06pyceHie MaccH noibcsaro KpecTbHHCTBa ecrb 
nevra, ne no MHHMOHy npeBOCzoxcTBy nojbCBofi syjnTypH naxs pyccBO0, 
saii AyMarrb nojHKH, ho noToiiy, ^to mh coBepmenno iHmeHU rbrb 
KOiOHBsaiqoHHUx^b cHjn H Toft apMÍH cpexHHFo oÓpasoBannaro uacca, 
KasHMH pacnojaraen TepNamH. Craio 6uTb, nawb npHXOXHTCH cmot- 
pin npBMO vb rjiasa Tony coBepmenHO-B^poHmoHy <|^asTy, iro na 
uo^bí i^apcTBa iSyiyrb pocTn toaro hobua noKOjimn nojiHKOBi^ h hto 
HacBOJibBO HOibCKaB HaipoHaibHocTb Taxb ociafinerb, ona ociaóneT^b hb 
vb namy H0J[b8y, TaiKb Kasb Moserb ociaóirb toubo on HanjuiBa 
m% repMBHiH, lOTOpiift MH caMH HOuepsHBaevb. 

Ho eciH na no^Bi i^apcrsa h Bnpexb tfyxyn poxHncA hojhsh, a 
MH, OTBepraa npHMHpeHÍe Cb HHntoHHMi nojbcsHMi o6n;ecTBOHi, ocTa- 
BMMi Tawb Kb CMxb Bce, iTÓ Ha HeM!b THroriien, to rxi se paqío- 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



xpoHisi. — butpiiibi (oosptmi. 86 9 

BUBHoe ocflOBasía noiaraTb, tto ůjKjmfM, noBOjrinÍM noinon osa* 
xyrcH HAiTb ApyseeTBeHmoui? Bo-iiepBiix!&, HiKoropna hsi hhhA j^ift- 
oniyíMwxB MiiKb MoryTB (^iT& lyfiCTBireiBHH H Aia tiesrpaMoraaro 

XpeCTUBIlHa. Bo-BfOpHXÍb, Xp6CTBAHHH%, DO lfip& TOrO, KaX'B OWh JMJ^" 

mMTh CBofi ÓiiTB, npiofip^Ten fliBoropoe oópasosame e craHerb bh- 
A'b2flTL H» CBoeft cpexu qjeHOKb vhHoeoe oépasoBaHHoe irojii>cKoe 06- 
meeTBo {cfB KOTopuiffB uu nosejaeiTB irapmcji), xójaseirb 6yAem npo* 
jiOMMTh ^pesi wA rb ycjaBÍfl, sama cynj^eenyDTi a^u HUB^mHaro 
nojBOcaro oóniecnaf h Koropsui orspaTan droro HOBaro ^eiOBisa on 
BacTB H npHHyxarB ero npHHKHyTL imeHHO vh t&tb se npesHam sax- 
paiTB, Ha KOTopiu MH xaxHyjH pysoft. H b^e pesyifiTarb mi fiyxeicb 
hhítb npoTBBi Ge6A noxBCBoe o6ii^ecTBO noBoe, ho BacrpoeHHoe no oř- 
HomemD n nám coBepmeHHO Tair&, xasB Hsn&iraee nojn»cxoe oóm^e- 
GTBO. PasHHQa 6yxm tojbbo xa, hto »ro oóh^octbo óy^en 6effb bca- 
Káro epaBHeHÍa 6ojie MHorovciraHO h bhojhí cojaxapHo co Bceft 
naccoft HacejOBia. IIpoTHBi Hero yse ho óyxeiTB anneiJii^H r% 6ojib- 
VKBCTBy; arorb npieiťb jme 6ujn> jnovpeÚMVL HaiiH ycnftniHO, ho ob% 
■Miera Tasoe cboActbo, hto cam ceÓA HC^epnuBaerb; noaropeHie ero 
H68O8MOSH0. Txb me fiyxera Biiroxa wa Haeb, b% kohi](%-bohi^obb? 

ETarb, npíMHpeHifl Hensfl oruawBaTB m Toft nopu, sorxa uu 
óyxeiTB hmítb a^o yse Cb ^hoboS IlaiBineit,* Cfh „HepepoxHBinHMea'' 
noju>CBiM'& otfn^ecTBom, noroiiy neHHO, hto vl Tasom cjy^aib „ho- 
laji nojBma^ HápoAHJaeb 6u npH miBibniHefi CHeroM^ a hí^ite pftniH- 
TeiBHO HHBaBoro noBoxa osExaTL, ^to ona oTHocEiacB 6u bi HawB 
eBxnaTHHHibe nnatoHeft. 7 naci cjihihbohi mhofo pasc^HTUBaDTrB na 

TO, ^TO xaKb BUCb Vb BOWU% DOIbCEOirb OÓII^eCTBŠ HMÍ6irB HCHeSHyTb 

xyn apHCTOKpaTHBiia h mifliereTBa, to, ho caMoft dxofi dphihhí, to, 
óyxyii^ee, ofin^eerBO craHeri voH^e csjiobhiimi kb nojBXHqecBoft uevii. 
Biuo 6H, OAHaso, obibóohao nojiaraxBea na sto o^bo. SaMiTHMrB, vro 
apHCTOHpaTBiecBífi xyx^ vh nojBBii BOCTOflBBo 0€jia6'&BajrB efli^e cb 
soHi^a oponuaro ctojítíji, ho, cl tím% bh^ctí, fb sasxoM% bobohs 
BeBCTaBÍH npEHHMajH 6o2Íe h 6aiie yucrúi sjíeMeBTH bhckojibbo ne 
apBCTOKpaTH^ecsie h bo nuiAxercBÍe. Yse BOSCTaBíe 1830 roxa BejnBJí 
HassaTB apHCTOspaTHqecKHHi bb oón^eMB ero lapasTepi; bb BOScraBÍH 
se 18&3 roxa ropoxcsíe uaeeu npHBHMajH ne Henie ynacriB, víhb 
HEJUXTa, h caMue oruaBBHe joomm osasuBajHCB hmobho bb cpex:^ pe- 
HecjeBBHBOBrB, BOTopue ysB, bobohbo, ho 6hju sapaseflH apacTospaTH- 

^eCKHM!B H mJMXeTCUlIB AyXOHB, ^a eXBa JH H BJiepHBajIHBMOHB, TaB% 

sarB BJUu^eB ropoACKBXB pQHecieflBflBOBB BBrxi Be oTjrHiaerca noBop- 
HOCTBi) iesyflraiiB, h BapmaBa, iwB^ h Apyrie spoMunuenBue ropová 
iP4)eTBa nojiBCBaro ho ooeraBJífliOTB bb 9tohb HCBiD^eBÍB. 

Mh j^jvěsu ot6pochtb otb ceÓA BCJUde npHBpaBH h cosnaTB Bne- 

To» V.— CBHiaBPi, 1877. 24 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



870 Mcnm opom. 

pexi; VTO ecjni HOBoe nojBCEoe o6n;ecvBo i óywpB bo mioroiis oitMB* 
qaTLCfl on craparo, to obo Bce-raKH firxen noncBoe ofiH^ecvBO. A na- 
crpooHÍe ero no OTHomeHíi) kb Poccíh 6jMfifn saBHcATB opAso ot% 
tAx^b ycjoaifi, npn BOTopiui» oho BOCUBTtefrcJi h otj^puBpyercfl. Botb 
noveny ee jothvho 6jbuo 611I sabtb Hacryniesiji aroro MOMeHTa h yiM 
wťkwb HSMtHATB cyii^ecTByDB^úi ycjOBÚi, AJiJi npBMHpeBÍJi; HO Heofr* 
xoAHMO oójeraHTB xbjío npBMBpeHu Tenepb se, noioauiB^ eny natué 

Vb H3MÍ^eHÍH HtBOTOpUX^ HHB']bliraHX'b yCIOBÍft. 

Mucib o Bpeo6pa80BaBÍH HojbinH no^Harieiii speeTBjrHCTBa, Cb tími, 
HTo6u coBAaTb Bi HoiTL HOByD ificTHyD, opraHHvecEyD cHjiy, na roto- 
pyD npaBHTeibCTBO Morjio 6u oneperBCA, o nperBopeniH npesHxro noiB- 
CBaro oón^ecTBa, spn nonon^B ajteneHTOBi, BcnausaDn^xi cnnsy, vb nt- 
HTo BOBoe, Moryn^ee ctbtb opraHn^ecsoft CBasBD nesxy nojBmeft 1 
Pocciei, npflnaAJesaja H. A. MsjíDTflHy. Ho x^a nojisaro ■ B^pnaro oey* 
n^ecTBjeaiB ea Majtothrb cvBTajTB HeoóxoAHiiHirB — n6 h BUCEasuBajTB 

O^Ml^BAiajbBilMl o6pA30U% — B^^BOTOpUJI yCIOBM, BOTOpUA BOO(U%ACTBÍa 

eciH H ne 6ujh ynyn^enii bvb nn^y, to BaRi-TO oronun na saj^nit 
njan^B. Xota oh^b h ne moitb BUCBasaTBCA cb toě bojihotok), BaBi» vu 
8T0 CA^iajiB Bume, no obi coBepmenno acho noBBMaxB to, «6 naiiH 
BucsaBaHo, a oTvacTS n upBHO y nero saHMCTBOBaHO. Ovb DHeaji'B no 
nOBOAy o5pa80BaHia bi Rpaft ópranoBi KpecTBiraciLaro caHoynpaBjenii, 
qro pascvBTUBaTB na o^ny BoenHyD cncTeiiy am ynpaBjenia oíiuitb 
spaem neBOSMOSBo; tto ecjiH 0ii mu 6ujib y6iMA'^Bu bí neBOdMOSHocTS 
eoBABTB Bi» DoiiBnii TBKyi) optOHUHecKyio euy, KoropaA Morja 6u cx%* 
jiaTBCA Ao6poBOJBHU]rB, HaAeaiHHirB BBesoirB xpa^ cb Poociev), to jiy^nne 
6ujo 6u HaHi» TenepB se (to-octb vh bobují veoTBX^oBTHXi poaobx) 
OTAaTB nojBmy, hbuiih cjiOBaMH: cobc^itb pasBjfóaTBCB c% TasHirB bo* 
npoceii'B, BOTopHfi OBasuBajcfl 6u, bi cyn^nocTH, nepasptoiHiiuirB, tbvb 
BBBi BoeHHaa CBCTeiia nošen 6htb tojbbo nepexoxníiirB, no ne oboh- 
^laTejnnuirB pa8p']bmeHÍeM'B. B^b dvom CBaBUBajacB bctbbho-dojihth* 
lecsaii Mucn, tb caHaa mucib, soTopaa BupasaeTca ajureropa^eoBHini 
Hspe^HÍBifH, no ysexB nošen 6utb paapyÓjeB^B nevoiii, homoli m 
nošen 6iitb cbasbi), hjb: vro mosho oneperBCB na nmnui, ho yctcTBcn 
Ha HHxi neiBSii. 

Mbjdthhi xepsaica yó^s^eniB, ^rro TasyD apraHHqecsyi) cbbs& 

COSAaTB BOSHOSHO, H Wh 8T0HI — CMHCJH OPO pe((K>piiU; HO 0B1» SO Ha- 

craHBan, kbkb aa neoóxoAHMOHi ea xooojHeHiB, Tto6% vb oraomeBÚi 
wb dpraaam hoboA chjh, To-ecn nojBCsaro q>eeTBBHCTBa, npH caMoiTB 
BBexoHÍH npeotipasoBanift 6rio BUBasuBaeiro nojsoe AOB:bpie h vtoóu 
npesHÍft pyBOBOABni^ift Bjacci, to-ootb xBopaHCsoe MeHBHiHvcTBO, ne 6uxh 
CBCTeMaTHsecBH yerpaHaeiTB on yqacTÍB bi caMoynpaBjeBiH, nepexaa- 
Hom KB pyBH ipeotBBHCBaro (oiBHiHHCTBa. HanpoTHB^ on nojntrajTB, 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



XPOHHRi.— BBfTPBBn OBOSmiI. 37 1 

^TO rqacrie ABopiiBei»a n npasn^eeMl ji^bneiMOCN eaMeyapaBaemi 
'tejio 6íi maMfttíJ&m^ taM Mn oaa OTRjeiaio te axon &i«eei^ on 
^^TteraiecBK^- MevraBift ceofiena nojSTBneeiaro. 

^Tofo m pacvvpflTb mpt9% iiipy HHfltoHee paa^mxeme, vh m 
eraBem Hteii^jioBaTB, xo satol creaaoH omho hjih aeiiojiHo npoBexWH 
9TH MiiejiH MHJioraHa vh coetoniEHxcji noejii aero Kpeevbsimcmnvk 
y^pexxeHiflxx n qapcTBft. Hadn AoeraTOTOO tfyxen pesoHspoBarb era 

wmaro nojbosaro oóniecTBa, soropHe no^HHicaoTCi isi BpoexMHCTBa. 
HraBfb, Mhjík)thh:b .cvHrajTB íesniDAHinrB iierapexí^jeeBoe cynteerno- 
Baflie eHCTeiiu Bcesoofi h oesoBHian bck) pyceByD nojHrasy vbnojn^ 
<BoirB Kptťb Ha co3j(aHÍH HOBoft opráBfl^eoBoft cbm, Hans xpysecTBeiE- 
Boft, Ha HpeTBopeftiH npesHiiro noibCKaro odn^ecTBa vb hobob, nps 
yqacTÍH DpesHHX% djieiieHTOBi, Hiiton^HXb co BpeiceiieicB noriorarbcc 
saHfiojiie o6pa90BaHHHiiH 8jiéMeHTaii« caMoro ÓonmescsBa, h yeio* 
BÍeii*B ÓjaroHaxesHOcra droro Bpeer&BHCRaro h Brnoexisaro nn RpecTBaH* 
^^BB, Apyj^eeTBeHHaro Poccíh óojrbniHHOTBa, craBHXB xoBlpie si neiiy. 

BosbHBM^B TOBopb cpoAHBro MOJOjtoFo DoibeMro BpecTbBHHHB, npoHiex* 
nraro HBvajbHyK^ msojiy, HOn^OBOBuieif^ cuHa BassTonoft specTBBHCEoft 
x^iibH, OBOH^HBinaro Kypc% rHMHasiH; TaBíe h Tenq^b eeib, a co npe* 
Memeň hxi tiyxerB mhofo, h ohh-to aojshh cocraBHTb hoboo o$par 
BOBaRHoe nojiBCBoe o6n^ecTBO. GapocHre nvb: Rasoft rjaBHHt ^^anrB 
saifiqaeTCfl wb *Bpai, KaBoe aajMie npfoóiaxaen Hax'B Bcibirb oeran- 
Hum Ao Taxoi creneflH, ito xase wh jui caicHrB CTapun yroiiK- 
eroB^ H DpBBepseBi^Bi dHirpa^iH oho saeiOHHen 0060D Bce npowe? 
Obu csasyn BaH'& to, ttó cjunmirb vh CBoeft cpe^i h on BeHusoB^ 
Bdteib Biaccovb; obh CBasyro, vro ^peodJ[axaI)^96 xBjíeHie b% vp^A — 
ero otftAHtHie. Bl bocáíkbíb roxa xbb-tph, oho Óíicrpo marHyjo 
BoepeAi, cnepBB noxi BjiaBieHi ^sofloiiHqecBaro norpACOHÍA vh cocía** 
aeft Qpycdi, noron nojCB BiiBm^n sacroB K^^jtb vb Poccíh. Ho Ha« 
qaiocb OBO ropaBAO paBbme, h nošen 6utl ycŤpaHCHO ho Hva^e, MAWb 
Cb OTirbHOD HCSIiriHTeJlbHiIX!b mícthuxi ycjOBitt. 

Htbkx, nepBoe noBOJ'&Hie HOBaro nojBCsaro oÓ^ecraa bocorth- 
Baercfl npes^e Bcero nox'& BiiBHieir& o&bMjifbaÍK BpaB. 3a!i4Hi, vojoxbm 
JTOAH, npioópŠTaA csoco6BOCf B HTenifl, BHanijer h cpanBesia, ne MoryrB 
HO BcrpiiancB o^chb ^acro c% ycioBÍBin^ BoropiiB, noJOSHirb, hobb** 
<('ft3KHU npH cy^ecTBOBaHÍE HCKJTDUTejbHoi CHCT6HH yopasjeHÍB) HO 
nrapua cbhh bo ceď& Bce-rasa npexcraBiBDirb po^i BaTpyxHemik. 
Qeman BByrpesHAB, mosho csaBaTB^ se cyni^ecTByerb hxh xasi cjia(ki, 
^To HO cjysHT:b ópraHOiTB Basaum MibcTBurb spyssairE h ho mo* 
mevb xaTB HHxasoro oraopa tíhs noncsHirE HS^aBÍHirB, Boropna bii*- 
xojiar^ sa ^paHH^el), n otb Botopcni hobobhosho y6epen rpanHi^y 

24* 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



S72 BftOTUKl IBPOnEI. 

m H^ciBOJiBiBO tWh Bepen. HHSniifl ne toibso boohehjt, ho h doxi-^ 
i^etcBiJi BMCTH BM^nn Taioe SHa^esie, soropoe b% HiiRŠnneft Poocw 
coBepmeHHO HeesBicŤHo; HHtaRoft eaMocroAraiBHocTH no oTHomemo 
vb HHH'B ne HiritoTea. EevB hobhB cyx^; ho bi otoitb cp(% vbTi hh 
HpHCimHixťE, HH HOjTOoft eaxocTOjrrttiBHOCTH CYAeŘ^ a HŠCTHOHy asusy 
ne oTBOxeno h BTOpocTeii6HHan> nojosema, na sotopoe ohe xops 6i> 
{MidcnniBai^. npHÓaBBTe vh drovy can bcí rt MeioqmiA, ho Bec&va 

'TyBCTBHTeJIBHIU nOApO^HOCTH, KOTOpHA HCveBaDrB H3% HeBiiraHTejib- 

Haro HOJioseBiji, h bh yOd^wrecB, ^to nexarorHHecBáfl yciOBÍjer, npa 

KOTOpHXl AOJIHHO BOCHHTaTBCH H (XJ^pHHpOBaTBCA ^OBOO nOJTBCBOe o6* 

iqecTBO— ne oobcšitb i4, Basúr npe;(DOJarajniCB 6h ocyfli[ecTBJieHieirB 
sHCJieft HOKoftHaro lÍHjnrHHa. 

^JIA TOrO, ^T06h OTIHTL Vh TOltb Rpai HOBOO o6ni[ecTBo, HeotfxoxHMO' 
HH^vb BaicyD-HHtSyxB <{^pHy, cocraBHTB ce6i Kasoft-HHtfyxB Hxeaji Hjnr 
nporpaHny npHHHpemA, npexcraBHTB ce6i acho, saBOBH se MorjiH 6a 
6siTB Ti ycjiOBifl ČíEiTa j^JLíí HOBaro nojtLCKaro oÓmtectBa, vh botophx'b 
OHO Morjio 6u no^yBCTBOBaTB c66h xopomo h saTin, oóieveHHoe xo^ 
B^pieiTb PoedH, xitCTBHTejLRO crarB oprasH^ecKni sboromi npesBJíro 
nojBCsaro Kpaa cb iipotobih nacTairH HMnepin. A ajia tofo, hto6ii co- 
sxaTB yxoÓHyD ^pvy, HeoózoxBMo, hto6ii ona roxHjracB r j^me HUff&m^ 
Hflro nojBCKaro oón^ecTBa. ErnopapoBaTB ero, ne xasaTB OMy HHEáKoro 
x^Ta vb HannncB cooópaseHÍAxi nejiLsa; oto iipoTRBop']^mo 6u s 
oeHOBRoft Mtioni pe<j[>opMEi, Kasi ona óiua naqaTa Mh JDTHHinrB, h sxpa- 
BOMy CMuejiy. HcTopÍJi pasBBTiji Hapoj(OB'B ho Aonycsaer^ 6e8ycjOBHinrB 
h BHeBanHHX'B cKaqROBi on Bcero npesHaro B^pyrB ko BCOMy HoaoMy; 
Vh vhA HCTOpíH He MoacerB 6iitb npotišiOBi, h ona HHeHHO HHierB 
vm horror yacui, EOTopuft ApeBHHHH npHnHCif BajiCA ^HSHqecBoft npepo^d^* 

CTajio 611TB, noBepxHOCTHO h HOJOra^Ho pascys^aiori tí, kto ro^ 
Bopnn: ,icu ci HHH^niHHMi nonocHMi oói^octbomi mhphtbcji ho zo- 
THiTb, a noAoaBAOHii Kor^a HapoAHTca hoboo hoilcboo oÓn^ecTBO h cb 
brwb hh óyxeiTB inipířrBtfl''. Bi Tom h onacHOCTB, vro ecjiH oho 
HapoAHTCfl npH Heonpex^eHHOiTB cynnecTBOBauR hbhíhhhse ycjiOBifr^ 
TO OHO óy^era ciHniBoirB nozosse na npesHee, h ociatijieme nuurzer- 
«BFO xy^a TyvB OBaserea ne npHqeM^. 

Majio Toro, tto HaitB ho cjiftxyerB orraxBHBaTB otj^íjbhiixi 3a- 
ABjíeeift HiiHÍniHHZ'B nojrasoBi o npHMHpeflíH, xh ho xojokbu xbs& 
a^aTB, HTo6tf OHH cnepsa cbohmh a^íctbíamh AosasaiR HaKi&vHCKpeH^ 
HOCTB CBoero seiaHÍJi. Bo-nepBUSB, sto 6Bua 6u onarB-TasH orqioqKa 
Ba HOonpexiJieHHoe Bpexjf, h ao ^ero-ro Taaoro, htó aobojuho Heoni>e- 
A^HTasBHO caMo HO eeóft. Eanifl ^x^itorBiH'' MoaDe^B hpohbhtb HapoA'B, 
H^acnojiaraDnptt co6oi> h HOHirbDnpft Butiopnaro JSfistrptň Pi^b Morjn 
6u 6eitb toibso o x^iCTBiarB ota^ahozb ihh^, KOHevio.^Ho csoiBBa 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



xpohuu. — BmnnB osobp^hh. 873 

«e amxi AMctnft vpetioMJoeB ((HXMJ^OBasaTeucTBa^HKaKiaiweHHo 
<}jaM«oÝHjai roBopjGrvi — oyeis dojiakh Dpomaim^ ciaMHCBOft axeaft, 

VjeSh OBI BOBBpwaTCA Kb JOHO CJlEUHCTBa, XOTOpaTO OHH OTI^e^eH^i|, 

M v. EoeiOMapoBi, larE nu bhx^h, rpeůjerb Torose; ho b^aboto — 
4^Mm #ada. BojuniHeTBQ caaioro pyccE^Fo o6iNi80BaHHaro oÓn^ecTBa 
BOBce HO noHHHaen ciasjíHeByD ewi) msi, mb^ ee noHHxaprb npa- 
£asBye cjaBABOij^Hjni h caiio eeeorjiacBO ^BOSBpaTgTKea'' wb jiobo cia- 
BflBCTBa, ecMM 9T0 JOHO npexoTaBiflOTCA AO-nerpoBCBBiíH, aBTE-eaponeft- 
XEHMH H ^acoB6HBiiicH HxeBBH o^BOPO xocBOBCBaro BpymBá. OrL nojuc- 
BOBib ase norpeóOBaiocB 6h aju btofo en^e tióuinee HacBjie BaA'B cofioD, 
Hl^wb AiB Hacb. EciH r. AKeaiOB'B BpHrjamaeirb ?ezo«b nepeHibflBn 

B'bp7, AlA nOJBOfií BipBOCTH tCJfaBBBCBOft HJ[eÍ", ^eXOBTB, Cl BOTOpHME 

enE^ roABTCfl flisoTopoe 8axo6pHBaBÍe, xaiB^B eb Bosaiui xbbhkh, to 
eb BOjiaBaMB, cb BosaiiH xoHaniBHHH, KOTopím jwh fle yftxyTii cu^ 
saBO^HJU enie MOfiie craByv^ i^epoMOBHTMB. 

Ho, rjiaBBoe^ bto Bce-TaBH — oxna ^^P^^^^ ^tó ssauvE „QpoBBKr 
jryTJbCJi"? — PoBBOHH^ero, h y BaciecTB ropasxo (íoiie Bicsia xoKasa^ 
oeiBCTBa npBwpeHia co cropoHs OTx:bJiBBuxi bojííkqbii, ocjih x'UcTBk 
x>TX'bjiBBiix> dum^b MH xoTHiTb DpHBBMaTB Wb eoo6pa«eBie. 9to — ($oe- 
Ban cjys6a bojbsob^ n pyccBHMH h cbbsb, BOTopyD oaa očpasyer^ 
iiesxy xocBTBaifH thcb^i poxhhtb tíxi bojmbobi h py^esBHi o6n(6- 
^TBOiTB Wb HacToaniee spauL Ecjb Bam eBasyn, hto btofo hbjio^ ^to 
9TO — noBHHHOCTB, TO T^iTB caiom H 6yxon noxTBepxxoHO fláme npox* 
nojoseBíe, ^ro OTcpo^BBtTB sepBiift BanrB man wb npHxipeBiD xo 
j(0Ba8aTejBCTfia xiftcTBkHH (yiA^nBUXb bojabob^ ito obh HCspesBO 
•«ro sejBDTi^ — BBaiarB, orcpouBaTB sce x'i^o áim die. dmoto Maxo; 
41 nmóoice fiyxera xocTarovo h bto ospexi^^BrE M:bpy xotraTO^floera? 

BO*BT0piai», 0(hBBJBTB, ^TO MH CBJOBBH 6yxeill Kb BpBBQOpeBiK) 

TOJiBBO Torxa, Korxa bojbsh ^xi^ftCTBiaiiB*' Bacjysan Ttro, — bo eo* 
aciirb BejBBOxymao. B'b Kaioe noioseflie uu BOoraBBXB 6u ufm dTOB^ 

<ATh MWb BOUBORb, KOTOpue XOT^H 6h CiySBTB BÍOBepailB BpBMBpe- 
ma H BBJIXflCB 6a XOBaSUBaTB Baai% xiftCTBÍBMB CBOD HCSpeSBOOTB? 

■He jierso bpbbbtb bb ee^ Tasyi) poxB cpexB flotitjuaHBia^iB; oxaa jn 
AOBMOSflo 6paTBCJi Ba Bee, sorxa, €% xpyroi cvopoau, čau b no6'&xBTejHi 
-othocbtcb n BiicoBOMii^eirB b HexoBÍp^iBOCTBi> Wb DepBinnb saBBieBi- 
MWb Wb 8T0MI cmucifb. Saaajocb 6u b BexBBOxymBte b i^ixecooópaaflte 
^uicrb^ woéu nepBiift marb cx'&iajB mh. Tocxa Boeft toA uctb noxir 
csaro oón^ecTBa, BOTopaa yse cosBBJa coBopmoBByi) BecocTOJiTeibBOCTb 
wMiHTHvecBBx^b iie«raBÍt— a o^ohb Mosen (iitb, ^to wb BTOxy cosBa- 
bíd npBBUO yse Tesepb (kMtbmBBCTBO nojueBaro oÓniecTBa — (^yxez^ 
jierxo OTOBBaTbca aa Bami BpBiiBi«TejBBHtt man XByiu BUunuiH Ba- 
BCTpiny Wb Bam. 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



874 mmoKb inpoiin. 

Tejn»Haro npHMiipeHto, bdoihí achu x^h Bcasaro, sto xmvn jífipmBfthcm 

XMCTBHTejlEHOCTH, 8 HO ^STasifi SesaiHCBITOCTH — CO CropOHU II0J4I* 

X0B%, ({iaBTa8ift o6p7ceHÍji~e% Hamet cropoHii* ToBop^ o fífkĚerBwtexhr 
HOCTH, TO-ecTB O poajíbHO^cymecTByDíi^im ({^asraxi, kh pasyH-beiift^ 
X^ftCTBHTejiBHOoni KaK'B 9Tfforpa<{»H^ecByi), Tarb m nojiflTflqecKyo. IlOtib-' 
csafl Hai^iOHajíBHOCTB B% npeA'i^axi pyecKaro rocyjiapCTBa ecrb 9th(k 
rpa^Braecsift (l^asrB; ku aojshki npHSHaTB ero h ne CTpemiTBca m^^ 
ero HBMÍ^HeHiiD; otmšhhtb bco to, ^ť6 HanpaBjíeHO vb BTy cropony^ 
npHHaxjiemHOCTb ^apcTBa nojBciaro itb pyccBoft HMnepiH h coBepniHB* 
meecfl cjdABie QaperBa cfh HxiiepieD, TO^ectB oriritHa ero aBroHOMÍH^ 

eCTB <|^aBTB nOJÍHTHqeCKift; HOJIBKH ^OJnSHU npHMBpHl^CA cb ehmi, Dpfl* 

BflTB ero H OTRasaTBCA OTB BCflBHxi noMuiueaitt oó^b epo oratai. 

Mh roTOBtt corjiacHTBCfl, iro am MHorHX'B nojrjiBOFB caMoe TaKoe^ 
vpasHaHÍe iiepeA'B caxHiiH co6ofi 6yAerB h6 Jierso. Beero lerupoax- 
i^aTB Mirh TOMy Ha3aA'B pasxaBajiHCB rojioea, TpeóOBasniie HesaBiieiiMO*- 
CTH i^apcTBa H xase npHcoexHHeHÍJi vb aeMy sana^HCiii ryóepait, s 
ecjra tfojnimiHCTBo ne mriio j6tsi]Sfiniíi vb bosuosbocth ocyn^ecTBBTB^ 
Tasyi) nporpaMMy, XJifl aoropoft h b^to apoMa TpeóoaajocB Kasoe^jB^ 
BpaacAe6Hoe Poccia qy^o, to ÓoiBmHHcrBo Bce-TAKH Morja npflCJiyfliH- 
BaTBca Kb Heft. Ho ci rbvb nopi Bipa vh qyAoea xojsaa ůum oboh* 
qaTejiBHO Bc^eaHyTB, h TaBoe cosHaHie co crropoHH dojiaibobi, o koo^o- 

pOlTB MH rOBOpHJIH, COBepmeETHO Beo6xOABlfO AMU Toro, «TT06U Mon^ 

(taTB HaftxeH^ yAOBjíeTBopHTejiBHiift modus yiyendi memj hbmh h Baira. 
KoHewo, nouKE HoryTi BospasvrB hbhi, npoBOAan^HirB marojB o^ 
Heo6xoAHMOCTH Tasofo Hxi coBeasia nepoAi caMsiiH coóoft, ^ro mh ne 
SMteiTB npBBa BTOpraTBca vb hx'b xymy h pesoMeHAOBarB bhi bomii* 
cjrar. Ohb MoryTi otbíthtb naiTB: „mu MonnirB, mei cjiyiHae]fe«> «iero 
ase BaiTB en^e?** Ho bto oBHa^ajo 6u orsasi ot'b xtftCTBBTtjBHaro DpH- 

mpOHÍfl, o KOTOpOlTB H^BOTOpUe 1181 HHXl CaMH BarOBOpVJIH BOJiaBBO^ 

EcjiH BoncBoe o6m,ecno ne npoHHRaetca y6'bsxraie]rB, vro boihte* 
^recBBXi (l^aBTOVB esmíhhtb EejiB»a, ^to BaiÍ4i-iE6« DpioápiTOHia oho^ 
noBDom nojiy^ETB eo eb OTA'&iBBO]rB nyTE, eo tojbbo Exyra ci pye* 
tKBMS oóm^ecTBom xpyxHO, OAHOK) Aoporoft coBepmeBCTBOBaHÍB, to be- 
vaKOro x^ftcTBHTOJiBBaPO npenpeniji 6utb Ee Hosen. Ecjie mu, c%^ 
^Boeft CTopOHU, se OTBaseMca qtb Ka|CEX'B-jE(So uipb co^bosbo wpo^ 
nai Ea^ioEaJBEoeTfl nojnciDoft, ot% HaxesA'^ EsrjiaxETB hie oejia0En^ 
66, b'b tbbomi cjiy^ai mu eo b% npaai oseabte, ^to eomce xorxa-JFBÓo^ 
roTOBU tfyxyrB HCapeEEO ephmbpbtbcji cb ebme. 

Ecjra 6yAeM% hm'&tb b% BEjcy npeACTaBETOJieft BpaftEOcrreft m o6t- 
HVB CTopoB'B: Menatojiéft o noJiBCKoft HosaBHCHHOCTE E BpffBepseHi^eBi^ 
coBepmoBEaro o6pyceei« i^apcraa noxBctaro, to, B&aa xapaiTepi toA 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



XPOmÁ. — BKITPBBBn OB03P9HII. 37 5 

« .Apyrai nBmwBMBOcrM^ ma xsnEO xojnmi spiSHavB, ^ro necocroA- 
M»Hoei% TOFO 1 xpyroro npejinaioseHÍA Ham jier^e xosasaTb xe^Tare- 
jflm BejiHKOpyccaiiSf vkv% uevmejĚXu^ oojJusaiTB. Taxi sasi eslu% 
apHXCABTCJi aa aroTB pan Maoro roBdpHVB o naipoHaAHuxi ocoóeH- 
Bwrmxb^ TO Mfi D09MJHirb ce6š saiiteHTBf iro n pyccsoMi xapaa- 
9ep% ropaaxo .óojiibe eBofterBa o(Í!&eBraBHoeTH, iiin> b% nojm^aoirb. Ma 
4ie BcerAa BftpHO ^yBcrsyeirb 4>&bi^^ TO^ecTB ne Beerxa ohh bosÓjs- 
xavTb Wh uwyb oxHHaBOBiu ^Bcrsa; ho mh Bcerxa bhahicl <|^aBTU, 
snorxa ho orsasBBaeMCx cxorpiTb mu npflvo wh rjiasa. Qoukh eo- 
naeeá^e aacrb vyBerByDr^b, ho ohb hopíabo ho xotarh bha^tb (|)aK- 
TOB%, crapaTaiBHO on hix'& OTBopaiBBaiOTCfl xifl Toro, wo((h cos^pa- 
■■n npJHTflttfl HjjnDdv. IIojijísh, xase HasÓoiie cepbdBHtie, cnocoÓHii 
TimHTb ceáfl H CTpoHTB tiojiHTnocRie njiaHu na camixi yAHBHrejiB- 
nD», caicEix^ HecocToaTejibHHrb oócTOfrejncTBarb, san, Hanp., na 
TOiTL, Hfo saKofr^HfltiyAb OTAÍAHHft nojAsi cjywftfio Brpaerb KasyD- 
BH^yxB pojiB Ha 3aiiaAA. TaK^b, ne vaio eosxaBajioeb njiaHOBi h pacxo- 
^loiajocb Booópasenia b% cHjry TOro, ^ro MBHBcrpovb HanojieoHa TTT 

OAHO BpeMJi ůarh rpe<ÍKb BajoBCRift Korxa, b%1871 roxy, Bo^pan- 

iqa sa Boieoi) BHftnmei) HoejiÍAOBajia Botna BHyrpeHHflji, to B'b nojib- 
twoé epeA'& es BasHUH-TO TaHBCOPBeHHiiifH HaveRaMH pascKasiiBaiíocb 
ooa^epQAm, hto nouB'b rpaii^m Tayse 6aj% yÓRTb B'b cpasefliH e% 
opyccasanH, a norovb jMuiieh ^OMÓpOBCsift, B!b npoxojiseHJH, iHu^ereji, 
Mfl^ jum ABjvh AH6t, KonaiiAOBaxi BOĚCKaMH napHscBOft KOMMyns npo- 

TttKb Ýpaaayscftofi apiiiH ]í^s dojmsobi sojHTHsa xoeejii 6sja sa- 

%awhm syjibTOiTb, ocBOBaBHuirb na Bipi^ a bcí nojrflTHqecsM som6b- 
xmpHi xaae coBepmeHHo orjtajeBHiiii OFb nojibciaro Boiipoca, — ^Henpe- 

MftaHO HOJIbCKHllH MHOfeptJIlIH. 

Ho eejH saiujieiia, HoxaBHo exi^aHHHii vh noACsoft ne^ara h vb 
wmcbMSXi^ 0TA'6jbHHMH nojBKaifH, Moiyrb 6BiTb HpHHHxaemi sa Biarpa- 
4B8HÍfl noBopora vh o6paBi miciei nojbcsaro oón^ecTBa, to ohh xmshii 
OiBa^uiilk HMeHHO, 1T0 OHO, HaROHei^ ptiHaercA npesHaTb BopeHBiie 
^Mbisi, OBOHqaTOJbHo ycrpaHHBBiie MeqTy o nojHTHqeasot HesaBacHiio- 
CTH nojbniH H canyi) Mucib — h6 npHHflTyD noiflsaMH BÓBpeiiH— otíi 
aAXHHHeTpaTHBHoft aBTOHOMÍH i^apcTBa nojbcsaro. $asTii dTH: BpecTbAH- 
OMUi pe^^opiia vb i^aperBi^ nojiroroBHBfflaa no^By, na Koropoft, opn 
pa^iofl«JbBOlrb odpaaš AifictBift gl Hameft oropora^ Mosen yra^ 
KRTboa nibcTiax opraiH^ecBaa chjm, ApyseeTBOBHajt Poocih; Ha^ente 
^lp«Hi(iB; QMOveme PoedH xasi iqMteTpA iie«Ay i^yMs CHjibHiftinHiai 
BoeHBUfH AopncaBaMH; npeotija^aflie vh Esponi consa Tpex'b xepsavb, 
M» moftopuwb lasnaa BJia^tera HacmocH npesH^ IIojiboiH; spytoee 
oóéwteie ry6epHift ^apcrsa h HeBOSnosHOcrb sarb xoiito MOJiuiy npes* 
jmn Bactpoefliem nojiasoBi eb OAHOft eropom a cyiqecTByDíitHini 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



376 nofím upobh. 

xftpaHH — CB xpyroft; nocronnoe ■ tfaerpoe Bo^NteraHie HtaeiQBam 
BJieMeHTa fb qapcTBi; HasoHei^ boskoshoctb, tto, ovKasaBímeB aps- 
XBPHT& noMsoBi, Poccu oTAacTi qacTB i^apcTBa npyeda. 

Mh BipHiTb, vso yae HHainiHee nojbcc^e oC^n^ecrao p'6aiuoe& 
TpesBO BsrjuaHjTB Ha btb (i^asTii, 76'6xhjoc&, vro Bniopi x^a ffouu** 
BOBI OABHi: 0H'&BeHeHie Bjni BCBpeHaee apanapnie cbPoccM, roroi^ 
HOCTb upasBETB ceÓB OEOH^aTaibHO coiaj^apauMB cb aeĚ, Haaripevia 
CTBTB BipBiiBfl pyccBBMB, B'B cicHejA naraTB^ecBoiTB, oexpaHflB cetfft 
noíHoe npaao aa aaiqoBaiBByK) ocofiaocTB. Oxotbo Bi,jmn^ ^ro, aaroi- 
BopBKB o npHMflpeHÍH, nojfliB BBÓpajiH MOHeHrB, Bor^a Poeeút ae^ers 
Boftay, HMeHHO XJiaToro, HTotiu xoaasaTB caon BcapeflaocTB; bto caar 
dUBaeTca HanunrB xpyroBi b% to Bpem, aorxa aan Baaikuribe ayasM 
corxacie «b HameirB aomí, TOMy jene noBftpBTB. 

OrTajaaaaTB btb saaBieHia aeaejniBOAyBíHO h bx Bscmeft erraesB 
6e8TaBTHo: saa^B BawB OTTanasaTB HaBiBX'B se ciasaBi^ ocotienao vl 
dry KAByry? HBaaaoft ocoóoft juo<Sbb vh BanrairB aai^ioHajiBBinii ooo- 
6eHB0CTaB!B mu otb nojiaaóBi ae TpetfyevB, Baaaaot ,eiaBaflCBot Bxes' 
HM^B BaBBdUBaTB Bo óy^oiTB (t^itb 6ojiie, wo caKH BecBMa aeaeflo co** 
BBaeM^B ee), Bflaaaaxi Boftesi bbi qapcTBa nojBcaaro ae aaxBBBM^B 
BCJixcTBie OAHBX'B 8aaBJi6Bift, B BBBaaoft oaacBOCTB fle BOxaepraeBi 
noAíMnuHecKiu status quo wb rovh apai, BM^Dnqft 6iitb oao^viTeA- 
HUiťB. Ho B6 6uio jiB 6h BCTHBao-noiBTB^ecKBirB xUcTBÍeM!B CTB Bamet 
CTopoBu CjckiaTB maPB Bascrpi^ nojiaBairB, savB flancioBaiBBOCTB, a 
HiieBBO— otmíbbtb cnepaa aiaoTopiia, a 8a<ríbrB h Bct irb Hipa, lo* 
Topua BanpaaieHH co6cTBeHBo aporaai nojiBeaaro asaaa a aponnrB 
nojraaro ypaBaeBía BOJiaaoB'B n pjcasxun vb npaBan ofintecTBeaBiirBy 
xsnBUTb H (uysetfBEixi? Tor^a — a toibbo Torxa — ^mh tfyxevB vb npaaft 
OSBABTB, HTO BB eABHfl^raHm SaBBJíeBiaHB o BpBMBpeaiH npoaBBTCfl 
BaflBJíeflie oómtee, BaaBjeflie ae aa cjioBavB,' a aa jííhii^ h ^to minM 
BOcrapaDTGB BOcnoABOBaTBca BcasBBib cjiy^aeirB x^a yóteAeHia Hae& 
E sanaxa Espoaii, hto, oeraaaacB nojiaaaMfl no asuay, Bipi h utor 
Baaai, ohh pimsumcb vb nojniTB^ieciovB cmhcjA cx^^tbcb pycm*mu. 



Ha naTB CTpaaai^ aamaxi BaMi^aaift no noaoxy nepecvorpa 7^06* 
flOHCB nporpaiarB rpas^aacaBn raMaasift, saaii^aBift, BOM^n^flami 
Vb iDBBcaoKib „BByrpeaseiTB 06o8piBiB'\ bbkb. 6uio BpaciaBO a 
HaneiaTaao vb aarycroacRoft aflart ^^^bbxi^btb cípamii^ oW"" 
ipanaaro Boapuseflia. 8to BoapasBOHie jí,ixB,&rb BeotfxoxBMiím b%- 
BOTopiia otiiaeaeflia cb HameĚ cTopoBH. Ho ecjnt 6u apa btoitb 
mi ootiiDiB yBasaaHyD nporpeeeii), rro aaiCB bphbixocb 6u Hanvcan 
Ha ary Tsiiy ipa^i^aTB-BOceiiB crpasBir^. Hpa aeeirB Barepecft apex*- 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



xpoHni. — wamntSĚ OBOspran. 377 

veTft) 9T0 yroinuo 6a viTSTeieft. (X^imiem wl 6htb ropasxo bos* 

Hpeaq^e Bcero OTxaxHirb o44HKiaxfiHOMy BO^MaceaiD vy cnpaBexjni^- 
BoeTBy ^9T0 OHO up^AcrMMem eo6iA sacroflii^D nojieMisy, Koropu 
pasc^HTEBa la yĎtaxenie imaTejeft, a ee orprainsaeicfl yrBepsxo^ 
flien, TFO Bce HeapaBan^eeca — josb h BJieBera. Mu ne o^íbhjie trn 
paipomAHaro opieiia, ynoTpefijeHflaro vh BotpaseHÍB, npiexa „pas- 
€ysX6HÍa') ecn 6ii oraasajHCB oroaBanca na nero. Mh Bsqero oéiae- 
asTB ne Moseirb opoTBBi toí ^acTB BospaaieHia, vh Roropoft onpo^ 
BepraDTCB bíkotophí HeB^paua BSBikoTifl, nepenewraHBiia naMH an 
<»XBot rasem. 3aHÍTBX*b toilbo, ^rro no ooBOxy staxi uzvbenŘ mh cam 
«e A^^jajB HflBaBoro sauDqeBia: mi orpaflBiajBCB npccruirE npBBe* 
xesieKB BÍeBOji>BBx% crpoB^ raaera. 

Ho MH XOJSBU fl MOaOMl 0(ÍlACMBTBefl BO BOBOXy TOft ^BCTB BOB* 

pasesia, soTopaa o<Spao^efla BMeflflo Kb pascys^eHixvB, BaMB Buesa- 

BBBBHKB. HTaBl, MH OFOBOpHMCB, qTO BCB BOCrpOOflie O^BQÍaJIbHOft 

crmTLB BeooBC^tafi tovbo, rtjph saKs osa Ha^MBaorca cb nojioseBia, 
^TO MH, EanenaTaBB BOBftpBHa CBŠA^BÍfl an rasevH, „danojiHiutř mnh 
mbbíctíbmh, ctojb se BerovBHMB. Ha caMOM% aí^ i^araTa hsi ra- 
BOTH 6Hja y flacB vh caMOMx sobicí, b bb bbí bo 6hjo ociOBaiio trn 
adno B«b aaMiqaBÍi, CAtaaBBEiz'B aaMB. 

Ho o6paTBMea k^b cbmhm^ |,nyBBTaM%" BOspaseaiB. Mh saxoxBjra 
HteOTopHJi Tpe6oBaBÍB rflMBa8M^ecBax'B nporpaMM^ ^pe^MipBHMM; aa 
BTO aawB BOspasaDTB: ao-nepBHXi, vro MBAflcrepoTBO ae aaxoxarB 
sn YpesMipBHMB; c% anorB Bejnsa ae corjiacaTBca; ao aBTopn, bb 
CBOB) o^epexB, xoncau cerjracBTBca cb aaMa, ^ro fb btomi npieMi 
MoqMUBeaia taBJX)qaeTCfl to, ttó aasHBBDTB petitio prindpii, to-6ctb 
apHBMMaeTca sa xoaasaaaoe to, htó Tpe6oBajocB xoaasaTB; bo-btophx%, 
«aM'B BoepasaDTB, ^ro gsajiofo aa Basoe-JiBÓo oraroa^aie jnniBxea* 
(CO BpeMBBB BBexeaia ycrasa 1871 roxa j^saaBiaeao ae 6hio''. O xar 
xax^B sajio6ax'B sxícb roBoparca,— mh aexoyM^BaeBrB* Tpyxao tinjo (hi 
466dfc opexcraBBTB, notin Majn»^aa%, nocTysBBHft bk iHMaasiD ajia 
nepeBexeaflHft asi oxaoro Bjacca bi xpyrot, saaBBXB aa^aiBcrsy, «o 
oa% Haxojgm yqetiant ajianB caoero siacea oraroTBTeiBBHiffB. Hi^un, 
OTcyretBÍe sbjoób eo cropoan y^eaaiOBft exBa jra Moa^rB cjysaxB 
XOBasaxejiBeTBOMi. Ecjra se pasyMtDTca >sajo6H Bootfoie^ to hosoo la 

JDOJlOSaTejBBO yTBepSXBTB, TTO HX!B BB 6hJ0? B'&XB BBTOpH BOSpBr 

jBBBia xoTon se oapoBeprayrB xotb aaaie saMiaaaie; a nepaoe ju 
8T0, BBBBmeecB Vh ne^OTB Baaiqaatef vh towb se CMHCjit, BOTopoe 
oaa caaraDn xoiroMi^ oapoBepraiB? HaaoBeoB, eaMut ^bbtb y^pes- 
xeaia b% raMBasian oeoóaro YUI-ro KJiaeea Bospaseaie oÓ^Bcaaen 
ittMSb: „aBHCBaaie cflOCo6oBi ofíAeiHMmh xxa yiantaxca ^qpyx^ asyieala 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



878 b^otukb iBfOHH. 

9eo6xoxnux'B hvb najn, xalie vb tditb cxy^aA, Koi^a y^emsK.^ 
o6peMeH6Hii yqeHÍeiTB, xaeirB cpeACTsa jhhóo m^^^M^e ycBOHTb npexnOTi^ 
npenoxasaHifl y^an^Hiiedi^ jih6o paomHpHTb ero nporpaMMy**. A Tas^b lass 
BoepaseHie ne roBopím naiTB, no npEČaaieme jramHJiro Bjnu^ca bhs* 
BaHO HMeHHO BeoéxoAflxocTbD pacnnipeBia nporpaiarB, Tovumwb upsMh 
xyMaTb, no yHpeAAOHie OToro uaeca BiissaHO HKeHHO Heo6xoAflMocvbi> 
oÓAeiHumb TpyA'B h xATb cpexcTBO lAe^poKe ycBOHTb DpeAMeni isy^efliiL 
A sariícE, bc& Hanra saxi^aBÍA, soTopiu ysasiiBajs na Basaoen- 
HMBHHO o6jierqeHÍa xpyxa h 6oji£e TBepxaro ycBoemii spexiceTOBi, HiribjíB 
Ty caMyx) i^&i&, kb soropoft crpevETca viHierepcTBo eapoAnaro npo- 
CB^m^eHifl. PadHHiia tojilbo vb npexnojaraeiiurB cnoco6azi b% m ao- 
eTHaB6HÍx>. Rof opili enoco6% B&pile: aaiiiBiTb jih xByxroxH^iBKift Bypcs 
OAHoro uacca— AByMJi uaccaiiH, hjih yM%pHTB Hisoropua Tpe6oBaHÍ« 
vh Bjaccax^E eyiiiiecTBOBaBiiiHxi, ttó xuo 6h tím 6ojň» bobkosboctb 
TBepxaro ycBoema openoxasaeiiaro— Bon vh oromb Bce aíjo. 

^ajitO) „B08pas6HÍ6^ xoqen pa8'BAeBBTB asropy DOMianeHHOl wb^ 
TOft se khhsbí „B^bcTH. EBpons^ CTaTbH sTenepb h npeasAe**, no 
xjaccHqecRoft cnei^i&naaiúii B'b rHiiHaaiaxi w^vb^ Tasí Ran pHKHasiH — 
yTHjnmiia oón^eoópasoBaTejnHiifl, a ho cnen^iajBHHH. Ho navB corpyx- 
vHB^bf KOHe^HO, HO HyS;j^ajicfl Vh pasiACHeHÍR CTOJn djeiDrarapEaro^ 
CBOftCTBa. E^ea jih pojiB xpeBnxi aswsxavh vh Hanran rHi[Ba8ÍHX'B> 
xosHO oxapaBTepnaoBaTb Tara, sasi bto tfíkMAxa asropti BospasemX 
CBaaaB^L, vro ^vh nporpainiy rmraaaifi donyufeHu xpesHie jisiira''. 
B]fXTO OHH TOAXO „Aonyn^eHH* kb nporpamiy, a ho BaHHMann b^ 
Heft, H no ^iHCJT^ yposoB^b, h no oó^eny npeno^aBasúi, nepBoe mícto^ 
aBJflJiCB npeAMeroMi npeo6jraAax>ii^HBi*B? Ha abhbI o4)4Hii^aiBHOirfiy 
jiaiiBŠ xouaxoBi h HHcrpyxipft, x^cTBHTejiBHO He cyn^ecTByen cjiob^ 
yKxaecKqecxaa cnei^iajHBaiúA^, ho eyn^ecTByerB paBHocHiBHoe cjobo: 
„coep^OTOHeHie"; Hran, ecjra 6u Hain% corpy^nnsi ynoTpe6Hji'B 9to^ 

€JI0B0 BHd^CTO APym^i TO npHBeXOHHHft MfiBOM,l> BOSpaseHÍA ne ÓHJTB 6li 

CTOJb yóixHTejiBHiiirB, icavB osb nosasajcx asropairB dToro xovyMenra. 
Mu He MoaeirB He noci^TOBaTB na hhxb sa to, ^to ohh npvBOXHm^ 
HeeoBcftM^ ToqHo naaiH 3airbwHÍH, xasi no 6yn£, TavB h no CHuejiy* 
TarB, AOBaa&iBaH TpyxHocTB yoraHO&ieHHsixi otfasaTejnHinnB HopM% oth- 
xowB H rjiaBi^ ApeBHHX&nHcaTeieft^X^iH y^aiHBOBi,]iH BHpasHjracB: ^^HajDb^ 
nR%, H^crynHVB 10 -th Avh b% nepsuft uaecb rniiBasiH, xoxseBS 
B% qeTBepTOK KaaaA^ T«*e. hhíh 13 jitTs, osHaxoHHTbCH yse''... h t. x. 
fla oeHOBamH oxhhxi sthxi cjovb, aBTopH BospasoHÍA HavnaaDTi. 
MÍbiaŘ nyHKTB ero vaKHii^ oópason: „BftcTHHS'B Esponii" yTBepsxaen^ 
no Vb rniiHasiH y^HHBH HoerynaDrB oÓHSHOBeHHo 10-th jribrB*', — 
M BaTto*B AOBamsaers naKB, no ($ojiBniHHCTBO OBaHUBaxnQHxs Bypeb 
C0CT0HT1& Vb Bospaert 19, 20 livb h x&seSl roxa, aHe IT^Hxbn, 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



XPOHHKÁ. — JMiyrflHHn OBOdFBHII. 87^ 

MĚWh ŮBMO ůHj ecxH 6u tfaiBDíHHCTM HOCTynajo n niMHa8ÍH, umia 
10 jAvb on poxy* Ho HH Hnor^a h se yTBopatxajiH dvoro. O^ens. 
KOSKen 6htb auk^i ^o 6oii>iflniieno ORaoTOBaDii^Hxi Rype& bi& PHiraa- 
8ÍAX*B B0SC6 116 eoeTasJMfCA H8'B rtici, KTO Ha^ajTb Rypeb eb nepsaro- 
BJacta. Mh CKasajia tojiBao, ^ro najn^Rta 10-ra jAvl npeanfaDTea 
vh Depaut vjíaeeb raiiHasía a nocrynaiom vh broTh sjmcci. A Aoaa- 
aaTeiBCTBOHi Toxy ciysaTb savB caasa npaBHjia npieaa b% niMHasiH^ 
vasB arqacTH h totb, npHBOAHHuft nporaai Hac% <paKTb, qro 17-th- 
jftTflie cocTaBJíaDirb-TaaR wh ^acjid^ OBaH^BBaDifliHX'B aypeB {y«/o; sartva, 
aaiTL nosBOjraíHo xoraxHaaTbca, ^to bi nepBOM'B ajaoet lO-ra-jitTHie,. 
a vh ^^TBepTomb IB-ra-ji^THie cocTaBjiaDT& éojile 5-th npoQeaTOBi. 
Grajo 6htb, xh hm^^jh nojiBoe npaao CRaaaTBt „Maan&qairb, nocnryiniBi^ 
10-ra Min VB nepBUft uac^B**... — h amsTOro en^e ho tiixjer^^ 6yAT0 
ini j^ffmeepofcddAu^ iTO vb raiiHasis y^eanaH HOcryaaKyn oÓUKHommo^ 
10-TH jítb*. 

To, ^ roBopflTca xaxie bi tovb ae nyHRTib Bospaaema, m co- 
aeim onpoBopraer^ to, ^ roBopua m. Haní paBiacaaiorB, hto* 
.Kopofjiit Henon, Ujesaps a Cajjrocrift, <AHa6a8HeB> Eeeaocj^oHTa k 
roMepOBa Hjriaxa b'b ynum^arB Bef6xi» oÓpasOBaHHUxi Bapo;^OBi npe;^ 
jaraDTca aaiiHBaDnuim'. Ho o Eopaeirb Henovi, saHtraiii nifo^ 
xoAOMi, MU H ne ynovHHaji; o I1,e9ap£ hu roBopaja, ho aaeb tmj^ 
n^uio HO TO, 9T0 13-TH-jiÍTHeify MaiB^HBy npe&AcnaemM I^esapB, a to, 
vro OH^B oóasaHS npo^CTB b'b TeHente oxHoro roxa ue jmithe 70 lAoett 
Hesapa a 100 erHxoBi Obhaía; bto no oxHOMy jarrHHeaoiiy Jiauay, csepx^ 
aoToparo ocTavTca h rpe^ecaifl, h wA npo^ npexMera. Mh yaasu* 
BaiHj ^TO vh naTO]i'B aiacci y^navB 14-Ta jrbPb (a xora 6ii 15*tr 
BiH 16-TH jAvbX 6epsth aa D^ai^epoHa, xoxsohi 6iifB 8Hasóa'B mt^ 
Obhxúí m Mewfbe, s^\>M^ cb 800 cthxobtb,' Tpa pasa vb He^^D fotobitboíe 
KB nepeaoAy sa^aRHurB MfterB Tovepa,— Meai7(y-TÍM'B, aasB Ha HoirB 
jteflUTB, eaepxi tofo, npHFOTOBjeaie ypoaoB^ a sa^avB no bcíitb apo^ 
ax% apeAneram. Mh yaaiuaaja aa qpesiii^paoevB (no Hameify xadb^ 
búd) hmobho draxft fMfuci, a ae aa HOBoaiioawooTB „apexxaraTB'' yqe*^ 
HaaaiťB Toro bjh xpyroro aaTopa. Aaropu „BOBpaseHia'' 3aaiqax>rB,. 

no „IMaBHUlCB AOCTOBHCTBOirB H npeJ6CTBD rOMOpOBOft HlÍBAU C^H- 

iai>T%, Mesffy npo«iHM%, 'óetiícayccraeHHyx) npocroTy piqa a aajosBO* 
iiia, aoTopoi) OTjra^aeTca dTO snaHeHBToe TBopeaíe*'. SaMirairB, hto- 
aox& 8T0 fiauiqaaie ne noxBexeffB oxaaao ObhaíA, noTopat navaeTCA 
e^e eB wTBepraro ajiaeea. Mh Bnoirt conaeaH oib otbuboitb aoBpa* 
seaifl o($i BjriaAt. Ho aaaiTHaB cb CBoeft CfopoHH, ^to „(íeBHcayc^- 
CfBeaaaa npocTora plw a auoseak'* bb eTHxaxB Meaie o^eBflxau jm« 
Baqaaann^axB, ^lifB Aia npo^^ceopoai 4>a40JoniHecaaro j^KyjfBTara. 
Ha CTpaBai(ax'B aaniero sypaaM OAaasAU ^HJia yaaaaaH saéaaaHJi 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



380 BMmn iBJřooH. 

omiitfBH vh nepeBOAt M^HCsaro uposaBsa TasHirb 8HaT0E0ii%, lan^ 
M. G. KyTopra. Cn^wh jutpmb ebtopoitb Bospasemfl, ^to hvbto h» 
,HaqHHai)iiiHx%'' HBKorxa eme ae naxojuui Vh CTHxax^b Foiiepa nOpo- 

CTOTH pi^H H HBJOSeHifl*', ■ CCJH OHH BCDOMHaTl CBOfl IiepBII6 mMQJh- 

Hue roAU, TO hx% naiuiTB ni^ji^eirb na noMon^b Hameiiy 8aii:b^aHÍD, B% 
CTHxax^b KoAi^OBa mh óescoopao HaxoxHm |,668ucKyecTBeHH;i> iípo* 
CTOTy p^qe H HSJíoseHia", ho exsa mm Aaase Bspociufl HEOcrpaHei)^, 
TOJbso eme Ha^HHaDnuĚ y^iTBca no-pyccra, Haftxerb jierBíMi a^jioite 

Bfl0JIH'& yCBOHTB CKUCJl 800 CTHZOBTb KOJBI^OBa. 

Aajie j^BOspaseHie* ynoTpeójaen bpothb% Hac% cji%xyx>nUft npieii^: 
Bce, qTÓ MU roBopBiTB o Toxs, HTÓ A'&ia6TCfl ^ luaoeaa:^, oho onpo- 
Bepraera t^wBj ttó xtiaerca na sKsaMenaon m dpbtom!b QpoHiiyii^e* 
CTBeHBo*-Ha nocjiiAHem dB8aH6HÍ, na |,HcatiTaHÍH bp^joctb'. Mu ro- 
BopHJiH, TTO vb uaccax% xoryTib Hnorj^t saÓOTHTBca 6oite Bcero o ee- 
XHorHX'B OTJsqHun yqeHHsan, ynycvaa h8% BHxy cpe^HEX^b, a tíwb 
^OJÍe ciaóuxi. Ham BoapasaDTB, ^to 8a6oTflTCA Bcer^a 060 bc£x%, e 
XOsasHBaDn aro cootfn^eEÍeirB, ^to vh Bacjiyry rEMHasíE BHtHB6TCE« 
sorjia BC% EJE no^TE bcí y^OEEBE crapniaro EJiacca Buxepsarb dcsa- 
iieE^b opE ECouraBís spiiocTE. npoTERB 9Toro jerxo csasaTB, «o vh 
erapnríft Biacci e xoryTi nonacTB tojbro Jiy^flrie y^EESE. Mu roBO- 
PEJE, HTO Wh naTom luacci TpyxHO bdojeí ycBosTB CMuorb 800 ctb- 
xoBi Obeaíh, BOToxy ^TO vh dTOWb vjíaccí xoryrb 6uTb e 14^EitT- 
Hie. HaEi BOdpasaDTB, hto .se cocraBjíBeň ocoóoft sacjiyrE he mm 
rEMHasÍE, BE AU FEMflaBEcra, Bas-B TO BOJiaraer^B íBíctheb^b £Bponu>, 
BflaBie coTHE fl xBse TUCflHE CTEXOBx Obejúa e ropai^ia; bo ocbob*- 
euiťB ]rbpfljiOM'B sebeíe, na ucnumaHisarb spfbAocmu^ c^ETaDTca nepe^ 
BOAU CB pyccsaro asusa sa jniTEBcsíft b rpe^ecBift*' b t. a. Mu sa* 
Mib^aeiTB, ^TO, npB cjuuebomx 6onmBxi TpefioBaBiaxi aporpáinrB, eh 
XÁOccaxh voserB BBorxa npoBBi£TBCB CECTexa cnEcuBaflÍB cb roTOBUx'B 
nepoBOAOBi, noACBasuBaEBB h noxrjExuBasBE, HcnojEOEie nepeBoxooRB u 

€0HEH6HÍtt Ea CJIBISKOVB BBTi^ĚjnBHB T9XH — XOHamflEMfl, T.*e. CT^h- 

mflEB 6paT0M% E cecrpoft hje oti^omi. Hbmi BOspaacaDn eb bto, ^10 
^poxHTejiE fle xonycBaDTCB) xoEeqHO, vl y^acrix) e^ ucnumoHijuch 3p9^ 
Áocmu^^ TTO OTieru o6i ucnbímaHuixh spfbAocmujůbmxuxíTh^ vto «box* 
CBaauBaBie bb dBsaiieHax^B Be HnierB i^i^^^/a npE erporom aaAdOpft — 

-eXBB Jlfl fl BOSEOXflO. 

Bhxoxbtb, ^rro onpoBepraeTca coBctei se to, ^ mi xoByoBajn 
B08B0SEini%, a Eivro Tacoe, nero nu bobco bo yrBepsxaiB b BEiorxn 
se craiB 6u yrBepsxBTB, HMOEflO— 6yxT0 ^KsoMenu kb rflMBa8ÍBX%, k 
npeEHyfltecTBeHHO .flCBuraBia sp^ocTfl'' bpobbboxbtcb npE BoeropOH- 
Beft HOEOBpi. EcjB TO, O newh mh x^ftcTBBTejnBo roBopBjra, CJiymercB 
■florxa Bo BpeMB yieChraro roxB> npa npEroTOBjeBÍE ypoBOKB m covb- 



Digitized by CjOOQ IC 



XPOHHKÁ. — BUTTťMMm OBOdPSHIl. 881 

HeÉift xfiMg H vh KiaccarB, to na 9K3aMemb 9to Mosen OTpasHTBca 
TOXLio SHftqHreiBHtiirB npoD^eaTom^ Be^osyesaeMincB ao 8B8aM6Ha hjih 
HeBHxepsHBaDm^Hx^B ero no cjisóocth noxroroBKR. 

BjiHse K^b íi!km to Miero BOspaaeeHlji, r^i roBopHTCfl, ^to Tass 
xaBi Kt l-My AHBapjf 1876 ro^a hhcjto y^an^Hxcji 6*^ rHMBasifrxs h 
BrponiiraasijBrxi AOCTHrajio Bcero ao 47,471 «ieji., to „hob^poíitho, ^o6k 
TBKoe orpoMHoe ^hcjo y^an^Hica itoctoahho nojibSOBajiocB nacrasjíe- 
HJen H pyROBOACTBoiTB co CTopoHU CBOHx-B eTapHiHxi 6paTbeB%, cecTepi& 

H OTI^OBl, npH OOCTaBJíeHiH CBOHX'B IIHCBMeHHHXl paóoTB. HanpoTHBi*', 

opHÓaBjuien BOspasoHie, — h bto ysre Bnojra'6 ocHOBaTejn>HO, — „^aio^e 
ciNinaTCA saloon na paBHOATnrie poAHrejeft h poACTBeHHHKOB'B vb yca'6- 
xaiTB MOJiOAiixi JK>Aefl; MHOiie or^aoTi a^toA vh yqoHBe, htoÓh H36a- 
BHTBea orB Haxsopa sa uma!'. Mu BnojiH'^ BipnirB b% bobmoshoctb, 
xase Wh Heoco6eHHy]D p^aboctb aroro npHCBopÓHaro jfBjíeHifl; mu xo- 
THifB 6IITB 6e8DpBCTpacTBii. Ho Kop^a se mi yTBepsAajH, óyxro Bcb 
47ViT£iCAqi y^eHHsoBi rpasAaHCBHX'B PHMBasiftH npoPHMHasifir, nocro- 
líHHO nojTBsyDTCff HacraBaoRieiTB co eropoHU AoiiaiiiHHxi? Xopomo, 
ecJH 6u ÓHjio TaBi. Ho btofo bi Poccíh, kb cosaiiBin, ne Hoseri 
611TL. Hama mhcjb ÓHJia TanoBa^ ^to, npH TpyxnocrH HcaojHeHÍjf He- 
nocHjiBHuxx Tpe6oBaHift nporpamfB, ABxaeTCJi HeoóxoxHiiocTB yuoHATLCA 
on HcnoíHeníji bxi TaicB hjh HHaqe, hjh se noxBeppaTbCA HCBJiK)?e- 
Hi». H Bon MU yBasHBajiH, si KasHVB cpexerBaiťB HeoÓxoAHMOCTB sa- 
eraBjjieTi npB6iraTB. UpHÓaBHirB, tto ms ho oppanHqHBajH Haiirax'B 
8aM:bqaBift oxh'&mh TBicaiiH h8% apobhhx^b a8UB0B'B. BoTB, flaapHirbpi, 
y^eHHsy narraro luracca saxano HaoHcaTB co^H^sie na Taný „o noJBsi^ 

XHHrb I^epROBHUX^B Vh pOCdftCBOlfB A3UB'6". y^eHESl, MOSeTl-ÓHTB, HO 

Vh coctobhíh HamcaiiB hb dTy saxa^ ^tó-jhóo, spovb bhdhcbh mvh 
JbMOHocoBa; Hjra, mos6t%-6htb, ony na toto se BO^pi saxana xo- 
pomafl nopi^ifl Oba^s^ jsfi, Bajiaqi xocjitb hsi HaTeiiaTHBB. Ha^o se 
HaÉTH HCxoAi HffB 9T0P0 nojToseHijBí. EcjH ecTB y y^eHBBa ÓpaTi, ce- 
CTpa, crapmit T0Bapiin^'B hjih otoi^b, BOTOpiie csMMdVh sa Hepo co« 
HHHeHíe HiH sa^anH, — Hafi^eHi oahhi hcxoai; ecra noMoii^HHKOB'B B^rh — 
OH!B eiiHinen ce6i roTOBiift nepeBOAi Owtía h 6ojie hih MeH'&e bu- 
ByópHTTB ero, a pyccaoe co^HHeHie nycTHTB na aBOCB;— botb xpyroft ho- 
xoA%; Tperift hcxoax — noACKasuBaHLe h ciraeuBaHBe bx uaccb. Eoir 
HHsaKoro Hcxoj^a h£t% — vh TasoMi ciy^ai, owh c^ijaerB Bce xy^o; 
eiX^aaeTB xyxo pasrB, XBa, xBa^i^aTB pasi, — nonaxerB vh saTepopiH) 
jr&HHBHxi H HBBcePAa KB HeĚ ocTaHOTCfl. ^BospaseHie* yicasuBaerB 

na 47,471 TOJI. yqeHHBOBl— H POBOpHTl aHOBipOaTHO", TTOÓH OHH BC* 

]ipo<ÍaBjfljiHCB Hysoft noMon^^D. Eoho^ho, hítb. HiBOTopae ne HirbDrB 
Vh Heft HysAH, HHue nys^anTca bi eeft toxbbo ehopab, tpotbh — no- 
CTOJiHHo Vh Heft HysAaixrca, ho ho HaxoAflTi ee, h noTOMy ne ycni- 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



^82' MOTHin BBPOnH. 

BaDTB H He ORSEUBaDrb sypca. Hto Bacaarea caMoft i^ýpu 47,471 
^ej., TO, Kán OHa hh BHynrHrejibHa) oHa caxa-no-ceót hhiofo ae Mfi^ 
fiasuBaerB. Ecjh y oxHoro MajifcqHsa xosen 6íiti» oimwh iioiiod(bhs^ 
B^B ^Jiwb AOManiHiixi, to y xeeaTH Mau^HBOBi HoryrB 6íitb xeeaTb 
iiomoid;hhkob^ h t. ^. 

AeTopu BOBpanceHÍjf nanpacHo upmuíM nanry xapasTepHCTHsy 
If— CBoft rHMHaaíH sa onicaHÍe xasofi-jBÓo ota^bboA rHHHasiH. 8to 
^19, npocTO xapaKTepBCTHKa híkotophx'b HeAOcraTROFB, saiitqaeiiHxib 
FB pasHUxi rBMHasiaxi, ^tó h 6ujio Aocraxo^HO jlcho BHpaseeo oi^ 
xyDíi^eft oroBopBoft: „hh OAHOMy HSt namaxi HejiaroroB'^ HeHSBicT&a 
H—CKfUí rHHBa8ÍB; ho exBa jih ohh (^yxyrB yrBepxAaTb, ^to Hirb co** 
BepmeHHO neanaKOMa nu odna neptna H8% npeoÓJUtAaDO^Hxi b'b net 
ycjOBÍft**. BospaseHie xotji h ne npHBHaercA, ^to Basaii-JiHfio h3% ysa- 
BaHHHxi HaMH 9epT*b SHaBOiia ero aBTopaMi, ho h ne OTpHi^aen droro. 
"Bt* HOHi csasaHo: ,,MHHBCTepcTBO ne cspasaer^ cyH^ecTayDB^Hxi ho* 
j^0CTaTB0B'L; vh ^HCji'i 200 raMHasift h nporHMHasifi ecTs TaKix, boto* 
pufl eii^e HO bdojlhí y;i;oBjieTBopADn» Tpe6oBaBÍflMx MHHHcrepcTBa, ho 
^Hcjo TaBHX!& rniiHasift rox^b on roj^y yiieHbniaeTCfl; vh xaccb 47,000 
yqan^HxcH ecTb, sone^HO, cjaóue, jflHHBHe h xase necnoeoÓHue, ho 

OHH COCTBBJBDTIb BeCbHB HeBHa^HTeJbHOe MeHblHHHCTBO'. 

SaT^Mi, copamHBaercB: htó se h8i co6cTB6HHiax% naniHxi sairb^ 
^aHíft oopoBepraoTCB BOspaseHieMi? Mu BeiH p^qb wh TOMy, qro, ops 
HepecMOTpi^ yqeÓHHx^b njanovb, nojeBHo 6ujío 6ei oópaTHTb rjasHce 
BHHiiaBte Ha HHTepecu óoJbniHHCTBa; eospasenie coo(kqaeTb navb, wťq 
HHTepecu óojuniHHCTBa otiesne^enu, xosasHBaJi »to ycoiiSHHifH ana^* 
MeHaMH yqeHHBOBi, AonieAniBX'b aó Bucmaro sjíacca. Mh HaxoxHJRt 
HTO yqetffliiJi nporpaMMU no HÍBOTopuir& npeAMeraiii cjhhikoii^ o6* 
mepHU, h hto ajih tofo, Tro6ii TpeóOBBTb crporaro hxi^ HCDOJHeeÚK, hb 
M^niajio 6u OTsasaTbCfl orb H']^BOTopoft pocKonm, Boropaii RHorxa npe^* 
CTaBJíBeTCH npocTO nosasHOD. Bospasenie yrBops^aeT^, qro Hivero 
oCpeMOHHTaiMaro bi nporpamfaxi H'irb h hto kb orpoHHoarb (Sojboihv* 
'Ctbí rHMHaaifi h tiojbniHHCTBoiťb yqeHHsoBi, sa HesnaiBTejibHiiiiai ne- 
UDqeHíflMH, Tpe6oBaHÍJi nporpaMATb cxporo RcnojiHJinTex. Bot% pesDMé 
Boero pasHOFJiacia, ROTopoe mi Moseirb TOJbBO KOHCtaTHpOBBTb. ^tft^ 
CTBHTejibHoe se MH'&Hie oámiecTBa Mosen oesoBaTbCB, bohmbo, tojbro 
Ha jfl^HOiTb Ha6iDAeHÍH, na npaBTHS'i sasAaro, soro HBrepecyerb btotb 
Bonpocb, a ne na HaniHX'b eioaax^ h x&3B6 ne na npHBOAHinm vh 
BOspaseuH OTSiiBax^b j[Hi^'b, cjiysan^Hxi bi bí^^ohctb']^ Hapo^aaro opo* 
•CB^n^Hiff, o ÓjecTBH^Hx^b pe8yj[bTaTax'b h caicoMi xUcTBHTejibBoirb ho* 
JiojHenifl HUH&BíHHx^b yq6tiHux'b nporpaMM'b b% rHHHasiflxi. 



I ■ nt<i I 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



XPOHBKi. S88 



COBPEMEHHAfl PYMUHlfl. 



Břh EUxtoamfiQ BpeiMf lor^a iqNi noMonm pyceiam apyslii paspft^ 
HMefCA BOBpocii o6% 0Txii6flia H cavoeroareibBOirB eyímecTBOBaBiB hA* 
wnopmx3> BSB npoBHBipl eeponetcEot TypiqH, Burb BtaercB, wo h6 
(iemirepecHO (iyjien xju pycesaro otia^eerBa voij^mh hIcbojum) 6ftr* 
jDiX'& oiepion q6^ ojkEOŘ Hffb crpaiTbi ^pen bjmji'^^]^ toropoft h vb 
coK)8i Cb BOTopoft pyccBoe npaBBTeiBCTBO ptmBjíocB npexopBBan bo^ 
^Bjibfloe y^ene vh tbsom^ bju bbomi paaptoeBiB ^BOcroiBaro bo- 
flpoca*. Mii roBopBm o PyMHBÍB, crpasi, npBjerai)Bieft Bi Bojnmi* 
^laeBBirb rpaBBiKaB'B PoodB, b o Boropeft, MesjKy tím%, — BansB b^ doie* 
rrfl^ecBOBi OTBomeBÍB, tbbi b vb dBOBovB^ecKOBi, — bi nametl pyecBOt 
jnnqMírypl AO cbzi nopb noTrs BB^ero Be bobbjibuc&, Becnorpí Ba 
TO, ^TO pyccBaB BBnepia caiia c^sraerb vh cbobx^b BpeAiiacb níkijm 
otfjaen cb pyMUBCKBirE BapoMBaceieBtem vb 600,000 ^aiOBirb, roao- 
^mjn'b Ba CBoeirb „pexBOirb* adusb b bo BpaBaia b o6iriaaM!b 
CBoeft BapoABoft sbbbb rjy6oBO CBBsaBBiirb c& crpaBOD, z^b btoA o6- 
jacni BpBjeraDB^eft. 

PymiBii, PyxaflÍB bjib PovafliB cocroBTib mn wyxíb, Bpasxe oř- 
xkthBO xpyrB on xpyr^ cyaiecTBOBaBniBz^L, sBaseerBi — BajaxÍB b 
MojuaBiB. Do B^kBSCBOiiy Tpasrary 1856 rojia, vb BoejŠABOMy KBBse* 
CKBy (Suja BpBCOMBBena uctb 6eecapa6cBolk o&iacTB, oroBieAnieft wb 
Pocdfl Kb 1812 roxy. Toibbo Cfb 1861 ro^a o6a sBasecraa o4HͻfluiajuBO 

CJBJUCB B BpBBBJUÍ o6B|ee BaSBaBÍC PyBUBÍB. 

Bi» xpeBBít flepioA'B BOTopiB dTBx% cvpaBi— BajiaxíB, MojiAaBiB, TpaB-* 
«BnBaBÍB, BysoBBBa b óaBarb TeiieflieBift (TBMBCciopa, — no-pyMiiBesa) 
eocTEBjíBJB cTpaay ^aBín. ^o 105 roxa sameft apu A^tsia 6uja Baoo- 
jBBa aesaBBCBMUiKb BapoAOMi — xaBaiiB. ^^mb óiub noÓtexeBU, uocjňi 
Aojroft ÓopBfiH, TpaBHOKB, KOTopuft pasopBi^b xo TXh CTpaay b bc- 
ipeÚBJPb flOTTfl níbMuk Bapoxi^. Boe, ntb tojiuco oerajocb orb dvoro 
Bapoxa — yBpujocb vb ropu. Torxa-ro, bo CBasajÓBMi EsrponU, Tpa- 
MWb pifliBJTb Bacejucb o6e8Jii)A6HByi> BB^b crpaBy pbbcrbbb nepeco- 
MBíMtBB: .Traianus victa Dacia e toto orbě Bomano infinitas eo copias 
horninám transtulerat ad agros et urbes colendas. Dacia enim diutumo 
bdlo Decebali viris fuerat exhaueta^ (Eutro^ua, Hist. Ubr. VU. 3). Ha 

MBOaieeTBi AP6BBBX'b naMBTBBB0B!b Vb PyVUBifl BCrpi^DTCB Ba,xnBCB 

aeríoBOB^ bpbbiqxbibxi b^ ary crpasy. Orb noxopeflBaro Bapow vb 
BacTOBB^ee emjd spesa mosbo Bcrptostb kb ropaoft ^acra PyBHBÍB bo- 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



884 BMTHm iBPonH. 

<k>jiBiiioe njeiuí nacryxoBi, HasHBaeMurb „mocans*', KOTopiie othd^ ne 
CMinraBaDTca cb pyxúHCBHirb sacejieHieirB crpanu h WAjTh oco6yi> 

HBTEHHrD SH3HB; — Mt% C^ITaDn OCTaTKUH XpesaiIXl AEKOBl. EpOMÍ^ 
JUBLKOVS^ XpeBHDD J|,aBÍI) EBCeiAJIH 611^6 rBTU, HEpOA^B, XaiTB UOJíUr 

raDTB, nejasra^ecBaro npoHCxosAeHijar. 

CoBpeMeHHaji PyMuniji npocTHpaerca na 120,973 XBaxp. BBJOMerpoBi. 
EpAsi KapoaTCSHii ropi OTA'kiMm ee oti ÁBcrpifl, Aynat ciymHirb 
et rpaHHaeD eo cropoHH TypipH; otb Poccíh ona orxiieHa, vb Bepx- 
seĚ eBoeft wcth, pisoi) DpyroirB, a HHse-*-onacTB piaoK) Ajrayrom, 
orqacn se HCKyccvBeHHoi) nojraTH^ecBOi) jHHieft, KOTopair, ra^ssaflCB 
y Hepnaro Mopfl (ójibsi Tycju), cocTaBiflen no^TH npxMOft jjxupb cb 
pteoD AjiryroiTB. 

HapoAoaaoejieBie PyMHBÍH, no o4»4^Bi^ajBB]inn cr a T H CT aie cBBirB xaH- 
HHiTB 1871 roxa, AoerBraerB 5.000,000; b% 9Ty i^B(|»py bxoabtb 700,000 
qejiOB'&B'b Be-pyMUHCsaro DpoBCsosAesiB, a BveBBo: 265,000 eBpeevB, 
230,000 i^tiraHi, 50,000 B^i^eBi, 50,000 iqanraeBB (ciangalí), 41,000 
eep6oKb fl Óojrapi, 36,000 BearpoBi, 8,000 apMAHi, 5,800 rpeBOBs 
H aj6aHi^6Bib, 8,000 pyecRBrB, 2,000 ({^pasi^ysoKB, 1,000 aBrjraqaBS, 
500 ETtuíhJíuíSfivb B 2,700 pasBini^ fla^ioBaJBBOCTeft (niB^h^ipi^eBi, 

BOJBROBl, ^XOBB, TypOVB, TBTI^l). 

HyseseiiHoe BapoxQBacexeBie PyMiraifl BipaerB vh napoxBoft míct* 
BOft SBSHB cjLiAjnmjM) pojib: bími^u, Besrpu, ({ipaBKysn b aBrjra«niBe 
amByrB b^ rjasBím i^eHrpaxi Kpafl. H'6Ht(a a Bearpu sanmi, rjas- 
miwh o6pa8oirB, c6uvovb vpoAyBTOB'B aBcrpo-Benrepcsoft npoMHBueB- 
Boetv; MBorie b8i bbx^b sasyDaDTB e BanpaBjíBDTi sa ÁBcrpíx) ciipiift 
pyMUBCBaro piiasa. ByxapecTi, Exoenrrfl, Accu b rajiai^ — cyTB nyBrra, 
Byxa eTeaanrrcjf, rjiaBBUB^ o6pa30M'B, dra xajeBO-BeiipomeBBue focte, 
pacnopasaDn^iecB b'b spai sa^acTyi) ciobho 6íi y ce6B aome. Opexv 
ebpeftcBaro BaoeieBÍB PyBUfliB Bysao paaiflqaTB xbb, ejaóo ota^md- 
n^iecB ApyPB otb xpyra,TBaa— eapea-a-bai^tf a espea-nOMBa. dapi^x* 
BBMB BCBJD^eBiaaa, Bce espeftcsoe Baceieaie crpaBs npBBuo a x(> 
CBxi nop% Bce axen a a^en — b8b FajiflitiB, aBcrpi&CBOft Cep6ia a 
DSHOfi Poccifl. Eepeicsaii dnarpaitis saqajiaCB e% 1846 ro^a a cb bbs* 
XHtf^ roAOM^B aauuvB bobkotb msnonevh craBOBBTCJi Bce 6ojťbe a 
tiojte. PyauBCBie espea roBoparB aa jioMaaoirb aiaeaBOM^ Asmi, 
caimaflHOM^B cb cjiaBJíflCBBMa aapibqiBMB a ApeBBairB eBpeicBaa^ bsu- 
bob^.Bb eepeftCBarB aiKOjaxi PyauHía Dpeno^aerca aitfei^Bift iisubb, 
xypaaju bxb oBmyTCB aa fl'bMei^soM!B asuvA — ^a Booón^e, no orBomeBío 
Wh PyMUBÍa, aosHo CBaaaTB, qro saícb espea ciysaTB aBaarapjioai 
repaaaasa^iB jiaTBBCBaro njeMeaa. IIpaBBMafl bo BaaiiaBie Ty ease* 
XaeBflyD 6opb6y, soTopafl Be^ercjr bbo-abb bb xesB aa ooj*6 bbohohb- 
^ecKaro a con^iajBaaro crpoB BHBdbniBeft PyaHBia MesAy eBpeaMB — 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



XPOHHKÁ.— OOBPIUHEÁfl VIUBSUl. 385 

Ch oxHoft CTC^HB, I pynHflavH — Cb xpyrofti VH, cfh CBoeŘ CTOpOHH, cn- 
Taemb i^&iecootfparamrL Bosjí^epsaTbeA on iHCEasiiBamA KaKoro-jni6o 
MH^Hifl BO Bonpocy o Toft pojra, soTopyi) Hrpann espeH bo BHyrpeH- 

HOŘ SH8HH 8T0ft CTpaHH; HO JÍ,JIE TOFO JTOmB, HT06h AaTB ^HTaTeiD 

H^KOTopoe noHATÍe o npnBHaxi riyóoKo BsopeHHBmeftcji BpasxH py- 
MHHCBaro HapoxonacejtemA k'b 6BpejnrB,A npHBOxy ciOBa neioBÍBa,Ko- 
Toparo OTHDAB neihsa sanoxospHXL wh npHcrpacnH vl xitHEom crf- 
mA. C%Bepo-aM6pHKaHCKÍ6 niTaTH vh HacTOiini^ee BpeMfl hmídtb cbo- 
ero soHcyjia, sHByn^aro vh ByxapecT^ AiiepHRaHCKift soHcyxE t-vl 
MoppHCb — espet no npoHcxosxemi) — ronopm vh CBoeft CTaT&i 
(Journal de Bncarest, 27 avril, 1873), cii^yDO^ee o pynHHCBHXi 
eBpeflxi: bOxhh (espen) dinirpiipoBajni nvb ÁBcrpin, OTRyxa xoHByppen- 
ipji co6paTii no ueMenn Buri^nua vrh; xpyne npnnuH wffh Poccta — 
BC% OHH eresaiyrca CD^a, wh PymraiD, rxi cbohmh cnoco6a][H npio6- 
Ýbíesui 6jiarococTOAHÍfl dfbAcmfm SfhdnjiKa eu^e HecHocvmme^. 

Bojmipu Bi> PyminiH npeHMyn^ecTBenHO saHHxaDTCfl seiueAiJieKb; 
vb ropoxaxi h caiaxi onn ciysairb Kysnei^ami, — nopoD Bexyr^B xei- 
KyD ToproBjD. Ohh MHorowcienHH vh ropoxBaxi no JS^ynai), a Tasse 
Vh Toft HacTH Beccapa6iH, Boropan oronua inb PyHHHiH no napnscsoify 
TpaKTaTy (KaryxB, BiiUbobo, HsvaHfb h np.). Bojn^apii Bnoiňi coxpa- 
HaDTl CBOft ÍLZaSh H CBOH HpaBU Vh PyMUTOH. PymiHCRoe npaBHTeiB- 

CTBO HHKorxa ne nocaraio na nxt naipoHajiBHiiA oco66hhocth, h vh 
mEOiax^B 6oirapcBHxi AepeBenB Bce npeno^aBanie coBepmaercfl na 
tfojirapcsoiTB «sas!k. Pyccme h pyrentí; hjh MajopoccH, HacejiflDirE hc- 
KJoo^niTenHo HSHaHjncKÍĚ ospyrb, — nepniie Óojrte Bcero esyqenH vh 
Jieeaxi, Eyzapeeri n Fajiai^i. Maiopoccu sanmiaDTefl zjíóoname- 
C9B0x%, ESBOBoiTb H putfojiOBCTBOiTB) a pycciíe, npEHa^Jiesan^e kb 
coktí jranoBam h csom^oBi, hsboshhwdti vh ropoxaxrb h ToprynrB. 
?T0 xaeaereji apnaKb, npHniexinHZ'& vh Pyminii) en^e kb XYII Bibsft,— 
TO BC^ OHH saHJiTU ToproBjíoH); Bca xoMMepqecBax onepaipA TaÓaBOii^ 
XO oóiB^Bjíenifl ero npaBnrejiBCTBeHHoft xoHonojňeft, 6£ua vh vsh py- 
xaxi. B:b nocjiftAHee npeMfl ohh craiH nepecejMLTbCA vh Pocdi). I^- 
rané, soTopuxi Hac^HTfiBai^TB xo 230,000 hoj., xo 1864 roxa <$iuh 

. Vh SpftnOCTHOft SaBHCHMOCTH y pyMHHCKHXl nOM'&n(H80Bi; Vh HaCTOA- 

H^ee BpeMA, noraonpasHHe rpasxaHO PymmÍH, no 6wh seMin, 6tvh 
yeaxeÓHot oc^x^ocrn, ne hmía bosmoxhocth BOcnojn>80BaTBCfl xumncH 
■VB npaBaMH, ohh ocraDrcH rjy6oKO b^phíihh bcíwb TpaxHipflXB ho- 
xaxHaro njaienH. Kysneipi no peiceciy, ipirane saHHxaDTOfl TaBaee 
BOcnHraaieMi h TOproBjíen jomaxBHH, vh v6cTH0CTjnB, TOny cnocoó- 
CTByDn^Hz%. I^uraw jicHcroft nacrn Bpaa saHHHaDTCA npoHSBOxcTBOH^ 
A^BAHHOft noeyxH. CaioM Tflsejnu paóOTH bb ropoxuB npoHSBO- 

XffrCH HMH. MHOrk H8% B^TBeft S^^HHXB XOPOFB PyKUBÍH HOCrpOOHU 
Tom Y.— €BHXflBF&, 1877. 25 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



386 Bionm wřanm. 

Ha Eoersťb btofo saisaro lu^iraH. I](HraK( BcrptocFB xosho no- 
BCDXT Kb PyxHHÍH. YspUBaflCB Boxtb cíhbi) HBOXpaHHaro loai^a, noiy- 
oj^ifme^ Bcerxa roJL^xHiie, ohh HaHHMaK)TeA bo Bcasoe Bpeiu roxa oa 
caHjD . HH^TOSEjD luaTy AMU BunoíHeida caMoft saTopsHoft pa6oTiL 
OTHomeme EMTO^iro uacca vh drrarb napuiM!& HeiOBiiecaaro o6n|6-; 
CTBa Kb PyMHHÍH iip»pacHo 4K>PMyjiHpoBaHO opo^^eccopoicb 6yxapecf- 
csaro yHHBepcHTera, t-wb OtfexaHapoxs, b'b ero kbmtí j,£a Boumanie 
éconoBiique^. Ha crp. 407, roBopa o ipiraHarB, oinb BHCRasuBaen 
Cjiri^A7i>n^6e: „0^ hhmh (i^sraHaifB) Bce xosho nox^an, ecjn toako 

OTHOCHTLCH Z^h HHlfB, SaS^b Vb A^aiTb: BOXU, HHTTOXHilfl MUOCTH H 

cípgvh naiKH-'60BepmaDTi ^yxeca. Ho ecjH sto Doseiaeirb OTHecracb 
B!b HHiTb, savb Kb CBo6oxHU]rb jD^aicb, owh HH^^ro HO xoÓBercfl''. B 
xMcTBHTeibHO, coBibTaiTb npo^ccopa CTOiH^Haro yHHBepeHrera tqe* 
TOiBHO cAxpoTb B(A Bx PyiaiBÍH. Bci aHTpenpeaepH, bcí noxpflX- 
^HBH cocraBiaDTi CBOH paóoHÍe xexaHHSXH m% ipiraH'B, Boropiizi Ha- 
HuaDiTb jamb sa ib^vi h pDxsy boxbh. GpetxH i^iiraH^b, HacejaD- 
n^oeb PyMHHÍK), cyniiecTByeirb oxHffb thto, pftsBO BHXÍjax>Hptca 07% 
CBOHSb co6paTÍi no npóflexosxemD, — 9to i^Hrane, HHiorxa ho fiiiBíme 

IRb XP&I0CTH0& SaBHCHHOCTH, TypUI^I, MBXb WTh HaSilBaK^Tb; OTO— SO* 

leBHHBH BasopeHŠjnie, jyxHjibiiiHKH no pexecjr^; ohh nHraDTca hcbju)^ 
^HreibHo MOJioÉoirb óyftBOíHirb, soTopuxi caiiH BOcnoniBaDra. Fobo- 
pan OHH HBiiBOirb, CMftmaHHUMi (Tb TypeiuuiMi. Byjnra cBoero pen- 
riosnaro ho HMd^ixrb h cb xpyxoirb Mfiiasnca. nposejnmuiH xpHoraaH- 
€TBa HXH HCjaxa. 

Bei 9TH ni^nuue vb Pymraii) dJioMonTH sHByirb CBoeio ocoóod 
flCHSHbD, roBopaTib na cboomi poxnoirb hsub^ noTOHy too, Cb oxnoft 
CTopoHH, pyioíHCKiŘ Hapox^b eb 6QXbmMWb TpyxoMi aocmuuHpyercJi 
0!b xpyroft nanioHaaBHOCTbK), a cb xpyroft cropoHH, vb xanBOiťb cjiy- 
^aš ecTeeTBOHEO cox'iftcTByeTb aroxy naqioHaibHoe ^syncTBO caMoeoxpa* 
BOHÍa cBOHXb ooo6eHHOCTe&. ?T0 se sacaerca noiHTHiecKaro CTpoa 
eaMoft crpaHH, to osb BnoíHi rapaHTHpyen^ Boasoi naipoHaJCbHoeiK, 
Ha ero TeppnropiH Haxoxan^eftca, CBo6oxy p^hh, pejniriH h oópaso- 
Bama. 

J^M. Toro, HToÓEi xaTb 6ojrte onpex&ieHHoe noHarie o&b oeHOBHiix& . 
Ha^aj[ax%, na aoropHxs SHsxoTca ynpaajieHie eipasoft, mh Haxoxm^ 
i^eeooópasHBDťb xarb «TaTeai> sx^b camii tobctb ocflOBHiirb cra- 
Tet pyMHBCBOft BcmcTHryiÓH. Ham Baserea, ^ro xiirb Óojrbe oro b8^ 
oóxoxflxo (xoTfl xase nepoBOxi^ btofo xoByxeBra HicBOibBO yneiHVHrb 
paxBH Hamal cxaTba), hto nacToanuft eox>» Poccíh c!b PyMbodefii coioa^ 
opBgHaHHHl HeotfxoxBMHirb pyccBmrb apasHreibCTBOicb, — 'speójwh oeao- 
BaratbHaro raasoKcraa pyccaaro o6n|6CTBa cb ochobhhxh npHHHwnaMW 
npaBJíraia vb codbhcA Cb Pocdeft orpani. Toibso npn oroicb anaBOic* 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



XPOHIKi* — (raPHBBIiA PTIOIIUI. 387 



sasniH conpoBOsxaiocB nponuoroxHM ÓpaTonio pycesix^B Ao6poBOA- 
ufi&h e% ceptfaMH. 

,0^ nepoMW pTMiiHcioft xoHOTHryqíH mhbmjih camift Tescn ec, 
■UNHaranuift b!b o^HJ^upajaHOicb mHicrepoBOirB opraei aa 1866 r. 
9% }k 142 (ifonitor Official). Ha nepBdl crpaHHi^ btoto xcRTMOHra 
eroám oóinieiipBBimui b% KOBCTHTyi^OBHiiz'B rocjxapcTBtx'B ^piiyja 
ufocani: „IIpHearax) 6iíit& sipnncb KOHcxHTyipH h sasoHairb Hapo^a 
pymiHCKaro, opHCJira» (Sepe^ ero BaipoHanHus npaaa h 8aI^H]^aflK 
s^bioefb ero ToppicropiH. — ^Eapjffb". 3a noxuacLD shjisa ciixyDTi noA- 
meH MHHEcrpon. IlepBaa rjaaa, soTopyD mu Biinyexaeirb, noeuii^eHa 
^npe^^eflii) rpaHHi^ rocyxapciBa h ero nojHTH^ecKOify BByrpemieify 
soApasA^emi) na ORpyra, noA^BOspyra m otin^HU. Bxopaa rjaaa so- 
^CBADiSHa rpasxaHcsHiffE spaBaicb pymiHa. Ona ncxpasA^ena na 25 citft- 
?ei. Bon nOAJiHHHuft xescirB 9thxi craTefi: 

,0t. 5. PyMUHH óiarocjiOBjaDrb CBotíoxy htb BOHcrBTyncii, eBo6oxy 
opexcTaBHTeJBCTBa, npeccH h piiH, a&hhuxb crpasi. 

,Ct. 6. EoHcmyiÚJi cnpextueirB rpaawaHCgiJi npaBa pymiHa. 

,0t. 7. GoipaHeHie bthxi npaKb h norepii hxi, a taxse h npi- 
<K(pÍTeHie TaxaBiix% onpexiJJiDTca ipaawRCxiinb BOxesepirE saBOHOBit 
^sparní. 

bCt. 8. npio6pÍTeHie rpasxaHCSHn iq^asi coB^maarcfl iHUb ^ipwb 
aoepwcTBO BaBOHOxaTeiuHXb Bjtaerefi. 

.ToiBRO TaKOBoe npio6p%TeHie npaBi ^seBeMu^eirB a^m^b ecú 
paBmm » pymiHOirE rb nojnsoBaBÍH bcímh npaBaMH wh crpmi na- 
paBH% co bcímh rpas^anaiiH TaBOBoft. 

sGt. 9. SasAHfi pyMHKB no npoHcxosAemD, kb saKOiiy 6u rocy- 
j^tpoTBy no poxxemD okb hh npHHaAJiesarB, ecn tojuxo Toro noase* 
jnerB, orpexnoiCB orb npesxe ÓHBmeft aaxi hhmsb rocyxftpoTBeHHot 
nporesipH, mosotb ca^m^bcs rpaswHHHoirB crpasu ^peei nocpexeria 
npoeroro Bora no af ony cmjhmo BUQHOxareiBHapo lopnyca. 

^Ct. 10. Bb rocy^apcTBi b^b ota^jbhux^b sjíaccoKB oÓn^ecTBa. 
Bei^ rpasAane paBHH nepexB sasoHoirB h oÓnBannocTH bcíxi oxana- 
SOBB nepdA^ roeyxapcvBOirB. Oahh rpas^ane MoryrB (Sbtb xonyn^OHU 
KB saHjnÍD npaBHTOiBCTBenmixi Micn, KavB ifasxucunrB, ths 

1MH0 H BOeHHHX!B. 

.CneiáajiBHue BaKonu onpex^uiDrB ycjiOBifl xonyn^eik hjii h6a<^ 
nyn^eBki btb AaHHowB ciy^ai rpas^anana kb saHaňD TaKOBKXB míctb. 

v^yseseinpi otbdxb ho Moryn sanHiiaTB vb rocyxapcTBi imo- 
KOh uicTb^ H jiHBiB vh HcuDiHTexBiiirB ciyiaxiB 8T0 Mosen ((ktb 
jconyn^eno no pimenii) bcítl saBOHOxaTeiBHHXB BjacTOĚ. 

,Gt. 1L B&k HyseBOMipi, HaxoAXnpeca bi npexiiarB rocyxapcTBai 

25* 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



888 Momn ibfobh. 

OOlBSyDTCJI nORpOBHTeJBCTDOMl BUOHOVB, paCIipOCTpaUDI^nCfl, UK^ 

Ha HHX!B, Tan h na hx!b HMyn^eerBa. 

„Gt. 12. BcAsLi. npHBHjíeríH, npeHMyn^ecTBa h ^acTHiut Mraoiiojris 
uacea HasoerAa yemosaDTCfl vh npe^iiaxi rocyxapcTBa. 

,,THTyj£i HHOcrpaHHaro npcHCxcs^emír, xan-To: THryjn npmMt 
rpa4Mi, 6apoHa h xp. np., zBXh HecoBMŠcrioie Cb nojramecKEv^ 
erpoem crpanu, npHaHanrcji HeAiftCTBnreiBHiiMH vb rocy^apcrai. 

.HapysHua otjhhki, opřena h mbkblxe HHocrpaHHaro iippECioacAeiii 
Moryn óutl hochmu ihhib ei coHSBOjema Bannaro khasa. 

„Ct. 18. CfioóOAa JuneocTH HaxoxHTCA noxi ozpaHOD ROHcriryiitiir. 

,HflRTO He MOsen óutb Baxepsani bjih apecroBam, eciH ho tato- 
rterB EtKh HHMi RaKoe*JH6o npecrynjieHie, h vb uoeriffiewh ciy^a^ 
apecn coBepnaercji na ocHOBaniH MOTEBEpoBasnaro cyxeÓHaro npEiasa^ 
KasoBoft otSasaffb (Surb npexcTaBJíeffb apecryeMOKy ne nosse 24-x% u- 
GOBI no JHmemH cbo6oxu. 

„Ct. 14. Hhkto ho Vb npaBÍ yRpuBaTBCfl 0!rB orBŠTCTBenHOcrir 
nepeAi sasoHaiiH CTpaHH. 

„Gt. 15. AoiTB Ras^aro— HenpHKOCHOBenHafl cbathha. 

^HHsasoft ú6ucxb ee uomerb 6iitb cxtiaHi y rpas^aHiea bi ero- 
AOM^, bhí HCKJuoqHTaiBHEixi cxj^MVb^ sasoHaifH yKasaHHmi. 

,,Gt. 16. Hhrto He Moserb óutl npHroBopeffb hjh se Hausai^ 
eciH dTO ne npexyGiiOTptoo caMHHH saEOHaMH. 

„Gt. 17. HHRaKoe HaRasaHíe ne Bjie^en sa co6od ]C0H4»Rcia]pB 
nyn^ecTBi. 

„Gt. 18. Bci nociixcTBifl npHTOBopa yHHTrosaDTCA co CMepiúo 
ocyxAOHHaro. 

„Gt. 19. Bcflsaii coóCTBeHHocTb, a Tasse Bcb RpexHTHiui óyiiani 
roeyxapcTBeHHaro BimycRa CBan^eHHH h HenpHROCHOBeHHu. 

„Hhrto h6 Mosera 6htl jHHieH'L cbohzi npaBx na cotícTBeHHOCTL^ 
sa HCRiDienieirB eciH dRcnponpia^úi coBepmaeTCJi vb HHrepecarL o6mfi^ 
CTBeHHoft nojibsu, H Vb TaRoiTB cjyiai bcí y6iiTRH, ooHeeeHHHe jdfi^ 
HOCTBD) BuniaiHBaDTCfl rocyxapcTBOiTb. 

JOiOKb o^n^ecTBeHHoft noASon noHmaercji yc^oftCTBO nyreft coo6^ 
mfiBiE^ rapaHTÍH oón^ecTBeHHaro SApaBÚ h HeoózoAHiiuz'^ ooopysraift 
Xju ozpaHu rocy^apcTBa. 

j,Bdk nyxH naBHrai^iH h xoporH cooÓH^eníŘ npEsnaDTCH oénj^ecraM*^ 

HHlTb XOCTOJUneiIl. 

»Gt. 20. GotfcTBeHROCTL, xaHHafl specTbUHairb h nodeMejuHum sa* 
ROHOMi 8a HHMH yTBepsAOHHaH, a TaRse H CTOHMOCTL en, rapaHTHpo- 
BaHHafl ea npesHHMi cotfcTeeHHHRoirE, rocyxapcTBOiTB— HenpHSOCHO- 
Benna. 

»Gt. 21. CBo6oAa cobícth vb rocyxapcTBi aÓco^DTHafl. 



Digitized by VjOOQIC 



XPOHIKA.— ooBPmiEiA fTwams. 889 

^Gaaóoxa KfiBToro penrío8&iir& Haxoxnefl qo;^ ozpanoi) roh- 
cniTTitiH, jramB 6u xoniaTii TáROBiix'B h eB4iiQeHHoxiftcTBÍJi ne nocA- 
raJiH Ha o6ii^ecTBeHHiift nop^xoRi ■ o(Siii(ecTBeHHyi) HpaBCTBeHHocTL. 

gBocTO^Haa npaBOCJMBHo-saeojraqecsaji pejerifl ecTB pejiHriA roey- 
j^pcTBa pymiHcaaro. 

gl^epioiiHafl xyxoBHaa iepapzifl HeaaBHCHiia otb ^jaeseMHoft iepapzíH. 

gBct xija.noxjeaai^iA xyzoBsoMy b^xohctby, nojuesarB CHHOAy, 
«oo6pa8Ho cneiUajn>Ha)rb Ha dron cjy^aft saROHaifB. 

„MHTponojnirB h eoHCRonu enapxift rocyxapcTBeHHoft pemÍH doa- 
MKWTh H86paHÍD HO saROHy, cneiiiaiBHO Ha 3Ton ciyqaft HSxaHHOMy ^). 

^Gt. 22. Bc6 x%jia xyzoBeHCTBa ihcto rpas^ancRaro zapaRTepa 
BOASBMBTb rpasAaHCROMy aixoMeTBy. 

,Ct. 23. GBo6oAa npeooAaBaHlH vb roeyxapcTB-b aócojDTnafl. 

,,CBo6oxa npenoxaBaHifl papaHTHpyercA BaROHaira, jHvib 6u npeno- 
^Bame ne nocarajio na oón^ecTBenHEift nopAXORi h o6n^ecTBeflHyD HpaB- 

^BraHOCTB. 

sBcARafl o6n(HHa vh Rpa% ^ojnana HiriTb cbod niROiy. 7ieHie vb 
mojiaxi, npHHaxJteacan^ucB rocy^apcray, óesnjaTHoe. 

.DepBOHaiaibHoe o6yq6Hie oóasaTejiBHO xja bcíxi ji^hreŘ^ ho na 
oepaoe speiui jhhib ma rkrb M^berHocreft Rpaa, rxi djieiceHTapHUfl 

HEROJHI yse OTRpilTU. 

,Bce RacaDH^eecH oÓpasoBaHÍA uoAxexBTh cnei^iajBHo Ha aron 
cjfiaft BupaÓOTaHHiuTB saRonairB. 

„Gt. 24. KoHeTiryiqfl rapaHTHpyen bcíitb rpas^anaiTB nojnyi) 
«BO(!oAy cioBa, HHCBiia H oe^ara; RasABt jh^ho OTBiTCTBeoB bi 
'Giy^aaxx sioynorpetfjeHifl dTMWb upanoirB) h miRorxa ne MoserB 6iitb 
HBxaffB RaROft-jni6o hobhA saxoni, ericHADnqft CBotioAy cjosa, oHCBMa 
m neuTB. 

.IIpecTynjieHU no xijum neiatH nox^esaTB cyxy npHCflSHHXB. 

,Hh i^ensypa, hh Apyroe RaRoe-jn6o noxoónoe irbpoHpiflTie, otho* 
«HH^eecA Vb Hsxami), npoxasi h paciipocrpaneHiD RaRHXi 6h to hb 
4iU0 nyóiHRaipft, HHRorxa ho Moryn 6htb npHHAni. 

y^jfl neiaTaHÍA nepioxHHeeRHXi HB^amfi ne Tpeóyercji HHRaRoro 
HpoxaapHTeyiBHaro npaBHTeucTBeHHaro paspimeHui. 

^HHRaRHxi AeHesHiix'B saioroB^ ne 6yxeirB BsnaTBca Cb aaro* 
poBi^ npoxaBi^OBCB, Tinorpa^B%» h junorpa^^oBi. 

„ne^aTB HHRorAa ne óy^erB CTicHena saROHOiiB o npedocmepe" 



^) EmcBomi h apzieincioiiH Hs^EpaDTCii cenaTon, xenTraiCBun co6paiiien i 
«iH0X0ir& H8i voHamecTBa— Bct TpH HBcrirytm bi aioirb ciyqai cocmBUOTB oujtsh 
JBÓHpaTenindl ópran. 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



890 VBOTHm iBPonH. 

„Hmcaioe nepíoxnecsoe isxftHle iie MOsen 6iitb npiocraHOBjeHO' 
exHHOBpeMeHHO uh se OROHUTei&HO saspuTO. 

„ÁBTopi ji^Ho OTBŠTCTBeH^B sa CBOi CTaT&H, H jnmiB Vb cij^ai- 
oreyTCTBla nocjri^XHAro — OTBtocTBeHHOCTb na^aerL napexaiTopa h h8* 
xaTejMí. 

„Ct. 25. CeRpen nHceirb h TejerpamrB nenpHiocHOBeBea^ 

,GneipajBHii& na btoti cjyiaft saROHi ODpexiuen» OTBftToiBeH- 

HOCTL npaBHTBJILCTBeHHHZ^B HHHOBHHBOKB Vb ^BSEOWb ClfiSA O* 

„Or. 26. CBotfoAa cxoaobi h coópamt nojinafl, jamB 6b toako- 
TŠ H xpyrúi HM^jra MHpHHfi xapaBTepi h ni^a coÓHpavi^iflCA óhjBt 
Óeec^ysHH. 

„Á^A czoxoR'L m co6paHit "sAvh Heo6zoAiMOCTH RE iipexBi^mTenr 
HOiTB paspimeHii m^cthoA bircth. 

yCr. 27. PyifiiHU uonsymtA nojmnrB npaBom accoi^iaqit i opra- 

HHSai^íft BGJBOHX^b 06lI^eCTB!B. 

„Gt. 28. EasAHtt rpasA&HHH'L nojn^syercA npaBOiTE nerai^t, jramB^ 
<5u TasoBHA ÓUJH noxaBaeMiT on jnn^a noxiiHcaBiinizcfl nox% hhmh. 
„Oahí ROHCTHTyi^ioHHHA BjiacTH nojn»8yDTCJi npaBOiTB noxa^H fl^ 

JBBJŘ OVh ROJUeRTHBHarO HHeHH RaaOft-JHtfo irbCTHOCTH. 

,Ct. 29. HHRasoro npexBapHTenHaro paspimeHifl ne Tpetfyerca 
Xia npoHSBOACTBa d^xcTBÍa Ha^i jsíMíctbíeue BaRoro*jra6o npaBHTeju* 
CTBeHHaro jui^a. 

„Gt. 30. PyMtivB, nocrynHBmift Ha cjys6y Vh xpyroMy saROify- 
jai6o rocyxapcTBy Óesi npeABapHreiBHaro paspimoHifl na 9to cBoero 
npaBHTeyacTBa, jHmaercfl npavB rpaasxaHCTBa. 

„Buxa^a nojnTH^ecKHTB npecrynHHKORE BOcnpentancH ROHCTHty- 
ipeft'. 

TaROBU craTBH rjaBu o npaBaxi pyMoncRHZíB rpasxftHi* ysasaB^ 
^HraTejn) Ha ocHOBHyi) rjoiBy pymracROft BOHCTHryi^iH, mu nepeftxein^ 
TenepB ke Óšrjioify ooHcamD Boero opaBRTeiBCTBennaro nezaHHSifa 
erpanii. 

3aR0H0AaTejn»Haa BjacTB crpann HazoxHreH vb pynars riaBS roey- 
AapcTia — mjiBJi (Domnu Hjni Domnitor) h cotipanifl npexcraBEreieft. 
HaiqoHaAHoe npejtcraBRTencTBo pasxiJiAeTCA Ha ab% mjwm — oenaf^ 
H co6paHie xenyraTOBíB. npex^oseníe BaROHODpoesroBi^ npnHig^jesHTs 
OAHHaROBO Bcivb TpeiTB opraHaid npaBRrejiBCTBeHHaro MezaHHBiiat 
RHOBi), cenaTy h coÓpaHho. 

BDxserb crpanu BOTHpyercfl jhhib cotfpanieifi xenyraTOBíB h yTBeps^ 
Aaercji rhaboitb. 



') no yroioBHOiiy loxeicy, sa BecpiiTie nieuia no^noBHin ihhobhhbomi, noci&xeďC 
BOAiesm xiBeHiD Bcin iipan ■ KatopsBHm pa6oT«m. 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



xpoHiKi. — ooBřuiHiiii fummíí. 39 1 

BcnojHHTeiBHaa siacTL HazoxHTCA vh pyKarB shhsa, BOT<q»Hft 
noJiisyereA od cootfpasHO jsjxy ROHCTiTy]][iH. OrvbicneBEOCTh sa a^* 
TejiBHoeTB KHS8JBE naxaeTb i^ijHKom na Aon> loraRcrpoB^ Koropue 
BHČHpaDTCJi mrB. Cjkl hsj^ mraHcrpaini noxiesHrs BaccaqioHHOicy 
xeoapraMeHTy. GyxetfHaA BjaerB Haxoxirrcfl fe bí^híh cyxe6Haro xe* 
napTaiieHTa h cyxeÓHiix^B naian. PineHia h npHroBopu TaBOBHx^s co* 
BepmaDTGJi na ocHOBaHÍH aasoHORb crpaaii h otb hmohe kusbu. Jbn- 
HOCTL KHfl8JB[ HenpHsoeHOBeHHa. 

^acTHHA A^a H MftcTHue HHTepeeH, xacaDiitieca ospyroBi h o6- 

mpHl, nOAB^AOMCTBeHHH OKpySHUlTL COBiraiTB H MyHHI^HBajlBHOft Bja- 

CTH. EasAHt oapyrb ynpaBiaercfl oahhitb npe^^eKTom, nox^ORpyni 
HazoxaTca vh bíx^híh noxnpe<|>6RTOBrB; oónqina ynpaeaaeTCA icapoirb 
(prímar). 

rocyxapcTBeHHUJ7 HMyn^ecTBa naxoxflTCfl bi b%x^híh cneipajusot 
a^HHHcrpaipH, HaxoAAn^eftcji, bi cbod oiepexB, bi bíx^híh HHHHerep- 

CTBa 4^HHaHC0Bl>. 

Co<$paHÍe xenyTaTOBo^ cocroHrE hsi 157 ^MeBovb^ HSÓpaHHfiDCB cjii- 
xpomjnwh uofZMjnowh. H86iipaTeiBHHň icezaHHSirb xas^aro OKpyra pas- 
A^effB Ha lenipe ^acTH hjh BOJUieFiH. Bb nepByD saueríD bxoxati 
Bct rpaaM^aHe, Hiítoiiqe noaeiiaiLHiifi xozoxi, upeBHinaDii^ift cyíciiy Bib 
3,560 (j^paHROBi; bo BTopyD BOJieriD bxoxati rpas^ase, kohz!b xoxoxi^ 
HHse BHmeosHaqeHHoft cyiam, ho bo BcaBoirb cjiy^ai BGmie cyrnni kb 
1,185 (j^p.; vb TpoTBK) sojueriD (ropoACBaa KOJuem) BxoxffTB Bdb Top- 
roBipi H 4>&^PHKaHTH, HjaTfln^ie rocy^apcTBy no^aTb vb 30 4^p. bob 
roA^B, a Tasace bcí o4»Hi^epu kb OTCTaBRŽ h bc& npo<|^eccopii h ^hhob- 
HHKH, HeHazoAflntieca óojrite bi rocy^apcTBOBHOft cjiys6i. 9th TpH roji- 
jieriH HstiHpaDTB nponopiqoHajiBHoe ncjio xenyraTOBo^. Ohh noA- 
ayDTCfl npjiMHMb i436upaineÁhHUMb tipaeoMb. Jífií oepBua ROJueríH hsóh- 
paK>rB HO oxHOMy AonyraTy Rasj^aa. TperBA se Rojuerífl (ropoxcRaji) 
HBÓHpaen nponopiáoHaiBHoe BHaHOHÍD ropoxa ucío AOnyraTOVB: 7 — 
ByxapecTi, 6— flccH, 4— rajiai^i h t. x. B^b ^erBepryi) ROJUeríD 
BXOX^TTB Bcft rpasBxaHO, njauHÚe rocyxapotBy RaRyD-omÓo noxaTB. 50 
HBÓHpaTejefi lerBeproft ROJuerÍH HSÓflpaDirB oxHoro xoJieraTa, RaROUie 
xeieraTH, coópaBnucB vb i^oHrpaiBniifi nyHRTB ORpyra, HSÓHpaDTi h8!b 
CBoeft cpexu oxHoro xenyraxa ot:b Raa^aro oRpyra. TaRHKB otfpasoirB, 
WTBepraA Roxieríji noAsyerca nniB KoceeHHoií nodaneů %oM>€06^. 

CSenaTB isfiapaercii jramB XByiia nepBUMH ROJueri;«cH. ]1,xíl tofo, 
hto6h óhtb cenaTOpoiTB, hooÓxoxhmo hm^tb 41 roxi otb poxy h 6htb 

COÓCTBeHHHROlTB X0CT0flHÍ4I, npHHOCAH^arO XOXOXy HO MOH^ 9,400 4^p. 

ifB rox'B. 

TaROBTB npaBHTeiBCTBeHHiit MexannsirB crpaHH. 

O6pa80BaBÍe kb PymoriH x^poBOo bo ^^^bsb rocyxftpCTBeHHuxi mRO- 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



392 B^THU'b ttpom. 

jum. djeiceHTapHoe oópasoBanie o6zd9í,TeihRO bo Bcfoi ^aerm vpM, 
TMÍb TEsoBUfl wsoxa yse otrphth. Bi 1876 tojsj cym;ecTBOBajio 276 
nq^BOHanajiBHHrB mson jum ropoACsoro HaceieHÚi, hsl kotophxx 136 

;(ja MajíBTOEOB^b H 110 XJ[£ A'6B0^eK'b. ?HCy[0 yqeHHEOBO^ B% dTHTb 

nBo^axi SETorb se roxi, no o^^^^HiqaiBHuiťB HcrovHHsairb, nosasaHO 
Vh 26,160, mrb eohxi 18,902 Majub^HKOBi h 7,876 xiBO^eRi^ Geji^ 
CBHxx mKon Rb Ty se daoxy BpeMOHH 6iuo 2,176, h8% rotophx!b 

1,871 AU MaiLlHROBl H 304 AJA X^BOieRl. ?HeJO yH6HHB0B% Vb HO- 

ciiXHHxi inBOJax!B npocrnpajiocB xo 66,006 (61,727 MaA^HKOBi). Cpe^-^ 
EHSh y^eÓHiix^b saBexeHift bi PyMunÍH fb 1876 roxy óu^o: 14 rHMHa- 
8Íft, 7 jrai^eeB^b, 8 ceHHHapift, 6 cpe^HExi yieÓHBixx sasexenift xia A^- 
BHi^x. Bo Bcix^b dTHXx 8aBeAeHÍflX!B ^mčiHJiocB Bi nponuroiTB roAy 6,893 
y^eHEsa. GneiúaiLHce o6y^eHÍe HMierrE: 7 nexarorH^ecRHrB HHCTHTy- 
TOBi, 6 soMMep^ecKHxi msojíi, 3 peMecieHHHJi y<[KiHii^a, 1 niKOJiy Ma- 
mHBHaro npoHSBOACTBa, 1 Beiue^^&iB^ecRyD aBa^eniD, 2 ROHcepBaxo- 
pÍH, 2 mBOjui zyAOsecTBi^ 1 BerepEHapeyi) msoiy; htofo 21 msojiy 
ch 1,638 y?6HHKaMH. Bucmee oópasoBame noiyiaercA pynuHCBOD mo- 
jioxesBD vb ynHBepcHTeri r. ByxapecTa (qoTEipe 4>&b7^i^^^) h vh 
yHHBepcHTerft r. Slcch (tph 4>AKyibTeTa). ?hcjio cryxeHTOBi BrBnpom- 
jiOM!B TO]K,j Bi 060HX1 yHHBepcHTeraxi 6£U0 666 (oxHffB H81 7,600 
^eiOB.; Vh eBponettCBoft Poccíh, 6e3'B ^hhiahaIh, cb ocTsefiCKHirB xpa- 
ewb m nojBmei) 6hjio wl 1874 r. 6,698 CTyA. yniiB., — oahhi ea 12,800 
HejEOB.). KpoM& dTHTB JsíKOJFh cjmfic^Bjv>Tb emfi TpH niKoiH BoeHHaro 
otfpaBOBamfl h 180 qacTHUxi yqeÓHuxx saBe^eHift. 

Bcero bi PyiaiHÚi bphxoahtca ea 1,000 lei. XHTeieft 20 y^ena* 
BOBI, a HMeHHO 17 RB djeiieHTapHBixi inR0iax'B h 3 bi cpexHHxx h 
BHCiiiHX'B yqeÓHuxi 8aBexeHÍJiX'B. (Bb Poccíh, no OTqery MHSHCTpa nap. 
npocB. 8a 1873 r., vb djeMeHrapniixi msoiaxi y^HTCJi 942,487, cii- 
XOBaTeuHO, na TucA^y ^ej[OBftB'B Hacexenis noxaTmixi siaccoBi 12 

^ejOB&RB). 

npenoxaBame bi mnojaxi rocyxapcTBenHuxi Boxercx na pymin- 
CBOiTb A8HRÍ. Gyn^ecTByDTb, Bnpo^eiTE, ycrpooHEUfl na rocy^^apcTBen- 
HiiŘ c^era MROJH Vb 6oj[rapcBHxi cejoníjEmb, rxi npenoAaBanie npoHS- 
BOAHTca na óojn^apcBOiTB abubí. 

BoHHCBafl noBHHHOCTB losHTCfl Ha BCÍx'B rpavxaHi rocyxapcTBa. 
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46 jiivb orb poxy. Orb 21 xo 29 lirb no spe5iD, BunaBmeicy na 
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Topue no spe6ix) TasoBOiiy saiHcieniD ne nox^tesarB, nocTynaDro vb 
Baxpu Hai^onaiLHoft mhjhi^íh, vb BOTopoft o($fl8aHH ciysHTB on 21 
xo 37 M^rb. Ppasxane, npociysHBniíe BaBOHom onpex&LOHHoe ^ncio 
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Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



XPOHKIU.— GOBPSniHÁH PyMHHIil. 893 

ipD BUOTb xo 37-MH-jATHJiro BOspacTE. Otl 37 AO 46 BC^ rpasxaHO 
oocrasjunoTb laipoHaiBHyD rBapAÍD. Bcero vh nocrojraHoft apiiiH py- 
mncBoft HEcnrcA 62,286 nez. Boftcia BMinrb CoffiuŘ bhx% h zopo- 
myD BoeHHyjD BHnpaBKy. 

Ilpes^e nim nepeiTH kb omcami) BKOROiiH^ecRaro noioseHk na- 
poxa, KSEewh 6irjnA BsrjiiA'^ na ^^HHaHcoBoe cocroAme rocyxapcTBa. 
IIpnHe HaiorH A^wyrh rocy^apcTBy 29.082,017 4^p. RocfieHHue najiorK 
npHHocATb 32.201,000 4^p. rocyxapcTBeHHiui Hiíy^ecTBa npHHocaTi xo- 
zox^ Vh 19.075,000 4^p.; no^TH, Tejerpaýu h aejftsHUA Aopora 
6.500,000 4)p.; pasHiui BSHiiaHiji vb rocyxapcTBeHByi) DOJBsy xaDn, 
KpoMi Toro, 1.883,464 #.; npoAaaea Hai^oHaiLHuz^B Hiíy^ecTBi ese- 
roxHO peajUBHpyeTB 1.937,313 4>P'; nrreiineiBHuft xozoxi 812,000 (f^p.; 
HToro Bcero Aozoxa 91.441,418 (f^p. Paczoxu no rjiaBHuiii CTaTBflKB 
cyTB cjixyDn^ie: 

Cobítl VEHHCrpoBi 44,048 ((p. 

Mhhhct. BHyrp. f^ 7.749,149 „ 

Mhhhct. iHOcrp. fjbrb 724,017 „ 

MiEHCtepcTBO loCTBiÚH 8.896,832 „ 

Mhhhct. napoxH. npocB 8.329,930 ^ 

BoeHHoe MHHHCTepcTBO 18.275,674 „ 

Mhhhct. nyiefi coo6m 5.110|356 „ 

Mhhhct. (j^nnaecoBi 62.029,544 „ 

CyMMH SKerpaopxHflap. spexHra. . . . 1.000,000 „ 

HToro pacxoxa 97.149,551 (l)p. 

T.-e. OBOJio 19 Va (j^panaoBi na qaiOB^i^Ba (b!b Poccíh orojio 24 4»paHK.). 

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^yinni wh 1.185,185 4>P- rocyxapcTBeHHHĚ Aom PyminiH ao l*ro ídha 
1876 roxa 6urh vb 167.181,968 #. 

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aEOHOMiriecBoe nojosenie napoxa, ero BHyTpeAHDD shbhb, zapaicrepi 
a HpaBH. Jífi nepoBopora, opoHcmexníaro vb PyminiH nocii KpHMCioft 
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Kb spibnocTHoft BaBHeHMOCTH y noM^iQHsoFE. Ha ocHOBamH „opraHne- 
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Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



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n^aTB. H vh HacToan^ee spěna nojosenie pymiffORaro specTBaHHHa Rpatee 
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opRa H sacůMeHeHíe noJieft. HcTon^eHEiiA hoctoitb, HCTOiueHHuft Tpy- 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



396 nmsMKb iktoiih. 

ji^OMi, pa6o^ift neiOBŠBi noKopeo uoHm ycraBmyi) rojOBy nox% 
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mvh TOjcraro spinsaro noJiOTHa h TasHz^b se noprKOVb; pyóamsa ohoa- 
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<$pOHK> j^a SHicHaro xoJOAa. 

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m Rpacnufi. Jlanceio bi CBoett rhepí „Le tour du monde**, t. Xm, 
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^Apa mepcTanoft robphrx ^epnaro eje 6yparo i^BŠTa, (Tb RpacnoD 
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cjo, E nojBByoTCfl CEjiBHHMi BAopoBBOWB; OHO ropasAO dHepminie s 
cnoco(^nie ri conpoTEBjíeBix) no OTnomenin ro bc^itb iticTHUirB dnn- 
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mjdk BEAx ropHHxi AepeBOHB Beceiie e eoceitb sa cb6í niRoropiui 
^epTH MRTepiaiBnaro aobojbctbe. 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



XPOHHSi. — GOBPHBHHifl PyiHHIfl. 897 

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rjyÓOBO rpycTHu; vb nftcHAXi Hcropa^ecsaro xapaRTepa BocniBaeTca 
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Vb co6paHÍH A^nyTaTOBi He pas^B mosho 6ujo cjyinaTB RpacHopi^BHA 
pi^H A^nyTaTOBi hsi RpecTBaHCRaro cocjiobía. 

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o TyajieTax^B, o mícthikcb cnj[eTHax'B h HHxpHraxi, h bccth cepBéa- 

HHĚ pasroBop^B cpoAH 9Toro oón^ecTBa, 3Ha^HT'B — roBopHTB o npoi^eccaxx. 

H Tzmeónuvb ;(ijiaxx. 

E. X. 



Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



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Goóutíji Ha BajisaHCKOiTB noiiyocTpoB'6 BSBOJiHOBajiH bocb cjiaBiiH- 
CKifi MÍp^b. GjaBAHe noHjsEjiH, ?T0 Ha fijE9LÍ H Ha BaiBaaazi na^H- 
HaerB pimaTBca hx'b ůjfíW^ cy^BÓa, ^to npeAnojaraeHUHi h ycepA- 
HO sejaeMUMi cosAanieifB hjh, csopie, BOSoÓnoBjeHÍeirB 6ojrapcBaro 
rocy^apcTBa h yBejHqeHíeiťB o5ohx'b cepóCBHxi RHasecTBi, cepócsaro 
H HepHoropcsaro — npH homoiuih eARHCTBOHAaro ciaBAHCKaro rocyxap- 
CTBa, Poccíh— A^iaeTCfl nepsuft marB b^b ocyn^ecTBjeniH) nojHTHqe- 
CBHxi HAeaiOB^B cjaBAHCKHxi. RpoBaBafl ApaMa Ha 6eperaxx Sexu h 
MopaBUi na ^ynai h na EajiEaeaxi — naiajio ocyiii;ecTBJ6Hifl saBŠT- 
BUTh xeJtanifi cjaBAHCsaro MÍpa, naqajio pa8p']^nieHÍa eocmoHnaw^ tn.-e. 
cMSHHCKaxo eonpoca. 

Ho ne OAHH cjaBJiHe BSBoiHOBajHCB. Bci hx^b coc^ah h HeAo6po- 
^sejaTejH culho nepenojioHiHjracB, yBHAaBi, sasi pasópocaHHiu cyxin 

BOCTH CJaBaHCBÍa BApyrB OÓBOAflTCfl MflCpiťB, HanOJHAIDTCfl AyXOMl SH3- 

HH, H „CTama na norax^B cbohxi 'co6op'B mhoitb síjo^.... Ob oco6eH- 
HHHi ysacoMi CMOTparB na bto na^B^ipu O* Bojrapu, h ceptfu h pyMUHii 
pnyn cboh saHAaju, c6pacuBaH)rB Epuman Cb cbohxi rpo6oBi, h MHHMue 
jiepTBei^H AOMoraDTCJi hoboř caMocroflTaiBHoft shshh; a bocto^hoc i^ap- 
€tbo noMoraoTB nec^acTHUMi earoHATB BapBapcsexi mofhjíbhiihbobi h 



*) HETaieiD II8BÍCTH0, KasyD poiB saujui Bi HacTOiiiimxi coÓhtúuli Migtuipu. Bh 
npexiaraeMoft crani coÓpaoH ocsoBHHe (|>aKni ciapHxi HCTopB^ecsixi cMsefi „boh- 
repcKofi KopoHH" ci pasHHMH ciaBAHCKHicH seiujiifH H yKaaaeu HOBifimiji oTHOmeHÚi 
nieMen h ciaBUHCBaa CTopona Bonpoca. Ped, 

1) CiaBABe H XPFÍ® esponeftcne HapoxH Ha3HBaiH lagt^api (Magyár) »7rpH" h ro- 
-^yxapcTBO HMH ocHOBaHHoe „Yrpin*^ (no vig(. Magyár-ország). Bi ary yrpio Bomn 
I pasHiie He-yropcBÍe sapoxii: ciOBasH, pyccsie, cepóH, pymiHiii h xp*; bcí 8th BapoxH 
jioryn sasBaibcn „yrpaiiH^ toubo vb noiHTH^iecBOMi cmícii, laxi sHreiH YrpiH, 
paBEHMi oópasom, lasi Hanp. boxíikh, ibtobi^h, lyxb h xp- bi Poccíh caraDTCx 
„pyccBmiH"; ho vb Hai^ioHauHom oTHomemH cioBast emm cep(h ho voxen (5bt& yr* 
poMi, yrpEHOVb. Mea^y rtn, iiax&apH, cxiiaBi CBofi BSím rocnoxcTByvntim Bh 
CBoeft crpani, npHSHaDTb n CBoefi aeiui toxbbo oxey nojBTHHecByi) Nat«iio,--iiaxBjip- 
CByD, a cepÓOBi, ciOBasoBi, pyMHVB h np. ciHravn ohh iudb ^HapcxHOCTiiiiH*; sa- 
BBaaie „cjiaBaHciift, cep6cBÍfi ■ np. aapoxi* pasxpaxaerb iiaxbiipi n BHcmet creneHi. 
y pyccKixi Vb nocjixBíe Btsa Booua vh o6mee ynoipe^ieHie noiBcnui ^pMa „BeH- 
rpÍB«. 



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XPOHIKÁ.— MiAMFa E BOOTOVHHt BOUPOCE. 399 

naia^vett nn paĚcssTB aeMeiL xyHafienxi h fiajnaHCSHxi. Os ysacoicB 
CKOTfMrrb Ha Bce aro ms^baph, cnraBinie ce6a yse aacjiixHHKaifH cbohxi 
(kuaaHCBBx^ TOBapHB^eft h poxcTBeaHJiBOFB. Ohh BOotfpasHjra, too y 
HHTB ecTB HBBicTHoe „opaBO* Ha 990 Hadi^CTBo; a BApyr% — dTonpa- 
BO oaasHBaeTCA HecocroaTeiBHEarb. Haxi&iHCB ohh, ^o BepnyTea Bpe- 
Mena BerB, JIdxobhkobi, GHniyHAOvb, MaTB^eai h Apyrax^B Bonrep- 
eBHX!B Bopojieft, pacnopflsasniHxcA na HHSHeMi-^yHaft h na Baisa- 
BaxB Bacb AOHa, — a Bxpyr^ oKasiiBaercH, tfo B08o6HOBjieHie dTHzi 

„CiaBHHXIb'' BpeMOHl H6B08H0SH0, 9T0 0HÍ OpOHUH 6e8B08BpaTHO. OCTa- 
JHCB TOJIBBO CJiaXRÚl HCT(^H^eCKÍH BOCHOHHHaHÍJi. 

Ob xn H XTTT b'6bob'b Beerep^iŘ Kopon HasHBaen ce(SA „Ano* 
etoibCKBWh RopojreM!B BeHrepesHWB, xajiMaTeBHM^B, zopBaTCBHWB, cia- 

BOBCKHITB, 60CaHCKUM^f CepÓCKUMb^ UUUt^fCtUf^ 6AadllMÍpCKUMh^ KyMOH' 

tsKUMh (T.-e. pyMHHCBHM^b), 6o^%apcKUM^^ H BOJiHKHMi BHHseMi GeKHrpax* 
'CKHitb'', HHorAa cb npHÓaBjemeMi „naBcerji^a*. 

dra BHCOBonapHaa THryjiaTypa ne cooTB^xcTByen ^^ftftCTBHrejBHO- 
CTH, h6o hh BocHa, hh Cepóia h Bojirapia, hh PyHHHÍH n Tampa, He 
BXOxaTB wb cocraKB BenrpiH. Ho no Focy^apcTBenHOMy npany Benrep- 
ooiry, BC% 9TH seMjH c^raraDTCfl lacraim (partes adnexae, terrítoriiim 
aceesBorium) BopeHHoft seMjni, t.to. Benrepcsaro sopojreBCTBa, napasH^ 
Cb TpiexHHincB BopojieBCTBOMi xopBaTCBO^CJiaBOHCKO-AajniaTCRHirB h 
<fh BaiHamrE RHAsecTBOM^B GéMHrpaxcsHWB, botopha (apoMŠ Aaj[ifai];iH) 
^aBTH^ecBH cocTaBMDirb qaexB BOHrepcRoft BopoHii. IIo rocy^apcTBOH* 
HOMy npaBy BOHrepcsoMy, bth seMjra c^HTaDTca nacraMH BenrpiH de 
jHre, xoTH de facto vb nefi ne npHnaAiesarB; hx'b repóu QCTp'6iaDT* 
aa Mesxy rep6aHH ocTajiBHHX'B senen loponu BenrepcHoft; rxtb ana- 
Mraa Hocarea npH loponaipH Bopojia BeHrepcsaro, Raax h snaMena 
Benrepesoe, xopBarcBoe, ojaBOHCKoe h xainaTCKoe. Benrepcsift sopon 
<í6imfifíTb Bi TaBRB-HasHBaeMOMi HHaBrypaJBHOM^B xHnjioir6, tto oh^ 
aeiUH, npHHaAjesBaBniiH npes^e b^b BenrepcEOvy KopojencTBy h boto- 
pHH owb Cb óosBOfi noMon^BD npio6pÍTeirb, obatb bi Heny npueoedu^ 
mimh. Bb xoponaipoHHoft npHcart Kopojn ofi&E^aen, hto oh% rpa- 
mi^ BeHTpíH He yMraBnnrrB, a HacioABO bobmosho, pacunipufm. 

HTavB, no rocyxapcTBeHHOiry npany BenrepcKOMy, BeHrpia npnnHCH- 
BaerB oeód^ npano na Bocny cb Tepi^eroBHHoft, na Gep6iK>, BoJirapiD, Py- 
mmix) (cB BysoBHHoft h Beecapa6iefl) h Fajon^K). 9to npano Hjni, eso- 
pie, 9TH ninrrasaHiH ocnoBiiBanTca na tomi oóCToaTeiBCTBi, hto hí- 
HOfopne B6HrepcBie Bopojra nponsBO^^Hjra bb rbvb semarb H8BÍCTHyx> 
sepzoBHyp Bjuu^B,— BnpoHeM!BY lacTO oienB eoMHHTejBHyx) h spanospe- 
nennyx). 

MaxBHpH HiH, Basi Hxx cjaBane HBxaBna HasiaiaDTx, yrpu, Benr- 
pH, ocHOBajB OB. 900 T.— Ha paBBaiHHan Bensoft MopaBhi h npn- 



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400 BMr9IK1> IBPOOH. 

;^HaficRofi BoirapiH— CBoe rocy^apcTBO. Cx^jraBmcB nosae xpHcnaH- 
GKOft, BeHrpifl Bonua bi cocranb 8anaxHO-eBpoaeftCKHxi& rocyxi^craB, 
H BCROpi pacnpocrpaHHJia cboh rpamii^i na boctokb h sa ditb. B% 
1002 r. npHCoeAHHeua si Heft CeMHrpaAÚi, a vep68ibCT0jftTB(1102r.) 
H RopoJieBCTBO xopBaTCKO-xa«aTCKoe. TasHiTb oópasoM^b, Beerpúi sasA- 
sajia CHomeHía ci dshoS cjiaBAHii(iiHo&, caaqaia ci xopBaTaMH, h 
csopo nocji Toro h c% cepóaiiH. 

Gep6u sfljH Ha loro^BOCTom on ÓjmsaĚiiraxi cbohz^b coiueiieHHH* 
KOBi xopBaxoBi) MeaM;y Gasot, MopaBoft, HfipoirB, Csa^apcEHirE osepomi, 
ÁApiaTH^ecRHiTB Mopeiťb, p^UME I^eTHHOft H BepóacoiTB. Ohh pasxi- 
juuECh Ha hícroibro njeM6Hi: c^BepHyD, 6bihmyv> nojiOBHHy osna^eH- 
Hoft TeppHTopiH saHHMaiH co6cTB6HHO TaRi-HasHBaeiuie cep6ii (hhh. 
sanaAHaa Gep6k h Bocna), na s)ri 6ujui nepe^ane, šaxojMflHe, xpe- 
ÓHHJiHe H ROHaBUHe (huh. Tepi^eroBHHa h Dseas ^ajmai^ia), XTRU^ 
ne HJH seTflHe (hhh. ^epnaa Fopa h EoTopcRaji-BoBa). 9th cepóCRU 
lueiieHa 6u4h bo^th coBepmenHo HesaBHCHMu Apyi^ ovh xpyra, h 

TOJIBRO HSptjIRa yxaBaJIOCL CHJBHOlíy RHABD COeWHHTL HXl Bl H8B&»- 

Hyi) <t)eAepai^iK>. Cep<ScRÍJi seiuH pasAiJiflncB na ORpyra— synu. Ta* 
SHMH synaHH co6cTBeHHO& Gep6iH óujm Bocsa (no p'6Rft Bochí, mos* 
xy GaBOft, BépóacoiTB h ApHHofi), MaqBa (no piR^ Rojyóap*]^, nesjí^y 
JS^HEoft, GaBoft H MopaBoň), PacB, ejih Paca« no pÍRi PaniR% (hhh. 
HoBuft-Basapi), h xp- Bi 3axojncB% oxna ciBopnan syna, Ha^paHH^i 
BocHH, nasuBajiacL Pana, no ptni Toro hmohe, npHTORa HepeTBiL Bo 
BpeMH pa8iexHH6Hifl oepóCRHx^b njeMOHib bi X h XI B^Raxi xopaa^ 
CRÍe Ropojra, ycn^Bmie sapan-l^e cosxaTB CHJiBHoe rocyxapcTBO, saBia* 

f^ijOl CMeSHUMH G6p6CRHMH SeKJlAlIH, HUOHHO BoCHOft, HepOTBOtt H (A^ 
BOpHUMl SaXOlMBeiTB; Vh ^aiCJíi XOpBaTCRHX'B 6aH0Bl (t.-O. BHCmHX!B 

caHOBHHROB*B soMCRHXíB, xynaHOB'B nopBofl creneHH) ynoMHHaercH h 6o- 
caHCRift H noApaMCRÍft (Pana). Bb rohi^í XI hjh vh ntmsirb Xn bísul b% 
Bochí BjraA&ii ohatb BaiHRÍA synaffB cep6cRÍft, Roxoput ycrynu^ 
BocHy CBoeMy bhtd, BOHrepcROHy Ropojucí Bejii II. Ci tívb nopi, or. 
1120 r., Bocna aBjflercfl .óanoBEHOft" hjih ,6aHaT0Mi»* BeHrpíH^ ynpaB- 
jíaeuau^b BeHrepcRHMH RopojiOBH^aiiH hih cbohmh ^OMamEHira tfanaioL 
E^B Bochí npHHaAJiesajia Tor^a h ciBepo-saxonccRan syna Paxa^ 
H no dToft syni crajH vb BenrepcROft Ram^eJEHpíH nasiiBaTB bcd Bocny* 
BenrepcRÍe Ropojni npHHflJH THTyn: RopojrB paMCRÍft (rex Ramae, n^ 
BHft pasi Vb rpaM. 1138 r.), T.-e. 6ocaHCRÍ&. Ob Tte'B nopi ocrajacB 
BocHa Ch HeMHonniH npoMesyTRaiiH npn BonrepeROft Ropon^ BoeaH- 
CRie tfanu, a 0% 1376 r. — Ropojin curaora ceÓH noxpy^HHRaiiH RopoiA 
BonrepcRaro, xota ohh nojiBSOBajHCB hojhoA caMOCToareiBHoeTBD, a 
B^ isomsíb XrV BÍRa ^aiRe Boscrajni npoTHBx CBoero BopxoBHaro ro- 
cHoxHHa. npHBexeiTB 8A&CB hícroibro bhhhookb HffB rpaMoiTB, xapaR- 



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XPOHISÁ-— KiXBIFH K BOOTOmit BOnPOOl. 401 

«0pH8yi>fuiiii ůTBomeBůe Boain xi BeflrpíE. BeHrepcsie Kopora Boerxa 

HasHBtDrB BocHy ceaujm vopaieBCTBOifL: r^num nostrum Boznae 

(1364), regmun nostmm Ramae sea Boznae (1406), h np.; Tasí ee na- 

WBaDTi H HHocrpaHHiie rocyxapH, raop. cep6cBi& ByKavb HeMaHHq^L 

(terra regis Ungariae videlicet Bossina 1199), nami h np. BocaHcxíe 

(íaHH H KOpOIH C^HTaJíHCL noji^py^HHKaMH BeHrepcxHZ'L Kopojiefi, KOTopue 

■XB HasHa^ajTH h TTBepsjí^ajiH wb hx'b aoctobhctbí, 6ujíe wh upasb 

TpeiSoBaTB oTb HHVB BoeHHofi ^OJfOQ^[ H APjrHxi noBHHHocTefi. Ban H 

oosse KopoJB 6ocaHCRÍ& CreýaHi TBepj^so HasuBaeTi ee6a „6aHoirb Boc- 

Hfi 6osieD khjoctíi) h RopojM JlDXOBHsa^, T.-e. BOHrepcsaro (1366); 

Bopon Ore^^avE ^aÓHnia, noKopBBmHCL Bopojro CemyExy, ofiASUsaercA 

OTÍHBaTB OpeaKHlB nOBBHHOCTH BeHTepcKoft KopoHi (1394); ROPOJB 

OTe4^H%-doMa KpHCTH^rE npHSHaen, hto owb BasHaqeHrB Bopojieirb 

RntABCjaBOiTB, h .otfin^aen eiiy bo Bceiťb nocjiyniaHie h noMOii(b (1444). 

nocji^ABifi BopojB 6ocaflCKÍft GTe4>aHi-8oMa crpeMHica, ci noMon^BD 

BaiiH, R'B óojBineft caxocTOBTeiBHocTH, npocH OTB Hero H EopoHU. Gaa- 

^uua nana oTKaauBajii npocBéaiii Cre^^aHa, HasuBaji ero ,,Baccai[oirB 

leHrepexaro šopou, soropHft oahh<b mAerb npaBO BopoHOBaTB óocan- 

eiaro BopoJM*; bm^ctí ci tíitb nana jwbpMjrb seHrepcaaro Ropoia 

MáTB^, HTO OHI Hmero ho cx^jaerB 6e8i ero eoHSBOjeHÍJi, hmoheo 

IVO OHI Gre^^any ne nonuen Koponu. Ho, HecMorpn na 9th yBipe- 

HÚi, nancBíft jerarB Bce-TaiH B^HiajTB GTe^MiHa RopoHott (1461). 

li&TBÍt ropBBO msLMOB&jíCsi Ha TaRoe >HapynieEie cbohx^b npaBi, Tavb * 

saKB „Bcena Bcerxa npHHaxiesHirB vb BeHrepcRofi Roponi", a RopojB 

6ocaHeRifi— DOuaHHHft Ropojieft BenrepcRHx^B, h HeMosen 6utb Ropo* 

HOBaH!B naDCRHMH jeraTaMH ÓesrB TJiSRaro h HBHaro yI^ep6a Ropouii^B 

BeflrepeRHifB. Ho Bcxopb xopojiB Gre^aHib horopbica MaTBÍK>. 

Bb to spěna 6ocaHCRoe RopojeBerso oÓHaiiajio, RpoMŠ Bochu, h 
SazoJM^e HJH XojDtb, naamaemift TO«e RHBxecTBOMi cb. GaBU (noxo- 
poHeHHaro vh MwMsawb), Buivsrb ch TpaByBíeĚ (XpetiHEBeví). Xojim- 
eiie SHH8BB, HaxoAHCB nocpexH BeHrpíH h Gep6ÍH, Tasyjra to b^b Ty, 
TO Wh xpyryD CTopony, h tojibro a ROBi^a XIH B'6Ra npHMRHyj